Duchess Palace T - Opulent Designs

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 6,5 MB
First found июл 1, 2016

Document content analysis

Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Robert Adam
Robert Adam

wikipedia, lookup

William Chambers (publisher)
William Chambers (publisher)

wikipedia, lookup

William Adam of Blair Adam
William Adam of Blair Adam

wikipedia, lookup

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

wikipedia, lookup

Dudley North, 4th Baron North
Dudley North, 4th Baron North

wikipedia, lookup

Lady Elizabeth Percy
Lady Elizabeth Percy

wikipedia, lookup

George III of Georgia
George III of Georgia

wikipedia, lookup

Joshua Reynolds
Joshua Reynolds

wikipedia, lookup

Charles James Fox
Charles James Fox

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 1 of 20
1770 2006
The Royal History
Duchess Palace
Duchess Palace - Royal History
A ROYAL PALACE FOR A ROYAL HOUSEHOLD ..................................................................................................................................... 3
PREVIOUS KINGS AND QUEENS, LORDS AND LADIES......................................................................................................................... 5
ROBERT ADAM............................................................................................................................................................................................... 7
SIR WILLIAM CHAMBERS........................................................................................................................................................................... 10
LORD GERALD WELLESLEY 7TH DUKE OF WELLINGTON ................................................................................................................ 11
LADY FITZGERALD’S BOUDOIR IN 1930, NOW THE INFORMAL DINING ROOM .............................................................................. 11
THE 3RD DUKE OF PORTLAND - LORD TICHFIELD................................................................................................................................ 12
QUEEN ELIZABETH II .................................................................................................................................................................................. 13
AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE...................................................................................................................................................................... 14
KING GEORGE III........................................................................................................................................................................................ 15
PHOTO OF TAPESTRY GALLERY IN 1930............................................................................................................................................... 15
QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL, BRAZIL AND THE ALGARVES...................................................................... 16
PRINCE SEBASTIAN OF ASTURIAS ......................................................................................................................................................... 17
MARQUESS OF SLIGO – BARON MONTEAGLE..................................................................................................................................... 17
KNIGHTS OF ST. PATRICK ......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
ARTICLE ON DUCHESS PALACE IN 1930 COUNTRY LIFE .................................................................................................................. 19
THE MAIN CINEMA - BY DAY ..................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 2 of 20
A ROYAL PALACE FOR A ROYAL HOUSEHOLD
Duchess Palace has been home to many of Europe's' Royalty and both England and Ireland’s Finest Nobility
throughout the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Originally built for the 3rd Duke Of Portland who was Prime Minister twice, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck.
The Palace was designed by King George III’s exclusive Architect and Designer, Robert Adam (1728-1792).
Adam is acknowledged world-wide as the Greatest British Architect and Designer of the eighteenth century.
To this day Duchess Palace remains one of only a handful of the Robert Adam's Palaces and grand mansions
left in existence.
Previous Kings, Queens, Lords and Ladies of Duchess Palace have included :
Baron Charles Van Notten Pole
Lord Titchfield
Sir Peter Pole
The 2nd Marquis of Sligo (descendant of William The Conqueror)
Governor-General of Jamaica
King Dom João V
Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
Princess de la Beira
Princess of Brazil
Sebastian, Prince of Asturias
The Duchess of Sligo
The 3rd Marquis of Sligo
Baron Monteagle
Earl of Altamont
Earl of Clanricarde
Viscount Westport
Baron Mount Eagle of Westport
The 6th Earl of Portsmouth,
MP for Barnstable & N. Devon
The 7th Earl of Portsmouth.
The 8th Earl of Portsmouth
