Islamic Art

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First found May 22, 2018

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Islamic Art
AP Art History
Moreno Valley High School
Instructor: Erica Ness
Regions and Dynasties
Syria and Iraq
Umayyad Caliphate est. 661
Abbasid Caliphate est. 750
Spain
Umayyad Caliphate est. 756
Nasrid Dynasty est. 1230
Iran and Central Asia
Samanid Dynasty est. 819
Seljuk Dynasty est. 1038
Timurid Dynasty est. 1370s
Safavid Dynasty est. 1501
Regions and Dynasties
Egypt
Fatimid Dynasty est. 909
Mamluk Dynasty est. 1250
Turkey
Ottoman Empire founded 1281
India
Mughal Dynasty est. 1526
Important Dates
Birth of Muhammad in Mecca - ca. 570
Muhammad’s first revelation - 610
Muhammad’s flight to Mecca - 622
Death of Muhammad in Medina - 632
Muslims capture Jerusalem - 638
Muslim Conquest of Lower Egypt - 642
Muslim Armies enter Spain - 711
First Crusade captures Jerusalem - 1099
Mongols sack Baghdad - 1258
Ottoman Empire founded - 1281
Fall of Granada to the Christians - 1492
Ottomans Capture Baghdad - 1534
The division of Islam
Shi’ite
• Short for Ahiat Ali or
followers of Ali.
• Ali was Muhammad’s
cousin, a philosopherwarrior.
• His followers say that he
was the only one with the
spiritual authority to
succeed Muhammad.
Sunni
• Followers believed that
the caliphate should go to
whoever would be best
equipped politically to
maintain the Muslim
Empire.
Dome of the Rock
Date: 687-692
Location: Jerusalem
Interior of the
Dome on the
Rock
Detail of a mosaic in
the courtyard
arcade of the Great
Mosque
Date: 706 - 715
Medium: Mosaic
Location: Damascus
Umayyad Palace
Date: 740-750
Medium: Limestone
Location: Mshatta, Jordan
The Great Mosque
Date: 836-875
Location: Qayrawan, Tunisia
Malwiya minaret of
the Great Mosque
Date: 848-852
Location: Samarra, Iraq
Prayer Hall of the Great Mosque
Date: 8th-10th centuries
Location: Cordoba, Spain
Maqsura of the Great Mosque
Date: 961-965
Location: Cordoba, Spain
Dome of the Great Mosque
Date: 961-965
Location:
Cordoba, Spain
Calligraphy and the Quran
Muqarnas dome,
Hall of the Two
Sisters, Alhambra
Palace
Date: 1354-1391
Location: Granada, Spain
Mosque of Selim II
Date: 1568-1575
Architect: Sinan the Great
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
Great Mosque
Date: 11th-17th
Centuries
Location: Isfahan,
Iran
Taj Mahal
Date: 1632-1647
Location: Agra, India

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