The Enzyme List Class 2 — Transferases

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The Enzyme List
Class 2 — Transferases
Nomenclature Committee
of the
International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
(NC-IUBMB)
Generated from the ExplorEnz database, September 2010
Contents
EC 2.1 Transferring one-carbon groups
EC 2.1.1 Methyltransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.1.2 Hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferases
EC 2.1.3 Carboxy- and carbamoyltransferases . . . . . . .
EC 2.1.4 Amidinotransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2
. 2
. 39
. 42
. 44
EC 2.2 Transferring aldehyde or ketonic groups
45
EC 2.2.1 Transketolases and transaldolases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
EC 2.3 Acyltransferases
47
EC 2.3.1 Transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
EC 2.3.2 Aminoacyltransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
EC 2.3.3 Acyl groups converted into alkyl groups on transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
EC 2.4 Glycosyltransferases
EC 2.4.1 Hexosyltransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.4.2 Pentosyltransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.4.99 Transferring other glycosyl groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99
99
160
170
EC 2.5 Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups
175
EC 2.5.1 Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups (only sub-subclass identified to date) . . . . . . . 175
EC 2.6 Transferring nitrogenous groups
EC 2.6.1 Transaminases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.6.2 Amidinotransferases (deleted sub-subclass)
EC 2.6.3 Oximinotransferases . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.6.99 Transferring other nitrogenous groups . . .
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EC 2.7 Transferring phosphorus-containing groups
EC 2.7.1 Phosphotransferases with an alcohol group as acceptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.2 Phosphotransferases with a carboxy group as acceptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.3 Phosphotransferases with a nitrogenous group as acceptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.4 Phosphotransferases with a phosphate group as acceptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.5 Phosphotransferases with regeneration of donors, apparently catalysing intramolecular transfers (deleted subsubclass) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.6 Diphosphotransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.7 Nucleotidyltransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.8 Transferases for other substituted phosphate groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
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194
195
214
214
214
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215
215
246
249
251
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256
256
258
274
EC 2.7.9 Phosphotransferases with paired acceptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.10 Protein-tyrosine kinases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.11 Protein-serine/threonine kinases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.12 Dual-specificity kinases (those acting on Ser/Thr and Tyr residues)
EC 2.7.13 Protein-histidine kinases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.7.99 Other protein kinases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.8 Transferring sulfur-containing groups
EC 2.8.1 Sulfurtransferases . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.8.2 Sulfotransferases . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.8.3 CoA-transferases . . . . . . . . .
EC 2.8.4 Transferring alkylthio groups . . .
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281
282
283
292
293
293
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294
294
296
304
308
EC 2.9 Transferring selenium-containing groups
308
EC 2.9.1 Selenotransferases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
References
310
Index
437
EC 2.1 Transferring one-carbon groups
This subclass contains the methyltransferases (EC 2.1.1), the hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferases (EC 2.1.2), the
carboxy- and carbamoyltransferases (EC 2.1.3) and the amidinotransferases (EC 2.1.4).
EC 2.1.1 Methyltransferases
EC 2.1.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinamide N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + nicotinamide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1-methylnicotinamide
nicotinamide methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:nicotinamide N-methyltransferase
[313]
[EC 2.1.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.1.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + guanidinoacetate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + creatine
GA methylpherase; guanidinoacetate methyltransferase; guanidinoacetate transmethylase;
methionine-guanidinoacetic transmethylase; guanidoacetate methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N-guanidinoacetate methyltransferase
[316, 317]
[EC 2.1.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.1.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thetin—homocysteine S-methyltransferase
dimethylsulfonioacetate + L-homocysteine = S-methylthioglycolate + L-methionine
dimethylthetin-homocysteine methyltransferase; thetin-homocysteine methylpherase
dimethylsulfonioacetate:L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
[1110, 1389, 1390]
2
[EC 2.1.1.3 created 1961]
EC 2.1.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N-acetylserotonin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + melatonin
hydroxyindole methyltransferase; hydroxyindole O-methyltransferase; N-acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase; acetylserotonin methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N-acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase
Some other hydroxyindoles also act as acceptor, but more slowly.
[80]
[EC 2.1.1.4 created 1961]
EC 2.1.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
betaine—homocysteine S-methyltransferase
trimethylammonioacetate + L-homocysteine = dimethylglycine + L-methionine
betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase; betaine-homocysteine transmethylase
trimethylammonioacetate:L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
[1110]
[EC 2.1.1.5 created 1961]
EC 2.1.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
catechol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a catechol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a guaiacol
COMT I ; COMT II; S-COMT (soluble form of catechol-O-methyltransferase); MB-COMT
(membrane-bound form of catechol-O-methyltransferase); catechol methyltransferase; catecholamine
O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:catechol O-methyltransferase
The mammalian enzyme acts more rapidly on catecholamines such as adrenaline or noradrenaline
than on catechols.
[79, 755, 913]
[EC 2.1.1.6 created 1965]
EC 2.1.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinate N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + nicotinate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-methylnicotinate
furanocoumarin 8-methyltransferase; furanocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:nicotinate N-methyltransferase
[1007]
[EC 2.1.1.7 created 1965]
EC 2.1.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
histamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + histamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N τ -methylhistamine
histamine 1-methyltransferase; histamine methyltransferase; histamine-methylating enzyme;
imidazolemethyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine-histamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:histamine N-tele-methyltransferase
[270]
3
[EC 2.1.1.8 created 1965]
EC 2.1.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiol S-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thioether
S-methyltransferase; thiol methyltransferase; TMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:thiol S-methyltransferase
H2 S and a variety of alkyl, aryl and heterocyclic thiols and hydroxy thiols can act as acceptors.
[238, 259, 2444]
[EC 2.1.1.9 created 1965]
EC 2.1.1.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
homocysteine S-methyltransferase
S-methyl-L-methionine + L-homocysteine = 2 L-methionine
S-adenosylmethionine homocysteine transmethylase; S-methylmethionine homocysteine transmethylase; adenosylmethionine transmethylase; methylmethionine:homocysteine methyltransferase; adenosylmethionine:homocysteine methyltransferase; homocysteine methylase; homocysteine
methyltransferase; homocysteine transmethylase; L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:L-homocysteine methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine-homocysteine transmethylase;
S-adenosylmethionine:homocysteine methyltransferase
S-methyl-L-methionine:L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
The enzyme uses S-adenosyl-L-methionine as methyl donor less actively than S-methyl-L-methionine.
[103, 1994, 1995, 1489, 1772, 1771, 749]
[EC 2.1.1.10 created 1965, modified 2010]
EC 2.1.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
magnesium protoporphyrin IX methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + magnesium protoporphyrin IX = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + magnesium protoporphyrin IX 13-methyl ester
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:magnesium-protoporphyrin-IX O-methyltransferase
[676, 2011, 231, 677, 512]
[EC 2.1.1.11 created 1965, modified 2003]
EC 2.1.1.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methionine S-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + L-methionine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + S-methyl-L-methionine
S-adenosyl methionine:methionine methyl transferase; methionine methyltransferase; Sadenosylmethionine transmethylase; S-adenosylmethionine-methionine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:L-methionine S-methyltransferase
Requires Zn2+ or Mn2+
[1036]
[EC 2.1.1.12 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
methionine synthase
5-methyltetrahydrofolate + L-homocysteine = tetrahydrofolate + L-methionine
4
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-methyltetrahydrofolate—homocysteine S-methyltransferase; 5-methyltetrahydrofolate—
homocysteine transmethylase; N-methyltetrahydrofolate:L-homocysteine methyltransferase; N 5 methyltetrahydrofolate methyltransferase; N 5 -methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine cobalamin
methyltransferase; N 5 -methyltetrahydrofolic—homocysteine vitamin B12 transmethylase; B12 N 5 methyltetrahydrofolate homocysteine methyltransferase; methyltetrahydrofolate—homocysteine vitamin B12 methyltransferase; tetrahydrofolate methyltransferase; tetrahydropteroylglutamate methyltransferase; tetrahydropteroylglutamic methyltransferase; vitamin B12 methyltransferase; cobalamindependent methionine synthase; methionine synthase (cobalamin-dependent); MetH
5-methyltetrahydrofolate:L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
Contains zinc and cobamide. The enzyme becomes inactivated occasionally during its cycle by oxidation of Co(I) to Co(II). Reactivation by reductive methylation is catalysed by the enzyme itself, with
S-adenosyl-L-methionine as the methyl donor and a reducing system. For the mammalian enzyme, the
reducing system involves NADPH and EC 1.16.1.8, [methionine synthase] reductase. In bacteria, the
reducing agent is flavodoxin, and no further catalyst is needed (the flavodoxin is kept in the reduced
state by NADPH and EC 1.18.1.2, ferredoxin—NADP+ reductase). Acts on the monoglutamate as
well as the triglutamate folate, in contrast with EC 2.1.1.14, 5-methyltetrahydropteroyltriglutamate—
homocysteine S-methyltransferase, which acts only on the triglutamate.
[287, 601, 754, 1304, 2231, 982, 1678, 773, 107]
[EC 2.1.1.13 created 1972, modified 2003]
EC 2.1.1.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-methyltetrahydropteroyltriglutamate—homocysteine S-methyltransferase
5-methyltetrahydropteroyltri-L-glutamate + L-homocysteine = tetrahydropteroyltri-L-glutamate + Lmethionine
tetrahydropteroyltriglutamate methyltransferase; homocysteine methylase; methyltransferase,
tetrahydropteroylglutamate-homocysteine transmethylase; methyltetrahydropteroylpolyglutamate:homocysteine methyltransferase; cobalamin-independent methionine synthase; methionine synthase (cobalamin-independent); MetE
5-methyltetrahydropteroyltri-L-glutamate:L-homocysteine S-methyltransferase
Requires phosphate and contains zinc. The enzyme from Escherichia coli also requires a reducing
system. Unlike EC 2.1.1.13, methionine synthase, this enzyme does not contain cobalamin.
[754, 2457, 525, 707, 1678]
[EC 2.1.1.14 created 1972, modified 2003]
EC 2.1.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fatty-acid O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a fatty acid = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a fatty acid methyl ester
fatty acid methyltransferase; fatty acid O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:fatty-acid O-methyltransferase
Oleic acid is the most effective fatty acid acceptor.
[17]
[EC 2.1.1.15 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phospholipid olefinic fatty acid = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + phospholipid methylene fatty acid
unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase (methenylating)
The enzyme transfers a methyl group to the 10-position of a ∆-olefinic acyl chain in phosphatidylglycerol or phosphatidylinositol or, more slowly, phosphatidylethanolamine; subsequent proton transfer produces a 10-methylene group (cf. EC 2.1.1.79 cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase).
5
References:
[16]
[EC 2.1.1.16 created 1972, modified 1986]
EC 2.1.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phosphatidylethanolamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + phosphatidylN-methylethanolamine
PEMT; LMTase; lipid methyl transferase; phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase;
phosphatidylethanolamine-N-methylase; phosphatidylethanolamine-S-adenosylmethionine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
[874, 1473, 1964]
[EC 2.1.1.17 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
polysaccharide O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a (1→4)-α-D-glucooligosaccharide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + an
oligosaccharide containing 6-methyl-D-glucose units
polysaccharide methyltransferase; acylpolysacharide 6-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:1,4-α-D-glucan 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 6-O-methyltransferase
[570]
[EC 2.1.1.18 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
trimethylsulfonium—tetrahydrofolate N-methyltransferase
trimethylsulfonium + tetrahydrofolate = dimethylsulfide + 5-methyltetrahydrofolate
trimethylsulfonium-tetrahydrofolate methyltransferase
trimethylsulfonium:tetrahydrofolate N-methyltransferase
[2375]
[EC 2.1.1.19 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine
glycine methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:glycine methyltransferase; GNMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:glycine N-methyltransferase
This enzyme is thought to play an important role in the regulation of methyl group metabolism in
the liver and pancreas by regulating the ratio between S-adenosyl-L-methionine and S-adenosyl-Lhomocysteine. It is inhibited by 5-methyltetrahydrofolate pentaglutamate [1373]. Sarcosine, which
has no physiological role, is converted back into glycine by the action of EC 1.5.99.1, sarcosine dehydrogenase.
[224, 1597, 2534, 1373, 2209, 1647]
[EC 2.1.1.20 created 1972, modified 2005]
EC 2.1.1.21
Accepted name:
methylamine—glutamate N-methyltransferase
6
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
methylamine + L-glutamate = NH3 + N-methyl-L-glutamate
N-methylglutamate synthase; methylamine-glutamate methyltransferase
methylamine:L-glutamate N-methyltransferase
[2003]
[EC 2.1.1.21 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
carnosine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + carnosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + anserine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:carnosine N-methyltransferase
[1407]
[EC 2.1.1.22 created 1972]
[2.1.1.23
Deleted entry. protein-arginine N-methyltransferase. Now listed as EC 2.1.1.124 [cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.125 histone-arginine N-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.126 [myelin basic protein]-arginine N-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.23 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1983, deleted 1999]
[2.1.1.24
Deleted entry. protein-γ-glutamate O-methyltransferase. Now listed as EC 2.1.1.77 protein-L-isoaspartate(Daspartate) O-methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.80 protein-glutamate O-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.100 protein-S-isoprenylcysteine
O-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.24 created 1972, modified 1983, modified 1989, deleted 1992]
EC 2.1.1.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phenol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + anisole
PMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phenol O-methyltransferase
Acts on a wide variety of simple alkyl-, methoxy- and halo-phenols.
[78]
[EC 2.1.1.25 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
iodophenol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 2-iodophenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2-iodophenol methyl ether
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2-iodophenol O-methyltransferase
[2265]
[EC 2.1.1.26 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tyramine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tyramine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-methyltyramine
DIB O-methyltransferase (3,5-diiodo-4-hydroxy-benzoic acid); S-adenosyl-methionine:tyramine Nmethyltransferase; tyramine methylpherase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tyramine N-methyltransferase
Has some activity on phenylethylamine analogues.
[1349]
7
[EC 2.1.1.27 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phenylethanolamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + Nmethylphenylethanolamine
noradrenaline N-methyltransferase; noradrenalin N-methyltransferase; norepinephrine methyltransferase; norepinephrine N-methyltransferase; phenethanolamine methyltransferase; phenethanolamine
N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
Acts on various phenylethanolamines; converts noradrenaline into adrenaline.
[77, 387]
[EC 2.1.1.28 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing 5-methylcytosine
transfer ribonucleate cytosine 5-methyltransferase; transfer RNA cytosine 5-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase
[212, 918, 1063]
[EC 2.1.1.29 created 1972]
[2.1.1.30
Deleted entry. tRNA (purine-2- or -6-)-methyltransferase. Reactions previously described are due to EC 2.1.1.32
tRNA (guanine-N2 -)-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.30 created 1972, deleted 1981]
EC 2.1.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA (guanine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N 1 methylguanine
transfer ribonucleate guanine 1-methyltransferase; tRNA guanine 1-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:tRNA (guanine-1-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (guanine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
[212, 691, 918, 2074]
[EC 2.1.1.31 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA (guanine-N 2 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N 2 methylguanine
transfer ribonucleate guanine 2-methyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate guanine N 2 -methyltransferase; transfer RNA guanine 2-methyltransferase; guanine-N 2 -methylase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:tRNA (guanine-2-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (guanine-N 2 -)-methyltransferase
In eukaryotic tRNAs, two N 2 -guanine methylations occur, at the N 2 -methylguanine at position 10 and
the N 2 -methylguanine at position 29.
[14, 90, 212, 691, 693, 969, 1154, 1155]
[EC 2.1.1.32 created 1972]
8
EC 2.1.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA (guanine-N 7 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N 7 methylguanine
transfer ribonucleate guanine 7-methyltransferase; 7-methylguanine transfer ribonucleate methylase;
tRNA guanine 7-methyltransferase; N 7 -methylguanine methylase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA
(guanine-7-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (guanine-N 7 -)-methyltransferase
[63, 212, 918, 1915]
[EC 2.1.1.33 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA guanosine-20 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing 20 -Omethylguanosine
transfer ribonucleate guanosine 20 -methyltransferase; tRNA guanosine 20 -methyltransferase; tRNA
(guanosine 20 )-methyltransferase; tRNA (Gm18) 20 -O-methyltransferase; tRNA (Gm18) methyltransferase; tRNA (guanosine-20 -O-)-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (guanosine-20 -O)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA guanosine-20 -O-methyltransferase
Methylates the 20 -hydroxy group of a guanosine present in a GG sequence at position 18. Yeast
tRNAPhe is one of the best substrate tRNAs.
[659, 1180, 897]
[EC 2.1.1.34 created 1972, modified 2005]
EC 2.1.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA (uracil-5-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA containing uridine at position 54 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
tRNA containing ribothymidine at position 54
ribothymidyl synthase; transfer RNA uracil 5-methyltransferase; transfer RNA uracil methylase;
tRNA uracil 5-methyltransferase; m5U-methyltransferase; tRNA:m5 U54 -methyltransferase; RUMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (uracil-5-)-methyltransferase
Up to 25% of the bases in mature tRNA are post-translationally modified or hypermodified. One almost universal post-translational modification is the conversion of U54 into ribothymidine in the TΨC
loop, and this modification is found in most species studied to date [157]. Unlike this enzyme, EC
2.1.1.74, methylenetetrahydrofolate—tRNA-(uracil-5-)-methyltransferase (FADH2 -oxidizing), uses
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate and FADH2 to supply the atoms for methylation of U54 [458].
[212, 734, 918, 458, 1055, 752, 157]
[EC 2.1.1.35 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA (adenine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N 1 methyladenine
transfer ribonucleate adenine 1-methyltransferase; transfer RNA (adenine-1) methyltransferase; 1-methyladenine transfer RNA methyltransferase; adenine-1-methylase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:tRNA (adenine-1-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
The enzymes from different sources are specific for different adenine residues in tRNA.
[90, 212, 500, 692]
9
[EC 2.1.1.36 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + DNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + DNA containing 5-methylcytosine
EcoRI methylase; DNA 5-cytosine methylase; DNA cytosine c5 methylase; DNA cytosine methylase;
DNA methylase; DNA methyltransferase; DNA transmethylase; DNA-cytosine 5-methylase; DNAcytosine methyltransferase; HpaII methylase; HpaII0 methylase; M.BsuRIa; M.BsuRIb; Type II DNA
methylase; cytosine 5-methyltransferase; cytosine DNA methylase; cytosine DNA methyltransferase;
cytosine-specific DNA methyltransferase; deoxyribonucleate methylase; deoxyribonucleate methyltransferase; deoxyribonucleic (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase; deoxyribonucleic acid (cytosine5-)-methyltransferase; deoxyribonucleic acid methylase; deoxyribonucleic acid methyltransferase;
deoxyribonucleic acid modification methylase; deoxyribonucleic methylase; methylphosphotriesterDNA methyltransferase; modification methylase; restriction-modification system; site-specific DNAmethyltransferase (cytosine-specific)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase
[698, 1026, 1877, 2052, 2075, 2290, 1075, 1840, 2551]
[EC 2.1.1.37 created 1972, (EC 2.1.1.73 incorporated 2003), modified 2003]
EC 2.1.1.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-demethylpuromycin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + O-demethylpuromycin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + puromycin
O-demethylpuromycin methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:O-demethylpuromycin O-methyltransferase
Puromycin is the antibiotic derived from N 6 -dimethyladenosine by replacing the 30 -hydroxy group
with an amino group and acylating this with 4-O-methyltyrosine.
[1775]
[EC 2.1.1.38 created 1972]
EC 2.1.1.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
inositol 3-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myo-inositol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1D-3-O-methyl-myo-inositol
inositol L-1-methyltransferase; myo-inositol 1-methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine:myo-inositol
1-methyltransferase; myo-inositol 1-O-methyltransferase (name based on 1L-numbering system and
not 1D-numbering); S-adenosyl-L-methionine:myo-inositol 1-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1D-myo-inositol 3-O-methyltransferase
[885]
[EC 2.1.1.39 created 1972, modified 2002]
EC 2.1.1.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
inositol 1-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myo-inositol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1D-1-O-methyl-myo-inositol
inositol D-1-methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine:myo-inositol 3-methyltransferase; myo-inositol
3-O-methyltransferase; inositol 3-O-methyltransferase (name based on 1L-numbering system and not
1D-numbering); S-adenosyl-L-methionine:myo-inositol 3-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1D-myo-inositol 1-O-methyltransferase
[2376]
[EC 2.1.1.40 created 1972, modified 2002]
10
EC 2.1.1.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sterol 24-C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5α-cholesta-8,24-dien-3β-ol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 24methylene-5α-cholest-8-en-3β-ol
∆24 -methyltransferase; ∆24 -sterol methyltransferase; zymosterol-24-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl4-methionine:sterol ∆24 -methyltransferase; SMT1; 24-sterol C-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:∆24(23) -sterol methyltransferase; phytosterol methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:zymosterol 24-C-methyltransferase
Requires glutathione. Acts on a range of sterols with a 24(25)-double bond in the sidechain. While
zymosterol is the preferred substrate it also acts on desmosterol, 5α-cholesta-7,24-dien-3β-ol, 5αcholesta-5,7,24-trien-3β-ol, 4α-methylzymosterol and others. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine attacks the
Si-face of the 24(25) double bond and the C-24 hydrogen is transferred to C-25 on the Re face of the
double bond.
[1467, 2339, 2266, 247, 1550]
[EC 2.1.1.41 created 1972, modfied 2001]
EC 2.1.1.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
luteolin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 5,7,40 trihydroxy-30 -methoxyflavone
o-dihydric phenol methyltransferase; luteolin methyltransferase; luteolin 30 -O-methyltransferase; o-diphenol m-O-methyltransferase; o-dihydric phenol meta-O-methyltransferase; Sadenosylmethionine:flavone/flavonol 30 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxyflavone 30 -O-methyltransferase
Also acts on luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside.
[513]
[EC 2.1.1.42 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
histone-lysine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + histone L-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + histone N 6 -methyl-Llysine
protein methylase III; protein methylase 3; protein (lysine) methyltransferase; protein methyltransferase II; protein-lysine N-methyltransferase; histone H1-specific S-adenosylmethionine:protein-lysine
N-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:histone-L-lysine 6-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:histone-L-lysine N 6 -methyltransferase
One of a group of enzymes methylating proteins; see also EC 2.1.1.59, [cytochrome-c]-lysine Nmethyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.60, calmodulin-lysine N-methyltransferase.
[1645, 2338]
[EC 2.1.1.43 created 1976, modified 1982, modified 1983]
EC 2.1.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dimethylhistidine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N α ,N α -dimethyl-L-histidine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N α ,N α ,N α trimethyl-L-histidine
dimethylhistidine methyltransferase; histidine-α-N-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:αN,α-N-dimethyl-L-histidine α-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N α ,N α -dimethyl-L-histidine N α -methyltransferase
Methylhistidine and histidine can also act as methyl acceptors, with trimethylhistidine being formed
in both cases.
[950]
11
[EC 2.1.1.44 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thymidylate synthase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP = dihydrofolate + dTMP
dTMP synthase; thymidylate synthetase; methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUMP C-methyltransferase; TMP
synthetase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUMP C-methyltransferase
[217, 1289, 2064, 2377]
[EC 2.1.1.45 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
isoflavone 40 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + an isoflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 40 -O-methylisoflavone
40 -hydroxyisoflavone methyltransferase; isoflavone methyltransferase; isoflavone O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:isoflavone 40 -O-methyltransferase
[2450]
[EC 2.1.1.46 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
indolepyruvate C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (indol-3-yl)pyruvate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (S)-3-(indol-3-yl)-2oxobutanoate
indolepyruvate methyltransferase; indolepyruvate 3-methyltransferase; indolepyruvic acid methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:indolepyruvate C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine: (indol-3-yl)pyruvate C-methyltransferase
[898]
[EC 2.1.1.47 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
rRNA (adenine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + rRNA containing N 6 methyladenine
ribosomal ribonucleate adenine 6-methyltransferase; gene ksgA methyltransferase; ribonucleic
acid-adenine (N 6 ) methylase; ErmC 23S rRNA methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA
(adenine-6-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (adenine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
Also methylates 2-aminoadenosine to 2-methylaminoadenosine.
[2060]
[EC 2.1.1.48 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
amine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + an amine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a methylated amine
nicotine N-methyltransferase; tryptamine N-methyltransferase; arylamine N-methyltransferase;
tryptamine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:amine N-methyltransferase
An enzyme of very broad specificity; many primary, secondary and tertiary amines can act as acceptors, including tryptamine, aniline, nicotine and a variety of drugs and other xenobiotics.
12
References:
[52, 409]
[EC 2.1.1.49 created 1976, modified 1990 (EC 2.1.1.81 created 1989, incorporated 1990)]
EC 2.1.1.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
loganate O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + loganate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + loganin
loganate methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:loganic acid methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:loganate 11-O-methyltransferase
Also acts on secologanate. Methylates the 11-carboxy group of the monoterpenoid loganate.
[1338]
[EC 2.1.1.50 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
rRNA (guanine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + rRNA containing N 1 methylguanine
ribosomal ribonucleate guanine 1-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (guanine-1-N-)methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (guanine-N 1 -)-methyltransferase
[945]
[EC 2.1.1.51 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
rRNA (guanine-N 2 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + rRNA containing N 2 methylguanine
ribosomal ribonucleate guanine-2-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (guanine-2-N-)methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (guanine-N 2 -)-methyltransferase
[945]
[EC 2.1.1.52 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
putrescine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + putrescine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-methylputrescine
putrescine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:putrescine N-methyltransferase
[1456]
[EC 2.1.1.53 created 1976]
EC 2.1.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxycytidylate C-methyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dCMP = dihydrofolate + deoxy-5-methylcytidylate
deoxycytidylate methyltransferase; dCMP methyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:dCMP C-methyltransferase
dCMP is methylated by formaldehyde in the presence of tetrahydrofolate. CMP, dCTP and CTP can
act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[1185]
13
[EC 2.1.1.54 created 1978]
EC 2.1.1.55
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA (adenine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing N 6 methyladenine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-6-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
[1346, 1448, 1998]
[EC 2.1.1.55 created 1981]
EC 2.1.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mRNA (guanine-N 7 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + G(50 )pppR-RNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + m7 G(50 )pppR-RNA
(mRNA containing an N 7 -methylguanine cap)
messenger ribonucleate guanine 7-methyltransferase; guanine-7-methyltransferase; messenger RNA
guanine 7-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:mRNA (guanine-7-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:mRNA (guanine-N 7 -)-methyltransferase
R (in the reaction field) may be guanosine or adenosine.
[541, 743, 1369, 1370]
[EC 2.1.1.56 created 1981]
EC 2.1.1.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mRNA (nucleoside-20 -O-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + m7 G(50 )pppR-RNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + m7 G(50 )pppRmRNA (mRNA containing a 20 -O-methylpurine cap)
messenger ribonucleate nucleoside 20 -methyltransferase; messenger RNA (nucleoside-20 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:mRNA (nucleoside-20 -O-)-methyltransferase
In the reaction given, R may be guanosine or adenosine. The formation of a 20 -O-methyladenosine
cap was formerly listed as EC 2.1.1.58.
[116, 115, 237, 541, 743]
[EC 2.1.1.57 created 1981 (EC 2.1.1.58 created 1981, incorporated 1984)]
[2.1.1.58
Deleted entry. mRNA (adenosine-2prime-O-)-methyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.1.1.57 mRNA (nucleoside2prime-O-)-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.58 created 1981, deleted 1984]
EC 2.1.1.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[cytochrome c]-lysine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-L-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]N 6 -methyl-L-lysine
cytochrome c (lysine) methyltransferase; cytochrome c methyltransferase; cytochrome c-specific
protein methylase III; cytochrome c-specific protein-lysine methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:[cytochrome c]-L-lysine 6-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[cytochrome c]-L-lysine N 6 -methyltransferase
One of a group of enzymes methylating proteins; see also EC 2.1.1.43 histone-lysine N-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.60 calmodulin-lysine N-methyltransferase.
[507, 1570, 2313]
14
[EC 2.1.1.59 created 1982, modified 1983]
EC 2.1.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
calmodulin-lysine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + calmodulin L-lysine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + calmodulin N 6 methyl-L-lysine
S-adenosylmethionine:calmodulin (lysine) N-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:calmodulin-L-lysine 6-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:calmodulin-L-lysine N 6 -methyltransferase
One of a group of enzymes methylating proteins; see also EC 2.1.1.43 histone-lysine N-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.59 [cytochrome-c]-lysine N-methyltransferase.
[2061]
[EC 2.1.1.60 created 1982, modified 1983]
EC 2.1.1.61
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA (5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tRNA containing 5methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate
transfer ribonucleate 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate 5-methyltransferase; tRNA 5methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate 50 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (5-methylaminomethyl-2-thio-uridylate)-methyltransferase
This enzyme is specific for the terminal methyl group of 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridylate.
[2228, 2229]
[EC 2.1.1.61 created 1982]
EC 2.1.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
mRNA (20 -O-methyladenosine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + m7 G(50 )pppAm = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + m7 G(50 )pppm6 Am
(mRNA containing an N 6 ,20 -O-dimethyladenosine cap)
messenger ribonucleate 20 -O-methyladenosine N G -methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:mRNA (20 -O-methyladenosine-6-N-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:mRNA (20 -O-methyladenosine-N 6 -)-methyltransferase
[1062]
[EC 2.1.1.62 created 1982]
EC 2.1.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methylated-DNA—[protein]-cysteine S-methyltransferase
DNA (containing 6-O-methylguanine) + protein L-cysteine = DNA (without 6-O-methylguanine) +
protein S-methyl-L-cysteine
DNA-6-O-methylguanine:[protein]-L-cysteine S-methyltransferase
This protein is involved in the repair of alkylated DNA. It acts only on the alkylated DNA (cf. EC
3.2.2.20, DNA-3-methyladenine glycosidase I and EC 3.2.2.21, DNA-3-methyladenine glycosidase
II). This enzyme catalyses only one turnover and therefore is not strictly catalytic.
[595, 1618, 1681]
[EC 2.1.1.63 created 1982, modified 1983, modified 1999, modified 2003]
EC 2.1.1.64
Accepted name:
3-demethylubiquinone-9 3-O-methyltransferase
15
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3-demethylubiquinone-9 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + ubiquinone-9
5-demethylubiquinone-9 methyltransferase; OMHMB-methyltransferase; 2-octaprenyl-3-methyl-5hydroxy-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2-octaprenyl-3methyl-5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2-nonaprenyl-3-methyl-5-hydroxy-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinone 3-O-methyltransferase
[901, 1246]
[EC 2.1.1.64 created 1982]
EC 2.1.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
licodione 20 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + licodione = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 20 -O-methyllicodione
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:licodione 20 -O-methyltransferase
As well as licodione [1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1,3-propanedione], the 200 hydroxy-derivative and isoliquiritigenin can act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[83]
[EC 2.1.1.65 created 1983]
EC 2.1.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
rRNA (adenosine-20 -O-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + rRNA containing a single residue
of 20 -O-methyladenosine
ribosomal ribonucleate adenosine 20 -methyltransferase; rRNA adenosine 20 -methylase; RNA-pentose
methylase; thiostrepton-resistance methylase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (adenosine-20 -O)-methyltransferase
[2251]
[EC 2.1.1.66 created 1984]
EC 2.1.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiopurine S-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a thiopurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a thiopurine S-methylether
mercaptopurine methyltransferase; thiopurine methyltransferase; 6-thiopurine transmethylase; TPMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:thiopurine S-methyltransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on thiopyrimidines and aromatic thiols. Not identical with EC 2.1.1.9 thiol
S-methyltransferase.
[1821, 2494, 2495]
[EC 2.1.1.67 created 1984]
EC 2.1.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
caffeate O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-cinnamate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3methoxy-4-hydroxy-trans-cinnamate
caffeate methyltransferase; caffeate 3-O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:caffeic acid-Omethyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3,4-dihydroxy-trans-cinnamate 3-O-methyltransferase
3,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde and catechol can act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[514, 1727, 2019]
[EC 2.1.1.68 created 1984]
16
EC 2.1.1.69
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 5-hydroxyfurocoumarin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 5methoxyfurocoumarin (general reaction)
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + bergaptol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + bergapten
furanocoumarin 5-methyltransferase; furanocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase; bergaptol 5-O-methyltransferase; bergaptol O-methyltransferase; bergaptol methyltransferase; Sadenosyl-L-methionine:bergaptol O-methyltransferase; BMT; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5-hydroxyfurocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase
Converts bergaptol into bergapten, which has therapeutic potential in the treatment of psoriasis as
it has photosensitizing and antiproliferative activities [825]. The enzyme methylates the 5-hydroxy
group of some hydroxy- and methylcoumarins, such as 5-hydroxyxanthotoxin [807], but has little activity on non-coumarin phenols [2250]. Caffeate, 5-hydroxyferulate and daphnetin are not
substrates [825]. Cu2+ , Zn2+ and Co2+ cause enzyme inhibition [825]. (see also EC 2.1.1.70, 8hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase)
[2250, 1999, 807, 825]
[EC 2.1.1.69 created 1984 (EC 2.1.1.92 created 1989, incorporated 2006), modified 2006]
EC 2.1.1.70
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + an 8-hydroxyfurocoumarin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + an 8methoxyfurocoumarin (general reaction)
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + xanthotoxol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + xanthotoxin
furanocoumarin 8-methyltransferase; furanocoumarin 8-O-methyl-transferase; xanthotoxol 8-O-methyltransferase; XMT; 8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase; SAM:xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase; xanthotoxol
methyltransferase; xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine-xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:8-hydroxyfurocoumarin 8-O-methyltransferase
Converts xanthotoxol into xanthotoxin, which has therapeutic potential in the treatment of psoriasis as
it has photosensitizing and antiproliferative activities [825]. Methylates the 8-hydroxy group of some
hydroxy- and methylcoumarins, but has little activity on non-coumarin phenols (see also EC 2.1.1.69,
5-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-O-methyltransferase).
[2250, 807, 1999, 825]
[EC 2.1.1.70 created 1984, modified 2006 (EC 2.1.1.93 created 2006, incorporated 2008)]
EC 2.1.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
phosphatidyl-N-dimethylethanolamine
phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine methyltransferase; methyltransferase II; phospholipid methyltransferase; PLMT; phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine methyltransferase; phosphatidyl-Nmonomethylethanolamine methyltransferase; phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase I; phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:phosphatidyl-N-methylethanolamine N-methyltransferase
The enzyme also catalyses the transfer of a further methyl group, producing phosphatidylcholine.
[874, 1964]
[EC 2.1.1.71 created 1984]
EC 2.1.1.72
17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Comments:
References:
site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (adenine-specific)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + DNA adenine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + DNA 6-methylaminopurine
modification methylase; restriction-modification system
This is a large group of enzymes, most of which, with enzymes of similar site specificity listed as EC
3.1.21.3 (type 1 site-specific deoxyribonuclease), EC 3.1.21.4 (type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease) or EC 3.1.21.5 (type III site-specific deoxyribonuclease), form so-called ‘restriction-modification
systems’. A complete listing of all of these enzymes has been produced by R.J. Roberts and is available on-line at http://rebase.neb.com/rebase/rebase.html.
[1075, 1840, 2551]
[EC 2.1.1.72 created 1984]
[2.1.1.73
Deleted entry. site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-specific). Reaction is that of EC 2.1.1.37, DNA
(cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.73 created 1984, deleted 2003]
EC 2.1.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methylenetetrahydrofolate—tRNA-(uracil-5-)-methyltransferase (FADH2 -oxidizing)
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + tRNA containing uridine at position 54 + FADH2 = tetrahydrofolate
+ tRNA containing ribothymidine at position 54 + FAD
folate-dependent ribothymidyl synthase; methylenetetrahydrofolate-transfer ribonucleate uracil 5methyltransferase; 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:tRNA-UΨC (uracil-5-)-methyl-transferase; 5,10methylenetetrahydrofolate:tRNA (uracil-5-)-methyl-transferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:tRNA (uracil-5-)-methyltransferase
Up to 25% of the bases in mature tRNA are post-translationally modified or hypermodified. One almost universal post-translational modification is the conversion of U54 into ribothymidine in the TΨC
loop, and this modification is found in most species studied to date [157]. Unlike this enzyme, which
uses 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate and FADH2 to supply the atoms for methylation of U54 , EC
2.1.1.35, RNA (uracil-5-)-methyltransferase, uses S-adenosyl-L-methionine.
[458, 157]
[EC 2.1.1.74 created 1983 as EC 2.1.2.12, transferred 1984 to EC 2.1.1.74]
EC 2.1.1.75
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
apigenin 40 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,7,40 -trihydroxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 40 -methoxy-5,7dihydroxyflavone
flavonoid O-methyltransferase; flavonoid methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,7,40 -trihydroxyflavone 40 -O-methyltransferase
Converts apigenin into acacetin. Naringenin (5,7,40 -trihydroxy-flavanone) can also act as an acceptor,
but more slowly.
[1188]
[EC 2.1.1.75 created 1984]
EC 2.1.1.76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
quercetin 3-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3,5,7,30 ,40 -pentahydroxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3methoxy-5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxyflavone
flavonol 3-O-methyltransferase; flavonoid 3-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3,5,7,30 ,40 -pentahydroxyflavone 3-O-methyltransferase
Specific for quercetin. Related enzymes bring about the 3-O-methylation of other flavonols, such as
galangin and kaempferol.
[1314, 1316, 1317, 925]
18
[EC 2.1.1.76 created 1984]
EC 2.1.1.77
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-L-isoaspartate(D-aspartate) O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + protein L-isoaspartate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + protein Lisoaspartate α-methyl ester
protein-L-isoaspartate O-methyltransferase; protein-β-aspartate O-methyltransferase; D-aspartyl/Lisoaspartyl methyltransferase; L-isoaspartyl/D-aspartyl protein carboxyl methyltransferase; protein
(D-aspartate) methyltransferase; protein D-aspartate methyltransferase; protein L-isoaspartate methyltransferase; protein L-isoaspartyl methyltransferase; protein O-methyltransferase (L-isoaspartate);
L -aspartyl/ L -isoaspartyl protein methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:protein-L-isoaspartate O-methyltransferase
D -Aspartate (but not L -aspartate) residues in proteins can also act as acceptors. Previously also listed
as EC 2.1.1.24.
[67, 376, 1096, 1637]
[EC 2.1.1.77 created 1984, modified 1989 (EC 2.1.1.24 created 1972, modified 1983, modified 1989, part incorporated 1992)]
EC 2.1.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isoorientin 30 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + isoorientin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + isoscoparin
isoorientin 30 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:isoorientin 30 -O-methyltransferase
Also acts on isoorientin 200 -O-rhamnoside. Involved in the biosynthesis of flavones.
[2317]
[EC 2.1.1.78 created 1986]
EC 2.1.1.79
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phospholipid olefinic fatty acid = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + phospholipid cyclopropane fatty acid
cyclopropane synthetase; unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase; cyclopropane synthase; cyclopropane fatty acid synthase; cyclopropane fatty acid synthetase; CFA synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:unsaturated-phospholipid methyltransferase (cyclizing)
The enzyme adds a methylene group across the 9,10 position of a ∆9 -olefinic acyl chain in phosphatidylethanolamine or, more slowly, phosphatidylglycerol or phosphatidylinositol, forming a cyclopropane derivative (cf. EC 2.1.1.16 methylene-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase).
[370, 2561]
[EC 2.1.1.79 created 1986]
EC 2.1.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
protein-glutamate O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + protein L-glutamate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + protein L-glutamate
methyl ester
methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein O-methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine-glutamyl methyltransferase; methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein methyltransferase II; S-adenosylmethionine:proteincarboxyl O-methyltransferase; protein methylase II; MCP methyltransferase I; MCP methyltransferase II; protein O-methyltransferase; protein(aspartate)methyltransferase; protein(carboxyl)methyltransferase; protein carboxyl-methylase; protein carboxyl-O-methyltransferase; protein carboxylmethyltransferase II; protein carboxymethylase; protein carboxymethyltransferase; protein methyltransferase II
19
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:protein-L-glutamate O-methyltransferase
Forms ester groups with L-glutamate residues in a number of membrane proteins.
[285, 1111, 2050, 2496]
[EC 2.1.1.80 created 1989 (EC 2.1.1.24 created 1972, modified 1983, modified 1989, part incorporated 1992)]
[2.1.1.81
Deleted entry. nicotine N-methyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.1.1.49 amine N-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.81 created 1989, deleted 1990]
EC 2.1.1.82
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-methylquercetin 7-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
5,30 ,40 -trihydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone
flavonol 7-O-methyltransferase; flavonol 7-methyltransferase; 7-OMT; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:30 ,40 ,5,7-tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone 7-O-methyltransferase; 3-methylquercitin 7O-methyltransferase [mis-spelt]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxy-3-methoxyflavone 7-O-methyltransferase
Involved with EC 2.1.1.76 quercetin 3-O-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.83 3,7-dimethylquercetin
40 -O-methyltransferase in the methylation of quercetin to 3,7,40 -trimethylquercetin in Chrysosplenium
americanum. Does not act on flavones, dihydroflavonols, or their glucosides.
[1316]
[EC 2.1.1.82 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.83
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3,7-dimethylquercetin 40 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,30 ,40 -trihydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
5,30 -dihydroxy-3,7,40 -trimethoxyflavone
flavonol 40 -O-methyltransferase; flavonol 40 -methyltransferase; 40 -OMT; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:30 ,40 ,5-trihydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone 40 -O-methyltransferase; 3,7-dimethylquercitin
40 -O-methyltransferase [mis-spelt]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,30 ,40 -trihydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone 40 -O-methyltransferase
3,7-Dimethylquercetagetin can also act as acceptor. Involved with EC 2.1.1.76 quercetin 3-Omethyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.82 3-methylquercetin 7-O-methyltransferase in the methylation of
quercetin to 3,7,40 -trimethylquercetin in Chrysosplenium americanum. Does not act on flavones, dihydroflavonols, or their glucosides.
[1316, 1317]
[EC 2.1.1.83 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.84
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methylquercetagetin 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,6,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone = S-adenosyl-Lhomocysteine + 5,30 ,40 -trihydroxy-3,6,7-trimethoxyflavone
flavonol 6-O-methyltransferase; flavonol 6-methyltransferase; 6-OMT; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:30 ,40 ,5,6-tetrahydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,6,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxy-3,7-dimethoxyflavone 6-O-methyltransferase
The enzymes from Chrysosplenium americanum also methylates 3,7,30 -trimethylquercetagetin at the
6-position. Does not act on flavones, dihydroflavonols, or their glucosides.
[1316, 1317]
[EC 2.1.1.84 created 1989]
20
EC 2.1.1.85
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-histidine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + protein L-histidine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + protein N τ -methyl-Lhistidine
protein methylase IV; protein (histidine) methyltransferase; actin-specific histidine methyltransferase;
S-adenosyl methionine:protein-histidine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:protein-L-histidine N-tele-methyltransferase
Highly specific for histidine residues, for example, in actin.
[2350]
[EC 2.1.1.85 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.86
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tetrahydromethanopterin S-methyltransferase
5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate = 5,6,7,8tetrahydromethanopterin + 2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate
tetrahydromethanopterin methyltransferase
5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin:2-mercaptoethanesulfonate 2-methyltransferase
Involved in the formation of methane from CO in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum.
Methanopterin is a pterin analogue. The reaction involves the export of one or two sodium ions in
Archaea.
[1928]
[EC 2.1.1.86 created 1989, modified 2000]
EC 2.1.1.87
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pyridine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + pyridine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-methylpyridinium
pyridine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:pyridine N-methyltransferase
[432]
[EC 2.1.1.87 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.88
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
8-hydroxyquercetin 8-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3,5,7,8,30 ,40 -hexahydroxyflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
3,5,7,30 ,40 -pentahydroxy-8-methoxyflavone
flavonol 8-O-methyltransferase; flavonol 8-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3,30 ,40 ,5,7,8hexahydroxyflavone 8-O-methyltransferase; 8-hydroxyquercitin 8-O-methyltransferase [mis-spelt]
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3,5,7,8,30 ,40 -hexahydroxyflavone 8-O-methyltransferase
Also acts on 8-hydroxykaempferol, but not on the glycosides of 8-hydroxyflavonols. An enzyme from
the flower buds of Lotus corniculatus.
[983]
[EC 2.1.1.88 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.89
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
tetrahydrocolumbamine 2-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 5,8,13,13a-tetrahydrocolumbamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
tetrahydropalmatine
tetrahydrocolumbamine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:5,8,13,13a-tetrahydrocolumbamine 2-O-methyltransferase
21
Comments:
References:
Involved in the biosynthesis of the berberine alkaloids.
[159]
[EC 2.1.1.89 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.90
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methanol—5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide Co-methyltransferase
methanol + 5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide = Co-methyl-Co-5hydroxybenzimidazolylcob(I)amide + H2 O
methanol cobalamin methyltransferase; methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide methyltransferase; MT 1
methanol:5-hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide Co-methyltransferase
The enzyme from Methanosarcina barkeri contains three-four molecules of bound 5hydroxybenzimidazolylcobamide that act as methyl acceptor. Inactivated by oxygen and other oxidizing agents, and reactivated by catalytic amounts of ATP and hydrogen.
[2321]
[EC 2.1.1.90 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.91
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isobutyraldoxime O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 2-methylpropanal oxime = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2methylpropanal O-methyloxime
aldoxime methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine:aldoxime O-methyltransferase; aldoxime O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2-methylpropanal-oxime O-methyltransferase
Oximes of C4 to C6 aldehydes can act as acceptors; the most active substrate is 2methylbutyroaldoxime.
[790]
[EC 2.1.1.91 created 1989]
[2.1.1.92
Deleted entry. bergaptol O-methyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.1.1.69, 5-hydroxyfuranocoumarin 5-Omethyltransferase. The reaction with bergaptol is a specific example of the general reaction associated with EC 2.1.1.69]
[EC 2.1.1.92 created 1989, deleted 2006]
[2.1.1.93
Deleted entry. xanthotoxol O-methyltransferase. Enzyme is identical to EC 2.1.1.70, 8-hydroxyfuranocoumarin
8-O-methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.93 created 1989, deleted 2008]
EC 2.1.1.94
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tabersonine 16-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 16-hydroxytabersonine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 16methoxytabersonine
11-demethyl-17-deacetylvindoline 11-methyltransferase; 11-O-demethyl-17-O-deacetylvindoline
O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:11-O-demethyl-17-O-deacetylvindoline 11-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:16-hydroxytabersonine 16-O-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of vindoline from tabersonine in the Madagascar periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus.
[1313, 553]
[EC 2.1.1.94 created 1989, modified 2005]
22
EC 2.1.1.95
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tocopherol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + γ-tocopherol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + α-tocopherol
γ-tocopherol methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:γ-tocopherol 5-O-methyltransferase
[305]
[EC 2.1.1.95 created 1989]
EC 2.1.1.96
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thioether S-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + dimethyl sulfide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + trimethylsulfonium
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:thioether S-methyltransferase; thioether methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:dimethyl-sulfide S-methyltransferase
Also acts on dimethyl selenide, dimethyl telluride, diethyl sulfide, 1,4-dithiane and many other
thioethers.
[1484]
[EC 2.1.1.96 created 1990]
EC 2.1.1.97
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-hydroxyanthranilate 4-C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3-hydroxyanthranilate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3-hydroxy-4methylanthranilate
3-hydroxyanthranilate 4-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3-hydroxyanthranilate 4-C-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic actinomycin in Streptomyces antibioticus.
[567]
[EC 2.1.1.97 created 1990]
EC 2.1.1.98
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diphthine synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 2-(3-carboxy-3-aminopropyl)-L-histidine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
2-[3-carboxy-3-(methylammonio)propyl]-L-histidine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:elongation factor 2 methyltransferase; diphthine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2-(3-carboxy-3-aminopropyl)-L-histidine methyltransferase
2-[3-Carboxy-3-(methylammonio)propyl]-L-histidine and the corresponding dimethyl compound
can also act as acceptors; the trimethylated product, diphthine, is converted into diphthamide by EC
6.3.2.22 diphthine—ammonia ligase.
[347, 1458]
[EC 2.1.1.98 created 1990]
EC 2.1.1.99
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
3-hydroxy-16-methoxy-2,3-dihydrotabersonine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3-hydroxy-16-methoxy-2,3-dihydrotabersonine = S-adenosyl-Lhomocysteine + deacetoxyvindoline
16-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxytabersonine methyltransferase; NMT; 16-methoxy-2,3-dihydro3-hydroxytabersonine N-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:16-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-3hydroxytabersonine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3-hydroxy-16-methoxy-2,3-dihydrotabersonine N-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of vindoline from tabersonine in the Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus.
23
References:
[1313, 1315]
[EC 2.1.1.99 created 1990, modified 2005]
EC 2.1.1.100
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-S-isoprenylcysteine O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + protein C-terminal S-farnesyl-L-cysteine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
protein C-terminal S-farnesyl-L-cysteine methyl ester
farnesyl cysteine C-terminal methyltransferase; farnesyl-protein carboxymethyltransferase; protein C-terminal farnesylcysteine O-methyltransferase; farnesylated protein C-terminal O-methyltransferase; isoprenylated protein methyltransferase; prenylated protein methyltransferase; protein
S-farnesylcysteine C-terminal methyltransferase; S-farnesylcysteine methyltransferase; prenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase [misleading]; prenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase [misleading];
prenylcysteine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:protein-C-terminal-S-farnesyl-L-cysteine O-methyltransferase
C-terminal S-geranylgeranylcysteine and S-geranylcysteine residues are also methylated, but more
slowly.
[377, 1636, 2125]
[EC 2.1.1.100 created 1992 (EC 2.1.1.24 created 1972, modified 1983, modified 1989, part incorporated 1992)]
EC 2.1.1.101
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
macrocin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + macrocin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + tylosin
macrocin methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine-macrocin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:macrocin 3000 -O-methyltransferase
The 3-hydroxy group of a 2-O-methyl-6-deoxy-D-allose residue in the macrolide antibiotic macrosin
acts as methyl acceptor; also converts lactenosin into desmycocin. Not identical with EC 2.1.1.102,
demethylmacrocin O-methyltransferase.
[149, 1166]
[EC 2.1.1.101 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.102
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
demethylmacrocin O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + demethylmacrocin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + macrocin
demethylmacrocin methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:demethylmacrocin 2000 -O-methyltransferase
The 2-hydroxy group of a 6-deoxy-D-allose residue in demethylmacrocin acts as a methyl acceptor.
Not identical with EC 2.1.1.101 macrocin O-methyltransferase.
[1166]
[EC 2.1.1.102 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.103
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + ethanolamine phosphate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + Nmethylethanolamine phosphate
phosphoethanolamine methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:ethanolamine-phosphate N-methyltransferase
The enzyme may catalyse the transfer of two further methyl groups to the product.
[438]
24
[EC 2.1.1.103 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.104
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + caffeoyl-CoA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + feruloyl-CoA
caffeoyl coenzyme A methyltransferase; caffeoyl-CoA 3-O-methyltransferase; trans-caffeoyl-CoA
3-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:caffeoyl-CoA 3-O-methyltransferase
[1176]
[EC 2.1.1.104 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.105
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-benzoyl-4-hydroxyanthranilate 4-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N-benzoyl-4-hydroxyanthranilate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + Nbenzoyl-4-methoxyanthranilate
N-benzoyl-4-hydroxyanthranilate 4-methyltransferase; benzoyl-CoA:anthranilate Nbenzoyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N-benzoyl-4-O-hydroxyanthranilate 4-O-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of phytoalexins.
[1818]
[EC 2.1.1.105 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.106
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tryptophan 2-C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + L-tryptophan = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + L-2-methyltryptophan
tryptophan 2-methyltransferase; S-adenosylmethionine:tryptophan 2-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:L-tryptophan 2-C-methyltransferase
D -Tryptophan and (indol-3-yl)pyruvate can also act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[612]
[EC 2.1.1.106 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.107
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrinogen III = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-1
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-1 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2
uroporphyrinogen methyltransferase; uroporphyrinogen-III methyltransferase; adenosylmethionineuroporphyrinogen III methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent uroporphyrinogen
III methylase; uroporphyrinogen-III methylase; SirA; CysG; CobA [ambiguous - see EC 2.5.1.17]
SUMT; uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase (incorrect); S-adenosyl-L-methionine:uroporphyrin-III
C-methyltransferase (incorrect)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses two sequential methylation reactions, the first forming precorrin-1 and the second leading to the formation of precorrin-2. It is the first of three steps leading to the formation of
siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The second step involves an NAD+ -dependent dehydrogenation
to form sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2 (EC 1.3.1.76, precorrin-2 dehydrogenase) and the third step
involves the chelation of Fe2+ to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 4.99.1.4, sirohydrochlorin
ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein
called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps,
with SirA being responsible for the above reaction. Also involved in the biosynthesis of cobalamin.
[2418, 2421, 1970]
25
[EC 2.1.1.107 created 1992, modified 2004]
EC 2.1.1.108
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6-hydroxymellein O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 6-hydroxymellein = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 6-methoxymellein
6-hydroxymellein methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:6-hydroxymellein 6-O-methyltransferase
3,4-Dehydro-6-hydroxymellein can also act as acceptor. 6-Methoxymellein is a phytoalexin produced
by carrot tissue.
[1189]
[EC 2.1.1.108 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.109
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
demethylsterigmatocystin 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 6-demethylsterigmatocystin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sterigmatocystin
demethylsterigmatocystin methyltransferase; O-methyltransferase I
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:6-demethylsterigmatocystin 6-O-methyltransferase
Dihydrodemethylsterigmatocystin can also act as acceptor. Involved in the biosynthesis of aflatoxins
in fungi.
[2508]
[EC 2.1.1.109 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.110
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sterigmatocystin 8-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sterigmatocystin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 8-Omethylsterigmatocystin
sterigmatocystin methyltransferase; O-methyltransferase II; sterigmatocystin 7-O-methyltransferase
(incorrect); S-adenosyl-L-methionine:sterigmatocystin 7-O-methyltransferase (incorrect)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:sterigmatocystin 8-O-methyltransferase
Dihydrosterigmatocystin can also act as acceptor. Involved in the biosynthesis of aflatoxins in fungi.
[205, 2508]
[EC 2.1.1.110 created 1992, modified 2005]
EC 2.1.1.111
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthranilate N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + anthranilate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N-methylanthranilate
anthranilic acid N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:anthranilate N-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of acridine alkaloids in plant tissues.
[527]
[EC 2.1.1.111 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.112
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
glucuronoxylan 4-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glucuronoxylan D-glucuronate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + glucuronoxylan 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:glucuronoxylan-D-glucuronate 4-O-methyltransferase
[154]
26
[EC 2.1.1.112 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.113
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (cytosine-N 4 -specific)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + DNA cytosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + DNA N 4 -methylcytosine
modification methylase; restriction-modification system; DNA[cytosine-N 4 ]methyltransferase; m4Cforming MTase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:DNA-cytosine 4-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:DNA-cytosine N 4 -methyltransferase
This is a large group of enzymes, most of which, with enzymes of similar site specificity listed as EC
3.1.21.3 (type 1 site-specific deoxyribonuclease), EC 3.1.21.4 (type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease) or EC 3.1.21.5 (type III site-specific deoxyribonuclease), form so-called ‘restriction-modification
systems’. A complete listing of all of these enzymes has been produced by R.J. Roberts and is available on-line at http://rebase.neb.com/rebase/rebase.html.
[1075, 1115, 1840, 2551]
[EC 2.1.1.113 created 1992]
EC 2.1.1.114
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hexaprenyldihydroxybenzoate methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3-hexaprenyl-4,5-dihydroxybenzoate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3hexaprenyl-4-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzoate
3,4-dihydroxy-5-hexaprenylbenzoate methyltransferase; dihydroxyhexaprenylbenzoate methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3-hexaprenyl-4,5-dihydroxylate O-methyltransferase
Involved in the pathway of ubiquinone synthesis. This enzyme has been listed as EC 2.1.1.64 3demethylubiquinone-9 3-O-methyltransferase in some sequence databases; but that enzyme catalyses
a different reaction.
[374]
[EC 2.1.1.114 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.115
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline = S-adenosyl-Lhomocysteine + N-methyl-(RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline
norreticuline N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline N-methyltransferase
Broad substrate specificity for (RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines; including coclaurine,
norcoclaurine, isococlaurine, norarmepavine, norreticuline and tetrahydropapaverine. Both R- and Senantiomers are methylated. The enzyme participates in the pathway leading to benzylisoquinoline
alkaloid synthesis in plants. The physiological substrate is likely to be coclaurine. The enzyme was
earlier termed norreticuline N-methyltransferase. However, norreticuline has not been found to occur
in nature and that name does not reflect the broad specificity of the enzyme for (RS)-1-benzyl-1,2,3,4tetrahydroisoquinolines.
[610]
[EC 2.1.1.115 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.116
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
30 -hydroxy-N-methyl-(S)-coclaurine 40 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 30 -hydroxy-N-methyl-(S)-coclaurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (S)reticuline
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:30 -hydroxy-N-methyl-(S)-coclaurine 40 -O-methyltransferase
27
Comments:
References:
Involved in isoquinoline alkaloid metabolism in plants. The enzyme has also been shown
to catalyse the methylation of (RS)-laudanosoline, (S)-30 -hydroxycoclaurine and (RS)-7-Omethylnorlaudanosoline.
[611]
[EC 2.1.1.116 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.117
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(S)-scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (S)-scoulerine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (S)tetrahydrocolumbamine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(S)-scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase
The product of this reaction is a precursor for protoberberine alkaloids in plants
[1490]
[EC 2.1.1.117 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.118
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
columbamine O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + columbamine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + palmatine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:columbamine O-methyltransferase
The product of this reaction is a protoberberine alkaloid that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom. This enzyme is distinct in specificity from EC 2.1.1.88, 8-hydroxyquercetin 8-O-methyltransferase.
[1883]
[EC 2.1.1.118 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.119
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
10-hydroxydihydrosanguinarine 10-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 10-hydroxydihydrosanguinarine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + dihydrochelirubine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:10-hydroxydihydrosanguinarine 10-O-methyltransferase
This reaction is part of the pathway for synthesis of benzophenanthridine alkaloids in plants.
[447]
[EC 2.1.1.119 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.120
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
12-hydroxydihydrochelirubine 12-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 12-hydroxydihydrochelirubine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + dihydromacarpine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:12-hydroxydihydrochelirubine 12-O-methyltransferase
This reaction is part of the pathway for synthesis of benzophenanthridine alkaloid macarpine in
plants.
[1028]
[EC 2.1.1.120 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.121
Accepted name:
Reaction:
6-O-methylnorlaudanosoline 50 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 6-O-methylnorlaudanosoline = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + nororientaline
28
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:6-O-methylnorlaudanosoline 50 -O-methyltransferase
Nororientaline is a precursor of the alkaloid papaverine.
[1885]
[EC 2.1.1.121 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.122
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(S)-tetrahydroprotoberberine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (S)-7,8,13,14-tetrahydroprotoberberine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine +
cis-N-methyl-(S)-7,8,13,14-tetrahydroprotoberberine
tetrahydroprotoberberine cis-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(S)-7,8,13,14-tetrahydroprotoberberine cis-N-methyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of isoquinoline alkaloids in plants.
[1887]
[EC 2.1.1.122 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.123
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[cytochrome-c]-methionine S-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-methionine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome
c]-S-methyl-methionine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[cytochrome c]-methionine S-methyltransferase
The enzyme from Euglena gracilis methylates Met-65 of horse heart cytochrome c.
[563]
[EC 2.1.1.123 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.124
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[cytochrome c]-arginine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [cytochrome c]-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [cytochrome c]N ω -methyl-arginine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[cytochrome c]-arginine ω-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[cytochrome c]-arginine N ω -methyltransferase
The enzyme from Euglena gracilis methylates Arg-38 of horse heart cytochrome c to form the N ω monomethyl-arginine derivative. This enzyme was previously listed together with EC 2.1.1.25 phenol
O-methyltransferase and EC 2.1.1.26 iodophenol O-methyltransferase as a single, now deleted, entry
(EC 2.1.1.23, protein-arginine N-methyltransferase).
[563]
[EC 2.1.1.124 created 1999 (EC 2.1.1.23 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1983, part incorporated 1999)]
EC 2.1.1.125
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
histone-arginine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + histone-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + histone-N ω -methylarginine
histone protein methylase I; nuclear protein (histone) N-methyltransferase; protein methylase I; Sadenosyl-L-methionine:histone-arginine ω-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:histone-arginine N ω -methyltransferase
The enzyme forms the N ω -monomethyl- and N ω ,N ω0 -dimethyl, but not the N ω ,N ω -dimethyl-arginine
derivatives. The name protein methylase I is misleading since it has been used for a number of enzymes with different specificities.
[1762, 1788]
29
[EC 2.1.1.125 created 1999 (EC 2.1.1.23 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1983, part incorporated 1999)]
EC 2.1.1.126
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[myelin basic protein]-arginine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [myelin basic protein]-arginine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + [myelin
basic protein]-N ω -methyl-arginine
myelin basic protein methylase I; protein methylase I; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[myelin-basicprotein]-arginine ω-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[myelin-basic-protein]-arginine N ω -methyltransferase
The enzyme from mammalian brain forms the N ω -monomethyl-, N ω ,N ω -dimethyl- and N ω ,N ω0 dimethyl-arginine derivatives. The name protein methylase I is misleading since it has been used for a
number of enzymes with different specificities.
[668]
[EC 2.1.1.126 created 1999 (EC 2.1.1.23 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1983, part incorporated 1999)]
EC 2.1.1.127
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-lysine = S-adenosyl-Lhomocysteine + [ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase]-N 6 -methyl-L-lysine
rubisco methyltransferase; ribulose-bisphosphate-carboxylase/oxygenase N-methyltransferase;
ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase large subunit ε N-methyltransferase; S-adenosylL -methionine:[3-phospho- D -glycerate-carboxy-lyase (dimerizing)]-lysine 6-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[3-phospho-D-glycerate-carboxy-lyase (dimerizing)]-lysine N 6 -methyltransferase
The enzyme methylates Lys-14 in the large subunits of hexadecameric higher plant ribulosebisphosphate-carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.39).
[2405, 2535]
[EC 2.1.1.127 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.128
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(RS)-norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (RS)-norcoclaurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (RS)-coclaurine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(RS)-norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase
The enzyme will also catalyse the 6-O-methylation of (RS)-norlaudanosoline to form 6-O-methylnorlaudanosoline, but this alkaloid has not been found to occur in plants.
[1886, 1924, 2109]
[EC 2.1.1.128 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.129
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol 4-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myo-inositol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1D-4-O-methyl-myo-inositol
myo-inositol 4-O-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:myo-inositol 4-O-methyltransferase;
myo-inositol 6-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1D-myo-inositol 4-methyltransferase
The enzyme from the rice bean Vigna umbellata (Fabaceae) is highly specific for S-adenosylL -methionine. The enzyme also methylates 1 L -1,2,4/3,5-cyclohexanepentol, 2,4,6/3,5pentahydroxycyclohexanone, D,L-2,3,4,6/5-pentacyclohexanone and 2,20 -anhydro-2-Chydroxymethyl-myo-inositol, but at lower rates than that of myo-inositol.
[2344, 2401]
30
[EC 2.1.1.129 created 1999 (EC 2.1.1.134 created 1999, incorporated 2002), modified 2002]
EC 2.1.1.130
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
precorrin-2 C20 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-2 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-3A
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:precorrin-4 C20 -methyltransferase
[1852, 1851, 455]
[EC 2.1.1.130 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.131
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
precorrin-3B C17 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-3B = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-4
precorrin-3 methyltransferase; CobJ
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:precorrin-3B C17 -methyltransferase
In the aerobic cobalamin biosythesis pathway, four enzymes are involved in the conversion of
precorrin-3A to precorrin-6A. The first of the four steps is carried out by EC 1.14.13.83, precorrin-3B
synthase (CobG), yielding precorrin-3B as the product. This is followed by three methylation reactions, which introduce a methyl group at C-17 (CobJ; EC 2.1.1.131), C-11 (CobM; EC 2.1.1.133) and
C-1 (CobF; EC 2.1.1.152) of the macrocycle, giving rise to precorrin-4, precorrin-5 and precorrin-6A,
respectively.
[1979, 455]
[EC 2.1.1.131 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.132
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
precorrin-6Y C5,15 -methyltransferase (decarboxylating)
2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-6Y = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-8X + CO2
precorrin-6 methyltransferase; precorrin-6Y methylase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1-precorrin-6Y C5,15 -methyltransferase (C-12-decarboxylating)
The enzyme from Pseudomonas denitrificans has S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent methyltransferase and decarboxylase activities.
[218]
[EC 2.1.1.132 created 1999]
EC 2.1.1.133
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
precorrin-4 C11 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-4 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-5
precorrin-3 methylase; CobM
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:precorrin-4 C11 methyltransferase
In the aerobic cobalamin biosythesis pathway, four enzymes are involved in the conversion of
precorrin-3A to precorrin-6A. The first of the four steps is carried out by EC 1.14.13.83, precorrin-3B
synthase (CobG), yielding precorrin-3B as the product. This is followed by three methylation reactions, which introduce a methyl group at C-17 (CobJ; EC 2.1.1.131), C-11 (CobM; EC 2.1.1.133) and
C-1 (CobF; EC 2.1.1.152) of the macrocycle, giving rise to precorrin-4, precorrin-5 and precorrin-6A,
respectively.
[411, 1867]
[EC 2.1.1.133 created 1999]
[2.1.1.134
ase]
Deleted entry. myo-inositol 6-O-methyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.1.1.129, inositol 4-methyltransfer-
31
[EC 2.1.1.134 created 1999, deleted 2002]
[2.1.1.135
Transferred entry. [methionine synthase]-cobalamin methyltransferase (cob(II)alamin reducing). Now EC 1.16.1.8,
[methionine synthase] reductase]
[EC 2.1.1.135 created 1999, deleted 2003]
EC 2.1.1.136
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chlorophenol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + trichlorophenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + trichloroanisole
halogenated phenol O-methyltransferase, trichlorophenol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:trichlorophenol O-methyltransferase
The enzyme from Trichoderma virgatum, when cultured in the presence of halogenated phenol, also
acts on a range of mono-, di- and trichlorophenols.
[1091]
[EC 2.1.1.136 created 2000]
EC 2.1.1.137
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
arsenite methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + arsenite = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + methylarsonate
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + methylarsonite = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + dimethylarsinate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:arsenic(III) methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:methylarsonite Asmethyltransferase; methylarsonite methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:arsenite As-methyltransferase
An enzyme of the biotransformation pathway that forms dimethylarsinate from inorganic arsenite
and arsenate. It methylates arsenite to form methylarsonate, Me-AsO3 H2 , which is reduced by EC
1.20.4.2, methylarsonate reductase, to methylarsonite, Me-As(OH)2 . Methylarsonite is also a substrate for this enzyme (EC 2.1.1.137), which converts it into the much less toxic compound dimethylarsinate (cacodylate), Me2 As(O)-OH.
[2556, 2557, 2558, 2559, 1268]
[EC 2.1.1.137 created 2000, (EC 2.1.1.138 incorporated 2003), modified 2003]
[2.1.1.138
Deleted entry. methylarsonite methyltransferase. Reaction due to EC 2.1.1.137, arsonite methyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.1.138 created 2000, deleted 2003]
EC 2.1.1.139
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
30 -demethylstaurosporine O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 30 -demethylstaurosporine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + staurosporine
30 -demethoxy-30 -hydroxystaurosporine O-methyltransferase; staurosporine synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:30 -demethylstaurosporine O-methyltransferase
Catalyses the final step in the biosynthesis of staurosporine, an alkaloidal antibiotic that is a potent
inhibitor of protein kinases, especially protein kinase C.
[2440]
[EC 2.1.1.139 created 2000]
EC 2.1.1.140
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(S)-coclaurine-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (S)-coclaurine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (S)-N-methylcoclaurine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(S)-coclaurine-N-methyltransferase
The enzyme is specific for the (S)-isomer of coclaurine. Norcoclaurine can also act as an acceptor.
[1290]
32
[EC 2.1.1.140 created 2001]
EC 2.1.1.141
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
jasmonate O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + jasmonate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + methyl jasmonate
jasmonic acid carboxyl methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:jasmonate O-methyltransferase
9,10-Dihydrojasmonic acid is a poor substrate for the enzyme. The enzyme does not convert 12-oxophytodienoic acid (a precursor of jasmonic acid), salicylic acid, benzoic acid, linolenic acid or cinnamic acid into their corresponding methyl esters. Enzyme activity is inhibited by the presence of
divalent cations, e.g., Ca2+ , Cu2+ , Mg2+ and Zn2+ .
[1989]
[EC 2.1.1.141 created 2001]
EC 2.1.1.142
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cycloartenol 24-C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + cycloartenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (24R)-24-methylcycloart-25en-3β-ol
sterol C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:cycloartenol 24-C-methyltransferase
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine methylates the Si face of the 24(25)-double bond with elimination of a hydrogen atom from the pro-Z methyl group at C-25.
[1348]
[EC 2.1.1.142 created 2001]
EC 2.1.1.143
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
24-methylenesterol C-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 24-methylenelophenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (Z)-24ethylidenelophenol
SMT2 ; 24-methylenelophenol C-241 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:24-methylenelophenol C-methyltransferase
This is the second methylation step of plant sterol biosynthesis (cf EC 2.1.1.142, cycloartenol 24-Cmethyltransferase).
[247]
[EC 2.1.1.143 created 2001]
EC 2.1.1.144
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trans-aconitate 2-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + trans-aconitate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (E)-3(methoxycarbonyl)pent-2-enedioate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(E)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate 20 -O-methyltransferase
Also catalyses the formation of the methyl monoester of cis-aconitate, isocitrate and citrate, but more
slowly. While the enzyme from Escherichia coli forms (E)-3-(methoxycarbonyl)-pent-2-enedioate as
the product, that from Saccharomyces cerevisiae forms (E)-2-(methoxycarbonylmethyl)butenedioate
and is therefore classified as a separate enzyme (cf. EC 2.1.1.145, trans-aconitate 3-methyltransferase).
