VinylPlus Progress Report 2014 - Executive Summary

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Daniel Buren
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Reporting on 2013 activities
Voluntary Commitment Challenges
and Achievements
Challenge
Five key challenges have been identified based on The Natural Step
System Conditions for a Sustainable Society (www.naturalstep.org).
Recycling
SUSTA
INA
BI
Sustainable energy
& climate stability
This Executive Summary summarises VinylPlus’
progress and achievements in 2013 in each of
the five challenges. All the information reported
has been independently audited and verified by
external third parties.
Expenditure by VinylPlus for 2013, including EuPC1
and its members, amounted to €6.3 million.
For detailed descriptions of the projects and
activities please visit www.vinylplus.eu.
Controlled-loop Management: “We will work towards the more efficient
use and control of PVC throughout its life cycle.”
Recycled PVC volumes increased significantly in
2013 to 444,468 tonnes, despite continued adverse
economic conditions. Of this, 435,083 tonnes
were registered and certified by Recovinyl, the
organisation set up in 2003 to facilitate PVC waste
collection and recycling. The consolidation of waste
streams contributed to this achievement, as did the
involvement of the converters contributing industrial
waste in the Recovinyl system.
In 2013, Recovinyl focused on implementing
the ‘pull-market’ concept – i.e. consolidating
and increasing the steady supply of PVC waste
being recycled in Europe by creating demand for
recycled PVC material from the converting industry
– helping and motivating converters to use more
recyclates and setting up three levels of agreement
and corresponding audit protocols.
T
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AR
AW
S
NES
SUST
AIN
AB
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1
Y
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BI
SS
ENE
AR
AW
Organochlorine
emissions
S
NES
Controlled-loop
management
E
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AW
SUST
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Y
TY
S S SUSTAI
ENE
NA
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Sustainable
use of additives
3
1
Launched in 2011, VinylPlus is the renewed ten-year Voluntary Commitment
to Sustainable Development by the European PVC industry. The VinylPlus
programme was developed through open dialogue with stakeholders,
including industry, NGOs, regulators, civil society representatives and PVC
users.
The regional scope of the programme is the EU-27 plus Norway and
Switzerland.
2
Photo: courtesy of REHAU
PVC window
profiles
guarantee
excellent
thermal
insulation,
contributing
to energy
efficiency of
buildings
EuPC: European Plastics Converters (www.plasticsconverters.eu)
In 2013, VinylPlus also started to investigate the
possibility of increasing recycling volumes in
regulated PVC waste streams such as automotive
trim and household packaging.
VinyLoop®
VinyLoop® is a physical, solvent-based technology
that is able to recycle difficult-to-treat, end-of-life
PVC waste, and produces high-quality R-PVC
(recycled PVC) compounds. In 2013, VinyLoop®
concentrated its efforts on improving the efficiency
of the treatment of scraps containing fibres,
and achieved a significant increase in tarpaulin
recycling (802 tonnes, +55% compared to 2012).
Furthermore, VinyLoop Ferrara decided to make its
technology available for licensing worldwide.
Legacy Additives
Legacy additives are substances whose use in
PVC products has been discontinued but that
are contained in recycled PVC. EU regulations
impacting legacy additives were a critical challenge
in 2013, because of their potential to reduce the
amount of PVC that can be recycled. VinylPlus
has further strengthened its cooperation with the
competent authorities to address this issue.
The Competent Authorities for REACH2 and CLP3
(CARACAL) issued its interpretation on REACH
Regulation for recyclates containing Low Molecular
Weight phthalates in March 2013. The opinion
of the European Chemicals Agency’s (ECHA) Risk
Assessment Committee (RAC) on the application
for Authorisation is expected to be released in
September 2014.
