Knights of the Shire of Kent from A.D. 1275 TO A.D. 1831

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Archaeologia Cantiana Vol. 21 1895
( 198 )
KNIGHTS OE THE SHIRE EOR KENT
EROM A.D. 1275 TO A.D. 1831.*
BY REV. J. CAVE-BROWNE, M.A.,
VICAE ov DETLING, MAIDSTONE.
THE Parliament of England was in Saxon times of the most
simple form, as its name, the WITANA-GEHOT, " the assembly
of the wise men," indicated. It consisted of the bishops and
principal abbots, sitting with the thanes or barons and ealdermen, thus comprising the " Lords Spiritual and Temporal;"
the former at first by prescriptive right as bishops, and
after the Conquest as holding their baronies under the
Crown ; the latter as under their military tenure, vassals
of the Crown, to which stipulated " service " was due. To
these the Conqueror added a third class, elected representatives from the several counties, known by the name
of "Knights of the Shire." It was not till the days of
the later Plantagenets that cities and boroughs were privileged to send representatives under the name of "burgesses."
The earliest record now extant of the component members of such a Parliament is of that held in the third year
of the reign of Edward I. (1275). With it commences the
list of " Knights of the Shire " for Kent, as given in the
following pages.
The number of members to be sent from each county
seems at first to have varied. In the fifth year of King
John's reign a Parliament had been held at which four
knights were to be summoned; in the 10th year of Henry III.
also four, but in the 38th year of his reign only two, in the
* The writer hopes that considering the wide range of country he had to
traverse, and the variety of authorities he had to consult, the expert oritio who
may examine these pages will he indulgent when detecting any (perhaps many)
omissions and mistakes.
KNIGHTS OE THE SHIRE FOB, KENT.
199
45th. three, and in the 49th two; and such continued
thenceforth to be the normal number.
Parliaments did not then hold their sessions at regular
intervals, still less were they continuous; generally only
sitting for a few days at a time. They were summoned
as the emergency of the country or the Crown might demand;
their object and duty being to provide men and money for
any war, or to raise a subsidy, or "Aid," or "Benevolence,"
as it was called, for some pressing necessity of the King.
For instance, the occasion for the Parliament of fifth of
Edward I. was to prepai'e for resisting the thi-eatened invasion of the Welsh Marches by Llewellin, which would
account for its purely military character: there attended at
it no bishops or abbots, and only twenty-four of the most
powerful and influential of the lay barons and knights.
The following list is based on the Parliamentary Return
issued in 1878, supplemented by the older volume of
Palgrave's Writs, etc., to Parliament, printed by the Record
Commission in 1830, and amplified by references to Philipott's Villare Cantimum, Kilburne's Survey of Kent, Hasted's
History of Kent, Eurley's Weald of Kent, Le Planche's Corner
of Kent, etc. In it the several titles as they appear in
the official records have been retained, marking the periods
in which they passed from one to the other, " Miles,"
"Chivaler," "Knight," "Baronet," to the modern "Sir,"
and from " Armiger " into " Esquire."
The term Miles, or Knight, did not necessarily indicate
a recognition of martial prowess, for Henry III. had compelled all men with an income of £20 to take up their
knighthood, as a means of raising money. The highest
title of honour was that of " Eques Bannerettus," " Knight
Banneret," conferred on the battle-field by the King himself
as a reward for distinguished valour.
It is worthy of notice how frequently the " Knight of the
Shire " was also " Sheriff;" to the one office elected by the
County, to the other nominated by the Crown; shewing how
often the Crown and the County concurred in their estimate
of the character and worth of the men selected for either
office. Indeed a glance down the list will shew how the
200
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIEE FOB, KENT.
county strove to send the pride of its knighthood and its
landed magnates, its strong men and its wise ones, to represent it in the Council Chamber of the kingdom.
In casting his eye over the names of the Manors from
which these representatives of his county came, the old
Kentish antiquary can hardly fail to be saddened by the
reflection that so many of these old " mansions" have
either disappeared or relapsed into labourers' tenements, or
into ruins 5 the very name of which village tradition has
corrupted in some disfigured form, even if it has preserved
it at all; while the Shire Hall itself, that erst stood on
Penenden Heath—the scene of so many an exciting contested election, with its horse-block from which of old the
successful candidate had mounted his charger to go forth
" a dubbed knight"—is now a thing of the past; its old
site knows it no more—no, not a vestige remains, scarcely a
tradition of where it once stood.
Our list begins with—
3 EDWAED I., 1275, held at "Westminster.
FULCO PEYFOBER, Miles,* of North Court, Easling, of
Colbridge Castle, Boughton Malherbe (which he received licence
from the King (43 Henry III.) to fortify, but of which not a vestige
remains), and o£ Totes Court, Frinsted. Marrying Margaret de
Leaveland, widow of Sir Giles Badlesmere, he succeeded to the manor
of Leayeland, which carried with it the lucrative office of " Custodian of the Fleet Prison," and also of the Palace at Westminster.
He had been High Sheriff of the county in 1258 and 1259. He
died in 1277. Arms: Argent, six fleurs-de-lis sable, 3, 2, and 1.
HENBICTTS DE APELFBETJD, Miles. (This manor is
variously spelt, Apuldorefeilal, 'drefeld, 'delfeld, 'trefeld, etc.) He
soon left this small wooded retreat in Cowdham, now Cudham, and
purchased estates in different parts of the county, but the family
always retained the old name. He was Sheriff in 1298. Arms:
Sable, a cross voided or.
There seems to be no Eeturn of any Parliament forthcoming for the next fifteen years, until
18 EDWARD I., 1290, Westminster.
HENBICTTS DE APPELDBEFEUD, Miles, again.
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
KNIGHTS 0]? THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
201
EOBEETTJS DE SEVAUNZ (for SEPTYANS), Miles,* of
Milton near Canterbury, and also of Aldington in Thornham, to
each of which manors the name of Septvans was attached; derived
probably, not as some think from " Septem Vallibus " (seven valleys),
tut from " Septem Vannis" (seven winnowing sieves), three of which
appear as the cognizance of the family on the rich brass to his
memory in the parish church at Ohartham; the cross-legged effigy
indicating that he had probably taken part in the Crusade under
Prince Edward in 1271. He died in 1306. Arms: Azure, three
fans or winnowing sieves or.
23 EDWABD I., 1295, Westminster.
STEPHANT7S CHTJCHE, Miles (or CHPTHE, CHUTE, or
CHICHE), of Danegeon in Canterbury, where his father had been a
liberal benefactor of the Church of St. Mary Bredin. Arms:
Assure, three lions rampant or.
"WALTEETJS DE EIPPLE, Miles, either of a manor near
Sandwich oi' one in Hollingbourne.
25 EDWABD I., 1297, London.
LUCAS DE LA GAEE, Miles (DE LA GATE, or GOEE).
Philipott identifies the place with Gore Court in Tunstall—possibly
the family afterwards known as " de Porta."
EICAEDUS DE SCO-LAND, Miles (or SHOLASD), in Newenham near Eeversham.
26 EDWABD I., 1298, York.
EICAEDUS DE SCOLAND, Miles, again.
JOHANNES DE GOSHEHALLE, Miles (or G-OSHALL), in Ash
near Sandwich, where a monument of a knight in full armour with a
skeleton represented underneath it commemorates a Sir John
Goshall, of the reigns of Edward III. and Richard II.; probably
the son of this Sir John. Arms : Azure, a lion rampant or, crowned
gules, between ten crosses-crosslet of the second.
28 EDWAED I., 1300, London or "Westminster.
WAEEESIUS DE YALOTNES, Miles (called by Kilburne
WAEEEIS DE "WAM.OYNES), of Eepton in Ashford, and Tremworth
in Crundall. He was Sheriff in 1303 and 1304-.
EICAEDUS DE SCOLAND, Miles, again.
Such is the Return in the Parliamentary Blue Book
; * Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Oarlaverook in 1300.
202
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE IFOR KENT.
published 1878 ; but the Appendix, p. v, as also Palgrave in
Ms Writs, etc., to Parliament of 1830, gives as colleagues to
Warresius de Valoynes in this year,
THOMAS DE INSULA, Miles, probably so called from having
possessions in the Isle of Wight, from whom the Isley family of
Sundridge descended.
LUCAS DE POETA, Miles, supposed to be identical with
LUCAS DE LA G-ATE, or GrABE. (See 25 Edward I.)
29 EDWARD I., 1300, Lincoln.
WAEEESIUS DE VALOYNES, Miles, again. (28 Edward I.)
HENEICUS DE APPELDEEFELD, Miles, son of the Henricus de Appelfreud mentioned in 3 Edward I.
30 EDWABD I., 1302, London.
WAEEESIUS DE VALOTNES, Miles, again.
EOBEETUS DE SETVANS, Miles, again. (See 18 Edward I.)
33 EDWAED I., 1305, "Westminster.
HENEICTJS DE APPELDEEPEUD, Miles, again.
EICARDUS DE EOKESLTE, Miles* of Eokesley, North
Cray, and of Lullingstone. He was the sou of G-regorius de
Eokesley, Lord Mayor of London in 1275. This Sir Eichard was
Seneschal of Poitou and Gi-overnor of Montreal in Picardy. His
tomb is in Lullingstone Church. Arms given in the Carlaverock
Eoll: Mascatty, gules and ermine.
34 EDWABD I., 1306, Westminster.
The same.
35 EDWABD I., 1307, Carlisle.
BAETHOLOMEUS DE BADLESMEE, Miles,* commonly
called the " Eich Lord of Ledes," Custodian of the Castle. On
the accession of Edward II. made Governor of Bristol Castle, two
years after he received the grant of Chilham Castle. In 1321
made G-overnor of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports,
and Custodian of Leeds Castle, but, siding with the Barons, he the
next year supported his Castellan Thomas Colepeper in resisting
the entrance of Queen Isabella, was tried for high treason and other
crimes, hanged and beheaded at Blean near Canterbury in 1324,
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOE KENT.
203
and buried in the church of G-rey Friars in that city. Among his
appointed judges were three men who afterwards became Knights
of the Shire, Henricus de Cobeham, Johannes de Ifeld, and Eadulphus Sauvage (Eot. Plac., 18 Edward II., p. 11, m 34). Arms :
Argent, a f ess between two bars gemels gules.
FULCO DE PAYFEEE, son of Fulco of 3 Edward I. Died
1315.
1 Edward II., 1307, Northampton.
HENEICUS DE COBEHAM, Sen., Miles,* of Eundall,
Shorne, son of Eeginaldus de Cobeham, who had been Sheriff
under Henry III. from 1249 to 1256 ; was himself Sheriff in 1301,
1302, 1307, and 1315. On Edward II. coming to the throne he
was actively engaged on the King's side against the Barons.
Created Lord Cobham in 1313. He died in 1350, and was buried
in Shorne Church, " with his portraiture armed in mail and crosslegged, with a Baron's robes cast over him." Arms : Gules, on a
chevron or 3 lions rampant sable.
FULCO PAYFOEEE, Miles, again.
3 EDWAED II., 1309, Westminster.
"WAEEESIUS DE VALOYNES, Miles, again. (See 28
Edward I.)
WILLIELMUS DE CEEYE, Miles,* of Paul's Cray, son of
Sir Simon de Crey, who was "Warden of the Cinque Ports under
Edward I. in 1275. Both father and son accompanied the King
in his expedition into Scotland, and were knighted for their gallantry
at CarlaverocL Arms : Chiles, a cross engrailed or, over all a bend
azure.
5 EDWARD II., 1311, London.
HENEICUS DE COBEHAM of Eundall, Miles, again. (See
1 Edward II.)
THOMAS DE SANDWICO (SANDWICHO, or SANTWICO),
Miles, the representative of an influential family who had long
before settled in this corner of Kent. Sir John, the grandfather
of this Sir Thomas, having married Agnes de Crevecceur, became
Lord of the Manor of Folkestone, to which Sir Thomas succeeded.