[300, 302, 301]
[EC 2.1.1.144 created 2002]
33
EC 2.1.1.145
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trans-aconitate 3-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + trans-aconitate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (E)-2(methoxycarbonylmethyl)butenedioate
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(E)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylate 30 -O-methyltransferase
Also catalyses the formation of the methyl monoester of cis-aconitate, isocitrate and citrate, but more slowly. While the enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae forms (E)-2(methoxycarbonylmethyl)butenedioate as the product, that from Escherichia coli forms (E)-3(methoxycarbonyl)-pent-2-enedioate and is therefore classified as a separate enzyme (cf. EC
2.1.1.144, trans-aconitate 2-methyltransferase)
[300, 302]
[EC 2.1.1.145 created 2002]
EC 2.1.1.146
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(iso)eugenol O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + isoeugenol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + isomethyleugenol
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:isoeugenol O-methyltransferase
Acts on eugenol and chavicol as well as isoeugenol.
[2403, 645]
[EC 2.1.1.146 created 2002]
EC 2.1.1.147
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
corydaline synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + palmatine + 2 NADPH + H+ = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + corydaline
+ 2 NADP+
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:protoberberine 13-C-methyltransferase
Also acts on 7,8-dihydropalmatine.
[1884]
[EC 2.1.1.147 created 2002]
EC 2.1.1.148
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thymidylate synthase (FAD)
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + dUMP + FADH2 = dTMP + tetrahydrofolate + FAD
Thy1; ThyX
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate,FADH2 :dUMP C-methyltransferase
FMN can replace FAD. Reaction shown is distinct from that of the classical thymidylate synthase,
ThyA (EC 2.1.1.45).
[1517]
[EC 2.1.1.148 created 2003]
EC 2.1.1.149
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
myricetin O-methyltransferase
2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + myricetin = 2 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + syringetin
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:myricetin O-methyltransferase
The enzyme from Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) is unusual as it carries out two
methylations of the same substrate. Also catalyses the methylation of dihydromyricetin.
[298]
[EC 2.1.1.149 created 2003]
34
EC 2.1.1.150
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isoflavone 7-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a 7-hydroxyisoflavone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a 7methoxyisoflavone
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:hydroxyisoflavone 7-O-methyltransferase
The enzyme from alfalfa can methylate daidzein, genistein and 6,7,40 -trihydroxyisoflavone but not
flavones or flavanones.
[522, 817, 816, 818, 1280, 2585, 365]
[EC 2.1.1.150 created 2003]
EC 2.1.1.151
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cobalt-factor II C20 -methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + cobalt-factor II = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + cobalt-factor III
CbiL
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:cobalt-factor-II C20 -methyltransferase
Involved in the anaerobic biosynthesis of vitamin B12 .
[2097]
[EC 2.1.1.151 created 2004]
EC 2.1.1.152
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
precorrin-6A synthase (deacetylating)
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-5 + H2 O = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-6A + acetate
precorrin-6X synthase (deacetylating); CobF
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:precorrin-5 C1 -methyltransferase (deacetylating)
In the aerobic cobalamin biosythesis pathway, four enzymes are involved in the conversion of
precorrin-3A to precorrin-6A. The first of the four steps is carried out by EC 1.14.13.83, precorrin-3B
synthase (CobG), yielding precorrin-3B as the product. This is followed by three methylation reactions, which introduce a methyl group at C-17 (CobJ; EC 2.1.1.131), C-11 (CobM; EC 2.1.1.133) and
C-1 (CobF; EC 2.1.1.152) of the macrocycle, giving rise to precorrin-4, precorrin-5 and precorrin-6A,
respectively.
[455, 2420]
[EC 2.1.1.152 created 2004]
EC 2.1.1.153
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
vitexin 200 -O-rhamnoside 7-O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + vitexin 200 -O-β-L-rhamnoside = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 7-Omethylvitexin 200 -O-β-L-rhamnoside
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:vitexin-200 -O-β-L-rhamnoside 7-O-methyltransferase
The flavonoids vitexin and isovitexin 200 -O-arabinoside do not act as substrates for the enzyme from
oats (Avena sativa).
[1123]
[EC 2.1.1.153 created 2004]
EC 2.1.1.154
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
isoliquiritigenin 20 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + isoliquiritigenin = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 20 -Omethylisoliquiritigenin
chalcone OMT; CHMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:isoliquiritigenin 20 -O-methyltransferase
35
Comments:
References:
Not identical to EC 2.1.1.65, licodione 20 -O-methyltransferase [929]. While EC 2.1.1.154, isoliquiritigenin 20 -O-methyltransferase can use licodione as a substrate, EC 2.1.1.65 cannot use isoliquiritigenin
as a substrate.
[1391, 929]
[EC 2.1.1.154 created 2004]
EC 2.1.1.155
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
kaempferol 40 -O-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + kaempferol = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + kaempferide
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:flavonoid 40 -O-methyltransferase; F 40 -OMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:kaempferol 40 -O-methyltransferase
The enzyme acts on the hydroxy group in the 40 -position of some flavones, flavanones and
isoflavones. Kaempferol, apigenin and kaempferol triglucoside are substrates, as is genistein, which
reacts more slowly. Compounds with an hydroxy group in the 30 and 40 positions, such as quercetin
and eriodictyol, do not act as substrates. Similar to EC 2.1.1.75, apigenin 40 -O-methyltransferase and
EC 2.1.1.83, 3,7-dimethylquercetin 40 -O-methyltransferase.
[422]
[EC 2.1.1.155 created 2004]
EC 2.1.1.156
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine
ApGSMT; glycine-sarcosine methyltransferase; GSMT; GMT; glycine sarcosine N-methyltransferase;
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:sarcosine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:glycine(or sarcosine) N-methyltransferase [sarcosine(or N,Ndimethylglycine)-forming]
Cells of the oxygen-evolving halotolerant cyanobacterium Aphanocthece halophytica synthesize betaine from glycine by a three-step methylation process. This is the first enzyme and it leads to the
formation of either sarcosine or N,N-dimethylglycine, which is further methylated to yield betaine
(N,N,N-trimethylglycine) by the action of EC 2.1.1.157, sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase. Differs from EC 2.1.1.20, glycine N-methyltransferase, as it can further methylate the product of
the first reaction. Acetate, dimethylglycine and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine can inhibit the reaction
[2373].
[1584, 1585, 2373]
[EC 2.1.1.156 created 2005]
EC 2.1.1.157
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N,N-dimethylglycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + betaine
ApDMT; sarcosine-dimethylglycine methyltransferase; SDMT; sarcosine dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N,N-dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:sarcosine(or N,N-dimethylglycine) N-methyltransferase [N,Ndimethylglycine(or betaine)-forming]
Cells of the oxygen-evolving halotolerant cyanobacterium Aphanocthece halophytica synthesize betaine from glycine by a three-step methylation process. The first enzyme, EC 2.1.1.156,
glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase, leads to the formation of either sarcosine or N,Ndimethylglycine, which is further methylated to yield betaine (N,N,N-trimethylglycine) by the action
of this enzyme. Both of these enzymes can catalyse the formation of N,N-dimethylglycine from sarcosine [2373]. The reactions are strongly inhibited by S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine.
36
References:
[1584, 1585, 2373]
[EC 2.1.1.157 created 2005]
EC 2.1.1.158
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
7-methylxanthosine synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + xanthosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 7-methylxanthosine
xanthosine methyltransferase; XMT; xanthosine:S-adenosyl-L-methionine methyltransferase; CtCS1;
CmXRS1; CaXMT1; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:xanthosine 7-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:xanthosine N 7 -methyltransferase
The enzyme is specific for xanthosine, as XMP and xanthine cannot act as substrates [1454, 2543].
The enzyme does not have N 1 - or N 3 - methylation activity [1454]. This is the first methylation step in
the production of caffeine.
[1544, 1454, 2297, 2543]
[EC 2.1.1.158 created 2007]
EC 2.1.1.159
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
theobromine synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 7-methylxanthine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3,7-dimethylxanthine
monomethylxanthine methyltransferase; MXMT; CTS1; CTS2; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:7methylxanthine 3-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:7-methylxanthine N 3 -methyltransferase
This is the third enzyme in the caffeine-biosynthesis pathway. This enzyme can also catalyse the conversion of paraxanthine into caffeine, although the paraxanthine pathway is considered to be a minor
pathway for caffeine biosynthesis [2297, 2543].
[1598, 2297, 2543]
[EC 2.1.1.159 created 2007]
EC 2.1.1.160
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
caffeine synthase
(1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 3,7-dimethylxanthine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1,3,7trimethylxanthine
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 1,7-dimethylxanthine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 1,3,7trimethylxanthine
(3) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 7-methylxanthine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 3,7dimethylxanthine
dimethylxanthine methyltransferase; 3N-methyltransferase; DXMT; CCS1; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine:3,7-dimethylxanthine 1-N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:3,7-dimethylxanthine N 1 -methyltransferase
Paraxanthine is the best substrate for this enzyme but the paraxanthine pathway is considered to be a
minor pathway for caffeine biosynthesis [1455, 2297].
[1044, 1455, 2297, 1043]
[EC 2.1.1.160 created 2007]
EC 2.1.1.161
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N,N-dimethylglycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + betaine
BsmB; DMT
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N,N-dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase (betaine-forming)
37
Comments:
References:
This enzyme, from the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH8102, differs from EC
2.1.1.157, sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase in that it cannot use sarcosine as an alternative substrate [1312]. Betaine is a ‘compatible solute’ that enables cyanobacteria to cope with osmotic
stress by maintaining a positive cellular turgor.
[1312]
[EC 2.1.1.161 created 2007]
EC 2.1.1.162
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine/sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + glycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + sarcosine
(1b) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + sarcosine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N,N-dimethylglycine
(1c) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N,N-dimethylglycine = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + betaine
GSDMT; glycine sarcosine dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:glycine(or sarcosine or N,N-dimethylglycine) N-methyltransferase [sarcosine(or N,N-dimethylglycine or betaine)-forming]
Unlike EC 2.1.1.156 (glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase), EC 2.1.1.157 (sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase) and EC 2.1.1.161 (dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase),
this enzyme, from the halophilic methanoarchaeon Methanohalophilus portucalensis, can methylate
glycine and all of its intermediates to form the compatible solute betaine [1199].
[1199]
[EC 2.1.1.162 created 2007]
EC 2.1.1.163
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
demethylmenaquinone methyltransferase
a demethylmenaquinol + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = a menaquinol + S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine
S-adenosyl-L-methione—DMK methyltransferase; demethylmenaquinone C-methylase; 2heptaprenyl-1,4-naphthoquinone methyltransferase; 2-demethylmenaquinone methyltransferase; Sadenosyl-L-methione:2-demethylmenaquinone methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methione:demethylmenaquinone methyltransferase
The enzyme catalyses the last step in menaquinone biosynthesis. It is able to accept substrates
with varying polyprenyl side chain length (the chain length is determined by polyprenyl diphosphate synthase)[1133]. The enzyme from Escherichia coli also catalyses the conversion of 2methoxy-6-octaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinone to 5-methoxy-2-methyl-3-octaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinone
during the biosynthesis of ubiquinone [1220]. The enzyme probably acts on menaquinol rather than
menaquinone.
[1133, 2482, 328, 1220]
[EC 2.1.1.163 created 2009]
EC 2.1.1.164
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
demethylrebeccamycin-D-glucose O-methyltransferase
40 -demethylrebeccamycin + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = rebeccamycin + S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine
RebM
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:demethylrebeccamycin-D-glucose O-methyltransferase
Catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of rebeccamycin, an indolocarbazole alkaloid produced
by the Actinobacterium Lechevalieria aerocolonigenes. The enzyme is able to use a wide variety
substrates, tolerating variation on the imide heterocycle, deoxygenation of the sugar moiety, and
even indolocarbazole glycoside anomers [2567]. The enzyme is a member of the general acid/basedependent O-methyltransferase family [2058].
[2567, 2058]
[EC 2.1.1.164 created 2010]
38
EC 2.1.1.165
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methyl halide transferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + iodide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + methyl iodide
MCT; methyl chloride transferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:halide/bisulfide methyltransferase;
AtHOL1; AtHOL2; AtHOL3; HARMLESS TO OZONE LAYER protein; HMT; S-adenosyl-Lmethionine: halide ion methyltransferase; SAM:halide ion methyltransferase
S-adenosylmethionine:iodide methyltransferase
This enzyme contributes to the methyl halide emissions from Arabidopsis [1521].
[1559, 1932, 69, 957, 1606, 1521]
[EC 2.1.1.165 created 2010]
EC 2.1.1.166
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
23S rRNA (uridine2552 -20 -O-)-methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uridine2552 in 23S rRNA = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 20 -Omethyluridine2552 in 23S rRNA
Um(2552) 23S ribosomal RNA methyltransferase; heat shock protein RrmJ; RrmJ; FTSJ; Um2552
methyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:23S rRNA (uridine2552 -20 -O-)-methyltransferase
The enzyme catalyses the 20 -O-methylation of the universally conserved U2552 in the A loop of 23S
rRNA [769].
[304, 768, 769, 282]
[EC 2.1.1.166 created 2010]
EC 2.1.2 Hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferases
EC 2.1.2.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + glycine + H2 O = tetrahydrofolate + L-serine
serine aldolase; threonine aldolase; serine hydroxymethylase; serine hydroxymethyltransferase; allothreonine aldolase; L-serine hydroxymethyltransferase; L-threonine aldolase; serine hydroxymethyltransferase; serine transhydroxymethylase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:glycine hydroxymethyltransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also catalyses the reaction of glycine with acetaldehyde to form Lthreonine, and with 4-trimethylammoniobutanal to form 3-hydroxy-N 6 ,N 6 ,N 6 -trimethyl-L-lysine.
[18, 216, 629, 1179, 1949]
[EC 2.1.2.1 created 1961, modified 1983]
EC 2.1.2.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + N 1 -(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide = tetrahydrofolate + N 2 -formylN 1 -(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
2-amino-N-ribosylacetamide 50 -phosphate transformylase; GAR formyltransferase; GAR transformylase; glycinamide ribonucleotide transformylase; GAR TFase; 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate:2amino-N-ribosylacetamide ribonucleotide transformylase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:50 -phosphoribosylglycinamide N-formyltransferase
[794, 2069, 2417]
[EC 2.1.2.2 created 1961, modified 2000]
39
EC 2.1.2.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoribosylaminoimidazolecarboxamide formyltransferase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide = tetrahydrofolate + 5-formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide ribonucleotide transformylase; AICAR transformylase; 10formyltetrahydrofolate:50 -phosphoribosyl-5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide formyltransferase;
50 -phosphoribosyl-5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide formyltransferase; 5-amino-1-ribosyl-4imidazolecarboxamide 50 -phosphate transformylase; 5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide ribotide transformylase; AICAR formyltransferase; aminoimidazolecarboxamide ribonucleotide transformylase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:50 -phosphoribosyl-5-amino-4-imidazole-carboxamide N-formyltransferase
[794]
[EC 2.1.2.3 created 1961, modified 2000]
EC 2.1.2.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glycine formimidoyltransferase
5-formimidoyltetrahydrofolate + glycine = tetrahydrofolate + N-formimidoylglycine
formiminoglycine formiminotransferase; FIG formiminotransferase; glycine formiminotransferase
5-formimidoyltetrahydrofolate:glycine N-formimidoyltransferase
[1749, 1750, 1907]
[EC 2.1.2.4 created 1961, modified 2000]
EC 2.1.2.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamate formimidoyltransferase
5-formimidoyltetrahydrofolate + L-glutamate = tetrahydrofolate + N-formimidoyl-L-glutamate
glutamate formyltransferase; formiminoglutamic acid transferase; formiminoglutamic formiminotransferase; glutamate formiminotransferase
5-formimidoyltetrahydrofolate:L-glutamate N-formimidoyltransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also catalyses formyl transfer from 5-formyltetrahydrofolate to Lglutamate (a reaction formerly listed as EC 2.1.2.6). In eukaryotes, it occurs as a bifunctional enzyme
that also has formimidoyltetrahydrofolate cyclodeaminase (EC 4.3.1.4) activity.
[1434, 2045, 2193]
[EC 2.1.2.5 created 1961, modified 2000 (EC 2.1.2.6 created 1965, incorporated 1984)]
[2.1.2.6
Deleted entry. glutamate formyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.1.2.5, glutamate formimidoyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.2.6 created 1965, deleted 1984]
EC 2.1.2.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -alanine 2-hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + D-alanine + H2 O = tetrahydrofolate + 2-methylserine
2-methylserine hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:D-alanine 2-hydroxymethyltransferase
Also acts on 2-hydroxymethylserine.
[2477]
[EC 2.1.2.7 created 1972]
EC 2.1.2.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
deoxycytidylate 5-hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + H2 O + deoxycytidylate = tetrahydrofolate + 5hydroxymethyldeoxycytidylate
40
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dCMP hydroxymethylase; d-cytidine 50 -monophosphate hydroxymethylase; deoxyCMP hydroxymethylase; deoxycytidylate hydroxymethylase; deoxycytidylic hydroxymethylase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:deoxycytidylate 5-hydroxymethyltransferase
[1381]
[EC 2.1.2.8 created 1972]
EC 2.1.2.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + L-methionyl-tRNAfMet + H2 O = tetrahydrofolate + N-formylmethionyltRNAfMet
N 10 -formyltetrahydrofolic-methionyl-transfer ribonucleic transformylase; formylmethionyl-transfer
ribonucleic synthetase; methionyl ribonucleic formyltransferase; methionyl-tRNA Met formyltransferase; methionyl-tRNA transformylase; methionyl-transfer RNA transformylase; methionyl-transfer
ribonucleate methyltransferase; methionyl-transfer ribonucleic transformylase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:L-methionyl-tRNA N-formyltransferase
[474]
[EC 2.1.2.9 created 1972, modified 2002]
EC 2.1.2.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aminomethyltransferase
[protein]-S8 -aminomethyldihydrolipoyllysine + tetrahydrofolate = [protein]-dihydrolipoyllysine +
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NH3
S-aminomethyldihydrolipoylprotein:(6S)-tetrahydrofolate aminomethyltransferase (ammoniaforming); T-protein; glycine synthase; tetrahydrofolate aminomethyltransferase; [protein]-8-Saminomethyldihydrolipoyllysine:tetrahydrofolate aminomethyltransferase (ammonia-forming)
[protein]-S8 -aminomethyldihydrolipoyllysine:tetrahydrofolate aminomethyltransferase (ammoniaforming)
A component, with EC 1.4.4.2 glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) and EC 1.8.1.4, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenanse, of the glycine cleavage system, formerly known as glycine synthase. The
glycine cleavage system is composed of four components that only loosely associate: the P protein
(EC 1.4.4.2), the T protein (EC 2.1.2.10), the L protein (EC 1.8.1.4) and the lipoyl-bearing H protein
[1551].
[1614, 1686, 1551]
[EC 2.1.2.10 created 1972, modified 2003, modified 2006]
EC 2.1.2.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + H2 O = tetrahydrofolate + 2dehydropantoate
α-ketoisovalerate hydroxymethyltransferase; dehydropantoate hydroxymethyltransferase; ketopantoate hydroxymethyltransferase; oxopantoate hydroxymethyltransferase; 5,10-methylene
tetrahydrofolate:α-ketoisovalerate hydroxymethyltransferase
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferase
[1730, 2236]
[EC 2.1.2.11 created 1982]
[2.1.2.12
Deleted entry. now EC 2.1.1.74 methylenetetrahydrofolate-tRNA-(uracil-5-)-methyltransferase (FADH2 -oxidizing)]
[EC 2.1.2.12 created 1983, deleted 1984]
41
EC 2.1.2.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose formyltransferase
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinopyranose = 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate +
UDP-4-deoxy-4-formamido-β-L-arabinopyranose
UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase; ArnAFT
10-formyltetrahydrofolate:UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinose N-formyltransferase
The activity is part of a bifunctional enzyme also performing the reaction of EC 1.1.1.305 [UDPglucuronic acid dehydrogenase (UDP-4-keto-hexauronic acid decarboxylating)].
[256, 656, 2468, 657, 2527]
[EC 2.1.2.13 created 2010]
EC 2.1.3 Carboxy- and carbamoyltransferases
EC 2.1.3.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methylmalonyl-CoA carboxytransferase
(S)-methylmalonyl-CoA + pyruvate = propanoyl-CoA + oxaloacetate
transcarboxylase; methylmalonyl coenzyme A carboxyltransferase; methylmalonyl-CoA transcarboxylase; oxalacetic transcarboxylase; methylmalonyl-CoA carboxyltransferase; methylmalonyl-CoA
carboxyltransferase; (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxyltransferase; (S)-2-methyl3-oxopropanoyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase carboxytransferase [incorrect]
(S)-methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase
A biotinyl-protein, containing cobalt and zinc.
[883, 2180]
[EC 2.1.3.1 created 1961]
EC 2.1.3.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
aspartate carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + L-aspartate = phosphate + N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate
carbamylaspartotranskinase; aspartate transcarbamylase; aspartate carbamyltransferase; aspartic acid
transcarbamoylase; aspartic carbamyltransferase; aspartic transcarbamylase; carbamylaspartotranskinase; L-aspartate transcarbamoylase; L-aspartate transcarbamylase; carbamoylaspartotranskinase;
aspartate transcarbamylase; aspartate transcarbamoylase; ATCase
carbamoyl-phosphate:L-aspartate carbamoyltransferase
[1310, 1817, 2012]
[EC 2.1.3.2 created 1961]
EC 2.1.3.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ornithine carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + L-ornithine = phosphate + L-citrulline
citrulline phosphorylase; ornithine transcarbamylase; OTC; carbamylphosphate-ornithine transcarbamylase; L-ornithine carbamoyltransferase; L-ornithine carbamyltransferase; L-ornithine transcarbamylase; ornithine carbamyltransferase
carbamoyl-phosphate:L-ornithine carbamoyltransferase
The plant enzyme also catalyses the reactions of EC 2.1.3.6 putrescine carbamoyltransferase, EC
2.7.2.2 carbamate kinase and EC 3.5.3.12 agmatine deiminase, thus acting as putrescine synthase,
converting agmatine [(4-aminobutyl)guanidine] and ornithine into putrescine and citrulline, respectively.
[210, 1362, 1363, 1361]
[EC 2.1.3.3 created 1961]
42
[2.1.3.4
Deleted entry. malonyl-CoA carboxyltransferase]
[EC 2.1.3.4 created 1965, deleted 1972]
EC 2.1.3.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
oxamate carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + oxamate = phosphate + oxalureate
oxamic transcarbamylase
carbamoyl-phosphate:oxamate carbamoyltransferase
[230]
[EC 2.1.3.5 created 1976]
EC 2.1.3.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
putrescine carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + putrescine = phosphate + N-carbamoylputrescine
PTCase; putrescine synthase; putrescine transcarbamylase
carbamoyl-phosphate:putrescine carbamoyltransferase
The plant enzyme also catalyses the reactions of EC 2.1.3.3 ornithine carbamoyltransferase, EC
2.7.2.2 carbamate kinase and EC 3.5.3.12 agmatine deiminase, thus acting as putrescine synthase,
converting agmatine [(4-aminobutyl)guanidine] and ornithine into putrescine and citrulline, respectively.
[1860, 2108]
[EC 2.1.3.6 created 1976]
EC 2.1.3.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-hydroxymethylcephem carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + a 3-hydroxymethylceph-3-em-4-carboxylate = phosphate + a 3carbamoyloxymethylcephem
carbamoyl-phosphate:3-hydroxymethylceph-3-em-4-carboxylate carbamoyltransferase
Acts on a wide range of 3-hydroxymethylcephems (a subclass of the cephalosporin antibiotics). Activated by ATP.
[263]
[EC 2.1.3.7 created 1983]
EC 2.1.3.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lysine carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + L-lysine = phosphate + L-homocitrulline
lysine transcarbamylase
carbamoyl-phosphate:L-lysine carbamoyltransferase
Not identical with EC 2.1.3.3 ornithine carbamoyltransferase.
[892]
[EC 2.1.3.8 created 1986]
EC 2.1.3.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
N-acetylornithine carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine = phosphate + N-acetyl-L-citrulline
acetylornithine transcarbamylase; N-acetylornithine transcarbamylase; AOTC; carbamoylphosphate:2-N-acetyl-L-ornithine carbamoyltransferase; AOTCase
carbamoyl-phosphate:N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine carbamoyltransferase
43
Comments:
References:
Differs from EC 2.1.3.3, ornithine carbamoyltransferase. This enzyme replaces EC 2.1.3.3 in the
canonic arginine biosynthetic pathway of several Eubacteria and has no catalytic activity with Lornithine as substrate.
[2016, 1478]
[EC 2.1.3.9 created 2005]
EC 2.1.3.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
malonyl-S-ACP:biotin-protein carboxyltransferase
a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a biotinyl-[protein] = an acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a
carboxybiotinyl-[protein]
malonyl-S-acyl-carrier protein:biotin-protein carboxyltransferase; MadC/MadD; MadC,D; malonyl[acyl-carrier protein]:biotinyl-[protein] carboxyltransferase
malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:biotinyl-[protein] carboxytransferase
Derived from the components MadC and MadD of the anaerobic bacterium Malonomonas rubra, this
enzyme is a component of EC 4.1.1.89, biotin-dependent malonate decarboxylase. The carboxy group
is transferred from malonate to the prosthetic group of the biotin protein (MadF) with retention of
configuration [1430]. Similar to EC 4.1.1.87, malonyl-S-ACP decarboxylase, which forms part of
the biotin-independent malonate decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.88), this enzyme also follows on from EC
2.3.1.187, acetyl-S-ACP:malonate ACP transferase, and results in the regeneration of the acetyl-[acylcarrier protein] [477].
[180, 1430, 477]
[EC 2.1.3.10 created 2008]
EC 2.1.3.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-succinylornithine carbamoyltransferase
carbamoyl phosphate + N 2 -succinyl-L-ornithine = phosphate + N-succinyl-L-citrulline
succinylornithine transcarbamylase; N-succinyl-L-ornithine transcarbamylase; SOTCase
carbamoyl phosphate:N 2 -succinyl-L-ornithine carbamoyltransferase
This enzyme is specific for N-succinyl-L-ornithine and cannot use either L-ornithine (see EC 2.1.3.3,
ornithine carbamoyltransferase) or N-acetyl-L-ornithine (see EC 2.1.3.9, N-acetylornithine carbamoyltransferase) as substrate. However, a single amino-acid substitution (Pro90 → Glu90 ) is sufficient to switch the enzyme to one that uses N-acetyl-L-ornithine as substrate. It is essential for de
novo arginine biosynthesis in the obligate anaerobe Bacteroides fragilis, suggesting that this organism
uses an alternative pathway for synthesizing arginine.
[2015, 2017]
[EC 2.1.3.11 created 2008]
EC 2.1.4 Amidinotransferases
EC 2.1.4.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine amidinotransferase
L -arginine + glycine = L -ornithine + guanidinoacetate
arginine-glycine amidinotransferase; arginine-glycine transamidinase; glycine transamidinase
L -arginine:glycine amidinotransferase
Canavanine can act instead of arginine.
[240, 386, 1403, 1780, 1781, 1782, 2387, 2388]
[EC 2.1.4.1 created 1961 as EC 2.6.2.1, transferred 1965 to EC 2.1.4.1]
44
EC 2.1.4.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
scyllo-inosamine-4-phosphate amidinotransferase
L -arginine + 1-amino-1-deoxy-scyllo-inositol 4-phosphate = L -ornithine + 1-guanidino-1-deoxyscyllo-inositol 4-phosphate
L -arginine:inosamine-P-amidinotransferase; inosamine-P amidinotransferase; L -arginine:inosamine
phosphate amidinotransferase; inosamine-phosphate amidinotransferase
L -arginine:1-amino-1-deoxy-scyllo-inositol-4-phosphate amidinotransferase
1D-1-Guanidino-3-amino-1,3-dideoxy-scyllo-inositol 6-phosphate, streptamine phosphate and 2deoxystreptamine phosphate can also act as acceptors; canavanine can act as donor.
[2398]
[EC 2.1.4.2 created 1976, modified 2001]
EC 2.2 Transferring aldehyde or ketonic groups
This single sub-subclass (EC 2.2.1) contains transketolases and transaldolases.
EC 2.2.1 Transketolases and transaldolases
EC 2.2.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
transketolase
sedoheptulose 7-phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = D-ribose 5-phosphate + D-xylulose 5phosphate
glycolaldehydetransferase
sedoheptulose-7-phosphate:D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate glycolaldehydetransferase
A thiamine-diphosphate protein. Wide specificity for both reactants, e.g. converts hydroxypyruvate
and R-CHO into CO2 and R-CHOH-CO-CH2 OH. Transketolase from Alkaligenes faecalis shows
high activity with D-erythrose as acceptor.
[764, 487, 896, 1755]
[EC 2.2.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.2.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
transaldolase
sedoheptulose 7-phosphate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = D-erythrose 4-phosphate + D-fructose
6-phosphate
dihydroxyacetonetransferase; dihydroxyacetone synthase; formaldehyde transketolase
sedoheptulose-7-phosphate:D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate glyceronetransferase
[895, 1754, 2282]
[EC 2.2.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.2.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
formaldehyde transketolase
D -xylulose 5-phosphate + formaldehyde = glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + glycerone
dihydroxyacetone synthase
D -xylulose-5-phosphate:formaldehyde glycolaldehydetransferase
A thiamine-diphosphate protein. Not identical with EC 2.2.1.1 transketolase. Also converts hydroxypyruvate and formaldehyde into glycerone and CO2 .
[295, 1045, 2380]
45
[EC 2.2.1.3 created 1984]
EC 2.2.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetoin—ribose-5-phosphate transaldolase
3-hydroxybutan-2-one + D-ribose 5-phosphate = acetaldehyde + 1-deoxy-D-altro-heptulose 7phosphate
1-deoxy-D-altro-heptulose-7-phosphate synthetase; 1-deoxy-D-altro-heptulose-7-phosphate synthase;
3-hydroxybutan-2-one:D-ribose-5-phosphate aldehydetransferase [wrong substrate name]
3-hydroxybutan-2-one:D-ribose-5-phosphate aldehydetransferase
A thiamine-diphosphate protein.
[2540]
[EC 2.2.1.4 created 1989]
EC 2.2.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate synthase
2-oxoglutarate + glyoxylate = 2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate + CO2
2-hydroxy-3-oxoadipate glyoxylate-lyase (carboxylating); α-ketoglutaric-glyoxylic carboligase; oxoglutarate: glyoxylate carboligase
2-oxoglutarate:glyoxylate succinaldehydetransferase (decarboxylating)
The bacterial enzyme requires thiamine diphosphate. The product decarboxylates to 5-hydroxy-4oxopentanoate. The enzyme can decarboxylate 2-oxoglutarate. Acetaldehyde can replace glyoxylate.
[1950, 1951, 2134]
[EC 2.2.1.5 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.15, transferred 2002 to EC 2.2.1.5]
EC 2.2.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetolactate synthase
2 pyruvate = 2-acetolactate + CO2
α-acetohydroxy acid synthetase; α-acetohydroxyacid synthase; α-acetolactate synthase; αacetolactate synthetase; acetohydroxy acid synthetase; acetohydroxyacid synthase; acetolactate
pyruvate-lyase (carboxylating); acetolactic synthetase
pyruvate:pyruvate acetaldehydetransferase (decarboxylating)
This enzyme requires thiamine diphosphate. The reaction shown is in the pathway of biosynthesis of
valine; the enzyme can also transfer the acetaldehyde from pyruvate to 2-oxobutanoate, forming 2ethyl-2-hydroxy-3-oxobutanoate, also known as 2-aceto-2-hydroxybutanoate, a reaction in the biosynthesis of isoleucine.
[150, 920, 2144, 114]
[EC 2.2.1.6 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.18, transferred 2002 to EC 2.2.1.6]
EC 2.2.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase
pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate = 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pyruvate-lyase (carboxylating); DXP-synthase
pyruvate:D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate acetaldehydetransferase (decarboxylating)
Requires thiamine diphosphate. The enzyme forms part of an alternative nonmevalonate pathway for
terpenoid biosynthesis (for diagram, click here).
[2102, 1194]
[EC 2.2.1.7 created 2001 as EC 4.1.3.37 transfered 2002 to EC 2.2.1.7]
EC 2.2.1.8
46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fluorothreonine transaldolase
L -threonine + fluoroacetaldehyde = acetaldehyde + 4-fluoro- L -threonine
fluoroacetaldehyde:L-threonine aldehydetransferase
A pyridoxal phosphate protein. Can also convert chloroacetaldehyde into4-chloro-L-threonine. Unlike
EC 2.1.2.1, glycine hydroxymethyltransferase, does not use glycine as a substrate.
[1512, 1513]
[EC 2.2.1.8 created 2003]
EC 2.2.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase
isochorismate + 2-oxoglutarate = 5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-2-succinyl-cyclohex-3-ene-1-carboxylate
+ CO2
SEPHCHC synthase; MenD
isochorismate:2-oxoglutarate 4-oxopentanoatetransferase (decarboxylating)
Requires Mg2+ for maximal activity. This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of vitamin K2
(menaquinone). In most anaerobes and all Gram-positive aerobes, menaquinone is the sole electron transporter in the respiratory chain and is essential for their survival. It had previously been
thought that the products of the reaction were (1R,6R)-6-hydroxy-2-succinylcyclohexa-2,4-diene-1carboxylate (SHCHC), pyruvate and CO2 but it is now known that two separate enzymes are involved:
this enzyme and EC 4.2.99.20, 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase. Under basic conditions, the product can spontaneously lose pyruvate to form SHCHC.
[989]
[EC 2.2.1.9 created 2008 (EC 2.5.1.64 created 2003, part-incorporated 2008)]
EC 2.3 Acyltransferases
This subclass contains enzymes that transfer acyl groups, forming either esters or amides. In most cases, the donor is the
corresponding acyl-CoA derivative. Sub-subclasses are based on the acyl group that is transferred: acyl groups other than aminoacyl groups (EC 2.3.1), aminoacyltransferases (EC 2.3.2) and acyl groups that are converted into alkyl groups on transfer (EC
2.3.3).
EC 2.3.1 Transferring groups other than aminoacyl groups
EC 2.3.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
amino-acid N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-glutamate = CoA + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
N-acetylglutamate synthase; AGAS; acetylglutamate acetylglutamate synthetase; acetylglutamic synthetase; amino acid acetyltransferase; N-acetyl-L-glutamate synthetase; N-acetylglutamate synthetase
acetyl-CoA:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase
Also acts with L-aspartate and, more slowly, with some other amino acids.
[1334]
[EC 2.3.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
imidazole N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + imidazole = CoA + N-acetylimidazole
imidazole acetylase; imidazole acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:imidazole N-acetyltransferase
47
Comments:
References:
Also acts with propanoyl-CoA.
[1099]
[EC 2.3.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucosamine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine
glucosamine acetylase; glucosamine acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:D-glucosamine N-acetyltransferase
[364]
[EC 2.3.1.3 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + D-glucosamine 6-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate
phosphoglucosamine transacetylase; phosphoglucosamine acetylase; glucosamine-6-phosphate
acetylase; D-glucosamine-6-P N-acetyltransferase; aminodeoxyglucosephosphate acetyltransferase; glucosamine 6-phosphate acetylase; glucosamine 6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase; Nacetylglucosamine-6-phosphate synthase; phosphoglucosamine N-acetylase; glucosamine-6phosphate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:D-glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferase
[440, 441, 1667, 229]
[EC 2.3.1.4 created 1961, modified 2002]
EC 2.3.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
arylamine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an arylamine = CoA + an N-acetylarylamine
arylamine acetylase; β-naphthylamine N-acetyltransferase; 4-aminobiphenyl N-acetyltransferase;
acetyl CoA-arylamine N-acetyltransferase; 2-naphthylamine N-acetyltransferase; arylamine
acetyltransferase; indoleamine N-acetyltransferase; N-acetyltransferase; p-aminosalicylate Nacetyltransferase; serotonin acetyltransferase; serotonin N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:arylamine N-acetyltransferase
Wide specificity for aromatic amines, including serotonin; also catalyses acetyl-transfer between arylamines without CoA.
[363, 1670, 2191, 2447]
[EC 2.3.1.5 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
choline O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + choline = CoA + O-acetylcholine
choline acetylase; choline acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:choline O-acetyltransferase
Propanoyl-CoA can act, more slowly, in place of acetyl-CoA.
[190, 191, 620, 1971]
[EC 2.3.1.6 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.7
48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
carnitine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + carnitine = CoA + O-acetylcarnitine
acetyl-CoA-carnitine O-acetyltransferase; acetylcarnitine transferase; carnitine acetyl coenzyme A
transferase; carnitine acetylase; carnitine acetyltransferase; carnitine-acetyl-CoA transferase; CATC
acetyl-CoA:carnitine O-acetyltransferase
Also acts on propanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA (cf. EC 2.3.1.21 carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase and
EC 2.3.1.137 carnitine O-octanoyltransferase).
[337, 617, 1451]
[EC 2.3.1.7 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphate acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + acetyl phosphate
phosphotransacetylase; phosphoacylase; PTA
acetyl-CoA:phosphate acetyltransferase
Also acts with other short-chain acyl-CoAs.
[186, 2111, 2112]
[EC 2.3.1.8 created 1961, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
2 acetyl-CoA = CoA + acetoacetyl-CoA
acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase; β-acetoacetyl coenzyme A thiolase; 2-methylacetoacetyl-CoA thiolase
[misleading]; 3-oxothiolase; acetyl coenzyme A thiolase; acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase; acetylCoA:N-acetyltransferase; thiolase II
acetyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
[1325, 2130]
[EC 2.3.1.9 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
hydrogen-sulfide S-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + hydrogen sulfide = CoA + thioacetate
hydrogen-sulfide acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:hydrogen-sulfide S-acetyltransferase
[253]
[EC 2.3.1.10 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thioethanolamine S-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + 2-aminoethanethiol = CoA + S-(2-aminoethyl)thioacetate
thioltransacetylase B; thioethanolamine acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:thioethanolamine Sacetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:2-aminoethanethiol S-acetyltransferase
2-Sulfanylethanol (2-mercaptoethanol) can act as a substrate [253].
[253, 757]
[EC 2.3.1.11 created 1961, modified 2006]
49
EC 2.3.1.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + enzyme N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N 6 -(S-acetyldihydrolipoyl)lysine
acetyl-CoA:dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoate acetyltransferase; dihydrolipoic transacetylase; dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase; lipoate
acetyltransferase; lipoate transacetylase; lipoic acetyltransferase; lipoic acid acetyltransferase;
lipoic transacetylase; lipoylacetyltransferase; thioltransacetylase A; transacetylase X; enzymedihydrolipoyllysine:acetyl-CoA S-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:enzyme 6-N-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine
S-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:enzyme N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-acetyltransferase
A multimer (24-mer or 60-mer, depending on the source) of this enzyme forms the core of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex, and binds tightly both EC 1.2.4.1, pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) and EC 1.8.1.4, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase. The lipoyl group of this
enzyme is reductively acetylated by EC 1.2.4.1, and the only observed direction catalysed by EC
2.3.1.12 is that where the acetyl group is passed to coenzyme A.
[253, 757, 758, 1686]
[EC 2.3.1.12 created 1961, modified 2003]
EC 2.3.1.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine N-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + glycine = CoA + N-acylglycine
glycine acyltransferase; glycine-N-acylase
acyl-CoA:glycine N-acyltransferase
The CoA derivatives of a number of aliphatic and aromatic acids, but not phenylacetyl-CoA or (indol3-yl)acetyl-CoA, can act as donor. Not identical with EC 2.3.1.68 glutamine N-acyltransferase or EC
2.3.1.71 glycine N-benzoyltransferase.
[1536, 1938, 2434]
[EC 2.3.1.13 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glutamine N-phenylacetyltransferase
phenylacetyl-CoA + L-glutamine = CoA + α-N-phenylacetyl-L-glutamine
glutamine phenylacetyltransferase; phenylacetyl-CoA:L-glutamine N-acetyltransferase
phenylacetyl-CoA:L-glutamine α-N-phenylacetyltransferase
[1461]
[EC 2.3.1.14 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
α-glycerophosphate acyltransferase; 3-glycerophosphate acyltransferase; ACP:sn-glycerol-3phosphate acyltransferase; glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase; glycerol phosphate acyltransferase;
glycerol phosphate transacylase; glycerophosphate acyltransferase; glycerophosphate transacylase;
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase; sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-O-acyltransferase
Acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] can also act as acyl donor. The enzyme acts only on derivatives of fatty
acids of chain length above C10
[193, 609, 732, 2525]
[EC 2.3.1.15 created 1961, modified 1976, modified 1990]
50
EC 2.3.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
β-ketothiolase; 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase; KAT; β-ketoacyl coenzyme A thiolase; β-ketoacyl-CoA
thiolase; β-ketoadipyl coenzyme A thiolase; β-ketoadipyl-CoA thiolase; 3-ketoacyl CoA thiolase;
3-ketoacyl coenzyme A thiolase; 3-ketoacyl thiolase; 3-ketothiolase; 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase; 3oxoacyl-coenzyme A thiolase; 6-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase; acetoacetyl-CoA β-ketothiolase; acetylCoA acyltransferase; ketoacyl-CoA acyltransferase; ketoacyl-coenzyme A thiolase; long-chain 3oxoacyl-CoA thiolase; oxoacyl-coenzyme A thiolase; pro-3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase; thiolase I; 2methylacetoacetyl-CoA thiolase [misleading]
acyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
[166, 702, 2128]
[EC 2.3.1.16 created 1961]
EC 2.3.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
aspartate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-aspartate = CoA + N-acetyl-L-aspartate
aspartate acetyltransferase; L-aspartate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-aspartate N-acetyltransferase
[703, 1122]
[EC 2.3.1.17 created 1965]
EC 2.3.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactoside O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + a β-D-galactoside = CoA + a 6-acetyl-β-D-galactoside
thiogalactoside acetyltransferase; galactoside acetyltransferase; thiogalactoside transacetylase
acetyl-CoA:β-D-galactoside 6-acetyltransferase
Acts on thiogalactosides and phenylgalactoside.
[2553, 2554]
[EC 2.3.1.18 created 1965]
EC 2.3.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphate butyryltransferase
butanoyl-CoA + phosphate = CoA + butanoyl phosphate
phosphotransbutyrylase
butanoyl-CoA:phosphate butanoyltransferase
[2314]
[EC 2.3.1.19 created 1965]
EC 2.3.1.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = CoA + triacylglycerol
diglyceride acyltransferase; 1,2-diacylglycerol acyltransferase; diacylglycerol acyltransferase;
diglyceride O-acyltransferase; palmitoyl-CoA-sn-1,2-diacylglycerol acyltransferase; acyl-CoA:1,2diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol O-acyltransferase
Palmitoyl-CoA and other long-chain acyl-CoAs can act as donors.
[382, 739, 1052, 2446]
51
[EC 2.3.1.20 created 1965]
EC 2.3.1.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + L-carnitine = CoA + L-palmitoylcarnitine
CPT; CPTo; outer malonyl-CoA inhibitable carnitine palmitoyltransferase; CPTi; CPT I (outer
membrane carnitine palmitoyl transferase); carnitine palmitoyltransferase I; carnitine palmitoyltransferase II; CPT-A; CPT-B; acylcarnitine transferase; carnitine palmitoyltransferase; carnitine
palmitoyltransferase-A; L-carnitine palmitoyltransferase; palmitoylcarnitine transferase
palmitoyl-CoA:L-carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase
Broad specificity to acyl group, over the range C8 to C18 ; optimal activity with palmitoyl-CoA. cf. EC
2.3.1.7 carnitine O-acetyltransferase and EC 2.3.1.137 carnitine O-octanoyltransferase.
[468, 819, 1452]
[EC 2.3.1.21 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 2-acylglycerol = CoA + diacylglycerol
acylglycerol palmitoyltransferase; monoglyceride acyltransferase; acyl coenzyme A-monoglyceride
acyltransferase; monoacylglycerol acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase
Various 2-acylglycerols can act as acceptor; palmitoyl-CoA and other long-chain acyl-CoAs can act
as donors. The sn-1 position and the sn-3 position are both acylated, at about the same rate.
[1347]
[EC 2.3.1.22 created 1972, modified 1986, modified 1989]
EC 2.3.1.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine = CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
lysolecithin acyltransferase; 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine acyltransferase; acyl coenzyme Amonoacylphosphatidylcholine acyltransferase; acyl-CoA:1-acyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine transacylase; lysophosphatide acyltransferase; lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine O-acyltransferase
Acts preferentially with unsaturated acyl-CoA derivatives. 1-Acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoinositol can
also act as acceptor.
[167, 866, 1433, 2318]
[EC 2.3.1.23 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sphingosine N-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + sphingosine = CoA + N-acylsphingosine
ceramide synthetase; sphingosine acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:sphingosine N-acyltransferase
Acts on sphingosine or its 2-epimer.
[2104]
[EC 2.3.1.24 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.25
52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
plasmalogen synthase
acyl-CoA + 1-O-alk-1-enyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine = CoA + plasmenylcholine
lysoplasmenylcholine acyltransferase; O-1-alkenylglycero-3-phosphorylcholine acyltransferase; 1alkenyl-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine:acyl-CoA acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:1-O-alk-1-enyl-glycero-3-phosphocholine 2-O-acyltransferase
[2382]
[EC 2.3.1.25 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sterol O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + cholesterol = CoA + cholesterol ester
cholesterol acyltransferase; sterol-ester synthase; sterol-ester synthetase; sterol-ester synthase; acyl
coenzyme A-cholesterol-O-acyltransferase; acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase; ACAT; acylcoenzyme A:cholesterol O-acyltransferase; cholesterol ester synthase; cholesterol ester synthetase;
cholesteryl ester synthetase
acyl-CoA:cholesterol O-acyltransferase
The animal enzyme is highly specific for transfer of acyl groups with a single cis double bond that is
nine carbon atoms distant from the carboxy group.
[1992, 2095, 2211]
[EC 2.3.1.26 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
cortisol O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + cortisol = CoA + cortisol 21-acetate
cortisol acetyltransferase; corticosteroid acetyltransferase; corticosteroid-21-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:cortisol O-acetyltransferase
[2249]
[EC 2.3.1.27 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
chloramphenicol O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + chloramphenicol = CoA + chloramphenicol 3-acetate
chloramphenicol acetyltransferase; chloramphenicol acetylase; chloramphenicol transacetylase; CAT
I; CAT II; CAT III
acetyl-CoA:chloramphenicol 3-O-acetyltransferase
[2001, 2002]
[EC 2.3.1.28 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine C-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + glycine = CoA + L-2-amino-3-oxobutanoate
2-amino-3-ketobutyrate CoA ligase; 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase; 2-amino-3ketobutyrate-CoA ligase; glycine acetyltransferase; aminoacetone synthase; aminoacetone synthetase;
KBL; AKB ligase
acetyl-CoA:glycine C-acetyltransferase
This is a pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent enzyme that acts in concert with EC 1.1.1.103, L-threonine
3-dehydrogenase, in the degradation of threonine to form glycine [518]. This threonine degradation
pathway is common to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and the two enzymes involved form a complex [1956].
[1402, 1494, 518, 1956, ?]
53
[EC 2.3.1.29 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
serine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + O-acetyl-L-serine
SATase; L-serine acetyltransferase; serine acetyltransferase; serine transacetylase
acetyl-CoA:L-serine O-acetyltransferase
[1160, 2072]
[EC 2.3.1.30 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
homoserine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-homoserine = CoA + O-acetyl-L-homoserine
homoserine acetyltransferase; homoserine transacetylase; homoserine-O-transacetylase; L-homoserine
O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-homoserine O-acetyltransferase
[1519]
[EC 2.3.1.31 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
lysine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl phosphate + L-lysine = phosphate + N 6 -acetyl-L-lysine
lysine acetyltransferase; acetyl-phosphate:L-lysine 6-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-phosphate:L-lysine N 6 -acetyltransferase
[1644]
[EC 2.3.1.32 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
histidine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-histidine = CoA + N-acetyl-L-histidine
acetylhistidine synthetase; histidine acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-histidine N-acetyltransferase
[134]
[EC 2.3.1.33 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -tryptophan N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + D-tryptophan = CoA + N-acetyl-D-tryptophan
D -tryptophan acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA- D -tryptophan-α-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:D-tryptophan N-acetyltransferase
[2565]
[EC 2.3.1.34 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
glutamate N-acetyltransferase
N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine + L-glutamate = L-ornithine + N-acetyl-L-glutamate
54
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ornithine transacetylase; α-N-acetyl-L-ornithine:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase; acetylglutamate
synthetase; acetylglutamate-acetylornithine transacetylase; acetylglutamic synthetase; acetylglutamicacetylornithine transacetylase; acetylornithinase; acetylornithine glutamate acetyltransferase;
glutamate acetyltransferase; N-acetyl-L-glutamate synthetase; N-acetylglutamate synthase; Nacetylglutamate synthetase; ornithine acetyltransferase; 2-N-acetyl-L-ornithine:L-glutamate Nacetyltransferase
N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase
Also has some hydrolytic activity on acetyl-L-ornithine, but the rate is 1% of that of transferase activity.
[2116]
[EC 2.3.1.35 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -amino-acid N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + a D-amino acid = CoA + an N-acetyl-D-amino acid
D -amino acid acetyltransferase; D -amino acid-α-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:D-amino-acid N-acetyltransferase
[2566]
[EC 2.3.1.36 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-aminolevulinate synthase
succinyl-CoA + glycine = 5-aminolevulinate + CoA + CO2
ALAS; ALA synthase; α-aminolevulinic acid synthase; δ-aminolevulinate synthase; δaminolevulinate synthetase; δ-aminolevulinic acid synthase; δ-aminolevulinic acid synthetase; δaminolevulinic synthetase; 5-aminolevulinate synthetase; 5-aminolevulinic acid synthetase; ALA
synthetase; aminolevulinate synthase; aminolevulinate synthetase; aminolevulinic acid synthase;
aminolevulinic acid synthetase; aminolevulinic synthetase
succinyl-CoA:glycine C-succinyltransferase (decarboxylating)
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The enzyme in erythrocytes is genetically distinct from that in other
tissues.
[208, 1089, 1766, 1965, 1966, 2199, 2415]
[EC 2.3.1.37 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + an acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein]
acetyl coenzyme A-acyl-carrier-protein transacylase; [acyl-carrier-protein]acetyltransferase;
[ACP]acetyltransferase; ACAT; acetyl-CoA:[acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:[acyl-carrier protein] S-acetyltransferase
This enzyme, along with EC 2.3.1.39, [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase, is essential for the
initiation of fatty-acid biosynthesis in bacteria. The substrate acetyl-CoA protects the enzyme against
inhibition by N-ethylmaleimide or iodoacetamide [1307]. This is one of the activities associated with
β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III (EC 2.3.1.180) [2281].
[1738, 2328, 2472, 1307, 2281, 1769]
[EC 2.3.1.38 created 1972, modified 2006]
EC 2.3.1.39
Accepted name:
[acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase
55
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
malonyl-CoA + an [acyl-carrier protein] = CoA + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein]
[acyl carrier protein]malonyltransferase; FabD; malonyl coenzyme A-acyl carrier protein transacylase; malonyl transacylase; malonyl transferase; malonyl-CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase;
malonyl-CoA:[acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase; malonyl-CoA:ACP transacylase; malonylCoA:ACP-SH transacylase; malonyl-CoA:AcpM transacylase; malonyl-CoA:acyl carrier protein
transacylase; malonyl-CoA:acyl-carrier-protein transacylase; malonyl-CoA/dephospho-CoA acyltransferase; MAT; MCAT; MdcH
malonyl-CoA:[acyl-carrier protein] S-malonyltransferase
This enzyme, along with EC 2.3.1.38, [acyl-carrier-protein] S-acetyltransferase, is essential for the
initiation of fatty-acid biosynthesis in bacteria. This enzyme also provides the malonyl groups for
polyketide biosynthesis [2183]. The product of the reaction, malonyl-ACP, is an elongation substrate
in fatty-acid biosynthesis. In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, holo-ACP (the product of EC 2.7.8.7, holo[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase) is the preferred substrate [1163]. This enzyme also forms part of the
multienzyme complexes EC 4.1.1.88 (biotin-independent malonate decarboxylase) and EC 4.1.1.89
(biotin-dependent malonate decarboxylase). Malonylation of ACP is immediately followed by decarboxylation within the malonate-decarboxylase complex to yield acetyl-ACP, the catalytically active species of the decarboxylase [477]. In the enzyme from Klebsiella pneumoniae, methylmalonylCoA can also act as a substrate but acetyl-CoA cannot [879] whereas the enzyme from Pseudomonas
putida can use both as substrates [359]. The ACP subunit found in fatty-acid biosynthesis contains a pantetheine-40 -phosphate prosthetic group; that from malonate decarboxylase also contains
pantetheine-40 -phosphate but in the form of a 20-(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30-dephospho-CoA prosthetic
group.
[23, 1738, 2472, 1008, 1163, 1058, 2183, 880, 1137, 879, 359, 477]
[EC 2.3.1.39 created 1972, modified 2006, modified 2008]
EC 2.3.1.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]—phospholipid O-acyltransferase
an acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + O-(2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho)ethanolamine = an [acyl-carrier protein] + O-(1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho)ethanolamine
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:O-(2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho)-ethanolamine O-acyltransferase
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:O-(2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho)ethanolamine O-acyltransferase
[2233]
[EC 2.3.1.40 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
β-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase I
an acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = a 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier protein] +
CO2 + an [acyl-carrier protein]
β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I; β-ketoacyl synthetase; β-ketoacyl-ACP synthetase; β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase; β-ketoacyl-[acyl carrier protein] synthase; β-ketoacylsynthase; condensing
enzyme; 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase; fatty acid condensing enzyme; acyl-malonyl(acylcarrier-protein)-condensing enzyme; acyl-malonyl acyl carrier protein-condensing enzyme; βketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase; 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase; 3-oxoacyl:ACP
synthase I; KASI; KAS I; FabF1; FabB; acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]:malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] Cacyltransferase (decarboxylating)
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating)
This enzyme is responsible for the chain-elongation step of dissociated (type II) fatty-acid biosynthesis, i.e. the addition of two C atoms to the fatty-acid chain. Escherichia coli mutants that lack this
enzyme are deficient in unsaturated fatty acids. The enzyme can use fatty acyl thioesters of ACP (C2
to C16 ) as substrates, as well as fatty acyl thioesters of Co-A (C4 to C16 ) [426]. The substrate specificity is very similar to that of EC 2.3.1.179, β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase II, with the exception that the
latter enzyme is far more active with palmitoleoyl-ACP (C16 ∆9 ) as substrate, allowing the organism to
regulate its fatty-acid composition with changes in temperature [426, 655].
56
References:
[23, 1738, 2267, 426, 655, 2402, 408]
[EC 2.3.1.41 created 1972, modified 2006]
EC 2.3.1.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerone-phosphate O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + glycerone phosphate = CoA + acylglycerone phosphate
dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:glycerone-phosphate O-acyltransferase
A membrane protein. Uses CoA derivatives of palmitate, stearate and oleate, with highest activity on
palmitoyl-CoA.
[105, 456, 771]
[EC 2.3.1.42 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylcholine—sterol O-acyltransferase
phosphatidylcholine + a sterol = 1-acylglycerophosphocholine + a sterol ester
lecithin—cholesterol acyltransferase; phospholipid—cholesterol acyltransferase; LCAT (lecithincholesterol acyltransferase); lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase; lysolecithin acyltransferase
phosphatidylcholine:sterol O-acyltransferase
Palmitoyl, oleoyl and linoleoyl residues can be transferred; a number of sterols, including cholesterol,
can act as acceptors. The bacterial enzyme also catalyses the reactions of EC 3.1.1.4 phospholipase
A2 and EC 3.1.1.5 lysophospholipase.
[129, 279, 694, 2312]
[EC 2.3.1.43 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylneuraminate 4-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + N-acetylneuraminate = CoA + N-acetyl-4-O-acetylneuraminate
sialate O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:N-acetylneuraminate 4-O-acetyltransferase
Both free and glycosidically bound N-acetyl- and N-glycolyl- neuraminates can act as O-acetyl acceptors.
[1943, 1944]
[EC 2.3.1.44 created 1972]
EC 2.3.1.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylneuraminate 7-O(or 9-O)-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + N-acetylneuraminate = CoA + N-acetyl-7-O(or 9-O)-acetylneuraminate
N-acetylneuraminate 7(8)-O-acetyltransferase; sialate O-acetyltransferase; N-acetylneuraminate
7,8-O-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:N-acetylneuraminate-7- or 8-O-acetyltransferase; acetylCoA:N-acetylneuraminate-7- and/or 8-O-acetyltransferase; glycoprotein 7(9)-O-acetyltransferase;
acetyl-CoA:N-acetylneuraminate-9(7)-O-acetyltransferase; N-acetylneuraminate O7 -(or O9 )acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:N-acetylneuraminate-9(or 7)-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:N-acetylneuraminate 7-O(or 9-O)-acetyltransferase
Both free and glycosidically bound N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminates can act as O-acetyl acceptors.
[1943, 1944]
[EC 2.3.1.45 created 1972]
57
EC 2.3.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
homoserine O-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA + L-homoserine = CoA + O-succinyl-L-homoserine
homoserine O-transsuccinylase; homoserine succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA:L-homoserine O-succinyltransferase
[1872]
[EC 2.3.1.46 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase
6-carboxyhexanoyl-CoA + L-alanine = 8-amino-7-oxononanoate + CoA + CO2
7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthetase; 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic synthetase; 8-amino-7oxopelargonate synthase
6-carboxyhexanoyl-CoA:L-alanine C-carboxyhexanoyltransferase (decarboxylating)
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[530, 30, 1717, 2436]
[EC 2.3.1.47 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
histone acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + histone = CoA + acetylhistone
nucleosome-histone acetyltransferase; histone acetokinase; histone acetylase; histone transacetylase
acetyl-CoA:histone acetyltransferase
A group of enzymes with differing specificities towards histone acceptors.
[644]
[EC 2.3.1.48 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deacetyl-[citrate-(pro-3S)-lyase] S-acetyltransferase
S-acetylphosphopantetheine + deacetyl-[citrate-oxaloacetate-lyase((pro-3S)-CH2 COO− →acetate)] =
phosphopantetheine + [citrate-oxaloacetate-lyase((pro-3S)-CH2 COO− →acetate)]
S-acetyl phosphopantetheine:deacetyl citrate lyase S-acetyltransferase; deacetyl-[citrate-(pro-3S)lyase] acetyltransferase
S-acetylphosphopantetheine:deacetyl-[citrate-oxaloacetate-lyase((pro-3S)-CH2 COO− →acetate)] Sacetyltransferase
Both this enzyme and EC 6.2.1.22, [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase] ligase, acetylate and activate EC 4.1.3.6,
citrate (pro-3S)-lyase.
[2057]
[EC 2.3.1.49 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
serine C-palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + L-serine = CoA + 3-dehydro-D-sphinganine + CO2
serine palmitoyltransferase; SPT; 3-oxosphinganine synthetase; acyl-CoA:serine C-2 acyltransferase
decarboxylating
palmitoyl-CoA:L-serine C-palmitoyltransferase (decarboxylating)
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[252, 2140]
58
[EC 2.3.1.50 created 1976, modified 1982]
EC 2.3.1.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate acyltransferase; 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase; 1-acylglycero-3-phosphate acyltransferase; 1-acylglycerolphosphate acyltransferase; 1acylglycerophosphate acyltransferase; lysophosphatidic acid-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 2-O-acyltransferase
Acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] can also act as an acyl donor. The animal enzyme is specific for the transfer of unsaturated fatty acyl groups.
[609, 866, 2524]
[EC 2.3.1.51 created 1976, modified 1990]
EC 2.3.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 2-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CoA + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
2-acylglycerophosphate acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:2-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
Saturated acyl-CoA thioesters are the most effective acyl donors.
[2524]
[EC 2.3.1.52 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phenylalanine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-phenylalanine = CoA + N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine
acetyl-CoA-L-phenylalanine α-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-phenylalanine N-acetyltransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on L-histidine and L-alanine.
[1255]
[EC 2.3.1.53 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
formate C-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + formate = CoA + pyruvate
pyruvate formate-lyase; pyruvic formate-lyase; formate acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:formate C-acetyltransferase
[1117]
[EC 2.3.1.54 created 1976]
[2.3.1.55
Deleted entry. kanamycin 60 -N-acetyltransferase identical to EC 2.3.1.82 aminoglycoside N60 -acetyltransferase]
[EC 2.3.1.55 created 1976, deleted 1999]
EC 2.3.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
aromatic-hydroxylamine O-acetyltransferase
N-hydroxy-4-acetylaminobiphenyl + N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl = N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl +
N-acetoxy-4-aminobiphenyl
59
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aromatic hydroxylamine acetyltransferase; arylhydroxamate acyltransferase; arylhydroxamate N,Oacetyltransferase; arylhydroxamic acid N,O-acetyltransferase; arylhydroxamic acyltransferase; N,Oacetyltransferase; N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene N-O acyltransferase
N-hydroxy-4-acetylaminobiphenyl:N-hydroxy-4-aminobiphenyl O-acetyltransferase
Transfers the N-acetyl group of some aromatic acethydroxamates to the O-position of some aromatic
hydroxylamines.
[132]
[EC 2.3.1.56 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diamine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an alkane-α,ω-diamine = CoA + an N-acetyldiamine
spermidine acetyltransferase; putrescine acetyltransferase; putrescine (diamine)-acetylating enzyme; diamine acetyltransferase; spermidine/spermine N 1 -acetyltransferase; spermidine N 1 acetyltransferase; acetyl-coenzyme A-1,4-diaminobutane N-acetyltransferase; putrescine acetylase;
putrescine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:alkane-α,ω-diamine N-acetyltransferase
Acts on propane-1,3-diamine, pentane-1,5-diamine, putrescine, spermidine (forming N 1 - and N 8 acetylspermidine), spermine, N 1 -acetylspermidine and N 8 -acetylspermidine.
[1759]
[EC 2.3.1.57 created 1976, modified 1989]
EC 2.3.1.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2,3-diaminopropionate N-oxalyltransferase
oxalyl-CoA + L-2,3-diaminopropanoate = CoA + N 3 -oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoate
oxalyldiaminopropionate synthase; ODAP synthase; oxalyl-CoA:L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid
oxalyltransferase; oxalyldiaminopropionic synthase; oxalyl-CoA:L-2,3-diaminopropanoate 3-Noxalyltransferase
oxalyl-CoA:L-2,3-diaminopropanoate N 3 -oxalyltransferase
[1343]
[EC 2.3.1.58 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
gentamicin 20 -N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + gentamicin C1a = CoA + N 20 -acetylgentamicin C1a
gentamycin acetyltransferase II; gentamycin 20 -N-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:gentamycin-C1a N 20 acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:gentamicin-C1a N 20 -acetyltransferase
The antibiotics gentamicin A, sisomicin, tobramycin, paromomycin, neomycin B, kanamycin B and
kanamycin C can also act as acceptors.
[178]
[EC 2.3.1.59 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
gentamicin 30 -N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + gentamicin C = CoA + N 30 -acetylgentamicin C
gentamycin acetyltransferase I; aminoglycoside acetyltransferase AAC(3)-1; gentamycin 30 -Nacetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:gentamycin-C N 30 -acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:gentamicin-C N 30 -acetyltransferase
60
Comments:
References:
Also acetylates sisomicin.
[49, 206, 2469]
[EC 2.3.1.60 created 1976]
EC 2.3.1.61
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dihydrolipoyllysine-residue succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA + enzyme N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N 6 -(Ssuccinyldihydrolipoyl)lysine
dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase; dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase; dihydrolipoic
transsuccinylase; dihydrolipolyl transsuccinylase; dihydrolipoyl transsuccinylase; lipoate succinyltransferase (Escherichia coli); lipoic transsuccinylase; lipoyl transsuccinylase; succinylCoA:dihydrolipoamide S-succinyltransferase; succinyl-CoA:dihydrolipoate S-succinyltransferase;
enzyme-dihydrolipoyllysine:succinyl-CoA S-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA:enzyme-N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-succinyltransferase
A multimer (24-mer) of this enzyme forms the core of the multienzyme complex, and binds tightly
both EC 1.2.4.2, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring) and EC 1.8.1.4, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase. The lipoyl group of this enzyme is reductively succinylated by EC 1.2.4.2, and the only
observed direction catalysed by EC 2.3.1.61 is that where this succinyl group is passed to coenzyme
A.
[467, 1801, 1116, 1686]
[EC 2.3.1.61 created 1978, modified 2003]
EC 2.3.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine = CoA + phosphatidylcholine
2-acylglycerol-3-phosphorylcholine acyltransferase; 2-acylglycerophosphocholine acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine O-acyltransferase
[1203, 2319]
[EC 2.3.1.62 created 1978]
EC 2.3.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-alkylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine = CoA + 2-acyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3phosphocholine
acyl-CoA:1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine O-acyltransferase
May be identical with EC 2.3.1.23 1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase.
[2383, 2384]
[EC 2.3.1.63 created 1978]
EC 2.3.1.64
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
agmatine N 4 -coumaroyltransferase
4-coumaroyl-CoA + agmatine = CoA + N-(4-guanidinobutyl)-4-hydroxycinnamamide
p-coumaroyl-CoA-agmatine N-p-coumaroyltransferase; agmatine coumaroyltransferase; 4coumaroyl-CoA:agmatine 4-N-coumaroyltransferase
4-coumaroyl-CoA:agmatine N 4 -coumaroyltransferase
[207]
[EC 2.3.1.64 created 1983]
61
EC 2.3.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase
choloyl-CoA + glycine = CoA + glycocholate
glycine—taurine N-acyltransferase; amino acid N-choloyltransferase; BAT; glycine Ncholoyltransferase; BACAT; cholyl-CoA glycine-taurine N-acyltransferase; cholyl-CoA:taurine Nacyltransferase
choloyl-CoA:glycine N-choloyltransferase
Also acts on CoA derivatives of other bile acids. Taurine and 2-fluoro-β-alanine can act as substrates,
but more slowly [997]. The enzyme can also conjugate fatty acids to glycine and can act as a verylong-chain acyl-CoA thioesterase [1590]. Bile-acid—amino-acid conjugates serve as detergents in the
gastrointestinal tract, solubilizing long chain fatty acids, mono- and diglycerides, fat-soluble vitamins
and cholesterol [997]. This is the second enzyme in a two-step process leading to the conjugation of
bile acids with amino acids; the first step is the conversion of bile acids into their acyl-CoA thioesters,
which is catalysed by EC 6.2.1.7, cholate—CoA ligase.
[425, 1005, 2346, 997, 555, 815, 1590]
[EC 2.3.1.65 created 1983, modified 2005]
EC 2.3.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
leucine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-leucine = CoA + N-acetyl-L-leucine
leucine acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-leucine N-acetyltransferase
Propanoyl-CoA can act as a donor, but more slowly. L-Arginine, L-valine, L-phenylalanine and peptides containing L-leucine can act as acceptors.
[2171]
[EC 2.3.1.66 created 1983]
EC 2.3.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1-alkylglycerophosphocholine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine = CoA + 2-acetyl-1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3phosphocholine
acetyl-CoA:1-alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine 2-O-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:lysoPAF acetyltransferase; 1-alkyl-2-lysolecithin acetyltransferase; acyl-CoA:1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3phosphocholine acyltransferase; blood platelet-activating factor acetyltransferase; lyso-GPC:acetyl
CoA acetyltransferase; lyso-platelet activating factor:acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase; lysoPAF:acetyl
CoA acetyltransferase; PAF acetyltransferase; platelet-activating factor acylhydrolase; plateletactivating factor-synthesizing enzyme; 1-alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine acetyltransferase;
lyso-platelet-activating factor:acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine 2-O-acetyltransferase
[2503]
[EC 2.3.1.67 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamine N-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + L-glutamine = CoA + N-acyl-L-glutamine
acyl-CoA:L-glutamine N-acyltransferase
Phenylacetyl-CoA and (indol-3-yl)acetyl-CoA, but not benzoyl-CoA, can act as acyl donors. Not
identical with EC 2.3.1.13 glycine N-acyltransferase or EC 2.3.1.71 glycine N-benzoyltransferase.
[2434]
[EC 2.3.1.68 created 1984]
62
EC 2.3.1.69
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
monoterpenol O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + a monoterpenol = CoA + a monoterpenol acetate ester
menthol transacetylase
acetyl-CoA:monoterpenol O-acetyltransferase
(-)-Menthol, (+)-neomenthol, borneol, and also cyclohexanol and decan-1-ol can be acetylated.
[410, 1372]
[EC 2.3.1.69 created 1984]
[2.3.1.70
Deleted entry. CDP-acylglycerol O-arachidonoyltransferase. This enzyme was deleted following a retraction of
the evidence upon which the entry had been drafted (Thompson, W. and Zuk, R.T. Acylation of CDP-monoacylglycerol cannot be
confirmed. J. Biol. Chem. 258 (1983) 9623. [PMID: 6885763]).]
[EC 2.3.1.70 created 1984, deleted 2009]
EC 2.3.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine N-benzoyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA + glycine = CoA + N-benzoylglycine
benzoyl CoA-amino acid N-acyltransferase; benzoyl-CoA:glycine N-acyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA:glycine N-benzoyltransferase
Not identical with EC 2.3.1.13 glycine N-acyltransferase or EC 2.3.1.68 glutamine N-acyltransferase
[1536]
[EC 2.3.1.71 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.72
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
indoleacetylglucose—inositol O-acyltransferase
1-O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-β-D-glucose + myo-inositol = D-glucose + O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol
indole-3-acetyl-β-1-D-glucoside:myo-inositol indoleacetyltransferase; 1-O-(indol-3-ylacetyl)-β-Dglucose:myo-inositol indole-3-ylacetyltransferase
1-O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-β-D-glucose:myo-inositol (indol-3-yl)acetyltransferase
The position of acylation is indeterminate because of the ease of acyl transfer between hydroxy
groups.
[1428, 1427]
[EC 2.3.1.72 created 1984, modified 2003]
EC 2.3.1.73
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diacylglycerol—sterol O-acyltransferase
1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol + sterol = monoacylglycerol + sterol ester
1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:sterol acyl transferase
1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:sterol O-acyltransferase
Cholesterol, sitosterol, campesterol and diacylglycerol can act as acceptors. Transfers a number of
long-chain fatty acyl groups.
[129, 649, 650]
[EC 2.3.1.73 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
naringenin-chalcone synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA = 4 CoA + naringenin chalcone + 3 CO2
chalcone synthase; flavanone synthase; 60 -deoxychalcone synthase; chalcone synthetase; DOCS; CHS
malonyl-CoA:4-coumaroyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing)
63
Comments:
References:
In the presence of NADH and a reductase, 60 -deoxychalcone is produced.
