WASHTENAW COUNTY CONTINUUM OF CARE
COMMON HOUSING / HOMELESSNESS ACRONYMS
Annual Homelessness Assessment Report: Yearly HUD report estimating the
extent and nature of homelessness in the U.S. using Homeless Management
Information System data.
Area Median Income: HUD calculations of the median income in an area that are
presented by household size and adjusted each year. Many housing programs use
percentages of AMI as the guidelines for income eligibility.
Annual Performance Report:
Annual Renewal Demand: Total amount of all the CoC’s projects (HUD funded)
that are eligible for renewal.
Community Development Block Grant: A federal program that allocates money
to local governments for low/moderate income community-based projects. The City
of Ann Arbor and some jurisdictions elsewhere in Washtenaw County (who have
come together under the name Washtenaw Urban County) receive these funds
which can then be spent on a wide variety of housing, infrastructure, human
services and economic development activities.
HUD required annual progress report for all
Chronically Homeless: A person is considered chronically homeless if he/she
has been continually homeless for a year or more or experienced 4 episodes of
homelessness in the past 3 years and has a diagnosed disability.
Community Mental Health: The county agency which provides services to mental
health consumers. In Washtenaw County, Community Support & Treatment
Services is the CMH agency.
Continuum of Care or Continuum of Care Board: A phrase related to HUDmandated processes for structuring local housing and services targeted at
homeless persons. The Continuum of Care is a HUD-required local process that is
responsible for coordinating services and housing for homeless persons and, in
particular, approving the annual funding application submitted to HUD. In Michigan,
MSHDA also requires that the CoC approve certain applications to MSHDA, such
as the Emergency Solutions Grant (ESG).
Consolidated Plan: A locally developed plan that must be submitted to HUD as
part of the eligibility process for certain HUD programs, including Community
Development Block Grant and HOME Investment Partnership Program.
Community Planning and Development: The office within HUD that oversees
homeless funding. www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/
Formerly known as: Corporation for Supportive Housing: A national non-profit
organization that provides organizational support and financing to non-profit
housing developers to create permanent supportive housing. CSH also provides
training and technical support for CoCs, and they conduct homeless research and
advocacy via their state and national offices. www.csh.org
Department of Human Services: The state agency which oversees welfare and
Medicaid. Each county has its own DHS office.
Domestic Violence: Domestic violence and emotional abuse are behaviors
used by one person in a relationship to control the other. Partners may be
married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together,
separated or dating.
Emergency Solutions Grants: A federal program administered by MSHDA which
provides funding for a variety of homeless services including homeless prevention,
rapid re-housing, and our Single Point of Entry. ESG was formerly known as
Emergency Shelter Grants, with the name change occurring in 2009.
Homeless Assistance Application & Grants Management System:
grants managements system for HUD funding.
Fair Market Rent: HUD calculation of a mid-market rent for localities that are
established by unit size and updated each year. FMR is sometimes used as a
ceiling for allowable rent in Section 8 or other Tenant-Based Rental Assistance
Frequent Users of Systems Engagement: Permanent supportive housing model
replicated across the country and targeted to break the cycle of homelessness and
crisis among individuals with complex behavioral health challenges who are the
highest users of emergency rooms, jails, shelters, clinics and other costly crisis
Grant Inventory Worksheet: Document annually submitted to HUD confirming the
amount of renewal funding to be requested by the CoC (lists the past CoC grants
eligible for renewal in the upcoming competition year).
Housing Choice Voucher: Rental subsidy program (also known as Section 8).
Homelessness Data Exchange: Point in Time, Annual Homeless Assessment
Report and Housing Inventory Chart Data are entered on HUD’s Homeless Data
Exchange website. www.hudhdx.info/
Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing: A federal
act which amended and reauthorized the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance
The legislation increased priority on homeless families with children,
significantly increased resources to prevent homelessness, continued to provide
incentives for developing permanent supportive housing, and granted rural
communities greater flexibility.