He was appointed leader of the Kentish levies on the death of
"Warresius de Valoignes, and took part in many State ceremonials.
He was buried in Wodnesbury Church, where his Arms appear in
the window: Or, a chief indented azure.
* Created Knight Banneret, by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
204
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOB KENT.
5 Edward II., same year.
Parliament was prorogued after a few weeks, and summoned to meet again at Westminster in November, when,
as the colleague of Sir Henry de Oobham, there appears,
instead of Sir Thomas de Sandwich,
STEPHANTJS DE G-RAYESHENDE of Nutstead, Miles,*
who had accompanied Edward I. in his Scotch war.
6 Edward II., 1313, March.
FULOO PEYFOEEE, Miles, again. (See 35 Edward I.)
THOMAS DE SANDWICO, Miles, again.
7 EDWARD II., 1313, July.
JOHANNES DE FELD,
\ given by Hasted, but not in
JOHANNES DE COBHAM, J
Parl. Returns.
Same year, September.
WILLIELMUS DE OEATE (or CEEYE or OBEY), Miles,
again. (See 3 Edward II.)
STEPHANUS DE COBHAM, Miles,* son of Henry, Lord
Cobham (see 1 Edward II.). Summoned to Parliament as Baron
CobKam of Eundall in 1326. (In Parl. Eeturn entered Goleham^)
8 EDWABD II., 1314.
JOHANNES MALEMEYNS DE WALD WARES HAEE,
near Sandwich, Miles. Sheriff in 1316 and 1317. "Warden of the
Cinque Ports, and Deputy-G-overnor of Dover Castle, during Lord
Cobbam's absences (DareU's History, p. 47), and buried with him in.
the chapel of the Castle. He was commonly known as Sir John
"Waldwareshare.
WILLIELMUS DE BASYNG-G- (or BAsnms) of Kenardington, Miles,* was Sheriff in the following year, in -which he died.
Stow (Survey of London) says that " Basing Hall" owes both its
name and foundation to this family. Arms : Azure, a cross crucilee voided or, a bend gules.
From this date it may be understood that Parliaments
were always held at Westminster unless otherwise mentioned.
8 EDWAED II., 1315, January.
HENBICTTS DE COBBEHAM (sic), Sen., of Rundale, Miles.
(See 1 Edward II.)
* Created Kniglit Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
KNIGHTS 03? THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
205
JOHANNES MALEMEYNS DE HOO, Miles. The estate
in the parish of Stoke now known as Maamans Hall. He was
Sheriff in 1317, in which year he died. Arms: Azure, three sinister
hands couped argent.
10 EDWAED II., 1316, Lincoln.
HENEICUS DE ELHAM, Miles. Arms: Argent, a sword in
bend sable,
EADULPHTTS SAUVAGE of Bobbing-Milsted, Miles.* Sheriff
in 1322 and 1323. His father had been among the Knights created
at Carlaverock. Arms: Ermine, on a chief azure three lions rampant argent.
12 EDWAED II., 1318, York.
JOHANNES MALEMEYNS DE WALDWEESHAEE,
Miles, again.
JOHANNES SAUVAGE of Bobbing Milsted, Miles,* brother
of Badulphus. (See 10 Edward II.)
12 EDWAED II., 1319, York.
JOHANNES SAVAGE, Miles, again.
WALTEEUS DE SHOENE, Miles (Hasted calls him DE
THOBNTON), of Court, or Bekehurst, in Stanford.
14 EDWAED II., 1320.
EOBEETUS DE SHIELONDE (or SHUELAND) in East
Church, Sheppey, son of the Sir Eobert who was knighted by
Edward I. at Carlaverock, created Lord Warden of the Cinque
Ports, whose monument iu Minster Church is the subject of many
" wild legends and romances."
WILLIELMTJS DE DEN of Den Hill in Kingston, Miles, a
member of a very ancient family holding extensive properties in
Eomney Marsh. According to Philipott (Villare Cantianum) he
bore for Arms: Sable, three leopards' heads couped and full faced.
15 EDWAED II., 1321.
THOMAS DE SANDWICO, Miles, again. (See 5 Edward II.)
JOHANNES DE SAVAGE, Miles, again.
Same year, 1322, May, York.
The same members again.
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward.I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
206
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE POU KENT.
16 EDWARD IT., November 1322, York.
THOMAS DE SANDWICO, Miles, again.
EOGEETTS DE HEGHAM (or HIGHOI) in Patricksbourn,
Miles.
17 EDWABD II., 1324.
EOGEEUS DE HEGHAM, Miles, again.
WILLIELMUS DE GEEY, Miles.
18 EDWARD II., 1324, Salisbury.
STEPHANTTS DE COBBEHAM (sic), Miles,* of Eundall in
Shorne, son of Sir Henry Cobham (see 5 Edward II.). Summoned
to Parliament as Lord Cobham. of Eundall in 1334, about which
time he was Sheriff for three consecutive years.
WILLIELMUS DE GEEY, Miles, again.
19 EDWABD II., 1325.
WILLIELMUS DE DEEN (DEN), Miles. (See 13 Edward II.)
WILLIELMUS DE GEEY, Miles,, again.
20 EDWABD II., 1327.
JOHANNES DE SEGEAVE, Miles,* of Folkestone, to which,
lordship be succeeded by virtue of his marriage with Juliana,
daughter of Sir Thomas Sandwich. In Folkestone Parish Church
is an altar-toinb said to be his. Arms : Sable, three garbs argent.
JOHANNES DE COBEHAM, Miles (Hasted gives Carleham),
probably the son of Stephen, Lord Cobham of Eundall, who did not
succeed to the barony.
1 EDWABD III., 1327, Lincoln.
JOHANNES DE BOUENE of Bishopsbourne, Miles, son of
Sir John De Bourne who had been Sheriff from 1292 to 1296. Was
himself Sheriff in 1330 and 1331. Marrying Ellen the daughter of
Sir Boberfc de Sharsted he came into that manor, and was probably
buried in Dodington Church, where his Arms appear in a window :
jErmine, on a bend azure three lions passant-guardant or.
NICHOLAtJS DE MALEMAINS of Malmains at Alkham
near Folkestone, Miles,* a member of the "Waldwershare line.
2 EDWABD III., 1328, February, York.
EOBEETUS DE STANEGEAVE (or EASTAWGBAYE) of Edenbridge, Miles.*
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaveroek in 1300.
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
207
JOHANNES DE BOURNE, Miles, again. (See 1 Edward III.)
Same year, April, Northampton.
JOHANNES DE BOURNE, Miles, again.
HENRICUS DE HELLES of St. Margaret Hells near Darent,
Miles, vice Stangrave.
2 EDWARD III., 1328, York.
JOHANNES DE BOURNE, Miles, again.
JOHANNES DE MALEMEYNS de Waldwarshare, Miles,
again. (See 12 Edward II.)
2 and 3 EDWARD III., October 1328, Salisbury.
JOHANNES DE BOURNE, Miles, again.
THOMAS DE BOURNE, Miles. (? of the same family.)
4 EDWARD III., 1330, Winchester.
PHILIPPUS DE PYMPE of Pympe Court, Nettlestead,
Miles. Arms: Gules, two bars argent, a chief vaire.
HENRICUS DE HELLES, Miles, again.
Same year, November 1330.
JOHANNES DE COBHAM, Miles, again.
JOHANNES DE IEELD, Miles, one of the Oonservatores
Pads in this reign.
5 EDWAED III., 1331.
JOHANNES DE IFELD, Miles, again.
RADULPHUS DE SANCTO LAURENCIO of St. Laurence,
Thanet, from whence they took their name, and of Swalecliffe near
Canterbury, Miles. Sheriff iu 1327 and 1332.
6 EDWAED III., 1332.
JOHANNES DE IFELD, Miles, again.
JOHANNES DE COBEHAM, Miles, again.
6 EDWARD III., December 1332, York.
HENRICUS DE HELLES, Miles, again. (See 2 Edward III.)
OTTO DE G-RANDISONO of Ferneborough, Chellesfield,
Miles, created Lord Grandison. Was Conservator Pads in 1332.
He died in 1358, and was buried at Chelsfield. Arms: Paly argent
and azure, on a b'end three eagles or.
208
KNIQ-HTS OP THE SHIKE FOB, KENT.
8 EDWARD III.
THOMAS DE BAA of Ickham near Wingham, Miles, where
the name of " Tho. Baa " might be seen in stained glass in one of
the windows a few years ago, though, it has since disappeared. The
South Transept, however, is still locally known as the "Bay
Chapel," and contains a tomb said to be that of the old Knight.
The Arms as they appeared in the window were : Or, a lion rampant
sable, crowned argent.
THOMAS LE HOEE, Miles, of Tenterden.
8 EDWAED III., 1334.
EADULPHU8 SAUVAQE, Miles,* son of Sir Eoger Savage
of Bobbing Milsted.
WILLIELMUS MORAUNT of Moraunt's Court, Chevening,
Miles. Sheriff in 1337 and 1338.
9 EDWAED III., 1335, York.
JOHANNES DE COBEHAM, Miles, again.
EOBERTTTS DE STANGEAYE, Miles, again. (1 Edward III.)
10 EDWAED III., 1336.
The same again.
Same year, September, Nottingham.
PHILIPPUS DE PTMPE, Miles, again. (See 4 Edward III.)
WILLIELMUS MORAUNT, Miles, again.
11 EDWAED III., 1337, York, Westminster.
JOHANNES DE COBHAM, Miles, again.
THOMAS DE BEOCKHELLE (or BEOCKHAM) of Saltwood,
Miles, also of Calehill in Little Chart and in Charing. Conservator
of the Peace and "Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Sheriff in the
years 1333, 1334, 1335. His Arms as they appear in Canterbury
Cathedral were: Gules, a cross between twelve crosslets fitchee
argent.
By writs dated August 18 there had also been summoned
to attend this Parliament from the county of Kent "Johannes
de Cobham, Thomas de Aldham, and Willielmus de Orlastou."
While Hasted gives the names of Ralph Savage and Stephen
de Cobham.
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverook in 1300.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIEE FOE KENT.
209.
11 EDWABD III., 1337, September.
PHILIPPTTS DE PYMPE, Miles, again.
WILLIELMUS MOEAUNT, Miles, again.
12 EDWABD III., 1338.
RADULPHUS 8AUVAG-E, Miles, again. (See 8 Edward III.)
STEPHANUS DE ASSETWT of Broxham in Westerham,
Miles, where he succeeded the Isleys (de Insula), and afterwards
the Apuldreffeld family at Cudham.
12 EDWAED III., 1338, July, Northampton.
BADULPHUS DE SATJYAaE, Miles, again.
STEPHANUS DE COBBEHAM, Miles, vice ASSHWT.
By writs issued in July the Sheriffs were directed to send
four Merchants from each of their Bailiwicks. From Kent
came " Willielmus Frensche de Cant, Nicholaus Hore de
Cant, Willielmus Glovere de G-odmersham, and Henricus
Newman de Eofa."
12 and 13 EDWAED III., January 1339.
THOMAS DE BEOCKHELLE, Miles, again. (11 Edward III.)
HUMFEIDUS DE NOETHWODE of Northwood Chasteners
in Milton (Sittingbourne), Miles.* He came of a knightly family,
for his grandfather Sir Eoger had been knighted by Eichard I. at
Acre. His father Sir John received like honour from Edward I.
at Carlaverock, and was four times Sheriff in that reign. Of Sir
Humphrey himself there seems no record. The church at Milton
retains several cross-legged effigies of the old Knights Arms:
Ermine, a cross engrailed gules.
JFor another Parliament held in the same year Hasted
gives the names of Johannes de Malemayns and Johannes
Sauvage, which are not mentioned in the Parliamentary
Eeturn.
13 EDWAED III., September.f
RADULPHUS SAUVAGE, Miles, again.
HENEICUS DE VALOIGNS, Miles. Doubtless a grandson
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverock in 1300.
t Hasted names Eobertus de Sherlonde and "Willielmus de Denne as again
representing the County at another Parliament held this year, but not included
in the Official List.
