The aim of orthodontic treatments

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First found May 22, 2018

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The aim of orthodontic treatments
To treat esthetic complains
To solve the functional problems (chewing,
speech, TMI)
Prevention
(Unreal expectations: improvement the quality of
life: better job, new relationships, marriage etc. )
Skeletal and dental anomalies are treated
Angle classification
(based on:anteroposterior
relationship of the jaws))
Angle II. anomalies
Angle III. anomalies
Angle I.
normocclusio
Angle II. - Distocclusio
Angle II/1
Angle II/2
Angle III – progenia - mesiocclusio
Sceletal and dental anomalies are treated
Vertical problems
Deep bite and open bite
Transversal problem
Grouping of orthodontic
anomalies
Removable appliances
Fixed appliances
Removable appliances
- Active plates
- Pasive plates
- Functional, bimaxillary
appliances
(To improve the relationship between the upper an lower jaw)
Frankel-appliance, Hansa-appliance, Bionator, Aktivator
fg magy ex. 1.dia
Functional, bimaxillary appliances
Before
After
Grouping of plates
Passive
Upper passive (retention) plates
W Active
E
R
C
S
Upper active plate
Active plates
screw !!!!!
The screw is activated in the direction
of the arrow (10 days, 2 weeks)
Elements of removable appliances
•
•
•
•
Acrylic base plate
Labial bow
Clasps
Active element
(Hawley) retention plate
Elements of removable appliances
•
Acrylic base plate
•
Labial bow 0,7-0,9 mm stainless steele wire
•
Clasps
•
Active elements
U-loop
U-loop
Labial arch
Labial arch holds the appliance in the mouth
and able to tilt the incisors backword (retrusion)
0,7 – 0,9 mm stainless steel alloy
Labial arch
Vertical bending: right-angle 90’
by one third of canine (mesial arm)
Flat Nose Plier
Flat Nose Plier
or
Classic Universal Plier
Labial arch
• Bend the loop (Wire bending plier,
Round & Concave Plier
or Double Rounded Jaw Plier
• The mesial and the distal branches of the loop
have to be parallel
Labial arch
Bend the end of the wire palatinally
Elements of removable appliances
Acrylic base plate
Labial bow
Clasps
Aktív elemek
Adams clasp
Adams clasp
Adams clasp
Elements of removable appliances
Acrylic base plate
Labial bow
Clasps
Active elements
Arrow clasp
Arrow clasp
The elements of the plates
Acryl basic plate
Labial bow
Clasps
Active elements-springs
Free-ended or finger springs
closing
opening
The elements of the plates
Acryl basic plate
Labial bow
Clasps
Active elements
•console-like springs
Active plates
• Upper typical active plate ( the screw is in the
•
middle of the appliance
• (
•
Lower typical active plate
Active plates
Upper atypical active plate ( the screw is placed assimetrically)
Lower atypical active plate
Active plates
Upper atypical active plate with lateral bite raising
(for the treatment of lateral crossbite)
Active plates
Y-plate
• Kiterjesztése
• Feladatai
elhorgonyzás
aktív fogelmozdítás
Upper Y-plate
Lower Y-plate
Bertoni-screw
(instead of Y-plate)
at nose plier
Wire bending plier
Classic universal plier
Oral screen
08/10/13
Against bad habits
29
Grouping of orthodontic
appliances
Intraoral appliances
Extraoral appliances
Intra-, extraoral appliances
Extraoral appliances:
Chin cap –
in progenie (III. class)
20080213BiofiztanteaFG
Intra-,
extraoral appliance:
appliance
Reverse Headger
Facemask
sagittális expansion of the maxilla
Inta -, extraoral appliance:
headgear
-Distalisation of upper jaw (or upper molars)
- Influence of vertical anomalies
Elements of fixed appliances
Fixed appliances
• Multiband appliances
• Direct bonding technic
Elements:
–
–
–
–
–
Brackets
Bands on the molars ??
Buccal tubes
Archwire
Ligatures
Elements of fixed appliances
(multibond, multibracket appliances
direkt bonding technic)
Bracket
Ligatures
Orthodontic archwire
Multiband
Coloured dots
basis
slot
wings
The dot is always on the distogingival wing of the bracket.
Elements of fixed appliances
Bottom of the
bracket
Huge surface for the bonding material
hook
• Stainless steele
• Titan
• Gold
Metal brackets
Ceramic or plastic brackets
Ceramic brackets
• Disadvantages:
- expensive
- it’s no possible to renew
- fragile
- difficult to remove
- more difficult to set the ligatures
Advantage:
- esthetic
Signs on the brackets
• Arrow in the long-axis of
the brackets
• The arrow shows the
gingival part of the bracket
• Dot on the distogingival