Countess of Portsmouth
The 9th Earl of Portsmouth
Lady Fitzgerald
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 3 of 20
In 1773 Duchess Palace’s neighbours in Mansfield Street were the illustrious
Lord Hinchingbrook
Lord Scarsdale
The Earl of Sussex
Countess of Powis
This extremely exclusive area of London had become very fashionable amongst London’s Aristocracy.
Cavendish Square (next to Mansfield St) being the home of
Princess Amelia
The Earls of Bessborough
The Earls of Gainsborough
The Earls of Harcourt and
The Earls of Winchilsea.
Duchess Palace was specifically targeted towards a noble clientele and seven of the first nine privileged few
were aristocrats. The house is much larger than the average grand London mansion having four full width
window frontages.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 4 of 20
PREVIOUS KINGS AND QUEENS, LORDS AND LADIES
MANSFIELD STREET was named after Viscount Mansfield, the ancestor of Edward Harley [1689-1741] 2nd
Earl of Oxford, the ground landlord. Harley’s father, Robert, the 1st Earl, was Tory Prime Minister from
1711 until Queen Anne dismissed him on her deathbed in 1714.
By 1796 Duchess Palace was owned by the banker, Sir Charles Van Notten. In the summer of 1791 he was
created a baronet and took the additional surname of Pole. Baron Charles Van Notten Pole died in 1813.
The house passed to his son, Sir Peter Pole, who sold it before 1828 to Howe Peter Browne [1788-1845] 2nd
Marquis of Sligo, Governor-General of Jamaica 1834-35. who happened to be a descendant of William the
Conqueror.
The Marquis did not always occupy Duchess Palace and consequently the Palatial Residence has many
associations with European Royalty.
It was let in 1835 to The Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, known as Princess
de la Beira [1793-1874] the eldest daughter of Joao VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
She shared the house with her twenty-four-year-old son, Sebastian, Prince of Asturias [1811-1875] who was
heir to the thrones of both Spain and Portugal. In the turmoil and infighting which beset so many Royal
European houses in post-Napoleonic Europe, mother and son were living in London in exile. Duchess Palace
was their official residence for many years.
Prince Sebastian’s grandfather was Carlos IV the King of Spain [1784-1819] whose fleet Nelson had
destroyed at the Battle of Trafalgar and who had been forced to abdicate in favour of Napoleon in 1808.
The 2nd Marquis of Sligo continued to own Duchess Palace January 1845. His 71-year-old widow, Hester,
was still in occupation of the house at the taking of the census in April 1851. She shared it with her two
daughters, Elizabeth and Emily.
As the house had been the Marchioness’s to dispose of as she wished, she bequeathed it to her eldest
daughter, Elizabeth, although it was also the home during this period of Elizabeth’s elder brother, John, who
had succeeded his father as 3rd Marquis of Sligo in 1845.
The 3rd Lord Sligo unfortunately could not afford a London town house of his own. His entry in the Complete
Peerage attests that although he was one of the twenty-eight Peers who in 1883 possessed ‘above 100,000
acres in the United Kingdom’, he stood ‘last in point of rental’ because they produced a rent-roll of a ‘mere’
£19,000 a year, or about £5 million a year in today’s money, which at the time was ‘really not sufficient for a
gentleman to live upon’ !
During the periods of his life when he needed to conserve his capital, Lord Sligo lived in Ireland, at Westport
House, County Mayo. His sisters, Lady Elizabeth and lady Emily, continued to occupy Duchess Palace until
the mid-1890s.
In the 1890s the house was acquired by the prosperous aristocratic attorney-at-law, Frederick Cavendish
Bentinck [1856-1948]. A director of the Alliance Insurance Company and a trustee of the British Museum.
Cavendish-Bentinck a descendent of The 3rd Duke of Portland.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 5 of 20
In 1895 by Newton Wallop [1856-1917] 5th Earl of Portsmouth bought Duchess Palace whose family estates
in 1882 totalled forty-seven thousand acres and produced a rent-roll of £36,000 a year, or about £10m in
modern money.
Lord Portsmouth was Member of Parliament for Barnstable 1880-1885 and Member of Parliament for North
Devon 1885-1891. When he died without issue on the 4 December 1917 the house and title passed to his
brother John [1859-1925] who thus became the 7th Earl. Formerly Private Secretary to the Governor of
Tasmania, when the 7th Earl died without issue on 7 September 1925 the house became the London home of
his younger brother (Oliver [1861-1943])
Oliver the 8th Earl who apart from being
Hereditary Bailiff of Burley in the New
Forest followed no career, preferring to live
on inherited money.
In 1943 the property passed to his son,
Gerard [1898- 1984] the 9th Earl member of
Parliament for Basingstoke in the Unionist
interest 1929-34.
A noted agriculturist, his published works
included The Tory Path [1931]; Horn, Hoof
and Corn [1932]; Famine in England [1938];
