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NATIONAL
SENIOR CERTIFICATE
GRADE 12
TOURISM
FEBRUARY/MARCH 2014
MEMORANDUM
MARKS: 200
This memorandum consists of 10 pages.
Copyright reserved
Please turn over
Tourism
2
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
SECTION A: SHORT QUESTIONS
QUESTION 1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.1.8
1.1.9
1.1.10
1.1.11
1.1.12
1.1.13
1.1.14
1.1.15
1.1.16
1.1.17
1.1.18
1.1.19
1.1.20
C
A
B
B
C
C
B
A
D
B
D
D
C
B
C
D
B
C
A
C
LO1
AS1
LO1
AS2
LO1
AS3
LO1
AS3
LO1
AS1
LO2
AS1
LO2
AS2
LO2
AS2
LO2
AS3
LO2
AS4
LO3
AS1
LO3
AS4
LO3
AS6
LO3
AS4
LO3
AS4
LO 3
AS 1
LO 3
AS 1
LO 4
AS 1
LO4
AS4
LO4
AS5
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
mystery customer
performance management
survey
SWOT analysis
cholera
LO4
AS2
LO4
AS3
LO4
AS2
LO2
AS3
LO3
AS2
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
Concierge
Contract of employment
ETEYA
Initiator 
Fax machine 
LO1
AS3
LO1
AS3
LO1
AS1
LO4
AS4
LO4
AS5
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.4
1.4.5
C
D
E
H
B
LO3
AS3
LO3
AS3
LO3
AS3
LO3
AS3
LO3
AS3
1.5.1
1.5.2
1.5.3
1.5.4
1.5.5
Ndebele
Gauteng ; Mpumalanga Can be in any order
Limpopo
Colourful designs / artworks
Marital 
LO2
AS4
LO2
AS4
LO2
AS4
LO2
AS4
LO2
AS4
(20 x 1)
(5)
(5)
(5)
(5)
TOTAL SECTION A: 40
Copyright reserved
Please turn over
Tourism
3
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
SECTION B: TOURISM AS AN INTERRELATED SYSTEM
QUESTION 2
2.1
2.2
2.1.1
Gross Domestic Product
AS1
(2)
2.1.2
B
AS1
(2)
2.1.3
We are willing to do extra things not normally expected of us to
keep our customers happy.
AS1
2.1.4
Welcome tourists in a warm and friendly manner
Treat tourists with respect. 
• Assist in ensuring the safety of tourists
• Assist in keeping the village and surrounding environment
clean and attractive.
• Assist in creating an unforgettable experience.
• Offer unique and extraordinary products
AS1
2.2.1
To reverse the situation that the majority of South Africans have
been excluded from tourism ownership and consumption.
• To create opportunities for ownership/participation in tourism
especially for HDIs.
• To create equal chances for success and prosperity
• To expand and improve tourism business operations
• Creating a better society
AS2
2.2.2
TEP assist small and medium enterprises by providing market
access
Opportunities that facilitate the growth
Enterprise development
• Improve product quality
• Improve operational efficiency
AS2
2.2.3
They received a four star grading
Training interventions
• Added value to the staff and services
AS2
2.2.4
The research will assist them to:
be able to identify the needs of the market
know the current trends in this sector
• obtain a competitive advantage
• on how to reach the target market
AS2
Copyright reserved
(2)
(4)
(2)
(3)
(2)
(4)
[21]
Please turn over
Tourism
4
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
QUESTION 3
3.1
Game rangers
• Field guides
• Walking guides
• Nature guides
• Specialised tourist guide
(Do not accept guide or tourist guide)
AS3
3.2
Private game reserves/lodges/farms
National parks
Transfrontier Parks
• Tourists
• Tour operators
AS3
3.3
Communication skills 
Weapon skills 
• Leadership skills
• Survival skills
• First Aid skills
• People skills
AS3
3.4
Attacks by wild animals
• Getting lost
AS3
3.5
Appoint only trained/qualified/experienced guides.
Proper training for the guides.
• Educate tourists on behaviour and survival in the veld
AS3
3.6
Walking safaris are not only taking place during office hours. 
• When there is a demand, the guides must supply the service to
tourists outside business hours.