[82, 835]
[EC 2.3.1.74 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.75
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
long-chain-alcohol O-fatty-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + a long-chain alcohol = CoA + a long-chain ester
wax synthase; wax-ester synthase
acyl-CoA:long-chain-alcohol O-acyltransferase
Transfers saturated or unsaturated acyl residues of chain-length C18 to C20 to long-chain alcohols,
forming waxes. The best acceptor is cis-icos-11-en-1-ol.
[2501]
[EC 2.3.1.75 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
retinol O-fatty-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + retinol = CoA + retinyl ester
retinol acyltransferase; retinol fatty-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:retinol O-acyltransferase
Acts on palmitoyl-CoA and other long-chain fatty-acyl derivatives of CoA.
[834, 1864]
[EC 2.3.1.76 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.77
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
triacylglycerol—sterol O-acyltransferase
triacylglycerol + a 3β-hydroxysterol = diacylglycerol + a 3β-hydroxysterol ester
triacylglycerol:sterol acyltransferase
triacylglycerol:3β-hydroxysterol O-acyltransferase
Tripalmitoylglycerol and, more slowly, other triacylglycerols containing C6 to C22 fatty acids, can act
as donors. The best acceptors are 3β-hydroxysterols with a planar ring system.
[2584]
[EC 2.3.1.77 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
heparan-α-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + heparan sulfate α-D-glucosaminide = CoA + heparan sulfate N-acetyl-α-Dglucosaminide
acetyl-CoA:α-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:heparan-α-D-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase
Brings about the acetylation of glucosamine groups of heparan sulfate and heparin from which
the sulfate has been removed. Also acts on heparin. Not identical with EC 2.3.1.3 glucosamine Nacetyltransferase or EC 2.3.1.4 glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase.
[1112, 1719]
[EC 2.3.1.78 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.79
Accepted name:
maltose O-acetyltransferase
64
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetyl-CoA + maltose = CoA + 6-O-acetyl-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose
maltose transacetylase; maltose O-acetyltransferase; MAT
acetyl-CoA:maltose O-acetyltransferase
Not identical with EC 2.3.1.18, galactoside O-acetyltransferase. The acetyl group is added exclusively
to the C6 position of glucose and to the C6 position of the non-reducing glucose residue of maltose
[1226]. Other substrates of this enzyme are glucose, which is a better substrate than maltose [254],
and mannose and frucose, which are poorer substrates than maltose [254]. Isopropyl-β-thio-galactose,
which is a good substrate for EC 2.3.1.118 is a poor substrate for this enzyme [1226].
[613, 254, 1226]
[EC 2.3.1.79 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteine-S-conjugate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an S-substituted L-cysteine = CoA + an S-substituted N-acetyl-L-cysteine
acetyl-CoA:S-substituted L-cysteine N-acetyltransferase
S-Benzyl-L-cysteine and, in decreasing order of activity, S-butyl-L-cysteine, S-propyl-L-cysteine, Obenzyl-L-serine and S-ethyl-L-cysteine, can act as acceptors.
[502]
[EC 2.3.1.80 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.81
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aminoglycoside N 30 -acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + a 2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic = CoA + N 30 -acetyl-2-deoxystreptamine antibiotic
30 -aminoglycoside acetyltransferase; 3-N-aminoglycoside acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:2-deoxystreptamine-antibiotic N 30 -acetyltransferase
Different from EC 2.3.1.60 gentamicin 30 -N-acetyltransferase. A wide range of antibiotics containing the 2-deoxystreptamine ring can act as acceptors, including gentamicin, kanamycin, tobramycin,
neomycin and apramycin.
[442]
[EC 2.3.1.81 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.82
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aminoglycoside N 60 -acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + kanamycin-B = CoA + N 60 -acetylkanamycin-B
aminoglycoside 60 -N-acetyltransferase; aminoglycoside-60 -acetyltransferase; aminoglycoside-6-Nacetyltransferase; kanamycin acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:kanamycin-B N 60 -acetyltransferase
The antibiotics kanamycin A, kanamycin B, neomycin, gentamicin C1a , gentamicin C2 and sisomicin
are substrates. The antibiotics gentamicin, tobramycin and neomycin, but not paromomycin, can also
act as acceptors. The 6-amino group of the purpurosamine ring is acetylated.
[1213, 179, 495]
[EC 2.3.1.82 created 1976 as EC 2.3.1.55, transferred 1999 to EC 2.3.1.82, modified 1999]
EC 2.3.1.83
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
phosphatidylcholine—dolichol O-acyltransferase
3-sn-phosphatidylcholine + dolichol = 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + acyldolichol
3-sn-phosphatidylcholine:dolichol O-acyltransferase
[1060, 1757]
65
[EC 2.3.1.83 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.84
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alcohol O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an alcohol = CoA + an acetyl ester
alcohol acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:alcohol O-acetyltransferase
Acts on a range of short-chain aliphatic alcohols, including methanol and ethanol
[2548]
[EC 2.3.1.84 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.85
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fatty-acid synthase
acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADPH + 2n H+ = a long-chain fatty acid + (n+1) CoA + n CO2
+ 2n NADP+
yeast fatty acid synthase
acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing and
thioester-hydrolysing)
The animal enzyme is a multi-functional protein catalysing the reactions of EC 2.3.1.38 [acyl-carrierprotein] S-acetyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.39 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.41
3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase, EC 1.1.1.100 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase,
EC 4.2.1.61 3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase, EC 1.3.1.10 enoyl-[acyl-carrierprotein] reductase (NADPH, B-specific) and EC 3.1.2.14 oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] hydrolase.
[2143, 2381]
[EC 2.3.1.85 created 1984]
EC 2.3.1.86
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fatty-acyl-CoA synthase
acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADH + 2n NADPH + 4n H+ = long-chain-acyl-CoA + n CoA +
n CO2 + 2n NAD+ + 2n NADP+
yeast fatty acid synthase
acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl- reducing)
The yeast enzyme is a multi-functional protein catalysing the reactions of EC 2.3.1.38 [acyl-carrierprotein] S-acetyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.39 [acyl-carrier-protein] S-malonyltransferase, EC 2.3.1.41 3oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase, EC 1.1.1.100 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase, EC
1.1.1.279, (R)-3-hydroxyacid ester dehydrogenase, EC 4.2.1.61 3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrierprotein] dehydratase and EC 1.3.1.9 enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase (NADH).
[1977, 2381]
[EC 2.3.1.86 created 1984, modified 2003]
EC 2.3.1.87
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aralkylamine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + a 2-arylethylamine = CoA + an N-acetyl-2-arylethylamine
serotonin acetyltransferase; serotonin acetylase; arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase; serotonin Nacetyltransferase; AANAT; melatonin rhythm enzyme
acetyl-CoA:2-arylethylamine N-acetyltransferase
Narrow specificity towards 2-arylethylamines, including serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine),
tryptamine, 5-methoxytryptamine and phenylethylamine. This is the penultimate enzyme in the
production of melatonin (5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine) and controls its synthesis (cf. EC 2.1.1.4,
acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase). Differs from EC 2.3.1.5 arylamine N-acetyltransferase.
[2364, 574, 1078]
66
[EC 2.3.1.87 created 1986, modified 2005]
EC 2.3.1.88
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
peptide α-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + peptide = N α -acetylpeptide + CoA
β-endorphin acetyltransferase; peptide acetyltransferase; protein N-terminal acetyltransferase; NAT;
N α -acetyltransferase; amino-terminal amino acid-acetylating enzyme; acetyl-CoA:peptide α-Nacetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:peptide N α -acetyltransferase
Acetylates N-terminal alanine, serine, methionine and glutamate residues in a number of peptides
and proteins, including β-endorphin, corticotropins and melanotropin. cf. EC 2.3.1.108 α-tubulin Nacetyltransferase.
[498, 690, 1595, 2286]
[EC 2.3.1.88 created 1986, modified 1989]
EC 2.3.1.89
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tetrahydrodipicolinate N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate + H2 O = CoA + L-2-acetamido-6oxoheptanedioate
tetrahydrodipicolinate acetylase; tetrahydrodipicolinate:acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:L2,3,4,5-tetrahydrodipicolinate N 2 -acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:(S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6dicarboxylate 2-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:(S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate N 2 -acetyltransferase
[340]
[EC 2.3.1.89 created 1986]
EC 2.3.1.90
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-glucogallin O-galloyltransferase
2 1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose = D-glucose + 1-O,6-O-digalloyl-β-D-glucose
1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose:1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose O-galloyltransferase
β-Glucogallin can act as donor and as acceptor. Digalloylglucose can also act as acceptor, with the
formation of 1-O,2-O,6-O-trigalloylglucose
[464, 746]
[EC 2.3.1.90 created 1986]
EC 2.3.1.91
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sinapoylglucose—choline O-sinapoyltransferase
1-O-sinapoyl-β-D-glucose + choline = D-glucose + sinapoylcholine
sinapine synthase
1-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamoyl)-β-D-glucose:choline 1-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5dimethoxycinnamoyl)transferase
[726]
[EC 2.3.1.91 created 1986]
EC 2.3.1.92
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
sinapoylglucose—malate O-sinapoyltransferase
1-O-sinapoyl-β-D-glucose + (S)-malate = D-glucose + sinapoyl-(S)-malate
1-sinapoylglucose-L-malate sinapoyltransferase; sinapoylglucose:malate sinapoyltransferase
67
Systematic name:
References:
1-O-sinapoyl-β-D-glucose:(S)-malate O-sinapoyltransferase
[2147]
[EC 2.3.1.92 created 1986]
EC 2.3.1.93
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
13-hydroxylupinine O-tigloyltransferase
(E)-2-methylcrotonoyl-CoA + 13-hydroxylupinine = CoA + 13-(2-methylcrotonoyl)oxylupinine
tigloyl-CoA:13-hydroxylupanine O-tigloyltransferase; 13-hydroxylupanine acyltransferase
(E)-2-methylcrotonoyl-CoA:13-hydroxylupinine O-2-methylcrotonoyltransferase
Benzoyl-CoA and, more slowly, pentanoyl-CoA, 3-methylbutanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA can act as
acyl donors. Involved in the synthesis of lupinine alkaloids.
[2481]
[EC 2.3.1.93 created 1986]
EC 2.3.1.94
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6-deoxyerythronolide-B synthase
propanoyl-CoA + 6 (2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA + 6 NADPH + 6 H+ = 6-deoxyerythronolide B + 7
CoA + 6 CO2 + H2 O + 6 NADP+
erythronolide condensing enzyme; malonyl-CoA:propionyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing); erythronolide synthase; malonyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing); deoxyerythronolide B synthase; 6-deoxyerythronolide B synthase; DEBS
propanoyl-CoA:(2S)-methylmalonyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing)
The product, 6-deoxyerythronolide B, contains a 14-membered lactone ring and is an intermediate
in the biosynthesis of erythromycin antibiotics. Biosynthesis of 6-deoxyerythronolide B requires 28
active sites that are precisely arranged along three large polypeptides, denoted DEBS1, -2 and -3 [].
The polyketide product is synthesized by the processive action of a loading didomain, six extension
modules and a terminal thioesterase domain [1085]. Each extension module contains a minimum of
a ketosynthase (KS), an acyltransferase (AT) and an acyl-carrier protein (ACP). The KS domain both
accepts the growing polyketide chain from the previous module and catalyses the subsequent decarboxylative condensation between this substrate and an ACP-bound methylmalonyl extender unit, introduce by the AT domain. This combined effort gives rise to a new polyketide intermediate that has
been extended by two carbon atoms [1085].
[1620, 1839, 1694, 2279, 1085]
[EC 2.3.1.94 created 1989, modified 2008]
EC 2.3.1.95
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trihydroxystilbene synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,40 ,5-trihydroxy-stilbene + 4 CO2
resveratrol synthase; stilbene synthase
malonyl-CoA:4-coumaroyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing)
Not identical with EC 2.3.1.74 naringenin-chalcone synthase or EC 2.3.1.146 pinosylvin synthase.
[1967]
[EC 2.3.1.95 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.96
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
glycoprotein N-palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + glycoprotein = CoA + N-palmitoylglycoprotein
mucus glycoprotein fatty acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA:glycoprotein N-palmitoyltransferase
68
Comments:
References:
Acts on mucins. Activated by 1,4-dithiothreitol.
[1263]
[EC 2.3.1.96 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.97
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase
tetradecanoyl-CoA + glycylpeptide = CoA + N-tetradecanoylglycylpeptide
peptide N-myristoyltransferase; myristoyl-CoA-protein N-myristoyltransferase; myristoyl-coenzyme
A:protein N-myristoyl transferase; myristoylating enzymes; protein N-myristoyltransferase
tetradecanoyl-CoA:glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase
The enzyme from yeast is highly specific for tetradecanoyl-CoA, and highly specific for N-terminal
glycine in oligopeptides containing serine in the 5-position. The enzyme from mammalian heart transfers acyl groups to a specific 51 kDa acceptor protein.
[753, 854]
[EC 2.3.1.97 created 1989, modified 1990]
EC 2.3.1.98
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chlorogenate—glucarate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
chlorogenate + glucarate = quinate + 2-O-caffeoylglucarate
chlorogenate:glucarate caffeoyltransferase; chlorogenic acid:glucaric acid O-caffeoyltransferase;
chlorogenate:glucarate caffeoyltransferase
chlorogenate:glucarate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Galactarate can act as acceptor, more slowly. Involved with EC 2.3.1.99 quinate Ohydroxycinnamoyltransferase in the formation of caffeoylglucarate in tomato.
[2148, 2149]
[EC 2.3.1.98 created 1989, modified 1990]
EC 2.3.1.99
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
quinate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
feruloyl-CoA + quinate = CoA + O-feruloylquinate
hydroxycinnamoyl coenzyme A-quinate transferase
feruloyl-CoA:quinate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Caffeoyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA can also act as donors, but more slowly. Involved in the
biosynthesis of chlorogenic acid in sweet potato and, with EC 2.3.1.98 chlorogenate—glucarate Ohydroxycinnamoyltransferase, in the formation of caffeoyl-CoA in tomato.
[2149, 2150, 2352]
[EC 2.3.1.99 created 1989, modified 1990]
EC 2.3.1.100
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[myelin-proteolipid] O-palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + [myelin proteolipid] = CoA + O-palmitoyl-[myelin proteolipid]
myelin PLP acyltransferase; acyl-protein synthetase; myelin-proteolipid O-palmitoyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA:[myelin-proteolipid] O-palmitoyltransferase
The enzyme in brain transfers long-chain acyl residues to the endogenous myelin proteolipid
[211]
[EC 2.3.1.100 created 1989]
69
EC 2.3.1.101
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
formylmethanofuran—tetrahydromethanopterin N-formyltransferase
formylmethanofuran + 5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin = methanofuran + 5-formyl-5,6,7,8tetrahydromethanopterin
formylmethanofuran-tetrahydromethanopterin formyltransferase; formylmethanofuran:tetrahydromethanopterin formyltransferase; N-formylmethanofuran(CHOMFR):tetrahydromethanopterin(H4 MPT) formyltransferase; FTR; formylmethanofuran:5,6,7,8tetrahydromethanopterin N 5 -formyltransferase
formylmethanofuran:5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin 5-formyltransferase
Methanofuran is a complex 4-substituted furfurylamine and is involved in the formation of methane
from CO2 in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum.
[489, 1233]
[EC 2.3.1.101 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.102
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N 6 -hydroxylysine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + N 6 -hydroxy-L-lysine = CoA + N 6 -acetyl-N 6 -hydroxy-L-lysine
N 6 -hydroxylysine:acetyl CoA N 6 -transacetylase; N 6 -hydroxylysine acetylase; acetyl-CoA:6-Nhydroxy-L-lysine 6-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:N 6 -hydroxy-L-lysine 6-acetyltransferase
Involved in the synthesis of aerobactin from lysine in a strain of Escherichia coli.
[405, 448]
[EC 2.3.1.102 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.103
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sinapoylglucose—sinapoylglucose O-sinapoyltransferase
2 1-O-sinapoyl β-D-glucoside = D-glucose + 1,2-bis-O-sinapoyl β-D-glucoside
hydroxycinnamoylglucose-hydroxycinnamoylglucose hydroxycinnamoyltransferase; 1(hydroxycinnamoyl)-glucose:1-(hydroxycinnamoyl)-glucose hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
1-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamoyl)-β-D-glucoside:1-O-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamoylβ-D-glucoside 1-O-sinapoyltransferase
[427]
[EC 2.3.1.103 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.104
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-alkenylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-alkenylglycerophosphocholine = CoA + 1-alkenyl-2-acylglycerophosphocholine
acyl-CoA:1-alkenylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
Not identical with EC 2.3.1.121 1-alkenylglycerophosphoethanolamine O-acyltransferase.
[61]
[EC 2.3.1.104 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.105
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alkylglycerophosphate 2-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate = CoA + 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate
alkyllyso-GP:acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate 2-O-acetyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of thrombocyte activating factor in animal tissues.
[1224]
70
[EC 2.3.1.105 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.106
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tartronate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
sinapoyl-CoA + 2-hydroxymalonate = CoA + sinapoyltartronate
tartronate sinapoyltransferase; hydroxycinnamoyl-coenzyme-A:tartronate hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
sinapoyl-CoA:2-hydroxymalonate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
4-Coumaroyl-CoA (4-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA), caffeoyl-CoA (3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl-CoA) and
feruloyl-CoA (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamoyl-CoA) can also act as donors for the enzyme from the
mung bean (Vigna radiata).
[2152]
[EC 2.3.1.106 created 1989, modified 1990, modified 2002]
EC 2.3.1.107
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deacetylvindoline O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + deacetylvindoline = CoA + vindoline
deacetylvindoline acetyltransferase; DAT; 17-O-deacetylvindoline-17-O-acetyltransferase; acetylcoenzyme A-deacetylvindoline 4-O-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA-17-O-deacetylvindoline 17-Oacetyltransferase; acetylcoenzyme A:deacetylvindoline 4-O-acetyltransferase; acetylcoenzyme
A:deacetylvindoline O-acetyltransferase; 17-O-deacetylvindoline O-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:17O-deacetylvindoline 17-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:deacetylvindoline 4-O-acetyltransferase
Catalyses the final step in the biosynthesis of vindoline from tabersonine in the Madagascar periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus.
[552]
[EC 2.3.1.107 created 1989, modified 2005]
EC 2.3.1.108
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-tubulin N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + [α-tubulin]-L-lysine = CoA + [α-tubulin]-N 6 -acetyl-L-lysine
α-tubulin acetylase; TAT; α-tubulin acetyltransferase; tubulin N-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:αtubulin-L-lysine N-acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:[α-tubulin]-L-lysine 6-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:[α-tubulin]-L-lysine N 6 -acetyltransferase
The enzyme from Chlamydomonas flagella also acetylates mammalian brain α-tubulin.
[735]
[EC 2.3.1.108 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.109
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
arginine N-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA + L-arginine = CoA + N 2 -succinyl-L-arginine
arginine succinyltransferase; AstA; arginine and ornithine N 2 -succinyltransferase; AOST; AST;
succinyl-CoA:L-arginine 2-N-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA:L-arginine N 2 -succinyltransferase
Also acts on L-ornithine. This is the first enzyme in the arginine succinyltransferase (AST) pathway for the catabolism of arginine [2431]. This pathway converts the carbon skeleton of arginine
into glutamate, with the concomitant production of ammonia and conversion of succinyl-CoA
into succinate and CoA. The five enzymes involved in this pathway are EC 2.3.1.109 (arginine Nsuccinyltransferase), EC 3.5.3.23 (N-succinylarginine dihydrolase), EC 2.6.1.81 (succinylornithine
transaminase), EC 1.2.1.71 (succinylglutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase) and EC 3.5.1.96 (succinylglutamate desuccinylase) [2432, 419].
71
References:
[2431, 2432, 2274, 959, 1958, 419, 420]
[EC 2.3.1.109 created 1989, modified 2006]
EC 2.3.1.110
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tyramine N-feruloyltransferase
feruloyl-CoA + tyramine = CoA + N-feruloyltyramine
tyramine N-feruloyl-CoA transferase; feruloyltyramine synthase; feruloyl-CoA tyramine N-feruloylCoA transferase; tyramine feruloyltransferase
feruloyl-CoA:tyramine N-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Cinnamoyl-CoA, 4-coumaroyl-CoA and sinapoyl-CoA can also act as donors, and some aromatic
amines can act as acceptors.
[1546]
[EC 2.3.1.110 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.111
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mycocerosate synthase
acyl-CoA + n methylmalonyl-CoA + 2n NADPH + 2n H+ = multi-methyl-branched acyl-CoA + n
CoA + n CO2 + 2n NADP+
mycocerosic acid synthase
acyl-CoA:methylmalonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing)
The enzyme elongates CoA esters of fatty acids from C6 to C20 by incorporation of methylmalonyl,
but not malonyl, residues, to form multimethyl-branched fatty-acyl-CoAs such as 2,4,6,8-tetramethyloctanoyl-CoA.
[1761]
[EC 2.3.1.111 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.112
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -tryptophan N-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + D-tryptophan = CoA + N 2 -malonyl-D-tryptophan
malonyl-CoA:D-tryptophan N-malonyltransferase
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate can act instead of malonyl-CoA.
[1380]
[EC 2.3.1.112 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.113
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
anthranilate N-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + anthranilate = CoA + N-malonylanthranilate
malonyl-CoA:anthranilate N-malonyltransferase
[1380]
[EC 2.3.1.113 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.114
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
3,4-dichloroaniline N-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + 3,4-dichloroaniline = CoA + N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-malonamate
malonyl-CoA:3,4-dichloroaniline N-malonyltransferase
[1380]
72
[EC 2.3.1.114 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.115
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isoflavone-7-O-β-glucoside 600 -O-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + biochanin A 7-O-β-D-glucoside = CoA + biochanin A 7-O-(6-O-malonyl-β-Dglucoside)
flavone/flavonol 7-O-β-D-glucoside malonyltransferase; flavone (flavonol) 7-O-glycoside malonyltransferase; malonyl-CoA:flavone/flavonol 7-O-glucoside malonyltransferase; MAT-7; malonylcoenzyme A:isoflavone 7-O-glucoside-600 -malonyltransferase; malonyl-coenzyme A:flavone/flavonol7-O-glycoside malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA:isoflavone-7-O-β-D-glucoside 600 -O-malonyltransferase
The 6-position of the glucose residue of formononetin can also act as acceptor; some other 7-Oglucosides of isoflavones, flavones and flavonols can also act, but more slowly.
[1129, 1379]
[EC 2.3.1.115 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.116
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
flavonol-3-O-β-glucoside O-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucoside = CoA + flavonol 3-O-(6-O-malonyl-β-D-glucoside)
flavonol 3-O-glucoside malonyltransferase; MAT-3; malonyl-coenzyme A:flavonol-3-O-glucoside
malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA:flavonol-3-O-β-D-glucoside 600 -O-malonyltransferase
[1379]
[EC 2.3.1.116 created 1989]
EC 2.3.1.117
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate N-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA + (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate + H2 O = CoA + N-succinyl-L-2amino-6-oxoheptanedioate
tetrahydropicolinate succinylase; tetrahydrodipicolinate N-succinyltransferase; tetrahydrodipicolinate succinyltransferase; succinyl-CoA:tetrahydrodipicolinate N-succinyltransferase; succinylCoA:2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate N-succinyltransferase
succinyl-CoA:(S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate N-succinyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of lysine in bacteria (including cyanobacteria) and higher plants. The
1992 edition of the Enzyme List erroneously gave the name 2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2-carboxylate
N-succinyltransferase to this enzyme.
[2051]
[EC 2.3.1.117 created 1989, modified 2001]
EC 2.3.1.118
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-hydroxyarylamine O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an N-hydroxyarylamine = CoA + an N-acetoxyarylamine
arylhydroxamate N,O-acetyltransferase; arylamine N-acetyltransferase; N-hydroxy-2-aminofluoreneO-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:N-hydroxyarylamine O-acetyltransferase
The enzyme from liver, but not that from bacteria, can also catalyse N-acetylation of arylamines and
N,O-acetylation of arylhydroxamates.
[1909]
[EC 2.3.1.118 created 1989]
73
EC 2.3.1.119
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
icosanoyl-CoA synthase
stearoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + 2 NAD(P)H + 2 H+ = icosanoyl-CoA + CO2 + CoA + 2 NAD(P)+ +
H2 O
acyl-CoA elongase; C18 -CoA elongase; stearoyl-CoA elongase
stearoyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing)
Icosanoyl-CoA can act in place of stearoyl-CoA. The membrane enzyme brings about the elongation
of these long-chain fatty-acyl-CoAs.
[195, 196, 1248]
[EC 2.3.1.119 created 1990]
[2.3.1.120
thase]
Deleted entry. 60 -deoxychalcone synthase. The reaction listed is due to EC 2.3.1.74 naringenin-chalcone syn[EC 2.3.1.120 created 1990, deleted 1992]
EC 2.3.1.121
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-alkenylglycerophosphoethanolamine O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-alkenylglycerophosphoethanolamine = CoA + 1-alkenyl-2acylglycerophosphoethanolamine
acyl-CoA:1-alkenylglycerophosphoethanolamine O-acyltransferase
Long-chain unsaturated acyl-CoAs are the best substrates. Not identical with EC 2.3.1.104 1alkenylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase.
[62]
[EC 2.3.1.121 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.122
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trehalose O-mycolyltransferase
2 α,α-trehalose 6-mycolate = α,α-trehalose + α,α-trehalose 6,60 -bismycolate
α,α’-trehalose 6-monomycolate:α,α’-trehalose mycolyltransferase; α,α’-trehalose-6-mycolate:α,α’trehalose-6-mycolate 60 -mycolyltransferase
α,α-trehalose-6-mycolate:α,α-trehalose-6-mycolate 60 -mycolyltransferase
Catalyses the exchange of mycolic acid between trehalose, trehalose mycolate and trehalose bismycolate. Trehalose 6-palmitate can also act as donor.
[1923]
[EC 2.3.1.122 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.123
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dolichol O-acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + dolichol = CoA + dolichyl palmitate
acyl-CoA:dolichol acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA:dolichol O-palmitoyltransferase
Other acyl-CoAs can also act, but more slowly. α-Saturated dolichols are acylated more rapidly than
the α-unsaturated analogues.
[2263]
[EC 2.3.1.123 created 1990]
[2.3.1.124
Deleted entry. diacylglycerol acyltransferase. Already listed as EC 2.3.1.20, diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase]
[EC 2.3.1.124 created 1990, deleted 1992]
74
EC 2.3.1.125
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerol O-acyltransferase
acyl-CoA + 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol = CoA + 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-3-acyl-sn-glycerol
1-hexadecyl-2-acetylglycerol acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol O-acyltransferase
A number of acyl-CoAs can act as acyl donor; maximum activity is obtained with linoleoyl-CoA. Not
identical with EC 2.3.1.20 diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase.
[1052]
[EC 2.3.1.125 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.126
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isocitrate O-dihydroxycinnamoyltransferase
caffeoyl-CoA + isocitrate = CoA + 2-caffeoylisocitrate
caffeoyl-CoA:isocitrate 3-O-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Feruloyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA can also act as donors.
[2151]
[EC 2.3.1.126 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.127
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ornithine N-benzoyltransferase
2 benzoyl-CoA + L-ornithine = 2 CoA + N 2 ,N 5 -dibenzoyl-L-ornithine
ornithine N-acyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA:L-ornithine N-benzoyltransferase
[1991]
[EC 2.3.1.127 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.128
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ribosomal-protein-alanine N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + ribosomal-protein L-alanine = CoA + ribosomal-protein N-acetyl-L-alanine
ribosomal protein S18 acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:ribosomal-protein-L-alanine N-acetyltransferase
A group of enzymes in Escherichia coli that acetylate the N-terminal alanine residues of specific ribosomal proteins. cf. EC 2.3.1.88, peptide α-N-acetyltransferase.
[2546]
[EC 2.3.1.128 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.129
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]—UDP-N-acetylglucosamine O-acyltransferase
an (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + UDP-N-acetylglucosamine = an [acyl-carrier
protein] + UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-N-acetylglucosamine
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine acyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine acyltransferase;
acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]-UDP-N-acetylglucosamine O-acyltransferase; (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl[acyl-carrier-protein]:UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 3-O-(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)transferase
(R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 3-O-(3hydroxytetradecanoyl)transferase
Involved with EC 2.4.1.182 (lipid-A-disaccharide synthase) and EC 2.7.1.130 (tetraacyldisaccharide
40 -kinase) in the biosynthesis of the phosphorylated glycolipid, Lipid A, in the outer membrane of
Escherichia coli.
[42]
75
[EC 2.3.1.129 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.130
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactarate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
feruloyl-CoA + galactarate = CoA + O-feruloylgalactarate
galacturate hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
feruloyl-CoA:galactarate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Sinapoyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA can also act as donors.
[2150]
[EC 2.3.1.130 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.131
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucarate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
sinapoyl-CoA + glucarate = CoA + O-sinapoylglucarate
sinapoyl-CoA:glucarate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
4-Coumaroyl-CoA, feruloyl-CoA and caffeoyl-CoA can also act as donors, but more slowly.
[2150]
[EC 2.3.1.131 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.132
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucarolactone O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
sinapoyl-CoA + glucarolactone = CoA + O-sinapoylglucarolactone
sinapoyl-CoA:glucarolactone O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
4-Coumaroyl-CoA, feruloyl-CoA and caffeoyl-CoA can also act as donors, but more slowly.
[2150]
[EC 2.3.1.132 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.133
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
shikimate O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
4-coumaroyl-CoA + shikimate = CoA + 4-coumaroylshikimate
shikimate hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
4-coumaroyl-CoA:shikimate O-(hydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Caffeoyl-CoA, feruloyl-CoA and sinapoyl-CoA can also act as donors, but more slowly.
[2150, 2301]
[EC 2.3.1.133 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.134
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactolipid O-acyltransferase
2 mono-β-D-galactosyldiacylglycerol = acylmono-β-D-galactosyldiacylglycerol + mono-β-Dgalactosylacylglycerol
galactolipid:galactolipid acyltransferase
mono-β-D-galactosyldiacylglycerol:mono-β-D-galactosyldiacylglycerol acyltransferase
Di-D-galactosyldiacylglycerol can also act as acceptor.
[822, 833]
[EC 2.3.1.134 created 1990]
EC 2.3.1.135
76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylcholine—retinol O-acyltransferase
phosphatidylcholine + retinol—[cellular-retinol-binding-protein] = 2-acylglycerophosphocholine +
retinyl-ester—[cellular-retinol-binding-protein]
lecithin—retinol acyltransferase; phosphatidylcholine:retinol-(cellular-retinol-binding-protein) Oacyltransferase
phosphatidylcholine:retinol—[cellular-retinol-binding-protein] O-acyltransferase
Specific for transfer of the sn-1-acyl residue of phosphatidylcholine.
[1335, 1900]
[EC 2.3.1.135 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.136
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polysialic-acid O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + an α-2,8-linked polymer of sialic acid = CoA + polysialic acid acetylated at O-7 or O-9
lecithin:retinol acyltransferase; lecithin-retinol acyltransferase; retinyl ester synthase; LRAT; lecithin
retinol acyl transferase
acetyl-CoA:polysialic-acid O-acetyltransferase
Acts only on substrates containing more than 14 sialosyl residues. Catalyses the modification of capsular polysaccharides in some strains of Escherichia coli.
[859]
[EC 2.3.1.136 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.137
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
carnitine O-octanoyltransferase
octanoyl-CoA + L-carnitine = CoA + L-octanoylcarnitine
medium-chain/long-chain carnitine acyltransferase; carnitine medium-chain acyltransferase; easily
solubilized mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase; overt mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase
octanoyl-CoA:L-carnitine O-octanoyltransferase
Acts on a range of acyl-CoAs, with optimal activity with C6 or C8 acyl groups. cf. EC 2.3.1.7 (carnitine O-acetyltransferase) and EC 2.3.1.21 (carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase).
[565, 819, 1452]
[EC 2.3.1.137 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.138
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
putrescine N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
caffeoyl-CoA + putrescine = CoA + N-caffeoylputrescine
caffeoyl-CoA putrescine N-caffeoyl transferase; PHT; putrescine hydroxycinnamoyl transferase;
hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:putrescine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase; putrescine hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
caffeoyl-CoA:putrescine N-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl)transferase
Feruloyl-CoA, cinnamoyl-CoA and sinapoyl-CoA can also act as donors, but more slowly.
[1545]
[EC 2.3.1.138 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.139
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ecdysone O-acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + ecdysone = CoA + ecdysone palmitate
acyl-CoA:ecdysone acyltransferase; fatty acyl-CoA:ecdysone acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA:ecdysone palmitoyltransferase
[2066]
77
[EC 2.3.1.139 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.140
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
rosmarinate synthase
caffeoyl-CoA + 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)lactate = CoA + rosmarinate
rosmarinic acid synthase; caffeoyl-coenzyme A:3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid caffeoyltransferase;
4-coumaroyl-CoA:4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid 4-coumaroyl transferase
caffeoyl-CoA:3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)lactate 20 -O-caffeoyl-transferase
Involved, with EC 1.1.1.237 (hydroxyphenylpyruvate reductase) in the biosynthesis of rosmarinic
acid.
[1689]
[EC 2.3.1.140 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.141
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactosylacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
an acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + sn-3-D-galactosyl-sn-2-acylglycerol = an [acyl-carrier protein] + Dgalactosyldiacylglycerol
acyl-acyl-carrier protein: lysomonogalactosyldiacylglycerol acyltransferase; acyl-ACP:lyso-MGDG
acyltransferase; acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]:D-galactosylacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:D-galactosylacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
Transfers long-chain acyl groups to the sn-1 position of the glycerol residue.
[346]
[EC 2.3.1.141 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.142
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glycoprotein O-fatty-acyltransferase
palmitoyl-CoA + mucus glycoprotein = CoA + O-palmitoylglycoprotein
protein acyltransferase
fatty-acyl-CoA:mucus-glycoprotein fatty-acyltransferase
[1039]
[EC 2.3.1.142 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.143
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
β-glucogallin—tetrakisgalloylglucose O-galloyltransferase
1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose + 1,2,3,6-tetrakis-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose = D-glucose + 1,2,3,4,6-pentakisO-galloyl-β-D-glucose
β-glucogallin-tetragalloylglucose 4-galloyltransferase; β-glucogallin:1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloylglucose
4-O-galloyltransferase; β-glucogallin:1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose 4-O-galloyltransferase
1-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose:1,2,3,6-tetrakis-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose 4-O-galloyltransferase
[308]
[EC 2.3.1.143 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.144
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthranilate N-benzoyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA + anthranilate = CoA + N-benzoylanthranilate
benzoyl-CoA:anthranilate N-benzoyltransferase
Cinnamoyl-CoA, 4-coumaroyl-CoA and salicyloyl-CoA can act as donors, but more slowly. Involved
in the biosynthesis of phytoalexins.
[1818]
78
[EC 2.3.1.144 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.145
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
piperidine N-piperoyltransferase
(E,E)-piperoyl-CoA + piperidine = CoA + N-[(E,E)-piperoyl]-piperidine
piperidine piperoyltransferase; piperoyl-CoA:piperidine N-piperoyltransferase
(E,E)-piperoyl-CoA:piperidine N-piperoyltransferase
Pyrrolidine and 3-pyrroline can also act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[661]
[EC 2.3.1.145 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.146
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pinosylvin synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + cinnamoyl-CoA = 4 CoA + pinosylvin + 4 CO2
stilbene synthase; pine stilbene synthase
malonyl-CoA:cinnamoyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing)
Not identical with EC 2.3.1.74 (naringenin-chalcone synthase) or EC 2.3.1.95 (trihydroxystilbene
synthase).
[660]
[EC 2.3.1.146 created 1992]
EC 2.3.1.147
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerophospholipid arachidonoyl-transferase (CoA-independent)
1-organyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3phosphoethanolamine = 1-organyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine + 1-organyl2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
1-organyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine:1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3phosphoethanolamine arachidonoyltransferase (CoA-independent)
Catalyses the transfer of arachidonate and other polyenoic fatty acids from intact choline or
ethanolamine-containing glycerophospholipids to the sn-2 position of a lyso-glycerophospholipid.
The organyl group on sn-1 of the donor or acceptor molecule can be alkyl, acyl or alk-1-enyl. The
term ‘radyl’ has sometimes been used to refer to such substituting groups. Differs from EC 2.3.1.148
glycerophospholipid acyltransferase (CoA-dependent) in not requiring CoA and in its specificity for
poly-unsaturated acyl groups.
[1846, 2076]
[EC 2.3.1.147 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.148
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerophospholipid acyltransferase (CoA-dependent)
1-organyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
= 1-organyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine + 1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3phosphocholine
1-organyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine:1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
acyltransferase (CoA-dependent)
Catalyses the transfer of fatty acids from intact choline- or ethanolamine-containing glycerophospholipids to the sn-2 position of a lyso-glycerophospholipid. The organyl group on sn-1 of the donor or
acceptor molecule can be alkyl, acyl or alk-1-enyl. The term ‘radyl’ has sometimes been used to refer
to such substituting groups. Differs from EC 2.3.1.147 glycerophospholipid arachidonoyl-transferase
(CoA-independent) in requiring CoA and not favouring the transfer of polyunsaturated acyl groups.
[942, 1846, 2076]
79
[EC 2.3.1.148 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.149
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
platelet-activating factor acetyltransferase
1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phospholipid = 1organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phospholipid
PAF acetyltransferase
1-alkyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine:1-organyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phospholipid acetyltransferase
Catalyses the transfer of the acetyl group from 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
(platelet-activating factor) to the sn-2 position of lyso-glycerophospholipids containing ethanolamine,
choline, serine, inositol or phosphate groups at the sn-3 position as well as to sphingosine and longchain fatty alcohols. The organyl group can be alkyl, acyl or alk-1-enyl (sometimes also collectively
referred to as ‘radyl’).
[1225]
[EC 2.3.1.149 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.150
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
salutaridinol 7-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + salutaridinol = CoA + 7-O-acetylsalutaridinol
acetyl-CoA:salutaridinol 7-O-acetyltransferase
The enzyme is present in the poppy, Papaver somniferum. At pH 8-9 the product, 7-Oacetylsalutaridinol, spontaneously closes the 4→5 oxide bridge by allylic elimination to form the
morphine precursor thebaine
[1244, 1245]
[EC 2.3.1.150 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.151
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
benzophenone synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 2,30 ,4,6-tetrahydroxybenzophenone + 3 CO2
malonyl-CoA:3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA malonyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of plant xanthomes. Benzoyl-CoA can replace 3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA.
[160]
[EC 2.3.1.151 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.152
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alcohol O-cinnamoyltransferase
1-O-trans-cinnamoyl-β-D-glucopyranose + ROH = alkyl cinnamate + glucose
1-O-trans-cinnamoyl-β-D-glucopyranose:alcohol O-cinnamoyltransferase
Acceptor alcohols (ROH) include methanol, ethanol and propanol. No cofactors are required as 1-Otrans-cinnamoyl-β-D-glucopyranose itself is an ”energy-rich” (activated) acyl-donor, comparable to
CoA-thioesters. 1-O-trans-Cinnamoyl-β-D-gentobiose can also act as the acyl donor, but with much
less affinity.
[1457, 1208]
[EC 2.3.1.152 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.153
Accepted name:
anthocyanin 5-aromatic acyltransferase
80
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA + anthocyanidin-3,5-diglucoside = CoA + anthocyanidin 3-glucoside-5hydroxycinnamoylglucoside
hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:anthocyanidin 3,5-diglucoside 5-O-glucoside-6000 -Ohydroxycinnamoyltransferase
Transfers the hydroxycinnamoyl group only to the C-5 glucoside of anthocyanin. Malonyl-CoA cannot act as a donor.
[634]
[EC 2.3.1.153 created 1999]
EC 2.3.1.154
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
propionyl-CoA C2 -trimethyltridecanoyltransferase
4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA + CoA
3-oxopristanoyl-CoA hydrolase; 3-oxopristanoyl-CoA thiolase; peroxisome sterol carrier protein thiolase; sterol carrier protein; oxopristanoyl-CoA thiolase; peroxisomal 3-oxoacyl coenzyme A thiolase;
SCPx; 4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA 2-C-4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyltransferase
4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA C2 -4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoyltransferase
The peroxisomal protein sterol carrier protein X (SCPx) combines this thiolase activity with its carrier
function, and is involved in branched chain fatty acid β-oxidation in peroxisomes. It also acts on 3oxopalmitoyl-CoA as a substrate but differs from EC 2.3.1.16 (acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase), which
has little activity towards the 3-oxoacyl-CoA esters of 2-methyl-branched chain fatty acids such as
3-oxopristanoyl-CoA.
[1981, 2400]
[EC 2.3.1.154 created 2000]
EC 2.3.1.155
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetyl-CoA C-myristoyltransferase
myristoyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = 3-oxopalmitoyl-CoA + CoA
myristoyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-myristoyltransferase
A peroxisomal enzyme involved in branched chain fatty acid β-oxidation in peroxisomes. It differs
from EC 2.3.1.154 (propionyl-CoA C2 -trimethyldecanoyltransferase) in not being active towards 3oxopristanoyl-CoA.
[1450]
[EC 2.3.1.155 created 2000]
EC 2.3.1.156
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phloroisovalerophenone synthase
isovaleryl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3 CO2 + 3-methyl-1-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)butan-1one
valerophenone synthase; 3-methyl-1-(trihydroxyphenyl)butan-1-one synthase
isovaleryl-CoA:malonyl-CoA acyltransferase
Closely related to EC 2.3.1.74, naringenin-chalcone synthase. The product, 3-methyl-1-(2,4,6trihydroxyphenyl)butan-1-one, is phloroisovalerophenone. Also acts on isobutyryl-CoA as substrate
to give phlorisobutyrophenone. The products are intermediates in the biosynthesis of the bitter (α)
acids in hops (Humulus lupulus).
[638, 2586]
[EC 2.3.1.156 created 2000]
EC 2.3.1.157
Accepted name:
glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase
81
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetyl-CoA + α-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate = CoA + N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate
acetyl-CoA:α-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase
The enzyme from several bacteria (e.g., Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Haemophilus influenzae) has been shown to be bifunctional and also to possess the activity of EC 2.7.7.23, UDP-Nacetylglucosamine diphosphorylase.
[1421]
[EC 2.3.1.157 created 2001]
EC 2.3.1.158
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase
phospholipid + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = lysophospholipid + triacylglycerol
PDAT
phospholipid:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol O-acyltransferase
This enzyme differs from EC 2.3.1.20, diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase, by synthesising triacylglycerol using an acyl-CoA-independent mechanism. The specificity of the enzyme for the acyl group in
the phospholipid varies with species, e.g., the enzyme from castor bean (Ricinus communis) preferentially incorporates vernoloyl (12,13-epoxyoctadec-9-enoyl) groups into triacylglycerol, whereas
that from the hawk’s beard (Crepis palaestina) incorporates both ricinoleoyl (12-hydroxyoctadec9-enoyl) and vernoloyl groups. The enzyme from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae specifically
transfers acyl groups from the sn-2 position of the phospholipid to diacylglycerol, thus forming an
sn-1-lysophospholipid.
[428]
[EC 2.3.1.158 created 2001]
EC 2.3.1.159
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acridone synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + N-methylanthraniloyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 1,3-dihydroxy-N-methylacridone + 3 CO2
malonyl-CoA:N-methylanthraniloyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing)
Belongs to a superfamily of plant polyketide synthases. Has many similarities to chalcone and stilbene synthases (see reaction synthesis)
[153, 1341, 1318, 1011]
[EC 2.3.1.159 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.160
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
vinorine synthase
acetyl-CoA + 16-epivellosimine = CoA + vinorine
acyl-CoA:16-epivellosimine O-acetyltransferase (cyclizing)
The reaction proceeds in two stages. The indole nitrogen of 16-epivellosimine interacts with its aldehyde group giving an hydroxy-substituted new ring. This alcohol is then acetylated. Also acts on
gardneral (11-methoxy-16-epivellosimine). Generates the ajmalan skeleton, which forms part of the
route to ajmaline.
[1695, 155, 1329, 1330]
[EC 2.3.1.160 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.161
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
lovastatin nonaketide synthase
acetyl-CoA + 8 malonyl-CoA + 11 NADPH + 10 H+ + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = dihydromonacolin
L + 9 CoA + 8 CO2 + 11 NADP+ + S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 6 H2 O
acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl- and enoyl-reducing, thioesterhydrolysing)
82
Comments:
References:
The microbial enzyme is a multi-functional protein catalysing many of the chain building reactions of
EC 2.3.1.85, fatty-acid synthase, as well as a reductive methylation and a Diels-Alder reaction.
[70]
[EC 2.3.1.161 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.162
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
taxadien-5α-ol O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-ol = CoA + taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-yl acetate
acetyl coenzyme A:taxa-4(20),11(12)-dien-5α-ol O-acetyl transferase
acetyl-CoA:taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-ol O-acetyltransferase
This is the third enzyme in the biosynthesis of the diterpenoid antineoplastic drug taxol (paclitaxel),
which is widely used in the treatment of carcinomas, sarcomas and melanomas.
[2396, 2397]
[EC 2.3.1.162 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.163
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
10-hydroxytaxane O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + 10-desacetyltaxuyunnanin C = CoA + taxuyunnanin C
acetyl coenzyme A: 10-hydroxytaxane O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:taxan-10β-ol O-acetyltransferase
Acts on a number of related taxane diterpenoids with a free 10β-hydroxy group. May be identical to
EC 2.3.1.167, 10-deacetylbaccatin III 10-O-acetyltransferase.
[1422]
[EC 2.3.1.163 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.164
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isopenicillin-N N-acyltransferase
phenylacetyl-CoA + isopenicillin N + H2 O = CoA + penicillin G + L-2-aminohexanedioate
acyl-coenzyme A:isopenicillin N acyltransferase; isopenicillin N:acyl-CoA: acyltransferase
acyl-CoA:isopenicillin N N-acyltransferase
Proceeds by a two stage mechanism via 6-aminopenicillanic acid. Different from EC 3.5.1.11, penicillin amidase.
[2261, 55]
[EC 2.3.1.164 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.165
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6-methylsalicylic-acid synthase
acetyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = 6-methylsalicylate + 4 CoA + 3 CO2 + NADP+ +
H2 O
MSAS; 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase
acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl-reducing, thioester-hydrolysing
and cyclizing)
A multienzyme complex with a 40 -phosphopantetheine prosthetic group on the acyl carrier protein.
It has a similar sequence to vertebrate type I fatty acid synthase. Acetoacetyl-CoA can also act as a
starter molecule.
[2096, 356, 1827]
[EC 2.3.1.165 created 2002]
83
EC 2.3.1.166
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2α-hydroxytaxane 2-O-benzoyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA + 10-deacetyl-2-debenzoylbaccatin III = CoA + 10-deacetylbaccatin III
benzoyl-CoA:taxane 2α-O-benzoyltransferase
benzoyl-CoA:taxan-2α-ol O-benzoyltransferase
The enzyme was studied using the semisynthetic substrate 2-debenzoyl-7,13-diacetylbaccatin III. It
will not acylate the hydroxy group at 1β, 7β, 10β or 13α of 10-deacetyl baccatin III, or at 2α or 5α of
taxa-4(20),11-diene-2α,5α-diol.
[2395]
[EC 2.3.1.166 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.167
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
10-deacetylbaccatin III 10-O-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + 10-deacetylbaccatin III = CoA + baccatin III
acetyl-CoA:taxan-10β-ol O-acetyltransferase
The enzyme will not acylate the hydroxy group at 1β, 7β or 13α of 10-deacetyl baccatin III,
or at 5α of taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-ol. May be identical to EC 2.3.1.163, 10-hydroxytaxane Oacetyltransferase.
[2394]
[EC 2.3.1.167 created 2002]
EC 2.3.1.168
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase
2-methylpropanoyl-CoA + enzyme N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine = CoA + enzyme N 6 -(S-[2methylpropanoyl]dihydrolipoyl)lysine
dihydrolipoyl transacylase; enzyme-dihydrolipoyllysine:2-methylpropanoyl-CoA S-(2methylpropanoyl)transferase; 2-methylpropanoyl-CoA:enzyme-6-N-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-(2methylpropanoyl)transferase
2-methylpropanoyl-CoA:enzyme-N 6 -(dihydrolipoyl)lysine S-(2-methylpropanoyl)transferase
A multimer (24-mer) of this enzyme forms the core of the multienzyme 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate
dehydrogenase complex, and binds tightly both EC 1.2.4.4, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase
(2-methylpropanoyl-transferring) and EC 1.8.1.4, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase. The lipoyl group
of this enzyme is reductively 2-methylpropanoylated by EC 1.2.4.4, and the only observed direction
catalysed by EC 2.3.1.168 is that where this 2-methylpropanoyl is passed to coenzyme A. In addition
to the 2-methylpropanoyl group, formed when EC 1.2.4.4 acts on the oxoacid that corresponds with
valine, this enzyme also transfers the 3-methylbutanoyl and S-2-methylbutanoyl groups, donated to it
when EC 1.2.4.4 acts on the oxo acids corresponding with leucine and isoleucine.
[1377, 367, 2506, 1686]
[EC 2.3.1.168 created 2003]
EC 2.3.1.169
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
CO-methylating acetyl-CoA synthase
acetyl-CoA + corrinoid protein = CO + methylcorrinoid protein + CoA
acetyl-CoA:corrinoid protein O-acetyltransferase
Contains nickel, copper and iron-sulfur clusters. Also catalyses exchange reactions of carbon between
C-1 of acetyl-CoA and CO, and between C-2 of acetyl-CoA and methyl corrinoid protein. Involved,
together with EC 1.2.7.4, carbon-monoxide dehydrogenase (ferredoxin), in the synthesis of acetylCoA from CO2 and H2 . To follow its stoichiometry, the reaction can be written as:¡p¿CH3 -CO-S-CoA
+ protein Co+ + H+ = CO + protein Co2+ -CH3 + HS-CoA.
[1760, 494]
84
[EC 2.3.1.169 created 2003]
EC 2.3.1.170
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
60 -deoxychalcone synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = 4 CoA + isoliquiritigenin + 3 CO2 + NADP+
+ H2 O
malonyl-CoA:4-coumaroyl-CoA malonyltransferase (cyclizing, reducing)
Isoliquiritigenin is the precursor of liquiritigenin, a 5-deoxyflavanone.
[81]
[EC 2.3.1.170 created 2004]
EC 2.3.1.171
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthocyanin 600 -O-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucoside = CoA + an anthocyanidin 3-O-(6-O-malonyl-βD -glucoside)
malonyl-CoA:anthocyanidin-3-O-β-D-glucoside 600 -O-malonyltransferase
Acts on pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside in dahlia (Dahlia variabilis), delphinidin 3-O-glucoside, and on
cyanidin 3-O-glucoside in transgenic petunia (Petunia hybrida).
[2174]
[EC 2.3.1.171 created 2004]
EC 2.3.1.172
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthocyanin 5-O-glucoside 6000 -O-malonyltransferase
malonyl-CoA + pelargonidin 3-O-(6-caffeoyl-β-D-glucoside) 5-O-β-D-glucoside = CoA + 4000 demalonylsalvianin
malonyl-CoA:pelargonidin-3-O-(6-caffeoyl-β-D-glucoside)-5-O-β-D-glucoside 6000 -Omalonyltransferase
Specific for the penultimate step in salvianin biosynthesis. The enzyme also catalyses the malonylation of shisonin to malonylshisonin [cyanidin 3-O-(600 -O-p-coumaryl-β-D-glucoside)-5-(6000 -Omalonyl-β-D-glucoside)]. The compounds 4000 -demalonylsalvianin, salvianin, pelargonidin 3,5diglucoside and delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside cannot act as substrates.
[2173]
[EC 2.3.1.172 created 2004]
EC 2.3.1.173
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol-3-O-triglucoside O-coumaroyltransferase
4-coumaroyl-CoA + a flavonol 3-O-[β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside] = CoA
+ a flavonol 3-O-[6-(4-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside]
4-coumaroyl-CoA:flavonol-3-O-[β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside] 6000 -O-4-coumaroyltransferase
(incorrect)
4-coumaroyl-CoA:flavonol 3-O-[β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside] 6000 -O-4coumaroyltransferase
Acylates kaempferol 3-O-triglucoside on the terminal glucosyl unit, almost certainly at C-6.
[1933]
[EC 2.3.1.173 created 2004]
EC 2.3.1.174
Accepted name:
3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase
85
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
succinyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoadipyl-CoA
succinyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-succinyltransferase
[1037, 696]
[EC 2.3.1.174 created 2005]
EC 2.3.1.175
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deacetylcephalosporin-C acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + deacetylcephalosporin C = CoA + cephalosporin C
acetyl-CoA:deacetylcephalosporin-C acetyltransferase; DAC acetyltransferase; cefG; deacetylcephalosporin C acetyltransferase; acetyl coenzyme A:DAC acetyltransferase; acetyl-CoA:DAC
acetyltransferase; CPC acetylhydrolase; acetyl-CoA:DAC O-acetyltransferase; DAC-AT
acetyl-CoA:deacetylcephalosporin-C O-acetyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses the final step in the biosynthesis of cephalosporin C.
[1386, 761, 1382, 762, 2334, 1365]
[EC 2.3.1.175 created 2005]
EC 2.3.1.176
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
propanoyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanoyl-CoA + propanoyl-CoA = CoA + 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-24-oxo5β-cholestanoyl-CoA
peroxisomal thiolase 2; sterol carrier protein-χ; SCP; PTE-2 (ambiguous)
3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholanoyl-CoA:propanoyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
Also acts on dihydroxy-5β-cholestanoyl-CoA and other branched chain acyl-CoA derivatives. The enzyme catalyses the penultimate step in the formation of bile acids. The bile acid moiety is transferred
from the acyl-CoA thioester (RCO-SCoA) to either glycine or taurine (NH2 R0 ) by EC 2.3.1.65, bile
acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase [554].
[1680, 1038, 1891, 554]
[EC 2.3.1.176 created 2005]
EC 2.3.1.177
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
biphenyl synthase
3 malonyl-CoA + benzoyl-CoA = 4 CoA + 3,5-dihydroxybiphenyl + 4 CO2
BIS
malonyl-CoA:benzoyl-CoA malonyltransferase
A polyketide synthase that is involved in the production of the phytoalexin aucuparin. 2Hydroxybenzoyl-CoA can also act as substrate but it leads to the derailment product 2hydroxybenzoyltriacetic acid lactone. This enzyme uses the same starter substrate as EC 2.3.1.151,
benzophenone synthase.
[1277]
[EC 2.3.1.177 created 2006]
EC 2.3.1.178
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
diaminobutyrate acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + L-2,4-diaminobutanoate = CoA + N 4 -acetyl-L-2,4-diaminobutanoate
L -2,4-diaminobutyrate acetyltransferase; L -2,4-diaminobutanoate acetyltransferase; EctA; diaminobutyric acid acetyltransferase; DABA acetyltransferase; 2,4-diaminobutanoate acetyltransferase; DAB
acetyltransferase; DABAcT; acetyl-CoA:L-2,4-diaminobutanoate 4-N-acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:L-2,4-diaminobutanoate N 4 -acetyltransferase
86
Comments:
References:
Requires Na+ or K+ for maximal activity [1824]. Ornithine, lysine, aspartate, and α-, β- and γaminobutanoate cannot act as substrates [1824]. However, acetyl-CoA can be replaced by propanoylCoA, although the reaction proceeds more slowly [1824]. Forms part of the ectoine-biosynthesis pathway, the other enzymes involved being EC 2.6.1.76, diaminobutyrate—2-oxoglutarate transaminase
and EC 4.2.1.108, ectoine synthase.
[1688, 1623, 1824, 1175, 1305]
[EC 2.3.1.178 created 2006]
EC 2.3.1.179
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase II
a (Z)-hexadec-11-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = a (Z)-3-oxooctadec13-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + CO2 + an [acyl-carrier protein]
KASII; KAS II; FabF; 3-oxoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I; β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase II; (Z)hexadec-11-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]:malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating)
(Z)-hexadec-11-enoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating)
Involved in the dissociated (or type II) fatty acid biosynthesis system that occurs in plants and bacteria. While the substrate specificity of this enzyme is very similar to that of EC 2.3.1.41, β-ketoacylACP synthase I, it differs in that palmitoleoyl-ACP is not a good substrate of EC 2.3.1.41 but is an
excellent substrate of this enzyme [426, 655]. The fatty-acid composition of Escherichia coli changes
as a function of growth temperature, with the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids increasing with
lower growth temperature. This enzyme controls the temperature-dependent regulation of fatty-acid
composition, with mutants lacking this acivity being deficient in the elongation of palmitoleate to cisvaccenate at low temperatures [1739, 654].
[426, 655, 1739, 654, 1340, 408]
[EC 2.3.1.179 created 2006]
EC 2.3.1.180
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-ketoacyl-acyl-carrier-protein synthase III
acetyl-CoA + a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] = an acetoacetyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + CoA + CO2
3-oxoacyl:ACP synthase III; 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III; KASIII; KAS III; FabH;
β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III; β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III; β-ketoacyl (acyl carrier protein) synthase III; β-ketoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase III; acetyl-CoA:malonyl-[acyl-carrierprotein] C-acyltransferase
acetyl-CoA:malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] C-acyltransferase
Involved in the dissociated (or type II) fatty-acid biosynthesis system that occurs in plants and bacteria. In contrast to EC 2.3.1.41 (β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase I) and EC 2.3.1.179 (β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase II), this enzyme specifically uses CoA thioesters rather than acyl-ACP as the primer [2281]. In
addition to the above reaction, the enzyme can also catalyse the reaction of EC 2.3.1.38, [acyl-carrierprotein] S-acetyltransferase, but to a much lesser extent [2281]. The enzyme is responsible for initiating both straight- and branched-chain fatty-acid biosynthesis [777], with the substrate specificity in
an organism reflecting the fatty-acid composition found in that organism [777, 1745]. For example,
Streptococcus pneumoniae, a Gram-positive bacterium, is able to use both straight- and branchedchain (C4 —C6 ) acyl-CoA primers [1082] whereas Escherichia coli, a Gram-negative organism, uses
primarily short straight-chain acyl CoAs, with a preference for acetyl-CoA [361, 1745].
[2281, 777, 1082, 361, 1745, 1262, 408]
[EC 2.3.1.180 created 2006]
EC 2.3.1.181
Accepted name:
lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase
87
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
an octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + a protein = a protein N 6 -(octanoyl)lysine + an [acyl-carrier protein]
LipB; lipoyl (octanoyl)-[acyl-carrier-protein]-protein N-lipoyltransferase; lipoyl (octanoyl)-acyl
carrier protein:protein transferase; lipoate/octanoate transferase; lipoyltransferase; octanoyl-[acyl
carrier protein]-protein N-octanoyltransferase; lipoyl(octanoyl)transferase; octanoyl-[acyl-carrierprotein]:protein N-octanoyltransferase
octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:protein N-octanoyltransferase
This is the first committed step in the biosynthesis of lipoyl cofactor. Lipoylation is essential for the
function of several key enzymes involved in oxidative metabolism, as it converts apoprotein into the
biologically active holoprotein. Examples of such lipoylated proteins include pyruvate dehydrogenase
(E2 domain), 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E2 domain), the branched-chain 2-oxoacid dehydrogenases and the glycine cleavage system (H protein) [236, 2179]. Lipoyl-ACP can also act as a substrate
[2579] although octanoyl-ACP is likely to be the true substrate [1686] . The other enzyme involved in
the biosynthesis of lipoyl cofactor is EC 2.8.1.8, lipoyl synthase. An alternative lipoylation pathway
involves EC 2.7.7.63, lipoate—protein ligase, which can lipoylate apoproteins using exogenous lipoic
acid (or its analogues).
[1551, 236, 2179, 2579, 2372, 1686]
[EC 2.3.1.181 created 2006]
EC 2.3.1.182
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Comments:
References:
(R)-citramalate synthase
acetyl-CoA + pyruvate + H2 O = CoA + (2R)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate
CimA
One of the enzymes involved in a novel pyruvate pathway for isoleucine biosynthesis that is found
in some, mainly archaeal, bacteria [903, 2507]. The enzyme can be inhibited by isoleucine, the endproduct of the pathway, but not by leucine [2507]. The enzyme is highly specific for pyruvate as substrate, as the 2-oxo acids 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, 2-oxobutanoate, 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate, 2oxohexanoate and 2-oxoglutarate cannot act as substrate [903, 2507].
[903, 2507]
[EC 2.3.1.182 created 2007]
EC 2.3.1.183
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphinothricin acetyltransferase
acetyl-CoA + phosphinothricin = CoA + N-acetylphosphinothricin
PAT; PPT acetyltransferase; Pt-N-acetyltransferase; ac-Pt
acetyl-CoA:phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase
The substrate phosphinothricin is used as a nonselective herbicide and is a potent inhibitor of EC
6.3.1.2, glutamate—ammonia ligase, a key enzyme of nitrogen metabolism in plants [499].
[246, 499]
[EC 2.3.1.183 created 2007]
EC 2.3.1.184
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
acyl-homoserine-lactone synthase
an acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = an [acyl-carrier protein] + S-methyl-50 thioadenosine + an N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone
acyl-homoserine lactone synthase; acyl homoserine lactone synthase; acyl-homoserinelactone synthase; acylhomoserine lactone synthase; AHL synthase; AHS; AHSL synthase; AhyI; AinS; AinS
protein; autoinducer synthase; autoinducer synthesis protein rhlI; EsaI; ExpISCC1; ExpISCC3065;
LasI; LasR; LuxI; LuxI protein; LuxM; N-acyl homoserine lactone synthase; RhlI; YspI ; acyl-[acyl
carrier protein]:S-adenosyl-L-methionine acyltranserase (lactone-forming, methylthioadenosinereleasing)
88
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:S-adenosyl-L-methionine acyltranserase (lactone-forming,
methylthioadenosine-releasing)
Acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) are produced by a number of bacterial species and are used by
them to regulate the expression of virulence genes in a process known as quorum-sensing. Each bacterial cell has a basal level of AHL and, once the population density reaches a critical level, it triggers
AHL-signalling which, in turn, initiates the expression of particular virulence genes [1663]. N-(3Oxohexanoyl)-[acyl-carrier protein] and hexanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] are the best substrates [1941].
The fatty-acyl substrate is derived from fatty-acid biosynthesis through acyl-[acyl-carrier protein]
rather than from fatty-acid degradation through acyl-CoA [1941]. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine cannot
be replaced by methionine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, homoserine or homoserine lactone [1941].
[1941, 2430, 334, 783, 1663, 2303, 721, 1794, 720]
[EC 2.3.1.184 created 2007]
EC 2.3.1.185
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tropine acyltransferase
an acyl-CoA + tropine = CoA + an O-acyltropine
tropine:acyl-CoA transferase; acetyl-CoA:tropan-3-ol acyltransferase; tropine acetyltransferase;
tropine tigloyltransferase; TAT
acyl-CoA:tropine O-acyltransferase
This enzyme exhibits absolute specificity for the endo/3α configuration found in tropine as pseudotropine (tropan-3β-ol; see EC 2.3.1.186, pseudotropine acyltransferase) is not a substrate [244].
Acts on a wide range of aliphatic acyl-CoA derivatives, with tigloyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA being the
best substrates. It is probably involved in the formation of the tropane alkaloid littorine, which is a
precursor of hyoscyamine [1260].
[1842, 1843, 244, 1260]
[EC 2.3.1.185 created 2008]
EC 2.3.1.186
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pseudotropine acyltransferase
an acyl-CoA + pseudotropine = CoA + an O-acylpseudotropine
pseudotropine:acyl-CoA transferase; tigloyl-CoA:pseudotropine acyltransferase; acetylCoA:pseudotropine acyltransferase; pseudotropine acetyltransferase; pseudotropine tigloyltransferase;
PAT
acyl-CoA:pseudotropine O-acyltransferase
This enzyme exhibits absolute specificity for the exo/3β configuration found in pseudotropine
as tropine (tropan-3α-ol; see EC 2.3.1.185, tropine acyltransferase) and nortropine are not substrates [1751]. Acts on a wide range of aliphatic acyl-CoA derivatives, including acetyl-CoA, βmethylcrotonyl-CoA and tigloyl-CoA [1751].
[1751, 1842, 1843, 244]
[EC 2.3.1.186 created 2008]
EC 2.3.1.187
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
acetyl-S-ACP:malonate ACP transferase
an acetyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + malonate = a malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acetate
acetyl-S-ACP:malonate ACP-SH transferase; acetyl-S-acyl-carrier protein:malonate acyl-carrierprotein-transferase; MdcA; MadA; ACP transferase; malonate/acetyl-CoA transferase; malonate:ACP
transferase; acetyl-S-acyl carrier protein:malonate acyl carrier protein-SH transferase
acetyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]:malonate S-[acyl-carrier-protein]transferase
89
Comments:
References:
This is the first step in the catalysis of malonate decarboxylation and involves the exchange of an
acetyl thioester residue bound to the activated acyl-carrier protein (ACP) subunit of the malonate
decarboxylase complex for a malonyl thioester residue [880]. This enzyme forms the α subunit of
the multienzyme complexes biotin-independent malonate decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.88) and biotindependent malonate decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.89). The enzyme can also use acetyl-CoA as a substrate
but more slowly [358].
[864, 880, 1137, 358, 477]
[EC 2.3.1.187 created 2008]
EC 2.3.1.188
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ω-hydroxypalmitate O-feruloyl transferase
feruloyl-CoA + 16-hydroxypalmitate = CoA + 16-feruloyloxypalmitate
hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA ω-hydroxypalmitic acid O-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase; HHT
feruloyl-CoA:16-hydroxypalmitate feruloyltransferase
p-Coumaroyl-CoA and sinapoyl-CoA also act as substrates. The enzyme is widely distributed in roots
of higher plants.
[1300, 1301, 1302]
[EC 2.3.1.188 created 2009]
EC 2.3.1.189
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mycothiol synthase
desacetylmycothiol + acetyl-CoA = mycothiol + coenzyme-A
MshD
acetyl-CoA:desacetylmycothiol O-acetyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of mycothiol, the major thiol in most actinomycetes, including Mycobacterium [2098]. The enzyme is a member of a large family of GCN5related N-acetyltransferases (GNATs) [1135]. The enzyme has been purified from Mycobacterium
tuberculosis H37Rv. Acetyl-CoA is the preferred CoA thioester but propionyl-CoA is also a substrate
[2348].
[2098, 1135, 2348]
[EC 2.3.1.189 created 2010]
EC 2.3.1.190
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetoin dehydrogenase
acetoin + coenzyme A + NAD+ = acetaldehyde + acetyl-CoA + NADH + H+
acetoin dehydrogenase complex; acetoin dehydrogenase enzyme system; AoDH ES
acetyl-CoA:acetoin O-acetyltransferase
Requires thiamine diphosphate. This enzyme, which belongs to the family of 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complexes, catalyses the oxidative-hydrolytic cleavage of acetoin to acetaldehyde and acetylCoA in many bacterial strains, both aerobic and anaerobic. The enzyme is composed of multiple
copies of three enzymatic components:acetoin oxidoreductase (E1), dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2) and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3).
[1741, 1626, 1170, 906, 907]
[EC 2.3.1.190 created 2010]
EC 2.3.1.191
Accepted name:
Reaction:
UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxymyristoyl)glucosamine N-acyltransferase
(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + UDP-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-α-Dglucosamine = UDP-2,3-bis[O-(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-α-D-glucosamine + a holo-[acyl-carrier
protein]
90
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-3-O-acyl-glucosamine N-acyltransferase; UDP-3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl)-glucosamine Nacyltransferase; acyltransferase LpxD; acyl-ACP:UDP-3-O-(3-hydroxyacyl)-GlcN N-acyltransferase;
firA (gene name); lpxD (gene name)
(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl-[acyl-carrier protein]:UDP-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxymyristoyl]-α-Dglucosamine N-acetyltransferase
The enzyme catalyses a step of lipid A biosynthesis. LpxD from Escherichia prefers (R,S)-3hydroxymyristoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] over (R,S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] [131].
Escherichia coli lipid A acyltransferases do not have an absolute specificity for 14-carbon hydroxy
fatty acids but can transfer fatty acids differing by one carbon unit if the fatty acid substrates are available. When grown on 1% propionic acid, lipid A also contains the odd-chain fatty acids tridecanoic
acid, pentadecanoic acid, hydroxytridecanoic acid, and hydroxypentadecanoic acid [101].
[131, 281, 130, 1066, 101]
[EC 2.3.1.191 created 2010]
EC 2.3.2 Aminoacyltransferases
EC 2.3.2.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -glutamyltransferase
L (or D )-glutamine + D -glutamyl-peptide = NH3 + 5-glutamyl- D -glutamyl-peptide
D -glutamyl transpeptidase; D -γ-glutamyl transpeptidase
glutamine:D-glutamyl-peptide 5-glutamyltransferase
[2470]
[EC 2.3.2.1 created 1961, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.2.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
γ-glutamyltransferase
(5-L-glutamyl)-peptide + an amino acid = peptide + 5-L-glutamyl amino acid
glutamyl transpeptidase; α-glutamyl transpeptidase; γ-glutamyl peptidyltransferase; γ-glutamyl
transpeptidase; γ-GPT; γ-GT; γ-GTP; L-γ-glutamyl transpeptidase; L-γ-glutamyltransferase; Lglutamyltransferase; GGT; γ-glutamyltranspeptidase
(5-L-glutamyl)-peptide:amino-acid 5-glutamyltransferase
[708, 1230]
[EC 2.3.2.2 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.2.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
lysyltransferase
L -lysyl-tRNA + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA + 3-phosphatidyl-10 -(30 -O- L -lysyl)glycerol
L -lysyl-tRNA:phosphatidylglycerol 3-O-lysyltransferase
[1242]
[EC 2.3.2.3 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
γ-glutamylcyclotransferase
(γ-L-glutamyl)-L-amino acid = 5-oxoproline + L-amino acid
γ-glutamyl-amino acid cyclotransferase; γ-L-glutamylcyclotransferase; L-glutamic cyclase; (5-Lglutamyl)-L-amino-acid 5-glutamyltransferase (cyclizing)
(γ-L-glutamyl)-L-amino-acid γ-glutamyltransferase (cyclizing)
The enzyme acts on derivatives of L-glutamate, L-2-aminobutanoate, L-alanine and glycine.
