Download PDF - Travel Oregon

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 12,3 MB
First found ноя 13, 2015

Document content analysis

Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts

Oregon wikipedia, lookup

Columbia River wikipedia, lookup

Columbia River Gorge wikipedia, lookup

Historic Columbia River Highway wikipedia, lookup

Persons

Sam Hill (mountain biker)
Sam Hill (mountain biker)

wikipedia, lookup

Desmond Tutu
Desmond Tutu

wikipedia, lookup

Samuel C. Lancaster
Samuel C. Lancaster

wikipedia, lookup

Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter

wikipedia, lookup

Chris Walla
Chris Walla

wikipedia, lookup

John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor

wikipedia, lookup

Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt

wikipedia, lookup

Norman Rockwell
Norman Rockwell

wikipedia, lookup

John Day (printer)
John Day (printer)

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

S C E N I C BY WAYS & T O U R R O U T E S
Photo: Larry Andreasen
A DRIVING GUIDE
Mt. Hood
Steve Terrill
2
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
DIS COVER
Oregon
S C E N I C BY WAYS A N D TO U R R OUTES
Oregon’s Scenic Byways offer a rich taste of all the grandeur and
diversity the Pacific Northwest has to offer. Outstanding natural
beauty and many sites of historical and cultural significance have
earned Oregon more designated Scenic Byways and Tour Routes than
any other state. On some Byways, you’ll drive from the high desert
to snowcapped peaks to fertile valleys in a matter of just a few hours!
There are the rugged rock formations of Hell’s Canyon, world famous
Crater Lake, and mile after mile of breathtaking vistas along the
Columbia Gorge and the Pacific coastline. Almost anywhere you turn,
there’s a backdrop of mountains beckoning. You can stand in the
spot where Lewis and Clark weathered out the cold, rainy winter of
1806 at Fort Clatsop, and view real ruts from the Oregon Trail near
Baker City. All of these wonders are easily accessible from Oregon’s 26
Scenic Byways and Tour Routes.
Each Byway description in this guide highlights natural, historical and
cultural attractions along the route. Maps and information regarding
availability of services, time needed to drive and enjoy each Byway, and
best times of year to travel are also included. The routes are categorized
by their designation: All American Roads come first, followed by
National Scenic Byways, State Scenic Byways and State Tour Routes.
Routes are introduced in each category from the northwestern part
of the state, and then move clockwise around the state. You will find
contact information for each Byway starting on page 62.
Robert Potts
Whether you’re an outdoor enthusiast, a history buff or merely enjoy
a relaxing drive in the country, Oregon’s Scenic Byways will take you
there. We hope this guide will help you discover the many wonders
that await you along Oregon’s Scenic Byways.
Cover Photo: Cannon Beach just north of Tolovana State Recreation Site.
Photo: (opposite page) Oregon Dunes near Florence.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
3
C O N T E N T S
A N D
L E G E N D
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Lewis and
Clark NWR
ALL AMERICAN ROADS
1 Historic Columbia
River Highway Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
WA S H
Lewis & Clark National
Historical Park
2 Hells Canyon Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Hillsboro
4 Pacific Coast Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Cape Meares NWR
Three Arch
Rocks NWR
NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAYS
5 West Cascades Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
18
Tualatin
Nestucca
Bay
NWR
Tualatin
River
NWR
6 McKenzie Pass-Santiam Pass
Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Baskett
Slough
NWR
Siletz Bay
NWR
7 Cascade Lakes Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
8 Oregon Outback Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
9 Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
10Mt. Hood Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Seasonal
Road
17
Ankeny
NWR
William
L. Finley
NWR
OREGON STATE SCENIC BYWAYS
Sea
Roa
11 Journey Through Time
Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Seasonal
Road
12 Blue Mountain Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
13 Elkhorn Drive Scenic Byway.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
26
14 High Desert Discovery Scenic Byway. . . . . 46
Elkton
15 Umpqua River Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
16 Over the Rivers & Through
the Woods Scenic Byway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
OREGON TOUR ROUTES
17 Silver Falls Tour Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
18Vineyard and Valley Tour Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Oakland
Sutherlin
25
Oregon
Islands
NWR
Bandon
Marsh
NWR
24
CO
U NTY R O A D
1
23
Seasonal Road
Klamath
Marsh NWR
19 Grande Tour Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
20 East Steens Tour Route.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
21 Steens Loop Tour Route.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Rocky Point
Upper
Klamath
NWR
22 Diamond Loop Tour Route.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
23Myrtle Creek-Canyonville Tour Route. . . . 58
24 Cow Creek Tour Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
25 Charleston to Bandon Tour Route.. . . . . . . . . . 60
26 Cottage Grove Covered
Bridge Tour Route. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Visitor Information .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Bear Valley NWR
Lower
161
To Lava Beds
National
Monument
C A L I FO R
Only Byway seasonal roads are depicted here; check locally or go to www.TripCheck.com for seasonal road conditions and clo
4
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
I N G T O N
Umatilla NWR
Cold Springs NWR
Arlington
McKay
Creek
NWR
Seasonal
Road
19
l
asonal
ad
OREGON
16
20
22
Malheur NWR
21
Hart Mountain
National
Antelope
Refuge
Sheldon NWR
139
R N I A
osures.
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
I D A H O
24
25
Klamath NWR
Tulelake
Deer Flat NWR
N E VA D A
26
State Welcome Center
National Wildlife Refuge (NWR)
Res = reservoir
Lighthouse (see page 64)
Airports (see page 64)
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
5
A LL
A M E R I C A N
AAR1
6
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
R O A D
T H E
Historic
Columbia
River Highway
Discovery traveled through the Gorge on the Columbia River on its
way to the Pacific Ocean. Oregon Trail Pioneers also traveled down
the Columbia River Gorge in the mid 1800s. The region’s rich
history is preserved in several museums along the route.
Troutdale and the Sandy
engineering, incredible scenery, and rich history.
To begin your journey from Portland, take Interstate 84 east to
exit 17. Follow the signs through the quaint town of Troutdale
and over the Sandy River to the Historic Columbia River
Highway. In 1805, Lewis and Clark camped along the banks of
the Sandy, which ran gritty with ash from the 1802 eruption of
volcanic Mt. Hood. The road follows the Wild and Scenic Sandy
River for several miles, then climbs past orchards and blueberry
fields through the communities of Springdale and Corbett, offering glimpses of snow-capped Mt. Hood.
Internationally lauded for spectacular waterfalls,
Gorgeous Vistas from Crown Point
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Any way you look at it, the Historic Columbia River
Highway Scenic Byway is a marvel—for its visionary
AAR1
architectural gems, and magnificent overlooks of the
Columbia River Gorge, it’s no wonder this Byway has
been called “King of Roads.”
Construction of the Historic Columbia River Highway began in
1913, and was considered one of the greatest engineering feats
of the modern age. Its engineer, Samuel C. Lancaster, did “not
[want] to mar what God had put there,” and worked diligently
to showcase the many waterfalls and other “beauty spots” on
the highway’s route through the Columbia Gorge. There are
numerous historic resources along the highway. In fact, the
Historic Columbia River Highway, the first scenic highway in the
U.S., is a National Historic Landmark.
Samuel Lancaster certainly had a magnificent palette to work with.
The Columbia River Gorge is 80 miles long and up to 4,000 feet
deep, cutting the only sea-level route through the Cascade Mountain
Range. Lava flows created the substrate and the Missoula Floods
cut through this substrate much later to create the towering cliffs
of columnar basalt that make up the Gorge. The Gorge includes
16 endemic plant species (those that exist only within the Gorge)
and over 150 rare plant species, and is rich with animal life. The
Historic Columbia River Highway Scenic Byway offers ever-shifting
perspectives of the Gorge, including sweeping panaromas from 900
feet above the river. Hikers will delight in the many trails along the
Byway, some of which lead to hidden waterfalls.
As its name implies, the Byway is incredibly rich in cultural history.
This stretch of the Columbia once served as fishing and meeting
grounds for the many indigenous peoples of the Columbia Basin.
The Dalles was a highly significant trading and rendezvous site
throughout history and prehistory. Lewis and Clark’s Corps of
At the Portland Women’s Forum State Scenic overlook at
Chanticleer Point, you get your first glance of the Columbia
River and the Gorge: this is the vista that inspired the Highway’s
founding father, Sam Hill. The stone guard walls and graceful
arches are typical of the highway’s exquisite craftsmanship. The
Vista House at Crown Point is an Oregon treasure, one of the most
photographed and recognizable in the Columbia River Gorge. Built
as a memorial to Oregon pioneers, it offers an inspiring view of the
Gorge and the mountains of the Cascade Range.
Unforgettable Falls
To help motorists navigate the 600-foot vertical drop from
Crown Point, Lancaster engineered a series of what’s known
as “figure-eight loops” that gracefully wind down toward the
river. You’re soon surrounded by mossy tree limbs, the greenery
enhanced by a series of remarkable waterfalls in the next five
WASHINGTON
Hood
River
84
Troutdale
Cascade Locks
205
5
Portland
Oregon
City
Mosier
Corbett
River
Estacada
26
Craig Tuttle
ER
The Dalles
Mt. Hood 35
Grass Va
197
97
Trip Tips
Distance: Narrow, winding 70-mile (113 kilometer) drive. Best Time: Spring for best waterfalls,
fall for best weather, mid-week for fewest crowds,
winter storms can be hazardous. Minimum Driving Time: 3-5 hours.
Photo: (opposite page) sunrise on the
Columbia River Gorge, near Crown Point.
RIV
Biggs
Rowena
Multnomah Falls
Crown Point State Park
S a ndy
COLUMBIA
Medical Services/Hospitals: Portland, Hood River, The Dalles. Rest
Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located along the route.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
7
A LL
A M E R I C A N
R O A D
cascade, then zigzags to the top. A little
farther down the road, Horsetail Falls
plummets close enough to the road to
mist your windows. Before the Byway
joins Interstate 84, at the community
of Dodson, you’ll pass Oneonta Gorge,
a botanical paradise with more than
50 species of plants that flourish in the
damp, cool environs.
Craig Tuttle
Bonneville Dam to Hood River
Lewis and Clark Trail
For the next 25 miles, you’ll leave the
Historic Highway for modern—yet still
beautiful—Interstate 84. The Gorge’s
dramatic geologic formations are a
highlight of this segment. Engineering
and fishing buffs will want to visit the
Bonneville Dam, the first structure to
restrain the mighty Columbia. In nearby
Cascade Locks, travelers can leave the car
for a sternwheeler cruise of the Columbia.
More intrepid watersports enthusiasts
will want to take to the Columbia at Hood
River. Here, the Gorge acts as a wind
tunnel to create consistent breezes that
have made this once sleepy orchard
town the unofficial windsurfing capital
of the world.
From Mosier to the
community of Rowena
In the 12 miles from Hood River to Mosier,
you’ll notice a dramatic change in the
scenery. It’s here that the “two Oregons”
meet. As you reach Mosier and the the
second leg of the Historic Columbia River
Highway (off exit 76), the moist and lush
western Gorge gives way to dry, eastern
Columbia River plateau. Once a booming
trade center, Mosier is still famous for its
springtime blossoms, fat juicy cherries,
and the community’s unrivaled passion for
native plants. Just west of Mosier, you can
walk or bike the Historic Columbia River
Highway State Trail through the restored
Mosier Twin Tunnels and on to Hood
River. Elegant Mayerdale Estate appears
unexpectedly on this rural stretch of the
In 1805, and again in 1806, the Corps of
Discovery traveled through the Columbia
River Gorge. Several important sites
mentioned in the journals of Lewis and Clark
can still be seen in this area. An interpretive
sign located at Lewis and Clark State Park
describes the naming of the Sandy River as
the “quicksand” river. Additional markers are
located at Rooster Rock, Cascade Locks and
Rock Fort in The Dalles.
miles: Latourell, Shepperd’s Dell, Bridal
Veil, and Wahkeena. Soon you’ll reach
the granddaddy of Columbia Gorge
waterfalls—620-foot Multnomah Falls.
Only three waterfalls in the nation are
taller—and none is more beautiful. A trail
from Multnomah Falls Lodge (built in
1925 and listed in the National Register
of Historic Places) takes you to the lower
8
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Dennis Frates
Photo: (above) fall colors light up
Wahkeenah Falls; (right) thoughtful design
elements, like these stone barriers, make
this highway a work of art in itself.
Photo: (opposite page) the Gorge, near
Hood River.
H I S T O R I C
C O L U M B I A
R I V E R
H I G H W A Y
Dennis Frates
T H E
road. Look for Memaloose Island in the
Columbia, a traditional burial site of Native
American peoples of the Columbia Basin
that was partially flooded following the
construction of Bonneville Dam. Farther
east, be sure to linger at the viewpoint at
Rowena Crest, which affords sweeping
Gorge views rivaling those of Crown Point,
and access to the wildflower wonders of
Tom McCall Preserve.
The Dalles
The Historic Columbia River Highway
spans the extremes of Oregon’s landscape,
from the damp and mossy western
beginning along the banks of the Sandy
River to the dry oak savannahs skirting
Chenoweth Creek near the historic The
Dalles. The Dalles was long a Native
American gathering place and is rich in
Oregon Trail lore. Before you leave the
Historic Highway as you enter The Dalles,
Bonneville Dam
A little more than 10 years after the Historic Columbia River Highway was finished, the
face of the Gorge began to change dramatically. Bonneville Dam, begun in 1933, raised
the water level significantly. The interpretive center that may be accessed from exit 40 on
Interstate 84 highlights the history of the dam, and the fish ladder. Depending on the time
of year you visit, you can watch salmon, steelhead sturgeon and other species from the dam’s
fish viewing station. Best times for viewing are spring and fall. While the Northwest gained
a powerful supply of electricity and flood control with Bonneville and later dams, it lost
significant historic and prehistoric resources—most notably traditional Native American
fishing sites that were so critical to their culture. The loss of these cultural sites—and the
depleted salmon stocks—has had a lasting impact on the Native American communities.
you’ll find the Columbia Gorge Discovery
Center and Wasco County Historical
Museum. Built as the interpretive
center for the National Scenic Area, the
Discovery Center has answers to all your
questions about the Gorge’s history.
At the Museum, you’ll learn about the
earliest inhabitants and hear tales of the
traders and settlers who came later. As
your tour over the Historic Columbia
River Highway comes to a close,
consider beginning a new journey to the
Lewis and Clark campsite at Rock Fort.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
9
A LL
10
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
A M E R I C A N
B Y W A Y S
R O A D
As you travel on Interstate 84, enter the Byway’s southern end by
taking exit 304 and following the signs to Oregon Highway 86.
Start your canyon adventure with a tour of the National Historic
District in Baker City, the “Queen City of the Mines.” Late 19th
century Victorian architecture dominates the commercial and
residential buildings of the city’s downtown, where many buildings,
including the famous Geiser Grand Hotel, have been carefully
restored. North of town, take Oregon Route 86 east to the National
Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center at Flagstaff Hill.
nde River
e Ro
At the core of the Byway are the Wallowa Mountains whose
jagged, snowcapped peaks are reminiscent of the Swiss Alps.
Flows of plateau basalt, batholiths of granite, and layers of shale
were buckled and folded to form the mountain range.
West of the Wallowas, the bountiful Grande Ronde Valley
unfolds. Once a spring and summer gathering place for members of the Umatilla, Yakima, Shoshone, Walla Walla, Cayuse and
Bannock Nations, the valley is now a rich agricultural center,
hosting fields of hay, wheat, grass, mint, and canola as well as
cattle, sheep, and horse ranches.
Surrounding the Byway, the Hells Canyon National Recreation
Area, the Eagle Cap Wilderness area, and the Wallowa-Whitman
National Forest offer incomparable outdoor recreational
N
T
A
I N
82
82
U
La
Grande
O
M
7
39
Union
Seasonal Road
237
Po
Sumpter
350
Enterprise
Joseph
203
84
Hells Canyon
National
Imnaha
Recreation
Area
Wallowa
Elgin
B L
U E
The Hells Canyon Scenic Byway is a 208-mile loop encircling the
Wallowa Mountains, intersecting with Interstate 84 at La Grande
and Baker City. Extremes in the land define this Byway and have
likewise shaped the region’s cultural history. At the eastern edge
of the Byway is the Hells Canyon stretch of the Snake River,
North America’s deepest gorge. It boasts hair-raising rapids,
awesome rock formations, and many signs of the indigenous
peoples that once called this vast area home.
Sal
mo
S
The Hells Canyon Scenic Byway winds through the
northeast corner of Oregon, taking in the craggy
8,000 foot depths of Hells Canyon and the 10,000
foot peaks of the Wallowa Mountains. Along the
way, you’ll encounter exceptionally scenic country
and fascinating cultural history in the ancestral
homelands of Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce
Milton-Freewater
Indians and along the Historic Oregon
Trail.
Baker City
30
iver
B Y W A Y
ke R
S C E N I C
Sna
Hells
Canyon
Gran
d
T H E
opportunities. Numerous campgrounds and trail systems are
available. Anglers can fish the region’s many rivers or Wallowa Lake.
Hunters can pursue deer, elk, bear, cougar or bighorn sheep. Visitors
can experience the backcountry on a pack trip or rafting adventure.
When the snow falls, downhill skiing is available at area resorts,
and abundant open spaces make for a snowmobiling/snowshoeing
wonderland. Cultural events and attractions showcasing the region’s
heritage, including rodeos, powwows, music festivals, craft shows,
concerts and other community celebrations, can be enjoyed all along
the Byway, throughout the year.
Medical
wd Springs
er R
iver
203
Baker City
246
Halfway
86
Brownlee Res.
Richland
Trip Tips
Distance: 208-miles (335 kilometers),
parts of it very narrow and winding.
Best Time: June-October. Portions closed during winter months. Please check
with local visitors centers. For more information: www.hellscanyonbyway.com
Jeffrey L. Torretta
or call 1-800-332-1843. Minimum Driving Time: 7-8 hours.
Photo: (opposite page) the canyon of the Imnaha River, in
the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Baker City, La Grande and Enterprise.
Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located along the route.
Gas: Make sure you have plenty before leaving Baker City or La Grande.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
11
A LL
The Baker-Copperfield Highway
Continue east on Oregon Route 86
through sagebrush-covered plateaus, the
fertile farms of Richland, and mining
towns like Halfway, Pine and Copperfield.
Early pioneers first traveled portions of
this route on their way to the Willamette
Valley in the early 1840s. Gold strikes
on the southern side of the Wallowa
Mountains and the Blue Mountains
brought another wave of settlers to the
region in the 1860s. Later settlers were
attracted by fertile valleys and abundant
timber; agriculture and forest products
are still important industries in northeast
Oregon. Today, visitors come to Halfway
for outdoor activities including backpacking, horseback riding, snowmobiling,
cross-country skiing, rafting, fishing and
hunting. Many use the town as a point of
departure for Hells Canyon adventures.
Snake River and Hells Canyon
To see the river from its shore, drive past
the junction of Forest Road 39 to Oxbow
and continue on the Idaho side of the
river until you reach Hells Canyon Dam.
You’ll discover the mighty Snake River as
it approaches the southern end of Hells
Canyon, the deepest river-carved gorge in
Photo: (below) covered wagons at Oregon
Trail Interpretive Center, near Baker City.
Photo: (opposite page bottom) tipi below
Chief Joseph Mountain; (top) Wallowa Lake
R O A D
Chief Joseph and
the Nez Perce
North America. According to Nez Perce
folklore, Coyote dug Hells Canyon with a
big stick to protect ancestors in Oregon’s
Blue Mountains from the Seven Devils
mountain range across the gorge in what
is now Idaho. Geologists believe that Hells
Canyon was formed by normal stream erosion as the Snake River cut its way through
rocks of a rising mountain range, beginning 6 million years ago. It is still being cut
and is probably deeper and more rugged
today than at any other time in its history.
The picturesque Wallowa Valley was the
beloved home of the Nez Perce Indians.
By winter 1877, settlement conflicts drove
Young Chief Joseph to make a tragic
attempt to reach Canada with a group
of 250 men, women, and children. They
struggled to within 24 miles of safety before
being captured in Montana and sent to
reservations. This area remains a significant
religious and cultural center for the Nez
Perce, Umatilla, and Cayuse Indians. The
word Wallowa is derived from the Nez
Perce name for the tripod that supported
the fishing nets used in area rivers. The
Wallowa band of the Nez Perce gathers
in the Valley each July for TamKaLiks, an
annual Friendship Feast and Powwow.
The 652,488-acre Hells Canyon National
Recreation Area, designated in 1975,
encompasses a 71-mile stretch of the Snake
River and contains some of the country’s
most remarkable scenery, plants, wildlife
and geology. Relatively mild winters and
abundant deer, elk, and bighorn sheep
drew native peoples to the canyon. Signs
of human habitation date back over 11,000