VOl. XXI.
1J
210
KNIGHTS 01? THE SHIRE FOB, KENT.
of Warresius de Valoynes so often mentioned as representing the
County in reign of Edward I.
13 EDWABD III., 1340, January.
WILLIELMUS DE ORLANDSTONE of Orlandstone in
Romney Marsh, Chivaler, had been Sheriff in 1328 and 1329.
THOMAS DE BROCKHELLE of Saltwood, Chivaler, again.
Arms : Or, two cheTrons gules, on a canton of the second a lion
passant argent,
Same year, March.
The same again.
Same year, July.
RADULPHTTS SAUVAGE, Chivaler, again.
PHILIPPUS DE PTMPE, Chivaler, again.
15 EDWARD III., 1341.
WILLIELMTJS DE ORLANDSTONE, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS DE BROCKHELLE, Chivaler, again.
17 EDWARD III., 1343.
ROQ-ER DE HIGHAM. (Alone, according to Hasted.)
18 EDWARD III., 1344.
OTTO DE GRANDISSONO, Chivaler, again. (6 Edward III.)
RADULPHUS DE SANCTO LEODEGARDIO (Si. LEGER)
of Ulcombe, Chivaler,* a representative of a distinguished family
from the days of the Conqueror. An ancestor of the same name
accompanied Richard I. to Acre ; another was " Recognitor Magnae
Assisae" under John; and this Radulphus, with two brothers, was
knighted by Edward I. for prowess before Carlaverock. Arms:
Azure, f retty argent, a chief or.
20 EDWARD III., 1346.
RADULPHTJS DE SEYNTLEG-ER, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS DE GILLTNGHAM of that ilk, Chivaler.
21 EDWARD III., 1348.
OTTO DE GRANDISSONO, Chivaler, again.
ROBERTUS DE CHEYNE (or CHEYNEY), Chivaler, son of
Alexander de Cheyney* of Patricksbourne. He married the
* Created Knight Banneret by Edward I. for gallantry at the Siege of
Carlaverock in 1300.
KNIGHTS OE THE SHIRE FOB KENT.
211
daughter of Sir Robert de Shurland, and thus inherited the Manor
of Shurland in Bast Church in Isle of Sheppey. Arms : Ermine,
on a bend sable three martlets or.
22 EDWAED III., 1348.
The same.
25 EDWARD III., 1351.
The same again.
25 EDWAED III., 1352, January.
OTTO DE GRANDISSONO, Ohivaler, again.
ARNALDU8 SATTVAGffi, Ohivaler, son of Sir Ralf Sauvage
of Bobbing Milsted. (See 10 Edward II.)
26 EDWAED III., 1352.
OTTO DE G-RANDISSONO, Chivaler, again.
Only one Knight returned for this Parliament.
27 EDWAED III., 1353.
THOMAS DE BBOCKHELLE of Saltwood, again.
In this also only one Knight to be sent.
28 EDWARD III., 1354.
OTTO DE G-RANDISSONO, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES FITZ BERNARD, Chivaler, of Kingsdown near
"Wrothain, whose grandfather Sir Robert had been for nine consecutive years Sheriff in the reign of Henry II. Arms: Vaire, on a
chief gules two mullets or.
28 EDWABD III., 1355.
JOHANNES DE MEREWORTHE, Chivaler, of Mereworth
Castle and Crowberry in Hadlow. Sheriff in 1341 and 1342.
JOHANNES MTZ BERNARD, Chivaler, again.
31 EDWAED III., 1357.
JOHANNES DE MEREWORTHE, Chivaler, again.
ROBERTHS CHEYNET, Chivaler, again. (21 Edward III.)
32 EDWAED III., 1358.
OTTO DE GRANDISSONO, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS DE APtTLDREFELD, Chivaler, of Bedmancore in
Lingstead, descended from the old Cudham family (see 3 Edward I.).
Sheriff five times in this reign,
3? 2
212
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE POE, KENT.
34 EDWAED III., 1360.
WILLIBLMUS* DE APTTLDBEFELD, Chivaler, again.
WILLIELMUS HALDOUNE (Hasted says "Haldenne") of
Bolvenden, Ohivaler. Buried in Bolvenden Church. Arms: Argent,
a chief sable, over all a bend engrailed gules.
34 EDWAED III., 1361.
THOMAS APULDEEFELD of Lingsted, Chivaler, son of
William Apuldrefeld. (See 32 Edward III.)
THOMAS COLPEPIB of Pepenbury (Pembury), Chivaler.
This is the first appearance among the Knights of the Shire of a
name which was subsequently to be of frequent occurrence. It is
doubted among antiquaries whether Bayhall in Pembury or Preston
in Aylesford was the original home of a family which became so
illustrious that at one time (according to Oamden) it could boast of
having no less than twelve members bearing the honour of Knighthood. Arms: Argent, a bend engrailed gules.
36 EDWARD III., 1362.
KADTJLPHUS DE FBENYNGHAM of Fremingham or
Farningham, Chivaler, whose father Sir John de Fremingham had
been Sheriff in 1316, 1324, and 1325; Sir Balph himself holding
that office in 1358, and in 1360 being one of the three or four men
" learned in the law assigned for the keeping of the Peace " in the
County, the early form of "Justices of the Peace." Arms:
Argent, a fesse between three Cornish choughs proper.
THOMAS DE APULDBEFELD, again. (See 32 Edward III.)
37 EDWAED III., 1363.
THOMAS APULDBEFELDE, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES BABBT of The Mote, Sevington, Chivaler, was
joined with Sir Balf de Fremingham (as above) in the Commission,
of the Peace. Sheriff in 1372. Sevington Church, as also its
neighbour Church of Willesborough, contains many monuments of
this knightly family, which Philipott describes as " testimonies
which shew that the family were of eminent rank among the
ancientest gentry of this Shire." Arms : Barry of six argent and
gules.
* The name " William" is here adopted on the strength of the Official
Return in the Parliamentary Blue Book, but Hasted in almost each case
substitutes that of " Thomas " without giving his authority. In the list of the
Sheriffs there is confirmatory evidence in favour of " William/' which occurs
seven times in the course of this reign, no mention of " Thomas " being made in
that office.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIKE 3?o& KENT.
38 EDWABD III., 1365.
JOHANNES COLPEPIE of Bayhall, Pembury, Chivaler,
Sheriff 1369, son of Sir Thomas. (34 Edward III.)
"WILLIELMUS APULDOEEFEILD (sic) of Linsted (Hasted
says " Thomas "), Chivaler, probably the son of Sir Thomas. (See
32 Edward III.)
40 EDWABD III., 1366.
EICAEDUS ATTE LESE of Lees Court, Sheldwich, Ohivaler,
a man of some mark in Ms day. Sheriff in 1367. Died in 1394,
and was buried in the Lady Chapel of Sheldwich Church, where a
handsome brass with a goodly canopy represents the worthy knight
and his wife Dionisia (the lower portion of whose dress has been
destroyed). Arms: Gules, a cross-crosslet ermine.
EOG-EEUS DIGG-E (or DIGGS) of Diggs' Court in Barham
near Canterbury, to which city the family were liberal benefactors.
Kilburne describes them as being a family " of great esteem in the
County." It was more distinguished in the person of Sir Dudley
Digges, 250 years later, as Lord of Chilhain Castle. Arms : Gules,
on a cross argent five eagles displayed sable, armed of the field.
42 EDWARD III., 1368.
THOMAS CAUM (or CAHH, CAWNB), probably of Ightham
Moat, a member of a .Staffordshire family, who, marrying a daughter
of Sir Thomas Moraunt of Moraunt's Court, Chevening, settled in
.Kent. A monument of a Knight in full armour in Ightham Church
is reputed to be his. On the breast-plate a lion rampant.
THOMAS COLEPEPIE of Bayhall. (See 34 Edward III.)
48 EDWABD III., 1369.
THOMAS APULDEEFELD, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS GOTTEN (or COVKNE), not identified.
45 EDWABD III., 1371.
THOMAS APULDEEFELD, Miles, again.
JOHANNES BAEEY, Miles, again. (See 37 Edward III.)
Same year, June, "Winchester.
THOMAS APULDEEFELDE, Miles, again, alone.
46 EDWABD III., 1372.
"WILLIELMUS DE PTMPE of Pympe Court, Nettlested,
son of Sir Philip de Pympe. (See 4 Edward III.)
214
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIKE FOR KENT.
JACOBTIS DE PEKHAM of Taldham in Wrotham, Miles.
Sheriff in 1379 and 1388.
47 EDWABD III., 1373.
STEPHANTTS DE VALOYG-NS of Eepton in Ashford and
Tremworth, descended from the old family of distinction in the
reign of Edward I. (See 28 Edward I.)
EICAEDUS CHAELES, Chivaler, of the Manor of Charles in.
Dartford, descended from Edward Charles, Admiral of the Fleet in
the reign of Edward I. He afterwards owned the Manor of Addington near Larkfield.
50 EDWABD III., 1376.
THOMAS FOG-G-E of Eepton in Ashford, Chivaler, who, by
marrying one of the daughters of Warresius de Yaloynes, had come
into the Eepton portion of the property of that family. Arms :
Argent, on a fesse between three annulets sable as many mullets
pierced of the first.
51 EDWABD III., 1377.
EOBEETTJS DE PASSHELE (probably PASSELEY or PASSELEW), Chivaler, of Thevegate, Smeeth, descended from Eobert de
Passeley, who was Treasurer of England under Henry III. and son
of Edmund (called in the Pipe Eoll " Q-ilbertus ") Passeley, who
fought with Edward II. at Boroughbridge against the Barons 1322.
AENALDTJS DE SEYNTLEGKEE, Chivaler, of Ulcomb, son
of Eadulphus. (See 18 Edward III.)
1 EIOHAED II., 1377.
JOHANNES DE FRENYNG-HAM (FABNINGHAM), Chivaler,
son of Eadulphus de Frenyngham (36 Edward II,). Sheriff in 1378
and 1393.
JACOBUS DE PEKHAM of Peckham in Hadlow, and Yaldam
in Wrotham, Chivaler, grandson of Sir John de Peckham, knighted
by Eichard I. at Acre. Conservator Pads under Edward III.,
and Sheriff 1379 and 1388. Arms : Ermine, a chief quarterly gules
and or.
2 EICHABB II., 1378, Q-loucester.
THOMAS FOGG-E of Fogg's Court, Mongeham, Chivaler, and
o£ Eepton, Ashford, having married the daughter of Warresius de
Valoigne (see 28 Edward I.). He was taken prisoner in the war
with France, but ransomed. His monument, surmounted by a
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIRE FOK KENT.
215
Knight in armour, is in Canterbury Cathedral. The inscription on
his monument has the line " Regni Protector, Francos Britones
superavit," etc. Arms: Argent, two bars sable, in chief three
mullets of the last.
JOHANNES DE BBOCKHELL of Saltwood, Chivaler, again.
(See 11 Edward II.)
2 RICHABD II., 1379, April.
ROBERTTTS PASSHELLE, Chivaler, again. (31 Edward III.)
RADULPHUS DE SETNTLEG-ER, Chivaler, again. (See
18 Edward III.)
3 RICHABD II., 1880.
WILLIELMTJS SEPTVANS of Milton near Canterbury,
Chivaler, and of Aldington, Thornham, grandson of Sir Robert
Sevaunz (sic) (see 18 Edward I.). Sheriff in 1381, in which year he
fell for a time into the hands of the Insurgents under Wat Tyler.
NICHOLATJS ATTE-CROUCHE of Ospringe, Chivaler.
Philipott suggests that he was so called from living " near the
Cross." He had been Sheriff in 1376. Kilburne describes him in
his list of Sheriffs as being of G-reat Chart. His name appears as
one of the Commissioners appointed to " resist the rebels " in 1381.
4 RICHABD II., 1380.
THOMAS FOG-G-E, Chivaler, again.
"WILLIELMUS GILDEFORDE (or G-TJLDEFORDE) of Hempsted in Benenden, Chivaler. Sheriff in 1388.