Lead
PHOTO: COURTESY OF VINYLOOP®
Since restrictions on lead might severely affect
recycling, VinylPlus in March 2012 initiated a study
on the socio-economic impact of recycling waste
streams containing lead with the Dutch consultant
Tauw (www.tauw.com). The study assessed the
potential impact of possible regulations limiting
lead content in PVC articles for building and
construction over the time span 2015-2050. In
2013, a modelling study on lead migration into
water from sewage pipes conducted by the
German institute Fabes (www.fabes-online.de)
was completed. The study demonstrated very
low levels of migration, well within Environmental
Quality Standards for surface water.
Controlled-loop Committee
Thanks to the work done by the Controlled-loop
Committee, the new VinylPlus definition of
recycling is now fully embedded in all applications.
In 2013, the wall coverings industry also joined the
Committee.
As part of the PVC industry efforts to use innovative
technology to recycle 100,000 tonnes/year of
difficult-to-recycle PVC, the Committee visited the
EcoLoop plant in Germany (www.ecoloop.eu/en)
and the Alzchem (www.alzchem.com) calcium
carbide plant in Bavaria. Workshops, with
participants from technology institutes, businesses
and associations, were also held in 2013, and
several interesting R&D paths were identified.
PVC coated fabrics waste from Serge Ferrari ready to be
recycled at the VinyLoop® plant in Ferrara, Italy
Challenge
2
Organochlorine Emissions: “We will help to ensure that persistent organic
compounds do not accumulate in nature and that other emissions are
reduced.”
Safe Transport
VinylPlus has a target of zero accident with VCM
release during transportation. No such accidents
occurred in 2013.
2
4
5
3
Temporary
re-usable
structures: the
Kreod Pavillion
in London
Photo: Ed Kingsford
Low Molecular Weight Phthalates
A Task Force of experts was set up to assess the
risks of transporting major raw materials, and it
mapped out an action plan to identify and assess
the measures already in place.
EACH: Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals is a EU regulation on chemical substances
R
CLP: European Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of chemical substances and mixtures
Challenge
3
Sustainable Use of Additives: “We will review the use of PVC additives
and move towards more sustainable additive systems.”
Lead Replacement
ESPA4 and EuPC are committed to replacing leadbased stabilisers across the EU-27 by the end of
2015. In 2014, the commitment will be extended
to the EU-28. Over the 2007-2013 period, the use
of lead stabilisers decreased by 81,372 tonnes
(-81.4%) in the EU-27.
Plasticisers
The replacement of DEHP by High Molecular
Weight phthalates and other plasticisers is
ongoing. In 2013, ECHA published its final report
on the re-evaluation of the restrictions on DINP
and DIDP in toys and childcare articles which
can be placed in the mouth. According to the
conclusions, “a risk from mouthing of toys and
childcare articles with DINP and DIDP cannot be
excluded if the existing restrictions were lifted”.
However, “no further risks were identified”. Taking
into account ECHA’s report and the RAC’s opinion,
it can be concluded that DINP and DIDP are safe
for use in all current applications.
4
5
‘Sustainable Use of Additives’
Criteria
The Additives Task Force brings together
representatives from ECPI5 and ESPA, related
sectors such as pigments and fillers, NGOs and
major PVC converting industries. In 2013, the
Additives Task Force defined practical methods
to assess additives based on TNS sustainability
criteria. Converter associations started to update
existing LCAs (Life Cycle Assessments) and EPDs
(Environmental Product Declarations).
-81.4
SPA: The European Stabiliser Producers Association (www.stabilisers.eu)
E
ECPI: The European Council for Plasticisers and Intermediates (www.plasticisers.org)
% LEAD
SUBSTITUTION
IN THE PERIOD
2007-2013
Challenge
4
Sustainable Energy Use: “We will help to minimise climate impacts through
reducing energy and raw material use, potentially endeavouring to switch
to renewable sources and promoting sustainable innovation.”
Challenge
Sustainability Awareness: “We will continue to build sustainability awareness
across the value chain – including stakeholders inside and outside the
industry – to accelerate resolving our sustainability challenges.”