years. Pictographs and petroglyphs, as well
as winter pithouse villages, are scattered
along the river, documenting the presence
of those early inhabitants. A rafting or jet
boat excursion on the Snake provides an
excellent way to experience the abundant
wildlife and grandeur of the canyon.
Creek, Hells Canyon, and the Seven Devils
Mountains which stand at the Idaho border. The Overlook features interpretive
displays about the canyon formation.
Wallowa Mountains
and Eagle Cap Wilderness
Hells Canyon Overlook
Return to Forest Road 39 and travel 16
miles to Forest Road 3965. From here, a
short drive brings you to breathtaking
vistas at Hells Canyon Overlook. The
paved overlook—which rests at 5,400 feet—
provides outstanding views of McGraw
Dennis Frates
State Park, framed by the Wallowa Mountains.
A M E R I C A N
12
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Back on Forest Road 39, you’ll head north
across the Wild and Scenic Imnaha River
and then west toward some impressive
views of the majestic Wallowa Mountains.
The Imnaha provides important spawning
habitat for steelhead trout and chinook
salmon, and offers excellent angling
opportunities. The 387,915-acre Eagle Cap
Wilderness offers five campgrounds and 10
trailheads, should you wish to stretch your
legs and explore this pristine wilderness
up close and personal. Skirting the northeast foothills of the Wallowa Mountains,
you’ll soon reach Joseph, a quaint recreational hub and thriving art community.
One mile south of town, glacially-formed
Wallowa Lake features a state park with
a variety of accommodations including
yurts for rent. A tramway takes you to the
summit of Mt. Howard, where two miles
of easy trails lead to viewpoints. There’s
superb fishing and hiking for all ages in
local streams and the lake. Geologists
have proclaimed the moraines on either
side of Wallowa Lake the most impressive
moraines in the world.
T H E
H E LL S
C A N Y O N
From Joseph, take Oregon Route
82 to nearby Enterprise, where the
Forest Service Visitors Center offers a
magnificent view of the rugged Wallowa
Mountains and presents the scenic,
historic and recreational features of the
Hells Canyon National Recreation Area
and the Wallowa-Whitman National
Forest. The largest of the Wallowa Valley
communities, Enterprise offers an array
of shops and accommodations, as well as
back country and river outfitters. You’ll
continue west through the communities
of Lostine and Wallowa, which houses the
Nez Perce Interpretive Center. Soon, the
Byway enters a canyon and adjoins the
beautiful Wallowa River. At the confluence
of the Minam and Wallowa Rivers, the
highway takes a steep climb up the
majestic Minam Grade. This dramatic
stretch of road provides a commanding
view of the Wild and Scenic Minam River
and the surrounding steep ridges. You’ll
soon reach Elgin, an agricultural and
timber town that is home to the roaring
Elgin Stampede PRCA Rodeo each July,
and the elegantly restored Elgin Opera
House, built in 1912, which now presents
movies, concerts, and live theater and
houses a history museum. Elgin is also
home base for the Eagle Cap Excursion
Train, which runs 63 miles along the
Grande Ronde and Wallowa Rivers.
Jeffrey L. Torretta
From Enterprise to Elgin
Winter Wonderlands
Lovely La Grande
Though a portion of the Byway between
Hell’s Canyon and Wallowa Lake is closed in
the winter, the approaches to Hells Canyon
National Recreation Area (from the south) and
Wallowa Lake (from the north) both remain
open. If you prize solitude and the beauty of
glistening, snow-covered mountains, add an
extra layer of fleece and make the trip.
Your mountain adventure ends in the
Grande Ronde Valley and La Grande,
which was established as a rest stop
along the historic Oregon Trail. A wide
variety of travel services and proximity
to varied terrain make La Grande a
popular recreation base for cyclists,
hikers, hunters, anglers and skiers, as
well as snowmobile and ATV enthusiasts.
The site of Eastern Oregon University,
this lovely town offers year-round cultural
events. Walking tours highlight the
community’s historic homes, urban forest,
and commercial Historic District.
Other Nearby Attractions
Learn more about northeast Oregon’s
history by visiting these nearby attractions:
• Ranching and Cowboy History:
Cowboys Then and Now Exhibit at the
Union County Museum in Union
David Jensen
• Settlement and Early Twentieth Century
History: Eastern Oregon Museum in
Haines
• Mining: The Sumpter Dredge State
Historic Monument and Sumpter Valley
Railroad at Sumpter
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
13
A LL
14
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
A M E R I C A N
B Y W A Y S
R O A D
Crater Lake
B Y W A Y
From world-famous Crater Lake National Park to one
of America’s richest bird refuges, the Volcanic Legacy
Scenic Byway owes its dramatic scenery and abundant
wildlife to its rich volcanic past.
The Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway skirts lakes, diverse wetlands,
and scenic ranches, all against a stunning backdrop of volcanic
landscapes. You’ll encounter the ancient natural forces that shaped
exquisite mountain lakes and snow-capped peaks throughout this
“volcano to volcano” driving adventure that stretches from Crater
Lake in Oregon to Mt. Lassen in Northern California. Along with
spectacular scenery, you’ll enjoy rich history, charming towns and
extraordinary recreational and cultural opportunities.
Crater Lake National Park and its historic Lodge are certainly
“high points” of this Byway. Crater Lake was formed after the
collapse of an ancient volcano, posthumously named Mt. Mazama.
This volcano’s violent eruption, 7,700 years ago, was 42 times as
powerful as the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens in Washington
state. The basin or caldera was formed after the top 5,000 feet of
the volcano collapsed. Subsequent lava flows sealed the bottom,
allowing the caldera to fill with approximately 4.6 trillion gallons
of water from rainfall and snow melt, to create the seventh deepest
lake in the world.
A little farther along, the Byway passes 90,000-acre Upper Klamath
Lake, Oregon’s largest lake. Famous for its diverse birdlife and
oversized rainbow trout, Upper Klamath Lake is the centerpiece of
the Klamath Basin, the largest freshwater ecosystem west of the Great
Lakes. The six National Wildlife Refuges scattered across the Basin
host more than one million birds during peak migration periods, and
serve as wintering grounds for as many as 500 bald eagles.
Approach to Crater Lake’s North Entrance
Jeffrey L. Torretta
The Byway begins at Diamond Lake Junction, about halfway
between Bend and Klamath Falls on Route 97. Here, Oregon
Route 138 gradually climbs through the Fremont-Winema National
Forests to the north entrance of Crater Lake National Park.
Because of snow, this entrance is usually only open from June
Photo: (opposite page) America’s deepest lake, Crater Lake.
138
Diamond Lake
Seasonal Road
Diamond Lake Junction
138
230
Crater Lake National Park
Klamath Marsh NWR
iver
S C E N I C
ue R
Volcanic
Legacy
Rog
T H E
Early Native Americans witnessed the collapse of Mt. Mazama, and
kept the event alive in their legends. One such legend of the Klamath
people tells of two Chiefs, Llao of the Below World and Skell of the
Above World, pitted in a battle that ended in the destruction of Llao’s
home, Mt. Mazama. The mountain’s eruption led to the creation
of Crater Lake. The Klamaths revered the lake and the surrounding
area, shielding it from white explorers until 1853, when three gold
prospectors stumbled upon it. But gold was more on the minds
of settlers at the time, and the discovery was soon forgotten. Captain
Clarence Dutton, commander of a U.S. Geological Survey party, was
the next white man to visit Crater Lake. From the stern of his survey
boat, the Cleetwood, Dutton sounded the depths of the astonishingly
blue waters with lead pipe and piano wire. His recording of 1,996
feet was amazingly close to sonar readings made in 1959 that established the lake’s deepest point at 1,932 feet—which makes Crater
Lake the deepest in the United States.
62
Prospect
Fort Klamath
Rocky Point
Eagle Point
Medford
97
62
Upper
Klamath
NWR
Chiloquin
140
.
Klamath Falls
Ashland
5
Sprague R
Upper
Klamath
140 Lake
66
Bear Valley NWR
Lower Klamath NWR
97
39
161
C A L I F O R N I A
To Lava Beds
National
Monument
Tulelake
139
Trip Tips
Distance: A stunning 140-mile (225 kilometer) drive.
Best Time: June-October; Crater Lake has fewer people in fall; the
north entrance and the rim drive close from November through May.
Minimum Driving Time: 5-7 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Klamath Falls and Bend.
Rest Areas: One two miles south of Chemult, one at Crater Lake, and
another eight miles south of Klamath Falls. Gas: Have plenty before
leaving Chemult or Klamath Falls. Fees: Crater Lake National Park.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
15
A LL
A M E R I C A N
R O A D
boasts a thriving cattle industry. The Fort
Klamath area is also the site of major wetland restoration projects. The Wood River—
a spring creek that bubbles up from the
ground north of town—is highly regarded
for its native brown and rainbow trout. The
Cascade Range forms the mountainous
panoramic view to the west.
Larry Geddis
Klamath Lake
The Wonders of Crater Lake
National Park
Words can’t do justice to your first
breathtaking look at Crater Lake, which
was created by the eruption and collapse
of Mt. Mazama. From a six-mile wide,
8,000-foot high caldera, you take in the
bluest—and deepest—lake you’ve ever seen.
Crater Lake National Park is the nation’s
fifth oldest national park, dedicated in 1902.
Natural wonders abound, and the 71-room
historic Crater Lake Lodge is worthy of its
grand surroundings. The lodge (listed in
the National Register of Historic Places)
was built in 1915 to boost the tourist
potential of the new park. In the early
1990s the lodge underwent considerable
restoration and renovation.
During summer, visitors can navigate the
33-mile rim drive around the lake, enjoy
boat tours on the lake or hike some of the
park’s various trails, including 8,929-foot
Mt. Scott. The winter brings some of the
heaviest snowfall in the country, averaging
533 inches per year. Although most park
16
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
facilities close for this snowy season, visitors can view the lake during fair weather,
enjoy cross-country skiing, and participate
in weekend snowshoe hikes. Crater Lake
National Park is home to abundant wildlife,
including black bear, elk, pine marten and
bald eagles—though these creatures are
secretive and not often seen. On a clear
day, 9,182-foot Mt. Thielsen—known as
the Lightning Rod of the Cascades, for its
tendency to attract strikes on its spire-like
peak—will be in view to the north.
Fort Klamath
Exiting Crater Lake Park through the south
entrance and turning left on Oregon Route
62, you’ll follow Annie Creek through
peaceful pastures to the historic town of
Fort Klamath. The Fort that the town takes
its name from played an important role in
the 1864 Peace Treaty of “Council Grove”
and in the conduct of the Modoc War of
1872-1873, including its use as the site for
Modoc War trials and executions. The
historic site of the military installation
now features a reconstruction of one of the
original buildings and several historical
displays. Located in the heart of the lush
Wood River Valley, Fort Klamath today
B Y W A Y S
Eric W. Valentine
through October; the south entrance,
however, is open year-round.
The Byway continues on Weed Road to
Sevenmile Road west, then south on West
Side Road. Soon you’ll reach the edge of the
upper Klamath Wildlife Refuge and Upper
Klamath Lake. Covering 133 square miles,
Upper Klamath Lake is Oregon’s largest
body of fresh water, filling a basin created
when the earth’s crust dropped along fault
lines on both sides. The lake and refuge are
situated in the heart of the Pacific Flyway,
which attracts more than 350 species of
birds, including sandhill cranes, American
white pelicans and bald eagles. During peak
migration times in the spring and fall, more
than a million birds pass through. Upper
Klamath Lake is also renowned by anglers
for its mammoth native rainbow trout, some
of which approach 20 pounds. West Side
Road meanders through towering trees on
the Fremont-Winema National Forests with
views of the wetlands in the distance. In
the shadow of Mt. McLoughlin, West Side
Road connects with Oregon Route 140 along
the lake. Howard Bay is a common place to
see nesting American white pelicans, blue
V O L C A N I C
L E G A C Y
Dennis Frates
T H E
Enjoying The Lakes
If you’re interested in experiencing Klamath Lake and its environs more closely, several options are available. Visitors will find selfguided canoe trails at Upper Klamath Lake, Tule Lake and Klamath Marsh refuges. The mix of marsh, open lake and forest provides a
rich habitat for many plant and wildlife species including wocus, a yellow pond lily. Canoes may be rented for use at Upper Klamath
Refuge from nearby concessionaires; brochures on each of these canoe areas are available from Refuge Headquarters. Early mornings
are best for bird and wildlife viewing. Angling for trophy-size rainbow trout in Upper Klamath Lake peaks after ice-out (usually early
June), and again in late September, as the lake cools down.
Interpretive trails have been constructed at the Tule Lake and Klamath Marsh refuges. A steep, 1/3 mile foot trail near the Visitor
Center at Tule Lake Refuge provides a spectacular view of the surrounding area from 150 feet above the basin. At Klamath Marsh
Refuge, a 10-mile trail meanders by the marshland and through the forested upland. Waterfowl, ring-necked pheasant and several other
wildlife species may be hunted on the refuges in accordance with state and federal regulations.
herons, and Clark’s grebes. The southern
end of the lake is home to bald eagles all
year-round.
Klamath Falls
The Byway continues south as Oregon
140 meets U.S. Route 97 two miles south of
downtown Klamath Falls. Ideally located
halfway between San Francisco and Portland,
Klamath Falls began to realize its potential
when the railroad arrived in 1909, and
with the construction of the magnificent
White Pelican Hotel. The city’s stately
new landmark set the stage for a building
boom, which turned Klamath Falls into a
playground for wealthy San Franciscans.
A thriving “entertainment industry” soon
sprang to life; in the 1930s, brothels and
saloons were packed on Friday nights with
loggers and ranch hands, and theatres held
live performances. Today, the art deco Ross
Ragland Theater remains intact. Another
architectural tribute to Klamath Falls’ past
is the Baldwin Hotel, built in 1906, which
features period furnishings; the Baldwin is
where President Theodore Roosevelt signed
the papers creating Crater Lake National Park.
Also notable is the Favell Museum, which
displays more than 100,000 Western and
Native American artifacts, works of 300-plus
major contemporary Western artists, and the
largest miniature gun collection in the world.
Other Refuges
After passing through cropland along the
Klamath River, you’ll travel between the
Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge and
Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge.
This segment of the Byway ends on the
California border at the Francis S. Landrum
Historic Wayside, which commememorates
the Applegate Emigrant Trail. The Volcanic
Legacy All-American Road extends south
into California past Mt. Shasta and on to
Lassen National Park.
Photo: (opposite top) The Pinnacles, slender
spires of cemented pumice rising 200 feet
along Wheeler Creek Canyon in Crater Lake
National Park; (bottom) a fly fisherman on
the famed Williamson River. Photo: (above)
water lilies at Klamath Marsh.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
17
A LL
18
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
A M E R I C A N
B Y W A Y S
R O A D
5
1
ver
Ne
ha
lem
Nehalem
26
Rockaway
B Y W A Y
Tillamook
Three Arch
Rocks NWR
Nestucca
Bay
NWR
migrating whales and the western
6 terminus of Lewis and Clark’s great
22
18
Lincoln City
Siletz Bay
NWR
adventure—The Pacific Coast Scenic
7 Byway has something for everyone!
Turner
20
Newport
34
N
Yachats
A
5
R
Oregon
Dunes
National
Recreation
Area
Eugene
126
Florence
Cottage Grove
Reedsport
38
Umpqua River
Winchester Bay
T
5
Coos Bay
Glide
Roseburg
S
North Bend
Charleston
Coquille
Bandon
14
Lighthouse Highlights
15
There are nine lighthouses along the Pacific
Corvallis
G
Waldport
Bandon
Marsh
NWR
Oregon
Islands
NWR
Myrtle
Creek
Myrtle Point
42
A
11
Albany
Toledo
101
9
The Pacific Coast Scenic Byway traces the entire Oregon coastline along Highway 101, bringing travelers to the sea and away again, winding past marshes, seaside cliffs, lush agricultural
valleys, and wind-sculpted dunes. The northern half of the Byway is marked by majestic
10 and resort towns that cater to urban dwellers
temperate rainforests, a rugged, rocky coastline
from Portland. The Oregon coast is one of the most photographed regions in the nation.
E
Depoe Bay
8
This Byway offers many natural wonders. Sojourners who visit between November and
12
June will want to scan the horizon to catch a glimpse of migrating gray whales. Several
rock formations are home to large colonies of seals and sea lions, and shorebirds abound
in the countless estuaries. This Byway also offers many outdoor recreational opportunities, from salmon fishing in the Pacific or13
coastal rivers to riding an off-road vehicle in the
Salem
S
Forest
Grove Tigard
6
Cape Meares NWR
5
Old-style seaside resorts, western fishing villages, awesome natural landmarks,
101
Canyonville
ek
re
wC
Co
O
Port Orford
iver
gue R
Ro
Medford
199
Ashla
Cave Junction
Brookings
Trip Tips
Distance: 363-mile (584 kilometer),
sometimes winding drive.
Best Time: Winter and spring for whale
0
0
watching, summer for best weather and fall
50 Miles
for fewest people.
50 KM Driving Time: 10-12 hours.
Minimum
Medical Services/Hospitals: Astoria, Seaside,
Tillamook, Lincoln City, Newport, Florence,
Dennis Frates
46
Tiller
Gold
Hill 234
Grants Pass
r
ive
is R
no
Illi
Gold Beach
2810
Glendale
C
Coast Scenic Byway. They include Cape
16
Blanco, the light at Coquille River
(pictured at right), Cape Arago, Umpqua
17
River, Heceta Head, Yaquina Bay, Yaquina
18
Head, Cape Meares and Tillamook Rock.
While each has distinguishing characteristics, lighthouse aficionados are especially
fond of the Umpqua River and Heceta Head
Lights. Dating from 1894, the Umpqua River
Light (south of Reedsport) is 65 feet tall, and
features an unusual—and some say, mesmerizing—revolving, octagonal, red-and-white
lens. Just north of Florence you’ll see Heceta
Head, which was also erected in 1894. Resting
205 feet above sea level, Heceta Head is
notable for its postcard-like surroundings and
its unusually large lens. If you visit in the evening, the Queen Anne-style Keeper’s House
serves as a bed and breakfast.
Ri
Cannon Beach
Pacific Coast
Jeffrey L. Torretta
COLUMBIA
26
P a c i fi c
Ocean
3
4
Photo: (opposite page) Ecola State Park,
near Cannon Beach.
Astoria
Seaside
2H E
T
S C E N I C
30
Warrenton
Lewis & Clark National
Historical Park
Reedsport, Coos Bay, Bandon and Gold Beach.
Rest Areas: Numerous parks, rest areas and
campgrounds are along the route.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
19
A LL
A M E R I C A N
R O A D
Photo: (left) low tide along the Oregon coast.
Photo (opposite page top) Yaquina Bay Bridge,
Newport, one of the historic bridges designed
by Conde B. McCullough; (bottom) hikers take
in the view near the mouth of the Salmon River.
Craig Tuttle
Depoe Bay and Newport
dunes. Plentiful parks and public lands
offer access to many hiking trails. Thanks
to a landmark Oregon law all beaches are
open to the public, making the Oregon
coast The People’s Coast. For many visitors,
beachcombing for shells (and perhaps even
a glass fishing float) in a quiet cove as the
sea breeze blows and the waves crash is
about as good as it gets!
Astoria to Cannon Beach
Your Pacific Coast Scenic Byway
adventure begins in Astoria, at the
northwest tip of Oregon. Astoria, named
for the fur trader John Jacob Astor, was
the first permanent European settlement
in the Pacific Northwest, established in
1811. The town has a rich Scandinavian
heritage, which is celebrated each June
at the Scandinavian Midsummer Festival.
Astoria has a number of attractions,
including Fort Clatsop National Memorial,
the Flavel House Museum (a splendid
Victorian mansion built in 1885), the
125-foot tall Astoria Column, and the
Columbia River Maritime Museum, home
to one of the nation’s finest displays of
model ships and nautical artifacts. Down
Highway 101 is Seaside, a popular beach
resort known for its promenade. A few
miles south of Seaside you’ll reach Cannon
Beach, a charming community known
20
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
for its art galleries and seaside vistas.
Haystack Rock, a 235-foot monolith, towers
over the beach, and is one of the state’s
most photographed natural wonders.
Tillamook to Lincoln City
The Byway hugs the coast for the first few
miles out of Cannon Beach, climbing to
700 feet above the Pacific; nowhere else
does the Byway offer such an elevated
ocean view. The road then drifts slightly
inland to Tillamook, Oregon’s unofficial
dairy capital. Much of the county’s annual
milk production of 25 million gallons is
made into natural cheddar cheese. Cheese
aficionados will want to stop at Oregon’s
largest cheese factory for a tasting tour
or visit any of several “boutique” cheese
purveyors. Historic downtown Tillamook
offers good shopping, antiquing, and
several restaurants. If it’s salmon season
(spring and fall), anglers may want to book
a charter trip out of Tillamook Bay.
After wending through deep forests, the
Byway returns to the coast just north of
Lincoln City. The wind can really blow in
these parts and kite flyers have learned
to take advantage. In fact, Lincoln City
was recently recognized by Kite Lines
magazine as the best place to fly a kite in
North America.
B Y W A Y S
Just south of Lincoln City you’ll reach
Depoe Bay, the world’s smallest navigable
harbor and a departure point for fishing and whale watching excursions. A
few miles south, a short side trip on the
Otter Crest Loop brings you to some of
the coast’s most photographed seascape—
Devil’s Punchbowl and Cape Foulweather.
Devil’s Punchbowl is a collapsed cavern
that churns with seawater at high tide.
Cape Foulweather, perched nearly 500 feet
above the pounding surf, offers spectacular vistas of towns up and down the coast.
Next, you’ll reach Newport, one of the north
coast’s most popular vacation spots. Still a
working fishing village, Newport boasts a
historic bay front, ample accessible beach
front, and many shops and restaurants. In
the southern part of town, visit Yaquina Bay