wing (by upper incisors and
canines)
Bonding brackets
• Steps
• 1. Mechanical cleaning
(metal burs, rubbers)
• 2. isolation : lip
retractor, cotton rolls,
saliva retractor
3. Drying with bensin or
alcohol
• 3. etching:
-- phosphoric acid
-- gel
-- 30 seconds
• 4. washing:
-- 30 seconds with water
-- isolation again
-- drying again
5. Bonding (etch-bond)
• 6. Placing of brackets
• 7. remove of the overflown of
bonding material
• 8. polymerisation
Positioning of the brackets
• In the middle of the crown
•
-- vertically
•
-- horizontally
• -- brackets positioners are used
+ 1 mm -1 mm
- 1 mm + 1 mm
Bonding materials
• composites
• glasionomer cements
• two components,
mix
– Paste-paste
– Powder-liquid
• no-mix materials
• light curing komposite and
glasionomer bonding materials
• self curing „glue”
Separator Plier:
Direct bonding tubes
Ligatures
• Elastic
• Metal
• Single
• Continous
Single ligatures
Elastic ligature (sologumi)
Metal ligature
(szöcske = grasshopper
Single elastic ligature
Needle holder
Single elastic ligature
Metal ligature
Metal ligatures
Self-ligating brackets
Continous elastic ligature
(to close gaps)
Continous elastic ligature
(to close diasthema)
Continous elastic ligature
(to close gaps)
Elastic chain
Continous metal ligature
Main function is fixing of the teeth
Indirect
bonding
Indirekt bonding
or rubbers
Fixed expanders
Quad-helix
Hyrax
rapid palatinal expansion
in mixed and permanent (ripping of midpalatal
denture
suture)
Hyrax
(rapid palatinal expansion- 3 weeks)
Fixed appliances for the treatment of
II. class anomalies
• Herbst-appliance
• Jusper Jumper
• Forsus spring stb.
Orthodontic Implants
Anchorage
Orthodontic Implants
Anchorage
Inclined plane against frontal crossbite
Weingart plier
Distalend Cutter
Ligature Cutter
Laboratory Wire Cutter
Weingart-Plier:
- universal plier: with it we set and take out the arhwires to 6from its
place, activate MB appliances’ accessorical appliances ( QH, TP-arch… ),
remove brackets and activate removable appliances:labial arch, clasps,
springs
Needle-holder
Nikkel-titanium wire
1. Leveling phase
Twist-flex or coaxial wire
1. Leveling phase
2. Leading phase–
the movement of lateral teeth
Wire: quadrangular stainless steele wire
Force : rubbers. Ligatures, loops
Leading phase–
the movement of lateral teeth
Orthodontic implants
Anchorage
Orthodontic implants
Anchorage
Transpalatinal arch
Anchorage
Nance-appliance
Anchorage
Headgear
Anchorage
Lingual-arch
Lipbumper
Anchorage
loop
3. Contraction phase
for setting of incisors
Intermaxillary rubbers
Wire: stainless
steele
Elastic chain
Utility wire
• Connection between molars and incisors
• For the treatment of deep bite, open bite
protrusion, retrusion
Utility wire
(inactive)
Activation by deep bite
Activation by open bite
Activation for retrusion
(tilting backward)
Activation for sagittal expansion of
the front
(tilting forward)
Steps of bending
• De La Rosa-Plier:
- for forming the archwires
- for ideal-arch forming
Steps of bending
Pliers bending utility wire
Tweed - plier
Nance –plier (steps on the nose)
4. Correction phase
- perfectioning of the occlusion
- correction of teeth’ axis
- treatment of remaining problems
(gaps, rotation, tilting stb.)
5. Retention
• There is only one way to completely avoid
relapse. At the end of treatment, remove the
braces, polish the teeth, make study models
and take photographs. And then take the
patient out the back door of the office and
shoot him. (Dr. Tom Graber DMD, South
African Dental Congress. August 1992.)
Length of retention
• Fixed appliance: 1-3 (4-5) years
• A retention should be twice longer than the
active treatment
1 year > 2 years
Fixed retainers
Readsy-made retainer
Twist-flex wire
Thin stanless steele wire
Retainers
Resins
Retainers–
Essix retainer
Retainers- Positioner
Retainers - Barrer-retainer
Lingual technic
4 premolars extraction
PERMANENT DENTITION
CLASS II SUBDIVISION RIGHT
MODERATE OVERJET
4 premolars extraction
UPPER ARCH
LOWER ARCH
4 premolars extraction
POST-TREATMENT
Purpose: I. class occlusion
2 premolars extraction
Canines always have to be in normal occlusion !!
Purpose : canines I. class,
molars II. class
Angle II./2
Extraction of 1 lower incisor
In lower crowding
Removing of wisdom teeth
To avoid relapse and late crowding
Thank you for your attention !
Köszönöm a figyelmet !

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