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Erdbeobachtung für Mensch und Umwelt
Nationales Forum für Fernerkundung und Copernicus 2014
Remote Sensing to Support Sustainability Certification of Bioenergy and Conventional
Markets
Berlin, April 9, 2014
Dr Norbert Schmitz
Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
Weissenburgstr. 53
D-50670 Köln
Germany
e-mail: [email protected]
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
1
Content
Legal sustainability requirements for biofuels and bioliquids
Recognized certification schemes to demonstrate compliance
Biodiversity “hot spot” databases
Detection of land use change by using
remote sensing data
User friendly tool for comprehensive
risk assessment
Conclusions
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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DIRECTIVE 2009/28/EC promotes the use of renewable energy and defines
the framework for sustainability certification
Directive 2009/28/EC: Renewable Energy Directive
(RED, April 2009)
Of particular relevance:
Article 3: 10 % mandatory target (2020) for
the use of renewable energy in transport
Article 17: Sustainability criteria for biofuels
and bioliquids
Article 18: Verification of compliance with
the sustainability criteria for biofuels and
bioliquids
 Use of voluntary certification schemes
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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EU’s RED defines “No Go” areas that are clearly excluded from the
production of sustainable products. Cut off date is January 2008
Primary forest and
other wooded land
Biodiversity
Designated protection
areas
Highly biodiverse
grassland
“Biofuels and
bioliquids… shall not be
made from raw material
obtained from land with
high biodiversity
value… from land with
high carbon stock”
Continuously forested
areas
Areas with 10-30%
canopy cover
Carbon Stock
Undrained peat land
Wetland
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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EU recognized certification schemes like ISCC demonstrate compliance
with these sustainability criteria
• Developed in a
multistakeholder
process with 250+
organisations
• Operational since 2010
• More than 5,000
certificates issued in
89 countries
• 2,500+ system users
• 26 certification bodies
with more than 500
ISCC trained auditors
• ISCC PLUS for
chemical, food and
feed markets
• Integrity and continuous improvement
program in place
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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Auditors require information about biodiversity “hot spots” which are
available in various databases
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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The challenge is to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date overview about
biodiversity based on different sources – and accepted by stakeholders
• International
Databases (IBAT,
WDPA, Ramsar)
• National databases
• State / province
databases
• Information provided
partly outdated or
conflicting
• No comprehensive
and user-friendly tool
available
• Social and water
issues not covered by
available databases
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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Sustainability auditors have to take vicinity of agricultural production land
to protected areas into account, a risk assessment has to be carried out
Public forest and IUCN
protected area
18 km
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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Land use change after January 2008 is another key issue. In the USA land
use change can be detected by using historical aerial images
Historical aerial images
2007
2013
Illegal land use
change after 2008
from forest to
agriculture
(Example USA,
Indiana)
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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In other pilot regions – like Argentina – the analysis of MODIS Enhanced
Vegetation Index time series has proven to reliably detect land use changes
Heat map of land use changes in Chaco region, Argentina
Land use change before 2008
High risk: Land use change around 2008
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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Land use change detection in palm oil areas is particularly challenging
since oil palms have a very similar reflectance to rainforest
Example: High resolution satellite images show: no illegal land use change on certified area in Indonesia
Meo tests methods and algorithms together with the DLR to be able to detect land use change in palm oil
areas with the help of medium resolution images
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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Conclusion
•
Growing demand for reliable information on land use and land use change
•
Demand is driven by legal requirements in the biofuels market and voluntary
requirements in conventional markets
•
Reliable and exact results are key – medium solution for risk assessment of regions
(„heat maps“), high resolution images required to proof land use change in agricultural
operations
•
Technical challenges remain (availability of data, volume of data, user friendly interface)
•
Audit quality can be improved and costs be reduced by using remote sensing data
•
Remote sensing analysis can become an important building block for a credible
sustainability certification
© Meo Carbon Solutions GmbH
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