5 RICHABD II., 1381.
THOMAS FOG-G-E, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES DE FRENTNG-HAM, again. (See 1 Richard II.)
5 RICHABD II., 1382, May.
THOMAS COLPEPIR of Bayhall, again. (34 Edward III.)
THOMAS DE COBEHAM of Roundall, Chivaler, again.
Sheriff in 1377 and 1394.
6 RIOHABD II., 1382, October.
JOHANNES COLPEPIR de Farleghe, Chivaler. Sheriff 1369.
THOMAS BROCKHELLE of Saltwood, Chivaler, again.
Sheriff 1382 and 1383.
6 RIOHABD II., 1383, February.
THOMAS FOG-G-E, Chivaler, again.
.. JACOBUS DE PEKHAM of Taldham, Chivaler, again.
216
KHIGHTS OB THE SHIRE EOB KENT.
7 EICHABD II., 1383, October.
THOMAS COLPEPIE of Bayhall, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS FOGGE, Chivaler, again.
7 EICHABD II., 1384, Salisbury.
EOBEETUS OOEBIE o£ Boughton Malherbe, Chivaler, to
whom Edward III. in 1362 had given licence to fortify (Jeernellare
(? Jcrennellare) and turrettwre, to make cranies and loop holes in)
his Manor House. He was Sheriff 1384.
"WILLIELMUS GULDEFOEDE, Chivaler, again.
8 EIOHABD II., 1384, November.
THOMAS FOGGE, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS COBHAM, Chivaler, again.
9 EIOHABD II., 1385.
THOMAS BEOCKHTJLL of Saltwood, Ohivaler, again.
NICHOLATTS ADAM, Chivaler. Philipott describes him as
of a family " that had large possessions in Essex, and temporarily
settled in Harrietsham." Arms : Vert, a plain cross or.
10 EroHABD II., 1386.
WILLIELM.US BETENHAM of Betenham House, Cranbrook, and of Shurland, Pluckley.
GALFEIDUS CHAUCEEES (Geoffrey Chaucer, the Father
of English Poetry). In his pensioned retirement he had " custody
of some lands in Kent," which, with Court favour, may have
qualified him for representing the county in Parliament.
11 EICHABD II., 1388.
THOMAS 3?0 GG, Chivaler, again.
JACOBUS DE PECHAM (PECKHAM), Obivaler, again.
12 EICSABD II., same year, September, Cambridge.
JACOBUS DE PEKHAM, Chivaler, again.
WILLIELMUS BECCENHAME, Chivaler, again.
13 EIOHABD II., 1390.
AENALDTTS SAVAGE of Bobbing, Chivaler, son of Eadulphus (see 8 Edward III.). Constable of Queenborough Castle;
Privy Councillor; chosen Speaker of the House of Commons in
1400 and again 1404. Sheriff in 1381 and 1385.
JOHANNES COBHAM of Cobham, Chivaler, had been
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIRE FOR, KENT.
217
appointed Conservator Pads six times in the reign of Edward III.
Married Margaret, daughter of Hugh Courtney, Earl of Devon.
Died in 1409, was buried in Cobham Church, where a handsome
brass marks his tomb.
14 RICHARD II., 1390, November.
The same again.
15 EICHAED II., 1391.
AENALDUS SAVAGE, Chivaler, again.
NICHOLAUS POTYN (or POTIN) of Queen's Court, Ospringe,
which he held by lease of Sir Nicholas Loveigne (Kilburn says of
Sheppey), Chivaler. Sheriff in 1397.
16 EICHABD II., 1392, "Winchester.
"WILLIELMTJS BUECESTEE (Kilburne calls him Burceston)
of Hunton, Chivaler. Philipott says he was descended from a
Southampton family, and had settled in Kent. He was Sheriff iu
1389.
NICHOLAUS POTYN, Chivaler, again.
17 EICHAED II., 1394.
WILLIELMUS PECCHE of Lullingston, Chivaler, two of
whose ancestors, Sir "William and Sir Eobert, had been created
Knights Banneret by Edward I. at the Siege of Carlaverock. His
grandfather, Sir John, had been Lord "Warden of the Cinque Ports
and Constable of Dover Castle in the reign of Edward III. Lullingston Church is rich in marble effigies and brasses to the memory
of this knightly family. Arms as given in the window of the
Chapel: A lion rampant ermine, crowned or; with the Crest, the
same within a wreath of peach-blossoms.
JOHANNES DE COBHAM of Cobham, Chivaler, again.
18 EICHAED II., 1395.
NICHOLAUS HAUTE of "Waddenhall near Elmston (as Kilburne describes him), but clearly a member of the " family of
venerable antiquity," (as Philipott terms them,) of Hautsbourne, a
manor in Bishopsbourne, Chivaler. Sheriff in 1394.
THOMAS BEOCKHELL of Saltwood, Chivaler, again.
20 EICHAED II., 1397.
THOMAS BEOCKHELL, Chivaler, again.
NICHOLATTS POTYN, Chivaler, again.
218
KNIGHTS OJP THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
21 RICHARD II., 1398, Shrewsbury.
WILLIELMUS PECOHB of LuUingston, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES COBEHAM of Cobham, Chivaler, again.*
1 HENBY IV., 1399.
JOHANNES DE PEENYNGHAM (PARNINGHAH), Chivaler,
son of Eadulphus de Frenyngham. (See 36 Edward III.)
Had
been Sheriff in 1379 and 1394, and Conservator of the Peace.
Arms as before.
THOMAS DE BEOCKHILL of Saltwood, Chivaler, again.
2 HENRY IV., 1400 and 1401, York and Westminster.
AENALDUS SAVAGE of Bobbingeourt, Sittingbourne, Chivaler, again. Chosen Speaker of the House of Commons this year.
Q-overnor of Queenborough Castle in 1393. Buried in Bobbing
Church 1410.
EOBEETUS CLIPPOED of Canterbury, Chivaler. Sheriff
in 1399 and 1413. Brother of Eichard Clifford, Bishop of London
1401—1407.
Hasted gives Thomas Brockhull again as colleague with
Sir Arnald Savage.
3 HENRY IV., 1402.
AENALDUS SAVAGE, Chivaler, again.
THOMAS BBOCKHELL (sic), Chivaler, again.
5 HENRY IV., 1405, Coventry and Westminster.
EEGINALDUS BEAYBEOOKE of Eundall in Shorne, Chivaler. Married Joan the daughter of John, the last Lord Cobham
of that line, and widow of the ill-fated Sir John Oldcastle. Buried
in Oobham Church, where his tomb stands surmounted by a handsome brass, representing him in full armour, under a rich canopy,
with an inscription giving A.D. 1405 as the date of his death.
AENALDUS SAVAGE, Chivaler, again.
6 HENRY IV., 1404.f
THOMAS DE CLYNTON, Chivaler, probably of the Court
Lodge, Hunton, and a member of the Huntingdon family, to whom
* Parliaments appear to have been summoned constantly during the reigns
of Richard II., Henry IV., Y., and VI., and Richard III., i.e. 25 in the 100
years, of which no returns are found.
t Stow says this was known as the " Layman's Parliament," called also the
" Lack-learning " or the " Lack-Latin Parliament," because the Sheriffs were
KNIGHTS OE THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
219
a memorial still remains in the chancel of Hunton Church. Arms :
Argent, six cross-crosslets fitchee sable, on chief azure two mullets
of the first pierced.
HENEICUS* DE HOEN, Chivaler, of Home's Place, Kenardington, and of Apuldore. Sheriff 1406.
7 HENEY IV., 1405, Coventry, Gloucester, and Westminster.
EICAEDUS CLTTHBEOWE (or CLIDEEOW) of G-ouldstanton,
Ash, and Betshanger, Chivaler. Admiral of the " narrow seas."
Sheriff 1404 and 1405. Arms : Argent, on a chevron gules hetween
three eagles displayed sable five annulets or.
EOBEETUS CLYFFOED of Canterbury, Chivaler, again. (See
2 Henry IV.)
9 HEtfEv IV., 1407, Gloucester.
EICAEDUS CLIDEEOW of Ash, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES DAEELL of Gale Hill, Little Chart, Chivaler.
Sheriff in 1408, 1417, and 1422. He held the responsible office of
Steward of the estates of the See under Archbishop Chichele.
11 HENEY IV., Bristol and Westminster.
No returns for Kent in this Parliament.
13 HENEY IV., 1411.
EEGINALDUS PTMPE of Pimpe's Court, East Farleigh,
and Nettlested, Chivaler. Succeeded his father Sir William as
Sheriff in 1375, and himself held the Shrievalty in 1408. The last
in the male line of what Philipott calls a "noble and ancient
family," of whom Nettlested Church holds many memorials. Arms:
Argent, four barrulets gules, on a chief sable a bar nebulee of the
first.
WILLIAM NOTBBENI (sic) (or NOTBEAME) of Ash next
Sandwich, Chivaler. Sheriff in 1411 and 1419, and in the latter
year was returned among those who were entitled " portare arma
antiqua."f
" ordered to send no Knight or Burgess that had any knowledge of the law,"
possibly with a view to exclude the clerical element, for with them chiefly lay
all the legal knowledge of that day, and the highest judicial appointments.
It is interesting to mark the change which had come over the Court since
the days of Henry II., when in 1189 the King, iu his desire to have the law
" uprightly ministered, tried all orders of men in placing them in the roomes
of justice, and, lastly, trusting to find among the elergie such as would not be
corrupted with bribes, nor for respect of fear or friendship decline from right
judgement," selected two Bishops (Ely and Norwich) to he "Principal Justices
of the Eealm." But in Henry IWs reign the endeavour was made to reverse this
state of things, and in all ranks to replace ecclesiastics by laymen in the law
courts.
* Hasted says " Johannes."
t Hasted gives " Willielmus Haute of Hautesbourne " as Pympe's colleague.
220
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
1 HENRY V., 1413.
JOHANNES DAEBLL of Cale Hill, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES BOTELER of G-aveney, Chivaler, to which manor
he succeeded, having married Joan, the only child of Sir Richard
Feversham of Grraveney. Sheriff in 1398. He was buried in Q-raveney Church in 1436.
2 HENRY V., 1414, January, Leicester.
THOMAS CLYNTON, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES DAEELL, Chivaler, again.
2 HENEY V., same year, November.
AENALDUS SAVAGE, Miles, again. (See 13 Richard II.)
EOBEETTJS* CLYFFOED of Bobbing, Chivaler, again.
3 HENRY V., 1416.
No return for Kent this Parliament.
3 HENRY V., 1416, March.
"WTLLIELMUS CHETNE of Shurland in Sheppey, Chivaler.
Called " Serjeant-at-Law " in 1410 ; appointed Justice of the King's
Bench 1415; raised to be Chief Justice and knighted in 1424,
and died in 1442. Arms: Azwe, six lions rampant argent, a
canton ermine and gules.
JOHANNES WILCOTES, or WUCOCKS (Hasted spells it
""Wilcox "), of whom nothing seems to be known.
5 HENRY V., 1417.
JOHANNES DAEELLf of Cale Hill, Chivaler, again.
ROG-ERTJS ETE,f of whom nothing is known unless it be a
misprint for Jfylceld of Estlingham in Frendsbury, near Eochester,
who was Sheriff in 1425. (See below, 8 Henry V.)
7 HENRY V., 1419.
"WILLIELMUS HATITEf of Hautsbourn in Bishopsbourne,
Chivaler, son of Sir "William Haute, who had married Elizabeth
sister of Sir Richard "Widville. (See below, 11 Henry VI.) He was
Sheriff 1421, 1422, and again in 1466.
EDWAEDUS GILDEFOEDEf (or G-TTLDEITOBBE) of Halden
in Eolvenden. Sheriff in 1432 and 1439. He was the founder of
the south Chapel in the Parish Church of Rolvenden.
* Hasted says it was " Johannes."
t Omitted by Hasted.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE J?OR KENT.