Lighthouse. The Oregon Coast Aquarium
and Mark O. Hatfield Marine Science
Center are “must-see” stops.
Whale Watching
Thousands of whales make their way past
Oregon each fall and spring, but only a few
species venture close enough to be viewed
from shore. Gray whales—which grow up
to 40 tons—are the most common visitors,
venturing past the Oregon coast en route to
the Arctic Ocean to feed between February
and June, and returning 6,000 miles to
the waters off Mexico to breed between
November and January. The best time to
spy a whale is from mid-December to midJanuary and calm, overcast days are best
for spotting whales from shore. Look for
telltale “blows” (a white puff of vapor from
the whale’s blow hole), then periodic spouts.
There are 29 locations along the Oregon
coast where specially-trained volunteers can
help you spot whales and learn about whale
behavior and habits.
P A C I F I C
C O A S T
Jeffrey L. Torretta
T H E
Waldport to Florence
carried to the ocean. In time the particles
became sand and were washed inland by
the tides. Jessie Honeyman State Park
is an excellent spot to wander the dunes.
Nearby Reedsport hosts the Oregon Dunes
National Recreational Area Visitor Center.
Reedsport is also home to the Dean Creek
Elk viewing area, a thousand acre preserve
where approximately 100-150 majestic
Roosevelt Elk roam freely.
The Byway hugs the coast, passing through
the small towns of Waldport, about halfway
down the coast, and Yachats. Just below
Yachats you’ll come upon Cape Perpetua,
which towers 800 feet above the Pacific, and
a narrow shoreline channel called Devil’s
Churn. Cape Perpetua is an exquisite natural landmark which encompasses tide pools,
ancient spruce forests, and piles of discarded shells—some as high as 40 feet—that
bear testimony to earlier Native American
habitation along the coast. The next wonder
is manmade—Heceta Head Lighthouse,
Oregon’s most powerful beacon. Past
Heceta Head, you’ll soon reach Sea Lion
Caves, one of the world’s largest sea caverns, and home to wild sea lions year-round.
A high-speed elevator transports spectators to an observation deck from which
hundreds of sea lions—some more than
1,200 pounds—can be viewed. In Florence,
billed as the City of Rhododendrons, enjoy
the bright blossoms in the spring and tour
the recently restored historic district at the
mouth of the Siuslaw River.
The Bay Area and Bandon
The neighboring cities of North Bend, Coos
Bay and Charleston—collectively known as
South of Florence the rugged coastline
gives way to 47 miles of gently rolling
dunes that extend nearly to Coos Bay—the
Oregon Dunes National Recreational Area.
The mounds of cream-colored, ever-shifting
sand were created over millions of years
as sedimentary rock from nearby mountains began to erode and particles were
Bruce Jackson
The Dunes to Reedsport
the Bay Area—comprise the Oregon coast’s
largest urban area. With the largest natural
harbor between Seattle and San Francisco,
Coos Bay is a shipping and manufacturing center; North Bend and Charleston are
home to active commercial and sport fisheries. Midway between the Bay Area and
Bandon is Cape Arago, which is just a short
side trip off the Byway. A loop road (part of
the Charleston/Bandon Tour Route) takes
you through the South Slough National
Estuarine Reserve, home to black bear,
black-tailed deer, over 150 kinds of birds,
and many good hiking trails. The loop also
leads you past three state parks. Returning
to Highway 101, you’ll soon reach the
quaint coastal village of Bandon, a popular
retreat. Each September, Bandon hosts the
annual Cranberry Festival. Bandon is also
home to numerous hotels, restaurants, and
four of the most famous golf courses in the
world. An alternative path from the Bay
Area to Bandon is the Charleston/Bandon
Tour Route, which showcases a glorious
stretch of coastline as well as the wildlife
areas of Cape Arago.
Port Orford to Brookings
After a splendid sojourn past fir forests,
open plains, and lush farmlands, you’ll
reach Port Orford, a busy fishing center.
Anglers visit the region to ply the waters
of the Sixes and Elk rivers for salmon and
steelhead. The rock formations off Port
Orford are home to many harbor seals
and sea lions, which can sometimes be
viewed from the road. Down the coast at
Gold Beach, the legendary Rogue River
meets the Pacific. The Rogue’s salmon and
steelhead were made famous in the early
1900s in articles by western novelist Zane
Grey, and today attract fishermen from far
and wide. Non-anglers will also appreciate
the lower Rogue’s scenery, which can be
experienced on a jet boat cruise. The last
eight miles of the Byway leading into
Brookings offer some of the Byway’s most
magnificent scenery, with unobstructed
views of the seascape. Because of its mild
climate, Brookings is known as the Banana
Belt of Oregon. Ninety percent of the
country’s Easter lilies are grown in the
region. Five miles farther down the road,
the redwood forests of California await.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
21
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
West
Cascades
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
The West Cascades Scenic Byway follows four
great rivers through timeless forests, where you’ll
discover adventure and renewal along the way.
The 220 mile West Cascades Scenic Byway runs north
to south, skirting the northern half of Oregon’s Cascade
Mountain Range. Nurtured by abundant rainfall, the Western
Cascades are bursting with life. The lush forests provide
excellent habitat for northern spotted owl, bald eagle, pine
marten, pileated woodpecker, Roosevelt elk, blacktailed
deer, and mule deer. The great rivers along the byway—the
North Fork of the Middle Fork Willamette, the McKenzie,
the North Santiam, and the Clackamas—support many game
fish, including rainbow trout, steelhead, chinook salmon, bull
trout, and a rare species of cutthroat trout. Spectacular views
of snowcapped mountains (Jefferson, Washington, Three
Fingered Jack, and the Three Sisters) are omnipresent—keep
your camera handy!
Myriad recreational activities make this Byway an outdoorsperson’s paradise. For hikers, there are three well-maintained
National Recreation Trails—and hundreds of miles of other
trails, all accessible from the Byway. The Byway’s lakes provide ample opportunities for boating and swimming. Kayakers
and rafters will find challenge on the whitewater portions of
the rivers. Anglers will encounter willing trout in the riffles
and pools that are but a short walk from the road; several fishing piers are also available on the lakes. There are faster ways
to get from Eugene to Portland. But you’ll be hard-pressed to
find a more scenic route.
Bruce Jackson
Westfir to Blue River
22
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Your journey begins in Westfir, about 40 miles southeast
of Eugene on Highway 58, and just north of the town of
Oakridge. Westfir marks the beginning of the Aufderheide
National Forest Scenic Byway (Forest Service Road 19), named
for a devoted forester. You can pick up a free audio cassette or
CD describing attractions and local history between Westfir
and Delta Campground at the Middle Fork Ranger Station,
located on Highway 58 in Westfir or the Westfir Lodge Bed and
5
Woodburn
Photo: (opposite page) fall colors complement a towering Douglas fir.
Photo: (above) a verdant scene near McKenzie Bridge.
Cla 224
cka
ma
Silverton
Salem
214
22
Ankeny
NWR
Detroit
North Santiam R
Oak Gro v e Fk.
26
Seasonal
Road
Breiten bu s h R
Warm
Springs
Idanha
22
Lebanon
35
Timothy
Lake
46
Detroit Res.
Albany
Green Peter Res.
20
Sweet Home
5
Eugene
McKen z
ie R
iver
Fish Lake
McKenzie
Bridge
126
Blue River Res.
126
Sisters
242
Bend
372
19
Wil
lam
Westfir
126
Cougar Res.
Springfield
Lookout
ette Point Res.
R
Cottage Grove
Clear Lake
97
Sunriver
Seasonal
Oakridge Road
Hills 58
Creek
Lake
i v er
William
L. Finley
NWR
Over to Detroit
Oregon Route 22 parallels yet another river system—the North
Santiam—as it descends toward Detroit Lake. You’ll pass Marion
Forks, where you can tour an Oregon Department of Fish and
Wildlife hatchery; a campground here offers easy river access if
you want to try your luck with hatchery-stocked rainbow trout.
Molalla
26
Estacada
R
Hundreds of miles of trails—from easy interpretive walks to backcountry hikes—are available along the West Cascades Scenic
Byway. The hiking here is especially good because the U.S. Forest
Service maintains the Byway’s three National Recreation Trails to
the highest standard. Hundreds of miles of other trails can also be
accessed from the Byway. Winter sno-park and summer recreation
passes are available for purchase from local vendors. In the winter,
some trails may be used for sledding, snowshoeing, cross-country
skiing, and snowmobiling.
Mt. Hood
Sandy
Oregon
City
ash
Take A Hike
Portland
Tualatin
River
NWR
la w
ive r Col
sR
The Byway joins the Wild and Scenic McKenzie River and Oregon
Route 126, and overlaps the McKenzie Pass-Santiam Pass National
Scenic Byway (see page 25). The McKenzie is as renowned for
its fishing and whitewater boating as it is for its beauty. The
McKenzie River Ranger Station can inform you of recreation
opportunities in the area; services are available in McKenzie
Bridge. Seventeen miles northeast of McKenzie Bridge, be sure to
check out Sahalie Falls, where the McKenzie plunges 100 feet over
a basalt cliff. A trail here links to the 27-mile McKenzie National
Recreation Trail. A few miles north (shortly before the intersection
of Route 126 with Highway 20), you’ll come upon one of America’s
clearest lakes—aptly named Clear Lake. Formed 3,000 years ago
by a lava flow that blocked the upper McKenzie River, this 120 foot
deep lake is so clear that an underwater forest can be viewed. At
Santiam Junction, turn left (west) on Oregon Route 22 to continue
on this Byway.
Wickiup s R
Res.
La Pine
te
Rolling up the McKenzie
e s chu
Moving north, you’ll soon reach Constitution Grove, which offers
a gentle loop trail through a 200-year-old forest. Further north is
Box Canyon, site of a log cabin replica of the original Box Canyon
guard station (built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933).
Deer and elk are frequently seen as the road descends along the
south fork of the famed McKenzie River and past Cougar Reservoir.
The Aufderheide National Forest Scenic Byway ends near the
Delta Campground. Here, the Delta Old Growth Trail gives you the
opportunity to walk amongst Douglas firs and western red cedars
up to 500 years old and 180 feet tall. (You can return your interpretive tape at the McKenzie River Ranger Station, Oregon Route 126.)
Dennis Frates
Breakfast. The first attraction is the 180-foot Office Bridge, Oregon’s
longest covered bridge. Located here is a visitor orientation portal,
complete with flush toilets, drinking water and byway information.
It also serves as a trailhead to the North Fork Trail, open to bicycles,
hikers and equestrians.
D
Trip Tips
Distance: A meandering 215-mile (346 kilometer) drive.
Best Time: Lake spring through fall, (Forest Service Roads 19 and 46
close in winter). Minimum Driving Time: 7-9 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Eugene, Salem and Portland.
Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located along the route.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
23
T H E
W E S T
C A S C A D E S
Native American Life in the
West Cascades
Archaeological remains confirm human use of these lands as
long as 10,000 years ago. Previous native inhabitants include the
Molalla, Kalapuya, Tenino, and Northern Paiute tribes. Obsidian
cliffs in the Santiam Basin provided materials for spear points
and scraping tools, remains of which have been been found
throughout the region. The Middle Fork of the Willamette was
a primary travel corridor between the Willamette Valley and
eastern Oregon for 8,000 years.
Along the Clackamas
Steve Terrill
The Clackamas is a beautiful river, all the more exceptional
given that some of its most scenic stretches are within an hour
of metropolitan Portland. The Byway hugs the river until its terminus at Estacada, offering non-stop views of riffles, rapids, and
glassy pools. For a closer look, stop at the Clackamas Watershed
Viewpoint, or at one the many campgrounds and picnic areas that
dot the Clackamas, including Indian Henry, Lazy Bend, and North
Fork Reservoir. This stretch of river is popular for trout anglers in
the spring and summer; good fishing spots can be accessed from
the campgrounds and pullouts along the road. Finally, you’ll reach
Estacada, a town that grew up around hydropower and logging.
The Portland General Electric Powerhouse is a landmark structure
that hearkens back to the early hydropower days on the river. From
Estacada, continue north on Route 224 to reach Portland (approximately 25 miles to the northwest).
The road flattens as you reach the recreational hub of Detroit Lake,
a popular destination for boaters, fisher folks and other lake lovers.
Detroit offers ample services, including restaurants, lodging, fishing
supplies and boat rentals. Byway travelers looking for recreation
information can visit the Detroit Ranger Station, located on
Highway 22, just west of the Forest Road 46 junction.
In Detroit, turn right on Forest Road 46, and follow the Breitenbush
River into some of western Oregon’s most pristine wilderness.
You can stop for a refreshing soak at a natural hot springs resort,
or stretch your legs on the 2.5 mile South Breitenbush National
Recreational Trail. A short side trip from the main trail leads to
an impressive gorge, where the Breitenbush River passes through
narrow basalt. A seven-mile detour brings you to the Olallie Lakes
Scenic Area and the Mt. Jefferson Wilderness Area. Here, countless lakes can be accessed from developed trails, (where a small
seasonal resort provides services). At Ripplebrook, the Byway joins
Oregon Route 224 and parallels the Wild and Scenic Clackamas
River to Estacada.
24
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Eric W. Valentine
The Clackamas-Breitenbush National
Forest Scenic Byway
Photo: (left) Sahalie Falls on the McKenzie River; (above) Detroit Lake,
one of Oregon’s most popular recreation areas.
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
McKenzie PassSantiam Pass
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Lava fields, snowcapped peaks and rushing
rivers mark this 82-mile loop around two of
central Oregon’s Cascade Mountain passes.
Anglers, hikers and skiers will delight in the ample
recreational opportunities this Byway provides… and
everyone will appreciate the striking alpine scenery.
The McKenzie Pass-Santiam Pass Scenic Byway takes you
on a journey through a land of contrasts. On the west side of
the Cascades, you’ll encounter lush Douglas fir and red cedar
forests; on the the drier east side, lodgepole pines prevail.
Lava fields adjoin snow fields, providing a stark black and
white contrast between the forces of fire and ice—a contrast
46
22
Detroit
Detroit Res.
22
Green Peter Res.
20
Sweet Home
126
Santiam Pass
97
126
126
enzie River
McK
ie Pass
enz
Sisters
cK
M
242
Cougar Res.
Redmond
Seasonal
Road
Bend
372
19
Sunriver
Trip Tips
Distance: 82-mile (132 kilometer) loop,
Oregon Route 242 is closed to vehicles over 35
feet and trailers are not advised. Best Time: July-October,
McKenzie Pass is closed in the winter months. Minimum Driving
Time: 3-5 hours. Medical Services/Hospitals: Bend and Redmond.
Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located along the
route. Gas: Only available at McKenzie Bridge and Sisters. Make
Photo: North and Middle Sister, viewed from lava field at
McKenzie Pass.
Steve Terrill
sure you have plenty before you leave.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
25
M C K E N Z I E
P A S S
-
S A N T I A M
P A S S
Bruce Jackson
T H E
Photo: (above) daybreak comes to the
Three Sisters; (bottom) Proxy Falls in Three
Sisters Wilderness Area. Photo: (opposite
page top) Dee Wright Observatory and
North Sister; (bottom) McKenzie River
rushing beneath vine maple trees.
stores, galleries and western boutiques,
Sisters is a popular vacation spot. Seasonal
events include a popular rodeo, an outdoor
quilt show and a folk music festival. Rustle
up a picnic lunch at a local bakery or supermarket, fill your tank, and head west on
Oregon Route 242 past llama ranches and
into the Deschutes National Forest.
that’s often mirrored in crystal-clear lakes,
whose still waters are countered by several
cascading waterfalls. The Byway boasts
the highest concentration of snowcapped
volcanoes (and associated glaciers) in the
lower 48 states. Broken Top Mountain, Mt.
Washington and The Three Sisters (among
other peaks) tower above the Byway.
McKenzie Pass
The natural qualities of the McKenzie
Pass-Santiam Pass Scenic Byway are
of national significance. There are
outstanding examples of both ancient
and recent volcanoes, cinder cones, lava
flows, and deep, glaciated canyons. Forests
along the Byway contain rare old-growth
fir and ponderosa pine, and are home to a
great variety of fish and wildlife, including
several endangered species, such as bald
eagles, northern spotted owls, Chinook
salmon and bull trout.
The Byway follows the path of an 1860s
wagon route, emerging from the forest at
Windy Point to a jaw-dropping vista of
Mt. Washington and a 65-square-mile lava
flow. When you reach 5,325-foot McKenzie
Pass, you’re enveloped by lava on all sides.
Take a few minutes to walk up to the Dee
Wright Observatory, a lava rock structure
constructed by the Civilian Conservation
Corps in 1935, and named for their foreman. From the observatory, you can take
26
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Drop into the Willamette
National Forest
Descending from McKenzie Pass to the
Willamette National Forest, you’ll be treated
to more outstanding mountain views, this
time North and Middle Sister. A short side
trip takes you to Scott Lake, which mirrors
these stately peaks. Nine miles west of the
summit, Deadhorse Grade drops nearly
1,200 feet in less than four miles. Several
hairpin turns later, look for the Proxy Falls
Trailhead. These frequently photographed,
ethereal falls, are well worth the short hike
into the Three Sisters Wilderness.
Up the McKenzie
Bruce Jackson
Start in Sisters
While accessible from cities west of the
Cascades, you’ll enjoy this Byway best
by beginning at its easternmost point in
Sisters, in the shadows of the nearby Three
Sisters peaks—Faith, Hope, and Charity. A
quaint town with western ambiance and a
thriving arts scene that includes antique
in six Cascade peaks on a clear day. The
half-mile Lava River Interpretive Trail is a
30-minute walk on a paved surface through
lava gutters and crevasses. You are on
the boundary of two wilderness areas: Mt.
Washington to the north and Three Sisters
to the south.
As you turn onto Highway 126, you’ll catch
glimpses of whitewater boating on the
McKenzie River. Pull out at the newly constructed Wild and Scenic River Viewpoint
for a stroll through giant trees to a viewpoint perched on the edge of frothing currents. Look for harlequin ducks loafing on
river rock islands. A few miles up the highway turn into Koosah Falls. Here, a loop
trail connects hikers to stunning Sahalie
Falls and Carmen Reservoir. As you ascend
to stark lava fields that blocked Clear Lake,
pull into the Fish Lake Remount Depot for
a step back into early Forest Service and
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
A Land of Fire and Ice
The McKenzie-Santiam Pass Scenic Byway features geologically noteworthy volcanic and
glacial landscapes. The region illustrates how the great bulk of the volcanic Cascade Range has
been built. Here, basaltic shield volcanoes are produced on a regular basis. Shields, the building
blocks of the Cascades, are low broad cones of basalt lava, and resemble giant warrior’s shields
lying on the ground. Some have grown into large, steep-sided volcanic cones such as North Sister
unaffected by glaciers, are also present. Belknap Crater (which can be viewed from the Dee Wright
Observatory) is an excellent example of a young shield, with its long, barren, gentle slopes of lava.
Civilian Conservation Corp history. A pioneer woman’s gravesite marks the treacherous journey early travelers made on the
historic Santiam Wagon Road.
Ascend to Santiam
A few miles north of Clear Lake, Oregon
Route 126 joins U.S. Route 20 and Oregon
Route 22, and turns east toward the
Santiam Pass and Sisters. The pass was
discovered in 1859 by Andrew Wiley and
was named for the Santiam Indians, a
Kalapooian tribe living near the Santiam
River. The Byway crosses the route of
the Willamette Valley Cascade Mountain
Wagon Road, later known as the Santiam
Wagon Road, still used today as a secondary road for public access. A portion of
the original railroad grade of the Hogg
Railroad, constructed in the late 1800s, is
visible from Santiam Pass near Hogg Rock.
As you climb to Santiam Pass, you’ll see
a side road for Hoodoo Ski Area which
features downhill and cross-country skiing
from December to March. Big Lake, a popular recreation area with a dramatic view
of Mt. Washington, can also be accessed
from this road. Shortly beyond the Hoodoo
turnoff, the Byway crosses the Pacific Crest
Trail and 4,817-foot Santiam Pass. This
section of the Pacific Crest Trail provides
backpackers with a unique opportunity to
hike the crest of a major volcanic mountain range.
Slide Back to Sisters
A combination of world-class rivers, pristine
alpine lakes, sensational scenery and a dry
climate make central Oregon a recreational
paradise. Indeed, there are several months
of the year when you can ski in the morning at higher elevations, then hike, fly-fish,
Dennis Frates
and Mt. Washington. Glaciers have deeply eroded most of these cones, but newer shields,
bicycle, golf or play tennis in the afternoon
at lower elevations along the Byway!
Just east of Santiam Pass, Suttle Lake welcomes boaters, windsurfers and anglers.
Further east, take a side road to Camp
Sherman, and see where the Metolius River
bubbles up from underground springs near
the base of Black Butte. With Mt. Jefferson
looming in the background, it’s a scene of
unforgettable beauty. The Metolius draws
fly fishing aficionados from around the
world to ply its clear waters for wary native
redband trout. Comfortable streamside
accommodations are available at Camp
Sherman. On the home stretch to Sisters,
the 6,436-foot cone of Black Butte rises
abruptly on the left. A rather rigorous hike
to the summit of Black Butte offers views
that seem to go on forever.
An American
Fly Fishing Treasure
If there were a canon of fly fishing in the
western United States, the McKenzie River
would be included. Floating the upper
McKenzie in a driftboat that bears its name
and casting dry flies behind boulders for
rainbow trout is a rite of passage for many
anglers, and nothing less than an Oregon
tradition. Excellent angling is complemented