In April 2013, VinylPlus organised its first
Sustainability Forum, in Istanbul, Turkey, aiming
to engage a wider range of industry and external
stakeholders. The 2013 edition saw the participation
of 120 delegates, and of Ambassador Tomas Anker
Christensen, Senior Advisor at the United Nations
Office for Partnerships, as keynote speaker.
an overall target, even by subsector, would be
meaningless. It was therefore decided to proceed
in a step by step approach.
PVC flooring: enhanced walking comfort, good footfall
sound reduction, anti-slip, warm, particularly durable
surface coating
Energy Efficiency and Sustainable
Footprint
In 2013, the Energy Efficiency Task Force initiated
data collection by ECVM6 member companies
based on the methodology agreed with
consultant IFEU (German Institute for Energy and
Environmental Research – www.ifeu.de). An initial
verification of the data collected will take place in
2014, and it will be combined with a revision of
the VCM and PVC eco-profiles. A final report is
expected by November 2014.
7
6
Official signature of the Green Industry Platform Statement
of Support
Independent Monitoring
VinylPlus is continuing the best practices established
by Vinyl 2010 and maintains an independent and
critical Monitoring Committee, whose majority of
members are external stakeholders.
In November 2013, VinylPlus became a member
of the Green Industry Platform (GIP), a joint
initiative of the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization (UNIDO) and the
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Programme Participants
Despite the financial crisis, the net number of
companies contributing to the programme through
the Vinyl Foundation increased by 5.4% compared
to the year 2010.
2010
2010 net
number7
2013
163
148
156
Renewable Raw Materials
Annual Reporting
Vinyl Foundation
Established in December 2011, the Renewable
Materials Task Force is investigating renewable
alternative resources for the production of PVC,
which is made from salt (57% – salt availability is
largely unlimited) and oil (43%). After verification,
in 2013 the Task Force confirmed that technical
solutions to produce some raw materials from
renewable resources or waste do exist.
The Progress Report 2014 has been independently
verified by SGS, whilst expenditure and tonnages
of PVC waste recycled have been audited and
certified by KPMG. The Natural Step made
a commentary on the overall work and progress
of VinylPlus.
VinylPlus Partner Certificate
and Product Label
Converters will also strive to increase their efficient
use of energy. Due to the complexity and variety of
situations found in the converting sectors, setting
6
PHOTO: VINYLPLUS
Photo: courtesy of debolon
PVC converters’ consumption data and targets will
be collected and aggregated by sector through
the EuPlastVoltage benchmarking system. This
system was set up to measure the progress of
plastics converting companies as a whole towards
increased energy efficiency.
During 2013, the Sustainable Footprint Task Force
analysed the European Commission’s Product
Environmental Footprint (PEF) scheme and its
guidance in relation to the available EPDs for PVC
products. The Task Force concluded that updating
the EPDs will provide much of the data needed
to produce PEFs for the PVC industry. In a second
stage, socio-economic aspects, as well as human
health and safety parameters, could be also covered
in order to develop a Sustainable Product Footprint.
5
ECVM: The European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers (www.pvc.org)
External Stakeholder Dialogue
and Communication
In 2013, VinylPlus’ Voluntary Commitment, its
progress and its achievements were presented
through active participation in conferences, events
and exhibitions at both the European and global
level.
7
The Partnership Certificate is released on a yearly
basis to the companies which contribute to the
VinylPlus Voluntary Commitment. In 2013, the Product
Label scheme developed in close cooperation
with BRE Global (UK-based certification experts on
responsible sourcing for building and construction
products – www.bre.co.uk) and TNS, was concretely
verified through test audits at several converting
companies that volunteered for this phase.