• The best game viewing opportunities present themselves early in
the morning or in the evenings
AS3
3.7
Payment for overtime
Give them time off for irregular hours worked 
• Offer flexi working hours
• Offer other perks related to the business
AS3
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(2)
(4)
[19]
TOTAL SECTION B:
Copyright reserved
(1)
Please turn over
40
Tourism
5
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
SECTION C: SUSTAINABLE AND RESPONSIBLE TOURISM
QUESTION 4
4.1
4.2
Economic/profit
Social /people
Environment /planet
AS1
(3)
Economic – the local community have opened their own businesses,
AS1
Busi's Tavern, and make and sell their crafts
Social – display their culture through their dressing, dancing and their
homes. 
• Skills development – entrepreneurial/craft making
Environment - signage to keep the environment clean
(6)
4.3
Imvelo Awards
AS1
(2)
4.4
4.4.1 Township Tour
AS3
(2)
4.4.2 Show respect for their beliefs and culture and give praise.
Respecting their presence, their values, and their way of life.
• Ask for permission before taking photographs
AS3
4.5
4.5.1 Siyanamela Tours
The community/Gaetsane Village
• The tourist
• Busi Tavern
4.5.2 Partnerships ensure that all stakeholders share the
responsibilities and share the benefits
• protect their rights and roles thereby ensuring sustainability of
responsible tourism
4.6
AS3
(2)
AS3
(2)
4.6.1 Product 
Place 
• Promotion
• People
AS3
4.6.2 Product: township tours 
• arts and crafts
• Busi’s Tavern
Place: rural area
• Promotion:
The signage of the crafts
The signage of the tours
The signage of Busi’s Tavern
• People – community products/involvement
AS3
Copyright reserved
(2)
(2)
(2)
Please turn over
Tourism
4.7
6
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
AS3
Price is generally an important factor in the tourist’s decision
making process. The price must satisfy the needs of the tourist. They
must get value for their money 
• The price must give Siyanamela Tour a competitive advantage over
other township tours.
(2)
[25]
QUESTION 5
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.2
Green travel is about respecting and supporting local culture AS2
and economy, by buying local products, taking tours with local
operators, and supporting local businesses. This will reduce
the environmental impact. 
• Green travel includes travel that support the reduction of
your carbon footprint during a trip
(2)
Carbon footprint is the measurement of the CO 2 ( carbon AS2
dioxide) levels that your daily activities release into the
atmosphere. 
(2)
5.1.3
Kyoto Protocol
(2)
5.1.4
Cut down on fuel consumption by leaving the car at home AS2
Walk to where you need to go
Cycle to where you need to go
Use public transport 
• Join / start a lift club
• Use environmentally friendly cars
• Minimize fuel consumption by planning all stops in
advance
AS2
5.2.1
pap
• chakalaka
5.2.2
Tourists are looking for unique South African cultural AS4
experience. Want to experience a different way of life by
visiting townships
Taste of traditional South African food
• would appeal to tourist who are interested in green travel
• will get value for their money
AS4
(1)
TOTAL SECTION C:
Copyright reserved
(4)
Please turn over
(4)
[15]
40
Tourism
7
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
SECTION D: TOURISM GEOGRAPHY, ATTRACTIONS AND TRAVEL TRENDS
QUESTION 6
6.1
3
6.2
6.2.1
LO3
AS 1
SA = +2
Paris = +1
Time difference= 1 hour
16:30 + 1 hour = 17:30
(1)
LO3
AS1
(3)
6.2.2
17:30 – 10hours (flying time) = 07:30 22 November / LO3
AS1
the same day
6.2.3
Paris = +1
Tokyo = +9
Time difference = 8 hours 
8:00 + 8 hours = 16:00
16:00 + 13 hours ( Flying time) = 5:00 (30/06)
5:00 + 2 hours ( stop over time) = 7:00
7:00 – 1 hour DST = 6:00  (30/06) 
(4)
LO3
AS1
OR
6:00   (30/06) 
6.3
(8)
6.3.1
A: Mahikeng / Mafikeng
B: Plumtree
LO3
AS3
6.3.2
South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe
LO11.3
AS3
(3)
6.3.3
Visa, Passport
LO3
AS3
(2)
6.3.4
Passport: it is used as proof to identify a tourist and his LO3
AS3
country of origin
(1)
Visa: It is an entry document issued if a tourist has been LO3
AS2
granted permission to enter a country
(1)
6.3.5
To keep passengers informed of day to day plans and LO3
AS2
activities
(2)
6.3.6
56 hours, 30 min
•
2 days 8 hours, 30 min
Copyright reserved
LO3
AS 2
Please turn over
(2)
(2)
[29]
Tourism
8
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
QUESTION 7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.1.1
A source market is the country where the tourist originate from LO3
AS4
(come from) 
(1)
7.1.2
Zimbabwe
LO3
AS4
(1)
7.1.3
Political instability has led to shortages of many products in LO3
Zimbabwe, forcing huge numbers of visitors to South Africa to AS4
do business.