[228, 1629]
91
[EC 2.3.2.4 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferase
L -glutaminyl-peptide = 5-oxoprolyl-peptide + NH3
glutaminyl-tRNA cyclotransferase; glutaminyl cyclase; glutaminyl-transfer ribonucleate cyclotransferase
L -glutaminyl-peptide γ-glutamyltransferase (cyclizing)
Involved in the formation of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and other biologically active peptides
containing N-terminal pyroglutamyl residues. The enzyme from papaya also acts on glutaminyltRNA.
[289, 579, 1425]
[EC 2.3.2.5 created 1972, modified 1990]
EC 2.3.2.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
leucyltransferase
L -leucyl-tRNA + protein = tRNA + L -leucyl-protein
leucyl, phenylalanine-tRNA-protein transferase; leucyl-phenylalanine-transfer ribonucleate-protein
aminoacyltransferase; leucyl-phenylalanine-transfer ribonucleate-protein transferase
L -leucyl-tRNA:protein leucyltransferase
Also transfers phenylalanyl groups. Requires a univalent cation. Peptides and proteins containing an
N-terminal arginine, lysine or histidine residue can act as acceptors.
[1231, 1232, 2084]
[EC 2.3.2.6 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.2.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
aspartyltransferase
L -asparagine + hydroxylamine = NH3 + β- L -aspartylhydroxamate
β-aspartyl transferase; aspartotransferase
L -asparagine:hydroxylamine γ-aspartyltransferase
[984]
[EC 2.3.2.7 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
arginyltransferase
L -arginyl-tRNA + protein = tRNA + L -arginyl-protein
arginine transferase; arginyl-transfer ribonucleate-protein aminoacyltransferase; arginyl-transfer
ribonucleate-protein transferase; arginyl-tRNA protein transferase
L -arginyl-tRNA:protein arginyltransferase
Requires mercaptoethanol and a univalent cation. Peptides and proteins containing an N-terminal glutamate, aspartate or cystine residue can act as acceptors.
[2082, 2083, 2086]
[EC 2.3.2.8 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.3.2.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
agaritine γ-glutamyltransferase
agaritine + acceptor = 4-hydroxymethylphenylhydrazine + γ-L-glutamyl-acceptor
92
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(γ-L-glutamyl)-N 1 -(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)hydrazine:(acceptor) γ-glutamyltransferase; (γ-Lglutamyl)-1-N-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)hydrazine:(acceptor) γ-glutamyltransferase; (γ-L-glutamyl)1-N-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)hydrazine:acceptor γ-glutamyltransferase
(γ-L-glutamyl)-N 1 -(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)hydrazine:acceptor γ-glutamyltransferase
4-Hydroxyaniline, cyclohexylamine, 1-naphthylhydrazine and similar compounds can act as acceptors; the enzyme also catalyses the hydrolysis of agaritine.
[678]
[EC 2.3.2.9 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-N-acetylmuramoylpentapeptide-lysine N 6 -alanyltransferase
L -alanyl-tRNA + UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl- L -alanyl- D -glutamyl- L -lysyl- D -alanyl- D -alanine = tRNA +
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-N 6 -(L-alanyl)-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine
alanyl-transfer ribonucleate-uridine diphosphoacetylmuramoylpentapeptide transferase; UDP-Nacetylmuramoylpentapeptide lysine N 6 -alanyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylmuramoylpentapeptide lysine N 6 -alanyltransferase; L-alanyl-tRNA:UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-Llysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine 6-N-alanyltransferase
L -alanyl-tRNA:UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl- L -alanyl- D -glutamyl- L -lysyl- D -alanyl- D -alanine N 6 alanyltransferase
Also acts on L-seryl-tRNA.
[1714]
[EC 2.3.2.10 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
alanylphosphatidylglycerol synthase
L -alanyl-tRNA + phosphatidylglycerol = tRNA + 3-O- L -alanyl-1-O-phosphatidylglycerol
O-alanylphosphatidylglycerol synthase; alanyl phosphatidylglycerol synthetase
L -alanyl-tRNA:phosphatidylglycerol alanyltransferase
[719]
[EC 2.3.2.11 created 1972]
EC 2.3.2.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
peptidyltransferase
peptidyl-tRNA1 + aminoacyl-tRNA2 = tRNA1 + peptidyl(aminoacyl-tRNA2 )
transpeptidase; ribosomal peptidyltransferase
peptidyl-tRNA:aminoacyl-tRNA N-peptidyltransferase
An enzyme found in ribosomes.
[1896, 1897, 2273]
[EC 2.3.2.12 created 1976]
EC 2.3.2.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
protein-glutamine γ-glutamyltransferase
protein glutamine + alkylamine = protein N 5 -alkylglutamine + NH3
transglutaminase; Factor XIIIa; fibrinoligase; fibrin stabilizing factor; glutaminylpeptide γglutamyltransferase; polyamine transglutaminase; tissue transglutaminase; R-glutaminylpeptide:amine γ-glutamyl transferase
protein-glutamine:amine γ-glutamyltransferase
93
Comments:
References:
Requires Ca2+ . The γ-carboxamide groups of peptide-bound glutamine residues act as acyl donors,
and the 6-amino-groups of protein- and peptide-bound lysine residues act as acceptors, to give intraand inter-molecular N 6 -(5-glutamyl)-lysine crosslinks. Formed by proteolytic cleavage from plasma
Factor XIII
[590, 591, 592, 2206]
[EC 2.3.2.13 created 1978, modified 1981, modified 1983]
EC 2.3.2.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -alanine
γ-glutamyltransferase
L -glutamine + D -alanine = NH3 + γ- L -glutamyl- D -alanine
L -glutamine: D -alanine γ-glutamyltransferase
D -Phenylalanine and D -2-aminobutyrate can also act as acceptors,
but more slowly. The enzyme also
catalyses some of the reactions of EC 2.3.2.2 (γ-glutamyltransferase).
[1053]
[EC 2.3.2.14 created 1989]
EC 2.3.2.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glutathione γ-glutamylcysteinyltransferase
glutathione + [Glu(-Cys)]n -Gly = Gly + [Glu(-Cys)]n+1 -Gly
phytochelatin synthase; γ-glutamylcysteine dipeptidyl transpeptidase
glutathione:poly(4-glutamyl-cysteinyl)glycine 4-glutamylcysteinyltransferase
[740]
[EC 2.3.2.15 created 1992]
EC 2.3.2.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipid II:glycine glycyltransferase
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenylN-acetylglucosamine + glycyl-tRNA = N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 glycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine + tRNA
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-Nacetylglucosamine:N 6 -glycine transferase; femX (gene name)
alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine:glycine N 6 -glycyltransferase
This enzyme from Staphylococcus aureus catalyses the transfer of glycine from a charged tRNA to
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-Nacetylglucosamine (lipid II), attaching it to the N 6 of the L-lysine at position 3 of the pentapeptide.
This is the first step in the synthesis of the pentaglycine interpeptide bridge that is used in S. aureus
for the crosslinking of different glycan strands to each other. Four additional glycine residues are subsequently attached by EC 2.3.2.17 (FemA) and EC 2.3.2.18 (FemB).
[1962]
[EC 2.3.2.16 created 2010]
EC 2.3.2.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -glycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine:glycine glycyltransferase
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -glycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine + 2 glycyl-tRNA = N-acetylmuramoyl-Lalanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -triglycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-Nacetylglucosamine + 2 tRNA
femA (gene name)
94
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -glycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine:glycine glycyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses the successive transfer of two glycine moieties from charged tRNAs
to N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -glycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine, attaching them to a glycine residue previously attached
by EC 2.3.2.16 (FemX) to the N 6 of the L-lysine at position 3 of the pentapeptide. This is the second
step in the synthesis of the pentaglycine interpeptide bridge that is used by Staphylococcus aureus for
the crosslinking of different glycan strands to each other. The next step is catalysed by EC 2.3.2.18
(FemB). This enzyme is essential for methicillin resistance [183].
[183, 999, 177, 1962]
[EC 2.3.2.17 created 2010]
EC 2.3.2.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -triglycine)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine:glycine glycyltransferase
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -triglycyl)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine + 2 glycyl-tRNA = N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanylD -isoglutaminyl- L -lysyl-(N 6 -pentaglycyl)- D -alanyl- D -alanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-Nacetylglucosamine + 2 tRNA
femB (gene name)
N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -triglycine)-D-alanyl-D-alaninediphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine:glycine glycyltransferase
This Staphylococcus aureus enzyme catalyses the successive transfer of two glycine moieties from
charged tRNAs to N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl-L-lysyl-(N 6 -triglycyl)-D-alanyl-Dalanine-diphosphoundecaprenyl-N-acetylglucosamine, attaching them to the three glycine molecules
that were previously attached to the N 6 of the L-lysine at position 3 of the pentapeptide by EC
2.3.2.16 (FemX) and EC 2.3.2.17 (FemA). This is the last step in the synthesis of the pentaglycine
interpeptide bridge that is used in this organism for the crosslinking of different glycan strands to each
other.
[524, 1854, 1962]
[EC 2.3.2.18 created 2010]
EC 2.3.3 Acyl groups converted into alkyl groups on transfer
EC 2.3.3.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
citrate (Si)-synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + oxaloacetate = citrate + CoA
(R)-citric synthase; citrate condensing enzyme; citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-3S)CH2 COO− →acetyl-CoA]; citrate oxaloacetate-lyase, CoA-acetylating; citrate synthase; citrate synthetase; citric synthase; citric-condensing enzyme; citrogenase; condensing enzyme; oxaloacetate
transacetase; oxalacetic transacetase
acetyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-acetyltransferase [thioester-hydrolysing, (pro-S)-carboxymethyl forming]
The stereospecificity of this enzyme is opposite to that of EC 2.3.3.3, citrate (Re)-synthase, which is
found in some anaerobes.
[716, 1592, 2127, 1783, 1492, 1892]
[EC 2.3.3.1 created 1961 as EC 4.1.3.7, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.1]
EC 2.3.3.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
decylcitrate synthase
lauroyl-CoA + H2 O + oxaloacetate = (2S,3S)-2-hydroxytridecane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + CoA
95
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-decylcitrate synthase; (2S,3S)-2-hydroxytridecane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate oxaloacetate-lyase (CoAacylating)
dodecanoyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-dodecanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxyundecylforming)
[1333, 1331]
[EC 2.3.3.2 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.23, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.2]
EC 2.3.3.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
citrate (Re)-synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + oxaloacetate = citrate + CoA
(R)-citrate synthase; Re-citrate-synthase; citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-3R)-CH2 COO− →acetylCoA]
acetyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-acetyltransferase [thioester-hydrolysing, (pro-R)-carboxymethyl-forming]
This enzyme is inactivated by oxygen and is found in some anaerobes. Its stereospecificity is opposite
to that of EC 2.3.3.1, citrate (Si)-synthase.
[480, 716, 717]
[EC 2.3.3.3 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.28, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.3]
EC 2.3.3.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
decylhomocitrate synthase
dodecanoyl-CoA + H2 O + 2-oxoglutarate = (3S,4S)-3-hydroxytetradecane-1,3,4-tricarboxylate + CoA
2-decylhomocitrate synthase; 3-hydroxytetradecane-1,3,4-tricarboxylate 2-oxoglutarate-lyase (CoAacylating)
dodecanoyl-CoA:2-oxoglutarate C-dodecanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxyundecylforming)
Decanoyl-CoA can act instead of dodecanoyl-CoA, but 2-oxoglutarate cannot be replaced by oxaloacetate or pyruvate.
[1332, 255]
[EC 2.3.3.4 created 1976 as EC 4.1.3.29, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.4]
EC 2.3.3.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-methylcitrate synthase
propanoyl-CoA + H2 O + oxaloacetate = (2R,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + CoA
2-methylcitrate oxaloacetate-lyase; MCS; methylcitrate synthase; methylcitrate synthetase
propanoyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-propanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxyethyl-forming)
The enzyme acts on acetyl-CoA, propanoyl-CoA, butanoyl-CoA and pentanoyl-CoA. The relative rate
of condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate is 140% of that of propanoyl-CoA and oxaloacetate,
but the enzyme has been separated from EC 2.3.3.1 citrate (Si)-synthase. Oxaloacetate cannot be replaced by glyoxylate, pyruvate or 2-oxoglutarate.
[2294, 2241, 899, 2326]
[EC 2.3.3.5 created 1978 as EC 4.1.3.31, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.5]
EC 2.3.3.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
2-ethylmalate synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + 2-oxobutanoate = (R)-2-ethylmalate + CoA
(R)-2-ethylmalate 2-oxobutanoyl-lyase (CoA-acetylating); 2-ethylmalate-3-hydroxybutanedioate synthase; propylmalate synthase; propylmalic synthase
acetyl-CoA:2-oxobutanoate C-acetyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, carboxymethyl-forming)
Also acts on (R)-2-(n-propyl)-malate. Formerly wrongly included with EC 2.3.3.7 3-ethylmalate synthase.
96
References:
[2155]
[EC 2.3.3.6 created 1983 as EC 4.1.3.33, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.6]
EC 2.3.3.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-ethylmalate synthase
butanoyl-CoA + H2 O + glyoxylate = 3-ethylmalate + CoA
2-ethyl-3-hydroxybutanedioate synthase; 3-ethylmalate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-butanoylating)
butanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-butanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxypropyl-forming)
[1765]
[EC 2.3.3.7 created 1965 as EC 4.1.3.10, modified 1983, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.10]
EC 2.3.3.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ATP citrate synthase
ADP + phosphate + acetyl-CoA + oxaloacetate = ATP + citrate + CoA
ATP-citric lyase; ATP:citrate oxaloacetate-lyase [(pro-S)-CH2 COO− →acetyl-CoA] (ATPdephosphorylating); acetyl-CoA:oxaloacetate acetyltransferase (isomerizing; ADP-phosphorylating);
adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase; citrate cleavage enzyme; citrate-ATP lyase; citric cleavage enzyme; ATP citrate (pro-S)-lyase
acetyl-CoA:oxaloacetate C-acetyltransferase [(pro-S)-carboxymethyl-forming, ADP-phosphorylating]
The enzyme can be dissociated into components, two of which are identical with EC 4.1.3.34 (citrylCoA lyase) and EC 6.2.1.18 (citrate—CoA ligase).
[1267, 2103]
[EC 2.3.3.8 created 1965 as EC 4.1.3.8, modified 1986, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.8]
EC 2.3.3.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
malate synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + glyoxylate = (S)-malate + CoA
L -malate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-acetylating); glyoxylate transacetylase; glyoxylate transacetase;
glyoxylic transacetase; malate condensing enzyme; malate synthetase; malic synthetase; maliccondensing enzyme
acetyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-acetyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, carboxymethyl-forming)
[481]
[EC 2.3.3.9 created 1961 as EC 4.1.3.2, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.9]
EC 2.3.3.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + acetoacetyl-CoA = (S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA + CoA
(S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA acetoacetyl-CoA-lyase (CoA-acetylating); 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl CoA synthetase; 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase; 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthetase; 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase; 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase; β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase; HMG-CoA synthase; acetoacetyl coenzyme A transacetase; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A-condensing enzyme
acetyl-CoA:acetoacetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, carboxymethyl-forming)
[1882]
[EC 2.3.3.10 created 1961 as EC 4.1.3.5, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.10]
97
EC 2.3.3.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-hydroxyglutarate synthase
propanoyl-CoA + H2 O + glyoxylate = 2-hydroxyglutarate + CoA
2-hydroxyglutaratic synthetase; 2-hydroxyglutaric synthetase; α-hydroxyglutarate synthase; hydroxyglutarate synthase; 2-hydroxyglutarate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-propanoylating)
propanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-propanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 2-carboxyethyl-forming)
[1806]
[EC 2.3.3.11 created 1965 as EC 4.1.3.9, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.11]
EC 2.3.3.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-propylmalate synthase
pentanoyl-CoA + H2 O + glyoxylate = 3-propylmalate + CoA
3-(n-propyl)-malate synthase; 3-propylmalate glyoxylate-lyase (CoA-pentanoylating); β-npropylmalate synthase; n-propylmalate synthase
pentanoyl-CoA:glyoxylate C-pentanoyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, 1-carboxybutyl-forming)
[935]
[EC 2.3.3.12 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.11, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.12]
EC 2.3.3.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-isopropylmalate synthase
acetyl-CoA + 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + H2 O = (2S)-2-isopropylmalate + CoA
3-carboxy-3-hydroxy-4-methylpentanoate 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate-lyase (CoA-acetylating); αisopropylmalate synthetase; α-isopropylmalate synthase; α-isopropylmalic synthetase; isopropylmalate synthase; isopropylmalate synthetase
acetyl-CoA:3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate C-acetyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, carboxymethylforming)
Requires K+ .
[1131, 2435, 381]
[EC 2.3.3.13 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.12, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.13]
EC 2.3.3.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
homocitrate synthase
acetyl-CoA + H2 O + 2-oxoglutarate = (R)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate + CoA
2-hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate 2-oxoglutarate-lyase (CoA-acetylating); acetyl-coenzyme A:2ketoglutarate C-acetyl transferase; homocitrate synthetase; HCS
acetyl-CoA:2-oxoglutarate C-acetyltransferase (thioester-hydrolysing, carboxymethyl forming)
Belongs in the α-aminoadipate pathway of lysine synthesis, along with EC 4.2.1.36, homoaconitate
hydratase. The enzyme also acts with oxaloacetate as substrate, but more slowly [2502, 47].
[2154, 2502, 47]
[EC 2.3.3.14 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.21, transferred 2002 to EC 2.3.3.14]
EC 2.3.3.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sulfoacetaldehyde acetyltransferase
acetyl phosphate + sulfite = 2-sulfoacetaldehyde + phosphate
Xsc
acetyl-phosphate:sulfite S-acetyltransferase (acyl-phosphate hydrolysing, 2-oxoethyl-forming)
The reaction occurs in the reverse direction to that shown above. Requires Mg2+ .
[1888]
98
[EC 2.3.3.15 created 2003]
EC 2.4 Glycosyltransferases
This subclass contains enzymes that transfer glycosyl groups. Some of these enzymes also catalyse hydrolysis, which can be
regarded as transfer of a glycosyl group from the donor to water. Also, inorganic phosphate can act as acceptor in the case of
phosphorylases; phosphorolysis of glycogen is regarded as transfer of one sugar residue from glycogen to phosphate. However,
the more general case is the transfer of a sugar from an oligosaccharide or a high-energy compound to another carbohydrate
molecule that acts as the acceptor. Sub-subclasses are based on the type of sugar residue being transferred: hexosyltransferases
(EC 2.4.1), pentosyltransferases (EC 2.4.2) and other glycosyl groups (EC 2.4.99).
EC 2.4.1 Hexosyltransferases
EC 2.4.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphorylase
[(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n−1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
muscle phosphorylase a and b; amylophosphorylase; polyphosphorylase; amylopectin phosphorylase; glucan phosphorylase; α-glucan phosphorylase; 1,4-α-glucan phosphorylase; glucosan
phosphorylase; glycogen phosphorylase; granulose phosphorylase; maltodextrin phosphorylase;
muscle phosphorylase; myophosphorylase; potato phosphorylase; starch phosphorylase; 1,4-α-Dglucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
The accepted name should be qualified in each instance by adding the name of the natural substrate,
e.g. maltodextrin phosphorylase, starch phosphorylase, glycogen phosphorylase.
[151, 345, 404, 577, 728, 778]
[EC 2.4.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dextrin dextranase
[(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n + [(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl]m = [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n−1 + [(1→6)-α-Dglucosyl]m+1
dextrin 6-glucosyltransferase; dextran dextrinase; 1,4-α-D-glucan:1,6-α-D-glucan 6-α-Dglucosyltransferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→6)-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase
[826, 827, 828]
[EC 2.4.1.2 created 1961]
[2.4.1.3
Deleted entry. amylomaltase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.25, 4-α-glucanotransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.3 created 1961, deleted 1972]
EC 2.4.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
amylosucrase
sucrose + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n = D-fructose + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
sucrose—glucan glucosyltransferase; sucrose-1,4-α-glucan glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,4-α-Dglucan 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
sucrose:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
[569, 826, 829]
[EC 2.4.1.4 created 1961]
99
EC 2.4.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dextransucrase
sucrose + [(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl]n = D-fructose + [(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
sucrose 6-glucosyltransferase; SGE; CEP; sucrose-1,6-α-glucan glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6-α-Dglucan 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase
sucrose:(1→6)-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase
[96, 97, 826]
[EC 2.4.1.5 created 1961]
[2.4.1.6
Deleted entry. maltose 3-glycosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.6 created 1961, deleted 1972]
EC 2.4.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sucrose phosphorylase
sucrose + phosphate = D-fructose + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
sucrose glucosyltransferase; disaccharide glucosyltransferase
sucrose:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
In the forward reaction, arsenate may replace phosphate. In the reverse reaction, various ketoses and
L -arabinose may replace D -fructose.
[491, 802, 2046]
[EC 2.4.1.7 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
maltose phosphorylase
maltose + phosphate = D-glucose + β-D-glucose 1-phosphate
maltose:phosphate 1-β-D-glucosyltransferase
[491, 581, 1744, 2493]
[EC 2.4.1.8 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inulosucrase
sucrose + [(2→1)-β-D-fructosyl]n = glucose + [(2→1)-β-D-fructosyl]n+1
sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase; sucrose:2,1-β-D-fructan 1-β-D-fructosyltransferase
sucrose:(2→1)-β-D-fructan 1-β-D-fructosyltransferase
Converts sucrose into inulin and D-glucose. Some other sugars can act as D-fructosyl acceptors.
[204, 457, 517]
[EC 2.4.1.9 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
levansucrase
sucrose + [6)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→]n α-D-glucopyranoside = glucose +[6)-β-D-fructofuranosyl(2→]n+1 α-D-glucopyranoside
sucrose 6-fructosyltransferase; β-2,6-fructosyltransferase; β-2,6-fructan:D-glucose 1fructosyltransferase; sucrose:2,6-β-D-fructan 6-β-D-fructosyltransferase; sucrose:(2→6)-β-D-fructan
6-β-D-fructosyltransferase
sucrose:[6)-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→]n α-D-glucopyranoside 6-β-D-fructosyltransferase
Some other sugars can act as D-fructosyl acceptors.
[826, 853, 1805]
100
[EC 2.4.1.10 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycogen(starch) synthase
UDP-glucose + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n = UDP + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
UDP-glucose—glycogen glucosyltransferase; glycogen (starch) synthetase; UDP-glucose-glycogen
glucosyltransferase; UDP-glycogen synthase; UDPG-glycogen synthetase; UDPG-glycogen transglucosylase; uridine diphosphoglucose-glycogen glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:glycogen 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
The accepted name varies according to the source of the enzyme and the nature of its synthetic product (cf. EC 2.4.1.1, phosphorylase). Glycogen synthase from animal tissues is a complex of a catalytic
subunit and the protein glycogenin. The enzyme requires glucosylated glycogenin as a primer; this
is the reaction product of EC 2.4.1.186 (glycogenin glucosyltransferase). A similar enzyme utilizes
ADP-glucose (EC 2.4.1.21, starch synthase).
[31, 135, 1236, 1238, 1712]
[EC 2.4.1.11 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
UDP-glucose + [(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n = UDP + [(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n+1
UDP-glucose—β-glucan glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase; GS-I; β1,4-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; β-1,4-glucan
synthase; β-1,4-glucan synthetase; β-glucan synthase; 1,4-β-D-glucan synthase; 1,4-β-glucan synthase; glucan synthase; UDP-glucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucosecellulose glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:1,4-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(1→4)-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Involved in the synthesis of cellulose. A similar enzyme utilizes GDP-glucose [EC 2.4.1.29 cellulose
synthase (GDP-forming)].
[685]
[EC 2.4.1.12 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sucrose synthase
NDP-glucose + D-fructose = NDP + sucrose
UDPglucose-fructose glucosyltransferase; sucrose synthetase; sucrose-UDP glucosyltransferase;
sucrose-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-fructose glucosyltransferase
NDP-glucose:D-fructose 2-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Although UDP is generally considered to be the preferred nucleoside diphosphate for sucrose synthase, numerous studies have shown that ADP serves as an effective acceptor molecule to produce
ADP-glucose [459, 1510, 1524, 1724, 1865, 2047, 2219]. Sucrose synthase has a dual role in producing both UDP-glucose (necessary for cell wall and glycoprotein biosynthesis) and ADP-glucose
(necessary for starch biosynthesis) [126].
[74, 321, 459, 1510, 1524, 1724, 1865, 2047, 2219, 126]
[EC 2.4.1.13 created 1961, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.1.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
sucrose-phosphate synthase
UDP-glucose + D-fructose 6-phosphate = UDP + sucrose 6F -phosphate
101
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-glucose—fructose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; sucrosephosphate—UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-fructose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; SPS; uridine diphosphoglucose-fructose
phosphate glucosyltransferase; sucrose 6-phosphate synthase; sucrose phosphate synthetase; sucrose
phosphate-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase; sucrose phosphate synthase
UDP-glucose:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for maximal activity [421]. The enzyme from Synechocystis sp. strain PCC
6803 is not specific for UDP-glucose as it can use ADP-glucose and, to a lesser extent, GDP-glucose
as substrates [421]. The enzyme from rice leaves is activated by glucose 6-phosphate but that from
cyanobacterial species is not [421]. While the reaction catalysed by this enzyme is reversible, the enzyme usually works in concert with EC 3.1.3.24, sucrose-phosphate phosphatase, to form sucrose,
making the above reaction essentially irreversible [909]. The F in sucrose 6F -phosphate is used to indicate that the fructose residue of sucrose carries the substituent.
[1417, 421, 909, 417, 366]
[EC 2.4.1.14 created 1961, modified 2008]
EC 2.4.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming)
UDP-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate = UDP + α,α-trehalose 6-phosphate
UDP-glucose—glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; trehalosephosphate-UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; α,α-trehalose phosphate synthase (UDPforming); phosphotrehalose-uridine diphosphate transglucosylase; trehalose 6-phosphate synthase;
trehalose 6-phosphate synthetase; trehalose phosphate synthase; trehalose phosphate synthetase; trehalose phosphate-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase; trehalose-P synthetase; transglucosylase;
uridine diphosphoglucose phosphate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-α-D-glucosyltransferase
See also EC 2.4.1.36 [α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (GDP-forming)].
[297, 309, 1299, 1514]
[EC 2.4.1.15 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chitin synthase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + [4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→]n = UDP + [4)-N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→]n+1
chitin-UDP N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; chitin-uridine diphosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase; chitin synthetase; trans-N-acetylglucosaminosylase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-β-Nacetylglucosaminyl-transferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Converts UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine into chitin and UDP.
[686, 1934]
[EC 2.4.1.16 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate + acceptor = UDP + acceptor β-D-glucuronoside
102
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-naphthol glucuronyltransferase; 1-naphthol-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; 17β-hydroxysteroid
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; 3α-hydroxysteroid UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; 4-hydroxybiphenyl
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; 4-methylumbelliferone UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; 4-nitrophenol
UDP-glucuronyltransferase; 4-nitrophenol UDPGT; 17-OH steroid UDPGT; 3-OH androgenic
UDPGT; bilirubin uridine diphosphoglucuronyltransferase; bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase;
bilirubin monoglucuronide glucuronyltransferase; bilirubin UDPGT; bilirubin glucuronyltransferase; ciramadol UDP-glucuronyltransferase; estriol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; estrone UDPglucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronatebilirubin glucuronoside glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronate-bilirubin glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronate-estriol glucuronosyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoglucuronate-estradiol glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronate-4hydroxybiphenyl glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronate-1,2-diacylglycerol glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronate-estriol 16α-glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase; GT; morphine glucuronyltransferase; p-hydroxybiphenyl
UDP glucuronyltransferase; p-nitrophenol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; p-nitrophenol UDPglucuronyltransferase; p-nitrophenylglucuronosyltransferase; p-phenylphenol glucuronyltransferase; phenyl-UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; PNP-UDPGT; UDP glucuronate-estradiolglucuronosyltransferase; UDP glucuronosyltransferase; UDP glucuronate-estriol glucuronosyltransferase; UDP glucuronic acid transferase; UDP glucuronyltransferase; UDP-glucuronate4-hydroxybiphenyl glucuronosyltransferase; UDP-glucuronate-bilirubin glucuronyltransferase; UDP-glucuronosyltransferase; UDP-glucuronyltransferase; UDPGA transferase;
UDPGA-glucuronyltransferase; UDPGT; uridine diphosphoglucuronyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoglucuronate-bilirubin glucuronosyltransferase; uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferase;
uridine 50 -diphosphoglucuronyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate β-D-glucuronosyltransferase (acceptor-unspecific)
This entry denotes a family of enzymes accepting a wide range of substrates, including phenols, alcohols, amines and fatty acids. Some of the activities catalysed were previously listed separately as
EC 2.4.1.42, EC 2.4.1.59, EC 2.4.1.61, EC 2.4.1.76, EC 2.4.1.77, EC 2.4.1.84, EC 2.4.1.107 and EC
2.4.1.108. A temporary nomenclature for the various forms, whose delineation is in a state of flux, is
suggested in Ref. 1.
[226, 227, 283, 510, 731, 980]
[EC 2.4.1.17 created 1961 (EC 2.4.1.42, EC 2.4.1.59 and EC 2.4.1.61 all created 1972; EC 2.4.1.76, EC 2.4.1.77 and EC 2.4.1.84 all created
1976; EC 2.4.1.107 and EC 2.4.1.108 both created 1983, all incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,4-α-glucan branching enzyme
Transfers a segment of a (1→4)-α-D-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan
chain
branching enzyme; amylo-(1,4→1,6)-transglycosylase; Q-enzyme; α-glucan-branching glycosyltransferase; amylose isomerase; enzymatic branching factor; branching glycosyltransferase; enzyme Q;
glucosan transglycosylase; glycogen branching enzyme; plant branching enzyme; α-1,4-glucan:α-1,4glucan-6-glycosyltransferase; starch branching enzyme; 1,4-α-D-glucan:1,4-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-(1,4α-D-glucano)-transferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-[(1→4)-α-D-glucano]-transferase
Converts amylose into amylopectin. The accepted name requires a qualification depending on the
product, glycogen or amylopectin, e.g. glycogen branching enzyme, amylopectin branching enzyme.
The latter has frequently been termed Q-enzyme.
[120, 151, 826, 269]
[EC 2.4.1.18 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase
Cyclizes part of a (1→4)-α-D-glucan chain by formation of a (1→4)-α-D-glucosidic bond
103
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Bacillus macerans amylase; cyclodextrin glucanotransferase; α-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase; αcyclodextrin glycosyltransferase; β-cyclodextrin glucanotransferase; β-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase; γ-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase; cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase; cyclomaltodextrin glucotransferase; cyclomaltodextrin glycosyltransferase; konchizaimu; α-1,4-glucan 4-glycosyltransferase,
cyclizing; BMA; CGTase; neutral-cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase; 1,4-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-(1,4-α-Dglucano)-transferase (cyclizing)
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-[(1→4)-α-D-glucano]-transferase (cyclizing)
Cyclomaltodextrins (Schardinger dextrins) of various sizes (6,7,8, etc. glucose units) are formed reversibly from starch and similar substrates. Will also disproportionate linear maltodextrins without
cyclizing (cf. EC 2.4.1.25, 4-α-glucanotransferase).
[465, 608, 826, 1978]
[EC 2.4.1.19 created 1961]
EC 2.4.1.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
cellobiose phosphorylase
cellobiose + phosphate = α-D-glucose 1-phosphate + D-glucose
cellobiose:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
[29, 84]
[EC 2.4.1.20 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
starch synthase
ADP-glucose + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n = ADP + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
ADP-glucose—starch glucosyltransferase; adenosine diphosphate glucose-starch glucosyltransferase;
adenosine diphosphoglucose-starch glucosyltransferase; ADP-glucose starch synthase; ADP-glucose
synthase; ADP-glucose transglucosylase; ADP-glucose-starch glucosyltransferase; ADPG starch synthetase; ADPG-starch glucosyltransferase; starch synthetase; ADP-glucose:1,4-α-D-glucan 4-α-Dglucosyltransferase
ADP-glucose:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
The accepted name varies according to the source of the enzyme and the nature of its synthetic product, e.g. starch synthase, bacterial glycogen synthase. Similar to EC 2.4.1.11 [glycogen(starch) synthase] but the preferred or mandatory nucleoside diphosphate sugar substrate is ADP-glucose. The
entry covers starch and glycogen synthases utilizing ADP-glucose.
[335, 623, 733, 1237, 1734]
[EC 2.4.1.21 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lactose synthase
UDP-galactose + D-glucose = UDP + lactose
UDP-galactose—glucose galactosyltransferase; N-acetyllactosamine synthase; uridine
diphosphogalactose-glucose galactosyltransferase; lactose synthetase; UDP-galactose:D-glucose 4β-D-galactotransferase
UDP-galactose:D-glucose 4-β-D-galactosyltransferase
The enzyme is a complex of two proteins, A and B. In the absence of the B protein (α-lactalbumin),
the enzyme catalyses the transfer of galactose from UDP-galactose to N-acetylglucosamine (EC
2.4.1.90 N-acetyllactosamine synthase).
[582, 867, 2427]
[EC 2.4.1.22 created 1965]
104
EC 2.4.1.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sphingosine β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + sphingosine = UDP + psychosine
psychosine—UDP galactosyltransferase; galactosyl-sphingosine transferase; psychosine-uridine
diphosphate galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:sphingosine O-galactosyl transferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-sphingosine β-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:sphingosine 1-βgalactotransferase
UDP-galactose:sphingosine 1-β-galactosyltransferase
[379]
[EC 2.4.1.23 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1,4-α-glucan 6-α-glucosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-glucosyl residue in a (1→4)-α-D-glucan to the primary hydroxy group of glucose,
free or combined in a (1→4)-α-D-glucan
oligoglucan-branching glycosyltransferase; 1,4-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase; T-enzyme;
D -glucosyltransferase; 1,4-α- D -glucan:1,4-α- D -glucan( D -glucose) 6-α- D -glucosyltransferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→4)-α-D-glucan(D-glucose) 6-α-D-glucosyltransferase
[1, 121, 1922]
[EC 2.4.1.24 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-α-glucanotransferase
Transfers a segment of a (1→4)-α-D-glucan to a new position in an acceptor, which may be glucose
or a (1→4)-α-D-glucan
disproportionating enzyme; dextrin glycosyltransferase; D-enzyme; debranching enzyme maltodextrin
glycosyltransferase; amylomaltase; dextrin transglycosylase; 1,4-α-D-glucan:1,4-α-D-glucan 4-α-Dglycosyltransferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-glycosyltransferase
This entry covers the former separate entry for EC 2.4.1.3 (amylomaltase). The plant enzyme has
been termed D-enzyme. An enzymic activity of this nature forms part of the mammalian and yeast
glycogen debranching system (see EC 3.2.1.33 amylo-α-1,6-glucosidase).
[826, 1320, 1676, 2386, 2454]
[EC 2.4.1.25 created 1965 (EC 2.4.1.3 created 1961, incorporated 1972)]
EC 2.4.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
DNA α-glucosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA
uridine diphosphoglucose-deoxyribonucleate α-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-DNA αglucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-deoxyribonucleate α-glucosyltransferase; T2 -HMCα-glucosyl transferase; T4 -HMC-α-glucosyl transferase; T6 -HMC-α-glucosyl transferase
UDP-glucose:DNA α-D-glucosyltransferase
[1144]
[EC 2.4.1.26 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
DNA β-glucosyltransferase
Transfers a β-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA
105
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
T4 -HMC-β-glucosyl transferase; T4 -β-glucosyl transferase; T4 phage β-glucosyltransferase;
UDP glucose-DNA β-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-deoxyribonucleate βglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:DNA β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1144]
[EC 2.4.1.27 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucosyl-DNA β-glucosyltransferase
Transfers a β-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose to a glucosylhydroxymethylcytosine residue in
DNA
T6 -glucosyl-HMC-β-glucosyl transferase; T6 -β-glucosyl transferase; uridine diphosphoglucoseglucosyldeoxyribonucleate β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:D-glucosyl-DNA β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1144]
[EC 2.4.1.28 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cellulose synthase (GDP-forming)
GDP-glucose + [(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n = GDP + [(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n+1
cellulose synthase (guanosine diphosphate-forming); cellulose synthetase; guanosine
diphosphoglucose-1,4-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase; GDP-glucose:1,4-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
GDP-glucose:(1→4)-β-D-glucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Involved in the synthesis of cellulose. A similar enzyme [EC 2.4.1.12, cellulose synthase (UDPforming)] utilizes UDP-glucose.
[335, 589]
[EC 2.4.1.29 created 1965]
EC 2.4.1.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,3-β-oligoglucan phosphorylase
[(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n−1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
β-1,3-oligoglucan:orthophosphate glucosyltransferase II; β-1,3-oligoglucan phosphorylase; 1,3-β-Doligoglucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
(1→3)-β-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Does not act on laminarin. Differs in specificity from EC 2.4.1.31 (laminaribiose phosphorylase) and
EC 2.4.1.97 (1,3-β-D-glucan phosphorylase).
[1357, 1356]
[EC 2.4.1.30 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
laminaribiose phosphorylase
3-β-D-glucosyl-D-glucose + phosphate = D-glucose + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
3-β-D-glucosyl-D-glucose:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Also acts on 1,3-β-D-oligoglucans. Differs in specificity from EC 2.4.1.30 (1,3-β-oligoglucan phosphorylase) and EC 2.4.1.97 (1,3-β-D-glucan phosphorylase).
[701, 1350]
[EC 2.4.1.31 created 1972]
106
EC 2.4.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucomannan 4-β-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose + (glucomannan)n = GDP + (glucomannan)n+1
GDP-man-β-mannan manosyltransferase; glucomannan-synthase; GDPmannose:glucomannan 1,4-βD -mannosyltransferase; GDP-mannose:glucomannan 1,4-β- D -mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:glucomannan 4-β-D-mannosyltransferase
[533]
[EC 2.4.1.32 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
alginate synthase
GDP-D-mannuronate + (alginate)n = GDP + (alginate)n+1
mannuronosyl transferase
GDP-D-mannuronate:alginate D-mannuronyltransferase
[1269]
[EC 2.4.1.33 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1,3-β-glucan synthase
UDP-glucose + [(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n = UDP + [(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n+1
1,3-β-D-glucan—UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose—1,3-β-D-glucan glucosyltransferase;
callose synthetase; 1,3-β-D-glucan-UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-1,3-β-D-glucan glucosyltransferase; paramylon synthetase; UDP-glucose-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; GS-II; (1,3)β-glucan (callose) synthase; β-1,3-glucan synthase; β-1,3-glucan synthetase; 1,3-β-D-glucan synthetase; 1,3-β-D-glucan synthase; 1,3-β-glucan-uridine diphosphoglucosyltransferase; callose synthase; UDP-glucose-1,3-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:(1,3)β-glucan synthase; uridine diphosphoglucose-1,3-β-glucan glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:1,3-β-D-glucan 3-β-Dglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(1→3)-β-D-glucan 3-β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1358]
[EC 2.4.1.34 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phenol β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a phenol = UDP + an aryl β-D-glucoside
UDPglucosyltransferase; phenol-β-D-glucosyltransferase; UDP glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose
glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:phenol β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on a wide range of phenols.
[509]
[EC 2.4.1.35 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (GDP-forming)
GDP-glucose + glucose 6-phosphate = GDP + α,α-trehalose 6-phosphate
GDP-glucose—glucose-phosphate glucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphoglucose-glucose phosphate glucosyltransferase; trehalose phosphate synthase (GDP-forming)
GDP-glucose:D-glucose-6-phosphate 1-α-D-glucosyltransferase
See also EC 2.4.1.15 [α,α-trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming)].
[532]
107
[EC 2.4.1.36 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fucosylgalactoside 3-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-D-galactosyl-R = UDP + α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-[α-Lfucosyl(1→2)]-D-galactosyl-R (where R can be OH, an oligosaccharide or a glycoconjugate)
UDP-galactose:O-α-L-fucosyl(1→2)D-galactose α-D-galactosyltransferase;
UDPgalactose:glycoprotein-α-L-fucosyl-(1,2)-D-galactose 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase; [blood
group substance] α-galactosyltransferase; blood-group substance B-dependent galactosyltransferase;
glycoprotein-fucosylgalactoside α-galactosyltransferase; histo-blood group B transferase; histoblood substance B-dependent galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:α-L-fucosyl-1,2-D-galactoside
3-α-D-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-D-galactoside 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase
Acts on blood group substance, and can use a number of 2-fucosyl-galactosides as acceptors.
[1752]
[EC 2.4.1.37 created 1972, modified 1999, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-N-acetylglucosaminylglycopeptide β-1,4-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylglycopeptide = UDP + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetylβ-D-glucosaminylglycopeptide
UDP-galactose—glycoprotein galactosyltransferase; glycoprotein 4-β-galactosyl-transferase; βN-acetyl-β1-4-galactosyltransferase; thyroid glycoprotein β-galactosyltransferase; glycoprotein βgalactosyltransferase; thyroid galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-glycoprotein galactosyltransferase; β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-glycopeptide β-1,4-galactosyltransferase; GalT; UDPgalactose:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylglycopeptide β-1,4-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylglycopeptide 4-β-galactosyltransferase
Terminal N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl residues in polysaccharides, glycoproteins and glycopeptides
can act as acceptor. High activity is shown towards such residues in branched-chain polysaccharides
when these are linked by β-1,6-links to galactose residues; lower activity towards residues linked to
galactose by β-1,3-links. A component of EC 2.4.1.22 (lactose synthase).
[202, 219, 220, 2100]
[EC 2.4.1.38 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1980, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.1.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
steroid N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + estradiol-17α 3-D-glucuronoside = UDP + 17α-(N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl)-estradiol 3-D-glucuronoside
hydroxy steroid acetylglucosaminyltransferase; steroid acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-steroid acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:estradiol-17α-3-D-glucuronoside 17α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
[384]
[EC 2.4.1.39 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
glycoprotein-fucosylgalactoside α-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + glycoprotein-α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-D-galactose = UDP +
glycoprotein-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-[α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)]-D-galactose
108
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
A-transferase; histo-blood group A glycosyltransferase (Fucα1→2Galα1→3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase); UDP-GalNAc:Fucα1→2Galα1→3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; α-3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; blood-group substance α-acetyltransferase; blood-group substance Adependent acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; fucosylgalactose acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; histoblood group A acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; histo-blood group A transferase; UDP-N-acetyl-Dgalactosamine:α-L-fucosyl-1,2-D-galactose 3-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylD -galactosamine:glycoprotein-α- L -fucosyl-(1,2)- D -galactose 3-N-acetyl- D -galactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:glycoprotein-α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-D-galactose 3-N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyltransferase
Acts on blood group substance, and can use a number of 2-fucosyl-galactosides as acceptors.
[1127, 2214, 2531]
[EC 2.4.1.40 created 1972, modified 1999]
EC 2.4.1.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + polypeptide = UDP + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-polypeptide
protein-UDP acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyl
transferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:κ-casein polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-glycoprotein acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; glycoprotein acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; polypeptide-N-acetylgalactosamine
transferase; UDP-acetylgalactosamine-glycoprotein acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDPacetylgalactosamine:peptide-N-galactosaminyltransferase; UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide Nacetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine-glycoprotein N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine-protein N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-Nacetylgalactosamine:protein N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase; ppGalNAc-T
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase
Requires both Mn2+ and Ca2+ . The glycosyl residue is transferred to threonine or serine hydroxy
groups on the polypeptide core of submaxillary mucin, κ-casein, apofetuin and some other acceptors
of high molecular mass.
[2162, 2213]
[EC 2.4.1.41 created 1972, modified 1989]
[2.4.1.42
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—estriol 17β-D-glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.42 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
polygalacturonate 4-α-galacturonosyltransferase
UDP-D-galacturonate + [(1→4)-α-D-galacturonosyl]n = UDP + [(1→4)-α-D-galacturonosyl]n+1
UDP galacturonate-polygalacturonate α-galacturonosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalacturonatepolygalacturonate α-galacturonosyltransferase; UDP-D-galacturonate:1,4-α-poly-D-galacturonate
4-α-D-galacturonosyltransferase
UDP-D-galacturonate:(1→4)-α-poly-D-galacturonate 4-α-D-galacturonosyltransferase
[2355]
[EC 2.4.1.43 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
lipopolysaccharide 3-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + lipopolysaccharide = UDP + 3-α-D-galactosyl-[lipopolysaccharide glucose]
109
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-galactose:lipopolysaccharide α,3-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:polysaccharide galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphate galactose:lipopolysaccharide α-3-galactosyltransferase; uridine
diphosphogalactose-lipopolysaccharide α,3-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:lipopolysaccharide 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase
Transfers D-galactosyl residues to D-glucose in the partially completed core of lipopolysaccharide [cf.
EC 2.4.1.56 (lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase), EC 2.4.1.58 (lipopolysaccharide
glucosyltransferase I) and EC 2.4.1.73 (lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase II)].
[538, 2491]
[EC 2.4.1.44 created 1972, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-hydroxyacylsphingosine 1-β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + 2-(2-hydroxyacyl)sphingosine = UDP + 1-(β-D-galactosyl)-2-(2hydroxyacyl)sphingosine
uridine diphosphogalactose-2-hydroxyacylsphingosine galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose-2hydroxyacylsphingosine galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:ceramide galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:2-2-hydroxyacylsphingosine galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:2-(2-hydroxyacyl)sphingosine 1-β-D-galactosyl-transferase
Highly specific.
[144, 1472]
[EC 2.4.1.45 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
monogalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase
UDP-galactose + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = UDP + 3-β-D-galactosyl-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
uridine diphosphogalactose-1,2-diacylglycerol galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:diacylglycerol
galactosyltransferase; MGDG synthase; UDP galactose-1,2-diacylglycerol galactosyltransferase;
UDP-galactose-diacylglyceride galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:1,2-diacylglycerol 3-β-Dgalactosyltransferase; 1β-MGDG; 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase
This enzyme adds only one galactosyl group to the diacylglycerol; EC 2.4.1.241, digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase, adds a galactosyl group to the product of the above reaction. There are three isoforms in Arabidopsis that can be divided into two types, A-type (MGD1) and B-type (MGD2 and
MGD3). MGD1 is the isoform responsible for the bulk of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG)
synthesis in Arabidopsis [174].
[2333, 2451, 1431, 174]
[EC 2.4.1.46 created 1972, modified 2003, modified 2005]
EC 2.4.1.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
N-acylsphingosine galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + N-acylsphingosine = UDP + D-galactosylceramide
UDP galactose-N-acylsphingosine galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-acylsphingosine
galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:N-acylsphingosine D-galactosyltransferase
[627]
[EC 2.4.1.47 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.48
Accepted name:
heteroglycan α-mannosyltransferase
110
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
GDP-mannose + heteroglycan = GDP + 2(or 3)-α-D-mannosyl-heteroglycan
GDP mannose α-mannosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphomannose-heteroglycan αmannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:heteroglycan 2-(or 3-)-α-D-mannosyltransferase
The acceptor is a heteroglycan primer containing mannose, galactose and xylose. 1,2- and 1,3mannosyl bonds are formed.
[51]
[EC 2.4.1.48 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
cellodextrin phosphorylase
[(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl]n−1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
β-1,4-oligoglucan:orthophosphate glucosyltransferase; 1,4-β-D-oligo-D-glucan:phosphate α-Dglucosyltransferase
(1→4)-β-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
[2014]
[EC 2.4.1.49 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
procollagen galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + procollagen 5-hydroxy-L-lysine = UDP + procollagen 5-(D-galactosyloxy)-L-lysine
hydroxylysine galactosyltransferase; collagen galactosyltransferase; collagen hydroxylysyl galactosyltransferase; UDP galactose-collagen galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-collagen
galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:5-hydroxylysine-collagen galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:procollagen-5-hydroxy-L-lysine D-galactosyltransferase
Probably involved in the synthesis of carbohydrate units in complement (cf EC 2.4.1.66 procollagen
glucosyltransferase).
[243, 1108]
[EC 2.4.1.50 created 1972, modified 1983]
[2.4.1.51
Deleted entry. UDP-N-acetylglucosamine—glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. Now listed as EC
2.4.1.101 (α-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase), EC 2.4.1.143 (α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase), EC 2.4.1.144 (β-1,4-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) and EC
2.4.1.145 (α-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase)]
[EC 2.4.1.51 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
poly(glycerol-phosphate) α-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + poly(glycerol phosphate) = UDP + O-(α-D-glucosyl)poly(glycerol phosphate)
UDP glucose-poly(glycerol-phosphate) α-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucosepoly(glycerol-phosphate) α-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:poly(glycerol-phosphate) α-D-glucosyltransferase
[687]
[EC 2.4.1.52 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
poly(ribitol-phosphate) β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + poly(ribitol phosphate) = UDP + (β-D-glucosyl)poly(ribitol phosphate)
111
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP glucose-poly(ribitol-phosphate) β-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-poly(ribitolphosphate) β-glucosyltransferase; UDP-D-glucose polyribitol phosphate glucosyl transferase; UDP-Dglucose:polyribitol phosphate glucosyl transferase
UDP-glucose:poly(ribitol-phosphate) β-D-glucosyltransferase
[357]
[EC 2.4.1.53 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
undecaprenyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose + undecaprenyl phosphate = GDP + D-mannosyl-1-phosphoundecaprenol
guanosine diphosphomannose-undecaprenyl phosphate mannosyltransferase; GDP mannoseundecaprenyl phosphate mannosyltransferase; GDP-D-mannose:lipid phosphate transmannosylase
GDP-mannose:undecaprenyl-phosphate D-mannosyltransferase
Requires phosphatidylglycerol.
[1198]
[EC 2.4.1.54 created 1972]
[2.4.1.55
Transferred entry. teichoic-acid synthase. Now EC 2.7.8.14, CDP-ribitol ribitolphosphotransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.55 created 1972, deleted 1982]
EC 2.4.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + lipopolysaccharide = UDP + N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyllipopolysaccharide
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-lipopolysaccharide acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:lipopolysaccharide N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Transfers N-acetylglucosaminyl residues to a D-galactose residue in the partially completed
lipopolysaccharide core [cf. EC 2.4.1.44 (lipopolysaccharide 3-α-galactosyltransferase), EC 2.4.1.58
(lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I) and EC 2.4.1.73 (lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase
II)].
[1632]
[EC 2.4.1.56 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphatidylinositol α-mannosyltransferase
Transfers one or more α-D-mannose residues from GDP-mannose to positions 2,6 and others in 1phosphatidyl-myo-inositol
GDP mannose-phosphatidyl-myo-inositol α-mannosyltransferase; GDPmannose:1-phosphatidylmyo-inositol α-D-mannosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphomannose-phosphatidyl-inositol αmannosyltransferase; phosphatidyl-myo-inositol α-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol α-D-mannosyltransferase
[260]
[EC 2.4.1.57 created 1972, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.1.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I
UDP-glucose + lipopolysaccharide = UDP + D-glucosyl-lipopolysaccharide
112
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-glucose:lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I; lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase;
uridine diphosphate glucose:lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I; uridine diphosphoglucoselipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase
Transfers glucosyl residues to the backbone portion of lipopolysaccharide [cf. EC 2.4.1.44
(lipopolysaccharide 3-α-galactosyltransferase, EC 2.4.1.56 (lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) and EC 2.4.1.73 (lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase II)].
[1495, 1868]
[EC 2.4.1.58 created 1972]
[2.4.1.59
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—estradiol glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.59 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
abequosyltransferase
CDP-abequose + D-mannosyl-L-rhamnosyl-D-galactose-1-diphospholipid = CDP + D-abequosyl-Dmannosyl-rhamnosyl-D-galactose-1-diphospholipid
trihexose diphospholipid abequosyltransferase
CDP-abequose:D-mannosyl-L-rhamnosyl-D-galactose-1-diphospholipid D-abequosyltransferase
[1634]
[EC 2.4.1.60 created 1972]
[2.4.1.61
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—estriol 16α-glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.61 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ganglioside galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-Dglucosyl-N-acylsphingosine = UDP + D-galactosyl-(1→3)-β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(Nacetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine
UDP-galactose—ceramide galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-ceramide galactosyltransferase; UDP galactose-LAC Tet-ceramide α-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose-GM2
galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-GM2 galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphate D-galactose:glycolipid galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acetylgalactosaminyl-(Nacetylneuraminyl) galactosyl-glucosyl-ceramide galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose-GM2 ganglioside galactosyltransferase; GM1 -synthase; UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(Nacetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine β-1,3-D-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosylN-acylsphingosine 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase
The substrate is also known as GM2 .
[142, 2537, 2539]
[EC 2.4.1.62 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
linamarin synthase
UDP-glucose + 2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanenitrile = UDP + linamarin
113
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
uridine diphosphoglucose-ketone glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphate-glucose-ketone
cyanohydrin β-glucosyltransferase; UDP glucose ketone cyanohydrin glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:ketone cyanohydrin β-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-ketone cyanohydrin
glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanenitrile β-D-glucosyltransferase
The enzyme glucosylates the cyanohydrins of butanone and pentan-3-one as well as that of acetone.
[770]
[EC 2.4.1.63 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.64
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
α,α-trehalose phosphorylase
α,α-trehalose + phosphate = D-glucose + β-D-glucose 1-phosphate
trehalose phosphorylase
α,α-trehalose:phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
[169]
[EC 2.4.1.64 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = GDP + β-D-galactosyl(1→3)-[α-L-fucosyl-(1→4)]-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-R
(Lea )-dependent (α-3/4)-fucosyltransferase; α(1,3/1,4) fucosyltransferase III; α-(1→4)-Lfucosyltransferase; α-4-L-fucosyltransferase; β-acetylglucosaminylsaccharide fucosyltransferase;
FucT-II; Lewis α-(1→3/4)-fucosyltransferase; Lewis blood group α-(1→3/4)-fucosyltransferase;
Lewis(Le) blood group gene-dependent α-(1→3/4)-L-fucosyltransferase; blood group Lewis
α-4-fucosyltransferase; blood-group substance Lea -dependent fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-β-acetylglucosaminylsaccharide 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase; guanosine
diphosphofucose-glycoprotein 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein
4-α-fucosyltransferase; 3-α-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-Lfucose:3-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 4I -α-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:3-β-Dgalactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 4I -α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 4I -α-L-fucosyltransferase
This enzyme is the product of the Lewis blood group gene. Normally acts on a glycoconjugate
where R (see reaction) is a glycoprotein or glycolipid. Although it is a 4-fucosyltransferase, it has
a persistent 3-fucosyltransferase activity towards the glucose residue in free lactose. This enzyme
fucosylates on O-4 of an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-3, unlike EC
2.4.1.152, 4-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase, which fucosylates on O3 of an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-4. Enzymes catalysing the 4-αfucosylation of the GlcNAc in β-D-Gal-(1→3)-β-GlcNAc sequences (with some activity also as 3-αfucosyltransferases) are present in plants, where the function in vivo is the modification of N-glycans.
In addition, the fucTa gene of Helicobacter strain UA948 encodes a fucosyltransferase with both 3-αand 4-α-fucosyltransferase activities.
[1740, 1777, 2478, 1328]
[EC 2.4.1.65 created 1972, modified 2001, modified twice 2002]
EC 2.4.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
procollagen glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + (2S,5R)-5-O-(β-D-galactosyl)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine-[procollagen] = UDP + (2S,5R)-5O-[α-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-galactosyl]-5-hydroxy-L-lysine-[procollagen]
114
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactosylhydroxylysine glucosyltransferase; collagen glucosyltransferase; collagen hydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase; galactosylhydroxylysyl glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucosecollagenglucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-collagen glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:5(D-galactosyloxy)-L-lysine-procollagen D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(2S,5R)-5-O-(β-D-galactosyl)-5-hydroxy-L-lysine-[procollagen] D-glucosyltransferase
Probably involved in the synthesis of carbohydrate units in complement (cf. EC 2.4.1.50 procollagen
galactosyltransferase).
[241, 242, 294, 1108]
[EC 2.4.1.66 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactinol—raffinose galactosyltransferase
α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-1D-myo-inositol + raffinose = myo-inositol + stachyose
galactinol-raffinose galactosyltransferase; stachyose synthetase; α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-myoinositol:raffinose galactosyltransferase
α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-1D-myo-inositol:raffinose galactosyltransferase
This enzyme also catalyses galactosyl transfer from stachyose to raffinose (shown by labelling)
[1033]. For synthesis of the substrate, see EC 2.4.1.123, inositol 3-α-galactosyltransferase. See also
EC 2.4.1.82, galactinol—sucrose galactosyltransferase.
[2224, 2225, 1227, 1033]
[EC 2.4.1.67 created 1972, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycoprotein 6-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine = GDP + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-Dmannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-L-fucosyl-(1→6)]-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine
GDP-fucose—glycoprotein fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-Fuc:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide
α1→6fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose-glycoprotein fucosyltransferase; glycoprotein fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:glycoprotein (Lfucose to asparagine-linked N-acetylglucosamine of 4-N-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-Dmannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine) 6-α-L-fucosyltransferase;
FucT; GDP-L-fucose:glycoprotein (L-fucose to asparagine-linked N-acetylglucosamine of N 4 N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminylasparagine) 6-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:glycoprotein (L-fucose to asparagine-linked N-acetylglucosamine of N 4 -Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-αD -mannosyl-(1→6)]-β- D -mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β- D glucosaminylasparagine) 6-α-L-fucosyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses a reaction similar to that of EC 2.4.1.214, glycoprotein 3-α-Lfucosyltransferase, but transfers the L-fucosyl group from GDP-β-L-fucose to form an α1,6-linkage
rather than an α1,3-linkage.
[1296, 2368, 2305]
[EC 2.4.1.68 created 1972, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.69
Accepted name:
galactoside 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase
115
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
GDP-β-L-fucose + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = GDP + α-L-fucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
blood group H α-2-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-galactoside 2-Lfucosyltransferase; α-(1→2)-L-fucosyltransferase; α-2-fucosyltransferase; α-2-L-fucosyltransferase;
blood-group substance H-dependent fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein
2-α-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-lactose fucosyltransferase; GDP fucoselactose fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphospho-L-fucose-lactose fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-β-D-galactosyl-α-2-L-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucosegalactosylacetylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide α-L-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucose-glycoprotein 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase; H-gene-encoded β-galactoside
α1→2fucosyltransferase; secretor-type β-galactoside α1→2fucosyltransferase; β-galactoside
α1→2fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:lactose fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:β-D-galactosylR 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-βD -glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 2-α- L -fucosyltransferase
Free lactose can act as acceptor. Normally acts on a glycoconjugate where R (see reaction) is a glycoprotein or glycolipid. The action on glycolipid was previously listed as EC 2.4.1.89.
[141, 200, 201, 742]
[EC 2.4.1.69 created 1972 (EC 2.4.1.89 created 1976, incorporated 1984), modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.70
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
poly(ribitol-phosphate) N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + poly(ribitol phosphate) = UDP + (N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl)poly(ribitol phosphate)
UDP acetylglucosamine-poly(ribitol phosphate) acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-poly(ribitol phosphate) acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:poly(ribitol-phosphate) N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Involved in the synthesis of teichoic acids.
[1539]
[EC 2.4.1.70 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
arylamine glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an arylamine = UDP + an N-D-glucosylarylamine
UDP glucose-arylamine glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-arylamine glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:arylamine N-D-glucosyltransferase
[607]
[EC 2.4.1.71 created 1972]
[2.4.1.72
Transferred entry. 1,4-β-xylan synthase. Now EC 2.4.2.24, 1,4-β-D-xylan synthase]
[EC 2.4.1.72 created 1972, deleted 1976]
EC 2.4.1.73
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase II
UDP-glucose + lipopolysaccharide = UDP + α-D-glucosyl-lipopolysaccharide
uridine diphosphoglucose-galactosylpolysaccharide glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:galactosyl-lipopolysaccharide α-D-glucosyltransferase
Transfers glucosyl residues to the D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl side-chains in the partially completed core
of lipopolysaccharides. cf. EC 2.4.1.44 (lipopolysaccharide 3-α-galactosyltransferase), EC 2.4.1.56
(lipopolysaccharide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) and EC 2.4.1.58 (lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase I).
116
References:
[521]
[EC 2.4.1.73 created 1972]
EC 2.4.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycosaminoglycan galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + glycosaminoglycan = UDP + D-galactosylglycosaminoglycan
uridine diphosphogalactose-mucopolysaccharide galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:glycosaminoglycan D-galactosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of galactose-containing glycosaminoglycan of Dictyostelium discoideum.
[2167]
[EC 2.4.1.74 created 1972, modified 1980]
[2.4.1.75
Deleted entry. UDP-galacturonosyltransferase. Insufficient evidence to conclude that this is a different enzyme
from EC 2.4.1.43, polygalacturonate 4-α-galacturonosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.75 created 1976, deleted 2005]
[2.4.1.76
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—bilirubin glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.76 created 1976, deleted 1984]
[2.4.1.77
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—bilirubin-glucuronoside glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17,
glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.77 created 1976, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphopolyprenol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + polyprenyl phosphate = UDP + polyprenylphosphate-glucose
uridine diphosphoglucose-polyprenol monophosphate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:polyprenol
monophosphate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:phosphopolyprenol D-glucosyltransferase
Ficaprenyl phosphate is the best substrate; other polyprenols can also act as substrates, but more
slowly.
[979]
[EC 2.4.1.78 created 1976]
EC 2.4.1.79
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
globotriaosylceramide 3-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramide acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; globoside synthetase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:globotriaosylceramide β-3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramide β-D-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:globotriaosylceramide β1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase;
globoside synthase; galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramide β-D-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase;
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:D-galactosyl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-glucosylceramide β-N-acetylD -galactosaminyltransferase; β3GalNAc-T1; UDP-N-acetyl- D -galactosamine:α- D -galactosyl-(1→4)β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosylceramide 3III -β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase; UDP-Nacetyl-D-galactosamine:α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
3III -β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
117
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide III3 -β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
Globoside is a neutral glycosphingolipid in human erythrocytes and has blood-group-P-antigen activity [1612]. The enzyme requires a divalent cation for activity, with Mn2+ required for maximal
activity [2222]. UDP-GalNAc is the only sugar donor that is used efficiently by the enzyme: UDPGal and UDP-GlcNAc result in very low enzyme activity [2222]. Lactosylceramide, globoside and
gangliosides GM3 and GD3 are not substrates [1612]. For explanation of the superscripted ‘30 in the
systematic name, see GL-5.3.4.
[353, 946, 2222, 1612]
[EC 2.4.1.79 created 1976, modified 2006]
EC 2.4.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ceramide glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an N-acylsphingosine = UDP + a D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine
UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase; ceramide:UDP-Glc glucosyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoglucose-ceramide glucosyltransferase; ceramide:UDP-glucose glucosyltransferase; glucosylceramide synthase
UDP-glucose:N-acylsphingosine D-glucosyltransferase
Sphingosine and dihydrosphingosine can also act as acceptors; CDP-glucose can act as donor.
[143]
[EC 2.4.1.80 created 1976]
EC 2.4.1.81
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavone 7-O-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxyflavone = UDP + 7-O-β-D-glucosyl-5,7,30 ,40 tetrahydroxyflavone
UDP-glucose-apigenin β-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-luteolin β-D-glucosyltransferase;
uridine diphosphoglucose-luteolin glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-apigenin 7-Oglucosyltransferase; UDP-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:5,7,30 ,40 -tetrahydroxyflavone 7-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
A number of flavones, flavanones and flavonols can function as acceptors. Different from EC 2.4.1.91
(flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase).
[2169]
[EC 2.4.1.81 created 1976]
EC 2.4.1.82
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactinol—sucrose galactosyltransferase
α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-1D-myo-inositol + sucrose = myo-inositol + raffinose
1-α-D-galactosyl-myo-inositol:sucrose 6-α-D-galactosyltransferase; α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-myoinositol:sucrose 6-α-D-galactosyltransferase; raffinose synthase; RafS
α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-1D-myo-inositol:sucrose 6-α-D-galactosyltransferase
4-Nitrophenyl α-D-galactopyranoside can also act as donor. The enzyme also catalyses an exchange
reaction between raffinose and sucrose (cf. EC 2.4.1.123, inositol 3-α-galactosyltransferase).
[1227, 1228]
[EC 2.4.1.82 created 1976, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.1.83
Accepted name:
Reaction:
dolichyl-phosphate β-D-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose + dolichyl phosphate = GDP + dolichyl D-mannosyl phosphate
118
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
GDP-Man:DolP mannosyltransferase; dolichyl mannosyl phosphate synthase; dolichylphospho-mannose synthase; GDP-mannose:dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase; guanosine
diphosphomannose-dolichol phosphate mannosyltransferase; dolichol phosphate mannose synthase;
dolichyl phosphate mannosyltransferase; dolichyl-phosphate mannose synthase; GDP-mannosedolichol phosphate mannosyltransferase; GDP-mannose-dolichylmonophosphate mannosyltransferase; mannosylphosphodolichol synthase; mannosylphosphoryldolichol synthase
GDP-mannose:dolichyl-phosphate β-D-mannosyltransferase
Acts only on long-chain polyprenyl phosphates and α-dihydropolyprenyl phosphates that are larger
than C35 .
[85, 262, 799, 1650, 1825]
[EC 2.4.1.83 created 1976, modified 1983]
[2.4.1.84
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—1,2-diacylglycerol glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17,
glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.84 created 1976, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.85
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cyanohydrin β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-D-glucose + (S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile = UDP + (S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-p-hydroxymandelonitrile glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-phydroxymandelonitrile glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-cyanohydrin glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose:aldehyde cyanohydrin β-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:(S)-4hydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucosyltransferase; UGT85B1; UDP-glucose:p-hydroxymandelonitrileO-glucosyltransferase
UDP-D-glucose:(S)-4-hydroxymandelonitrile β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on a wide range of substrates in vitro, including cyanohydrins, terpenoids, phenolics, hexanol
derivatives and plant hormones, in a regiospecific manner [781]. This enzyme is involved in the
biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin in sorghum, along with EC 1.14.13.41, tyrosine
N-monooxygenase and EC 1.14.13.68, 4-hydroxyphenylacetaldehyde oxime monooxygenase. This
reaction prevents the disocciation and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide [781].
[1798, 1003, 781, 290, 1168]
[EC 2.4.1.85 created 1976, modified 2005]
EC 2.4.1.86
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide = UDP + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
uridine diphosphogalactose-acetyl-glucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide galactosyltransferase;
GalT-4; paragloboside synthase; glucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide 4-β-galactosyltransferase;
lactotriaosylceramide 4-β-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-1,3D -galactosyl-1,4- D -glucosylceramide β- D -galactosyltransferase; UDP-Gal:LcOse3Cer(β 14)galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-Dglucosylceramide 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosylceramide 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide 3-β-Dgalactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase
[136, 140]
[EC 2.4.1.86 created 1976]
119
EC 2.4.1.87
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetyllactosaminide 3-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = UDP + α-D-galactosyl(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-R (where R can be OH, an oligosaccharide
or a glycoconjugate)
α-galactosyltransferase; UDP-Gal:β-D-Gal(1,4)-D-GlcNAc α(1,3)-galactosyltransferase; UDPGal:N-acetyllactosaminide α(1,3)-galactosyltransferase; UDP-Gal:N-acetyllactosaminide α1,3-D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-Gal:Galβ1→4GlcNAc-R α1→3-galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose-acetyllactosamine α-D-galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:β-D-galactosyl-β-1,4-Nacetyl-D-glucosaminyl-glycopeptide α-1,3-D-galactosyltransferase; glucosaminylglycopeptide α-1,3galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-acetyllactosamine α1→3-galactosyltransferase;
uridine diphosphogalactose-acetyllactosamine galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactosegalactosylacetylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide galactosyltransferase; β-D-galactosyl-Nacetylglucosaminylglycopeptide α-1,3-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:N-acetyllactosaminide
3-α-D-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-α-Dgalactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase
Acts on β-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyl termini on asialo-α1 -acid glycoprotein and Nacetyllactosamine (β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine), but not on 20 -fucosylated-Nacetyllactosamine. The non-reducing terminal N-acetyllactosamine residues of glycoproteins can also
act as acceptor. Now includes EC 2.4.1.124 and EC 2.4.1.151.
[137, 220, 215]
[EC 2.4.1.87 created 1976, modified 1989, modified 2002 (EC 2.4.1.124 created 1984, incorporated 2002; EC 2.4.1.151 created 1984,
incorporated 2002)]
EC 2.4.1.88
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
globoside α-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetylD -galactosaminyl-(1→3)- D -galactosyl-(1→4)- D -galactosyl-(1→4)- D -glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-globoside α-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; Forssman
synthase; globoside acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetylD -galactosaminyl-1,3- D -galactosyl-1,4- D -galactosyl-1,4- D -glucosylceramide α-N-acetyl- D galactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(1→3)-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-galactosyl(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide α-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
[1088]
[EC 2.4.1.88 created 1976]
[2.4.1.89
Deleted entry. Galactosylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosylceramide α-L-fucosyltransferase - now included with EC
2.4.1.69 galactoside 2-α-L-fucosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.89 created 1976, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.90
Accepted name:
Reaction:
N-acetyllactosamine synthase
UDP-galactose + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine = UDP + N-acetyllactosamine
120
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-galactose—N-acetylglucosamine β-D-galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactoseacetylglucosamine galactosyltransferase; β-1,4-galactosyltransferase; acetyllactosamine
synthetase; lactosamine synthase; lactosamine synthetase; lactose synthetase A protein; Nacetyllactosamine synthetase; UDP-galactose N-acetylglucosamine β-4-galactosyltransferase;
UDP-galactose-acetylglucosamine galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose-N-acetylglucosamine
β-1,4-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose-N-acetylglucosamine galactosyltransferase; β1-4galactosyltransferase; UDP-Gal:N-acetylglucosamine β1-4-galactosyltransferase; β1-4GalT; NAL
synthetase; UDP-β-1,4-galactosyltransferase; Gal-T; UDP-galactose:N-acetylglucosaminide β14-galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:N-acetylglucosaminyl(β1-4)galactosyltransferase; β-Nacetylglucosaminide β1-4-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 4-β-D-galactosyltransferase
The reaction is catalysed by a component of EC 2.4.1.22 (lactose synthase), which is identical with
EC 2.4.1.38 (β-N-acetylglucosaminyl-glycopeptide β-1,4-galactosyltransferase), and by an enzyme
from the Golgi apparatus of animal tissues. Formerly listed also as EC 2.4.1.98.