and a volume of autobiography, A Knot of
Roots [1965].
In the 1930s he sub-let the house to Lady
Amelia Catherine Fitzgerald the widow of
Sir Maurice Fitzgerald [d.1922] 2nd bt.,
Twentieth Knight of Kerry, in whose day the
telephone number here was LANgham
4197.
Lord Portsmouth’s family sold Duchess
Palace in the late 1950s and now it is
available for the first time in fifty years.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 6 of 20
ROBERT ADAM
Robert Adam is acknowledged world-wide as the Greatest British
Architect and Designer of the eighteenth century. Robert’s father William
Adam was the foremost Scottish Architect of his time.
Duchess Palace is one of the rare Robert Adam's Palaces remaining.
Adams has the distinguished honour of being buried in Westminster
Abbey, a privilege normally reserved for only The Royal Family.
Robert Adam was King George III's personal Architect and Designer during much of his reign
and in 1762 was appointed as the exclusive architect to The King.
He was obliged to resign in 1768, when he was appointed a Member of Parliament. When he resigned, his
brother James (who was up until then mainly his assistant) took over as architect to King George.
Duchess Palace’s interiors are highly decorated with the Adam brothers’ characteristically elaborate ceiling
decorations, delicately carved chimney pieces and grand staircases. Above the chimney pieces in the Grand
Ballroom are antique Adams tripartite mirrors topped with quasi-fanlight decorations, embellished with terms,
husk swags and rams heads.
The entrance hall is marked by verde Spalatro columns and paved with yellow and pink fine breccia marble
which continues into the staircase hall. Matching the verde columns are the hand marbled sienna walls, which
complement the porto oro (black and gold) marbled skirtings and radiator casings.
The stairwell is extravagant with a spiral cantilevered design made from Portland Stone, there are thought to
be only eight in the world. It has a large curved window flanked by two classical sculptures.
Robert Adam designed his buildings to achieve harmonious relation between the exterior, the interior, and the
furniture. His light, elegant and decorative style was a reconstitution of antique motifs.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 7 of 20
Robert Adam’s River Landscape with a Castle, 1780s
Robert Adam drew upon numerous sources including English Palladian architecture, French and Italian
Renaissance architecture and antique monuments. Adam himself contributed an important study, Ruins of the
Palace of the Emperor Diocletian at Spalatro in Dalmatia (1764).
Very few of Adam’s Palaces and mansions remain including 20
Portman Square, 20 St James's Square, Chandos House, Kenwood
House, Syon House and of course Duchess Palace.
The majority of his work was on large country estates, usually redesigning existing ones. He is famous for his opulent interiors. An
early work of his is the facade for the Admiralty in Whitehall.
Adam employed famous artists to decorate his lavish interiors
Angelica Kauffman (1741-1807), the sculptor John Flaxman, and the
Italian painters Antonio Zucchi (1726-95) and Giovanni Cipriani.
The Swiss painter of classical mythology and portraits Angelica
Kauffman spent her youth in Italy.
A protégé of Sir Joshua Reynolds, she quickly established a
reputation so high that she was chosen as a founder member of the
Royal Academy in 1768.
Her paintings tended to the picturesque, and were popularised as
engravings by Bartolozzi.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 8 of 20
As well as her easel work, Kauffman made wall paintings for
houses built by the Adam Brothers in the 1770s.
Sir Reynolds, Winckelmann, Goethe, and Garrick commissioned
her to paint their portraits.
The British Museum has a collection of her drawings and prints.
Other works include Religion (National Gallery, London); SelfPortrait (Staatliche Museen, Berlin); and the etchings of L'Allegra
and La Pensierosa.
Antonio Zucchi made Robert and James Adam acquaintance in
Venice, travelled with them in Italy, where they persuaded him
(c.1766) to come to England to collaborate in their architectural
works.
Zucchi executed many wall and ceiling decorations for their
interiors, including at Syon House. He was elected associate of
the Royal Academy in 1770.
A Design for Illuminations to Celebrate the Birthday of King George III, 1763
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 9 of 20
SIR WILLIAM CHAMBERS
Duchess Palace features two exquisite fireplaces which were designed by Sir William Chambers 1723-96).
Each fireplace features a depiction from an historical event, one depicts the exposition of the magna carta
from King John. The other depiction remains a mystery.
Sir William Chambers was one of the most important architects of the second
half of the 18th Century., his principal work being Somerset House, now home
to The Courtauld Institue, three important art galleries and of course the Witt
and the Conway libraries.
After a time travelling to India and China as a supercargo to the Swedish East