by spectacular scenery—especially in the
early fall as the leaves change. Plus, there’s
the thrill of running some whitewater. Many
accomplished guides work the McKenzie,
and can accommodate both seasoned anglers
Dennis Frates
and beginners. Hooking your first redband
trout on the McKenzie is an experience
you won’t soon forget!
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
27
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
Cascade
Lakes
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Sparkling lakes, snowcapped peaks, and unique
volcanic strata combine to make this 66-mile
Byway a true national treasure.
Round a bend to find Mt. Bachelor looming larger than life—
and find its image perfectly reflected in a mile-high lake around
another bend—and you’ll understand why Scenic America
named the Cascade Lakes Scenic Byway one of the nation’s
most important byways. The Byway passes through the heart of
central Oregon, with the towering Cascade Mountains providing a constant backdrop for a recreational paradise that offers
first class fishing, boating, hiking, rock climbing opportunities
and wonderful alpine and Nordic skiing in the winter. The
mountains provide practical as well as scenic pleasures; they
block moist air from the Pacific, giving this region as many as
250 sunny days a year!
20
Sisters
Cougar Res.
372
Sparks
Lake Mt Bachelor
Lava
Lakes
Elk Lake
Davis
Lake
R i ve
Twin Lakes
Wickiup
Res.
es
s c hu
t
Hills
Creek
Lake
Crane
Prairie
Reservoir
r
Cultis Lake
58
Bend
Todd Lake
19 Hosmer Lake
Oakridge
Redmond
242
Sunriver
97
La Pine
De
McKenzie
Bridge
126
126
Prineville Res.
20
Newberry
National
Volcanic
Monument
Trip Tips
Distance: A 66-mile (106 kilometer) drive past a dozen sparkling lakes.
Best Time: June-October (the road closes beyond Mt. Bachelor in
winter). Minimum Driving Time: 3-5 hours.
Mr. Janis Miglavs
Medical Services/Hospitals: Bend.
28
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located along the
route. Gas: Only available at some resorts; make sure you have
plenty before leaving Bend.
You’ll pass along the shores of the
Deschutes River and a dozen lakes, as
well as many noteworthy geological
formations hewn by glacial and volcanic
activity. Several old-time lakeside resorts
offer respite from the road in the form of
an ice cream cone or a comfortable room.
Campers will find a bounty of excellent
campgrounds.
This incredible journey begins in Bend,
the hub of central Oregon’s recreational
paradise. Visit Bend, located downtown,
and Central Oregon Visitors Association
at the Old Mill district offer excellent overviews of the many vacation possibilities.
Before heading into the mountains, wander
through downtown and take in Drake Park,
where the meandering Deschutes River
reflects snowy Cascade peaks. Follow the
signs from here to Mt. Bachelor and the
Cascade Lakes.
Century Drive
From the outskirts of town, Century
Drive (Oregon Route 372) climbs steadily
through the Deschutes National Forest.
In the days of the horse and buggy, it was
a 100-mile dirt road—hence the name!
Throughout time, different tribes have used
ancient trade routes throughout this area
for hunting, gathering, and fishing. Just
within the forest boundary, Forest Service
Road 41 accesses the Deschutes River,
which offers camping, fishing, rafting,
kayaking and canoeing with take-outs
above the falls. A few miles west, a vast
lava flow that altered the river’s course can
be seen from the road.
Mt. Bachelor
As you continue west, the horizon is soon
dominated by the enormous cone of Mt.
Bachelor, home of the Pacific Northwest’s
top ski resort. Mt. Bachelor boasts dependable, dry powder and a 3,300-foot elevation drop; the ski season typically extends
through June. During summer months,
the Pine Marten Express Lift spirits sightPhoto: (opposite page) South Sister,
reflected in Sparks Lake. Photo: (above)
a meadow near Hosmer Lake, with South
Sister in the background.
Bruce Jackson
Begin in Bend
seers to the 7,700-foot level. The dramatic
view sweeps a volcanic skyline, Sparks Lake,
Broken Top and the Three Sisters peaks and
wilderness area. You can see for hundreds of
miles—from Mt. Adams in Washington to Mt.
Shasta in California. The landscape around
Bachelor—dark lava flows, pale pumice fields,
lofty domes and deep chasms—is evidence of
the fierce volcanic activity that shaped it.
High Mountain Playground
Moviegoers may recognize the view from
Dutchman Flat at the base of Mt. Bachelor.
The panorama of Broken Top and the Three
Sisters was featured in “Homeward Bound”
and “Rooster Cogburn”, among other films.
Take a short turn-off to Todd Lake, the first
of a dozen Cascade gems, bookended by
Mt. Bachelor and Broken Top. As the Byway
drops down to a large meadow, you’ll reach
Sparks Lake, chosen to commemorate Ray
Atkeson, Oregon’s photographer laureate.
Watch the meadow closely at dawn and dusk;
this is an excellent spot to see elk and deer.
Next, you’ll reach the emerald waters of
Devils Lake, a popular picnic and camping
spot that treats visitors to an eerie optical
illusion: crystal clear water and a shallow
white pumice bottom make it seem as if
boats on the surface are floating in midair. A
few miles south, you’ll reach Elk Lake, which
offers a marina and rustic lodge, and an historic guard station staffed by volunteers providing information and lots of stories. Boats
Volcanic Diversity
The Cascade Lakes Scenic Byway passes
through a volcanic and glacial landscape of
incredible diversity and tremendous
significance. Visitors encounter landforms
such as stratovolcanoes, shield volcanoes,
cinder cones, sheets of pumice and ash,
sheets of ash-flow tuffs, maars, caves, and
several kinds of lava flows and domes.
Geology textbooks often feature
volcanic examples from this area.
While volcanoes build up the land,
glaciers tear it down. During the last Ice
Age, glaciers flowed far down both sides
of the Cascades and cut deeply into
volcanic cones, gouging out glacial valleys.
An exceptional, nationally-significant
exposure of the inside of a stratovolcano
can be seen at Broken Top.
During the Ice Age, eruptions took place
under glaciers and often melted holes in
the ice. The region’s more than 100 small
and large lakes formed behind lava dams,
in volcanic craters, behind moraine
dams and in ice-eroded basins.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
29
T H E
C A S C A D E
L A K E S
The Deschutes
Bruce Jackson
The Deschutes River begins as a small creek trickling south out of Little Lava Lake and
ends some 250 miles north as one of the most celebrated, majestic rivers of the West. In
many ways, it’s the lifeblood of central Oregon. In its early stages, the Deschutes nurtures
several Cascade Lakes, including Crane Prairie Reservoir and Wickiup Reservoir, before
turning north toward its long trek to the Columbia. Here it flows through meadows, its
nutrient-rich waters sustaining whitefish, and rainbow, brook and brown trout. Geologic
studies show that the Deschutes was once located many miles to the east. As Newberry
Volcano grew, lava flows pushed the river gradually to the west and to its present location.
can be rented by the hour. Just off the
Byway and adjoining Elk Lake is Hosmer
Lake, a fly-fishing-only fishery that’s prized
for its brook trout and landlocked salmon.
This is a great place for “fish watching.”
Primitive campsites are available here.
Photo: (above left) matching the hatch at Crane Prairie Reservoir, near sunset; (below) South Sister is mirrored in the perfect calm of Elk Lake.
Lakes Galore
Still More Lakes
South of Crane Prairie, more lakes await
you. A short detour east on Forest Service
Road 42 takes you past Wickiup Reservoir
(another angler’s favorite) and Twin Lakes,
to Highway 97. The Byway continues south
to Davis Lake, a large, shallow impoundment that was formed by a lava flow cutting
off Odell Creek. Historically known for
large rainbow trout, Davis offers excellent
flyfishing, with South Sister providing a
stunning backdrop. Abundant waterfowl are
also present, along with many campsites.
The Byway ends at Oregon Route 58 near
Crescent and Odell lakes, two popular recreation sites with complete resort facilities.
30
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
Brian O’Keefe
As the Byway descends, you’ll reach Lava
Lake, home of a quaint resort with a marina,
lodging and camping. Rent a skiff, pack a
picnic lunch and putter about in the shadow
of Mt. Bachelor. Nearby Little Lava Lake is
the source of the Deschutes River, which
meanders through a lush meadow along the
Byway as you move south toward Cultus
Lake and Crane Prairie Reservoir. Crane
Prairie is home of the famous “cranebows,”
oversize rainbow trout that grow quickly
in this shallow, food-rich impoundment.
The record rainbow to date, for this lake,
weighed over 19 pounds, with fish in the
4 to 10 pound range common. Wildlife
enthusiasts will delight in Crane Prairie’s
Quinn River campground and boat launch
along the eastern shore of Crane Prairie
Reservoir. Cormorant, osprey, bald eagle,
northern goshawk, egret, and owls are some
of the bird species to be seen.
Nearby Attractions
•High Desert Museum: This museum on U.S. Highway 97 south of Bend has excellent dis-
plays on the natural and cultural history of the area.
•Lava Lands Visitor Center: Further south of Bend on U.S. Highway 97, you can tour Lava
Butte, an extinct volcanic cone, take in interpretive exhibits, and hike several trails on lava.
•Newberry National Volcanic Monument: Another 20 miles southeast you’ll reach
Newberry Volcano with its volcanic wonders, including a vast obsidian flow, two lakes for
fishing and boating, and interpretive center at historic Paulina Lake Guard Station.
•Benham Falls and Dillion Falls: Five miles on the Byway towards Mt. Bachelor, turn on
Forest Road 41 for river recreation sites on the Deschutes River.
B Y W A Y S
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
Oregon
Outback
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Solitude awaits you on this adventure through
Oregon’s high desert. Enjoy the play of light
on the rocks, the smell of sagebrush,
and the sounds of silence.
forests in the shadow of the Cascades are replaced by sagebrush and
rock formations. It’s an austere landscape, rich in detail upon closer
examination. The lakes along the Byway—important resting spots for
waterfowl on the Pacific Flyway—provide a visual oasis amidst this
arid country.
Leaving the Cascades
Your “drive-about” through Oregon’s Outback begins in the
Deschutes National Forest, near the town of La Pine (30 miles south
of Bend). From here, head three miles south on U.S. Route 97, then
southeast on Oregon Route 31, through stands of lodgepole and
ponderosa pine.
Fort Rock
The Outback Scenic Byway takes you through a slice of the Great
Basin Region, capturing the landscape’s diversity, and the rugged
independence of the people who’ve honed a living from the land.
The Outback is “isolated rural country,” and this area of Oregon
is indeed that. As you push south along the Byway, lush green
Photo: Summer Lake.
Twenty-seven miles east of U.S. Route 97, the forest abruptly gives
way to vast sagebrush plains reminiscent of the Australian Outback.
You’ll soon see Fort Rock, a mysterious rock formation that emerges
abruptly in the east. Fort Rock is actually a volcanic crater (maar),
and rises 325 feet above the high desert floor; a National Natural
Landmark, it gets its name from its four-sided towering walls. Fort
Rock State Park is an easy seven miles off Oregon Route 31, and
offers hiking trails and picnic facilities. En route you’ll see Fort
Dennis Frates
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
31
O R E G O N
O U T B A C K
Jeffrey L. Torretta
T H E
Photo: (above) Fort Rock State Natural Area; (below) Edmunds Wells—
Silver lake area. Photo: (opposite page) relaxing at Summer Lake.
Rock Homestead Village, which preserves several buildings that
date back to the 1800s. The structures were brought in from the
surrounding valley to create this living history museum.
Silver and Summer Lakes
Once over the pass, you’ll see Summer Lake, a long, shallow body
of alkaline water that attracts a tremendous variety of waterfowl.
The 18,000-acre Summer Lake Wildlife Area, with viewing sites,
is a breeding and resting area for nearly 250 species of birds.
The marsh-like setting is one of the most important stops in the
region for migrating birds on the Pacific Flyway. Visitors can view
many sensitive, threatened, or endangered species, such as bald
eagles, peregrine falcons, western snowy plovers, greater sand hill
cranes, and trumpeter swans. Early spring is the best time to view
migrating flocks of waterfowl, and Summer Lake hosts more than
15,000 bird watchers annually. The small town of Summer Lake
offers a variety of visitor services and a wayside commemorating
an 1843 expedition led by Captain John C. Fremont.
32
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Brian O’Keefe
Return to Oregon Route 31 and head south toward the community
of Silver Lake, named for a dry basin a few miles east that fills
approximately every 30 years. From here, the Byway turns south
and climbs 4,830-foot Picture Rock Pass, named for ancient Indian
petroglyph-decorated rocks that are within walking distance of
the highway. The Pass offers panoramic views of the lakes, forested mountains on the Fremont-Winema National Forests, and
stunning Winter Rim which divides forest and desert.
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Signs from the Past
The native peoples who once inhabited the Great Basin left many
artifacts that shed light on what their lives must have been like.
Petroglyphs—incised rock drawings—are among these artifacts.
Archeologists believe that some petroglyphs may have acted as
maps, directing tribal members to fishing or hunting grounds. Other
petroglyphs lack easy explanation. Some experts have ventured
that more oblique drawings are a visual interpretation of visions
experienced by young men as they ventured forth on spirit quests.
Bend
Dennis Frates
372
Sunriver
A dozen miles beyond the lake is the town of Paisley, home of the
annual Mosquito Festival in July which includes a rodeo, skeet
shoot, and classic car show. Paisley provides all services, hot
spring baths, and good access to the Chewaucan River for anglers
seeking native redband trout. The river crosses Bureau of Land
Management and the Fremont-Winema National Forests and is
best accessed from Forest Service Road 33. Continuing southeast
Diamond
on Route 31, you’ll soon pass Lake Abert. The lake’s high alkalinity
Lake
makes it an ideal habitat for brine shrimp, which provide forage
for
230
migrating birds.
Des c
hu
Silver Lake
138
Silver Lake
Summer Lake
Klamath Marsh NWR
31 Summer Lake
97
Chew
auc
Paisley
Lake Abert
R.
an
Upper
Klamath
NWR
Chiloquin
Sprague R
Upper
Klamath
Lake
140
Oregon’s Tallest Town
Then 27 scenic miles later, you’ll reach Lakeview, which at 4,800 66
feet above sea level, is Oregon’s “tallest town.” Lakeview is home
of Oregon’s only geyser, situated at a resort a mile north of town.
The geyser named Old Perpetual has a history of erupting 60 feet
into the air every 90 seconds, more reliable than Old Faithful in
Yellowstone. The supporting hot springs and geyser temperment
changed recently to a less predictable schedule. While in town,
visit the Schminck Memorial Museum, which commemorates pioneer life, and the Lake County Museum. Visit Black Cap, a popular
launching spot for hang gliders in the summer, for a spectacular
view of the Goose Lake Valley. Skiing and snowmobiling are available near Lakeview in the winter. The Outback Scenic Byway ends
about 15 miles south of Lakeview at the border town of New Pine
Creek. Goose Lake State Recreation Area, a full service state park
campground, offers a resting spot before heading on to California.
Newberry
National
Volcanic
Monument
La Pine
Fort Rock
Abert Rim
When you reach Valley Falls, Route 31 joins U.S. Route 395. Here,
Prospect
the horizon is dominated by Abert Rim, a 30-mile-long fault
escarpment—one of the nation’s longest and most continuous fault
escarpments. This rim rises more than 2,000 feet above the Byway.
The rim’s southern section is a launching spot for hang gliders;
in fact, the region surrounding the southern end of the Byway is
considered by many to be the Hang Gliding capital of the West.
Watch for big horn sheep at the base of Abert Rim.
t es R
iv
Wickiup r
Res. e
Pull into Paisley
20
.
Valley Falls
395
Klamath
Falls
140
Lakeview
Drews Res.
Bear
Valley
NWR
97
Lower Klamath NWR
Goose L.
C A L I F O R N I A
Trip Tips
Distance: A 171-mile (275 kilometer) drive
through open range land. Best Time: Spring and
fall; expect occasional snow in winter and temperatures in the 90s
in summer. Minimum Driving Time: 4-6 hours. Medical Services/
Hospitals: Bend and Lakeview. Rest Areas: Summer Lake about
halfway between U.S. Routes 97 and 395. Gas: Stations are few and
far between. Have plenty before you leave LaPine or Lakeview.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
33
395
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
RogueUmpqua
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Two of Oregon’s most beautiful and renowned rivers
bookend this breathtaking tour through the
thickly forested southern Cascades.
More commonly known as the “highway of waterfalls,” the
Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway ascends from I-5 into the
southern Cascades, tracking two of Oregon’s most storied rivers.
The first leg of the trip follows the North Umpqua east from
Roseburg. A river of unparalleled beauty, the North Umpqua
is revered worldwide for steelhead fishing. After passing more
than a half-dozen waterfalls, the newly built Diamond Lake
Viewpoint provides stunning views of sparkling Diamond
Lake, Mt. Bailey and Mt. Thielsen. Crater Lake is an optional
N or t h U m
Glide
pqua
Roseburg
Diamond
Lake
62
Union
Creek
Prospect
Shady Cove
Grants
Pass
Gold Hill
234
140
5
Bruce Jackson
34
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Ashland
Crater
Lake
National
Park
138
Seasonal
Road
62
97
Agency
Lake
Eagle Point
Medford
Trip Tips
230
Riv
gue
Tiller
Ro
Canyonville
r
Myrtle Creek
227
R ive
138
er
5
Upper
Klamath
140 Lake
Klamath Falls
Distance: A gorgeous 172-mile (277 kilometer), partial loop.
Best Time: June-October for best weather, wildflowers and
waterfalls. In winter, expect snowfall at higher elevations.
Minimum Driving Time: 5-7 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Roseburg and Medford.
Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located
along the route. Gas: Stations are often few and far between.
Make sure you have plenty before starting your trip.
Roseburg
Your trip begins in Roseburg, a town
built up by the lumber industry, and now
a popular recreational center. Covered
bridges, mid-1800s restored homes and
the nationally acclaimed Douglas County
Museum of History and Natural History
give Roseburg historic appeal. If time
permits, tour some of the region’s eight
wineries, which produce Chardonnay,
Pinot noir, Gewürztraminer, Reisling,
Zinfandel and Cabernet sauvignon
varietals. From Roseburg, the Byway heads
east on Oregon Route 138 through scenic,
oak-dotted hills.
Up the North Umpqua
As you head east, the forest will thicken,
the air will cool, and you’ll soon hear the
rush of water. Check out Colliding Rivers in
the community of Glide, where the North
Umpqua and Little River converge in a fury
of white water; it’s one of the few places
in the world where rivers meet head-on.
From here, the Byway parallels the Wild
and Scenic North Umpqua, considered by
many as one of the most beautiful rivers in
America. Driving along the North Umpqua,
you’ll pass anglers
flyfishing for steelhead or salmon,
whitewater rafters, kayakers, and numerous
pulloffs for taking in the scenery or
enjoying a hike. If you’re inclined to
stretch your legs, the well-maintained
North Umpqua Trail follows the east bank
of the river for 79 miles. Divided into 11
segments from over three to just under 16
miles in length, the trail leads high into the
Cascade Mountain Range, and connects
with the Pacific Crest National Scenic
Trail. Near Steamboat, check out the Mott
Bridge, a recognized Oregon Historic Civil
Engineering Landmark. Constructed by
the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1935-36,
the bridge is the only surviving example of
three such structures built at that time in
the Pacific Northwest.
This shady route through the Umpqua
National Forest and Roseburg BLM District
passes Swiftwater Park, Toketee Reservoir,
and several dramatic formations, including
Eagle Rock and Old Man Rock. Be sure
to visit at least one of the many waterfalls
which are accessible by well-marked and
well-maintained trails. Whitehorse Falls
is easiest to access, and includes a viewing platform. Have your camera ready; the
greens of spring or fall colors along this
stretch of road can be stunning.
Steve Terrill
side-trip, before the Byway bends
southwest onto Oregon Route 230 to
follow the Wild and Scenic Upper Rogue
River. With abundant hiking, fishing, and
camping opportunities, visitors easily
understand why this Byway is one of the
state’s best-loved areas.
Sparkling Diamond Lake
Once it leaves the North Umpqua, Route
138 turns south to circle Diamond Lake,
a scenic gem nestled between Mt. Bailey
and the lightning-rod spire of Mt. Thielsen.
Here you’ll find year-round resort facilities,
including lodging, a marina and horse
stables. In summer and fall, you can fish for
stocked rainbow trout or bike around the
lake on a paved path. In winter the path is
transformed into a groomed cross-country
ski trail, and the lake into a giant ice
rink. Mt. Bailey offers outstanding
snowcat skiing.
Wonderful Waterfalls
Steve Terrill
There are 15 waterfalls along the RogueUmpqua Scenic Byway. Photographers
and artists from all over the world come to
capture these awe-inspiring images. Susan
Creek Falls, Toketee Falls and Watson Falls
are three favorites. Watson Falls, tumbling
272 feet, is the third highest waterfall in
Oregon. The mist of the falls offers great
relief on warm summer days.
Photos: (opposite page) Toketee Falls on
the North Umpqua River; (above) Colliding
Rivers, where the North Umpqua River and
Little River meet head on; (left) the Upper
Rogue River.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
35
T H E
R O G U E - U M P Q U A
Sacred Steelhead Waters
At the southern end of Diamond Lake,
Oregon Route 138 rises toward the east
and north entrance of Crater Lake National
Park. The Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway
heads west to join Oregon Route 230. Here
you can enjoy unimpeded views of the
peaks and ridges above Crater Lake—the
remains of erupted Mt. Mazama—from the
Crater Rim Viewpoint.
Dan Callaghan
Flyfishers worldwide prize the North Umpqua
for its run of summer steelhead. Steelhead—
ocean-going rainbow trout—are one of the
