Unit 8 - Section 1

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Transcript

Nuremberg Trials


Nuremburg Trials
Video



The German War Crimes
trials that were held in
Nuremburg, Germany
This was a former rallying
point for the Nazi Party
12 Nazi leaders were
convicted and sentenced
to death
7 others were sentenced
to jail
3 were acquitted
United Nations
An international
organization the allies
hoped would work to
achieve world peace
 Replaced the League of
Nations
 Contains 5 permanent
members – U.S., Soviet
Union, Britain, China, and
France

United Nations
Cold War
A competition for global
power and influence
between two
superpowers
 The United States and the
Soviet Union were the
superpowers
 Waged mainly on political
and economic fronts
 Never turned to fighting
between the two
countries

Cold War
Containment
The restricting of the
expansion of Soviet
communism
 Came from a report
written by George
Kennan
 This became the policy of
the United States
throughout the Cold War

Containment
Video
Truman Doctrine
The policy of the United
States to support free
people who are resisting
against the attempted
subjugation (conquest)
by armed minorities or
outside pressures
 We would help stop the
spread of communism

Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan
Also known as the
European Recovery Plan
 $17 billion in economic aid
to assist European
countries that were
facing hardships after the
war
 The countries had to
pledge to permit the
emergence of political
and social conditions in
which free institutions
can exist

Marshall Plan
Video
Berlin Airlift
Berlin Airlift
On June 24, 1948, the
Soviets blockaded the
roads to Berlin in an
attempt to force the
western countries to flee
the city
 U.S. and British planes
would carry more than 2
million tons of food and
supplies into West Berlin
 These flights lasted for 14
months

Berlin Airlift
Video
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty
Organization
 Formed in April 1949 by 9
western European
countries along with the
U.S., Canada, and Iceland
 Pledged to defend the
others in the event they
were attacked

NATO
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the
Soviet Union and Eastern
European countries
 Formed in 1955 in
response to NATO

Warsaw Pact
Mao Zedong
The communist party
leader in China in the
1950s
 Fought Chiang Kai-shek
for power in China
 Eventually won power
and implemented
communism in China

Mao Zedong
Korean War
Video 1


Korean War




1950 to 1953
Korea divided after WWII
Communist North Korea
attacks democratic South
Korea.
China and the Soviets
support the North, the
U.S. and the UN support
the south.
Ceasefire signed 1953 ,
technically Korea is still at
war.
“The domino theory”
Inch’ŏn
Inch’ŏn
Located on the western
coast of Korea, not far
from Seoul (capital of
South Korea)
 This is where MacArthur
led a counterattack
against North Korea
 This victory cut off the
supply lines to the North
Korean soldiers down
south

Inch’ŏn
Video 2

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