India Company (his father and grandfather were traders), he decided to
become a draftsman and architect and studied in Italy and France before
returning to England in 1755 and settling in London.
He achieved royal favour as the drawing teacher of the Prince of Wales, which
was to help him throughout his career.
Along with Robert Adam, he became architect of the King's works. Because of his close relationship with the
Royals, he was able to persuade the King to help in the setting up and initial funding of the Royal Academy.
Chambers became the first Treasurer of the new organisation, from 1769 until his death in 1796, and also held
several other distinguished establishment positions.
He also laid out Kew Gardens and furnished
them with classical temples etc from 1757-63,
as well as two major buildings: the Pagoda and
the Orangery. His style was Classical, more or
less Palladian.
Each chimney piece has a central figural panel
depicting historical scenes of battle and
coloured marble Corinthian columns. The
columns reflect the musical instruments that
are depicted in gold leaf in the ceilings.
Both rooms are richly decorated and the
mermaids of the gallery frieze and study ceiling
reappear on roundels on the overdoor panels.
The walls are further embellished with pilaster
like strips and ornate mirrors that were
specially designed for the Countess of
Portsmouth, whose arms and supporters are
worked into the decoration.
The ceilings of the ground floor receptions
were restored around one hundred years ago
in a rococo style, creating a lighter more
delicate contrast to the rich ornamentation of
the first floor grand reception rooms.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 10 of 20
LORD GERALD WELLESLEY 7TH DUKE OF WELLINGTON
Lord Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington, KG (1885 - 1972) a British diplomat was responsible for the
restoration of the entrance hall and spiral staircase of Duchess Palace for Lady Fitzgerald who was resident
during the 1930's.
He was invested as a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in
1921, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 1935.
His parents were Arthur Charles Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington and
Kathleen Bulkeley Williams.
He served as a diplomat in the Diplomatic Corps in 1908. He held the office
of Third Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1910 and 1917, and the
office of Second Secretary of the Diplomatic Service between 1917 and
1919.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of the County of London between 1944 and 1949, and the office of LordLieutenant of Hampshire between 1949 and 1960. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1951.
He authored The Iconography of The First Duke of Wellington (1935) & The Diary of a Desert Journey (1938)
LADY FITZGERALD’S BOUDOIR IN 1930, NOW THE INFORMAL DINING ROOM
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 11 of 20
THE 3RD DUKE OF PORTLAND - LORD TICHFIELD
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck
The Duke of Portland commissioned Duchess Palace to be built as part of a street of
Palaces : Mansfield Street, which was named after his friend Viscount Mansfield.
The Duke’s original plan was to build a Palace so grand to rival Buckingham Palace with
huge grounds over a mile, stretching from Oxford Circus all the way to Regents Park.
Naturally when news of the Duke’s plans reached the King, the Duke was advised in no
uncertain terms that it would not be his best career move. Hence Duchess Palace was born and the Duke was
later rewarded by the King being appointed Prime Minister, not once, but twice - in 1783 and also 1807-09.
Ministerial offices :
Prime Minister, 1783 and again 1807 - 1809
Lord Chamberlain of the Household (Jul 1765 - Dec 1766)
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Apr 1782 - Sep 1782)
First Lord Commissioner of the Treasury (1783, Mar 1807 - Oct 1809)
Leader of the House of Lords (Apr 1783 - Dec 1783)
Home Secretary (1794 - 1801)
Lord President of the Council (1801 - 1805)
Titles :
Marquess of Titchfield
Earl of Portland
Viscount Woodstock
Baron Cirencester
Biography:
Educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford University, William Henry Cavendish was elected
to the House of Commons in 1761, and resigned as an MP on 1 May 1762, when he succeeded his father as
the 3rd Duke of Portland and went to the House of Lords.
He briefly served as Lord Chamberlain (1765-1766) and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1782). In 1766 Portland
married a daughter of the former Prime Minister, the Duke of Devonshire. With only limited ministerial
experience Portland was appointed (2 Apr 1783) First Lord of the Treasury and became Prime Minister to act
as a figurehead for the Fox-North coalition. He had the support of the King in return of an earlier favour, but
George III was awaiting a chance to appoint William Pitt the Younger prime minister.
The Duke of Portland joined Pitt's administration as Home Secretary (1794-1801), and subsequently Henry