most prized gamefish of the Pacific Northwest,
and grow from eight to 20 pounds. The North
Umpqua offers 30 miles of flyfishing-only
water, all accessible from the road. Fishing
is not easy on the North Umpqua, but it is
nonetheless a wonderful experience—just ask
Jimmy Carter, Tom Brokaw and the many
other notables who fish here! Anglers and conservationists have rallied to preserve the North
Umpqua’s habitat and fishery. If you visit in
the late summer or fall, take a small, side
trip to Big Bend Pool on Steamboat Creek
(10 miles from Steamboat Inn) to see one
result of the Forest Service’s conservation
work—an observatory where you can
view hundreds of native steelhead.
offer interesting perspectives of the river as
it thunders through deep, narrow chasms.
Under a canopy of conifers between here
and Prospect, you’ll find several riverside
campgrounds where you can enjoy the
sounds of the river or hook a few trout.
Wildflowers are abundant along the Upper
Rogue, providing a brilliant contrast to the
green of the forests. Lost Creek Lake at
Stewart State Park is popular for boating and
waterskiing, among other outdoor activities.
Farther south, Shady Cove is a popular point
of departure for river rafters and anglers
setting out to float the Upper Rogue.
Running Down the Upper Rogue
Coursing through the Rogue River-Siskiyou
National Forests, Oregon Route 230 merges
with Oregon Route 62 near historic Union
Creek. Union Creek is the western terminus
of the Fort Klamath Military Wagon Road,
once an important trail for settlers crossing
the Cascades. Union Creek is also the site
of a historic resort built by the Civilian
Conservation Corps. The road soon
parallels the Wild and Scenic Upper Rogue
River. The Upper Rogue, like the North
Umpqua, supports endangered populations
of Chinook and coho salmon, as well as
steelhead and cutthroat trout. The Rogue
Gorge and Natural Bridge interpretive sites
36
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
Mr. Janis Miglavs
Photo: (top) the North Umpqua is one of the
world’s most famous steelhead rivers; (right)
North Umpqua River. Photo: (opposite page)
late spring along the North Umpqua River.
Gold Hill and the Rogue Valley
B Y W A Y S
Oregon Route 234 heads west, rejoining the
Upper Rogue River in the friendly town of
Gold Hill, the Byway’s southern portal. En
route, Medford BLM and Table Rocks—
flat-topped remnants of lava flows that filled
the canyons of the Upper Rogue over seven
million years ago—rise dramatically from the
valley with Upper Table Rock soaring 800
feet. From here, the bustling Rogue Valley
cities of Medford, Jacksonville, Ashland, and
Grants Pass are less than an hour away.
N A T I O N A L
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Mt. Hood
Larry Geddis, courtesy Oregon’s Mt. Hood Territory
Mt. Hood—An Icon
of Oregon
T H E
Mt. Hood
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
From verdant farmlands to the timberline to the final stretches of the historic
Oregon Trail, this Byway leads you through classic Oregon scenery, with jawdropping vistas of Mt. Hood—one of the state’s most recognizable landmarks.
The Mt. Hood Scenic Byway follows an exhilarating route around one of Oregon’s most iconic
landmarks, offering exposure to some of the state’s most stunning scenery and sought after
recreational destinations. Moving south from the lush Hood River Valley, you’ll approach the
alpine environs of Mt. Hood, drop down into temperate rainforests and finally return to the
verdant farmlands of eastern Multnomah County. Four-season recreational activities and rich
pioneer history await you the distance of the Byway, along with ever-shifting vistas of Oregon’s
highest peak.
There are few more powerful symbols of the
Pacific Northwest than Mt. Hood. At 11,245
feet, Mt. Hood is the highest point in Oregon,
and the fourth highest peak in the Cascade
Range. Like other dramatic peaks in the
Cascades, Mt. Hood is a dormant volcano.
Believed to have been formed 11 to 14 million years ago, Mt. Hood has had at least four
major eruptive periods during the past 15,000
years. The most recent eruption occurred
shortly before the arrival of Lewis and Clark
in 1805. Mt. Hood is home to 12 glaciers, and
is the source of five significant rivers, all of
which eventually drain to the Columbia. It is
one of the most frequently climbed glaciated
mountains in the world. From Portland, Hood
River, The Dalles and points far beyond,
Mt. Hood hovers dreamlike in the distance,
a postcard of alpine symmetry.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
37
T H E
M T .
H O O D
Peter Marbach, courtesy Hood River County Chamber of Commerce
Hood River
Mosier Twin Tunnels
W A S H I N G T O N
Cascade
Locks
Bonneville
Multnomah Falls
Hood
c
es t
Cr
e
Riv
Estacada
il
Elevation 11,245
Wildwood
Zigzag
Recreation Site
Welches
Timberline Lodge
Government
Camp
r
Rhododendron
Laurel Hill
Tollgate
Mt Hood
Skibowl
S al
mo
n River
Mt Hood
Meadows
Sahalie Falls
White River Canyon
Barlow Pass
Trillium Lake
Th e O
regon Trail
Trip Tips
Distance: 105 miles (169 kilometers)
Minimum Driving Time: 3-4 hours
Best Time: Year-round for natural beauty, but spring-fall provide the
greatest accessibility to recreational activities.
Accessibility: Western entrance in Troutdale; eastern entrance in Hood River. Can be
combined with Historic Columbia River Highway All American Road to create a natural
loop.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Portland, Gresham and Hood River
Rest Areas: The summit area of Government Camp provides a rest area, and several
parks and campgrounds are located along the route.
Gas: No gas is available between the community of Mt. Hood in the Hood River Valley
and Government Camp.
46
Detroit Res.
38
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Of Fruit, Waterfalls and Pioneers
es
Heading south on Highway 35, you’ll come
ch
to the Hood River Valley, a magnificentGrass Valley
patchwork of orchards, vineyards and farms.
Fertile volcanic soils and a temperate climate
have made this one
ofs the
Sherar’
Falls most prolific fruit216
producing regions in the world. Many farmers
White River Falls
herePark
offer their products at stands. Making
State
your way through the valley, you can sample
Maupin
Oregon’s great bounty—Anjou, Bartlett, Bosc
and Comice pears, Pippin apples, huckleberries,
Stock
wild mushrooms, and more—and getImperial
a taste
ofRanch
farm life as well. Catch a 197
ride on the Mt. Hood
Railroad offering scenic excursions between
Shaniko
Hood River and Parkdale.
ut
Brightwood
OREGON
Tamanawas Falls
Mt Hood
ve r
Tr a
Clackamas
Philip Foster Farm
Dufur
Cooper Spur
Ri
c
Sandy River
Mt Hood
Pa
i fi
Jonsrud Viewpoint
Sandy
R
Parkdale
Historic Columbia River
Highway
Vista House
Corbett
McMenamins Edgefield
Gresham
Panorama Mosier
Point
Odell
s
er
Sternwheeler Cruise
De
lu
iv
a R
mbi
Hood
River
Trail
er
Co
c
Lewis & Clark Histori
Bonneville Dam
Scale: 1/2 inch = 5 Miles
Wood
Village Troutdale
22
Bridge of the Gods
5
2.5
iv
0
Heading east from Portland along the
Columbia Gorge on either I-84 or the Historic
Columbia River Highway (page 4), you’ll reach
the beginning of this Byway in Hood River.
Once a sleepy orchard town, Hood River is
now revered as the unofficial windsurfing
capital of the world, and a popular vacation
escape for Oregonians and out-of-state visitors
alike. If the wind is up, visitors can watch
sailboarders, kiteboarders and other wind
mavens rip back and forth across the Columbia
River, their sails rippling in a riot of color
against the river’s shifting blues and greens.
Would-be sailboarders can book a lesson and
rent equipment from a number of outfitters in
town. “The Hook”—a manmade cove—offers
a sheltered spot for you to master your sails.
Hood River has grown to be a Mecca for
less wind-dependent outdoor enthusiasts as
well, who use the town as a hub for mountain
biking, cycling, kayaking, skiing, snowboarding,
fishing and white water rafting. The historic
downtown has evolved to cater to visitors, and
Discoveryshops and no less
now offers Columbia
a host Gorge
of eclectic
Center and Museum
than 30 restaurants and cafes—from authentic
Biggs
taquerias to first-rate northwest84haute cuisine.
Beer lovers may know Hood River as home to
The Dalles Dam
Full Sail Brewing Company,
one of the early
The
microbrewery
pioneers;
daily
tours of the
Historic
Dalles
Murals
brewery are available. Oenophiles will likewise
find bounty here; a number of wineries offer
regularly scheduled tastings.
Soon you’ll begin gaining elevation as you
climb toward Mt. Hood—on a clear day, you’ll
enjoy shifting vistas of this volcanic peak. The
road soon parallels the rushing waters of the
East Fork of the Hood River, which runs off-color
thanks to glacial till flowing off the mountain.
You’ll soon come upon a turnout for Sahalie
Falls (just before the Mt. Hood Meadows ski
area access road). This perennial horsetail
97
Ante
John
Be
N A T I O N A L
Approaching Timberline
A few miles west on Highway 26 you’ll reach
the turn-off for Timberline Lodge. Here the
Byway offers a spectacular 6-mile scenic drive
as it climbs to the 6,000 foot elevation. One of
the gems of the Works Progress Administration
(WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps, the
stone and wood edifice was built in the 1930s
almost entirely by hand by legions of laborers
and craftspeople. Today, Timberline Lodge
stands as one of Oregon’s most highly visited
tourist attractions, offering lodging, food and
the longest ski season in North America…
and views to the south that extend nearly 100
miles on a clear day. Several day hikes depart
from Timberline, or you can ride a chair lift to
the 7,000 foot elevation point for even more
spectacular vistas. The U.S. Forest Service
offers free tours of the Lodge and surrounding
area and an informational video describing the
monumental task of building the Lodge.
After descending from Timberline, you’ll reach
Government Camp; this village takes its name
from the winter of 1849, when a small command
of the U.S. Mounted Rifles had to make camp
here when their wagons became bogged
down in a soggy alpine meadow. In the 1930s,
Government Camp provided quarters for the
hundreds of workers who fashioned Timberline
Lodge further up the mountain. Today, the alpine
village is a year-round recreational hub for
skiers, snowshoers, tubers, cross country skiers,
snowboarders, hikers and mountain bikers.
Coming Down the Mountain
From Government Camp, Highway 26 winds
slowly down through the Cascade foothills,
offering up expansive views of hillsides thickly
forested in firs and pines. In the village of
Rhododendron, you’ll come upon the West
Barlow Tollgate—the site of the final toll station
on the Barlow Road. The Barlow Road was the
last overland leg of the Oregon Trail, from The
Dalles to present day Oregon City. Thousands
paid a $5 per wagon toll to come overland on
this “road” (rough path is more like it!) in order
to avoid rafting the treacherous rapids of the
Columbia River.
B Y W A Y
Outdoorperson’s Paradise—All Year Round
Whatever the season, the recreational opportunities abound on the Mt. Hood Scenic Byway.
In the warmer months, many lakes (accessible by road) offer swimming and trout fishing.
Numerous trails for beginning to advanced hikers and mountain bikers are available; the
adventurous can even retain a guide to climb to the summit of Mt. Hood. Come winter, downhill skiers and snowboarders will find five resorts to choose from. There are also abundant
snowshoe and cross-country ski trails, and several snow parks for tubing and other snow play.
Over a century, Oregonians have retreated to
the Villages of Mt. Hood for rest and outdoor
recreation (Rhododendron, Zigzag, Welches,
Wemme, and Brightwood). From here, you
are never more than 20 miles away from yearround skiing, golfing, hiking, or just relaxing
next to the federally designated Wild and
Scenic Salmon River and within the national
forest lands. The Resort at The Mountain has
served up legendary hospitality since the
late 1800s, adding one of Oregon’s earliest
golf courses in 1923. The Villages offer a
wide variety of accommodations, ranging
from riverside log cabins to resort lodging,
timeshare condominiums, and quaint
mountain bungalows nestled in the woods.
Just west of Welches, you’ll come upon
the Cascade Streamwatch at the Wildwood
Recreation Site along the banks of the
Salmon River. This innovative interpretive
area focuses on the watersheds and fisheries
of the Mt. Hood region, and includes a
wetland boardwalk trail, and an underwater
stream viewing window where spawning
salmon can be viewed in the fall.
The Byway continues west through rich
agricultural lands—this region is a major
producer of nursery stock, flower bulbs and
berries; in spring and fall especially, the air is
redolent with the smell of thriving plant life.
You’ll pass Dodge Park, which provides access
to six miles of the Sandy River, a favorite spot
for anglers and rafters. (The Sandy got its
name from Lewis and Clark, who dubbed the
river the “Quick Sand River,” as it was filled
with ash from the 1802 eruption of volcanic
Mt. Hood when they passed through.)
The cities of Gresham and Wood Village offer
an ideal mix of urban activity and outdoor fun
with trails for hiking and biking, including
the Springwater Trail Corridor. The Byway
concludes in Troutdale, which features a
quaint downtown with art galleries, antique
shops, museums and eateries—and for bargain
hunters, an outlet mall. Troutdale is also
home of the historic McMenamins Edgefield,
a 38-acre estate housed on the former site of
the Multnomah County Poor Farm, featuring a
European-style inn, brewery, winery and more
attractions.
Sandy to Troutdale
As you approach Sandy, forests
begin to give way to pastoral
land. The town takes its name
from the nearby Sandy River,
and serves as a gateway
community to the Mt. Hood
recreation area. Many visitors
enjoy a stop here to browse
Sandy’s unique shops and art
galleries, and to enjoy a snack
or meal. Just north of Sandy,
you’ll discover the Oregon Trail
interpretive site at Jonsrud
Viewpoint. Here, you can look
out across the expansive Sandy
River Valley where pioneers
crossed the river on the last
leg of their epic journey to the
fertile Willamette Valley—on
clear days, majestic Mt. Hood
looms above the scene.
Larry Geddis, courtesy Oregon’s Mt. Hood Territory
waterfall cascades 100 feet into the East Fork,
offering ample photo opportunities. Before
you merge with Highway 26, you’ll come to the
Barlow Pass and signs for the Pioneer Woman’s
Grave. There’s a mile-long hiking trail to a
memorial gravesite to all those who lost their
lives along the route, and where you will follow
the actual traces of wagon wheel swales and ruts
from Oregon Trail pioneers.
S C E N I C
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
39
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Journey
Through Time
T H E
Journey
Through
Time
S C E N I C
Leaving the Columbia
Oregon Scenic
Byway
B Y W A Y
Uncommonly rich in history, this Byway reveals tales
of pioneers, towns boomed and busted and creatures
that wandered this terrain millions of years ago.
The Journey Through Time Scenic Byway stretches 286 miles
through north central to eastern Oregon. Beginning in the community of Biggs and ending in Baker City, this Byway meanders
through ghost towns and small farming communities that bring
the Old West to life. The Wild and Scenic John Day River—North
America’s second longest undammed river—parallels much of the
route, offering excellent rafting, fishing and camping. Geology
buffs—and anyone who’s curious about fossils—will take great pleasure in the interpretive trails at the John Day Fossil Beds National
Monument. Historic commemorations of more recent times, such
as the Sherman County Museum in Moro, the Kam Wah Chung
Museum in John Day, the gold mining remnants in Sumpter and
the National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center near Baker
City offer telling windows into Oregon pioneer life.
Your Journey Through Time begins in the town of Biggs,
17 miles east of The Dalles on I-84. You’ll move south from
Native American salmon-harvesting spots on the Columbia
toward Wasco, site of the original Columbia Southern
Railway depot which dates back to 1898 and still stands.
Be sure to visit the Sherman County Historical Museum in
Moro. The museum includes more than 15,000 artifacts and
exhibits on Native American life, Oregon Trail migration,
rural living, and wheat farming.
Shaniko to Antelope
With Mt. Hood and Mt. Jefferson looming in the west, you’ll
reach Shaniko—the Wool Shipping Center of the World
in the 1880s, and now a “living” ghost town. The recently
renovated Shaniko Hotel is open for business, and listed
in the National Register of Historic Places. From here, take
Route 218 to Antelope. The hills of this region provide
habitat for the town’s pronghorned namesake, and were the
site of Rajneeshpuram, a religious community that briefly
flourished and disbanded in the early 1980s.
Fossil and Fossils
East of Antelope, you’ll come to the Clarno Unit of the John
Day Fossil Beds National Monument. The three units of the
Monument comprise a well-preserved fossil record of plants
and animals dating back 6 million to 54 million years—The
Cenozoic Era, or Age of Mammals and Flowering Plants.
The Clarno Unit consists primarily of hardened mudflows
or lahars, which captured and fossilized plants and animals
in their wake. Visitors can walk several interpretive trails.
Eighteen miles farther east, you’ll come upon the town of
Jeffrey L. Torretta
40
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Service Creek to Kimberly
Heading south from Fossil, the Byway
joins the Wild and Scenic John Day River
at Service Creek, an old stagecoach stop.
The river skirts the Byway for the next
100 miles. Next, you’ll reach Spray, site
of a key early 20th century ferry crossing
that allowed travelers to reach The Dalles
Military Road farther west. The North Fork
of the John Day joins the mainstem of the
river at Kimberly, which is known for its
bountiful orchards of cherries, apricots,
peaches, nectarines, apples and pears.
Sumpter was a major gold mining center in
eastern Oregon, where gold was extracted
with a 1,240-ton dredge. Long piles of gravel tailings are still visible along the Byway,
and the dredge has been restored. Train
Umatilla NWR
WA S H I N G T O N
E
RIV
BIA
84
UM
COL
Arlington
The Dalles
Ro
c
Wasco
Biggs
k
Cecil
Cr
ee
19
Grass Valley
197
Maupin
97
Madras
207
Prineville
26
Pendleton
Ione
Lexington
Heppner
McKay
Creek
NWR
82
395
74
395
206
53
La Grande
244
Ukiah
er
Riv
de
Elgin
203
Union
237
Fossil
Spray
Service Creek
Day River
n
John Day Fossil
Joh
Beds National
Monument
Milton-Freewater
Cold Springs NWR
Hermiston
k
218
Antelope
97
Redmond
74
Condon
Shaniko
Warm
Springs
Umatilla
R
der
R
19
Kimberly
Mitchell
Dayville
Middle F
or k
Joh
nD
a
30
73
yR
The stretch of Highway 19 from Kimberly
to Dayville showcases the beauty of the
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument.
Rimrock flanks the roadway, and the river
winds below while raptors glide in the thermals overhead. Two noteworthy formations,
Sumpter to Baker City
w
Kimberly to John Day
buffs will want to visit the original narrow
gauge steam train of the renamed Sumpter
Valley Railway. The train runs Memorial Day
through September. East of Sumpter, this
byway joins the Elkhorn Drive Scenic Byway
(see page 44) and offers breathtaking vistas
of the Blue Mountains and Elkhorn Range.
You’ll make a gradual descent to Baker City,
home of the Baker Heritage Museum, housing a rock and gem collection valued at more
than one million dollars. Historic Baker City
boasts 130-plus homes and buildings on the
National Historic Register. Just east of Baker
City is the National Historic Oregon Trail
Interpretive Center (see page 11).
Po
The Cant Ranch National Historic District
features displays of old farm equipment
plus descriptions of sheep and cattle ranching in the early 1900s. Nearby, scientists
study a collection of over 40,000 fossils
at the new Thomas Condon Paleontology
Center, which features a number of interactive exhibits for visitors.
Pushing east from John Day you soon reach
Prairie City, home of the DeWit Depot
Museum, listed in the National Register of
Historic Places. Strawberry Mountain overlooks the town, creating one of the most
photogenic vistas on this Byway. The Byway
now heads in a northeasterly direction,
leaving the John Day River and climbing
through the foothills of the Blue Mountains.
You’ll pass through Whitney, one of
Oregon’s more accessible ghost towns,
and then reach Sumpter.
Rond
e
Fossil, established in the 1880s—and named
for a fossilized mammoth bone found in the
vicinity. Fossil offers amateur archeologists
a chance to do some free prospecting for
leaf imprints at the public fossil-collecting
site in town. A few motels, guest ranches,
B&B’s and restaurants are available.
Strawberries and Blues
Gra
n
The John Day River basin is home to a wellpreserved fossil record of plants and animals,
spanning more than 40 of the 65 million years
of the Cenozoic Era (the “Age of Mammals
and Flowering Plants”). Casts of turtles and
saber-toothed cats, among other animals, can
be viewed along the trails of the Monument.
Cathedral Rock and Mascall Overlook, can
be viewed from the road. Passing through
rich cattle country, you’ll soon reach John
Day, famous for the annual cattle drive that
goes through town. It’s also home to the
original Chinese medical clinic—Kam Wah
Chung National Historic Landmark,
which honors the culture of the Chinese
railroad workers and miners who settled
here in the 1880s.
Steve Terrill
John Day Fossil Beds
National Monument
i v er
Granite
Sumpter
395
7
26
Mt.
er
26
y Ri v
oh
26 Vernon J n D a
Prairie City
John Day
Baker City
7
246
Willo w Creek
26
395
Photo: (opposite page) rock formations
Trip Tips - Distance: An engaging 286-mile (460 kilometer) drive.
in the Sheep Rock Unit of the John Day
Best Time: Year round; summer temperatures rise in the valleys; and winter
Fossil Beds National Monument. Photo:
snows fall at higher elevations. Minimum Driving Time: 8-10 hours. Medical Services/Hospi-
(above) a shelter along Canyon Creek near
tals: The Dalles, Madras, John Day and Baker City. Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds
the town of John Day.
are located along the route. Gas: Open stations may be hard to find. Don’t let your tank get low.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
ive
r
203
41
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
Blue
Mountain
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Back through pioneer history. Up through incredible
scenery. An alternative to I-84 for east-west travelers
between Arlington and Baker City. Charming towns
dot the route, and outdoor recreational opportunities
abound along the eastern leg.
The Lowlands
Set out from the Byway’s western portal at Heppner Junction