221
8 HENEY Y., 1420.
WILLIELMTJS EICKHULL (or EICKHILL, formerly EYKELD)
of Estlingham in Frendsbury, Chivaler, of whose family memorials
remain in Northfleet Church. He was Sheriff in 1424.
THOMAS TOWNE of Towhe Place in Throwley, Chivaler.
9 HENRY V., 1421, May.
No returns found for Kent.
Same year, December.
THOMAS ELYS (or ELLIS) of Burton (or Burston) in Kenington, and Stoneacre* in Otham, Chivaler. He was Sheriff in 1428.
KOG-EEUS HONING-TON. Of whom nothing is known.
1 HENRY VI., 1422.
GALFEIDUSf LOUTHEE, Armiger, of whom the only record
seems to be that he was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the
reign of Edward IV.
EEGINALDITS PTMPE of Pympe Court, Armiger. Prooably grandson of Sir Philip Pympe, who was frequently returned
for the county in the reign of Edward III.
He was Sheriff in
3410.
2 HENRY VI., 1423.
JOHANNES ETCKHILL, Chivaler, son of Sir William Eickhill. (See 8 Henry V.) Sheriff in 1425.'
WILLIELMTJS BUETS (or BTTRES), Armiger, of Bromley and
Halsted, in which latter church was a brass to his memory, on
which it was recorded that he died in 1454. He was Sheriff in
1433.
3 HENRY VI., 1425.
JOHANNES DAEELL of Cale Hill, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES DEEYLONDE (or DRYLAND) of Cokesditch
in Faversham, Armiger. Of whom nothing is known save that
according to Philipott his was "a name of generous extraction"
(? generosus).
4 HENRY VI., 1426, Leicester.
GALFEIDTJS LOUTHEE, Armiger, again.
EDWAEDUS G-ILDEFOEDE of Halden in Eolvenden, again.
* Stoneacre was supposed to have been the site of the Premonstratensian
Monastery founded by Sir Ralph de Dene, but on the ground of unhealthiness
removed by his daughter Ela de Saclcvil to her husband's new priory at Bayham.
t Hasted calls him " Johannes."
222
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR, KENT.
This Parliament, according to Stow, was first held at
St. Alban's, then at Northampton, and finally at Leicester,
and was called " the Parliament of Battes," because men,
being forbidden to bring swords or other weapons, brought
bats and staves.
6 HENBY VI., 1427.
JOHANNES DAEELL of Cale Hill, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES BAMBUBG-H (or BBAMBTJBY) of Paddlesworth,
Armiger, of whom nothing more is known.
8 HBBTEY VI., 1429.
JOHANNES DAEELL, Armiger, again.
WILLIELMUS HAUTE of Hautsbourne, Chivaler, again.
9 HEH-BY VI., 1431.
JOHANNES BAMBUBGH, Armiger, again.
WILLIELMUS SCOTT of Scot's Hall, in Smeeth, and Brabourne, Cliivaler. He was Sword-bearer to Henry V., and Sheriff
in 1429. He died in 1433; a boldly engraved brass representing
him in full armour still remains in Brabourne Church.
10 HENRY VI., 1432.
GALFEIDUS LOUTHEE,* Armiger, again.
"WILLIELMUS HAUTE* of Hautsbourne, Chivaler, again.
11 HENBY VI., 1433.
EICABDUS "WTDEVYLE* ("WIDVIME or "WOODTIIIB) of the
Mote, Maidstone, Chivaler. Either the grandfather or the father
of Elizabeth Woodville, the wife of Edward IV. Sheriff in 1434.
He was buried in All Saints' Church, Maidstone, where a flat slab
in the chancel, once raised on an altar-tomb, is by tradition assigned
to him. Arms: Argent, a fess and canton gules.
JOHANNES PYEYE* (or PERYE), under which form Fuller in
his Worthies includes him as having been Sheriff for the county in
12 Henry VI., though neither Philipott nor Kilburne give him a
place in their lists.
14 HESTEY VI., 1435.
EEG-INALDUS PEKHAMof Boughton Monchelsea, Armiger,
the sou of Sir James Peckham of Yaldham in "Wrotham, who had
* Omitted by Hasted.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE IHDR KENT.
223
been Sheriff in 1379 and 1388. Arms: Ermine, a chief quarterly
gules and or.
EDMUNDUS G-YLDEFOBDE (PEdwardus), again. (See
7 Henry V.)
15 HENKY VI., 1437, Cambridge and Westminster.
"WILLIELMUS MANSTON* of Manston in St. Laurence, in.
the Isle of Thanet, Armiger. Sheriff in 1436. The north chancel
of the church was built by a Manston, and many members of the
family lie buried in it.
JOHANNES DIG-G-ES* of Diggs' Court, Barham, Armiger.
Sheriff in 1465. Grandson of Sir John Diggs, who had been
Sheriff in 1401.
20 HENRY VI., 1442.
JACOBUS FENYS (also FENIS, EYNES, and ultimately
FIENWES) of Seale and Kemsing, Armiger. Sheriff in 1436. Created
Baron kSaye and Sele, and made Lord High Treasurer in 1447.
Murdered by the Kentish rebels under Jack Cade in 1450. Harris
describes him as having been " a great soldier." Arms: Azure,
three lions rampant or.
WILLIELMUS ISLE (or ISLET) of Sundridge, Armiger.
Justice of the Peace. Sheriff in 1475. He died in 1484, according
to the inscription on his tomb in Stindridge Church.
23 HENSY VI., 1445.
No returns for Kent.
25 HEKKY VI., 1447, Cambridge and Bury St. Edmund's.
JACOBUS FENYS, Chivaler, again.
WILLIELMUS CEOWMEE, of Tunstall, Armiger, son of
Sir William Crowmer, who had been Lord Mayor in 1407. Sheriff
in 1445, and shared the fate of his father-in-law, Lord Saye and
Sele, in Jack Cade's Eebellion.
27 HENEY VI., 1449.
JOHANNES CHETNB of Shurland in Sheppey, and of
Patricksbourne, Chivaler. "Was Sheriff in 1455.
WILLIELMUS CEOWMEE of Tunstall, Armiger, again.
28 HENEY VI., 1449.
In the Parliamentary Record no return for Kent is given,
* Omitted by Hasted.
224
KNIGHTS OE THE SHIB.E FOE KENT.
but Hasted, without giving any authority, says that WnLiBLMtrs ISLE (Isley), again, and JOHANNES WAVEBSHAD (of
whom nothing seeins to be known), were elected.
29 HENKY YI., 1450.
WILLIBLMUS* PEOHE of Lullingston, Miles, son of Sir
William Peche. (See 17 Richard II.)
WILLIELMUS HATJTE of Hautesbourn, Armiger, son of Sir
William Haute. (See 7 Henry V.)
31 HENEY VI., 14-53, Beading.
WILLIBLMUS HEXTALL of Hextall Court, East Peckham,
Armiger, originally of a Staffordshire family. He was one of the
few gentry who sided with Jack Cade in bis [Rebellion, but was
pardoned.
JOHANNES THOENBUEY of Feversham, Armiger. The
only record of him seems to be that he was Sheriff in 1446.
33 HENRY VI., 1455.
The return for Kent illegible.
38 HENRY VI., 1459.
No returns given for Kent.
39 HENBY VI., 1460.
THOMAS KIRIELL (or KERIEL, originally CETOL), descended
from Sir Simon de Criol, who was knighted by Edward I. at Carlaverock. This THOMAS, according to Planche (Garner of Kent), was
made a Knight of the G-arter by Henry VI., but never installed.
Being takeu prisoner in the Battle of St. Alban's he was beheaded
by Edward IV. Arms: Or, two chevrons and a canton (? quarter)
gules.
BOBEETTJS HOENE of Kinardington and Home's Place,
Apuldore, Armiger. Sheriff in 1452.
For the first two Parliaments of Edward IV., 1461 and
1463, no returns seem to be forthcoming.
7 EDWABD IV., 1467.
JOHANNES SCOTT of Scot's Hall and Braborne, Miles, in
high favour with the King. Made Privy Councillor, Marshal of
Calais. Sent as Ambassador to the Dukes of Burgundy and Brit* Hasted calls him " Laurence."
KNIGHTS OS1 THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
225
tany. Buried in Braborne Church, where the inscription describes
him as " Magnificus et insignis Miles." He died in 14*85.
JACOBUS PECKHAM of Taldham in Wrotham, Armiger.
Sheriff in 1472. Buried in Wrotham Church.
Of the Parliaments held in the ninth and tenth of Edward
IV., 1469 and 1470, no returns appear to be forthcoming.
12 EDWARD IV., 1472.
HENEICUS FEEEEES of East Peckham, Miles, originally of
Tamworth in "Warwickshire. By marrying Maud, the daughter of
William Hextall of Hextall Place, he obtained the East Peckham
estates, where he held his Shrievalty in 1469 and 1487.
JOHANNES ISLE (ISLET) of Sundridge, Armiger, heir of
Sir William Isley. (See 20 Henry VI.) Was Sheriff in 1474.
17 EDWABD IV., 1478.
JOHANNES FOGGE of Eepton in Ashford, Miles, Comptroller of the Household to Edward IV. Was Sheriff in 1473 and
again in 1480. He died in 1490 at Ashford, where a brass, now
imperfect, marks his burial-place.
JOHANNES BEUMSTON (or BRmraoir) of Preston, near
Feversham, Armiger. Was Sheriff in 1470.
Here follows "hiatus valde deflendus" from 1478
(17 Edward IV.) to 1529 (14 Henry VIII.), for which period
no returns are forthcoming, although the Close Eolls mention eleven Parliaments as having heen summoned during the
interval. Then come a succession of notables during the
troublous times of the Tudors, beginning with two halfbrothers, the sons of Sir Richard Guldeforde, who had died
in Jerusalem in 1500, when his estates were divided between
his two sons, Edward and Henry.
21 HENKT VIII., 1529.
EDWAEDTJS GTJLDEFORDE of Halden in Eolvenden,
Miles. Knighted in 1513. Held the office of Marshal of Calais,
Constable of Dover Castle, Warden of the Cinque Ports, Master of
Ordnance, and Admiral of the Narrow Seas. Arms: Or, a saltire
between four martlets sable.
HENEICTJS GULDEFOBDE of Hempsted in Benenden,
Miles (the son by a second wife). Master of King's Horse 1520,
Knight of the Garter in 1526. Of whom Strype says he was " a
VOL. XXI.
Q
226
KNIGHTS 03? THE SHERE FOE KENT.
learned man in an age wben England was noted abroad for learned
men." Arms: As the previous coat, and on a canton argent a
pomegranate proper, seeded gules.
For the two succeeding Parliaments no returns have
•been found.
33 HENKT VIII., 1542.
For this Parliament the return is mutilated, and the
only name given is that of
THOMAS MOYLE* of Biddenden, Miles. He must have been
a man of some recognized power, for it appears that on entering
the House he was elected Speaker, and continued to fill that office
to the end of Henry's reign. Under Edward VI. he seems to have
disappeared from public life, but (according to Strype) he was
active under Mary in " hunting down heretics," as the Reformers
were called, and bringing them to trial. For Arms he bore the not
inappropriate charges, Gules, a mule within a bordure argent.
87 HENBT VIII., 1545.
THOMAS CHENEY* of Shurland, East Church, Isle of
Sheppey, Miles. He would seem to have been a perfect political
" Vicar of Bray," acting during those changeful times on the principle described by the old Roman poet, " Tempora mutantur nos
et mutarnur in illis;" for beginning life under Wolsey's favour he
was made one of the six gentlemen of the King's Privy Chamber
in 1520 ; then a Privy Councillor; in 1539 Treasurer of the Household and Knight of the Garter; and the following year "Warden
of the Cinque Ports. Under Edward VI. he was also Privy Councillor and Lord-Lieutenant for Kent; then, although he supported
the claims of Lady Jane Grey, he took part in Mary's Coronation ;
and when Elizabeth came to the throne, he was again made Privy
Councillor and Treasurer of the Household. He was buried in
East Church in 1558. Arms: Ermine, on a bend sable three martlets or.-f
GEORGTUS HARPER* of Sutton Valence, Armiger. He took
part in the Siege of Boulogne in 1544. Was knighted on the Coronation of Edward VI., and Sheriff in 1548, but being involved in the
"Wyatt Rebellion in 1554, he was apprehended and sent to the Tower,
* Omitted by Hasted.
f He also owned Chilhaiu Castle, but after adding 1o it he pulled down a
great part of the Castle, and removed the materials to his favourite residence at
Shurland.