Net number: number of companies after deduction of plants disappearing following bankruptcy or mergers and acquisitions
VinylPlus Partners
In 2013, contributors were:
Heytex Bramsche GmbH (Germany)
Heytex Neugersdorf GmbH (Germany)
Icopal Kunststoffverarbeitungs GmbH, former MWK Kunststoffverarbeitungs
GmbH (Germany)
IGI – Global Wallcoverings Association (Belgium)*
IKA Innovative Kunststoffaufbereitung GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
Inoutic/Deceuninck GmbH (Germany)
Jimten (Spain)
Juteks d.o.o. (Slovenia)
Klöckner Pentaplast GmbH
& Co. KG (Germany)
Konrad Hornschuch AG (Germany)
KWH Pipe Oy AB (Finland)
Manufacturas JBA (Spain)
Marley Deutschland (Germany)
Marley Hungária (Hungary)
Mehler Texnologies GmbH (Germany)
MKF-Ergis Sp. z o.o. (Poland)
MKF-Folien GmbH (Germany)
Molecor (Spain)*
Mondoplastico SpA (Italy)
Nicoll (France)
Nicoll Italy (Italy)
Nordisk Wavin A/S (Denmark)
Norsk Wavin A/S (Norway)
NYLOPLAST EUROPE B.V. (Netherlands)
Omya International AG (Switzerland)*
Perlen Packaging (Switzerland)
Pipelife Austria (Austria)
Pipelife Belgium NV (Belgium)
Pipelife Czech s.r.o (Czech Republic)
Pipelife Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
Pipelife Eesti AS (Estonia)
Pipelife Finland Oy (Finland)
Pipelife Hellas S.A. (Greece)
Pipelife Hungária Kft. (Hungary)
Pipelife Nederland BV (Netherlands)
Pipelife Polska SA (Poland)
Pipelife Sverige AB (Sweden)
Poliplast (Poland)
Poloplast GmbH & Co. KG (Austria)
Polyflor (UK)
Polymer-Chemie GmbH (Germany)
PROFIALIS NV (Belgium)
PROFIALIS SAS (France)
Profine GmbH (Germany)
Protan AS (Norway)
PUM Plastiques SAS (France)*
Redi (Italy)
REHAU AG & Co (Germany)
* Companies that joined VinylPlus in 2013
REHAU GmbH (Austria)
REHAU Ltd (UK)
REHAU SA (France)
REHAU Sp. z o.o. (Poland)
REHAU Industrias S.A. (Spain)
RENOLIT Belgium NV (Belgium)
RENOLIT Cramlington Ltd (UK)
RENOLIT Hispania SA (Spain)
RENOLIT Ibérica SA (Spain)
RENOLIT Milano Srl (Italy)
RENOLIT Nederland BV (Netherlands)
RENOLIT Ondex SAS (France)
RENOLIT SE (Germany)
Riuvert (Spain)
Roechling Engeneering Plastics KG (Germany)
S.I.D.I.A.C. (France)
Salamander Industrie Produkte GmbH (Germany)
Sattler (Austria)
Schüco PWS GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
Serge Ferrari SAS (France)
Sika Services AG, former Sika
Manufacturing AG (Switzerland)
Sika Trocal GmbH (Germany)
Solvay Benvic Europe – Italia SpA (Italy)
SOTRA-SEPEREF SAS (France)
Tarkett AB (Sweden)
Tarkett France (France)
Tarkett GDL SA (Luxembourg)
Tarkett Holding GmbH (Germany)
Tarkett Limited (UK)
Tessenderlo Chemie NV (Belgium)
TMG Automotive (Portugal)*
Tönsmeier Kunstoffe GmbH
& Co. KG (Germany)
Upofloor Oy (Finland)
Uponor Infra Oy, former Uponor Suomi Oy (Finland)
Veka AG (Germany)
Veka Ibérica (Spain)
Veka Plc (UK)
Veka Polska (Poland)
Veka SAS (France)
Verseidag-Indutex GmbH (Germany)
Vescom BV (Netherlands)
Vulcaflex SpA (Italy)
Wardle Storeys (UK)*
Wavin Baltic (Lithuania)
Wavin Belgium BV (Belgium)
Wavin BV (Netherlands)
Wavin France SAS (France)
Wavin GmbH (Germany)
Wavin Hungary (Hungary)
Wavin Ireland Ltd (Ireland)
Wavin Metalplast (Poland)
Wavin Nederland BV (Netherlands)
Wavin Plastics Ltd (UK)
W.R. Grace S.A. (France)
PVC producers
contributing to VinylPlus
in 2013
Borsodchem (Hungary)
Ineos Vinyls (Belgium, France,
Germany, UK, Netherlands,
Norway, Sweden)
Shin-Etsu PVC (Netherlands,
Portugal)
SolVin (Belgium, France,
Germany, Spain)
Vestolit GmbH (Germany)
Vinnolit GmbH & Co. KG
(Germany, UK)
Stabiliser producers
contributing to VinylPlus
in 2013
Akcros Chemicals
Akdeniz Kimya A.S.