[469, 839, 867, 915, 1939]
[EC 2.4.1.90 created 1976 (EC 2.4.1.98 created 1980, incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.91
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a flavonol = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucoside
GTI; uridine diphosphoglucose-flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:flavonol 3-Oglucosyltransferase; UDPG:flavonoid-3-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:flavonol 3-O-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on a variety of flavonols, including quercetin and quercetin 7-O-glucoside. Different from EC
2.4.1.81 (flavone 7-O-β-glucosyltransferase).
[1113, 2168]
[EC 2.4.1.91 created 1976]
EC 2.4.1.92
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(N-acetylneuraminyl)-galactosylglucosylceramide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + 1-O-[O-(N-acetyl-α-neuraminosyl)-(2→3)-O-β-Dgalactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-ceramide = UDP + 1-O-[O-2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxyβ-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-[N-acetyl-α-neuraminosyl-(2→3)]-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)β-D-glucopyranosyl]-ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-ganglioside GM3 acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; ganglioside GM2 synthase; ganglioside GM3 acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; GM2 synthase; UDP
acetylgalactosamine-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosylceramide acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:1-O-[O-(N-acetyl-α-neuraminosyl)-(2→3)-O-β-Dgalactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-ceramide 1,4-β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine GM3 N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-acetylneuraminylgalactosylglucosylceramide acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-hematoside acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; GM2/GD2-synthase; β-1,4N-aetylgalactosaminyltransferase; asialo-GM2 synthase; GalNAc-T;
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosylceramide N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:1-O-[O-(N-acetyl-α-neuraminosyl)-(2→3)-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]-ceramide 4-β-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses the formation of the gangliosides (i.e. sialic-acid-containing glycosphingolipids) GM2, GD2 and SM2 from GM3, GD3 and SM3, respectively. Asialo-GM3 [1054] and lactosylceramide [1718] are also substrates, but glycoproteins and oligosaccharides are not substrates.
[473, 1718, 1054, 801, 1518, 640, 2526]
121
[EC 2.4.1.92 created 1976, modified 2006]
[2.4.1.93
Transferred entry. inulin fructotransferase (depolymerizing, difructofuranose-1,20 :2,30 -dianhydride-forming). Now
EC 4.2.2.18, inulin fructotransferase (DFA-III-forming). The enzyme was wrongly classified as a transferase rather than a lyase]
[EC 2.4.1.93 created 1976, deleted 2004]
EC 2.4.1.94
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + protein = UDP + N 4 -(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl)-protein
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-protein acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphospho-Nacetylglucosamine:polypeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; O-GlcNAc transferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:protein β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-transferase
The acceptor is the asparagine residue in a sequence of the form Asn-Xaa-Thr or Asn-Xaa-Ser.
[1079, 1080, 1081]
[EC 2.4.1.94 created 1978]
EC 2.4.1.95
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
bilirubin-glucuronoside glucuronosyltransferase
2 bilirubin-glucuronoside = bilirubin + bilirubin-bisglucuronoside
bilirubin monoglucuronide transglucuronidase; bilirubin glucuronoside glucuronosyltransferase
bilirubin-glucuronoside:bilirubin-glucuronoside D-glucuronosyltransferase
[981]
[EC 2.4.1.95 created 1978]
EC 2.4.1.96
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = UDP + 1-O-α-D-galactosyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
isofloridoside-phosphate synthase; UDP-Gal:sn-glycero-3-phosphoric acid 1-α-galactosyl-transferase;
UDPgalactose:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate α-D-galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactoseglycerol phosphate galactosyltransferase; glycerol 3-phosphate 1α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 1-α-D-galactosyltransferase
The product is hydrolysed by a phosphatase to isofloridoside, which is involved in osmoregulation (cf.
EC 2.4.1.137 sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 2-α-galactosyltransferase).
[1050, 1051]
[EC 2.4.1.96 created 1978]
EC 2.4.1.97
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,3-β-D-glucan phosphorylase
[(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n + phosphate = [(1→3)-β-D-glucosyl]n−1 + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
laminarin phosphoryltransferase; 1,3-β-D-glucan:orthophosphate glucosyltransferase;1,3-β-Dglucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
(1→3)-β-D-glucan:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on a range of β-1,3-oligoglucans, and on glucans of laminarin type. Different from EC 2.4.1.30
(1,3-β-oligoglucan phosphorylase) and EC 2.4.1.31 (laminaribiose phosphorylase).
[26]
[EC 2.4.1.97 created 1978]
[2.4.1.98
Deleted entry. UDP-galactose—N-acetylglucosamine β-D-galactosyl-transferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.90,
N-acetyllactosamine synthase]
122
[EC 2.4.1.98 created 1980, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.99
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sucrose:sucrose fructosyltransferase
2 sucrose = D-glucose + β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-β-D-fructofuranosyl α-D-glucopyranoside
SST; sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase; sucrose-sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase; sucrose 1F fructosyltransferase; sucrose:sucrose 1F -β-D-fructosyltransferase
sucrose:sucrose 10 -β-D-fructosyltransferase
For definition of the prime in the systematic name, see 2-Carb-36.2.
[843, 1322]
[EC 2.4.1.99 created 1981, modified 2004]
EC 2.4.1.100
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2,1-fructan:2,1-fructan 1-fructosyltransferase
[β-D-fructosyl-(2→1)-]m + [β-D-fructosyl-(2→1)-]n = [β-D-fructosyl-(2→1)-]m−1 + [β-D-fructosyl(2→1)-]n+1
1,2-β-D-fructan 1F -fructosyltransferase; fructan:fructan fructosyl transferase; FFT; 1,2-β-fructan 1F fructosyltransferase; 1,2-β-D-fructan:1,2-β-D-fructan 1F -β-D-fructosyltransferase; fructan:fructan 1fructosyl transferase; 2,1-β-D-fructan:2,1-β-D-fructan 1-β-D-fructosyltransferase
(2→1)-β-D-fructan:(2→1)-β-D-fructan 1-β-D-fructosyltransferase
[843, 2343]
[EC 2.4.1.100 created 1981, modified 2004]
EC 2.4.1.101
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 3-(α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R = UDP + 3-(2-[N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; N-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-α-1,3-mannosylglycoprotein β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosaminyl:α-1,3-D-mannoside-β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; UDP-N-acetylglucosaminyl:α-3-D-mannoside β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I;
α-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTI
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:3-(α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2-β-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor. Note that this
enzyme acts before N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases II, III, IV, V and VI (click here for diagram).
[789, 1418, 1449, 1624, 1625, 1940, 2335, 2304]
[EC 2.4.1.101 created 1983, modified 2001 (EC 2.4.1.51 created 1972, part incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.102
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R = UDP + β-Dgalactosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)]-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R
O-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; β6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-mucin β-(1→6)-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; core 2 acetylglucosaminyltransferase; core 6-β-GlcNAc-transferase A; UDP-N-acetyl-Dglucosamine:O-glycosyl-glycoprotein (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to N-acetyl-D-galactosamine of βD -galactosyl-1,3-N-acetyl- D -galactosaminyl-R) β-1,6-N-acetyl- D -glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:O-glycosyl-glycoprotein (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to N-acetylD -galactosamine of β- D -galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl- D -galactosaminyl-R) 6-β-N-acetyl- D glucosaminyltransferase
123
Comments:
References:
cf. EC 2.4.1.146 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase),
EC 2.4.1.147 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase)
and EC 2.4.1.148 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase).
[266, 2466, 2467]
[EC 2.4.1.102 created 1983]
EC 2.4.1.103
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alizarin 2-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 1,2-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone = UDP + 1-hydroxy-2-(β-D-glucosyloxy)-9,10anthraquinone
uridine diphosphoglucose-alizarin glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:1,2-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone 2-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on other hydroxy- and dihydroxy-derivatives of 9,10-anthraquinone.
[1378]
[EC 2.4.1.103 created 1983]
EC 2.4.1.104
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
o-dihydroxycoumarin 7-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 7,8-dihydroxycoumarin = UDP + daphnin
uridine diphosphoglucose-o-dihydroxycoumarin 7-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:odihydroxycoumarin glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:7,8-dihydroxycoumarin 7-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Converts the aglycone daphetin into daphnin and, more slowly, esculetin into cichoriin, umbelliferone
into skimmin, hydrangetin into hydrangin and scopoletin into scopolin.
[923]
[EC 2.4.1.104 created 1983]
EC 2.4.1.105
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
vitexin β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + vitexin = UDP + vitexin 200 -O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-vitexin 200 -glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:vitexin 200 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Vitexin is a flavonoid from Cannabis sativa (hemp) and some populations of Silene alba.
[832]
[EC 2.4.1.105 created 1983]
EC 2.4.1.106
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isovitexin β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + isovitexin = UDP + isovitexin 200 -O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-isovitexin 200 -glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:isovitexin 200 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Isovitexin is a flavonoid from petals of Silene alba.
[832]
[EC 2.4.1.106 created 1983]
[2.4.1.107
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—testosterone glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
124
[EC 2.4.1.107 created 1983, deleted 1984]
[2.4.1.108
Deleted entry. UDP-glucuronate—phenol glucuronosyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.4.1.17, glucuronosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.108 created 1983, deleted 1984]
EC 2.4.1.109
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dolichyl-phosphate-mannose-protein mannosyltransferase
dolichyl phosphate D-mannose + protein = dolichyl phosphate + O-D-mannosylprotein
dolichol phosphomannose-protein mannosyltransferase; protein O-D-mannosyltransferase
dolichyl-phosphate-D-mannose:protein O-D-mannosyltransferase
The enzyme transfers mannosyl residues to the hydroxy group of serine or threonine residues, producing cell-wall mannoproteins. It acts only on long-chain α-dihydropolyprenyl derivatives, larger than
C35 .
[85, 1650]
[EC 2.4.1.109 created 1983]
EC 2.4.1.110
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA-queuosine β-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose + tRNAAsp -queuosine = GDP + tRNAAsp -O-500 -β-D-mannosylqueuosine
GDP-mannose:tRNAAsp -queuosine O-500 -β-D-mannosyltransferase
[1610]
[EC 2.4.1.110 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.111
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
coniferyl-alcohol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + coniferyl alcohol = UDP + coniferin
uridine diphosphoglucose-coniferyl alcohol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose coniferyl alcohol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:coniferyl-alcohol 40 -β-D-glucosyltransferase
Sinapyl alcohol can also act as acceptor.
[924]
[EC 2.4.1.111 created 1984]
[2.4.1.112
Deleted entry. α-1,4-glucan-protein synthase (UDP-forming). The protein referred to in this entry is now known
to be glycogenin so the entry has been incorporated into EC 2.4.1.186, glycogenin glucosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.112 created 1984, deleted 2007]
EC 2.4.1.113
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-1,4-glucan-protein synthase (ADP-forming)
ADP-glucose + protein = ADP + α-D-glucosyl-protein
ADP-glucose:protein glucosyltransferase; adenosine diphosphoglucose-protein glucosyltransferase
ADP-glucose:protein 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
The enzyme builds up α-1,4-glucan chains covalently bound to protein, thus acting as an initiator of
glycogen synthesis.
[117]
[EC 2.4.1.113 created 1984]
125
EC 2.4.1.114
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-coumarate O-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + trans-2-hydroxycinnamate = UDP + trans-β-D-glucosyl-2-hydroxycinnamate
uridine diphosphoglucose-o-coumarate glucosyltransferase; UDPG:o-coumaric acid Oglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:trans-2-hydroxycinnamate O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Coumarinate (cis-2-hydroxycinnamate) does not act as acceptor.
[1114, 1728]
[EC 2.4.1.114 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.115
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-D-glucose + an anthocyanidin = UDP + an anthocyanidin-3-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:anthocyanidin/flavonol 3-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:cyanidin-3-Oglucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-D-glucosyltransferase; 3-GT
UDP-D-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
The anthocyanidin compounds cyanidin, delphinidin, peonidin and to a lesser extent pelargonidin can act as substrates. The enzyme does not catalyse glucosylation of the 5-position of cyanidin and does not act on flavanols such as quercetin and kaempferol (cf. EC 2.4.1.91 flavonol 3-Oglucosyltransferase). In conjunction with EC 1.14.11.19, leucocyanidin oxygenase, it is involved in
the conversion of leucoanthocyanidin into anthocyanidin 3-glucoside. It may act on the pseudobase
precursor of the anthocyanidin rather than on the anthocyanidin itself [1525].
[1030, 597, 1525]
[EC 2.4.1.115 created 1984 (EC 2.4.1.233 created 2004, incorporated 2005), modified 2005]
EC 2.4.1.116
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + cyanidin-3-O-β-L-rhamnosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucoside = UDP + cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside
5-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-cyanidin 3-rhamnosylglucoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase; cyanidin-3rhamnosylglucoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:cyanidin-3-O-D-rhamnosyl-1,6-Dglucoside 5-O-D-glucosyltransferase;
UDP-glucose:cyanidin-3-O-β-L-rhamnosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucoside 5-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Also acts on pelargonidin-3-rutinoside. The enzyme does not catalyse the glucosylation of the 5hydroxy group of cyanidin-3-glucoside.
[1031]
[EC 2.4.1.116 created 1984 (EC 2.4.1.235 created 2004, incorporated 2006), modified 2006]
EC 2.4.1.117
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dolichyl-phosphate β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + dolichyl phosphate = UDP + dolichyl β-D-glucosyl phosphate
polyprenyl phosphate:UDP-D-glucose glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose dolichyl-phosphate glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-dolichol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:dolichol
phosphate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:dolicholphosphoryl glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:dolichyl monophosphate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:dolichyl phosphate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:dolichyl-phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
Solanesyl phosphate and ficaprenyl phosphate can act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[164, 849, 2353]
126
[EC 2.4.1.117 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.118
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cytokinin 7-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an N 6 -alkylaminopurine = UDP + an N 6 -alkylaminopurine-7-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-zeatin 7-glucosyltransferase; cytokinin 7-glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:zeatin 7-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:N 6 -alkylaminopurine 7-glucosyltransferase
Acts on a range of N 6 -substituted adenines, including zeatin and N 6 -benzylaminopurine, but not N 6 benzyladenine. With some acceptors, 9-β-D-glucosides are also formed.
[542, 544]
[EC 2.4.1.118 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.119
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide—protein glycotransferase
dolichyl diphosphooligosaccharide + protein L-asparagine = dolichyl diphosphate + a glycoprotein
with the oligosaccharide chain attached by N-glycosyl linkage to protein L-asparagine
dolichyldiphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycosyltransferase; asparagine Nglycosyltransferase; dolichyldiphosphooligosaccharide-protein oligosaccharyltransferase;
dolichylpyrophosphodiacetylchitobiose-protein glycosyltransferase; oligomannosyltransferase;
oligosaccharide transferase; dolichyldiphosphoryloligosaccharide-protein oligosaccharyltransferase
dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide:protein-L-asparagine oligopolysaccharidotransferase
Transfers the glucosyl-mannosyl-glucosamine polysaccharide side-chains of glycoproteins to an asparagine residue in the sequence Asn-Xaa-Ser or Asn-Xaa-Thr in the nascent polypeptide chains of
the protein moiety.
[436]
[EC 2.4.1.119 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.120
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sinapate 1-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + sinapate = UDP + 1-sinapoyl-D-glucose
uridine diphosphoglucose-sinapate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:sinapic acid glucosyltransferase; uridine 50 -diphosphoglucose-hydroxycinnamic acid acylglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:sinapate D-glucosyltransferase
Some other hydroxycinnamates, including 4-coumarate, ferulate and caffeate, can act as acceptors,
but more slowly. Only glucose esters, not glucosides, are formed (cf. EC 2.4.1.126 hydroxycinnamate
4-β-glucosyltransferase).
[2146]
[EC 2.4.1.120 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.121
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
indole-3-acetate β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + (indol-3-yl)acetate = UDP + 1-O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-β-D-glucose
uridine diphosphoglucose-indoleacetate glucosyltransferase; UDPG-indol-3-ylacetyl glucosyl
transferase; UDP-glucose:indol-3-ylacetate glucosyltransferase; indol-3-ylacetylglucose synthase;
UDP-glucose:indol-3-ylacetate glucosyl-transferase; IAGlu synthase; IAA-glucose synthase; UDPglucose:indole-3-acetate β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(indol-3-yl)acetate β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1428]
127
[EC 2.4.1.121 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.122
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + glycoprotein N-acetyl-D-galactosamine = UDP + glycoprotein D-galactosyl-(1→3)N-acetyl-D-galactosamine
uridine diphosphogalactose-mucin β-(1→3)-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:glycoprotein-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase
The non-reducing O-serine-linked N-acetylgalactosamine residues in mucin glycoproteins can act as
acceptors.
[851, 1419, 1940]
[EC 2.4.1.122 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.123
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol 3-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + myo-inositol = UDP + O-α-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-1D-myo-inositol
UDP-D-galactose:inositol galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:myo-inositol 1-α-Dgalactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:myo-inositol 1-α-D-galactosyltransferase; galactinol synthase;
inositol 1-α-galactosyltransferase; uridine diphosphogalactose-inositol galactosyltransferase; GolS
UDP-galactose:myo-inositol 3-α-D-galactosyltransferase
An enzyme from plants involved in the formation of raffinose and stachyose [cf. EC 2.4.1.67
(galactinol—raffinose galactosyltransferase) and EC 2.4.1.82 (galactinol—sucrose galactosyltransferase)].
[1698]
[EC 2.4.1.123 created 1984, modified 2003]
[2.4.1.124
Transferred entry. N-acetyllactosamine 3-α-galactosyltransferase. Now EC 2.4.1.87, N-acetyllactosaminide 3α-galactosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.124 created 1984, deleted 2002]
EC 2.4.1.125
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sucrose—1,6-α-glucan 3(6)-α-glucosyltransferase
sucrose + [(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl]n = D-fructose + [(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
water-soluble-glucan synthase; GTF-S; sucrose-1,6-α-glucan 3(6)-α-glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6α-D-glucan 3-α- and 6-α-glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6-, 1,3-α-D-glucan 3-α- and 6-α-Dglucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6-α-D-glucan 3(6)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
sucrose:(1→6)-α-D-glucan 3(6)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Also transfers glucosyl residues to the 3-position on glucose residues in glucans, producing a highlybranched 1,6-α-D-glucan.
[1493, 2020, 2285]
[EC 2.4.1.125 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.126
Accepted name:
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Comments:
hydroxycinnamate 4-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + trans-4-hydroxycinnamate = UDP + 4-O-β-D-glucosyl-4-hydroxycinnamate
uridine diphosphoglucose-hydroxycinnamate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-hydroxycinnamate
glucosyltransferase; hydroxycinnamoyl glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:trans-4-hydroxycinnamate 4-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on 4-coumarate, ferulate, caffeate and sinapate, forming a mixture of 4-glucosides and glucose
esters (cf. EC 2.4.1.120 sinapate 1-glucosyltransferase).
128
References:
[588]
[EC 2.4.1.126 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.127
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monoterpenol β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + (-)-menthol = UDP + (-)-menthyl O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-monoterpenol glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:monoterpenol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(-)-menthol O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
(+)-Neomenthol can also act as acceptor.
[588]
[EC 2.4.1.127 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.128
Accepted name:
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scopoletin glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + scopoletin = UDP + scopolin
uridine diphosphoglucose-scopoletin glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:scopoletin glucosyltransferase; SGTase
UDP-glucose:scopoletin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
[871]
[EC 2.4.1.128 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.129
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peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase
[GlcNAc-(1→4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n -diphosphoundecaprenol
+ GlcNAc-(1→4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol =
[GlcNAc-(1→4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)]n+1 -diphosphoundecaprenol +
undecaprenyl diphosphate
PG-II; bactoprenyldiphospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-(N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl)pentapeptide:peptidoglycan N-acetylmuramoyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase; penicillin
binding protein (3 or 1B); peptidoglycan transglycosylase; undecaprenyldiphospho-(N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide):undecaprenyldiphospho-(N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide) disaccharidetransferase
[poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-(N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide)]diphosphoundecaprenol:[N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-muramoylpentapeptide]diphosphoundecaprenol disaccharidetransferase
The enzyme also works when the lysine residue is replaced by meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate
(meso-2,6-diaminopimelate, A2pm) combined with adjacent residues through its L-centre, as it is in
Gram-negative and some Gram-positive organisms. The undecaprenol involved is ditrans,octacisundecaprenol (for definitions, click here). Involved in the synthesis of cell-wall peptidoglycan.
[2217, 697, 2323]
[EC 2.4.1.129 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.130
Accepted name:
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dolichyl-phosphate-mannose—glycolipid α-mannosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-mannosyl residue from dolichyl-phosphate D-mannose into membrane lipid-linked
oligosaccharide
dolichol phosphomannose-oligosaccharide-lipid mannosyltransferase; oligomannosylsynthase
dolichyl-phosphate-D-mannose:glycolipid α-D-mannosyltransferase
129
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Four of the nine mannosyl residues in the main membrane lipid-linked oligosaccharide of the structure Glc3 Man9 GlcNAc2 are produced by the action of this enzyme.
[1795]
[EC 2.4.1.130 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.131
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glycolipid 2-α-mannosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-mannosyl residue from GDP-mannose into lipid-linked oligosaccharide, forming an
α-(1→2)-D-mannosyl-D-mannose linkage
guanosine diphosphomannose-oligosaccharide-lipid mannosyltransferase; GDP-mannoseoligosaccharide-lipid mannosyltransferase; oligosaccharide-lipid mannosyltransferase; GDPmannose:glycolipid 1,2-α-D-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:glycolipid 2-α-D-mannosyltransferase
The two 1,2-linked mannosyl residues in the mammalian lipid-linked oligosaccharide of the structure
Glc3 Man9 GlcNAc2 are produced by the action of this enzyme.
[1975]
[EC 2.4.1.131 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.132
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glycolipid 3-α-mannosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-mannosyl residue from GDP-mannose into lipid-linked oligosaccharide, forming an
α-(1→3)-D-mannosyl-D-mannose linkage
mannosyltransferase II; guanosine diphosphomannose-oligosaccharide-lipid II mannosyltransferase;
GDP-mannose-oligosaccharide-lipid mannosyltransferase II; GDP-mannose:glycolipid 1,3-α-Dmannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:glycolipid 3-α-D-mannosyltransferase
The 1,3-linked mannosyl residue in the mammalian lipid-linked oligosaccharide of the structure
Glc3 Man9 GlcNAc2 is produced by this enzyme.
[987]
[EC 2.4.1.132 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.133
Accepted name:
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xylosylprotein 4-β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + O-β-D-xylosylprotein = UDP + 4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein
UDP-D-galactose:D-xylose galactosyltransferase; UDP-D-galactose:xylose galactosyltransferase;
galactosyltransferase I; uridine diphosphogalactose-xylose galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:O-β-D-xylosylprotein 4-β-D-galactosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the linkage region of glycosaminoglycan chains as part of proteoglycan biosynthesis (chondroitin, dermatan and heparan sulfates). Requires Mn2+ .
[1976, 1613]
[EC 2.4.1.133 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.134
Accepted name:
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Comments:
galactosylxylosylprotein 3-β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + 4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein = UDP + 3-β-D-galactosyl-4-β-Dgalactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein
galactosyltransferase II; uridine diphosphogalactose-galactosylxylose galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein 3-β-D-galactosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the linkage region of glycosaminoglycan chains as part of proteoglycan biosynthesis (chondroitin, dermatan and heparan sulfates). Requires Mn2+ .
130
References:
[1845, 1976, 91]
[EC 2.4.1.134 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.135
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galactosylgalactosylxylosylprotein 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate + 3-β-D-galactosyl-4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein = UDP + 3-β-Dglucuronosyl-3-β-D-galactosyl-4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein
glucuronosyltransferase I; uridine diphosphate glucuronic acid:acceptor glucuronosyltransferase; UDP-glucuronate:3-β-D-galactosyl-4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosyl-protein Dglucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate:3-β-D-galactosyl-4-β-D-galactosyl-O-β-D-xylosylprotein D-glucuronosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the linkage region of glycosaminoglycan chains as part of proteoglycan biosynthesis (chondroitin, dermatan and heparan sulfates). Requires Mn2+ .
[837, 838, 1106]
[EC 2.4.1.135 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.136
Accepted name:
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gallate 1-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + gallate = UDP + 1-galloyl-β-D-glucose
UDP-glucose—vanillate 1-glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:vanillate 1-O-glucosyltransferase;
UDPglucose:gallate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:gallate β-D-glucosyltransferase
A number of substituted benzoic acids and, more slowly, cinnamic acids, can act as acceptors.
Vanillin is the best acceptor investigated.
[744, 745]
[EC 2.4.1.136 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.137
Accepted name:
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sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 2-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = UDP + 2-(α-D-galactosyl)-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
floridoside-phosphate synthase; UDP-galactose:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate-2-D-galactosyl transferase;
FPS; UDP-galactose, sn-3-glycerol phosphate:1→20 galactosyltransferase; floridoside phosphate synthetase; floridoside phosphate synthase
UDP-galactose:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 2-α-D-galactosyltransferase
The product is hydrolysed by a phosphatase to floridoside (cf. EC 2.4.1.96 sn-glycerol-3-phosphate
1-galactosyltransferase).
[727]
[EC 2.4.1.137 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.138
Accepted name:
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mannotetraose 2-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + (1→3)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosylD -mannose = UDP + (1→3)-α- D -mannosyl-(1→2)-(N-acetyl-α- D -glucosaminyl-α- D -mannosyl)(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-D-mannose
α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine mannoside α1→2αcetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:mannotetraose α-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→2)-Dmannose α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
[493]
131
[EC 2.4.1.138 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.139
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maltose synthase
2 α-D-glucose 1-phosphate + H2 O = maltose + 2 phosphate
α-D-glucose-1-phosphate:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase (dephosphorylating)
Neither free phosphate nor maltose 1-phosphate is an intermediate in the reaction.
[1948]
[EC 2.4.1.139 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.140
Accepted name:
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alternansucrase
Transfers alternately an α-D-glucosyl residue from sucrose to the 6-position and the 3-position of the
non-reducing terminal residue of an α-D-glucan, thus producing a glucan having alternating α-(1→6)and α-(1→3)-linkages
sucrose-1,6(3)-α-glucan 6(3)-α-glucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6-, 1,3-α-D-glucan 3-α- and 6-α-Dglucosyltransferase; sucrose:1,6(1,3)-α-D-glucan 6(3)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
sucrose:(1→6)[(1→3)]-α-D-glucan 6(3)-α-D-glucosyltransferase
The product, which has quite different properties from other dextrans, has been called alternan.
[402]
[EC 2.4.1.140 created 1984, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.1.141
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N-acetylglucosaminyldiphosphodolichol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-diphosphodolichol = UDP + N,N 0 diacetylchitobiosyl-diphosphodolichol
UDP-GlcNAc:dolichyl-pyrophosphoryl-GlcNAc GlcNAc transferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-dolichylacetylglucosamine pyrophosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase; N,N 0 -diacetylchitobiosylpyrophosphoryldolichol synthase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-diphosphodolichol N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
[1997, 2289]
[EC 2.4.1.141 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.142
Accepted name:
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chitobiosyldiphosphodolichol β-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose + chitobiosyldiphosphodolichol = GDP + β-(1→4)-Dmannosylchitobiosyldiphosphodolichol
guanosine diphosphomannose-dolichol diphosphochitobiose mannosyltransferase; GDP-mannosedolichol diphosphochitobiose mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:chitobiosyldiphosphodolichol β-D-mannosyltransferase
[1997, 2207]
[EC 2.4.1.142 created 1984, modified 2001]
EC 2.4.1.143
Accepted name:
Reaction:
α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 6-(α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R = UDP + 6-(2-[N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
132
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N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II; N-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II; acetylglucosaminyltransferase II; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosaminemannoside α1→6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-α-1,6mannosylglycoprotein β-1-2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamineα-D-mannoside β1-2-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-GlcNAc:mannoside α1-6 acetylglucosaminyltransferase; α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTII
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:6-(α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-glycoprotein 2-β-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor. Note that this
enzyme acts after N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I but before N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases III,
IV, V and VI (click here for diagram).
[173, 789, 1418, 1624, 1940, 172]
[EC 2.4.1.143 created 1984, modified 2001 (EC 2.4.1.51 created 1972, part incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.144
Accepted name:
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β-1,4-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-mannosyl-R = UDP + 4-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-β-Dmannosyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III; N-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-glycopeptide β4-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
III; β-1,4-mannosyl-glycoprotein β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTIII
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor (click here
for diagram). The action of this enzyme probably prevents further attachment of N-acetylglucosamine
residues to the growing carbohydrate chain.
[1537, 1940]
[EC 2.4.1.144 created 1984, modified 2001 (EC 2.4.1.51 created 1972, part incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.145
Accepted name:
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α-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 3-(2-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
= UDP + 3-(2,4-bis[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV; N-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV; β-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamineglycopeptide β4-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV; α-1,3-mannosylglycoprotein β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTIV
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:3-[2-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl]-glycoprotein 4-β-Nacetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor (click
here for diagram). The best acceptor for this enzyme is probably the same as that favoured by EC
2.4.1.144, β-1,4-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase.
[689]
[EC 2.4.1.145 created 1984, modified 2001 (EC 2.4.1.51 created 1972, part incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.4.1.146
Accepted name:
Reaction:
β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)]-N-acetylD -galactosaminyl-R = UDP + N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β- D -galactosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-βD -glucosaminyl-(1→6)]-N-acetyl- D -galactosaminyl-R
133
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Comments:
References:
O-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-mucin β(1→3)-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (elongating); elongation 3β-GalNAc-transferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:O-glycosyl-glycoprotein (N-acetylD -glucosamine to - D -galactose of β- D -galactosyl-1,3-(N-acetyl- D -glucosaminyl-1,6)-N-acetyl- D galactosaminyl-R) β-1,3-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)]-N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyl-R 3-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
cf. EC 2.4.1.102 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase),
EC 2.4.1.147 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase)
and EC 2.4.1.148 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase).
[266]
[EC 2.4.1.146 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.147
Accepted name:
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Comments:
References:
acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-R = UDP + N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-R
O-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase III; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-mucin β(1→3)-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; mucin core 3 β3GlcNAc-transferase; Core 3β-GlcNAc-transferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:O-glycosylglycoprotein (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R) β-1,3-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-R 3-β-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
cf. EC 2.4.1.102 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase),
EC 2.4.1.146 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) and
EC 2.4.1.148 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase).
[266]
[EC 2.4.1.147 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.148
Accepted name:
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Comments:
References:
acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminylR = UDP + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)]-N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyl-R
O-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine-mucin β(1→6)-acetylglucosaminyltransferase B; core 4 β6-GalNActransferase; core 6β-GalNAc-transferase B; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:O-oligosaccharideglycoprotein (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to N-acetyl-D-galactosamine of N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl1,3-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R) β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R 6-βN-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
cf. EC 2.4.1.102 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase),
EC 2.4.1.146 (β-1,3-galactosyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) and
EC 2.4.1.147 (acetylgalactosaminyl-O-glycosyl-glycoprotein β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase).
[266]
[EC 2.4.1.148 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.149
Accepted name:
N-acetyllactosaminide β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
134
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UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = UDP + Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-acetyllactosaminide β1→3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; polyN-acetyllactosamine extension enzyme; Galβ1→4GlcNAc-R β1→3 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
UDP-GlcNAc:GalR, β-D-3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; N-acetyllactosamine β(1-3)N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-GlcNAc:Galβ1→4GlcNAcβ-Rβ1→3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTE; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine β-1,3-acetylD -glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 3-β-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
Acts on β-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyl termini on asialo-α1 -acid glycoprotein and other glycoproteins and oligosaccharides.
[2215, 461]
[EC 2.4.1.149 created 1984]
EC 2.4.1.150
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetyllactosaminide β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = UDP + Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-acetyllactosaminide β1→6acetylglucosaminyltransferase; Galβ1→4GlcNAc-R β1→6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
UDP-GlcNAc:Gal-R, β-D-6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferasel UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-Dgalactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminide β-1,6-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminide 6-β-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyltransferase
Acts on β-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyl termini on asialo-α1 -acid glycoprotein.
[461]
[EC 2.4.1.150 created 1984]
[2.4.1.151
Transferred entry. N-acetyllactosaminide α-1,3-galactosyltransferase. Now EC 2.4.1.87, N-acetyllactosaminide
3-α-galactosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.151 created 1984, deleted 2002]
EC 2.4.1.152
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose + (1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R = GDP + (1→4)-β-Dgalactosyl-[α-(1→3)-L-fucosyl]-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R
Lewis-negative α-3-fucosyltransferase; plasma α-3-fucosyltransferase; guanosine diphosphofucoseglucoside α1→3-fucosyltransferase; galactoside 3-fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:1,4-β-Dgalactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:1,4-β-D-galactosylN-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-L-fucosyltransferase; GDP-β-L-fucose:1,4-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl-R 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-R 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
Normally acts on a glycoconjugate where R (see reaction) is a glycoprotein or glycolipid. This enzyme fucosylates on O-3 of an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-4, unlike EC
2.4.1.65, 3-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminide 4-α-L-fucosyltransferase, which fucosylates on O-4 of
an N-acetylglucosamine that carries a galactosyl group on O-3.
[998, 1940, 1328]
[EC 2.4.1.152 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.153
135
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dolichyl-phosphate α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + dolichyl phosphate = UDP + dolichyl N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl
phosphate
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-dolichol phosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase; dolichyl
phosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase; dolichyl phosphate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDPN-acetylglucosamine-dolichol phosphate N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
[1239, 1462, 2240, 2416]
[EC 2.4.1.153 created 1984]
[2.4.1.154
Deleted entry. globotriosylceramide β-1,6-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase. The enzyme is identical to EC
2.4.1.79, globotriaosylceramide 3-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. The reference cited referred to a 1→3 linkage and not
to a 1→6 linkage, as indicated in the enzyme entry]
[EC 2.4.1.154 created 1986, deleted 2006]
EC 2.4.1.155
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein 6-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 6-(2-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
= UDP + 6-(2,6-bis[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl]-α-D-mannosyl)-β-D-mannosyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V; α-mannoside β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-α-mannoside β1→6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:α-mannoside-β1,6 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; α-1,3(6)mannosylglycoprotein β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTV
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:6-[2-(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl]-glycoprotein 6-β-Nacetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor (click here
for diagram).
[418, 870]
[EC 2.4.1.155 created 1986, modified 2001]
EC 2.4.1.156
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
indolylacetyl-myo-inositol galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + (indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol = UDP + 5-O-(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol Dgalactoside
uridine diphosphogalactose-indolylacetylinositol galactosyltransferase; indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol
galactoside synthase; UDP-galactose:indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol 5-O-D-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol 5-O-D-galactosyltransferase
[398]
[EC 2.4.1.156 created 1986]
EC 2.4.1.157
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,2-diacylglycerol 3-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = UDP + 3-D-glucosyl-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
UDP-glucose:diacylglycerol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:1,2-diacylglycerol glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-diacylglycerol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-diacylglycerol
glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:1,2-diacylglycerol 3-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-D-glucosyltransferase
Many diacylglycerols with long-chain acyl groups can act as acceptors.
[1925]
136
[EC 2.4.1.157 created 1986]
EC 2.4.1.158
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
13-hydroxydocosanoate 13-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 13-hydroxydocosanoate = UDP + 13-β-D-glucosyloxydocosanoate
13-glucosyloxydocosanoate 20 -β-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:13-hydroxydocosanoic acid glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-hydroxydocosanoate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose13-hydroxydocosanoate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:13-hydroxydocosanoate 13-β-D-glucosyltransferase
13-β-D-Glucosyloxydocosanoate can also act as acceptor, leading to the formation by Candida bogoriensis of the extracellular glycolipid, hydroxydocosanoate sophoroside diacetate.
[258]
[EC 2.4.1.158 created 1986]
EC 2.4.1.159
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol-3-O-glucoside L-rhamnosyltransferase
UDP-L-rhamnose + a flavonol 3-O-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-[β-L-rhamnosyl-(1→6)-β-Dglucoside]
uridine diphosphorhamnose-flavonol 3-O-glucoside rhamnosyltransferase; UDP-rhamnose:flavonol
3-O-glucoside rhamnosyltransferase
UDP-L-rhamnose:flavonol-3-O-D-glucoside 600 -O-L-rhamnosyltransferase
Converts flavonol 3-O-glucosides to 3-O-rutinosides. Also acts, more slowly, on rutin, quercetin 3-Ogalactoside and flavonol 3-O-rhamnosides.
[1113, 1002]
[EC 2.4.1.159 created 1986]
EC 2.4.1.160
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyridoxine 50 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + pyridoxine = UDP + 50 -O-β-D-glucosylpyridoxine
UDP-glucose:pyridoxine 50 -O-β-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-pyridoxine 50 -βglucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-pyridoxine glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:pyridoxine 50 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
40 -Deoxypyridoxine and pyridoxamine can also act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[2194]
[EC 2.4.1.160 created 1986]
EC 2.4.1.161
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
oligosaccharide 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Transfers the non-reducing terminal α-D-glucose residue from a (1→4)-α-D-glucan to the 4-position
of an α-D-glucan, thus bringing about the hydrolysis of oligosaccharides
amylase III; 1,4-α-glucan:1,4-α-glucan 4-α-glucosyltransferase; 1,4-α-D-glucan:1,4-α-D-glucan 4-αD -glucosyltransferase
(1→4)-α-D-glucan:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on amylose, amylopectin, glycogen and maltooligosaccharides, but not on maltose. No detectable free glucose is formed.
[1542, 1543]
[EC 2.4.1.161 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.162
137
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
aldose β-D-fructosyltransferase
α-D-aldosyl1 β-D-fructoside + D-aldose2 = D-aldose1 + α-D-aldosyl2 β-D-fructoside
α-D-aldosyl-β-D-fructoside:aldose 1-β-D-fructosyltransferase
[341]
[EC 2.4.1.162 created 1989, modified 1999]
EC 2.4.1.163
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosyl-ceramide β-1,3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-acetyllactosaminide β1→3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; polyN-acetyllactosamine extension enzyme; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetylβ-D-glucosaminyl-1,3-β-D-galactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosylceramide β-1,3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Requires Mn2+ .
[138]
[EC 2.4.1.163 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.164
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactosyl-N-acetylglucosaminylgalactosylglucosyl-ceramide β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-acetyllactosaminide β1→6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-1,3-β-Dgalactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosylceramide β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-Dglucosamine:D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-Dglucosyl(1↔1)ceramide 6-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 6-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Requires Mn2+ .
[138]
[EC 2.4.1.164 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.165
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
N-acetylneuraminylgalactosylglucosylceramide β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-α-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-acetylneuraminyl(α2→3)galactosyl(β1→4)glucosyl β1→4acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-α-Dgalactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosylceramide β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-Dgalactosamine:N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide 4-βN-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-α-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)-ceramide 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
138
Comments:
References:
Requires Mn2+ . Only substances containing sialic acid residues can act as acceptors; bovine fetuin is
the best acceptor tested.
[353, 1709, 2216]
[EC 2.4.1.165 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.166
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
raffinose—raffinose α-galactosyltransferase
2 raffinose = 1F -α-D-galactosylraffinose + sucrose
raffinose (raffinose donor) galactosyltransferase; raffinose:raffinose α-galactosyltransferase;
raffinose—raffinose α-galactotransferase
raffinose:raffinose α-D-galactosyltransferase
The 3F position of raffinose can also act as galactosyl acceptor; the enzyme is involved in the accumulation of the tetrasaccharides lychnose and isolychnose in the leaves of Cerastium arvense and other
plants of the family Caryophyllaceae during late autumn.
[893]
[EC 2.4.1.166 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.167
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sucrose 6F -α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + sucrose = UDP + 6F -α-D-galactosylsucrose
uridine diphosphogalactose-sucrose 6F -α-galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:sucrose 6fru-αgalactosyltransferase; sucrose 6F -α-galactotransferase
UDP-galactose:sucrose 6F -α-D-galactosyltransferase
The enzyme is involved in the synthesis of the trisaccharide planteose and higher analogues in the
seeds of Plantago and Sesamum species.
[894]
[EC 2.4.1.167 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.168
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
xyloglucan 4-glucosyltransferase
Transfers a β-D-glucosyl residue from UDP-glucose on to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming a
β-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-D-glucose linkage
uridine diphosphoglucose-xyloglucan 4β-glucosyltransferase; xyloglucan 4β-D-glucosyltransferase;
xyloglucan glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:xyloglucan 1,4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:xyloglucan 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
In association with EC 2.4.2.39 (xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase), this enzyme brings about the synthesis of xyloglucan; concurrent transfers of glucose and xylose are essential for this synthesis. Not
identical with EC 2.4.1.12 cellulose synthase (UDP-forming).
[812, 811]
[EC 2.4.1.168 created 1989]
[2.4.1.169
Transferred entry. xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase. Now EC 2.4.2.39, xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.169 created 1989, deleted 2003]
EC 2.4.1.170
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an isoflavone = UDP + an isoflavone 7-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose-favonoid 7-Oglucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:isoflavone 7-O-glucosyltransferase
139
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-glucose:isoflavone 7-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
The 40 -methoxy isoflavones biochanin A and formononetin and, more slowly, the 40 hydroxyisoflavones genistein and daidzein, can act as acceptors. The enzyme does not act on isoflavanones, flavones, flavanones, flavanols or coumarins.
[1148]
[EC 2.4.1.170 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.171
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methyl-ONN-azoxymethanol β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + methyl-ONN-azoxymethanol = UDP + cycasin
cycasin synthase; uridine diphosphoglucose-methylazoxymethanol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucosemethylazoxymethanol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:methyl-ONN-azoxymethanol β-D-glucosyltransferase
Brings about the biosynthesis of the toxic substance cycasin in the leaves of Japanese cycad, Cycas
revoluta.
[2195]
[EC 2.4.1.171 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.172
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
salicyl-alcohol β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + salicyl alcohol = UDP + salicin
uridine diphosphoglucose-salicyl alcohol 2-glucosyltransferase; UDPglucose:salicyl alcohol phenylglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:salicyl-alcohol β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1453]
[EC 2.4.1.172 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.173
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sterol 3β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a sterol = UDP + a sterol 3-β-D-glucoside
UDPG:sterol glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-sterol β-glucosyltransferase; sterol:UDPG glucosyltransferase; UDPG-SGTase; uridine diphosphoglucose-poriferasterol glucosyltransferase;
uridine diphosphoglucose-sterol glucosyltransferase; sterol glucosyltransferase; sterol-β-Dglucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose-sterol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:sterol 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Not identical with EC 2.4.1.192 (nuatigenin 3β-glucosyltransferase) or EC 2.4.1.193 (sarsapogenin
3β-glucosyltransferase).
[506, 1024, 1025, 1503, 2485]
[EC 2.4.1.173 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.174
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
glucuronylgalactosylproteoglycan 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + β-D-glucuronyl-(1→3)-D-galactosyl-proteoglycan = UDP + Nacetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosylproteoglycan
N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase I; glucuronylgalactosylproteoglycan β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-chondroitin acetylgalactosaminyltransferase I;
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:D-glucuronyl-1,3-β-D-galactosyl-proteoglycan β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:D-glucuronyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
140
Comments:
References:
Requires Mn2+ . Involved in the biosynthesis of chondroitin sulfate. Key enzyme activity for the initiation of chondroitin and dermatan sulfates, transferring GalNAc to the GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl-Ser core.
[1855, 2309]
[EC 2.4.1.174 created 1989, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.175
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucuronosyl-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminylproteoglycan = UDP + N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-βD -galactosaminyl-proteoglycan
N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase II; UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:D-glucuronyl-N-acetyl-1,3β-D-galactosaminylproteoglycan β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; chondroitin synthase;
glucuronyl-N-acetylgalactosaminylproteoglycan β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-chondroitin acetylgalactosaminyltransferase II
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-proteoglycan
4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of chondroitin sulfate. The human form of this enzyme is a bifunctional glycosyltransferase, which also has the 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.226, Nacetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase) activity required for the synthesis
of the chondroitin sulfate disaccharide repeats. Similar chondroitin synthase ‘co-polymerases’ can be
found in Pasteurella multocida and Escherichia coli.
[1855, 1107, 452, 1562]
[EC 2.4.1.175 created 1989, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.176
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
gibberellin β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + gibberellin = UDP + gibberellin 2-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-gibberellate 7-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-gibberellate
3-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:gibberellin 2-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on the plant hormone gibberellin GA3 and related compounds.
[1986]
[EC 2.4.1.176 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.177
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cinnamate β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + trans-cinnamate = UDP + trans-cinnamoyl β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-cinnamate glucosyltransferase; UDPG:t-cinnamate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:trans-cinnamate β-D-glucosyltransferase
4-Coumarate, 2-coumarate, benzoate, feruloate and caffeate can also act as acceptors, but more
slowly. Involved in the biosynthesis of chlorogenic acid in the root of the sweet potato, Ipomoea
batatas.
[2023]
[EC 2.4.1.177 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.178
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
hydroxymandelonitrile glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 4-hydroxymandelonitrile = UDP + taxiphyllin
cyanohydrin glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-cyanohydrin glucosyltransferase
141
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-glucose:4-hydroxymandelonitrile glucosyltransferase
3,4-Dihydroxymandelonitrile can also act as acceptor.
[900, 1729]
[EC 2.4.1.178 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.179
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lactosylceramide β-1,3-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-R = UDP + D-galactosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-R
uridine diphosphogalactose-lactosylceramide β1→3-galactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:Dgalactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosyl-R β-1,3-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-R 3-β-galactosyltransferase
R may be an oligosaccharide or a glycolipid; lactose can also act as acceptor, but more slowly. Involved in the elongation of oligosaccharide chains, especially in glycolipids.
[99]
[EC 2.4.1.179 created 1989]
EC 2.4.1.180
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipopolysaccharide N-acetylmannosaminouronosyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminouronate + lipopolysaccharide = UDP + N-acetyl-β-Dmannosaminouronosyl-(1→4)-lipopolysaccharide
ManNAcA transferase; uridine diphosphoacetylmannosaminuronateacetylglucosaminylpyrophosphorylundecaprenol acetylmannosaminuronosyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminouronate:lipopolysaccharide N-acetyl-β-Dmannosaminouronosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of common antigen in Enterobacteriaceae.
[127]
[EC 2.4.1.180 created 1990]
EC 2.4.1.181
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hydroxyanthraquinone glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an hydroxyanthraquinone = UDP + a glucosyloxyanthraquinone
uridine diphosphoglucose-anthraquinone glucosyltransferase; anthraquinone-specific glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:hydroxyanthraquinone O-glucosyltransferase
A range of anthraquinones and some flavones can act as acceptors; best substrates are emodin, anthrapurpurin, quinizarin, 2,6-dihydroanthraquinone and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinone.
[1086]
[EC 2.4.1.181 created 1990]
EC 2.4.1.182
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
lipid-A-disaccharide synthase
UDP-2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)glucosamine + 2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-Dglucosaminyl 1-phosphate = UDP + 2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-(1→6)-β-D2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-D-glucosaminyl 1-phosphate
UDP-2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)glucosamine:2,3-bis-(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-Dglucosaminyl-1-phosphate 2,3-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-glucosaminyltransferase
Involved with EC 2.3.1.129 (acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]—UDP-N-acetylglucosamine Oacyltransferase) and EC 2.7.1.130 (tetraacyldisaccharide 40 -kinase) in the biosynthesis of the phosphorylated glycolipid, Lipid A, in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
142
References:
[412, 1789]
[EC 2.4.1.182 created 1990]
EC 2.4.1.183
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-1,3-glucan synthase
UDP-glucose + [α-D-glucosyl-(1→3)]n = UDP + [α-D-glucosyl-(1→3)]n+1
uridine diphosphoglucose-1,3-α-glucan glucosyltransferase; 1,3-α-D-glucan synthase; UDPglucose:α-D-(1-3)-glucan 3-α-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:α-D-(1→3)-glucan 3-α-D-glucosyltransferase
A glucan primer is needed to begin the reaction, which brings about elongation of the glucan chains.
[48]
[EC 2.4.1.183 created 1990]
EC 2.4.1.184
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactolipid galactosyltransferase
2 3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = 3-[α-D-galactosyl-(1→6)-β-D-galactosyl]-1,2-diacylsn-glycerol + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
galactolipid-galactolipid galactosyltransferase; galactolipid:galactolipid galactosyltransferase; interlipid galactosyltransferase; GGGT; DGDG synthase (ambiguous); digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase (ambiguous); 3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:mono-3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-snglycerol β-D-galactosyltransferase
3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol β-Dgalactosyltransferase
By further transfers of galactosyl residues to the digalactosyldiacylglycerol, trigalactosyldiacylglycerol and tetragalactosyldiacylglycerol are also formed. This enzyme was originally thought to be the
major enzyme involved in the production of digalactosyldiacylglycerol in plants as it masked the effect of the true enzyme (EC 2.4.1.241, digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase) [1065, 174]. Its activity is
localized to chloroplast envelope membranes, but it does not contribute to net galactolipid synthesis in
plants [1065].
[490, 822, 821, 1065, 174]
[EC 2.4.1.184 created 1990, modified 2005]
EC 2.4.1.185
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavanone 7-O-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a flavanone = UDP + a flavanone 7-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-flavanone 7-O-glucosyltransferase; naringenin 7-O-glucosyltransferase;
hesperetin 7-O-glucosyl-transferase
UDP-glucose:flavanone 7-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Naringenin and hesperetin can act as acceptors. No action on flavones or flavonols.
[1404, 1405]
[EC 2.4.1.185 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.186
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
glycogenin glucosyltransferase
UDP-α-D-glucose + glycogenin = UDP + α-D-glucosylglycogenin
glycogenin; priming glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:glycogenin glucosyltransferase
UDP-α-D-glucose:glycogenin α-D-glucosyltransferase
143
Comments:
References:
The first reaction of this enzyme is to catalyse its own glucosylation, normally at Tyr-194 of the protein if this group is free. When Tyr-194 is replaced by Thr or Phe, the enzyme’s Mn2+ -dependent selfglucosylation activity is lost but its intermolecular transglucosylation ability remains [35]. It continues to glucosylate an existing glucosyl group until a length of about 5—13 residues has been formed.
Further lengthening of the glycogen chain is then carried out by EC 2.4.1.11, glycogen (starch) synthase. The enzyme is not highly specific for the donor, using UDP-xylose in addition to UDP-glucose
(although not glucosylating or xylosylating a xylosyl group so added). It can also use CDP-glucose
and TDP-glucose, but not ADP-glucose or GDP-glucose. Similarly it is not highly specific for the
acceptor, using water (i.e. hydrolysing UDP-glucose) among others. Various forms of the enzyme exist, and different forms predominate in different organs. Thus primate liver contains glycogenin-2, of
molecular mass 66 kDa, whereas the more widespread form is glycogenin-1, with a molecular mass of
38 kDa.
[1167, 1711, 1712, 1070, 1849, 1293, 35, 34, 1485, 670]
[EC 2.4.1.186 created 1992 (EC 2.4.1.112 created 1984, incorporated 2007)]
EC 2.4.1.187
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylglucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosamine + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol = UDP + Nacetyl-β-D-mannosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol
uridine diphosphoacetyl-mannosamineacetylglucosaminylpyrophosphorylundecaprenol acetylmannosaminyltransferase; N-acetylmannosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylmannosamine:Nacetylglucosaminyl diphosphorylundecaprenol N-acetylmannosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetylD -mannosamine:N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol β-1,4-N-acetylmannosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosamine:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol 4-β-Nacetylmannosaminyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of teichoic acid linkage units in bacterial cell walls.
[1511]
[EC 2.4.1.187 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.188
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
N-acetylglucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol = UDP + β-D-glucosyl-(1→4)-Nacetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol
UDP-D-glucose:N-acetylglucosaminyl pyrophosphorylundecaprenol glucosyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoglucose-acetylglucosaminylpyrophosphorylundecaprenol glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphoundecaprenol 4-β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1181]
[EC 2.4.1.188 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.189
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
luteolin 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate + luteolin = UDP + luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide
uridine diphosphoglucuronate-luteolin 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase; LGT
UDP-glucuronate:luteolin 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase
[1974]
[EC 2.4.1.189 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.190
144
Accepted name:
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Other name(s):
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References:
luteolin-7-O-glucuronide 200 -O-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate + luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide = UDP + luteolin 7-O-[β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→2)-βD -glucuronide]
uridine diphosphoglucuronate-luteolin 7-O-glucuronide glucuronosyltransferase; LMT; UDPglucuronate:luteolin 7-O-glucuronide-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate:luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide 200 -O-glucuronosyltransferase
[1974, 50]
[EC 2.4.1.190 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.191
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
luteolin-7-O-diglucuronide 40 -O-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-glucuronate + luteolin 7-O-β-D-diglucuronide = UDP + luteolin 7-O-[β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→2)β-D-glucuronide]-40 -O-β-D-glucuronide
uridine diphosphoglucuronate-luteolin 7-O-diglucuronide glucuronosyltransferase; UDPglucuronate:luteolin 7-O-diglucuronide-glucuronosyltransferase; UDPglucuronate:luteolin 7-Odiglucuronide-40 -O-glucuronosyl-transferase; LDT
UDP-glucuronate:luteolin-7-O-β-D-diglucuronide 40 -O-glucuronosyltransferase
[1974]
[EC 2.4.1.191 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.192
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nuatigenin 3β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + (20S,22S,25S)-22,25-epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,26-diol = UDP + (20S,22S,25S)-22,25epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,26-diol 3-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-nuatigenin glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(20S,22S,25S)-22,25-epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,26-diol 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Some other sapogenins can act as glucosyl acceptors. Involved in the biosynthesis of plant saponins.
Not identical with EC 2.4.1.173 (sterol 3β-glucosyltransferase) or EC 2.4.1.193 (sarsapogenin 3βglucosyltransferase).
[1024, 1025]
[EC 2.4.1.192 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.193
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sarsapogenin 3β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + (25S)-5β-spirostan-3β-ol = UDP + (25S)-5β-spirostan-3β-ol 3-O-β-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-sarsapogenin glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:(25S)-5β-spirostan-3β-ol 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Specific to 5β-spirostanols. Involved in the biosynthesis of plant saponins. Not identical with EC
2.4.1.173 (sterol 3β-glucosyltransferase) or EC 2.4.1.192 (nuatigenin 3β-glucosyltransferase).
[1642]
[EC 2.4.1.193 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.194
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
4-hydroxybenzoate 4-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 4-hydroxybenzoate = UDP + 4-(β-D-glucosyloxy)benzoate
uridine diphosphoglucose-4-hydroxybenzoate glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:4-(β-Dglucopyranosyloxy)benzoic acid glucosyltransferase; HBA glucosyltransferase; p-hydroxybenzoate
glucosyltransferase; PHB glucosyltransferase; PHB-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:4-hydroxybenzoate 4-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
[1048]
145
[EC 2.4.1.194 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.195
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-hydroxythioamide S-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + N-hydroxy-2-phenylethanethioamide = UDP + desulfoglucotropeolin
desulfoglucosinolate-uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucosethiohydroximate glucosyltransferase; thiohydroximate β-D-glucosyltransferase;
UDPG:thiohydroximate glucosyltransferase; thiohydroximate S-glucosyltransferase; thiohydroximate
glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:thiohydroximate S-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:N-hydroxy-2-phenylethanethioamide S-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Involved with EC 2.8.2.24, desulfoglucosinolate sulfotransferase, in the biosynthesis of thioglucosides
in cruciferous plants.
[972, 1800, 551, 748]
[EC 2.4.1.195 created 1992, modified 2006]
EC 2.4.1.196
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + nicotinate = UDP + N-glucosylnicotinate
uridine diphosphoglucose-nicotinate N-glucosyltransferase; UDP-glucose:nicotinic acid-Nglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:nicotinate N-glucosyltransferase
[2306]
[EC 2.4.1.196 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.197
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
high-mannose-oligosaccharide β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Transfers an N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residue from UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to the 4-position
of a mannose linked α-(1→6) to the core mannose of high-mannose oligosaccharides produced by
Dictyostelium discoideum
uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-oligosaccharide acetylglucosaminyltransferase;
acetylglucosamine-oligosaccharide acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-GlcNAc:oligosaccharide
β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:high-mannose-oligosaccharide
β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:high-mannose-oligosaccharide 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
The activity of the intersecting mannose residue as acceptor is dependent on two other mannose
residues attached by α-1,3 and α-1,6 links.
[1996]
[EC 2.4.1.197 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.198
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol = UDP + 6-(N-acetyl-α-Dglucosaminyl)-1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:phosphatidylinositol N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoacetylglucosamine α1,6-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 6-(N-acetyl-α-Dglucosaminyl)transferase
Involved in the first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor formation in all eukaryotes.
In mammalian cells, the enzyme is composed of at least five subunits (PIG-A, PIG-H, PIG-C, GPI1
and PIG-P). PIG-A subunit is the catalytic subunit. In some species, the long-chain acyl groups of the
phosphatidyl group are partly replaced by long-chain alkyl or alk-1-enyl groups.
146
References:
[484, 2424, 2425]
[EC 2.4.1.198 created 1992, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.1.199
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-mannosylphosphodecaprenol—mannooligosaccharide 6-mannosyltransferase
β-D-mannosylphosphodecaprenol + (1→6)-α-D-mannosyloligosaccharide = decaprenol phosphate +
(1→6)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)-α-D-mannosyl-oligosaccharide
mannosylphospholipid-methylmannoside α-1,6-mannosyltransferase; β-Dmannosylphosphodecaprenol:1,6-α-D-mannosyloligosaccharide 1,6-α-D-mannosyltransferase
β-D-mannosylphosphodecaprenol:(1→6)-α-D-mannosyloligosaccharide 6-α-D-mannosyltransferase
Involved in the formation of mannooligosaccharides in the membrane of Mycobacterium smegmatis.
[2541]
[EC 2.4.1.199 created 1992]
[2.4.1.200
Transferred entry. inulin fructotransferase (depolymerizing, difructofuranose-1,20 :20 ,1-dianhydride-forming).
Now EC 4.2.2.17, inulin fructotransferase (DFA-I-forming). The enzyme was wrongly classified as a transferase rather than
a lyase]
[EC 2.4.1.200 created 1992, deleted 2004]
EC 2.4.1.201
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-1,6-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 2,6-bis(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl-R = UDP +
2,4,6-tris(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl-R
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase VI; N-glycosyl-oligosaccharide-glycoprotein N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase VI; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-glycopeptide β-1→4-acetylglucosaminyltransferase VI; mannosyl-glycoprotein β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; GnTVI
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:2,6-bis(N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl)-α-D-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-βN-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
R represents the remainder of the N-linked oligosaccharide in the glycoprotein acceptor (click here
for diagram).
[265, 2197]
[EC 2.4.1.201 created 1992, modified 2001]
EC 2.4.1.202
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one 2-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one = UDP + 2,4-dihydroxy-7methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one 2-D-glucoside
uridine diphosphoglucose-2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one 2glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one 2-D-glucosyltransferase
[94]
[EC 2.4.1.202 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.203
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
trans-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + trans-zeatin = UDP + O-β-D-glucosyl-trans-zeatin
zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoglucose-zeatin O-glucosyltransferase; zeatin Oglucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:trans-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
147
Comments:
References:
Unlike EC 2.4.1.215, cis-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase, UDP-D-xylose can also act as donor (cf.
EC 2.4.2.40, zeatin O-β-D-xylosyltransferase).
[482]
[EC 2.4.1.203 created 1992, modified 2001]
[2.4.1.204
Transferred entry. zeatin O-β-D-xylosyltransferase. Now EC 2.4.2.40, zeatin O-β-D-xylosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.204 created 1992, deleted 2003]
EC 2.4.1.205
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactogen 6β-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + galactogen = UDP + (1→6)-β-D-galactosylgalactogen
uridine diphosphogalactose-galactogen galactosyltransferase; 1,6-D-galactosyltransferase; β-(1-6)-Dgalactosyltransferase; UDP-galactose:galactogen β-1,6-D-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:galactogen 6-β-D-galactosyltransferase
Galactogen from Helix pomatia is the most effective acceptor.
[718]
[EC 2.4.1.205 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.206
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
lactosylceramide 1,3-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
LA2 synthase; β1→3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosaminelactosylceramide β-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; lactosylceramide β-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:D-galactosyl-1,4-β-D-glucosylceramide β-1,3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide
3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
[714, 889, 1685]
[EC 2.4.1.206 created 1992]
EC 2.4.1.207
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
xyloglucan:xyloglucosyl transferase
breaks a β-(1→4) bond in the backbone of a xyloglucan and transfers the xyloglucanyl segment on
to O-4 of the non-reducing terminal glucose residue of an acceptor, which can be a xyloglucan or an
oligosaccharide of xyloglucan
endo-xyloglucan transferase; xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
xyloglucan:xyloglucan xyloglucanotransferase
Does not use cello-oligosaccharides as either donor or acceptor.
[622, 1568, 2044, 1298]
[EC 2.4.1.207 created 1999]
EC 2.4.1.208
Accepted name:
Reaction:
diglucosyl diacylglycerol synthase
UDP-glucose + 1,2-diacyl-3-O-(α-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol = 1,2-diacyl-3-O-[α-Dglucopyranosyl-(1→2)-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl]-sn-glycerol + UDP
148
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
monoglucosyl diacylglycerol (1→2) glucosyltransferase; MGlcDAG (1→2) glucosyltransferase;
DGlcDAG synthase; UDP-glucose:1,2-diacyl-3-O-(α-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol (1→2) glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:1,2-diacyl-3-O-(α-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol 2-glucosyltransferase
The enzyme from Acholeplasma laidlawii requires Mg2+ .
[1035]
[EC 2.4.1.208 created 1999]
EC 2.4.1.209
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cis-p-coumarate glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + cis-p-coumarate = 40 -O-β-D-glucosyl-cis-p-coumarate + UDP
UDP-glucose:cis-p-coumarate β-D-glucosyltransferase
cis-Caffeic acid also serves as a glucosyl acceptor with the enzyme from Sphagnum fallax kinggr. The
corresponding trans-isomers are not substrates.
[1778]
[EC 2.4.1.209 created 2000]
EC 2.4.1.210
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
limonoid glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + limonin = glucosyl-limonin + UDP
uridine diphosphoglucose-limonoid glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:limonin glucosyltransferase
The enzyme purified from navel orange albedo tissue also acts on the related tetranortriterpenoid
nomilin.
[2025]
[EC 2.4.1.210 created 2000]
EC 2.4.1.211
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,3-β-galactosyl-N-acetylhexosamine phosphorylase
β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + phosphate = α-D-galactopyranose 1phosphate + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine
lacto-N-biose phosphorylase; LNBP; galacto-N-biose phosphorylase
β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-hexosamine:phosphate galactosyltransferase
Reaction also occurs with β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine as the substrate,
giving N-acetyl-D-galactosamine as the product.
[466]
[EC 2.4.1.211 created 2001]
EC 2.4.1.212
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
hyaluronan synthase
(1) UDP-α-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)[nascent hyaluronan] = UDP + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-[nascent hyaluronan]
(2) UDP-α-D-glucuronate + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-[nascent
hyaluronan] = UDP + β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl(1→3)-[nascent hyaluronan]
spHAS; seHAS
Alternating UDP-α-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-[nascent hyaluronan] 4-Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyltransferase and UDP-α-D-glucuronate:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)[nascent hyaluronan] 3-β-D-glucuronosyltransferase
149
Comments:
References:
The enzyme from Streptococcus Group A and Group C requires Mg2+ . The enzyme adds GlcNAc
to nascent hyaluronan when the non-reducing end is GlcA, but it adds GlcA when the non-reducing
end is GlcNAc [451]. The enzyme is highly specific for UDP-GlcNAc and UDP-GlcA; no copolymerization is observed if either is replaced by UDP-Glc, UDP-Gal, UDP-GalNAc or UDP-GalA. Similar
enzymes have been found in a variety of organisms.
[453, 992, 451, 2260]
[EC 2.4.1.212 created 2001, modified 2007]
EC 2.4.1.213
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucosylglycerol-phosphate synthase
ADP-glucose + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = 2-(β-D-glucosyl)-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + ADP
ADP-glucose:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 2-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts with EC 3.1.3.69 (glucosylglycerol phosphatase) to form glucosylglycerol, an osmolyte that endows cyanobacteria with resistance to salt.
[767, 1359]
[EC 2.4.1.213 created 2001]
EC 2.4.1.214
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycoprotein 3-α-L-fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine = GDP + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-Dmannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-[α-L-fucosyl-(1→3)]-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine
GDP-L-Fuc:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide α1,3-fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-Fuc:Asn-linked GlcNAc
α1,3-fucosyltransferase; GDP-fucose:β-N-acetylglucosamine (Fuc to (Fucα1→6GlcNAc)-Asnpeptide) α1→3-fucosyltransferase; GDP-L-fucose:glycoprotein (L-fucose to asparagine-linked Nacetylglucosamine of 4-N-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-βD -glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α- D -mannosyl-(1→6)]-β- D -mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyl(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine) 3-α-L-fucosyl-transferase; GDP-L-fucose:glycoprotein
(L-fucose to asparagine-linked N-acetylglucosamine of N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-Dmannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine) 3-α-L-fucosyl-transferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:glycoprotein (L-fucose to asparagine-linked N-acetylglucosamine of N 4 -Nacetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-αD -mannosyl-(1→6)]-β- D -mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β- D glucosaminylasparagine) 3-α-L-fucosyl-transferase
Requires Mn2+ . The enzyme transfers to N-linked oligosaccharide structures (N-glycans), generally
with a specificity for N-glycans with one unsubstituted non-reducing terminal GlcNAc residue. This
enzyme catalyses a reaction similar to that of EC 2.4.1.68, glycoprotein 6-α-L-fucosyltransferase, but
transferring the L-fucosyl group from GDP-β-L-fucose to form an α1,3-linkage rather than an α1,6linkage. The N-glycan products of this enzyme are present in plants, insects and some other invertebrates (e.g., Schistosoma, Haemonchus, Lymnaea).
[2479, 550, 1234, 2327, 2117]
[EC 2.4.1.214 created 2001]
EC 2.4.1.215
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
cis-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + cis-zeatin = UDP + O-β-D-glucosyl-cis-zeatin
UDP-glucose:cis-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
150
Comments:
References:
The enzyme from maize can use cis-zeatin and UDP-glucose as substrates, but not cis-ribosylzeatin,
trans-zeatin or trans-ribosylzeatin. Unlike EC 2.4.1.203, trans-zeatin O-β-D-glucosyltransferase,
UDP-D-xylose cannot act as a donor.
[1366]
[EC 2.4.1.215 created 2001]
EC 2.4.1.216
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trehalose 6-phosphate phosphorylase
α,α-trehalose 6-phosphate + phosphate = glucose 6-phosphate + β-D-glucose 1-phosphate
trehalose 6-phosphate:phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
α,α-trehalose 6-phosphate:phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
The enzyme from Lactococcus lactis is specific for trehalose 6-phosphate. Differs from EC 2.4.1.64,
α,α-trehalose phosphorylase, in that trehalose is not a substrate.
[46]
[EC 2.4.1.216 created 2001]
EC 2.4.1.217
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mannosyl-3-phosphoglycerate synthase
GDP-mannose + 3-phospho-D-glycerate = GDP + 2-(α-D-mannosyl)-3-phosphoglycerate
MPG synthase; GDP-mannose:3-phosphoglycerate 3-α-D-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:3-phospho-D-glycerate 3-α-D-mannosyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ . The enzyme is absolutely specific for GDPmannose and 3-phosphoglycerate, and
transfers the mannosyl group with retention of configuration. In the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii, the mannosyl-3-phosphoglycerate formed is subsequently dephosphorylated by a
specific phosphatase, EC 3.1.3.70 (mannosyl-3-phosphoglycerate phosphatase), producing mannosylglycerate.
[537]
[EC 2.4.1.217 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.218
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hydroquinone glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + hydroquinone = UDP + hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucopyranoside
arbutin synthase; hydroquinone:O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:hydroquinone-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Hydroquinone is the most effective acceptor, but over 40 phenolic compounds are also glucosylated,
but at lower rates.
[59, 58]
[EC 2.4.1.218 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.219
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
vomilenine glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + vomilenine = UDP + raucaffricine
UDPG:vomilenine 21-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:vomilenine 21-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
The indole alkaloid raucaffricine accumulates during the culture of Rauvolfia cell suspensions.
[2423, 2422, 1894]
[EC 2.4.1.219 created 2002]
151
EC 2.4.1.220
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
indoxyl-UDPG glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + indoxyl = UDP + indican
indoxyl-UDPG-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:indoxyl 3-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Also acts to a limited extent on 4-, 5-, 6- and 7-hydroxyindole. After enzymic or chemical hydrolysis,
indican forms indoxyl, which, in turn, is converted in the presence of oxygen to the dye indigo.
[1354]
[EC 2.4.1.220 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.221
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
peptide-O-fucosyltransferase
transfers an α-L-fucosyl residue from GDP-β-L-fucose to the serine hydroxy group of a protein acceptor
GDP-L-fucose:polypeptide fucosyltransferase; GDP-fucose protein O-fucosyltransferase; GDPfucose:polypeptide fucosyltransferase
GDP-β-L-fucose:polypeptide O-α-L-fucosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of O-fucosylated epidermal growth factor (EGF) and thrombospondin
type 1 repeats. The attachment of O-linked fucose to serine or threonine occurs on EGF domains
within the sequence Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Gly-Gly-Ser/Thr-Cys.
[2413, 2412, 2411, 886]
[EC 2.4.1.221 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.222
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-fucosylpeptide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
transfers a β-D-GlcNAc residue from UDP-D-GlcNAc to the fucose residue of a fucosylated protein
acceptor
O-fucosylpeptide β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-D-GlcNAc:O-L-fucosylpeptide 3-β-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
O-Fucosylpeptide 3-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases are the products of fringe genes. O-linked
fucose is an unusual form of glycosylation where the fucose is attached directly to proteins through
the hydroxy groups of Ser or Thr residues.
[1463]
[EC 2.4.1.222 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.223
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucuronyl-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl(1→4)-β-D-xylosyl-proteoglycan = UDP + α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-xylosyl-proteoglycan
α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; α1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; glucuronosylgalactosylproteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl(1→4)-β-D-xylosyl-proteoglycan 4IV -α-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Enzyme involved in the initiation of heparin and heparan sulfate synthesis, transferring GlcNAc to the
(GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl-)Ser core. Apparently products of both the human EXTL2 and EXTL3 genes can
catalyse this reaction. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the product of the rib-2 gene displays this activity
as well as that of EC 2.4.1.224, glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. For explanation of the use of a superscript in the systematic name, see 2-Carb37.2.)