Addington's and then again Pitt's administration as Lord President of the Council (1801-1805).
In early 1807 he was appointed First Lord of the Treasury and made prime minister by the King to replace the
unfavoured William Grenville as prime minister. Again Portland became the nominal head of a tolerated but
difficult and fractious Cabinet. The dispute between the Foreign Secretary, George Canning, and the Secretary
for War and the Colonies, Viscount Castlereagh, culminating in a duel, was beyond the rather isolated
Portland's power to control.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 12 of 20
QUEEN ELIZABETH II
The Queen Mother and Queen Elizabeth can both
clearly be seen to be direct descendants of The 3rd Duke
of Portland for whom Duchess Palace was built.
The Cavendish-Bentinck’s enjoyed Duchess Palace for
many years and several generations.
We can only speculate as to how many members of the
Royal Family have been entertained here in its illustrious
past.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 13 of 20
AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
In 1783, when The Duke of Portland (who Duchess Palace
was built for) was Prime Minister of Great Britain, he was
tricked by a conspiracy by his trusted advisor Frederick
North, 8th Baron, (1732–92, later to become Prime
Minister).
The Duke of Portland was known to support Independence
for the colonials along with his Statesman Charles James
Fox (Lord of The Admiralty 1770-72, Lord of the Treasury
1772–74, and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs).
After the Boston Tea Party, parliaments response led by
conspirator Baron North was to pass five laws which
limited political and geographical freedom of the colonists.
These laws came to be known as the Intolerable acts and
were aimed to check colonial opposition. However they
only succeeded in uniting the colonials and this eventually
led to the signing of the 1783 Treaty of Paris which
signified the Independence of America.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 14 of 20
KING GEORGE III
King George III was often known as the Architect King, having studied under no other than
Sir William Chambers (who designed the fireplaces in the Grand Ballroom).
The King was an accomplished draughtsman and a patron of both the sciences and the
arts. When appointed King in 1760 it prompted much national rejoicing.
King George appointed Robert Adam (the architect and builder of Duchess Palace) his
exclusive architect in 1762. The two were both close friends. This explains Robert Adam’s
burial in Westminster Abbey, a privilege reserved only for The Royal Family.
Robert Adam named two roads after King George, George St in Westminster, W1 and also in Edinburgh.
Titles
Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, Great Steward of
Scotland, 2nd Duke of Edinburgh, Marquess of the Isle of Ely, Earl of Eltham, Viscount of Launceston, Baron
of Snowdon [from Mar 1751];
Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester
[from 20 Apr 1751]; Herzog zu
Braunschweig und Lüneburg
(Duke of Brunswick and
Lüneburg) [25 Oct 1760 - 29 Jan
1820];
Erzschatzmeister und Kurfürst
des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
(Archtreasurer and PrinceElector of the Holy Roman
Empire) [Oct 1760 - Oct 1814];
Roi de la Corse/Re di Corsica
(King of Corsica);
King of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain
König von Hannover (King of
Hanover)
Chronology
25 Oct 1760, succeeded
grandfather George II
22
Sep
1761,
Westminster Abbey
crowned,
PHOTO OF TAPESTRY GALLERY IN 1930
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 15 of 20
QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL, BRAZIL AND
THE ALGARVES
Duchess Palace was let in 1835 to The Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves,
The Queen was the eldest daughter of Joao VI, King of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
She shared Duchess Palace with her twenty-four-year-old son, Sebastian, Prince of Asturias [1811-1875]
who was Infant / heir to the thrones of Spain, Portugal and The Algarve's.
Consequently, Duchess Palace was their Official Residence for many years.
The Queen was granted the title of Princess de la Beira by her grandfather, King Dom João V at birth.
She became Princess of Brazil, 31st July 1750.
Before her coronation The Queen was H.H. the Serene Princess Senhora Infanta Dona Maria Thereza de
Bragança e Bourbon of Portugal
Proclaimed as Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, 16th December 1815. m. at
the Palace of Nossa Senhora d'Ajuda, Lisbon, 6th July 1760
Her second brother became Emperor Pedro I of Brazil.
She first married Admiral-General H.R.H. the Serene Prince Señor Don Pedro de Borbón y Braganza, ( 17751812) and secondly H.R.H. the Serene Prince Señor Don Carlos de Borbón y Borbón, Count of Molina (17881855).
In the turmoil and in-fighting which beset so many Royal European houses in post-Napoleonic Europe, mother
and son were both living in London in exile.