off I-84 between Arlington and Hermiston and prepare for
a history lesson. Willow Creek, near the town of Cecil, was
a popular stopping place along the Oregon Trail. Oregon
Route 74 continues southeast along the creek, through bountiful wheat and canola fields and ranches, to the agricultural
communities of Ione and Lexington. These towns, which
began as sheep stations, still maintain classic examples of
frontier architecture.
Ro
c
k
Cecil
Cr
ee
19
74
Umatilla NWR
Umatilla
207
Ron
Hermiston
Pendleton
Ione
Lexington
Heppner
k
McKay
Creek
NWR
82
395
74
395
206
Condon
Milton-Freewater
Cold Springs NWR
Gra
n
WA S H I N G T O N
ER
RIV
BIA
84
M
U
COL
Arlington
53
Elgin
La
Grande
203
244
Ukiah
Un
237
Po
Fossil
w
d
218
19
Kimberly
Mitchell
Dayville
Middle F
or k
Joh
nD
a
i v er
395
Mt.
Vernon
v
John D ay Ri
Granite
Sumpter
26
er
Prairie City
John Day
Distance: A richly varied 145-mile (233
kilometer) drive. Best Time: Spring and fall;
summer days can be quite hot and winter snows close the Byway
at higher elevations. Minimum Driving Time: 3-4 hours.
Jeffrey L. Torretta
Medical Services/Hospitals: Heppner, La Grande and Baker
42
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
30
73
yR
Spray
Service Creek
Day River
n
Joh
26
Trip
Tips
de
City. Rest Areas: Several parks and campgrounds are located
along the route. Gas: Ukiah has the only gas available between
Heppner and Granite. Don’t let your tank get too low.
Baker City
7
246
W ill o w C
On to Ukiah
David Jensen
The Byway emerges from the forest and
descends into an ancient lake basin that—
according to Indian legend—was permanently emptied by a “great rumbling” that
happened “many moons ago.” The basin is
the site of the small town of Ukiah. Bright
blue camas flowers abound in the spring.
Native peoples relied on the camas root as
a food source.
After crossing U.S. Route 395 and the
Camas River, the Byway continues southeast on Forest Service Road 53, climbing
quickly into the forest again. Soon, you’ll
reach the Bridge Creek Wildlife Area,
which serves as a wintering ground for one
of the largest herds of Rocky Mountain elk
in the nation. A short trail provides a good
vantage point of the wintering grounds.
The best time to see elk is from December
through May. Nine miles east, the North
Fork John Day Overlook presents a spectacular view of the John Day Wilderness
to the north and the Strawberry Mountain
Wilderness Area to the south. You may be
able to spot elk at Bridge Creek Flats. There
are an abundance of campgrounds and hiking trails along the North Fork John Day
and Camas rivers. Anglers focus on these
waters for rainbow trout and steelhead.
Heppner
Nine miles beyond Lexington, Heppner
is a commercial and recreational gateway
to the Blue Mountains. Visit the Morrow
County Museum, which hosts one of the
finest collections of artifacts of pioneer,
homestead, agricultural and rural history
in the Northwest; it also chronicles the
great flood of 1903. A historic walking
tour features a number of turn-of-thecentury buildings, including the blue-stone
courthouse. Willow Creek Lake offers
boating and fishing a mile from downtown.
Into the Woods
From Heppner, the Byway follows Willow
Creek Road, then Forest Service Road 53
as it climbs into the Umatilla National
Forest. This 1.4 million-acre expanse of
pine and fir trees offers plenty of terrain
for hikers and horseback riders to explore.
As you travel, notice how the forest is
recovering from a recent wildfire and an
insect epidemic. You’ll pass Cutsforth Park,
a popular camping and picnic spot, and the
Coalmine Hill day-use area provides access
to several hiking and horseback trails.
Morrow County offers a number of ATV
riding opportunities near the Byway. Please
check with officials for authorized trail
usage. Farther along the Byway, Potamus
Point offers a panoramic view of the Wild
and Scenic North Fork John Day River.
In the winter, herds of deer and elk can
sometimes be spotted.
David Jensen
Back to the Woods
End on the John Day
The Byway’s east portal is located at
the North Fork John Day Campground,
another popular fishing spot. From here,
the Byway overlaps with the Elkhorn Drive
Scenic Byway. If you’re heading farther
east, it’s a relaxing alternative to I-84.
Take Forest Service Road 73 east through
Anthony Lakes to Haines, or south through
the mining towns of Granite and Sumpter
toward Baker City. You may also return to
I-84 by heading north on Forest Service
Road 51 and following the Grande Ronde
River to La Grande.
Photo: (opposite page) western larch
takes on fall colors in the Blue Mountains.
Creek Canyon; (top right) Meadow Creek,
near Ukiah; (right) Potamus Point, in the
Umatilla National Forest.
Dan Sherwood
Photo: (top left) cruising through Willow
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
43
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
Elkhorn
Drive
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
This 100-mile loop skirts ghost towns, historic gold
mines and gold mining cabins, with the enchanting
beauty of the Elkhorn Mountains as a backdrop.
Baker City
In the late 1800s, Baker City was dubbed the Queen City
of the Mines. Indeed, many who traveled on the Oregon
Trail came west to seek their fortune mining for gold in the
Baker City area. While the mines in the Elkhorn Mountains
eventually stopped producing, agriculture and the arrival of
the railroad helped Baker City outlive many similar boom
towns. You can tour the city’s downtown to see fine examples
of Victorian architecture, including the famous Geiser Grand
Hotel. A five-pound gold nugget is on display at the U.S. Bank
on Main Street. To begin your Byway tour, head south on
Oregon Route 7.
La Grande 203
244
Union
237
Po
wd
er
73
Granite
Sumpter
Haines
30
Ri
ve r
203
Baker City
7
26
246
Trip Tips
Distance: A mostly narrow, winding 106-mile (171 kilometer)loop.
Best Time: Summer and fall. Closed in winter between Granite
and Anthony Lakes.
Minimum Driving Time: 3-5 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Baker City. Rest Areas: Several
David Jensen
parks and campgrounds are located along the route. Gas: Open
44
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
stations may be hard to find outside of Baker City. Make sure you
have plenty of fuel before you go.
Taking the Powder
Soon, the Byway turns west and joins the
Powder River. During good water years, the
Powder is an excellent fishery for stocked
and native rainbow trout. A half-mile long
paved trail offers river access. Further
west you’ll reach Phillips Lake, which is a
popular boating and fishing spot. Nearby,
the Mowich Look Wildlife Viewing Area
is a good place to spy a variety of wildlife
including osprey, bald eagles, deer and elk.
Beyond Phillips Lake, a side road leads
to the Sumpter Valley Railroad Park
where the restored narrow gauge “Stump
Dodger” train takes passengers to the town
of Sumpter. The Dodger runs three times
daily on weekends and holidays through-
David Jensen
Sumpter
David Jensen
town of Granite sprang up. For 80 years,
boisterous Granite produced gold and
some legendary characters like Skedaddle
Smith, One-eyed Dick, and ’49 Jimmie,
whose only companion was a rooster with
whom he shared all his meals. Their stories
live on in Granite’s abandoned buildings.
Before you leave town, be sure to gas up,
because no services are available until you
reach Baker City.
Climbing Elkhorn Summit
Gold in Granite
Leaving Sumpter, the Byway climbs to take
in dramatic views of the Elkhorns, eventually reaching Blue Springs Summit (5,864
ft.), a popular snowmobiling area in winter.
Ten miles down the road, gold was discovered in Bull Run Creek in 1862, and the
From Granite, the Byway turns north
onto Forest Road 73. Look for rock “walls”
The Lake District
Within a few miles of each other, Grande
Ronde Lake and Anthony Lake offer picturesque settings for hiking, camping and
fishing, plus cross-country skiing and snowmobiling in winter. The Anthony Lake area
is also home to a downhill ski resort that’s
served up great powder since 1933.
Historic Haines
Eric W. Valentine
out the summer months. The Elkhorn
Drive continues west, past fields of dredge
tailings (the earth disturbed by mining),
to Sumpter. With a population of 130,
Sumpter is a shadow of its glory days when
miners produced over $10 million in gold
ore, and the town had 15 saloons, three
newspapers, and an opera house. Though
the business district was destroyed by fire
in 1917, gold was extracted from the area
until 1954. The gigantic floating dredge is
now an Oregon State Park. You can learn
all about this huge gold mining machine,
along with the stories of mining and the
Sumpter Valley Railroad at the park headquarters located in Sumpter.
made by early Chinese gold miners along
Granite Creek, as they set aside larger
boulders in their search for gold. The
Elkhorn Byway soon meets up with the
Blue Mountain Scenic Byway at the North
Fork John Day Campground. The Wild
and Scenic John Day River is recognized
for outstanding fisheries, water quality,
scenery, recreation, wildlife, and historical
values, and is a popular destination for
outdoor people. The Byway turns east and
climbs to its apex at Elkhorn Mountain
Summit (7,392 ft.). The jagged granite
peaks in view here form the backdrop for
the Anthony Lakes Recreation Area.
Photo: (opposite page) North Fork, John
Day River. Photo: (above left) Chandler
Cabin, the first building in Baker County, in
the town of Haines; (top right) the Byway,
near Blue Spring Summit; (above) taking in
the beauty at Anthony Lake.
From Anthony Lake, the Byway descends
abruptly, capturing superb views of the
Baker Valley and the distant Wallowa
Mountains. When Forest Road 73 ends
in the valley, head south to Haines, the
“biggest little town in Oregon” (pop. 370).
Visit the Eastern Oregon Museum, which
features an extensive collection of pioneer
antiques. Continue south on U.S. Route 30
to reach Baker City.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
45
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
T H E
High Desert
Discovery
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
The High Desert of Harney County is a far cry from
the Oregon west of the Cascades. Covered with
juniper and sagebrush and dotted with dramatic
mountain ranges, this is true frontier country,
a remnant of the Wild West.
The High Desert Discovery Scenic Byway guides you through
the heart of this sparsely populated region, offering broad
panoramas of wide-open spaces so seldom encountered
today. This Byway serves as a gateway to awe-inspiring
Steens Mountain, the Diamond Craters, the Malheur National
Wildlife Refuge, the Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge,
the Pete French Round Barn and the Alvord Desert. Its austere
beauty offers incredible solitude; alone in the high desert, you
feel a bit like a cowboy or pioneer from another era. As a modern day pioneer exploring this frontier, plan accordingly as
basic services are few and far between.
20
Burns
Warm
Springs
Res.
HARNEY
Crane
Malheur Lake
Harney
Lake
ad
Be
ds
Ro
va
La
S
BASIN
78
Jord
N
Malheur NWR
Rome
E
Frenchglen
205
95
S
Bluejoint Lake
T
E
Foster
Lake
Oxbow Res.
Rough Road
A LV O R D
DESERT
Fields
Trip Tips
McDermitt
Distance: 127 miles (204 kilometers). Best Time: Late spring through
the fall; passable year-round. Minimum Driving Time: 5-7 hours.
Jeffrey L. Torretta
Medical Services/Hospitals: Burns. Rest Areas: Facilities are
46
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
available at Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Round Barn
Visitor’s Center and several campgrounds along the route.
Gas: Be sure to gas up in Burns or Fields.
Steve Terrill
Burns To The Refuge
The High Desert Discovery Scenic Byway
begins at Burns, which rests at the junction of Highways 20, 78 and 395. From
Burns, proceed south on Highway 205.
Wright’s Point provides stunning views
of the Blue Mountains to the north and
Steens Mountain to the south. At the
Narrows interpretive site, Mud Lake and
Harney Lake offer pleasant vistas to the
west. To the east, Malheur Lake and the
Malheur National Wildlife Refuge presents a veritable oasis amidst the arid
range lands. The Refuge stretches 39
miles wide and 40 miles long, and is home
to 320 bird species. Spring is the most
spectacular season. Northern pintails and
tundra swans begin to arrive followed by
sandhill cranes and large concentrations
of snow, Ross’ and white-fronted geese.
Waterfowl, shorebirds and songbirds hit
high number peaks as well. As the flurry
of migration settles, broods of trumpeter
swans and other waterfowl can be seen on
most Refuge ponds and migrant shorebirds congregate on mud flats and alkali
playas. Activity increases again in the fall
as migration begins. One of the Refuge’s
greatest attractions occurs when greater
sandhill cranes “stage,” or gather, in the
southern Blitzen Valley. Also look for large
flocks of ducks, Canada geese and tundra
swans. Winter is the quietest season at
Photo: (opposite page) Diamond Valley,
with Steens Mountain looming in the
distance. Photo: (top) Petroglyph Lake in
Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.
Mr. French and Mr. Glen
the Refuge although a variety of raptors,
including bald eagles and rough-legged
hawks, can be seen.
On To Frenchglen
Skirting the marshes of the Malheur
National Wildlife Refuge, you’ll soon pass
the turnoff for the Diamond Loop Tour
Route, which leads to the Pete French
Round Barn (see page 57). Continue to follow the route that parallels ancient basalt
flows until you reach the southern end of
the Blitzen Valley and the community of
Frenchglen. Frenchglen provides services
for Steens Mountain visitors and is the
point of departure for the Steens Loop
Tour Route (see page 56). You may also
access the Donner und Blitzen River from
here which offers excellent angling for
redband trout, a species of rainbow trout
indigenous to the high desert region.
Other outdoor activities within the area
include hiking, horseback riding, camping,
birding, and winter recreation. One of the
focal points of Frenchglen is the historic
Frenchglen Hotel which was built in the
mid-1920s and remodeled in 1938 by the
Civilian Conservation Corps. It’s an excellent example of American Foursquare
architecture and is still open today, providing lodging and family-style meals.
Catlow Rim to Fields
Heading south from Frenchglen, you’ll
soon pass the turnoff for the Hart
Mountain National Antelope Refuge. This
primitive road leads to the 275,000 acres
of high-desert habitat that was set aside
in 1936 to provide spring, summer and fall
In the 1850s, word of the lush grassland
around current day Frenchglen attracted
stockmen, who moved their cattle to the
region. Among them was John W. “Peter”
French, who arrived from California in 1872
with 1,000 head under the auspices of Hugh
Glen, a wealthy California stock owner and
his father-in-law. French soon fenced the
entire Blitzen River Valley for his herd
numbering over 40,000. Some valley residents resented French and his empire.
In 1897, he was allegedly shot and killed
by a homesteader named Ed Oliver over
a fencing dispute; Oliver was acquitted.
range for the region’s pronghorn antelope
herds. Continuing south, Route 205 parallels Catlow Rim and Catlow Valley, home
to some of the region’s wild horse herds
and bighorn sheep which can frequently
be seen from the road. The High Desert
Discovery Byway ends in the ranching
community of Fields. At the turn of the
20th century, borax was collected around
Borax Lake, providing a significant source
of revenue. Fields is an excellent staging
area for outdoor adventures in the nearby
Trout Creek and Pueblo Mountains. The
privately-owned Alvord Hot Springs is
currently open for public use. Fields offers
some essential traveler’s services such as
food, gas and lodging. From here, you can
loop north on the East Steens Tour Route,
which ends back in Burns.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
47
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Umpqua
River
T H E
Umpqua
River
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
The Umpqua River Valley’s riches nurtured generations of traders, loggers and farmers. Its wealth of
natural and historical treasures unfold as you wind
through the Coast Range to the Pacific.
This 66-mile journey offers sweeping vistas of the ever-changing
valleys of one the state’s most storied river corridors. The Umpqua
itself is at the center of the Byway’s appeal, its cascading waters
giving way to rugged rapids and then wide expanses of slowly
meandering water as it nears its terminus. Recreational opportunities abound—you can sip wine at one of 19 wineries that are on or
accessible from the route, wet a line in the Umpqua for migrating
steelhead or salmon or pause at waysides to spy rare birds and trees.
48
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
The dense forests along the byway provide an ever-changing visual treat—a riot of verdant greens in the spring and
summer, and a kaleidoscope of reds and yellows in the
fall. Along the way, you’ll likely come upon elk, turkey and
other fauna that call theUmpqua Valley home.
Onward from Historic Oakland
The Umpqua River Scenic Byway route begins in
Oakland, one of Oregon’s oldest settlements. The
Oakland Historic District encompasses more than 90
structures, many of which have been authentically
restored, transporting travelers back to a time when Main
Street was the heart and soul of a town. (Self-guided walking tours are available.) The Oakland Historic Museum
depicts life here in the 1800’s, with historic pictures as well
as everyday items used in the town. An old-fashioned soda
fountain serves malts and other treats.
Sutherlin
You’ll next reach Sutherlin, known for almost a century as
“The Timber Town.” A renovated locomotive and caboose
once used in lumber harvesting and distribution are on
display in the City Park, testament to the important role
timber once played. Bird lovers visiting in April and May
will want to visit the Purple Martin Viewing Area just east
of town to view these specimens of the
largest North American swallow. There
are a number of eateries here to fuel
you for your journey.
From Sutherlin, you’ll join Highway 138
and head northwest toward the community of Kellogg, soon joining the Umpqua
River. The Umpqua is an angler’s paradise,
with runs of winter and summer steelhead,
Chinook salmon and sturgeon; the river
between Kellogg and Elkton offers some of
the West’s finest smallmouth bass fishing.
Through this section, the Umpqua has a
base of basalt covered with massive beds of
dark gray shale and light gray sandstone.
This geologic patchwork can be easily seen
from the road during lower summer water
levels. Kellogg is home to the Hinds Walnut
North
Plains
Tree, which wasBanks
planted more
than 250 years
ago and stands over 100 feet tall. EXIT
61
Hillsboro
West from Elkton
Hillsboro
Tom Llewellyn
Rolling Toward the Umpqua
18
Roosevelt Elk
Tualatin
Roosevelt elk are native to Oregon’s coastal mountains; males can reach weights up to 1,000
pounds, with antlers in excess of five feet in length. Mornings and evenings are the best time
to view these majestic members of the deer family, though careful observers will find animals
mid-day as well. Late spring visitors may see elk calves; fall visitors may hear males bugling as
they prepare to mate. Two viewing areas offer extensive interpretive information.
Pavilion and Education Center, which has
gardens that attract both hummingbirds
and butterflies; it’s also home to The Native
Oregon Park, which is cultivated with
indigenous trees and plants arranged by
Oregon’s climate zones.
Reedsport
17
From Rapids to Calm
Leaving greater Elkton, you’ll enjoy sweeping
At Elkton,Gaston
the Byway veers due west.
views of the Umpqua as it rushes in bursts
Elkton was once a wood product manufacof white water toward the sea. At Scottsburg,
turing center; today, it’s home to a number
Tualatin
River
tidal influences come to bear on the river,
Tualatin
of wineries and vineyards, an invitingNWR
café
Sherwood creating a serene flow. Scottsburg was once
and several restaurants. Just west of 99W
Elkton
the largest shipping hub in the state, the
you’ll find a reproduction of Fort Umpqua,
outfitting point for gold miners traveling to
the southernmost outpost established by
the north slopes of the Siskiyou Mountains.
the Hudson Bay Company and operated
Today, Scottsburg Park has a picnic area
from 1836 to 1851. Nearby is the Butterfly
overlooking the river and several rare Myrtle
trees, which are
harvested for their
texture, grain and
color; myrtlewood
souvenirs are availElkton
able in shops along
the Byway.
26
Oakland
Sutherlin
Trip Tips
Brian O’Keefe
Distance: 66 miles (106 kilometers)
Minimum time: 3-5 hours Best Time: Year-round
24
Photo: (opposite page) Umpqua River near Elkton.
17
With the Umpqua on the right and thick
woods on the left, you’ll follow the river to
the Pacific. Three miles east of Reedsport,
you’ll come upon the Dean Creek Elk
Viewing Area—a 1,040 acre sanctuary for
Roosevelt Elk, who congregate here to feed
on the rich pasture land. The Bureau of Land
Management acquired the land and now
manages it to provide high quality forage
for elk. The Oregon Department of Fish
and Wildlife manages the elk, maintaining
the herd at 90 to 120 animals. Reedsport is
known as the gateway to the Oregon Dunes
National Recreation Area (information
is available at the Visitor Center), and
as a boater’s access point to the Pacific,
via Winchester Bay. It’s also home to the
Umpqua Discovery Center, which details the
river’s geologic, ecologic and human history.
At Reedsport, the Umpqua River Scenic
Byway meets the Pacific Coast Scenic Byway,
where more breathtaking scenery awaits you,
north and south.
Wines of the “Hundred
Valleys of the Umpqua”
Willamette Valley has made a name for itself on the international
wine stage, and the Umpqua Valley could be next. The network of
hillsides and river drainages along the byway are cool enough to
produce high-quality Burgundian wines from varieties like Pinot
noir and Pinot gris, yet warm enough to grow Bordeaux varieties such as Cabernet sauvignon and Merlot; fruity Rieslings and
Gewürztraminers are also available.
23
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
49
O R E G O N
S T A T E
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
Over the Rivers
and Through
the Woods
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y
This 66-mile route begins in the rich farmland of the
Willamette Valley, then winds along rushing streams
and through thick forests as it climbs into the Cascades
to join the West Cascades and McKenzie Pass-Santiam
Pass National Scenic Byways.
Along the way you’ll pass through some of Oregon’s oldest
settlements, while experiencing the geographic diversity of
five western Oregon ecosystems. With access to rivers, reservoirs, parks and campgrounds, many trails and snow-play