Housing First: Housing First is an approach to ending homelessness that centers
on the concept that a homeless individual or household's first and primary need is
to obtain stable housing, and that other issues that may affect the household can
and should be addressed once housing is obtained.
Hold Harmless Need: In CoCs where the total amount needed to fund, for one
year, all grants which are eligible for renewal in a competition year exceeds the
preliminary pro rata need amount for that CoC, the CoC will receive the higher
amount, referred to as the CoC hold harmless amount.
Housing Inventory Chart: Document submitted to HUD that lists all of the housing
available in the CoC dedicated for homeless persons and families.
Homeless Management Information System: A federally- and state-mandated
computerized data base system for programs serving homeless persons, especially
programs receiving certain federal homeless program funds. In Washtenaw County
and Michigan, a software program called ServciePoint is the software by which
agencies participate in the HMIS requirement. The HMIS system is intended to
provide the data foundation for program outcome and evaluation monitoring.
HOME Investment Partnership Program: A HUD block grant program that
provides housing subsidies to local and state governments who are recognized as
Participating Jurisdictions. At the discretion of the local government, the money can
be used to purchase, rehabilitate or construct housing; it can be used to subsidize
rents of tenants as well.
Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS: A HUD housing subsidy program
for persons living with AIDS.
Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing program: HUD program
created in 2009 under the Recovery Act that ended in August 2011. It focused on
preventing homelessness and rapidly re-housing persons who were living on the
streets or in emergency shelter. Washtenaw County got $1.3 Million in funding.
Department of Housing and Urban Development: The federal department which
allocates most funding pertaining to housing and homelessness. www.hud.gov
Joint Integrated Funding:
Local cooperative funding model including the
participation of the City of Ann Arbor, Washtenaw County, Ann Arbor Area
Community Foundation, United Way of Washtenaw County and others. This
provided approximately $1.5 Million for support services for 2 years, 2009-2011.
Low Income Housing Tax Credit: A part of the IRS code which grants tax credits
to equity investors in low-income housing projects. Administered in Michigan by
Memorandum of Understanding: An MOU is a document that outlines the roles
and responsibilities of two or more organizations that are collaborating on a project.
It is generally broader than a contract and often meant to retain its status over
Michigan State Housing Development Authority: The state office which
supports low and moderate income housing development. MSHDA uses federal
money and raises its own money through issuing bonds. www.michigan.gov/mshda
Michigan Statewide Homeless Management Information System: Statewide
HMIS network (see HMIS).
National Alliance to End Homelessness: A nationally-recognized leader on the
issues of homelessness. NAEH studies and tracks public policies, data, and
Notice of Funding Availability: A NOFA is issued by a governmental body,
foundation, etc. which is looking for organizations or individuals to submit proposals
in response to a funding opportunity, generally a grant.
Operations Committee: Provider/member committee of the Washtenaw Housing
Office of Community and Economic Development: Joint office of the City of
Ann Arbor and Washtenaw County that manages housing, homelessness, and
community redevelopment activities.
The HUD listserv and Resource Exchange website. www.onecpd.info/
Permanent Housing: A general name for a variety of housing projects which are
ongoing and unending. Also see PSH.
Point-In-Time Count: A HUD-mandated biennial count of persons experiencing
homelessness on a specified day of the year intended to provide a snapshot report
on the extent of homelessness.
Public Housing Authority or Agency: A local quasi-governmental agency that
typically owns and manages public housing units and may administer a Section 8
Project OutReach Team: The PORT team is part of the mental health services
network (Community Support & Treatment Services) that focuses on street
outreach to homeless persons. They engage homeless persons who are not in the
shelter and attempt to link them up with appropriate services and ultimately
Pro Rata Need: The term used to describe the relative portion of funds a CoC
could receive based on CoC geographic areas.
Permanent Supportive Housing: PSH is permanent housing, with indefinite
leasing or rental assistance, paired with supportive services to assist homeless
persons with a disability or families with an adult or child member with a disability
achieve housing stability. PSH is a critical component of plans to end
homelessness, by providing a housing opportunity that enables persons with a
history of homelessness and disability to succeed in stable, affordable housing.