[1105, 1104]
152
[EC 2.4.1.223 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.224
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-proteoglycan
= UDP + N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminylproteoglycan
α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II glucuronyl-N-acetylglucosaminylproteoglycan α-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-proteoglycan
4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of heparin and heparan sulfate. Some forms of the enzyme from human
(particularly the enzyme complex encoded by the EXT1 and EXT2 genes) act as bifunctional glycosyltransferases, which also have the 4-β-glucuronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.225, N-acetylglucosaminylproteoglycan 4-β-glucuronosyltransferase) activity required for the synthesis of the heparan sulfate
disaccharide repeats. Other human forms of this enzyme (e.g. the product of the EXTL1 gene) have
only the 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the product of
the rib-2 gene displays the activities of this enzyme as well as EC 2.4.1.223, glucuronyl-galactosylproteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase.
[1092, 1104, 1987, 1270]
[EC 2.4.1.224 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.225
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-β-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-α-D-glucuronate + N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan = UDP +
β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan
N-acetylglucosaminylproteoglycan β-1,4-glucuronyltransferase; heparan glucuronyltransferase II
UDP-α-D-glucuronate:N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan 4-βglucuronosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of heparin and heparan sulfate. Some forms of the human enzyme (particularly the enzyme complex encoded by the EXT1 and EXT2 genes) act as bifunctional glycosyltransferases, which also have the glucuronosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-proteoglycan 4-α-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.224) activity required for the synthesis of the heparan sulfate disaccharide repeats.
[1987, 1270]
[EC 2.4.1.225 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.226
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylgalactosaminyl-proteoglycan 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-α-D-glucuronate + N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan = UDP
+ β-D-glucuronosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan
chondroitin glucuronyltransferase II; α-D-glucuronate:N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-Dglucuronosyl-proteoglycan 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase
UDP-α-D-glucuronate:N-acetyl-β-D-galactosaminyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucuronosyl-proteoglycan 3-βglucuronosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of chondroitin and dermatan sulfate. The human chondroitin synthetase
is a bifunctional glycosyltransferase, which has the 3-β-glucuronosyltransferase and 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.175) activities required for the synthesis of the chondroitin sulfate disaccharide repeats. Similar chondroitin synthase ‘co-polymerases’ can be found in Pasteurella
multocida and Escherichia coli. There is also another human protein with apparently only the 3-βglucuronosyltransferase activity.
[1107, 452, 1562, 712]
153
[EC 2.4.1.226 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.227
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
undecaprenyldiphospho-muramoylpentapeptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine + Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)diphosphoundecaprenol = UDP + GlcNAc-(1→4)-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-DAla)-diphosphoundecaprenol
MurG transferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-α-D-muramyl(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-LysD -Ala- D -Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol β-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminlytransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:N-acetyl-α-D-muramyl(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)diphosphoundecaprenol 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminlytransferase
The enzyme also works when the lysine residue is replaced by meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate
(meso-2,6-diaminopimelate, A2pm) combined with adjacent residues through its L-centre, as it is in
Gram-negative and some Gram-positive organisms. The undecaprenol involved is ditrans,octacisundecaprenol (for definitions, click here).
[2324]
[EC 2.4.1.227 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.228
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lactosylceramide 4-α-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = UDP + α-D-galactosyl(1→4)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
Galβ1-4Glcβ1-Cer α1,4-galactosyltransferase; globotriaosylceramide/CD77 synthase; histo-blood
group Pk UDP-galactose; UDP-galactose:lactosylceramide 4II -α-D-galactosyltransferase; UDPgalactose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide 4II -α-D-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide 4II -α-D-galactosyltransferase
For explanation of superscript II in systematic name, see 2-carb.37.
[100, 2118, 1134]
[EC 2.4.1.228 created 2002]
EC 2.4.1.229
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[Skp1-protein]-hydroxyproline N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine + [Skp1-protein]-hydroxyproline = UDP + [Skp1-protein]-O-(N-acetyl-Dglucosaminyl)hydroxyproline
Skp1-HyPro GlcNAc-transferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc):hydroxyproline polypeptide GlcNAc-transferase; UDP-GlcNAc:Skp1-hydroxyproline GlcNAc-transferase; UDPGlcNAc:hydroxyproline polypeptide GlcNAc-transferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:[Skp1-protein]-hydroxyproline N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-transferase
Requires dithiothreitol and a divalent cation for activity. This enzyme commences the building up of
a pentasaccharide (Galα1-6Galα1-L-Fucα1-2Galβ1-3GlcNAc) on Hyp-143 of the Dictyostelium protein Skp1, which is required for the ubiquitination of cell-cycle regulatory proteins and transcription
factors. The fucose residue is probably in the α configuration [2452]. The specificity of the enzyme
for Skp1-Hyp-143 and its high affinity for this substrate suggests that it is the GlcNAc-transferase that
modifies Skp1 in vivo.
[2322, 2238, 2452]
[EC 2.4.1.229 created 2003]
EC 2.4.1.230
Accepted name:
Reaction:
kojibiose phosphorylase
2-α-D-glucosyl-D-glucose + phosphate = D-glucose + β-D-glucose 1-phosphate
154
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-α-D-glucosyl-D-glucose:phosphate β-D-glucosyltransferase
The enzyme from Thermoanaerobacter brockii can act with α-1,2-oligoglucans, such as selaginose,
as substrate, but more slowly. The enzyme is inactive when dissaccharides with linkages other than α1,2 linkages, such as sophorose, trehalose, neotrehalose, nigerose, laminaribiose, maltose, cellobiose,
isomaltose, gentiobiose, sucrose and lactose, are used as substrates.
[333, 332]
[EC 2.4.1.230 created 2003]
EC 2.4.1.231
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α,α-trehalose phosphorylase (configuration-retaining)
α,α-trehalose + phosphate = α-D-glucose + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate
trehalose phosphorylase[ambiguous]
α,α-trehalose:phosphate α-D-glucosyltransferase
Unlike EC 2.4.1.64, α,α-trehalose phosphorylase, this enzyme retains its anomeric configuration.
Vanadate is a strong competitive inhibitor of this reversible reaction.
[528, 529, 1560]
[EC 2.4.1.231 created 2003]
EC 2.4.1.232
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
initiation-specific α-1,6-mannosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-mannosyl residue from GDP-mannose into lipid-linked oligosaccharide, forming an
α-(1→6)-D-mannosyl-D-mannose linkage
α-1,6-mannosyltransferase; GDP-mannose:oligosaccharide 1,6-α-D-mannosyltransferase; GDPmannose:glycolipid 1,6-α-D-mannosyltransferase; glycolipid 6-α-mannosyltransferase; GDPmannose:oligosaccharide 1,6-α-D-mannosyltransferase
GDP-mannose:oligosaccharide 6-α-D-mannosyltransferase
Requires Mn2+ . In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this enzyme catalyses an essential step in the outer
chain elongation of N-linked oligosaccharides. Man8 GlcNAc and Man9 GlcNAc are equally good substrates.
[1859, 1797, 1531, 2520, 415, 2284, 1535, 2172, 2536]
[EC 2.4.1.232 created 2004]
[2.4.1.233
Deleted entry. anthocyanidin 3-O-glucosyltransferase. The enzyme is identical to EC 2.4.1.115, anthocyanidin
3-O-glucosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.1.233 created 2004, deleted 2005]
EC 2.4.1.234
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
kaempferol 3-O-galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose + kaempferol = UDP + kaempferol 3-O-β-D-galactoside
F3GalTase
UDP-galactose:kaempferol 3-O-β-D-galactosyltransferase
Acts on the endogenous flavonols kaempferol and quercetin, to a lesser extent on myricetin and
fisetin, and weakly on galangin and isorhamnetin. The reaction can occur equally well in both directions.
[1440]
[EC 2.4.1.234 created 2004]
[2.4.1.235
Deleted entry. cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase. Enzyme is identical to EC 2.4.1.116, cyanidin
3-O-rutinoside 5-O-glucosyltransferase]
155
[EC 2.4.1.235 created 2004, deleted 2006]
EC 2.4.1.236
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavanone 7-O-glucoside 200 -O-β-L-rhamnosyltransferase
UDP-L-rhamnose + a flavanone 7-O-glucoside = UDP + a flavanone 7-O-[β-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-β-Dglucoside]
UDP-rhamnose:flavanone-7-O-glucoside-200 -O-rhamnosyltransferase; 1→2 UDPrhamnosyltransferase
UDP-L-rhamnose:flavanone-7-O-glucoside 200 -O-β-L-rhamnosyltransferase
Acts on the 7-O-glucoside of naringenin and hesperetin, also the flavone 7-O-glucosides of luteolin
and apigenin.
[113]
[EC 2.4.1.236 created 2004]
EC 2.4.1.237
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol 7-O-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a flavonol = UDP + a flavonol 7-O-β-D-glucoside
UDP-glucose:flavonol 7-O-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:flavonol 7-O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
Acts on the flavonols gossypetin (8-hydroxyquercetin) and to a lesser extent on quercetin, kaempferol
and myricetin.
[2136]
[EC 2.4.1.237 created 2004]
EC 2.4.1.238
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthocyanin 30 -O-β-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + an anthocyanin = UDP + an anthocyanin 30 -O-β-D-glucoside
UDP-glucose:anthocyanin 30 -O-glucosyltransferase; 3’GT
UDP-glucose:anthocyanin 30 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
This enzyme specifically glucosylates the 30 -hydroxy group of delphinidin 3,5-di-O-β-D-glucoside to
form delphinidin 3,5,30 -tri-O-β-D-glucoside in gentian (Gentiana triflora).
[636]
[EC 2.4.1.238 created 2004]
EC 2.4.1.239
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol-3-O-glucoside glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-Dglucoside
UDP-glucose:flavonol-3-O-glucoside 200 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose:flavonol-3-O-β-D-glucoside 200 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
One of three specific glucosyltransferases in pea (Pisum sativum) that successively add a β-Dglucosyl group first to O-3 of kaempferol, and then to O-2 of the previously added glucosyl group
giving the 3-O-sophoroside and then the 3-O-sophorotrioside (see also EC 2.4.1.91, flavonol 3-Oglucosyltransferase and EC 2.4.1.240, flavonol-3-O-glycoside glucosyltransferase). TDP-glucose can
replace UDP-glucose as the glucose donor but the reaction proceeds more slowly.
[1010]
[EC 2.4.1.239 created 2004]
EC 2.4.1.240
156
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol-3-O-glycoside glucosyltransferase
UDP-glucose + a flavonol 3-O-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-O-β-Dglucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside
UDP-glucose:flavonol-3-O-β-D-glucosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucoside 2000 -O-β-D-glucosyltransferase
One of three specific glucosyltransferases in pea (Pisum sativum) thatsuccessively add a β-Dglucosyl group first to O-3 of kaempferol, and then to O-2 of the previously added glucosyl group
giving the 3-O-sophoroside and then the 3-O-sophorotrioside (see also EC 2.4.1.91 flavonol 3-Oglucosyltransferase, and EC 2.4.1.239 flavonol-3-O-glucoside glucosyltransferase).
[1010]
[EC 2.4.1.240 created 2004]
EC 2.4.1.241
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase
UDP-galactose + 3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = UDP + 3-[α-D-galactosyl-(1→6)-β-Dgalactosyl]-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
DGD1; DGD2; DGDG synthase (ambiguous); UDP-galactose-dependent DGDG synthase; UDPgalactose-dependent digalactosyldiacylglycerol synthase; UDP-galactose:MGDG galactosyltransferase
UDP-galactose:3-(β-D-galactosyl)-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 6-α-galactosyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ . Diacylglycerol cannot serve as an acceptor molecule for galactosylation as in the
reaction catalysed by EC 2.4.1.46, monogalactosyldiacylglyerol synthase. When phosphate is limiting, phospholipids in plant membranes are reduced but these are replaced, at least in part, by the glycolipids digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) and sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol [1065]. While both
DGD1 and DGD2 are increased under phosphate-limiting conditions, DGD2 does not contribute significantly under optimal growth conditions. DGD2 is responsible for the synthesis of DGDG molecular species that are rich in C16 fatty acids at sn-1 of diacylglycerol whereas DGD1 leads to molecular
species rich in C18 fatty acids [1065]. The enzyme has been localized to the outer side of chloroplast
envelope membranes.
[1064, 792, 1065, 174]
[EC 2.4.1.241 created 2005]
EC 2.4.1.242
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
NDP-glucose—starch glucosyltransferase
NDP-glucose + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n = NDP + [(1→4)-α-D-glucosyl]n+1
granule-bound starch synthase; starch synthase II (ambiguous); waxy protein; starch granule-bound
nucleoside diphosphate glucose-starch glucosyltransferase; granule-bound starch synthase I; GBSSI;
granule-bound starch synthase II; GBSSII; GBSS; NDPglucose-starch glucosyltransferase
NDP-glucose:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 4-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Unlike EC 2.4.1.11, glycogen(starch) synthase and EC 2.4.1.21, starch synthase, which use UDPglucose and ADP-glucose, respectively, this enzyme can use either UDP- or ADP-glucose. Mutants
that lack the Wx (waxy) allele cannot produce this enzyme, which plays an important role in the normal synthesis of amylose. In such mutants, only amylopectin is produced in the endosperm [632] or
pollen [1548].
[2278, 1528, 632, 1502, 1548]
[EC 2.4.1.242 created 2005]
EC 2.4.1.243
Accepted name:
Reaction:
6G -fructosyltransferase
[1-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-]m+1 α-D-glucopyranoside + [1-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-]n α-Dglucopyranoside = [1-β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-]m α-D-glucopyranoside + [1-β-D-fructofuranosyl(2→1)-]n β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→6)-α-D-glucopyranoside (m > 0; n ≥ 0)
157
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fructan:fructan 6G -fructosyltransferase; 1F (1-β-D-fructofuranosyl)m sucrose:1F (1-β-Dfructofuranosyl)n sucrose 6G -fructosyltransferase; 6G -FFT; 6G -FT; 6G -fructotransferase
1F -oligo[β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-]sucrose 6G -β-D-fructotransferase
This enzyme catalyses the transfer of the terminal (2→1)-linked β-D-fructosyl group of a mono- or
oligosaccharide substituent on O-1 of the fructose residue of sucrose onto O-6 of its glucose residue
[2028]. For example, if 1-kestose [1F -(β-D-fructofuranosyl)sucrose] is both the donor and recipient
in the reaction shown above, i.e., if m = 1 and n = 1, then the products will be sucrose and 6G -di-β-Dfructofuranosylsucrose. In this notation, the superscripts F and G are used to specify whether the fructose or glucose residue of the sucrose carries the substituent. Alternatively, this may be indicated by
the presence and/or absence of primes (see http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/2carb/36.html#362).
Sucrose cannot be a donor substrate in the reaction (i.e. m cannot be zero) and inulin cannot act as an
acceptor. Side reactions catalysed are transfer of a β-D-fructosyl group between compounds of the
structure 1F -(1-β-D-fructofuranosyl)m -6G -(1-β-D-fructofuranosyl)n sucrose, where m ≥ 0 and n = 1
for the donor, and m ≥ 0 and n ≥ 0 for the acceptor.
[2028, 2029, 2030, 2298]
[EC 2.4.1.243 created 2006]
EC 2.4.1.244
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetyl-β-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl group = UDP + N-acetyl-β-Dgalactosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl group
β1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase III; β4GalNAc-T3; β1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
IV; β4GalNAc-T4; UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-group β-1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-group 4-β-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase
The enzyme from human can transfer N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (GalNAc) to N-glycan and O-glycan
substrates that have N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) but not D-glucuronic acid (GlcUA) at their
non-reducing end. The N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl group is normally on a core oligosaccharide although benzyl glycosides have been used in enzyme-characterization experiments. Some glycohormones, e.g. lutropin and thyrotropin contain the N-glycan structure containing the N-acetyl-β-Dgalactosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl group.
[1927, 711]
[EC 2.4.1.244 created 2006]
EC 2.4.1.245
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α,α-trehalose synthase
ADP-glucose + D-glucose = α,α-trehalose + ADP
trehalose synthase; trehalose synthetase; UDP-glucose:glucose 1-glucosyltransferase; TreT; PhGT
ADP-glucose:D-glucose 1-α-D-glucosyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ for maximal activity [1746]. The enzyme-catalysed reaction is reversible [1746]. In
the reverse direction to that shown above, the enzyme is specific for α,α-trehalose as substrate, as it
cannot use α- or β-paranitrophenyl glucosides, maltose, sucrose, lactose or cellobiose [1746]. While
the enzyme from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii can use ADP-, UDP- and
GDP-glucose to the same extent [1899], that from Thermococcus litoralis has a marked preference for
ADP [1746].
[1746, 1899]
[EC 2.4.1.245 created 2008]
EC 2.4.1.246
Accepted name:
mannosylfructose-phosphate synthase
158
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
GDP-mannose + D-fructose 6-phosphate = GDP + β-D-fructofuranosyl-α-D-mannopyranoside 6F phosphate
mannosylfructose-6-phosphate synthase; MFPS
GDP-mannose:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-α-D-mannosyltransferase
This enzyme, from the soil proteobacterium and plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain
C58, requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activity. GDP-mannose can be replaced by ADP-mannose but with
a concomitant decrease in activity. The product of this reaction is dephosphorylated by EC 3.1.3.79
(mannosylfructose-phosphate phosphatase) to form the nonreducing disaccharide mannosylfructose,
which is the major endogenous osmolyte produced by several α-proteobacteria in response to osmotic
stress. The F in the product name is used to indicate that the fructose residue of sucrose carries the
substituent.
[2268]
[EC 2.4.1.246 created 2008]
EC 2.4.1.247
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-L-rhamnose phosphorylase
β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-L-rhamnose + phosphate = L-rhamnose + α-D-galactose 1-phosphate
D -galactosyl-β1→4- L -rhamnose phosphorylase; GalRhaP
β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-L-rhamnose:phosphate 1-α-D-galactosyltransferase
The enzyme from Clostridium phytofermentans is also active towards towards β-D-galactosyl derivatives of L-mannose, L-lyxose, D-glucose, 2-deoxy-D-glucose, and D-galactose in this order. Differs
from 1,3-β-galactosyl-N-acetylhexosamine phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.211) in being active towards Lrhamnose and inactive towards N-acetyl hexosamine derivatives.
[1526]
[EC 2.4.1.247 created 2009]
EC 2.4.1.248
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cycloisomaltooligosaccharide glucanotransferase
cyclizes part of a (1→6)-α-D-glucan chain by formation of a (1→6)-α-D-glucosidic bond
(1→6)-α-D-glucan:(1→6)-α-D-glucan 6-α-D-[1→6α-D-glucano]-transferase (cyclizing)
Specific for (1→6)-α-D-glucans (dextrans) and, unlike cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase (EC
2.4.1.19), without activity towards (1→4)-α-D-glucans, such as amylose. It also has no activity on
oligosaccharides, such as amylopectin and pullulan, containing (1→6)-α-D-glucosidic linkages at
branch points. The enzyme from Bacillus circulans T-3040 has been shown to form cycloisomaltooligosaccharides of three sizes (7, 8 and 9 glucose units). It will also catalyse the disproportionation of two isomalto-oligosaccharides molecules to yield a series of isomalto-oligosachharides and
the addition of D-glucose to cycloisomalto-oligosaccharides with ring opening to form isomaltooligosaccharides.
[2189, 1599, 2522]
[EC 2.4.1.248 created 2009]
EC 2.4.1.249
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
delphinidin 30 ,50 -O-glucosyltransferase
(1a) UDP-glucose + delphinidin 3-O-(600 -O-malonyl)-β-D-glucoside = UDP + delphinidin 3-O-(600 -Omalonyl)-β-D-glucoside-30 -O-β-D-glucoside
(1b) UDP-glucose + delphinidin 3-O-(600 -O-malonyl)-β-D-glucoside-30 -O-β-D-glucoside = UDP + delphinidin 3-O-(600 -O-malonyl)-β-D-glucoside-30 ,50 -di-O-β-D-glucoside
UDP-glucose:anthocyanin 30 ,50 -O-glucosyltransferase; UA30 5’GZ
UDP-glucose:delphinidin 3-O-(600 -O-malonyl)-β-D-glucoside 30 -O-glucosyltransferase
159
Comments:
References:
Ternatins are a group of polyacetylated delphinidin glucosides that confer blue color to the petals of
butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea). This enzyme catalyses two reactions in the biosynthesis of ternatin
C5: the conversion of delphinidin 3-O-(600 -O-malonyl)-β-D-glucoside to delphinidin 3-O-(600 -Omalonyl)-β-D-glucoside-30 -O-β-D-glucoside, followed by the conversion of the later to ternatin C5,
by transferring two glucosyl groups in a stepwise manner [1130].
[1130]
[EC 2.4.1.249 created 2009]
EC 2.4.1.250
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -inositol-3-phosphate glycosyltransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + 1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate = 1-O-(2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-Dglucopyranosyl)-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate + UDP
mycothiol glycosyltransferases; MshA
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate α-D-glycosyltransferase
The enzyme, which belongs to the GT-B fold superfamily, catalyses the first dedicated reaction in the
biosynthesis of mycothiol [1556]. The substrate was initially believed to be inositol, but eventually
shown to be D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate [1557]. A substantial conformational change occurs upon
UDP binding, which generates the binding site for D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate [2347]
[1556, 1557, 2347]
[EC 2.4.1.250 created 2010]
EC 2.4.2 Pentosyltransferases
EC 2.4.2.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
purine-nucleoside phosphorylase
purine nucleoside + phosphate = purine + α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
inosine phosphorylase; PNPase; PUNPI; PUNPII; inosine-guanosine phosphorylase; nucleotide phosphatase; purine deoxynucleoside phosphorylase; purine deoxyribonucleoside phosphorylase; purine
nucleoside phosphorylase; purine ribonucleoside phosphorylase
purine-nucleoside:phosphate ribosyltransferase
Specificity not completely determined. Can also catalyse ribosyltransferase reactions of the type catalysed by EC 2.4.2.5, nucleoside ribosyltransferase.
[11, 615, 845, 1019, 1930, 2283]
[EC 2.4.2.1 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyrimidine-nucleoside phosphorylase
a pyrimidine nucleoside + phosphate = a pyrimidine base + α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
Py-NPase
pyrimidine-nucleoside:phosphate α-D-ribosyltransferase
Both uridine and thymidine are substrates [774].
[615, 1930, 774]
[EC 2.4.2.2 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
uridine phosphorylase
uridine + phosphate = uracil + α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
pyrimidine phosphorylase; UrdPase; UPH; UPase
160
Systematic name:
References:
uridine:phosphate α-D-ribosyltransferase
[310, 1643, 1722]
[EC 2.4.2.3 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thymidine phosphorylase
thymidine + phosphate = thymine + 2-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
pyrimidine phosphorylase; thymidine-orthophosphate deoxyribosyltransferase; animal growth regulators, blood platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factors; blood platelet-derived endothelial cell
growth factor; deoxythymidine phosphorylase; gliostatins; pyrimidine deoxynucleoside phosphorylase; thymidine:phosphate deoxy-D-ribosyltransferase
thymidine:phosphate deoxy-α-D-ribosyltransferase
The enzyme in some tissues also catalyses deoxyribosyltransferase reactions of the type catalysed by
EC 2.4.2.6, nucleoside deoxyribosyltransferase.
[616, 2583, 2582]
[EC 2.4.2.4 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside ribosyltransferase
D -ribosyl-base1 + base2 = D -ribosyl-base2 + base1
nucleoside N-ribosyltransferase
nucleoside:purine(pyrimidine) D-ribosyltransferase
Base1 and base2 represent various purines and pyrimidines.
[1128]
[EC 2.4.2.5 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside deoxyribosyltransferase
2-deoxy-D-ribosyl-base1 + base2 = 2-deoxy-D-ribosyl-base2 + base1
purine(pyrimidine) nucleoside:purine(pyrimidine) deoxyribosyl transferase; deoxyribose transferase; nucleoside trans-N-deoxyribosylase; trans-deoxyribosylase; trans-N-deoxyribosylase; transN-glycosidase; nucleoside deoxyribosyltransferase I (purine nucleoside:purine deoxyribosyltransferase: strictly specific for transfer between purine bases); nucleoside deoxyribosyltransferase II
[purine(pyrimidine) nucleoside:purine(pyrimidine) deoxyribosyltransferase]
nucleoside:purine(pyrimidine) deoxy-D-ribosyltransferase
Base1 and base2 represent various purines and pyrimidines.
[1022, 1336, 1869]
[EC 2.4.2.6 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenine phosphoribosyltransferase
AMP + diphosphate = adenine + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
AMP pyrophosphorylase; transphosphoribosidase; APRT; AMP-pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; adenine phosphoribosylpyrophosphate transferase; adenosine phosphoribosyltransferase;
adenylate pyrophosphorylase; adenylic pyrophosphorylase
AMP:diphosphate phospho-D-ribosyltransferase
5-Amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide can replace adenine.
[585, 1140, 1319]
161
[EC 2.4.2.7 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase
IMP + diphosphate = hypoxanthine + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
IMP pyrophosphorylase; transphosphoribosidase; hypoxanthine—guanine phosphoribosyltransferase;
guanine phosphoribosyltransferase; GPRT; HPRT; guanosine 50 -phosphate pyrophosphorylase; IMPGMP pyrophosphorylase; HGPRTase; 6-hydroxypurine phosphoribosyltransferase; 6-mercaptopurine
phosphoribosyltransferase; GMP pyrophosphorylase; guanine-hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase; guanosine phosphoribosyltransferase; guanylate pyrophosphorylase; guanylic pyrophosphorylase; inosinate pyrophosphorylase; inosine 50 -phosphate pyrophosphorylase; inosinic acid pyrophosphorylase; inosinic pyrophosphorylase; 6-mercaptopurine phosphoribosyltransferase; purine-6-thiol
phosphoribosyltransferase
IMP:diphosphate phospho-D-ribosyltransferase
Guanine and 6-mercaptopurine can replace hypoxanthine.
[584, 1140, 1319, 1822]
[EC 2.4.2.8 created 1961, modified 1982]
EC 2.4.2.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
uracil phosphoribosyltransferase
UMP + diphosphate = uracil + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
UMP pyrophosphorylase; UPRTase; UMP:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; uridine 50 phosphate pyrophosphorylase; uridine monophosphate pyrophosphorylase; uridylate pyrophosphorylase; uridylic pyrophosphorylase
UMP:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
[406, 584]
[EC 2.4.2.9 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
orotate phosphoribosyltransferase
orotidine 50 -phosphate + diphosphate = orotate + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
orotidylic acid phosphorylase; orotidine-50 -phosphate pyrophosphorylase; OPRTase; orotate phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate transferase; orotic acid phosphoribosyltransferase; orotidine 50 -monophosphate
pyrophosphorylase; orotidine monophosphate pyrophosphorylase; orotidine phosphoribosyltransferase; orotidylate phosphoribosyltransferase; orotidylate pyrophosphorylase; orotidylic acid pyrophosphorylase; orotidylic phosphorylase; orotidylic pyrophosphorylase
orotidine-50 -phosphate:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyl-transferase
The enzyme from higher eukaryotes also catalyses the reaction listed as EC 4.1.1.23, orotidine-50 phosphate decarboxylase.
[1000, 1266, 1396]
[EC 2.4.2.10 created 1961, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.2.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase
nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate = nicotinate + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
niacin ribonucleotidase; nicotinic acid mononucleotide glycohydrolase; nicotinic acid mononucleotide
pyrophosphorylase; nicotinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase; nicotinate-nucleotide:diphosphate
phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
nicotinate-D-ribonucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
[936, 937, 1147]
162
[EC 2.4.2.11 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase
nicotinamide D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate = nicotinamide + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
NMN pyrophosphorylase; nicotinamide mononucleotide pyrophosphorylase; nicotinamide
mononucleotide synthetase; NMN synthetase; nicotinamide-nucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-Dribosyltransferase
nicotinamide-D-ribonucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
[1735]
[EC 2.4.2.12 created 1961]
[2.4.2.13
Transferred entry. now EC 2.5.1.6 methionine adenosyltransferase]
[EC 2.4.2.13 created 1961, deleted 1965]
EC 2.4.2.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
amidophosphoribosyltransferase
5-phospho-β-D-ribosylamine + diphosphate + L-glutamate = L-glutamine + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose
1-diphosphate + H2 O
phosphoribosyldiphosphate 5-amidotransferase; glutamine phosphoribosyldiphosphate amidotransferase; α-5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate amidotransferase; 50 -phosphoribosylpyrophosphate
amidotransferase; 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate amidotransferase; 5-phosphororibosyl-1pyrophosphate amidotransferase; glutamine 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate amidotransferase; glutamine ribosylpyrophosphate 5-phosphate amidotransferase; phosphoribose pyrophosphate amidotransferase; phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate amidotransferase; phosphoribosylpyrophosphate glutamyl
amidotransferase; 5-phosphoribosylamine:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase (glutamateamidating)
5-phospho-β-D-ribosylamine:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase (glutamate-amidating)
[327, 793]
[EC 2.4.2.14 created 1961]
EC 2.4.2.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
guanosine phosphorylase
guanosine + phosphate = guanine + α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
guanosine:phosphate α-D-ribosyltransferase
Also acts on deoxyguanosine.
[2510]
[EC 2.4.2.15 created 1965]
EC 2.4.2.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
urate-ribonucleotide phosphorylase
urate D-ribonucleotide + phosphate = urate + α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
UAR phosphorylase; urate-ribonucleotide:phosphate D-ribosyltransferase; urateribonucleotide:phosphate α-D-ribosyltransferase
urate-D-ribonucleotide:phosphate α-D-ribosyltransferase
[1207]
[EC 2.4.2.16 created 1965]
163
EC 2.4.2.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ATP phosphoribosyltransferase
1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-ATP + diphosphate = ATP + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
phosphoribosyl-ATP pyrophosphorylase; adenosine triphosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; phosphoribosyladenosine triphosphate:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; phosphoribosyl
ATP synthetase; phosphoribosyl ATP:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase; phosphoribosylATP:pyrophosphate-phosphoribosyl phosphotransferase; phosphoribosyladenosine triphosphate pyrophosphorylase; phosphoribosyladenosine triphosphate synthetase
1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-ATP:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyl-transferase
[38, 1367, 2367]
[EC 2.4.2.17 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase
N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate + diphosphate = anthranilate + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1diphosphate
phosphoribosyl-anthranilate pyrophosphorylase; PRT; anthranilate 5-phosphoribosylpyrophosphate
phosphoribosyltransferase; anthranilate phosphoribosylpyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase;
phosphoribosylanthranilate pyrophosphorylase; phosphoribosylanthranilate transferase; anthranilatePP-ribose-P phosphoribosyltransferase
N-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)-anthranilate:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
In some organisms, this enzyme is part of a multifunctional protein together with one or more other
components of the system for biosynthesis of tryptophan [EC 4.1.1.48 (indole-3-glycerol-phosphate
synthase), EC 4.1.3.27 (anthranilate synthase), EC 4.2.1.20 (tryptophan synthase) and EC 5.3.1.24
(phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase)].
[407, 921, 955, 2438]
[EC 2.4.2.18 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nicotinate-nucleotide diphosphorylase (carboxylating)
nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate + CO2 = pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylate + 5-phospho-α-Dribose 1-diphosphate
quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase (decarboxylating); quinolinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase;
QAPRTase; NAD+ pyrophosphorylase; nicotinate mononucleotide pyrophosphorylase (carboxylating); quinolinic phosphoribosyltransferase
nicotinate-D-ribonucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase (carboxylating)
This is the first enzyme that prokaryotes and eukaryotes have in common in the production of NAD+
as some prokaryotes use an L-aspartate pathway to produce quinolinate whereas all eukaryotes use
tryptophan as the starting material [1047].
[664, 1641, 1047]
[EC 2.4.2.19 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
dioxotetrahydropyrimidine phosphoribosyltransferase
a 2,4-dioxotetrahydropyrimidine D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate = a 2,4-dioxotetrahydropyrimidine +
5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
dioxotetrahydropyrimidine-ribonucleotide pyrophosphorylase; dioxotetrahydropyrimidine phosphoribosyl transferase; dioxotetrahydropyrimidine ribonucleotide pyrophosphorylase; 2,4dioxotetrahydropyrimidine-nucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
2,4-dioxotetrahydropyrimidine-D-ribonucleotide:diphosphate phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
164
Comments:
References:
Acts (in the reverse direction) on uracil and other pyrimidines and pteridines containing a 2,4-diketo
structure.
[804]
[EC 2.4.2.20 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nicotinate-nucleotide—dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase
β-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole = nicotinate + α-ribazole 50 -phosphate
nicotinate mononucleotide-dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase; nicotinate ribonucleotide:benzimidazole (adenine) phosphoribosyltransferase; nicotinatenucleotide:dimethylbenzimidazole phospho-D-ribosyltransferase; CobT; nicotinate mononucleotide
(NaMN):5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase
nicotinate-nucleotide:5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole phospho-D-ribosyltransferase
Also acts on benzimidazole, and the clostridial enzyme acts on adenine to form 7-α-D-ribosyladenine
50 -phosphate. The product of the reaction, α-ribazole 50 -phosphate, forms part of the corrinbiosynthesis pathway and is a substrate for EC 2.7.8.26, adenosylcobinamide-GDP ribazoletransferase [306]. It can also be dephosphorylated to form α-ribazole by the action of EC 3.1.3.73, αribazole phosphatase.
[618, 619, 642, 306, 350, 351]
[EC 2.4.2.21 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase
XMP + diphosphate = 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + xanthine
Xan phosphoribosyltransferase; xanthosine 50 -phosphate pyrophosphorylase; xanthylate pyrophosphorylase; xanthylic pyrophosphorylase; XMP pyrophosphorylase; 5-phospho-α-D-ribose-1diphosphate:xanthine phospho-D-ribosyltransferase; 9-(5-phospho-β-D-ribosyl)xanthine:diphosphate
5-phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
XMP:diphosphate 5-phospho-α-D-ribosyltransferase
[1164]
[EC 2.4.2.22 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
deoxyuridine phosphorylase
20 -deoxyuridine + phosphate = uracil + 2-deoxy-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
20 -deoxyuridine:phosphate 2-deoxy-α-D-ribosyltransferase
[373, 2511]
[EC 2.4.2.23 created 1972]
EC 2.4.2.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1,4-β-D-xylan synthase
UDP-D-xylose + [(1→4)-β-D-xylan]n = UDP + [(1→4)-β-D-xylan]n+1
uridine diphosphoxylose-1,4-β-xylan xylosyltransferase; 1,4-β-xylan synthase; xylan synthase; xylan
synthetase; UDP-D-xylose:1,4-β-D-xylan 4-β-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:(1→4)-β-D-xylan 4-β-D-xylosyltransferase
[98]
[EC 2.4.2.24 created 1972 as EC 2.4.1.72, transferred 1976 to EC 2.4.2.24]
165
EC 2.4.2.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavone apiosyltransferase
UDP-apiose + 5,7,40 -trihydroxyflavone 7-O-β-D-glucoside = UDP + 5,7,40 -trihydroxyflavone 7-O-[βD -apiosyl-(1→2)-β- D -glucoside]
uridine diphosphoapiose-flavone apiosyltransferase; UDP-apiose:7-O-(β-D-glucosyl)-flavone apiosyltransferase
UDP-apiose:5,40 -dihydroxyflavone 7-O-β-D-glucoside 200 -O-β-D-apiofuranosyltransferase
7-O-β-D-Glucosides of a number of flavonoids and of 4-substituted phenols can act as acceptors.
[1631]
[EC 2.4.2.25 created 1976]
EC 2.4.2.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein xylosyltransferase
Transfers a β-D-xylosyl residue from UDP-D-xylose to the serine hydroxy group of an acceptor protein substrate
UDP-D-xylose:core protein β-D-xylosyltransferase; UDP-D-xylose:core protein xylosyltransferase; UDP-D-xylose:proteoglycan core protein β-D-xylosyltransferase; UDP-xylose-core protein β-D-xylosyltransferase; uridine diphosphoxylose-core protein β-xylosyltransferase; uridine
diphosphoxylose-protein xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:protein β-D-xylosyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the linkage region of glycosaminoglycan chains as part of proteoglycan biosynthesis (chondroitin, dermatan and heparan sulfates).
[2142, 715]
[EC 2.4.2.26 created 1976, modified 2002]
EC 2.4.2.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dTDP-dihydrostreptose—streptidine-6-phosphate dihydrostreptosyltransferase
dTDP-L-dihydrostreptose + streptidine 6-phosphate = dTDP + O-(1→4)-α-L-dihydrostreptosylstreptidine 6-phosphate
thymidine diphosphodihydrostreptose-streptidine 6-phosphate dihydrostreptosyltransferase
dTDP-L-dihydrostreptose:streptidine-6-phosphate dihydrostreptosyltransferase
[1121]
[EC 2.4.2.27 created 1982]
EC 2.4.2.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine phosphorylase
S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + phosphate = adenine + S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
50 -methylthioadenosine nucleosidase; 50 -deoxy-50 -methylthioadenosine phosphorylase; MTA phosphorylase; MeSAdo phosphorylase; MeSAdo/Ado phosphorylase; methylthioadenosine phosphorylase; methylthioadenosine nucleoside phosphorylase; 50 -methylthioadenosine:phosphate methylthioD -ribosyl-transferase; S-methyl-5-thioadenosine phosphorylase; S-methyl-5-thioadenosine:phosphate
S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribosyl-transferase
S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine:phosphate S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribosyl-transferase
Also acts on 50 -deoxyadenosine and other analogues having 50 -deoxy groups.
[324, 647, 1683]
[EC 2.4.2.28 created 1983]
EC 2.4.2.29
Accepted name:
tRNA-guanine transglycosylase
166
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(1) [tRNA]-guanine + queuine = [tRNA]-queuine + guanine
(2) [tRNA]-guanine + 7-aminomethyl-7-carbaguanine = [tRNA]-7-aminomethyl-7-carbaguanine +
guanine
guanine insertion enzyme; tRNA transglycosylase; Q-insertase; queuine transfer ribonucleate ribosyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate glycosyltransferase; tRNA guanine transglycosidase; guanine,
queuine-tRNA transglycosylase; queuine tRNA-ribosyltransferase; TGT; [tRNA]-guanine:queuine
tRNA-D-ribosyltransferase; transfer ribonucleic acid guanine transglycosylase
tRNA-guanine:queuine tRNA-D-ribosyltransferase
In eukaryotes, queuine is incorporated into tRNA directly via a base-exchange reaction (replacing
guanine) whereas in eubacteria, the queuine precursor preQ1 is incorporated and ultimately modified
to queuine [2262]. In eubacteria, preQ0 can also be incorporated into undermodified tRNATyr and
tRNAAsn containing normal guanine instead of queuine in the first position of the anticodon [1611].
This enzyme acts after EC 1.7.1.13, preQ1 synthase, in the queuine-biosynthesis pathway.
[904, 1611, 2026, 2262]
[EC 2.4.2.29 created 1984, modified 2007]
EC 2.4.2.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ + (ADP-D-ribosyl)n -acceptor = nicotinamide + (ADP-D-ribosyl)n+1 -acceptor + H+
poly(ADP-ribose) synthase; ADP-ribosyltransferase (polymerizing); NAD ADP-ribosyltransferase;
PARP; PARP-1; NAD+ :poly(adenine-diphosphate-D-ribosyl)-acceptor ADP-D-ribosyl-transferase
(incorrect); NAD+ :poly(adenosine-diphosphate-D-ribosyl)-acceptor ADP-D-ribosyl-transferase
NAD+ :poly(ADP-D-ribosyl)-acceptor ADP-D-ribosyl-transferase
The ADP-D-ribosyl group of NAD+ is transferred to an acceptor carboxy group on a histone or the
enzyme itself, and further ADP-ribosyl groups are transferred to the 20 -position of the terminal adenosine moiety, building up a polymer with an average chain length of 20-30 units.
[2295, 2296, 2308]
[EC 2.4.2.30 created 1984, modified 1990]
EC 2.4.2.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
NAD+ —protein-arginine ADP-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ + protein L-arginine = nicotinamide + N ω -(ADP-D-ribosyl)-protein-L-arginine
ADP-ribosyltransferase; mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase; NAD+ :L-arginine ADP-Dribosyltransferase; NAD(P)+ -arginine ADP-ribosyltransferase; NAD(P)+ :L-arginine ADP-Dribosyltransferase; mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase; ART; ART1; ART2; ART3; ART4; ART5; ART6;
ART7; NAD(P)+ —protein-arginine ADP-ribosyltransferase; NAD(P)+ :protein-L-arginine ADP-Dribosyltransferase
NAD+ :protein-L-arginine ADP-D-ribosyltransferase
Protein mono-ADP-ribosylation is a reversible post-translational modification that plays a role in the
regulation of cellular activities [399]. Arginine residues in proteins act as acceptors. Free arginine, agmatine [(4-aminobutyl)guanidine], arginine methyl ester and guanidine can also do so. The enzyme
from some, but not all, species can also use NADP+ as acceptor (giving rise to N ω -[(20 -phosphoADP)-D-ribosyl]-protein-L-arginine as the product), but more slowly [1482, 1657]. The enzyme catalyses the NAD+ -dependent activation of EC 4.6.1.1, adenylate cyclase. Some bacterial enterotoxins
possess similar enzymatic activities. (cf. EC 2.4.2.36 NAD+ —diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase).
[1482, 1483, 2295, 399, 1657]
[EC 2.4.2.31 created 1984, modified 1990, modified 2006]
EC 2.4.2.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
dolichyl-phosphate D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose + dolichyl phosphate = UDP + dolichyl D-xylosyl phosphate
167
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-D-xylose:dolichyl-phosphate D-xylosyltransferase
[2374]
[EC 2.4.2.32 created 1984, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.2.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
dolichyl-xylosyl-phosphate—protein xylosyltransferase
dolichyl D-xylosyl phosphate + protein = dolichyl phosphate + D-xylosylprotein
dolichyl-D-xylosyl-phosphate:protein D-xylosyltransferase
[2374]
[EC 2.4.2.33 created 1984]
EC 2.4.2.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
indolylacetylinositol arabinosyltransferase
UDP-L-arabinose + (indol-3-yl)acetyl-1D-myo-inositol = UDP + (indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol 3-Larabinoside
arabinosylindolylacetylinositol synthase; UDP-L-arabinose:indol-3-ylacetyl-myo-inositol Larabinosyltransferase; UDP-L-arabinose:(indol-3-yl)acetyl-myo-inositol L-arabinosyltransferase
UDP-L-arabinose:(indol-3-yl)acetyl-1D-myo-inositol L-arabinosyltransferase
The position of acylation is indeterminate because of the ease of acyl transfer between hydroxy
groups. For a diagram showing the biosynthesis of UDP-L-arabinose, click here.
[397]
[EC 2.4.2.34 created 1986, modified 2003]
EC 2.4.2.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol-3-O-glycoside xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose + a flavonol 3-O-glycoside = UDP + a flavonol 3-[β-D-xylosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glycoside]
UDP-D-xylose:flavonol-3-O-glycoside 200 -O-β-D-xylosyltransferase
Flavonol 3-O-glucoside, flavonol 3-O-galactoside and, more slowly, rutin, can act as acceptors.
[1113, 951]
[EC 2.4.2.35 created 1986]
EC 2.4.2.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
NAD+ —diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ + peptide diphthamide = nicotinamide + peptide N-(ADP-D-ribosyl)diphthamide
ADP-ribosyltransferase; mono(ADPribosyl)transferase; NAD—diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ :peptide-diphthamide N-(ADP-D-ribosyl)transferase
Diphtheria toxin and some other bacterial toxins catalyse this reaction. The acceptor is a diphthamide
residue in elongation factor 2. cf. EC 2.4.2.31 NAD(P)+ —protein-arginine ADP-ribosyltransferase.
[1216, 2295]
[EC 2.4.2.36 created 1990]
EC 2.4.2.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
NAD+ —dinitrogen-reductase ADP-D-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ + [dinitrogen reductase] = nicotinamide + ADP-D-ribosyl-[dinitrogen reductase]
NAD—azoferredoxin (ADPribose)transferase; NAD—dinitrogen-reductase ADP-D-ribosyltransferase
NAD+ :[dinitrogen reductase] (ADP-D-ribosyl)transferase
Together with EC 3.2.2.24 (ADP-ribosyl-[dinitrogen reductase] hydrolase), controls the level of activity of EC 1.18.6.1 nitrogenase.
168
References:
[583, 1311]
[EC 2.4.2.37 created 1992]
EC 2.4.2.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycoprotein 2-β-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine = UDP + N 4 -N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-Dmannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-[β-D-xylosyl-(1→2)]β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminylasparagine
β1,2-xylosyltransferase; UDP-D-xylose:glycoprotein (D-xylose to the 3,6-disubstituted mannose of
4-N-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α-D-mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→2)α-D-mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminylasparagine) 2-β-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:glycoprotein (D-xylose to the 3,6-disubstituted mannose of N 4 -N-acetyl-βD -glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α- D -mannosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-β- D -glucosaminyl-(1→2)-α- D mannosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-mannosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-Dglucosaminylasparagine) 2-β-D-xylosyltransferase
Specific for N-linked oligosaccharides (N-glycans).
[2564, 2153]
[EC 2.4.2.38 created 2001]
EC 2.4.2.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
xyloglucan 6-xylosyltransferase
Transfers an α-D-xylosyl residue from UDP-D-xylose to a glucose residue in xyloglucan, forming an
α-(1→6)-D-xylosyl-D-glucose linkage
uridine diphosphoxylose-xyloglucan 6α-xylosyltransferase; xyloglucan 6-α-D-xylosyltransferase;
UDP-D-xylose:xyloglucan 1,6-α-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:xyloglucan 6-α-D-xylosyltransferase
In association with EC 2.4.1.168 (xyloglucan 4-glucosyltransferase), this enzyme brings about the
synthesis of xyloglucan; concurrent transfers of glucose and xylose are necessary for this synthesis.
[812, 811]
[EC 2.4.2.39 created 1989 as EC 2.4.1.169, transferred 2003 to EC 2.4.2.39]
EC 2.4.2.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
zeatin O-β-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose + zeatin = UDP + O-β-D-xylosylzeatin
uridine diphosphoxylose-zeatin xylosyltransferase; zeatin O-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:zeatin O-β-D-xylosyltransferase
Does not act on UDP-glucose (cf. EC 2.4.1.103 alizarin 2-β-glucosyltransferase).
[2291]
[EC 2.4.2.40 created 1992 as EC 2.4.1.204, transferred 2003 to EC 2.4.2.40]
EC 2.4.2.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
xylogalacturonan β-1,3-xylosyltransferase
Transfers a xylosyl residue from UDP-D-xylose to a D-galactose residue in xylogalacturonan, forming
a β-1,3-D-xylosyl-D-galactose linkage.
xylogalacturonan xylosyltransferase; XGA xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:xylogalacturonan β-1,3-xylosyltransferase
169
Comments:
References:
Involved in plant cell wall synthesis. The enzyme from Arabidopsis thaliana also transfers D-xylose
from UDP-D-xylose onto oligogalacturonide acceptors. The enzyme did not show significant activity
with UDP-glucose, UDP-galactose, or UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine as sugar donors.
[986]
[EC 2.4.2.41 created 2009]
EC 2.4.2.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose + Glcβ-Ser53 -EGF-like domain of bovine factor IX(45-87) = UDP + Xylα(1-3)GlcβSer53 -EGF-like domain of bovine factor IX(45-87)
β-glucoside α-1,3-xylosyltransferase
UDP-D-xylose:β-D-glucoside α-1,3-D-xylosyltransferase
The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of the Xylα(1-3)Xylα(1-3)Glcβ-1-O-Ser on epidermal
growth factor-like domains [952].
[952, 1619]
[EC 2.4.2.42 created 2010]
EC 2.4.99 Transferring other glycosyl groups
EC 2.4.99.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-galactoside α-2,6-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine = CMP + α-Nacetylneuraminyl-(2→6)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine α-2,6-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamine α-(2→6)-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
The terminal β-D-galactosyl residue of the oligosaccharide of glycoproteins, as well as lactose, can
act as acceptor.
[128, 858, 1671, 1940, 2101]
[EC 2.4.99.1 created 1972, modified 1976, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
monosialoganglioside sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-Dgalactosyl-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = CMP + N-acetylneuraminyl-D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-Dgalactosyl-D-glucosylceramide N-acetylneuraminyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:Dgalactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-D-galactosyl-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide
N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:D-galactosyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-(N-acetylneuraminyl)-Dgalactosyl-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
May be identical with EC 2.4.99.4 β-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase.
[1796, 2538]
[EC 2.4.99.2 created 1976, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.3
170
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-N-acetylgalactosaminide α-2,6-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + glycano-(1→3)-(N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl)-glycoprotein = CMP +
glycano-[(2→6)-α-N-acetylneuraminyl]-(N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl)-glycoprotein
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:glycano-1,3-(N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl)-glycoprotein α-2,6-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
α-N-Acetylgalactosamine linked to threonine or serine is also an acceptor, when substituted at the
3-position.
[1902]
[EC 2.4.99.3 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl-R = CMP + α-Nacetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosaminyl-R
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactoside α-2,3-N-acetylneuraminyl-transferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactoside α-(2→3)-N-acetylneuraminyl-transferase
The acceptor is Galβ1,3GalNAc-R, where R is H, a threonine or serine residue in a glycoprotein, or a
glycolipid. Lactose can also act as acceptor. May be identical with EC 2.4.99.2 monosialoganglioside
sialyltransferase.
[1796, 1903]
[EC 2.4.99.4 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactosyldiacylglycerol α-2,3-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + 1,2-diacyl-3-β-D-galactosyl-sn-glycerol = CMP + 1,2-diacyl-3-[3-(α-DN-acetylneuraminyl)-β-D-galactosyl]-sn-glycerol
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:1,2-diacyl-3-β-D-galactosyl-sn-glycerol N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
The β-D-galactosyl residue of the oligosaccharide of glycoproteins may also act as acceptor.
[1702, 2442, 2443]
[EC 2.4.99.5 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetyllactosaminide α-2,3-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein = CMP +
α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein
sialyltransferase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-β-galactosyl(1→4)acetylglucosaminide
α2→3-sialyltransferase; α2→3 sialyltransferase; SiaT; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein α-2,3-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-glycoprotein α-(2→3)N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
Acts on β-D-galactosyl-1,4-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl termini on glycoprotein.
[460]
[EC 2.4.99.6 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
α-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-β-galactosyl-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminide 6-α-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + N-acetyl-α-neuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminyl-R = CMP + N-acetyl-α-neuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)-[N-acetyl-αneuraminyl-(2→6)]-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-R
171
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sialyltransferase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-(α-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-β-galactosyl1,3)-N-acetylgalactosaminide-α-2,6-sialyltransferase; α-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-β-galactosyl-1,3-Nacetyl-galactosaminide α-2,6-sialyltransferase; SIAT7; ST6GALNAC; (α-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3β-galactosyl-1,3)-N-acetyl-galactosaminide 6-α-sialyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:(α-Nacetylneuraminyl-2,3-β-D-galactosyl-1,3)-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminide α-2,6-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:N-acetyl-α-neuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→3)- N-acetyl-Dgalactosaminide galactosamine-6-α-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
Attaches N-acetylneuraminic acid in α-2,6-linkage to N-acetyl-galactosamine only when present in
the structure of α-N-acetyl-neuraminyl-(2→3)-β-galactosyl-(1→3)-N-acetylgalactosaminyl-R, where
R may be protein or p-nitrophenol. Not identical with EC 2.4.99.3 α-N-acetylgalactosaminide α-2,6sialyltransferase.
[184]
[EC 2.4.99.7 created 1984, modified 1986, modified 2004]
EC 2.4.99.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
α-N-acetylneuraminate α-2,8-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-R = CMP + α-Nacetylneuraminyl-(2→8)-α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-R
cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-ganglioside GM3 ; α-2,8-sialyltransferase; ganglioside GD3
synthase; ganglioside GD3 synthetase sialyltransferase; CMP-NeuAc:LM1(α2-8) sialyltranferase; GD3
synthase; SAT-2
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactoside α-(2→8)-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
Gangliosides act as acceptors.
[545, 860, 1399, 814]
[EC 2.4.99.8 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lactosylceramide α-2,3-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = CMP + α-Nacetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide α2,3- sialyltransferase;
CMP-acetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide-sialyltransferase; CMP-acetylneuraminic
acid:lactosylceramide sialyltransferase; CMP-sialic acid:lactosylceramide-sialyltransferase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide sialyltransferase; ganglioside GM3 synthetase; GM3 synthase; GM3 synthetase; SAT 1; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:lactosylceramide
α-2,3-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-Dglucosyl(1↔1)ceramide α-(2→3)-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide α-(2→3)-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
Lactose cannot act as acceptor.
[143, 580, 860]
[EC 2.4.99.9 created 1984, modified 1986]
EC 2.4.99.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
neolactotetraosylceramide α-2,3-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = CMP + α-N-acetylneuraminyl-(2→3)-β-Dgalactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)ceramide
172
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sialyltransferase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-neolactotetraosylceramide sialyltransferase; sialyltransferase 3; SAT-3; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:neolactotetraosylceramide α-2,3sialyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-D-glucosyl(1↔1)ceramide α-(2→3)-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminyl-(1→3)-β-D-galactosyl(1→4)-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide α-(2→3)-sialyltransferase
[139]
[EC 2.4.99.10 created 1986]
EC 2.4.99.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
lactosylceramide α-2,6-N-sialyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate + β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide = CMP + α-Nacetylneuraminyl-(2→6)-β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide
cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminate-lactosylceramide sialyltransferase; CMP-acetylneuraminatelactosylceramide-sialyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid:lactosylceramide sialyltransferase; CMP-sialic acid:lactosylceramide sialyltransferase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminatelactosylceramide sialyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:lactosylceramide α-2,6N-acetylneuraminyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-Dglucosyl(1↔1)ceramide α-(2→6)-N-acetylneuraminyltransferase
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate:β-D-galactosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucosyl-(1↔1)-ceramide α-(2→6)-Nacetylneuraminyltransferase
[21, 1202]
[EC 2.4.99.11 created 1992]
EC 2.4.99.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose + CMP-3deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate = 3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphonoβ-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose + CMP
KDO transferase; waaA (gene name); kdtA (gene name); 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid transferase; 3-deoxy-manno-octulosonic acid transferase; lipid IVA KDO transferase
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate:lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate transferase
The bifunctional enzyme from Escherichia coli transfers two 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate residues
to lipid IVA (cf. EC 2.4.99.13 [(KDO)-lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase])
[171]. The monofunctional enzymes from Aquifex aeolicus and Haemophilus influenzae catalyse the transfer of a single 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate residue from CMP-3-deoxy-D-mannooctulosonate to lipid IVA [1345, 2455]. The enzymes from Chlamydia transfer three or more 3-deoxyD -manno-octulosonate residues and generate genus-specific epitopes [1286].
[171, 1345, 2455, 1286]
[EC 2.4.99.12 created 2010]
EC 2.4.99.13
Accepted name:
(KDO)-lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
173
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose +
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate = 3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)-3-deoxyα-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose +
CMP
KDO transferase; waaA (gene name); kdtA (gene name); Kdo transferase; 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2ulosonic acid transferase; 3-deoxy-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate:(KDO)-lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate transferase
The bifunctional enzyme from Escherichia coli transfers two 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate residues
to lipid IVA (cf. EC 2.4.99.12 [lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase]) [171]. The
enzymes from Chlamydia transfer three or more 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate residues and generate genus-specific epitopes [].
[171, 1286]
[EC 2.4.99.13 created 2010]
EC 2.4.99.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(KDO)2 -lipid IVA (2-8) 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)-3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose + CMP-3deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate = 3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→8)-3-deoxyα-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)-3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosy[l-(2→6)2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-Ophosphono-β-D-glucopyrano]syl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose + CMP
KDO transferase; waaA (gene name); kdtA (gene name); 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid transferase; 3-deoxy-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate:(KDO)2 -lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate transferase
((2→8) glycosidic bond-forming)
The enzymes from Chlamydia transfer three or more 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate residues and
generate genus-specific epitopes.
[1286, 1344, 170]
[EC 2.4.99.14 created 2010]
EC 2.4.99.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
(KDO)3 -lipid IVA (2-4) 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→8)-3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)-3deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose
+ CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate = 3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→8)-[3-deoxyα-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)]-3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→4)-3-deoxyα-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose +
CMP
KDO transferase; waaA (gene name); kdtA (gene name); 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonic acid transferase; 3-deoxy-manno-octulosonic acid transferase
174
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate:(KDO)3 -lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate transferase
((2→4) glycosidic bond-forming)
The enzyme from Chlamydia psittaci transfers four KDO residues to lipid A, forming a branched
tetrasaccharide with the structure α-KDO-(2,8)-[α-KDO-(2,4)]-α-KDO-(2,4)-α-KDO (cf. EC
2.4.99.12 [lipid IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase], EC 2.4.99.13 [(KDO)-lipid IVA
3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase], and EC 2.4.99.14 [(KDO)2 -lipid IVA (2-8) 3-deoxyD -manno-octulosonic acid transferase]).
[250, 890]
[EC 2.4.99.15 created 2010]
EC 2.5 Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups
This subclass contains only one sub-subclass at present. It is somewhat heterogeneous, containing enzymes that transfer alkyl or
related groups that are either substituted or unsubstituted.
EC 2.5.1 Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups (only sub-subclass identified to
date)
EC 2.5.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dimethylallyltranstransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + geranyl diphosphate
geranyl-diphosphate synthase; prenyltransferase; dimethylallyltransferase; DMAPP:IPPdimethylallyltransferase; (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate synthetase; diprenyltransferase; geranyl pyrophosphate synthase; geranyl pyrophosphate synthetase; trans-farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate dimethylallyltranstransferase
This enzyme will not accept larger prenyl diphosphates as efficient donors.
[111, 1906]
[EC 2.5.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.5.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiamine pyridinylase
thiamine + pyridine = 1-[(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]pyridinium + 4-methyl-5-(2hydroxyethyl)thiazole
pyrimidine transferase; thiaminase I; thiamin hydrolase; thiamin pyridinolase; thiaminase; thiamine
pyridinolase; thiamin pyridinylase; thiamin:base 2-methyl-4-aminopyrimidine-5-methenyltransferase
thiamine:base 2-methyl-4-aminopyrimidine-5-methenyltransferase
Various bases and thiol compounds can act instead of pyridine.
[630, 1072, 2484]
[EC 2.5.1.2 created 1961, modified 1976, modified 2001]
EC 2.5.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thiamine-phosphate diphosphorylase
2-methyl-4-amino-5-hydroxymethylpyrimidine diphosphate + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphonooxyethyl)thiazole = diphosphate + thiamine phosphate
thiamine phosphate pyrophosphorylase; thiamine monophosphate pyrophosphorylase; TMP-PPase
2-methyl-4-amino-5-hydroxymethylpyrimidine-diphosphate:4-methyl-5-(2-phosphoethyl)thiazole
2-methyl-4-aminopyrimidine-5-methenyltransferase
[307, 1215]
175
[EC 2.5.1.3 created 1965]
EC 2.5.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
adenosylmethionine cyclotransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + 2-aminobutan-4-olide
adenosylmethioninase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine alkyltransferase (cyclizing)
[1486, 1487]
[EC 2.5.1.4 created 1965]
EC 2.5.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
galactose-6-sulfurylase
Eliminates sulfate from the D-galactose 6-sulfate residues of porphyran, producing 3,6anhydrogalactose residues
porphyran sulfatase; galactose-6-sulfatase; galactose 6-sulfatase
D -galactose-6-sulfate:alkyltransferase (cyclizing)
[1803, 1804]
[EC 2.5.1.5 created 1965]
EC 2.5.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
methionine adenosyltransferase
ATP + L-methionine + H2 O = phosphate + diphosphate + S-adenosyl-L-methionine
adenosylmethionine synthetase; ATP-methionine adenosyltransferase; methionine Sadenosyltransferase; methionine-activating enzyme; S-adenosyl-L-methionine synthetase; Sadenosylmethionine synthase; S-adenosylmethionine synthetase; AdoMet synthetase
ATP:L-methionine S-adenosyltransferase
[314, 315, 1488]
[EC 2.5.1.6 created 1961 as EC 2.4.2.13, transferred 1965 to EC 2.5.1.6]
EC 2.5.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate + UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine = phosphate + UDP-N-acetyl-3-O-(1carboxyvinyl)-D-glucosamine
MurA transferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyl-transferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine
enoylpyruvyltransferase; enoylpyruvate transferase; phosphoenolpyruvate-UDP-acetylglucosamine3-enolpyruvyltransferase; phosphoenolpyruvate:UDP-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose 2-enoyl-1carboxyethyltransferase; phosphoenolpyruvate:uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyltransferase; phosphoenolpyruvate:uridine-50 -diphospho-N-acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxyglucose 3enolpyruvyltransferase; phosphopyruvate-uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine pyruvatetransferase;
pyruvate-UDP-acetylglucosamine transferase; pyruvate-uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine
transferase; pyruvate-uridine diphospho-N-acetyl-glucosamine transferase; pyruvic-uridine
diphospho-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate:UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
[756, 2563, 2324]
[EC 2.5.1.7 created 1972, modified 1983, modified 2002]
[2.5.1.8
Transferred entry. tRNA isopentenyltransferase. As it is now known that the substrate is dimethylallyl diphosphate,
the enzyme has been transferred to EC 2.5.1.75, tRNA dimethylallyltransferase]
[EC 2.5.1.8 created 1972, deleted 2009]
176
EC 2.5.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
riboflavin synthase
2 6,7-dimethyl-8-(1-D-ribityl)lumazine = riboflavin + 4-(1-D-ribitylamino)-5-amino-2,6dihydroxypyrimidine
heavy riboflavin synthase; light riboflavin synthase; riboflavin synthetase; riboflavine synthase; riboflavine synthetase
6,7-dimethyl-8-(1-D-ribityl)lumazine:6,7-dimethyl-8-(1-D-ribityl)lumazine 2,3-butanediyltransferase
A flavoprotein (riboflavin).
[1715, 1716, 2369]
[EC 2.5.1.9 created 1972]
EC 2.5.1.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
geranyltranstransferase
geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate
farnesyl-diphosphate synthase; geranyl transferase I; prenyltransferase; farnesyl pyrophosphate synthetase; farnesylpyrophosphate synthetase;
geranyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate geranyltranstransferase
Some forms of this enzyme will also use dimethylallyl diphosphate as a substrate. The enzyme will
not accept larger prenyl diphosphates as efficient donors.
[1324, 1600, 1799, 2201, 2202]
[EC 2.5.1.10 created 1972]
EC 2.5.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trans-octaprenyltranstransferase
all-trans-octaprenyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + all-trans-nonaprenyl
diphosphate
all-trans-nonaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; solanesyl-diphosphate synthase; solanesyl pyrophosphate synthetase; SPP synthase; nonaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase; polyprenylpyrophosphate synthetase; terpenoidallyltransferase; terpenyl pyrophosphate synthetase; transoctaprenyltranstransferase; trans-prenyltransferase
(E)-octaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate octaprenyltranstransferase
This enzyme will also use geranyl diphosphate and all-trans-prenyl diphosphates of intermediate size
as donors, but not dimethylallyl diphosphate.
[626, 1905]
[EC 2.5.1.11 created 1972]
[2.5.1.12
Deleted entry. glutathione S-alkyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.5.1.18 glutathione transferase]
[EC 2.5.1.12 created 1972, deleted 1976]
[2.5.1.13
Deleted entry. glutathione S-aryltransferase. Now included with EC 2.5.1.18 glutathione transferase]
[EC 2.5.1.13 created 1972, deleted 1976]
[2.5.1.14
Deleted entry. glutathione S-aralkyltransferase. Now included with EC 2.5.1.18 glutathione transferase]
[EC 2.5.1.14 created 1972, deleted 1976]
EC 2.5.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
dihydropteroate synthase
(2-amino-4-hydroxy-7,8-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl diphosphate + 4-aminobenzoate = diphosphate
+ 7,8-dihydropteroate
177
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dihydropteroate pyrophosphorylase; DHPS; 7,8-dihydropteroate synthase; 7,8-dihydropteroate synthetase; 7,8-dihydropteroic acid synthetase; dihydropteroate synthetase; dihydropteroic synthetase;
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine-diphosphate:4-aminobenzoate 2-amino-4hydroxydihydropteridine-6-methenyltransferase
(2-amino-4-hydroxy-7,8-dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl-diphosphate:4-aminobenzoate 2-amino-4hydroxydihydropteridine-6-methenyltransferase
[1828, 2031]
[EC 2.5.1.15 created 1972]
EC 2.5.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
spermidine synthase
S-adenosylmethioninamine + putrescine = 50 -S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + spermidine
aminopropyltransferase; putrescine aminopropyltransferase; spermidine synthetase; SpeE
S-adenosylmethioninamine:putrescine 3-aminopropyltransferase
This enzyme is not identical with EC 2.5.1.22, spermine synthase. The mammalian enzyme is highly
specific but the bacterial enzyme can use other acceptors and can synthesize spermine.
[779, 1682, 2190, 2192]
[EC 2.5.1.16 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.5.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cob(I)yrinic acid a,c-diamide adenosyltransferase
(1) ATP + cob(I)yrinic acid a,c-diamide = triphosphate + adenosylcob(III)yrinic acid a,c-diamide
(2) ATP + cobinamide = triphosphate + adenosylcobinamide
CobA; CobO; ATP:corrinoid adenosyltransferase; cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase; aquacob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase; aquocob(I)alamin vitamin B12s adenosyltransferase;
ATP:cob(I)alamin Coβ-adenosyltransferase
ATP:cob(I)yrinic acid-a,c-diamide Coβ-adenosyltransferase
The corrinoid adenosylation pathway comprises three steps: (i) reduction of Co(III) to Co(II) by
a one-electron transfer. This can be carried out by EC 1.16.1.3, aquacobalamin reductase or nonenzymically in the presence of dihydroflavin nucleotides [148]. (ii) Co(II) is reduced to Co(I) in a
second single-electron transfer by EC 1.16.1.4, cob(II)alamin reductase and (iii) the Co(I) conducts
a nucleophilic attack on the adenosyl moiety of ATP to leave the cobalt atom in a Co(III) state (EC
2.5.1.17). The enzyme responsible for the adenosylation reaction is the product of the gene cobO in
the aerobic bacterium Pseudomonas denitrificans and of the gene cobA in the anaerobic bacterium
Salmonella typhimurium. In P. denitrificans, the enzyme shows specificity for cobyrinic acid a,cdiamide and the corrinoids that occur later in the biosynthetic pathway whereas CobA seems to have
broader specificity [594]. While CobA has a preference for ATP and Mn2+ , it is able to transfer a variety of nucleosides to the cobalt, including CTP, UTP and GTP, in decreasing order of preference
[2163] and to use Mg2+ instead of Mn2+ .
[2359, 148, 594, 2163]
[EC 2.5.1.17 created 1972, modified 2004]
EC 2.5.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
glutathione transferase
RX + glutathione = HX + R-S-glutathione
glutathione S-transferase; glutathione S-alkyltransferase; glutathione S-aryltransferase; S(hydroxyalkyl)glutathione lyase; glutathione S-aralkyltransferase; glutathione S-alkyl transferase;
GST
RX:glutathione R-transferase
178
Comments:
References:
A group of enzymes of broad specificity. R may be an aliphatic, aromatic or heterocyclic group; X
may be a sulfate, nitrile or halide group. Also catalyses the addition of aliphatic epoxides and arene
oxides to glutathione, the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrile, certain isomerization reactions and disulfide interchange.
[765, 974, 975, 1059, 2008]
[EC 2.5.1.18 created 1976 (EC 2.5.1.12, EC 2.5.1.13, EC 2.5.1.14 and EC 4.4.1.7 created 1972, incorporated 1976)]
EC 2.5.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate + 3-phosphoshikimate = phosphate + 5-O-(1-carboxyvinyl)-3phosphoshikimate
5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase; 3-enolpyruvylshikimate 5-phosphate synthase; 3enolpyruvylshikimic acid-5-phosphate synthetase; 50 -enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase;
5-enolpyruvyl-3-phosphoshikimate synthase; 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthetase; 5enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphoric acid synthase; enolpyruvylshikimate phosphate synthase; EPSP
synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate:3-phosphoshikimate 5-O-(1-carboxyvinyl)-transferase
[1470]
[EC 2.5.1.19 created 1976, modified 1983, modified 1989]
EC 2.5.1.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
rubber cis-polyprenylcistransferase
polycis-polyprenyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + a polycis-polyprenyl
diphosphate longer by one C5 unit
rubber allyltransferase; rubber transferase; isopentenyl pyrophosphate cis-1,4-polyisoprenyl transferase; cis-prenyl transferase; rubber polymerase; rubber prenyltransferase
polycis-polyprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate polyprenylcistransferase
Rubber particles act as acceptor.
[57, 1408]
[EC 2.5.1.20 created 1976]
EC 2.5.1.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
squalene synthase
(1a) 2 farnesyl diphosphate = diphosphate + presqualene diphosphate
(1b) presqualene diphosphate + NAD(P)H + H+ = squalene + diphosphate + NAD(P)+
farnesyltransferase; presqualene-diphosphate synthase; presqualene synthase; squalene synthetase;
farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase; SQS
farnesyl-diphosphate:farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase
This microsomal enzyme catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of sterols. The enzyme from yeast requires either Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activity. In the absence of NAD(P)H, presqualene
diphosphate (PSPP) is accumulated. When NAD(P)H is present, presqualene diphosphate does not
dissociate from the enzyme during the synthesis of squalene from farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) [1756].
High concentrations of FPP inhibit the production of squalene but not of PSPP [1756].
[1191, 547, 2226, 1292, 2007, 12, 1655, 1756]
[EC 2.5.1.21 created 1976, modified 2005]
EC 2.5.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
spermine synthase
S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + spermine
179
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
spermidine aminopropyltransferase; spermine synthetase
S-adenosylmethioninamine:spermidine 3-aminopropyltransferase
This enzyme is not identical with EC 2.5.1.16 (spermidine synthase) or EC 2.5.1.23 (symnorspermidine synthase).
[856, 1646]
[EC 2.5.1.22 created 1982]
EC 2.5.1.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sym-norspermidine synthase
S-adenosylmethioninamine + propane-1,3-diamine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + bis(3aminopropyl)amine
S-adenosylmethioninamine:propane-1,3-diamine 3-aminopropyltransferase
This enzyme is not identical with EC 2.5.1.16 (spermidine synthase) or EC 2.5.1.22 (spermine synthase).