They left Portugal on the invasion of her Kingdom by the French, 29th November 1807. Landed at Rio de
Janeiro, 7th March 1808, before coming to London many years later.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 16 of 20
PRINCE SEBASTIAN OF ASTURIAS
Portugese Royalty
House of Braganza
Spanish Royalty
House of Bourbon
Prince Sebastian [1811-1875] was the son of the Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the
Algarves and heir to the thrones of Spain, Portugal and The Algarve's
Duchess Palace was the Prince’s official residence for many years. In the turmoil which beset many Royal
European houses in post-Napoleonic Europe, Queen and Prince were in exile from their Kingdoms.
Prince Sebastian’s grandfather was Carlos IV the King of Spain [1784-1819] whose fleet Nelson had
destroyed at the Battle of Trafalgar and who had been forced to abdicate in favour of Napoleon in 1808.
The Prince’s father was Admiral-General H.R.H. The Serene Prince Señor Don Pedro de Borbón y Braganza.
Sebastian was married to his cousin Princess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies (of Spain). They had three
sons, who were each granted their own dukedoms in Spain.
MARQUESS OF SLIGO – BARON MONTEAGLE
The 2nd Marquess of Sligo lived in Duchess Palace from before 1828 to 1845.
He sat in the House of Lords as Baron Monteagle.
The Marquess was a member of the highly illustrious Knights of St. Patrick, most of the members were The
Royal Family.
He was later succeeded by his son, the 3rd Marquess of Sligo who continued to live in the Palace for many
years, passing it on to his sisters.
The 3rd Marquess sisters Lady Elizabeth and Lady Emily lived in Duchess Palace until the mid 1890's.
The Marquess of Sligo is a title in the Peerage of Ireland created in 1800 for the Earl of Altamont.
The Marquess also holds the titles of
Earl of Altamont (1771)
Earl of Clanricarde (1800)
Viscount Westport (1768)
Baron Mount Eagle of Westport (1760)
Baron Monteagle (1806)
Prior to the passage of the House of Lords Act 1999, the Marquess sat in the House of Lords as Baron
Monteagle in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 17 of 20
KNIGHTS OF S T. PATRICK
The Marquess of Sligo, a Lord of Duchess Palace, was a member of the Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick.
The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is an order of chivalry associated with Ireland. The Order was
created in 1783 by George III. The regular creation of knighthoods of St Patrick lasted until 1922, when
Southern Ireland became independent as the Irish Free State. While the Order still exists, no knighthood of St
Patrick has been created since 1934.
The patron saint of the Order is St Patrick. Its motto is Quis separabit? (Latin for "Who will separate us?").
The Order of St Patrick, is the third-most senior order of chivalry in both precedence and age.
Its equivalent in England, The Most Noble Order of the Garter, is the oldest documented order.
Knights were also entitled to receive heraldic supporters.
This high privilege was, and is, only shared by members of the Royal Family, peers, Knights and Ladies of
the Garter, Knights and Ladies of the Thistle, and Knights and Dames Grand Cross and Knights Grand
Commanders of the junior orders.
Current Members and Officers Sovereign: HM The Queen
List of Knights of St Patrick
The 2nd Marquis of Sligo is highlighted half way down. There were many members of The Royal Family who
were knights, as displayed in the table.
Name
Life
Knights Founders
Prince Edward Augustus
1767-1820
John Denis Browne, 3rd Earl of Altamont
1756-1809
HOWE PETER BROWNE, 2nd MARQUESS of
1788-1845
SLIGO
Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and
1771-1851
Teviotdale
HRH Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1819-1861
HRH Prince George William Frederick Charles, Duke
1819-1904
of Cambridge
Date Notes
1783 Later Duke of Kent and Strathearn
1800 Later Marquess of Sligo
1810
1821
Later Ernest Augustus I, King of
Hanover
1842
1851
Later Edward VII, King of the United
Kingdom
HRH Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert
1850-1942 1869 Later Duke of Connaught
HRH Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward
1864-1892 1887 Later Duke of Clarence and Avondale
Prince William Augustus Edward of Saxe-Weimar
1823-1902 1890
HRH Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Duke of
Later George V, King of the United
1865-1936 1897
York
Kingdom
HRH Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick
Later Edward VIII, King of the United
1894-1972 1927
David, Prince of Wales
Kingdom
HRH Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of
1900-1974 1934
Gloucester
HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
1841-1910 1868
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 18 of 20
ARTICLE ON DUCHESS PALACE IN 1930 COUNTRY LIFE
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 19 of 20
The Main Cinema - By Day
THE MAIN CINEMA - BY D AY
Duchess Palace - Royal History
020 7580 1887
www.duchesspalace.com
www.royalpalace.tv Page 20 of 20

Similar documents

×

Report this document