With some specific exceptions, services are voluntary in a PSH model.
Request for Proposals: An RFP is a request for organizations or individuals to
submit proposals/bids to provide services or a product outlined in the RFP.
Request for Qualifications: A request for proposals to select a consultant or
partner that focuses less on cost and more on experience. It may generate a list of
bidders who are then used for an RFP process or it may lead to a collaborative
process to determine projects costs.
Release of Information: Consumer/patient consent to release private or protected
Rapid Re-Housing: Rapid re-housing is an intervention designed to help
individuals and families to quickly exit homelessness and return to permanent
housing. Rapid re-housing assistance is offered without preconditions (such as
employment, income, absence of criminal record, or sobriety) and the resources
and services provided are typically tailored to the unique needs of the household.
The core components of a rapid re-housing program are: housing identification; rent
and move-in assistance (financial); and, case management and services.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration:
Department of Health and Human Services program providing funding and research
on these issues.
A federally funded rent-subsidy program for low-income households-recently
renamed the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program. Under Section 8, a tenant
pays 30-40% of their monthly income for rent and the government pays the
remainder, up to a set maximum Fair Market Rent. Section 8 subsidies can be
tenant-based (awarded to a tenant household that can take them to any private
landlord) or site-based/project-based (awarded to an owner who uses it on the
same unit over time). Section 8 vouchers in Washtenaw County are primarily
administered by MSHDA, the Ann Arbor Housing Commission, the Ypsilanti
Housing Commission, or the Plymouth Housing Commission.
Supportive Housing Program: A HUD homeless program that was once a
program under the McKinney-Vento Act; now all SHP projects are now part of the
CoC program. SHP provided funds for supportive services, as well as rent
subsidies and/or housing operating subsides.
SSI/SSDI Outreach, Advocacy, and Recovery: A technical assistance initiative
that assists people who are homeless to successfully apply for Social Security
Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Incomes (SSDI). The purpose of the
initiative is to help people who are eligible for such benefits to receive them sooner,
thereby more quickly facilitating that person’s ability to move into housing.
Shelter Plus Care: A HUD homeless program that was once a program under the
McKinney-Vento Act. SPC provided rent subsidies to households that are
homeless and in which at least one adult has a disability that prevents the
person/household from being able to live independently. SPC projects are now part
of the CoC program.
Severe and Persistent Mental Illness: The diagnostic threshold that is used to
determine if an individual is eligible for mental health services through Community
Support & Treatment Services/Washtenaw Community Health Organization.
Single Room Occupancy: Sleeping room type living accommodations in which
residents have their own private bedroom and share cooking and bathroom
Supportive Services Only: HUD Homeless Assistance Program term for projects
which provide support services only (no housing provided).
Technical Assistance: Refers to the provision of support training to organizations
that is intended to help the organization strengthen its ability to perform key tasks in
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families: The major welfare program that
provides income support to poor families. Replaced AFDC (Aid to Families with
Transitional Housing: A general name for a variety of time-limited housing
programs that are intended to help households ready themselves to move to
permanent housing. HUD TH programs are limited to homeless households and
are intended to serve households for no more than 2 years and usually have
specific supportive services as a part of the program.
United States Interagency Council on Homelessness: The mission of the
USICH is to coordinate the federal response to homelessness and to constellate a
national partnership at every level of government and every element of the private
sector to reduce and end homelessness in the nation. www.usich.gov
Washtenaw Housing Alliance: Coalition of 30+ non-profit and government
entities providing services and housing to people who are homeless or at-risk of
becoming homeless. The mission of the WHA is to end homelessness in
Washtenaw County. In 2004, the WHA assumed oversight responsibility for the
implementation of the community’s plan to end homelessness, “A Home for
Everyone: A Blueprint to End Homelessness in Washtenaw County”, after
endorsement of this role by leaders in the public sector. www.whalliance.org