[27, 2351]
[EC 2.5.1.23 created 1983]
EC 2.5.1.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
discadenine synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + N 6 -(∆2 -isopentenyl)-adenine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + discadenine
discadenine synthetase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:6-N-(∆2 -isopentenyl)-adenine 3-(3-amino-3carboxypropyl)-transferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:N 6 -(∆2 -isopentenyl)-adenine 3-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-transferase
[2230]
[EC 2.5.1.24 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
tRNA-uridine aminocarboxypropyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA uridine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + tRNA 3-(3-amino-3carboxypropyl)-uridine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA-uridine 3-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)transferase
[1564]
[EC 2.5.1.25 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alkylglycerone-phosphate synthase
1-acyl-glycerone 3-phosphate + a long-chain alcohol = an alkyl-glycerone 3-phosphate + a long-chain
acid anion
alkyldihydroxyacetonephosphate synthase; alkyldihydroxyacetone phosphate synthetase; alkyl DHAP
synthetase; alkyl-DHAP; dihydroxyacetone-phosphate acyltransferase; DHAP-AT
1-acyl-glycerone-3-phosphate:long-chain-alcohol O-3-phospho-2-oxopropanyltransferase
The ester-linked fatty acid of the substrate is cleaved and replaced by a long-chain alcohol in an ether
linkage.
[268, 2504]
[EC 2.5.1.26 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.27
180
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
adenylate dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + AMP = diphosphate + N 6 -(dimethylallyl)adenosine 50 -phosphate
cytokinin synthase; isopentenyltransferase; 2-isopentenyl-diphosphate:AMP ∆2 isopentenyltransferase; adenylate isopentenyltransferase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:AMP dimethylallyltransferase
[343]
[EC 2.5.1.27 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.5.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dimethylallylcistransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + neryl diphosphate
neryl-diphosphate synthase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate dimethylallylcistransferase
This enzyme will not use larger prenyl diphosphates as efficient donors.
[111, 203]
[EC 2.5.1.28 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
farnesyltranstransferase
trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate
geranylgeranyl-diphosphate synthase; geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthetase; geranylgeranyl-PP
synthetase; farnesyltransferase; geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase
trans,trans-farnesyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate farnesyltranstransferase
Some forms of this enzyme will also use geranyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl diphosphate as
donors; it will not use larger prenyl diphosphates as efficient donors.
[1904]
[EC 2.5.1.29 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trans-hexaprenyltranstransferase
all-trans-hexaprenyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + all-trans-heptaprenyl
diphosphate
all-trans-heptaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; heptaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase; heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase; heptaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase; HepPP synthase
all-trans-hexaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate hexaprenyltranstransferase
This enzyme will also use trans-trans-farnesyl diphosphate and all-trans-prenyl diphosphates of intermediate size as donors, but not dimethylallyl diphosphate.
[2203]
[EC 2.5.1.30 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
ditrans,polycis-decaprenylcistransferase
ditrans,polycis-decaprenyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + ditrans,polycisundecaprenyl diphosphate
di-trans,poly-cis-undecaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; undecaprenyl-diphosphate synthase;
bactoprenyl-diphosphate synthase; UPP synthetase; undecaprenyl diphosphate synthetase; undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase
ditrans,polycis-decaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate undecaprenylcistransferase
181
Comments:
References:
This enzyme will also use trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate and ditrans,polycis-prenyl diphosphates of
intermediate size as donors. The two trans- bonds in the substrate and product are those furthest from
the diphosphate group.
[1516, 2202]
[EC 2.5.1.31 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phytoene synthase
(1) 2 geranylgeranyl diphosphate = diphosphate + prephytoene diphosphate
(2) prephytoene diphosphate = phytoene + diphosphate
prephytoene-diphosphate synthase; phytoene synthetase; PSase; geranylgeranyl-diphosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:geranylgeranyl-diphosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
Requires Mn2+ for activity. The enzyme appears to be stereospecific, normally producing 15-cisphytoene. However, in Erwinia herbicola, the product is the 15-trans isomer [965].
[736, 965, 1446]
[EC 2.5.1.32 created 1984, modified 2005]
EC 2.5.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trans-pentaprenyltranstransferase
all-trans-pentaprenyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + all-trans-hexaprenyl
diphosphate
all-trans-hexaprenyl-diphosphate synthase; hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase; hexaprenyl pyrophosphate synthetase
all-trans-pentaprenyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate pentaprenyltranstransferase
This enzyme will also use trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate and all-trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate
as donors.
[625]
[EC 2.5.1.33 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
4-dimethylallyltryptophan synthase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + L-tryptophan = diphosphate + 4-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-L-tryptophan
dimethylallylpyrophosphate:L-tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase; dimethylallyltryptophan synthetase; dimethylallylpyrophosphate:tryptophan dimethylallyl transferase; DMAT synthetase; 4-(γ,γdimethylallyl)tryptophan synthase; tryptophan dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:L-tryptophan 4-dimethylallyltransferase
[1222]
[EC 2.5.1.34 created 1984, modified 2010]
EC 2.5.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aspulvinone dimethylallyltransferase
2 dimethylallyl diphosphate + aspulvinone E = 2 diphosphate + aspulvinone H
dimethylallyl pyrophosphate:aspulvinone dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:aspulvinone-E dimethylallyltransferase
This enzyme will also use as acceptor aspulvinone G, a hydroxylated derivative of the complex phenolic pigment aspulvinone E.
[2204]
182
[EC 2.5.1.35 created 1984]
EC 2.5.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyltransferase
(1) dimethylallyl diphosphate + (6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan = diphosphate + 2dimethylallyl-(6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan
(2) dimethylallyl diphosphate + (6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan = diphosphate + 4dimethylallyl-(6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan
glyceollin synthase; dimethylallylpyrophosphate:3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyltransferase; dimethylallylpyrophosphate:trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyl transferase; dimethylallyldiphosphate:(6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan dimethyltransferase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:(6aS,11aS)-3,6a,9-trihydroxypterocarpan dimethylallyltransferase
Part of the glyceollin biosynthesis system in soy bean.
[1249, 2555]
[EC 2.5.1.36 created 1989]
[2.5.1.37
Transferred entry. leukotriene-C4 synthase. Now EC 4.4.1.20, leukotriene-C4 synthase. The enzyme was incorrectly classified as a transferase]
[EC 2.5.1.37 created 1989, deleted 2004]
EC 2.5.1.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isonocardicin synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + nocardicin E = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + isonocardicin A
nocardicin aminocarboxypropyltransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:nocardicin-E 3-amino-3-carboxypropyltransferase
Involved in the biosynthesis of the β-lactam antibiotic nocardicin A.
[2474]
[EC 2.5.1.38 created 1992]
EC 2.5.1.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-hydroxybenzoate polyprenyltransferase
a polyprenyl diphosphate + 4-hydroxybenzoate = diphosphate + a 4-hydroxy-3-polyprenylbenzoate
nonaprenyl-4-hydroxybenzoate transferase; 4-hydroxybenzoate transferase; p-hydroxybenzoate
dimethylallyltransferase; p-hydroxybenzoate polyprenyltransferase; p-hydroxybenzoic acidpolyprenyl transferase; p-hydroxybenzoic-polyprenyl transferase; 4-hydroxybenzoate nonaprenyltransferase
polyprenyl-diphosphate:4-hydroxybenzoate polyprenyltransferase
This enzyme, involved in the biosynthesis of ubiquinone, attaches a polyprenyl side chain to a 4hydroxybenzoate ring, producing the first ubiquinone intermediate that is membrane bound. The number of isoprenoid subunits in the side chain varies in different species. The enzyme does not have any
specificity concerning the length of the polyprenyl tail, and accepts tails of various lengths with similar efficiency [2,4,5].
[1023, 1415, 1609, 600, 2272]
[EC 2.5.1.39 created 1992, modified 2010]
[2.5.1.40
Transferred entry. aristolochene synthase. Now EC 4.2.3.9, aristolochene synthase]
[EC 2.5.1.40 created 1992, deleted 1999]
EC 2.5.1.41
Accepted name:
phosphoglycerol geranylgeranyltransferase
183
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
geranylgeranyl diphosphate + sn-glycerol 1-phosphate = diphosphate + sn-3-O(geranylgeranyl)glycerol 1-phosphate
glycerol phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase; geranylgeranyl-transferase; prenyltransferase; (S)-3-Ogeranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase; (S)-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase; GGGP
synthase; (S)-GGGP synthase; GGGPS; geranylgeranyl diphosphate:sn-glyceryl phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase; geranylgeranyl diphosphate:sn-glycerol-1-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:sn-glycerol-1-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
This cytosolic enzyme catalyses the first pathway-specific step in the biosynthesis of the core membrane diether lipids in archaebacteria [342]. Requires Mg2+ for maximal activity [342]. It catalyses
the alkylation of the primary hydroxy group in sn-glycerol 1-phosphate by geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) in a prenyltransfer reaction where a hydroxy group is the nucleophile in the acceptor
substrate [342]. The other enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of polar lipids in Archaea are EC
1.1.1.261 (sn-glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 2.5.1.42 (geranylgeranylglycerol-phosphate
geranylgeranyltransferase) and EC 2.7.7.67 (CDP-archaeol synthase), which lead to the formation of
CDP-unsaturated archaeol. The final step in the pathway involves the addition of L-serine, with concomitant removal of CMP, leading to the production of unsaturated archaetidylserine [1477].
[2568, 342, 1549, 1674, 1477]
[EC 2.5.1.41 created 1992, modified 2009]
EC 2.5.1.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
geranylgeranylglycerol-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
geranylgeranyl diphosphate + sn-3-O-(geranylgeranyl)glycerol 1-phosphate = diphosphate + 2,3-bisO-(geranylgeranyl)glycerol 1-phosphate
geranylgeranyloxyglycerol phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase; geranylgeranyltransferase II; (S)-2,3di-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase; DGGGP synthase; DGGGPS
geranylgeranyl diphosphate:sn-3-O-(geranylgeranyl)glycerol 1-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
This enzyme is an integral-membrane protein that carries out the second prenyltransfer reaction involved in the formation of polar membrane lipids in Archaea. Requires a divalent metal cation, such
as Mg2+ or Mn2+ , for activity [841]. 4-Hydroxybenzoate, 1,4-dihydroxy 2-naphthoate, homogentisate and α-glycerophosphate cannot act as prenyl-acceptor substrates [841]. The other enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of polar lipids in Archaea are EC 1.1.1.261 (sn-glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 2.5.1.41 (phosphoglycerol geranylgeranyltransferase), which, together with this
enzyme, alkylates the hydroxy groups of glycerol 1-phosphate to yield unsaturated archaetidic acid,
which is acted upon by EC 2.7.7.67 (CDP-archaeol synthase) to form CDP-unsaturated archaeol. The
final step in the pathway involves the addition of L-serine, with concomitant removal of CMP, leading to the production of unsaturated archaetidylserine [1477]. Belongs in the UbiA prenyltransferase
family [841].
[2568, 841, 1477]
[EC 2.5.1.42 created 1992, modified 2009]
EC 2.5.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
nicotianamine synthase
3 S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 3 S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + nicotianamine
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:S-adenosyl-L-methionine:S-adenosyl-Lmethionine 3-amino-3carboxypropyltransferase
[863]
[EC 2.5.1.43 created 1999]
EC 2.5.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
homospermidine synthase
(1) 2 putrescine = sym-homospermidine + NH3 + H+
184
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(2) putrescine + spermidine = sym-homospermidine + propane-1,3-diamine
putrescine:putrescine 4-aminobutyltransferase (ammonia-forming)
The reaction of this enzyme occurs in three steps, with some of the intermediates presumably
remaining enzyme-bound: NAD+ -dependent dehydrogenation of putrescine, transfer of the 4aminobutylidene group from dehydroputrescine to a second molecule of putrescine and reduction
of the imine intermediate to form homospermidine. Hence the overall reaction is transfer of a 4aminobutyl group. Differs from EC 2.5.1.45, homospermidine synthase (spermidine-specific), which
cannot use putrescine as donor of the aminobutyl group.
[2200, 245, 2521, 2107, 1589, 1588]
[EC 2.5.1.44 created 1999, modified 2001]
EC 2.5.1.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
homospermidine synthase (spermidine-specific)
spermidine + putrescine = sym-homospermidine + propane-1,3-diamine
spermidine:putrescine 4-aminobutyltransferase (propane-1,3-diamine-forming)
The reaction of this enzyme occurs in three steps, with some of the intermediates presumably remaining enzyme-bound: (a) NAD+ -dependent dehydrogenation of spermidine, (b) transfer of the
4-aminobutylidene group from dehydrospermidine to putrescine and (c) reduction of the imine intermediate to form homospermidine. This enzyme is more specific than EC 2.5.1.44, homospermidine synthase, which is found in bacteria, as it cannot use putrescine as donor of the 4-aminobutyl
group. Forms part of the biosynthetic pathway of the poisonous pyrrolizidine alkaloids of the ragworts (Senecio).
[245, 1588, 1586]
[EC 2.5.1.45 created 2001]
EC 2.5.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxyhypusine synthase
[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + spermidine = [eIF5A-precursor]-deoxyhypusine + propane-1,3-diamine
(1a) spermidine + NAD+ = dehydrospermidine + NADH
(1b) dehydrospermidine + [enzyme]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + propane-1,3diamine
(1c) N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[enzyme]-lysine + [eIF5A-precursor]-lysine = N-(4-aminobutylidene)[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + [enzyme]-lysine
(1d) N-(4-aminobutylidene)-[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine + NADH + H+ = [eIF5A-precursor]deoxyhypusine + NAD+
spermidine:eIF5A-lysine 4-aminobutyltransferase (propane-1,3-diamine-forming)
[eIF5A-precursor]-lysine:spermidine 4-aminobutyltransferase (propane-1,3-diamine-forming)
The eukaryotic initiation factor eIF5A contains a hypusine residue that is essential for activity. This
enzyme catalyses the first reaction of hypusine formation from one specific lysine residue of the
eIF5A precursor. The reaction occurs in four steps: NAD+ -dependent dehydrogenation of spermidine
(1a), formation of an enzyme-imine intermediate by transfer of the 4-aminobutylidene group from dehydrospermidine to the active site lysine residue (Lys329 for the human enzyme; 1b), transfer of the
same 4-aminobutylidene group from the enzyme intermediate to the e1F5A precursor (1c), reduction
of the e1F5A-imine intermediate to form a deoxyhypusine residue (1d). Hence the overall reaction is
transfer of a 4-aminobutyl group. For the plant enzyme, homospermidine can substitute for spermidine and putrescine can substitute for the lysine residue of the eIF5A precursor. Hypusine is formed
from deoxyhypusine by the action of EC 1.14.99.29, deoxyhypusine monooxygenase.
[2489, 2487, 348, 1587, 1588, 2488, 2490, 993, 2227]
[EC 2.5.1.46 provisional version created 1999 as EC 1.1.1.249 deleted 1999, revised and reinstated 2001 as EC 2.5.1.46]
EC 2.5.1.47
185
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteine synthase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + acetate
O-acetyl-L-serine sulfhydrylase; O-acetyl-L-serine sulfohydrolase; O-acetylserine (thiol)-lyase; Oacetylserine (thiol)-lyase A; O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase; O3 -acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding
hydrogen-sulfide); acetylserine sulfhydrylase; cysteine synthetase; S-sulfocysteine synthase; 3-Oacetyl-L-serine:hydrogen-sulfide 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine:hydrogen-sulfide 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Some alkyl thiols, cyanide, pyrazole and some other heterocyclic
compounds can act as acceptors. Not identical with EC 2.5.1.51 (β-pyrazolylalanine synthase), EC
2.5.1.52 (L-mimosine synthase) and EC 2.5.1.53 (uracilylalanine synthase).
[158, 785, 934, 1507, 2198, 199]
[EC 2.5.1.47 created 1972 as 4.2.99.8, modified 1976, modified 1990, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.47]
EC 2.5.1.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cystathionine γ-synthase
O4 -succinyl-L-homoserine + L-cysteine = L-cystathionine + succinate
O-succinyl-L-homoserine succinate-lyase (adding cysteine); O-succinylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase; homoserine O-transsuccinylase; O-succinylhomoserine synthase; O-succinylhomoserine synthetase;
cystathionine synthase; cystathionine synthetase; homoserine transsuccinylase; 4-O-succinyl-Lhomoserine:L-cysteine S-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)transferase
O4 -succinyl-L-homoserine:L-cysteine S-(3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)transferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also reacts with hydrogen sulfide and methanethiol as replacing
agents, producing homocysteine and methionine, respectively. In the absence of thiol, can also catalyse β,γ-elimination to form 2-oxobutanoate, succinate and ammonia.
[587, 1034, 2461, 2460, 378, 1785]
[EC 2.5.1.48 created 1972 as EC 4.2.99.9, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.48]
EC 2.5.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-acetylhomoserine aminocarboxypropyltransferase
O-acetyl-L-homoserine + methanethiol = L-methionine + acetate
O-acetyl-L-homoserine acetate-lyase (adding methanethiol); O-acetyl-L-homoserine sulfhydrolase;
O-acetylhomoserine (thiol)-lyase; O-acetylhomoserine sulfhydrolase; methionine synthase
O-acetyl-L-homoserine:methanethiol 3-amino-3-carboxypropyltransferase
Also reacts with other thiols and H2 S, producing homocysteine or thioethers. The name methionine
synthase is more commonly applied to EC 2.1.1.13, methionine synthase. The enzyme from baker’s
yeast also catalyses the reaction of EC 2.5.1.47 cysteine synthase, but more slowly.
[1073, 2071, 2517, 2515, 2518, 2516, 2022]
[EC 2.5.1.49 created 1972 as EC 4.2.99.10, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.49]
EC 2.5.1.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
zeatin 9-aminocarboxyethyltransferase
O-acetyl-L-serine + zeatin = lupinate + acetate
β-(9-cytokinin)-alanine synthase; β-(9-cytokinin)alanine synthase; O-acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase
(adding N 6 -substituted adenine); lupinate synthetase; lupinic acid synthase; lupinic acid synthetase;
3-O-acetyl-L-serine:zeatin 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine:zeatin 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
The enzyme acts not only on zeatin but also on other N 6 -substituted adenines. The reaction destroys
their cytokinin activity and forms the corresponding 3-(adenin-9-yl)-L-alanine.
[543, 1460]
186
[EC 2.5.1.50 created 1984 as EC 4.2.99.13, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.50]
EC 2.5.1.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-pyrazolylalanine synthase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine + pyrazole = 3-(pyrazol-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate
β-(1-pyrazolyl)alanine synthase; β-pyrazolealanine synthase; β-pyrazolylalanine synthase (acetylserine); O3 -acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding pyrazole); BPA-synthase; pyrazolealanine synthase;
pyrazolylalaninase; 3-O-acetyl-L-serine:pyrazole 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine:pyrazole 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
The enzyme is highly specific for acetylserine and pyrazole. Not identical with EC 2.5.1.52 Lmimosine synthase.
[1504, 1505, 1508, 1577]
[EC 2.5.1.51 created 1989 as EC 4.2.99.14 (EC 4.2.99.17 incorporated 1992), transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.51]
EC 2.5.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
L -mimosine synthase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine + 3,4-dihydroxypyridine = 3-(3,4-dihydroxypyridin-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate
O3 -acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding 3,4-dihydroxypyridin-1-yl); 3-O-acetyl-L-serine:3,4dihydroxypyridine 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine:3,4-dihydroxypyridine 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
Brings about the biosynthesis of L-mimosine in Mimosa and Leucaena sp. Not identical with EC
2.5.1.51, β-pyrazolylalanine synthase.
[1505]
[EC 2.5.1.52 created 1989 as EC 4.2.99.15, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.52]
EC 2.5.1.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
uracilylalanine synthase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine + uracil = 3-(uracil-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate
O3 -acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding uracil); isowillardiine synthase; willardiine synthase; 3-Oacetyl-L-serine:uracil 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
O3 -acetyl-L-serine:uracil 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase
Both L-willardiine and L-isowillardiine are produced in the reaction. Not identical with EC 2.5.1.47
cysteine synthase.
[15, 934, 1506]
[EC 2.5.1.53 created 1990 as EC 4.2.99.16, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.53]
EC 2.5.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate + D-erythrose 4-phosphate + H2 O = 3-deoxy-D-arabino-hept-2-ulosonate 7phosphate + phosphate
2-dehydro-3-deoxy-phosphoheptonate aldolase; 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptonic acid 7phosphate synthetase; 3-deoxy-D-arabino-2-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate synthetase; 3-deoxy-Darabino-heptolosonate-7-phosphate synthetase; 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthetase; 7-phospho-2-keto-3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptonate D-erythrose-4-phosphate lyase (pyruvatephosphorylating); 7-phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptonate D-erythrose-4-phosphate
lyase (pyruvate-phosphorylating); D-erythrose-4-phosphate-lyase; D-erythrose-4-phosphate-lyase
(pyruvate-phosphorylating); DAH7-P synthase; DAHP synthase; DS-Co; DS-Mn; KDPH synthase; KDPH synthetase; deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthetase; phospho-2dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase; phospho-2-keto-3-deoxyheptanoate aldolase; phospho-2keto-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase; phospho-2-keto-3-deoxyheptonic aldolase; phospho-2-oxo-3deoxyheptonate aldolase
187
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoenolpyruvate:D-erythrose-4-phosphate C-(1-carboxyvinyl)transferase (phosphatehydrolysing, 2-carboxy-2-oxoethyl-forming)
[2106, 1009, 1963]
[EC 2.5.1.54 created 1965 as EC 4.1.2.15, modified 1976, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.54]
EC 2.5.1.55
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-deoxy-8-phosphooctulonate synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate + D-arabinose 5-phosphate + H2 O = 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-octonate 8phosphate + phosphate
2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-octonate-8-phosphate D-arabinose-5-phosphate-lyase (pyruvatephosphorylating); 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-phosphooctonate aldolase; 2-keto-3-deoxy-8-phosphooctonic
synthetase; 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate-8-phosphate synthase; 3-deoxy-D-mannooctulosonate-8phosphate synthetase; 3-deoxyoctulosonic 8-phosphate synthetase; KDOP synthase; phospho-2-keto3-deoxyoctonate aldolase
phosphoenolpyruvate:D-arabinose-5-phosphate C-(1-carboxyvinyl)transferase (phosphatehydrolysing, 2-carboxy-2-oxoethyl-forming)
[1256, 1169, 65]
[EC 2.5.1.55 created 1965 as EC 4.1.2.16, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.55]
EC 2.5.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
N-acetylneuraminate synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate + N-acetyl-D-mannosamine + H2 O = phosphate + N-acetylneuraminate
(NANA)condensing enzyme; N-acetylneuraminate pyruvate-lyase (pyruvate-phosphorylating);
NeuAc synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate:N-acetyl-D-mannosamine C-(1-carboxyvinyl)transferase (phosphatehydrolysing, 2-carboxy-2-oxoethyl-forming)
[214, 1136]
[EC 2.5.1.56 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.19, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.56]
EC 2.5.1.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acylneuraminate-9-phosphate synthase
phosphoenolpyruvate + N-acyl-D-mannosamine 6-phosphate + H2 O = N-acylneuraminate 9phosphate + phosphate
N-acetylneuraminate 9-phosphate lyase; N-acetylneuraminate 9-phosphate sialic acid 9-phosphate
synthase; N-acetylneuraminate 9-phosphate synthetase; N-acylneuraminate-9-phosphate pyruvatelyase (pyruvate-phosphorylating); sialic acid 9-phosphate synthetase
phosphoenolpyruvate:N-acyl-D-mannosamine-6-phosphate 1-(2-carboxy-2-oxoethyl)transferase
Acts on N-glycoloyl and N-acetyl-derivatives.
[1862, 2428, 1534]
[EC 2.5.1.57 created 1972 as EC 4.1.3.20, transferred 2002 to EC 2.5.1.57]
EC 2.5.1.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
protein farnesyltransferase
farnesyl diphosphate + protein-cysteine = S-farnesyl protein + diphosphate
FTase
farnesyl-diphosphate:protein-cysteine farnesyltransferase
188
Comments:
References:
This enzyme, along with protein geranylgeranyltransferase types I (EC 2.5.1.59) and II (EC 2.5.1.60),
constitutes the protein prenyltransferase family of enzymes. Catalyses the formation of a thioether
linkage between the C-1 of an isoprenyl group and a cysteine residue fourth from the C-terminus
of the protein. These protein acceptors have the C-terminal sequence CA1A2X, where the terminal
residue, X, is preferably serine, methionine, alanine or glutamine; leucine makes the protein a substrate for EC 2.5.1.59. The enzymes are relaxed in specificity for A1, but cannot act if A2 is aromatic.
Substrates of the prenyltransferases include Ras, Rho, Rab, other Ras-related small GTP-binding proteins, γ-subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins, nuclear lamins, centromeric proteins and many proteins
involved in visual signal transduction. A zinc metalloenzyme that requires Mg2+ for activity.
[639, 326, 1294, 1426, 1295, 671]
[EC 2.5.1.58 created 2003]
EC 2.5.1.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein geranylgeranyltransferase type I
geranylgeranyl diphosphate + protein-cysteine = S-geranylgeranyl-protein + diphosphate
GGTase-I; GGTaseI
geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:protein-cysteine geranyltransferase
This enzyme, along with protein farnesyltransferase (EC 2.5.1.58) and protein geranylgeranyltransferase type II (EC 2.5.1.60), constitutes the protein prenyltransferase family of enzymes. Catalyses
the formation of a thioether linkage between the C-1 atom of the geranylgeranyl group and a cysteine
residue fourth from the C-terminus of the protein. These protein acceptors have the C-terminal sequence CA1A2X, where the terminal residue, X, is preferably leucine; serine, methionine, alanine or
glutamine makes the protein a substrate for EC 2.5.1.58. The enzymes are relaxed in specificity for
A1, but cannot act if A2 is aromatic. Known targets of this enzyme include most γ-subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins and Ras-related GTPases such as members of the Ras and Rac/Rho families. A
zinc metalloenzyme. The Zn2+ is required for peptide, but not for isoprenoid, substrate binding.
[326, 2569, 671]
[EC 2.5.1.59 created 2003]
EC 2.5.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein geranylgeranyltransferase type II
geranylgeranyl diphosphate + protein-cysteine = S-geranylgeranyl-protein + diphosphate
GGTaseII; Rab geranylgeranyltransferase; RabGGTase; geranylgeranyl-diphosphate,geranylgeranyldiphosphate:protein-cysteine geranyltransferase
geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:protein-cysteine geranyltransferase
This enzyme, along with protein farnesyltransferase (EC 2.5.1.58) and protein geranylgeranyltransferase type I (EC 2.5.1.59), constitutes the protein prenyltransferase family of enzymes. Attaches geranylgeranyl groups to two C-terminal cysteines in Ras-related GTPases of a single family, the Rab
family (Ypt/Sec4 in lower eukaryotes) that terminate in XXCC, XCXC and CCXX motifs. Reaction
is entirely dependent on the Rab substrate being bound to Rab escort protein (REP). Post-translational
modification with the geranylgeranyl moiety is essential for Rab GTPases to be able to control the
processes of membrane docking and fusion [1763].
[326, 2473, 2570, 2247, 1763, 671]
[EC 2.5.1.60 created 2003]
EC 2.5.1.61
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
hydroxymethylbilane synthase
4 porphobilinogen + H2 O = hydroxymethylbilane + 4 NH3
HMB-synthase; porphobilinogen deaminase; pre-uroporphyrinogen synthase; uroporphyrinogen I
synthase; uroporphyrinogen I synthetase; uroporphyrinogen synthase; uroporphyrinogen synthetase;
porphobilinogen ammonia-lyase (polymerizing); (4-[2-carboxyethyl]-3-[carboxymethyl]pyrrol-2yl)methyltransferase (hydrolysing)
189
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
porphobilinogen:(4-[2-carboxyethyl]-3-[carboxymethyl]pyrrol-2-yl)methyltransferase (hydrolysing)
The enzyme works by stepwise addition of pyrrolylmethyl groups until a hexapyrrole is present at the
active centre. The terminal tetrapyrrole is then hydrolysed to yield the product, leaving a cysteinebound dipyrrole on which assembly continues. In the presence of a second enzyme, EC 4.2.1.75
uroporphyrinogen-III synthase, which is often called cosynthase, the product is cyclized to form
uroporphyrinogen-III. If EC 4.2.1.75 is absent, the hydroxymethylbilane cyclizes spontaneously to
form uroporphyrinogen I.
[146, 624, 1257, 2419, 1435, 145]
[EC 2.5.1.61 created 1972 as EC 4.3.1.8, transferred 2003 to EC 2.6.1.61]
EC 2.5.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chlorophyll synthase
chlorophyllide a + phytyl diphosphate = chlorophyll a + diphosphate
chlorophyllide-a:phytyl-diphosphate phytyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ . The enzyme is modified by binding of the first substrate, phytyl diphosphate, before
reaction of the modified enzyme with the second substrate, chlorophyllide a, can occur. The reaction
also occurs when phytyl diphosphate is replaced by geranylgeranyl diphosphate.
[1952, 1635, 1880]
[EC 2.5.1.62 created 2003]
EC 2.5.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
adenosyl-fluoride synthase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + fluoride = 50 -deoxy-50 -fluoroadenosine + L-methionine
fluorinase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:fluoride adenosyltransferase
[1601, 488]
[EC 2.5.1.63 created 2003]
[2.5.1.64
Transferred entry. 2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase. The reaction that was attributed to this enzyme is now known to be catalysed by two separate enzymes: EC 2.2.1.9 (2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvyl-6-hydroxy3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylic-acid synthase) and EC 4.2.99.20 (2-succinyl-6-hydroxy-2,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate synthase)]
[EC 2.5.1.64 created 2003, deleted 2008]
EC 2.5.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-phosphoserine sulfhydrylase
O-phospho-L-serine + hydrogen sulfide = L-cysteine + phosphate
O-phosphoserine(thiol)-lyase
O-phospho-L-serine:hydrogen-sulfide 2-amino-2-carboxyethyltransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The enzyme from Aeropyrum pernix acts on both O-phospho-L-serine
and O3 -acetyl-L-serine, in contrast with EC 2.5.1.47, cysteine synthase, which acts only on O3 -acetylL -serine.
[1443, 1444, 1445]
[EC 2.5.1.65 created 2004]
EC 2.5.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
N 2 -(2-carboxyethyl)arginine synthase
D -glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + L -arginine = N 2 -(2-carboxyethyl)- L -arginine + phosphate
CEAS; N 2 -(2-carboxyethyl)arginine synthetase; CEA synthetase; glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate:Larginine 2-N-(2-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl) transferase (2-carboxyethyl-forming)
190
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate:L-arginine N 2 -(2-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl) transferase (2-carboxyethylforming)
The enzyme requires thiamine diphosphate and catalyses the first step in the clavulanic-acidbiosynthesis pathway. The 2-hydroxy-3-oxo group transferred from glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is
isomerized during transfer to form the 2-carboxyethyl group.
[303, 1077]
[EC 2.5.1.66 created 2004]
EC 2.5.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase
2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + chrysanthemyl diphosphate
CPPase
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:dimethylallyl-diphosphate dimethylallyltransferase (chrysanthemyldiphosphate-forming)
Requires a divalent metal ion for activity, with Mg2+ being better than Mn2+ [1835]. Chrysanthemyl diphosphate is a monoterpene with a non-head-to-tail linkage. It is unlike most monoterpenoids,
which are derived from geranyl diphosphate and have isoprene units that are linked head-to-tail. The
mechanism of its formation is similar to that of the early steps of squalene and phytoene biosynthesis. Chrysanthemyl diphosphate is the precursor of chrysanthemic acid, the acid half of the pyrethroid
insecticides found in chrysanthemums.
[1835, 546]
[EC 2.5.1.67 created 2007]
EC 2.5.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Z-farnesyl diphosphate synthase
geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate = diphosphate + (2Z,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate
(Z)-farnesyl diphosphate synthase
geranyl-diphosphate:isopentenyl-diphosphate geranylcistransferase
Requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activity. The product of this reaction is an intermediate in the synthesis
of decaprenyl phosphate, which plays a central role in the biosynthesis of most features of the mycobacterial cell wall, including peptidoglycan, linker unit galactan and arabinan. Neryl diphosphate
can also act as substrate.
[1972]
[EC 2.5.1.68 created 2007]
EC 2.5.1.69
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lavandulyl diphosphate synthase
2 dimethylallyl diphosphate = diphosphate + lavandulyl diphosphate
FDS-5
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:dimethylallyl-diphosphate dimethylallyltransferase (lavandulyldiphosphate-forming)
Lavandulyl diphosphate is a monoterpene with a non-head-to-tail linkage. It is unlike most monoterpenoids, which are derived from geranyl diphosphate and have isoprene units that are linked head-totail. When this enzyme is incubated with dimethylallyl diphosphate and isopentenyl diphosphate, it
also forms the regular monoterpene geranyl diphosphate [840]. The enzyme from Artemisia tridentata
(big sagebrush) forms both lavandulyl diphosphate and chrysanthemyl diphosphate (see EC 2.5.1.67,
chrysanthemyl diphosphate synthase) when dimethylally diphosphate is the sole substrate.
[546, 840]
[EC 2.5.1.69 created 2007]
191
EC 2.5.1.70
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
naringenin 8-dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + (-)-(2S)-naringenin = diphosphate + sophoraflavanone B
N8DT
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:naringenin 8-dimethylallyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ . This membrane-bound protein is located in the plastids [2578]. In addition to naringenin, the enzyme can prenylate several other flavanones at the C-8 position, but more slowly. Along
with EC 1.14.13.103 (8-dimethylallylnaringenin 20 -hydroxylase) and EC 2.5.1.71 (leachianone G 200dimethylallyltransferase), this enzyme forms part of the sophoraflavanone-G-biosynthesis pathway.
[2519, 2578]
[EC 2.5.1.70 created 2007]
EC 2.5.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
leachianone-G 200 -dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + leachianone G = diphosphate + sophoraflavanone G
LG 200 -dimethylallyltransferase; leachianone G 200 -dimethylallyltransferase; LGDT
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:leachianone-G 200 -dimethylallyltransferase
This membrane-bound enzyme is located in the plastids and requires Mg2+ for activity. The reaction forms the lavandulyl sidechain of sophoraflavanone G by transferring a dimethylallyl group to
the 200 position of another dimethylallyl group attached at postiion 8 of leachianone G. The enzyme
is specific for dimethylallyl diphosphate as the prenyl donor, as it cannot be replaced by isopentenyl
diphosphate or geranyl diphosphate. Euchrenone a7 (a 5-deoxy derivative of leachianone G) and
kenusanone I (a 7-methoxy derivative of leachianone G) can also act as substrates, but more slowly.
Along with EC 1.14.13.103 (8-dimethylallylnaringenin 20-hydroxylase) and EC 2.5.1.70 (naringenin
8-dimethylallyltransferase), this enzyme forms part of the sophoraflavanone-G-biosynthesis pathway.
[2578]
[EC 2.5.1.71 created 2007]
EC 2.5.1.72
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
quinolinate synthase
glycerone phosphate + iminosuccinate = pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylate + 2 H2 O + phosphate
NadA; QS; quinolinate synthetase
glycerone phosphate:iminosuccinate alkyltransferase (cyclizing)
An iron-sulfur protein that requires a [4Fe-4S] cluster for activity [445]. Quinolinate synthase catalyses the second step in the de novo biosynthesis of NAD+ from aspartate in some bacteria, with EC
1.4.3.16 (L-aspartate oxidase) catalysing the first step and EC 2.4.2.19 [nicotinate-nucleotide diphosphorylase (carboxylating)] the third step. In Escherichia coli, two of the residues that are involved in
the [4Fe-4S] cluster binding appear to undergo reversible disulfide-bond formation that regulates the
activity of the enzyme [1929].
[445, 1047, 1913, 1870, 1929]
[EC 2.5.1.72 created 2008]
EC 2.5.1.73
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNA:Cys-tRNA synthase
O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNACys + sulfide = L-cysteinyl-tRNACys + phosphate
SepCysS; Sep-tRNA:Cys-tRNA synthase
O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNACys :hydrogen sulfide 2-aminopropanoate transferase
192
Comments:
References:
In organisms like Archaeoglobus fulgidus lacking EC 6.1.1.16 (cysteine—tRNA ligase) for the direct
Cys-tRNACys formation, Cys-tRNACys is produced by an indirect pathway, in which EC 6.1.1.27 (Ophosphoseryl-tRNA ligase) ligates O-phosphoserine to tRNACys , and EC 2.5.1.73 converts the produced O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNACys to Cys-tRNACys . The SepRS/SepCysS pathway is the sole route
for cysteine biosynthesis in the organism [637]. Methanosarcina mazei can use both pathways, the
direct route using EC 6.1.1.16 (cysteine—tRNA ligase) and the indirect pathway with EC 6.1.1.27
(O-phosphoseryl-tRNA ligase) and EC 2.5.1.73 [806].
[637, 806, 2550]
[EC 2.5.1.73 created 2009]
EC 2.5.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate polyprenyltransferase
an all-trans-polyprenyl diphosphate + 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate = a demethylmenaquinol + diphosphate + CO2
all-trans-polyprenyl diphosphate:1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate polyprenyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses a step in the synthesis of menaquinone, in which the prenyl chain synthesized
by polyprenyl diphosphate synthase is transferred to 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate (DHNA). The bacterial enzyme is an inner membrane protein [2027], with the C-terminus located in the periplasm
[2170]. It is highly specific for DHNA but not for a specific length of the prenyl chain [1911].
[2027, 1911, 2170, 431]
[EC 2.5.1.74 created 2009]
EC 2.5.1.75
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA dimethylallyltransferase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + tRNA = diphosphate + tRNA containing 6-dimethylallyladenosine
tRNA prenyltransferase, MiaA, transfer ribonucleate isopentenyltransferase (incorrect); ∆2 isopentenyl pyrophosphate:tRNA-∆2 -isopentenyl transferase (incorrect); ∆2 -isopentenyl pyrophosphate:transfer ribonucleic acid ∆2 -isopentenyltransferase (incorrect)
dimethylallyl-diphosphate: tRNA dimethylallyltransferase
Formerly known as tRNA isopentenyltransferase (EC 2.5.1.8), but it is now known that dimethylallyl
diphosphate, rather than isopentenyl diphosphate, is the substrate.
[1250, 2081, 1466]
[EC 2.5.1.75 created 1972 as EC 2.5.1.8, transferred 2009 to EC 2.5.1.75]
EC 2.5.1.76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteate synthase
O-phospho-L-serine + sulfite = L-cysteate + phosphate
sulfite:O-phospho-L-serine sulfotransferase (phosphate-hydrolysing, L-cysteate-forming)
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. It is highly specific for O-phospho-L-serine and sulfite. The reaction proceeds through a dehydroalanine (2-aminoacrylic acid) intermediate. The enzyme from
Methanosarcina acetivorans is evolutionarily related to threonine synthase (EC 4.2.3.1), but the reaction is more similar to that of O-phosphoserine sulfhydrylase (EC 2.5.1.65).
[723]
[EC 2.5.1.76 created 2009]
EC 2.5.1.77
Accepted name:
Reaction:
7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase
5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil + 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)pyruvate + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine +
H2 O = 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin + 2 L-methionine + 2 50 -deoxyadenosine + oxalate + NH3
193
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
FO synthase
5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil:4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate, 4-methylphenol transferase
Binds a 4Fe-4S cluster. The cluster is coordinated by 3 cysteines and an exchangeable SAM
molecule. The first stage of catalysis is reduction of the 2 AdoMet to produce 2 methionine and 2
50 -deoxyadenosin-5-yl radicals that extract a hydrogen from each of the substrates permitting the condensation of the two [724]. The overall reaction catalysed is the transfer of the hydroxybenzyl group
from 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPP) to 5-amino-6-ribitylaminopyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione to
form 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (FO). 7,8-Didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin
is the chromophore of the hydride carrier coenzyme F420 [724].
[724, 362]
[EC 2.5.1.77 created 2010]
EC 2.5.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthase
1-deoxy-L-glycero-tetrulose 4-phosphate + 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil = 6,7-dimethyl-8-(Dribityl)lumazine + 2 H2 O + phosphate
lumazine synthase, 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthase 2; 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthase 1; lumazine synthase 2; lumazine synthase 1; type I lumazine synthase; type II lumazine synthase; RIB4; MJ0303; RibH; Pbls; MbtLS; RibH1 protein; RibH2 protein; RibH1; RibH2
5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil butanedionetransferase
Involved in riboflavin biosynthesis.
[1101, 651, 87, 1481, 86, 699, 1004, 2574, 578, 423, 763, 1474, 1475]
[EC 2.5.1.78 created 2010]
EC 2.5.1.79
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thermospermine synthase
S-adenosylmethioninamine + spermidine = S-methyl-50 -thioadenosine + thermospermine + H+
TSPMS; ACL5; SAC51
S-adenosylmethioninamine:spermidine 3-aminopropyltransferase (thermospermine synthesizing)
This enzyme is required for correct xylem specification through regulation of the lifetime of the
xylem elements [1501].
[1858, 1125, 1501]
[EC 2.5.1.79 created 2010]
EC 2.5.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
7-dimethylallyltryptophan synthase
dimethylallyl diphosphate + L-tryptophan = diphosphate + 7-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-L-tryptophan
7-DMATS
dimethylallyl-diphosphate:L-tryptophan 7-dimethylallyltransferase
This enzyme is more flexible towards the aromatic substrate than EC 2.5.1.34 (4dimethylallyltryptophan synthase), but similar to that enzyme, accepts only dimethylallyl diphosphate
as the prenyl donor.
[1161, 1162]
[EC 2.5.1.80 created 2010]
EC 2.6 Transferring nitrogenous groups
This subclass contains enzymes that transfer a nitrogenous group from a donor to an acceptor. Most enzymes in this subclass
belong in EC 2.6.1, which is for enzymes that transfer amino groups from a donor, generally an amino acid, to an acceptor,
194
generally a 2-oxo acid. It should be kept in mind that transamination by this reaction also involves an oxidoreduction; the donor
is oxidized to a ketone, while the acceptor is reduced. Nevertheless, since the transfer of the amino group is the most prominent
feature of this reaction, these enzymes have been classified as aminotransferases rather than oxidoreductases (transaminating).
Most of these enzymes are pyridoxal-phosphate proteins. Sub-subclasses are based on the type of nitrogenous group that is
transferred: transaminase (EC 2.6.1), oximinotransferase (EC 2.6.3) and other nitrogenous groups (EC 2.6.99).
EC 2.6.1 Transaminases
‘Transaminase’ may be replaced by ‘aminotransferase’
EC 2.6.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aspartate transaminase
L -aspartate + 2-oxoglutarate = oxaloacetate + L -glutamate
glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase; glutamic-aspartic transaminase; transaminase A; AAT; AspT; 2oxoglutarate-glutamate aminotransferase; aspartate α-ketoglutarate transaminase; aspartate aminotransferase; aspartate-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; aspartic acid aminotransferase; aspartic aminotransferase; aspartyl aminotransferase; AST; glutamate-oxalacetate aminotransferase; glutamateoxalate transaminase; glutamic-aspartic aminotransferase; glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase; glutamic oxalic transaminase; GOT (enzyme); L-aspartate transaminase; L-aspartate-α-ketoglutarate
transaminase; L-aspartate-2-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; L-aspartate-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; L-aspartate-2-oxoglutarate-transaminase; L-aspartic aminotransferase; oxaloacetate-aspartate
aminotransferase; oxaloacetate transferase; aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase
L -aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on L-tyrosine, L-phenylalanine and L-tryptophan. Aspartate
transaminase activity can be formed from the aromatic-amino-acid transaminase (EC 2.6.1.57) of Escherichia coli by controlled proteolysis [1388], some EC 2.6.1.57 activity can be found in this enzyme
from other sources [1969]; indeed the enzymes are identical in Trichomonas vaginalis [1308].
[110, 192, 598, 844, 985, 1308, 1388, 1969, 2033]
[EC 2.6.1.1 created 1961, modified 1976]
EC 2.6.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alanine transaminase
L -alanine + 2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + L -glutamate
glutamic-pyruvic transaminase; glutamic-alanine transaminase; GPT; β-alanine aminotransferase; alanine aminotransferase; alanine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; alanine-pyruvate aminotransferase;
ALT; glutamic acid-pyruvic acid transaminase; glutamic-pyruvic aminotransferase; L-alanine aminotransferase; L-alanine transaminase; L-alanine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; pyruvate transaminase; pyruvate-alanine aminotransferase; pyruvate-glutamate transaminase
L -alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. 2-Aminobutanoate can act slowly instead of alanine.
[503, 504, 729, 940, 2475]
[EC 2.6.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteine transaminase
L -cysteine + 2-oxoglutarate = mercaptopyruvate + L -glutamate
cysteine aminotransferase; L-cysteine aminotransferase; CGT
L -cysteine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[339]
195
[EC 2.6.1.3 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine transaminase
glycine + 2-oxoglutarate = glyoxylate + L-glutamate
glutamic-glyoxylic transaminase; glycine aminotransferase; glyoxylate-glutamic transaminase; Lglutamate:glyoxylate aminotransferase; glyoxylate-glutamate aminotransferase
glycine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1523, 2252]
[EC 2.6.1.4 created 1961, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tyrosine transaminase
L -tyrosine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + L -glutamate
tyrosine aminotransferase; glutamic-hydroxyphenylpyruvic transaminase; glutamic phenylpyruvic
aminotransferase; L-phenylalanine 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; L-tyrosine aminotransferase;
phenylalanine aminotransferase; phenylalanine transaminase; phenylalanine-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; phenylpyruvate transaminase; phenylpyruvic acid transaminase; tyrosine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; tyrosine-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; tyrosine-2-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; TyrAT
L -tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. L-Phenylalanine can act instead of L-tyrosine. The mitochondrial enzyme may be identical with EC 2.6.1.1 (aspartate transaminase). The three isoenzymic forms are interconverted by EC 3.4.22.32 (stem bromelain) and EC 3.4.22.33 (fruit bromelain). The enzyme can
also catalyse the final step in the methionine-salvage pathway of Klebsiella pneumoniae [831].
[312, 311, 971, 1071, 1438, 1875, 1988, 831]
[EC 2.6.1.5 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
leucine transaminase
L -leucine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + L -glutamate
L -leucine aminotransferase; leucine 2-oxoglutarate transaminase; leucine aminotransferase; leucineα-ketoglutarate transaminase
L -leucine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. This enzyme differs from EC 2.6.1.42, branched-chain-amino-acid
transaminase, in that it does not act on L-valine or L-isoleucine, although it does act on L-methionine.
The mitochondrial form from rat liver differs in physical characteristics from the cytoplasmic form.
[19, 933]
[EC 2.6.1.6 created 1961, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
kynurenine—oxoglutarate transaminase
L -kynurenine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-(2-aminophenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate + L -glutamate
kynurenine transaminase (cyclizing); kynurenine 2-oxoglutarate transaminase; kynurenine aminotransferase; L-kynurenine aminotransferase
L -kynurenine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on 3-hydroxykynurenine. The product 4-(2-aminophenyl)2,4-dioxobutanoate is converted into kynurenate by a spontaneous reaction.
[976, 1375]
196
[EC 2.6.1.7 created 1961, modified 1983]
EC 2.6.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2,5-diaminovalerate transaminase
2,5-diaminopentanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = 5-amino-2-oxopentanoate + L-glutamate
diamino-acid transaminase; diamino acid aminotransferase
2,5-diaminopentanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. 2,5-Diaminoglutarate can act instead of diaminopentanoate.
[1838]
[EC 2.6.1.8 created 1961, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
histidinol-phosphate transaminase
L -histidinol phosphate + 2-oxoglutarate = 3-(imidazol-4-yl)-2-oxopropyl phosphate + L -glutamate
imidazolylacetolphosphate transaminase; glutamic-imidazoleacetol phosphate transaminase; histidinol phosphate aminotransferase; imidazoleacetol phosphate transaminase; L-histidinol phosphate
aminotransferase; histidine:imidazoleacetol phosphate transaminase; IAP transaminase; imidazolylacetolphosphate aminotransferase
L -histidinol-phosphate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[37, 1368]
[EC 2.6.1.9 created 1961]
[2.6.1.10
Deleted entry. D-aspartate transaminase. Now included with EC 2.6.1.21, D-amino-acid transaminase]
[EC 2.6.1.10 created 1961, deleted 1972]
EC 2.6.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetylornithine transaminase
N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine + 2-oxoglutarate = N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + L-glutamate
acetylornithine δ-transaminase; ACOAT; acetylornithine 5-aminotransferase; acetylornithine
aminotransferase; N-acetylornithine aminotransferase; N-acetylornithine-δ-transaminase; N 2 acetylornithine 5-transaminase; N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; succinylornithine aminotransferase; 2-N-acetyl-L-ornithine:2-oxoglutarate 5-aminotransferase
N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine:2-oxoglutarate 5-aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on L-ornithine and N 2 -succinyl-L-ornithine.
[24, 2362, 2432, 2361]
[EC 2.6.1.11 created 1961, modified 2004 (EC 2.6.1.69 created 1989, incorporated 2004)]
EC 2.6.1.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alanine—oxo-acid transaminase
L -alanine + a 2-oxo acid = pyruvate + an L -amino acid
L -alanine-α-keto acid aminotransferase; leucine-alanine transaminase; alanine-keto acid aminotransferase; alanine-oxo acid aminotransferase
L -alanine:2-oxo-acid aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[36, 1874, 1914, 2475]
[EC 2.6.1.12 created 1961]
197
EC 2.6.1.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ornithine aminotransferase
L -ornithine + a 2-oxo acid = L -glutamate 5-semialdehyde + an L -amino acid
ornithine δ-transaminase; L-ornithine:α-ketoglutarate δ-aminotransferase; OAT; L-ornithine 5aminotransferase; L-ornithine aminotransferase; ornithine 5-aminotransferase; ornithine transaminase;
ornithine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; ornithine-2-oxoacid aminotransferase; ornithine-keto
acid aminotransferase; ornithine-keto acid transaminase; ornithine-ketoglutarate aminotransferase;
ornithine-oxo acid aminotransferase; ornithine:α-oxoglutarate transaminase; ornithine—oxo-acid
transaminase
L -ornithine:2-oxo-acid aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[576, 1049, 1412, 1684, 1747, 2156]
[EC 2.6.1.13 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
asparagine—oxo-acid transaminase
L -asparagine + a 2-oxo acid = 2-oxosuccinamate + an amino acid
asparagine-keto acid aminotransferase
L -asparagine:2-oxo-acid aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1414]
[EC 2.6.1.14 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamine—pyruvate transaminase
L -glutamine + pyruvate = 2-oxoglutaramate + L -alanine
glutaminase II; L-glutamine transaminase L; glutamine-oxo-acid transaminase
L -glutamine:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. L-Methionine can act as donor; glyoxylate can act as acceptor.
[391, 1413]
[EC 2.6.1.15 created 1961]
EC 2.6.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamine—fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing)
L -glutamine + D -fructose 6-phosphate = L -glutamate + D -glucosamine 6-phosphate
hexosephosphate aminotransferase; glucosamine-6-phosphate isomerase (glutamine-forming);
glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing); D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase; glucosaminephosphate isomerase; glucosamine 6-phosphate synthase; GlcN6 P synthase
L -glutamine: D -fructose-6-phosphate isomerase (deaminating)
Although the overall reaction is that of a transferase, the mechanism involves the formation of ketimine between fructose 6-phosphate and a 6-amino group from a lysine residue at the active site,
which is subsequently displaced by ammonia (transamidination).
[666, 751, 1235, 2239]
[EC 2.6.1.16 created 1961, deleted 1972, reinstated 1984, modified 2000 (EC 5.3.1.19 created 1972, incorporated 1984)]
EC 2.6.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
succinyldiaminopimelate transaminase
N-succinyl-L-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate + 2-oxoglutarate = N-succinyl-L-2-amino-6oxoheptanedioate + L-glutamate
198
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
succinyldiaminopimelate aminotransferase; N-succinyl-L-diaminopimelic glutamic transaminase
N-succinyl-L-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1687]
[EC 2.6.1.17 created 1965]
EC 2.6.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-alanine—pyruvate transaminase
L -alanine + 3-oxopropanoate = pyruvate + β-alanine
β-alanine-pyruvate aminotransferase; β-alanine-α-alanine transaminase
L -alanine:3-oxopropanoate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[809, 2137]
[EC 2.6.1.18 created 1965]
EC 2.6.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-aminobutyrate transaminase
4-aminobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = succinate semialdehyde + L-glutamate
β-alanine-oxoglutarate transaminase; aminobutyrate aminotransferase; β-alanine aminotransferase;
β-alanine-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyrate aminotransaminase; γ-aminobutyrate
transaminase; γ-aminobutyrate-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyrate-α-ketoglutarate
transaminase; γ-aminobutyrate:α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyric acid pyruvate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase; γaminobutyric acid-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric acid-α-ketoglutaric acid aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyric acid-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric transaminase; 4aminobutyrate aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyrate-2-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyrate2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyrate-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; 4-aminobutyric acid
2-ketoglutaric acid aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase; aminobutyrate aminotransferase; aminobutyrate transaminase; GABA aminotransferase; GABA transaminase; GABA
transferase; GABA-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; GABAα-ketoglutaric acid transaminase; GABA-α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-2-oxoglutarate
aminotransferase; GABA-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; GABA-oxoglutarate aminotransferase;
GABA-oxoglutarate transaminase; glutamate-succinic semialdehyde transaminase; GabT
4-aminobutanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Some preparations also act on β-alanine, 5-aminopentanoate and (R,S)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate.
[73, 1945, 1980]
[EC 2.6.1.19 created 1965, modified 1982]
[2.6.1.20
Deleted entry. tyrosine—pyruvate transaminase]
[EC 2.6.1.20 created 1965, deleted 1972]
EC 2.6.1.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -amino-acid transaminase
D -alanine + 2-oxoglutarate = pyruvate + D -glutamate
D -aspartate transaminase; D -alanine aminotransferase; D -aspartic aminotransferase; D -alanine- D glutamate transaminase; D-alanine transaminase; D-amino acid aminotransferase
D -alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The enzyme from thermophilic Bacillus species acts on many D-
amino acids with D-alanine and D-2-aminobutyrate as the best amino donors. It can similarly use any
of several 2-oxo acids as amino acceptor, with 2-oxoglutarate and 2-oxobutyrate among the best. The
enzyme from some other sources has a broader specificity [2223].
[2256, 2257, 1371, 1640, 2542, 2223, 602, 2325, 2161]
199
[EC 2.6.1.21 created 1972 (EC 2.6.1.10 created 1961, incorporated 1972), modified 2005]
EC 2.6.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(S)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase
(S)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + L-glutamate
L -3-aminoisobutyrate transaminase; β-aminobutyric transaminase; L -3-aminoisobutyric aminotransferase; β-aminoisobutyrate-α-ketoglutarate transaminase
(S)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Also acts on β-alanine and other ω-amino acids having carbon chains between 2 and 5. The two enantiomers of the 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate formed by the enzyme interconvert by enolization, so that
this enzyme, together with EC 2.6.1.40, (R)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate—pyruvate transaminase,
provide a route for interconversion of the enantiomers of 3-amino-2-methylpropanoate.
[1017, 2218]
[EC 2.6.1.22 created 1972, modified 1982, modified 2004]
EC 2.6.1.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-hydroxyglutamate transaminase
4-hydroxy-L-glutamate + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate + L-glutamate
4-hydroxyglutamate aminotransferase
4-hydroxy-L-glutamate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Oxaloacetate can replace 2-oxoglutarate. This enzyme may be identical with EC 2.6.1.1 aspartate
transaminase.
[704, 1187]
[EC 2.6.1.23 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diiodotyrosine transaminase
3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-hydroxy-3,5-diiodophenylpyruvate + L-glutamate
diiodotyrosine aminotransferase; halogenated tyrosine aminotransferase; halogenated tyrosine
transaminase
3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on 3,5-dichloro-, 3,5-dibromo- and 3-iodo-L-tyrosine, thyroxine and triiodothyronine.
[1532, 1533]
[EC 2.6.1.24 created 1972 (EC 2.6.1.25 created 1972, incorporated 1972)]
[2.6.1.25
Deleted entry. thyroxine transaminase. Now included with EC 2.6.1.24 diiodotyrosine transaminase]
[EC 2.6.1.25 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.6.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thyroid-hormone transaminase
L -3,5,30 -triiodothyronine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3-[4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodophenoxy)-3,5-diiodophenyl]-2oxopropanoate + L-glutamate
3,5-dinitrotyrosine transaminase; thyroid hormone aminotransferase
L -3,5,30 -triiodothyronine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Acts on monoiodotyrosine, diiodotyrosine, triiodothyronine, thyroxine and dinitrotyrosine (unlike EC 2.6.1.24 diiodotyrosine transaminase, which does not act on dinitrotyrosine). Pyruvate or oxaloacetate can act as acceptors.
[2085]
200
[EC 2.6.1.26 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tryptophan transaminase
L -tryptophan + 2-oxoglutarate = (indol-3-yl)pyruvate + L -glutamate
L -phenylalanine-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; tryptophan aminotransferase; 5hydroxytryptophan-ketoglutaric transaminase; hydroxytryptophan aminotransferase; L-tryptophan
aminotransferase; L-tryptophan transaminase
L -tryptophan:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on 5-hydroxytryptophan and, to a lesser extent, on the
phenyl amino acids.
[662, 1621, 2220]
[EC 2.6.1.27 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tryptophan—phenylpyruvate transaminase
L -tryptophan + phenylpyruvate = (indol-3-yl)pyruvate + L -phenylalanine
L -tryptophan-α-ketoisocaproate aminotransferase
L -tryptophan:phenylpyruvate aminotransferase
Valine, leucine and isoleucine can replace tryptophan as amino donor.
[1132, 2164]
[EC 2.6.1.28 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
diamine transaminase
an α,ω-diamine + 2-oxoglutarate = an ω-aminoaldehyde + L-glutamate
amine transaminase; amine-ketoacid transaminase; diamine aminotransferase; diamine-ketoglutaric
transaminase
diamine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
[1095]
[EC 2.6.1.29 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pyridoxamine—pyruvate transaminase
pyridoxamine + pyruvate = pyridoxal + L-alanine
pyridoxamine-pyruvic transaminase
pyridoxamine:pyruvate aminotransferase
[2371]
[EC 2.6.1.30 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
pyridoxamine—oxaloacetate transaminase
pyridoxamine + oxaloacetate = pyridoxal + L-aspartate
pyridoxamine:oxaloacetate aminotransferase
[2370, 2499]
[EC 2.6.1.31 created 1972]
201
EC 2.6.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
valine—3-methyl-2-oxovalerate transaminase
L -valine + (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate = 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + L -isoleucine
valine—isoleucine transaminase; valine-3-methyl-2-oxovalerate aminotransferase; alanine-valine
transaminase; valine-2-keto-methylvalerate aminotransferase; valine-isoleucine aminotransferase
L -valine:(S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate aminotransferase
[1013]
[EC 2.6.1.32 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.6.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase
dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose + 2-oxoglutarate = dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose + Lglutamate
thymidine diphospho-4-amino-4,6-dideoxyglucose aminotransferase; thymidine diphospho-4-amino6-deoxyglucose aminotransferase; thymidine diphospho-4-keto-6-deoxy-D-glucose transaminase;
thymidine diphospho-4-keto-6-deoxy-D-glucose-glutamic transaminase; TDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-Dglucose transaminase
dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1384]
[EC 2.6.1.33 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxyglucose transaminase
UDP-2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxyglucose + 2-oxoglutarate = UDP-2-acetamido-4-dehydro2,6-dideoxyglucose + L-glutamate
uridine diphospho-4-amino-2-acetamido-2,4,6-trideoxyglucose aminotransferase
UDP-2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxyglucose:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[479]
[EC 2.6.1.34 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycine—oxaloacetate transaminase
glycine + oxaloacetate = glyoxylate + L-aspartate
glycine-oxalacetate aminotransferase
glycine:oxaloacetate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[672]
[EC 2.6.1.35 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
L -lysine
L -lysine
6-transaminase
+ 2-oxoglutarate = 2-aminoadipate 6-semialdehyde + L-glutamate
lysine 6-aminotransferase; lysine ε-aminotransferase; lysine ε-transaminase; lysine:2-ketoglutarate
6-aminotransferase; L-lysine-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; L-lysine-α-ketoglutarate 6aminotransferase
L -lysine:2-oxoglutarate 6-aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The product (allysine) is converted into the intramolecularly dehydrated form, 1-piperideine 6-carboxylate.
202
References:
[2080, 2079]
[EC 2.6.1.36 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-aminoethylphosphonate—pyruvate transaminase
(2-aminoethyl)phosphonate + pyruvate = 2-phosphonoacetaldehyde + L-alanine
(2-aminoethyl)phosphonate transaminase; (2-aminoethyl)phosphonate aminotransferase; (2aminoethyl)phosphonic acid aminotransferase; 2-aminoethylphosphonate-pyruvate aminotransferase;
2-aminoethylphosphonate aminotransferase; 2-aminoethylphosphonate transaminase; AEP transaminase; AEPT
(2-aminoethyl)phosphonate:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. 2-Aminoethylarsonate can replace 2-aminoethylphosphonate as a substrate.
[1541, 505, 1197, 1196]
[EC 2.6.1.37 created 1972, modified 1982, modified 2001]
EC 2.6.1.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
histidine transaminase
L -histidine + 2-oxoglutarate = (imidazol-5-yl)pyruvate + L -glutamate
histidine aminotransferase; histidine-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
L -histidine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
[396, 2459]
[EC 2.6.1.38 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-aminoadipate transaminase
L -2-aminoadipate + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-oxoadipate + L -glutamate
α-aminoadipate aminotransferase; 2-aminoadipate aminotransferase; 2-aminoadipic aminotransferase;
glutamic-ketoadipic transaminase; glutamate-α-ketoadipate transaminase
L -2-aminoadipate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1383]
[EC 2.6.1.39 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(R)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate—pyruvate transaminase
(R)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate + pyruvate = 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate + L-alanine
D -3-aminoisobutyrate—pyruvate transaminase; β-aminoisobutyrate-pyruvate aminotransferase; D 3-aminoisobutyrate-pyruvate aminotransferase; D-3-aminoisobutyrate-pyruvate transaminase; (R)-3amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase; D-β-aminoisobutyrate:pyruvate aminotransferase
(R)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate:pyruvate aminotransferase
The two enantiomers of the 2-methyl-3-oxopropanoate formed by the enzyme interconvert by enolization, so that this enzyme, together with EC 2.6.1.22, (S)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase,
provide a route for interconversion of the enantiomers of 3-amino-2-methylpropanoate.
[1018, 2218]
[EC 2.6.1.40 created 1972 (EC 2.6.1.61 created 1982, incorporated 2004) modified 2004]
203
EC 2.6.1.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -methionine—pyruvate
transaminase
D -methionine + pyruvate = 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + L -alanine
D -methionine transaminase; D -methionine aminotransferase
D -methionine:pyruvate aminotransferase
Oxaloacetate can replace pyruvate.
[1353]
[EC 2.6.1.41 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
branched-chain-amino-acid transaminase
L -leucine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + L -glutamate
transaminase B; branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase; branched-chain amino acid-glutamate
transaminase; branched-chain aminotransferase; L-branched chain amino acid aminotransferase;
glutamate-branched-chain amino acid transaminase
branched-chain-amino-acid:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Also acts on L-isoleucine and L-valine, and thereby differs from EC 2.6.1.6, leucine transaminase,
which does not. It also differs from EC 2.6.1.66, valine—pyruvate transaminase.
[19, 20, 928, 2232, 1881]
[EC 2.6.1.42 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aminolevulinate transaminase
5-aminolevulinate + pyruvate = 4,5-dioxopentanoate + L-alanine
aminolevulinate aminotransferase, γ,δ-dioxovalerate aminotransferase; γ,δ-dioxovaleric acid transaminase; 4,5-dioxovalerate aminotransferase; 4,5-dioxovaleric acid transaminase; 4,5-dioxovaleric
transaminase; 5-aminolevulinic acid transaminase; alanine-γ,δ-dioxovalerate aminotransferase;
alanine-dioxovalerate aminotransferase; alanine:4,5-dioxovalerate aminotransferase; aminolevulinic
acid transaminase; dioxovalerate transaminase; L-alanine-4,5-dioxovalerate aminotransferase; Lalanine:4,5-dioxovaleric acid transaminase; L-alanine:dioxovalerate transaminase; DOVA transaminase; 4,5-dioxovaleric acid aminotransferase
5-aminolevulinate:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[675, 1552]
[EC 2.6.1.43 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alanine—glyoxylate transaminase
L -alanine + glyoxylate = pyruvate + glycine
AGT; alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase; alanine-glyoxylic aminotransferase; L-alanine-glycine
transaminase
L -alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. With one component of the animal enzyme, 2-oxobutanoate can replace glyoxylate. A second component also catalyses the reaction of EC 2.6.1.51 serine—pyruvate
transaminase.
[1575, 1616, 2253]
[EC 2.6.1.44 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.6.1.45
204
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
serine—glyoxylate transaminase
L -serine + glyoxylate = 3-hydroxypyruvate + glycine
L -serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[941, 1097, 2070]
[EC 2.6.1.45 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diaminobutyrate—pyruvate transaminase
L -2,4-diaminobutanoate + pyruvate = L -aspartate 4-semialdehyde + L -alanine
diaminobutyrate-pyruvate aminotransferase; L-diaminobutyric acid transaminase
L -2,4-diaminobutanoate:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1773]
[EC 2.6.1.46 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alanine—oxomalonate transaminase
L -alanine + oxomalonate = pyruvate + aminomalonate
alanine-oxomalonate aminotransferase; L-alanine-ketomalonate transaminase; alanine-ketomalonate
(mesoxalate) transaminase
L -alanine:oxomalonate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1522]
[EC 2.6.1.47 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-aminovalerate transaminase
5-aminopentanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = 5-oxopentanoate + L-glutamate
5-aminovalerate aminotransferase; δ-aminovalerate aminotransferase; δ-aminovalerate transaminase
5-aminopentanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[927]
[EC 2.6.1.48 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dihydroxyphenylalanine transaminase
3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpyruvate + L-glutamate
dopa transaminase; dihydroxyphenylalanine aminotransferase; aspartate-DOPP transaminase (ADT);
L -dopa transaminase; dopa aminotransferase; glutamate-DOPP transaminase (GDT); phenylalanineDOPP transaminase (PDT); DOPA 2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; DOPAATS
3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[593, 1770]
[EC 2.6.1.49 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.50
205
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamine—scyllo-inositol transaminase
L -glutamine + 2,4,6/3,5-pentahydroxycyclohexanone = 2-oxoglutaramate + 1-amino-1-deoxy-scylloinositol
glutamine scyllo-inosose aminotransferase; L-glutamine-keto-scyllo-inositol aminotransferase;
glutamine-scyllo-inosose transaminase; L-glutamine-scyllo-inosose transaminase
L -glutamine:2,4,6/3,5-pentahydroxycyclohexanone aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[2393]
[EC 2.6.1.50 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
serine—pyruvate transaminase
L -serine + pyruvate = 3-hydroxypyruvate + L -alanine
SPT; hydroxypyruvate:L-alanine transaminase
L -serine:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The liver enzyme may be identical with EC 2.6.1.44 alanineglyoxylate transaminase.
[352, 1165, 1914]
[EC 2.6.1.51 created 1972]
EC 2.6.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoserine transaminase
(1) O-phospho-L-serine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + L-glutamate
(2) 4-phosphonooxy-L-threonine + 2-oxoglutarate = (3R)-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-phosphonooxybutanoate
+ L-glutamate
PSAT; phosphoserine aminotransferase; 3-phosphoserine aminotransferase; hydroxypyruvic
phosphate-glutamic transaminase; L-phosphoserine aminotransferase; phosphohydroxypyruvate
transaminase; phosphohydroxypyruvic-glutamic transaminase; 3-O-phospho-L-serine:2-oxoglutarate
aminotransferase; SerC; PdxC; 3PHP transaminase
O-phospho-L-serine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. This enzyme catalyses the second step in the phosphorylated pathway
of serine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli [1713, 2576]. It also catalyses the third step in the biosynthesis of the coenzyme pyridoxal 50 -phosphate in Escherichia coli (using Reaction 2 above) [2576].
In Escherichia coli, pyridoxal 50 -phosphate is synthesized de novo by a pathway that involves EC
1.2.1.72 (erythrose-4-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 1.1.1.290 (4-phosphoerythronate dehydrogenase), EC 2.6.1.52 (phosphoserine transaminase), EC 1.1.1.262 (4-hydroxythreonine-4-phosphate
dehydrogenase), EC 2.6.99.2 (pyridoxine 50 -phosphate synthase) and EC 1.4.3.5 (with pyridoxine 50 phosphate as substrate). Pyridoxal phosphate is the cofactor for both activities and therefore seems to
be involved in its own biosynthesis [497]. Non-phosphorylated forms of serine and threonine are not
substrates [497].
[875, 1713, 2576, 497, 2575]
[EC 2.6.1.52 created 1972, modified 2006]
[2.6.1.53
Transferred entry. glutamate synthase. Now EC 1.4.1.13, glutamate synthase (NADPH)]
[EC 2.6.1.53 created 1972, deleted 1976]
EC 2.6.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
pyridoxamine-phosphate transaminase
pyridoxamine 50 -phosphate + 2-oxoglutarate = pyridoxal 50 -phosphate + D-glutamate
pyridoxamine phosphate aminotransferase; pyridoxamine 50 -phosphate-α-ketoglutarate transaminase;
pyridoxamine 50 -phosphate transaminase
206
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyridoxamine-50 -phosphate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase (D-glutamate-forming)
Also acts, more slowly, on pyridoxamine.
[2221]
[EC 2.6.1.54 created 1976]
EC 2.6.1.55
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
taurine—2-oxoglutarate transaminase
taurine + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-sulfoacetaldehyde + L-glutamate
taurine aminotransferase; taurine transaminase; taurine—α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; taurine—
glutamate transaminase
taurine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on D,L-3-amino-isobutanoate, β-alanine and 3aminopropanesulfonate. Involved in the microbial utilization of β-alanine.