Asua Products SA
Baerlocher GmbH
Chemson Polymer-Additive AG
Floridienne Chimie
Galata Chemicals
IKA GmbH & Co. KG
Lamberti SpA
PMC Group
Reagens SpA
Plasticiser producers
contributing to VinylPlus
in 2013
BASF SE
Evonik Industries AG (Germany)
ExxonMobil Chemical
Europe Inc.
Perstorp Oxo AB (Sweden)
Cover: Monumenta, Grand Palais, Paris, France. Designer: Daniel Buren. Photo credits: ADAGP Paris, Didier Plowy
A. Kolckmann GmbH (Germany)
Alfatherm SpA (Italy)
Aliaxis Group (Belgium)
Altro (UK)
aluplast Austria GmbH (Austria)
aluplast GmbH (Germany)
alwitra GmbH & Co (Germany)*
AMS Kunststofftechnik GmbH
& Co. KG (Germany)
Amtico International (UK)
Armstrong DLW AG (Germany)
BM S.L. (Spain)
BT Bautechnik Impex GmbH
& Co. KG (Germany)
BTH Fitting kft (Hungary)
CIFRA (France)
Coveris Rigid Hungary Ltd,
former Paccor Hungary (Hungary)
CTS Cousin Tessier SAS (France)
CTS-TCT Polska Sp. z o.o. (Poland)
debolon dessauer bodenbeläge
GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
Deceuninck Ltd (UK)
Deceuninck NV (Belgium)
Deceuninck Polska Sp. z o.o. (Poland)
Deceuninck SAS (France)
DHM (UK)
Dickson Saint Clair (France)*
Dietzel GmbH (Austria)
Döllken Kunststoffverarbeitung GmbH (Germany)
Dyka BV (Netherlands)
Dyka Plastics NV (Belgium)
Dyka Polska Sp. z o.o. (Poland)
Elbtal Plastics GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
Epwin Window Systems (UK)*
Ergis Eurofilms SA (Poland)
Eurocell Profiles Ltd (UK)
FDT FlachdachTechnologie
GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
Finstral AG (Italy)
FIP (Italy)
Flag SpA (Italy)
Floridienne Chimie SA (Belgium)
Forbo Coral NV (Netherlands)
Forbo Flooring UK Ltd (UK)
Forbo Sarlino SAS (France)
Forbo Giubiasco SA (Switzerland)
Forbo-Novilon BV (Netherlands)
Gallazzi SpA (Italy)*
Gealan Fenster-Systeme GmbH
(Germany)
Georg Fischer Deka GmbH (Germany)
Gerflor Mipolam GmbH (Germany)
Gerflor SAS (France)
Gerflor Tarare (France)
Gernord Ltd (Ireland)
Girpi (France)
Griffine Enduction (France)*
H Producter AS (Norway)
Heubach GmbH (Germany)
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