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIHE FOB KENT.
227
though eventually pardoned. Died in 1560, and was buried in
Button Valence Church. In a window in the old Manor House
were the Harper Arms: Argent, a lion rampant sable within a
bordure engrailed of the second.
1 EDWABD VI., 1547.
No returns found of this Parliament for Kent.
7 EDWARD VI.
THOMAS CHEYNE of Shurland, Miles, again, now described
as " Honorabilis Ordinis Garterii."
HENRICUS SYDNEY of Penshurst, Miles, the son of Sir
William Sydney, who commanded the right wing of the English
Army at the Battle of Flodden Field, and was created a Knight
Banneret. Sir Henry had been brought up with Edward VI., and
on his Coronation was knighted, and made G-entleman of the Privy
Chamber; afterwards Knight of the Garter by Elizabeth, and
Privy Councillor. Philipott says that with Cecil he became one of
Elizabeth's " greatest friends." He was four times Lord Jtistice
and thrice Deputy for Ireland, and also President of the Welsh
Marches. He died in 1586, and his body was by the Queen's order
buried with " great solemnity " at Penshurst, while his heart was
interred at Ludlow, which had been the seat of his Welsh government. Arms : Or, a pheon azure.
I MABY, 1553.
THOMAS CHAYNE (sic) of Shurland, K.G., again.
ROBERTUS SOUTHWELL of Mereworth, Miles. Appointed
Master of the Eolls in 1541, but surrendered the office in 1350,
and passed under a cloud in Edward's reign. On Mary's accession
appointed Sheriff, in which office he distinguished himself in the
suppression of the Wyatt rising in Kent. He died in 1559.
Arms : Argent, three cinquefoils gules.
1 MARY, 1554, Oxford and Westminster.
THOMAS CHENEY, Chivaler, K.G-., again.
JOHANNES BAKER of Sissenhurst, Chivaler. He was
appointed Chancellor of the Board of Augmentations in 1535;
Attorney-General in 1536; Privy Councillor and Chancellor of the
Exchequer in 1540. Supported Bishop Gardner against Archbishop
Cranmer. Again, under Mary, Attorney-General, and Chancellor
of the Exchequer. Took an active part against the Reformers,
Q 2
228
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIKE TOR, KENT.
his zeal in persecuting them earning for him the soubriquet of
"Bloody Baker." He died in 1558, and was "buried in Cranbrook
Church, where a "fair monument of white marble records his
(?) virtues." Arms: Azure, three swans' heads erased argent,
beaked gules.
1 PHILIP and MABY, 1554.
THOMAS CHENEY, Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES BAKEE, Chivaler, again.
2 and 3 PHILIP and MABY. 1555.
JOHANNES BAKER, Chivaler, again.
EOBEETUS SOUTHWELL, Chivaler, again.
4i and 5 PHILIP and MABY, 1558.
THOMAS CHETNTE (sic'), Chivaler, again.
JOHANNES BAKEE, Chivaler, again.
1 ELIZABETH, 1559.
SIB THOMAS KEMPE of Ollantigh in "Wye, a kinsman of
Cardinal Archbishop John Kempe. His father had been created
Knight of the Bath on the marriage of Prince Arthur in 1501,
and was Sheriff in 1493, 1506, and 1513. He was himself knighted
on the Coronation of Edward VI., and Sheriff in 1556 and 1564.
Arms : Gules, three garbs within a bordure engrailed or.
SIB EICHAED SACKVILLE of « Knoll in Sevenokes." Chancellor of the Board of Augmentations, and Privy Councillor under
both Mary and Elizabeth. He died in 1575. Arms : Quarterly or
and gules, a bend vair.
5 ELIZABETH, 1563.
SIB HENET SIDNEY of Penshurst, again.
HENEY CHEYNE of Shurland, Esq., son of Sir Thomas
Cheyne. (See 6 Edward VI.)
14 ELIZABETH, 1572.
SIB HENEY SIDNEY* of Penshurst, again, now described as
President of Her Majesty's Council.
'
SIB THOMAS SCOTT* of Scot's Hall, Smeeth, a distinguished
member of a distinguished family; a man of great local repute and
influence. Sheriff in 1576. Styled by his contemporaries the
* Omitted by Hasted.
KNIGHTS OP THE- SHIRE EOR KENT.
229
" Father of Eomney Marsh, and the Founder of Dover Haven,"
from having taken a leading part in these two projects. (See also
below, 28 Elizabeth.)
27 ELIZABETH, 1584.
SIB PHILIP SIDNEY of Penshurst, the son of Sir Henry
(see 7 Edward VI,), the poetic and heroic favourite of Elizabeth,
the author of Arcadia; and appointed Q-overnor of Mushing. He
fell at the Battle of Zutphen in 1586.
EDWARD WOTTON of Boughton Malherbe, Esq. Knighted
by Elizabeth, and made Comptroller of her Household, and Ambassador to Foreign Courts. Made Privy Councillor by King
James, and created Lord Wotton of Marley in 1603, and LordLieutenant of the County. Died the following year. Arms:
Argent, a aaltire engrailed sable.
28 ELIZABETH, 1586.
Sm HENRY OOBHAM (alias BROOKE) of Cobham, succeeded
to the title on the death of his father, William, Lord Cobham, in
1597. Was created Knight of the G-arter by Elizabeth; Warden
of the Cinque Ports, and Constable of Dover Castle; and LordLieutenant for Kent. Attainted in 1604 and his honours forfeited.
He died in 1619.
SIB THOMAS SCOTT of Scot's Hall, again. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Kentish Force (some 4000
men), whom he had assembled on Northbourne Downs in 1588 to
repel the threatened approach of the Spanish Armada. In this
rally of patriotism Kent, the most exposed corner of the kingdom,
occupies a most prominent position. In response to Lord Burleigh's appeal it had avowed its readiness to supply above 12,000
men, while the Cinque Ports promised 1000 more. And besides
this help in men, it gave in money no less than £5000 (no trifling
sum in those days), the list being headed by Sir John Toufton (sie)
of Hotfeild for £100, while of the other gentry, close on 100 in
number, with Sir Thomas Scott among them, very few gave less
than £50 each.* It is said that the Queen, when urged by some of
his friends to ennoble him, petulantly declined, saying that he had
already more power in Kent than herself. A handsome tomb once
marked his burial-place in Brabourne Church, but it was demolished by the Parliamentarian soldiers in 1 648. Arms: Argent,
three Catherine-wheels sable within a bordure engrailed gules.
* Noble's Spanish Armada.
230
KNIGKETS OF THE SHIRE EOR KENT.
30 ELIZABETH, 1588.
HENRY BROOKE of Gobham, Esq., younger son of George,
Lord Cobham.
SIB HENET COBHAM of Cobham, again.
35 ELIZABETH, 1593.
SIE EDWARD HOBIE (or HOST) of Minster, Isle of Sheppey,
Gustos Rotulorum of the County, and Governor of Queenborough
Castle. Arms: Argent, a fess sable between three hawks proper,
belled and jessed or,
SIE MOTLE FINCH of Eastwell, Knight and Baronet.
Sheriff in 1597. He was Member for Weymouth in 1572 and for
Winchelsea in 1601. Arms: Azure, a chevron between three garbs
or. His widow, Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage of
Copperd Hall in Essex, was, in testimony of her husband's merits,
created by James I. Viscountess of Maidstone in 1623, and by
Charles I. Countess of Winehelsea in 1628.
39 ELIZABETH, 1597.
SIE ROBERT SIDNEY of Court Lodge, Lamberhurst, a
younger brother of Sir Philip. (See 27 Elizabeth.) Fought as
quite a youth under Robert Dudley, the Earl of Leicester, in the
Netherlands, and was knighted in 1586. Two years after he was
made Governor of Flushing, and on the Accession of James was
created Baron Sydney of Penahurst, in 1616 Viscount L'Isle and
made Knight of the Garter, and in 1618 Earl of Leicester. He
died in 1626, and was buried at Penshurst. Arms : Or, a pheon
azure,
SIE WILLIAM BROOKE of Cobham, Knight, son of Sir
George Brooke, brother of Sir Henry, the last Lord Cobharn, who
had been attainted in 1604, and forfeited title and honours. This
Sir William, as his heir, had the estates, but not the title, restored
to him in 1610.
43 ELIZABETH, 1601.
SIE HENRY NEVILL, Knight, of the Abergavenny line,
was Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Edward VI.
FRANCIS FANE (or VASTB), Esq., of Mereworth Castle, and
Badsell in Tudeley, the son of Sir Thomas Fane, whose wife Mary
Nevill had the Barony of Despencer confirmed to her in 1604 ; to
which title her son Francis Fane succeeded in 1626, having previously (in 1624) been created Baron Burghersh and Earl of West -
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOE KENT.
231
moreland, and also Knight of the Bath on King James's Coronation
in 1603. He died in 1628. Arms: Azwe, three dexter gauntlets,
backs affrontee, or.
1 JAMES I., 160*.
SIE JOHN SCOTT of Scot's Hall, known as Sir John S. of
Nettlested, Knight, son of Sir Thomas Scott. (See 14 Elizabeth.)
Sheriff in 1601. He died in 1616, and was buried in Brabourne
Church.
SIE JOHN LEYESON (or LEWSOK) of Whorne Place, Cuxton,
which his father, who had married a daughter of Sir John Gresharn
of Titsey, made his home, turning his back on his ancestral Staffordshire. Sir John was buried in 1615. Arms : Azure, three hollyleaves or. On the front of the old Manor House still remains a
shield with helmet and mantlings bearing nine quarterings of the
Leveson arms, while on either side is a lozenge recording his double
alliance with the Manwood and Mildmay families.
12 JAMES I., 1614.
SIE PETEE MANWOOD* of St. Stephen's, near Canterbury,
Knight, whose father, Sir Eoger, had been Chief Baron of the
Exchequer in 1579. Sir Peter was Sheriff in the last year of
Elizabeth's reign and the first of James, in which year he was created Knight of the Bath on the King's Coronation. Arms : Paly
of six sable and or, on a chief of the second a demi-lion rampant of
the first.
SIE THOMAS "WALSINGHAM* of Scadbery in Chiselhurst,
Knight, a cousin of Sir Francis, who had been the famous Secretary
of State to Queen Elizabeth. Sir Thomas was buried in the Church
of Chiselhurst.
18 JAMES I., 1621.
SIE EGBERT STDNET of Penshurst, Knight, grandson of
Sir Henry Sydney (see 39 Elizabeth), son of Eobert Sydney, Earl
of Leicester. Created Knight of the Garter as Lord L'Isle by
James I. Succeeded his father in the Earldom in 1626. Died in
1677, and was buried at Penshurst.
SIE GEOEGE FANE of Burston in Hunton, Knight, son of
Sir Francis Fane. (See 43 Elizabeth.) Was Sheriff in 1623.
* This return (not in the Journals) is obtained from a document among the
Duke of Manchester's Papers, No. 143. Willis, in Notitia ParL, hesitatingly
ives as Members for Kent in this Session the names of Sir Robert Sydney and
ir Eobert Soott.
f
232
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR, KENT.
21 JAMES I., 1624.
SIB NICHOLAS TUFTON of Hothfield, Knight and Baronet.
Created Baron Tufton in 1626, and Earl o£ Thanet in 1628. Died
1632. The original Arras of the Tufton family were: Argent, on a
pale sable an eagle displayed of the first. But Sir Nicholas on
becoming Earl of Thanet altered it to Sable, an eagle displayed
ermine within a hordure argent.
