Muscular Fitness PowerPoint

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First found May 22, 2018

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What is the definition of muscular strength?
A. The maximum force that can be generated by a specific muscle or muscle group.
B. The amount of power a muscle can produce •Muscular Strength
•Muscular Endurance
•Flexibility over time.
C. The length of time a muscle can keep working after overload.
Video Example
The maximum force that can be generated by a specific muscle or muscle group.
Benefits of Muscular Fitness
 Ability to do more strenuous work (strength)
 Ability to do more work over a longer period of time (endurance)
 Less susceptible to muscular fatigue (strength  Less injury prone
& endurance)
 Athletic performance
 Improved appearance
The ability of a muscle group to execute repeated contractions (perform work) over a sufficient time period to cause muscular fatigue.
The Law of Use
That which is used develops and that which is not used wastes away!
Hypertrophy‐ Muscle becomes larger/stronger
Atrophy‐ Muscle becomes smaller/weaker
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
1
WHAT ARE YOUR GOALS?
STRENGTH AND SIZE
MUSCULAR ENDURANCE & TONING
3 SETS OF 6‐8 REPS
2‐3 SETS OF 10‐15 REPS WEIGHTS (wt.) WEIGHTS (wt.) A. Heavier weight – 10‐15 repetitions
D. Lighter weight – 6‐8 repetitions
Which of the following would be lifting for muscular endurance?
A. Heavier weight – 10‐15 repetitions
Pure Strength
C. Heavier weight – 6‐8 repetitions
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
RESISTANCE (lbs.)
2
4
20
15
REPETITIONS (#)
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
Pure Endurance
B. Lighter weight – 10‐15 repetitions
Which of the following would give you larger sized muscles?
B. Lighter weight – 10‐15 repetitions
A. Heavier weight – 10‐15 repetitions
C. Heavier weight – 6‐8 repetitions
B. Lighter weight – 10‐15 repetitions
D. Lighter weight – 6‐8 repetitions
C. Lighter weight – 6‐8 repetitions
D. Heavier weight – 6‐8 repetitions
1 rep max – is the maximum amount of weight one can lift in a single repetition for a given exercise. Can be used to determine the desired "load" for an exercise (as a percentage of the 1RM).
Monday 12:00 Wednesday 12:00 6 reps at 50 lbs. = 60 lbs.
(estimated 1RM)
60% of 1RM ‐ Endurance
80% of 1RM ‐ Strength
Friday 12:00
Post Exercise
Repair/Rebuild
Bigger/Stronger
2
Why should preteens and teens be careful when lifting a heavy amount of weight?
A. Increases the amount of testosterone B. Oversized muscle C. May break a bone or damage growth  They may break a bone or do damage to the growth center of the bone.
 Bones are not yet fully formed.
plate
D. Must buy new clothes due to tone body
What are some myths about strength training? Myth: Strength training makes females look more masculine
Fact: Female hormones prevent overdevelopment
Myth: Strength training makes you “muscle bound”
Fact: Proper training, including flexibility exercises, improves functioning
Why is proper technique important??
Get desired results
&
Avoid injuries
What is proper technique??
• Warm‐up
• Full Range of Motion
• Proper Amount of Weight
• Controlled Smooth Movements
• Use a spotter
• Adjust machine
Your muscles will get stronger when you work them more than they are used to.
A. True
B. False
3
OVERLOAD PRINCIPLE
The body will respond by getting stronger when increased demands are placed upon it.
Is it okay to start off lifting heavy weights so that you get a good workout.
A. Yes
B. No
PRINCIPLE OF PROGRESSION
Start out slowly with lighter weights and easier workouts.
PRINCIPLE OF SPECIFICITY
The body adapts “specifically” to the demands placed upon it.
Increase the weights and intensity as the body gets stronger.
Muscle Actions
CONCENTRIC ‐ MUSCLE SHORTENS
(force is greater than resistance)
WHY WARM‐UP?
 Muscles can contract faster and more forcefully
 ligaments and tendons are more pliable (less prone to injury)
 less stress on the heart
ECCENTRIC ‐ MUSCLE LENGTHENS
(force is less than resistance)
 nerve impulses move faster
 psychological readiness
ISOMETRIC ‐ MUSCLE LENGTH DOES NOT CHANGE
(force = resistance)
4
Skeletal Muscles
MUSCLE FIBER TYPES
FAST TWITCH
SLOW TWITCH
• Fast Contraction
• Slow Contraction
• High Power
• Low Power
• Low Endurance • High Endurance
• Less Oxygen Dependent
• Uses Oxygen
TRAPEZIUS
TRICEPS
DELTOID
PECTORALS
LATISIMUS DORSI
BICEPS
GLUTEUS MAXIMUS
ABDOMINALS
HAMSTRINGS
QUADRICEPS
GASTROCNEMIUS
5

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