areas, this Byway offers a wide range of recreational activities.
East Through the Valley
Moving east from Interstate 5, you’ll first come to Brownsville,
which was settled in 1846 and is Oregon’s third oldest town.
Historic structures dot Main Street, and thanks to preservation
efforts, look much the way they did 100 years ago. The Linn
County Historical Museum chronicles local history. During
winter months, grass fields around Brownsville host winterY A M H I L L ingWoodburn
bald eagles and large flocks of white tundra swans. East
Molalla
from Brownsville, travelers
upon Crawfordsville, a quiet
Mt.come
Angel
farming and logging community. Check out the Crawfordsville
Covered Bridge, which spans the Calapooia River and is adja46
214
cent to
the
Byway.
Further
east
is
the
tiny
logging
town
of
Turner
Stayton
Holley, which dates back to 1847.
22
Aumsville
26
Salem
Albany
Lebanon
Green Peter Res.
William
L. Finley
NWR
Brownsville
Sweet Home
20
Holley
Crawfordsville
5
22
126
Cascadia
126
enzie River
126
McK
Sisters
242
19
Eugene Springfield
372
Lookout
Point Res.
Trip Tips
Sunrive
Oakridge
58 Year-round.
Distance: 66 miles (106 kilometers). Best Time:
Wickiup
Res.
Minimum Driving Time: 2-3 hours. Medical Services/Hospitals:
David Jensen
Sweet Home and Lebanon. Rest Areas: Facilities are available at
50
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
Shey Point east of Sweet Home and in the Santiam Pass there are
three rest areas and several in parks and campgrounds.
From Holley, the Byway bends north
toward Sweet Home. The towering trees
in the Cascade foothills attracted sawmills
and settlers here in the 1850s. Some of the
region’s logging history is preserved at the
East Linn Museum; historic Weddle Bridge
and the town’s colorful murals are also
worth a visit. From Sweet Home, the Byway
heads east on Highway 20. You’ll soon
pass Foster Reservoir, a popular recreation area where anglers pursue trout and
kokanee salmon; fishing is also available
in nearby Green Peter Reservoir. Below
the dam, anglers target summer steelhead
and spring Chinook on the South Santiam
River. As you follow the South Santiam
River into the Cascades, you’ll enter dense
stands of conifers. Cascadia State Park is
popular for overnight camping and day
use. It also provides access to Cascadia
Caves, one of the oldest known archaeological sites on the west coast, and home
of the largest display of petroglyphs in
western Oregon. Nearby, the Longbow
Organization Camp is a fine example
of forest architecture from the Civilian
Conservation Corps’ efforts of the 1930s.
On to the Mountains
From Cascadia, the Byway continues along
the South Santiam River. Thick forests are
dominated by Douglas fir, western hem-
Steve Terrill
Climbing into the Foothills
lock and red cedar; big leaf maples and
red alder provide contrast to the conifers,
especially in the fall. The Byway leaves the
river near Mountain House, the most eastern active homestead on the route; services
are available here. Now, the road begins
its climb toward Tombstone Pass (4,241
feet elevation), gaining over 2,500 feet in
just seven miles. Several pullouts offer the
chance to glimpse wildlife, and to take in
the vistas of Jumpoff Joe, Green Mountain
and Iron Mountain.
Historic Santiam Wagon Road
Much of the Byway parallels the Santiam
Wagon Road. Unlike most routes across
the Cascades, this road was built to lead
settlers away from the Willamette Valley
to pasture lands in central Oregon, and to
Photo: (opposite page) Turkey Monster,
a prominent rock spire in the Menagerie
Bruce Jackson
Wilderness. Photo: (bottom left) Myriad
creeks drain the western Cascades;
(top right) Maple leaves fall at the
Crawfordsville Covered Bridge.
gold mines in eastern Oregon and Idaho.
The wagon route was part of the first
transcontinental auto race in 1905, when
two cars left New York City for Portland,
Oregon (the winner made it in 40 days!).
Parts of the wagon road are open to pre1940 vintage vehicles looking to relive a
slower pace of travel.
Great Old Growth
The last segment of the Byway offers
some wonderful natural treats. On the
grounds of Walton Ranch, a herd of elk
tends to congregate in the winter months;
platforms are available for viewing. A bit
further east is the Menagerie Wilderness
area, which offers an impressive collection of rock spires, and is a popular testing
ground for rock climbers. Near the end of
the Byway you’ll reach the Hackleman Old
Growth Trail. Two easy-to-walk trails take
you through a stand of old growth Douglas
fir, western red cedar, and mountain
hemlock. Some trees are more than 500
years old! At the junction of Route 20 and
Route 126, you can opt for the McKenzie
Pass-Santiam Pass or the West Cascades
National Scenic Byways.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
51
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
Sparkling Silver Falls
Silver Falls State Park is the largest in the Oregon
State Park system, featuring a campground, conference
center, and hiking, mountain biking and horse trails.
Best known for its waterfalls, it attracts more than
750,000 visitors each year. The Trail of Ten Falls
(Canyon Trail) winds past ten waterfalls in Silver Creek
Canyon and joins the Canyon Rim Trail to complete a
seven mile loop. Originally constructed by the Civilian
Conservation Corps (CCC), the trail runs behind
several of the taller falls and along the brinks of others,
providing an exhilarating excursion for hikers of all
ages and abilities. If you don’t have time for a long hike,
take the ¼ mile trail to Upper North Falls. The historic
South Falls Lodge, constructed by the CCC in 1941, is
also worth a visit.
Dennis Frates
On to Sublimity
T H E
Silver Falls
T O U R
From Silver Falls State Park, descend past vineyards
and Christmas tree farms on Oregon Route 214, turning
right onto Cascade Highway to Sublimity, a town that’s
as peaceful as its name. (Don’t miss the Stayton-Jordan
Covered Bridge at Pioneer Park, the newest covered
bridge in Oregon.) In Sublimity, enjoy a walking tour
of the historic downtown, featuring 19th and early
20th century buildings, two of the oldest man-made
waterways in the state, and interesting antique and
specialty shops. From here, the byway heads west
toward the town of Turner, where you can access I-5.
R O U T E
A stone’s throw from Salem, this leisurely paced route offers a
pleasing detour for I-5 travelers, rolling through peaceful countryside
and quaint rural towns to Oregon’s most popular State Park.
If the skies are clear, you’ll be treated to views of Mts. Hood, Adams,
Jefferson, St. Helens, and Rainier.
Baskett
Slough
NWR
5
Woodburn
Salem
Ankeny
NWR
As you approach Silverton, it’s worth a brief detour to visit the Gallon House Covered
Bridge (off Gallon House Road), Oregon’s oldest covered bridge. Oregon Route 214
continues into Silverton, a town that displays its old-fashioned charm with murals
depicting Norman Rockwell paintings. Silverton’s vibrant downtown offers good
restaurants, shopping, and galleries. Gardeners will want to visit the Oregon Garden
Resort, with stunning garden displays and botanicals, as well as a restaurant that features
Northwest cuisine, with sweeping views of the gardens and the Willamette Valley beyond.
O R E G O N
Stayton
Turner
Aumsville
22
Albany
Trip Tips
Distance: 55-miles (88 kilometers). Best Time: Spring
for abundant waterfalls and wildflowers; fall for stun-
Silverton
52
Molalla
Mt. Angel
Silverton
214
From Woodburn to Mt. Angel
The route starts in Woodburn, a culturally diverse agricultural town that shoppers know as
“The Ultimate Outlet of the Northwest” featuring top-name designers and manufacturers
in a sophisticated environment, and food lovers know for its authentic Mexican restaurants.
You’ll also see the home of founding father, Jesse Settlemier. Heading east on Route 214,
you’ll reach Mt. Angel, a town rich in Bavarian heritage as evidenced in its Benedictine
Abbey, life-size glockenspiel, and its authentic Oktoberfest in September.
Oregon
City
Newberg
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
ning colors. Road Conditions: Paved, open year-round.
Minimum Driving Time: 2-3 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Salem, Silverton and
Woodburn. Rest Areas: Facilities are available in
Salem, Silver Falls State Park, Silverton and Mt. Angel.
Photo: Middle North Falls in Silver Falls State Park.
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
A Wine Lover’s Paradise
Vineyard and Valley
Scenic Tour Route
T H E
Vineyard
and Valley
T O U R
R O U T E
Paul Loofburrow
Located in the northern Willamette Valley,
Washington County boasts more than 35 wineries,
tasting rooms and wine bars, each offering an
atmosphere that is relaxed, casual and intimate.
Here you’ll find yourself sampling recent vintages
with the winemakers or the owners themselves.
As the route turns north near the small city of
Gaston, the foothills of the Coast Range provide
a rugged backdrop for the rolling hills of grapes,
fields and orchards—a patchwork of pastoral
splendor. Along the route, in the small burgs of
Gales Creek and Dilley, are two venerable vineyard
estate wineries, each pouring a vast selection of
cool-climate varietals. A full list of wineries is
available at www.oregonswashingtoncounty.com.
Pioneer History
The Tualatin Valley was one of the earliest regions
settled by Oregon Trail pioneers, and is steeped Hillsbor
in the history of the Territory’s early days. Small
communities along the route as it heads toward
Hillsboro reflect the diverse peoples drawn to the
Tua
region by land grant programs, including Swiss
(Helvetia), Dutch (Verboort) and Scottish (Roy).
A noted Scottish contribution is the Tualatin Plains
Presbyterian Church (also known as the Old Scotch
Church), which dates back to 1878 and boasts an
unusual eight-sided steeple. Staggering views
of snowcapped Mt. Hood, Mt. St. Helens and Mt.
Adams from hillsides along the route will remind
you that you’re in Oregon, not Scotland.
18
Winding through the heart of Washington County’s vineyard country,
Banks
this tour route beckons you to enjoy the agricultural and viticultural
North
Plains
EXIT
61
bounties of the Tualatin Valley, among bucolic rural scenery.
Hillsboro
Gaston
Nature and Produce Abound
Embarking from the city of Sherwood, the Vineyard and Valley Tour Route passes
alongside the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge, an oasis of wetland and
upland habitats within the city’s urban boundary, which is home to nearly 200
species of birds, 50 species of mammals and several endangered species of
fish. You’ll soon begin passing a number of farm stands offering fresh produce;
depending on the time of year, offerings include blueberries, apples, peaches,
plums, hazelnuts, walnuts, raspberries, strawberries and marionberries. Many farm
stands let you pick your own—it’s a great way to stretch your legs and immediately
reap the rewards of your efforts!
Tualatin
River
NWR
Tualatin
Sherwood
99W
Trip Tips
Distance: 50 miles (80 kilometers)
Minimum time: 2-5 hours Best Time: Year-round
Photo: David Hill Winery.
Elkton
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
53
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
Jeffrey L. Torretta
Catherine Creek and Cove
T H E
Grande
WA
L
La Grande
203
84
Union
From the Visitors Center in downtown La Grande, follow the Tour Route signs
to Birnie Park, where Oregon Trail travelers camped before climbing over the
Blue Mountains. The Route heads south along the base of the Blues to a viewpoint
overlooking the Ladd Marsh Wildlife Refuge with the snow-capped Wallowa
Mountains in the background.
73
Granite
Sumpter
.
W
TS
244
82
LO
Cove
237
Po
Launch from La Grande
30
Medical
Springs
wd
203
er R
i v er
Baker City
86
7
Trip Tips
Distance: 80-miles (129 kilometers).
A More Perfect Union
Best Time: Spring through fall.
After passing Hot Lake Springs Resort, a spa/hospital that was the Mayo Clinic of
the West in the early 1900s and is now being restored by a well-known artist, a short
gravel road connects with Oregon Route 203 to Union. Visit the Union County Museum on Main Street, where you will learn all about cowboys and local history. From
Union, the Route heads south on Oregon Route 237, then east on Thief Valley Road
for 15 miles of gravel road through rugged, wide open range before looping back to
Union via Oregon Route 203.
S C E N I C
Wallowa
82
M
It’s a landscape that has the power to make you feel small.
Elgin
NS
AI
A
and the history that make the Grande Ronde Valley what it is today.
O R E G O N
From Cove, the twisty Grande Ronde River escorts you
along back roads past cherry orchards and mint fields at
the base of the Wallowa Mountains. Cross the lush Grand
Ronde Valley and Oregon Route 82, then turn left for a
straight shot south on Mt. Glen Road back to La Grande.
R O U T E
“Grande” is French for “big,” which describes the mountains, the farms
54
On the Grande Ronde
BLUE
MO
UN
T
T O U R
Oregon Route 203 climbs through pine and fir forests to
the Catherine Creek Summit and Sno-Park, then follows
the tumbling creek past the popular state park and down
to Union. Take Oregon Route 237 north from Union to
the little town of Cove nestled at the base of Mt. Fanny.
Cove is noted for its Ascension Chapel, an Episcopal
church built in 1869 that has been visited by the likes of
Desmond Tutu. There is also a warm springs swimming
pool with picnic grounds in town—a refreshing break
for summer travelers. From Cove, the twisty Grande
Ronde River escorts you along paved and gravel back
roads through cherry orchards and mint fields at the
eastern base of the Wallowa Mountains. After crossing
the lush Grande Ronde Valley and Oregon Route 82,
it’s a straight shot south back to La Grande. For more
information, call Union County Tourism at 800-848-9969,
or go to www.visitlagrande.com.
B Y W A Y S
Road Conditions: Paved and well-maintained.
Minimum Driving Time: 2-4 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: La Grande.
Rest Areas: Facilities in La Grande, Union and Cove.
Photo: the Grande Ronde Valley takes on fall colors
near the town of Cove.
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
rising a vertical mile from the Alvord Basin to an
elevation of nearly 10,000 feet. Steens Mountain
is a topographical wonder, and presides over the
remainder of the route. Bighorn sheep can be
spotted on the ridges and pronghorn antelope can
be seen adjacent to the road with binoculars. You’ll
next reach Mann Lake, which is renowned by fly
fisherman for its hefty cutthroat trout.
This 143-mile tour skirts along the eastern escarpment of
Steens Mountain and the vast expanses of the Alvord Desert,
Oxbow Res.
Crane
Narrows Malheur Lake
Harney Lake
Ro
ad
BASIN
Foster
Lake
L
ava
Malheur NWR
78
Jorda
Frenchglen
Rome
T
E
providing a scenic study in dramatic contrasts.
HARNEY
S
R O U T E
Warm
Springs
Res.
N
T O U R
20
Burns
E
East Steens
ds
T H E
While Steens Mountain looms to the west, the
shimmering salt flats of the Alvord Desert unfold
to the east. The Alvord Desert playa, which can be
either wet or dry depending on the time of year,
is one of the largest playas in Oregon—six miles
wide and 11 miles long. It’s a popular venue for
motorcycle and ATV riding, land sailing, glider
flying and camping. Sore travelers will find sweet
solace at Alvord Hot Springs: a privately owned,
no-fee hot spring that bubbles up at 174 degrees,
but cools considerably by the time it reaches manmade sitting pools. The Tour Route ends in the
small community of Fields; rumor has it that the
cafe in Fields serves some of the best hamburgers
and milkshakes in southeastern Oregon.
Be
Bruce Jackson
Desert Hot Springs, A Treat in Fields
Like many great plays, the drama of the East Steens Tour Route builds slowly
toward a stunning conclusion. Heading south out of Burns on Highway 78, you’ll
pass the first of several hot springs just north of the town of Crane; Crane offers
limited services. A detour onto Lava Beds Road south of Crane will take you to
the Diamond Loop Tour Route (page 57). Keep heading southeast on 78 and your
perseverance will be rewarded.
In The Shadow of Steens Mountain
Near milepost 65, the Tour Route detours off Highway 78 onto East Steens Road; it’s
a gravel surface, but quite passable with regular passenger vehicles. The landscape
is arid, but not without life-sustaining water. After passing the sagebrush-covered
Sheepshead Mountains to the east, you come to a series of small lakes—Five
Cent, Ten Cent, Fifteen Cent and Juniper Lakes (the lakes can be dry depending
on the year)—that attract a variety of animal life. Majestic Steens Mountain also
comes into view. It is the largest fault-block mountain in the northern Great Basin,
Bluejoint Lake
205
95
S
Setting the Stage
Rough Road
A LV O R D
DESERT
Fields
Trip Tips
McDermitt
Distance: 143 miles (230 kilometers).
Minimum Driving Time: 5-7 hours. Best Time:
Spring through fall—but enjoyable year-round.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Burns. Rest Areas: Facilities
are available at several campgrounds along the route.
Gas: There are no services available along the way so be
sure to gas up in Burns, Narrows, Frenchglen or Fields.
Photo: Spring comes to Steens Mountain.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
55
95
Owyhee
Riv
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
of the mountain may receive as much as 25 inches
of precipitation, the Alvord Desert in its shadow
receives less than six inches per year. Making your
way to the summit, take note of changing plant life.
Sagebrush dominates in the lower, drier environs,
giving way to dense stands of juniper, then
quaking aspen and mountain mahogany as the
moisture levels increase. Cattlemen, as well as Irish
and Basque sheepherders, were once drawn to the
upper mountain in the summer to graze their stock
on the lush meadows that thrive there.
Abundant Wildlife
Dennis Frates
Many animals are drawn to Steens’ unique “skyisland” habitats. Bighorn sheep can sometimes be
spotted negotiating rocky escarpments; pronghorn
antelope, mule deer and elk also call the mountain
home. Raptors, including golden eagles, the largest
raptor on Steens Mountain, can often be seen riding
the updrafts in search of prey. The end of the tour
loop winds through wild horse country. The South
Steens Wild Horse Herd descended from musBurns
Warm
tangs
that escaped20from early explorers,
Springs Indians,
settlers, miners, and ranchers. TheRes.
herd of nearly
300
animals
is
managed
by
the
Bureau
of Land
HARNEY
Crane
Management to preserve their wild, free-roaming
Malheur Lake
Harney
nature. Spotting one of these
wild mustangs is an
ad
Lake
Ro
exclamation point on a remarkable drive.
T H E
Steens Loop
ds
R O U T E
BASIN
This 59-mile loop departs from Frenchglen and climbs to the very top Foster
N
Malheur NWR
78
Frenchglen
Rome
E
Lake
S
Diamond
T
Along the way, you’ll have ample opportunities to view wildlife
Bluejoint Lake
205
Rough Road
Remarkable Rocks
Steens Mountain is an example of a fault-block mountain, formed when massive
internal pressure forced the east edge upward along a fault line. From the valley
floor of the Alvord Desert to the east rim of the fault-block, Steens Mountain rises
5,500 feet in less than three miles! From the east rim overlook, the Steens Mountain
drops over a vertical mile to the Alvord Desert floor. Four distinct notches in the
Mountain—including oft-photographed Kiger Gorge—were formed when glaciers
punched through the ridgetops. From the mountaintop, you can see hundreds
of miles. There are five major glaciated canyons on the Steens. The Kiger Gorge
overlook offers the visitor a breathtaking opportunity to stand at the headwall of a
classic textbook example of a massive “U” shaped canyon.
95
S
and take in the grandeur of a national treasure.
va
La
E
of Steens Mountain, which rests in the clouds at nearly 10,000 feet.
Be
T O U R
A LV O R D
DESERT
Fields
Trip Tips
McDermitt
Distance: 59 miles (95 kilometers). Best Time: July
through October—the road is closed in winter months.
Minimum Driving Time: 3-5 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Burns. Rest Areas:
There are several campgrounds along the route.
The Dry and the Moist
Gas: The only gas stations will be in Burns, Narrows,
Steens Mountain acts as a great moisture collector, creating vastly different
ecosystems from the valley floor to the mountaintop. While the upper west slope
Photo: an angler prepares to descend to Wildhorse Lake.
56
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
O
Frenchglen, and Fields.
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
Historic Round Barn
Continuing north, you’ll reach the Pete French
Round Barn, built in the late 1870’s or early 1880’s
by its namesake. The barn is 100 feet in diameter
featuring a 60-foot round stone corral surrounded
by a 20-foot wide outer circle paddock with an
umbrella-type center truss and centrally supported
rafters. Its unusual design was perfectly suited for
its purpose: breaking horses during long eastern
Oregon winters. The Visitor Center at the site
offers exhibits and souvenirs.
Diamond Craters
Dennis Frates
Driving west on Lava Beds Road, you’ll soon come
to Diamond Craters Outstanding Natural Area,
home to some of America’s most diverse basaltic
volcanic formations. The craters were formed
when molten basalt spilled from fissures in the
earth and flooded in a thin layer over a dry lake
bed. Before the initial layer cooled completely,
more basaltic magma injected underneath, creating six arching structural domes. A self-guided
tour highlights Lava Pit Crater, Graben Dome and
other noteworthy features of the site.
T H E
Diamond Loop
R O U T E
Warm
Springs
Res.
HARNEY
Winding through a variety of high desert habitats, the Diamond Loop
Crane
Narrows Malheur Lake
ad
Ro
Harney Lake
Be
ds
Tour Route offers wildlife watching, the historic Round Barn and the
You’ll begin on the Diamond Loop Tour Route by heading east on South Diamond
Lane, through the southern section of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. An
Bluejoint Lake
important stopping point along the Pacific Flyway, the Refuge offers a wonderful
opportunity for viewing of a variety of bird species from waterfowl and shorebirds
to hawks and eagles. Mule deer and antelope also make their home here.
Diamond in the Rough
Diamond is a small ranching community that takes its name from rancher Mace
McCoy’s diamond brand. It was established as a major supply center for ranchers,
sheepherders, and travelers. Today, all that remains of the town of Diamond is the
recently renovated Hotel Diamond, a store and a few residences. East of Diamond,
an 11-mile dirt road leads to the Kiger Mustangs Viewing Area. These distinctive
wild horses are believed to closely resemble the horses brought to North America
by the Spaniards in the late 16th century. (Recommended for 4-wheel drive, high
clearance vehicles and dry weather travel only.)
N
Malheur NWR
78
Rom
E