SIB EDWYN SANDYS of Northbourne, Knight, of a "Worcestershire family, whose father, the son of the eminent Archbishop of
York, was the personal friend of Lambarde, the Kentish historian,
and marrying a Colepeper, settled at Northbourne. Sir Edwyn
was Sheriff in 1616. It was his son who is honourably mentioned
by Clarendon as the distinguished Uoyalist officer who, fighting
under Prince Eupert, was mortally wounded in the Battle of
Worcester in 1642. Arms: Or, a fesse indented between three
crosses-crosslet fitchee gules.
1 CHABIES I., 1625.
MILDMAY FANE (Lord BUBGHEBST) succeeded his father
(see Sir Francis Fane, 43 Elizabeth) as Earl of Westmoreland in
1628, having been made Knight of the Bath on the King's Coronation in 1625.
SIE ALBEET MOETON (or MOBETON) of Selling, Knight,
Principal Secretary of State in 1625. Died in 1628.
Same year, February, 1626.
SIB EDWARD HALES of Tunstall, Knight. Sheriff in 1609.
Created Baronet in 1611.
Died in 1654, in his 78th year. A
figure, in full armour, reclining on an altar-tomb in Tunstall Church
marks his burial-place. Arms: Gules, three broad arrows or,
feathered and headed argent.
EDWAED SCOTT of Scot's Hall in Smeeth, Esq., son of Sir
Thomas Scott. (See 14 Elizabeth.) Sheriff in 1621.
Created
Knight of the Bath on the Coronation of Charles I. A moderate
Eoyalist, but disapproving of some of the King's acts. He died in
1642. By his will he bequeathed sums of money to the poor of
twelve parishes with which he was connected.
3 CHAEIES I., 1628.
SIB THOMAS FINCH of Eastwell, Knight, succeeded to the
Baronetcy on the death of his father, Sir Moyle Finch, and to the
Earldom of Winchelsea on that of his mother in 1633. (See 35
Elizabeth.)
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
233
SIB DUDLEY DIG-G-ES of Digges Court, Barham, and Chilham Castle. Knighted in 1607. He was of the King's Privy
Chamber. In 1611 he took an active part in the impeachment of the
Duke of Buckingham, and also in " the Petition of Eights," and
suffered several short imprisonments for " unfitting words " in the
Council Chamber; but in 1631 became Master in Chancery, and in
1636 succeeded Sir Humphrey May as Master of the Rolls, having
had the reversion of it since 1630. He built the present mansion
at Chilham, died there in 1638, and was buried in Chilham Church.
Arms: Gules, on a cross argent five eagles displayed sable.
16 CHABUSS I., 1640, April.
SIB ROGER TWY8DEN (or TWISDEN) of Eoydon Hall, East
Peckham, Knight and Baronet, the son of the learned Sir Roger,
editor of the Decem Scriptores. He was an ardent Royalist, and
suffered for his devotion to the King by being seized by the Parliamentarians and imprisoned in Lambeth Palace for above two
years. Arms : Q-yrony of four argent and gules, a saltire between
four crosslets all counterchanged.
NORTON KNATCHBULL of Meraham Hatch, Esq. Created
a Baronet in 1641. Philipott says he was deserving of special
honour " for his favour and love to learning and antiquity in times
when they were both fallen under such cheapness and contempt."
He died in 1684. A handsome marble monument in Mersbam
Church marks his burial-place. Arms: Azure, three cross-crosslets fitchee between two bendlets or.
16 CHABLES I., 1640, November.
SIR EDWARD BERING- of Surrenden, Pluckley, Knight and
Baronet. A distinguished antiquary. He earned no little notoriety, if of a somewhat doubtful character, in the following year.
Though he had been knighted by King James in 1618, and created
a Baronet by Charles in 1627, and with no real sympathy with the
Parliamentary party, yet being, as Clarendon says, " a man of levity
and vanity, easily flattered by being commended," he was persuaded
to bring in a Bill " For the utter eradication of Bishops, Deans,
etc.," and to give it more dramatic effect addressed the House
from the gallery, in the words in which Ovid describes Jove as
denouncing the Titans,
" Cunota prius tentata, sed immedicabile vulnus,
Bnse reoidendum est, ne pars sincera trahatur;"
which Dryden thus turns into English :
234
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR, KENT.
" I try'd whatever in the godhead lay :
But gangrened members must be lop't away,
Before the nobler parts are tainted to decay."
Soon, however, were Ms real sentiments detected, as disclosed in a
book he published in vindication of his action; and early in the
next year the work was denounced as containing language " against
the honour and privilege of this House, and scandalous to this
House," and condemned to be burned by the common hangman,
and the author himself pronounced to be " disabled to sit as a Member of this House," and by a majority of 85 to 61 sent to the Tower.*
On being liberated at the end of a week he joined the King at
Nottingham with a troop of horse, but signing the Covenant he
retired to Surrenden, where he died in 1644 in poverty, having spent
a vast sum of money in his "historic library." He was buried in
Pluckley Church. Arms : Or, a saltire sable.
SIB JOHN CULPEPER (or COLEPEPER) of Bedgebury in
Groudhurst, Knight. Created Baron Colepeper of Thoresway (co.
Lincoln) in 1644; Privy Councillor and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1641. Clarendon pronounces him to have been " a good
speaker, a man of universal understanding, a quick comprehension,
and a wonderful memory." He, too, with his colleague Bering,
had his services in the House " dispensed with." Arms : Argent,
a bend engrailed gules.
Thus was Kent deprived of the two members of her
choice, and in their places were intruded by the Parliamentarians two men of little note in the county.
AUGUSTINE SKINNEE of Totteshall in East Farleigh, Esq.,
of a Liucolnshire family, and lately settled here; and
JOHN BOYS, Esq., of Predville in Nonington, and Hawkhurst,
in which latter church are many tombs of the Boys family.
Hasted omits all Parliaments from 16 Charles I. to the
Restoration of Charles II.
Willis, in his Notitia Parliamentaria, gives the following
as the names of men nominated by Oliver Cromwell and the
Council in 1653 to represent Kent, in which " Assembly,"
commonly known as the " Little Parliament," no burgesses
or representatives of cities or towns (with the single exception of London) were admitted.
* For these details the writer desires to acknowledge Ms great obligation to
Lionel Helbert, Esq., of the House of Commons Library. .
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
235
VISCOUNT L'ISLE (PHILIP SYDNEY), eldest son of SirBobert
Sydney, Earl of Leicester (see 18 James I.), who was appointed
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, but recalled after six months. He
was appointed one of the Commissioners for the trial of the King,
but, like Fairfax, he absented himself. He succeeded his father in
the Earldom in 1677, and died in 1698.
THOMAS BLOUNT, -j These three were apparently insig"WILLIAM KENRICK, >nificant persons, as their names
"WILLIAM CULLEN, J seem to have no place ia history.
ANTHONY (? ANDBEW) BKOTTG-HTON. If the latter, he was
originally a lawyer in Maidstone, where by his fellow-townsmen he
was twice (in 1648 and in 1659) chosen Mayor. Being " a zealous
Presbyterian " he soon rose in favour with the Parliamentarian party,
who made him Clerk of the High Court for the King's trial, in
which capacity he read both the impeachment and the sentence on
the King. At the Bestoration he was only able to escape the fate
of his fellow-regicides by flying to Switzerland, where he died in
1687, aged 84.
This Parliament, though of his own creating and selection in September 1654, failed to meet the wishes and expectations of Cromwell, so he summarily dismissed them two
months after, and being now appointed Protector, convened
another under the express condition and order that "no
person who had ever been against the Parliament during
the time of the Civil War should be capable of being chosen "
to sit in it; and as arbitrarily fixed the number and probably
the men of whom it should be composed. These, according
to Brown Willis's list, eleven in number, were not chosen,
as had hitherto been the case, from old knightly families of
the county, all of whom, with very few exceptions, were
Royalists, but from among the substantial gentry of Kent;
a- Vane and an Oxenden probably thrown in for appearance
sake. It is therefore almost a matter of conjecture from
what places and families the men thus selected came. They
were :
"WILLIAM JAMES, Esq., probably of Igbtham, whose ancestor
being of G-erman descent, and bearing the name of Jacob van Hastretcht, had dropped the sirname, and Anglicised the Christian one
into " James," when he became the purchaser of Ightham Moafc.
This "William James was a Justice of the Peace. (Philipott, p. 304.)
236
KNIGHTS OP THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
JOHN DIXWELL of Terlingham in Folkestone, Esq., seems
(ibid., p. 61) to have held the rank of Colonel in the Parliamentarian Army.
JOHN BOYS, Esq. (See above.)
SIR HENEY VANE, Sen., probably representing the younger
branch of the family of the Earls of "Westmoreland. His son, also
Sir Henry, is mentioned in Colonel Hutchinson's Life as having
given him valuable counsel and help.
EALPH WELDON of Swanscombe, also called by Philipott a
Colonel.
LAMBAED G-ODEEEY, Esq., probably a member of the
influential family of that name in Lydd.
EICHAED BEALE, Esq., no doubt belonging to the Beales of
Maidstone, many of whom held high municipal office there.
HENEY OXENDEN, Esq. Was he not the eldest son of Sir
James Oxenden of Dene near Wingham, who was afterwards
knighted by Charles II. on his Eestoration, and created a Baronet
by him in 1678 ?
AUGUSTINE SKINNEE, Esq., already mentioned as having
been intruded into the Parliament of 16 Charles I. on the removal
of Sir Edward Deering.
DANIEL SHATTEETON, Esq., of whom nothing can be
traced; and
JOHN SETLIAED, Jun., Esq., of Delaware in Edenbridge.
Of the next Parliament summoned to meet in September
1656, and dissolved in the following February, no return
appears of members for Kent. In January 1659 another
was summoned by Richard Cromwell, when
WILLIAM JAMES, Esq., who had sat in the earlier one of
1654, was again returned, and with him
SIR THOMAS STYLE of Wateringberry, Knight and Baronet.
But in the following May the Army, with Lord Meetwood
at their head, on their own authority and responsibility convened a Parliament to meet on April 25, 1660, and resolved
to call back the King and restore the Constitution in Church
and State.
During the " Interregnum " great were the changes both
in the personnel and the constitution through which Parliament passed. In 1653 a body of men, in no sense repre-
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
237
sentatives, inasmuch, as they were not the choice of the
people, but selected and nominated by Cromwell himself,
met at Westminster under the name of a Parliament.
" Amongst them (says Clarendon) were some few of the
quality and degree of gentlemen, and who had estates, and
such a proportion of credit and reputation as could consist
with the guilt they had contracted. But much the greater
part of them consisted of inferior persons, of no quality or
name," etc., etc. Such seems to be a true description (as
illustrated by those who were taken for Kent) of the component parts of this gathering, summoned by Cromwell as
" Captain General and Commander in Chief " of the Forces.
They met in July and were dissolved in December 1653. In
the following September another " selected " body took their
place, but only till the following January, when they too
were as summarily dissolved.
The reaction that was now taking place throughout
England may be seen in the terms in which the summons
for convening a fresh Parliament in 1659 was issued. It
ignores all those held since the one last summoned by royal
authority in 1640, known as the " Long Parliament." So
entirely were all transactions after the death of Charles I.
ignored that the year of the Restoration was at once regarded
and proclaimed as being the 12th of Charles II.
To that Parliament, which Brown Willis in his Notitia
calls the 11 Charles II., there were returned, as stated above,
WILLIAM JAMBS of Ightham, Esq., who had been one of
tlie " selected " of Cromwell. Distinguished, according to Philipott,
for his " affection to learning and antiquity," and a Justice of the
Peace for the county.
SIE THOMAS STYLE of Wateringbury Place, Bart. Arms :
Sable, a fesse or fretty of the field between three fleurs-de-lis
and within a bordure of the second.