Proximity, South Africa is the closest neighbouring country
where they can do business.
(2)
7.1.4
UK/United Kingdom
(2)
7.1.5
LO3
Foreign tourists may have stayed for shorter periods, resulting
AS4
in them spending less money.
•
They may have spent less due to the economic downturn
or strong value of the rand.
•
The economic recession may have forced many tourists to
cut their budgets or reprioritised their spending.
7.2.1
R17 800 ÷ R 8.90 = USD/$ 2000
LO3
AS5
(4)
7.2.2
(a) 1200 GBP x R13.80 = R16 560
LO3
AS5
(4)
(b) Yes
LO3
AS5
(1)
LO3
AS4
Responses should be in paragraph format, using full sentences and can
include the following facts:
LO3
AS6
During a successful sporting event many tourists (fans and spectators)
visit the host country, that otherwise may not have visited the country.
They may return with family and friends or they will spread positive word of
mouth. 
•
This will lead to more visitors arriving and spending money on
accommodation, food, transport and entertainment leading to
increased profits for businesses.
•
This will set the multiplier effect into motion leading to more revenue
being earned by the country in the form of taxes etc.
•
Increased income from taxes will increase the contribution of tourism
to the GDP of the country.
TOTAL SECTION D:
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(2)
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(4)
[21]
50
Tourism
9
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
SECTION E: CUSTOMER CARE AND COMMUNICATION
QUESTION 8
8.1
Festivals, food , dress, tradition
• Language
• Housing
• Religious and other believe systems
8.2
8.2.1
The website can also be used by companies to respond LO4
AS2
directly to customers' complaints or compliments.
• It can be used as a marketing tool.
• It identifies weaknesses in a company.
• It can be used as a research tool.
• It can be used as point of reference for companies to plan
performance interventions.
• It can expose companies with low levels of service
excellence.
8.2.2
Companies will on a regular basis get feedback on its LO4
performance and can act immediately to address AS2
complaints/problems.
• They get the opportunity to safeguard their image and
reputation.
• They allow potential customers to see their level of
commitment to service excellence through their responses
to complaints.
8.3
LO4
AS1
(4)
(2)
(2)
8.2.3
Credibility will be compromised - the company will get a bad LO4
AS2
reputation 
• The company will lose customers and may close down.
(2)
8.3.1
Treat other people like you would like to be treated.
LO4
AS3
(1)
8.3.2
If one treats other people like you would like to be treated, it
means treating them with dignity, compassion and respect.
This will make customers feel valued and special and could
result in positive word of mouth (WOM) and repeat
visitation.
She can apologise sincerely and offer to rectify the problem
immediately.
• She can offer something in return, depending on the type
of problem.
LO4
AS3
8.3.3
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LO4
AS3
Please turn over
(4)
(2)
[17]
Tourism
10
NSC – Memorandum
DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2014
QUESTION 9
9.1
9.2
Team building activity such as The Amazing Race would encourage LO4
employees to establish rapport with each other so that they can AS4
accomplish their goals.  Employees will learn to realise that they are
much more productive working as a team trying to accomplish the same
goals.  Team building programmes are a hands-on way to show each
member of the team the importance of communication, listening skills and
team unity. It also reduces the chances of confusions and
misunderstandings. 
• To be winners of the race will require the teams to work together to
solve problems or make decisions and this is what tourism employers
require most of the teams to be able to do.
(6)
9.2.1
Receive and send faxes
Send and receive emails
• Teleconferencing
• Surf/ browse the net
• Perform the functions of an answering machine
LO4
AS5
(2)
9.2.2
People do not have to travel to meetings and workshops. They LO4
can be held at the workplace hence decreasing the need to AS5
travel. 
(2)
(a)Yes 
(1)
9.2.3
LO4
AS5
(b) Most companies scan and email the documents. 
Documents can also be sent via attachments.
(2)
OR
No
•
Smaller businesses that do not have a scanner will still
use a fax machine to send documents.
TOTAL SECTION E:
GRAND TOTAL:
Copyright reserved
LO4
AS5
[13]
30
200

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