Frenchglen
E
Along the Marsh
Diamond
S
BASIN
Foster
Lake
va
La
T
fascinating geologic formations of the Diamond Craters.
205
Rough Road
Trip Tips
95
S
T O U R
20
Burns
A LV O R D
DESERT
Distance: 69 miles (111 kilometers). Best Time:
Spring through fall. Minimum Driving Time: 3-5
Fields
hours. Medical Services/Hospitals: Burns.
Rest Areas: Facilities are available at Round Barn
Visitor’s Center and several campgrounds along McDermitt
the route. Gas: Be sure to gas up in Burns, Narrows,
Frenchglen, and Fields.
Photo: the Pete French Round Barn.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
57
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
parts to offer views of the 33,200-acre RogueUmpqua Divide Wilderness to the east. After 14
miles, the Route jogs left onto Forest Road 2792
for 500 feet before heading west on BLM Road
28-3-35 to Red Top Pond, a popular reservoir for
fishing and picnicking. NOTE: This steep and
narrow one-lane road can be hazardous for motor
homes and trailers, and is often closed in winter
due to snow.
Dave Lines
From Forest to Farmland
From Red Top Pond, the Route widens and
follows South Myrtle Creek along County Route
18, South Myrtle Road, through hills dotted with
cattle, sheep and wild turkeys. The roadsides are
painted with wildflowers in spring and the bright
leaves of hardwood trees in the fall. After about 17
miles, you’ll end up on Riverside Drive in Myrtle
Creek. The Route ends at Mill Site Park on Main
Street. Before leaving, check out the Horse Creek
Covered Bridge. The bridge began its history in
Lane County in 1930 and was moved to its present
location in 1986.
T H E
Myrtle CreekCanyonville
T O U R
roll through the southern Cascade foothills on this easy-to-access
68-mile Tour Route east of I-5.
To begin, take Exit 98 off I-5 and find the Canyonville Kiosk in front of City Hall
on Main Street. From here, take County Route 1 along the South Umpqua River, an
important source of water for the region’s rich farmland. Watch for historic homes
and buildings, bountiful produce farms, and the Milo Covered Bridge. Unlike most
covered bridges, Milo is actually constructed of steel, with a wooden housing. In the
community of Tiller, the Tiller Ranger Station is an historic site listed on the National
Register of Historic Places. A 1930’s era Civilian Conservation Corps Ranger residence
and restored 1920’s cupola-style fire look-out are open to visitors week-days. The Route
follows the South Umpqua River easterly on County Route 46, South Umpqua Road.
About six miles east of Tiller, turn left on Forest Road 2810, which leads you through
stands of old growth Douglas fir, Oregon’s state tree. The dense forest occasionally
S C E N I C
Riddle
39 reek
wC
Co
177
Rogue Ri
ver
Glendale
5
U
CO
NTY
18
2810
ROAD 1
46
Days Cr. Tiller
Canyonville
ver
Shady Cove
Grants Pass
199
Gold
Hill
234
e Ri
Rogu 62
Eagle Point
126
Medford
Trip Tips
Distance: 68-miles (109 kilkometers), parts of which
are single lane, gravel and closed in winter.
Best Time: Late spring for wildflower and
rhododendron displays, fall for vivid colors.
Minimum Driving Time: 3-4 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Roseburg and Grants
Pass. Rest Areas: Facilities are available at the Pioneer
Park in Canyonville, the Tiller Ranger Station and Mill
Footloose in the Foothills
O R E G O N
Myrtle
Creek
42
r
ive
is R
no
Illi
East along the South Umpqua
138
Roseburg
R O U T E
Enjoy picturesque farms, verdant forests and scenic streams as you
58
Glide
B Y W A Y S
Site Park in Myrtle Creek.
Photo: A vista view from Forest Road 2810.
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
panning techniques are used. Purchase a gold pan,
take your pan to a place along the stream where the
current slows down enough for the gold to settle
out, and try your luck! Good spots are the insides of
curves of streams, areas where streams have overflowed, and on the downstream sides of boulders or
other obstructions in the water.
Even if you don’t strike it rich, spring waterfalls and
wildflowers mixed with old-growth Douglas firs provide a backdrop you’ll treasure. In the fall, hardwood
leaves turn to bright reds and yellows. Watch for
spawning salmon in the creek’s gravel beds.
Steve Terrill
Back to I-5
T H E
Cow Creek
T O U R
R O U T E
This 45-mile detour meanders along the coast mountain range,
past quaint farms, spring waterfalls, and historic mines.
As you pass the West Fork of Cow Creek, you’ll come
upon two distinctive steel girder bridges. They date
back to 1905 and are still in use today, testament
to their fine construction. As the road rises beyond
Skull Creek Campground, forests are replaced by
pastures and orchards. The Route returns to 1-5 at
Exit 80, 18 miles north of Grants
Pass.
5
Roseburg
Myrtle
Creek
Riddle
42
reek
wC
o
C
39
Rogue Rive
227
46
Days Cr.
Canyonville
177
Grants Pass
iver
Begin near Riddle
As you head west, picturesque farms and ranches give way to deep forests in the
Cow Creek Canyon. Shortly after passing Tunnel No. 1 of the historic Oregon and
California Railroad, you’ll find a rest stop where you can pan for gold just as miners
did nearly 150 years ago. Because gold is heavier than most sediments and gravel
in a stream, it and other heavy minerals called “black sands” (including pyrite, magnetite, ilmenite, chromite, and garnet) can be collected in a gold pan when the right
2810
5
Illinois
R
Go for the Gold
18
r Glendale
It’s a pleasant respite from I-5.
Your tour begins at Exit 103, 21 miles south of Roseburg. Follow Cow Creek Road as
it passes through Riddle, an old railroad town named after an 1851 pioneer. Riddle is
the site of the last nickel mine and smelter that operated in the lower 48; mine sites
and tailings are still evident. Gas up here, as there are no services until the end of
the Route.
138
199
Gold
Hill
234
Medford
Trip Tips
Distance: 45-miles (72 kilometers).
Best Time: Spring for abundant waterfalls; fall for stunning colors. Road Conditions: Paved, open year-round.
Minimum Driving Time: 1-2 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Roseburg and Grants
Pass. Rest Areas: On the Tour Route at milepost 17;
and along I-5 at milepost 83 and 112.
Photo: Cow Creek once attracted miners; you can still
pan for gold today.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
59
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
farther on you’ll reach Shore Acres State Park, which
rests upon a bluff that offers sweeping views of the
Pacific. The Park was once the site of a grand estate
built by lumber baron, Louis B. Simpson; the restored
five acre gardens of the Simpson estate, filled with
exotic plants from around the world, are now open to
the public. The road ends at Cape Arago State Park,
poised 200 feet above the Pacific. Watch for seals
and sea lions in the surf near Simpson Reef, and for
migrating whales farther off the coast in the winter. To
reach the next leg of the Route, retrace your route for six
miles, and turn right on Seven Devils Road.
R O U T E
E
.
D
BL
V
RE
SEV
Seven Devils
Wayside
D
WHISKY
RUN LN
Coquille River
Lighthouse
Bandon
Oregon Islands NWR
From North Bend, take Cape Arago Highway to Charleston, a working fishing port,
and a great point of departure for a charter fishing trip. Soon you’ll pass the Oregon
Institute of Marine Biology, a teaching and research extension of the University of
Oregon, and Coos Head, which offers offers a fascinating look at the mouth of this
dynamic estuary. Driving south, you’ll reach Bastendorff Beach County Park, a
popular surfing spot.
Out to Cape Arago
A series of beautiful parks awaits you on this stretch of the Route. First stop is
Sunset Bay State Park, which features a beach surrounded by sandstone cliffs that
shield this favorite swimming cove from the strongest winds and waves. Three miles
60
O R E G O N
le Riv
National Estuarine Research Reserve.
To Coos Head
S C E N I C
B Y W A Y S
101
N D
ILL R
ER H
BEAV
two National Wildlife Refuges, and America’s first
EV
A short spur off the Pacific Coast Scenic Byway, this Route
showcases a glorious stretch of coastline that includes six state parks,
Coos Bay
PI
Charleston
Sunset Bay
Shore Acres
Cape Arago
er
T O U R
Pacific
Ocean
EM
Charleston
to Bandon
Bandon
Beach
Loop
Bandon
Marsh
NWR
Coquille
Coqu
il
T H E
Driving south, you’ll come to the South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve, home to many important species including bald eagles, great blue herons,
elk, and Dungeness crab, and offers a number of good
hiking and paddling trails. A little farther along, you’ll
pass some of Bandon’s celebrated cranberry bogs;
Bandon is the unofficial cranberry capital of the Pacific
Northwest. Anchoring the southern leg of the Route is
the Coquille River Lighthouse, one of Oregon’s most
photographed landmarks. The Route skirts the Bandon
Marsh National Wildlife Refuge before going along
the edge of Old Town Bandon. The southern end of the
Route traces the scenic drive along the cliff, with stunning views of seastacks and surf. (see page 21).
I L S RD
Larry Geddis
Down to the Lighthouse
42S
Trip Tips
Distance: 41 miles (66 kilometers). Best Time: Springfall, winter for whale watching. Minimum Driving
Time: 2-3 hours. Medical Services/Hospitals: Coos
Bay and Bandon. Rest Areas: Facilities are available in
Charleston, Bandon and in parks along the way.
Photo: crashing surf at Shore Acres State Park.
O R E G O N
T O U R
R O U T E
Currin Bridge
Constructed in 1925 and restored in 1995, this bridge
features white portals and red sides. Currin Bridge
replaced an earlier covered bridge built in 1883 by a
prominent local bridge builder, Nels Roney.
Chambers Railroad Bridge
This structure was built in 1925 by lumberman J.E.
Chambers to cross the Coast Fork of the Willamette
from his sawmill to the timberlands west of town.
It is the last covered railroad bridge in Oregon. This
bridge is currently closed to traffic and pedestrians,
but history buffs love to take pictures of this treasure.
Dennis Frates
Centennial Bridge
This bridge was constructed in 1997 by volunteer labor
to celebrate Cottage Grove’s centennial. Materials
came from two Lane County bridges that had been
demolished. It rests on abutments of the old Main
Street Bridge, which stood until the 1950s. The bridge
is only open to pedestrians.
Swinging Bridge
T H E
Cottage Grove
Covered Bridge
T O U R
Located a half-mile upstream from Centennial Bridge,
Swinging Bridge was built for foot and bicycle traffic
and was mostly used by children crossing the Coast
Fork to get to school. The present bridge is at least the
fourth built on this site. Earlier versions of the bridge
could be made to swing side to side—hence its name!
R O U T E
Eugene
Cottage Grove is known as the
Cottage
Grove
“Covered Bridge Capital of Oregon.”
Dorena Bridge
38
99
Constructed in 1949 and restored in 1996, this bridge was built after the construction of Dorena Dam on the Row River, forming the present day lake. The Dorena
Bridge once tied the roads on the north and south sides of the lake. Now closed to
traffic, the bridge is a popular wedding site.
Stewart Bridge
Constructed in 1930 and restored in 1996, this structure has semi-circular portal
arches, ribbon openings at the eaves, and decorative S-curve brackets. The deep
water below the bridge is considered one of the best swimming holes in the county.
Springfield
5
58
Lookout
Point Res.
Dorena Res.
Dorena
Trip Tips
Distance: 20 miles (32 kilometers). Best Time:
Year ’round. Minimum Driving Time: 1-2 hours.
Medical Services/Hospitals: Cottage Grove.
Rest Areas: Facilities are available in Cottage
Mosby Creek Bridge
Grove, the Mosby Creek Bridge area and also at
Constructed in 1920 and restored in 1990, this is the oldest bridge in Lane County,
and its one lane remains open to traffic today. The structure has semi-circular portal
arches and ribbon openings near the roof line on each side.
Photo: Chambers Bridge, once a railroad bridge.
Dorena Bridge.
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
61
C O N T A C T S
Visitor Information Sources
Since some Byways pass through sparsely populated areas, the Oregon
Department of Transportation and Travel Oregon recommend that you
contact visitor associations and chambers of commerce to obtain maps,
familiarize yourself with services, and make lodging reservations in advance
whenever possible. Please keep in mind that gas stations and restaurants may
be separated by vast distances or closed late in the evening. Also, be prepared
for rapidly changing weather conditions, especially when traveling through
higher elevations or exposed areas. We want every moment of your journey to
be enjoyable and safe—no matter how far “off the beaten freeway” you are.
Let us welcome you to Oregon
We want your visit to exceed all
expectations, so stop in and say hello.
The sources listed here can provide
information on lodging of all types,
attractions, recreational opportunities,
culinary experiences, and the kinds of
local events that will make your travel
plans click!
State Welcome Centers
Operating hours may vary seasonally; for current information, call the local listing below or go to: www.TravelOregon.com, then Getting Around/Visitor Centers.
View State Welcome Center locations on the state map (pages 4-5) – look for the green stars.
- Wi-Fi available at these locations
KLAMATH FALLS
State Welcome Center
ASHLAND/Siskiyou State Welcome Center
at Interstate 5-Exit 19 (milepost 19)
60 Lowe Road
Ashland, OR 97520
541.488.1805
[email protected]
Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway, Over the Rivers
and Through the Woods Scenic Byway, Myrtle
Creek-Canyonville Tour Route, Cow Creek Tour
Route, Cottage Grove Covered Bridge Tour
Route
ASTORIA State Welcome Center
at Astoria-Warrenton Chamber of Commerce
111 West Marine Drive
Astoria, OR 97103
503.325.6311
[email protected]
Pacific Coast Scenic Byway
BROOKINGS
State Welcome Center
at Crissey Field State Recreation Site
(milepost 362)
14433 US Highway 101 South
Brookings, OR 97415
541.469.4117
[email protected]
Pacific Coast Scenic Byway, Umpqua River
Scenic Byway, Charleston to Bandon Tour Route
62
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
at Interstate 5-Midland Rest Area (milepost 282)
11001 Highway 97 South
Klamath Falls, OR 97603
541.882.7330
[email protected]
Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway, McKenzie PassSantiam Pass Scenic Byway, Cascade Lakes
Scenic Byway, Rogue-Umpqua Scenic Byway
LAKEVIEW State Welcome Center
at Lake County Chamber of Commerce
126 North E Street
Lakeview, OR 97630
541.947.6040
[email protected]
Oregon Outback Scenic Byway, High Desert
Discovery Scenic Byway, East Steens Tour
Route, Steens Loop Tour Route, Diamond
Loop Tour Route
ONTARIO
State Welcome Center
at Ontario Rest Area (milepost 377)
1202 South Interstate 84 North
Ontario, OR 97914
541.889.8569
[email protected]
Hells Canyon Scenic Byway, High Desert
Discovery Scenic Byway, East Steens Tour
Route, Steens Loop Tour Route, Diamond
Loop Tour Route
B Y W A Y S
OREGON CITY
State Welcome Center
at Interstate 205-Exit 10 (milepost 10)
End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center
1726 Washington Street
Oregon City, OR 97045
800.424.3002 toll-free
[email protected]
Historic Columbia River Highway Scenic
Byway, West Cascades Scenic Byway, Mt. Hood
Scenic Byway, Silver Falls Tour Route, Vineyard
and Valley Tour Route
PORTLAND INTERNATIONAL
AIRPORT State Welcome Center
at Baggage Claim, Lower Level
7000 NE Airport Way
Portland, OR 97218
503.284.4620
[email protected]
Historic Columbia River Highway Scenic
Byway, West Cascades Scenic Byway, Mt. Hood
Scenic Byway, Silver Falls Tour Route, Vineyard
and Valley Tour Route
UMATILLA State Welcome Center
North of I-82 Exit 1 near 3rd Street
100 Cline Avenue
Umatilla, OR 97882
541.922.2599
[email protected]
Hells Canyon Scenic Byway, Journey
Through Time Scenic Byway, Blue
Mountain Scenic Byway, Elkhorn Drive
Scenic Byway, Grande Tour Route
C O N T A C T S
Regional Visitor Associations
GO GREEN!
Plan to stop in for Byway and regional visitor information; for local visitor centers,
view the websites listed below.
OREGON COAST REGION
Pacific Coast Scenic Byway, Charleston to
Bandon Tour Route, Umpqua River Scenic Byway
OREGON COAST
Newport Chamber of Commerce
555 SW Coast Highway
Newport, OR 97365
541.265.8801 phone
888.628.2101 toll-free
www.VisitTheOregonCoast.com
GREATER PORTLAND REGION
Mt. Hood Scenic Byway, Vineyard and Valley
Tour Route
TRAVEL PORTLAND
Pioneer Courthouse Square Visitor Center
701 SW Sixth at Morrison
Portland, OR 97204
503.275.8355phone
877.678.5263toll-free
www.TravelPortland.com
MT. HOOD/COLUMBIA RIVER
GORGE REGION
Historic Columbia River Highway Scenic
Byway, Mt. Hood Scenic Byway, West
Cascades Scenic Byway
MT. HOOD TERRITORY
US Forest Service Zigzag Ranger District
70220 East Highway 26
Zigzag, OR 97049
800.915.1525toll-free
www.MtHoodColumbiaGorge.com
WILLAMETTE
VALLEY REGION
Over the Rivers and Through the Woods Scenic
Byway, Silver Falls Tour Route, Cottage Grove
Covered Bridge Tour Route, McKenzie PassSantiam Pass Scenic Byway
SOUTHERN OREGON REGION
Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway, Rogue-Umpqua
Scenic Byway, Myrtle Creek-Canyonville Tour
Route, Cow Creek Tour Route, Oregon Outback
Scenic Byway, Umpqua River Scenic Byway,
Cascade Lakes Scenic Byway
SOUTHERN OREGON VISITORS
ASSOCIATION
• Rent a hybrid car. Enterprise, Budget,
Hertz and Avis fleets include hybrids. If
a hybrid doesn’t match your travel needs,
choose the most fuel-efficient vehicle.
• Get a tune up. And properly inflate your
tires. This alone can save 15%
on fuel.
Medford Visitors Information Center
1314 Center Drive
Medford, OR 97501
541.776.4021phone
800.469.6307toll-free
www.SouthernOregon.org
• Lighten your load. Extra trunk and
rooftop gear decreases fuel efficiency.
CENTRAL OREGON REGION
McKenzie Pass-Santiam Pass Scenic Byway,
Cascade Lakes Scenic Byway, Oregon Outback
Scenic Byway, Journey Through Time Scenic
Byway
CENTRAL OREGON VISITORS
ASSOCIATION
• Drive the speed limit. Driving 65
miles per hour instead of 75 can save 10%
on fuel.
• Drive smoothly. A “pedal to the
metal” style of driving increases tailpipe
pollution and decreases miles per gallon.
• Use overdrive on long trips (or the
highest gear available).
Central Oregon Visitor Center
705 SW Bonnett Way, Ste. 1000
Bend, OR 97702
541.389.8799phone
800.800.8334toll-free
www.VisitCentralOregon.com
• Park the car. Once at your destination,
consider walking to nearby points of
interest. Many of Oregon’s best places
can’t be seen from inside a car.
EASTERN OREGON REGION
Hells Canyon Scenic Byway, Journey Through
Time Scenic Byway, Blue Mountain Scenic
Byway, Elkhorn Drive Scenic Byway, High
Desert Discovery Scenic Byway, Grande Tour
Route, East Steens Tour Route, Steens Loop
Tour Route, Diamond Loop Tour Route
EASTERN OREGON VISITORS
ASSOCIATION
490 Campbell Street
Baker City, OR 97814
800.332.1843toll-free
www.EOVA.com
• Take public transportation. You can
get closer to local culture by hopping on a
bus, trolley, light rail, or streetcar. Contact
the local visitor’s center for schedules.
• Ride a bike. Oregon has eleven
designated Scenic Bikeways for you to
explore. The routes are the very best of
Oregon riding. Plan a bike trip at
RideOregonRide.com.
oregon’s Seven Tourism regions
Greater
portland
WILLAMETTE VALLEY VISITORS
ASSOCIATION
Albany Visitors Association
110 3rd Ave. SE
Albany, OR 97321 800.526.2256toll-free
www.OregonWineCountry.org
You can help keep Oregon, and our
nation’s Scenic Byways, beautifully
pristine by diminishing your impact
on the environment as you travel. Here
are some green tips to think about as
you plan your trip and hit the road.
Mt. Hood & the
columbia river
gorge
Coast
willamette
valley
central
Eastern
southern
T ra v e l O r egon . co m
63
C O N T A C T S
Additional Visitor Information Sources
Emergency assistance: dial 9-1-1
Oregon Department
of Transportation
For road and weather conditions
www.tripcheck.com
Dial 5-1-1 in select Oregon areas
800.977.6368 inside Oregon
503.588.2941 outside Oregon
Travel Oregon
(Oregon Tourism Commission)
Official visitor information website
www.TravelOregon.com
www.RideOregonRide.com bicycling
www.TravelOregon.com/byways
800.547.7842 order visitor guides, map
Oregon Parks and
Recreation Department
www.OregonStateParks.org
800.551.6949 general information
800.452.5687 reservations
Lighthouses in Oregon
www.oregonstateparks.org/images/
pdf/lighthouses.pdf
64
O R E G O N
S C E N I C
Oregon Department
of Fish and Wildlife
Regulations, seasons, wildlife viewing
www.DFW.state.or.us
503.947.6000 phone
800.720.6339 toll-free
The Oregon Scenic Byways and Tour Routes Driving
Guide has been made possible through partnerships
with the Federal Highway Administration, National
Scenic Byways Program, Oregon Department
of Transportation, and the Oregon Tourism
Commission/Travel Oregon.
Content is subject to change.
Design by In House Graphics, Salem, Oregon.
Text written by Chris Santella.
Copyright © 2012 by Federal Highway Administration, State of Oregon.
National Park Service
Oregon sites
www.NPS.gov/state/OR/
U.S. Forest Service
Recreational information
www.fs.usda.gov/r6
503.808.2468
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
www.fws.gov/pacific
800.344.9453 Customer Service Center
Bureau of Land ManagementOregon State Office
www.blm.gov/or
503.808.6001
National Scenic Byways Program
www.Byways.org for visitors
www.BywaysOnline.org for Byway advocates
B Y W A Y S
U.S. Department
of Transportation
Federal Highway
Administration
Oregon
Department
of Transportation
For detailed information, or to order additional
free copies of this guide, call 800.547.7842 or visit
www.TravelOregon.com/guides.
The COAST YOU REMEMBER
1 - 800 - COAST 44 • discovernewport.com
Scenic wonders at every turn
Banks
Hillsboro
•
•
Beaverton • Chehalem Mountains • Cornelius • Durham • Forest Grove • Gaston
King City • North Plains • North Willamette Valley • Sherwood • Tigard • Tualatin
•
•
Helvetia
Wilsonville
No matter the season, explore the wonders of the Tualatin Valley along the 60-mile Vineyard and Valley Scenic Tour Route.
Trek through pristine rural landscapes and discover Washington County’s agricultural bounty. In the summer, stop at a
roadside produce stand or pick your own berries at a u-pick farm. In the autumn months, pick a pumpkin or get lost in a corn
maze. Visit a pioneer cemetery and other historic sites, or celebrate the natural surroundings of a wildlife refuge as the
seasons change. Take in the breathtaking views of the valley below and the majestic Cascade Mountain range. Picnic at
a vineyard winery, while sampling the riches of Oregon Pinot Noir. Located west of downtown Portland, the serenity of the
bucolic countryside is only minutes away.
oregonswashingtoncounty.com/
Discover-Wine-Country/Scenic-Tour-Route
1.800.537.3149
or [email protected]
Visit Washington
County, Oregon
@WCVA
×

Report this document