12 CHAELES II., 1660.
SIB JOHN TUFTON of the Mote, Maidstone, Bart., son of
Sir Humphry Tufton, younger brother of Sir Nicholas, who had
been created Earl of Thanet in 1628. Arms: Sable, within a
bordure argent an eagle displayed ermine.
238
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
Sin EDWARD DERING- of Surrenden, Knight and Baronet,
again. (See 16 Charles I.)
13 CHABLES II., 1661.
SIB THOMAS PEYTON of Knowlton, Bart. Appointed a
Prize Commissioner on the Restoration, with a grant of £2000 a
year.* Died in 1683. Arms : Sable, cross engrailed or, in second
quarter a mullet argent.
Sm JOHN" TUFTON of the Mote, Bart., again,
31 CHAELBS II., 1679.
SIB VERE FANE, second son of Mildmay Vane, whose mother,
the widow of Sir Thomas Fane or Vane, had been created Baroness
Despencer and Countess of Westmoreland. Sir Vere was made
Knight of the Bath on the Coronation of Charles II., and succeeded to the Earldom on the death of his elder brother Charles in
1691. He died in 1693.
SIB EDWARD DERING-, Bart., again.
33 CHABLES II., 1681, Oxford.
The same members again.
1 JAMES II., 1685.
SIB WILLIAM TWYSDEN of Roydon Hall, East Peekham,
son of Sir Roger the staunch Royalist, who was imprisoned by the
Parliamentarians for two years in Lambeth Palace. He died 1697.
SIB JOHN KNATCHBTJLL of Mersham Hatch, Baronet,
who the year before had succeeded his father Sir Norton. (See
15 Charles I.) Arms: Per saltire argent and gules, a saltire between
four cross-crosslets all interchanged, a crescent for difference.
Convention, 1688.
SIB VERE FANE, K.C.B., again.
SIB JOHN KNATCHBTJLL, Bart., again.
2 WIM.IAM and MABT, 1690.
SIB JOHN KNATCHBULL, Bart., again. He died in 1696.
SIB VERE FANE, K.C.B., again. On Sir Vere Fane's succeeding to the Earldom of Westmoreland on the death of his halfbrother Charles in 1691, the vacancy was filled by
* This was known as the " Pensionary Parliament," from the many pensions
granted to the Royalists, who largely composed it.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
289
SIR THOMAS EOBEETS, of G-lassenbury in Cranbrook,
Baronet, who died in 1706, Arms: Sable, on a chevron argent
cotised or three mullets of six points pierced of the field.
7 WIILIAM III., 1695.
HON-. PHILIP SYDNEY of Penshurst, son of Eobert, fourth
Earl of Leicester (see 39 Elizabeth and 6 Edward VI.), to which
title he succeeded in 1702, and died 1705.
SIR THOMAS JROBEETS, Bart., again.
10 WILLIAM III., 1698.
SIR JAMES OXENDEN of Dene Court, Wingham, who had
been knighted by Charles II. in 1671, succeeded his father in the
baronetcy, and died in 1708. Arms: Argent, a chevron gules
between three oxen sable.
SIR STEPHEN LENNAED of West Wickham, Bart., who
died in 1709. Arms: Or, on a fess gules three fleurs-de-lis of the
field.
12 WILLIAM III., 1701.
SIR THOMAS HALES of Danegeon and Hales Place, Canterbury, Baronet. Arms : Gules, three arrows or, feathered and barbed
argent.
THOMAS MEEEDITH, Esq., a son of Sir William Meredith
of Leeds Abbey, Baronet. Arms : Azure, a lion rampant or.
13 WILLIAM III.
SIR THOMAS HALES, Bart., agair
WILLIAM CAMPION, Esq., Counsellor-at-Law, son of Sir
William Campion of Combwell, Goudhurst, who (according to
Philipott, p. 172) had fallen a victim to Puritan frenzy after the
surrender of Colchester Castle in 1648. Arms: Argent, on a chief
gules an eagle displayed or.
I ANNE, 1702.
SIR THOMAS HALES, Bart., again.
SIR FEANCIS LEIGH of East Wickham, Knight, the son of
Sir Oliffi Leigh, who, according to Philipott, " greatly enhanced the
magnificence of the ancient fabric." Arms : Or, on a chevron sable
three lions rampant argent, in the dexter corner an annulet of the
second.
240
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
4 AsrarE, 1705.
WILLIAM, VISCOUNT VILLIBES, eldest son of Edward, first
Earl of Jersey. Succeeded his father in 1711.
SIB OHOLMLEY BERING, Baronet, succeeded Ms father
Sir Edward in 1704. (See 31 Charles II.)
7 ANNE, 1708.*
SIB THOMAS PALMEE, Baronet, grandson of Sir Thomas,
who had suffered severely for his loyalty to Charles I. He married
a sister of the first Lord Eomney. Died in 1723. Arms : Or, two
bars gules, each charged with three trefoils argent, in chief a greyhound courant sable.
SIB STEPHEN LENNAED of "West Wictham, Bart., who
died the next year, when
DAVID POLHILL of Chipsted, Chevening, Esq., was elected.
9 ANNE, 1710.
SIE CHOLMLET DEEING-, Bart., again, but the following
year he was killed in a duel with Mr. Thornhill,
SIE "WILLIAM HAEDEES being elected in his place. Arms :
Chiles, a lion rampant ermine oppressed with a cheyron or.
PEECIVAL HAET of Lullingstone, Esq., on whose tomb in
the church it is recorded that he was " the munificent repairer and
beautifier" of it. Sheriff 1707. He died in 1720. Arms : Per
chevron azure and gules, three hearts trippant or.
12 ANNE, 1713.
SIB EDWAED KNATOHBFLL of Mersham Hatch, Bart.,
son of Sir Thomas, grandson of Sir John. (See 1 James II.)
PEECIVAL HAET, Esq., again.
1 Q-EOBGB I.,
1715.
WILLIAM DELAUNE of Sharsted Court, Doddington, Esq.
HON. MILDMAY PANE, younger son of Vere lane (see
12 Charles II.), Earl of Westmoreland, He died the same year,
when his brother,
HON. JOHN PANE, was elected in his place, and he was created Baron Catherlough in Ireland in 1733 ; and in 1736 succeeded
his brother Vere in the Earldom of Westmoreland.
* Including Scotland, and henceforth called "the Parliament of Great
Britain."
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIRE FOR KENT.
241
8 GEOBGE I., 1722.
SIB EDWARD KNATCHBULL of Mersham Hatch, Bart.,
again.
SIB THOMAS TWYSDEN of Roydon HaU, Bart., son of Sir
William Twysden. (See 1 James II.)
1 G-EOEGE II., 1727.
Sra ROGER MEREDITH of Leeds Abbey, Baronet, grandson
of Sir William Meredith of Stainsley, Denby. He died in 1738,
and was buried in Leeds Church, where a handsome monument
records his virtues.
SIE ROBERT FURNESE of Waldershare, Baronet, son of
Sir Henry Furnese, who had been Alderman of the City of London.
Was created Baronet in 1707 by Queen Anne. Sir Robert died in
1733 (Arms : Argent, a talbot sejant sable, in chief three crescents
gules), when
SIB EDWARD DERING, Bart., son of Sir Cholmley Dering,
was elected.
8 G-EOE&E II., 1734.
WILLIAM (VISOOTJNT) PANE, son of the Earl of Westmoreland, who predeceased his father, dying a few days after his election,
when in his place was chosen
SIB CHRISTOPHER POWELL of Wierton, Boughton Monchelsea, Bart., who died in 1742.
SIB EDWARD DERING of Surrenden Dering, Bart., again.
15 GEOEGE II., 1741.
SIB EDWARD DERING, Bart., again.
SIE ROGER TWTSDEN of Bradbourn, Bart.
21 G-EOBGE II., 1747.
SIB EDWARD DERING, Bart., again.
SIB ROGER TWTSDEN, Bart., again.
27 GEOEGE II., 1754.
HON. ROBERT FAIRFAX of Leeds Castle, brother to Lord
Fairfax of Cameron in Scotland, and afterwards Lord Fairfax.
Arms: Argent, three bars gemelles gules, surmounted by a lion
rampant sable.
HON. LEWIS MONSON WATSON, brother of Lord Monson,
called to the Upper House as Lord Sondes of Lees Court in 1760,
when
SIE WYNDHAM KNATCHBULL WYNDHAM, son of
VOL. XXI.
li
242
KNIGHTS OF THE SHISE FOR, KENT.
Sir Edward (see 8 George I.), was elected. Arms: Azure, a lion
rampant or.
1 GEOBGE III., 1761.
HON. EOBEET FAIRFAX of Leeds Castle, again.
SIB WYNDHAM KNATCHBTTLL WYNDHAM of Mersham. Hatch, again; on whose death, in 1763,
SIB BEOOK BEIDGES of Goodnestone was elected. Arms :
Azwe, three water-bougets or within a bordure ermine.
8 GEOBGE III., 1768.
SIB BEOOK BEIDGES, Bart., again.
JOHN FEEDEEICK SAOKVILLE, Esq., who succeeded his
uncle the Duke of Dorset in 1769 (Arms: Argent, three bars
gemelles gules, on a bend or a lion passant of the second), when
SIB CHAELES FAEJSTABY of Kippington was elected.
15 GEOEGE III., 1774
How. CHAELES MAESHAM, eldest son of Baron Eomney
of the Mote, Maidstone.
THOMAS KNIGHT of Godmersham, Esq. His father, also
Thomas Knight, Esq., still living at an advanced age, originally
bore the name of Brodnax, which he changed for May in 1727,
and afterwards for Knight in 1738. Had been Member for Canterbury in 1734. He died in 1781, being 80 years of age. His son
Thomas died in 1794
21 GEOBGE III., 1780.
HON. CHAELES MAESHAM, again.
FILMEE HONYWOOD of Evington and of Hull Place, Otterden, Esq. Arms: Argent, a chevron between three parrots' heads
erased assure.
24 GEOBGE III., 1784
HON. CHAELES MAESHAM, again.
FILMEE HONEYWOOD, Esq., again.
30 GEOBGE III., 1790.
SIB EDWAED KJSTATCHBULL, Bart., of Mersham Hatch,
who had succeeded his uncle Sir "Wyndham (see 27 George II.)
in 1763.
FILMEE HONYWOOD of Evington, Esq., again.
41 GEOB&E III., 1801.
SIB EDWARD KNATCHBULL of Mersham Hatch, Bart.,
again.
SIB WILLIAM GEAEY of Oxenhoath, West Peckham, Bart.
KNIGHTS OF THE SHIHE FOR KENT.
243
42 GEORGE III, 1802.
FILMEE HONYWOOD of Linstead, Esq., again.
SIB WILLIAM GEAEY, Bart., again.
47 GEORGE III., 1806.
SIE EDWAED KNATCHBULL, Bart., again.
WILLIAM HONYWOOD of Sibton, Esq.
48 GEOBGE III., 1807.
SIB EDWAED KNATCHBULL, Bart., again.
WILLIAM HONYWOOD of Sibton, Esq., again.
53 GEOBGE III., 1812.
SIE EDWAED KNATCHBULL, Bart., again.
SIE WILLIAM GEAEY, Bart., again.
58 GEOBGE III., 1818.
SIB EDWAED KNATOHBTJLL, Bart., again.
WILLIAM PHILIP HONYWOOD, Esq.
1 GEOBGE IV., 1820.
SIE EDWAED KNATCHBULL, Bart., again.
WILLIAM PHILIP HONYWOOD, Esq., again.
7 GEOBGE IV., 1826.
The same members again.
1 WIEUAM IV., 1830.
SIE EDWAED KNATCHBULL, Bart., again.
THOMAS LAW HODGES of Hemsted, Esq.
1 WiiiiAM IV., 1831.
THOMAS LAW HODGES, Esq., again.
THOMAS EIDEE of Bougnton Monchelsea, Esq.
On the passing of the "Reform Bill" in 1832, the county
of Kent was broken up into two divisions, EASTERN and
WESTERN, each returning two members; and in 1868 a third
division, called MID-KENT, was formed, each returning a
single member.
E 2
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