[2270, 388]
[EC 2.6.1.55 created 1976, modified 2003]
EC 2.6.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1D-1-guanidino-3-amino-1,3-dideoxy-scyllo-inositol transaminase
1D-1-guanidino-3-amino-1,3-dideoxy-scyllo-inositol + pyruvate = 1D-1-guanidino-1-deoxy-3dehydro-scyllo-inositol + L-alanine
guanidinoaminodideoxy-scyllo-inositol-pyruvate aminotransferase; L-alanine-N-amidino-3-(or 5)keto-scyllo-inosamine transaminase
1D-1-guanidino-3-amino-1,3-dideoxy-scyllo-inositol:pyruvate aminotransferase
L -Glutamate and L -glutamine can also act as amino donors.
[2389, 2393]
[EC 2.6.1.56 created 1976]
EC 2.6.1.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aromatic-amino-acid transaminase
an aromatic amino acid + 2-oxoglutarate = an aromatic oxo acid + L-glutamate
aromatic amino acid aminotransferase; aromatic aminotransferase; ArAT
aromatic-amino-acid:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. L-Methionine can also act as donor, but more slowly; oxaloacetate can
act as acceptor. Controlled proteolysis converts the enzyme into EC 2.6.1.1 aspartate transaminase.
[1388]
[EC 2.6.1.57 created 1976]
EC 2.6.1.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phenylalanine(histidine) transaminase
L -phenylalanine + pyruvate = phenylpyruvate + L -alanine
phenylalanine (histidine) aminotransferase; phenylalanine(histidine):pyruvate aminotransferase; histidine:pyruvate aminotransferase; L-phenylalanine(L-histidine):pyruvate aminotransferase
L -phenylalanine:pyruvate aminotransferase
L -Histidine and L -tyrosine can act instead of L -phenylalanine; in the reverse reaction, L -methionine,
L -serine and L -glutamine can replace L -alanine.
[1442]
[EC 2.6.1.58 created 1978]
207
EC 2.6.1.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxygalactose transaminase
dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose + 2-oxoglutarate = dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-galactose +
L -glutamate
thymidine diphosphoaminodideoxygalactose aminotransferase; thymidine diphosphate 4-keto-6deoxy-D-glucose transaminase
dTDP-4,6-dideoxy-D-galactose:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[1603]
[EC 2.6.1.59 created 1978]
EC 2.6.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aromatic-amino-acid—glyoxylate transaminase
an aromatic amino acid + glyoxylate = an aromatic oxo acid + glycine
aromatic-amino-acid:glyoxylate aminotransferase
Phenylalanine, kynurenine, tyrosine and histidine can act as amino donors; glyoxylate, pyruvate and
hydroxypyruvate can act as amino acceptors.
[787]
[EC 2.6.1.60 created 1978]
[2.6.1.61
Deleted entry. (R)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase. Enzyme is identical to EC 2.6.1.40, (R)-3-amino-2methylpropionate—pyruvate transaminase]
[EC 2.6.1.61 created 1982, deleted 2004]
EC 2.6.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenosylmethionine—8-amino-7-oxononanoate transaminase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 8-amino-7-oxononanoate = S-adenosyl-4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate +
7,8-diaminononanoate
7,8-diaminonanoate transaminase; 7,8-diaminononanoate transaminase; DAPA transaminase; 7,8diaminopelargonic acid aminotransferase; DAPA aminotransferase; 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid;
diaminopelargonate synthase; 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid aminotransferase
S-adenosyl-L-methionine:8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferase
S-adenosylhomocysteine can also act as donor.
[967, 968, 2141]
[EC 2.6.1.62 created 1983]
EC 2.6.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
kynurenine—glyoxylate transaminase
L -kynurenine + glyoxylate = 4-(2-aminophenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate + glycine
kynurenine-glyoxylate aminotransferase
L -kynurenine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (cyclizing)
Acts, more slowly, on L-phenylalanine, L-histidine and L-tyrosine.
[786]
[EC 2.6.1.63 created 1983]
EC 2.6.1.64
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
glutamine—phenylpyruvate transaminase
L -glutamine + phenylpyruvate = 2-oxoglutaramate + L -phenylalanine
glutamine transaminase K; glutamine-phenylpyruvate aminotransferase
208
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
L -glutamine:phenylpyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. L-Methionine, L-histidine and L-tyrosine can act as donors. The enzyme has little activity on pyruvate and glyoxylate (cf. EC 2.6.1.15 glutamine—pyruvate transaminase).
[390, 392]
[EC 2.6.1.64 created 1984]
EC 2.6.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N 6 -acetyl-β-lysine transaminase
6-acetamido-3-aminohexanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = 6-acetamido-3-oxohexanoate + L-glutamate
ε-acetyl-β-lysine aminotransferase
6-acetamido-3-aminohexanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[249]
[EC 2.6.1.65 created 1984]
EC 2.6.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
valine—pyruvate transaminase
L -valine + pyruvate = 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + L -alanine
transaminase C; valine-pyruvate aminotransferase; alanine-oxoisovalerate aminotransferase
L -valine:pyruvate aminotransferase
Different from EC 2.6.1.42, branched-chain-amino-acid-transaminase.
[559, 1881]
[EC 2.6.1.66 created 1984]
EC 2.6.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-aminohexanoate transaminase
L -2-aminohexanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-oxohexanoate + L -glutamate
norleucine transaminase; norleucine (leucine) aminotransferase; leucine L-norleucine: 2-oxoglutarate
aminotransferase
L -2-aminohexanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on L-leucine and, more slowly, on L-isoleucine, L-2aminopentanoate and L-aspartate.
[646]
[EC 2.6.1.67 created 1989]
EC 2.6.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ornithine(lysine) transaminase
L -ornithine + 2-oxoglutarate = 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate + L -glutamate + H2 O
ornithine(lysine) aminotransferase; lysine/ornithine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; L-ornithine(Llysine):2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase
L -ornithine:2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase
The enzyme from Trichomonas vaginalis also acts on L-lysine, producing 2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine2-carboxylate.
[1309]
[EC 2.6.1.68 created 1989]
[2.6.1.69
Deleted entry. N2 -acetylornithine 5-transaminase. Enzyme is identical to EC 2.6.1.11, acetylornithine transami209
nase]
[EC 2.6.1.69 created 1989, deleted 2004]
EC 2.6.1.70
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aspartate—phenylpyruvate transaminase
L -aspartate + phenylpyruvate = oxaloacetate + L -phenylalanine
aspartate-phenylpyruvate aminotransferase
L -aspartate:phenylpyruvate aminotransferase
The enzyme from Pseudomonas putida also acts on 4-hydroxy-phenylpyruvate and, more slowly, on
L -glutamate and L -histidine.
[888]
[EC 2.6.1.70 created 1989]
EC 2.6.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
lysine—pyruvate 6-transaminase
L -lysine + pyruvate = L -2-aminoadipate 6-semialdehyde + L -alanine
lysine-pyruvate aminotransferase; Lys-AT
L -lysine:pyruvate aminotransferase
[1957]
[EC 2.6.1.71 created 1990]
EC 2.6.1.72
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -4-hydroxyphenylglycine transaminase
D -4-hydroxyphenylglycine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-hydroxyphenylglyoxylate
D -hydroxyphenylglycine aminotransferase
D -4-hydroxyphenylglycine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
+ L-glutamate
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
[462, 463]
[EC 2.6.1.72 created 1990]
EC 2.6.1.73
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
methionine—glyoxylate transaminase
L -methionine + glyoxylate = 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate + glycine
methionine-glyoxylate aminotransferase; MGAT
L -methionine:glyoxylate aminotransferase
L -Glutamate can also act as donor.
[695]
[EC 2.6.1.73 created 1992]
EC 2.6.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
cephalosporin-C transaminase
(7R)-7-(5-carboxy-5-oxopentanoyl)aminocephalosporinate + D-glutamate = cephalosporin C + 2oxoglutarate
cephalosporin C aminotransferase; L-alanine:cephalosporin-C aminotransferase
cephalosporin-C:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A number of D-amino acids, including D-alanine, D-aspartate and D-methionine can also act as
amino-group donors. Although this enzyme acts on several free D-amino acids, it differs from EC
2.6.1.21, D-alanine transaminase, in that it can use cephalosporin C as an amino donor.
210
References:
[60]
[EC 2.6.1.74 created 1992, modified 2005]
EC 2.6.1.75
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteine-conjugate transaminase
S-(4-bromophenyl)-L-cysteine + 2-oxoglutarate = S-(4-bromophenyl)mercaptopyruvate + L-glutamate
cysteine conjugate aminotransferase; cysteine-conjugate α-ketoglutarate transaminase (CAT-1)
S-(4-bromophenyl)-L-cysteine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A number of cysteine conjugates can also act.
[2264]
[EC 2.6.1.75 created 1992]
EC 2.6.1.76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diaminobutyrate—2-oxoglutarate transaminase
L -2,4-diaminobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = L -aspartate 4-semialdehyde + L -glutamate
L -2,4-diaminobutyrate:2-ketoglutarate 4-aminotransferase; 2,4-diaminobutyrate 4-aminotransferase;
diaminobutyrate aminotransferase; DABA aminotransferase; DAB aminotransferase; EctB; diaminibutyric acid aminotransferase; L-2,4-diaminobutyrate:2-oxoglutarate 4-aminotransferase
L -2,4-diaminobutanoate:2-oxoglutarate 4-aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein that requires potassium for activity [1623]. In the proteobacterium
Acinetobacter baumannii, this enzyme is cotranscribed with the neighbouring ddc gene that also encodes EC 4.1.1.86, diaminobutyrate decarboxylase. Differs from EC 2.6.1.46, diaminobutyrate—
pyruvate transaminase, which has pyruvate as the amino-group acceptor. This is the first enzyme in
the ectoine-biosynthesis pathway, the other enzymes involved being EC 2.3.1.178, diaminobutyrate
acetyltransferase and EC 4.2.1.108, ectoine synthase [1688, 1623].
[930, 931, 1688, 1623, 1175, 1305]
[EC 2.6.1.76 created 2000, modified 2006]
EC 2.6.1.77
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
taurine—pyruvate aminotransferase
taurine + pyruvate = L-alanine + 2-sulfoacetaldehyde
Tpa
taurine:pyruvate aminotransferase
The enzyme from Bilophila wadsworthia requires pyridoxal 50 -phosphate as a cofactor, is reversible, and catalyses the first step of anaerobic taurine degradation. Hypotaurine (i.e. 2aminoethanesulfinate) and β-alanine are also significant donors of an amino group. Unlike, EC
2.6.1.55, taurine—2-oxoglutarate transaminase, 2-oxoglutarate is not an acceptor of amino groups.
[1209, 388, 1374]
[EC 2.6.1.77 created 2003]
EC 2.6.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aspartate—prephenate aminotransferase
L -arogenate + oxaloacetate = prephenate + L -aspartate
prephenate transaminase (ambiguous); PAT (ambiguous); prephenate aspartate aminotransferase; Laspartate:prephenate aminotransferase
L -arogenate:oxaloacetate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Glutamate can also act as the amino donor, but more slowly (cf. EC
2.6.1.79, glutamate—prephenate aminotransferase).
[446]
211
[EC 2.6.1.78 created 2005]
EC 2.6.1.79
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamate—prephenate aminotransferase
L -arogenate + 2-oxoglutarate = prephenate + L -glutamate
prephenate transaminase (ambiguous); PAT (ambiguous); L-glutamate:prephenate aminotransferase
L -arogenate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Aspartate can also act as the amino donor, but more slowly (cf.
EC 2.6.1.78, aspartate—prephenate aminotransferase). The enzyme from higher plants shows
a marked preference for prephenate as substrate compared to pyruvate, phenylpyruvate or 4hydroxyphenylpyruvate [235].
[235, 2041, 234]
[EC 2.6.1.79 created 2005]
EC 2.6.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nicotianamine aminotransferase
nicotianamine + 2-oxoglutarate = 300 -deamino-300 -oxonicotianamine + L-glutamate
NAAT; NAAT-I; NAAT-II; NAAT-III; nicotianamine transaminase
nicotianamine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. This enzyme is produced by grasses. They secrete both the nicotianamine and the transaminated product into the soil around them. Both compounds chelate iron(II)
and iron(III); these chelators, called mugineic acid family phytosiderophores, are taken up by the
grass, which is thereby supplied with iron.
[1032, 2205, 1936]
[EC 2.6.1.80 created 2005]
EC 2.6.1.81
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
succinylornithine transaminase
N 2 -succinyl-L-ornithine + 2-oxoglutarate = N-succinyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde + L-glutamate
succinylornithine aminotransferase; N 2 -succinylornithine 5-aminotransferase; AstC; SOAT; 2-Nsuccinyl-L-ornithine:2-oxoglutarate 5-aminotransferase
N 2 -succinyl-L-ornithine:2-oxoglutarate 5-aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. Also acts on N 2 -acetyl-L-ornithine and L-ornithine, but more slowly
[419]. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the arginine-inducible succinylornithine transaminase, acetylornithine transaminase (EC 2.6.1.11) and ornithine aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.13) activities are catalysed by the same enzyme, but this is not the case in all species [2113]. This is the third enzyme in
the arginine succinyltransferase (AST) pathway for the catabolism of arginine [2432]. This pathway
converts the carbon skeleton of arginine into glutamate, with the concomitant production of ammonia
and conversion of succinyl-CoA into succinate and CoA. The five enzymes involved in this pathway
are EC 2.3.1.109 (arginine N-succinyltransferase), EC 3.5.3.23 (N-succinylarginine dihydrolase), EC
2.6.1.81 (succinylornithine transaminase), EC 1.2.1.71 (succinylglutamate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase) and EC 3.5.1.96 (succinylglutamate desuccinylase) [3, 6].
[2432, 1958, 419, 959, 2113]
[EC 2.6.1.81 created 2006]
EC 2.6.1.82
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
putrescine aminotransferase
(1a) putrescine + 2-oxoglutarate = 4-aminobutanal + L-glutamate
(1b) 4-aminobutanal = 1-pyrroline (spontaneous)
putrescine-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; YgjG; putrescine:α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; PAT;
putrescine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; putrescine transaminase
212
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
butane-1,4-diamine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein [1917]. The product, 4-aminobutanal, spontaneously cyclizes to form
1-pyrroline, which is a substrate for EC 1.2.1.19, aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase. Cadaverine
and spermidine can also act as substrates [1917]. Forms part of the arginine-catabolism pathway
[1918].
[1742, 1918, 1917]
[EC 2.6.1.82 created 2006]
EC 2.6.1.83
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
LL-diaminopimelate aminotransferase
LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate + 2-oxoglutarate = (S)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate +
L -glutamate + H2 O
LL-diaminopimelate transaminase; LL-DAP aminotransferase; LL-DAP-AT
LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate enzyme. In vivo, the reaction occurs in the opposite direction to that shown
above. This is one of the final steps in the lysine-biosynthesis pathway of plants (ranging from mosses
to flowering plants). meso-Diaminoheptanedioate, an isomer of LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedioate, and
the structurally related compounds lysine and ornithine are not substrates. 2-Oxoglutarate cannot be
replaced by oxaloacetate or pyruvate. It is not yet known if the substrate of the biosynthetic reaction is
the cyclic or acyclic form of tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate.
[910]
[EC 2.6.1.83 created 2006]
EC 2.6.1.84
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
arginine—pyruvate transaminase
L -arginine + pyruvate = 5-guanidino-2-oxopentanoate + L -alanine
arginine:pyruvate transaminase; AruH; ATase
L -arginine:pyruvate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. While L-arginine is the best substrate, the enzyme exhibits broad substrate specificity, with L-lysine, L-methionine, L-leucine, L-ornithine and L-glutamine also able to act
as substrates, but more slowly. Pyruvate cannot be replaced by 2-oxoglutarate as amino-group acceptor. This is the first catalytic enzyme of the arginine transaminase pathway for L-arginine utilization in
Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This pathway is only used when the major route of arginine catabolism, i.e.
the arginine succinyltransferase pathway, is blocked.
[2529, 2530]
[EC 2.6.1.84 created 2007]
EC 2.6.1.85
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aminodeoxychorismate synthase
chorismate + L-glutamine = 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate + L-glutamate
ADC synthase; 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase; PabB; chorismate:L-glutamine amido-ligase
(incorrect)
chorismate:L-glutamine aminotransferase
The enzyme is composed of two parts, PabA and PabB. In the absence of PabA and glutamine, PabB
converts ammonia and chorismate into 4-amino-4-deoxychorismate (in the presence of Mg2+ ). PabA
converts glutamine into glutamate only in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of PabB. This enzyme is coupled with EC 4.1.3.38, aminodeoxychorismate lyase, to form 4-aminobenzoate.
[2532, 2358]
[EC 2.6.1.85 created 2003 as EC 6.3.5.8, transferred 2007 to EC 2.6.1.85]
213
EC 2.6.1.86
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase
(2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate + L-glutamate = chorismate + L-glutamine
ADIC synthase; 2-amino-2-deoxyisochorismate synthase; SgcD
(2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Requires Mg2+ . The reaction occurs in the reverse direction to that shown above. In contrast to
most anthranilate-synthase I (ASI) homologues, this enzyme is not inhibited by tryptophan. In
Streptomyces globisporus, the sequential action of this enzyme and EC 1.3.99.24, 2-amino-4deoxychorismate dehydrogenase, leads to the formation of the benzoxazolinate moiety of the
enediyne antitumour antibiotic C-1027 [1204, 2549]. In certain Pseudomonads the enzyme participates in the biosynthesis of phenazine, a precursor for several compounds with antibiotic activity
[1401, 1211].
[1204, 2549, 1401, 1211]
[EC 2.6.1.86 created 2008]
EC 2.6.1.87
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose aminotransferase
UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinopyranose + 2-oxoglutarate = UDP-β-L-threo-pentapyranos-4ulose + L-glutamate
UDP-(β-L-threo-pentapyranosyl-400 -ulose diphosphate) aminotransferase; UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-Larabinose—oxoglutarate aminotransferase; UDP-Ara4O aminotransferase; UDP-L-Ara4N transaminase
UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-β-L-arabinose:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
A pyridoxal 50 -phosphate enzyme.
[257, 1578]
[EC 2.6.1.87 created 2010]
EC 2.6.2 Amidinotransferases (deleted sub-subclass)
[2.6.2.1
Transferred entry. now EC 2.1.4.1 glycine amidinotransferase]
[EC 2.6.2.1 created 1961, deleted 1965]
EC 2.6.3 Oximinotransferases
EC 2.6.3.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
oximinotransferase
pyruvate oxime + acetone = pyruvate + acetone oxime
transoximinase; oximase; pyruvate-acetone oximinotransferase; transoximase
pyruvate-oxime:acetone oximinotransferase
Acetaldehyde can act instead of acetone; D-glucose oxime can act instead of pyruvate oxime.
[2512, 2513, 2514]
[EC 2.6.3.1 created 1961]
EC 2.6.99 Transferring other nitrogenous groups
EC 2.6.99.1
Accepted name:
dATP(dGTP)—DNA purinetransferase
214
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(1) dATP + depurinated DNA = deoxyribose triphosphate + DNA
(2) dGTP + depurinated DNA = deoxyribose triphosphate + DNA
dATP(dGTP):depurinated-DNA purine transferase
The purine residue is transferred on to the apurinic site forming a normal glycosylic bond. dATP reacts at sites of the double-stranded depurinated DNA that lack adenine, and dGTP at sites that lack
guanine.
[470, 1284]
[EC 2.6.99.1 created 1984]
EC 2.6.99.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyridoxine 50 -phosphate synthase
1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + 3-amino-2-oxopropyl phosphate = pyridoxine 50 -phosphate +
phosphate + 2 H2 O
pyridoxine 5-phosphate phospho lyase; PNP synthase; PdxJ
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate:3-amino-2-oxopropyl phosphate 3-amino-2-oxopropyltransferase
(phosphate-hydrolysing; cyclizing)
In Escherichia coli, the coenzyme pyridoxal 50 -phosphate is synthesized de novo by a pathway that
involves EC 1.2.1.72 (erythrose-4-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 1.1.1.290 (4-phosphoerythronate
dehydrogenase), EC 2.6.1.52 (phosphoserine transaminase), EC 1.1.1.262 (4-hydroxythreonine-4phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 2.6.99.2 (pyridoxine 50 -phosphate synthase) and EC 1.4.3.5 (with
pyridoxine 50 -phosphate as substrate). 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose cannot replace 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5phosphate as a substrate [1195].
[652, 653, 1195, 605]
[EC 2.6.99.2 created 2006]
EC 2.7 Transferring phosphorus-containing groups
This subclass contains a rather large group of enzymes that transfer not only phosphate but also diphosphate, nucleotidyl residues
and other groups. The phosphotransferases are subdivided according to the acceptor group, which may be an alcohol group (EC
2.7.1), a carboxy group (EC 2.7.2), a nitrogenous group, such as that of creatine (EC 2.7.3), or a phosphate group, as in the
case of adenylate kinase (EC 2.7.4). Other sub-subclasses are for: diphosphotransferases (EC 2.7.6), nucleotidyltransferases
(EC 2.7.7) and transferases for other substituted phosphate groups (EC 2.7.8). With the enzymes of sub-subclass EC 2.7.9, two
phosphate groups are transferred from a donor such as ATP to two different acceptors. The protein kinases are divided into the
sub-subclasses protein-tyrosine kinases (EC 2.7.10), protein-serine/threonine kinases (EC 2.7.11), dual-specificity kinases (EC
2.7.12), protein-histidine kinases (EC 2.7.13) and other protein kinases (EC 2.7.99).
EC 2.7.1 Phosphotransferases with an alcohol group as acceptor
EC 2.7.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hexokinase
ATP + D-hexose = ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate
hexokinase type IV glucokinase; hexokinase D; hexokinase type IV; hexokinase (phosphorylating);
ATP-dependent hexokinase; glucose ATP phosphotransferase
ATP:D-hexose 6-phosphotransferase
D -Glucose, D -mannose, D -fructose, sorbitol and D -glucosamine can act as acceptors; ITP and dATP
can act as donors. The liver isoenzyme has sometimes been called glucokinase.
[95, 182, 1184, 1721, 2307, 319]
[EC 2.7.1.1 created 1961]
215
EC 2.7.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucokinase
ATP + D-glucose = ADP + D-glucose 6-phosphate
glucokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:D-glucose 6-phosphotransferase
A group of enzymes found in invertebrates and microorganisms that are highly specific for glucose.
[152, 280, 1725]
[EC 2.7.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ketohexokinase
ATP + D-fructose = ADP + D-fructose 1-phosphate
ketohexokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:D-fructose 1-phosphotransferase
D -Sorbose, D -tagatose and 5-dehydro- D -fructose and a number of other ketoses and their analogues
can also act as substrates [1784].
[400, 847, 1660, 1784]
[EC 2.7.1.3 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
fructokinase
ATP + D-fructose = ADP + D-fructose 6-phosphate
fructokinase (phosphorylating); D-fructokinase; D-fructose(D-mannose)kinase
ATP:D-fructose 6-phosphotransferase
[280, 1411]
[EC 2.7.1.4 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
rhamnulokinase
ATP + L-rhamnulose = ADP + L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate
RhuK; rhamnulokinase (phosphorylating); L-rhamnulokinase; L-rhamnulose kinase; rhamnulose kinase
ATP:L-rhamnulose 1-phosphotransferase
[2476]
[EC 2.7.1.5 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactokinase
ATP + D-galactose = ADP + α-D-galactose 1-phosphate
galactokinase (phosphorylating); ATP:D-galactose-1-phosphotransferase
ATP:D-galactose 1-phosphotransferase
D -Galactosamine can also act as acceptor.
[320, 1554, 2464]
[EC 2.7.1.6 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.7
Accepted name:
mannokinase
216
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ATP + D-mannose = ADP + D-mannose 6-phosphate
mannokinase (phosphorylating); D-fructose (D-mannose) kinase
ATP:D-mannose 6-phosphotransferase
[280]
[EC 2.7.1.7 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucosamine kinase
ATP + D-glucosamine = ADP + D-glucosamine phosphate
glucosamine kinase (phosphorylating); ATP:2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose-6-phosphotransferase; aminodeoxyglucose kinase
ATP:D-glucosamine phosphotransferase
[280]
[EC 2.7.1.8 created 1961]
[2.7.1.9
Deleted entry. acetylaminodeoxyglucose kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.9 created 1961, deleted 1965]
EC 2.7.1.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoglucokinase
ATP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = ADP + α-D-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate
glucose-phosphate kinase; phosphoglucokinase (phosphorylating); ATP:D-glucose-1-phosphate 6phosphotransferase
ATP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate 6-phosphotransferase
[1649]
[EC 2.7.1.10 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6-phosphofructokinase
ATP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
phosphohexokinase; phosphofructokinase I; phosphofructokinase (phosphorylating); 6phosphofructose 1-kinase; ATP-dependent phosphofructokinase; D-fructose-6-phosphate 1phosphotransferase; fructose 6-phosphate kinase; fructose 6-phosphokinase; nucleotide triphosphatedependent phosphofructokinase; phospho-1,6-fructokinase; PFK
ATP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
D -Tagatose 6-phosphate and sedoheptulose 7-phosphate can act as acceptors. UTP, CTP and ITP can
act as donors. Not identical with EC 2.7.1.105 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase.
[76, 1272, 1352, 1593, 1661, 1753, 2091, 2310]
[EC 2.7.1.11 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
gluconokinase
ATP + D-gluconate = ADP + 6-phospho-D-gluconate
gluconokinase (phosphorylating); gluconate kinase
ATP:D-gluconate 6-phosphotransferase
[380, 1214, 1538, 1901]
[EC 2.7.1.12 created 1961]
217
EC 2.7.1.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dehydrogluconokinase
ATP + 2-dehydro-D-gluconate = ADP + 6-phospho-2-dehydro-D-gluconate
ketogluconokinase; 2-ketogluconate kinase; ketogluconokinase (phosphorylating); 2ketogluconokinase
ATP:2-dehydro-D-gluconate 6-phosphotransferase
[604]
[EC 2.7.1.13 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sedoheptulokinase
ATP + sedoheptulose = ADP + sedoheptulose 7-phosphate
heptulokinase; sedoheptulokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:sedoheptulose 7-phosphotransferase
[511]
[EC 2.7.1.14 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ribokinase
ATP + D-ribose = ADP + D-ribose 5-phosphate
deoxyribokinase; ribokinase (phosphorylating); D-ribokinase
ATP:D-ribose 5-phosphotransferase
2-Deoxy-D-ribose can also act as acceptor.
[13, 680]
[EC 2.7.1.15 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ribulokinase
ATP + L(or D)-ribulose = ADP + L(or D)-ribulose 5-phosphate
ribulokinase (phosphorylating); L-ribulokinase
ATP:L(or D)-ribulose 5-phosphotransferase
Ribitol and L-arabinitol can also act as acceptors.
[286, 1219, 2054]
[EC 2.7.1.16 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
xylulokinase
ATP + D-xylulose = ADP + D-xylulose 5-phosphate
xylulokinase (phosphorylating); D-xylulokinase
ATP:D-xylulose 5-phosphotransferase
[857, 2053, 2065, 2160]
[EC 2.7.1.17 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
phosphoribokinase
ATP + D-ribose 5-phosphate = ADP + D-ribose 1,5-bisphosphate
phosphoribokinase (phosphorylating)
218
Systematic name:
References:
ATP:D-ribose-5-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
[1156, 1935]
[EC 2.7.1.18 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoribulokinase
ATP + D-ribulose 5-phosphate = ADP + D-ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate
phosphopentokinase; ribulose-5-phosphate kinase; phosphopentokinase; phosphoribulokinase (phosphorylating); 5-phosphoribulose kinase; ribulose phosphate kinase; PKK; PRuK; PRK
ATP:D-ribulose-5-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
[919, 977]
[EC 2.7.1.19 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenosine kinase
ATP + adenosine = ADP + AMP
adenosine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:adenosine 50 -phosphotransferase
2-Aminoadenosine can also act as acceptor.
[1271, 318, 1142]
[EC 2.7.1.20 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thymidine kinase
ATP + thymidine = ADP + thymidine 50 -phosphate
thymidine kinase (phosphorylating); 20 -deoxythymidine kinase; deoxythymidine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:thymidine 50 -phosphotransferase
Deoxyuridine can also act as acceptor, and dGTP can act as a donor. The deoxypyrimidine kinase
complex induced by Herpes simplex virus catalyses this reaction as well as those of EC 2.7.1.114
(AMP—thymidine kinase), EC 2.7.1.118 (ADP—thymidine kinase) and EC 2.7.4.9 (dTMP-kinase).
[557, 1109, 1615]
[EC 2.7.1.21 created 1961, deleted 1972, reinstated 1976 (EC 2.7.1.75 created 1972, incorporated 1976)]
EC 2.7.1.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ribosylnicotinamide kinase
ATP + N-ribosylnicotinamide = ADP + nicotinamide ribonucleotide
ribosylnicotinamide kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:N-ribosylnicotinamide 50 -phosphotransferase
[1873]
[EC 2.7.1.22 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
NAD+ kinase
ATP + NAD+ = ADP + NADP+
DPN kinase; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide kinase (phosphorylating); nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide kinase; NAD kinase; NADK
219
Systematic name:
References:
ATP:NAD+ 20 -phosphotransferase
[292, 369, 1138, 2407]
[EC 2.7.1.23 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dephospho-CoA kinase
ATP + 30 -dephospho-CoA = ADP + CoA
dephosphocoenzyme A kinase (phosphorylating); 30 -dephospho-CoA kinase; dephosphocoenzyme A
kinase; ATP:dephospho-CoA 30 -phosphotransferase
ATP:30 -dephospho-CoA 30 -phosphotransferase
[2, 877, 2407]
[EC 2.7.1.24 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenylyl-sulfate kinase
ATP + adenylyl sulfate = ADP + 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate
adenylylsulfate kinase (phosphorylating); 50 -phosphoadenosine sulfate kinase; adenosine 50 phosphosulfate kinase; adenosine phosphosulfate kinase; adenosine phosphosulfokinase; adenosine50 -phosphosulfate-30 -phosphokinase; APS kinase
ATP:adenylyl-sulfate 30 -phosphotransferase
The human phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthase (PAPS) system is a bifunctional enzyme (fusion product of two catalytic activities). In a first step, sulfate adenylyltransferase catalyses the formation of adenosine 50 -phosphosulfate (APS) from ATP and inorganic sulfate. The second step is
catalysed by the adenylylsulfate kinase portion of 30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate (PAPS)
synthase, which involves the formation of PAPS from enzyme-bound APS and ATP. In contrast, in
bacteria, yeast, fungi and plants, the formation of PAPS is carried out by two individual polypeptides,
sulfate adenylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.4) and adenylyl-sulfate kinase (EC 2.7.1.25).
[108, 1836, 2336]
[EC 2.7.1.25 created 1961, modified 1999]
EC 2.7.1.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
riboflavin kinase
ATP + riboflavin = ADP + FMN
flavokinase; FK; RFK
ATP:riboflavin 50 -phosphotransferase
The cofactors FMN and FAD participate in numerous processes in all organisms, including mitochondrial electron transport, photosynthesis, fatty-acid oxidation, and metabolism of vitamin B6 , vitamin
B12 and folates [1919]. While monofunctional riboflavin kinase is found in eukaryotes, some bacteria
have a bifunctional enzyme that exhibits both this activity and that of EC 2.7.7.2, FMN adenylyltransferase [1919]. A divalent metal cation is required for activity (with different species preffering Mg2+ ,
Mn2+ or Zn2+ ). In Bacillus subtilis, ATP can be replaced by other phosphate donors but with decreasing enzyme activity in the order ATP ¿ dATP ¿ CTP ¿ UTP [2090].
[338, 682, 1057, 1397, 1919, 2090, 2089]
[EC 2.7.1.26 created 1961, modified 2007]
EC 2.7.1.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
erythritol kinase
ATP + erythritol = ADP + D-erythritol 4-phosphate
erythritol kinase (phosphorylating)
220
Systematic name:
References:
ATP:erythritol 4-phosphotransferase
[891]
[EC 2.7.1.27 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
triokinase
ATP + D-glyceraldehyde = ADP + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
triose kinase;
ATP:D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphotransferase
[848, 2043]
[EC 2.7.1.28 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glycerone kinase
ATP + glycerone = ADP + glycerone phosphate
dihydroxyacetone kinase; acetol kinase; acetol kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:glycerone phosphotransferase
[1985]
[EC 2.7.1.29 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerol kinase
ATP + glycerol = ADP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
glycerokinase; GK; ATP:glycerol-3-phosphotransferase; glycerol kinase (phosphorylating); glyceric
kinase
ATP:glycerol 3-phosphotransferase
Glycerone and L-glyceraldehyde can act as acceptors; UTP (and, in the case of the yeast enzyme, ITP
and GTP) can act as donors.
[185, 275, 2462]
[EC 2.7.1.30 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glycerate kinase
ATP + (R)-glycerate = ADP + 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate
glycerate kinase (phosphorylating); D-glycerate 3-kinase; D-glycerate kinase; glycerate-3-kinase; GK;
D -glyceric acid kinase; ATP: D -glycerate 2-phosphotransferase
ATP:(R)-glycerate 3-phosphotransferase
[492, 926]
[EC 2.7.1.31 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
choline kinase
ATP + choline = ADP + O-phosphocholine
choline kinase (phosphorylating); choline phosphokinase; choline-ethanolamine kinase
ATP:choline phosphotransferase
Ethanolamine and its methyl and ethyl derivatives can also act as acceptors.
[810, 2483]
221
[EC 2.7.1.32 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pantothenate kinase
ATP + (R)-pantothenate = ADP + (R)-40 -phosphopantothenate
pantothenate kinase (phosphorylating); pantothenic acid kinase; ATP:pantothenate 40 phosphotransferase; D-pantothenate kinase
ATP:(R)-pantothenate 40 -phosphotransferase
[3, 271, 1705]
[EC 2.7.1.33 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pantetheine kinase
ATP + pantetheine = ADP + pantetheine 40 -phosphate
pantetheine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:pantetheine 40 -phosphotransferase
[1579]
[EC 2.7.1.34 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyridoxal kinase
ATP + pyridoxal = ADP + pyridoxal 50 -phosphate
pyridoxal kinase (phosphorylating); pyridoxal 5-phosphate-kinase; pyridoxal phosphokinase; pyridoxine kinase
ATP:pyridoxal 50 -phosphotransferase
Pyridoxine, pyridoxamine and various derivatives can also act as acceptors.
[1398, 2275]
[EC 2.7.1.35 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mevalonate kinase
ATP + (R)-mevalonate = ADP + (R)-5-phosphomevalonate
mevalonate kinase (phosphorylating); mevalonate phosphokinase; mevalonic acid kinase; mevalonic
kinase; mevalonate 5-phosphotransferase ; MVA kinase; ATP:mevalonate 5-phosphotransferase
ATP:(R)-mevalonate 5-phosphotransferase
CTP, GTP and UTP can also act as donors.
[836, 1258, 1360, 2234]
[EC 2.7.1.36 created 1961]
[2.7.1.37
Transferred entry. protein kinase. Now divided into EC 2.7.11.1 (non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase), EC
2.7.11.8 (Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase), EC 2.7.11.9 (Goodpasture-antigen-binding protein kinase), EC 2.7.11.10 (IκB
kinase), EC 2.7.11.11 (cAMP-dependent protein kinase), EC 2.7.11.12 (cGMP-dependent protein kinase), EC 2.7.11.13 (protein
kinase C), EC 2.7.11.21 (polo kinase), EC 2.7.11.22 (cyclin-dependent kinase), EC 2.7.11.24 (mitogen-activated protein kinase),
EC 2.7.11.25 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase), EC 2.7.11.30 (receptor protein serine/threonine kinase) and EC
2.7.12.1 (dual-specificity kinase)]
[EC 2.7.1.37 created 1961 (EC 2.7.1.70 incorporated 2004), deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.38
Transferred entry. phosphorylase kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.19, phosphorylase kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.38 created 1961, deleted 2005]
222
EC 2.7.1.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
homoserine kinase
ATP + L-homoserine = ADP + O-phospho-L-homoserine
homoserine kinase (phosphorylating); HSK
ATP:L-homoserine O-phosphotransferase
[586, 2426]
[EC 2.7.1.39 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyruvate kinase
ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate
phosphoenolpyruvate kinase; phosphoenol transphosphorylase
ATP:pyruvate 2-O-phosphotransferase
UTP, GTP, CTP, ITP and dATP can also act as donors. Also phosphorylates hydroxylamine and fluoride in the presence of CO2 .
[248, 1142, 1172, 2157, 2259]
[EC 2.7.1.40 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
glucose-1-phosphate phosphodismutase
2 D-glucose 1-phosphate = D-glucose + D-glucose 1,6-bisphosphate
D -glucose-1-phosphate: D -glucose-1-phosphate 6-phosphotransferase
[1240, 2038]
[EC 2.7.1.41 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
riboflavin phosphotransferase
α-D-glucose 1-phosphate + riboflavin = D-glucose + FMN
riboflavine phosphotransferase; glucose-1-phosphate phosphotransferase; G-1-P phosphotransferase;
D -glucose-1-phosphate:riboflavin 50 -phosphotransferase
α-D-glucose-1-phosphate:riboflavin 50 -phosphotransferase
[1041]
[EC 2.7.1.42 created 1961]
EC 2.7.1.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucuronokinase
ATP + D-glucuronate = ADP + 1-phospho-α-D-glucuronate
glucuronokinase (phosphorylating); glucurono-glucuronokinase
ATP:D-glucuronate 1-phosphotransferase
[1553]
[EC 2.7.1.43 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
galacturonokinase
ATP + D-galacturonate = ADP + 1-phospho-α-D-galacturonate
galacturonokinase (phosphorylating) D-galacturonic acid kinase
ATP:D-galacturonate 1-phosphotransferase
[1555]
223
[EC 2.7.1.44 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-dehydro-3-deoxygluconokinase
ATP + 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate = ADP + 6-phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate
2-keto-3-deoxygluconokinase; 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-gluconic acid kinase; 2-keto-3-deoxygluconokinase
(phosphorylating); 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate kinase; ketodeoxygluconokinase
ATP:2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-gluconate 6-phosphotransferase
[424]
[EC 2.7.1.45 created 1965, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.1.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
L -arabinokinase
ATP + L-arabinose = ADP + β-L-arabinose 1-phosphate
L -arabinokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:L-arabinose 1-phosphotransferase
[1554]
[EC 2.7.1.46 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -ribulokinase
ATP + D-ribulose = ADP + D-ribulose 5-phosphate
D -ribulokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:D-ribulose 5-phosphotransferase
[621]
[EC 2.7.1.47 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
uridine kinase
ATP + uridine = ADP + UMP
pyrimidine ribonucleoside kinase; uridine-cytidine kinase; uridine kinase (phosphorylating); uridine
phosphokinase
ATP:uridine 50 -phosphotransferase
Cytidine can act as acceptor; GTP and ITP can act as donors.
[1628, 2063]
[EC 2.7.1.48 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hydroxymethylpyrimidine kinase
ATP + 4-amino-5-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine = ADP + 4-amino-5-phosphonooxymethyl-2methylpyrimidine
hydroxymethylpyrimidine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:4-amino-5-hydroxymethyl-2-methylpyrimidine 5-phosphotransferase
CTP, UTP and GTP can act as donors.
[1259]
[EC 2.7.1.49 created 1965]
224
EC 2.7.1.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
hydroxyethylthiazole kinase
ATP + 4-methyl-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)thiazole = ADP + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphonooxyethyl)thiazole
hydroxyethylthiazole kinase (phosphorylating); 4-methyl-5-(β-hydroxyethyl)thiazole kinase
ATP:4-methyl-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)thiazole 2-phosphotransferase
[1259]
[EC 2.7.1.50 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
L -fuculokinase
ATP + L-fuculose = ADP + L-fuculose 1-phosphate
L -fuculokinase (phosphorylating); L -fuculose kinase
ATP:L-fuculose 1-phosphotransferase
[820]
[EC 2.7.1.51 created 1965]
EC 2.7.1.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
fucokinase
ATP + L-fucose = ADP + β-L-fucose 1-phosphate
fucokinase (phosphorylating); fucose kinase; L-fucose kinase; L-fucokinase; ATP:6-deoxy-Lgalactose 1-phosphotransferase; ATP:L-fucose 1-phosphotransferase
ATP:β-L-fucose 1-phosphotransferase
Requires a divalent cation for activity, with Mg2+ and Fe2+ giving rise to the highest enzyme activity.
Forms part of a salvage pathway for reutilization of L-fucose. Can also phosphorylate D-arabinose,
but more slowly.
[949, 293, 1659]
[EC 2.7.1.52 created 1972, modified 2004]
EC 2.7.1.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
L -xylulokinase
ATP + L-xylulose = ADP + L-xylulose 5-phosphate
L -xylulokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:L-xylulose 5-phosphotransferase
[44]
[EC 2.7.1.53 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -arabinokinase
ATP + D-arabinose = ADP + D-arabinose 5-phosphate
D -arabinokinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:D-arabinose 5-phosphotransferase
[2366]
[EC 2.7.1.54 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.55
Accepted name:
Reaction:
allose kinase
ATP + D-allose = ADP + D-allose 6-phosphate
225
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
allokinase (phosphorylating); allokinase; D-allokinase; D-allose-6-kinase
ATP:D-allose 6-phosphotransferase
[669]
[EC 2.7.1.55 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-phosphofructokinase
ATP + D-fructose 1-phosphate = ADP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
fructose-1-phosphate kinase; 1-phosphofructokinase (phosphorylating); D-fructose-1-phosphate kinase; fructose 1-phosphate kinase; phosphofructokinase 1
ATP:D-fructose-phosphate 6-phosphotransferase
ITP, GTP or UTP can replace ATP.
[1814, 1921]
[EC 2.7.1.56 created 1972]
[2.7.1.57
Deleted entry. mannitol kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.57 created 1972, deleted 1984]
EC 2.7.1.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-dehydro-3-deoxygalactonokinase
ATP + 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-galactonate = ADP + 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-galactonate 6-phosphate
2-keto-3-deoxygalactonokinase; 2-keto-3-deoxygalactonate kinase (phosphorylating); 2-oxo-3deoxygalactonate kinase;
ATP:2-dehydro-3-deoxy-D-galactonate 6-phosphotransferase
[2145]
[EC 2.7.1.58 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylglucosamine kinase
ATP + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine = ADP + N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate
acetylglucosamine kinase (phosphorylating); ATP:2-acetylamino-2-deoxy-D-glucose 6phosphotransferase; 2-acetylamino-2-deoxy-D-glucose kinase; acetylaminodeoxyglucokinase
ATP:N-acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphotransferase
The bacterial enzyme also acts on D-glucose.
[64, 122, 439]
[EC 2.7.1.59 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acylmannosamine kinase
ATP + N-acyl-D-mannosamine = ADP + N-acyl-D-mannosamine 6-phosphate
acylmannosamine kinase (phosphorylating); acetylamidodeoxymannokinase; acetylmannosamine
kinase; acylaminodeoxymannokinase; acylmannosamine kinase; N-acyl-D-mannosamine kinase; Nacetylmannosamine kinase; ATP:N-acetylmannosamine 6-phosphotransferase
ATP:N-acyl-D-mannosamine 6-phosphotransferase
Acts on the acetyl and glycolyl derivatives.
[109, 667, 1183]
[EC 2.7.1.60 created 1972]
226
EC 2.7.1.61
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acyl-phosphate—hexose phosphotransferase
acyl phosphate + D-hexose = an acid + D-hexose phosphate
hexose phosphate:hexose phosphotransferase
acyl-phosphate:D-hexose phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates D-glucose and D-mannose on O-6, and D-fructose on O-1 or O-6.
[43, 1027]
[EC 2.7.1.61 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoramidate—hexose phosphotransferase
phosphoramidate + D-hexose = NH3 + α-D-hexose 1-phosphate
phosphoramidate-hexose transphosphorylase; phosphoramidic-hexose transphosphorylase; phosphoramidate:hexose 1-phosphotransferase
phosphoramidate:D-hexose 1-phosphotransferase
Activity is observed with several hexoses; of these glucose is the best substrate and the product from
it is α-D-glucose 1-phosphate. The phosphoramidate donor can be replaced by N-phosphoglycine and
by an N-phosphohistidine. May be identical with EC 3.1.3.9 glucose-6-phosphatase.
[2073]
[EC 2.7.1.62 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polyphosphate—glucose phosphotransferase
(phosphate)n + D-glucose = (phosphate)n−1 + D-glucose 6-phosphate
polyphosphate glucokinase; polyphosphate-D-(+)-glucose-6-phosphotransferase; polyphosphateglucose 6-phosphotransferase
polyphosphate:D-glucose 6-phosphotransferase
Requires a neutral salt, e.g. KCl, for maximum activity. Also acts on glucosamine.
[2187, 2188]
[EC 2.7.1.63 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.64
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
inositol 3-kinase
ATP + myo-inositol = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate
inositol-1-kinase (phosphorylating); myoinositol kinase; myo-inositol 1-kinase
ATP:myo-inositol 1-phosphotransferase
[539, 1291, 2124]
[EC 2.7.1.64 created 1972, modified 2001]
EC 2.7.1.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
scyllo-inosamine 4-kinase
ATP + 1-amino-1-deoxy-scyllo-inositol = ADP + 1-amino-1-deoxy-scyllo-inositol 4-phosphate
scyllo-inosamine kinase (phosphorylating); scyllo-inosamine kinase; ATP:inosamine phosphotransferase
ATP:1-amino-1-deoxy-scyllo-inositol 4-phosphotransferase
Also acts on streptamine, 2-deoxystreptamine and 1D-1-guanidino-3-amino-1,3-dideoxy-scylloinositol.
[2389, 2391]
227
[EC 2.7.1.65 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.1.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
undecaprenol kinase
ATP + undecaprenol = ADP + undecaprenyl phosphate
isoprenoid alcohol kinase; isoprenoid alcohol phosphokinase; C55 -isoprenoid alcohol phosphokinase;
isoprenoid alcohol kinase (phosphorylating); C55 -isoprenoid alcohol kinase; C55 -isoprenyl alcohol
phosphokinase; polyisoprenol kinase
ATP:undecaprenol phosphotransferase
[861]
[EC 2.7.1.66 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate
phosphatidylinositol kinase (phosphorylating); phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase; phosphatidylinositol
kinase; type II phosphatidylinositol kinase; PI kinase; PI 4-kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphotransferase
This reaction is catalysed by at least two different isoforms.
[385, 1016, 2385, 2458, 133]
[EC 2.7.1.67 created 1972, modified 1982, modified 2002]
EC 2.7.1.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5bisphosphate
diphosphoinositide kinase; PIP kinase; phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate kinase; phosphatidylinositol4-phosphate 5-kinase; type I PIP kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4-phosphate 5-phosphotransferase
This enzyme can also phosphorylate PtdIns3P in the 4-position, and PtdIns, PtdIns3P and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in the 5-position in vitro, but to a lesser extent. The last of these reactions occurs in vivo
and is physiologically relevant. Three different isoforms are known.
[1014, 1015, 1768]
[EC 2.7.1.68 created 1972, modified 1980, modified 1982, modified 2002]
EC 2.7.1.69
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
protein-N π -phosphohistidine—sugar phosphotransferase
protein N π -phospho-L-histidine + sugar = [protein]-L-histidine + sugar phosphate
glucose permease; PTS permease; phosphotransferase, phosphohistidinoprotein-hexose; enzyme
IIl4ac; gene glC proteins; gene bglC RNA formation factors; PEP-dependent phosphotransferase enzyme II; PEP-sugar phosphotransferase enzyme II; phosphoenolpyruvate-sugar phosphotransferase
enzyme II; phosphohistidinoprotein-hexose phosphotransferase; phosphohistidinoprotein-hexose
phosphoribosyltransferase; phosphoprotein factor-hexose phosophotransferase; protein, specific or
class, gene bglC; ribonucleic acid formation factor, gene glC; sucrose phosphotransferase system II;
protein-N π -phosphohistidine:sugar N-pros-phosphotransferase; protein-N π -phosphohistidine:sugar
N π -phosphotransferase
protein-N π -phospho-L-histidine:sugar N π -phosphotransferase
228
Comments:
References:
Enzyme II of the phosphotransferase system. Comprises a group of related enzymes. The protein substrate is a phosphocarrier protein of low molecular mass (9.5 kDa). The protein is phosphorylated in a
reaction catalysed by EC 2.7.3.9 (phosphoenolpyruvate—protein phosphotransferase) and this acts as
the phosphate donor for the above reaction. The enzyme translocates the sugar it phosphorylates into
bacteria. Aldohexoses, and their glycosides and alditols, are phosphorylated on O-6, whereas fructose
and sorbose are phosphorylated on O-1. Glycerone and disaccharides are also substrates.
[1143, 1726]
[EC 2.7.1.69 created 1972, modified 2000]
[2.7.1.70
Deleted entry. protamine kinase. Now included in EC 2.7.11.1, non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.70 created 1972, deleted 2004]
EC 2.7.1.71
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
shikimate kinase
ATP + shikimate = ADP + 3-phosphoshikimate
shikimate kinase (phosphorylating); shikimate kinase II
ATP:shikimate 3-phosphotransferase
[1471]
[EC 2.7.1.71 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.72
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
streptomycin 6-kinase
ATP + streptomycin = ADP + streptomycin 6-phosphate
streptidine kinase; SM 6-kinase; streptomycin 6-kinase (phosphorylating); streptidine kinase (phosphorylating); streptomycin 6-O-phosphotransferase; streptomycin 6-phosphotransferase
ATP:streptomycin 6-phosphotransferase
dATP can replace ATP; and dihydrostreptomycin, streptidine and ¡BR¿ 2-deoxystreptidine can act as
acceptors.
[2390, 2392]
[EC 2.7.1.72 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.1.73
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
inosine kinase
ATP + inosine = ADP + IMP
inosine-guanosine kinase; inosine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:inosine 50 -phosphotransferase
[1706]
[EC 2.7.1.73 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.74
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxycytidine kinase
NTP + deoxycytidine = NDP + dCMP
deoxycytidine kinase (phosphorylating); 20 -deoxycytidine kinase; Ara-C kinase; arabinofuranosylcytosine kinase; deoxycytidine-cytidine kinase
NTP:deoxycytidine 50 -phosphotransferase
Cytosine arabinoside can act as acceptor; all natural nucleoside triphosphates (except dCTP) can act
as donors.
[508, 961, 1074, 1464]
229
[EC 2.7.1.74 created 1972]
[2.7.1.75
Deleted entry. thymidine kinase. Now EC 2.7.1.21 thymidine kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.75 created 1972, deleted 1976]
EC 2.7.1.76
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxyadenosine kinase
ATP + deoxyadenosine = ADP + dAMP
purine-deoxyribonucleoside kinase
ATP:deoxyadenosine 50 -phosphotransferase
Deoxyguanosine can also act as acceptor. Possibly identical with EC 2.7.1.74 deoxycytidine kinase.
[336, 1171]
[EC 2.7.1.76 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.77
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside phosphotransferase
a nucleotide + a 20 -deoxynucleoside = a nucleoside + a 20 -deoxynucleoside 50 -phosphate
nonspecific nucleoside phosphotransferase; nucleotide:30 -deoxynucleoside 50 -phosphotransferase
nucleotide:nucleoside 50 -phosphotransferase
Phenyl phosphate and nucleoside 30 -phosphates can act as donors, although not so well as nucleoside
50 -phosphates. Nucleosides as well as 20 -deoxynucleosides can act as acceptors.
[273, 1733]
[EC 2.7.1.77 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.78
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polynucleotide 50 -hydroxyl-kinase
ATP + 50 -dephospho-DNA = ADP + 50 -phospho-DNA
ATP:50 -dephosphopolynucleotide 50 -phosphatase; PNK; polynucleotide 50 -hydroxyl kinase (phosphorylating); 50 -hydroxyl polynucleotide kinase; 50 -hydroxyl polyribonucleotide kinase; 50 -hydroxyl
RNA kinase; DNA 50 -hydroxyl kinase; DNA kinase; polynucleotide kinase; polynucleotide 50 hydroxy-kinase
ATP:50 -dephosphopolynucleotide 50 -phosphotransferase
Also acts on 50 -dephospho-RNA 30 -mononucleotides.
[1580, 1581]
[EC 2.7.1.78 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.79
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diphosphate—glycerol phosphotransferase
diphosphate + glycerol = phosphate + glycerol 1-phosphate
PPi-glycerol phosphotransferase; pyrophosphate-glycerol phosphotransferase
diphosphate:glycerol 1-phosphotransferase
May be identical with EC 3.1.3.9 glucose-6-phosphatase.
[2132]
[EC 2.7.1.79 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.80
Accepted name:
Reaction:
diphosphate—serine phosphotransferase
diphosphate + L-serine = phosphate + O-phospho-L-serine
230
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pyrophosphate-serine phosphotransferase; pyrophosphate-L-serine phosphotransferase
diphosphate:L-serine O-phosphotransferase
[299]
[EC 2.7.1.80 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.81
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hydroxylysine kinase
GTP + 5-hydroxy-L-lysine = GDP + 5-phosphonooxy-L-lysine
hydroxylysine kinase (phosphorylating); guanosine triphosphate:5-hydroxy-L-lysine Ophosphotransferase
GTP:5-hydroxy-L-lysine O-phosphotransferase
Both the natural 5-hydroxy-L-lysine and its 5-epimer act as acceptors.
[865]
[EC 2.7.1.81 created 1972]
EC 2.7.1.82
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ethanolamine kinase
ATP + ethanolamine = ADP + O-phosphoethanolamine
ethanolamine kinase (phosphorylating); ethanolamine phosphokinase
ATP:ethanolamine O-phosphotransferase
[566, 2166, 2441]
[EC 2.7.1.82 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.83
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pseudouridine kinase
ATP + pseudouridine = ADP + pseudouridine 50 -phosphate
pseudouridine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:pseudouridine 50 -phosphotransferase
[2088]
[EC 2.7.1.83 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.84
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
alkylglycerone kinase
ATP + O-alkylglycerone = ADP + O-alkylglycerone phosphate
alkyldihydroxyacetone kinase (phosphorylating); alkyldihydroxyacetone kinase
ATP:O-alkylglycerone phosphotransferase
[331]
[EC 2.7.1.84 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.85
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-glucoside kinase
ATP + cellobiose = ADP + 6-phospho-β-D-glucosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose
β-D-glucoside kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:cellobiose 6-phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates a number of β-D-glucosides; GTP, CTP, ITP and UTP can also act as donors.
[1653]
231
[EC 2.7.1.85 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.86
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
NADH kinase
ATP + NADH = ADP + NADPH
reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide kinase (phosphorylating); DPNH kinase; reduced diphosphopyridine nucleotide kinase; NADH2 kinase
ATP:NADH 20 -phosphotransferase
CTP, ITP, UTP and GTP can also act as phosphate donors (in decreasing order of activity). The enzyme is specific for NADH. Activated by acetate.
[738]
[EC 2.7.1.86 created 1976 (EC 2.7.1.96 created 1978, incorporated 1978)]
EC 2.7.1.87
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
streptomycin 300 -kinase
ATP + streptomycin = ADP + streptomycin 300 -phosphate
streptomycin 300 -kinase (phosphorylating); streptomycin 300 -phosphotransferase
ATP:streptomycin 300 -phosphotransferase
Also phosphorylates dihydrostreptomycin, 30 -deoxydihydrostreptomycin and their 6-phosphates.
[2390]
[EC 2.7.1.87 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.88
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dihydrostreptomycin-6-phosphate 30 α-kinase
ATP + dihydrostreptomycin 6-phosphate = ADP + dihydrostreptomycin 30 α,6-bisphosphate
dihydrostreptomycin 6-phosphate kinase (phosphorylating); ATP:dihydrostreptomycin-6-P 30 αphosphotransferase
ATP:dihydrostreptomycin-6-phosphate 30 α-phosphotransferase
30 -Deoxydihydrostreptomycin 6-phosphate can also act as acceptor.
[2390]
[EC 2.7.1.88 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.89
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thiamine kinase
ATP + thiamine = ADP + thiamine phosphate
thiamin kinase (phosphorylating); thiamin phosphokinase; ATP:thiamin phosphotransferase; thiamin
kinase
ATP:thiamine phosphotransferase
[964]
[EC 2.7.1.89 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.90
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
diphosphate—fructose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
diphosphate + D-fructose 6-phosphate = phosphate + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
6-phosphofructokinase (pyrophosphate); pyrophosphate-fructose 6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase;
inorganic pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinase; inorganic pyrophosphatephosphofructokinase; pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructo-1-kinase; pyrophosphate-fructose
6-phosphate phosphotransferase
232
Systematic name:
References:
diphosphate:D-fructose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
[1811, 1813]
[EC 2.7.1.90 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.91
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sphinganine kinase
ATP + sphinganine = ADP + sphinganine 1-phosphate
dihydrosphingosine kinase; dihydrosphingosine kinase (phosphorylating); sphingosine kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:sphinganine 1-phosphotransferase
[2138, 2139]
[EC 2.7.1.91 created 1976, modified 1980]
EC 2.7.1.92
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
5-dehydro-2-deoxygluconokinase
ATP + 5-dehydro-2-deoxy-D-gluconate = ADP + 6-phospho-5-dehydro-2-deoxy-D-gluconate
5-keto-2-deoxygluconokinase; 5-keto-2-deoxyglucono kinase (phosphorylating); DKH kinase
ATP:5-dehydro-2-deoxy-D-gluconate 6-phosphotransferase
[45]
[EC 2.7.1.92 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.93
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
alkylglycerol kinase
ATP + 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycerol = ADP + 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
1-alkylglycerol kinase (phosphorylating); ATP-alkylglycerol phosphotransferase; alkylglycerol phosphotransferase; ATP: 1-alkyl-sn-glycerol phosphotransferase
ATP:1-O-alkyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphotransferase
[1848]
[EC 2.7.1.93 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.94
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acylglycerol kinase
ATP + acylglycerol = ADP + acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
monoacylglycerol kinase; monoacylglycerol kinase (phosphorylating); sn-2-monoacylglycerol kinase;
MGK; monoglyceride kinase; monoglyceride phosphokinase
ATP:acylglycerol 3-phosphotransferase
Acts on both 1- and 2-acylglycerols.
[1703, 1704]
[EC 2.7.1.94 created 1976]
EC 2.7.1.95
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
kanamycin kinase
ATP + kanamycin = ADP + kanamycin 30 -phosphate
neomycin-kanamycin phosphotransferase;
ATP:kanamycin 30 -O-phosphotransferase
Also acts on the antibiotics neomycin, paromomycin, neamine, paromamine, vistamycin and gentamicin A. An enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa also acts on butirosin.
[485, 486]
233
[EC 2.7.1.95 created 1976]
[2.7.1.96
Deleted entry. NADH kinase. Now included with EC 2.7.1.86 NADH kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.96 created 1978, deleted 1978]
[2.7.1.97
Deleted entry. opsin kinase. Identical with EC 2.7.11.14, rhodopsin kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.97 created 1978, deleted 1992]
[2.7.1.98
Deleted entry. phosphoenolpyruvate—fructose phosphotransferase]
[EC 2.7.1.98 created 1978, deleted 1984]
[2.7.1.99
Transferred entry. [pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.2, [pyruvate dehydrogenase
(acetyl-transferring)] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.99 created 1978, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.100
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
S-methyl-5-thioribose kinase
ATP + S-methyl-5-thio-D-ribose = ADP + S-methyl-5-thio-α-D-ribose 1-phosphate
5-methylthioribose kinase (phosphorylating); methylthioribose kinase; 5-methylthioribose kinase;
ATP:S5 -methyl-5-thio-D-ribose 1-phosphotransferase
ATP:S-methyl-5-thio-D-ribose 1-phosphotransferase
CTP also acts, but more slowly.
[573, 759]
[EC 2.7.1.100 created 1980]
EC 2.7.1.101
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
tagatose kinase
ATP + D-tagatose = ADP + D-tagatose 6-phosphate
tagatose 6-phosphate kinase (phosphorylating); D-tagatose 6-phosphate kinase; tagatose-6-phosphate
kinase
ATP:D-tagatose 6-phosphotransferase
[2186]
[EC 2.7.1.101 created 1983]
EC 2.7.1.102
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hamamelose kinase
ATP + D-hamamelose = ADP + D-hamamelose 20 -phosphate
hamamelose kinase (phosphorylating); hamamelosekinase (ATP: hamamelose 20 -phosphotransferase);
ATP/hamamelose 20 -phosphotransferase
ATP:D-hamamelose 20 -phosphotransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on D-hamamelitol.
[156]
[EC 2.7.1.102 created 1983]
EC 2.7.1.103
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
viomycin kinase
ATP + viomycin = ADP + O-phosphoviomycin
viomycin phosphotransferase; capreomycin phosphotransferase
ATP:viomycin O-phosphotransferase
234
Comments:
References:
Acts also on capreomycins. A serine residue in the peptide antibiotics acts as phosphate-acceptor.
[2062]
[EC 2.7.1.103 created 1983]
[2.7.1.104
transferase]
Transferred entry. diphosphate—protein phosphotransferase. Now EC 2.7.99.1, triphosphate—protein phospho[EC 2.7.1.104 created 1987, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.105
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
6-phosphofructo-2-kinase
ATP + β-D-fructose 6-phosphate = ADP + β-D-fructose 2,6-bisphosphate
phosphofructokinase 2; 6-phosphofructose 2-kinase; 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (phosphorylating);
fructose 6-phosphate 2-kinase; ATP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase
ATP:β-D-fructose-6-phosphate 2-phosphotransferase
Not identical with EC 2.7.1.11 6-phosphofructokinase. The enzyme co-purifies with EC 3.1.3.46
fructose-2,6-bisphosphate 2-phosphatase.
[1942]
[EC 2.7.1.105 created 1984]
EC 2.7.1.106
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucose-1,6-bisphosphate synthase
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = 3-phospho-D-glycerate + α-Dglucose 1,6-bisphosphate
glucose 1,6-diphosphate synthase; glucose-1,6-bisphosphate synthetase; 3-phospho-D-glyceroylphosphate:D-glucose-1-phosphate 6-phosphotransferase
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl-phosphate:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate 6-phosphotransferase
D -Glucose 6-phosphate can act as acceptor, forming α- D -glucose 1,6-bisphosphate.
[1861]
[EC 2.7.1.106 created 1984]
EC 2.7.1.107
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
diacylglycerol kinase
ATP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = ADP + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
diglyceride kinase; 1,2-diacylglycerol kinase (phosphorylating); 1,2-diacylglycerol kinase;
sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase; DG kinase; DGK; ATP:diacylglycerol phosphotransferase;
arachidonoyl-specific diacylglycerol kinase; diacylglycerol:ATP kinase; ATP:1,2-diacylglycerol 3phosphotransferase
ATP:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphotransferase
[430, 887, 2448]
[EC 2.7.1.107 created 1984]
EC 2.7.1.108
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dolichol kinase
CTP + dolichol = CDP + dolichyl phosphate
dolichol phosphokinase
CTP:dolichol O-phosphotransferase
[288, 1832]
235
[EC 2.7.1.108 created 1984]
[2.7.1.109
Transferred entry. [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.31, [hydroxymethylglutarylCoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.109 created 1984, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.110
nase]
Transferred entry. dephospho-[reductase kinase] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.3, dephospho-[reductase kinase] ki[EC 2.7.1.110 created 1984, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.111
Deleted entry. [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase. Now listed as EC 2.7.11.27, [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.111 created 1984, deleted 1992]
[2.7.1.112
Transferred entry. protein-tyrosine kinase. Now EC 2.7.10.2, non-specific protein-tyrosine kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.112 created 1984, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.113
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxyguanosine kinase
ATP + deoxyguanosine = ADP + dGMP
deoxyguanosine kinase (phosphorylating); (dihydroxypropoxymethyl)guanine kinase; 20 deoxyguanosine kinase; NTP-deoxyguanosine 50 -phosphotransferase
ATP:deoxyguanosine 50 -phosphotransferase
Deoxyinosine can also act as acceptor.
[119, 722]
[EC 2.7.1.113 created 1984]
EC 2.7.1.114
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
AMP—thymidine kinase
AMP + thymidine = adenosine + thymidine 50 -phosphate
adenylate-nucleoside phosphotransferase;
AMP:thymidine 50 -phosphotransferase
The deoxypyrimidine kinase complex induced by Herpes simplex virus catalyses this reaction as well
as those of EC 2.7.1.21 (thymidine kinase), EC 2.7.1.118 (ADP—thymidine kinase) and EC 2.7.4.9
(dTMP kinase).
[557, 558]
[EC 2.7.1.114 created 1984]
[2.7.1.115
Transferred entry. [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.4, [3-methyl2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.115 created 1986, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.116
Transferred entry. [isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ )] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.5, [isocitrate dehydrogenase
+
(NADP )] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.116 created 1986, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.117
Transferred entry. myosin-light-chain kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.18, myosin-light-chain kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.117 created 1986, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.118
Accepted name:
ADP—thymidine kinase
236
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ADP + thymidine = AMP + thymidine 50 -phosphate
ADP:dThd phosphotransferase; adenosine diphosphate-thymidine phosphotransferase
ADP:thymidine 50 -phosphotransferase
The deoxypyrimidine kinase complex induced by Herpes simplex virus catalyses this reaction as well
as those of EC 2.7.1.21 (thymidine kinase), EC 2.7.1.114 (AMP—thymidine kinase) and EC 2.7.4.9
(dTMP kinase).
[557]
[EC 2.7.1.118 created 1986]
EC 2.7.1.119
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hygromycin-B 700 -O-kinase
ATP + hygromycin B = ADP + 700 -O-phosphohygromycin
hygromycin B phosphotransferase; hygromycin-B kinase (ambiguous)
ATP:hygromycin-B 700 -O-phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates the antibiotics hygromycin B, 1-N-hygromycin B and destomycin, but not hygromycin B2, at the 700 -hydroxy group in the destomic acid ring.
[2560]
[EC 2.7.1.119 created 1989, modified 2009]
[2.7.1.120
Transferred entry. caldesmon kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.17, Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.120 created 1989, modified 1990, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.121
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoenolpyruvate—glycerone phosphotransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate + glycerone = pyruvate + glycerone phosphate
phosphoenolpyruvate:glycerone phosphotransferase
[990]
[EC 2.7.1.121 created 1989]
EC 2.7.1.122
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
xylitol kinase
ATP + xylitol = ADP + xylitol 5-phosphate
ATP:xylitol 5-phosphotransferase
[66]
[EC 2.7.1.122 created 1989]
[2.7.1.123
Transferred entry. Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.17, Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent
protein kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.123 created 1989, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.124
Transferred entry. [tyrosine 3-monooxygenase] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.6, [tyrosine 3-monooxygenase] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.124 created 1989, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.125
Transferred entry. rhodopsin kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.14, rhodopsin kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.125 created 1989 (EC 2.7.1.97 created 1978, incorporated 1992), deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.126
Transferred entry. [β-adrenergic-receptor] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.15, β-adrenergic-receptor kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.126 created 1989, deleted 2005]
237
EC 2.7.1.127
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol-trisphosphate 3-kinase
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate
1D-myo-inositol-trisphosphate 3-kinase; Ins(1,4,5)P3 3-kinase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphotransferase
Activated by Ca2+ . Three isoforms have been shown to exist [944].
[780, 943, 944]
[EC 2.7.1.127 created 1989, modified 2002]
[2.7.1.128
Transferred entry. [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.27, [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.128 created 1990 (EC 2.7.1.111 created 1984, incorporated 1992), deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.129
Transferred entry. [myosin-heavy-chain] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.7, myosin-heavy-chain kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.129 created 1990, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.130
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tetraacyldisaccharide 40 -kinase
ATP + [2-N,3-O-bis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-D-glucosaminyl]-(1→6)-[2-N,3-Obis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-D-glucosaminyl phosphate] = ADP + [2-N,3-O-bis(3hydroxytetradecanoyl)-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucosaminyl]-(1→6)-[2-N,3-O-bis(3hydroxytetradecanoyl)-β-D-glucosaminyl phosphate]
lipid-A 40 -kinase
ATP:2,3,20 ,30 -tetrakis(3-hydroxytetradecanoyl)-D-glucosaminyl-β-D-1,6-glucosaminyl-β-phosphate
40 -O-phosphotransferase
Involved with EC 2.3.1.129 (acyl-[acyl-carrier- protein]—UDP-N-acetylglucosamine Oacyltransferase) and EC 2.4.1.182 (lipid-A-disaccharide synthase) in the biosynthesis of the phosphorylated glycolipid, lipid A, in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.
[1790]
[EC 2.7.1.130 created 1990]
[2.7.1.131
Transferred entry. [low-density-lipoprotein] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.29, low-density-lipoprotein receptor kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.131 created 1990, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.132
Transferred entry. tropomyosin kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.28, tropomyosin kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.132 created 1990, deleted 2005]
[2.7.1.133
kinase]
Deleted entry. inositol-trisphosphate 6-kinase. Now included with EC 2.7.1.134, inositol-tetrakisphosphate 1[EC 2.7.1.133 created 1990, deleted 2002]
EC 2.7.1.134
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
inositol-tetrakisphosphate 1-kinase
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6pentakisphosphate
1D-myo-inositol-tetrakisphosphate 1-kinase; inositol-trisphosphate 6-kinase; 1D-myo-inositoltrisphosphate 6-kinase; ATP:1D-myo-inositol-1,3,4-trisphosphate 6-phosphotransferase; inositoltrisphosphate 5-kinase; 1D-myo-inositol-trisphosphate 5-kinase; ATP:1D-myo-inositol-1,3,4trisphosphate 5-phosphotransferase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate 1-phosphotransferase
238
Comments:
References:
This enzyme also phosphorylates Ins(1,3,4)P3 on O-5 and O-6. The phosphotransfer from ATP to
either inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate or inositol 3,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate appears to be freely reversible
to the extent that the enzyme can act like an inositol polyphosphate phosphatase in the presence of
ADP. It can also catalyse an isomerization between Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 and Ins(1,3,4,6)P4 in the presence
of ADP.
[2123, 104, 2006, 2004, 2528, 876]
[EC 2.7.1.134 created 1990, (EC 2.7.1.133 created 1989, incorporated 2002; EC 2.7.1.139 created 1992, incorporated 2002), modified 2002]
[2.7.1.135
Transferred entry. [tau-protein] kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.26, tau-protein kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.135 created 1990, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.136
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
macrolide 20 -kinase
ATP + oleandomycin = ADP + oleandomycin 20 -O-phosphate
ATP:macrolide 20 -O-phosphotransferase
Erythromycin, spiramycin and some other macrolide antibiotics can also act as acceptors.
[1602]
[EC 2.7.1.136 created 1992]
EC 2.7.1.137
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate
1-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; type III phosphoinositide 3-kinase; Vps34p; type I phosphatidylinositol kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphotransferase
One mammalian isoform is known.
[2458, 2330]
[EC 2.7.1.137 created 1992, modified 2002]
EC 2.7.1.138
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ceramide kinase
ATP + ceramide = ADP + ceramide 1-phosphate
acylsphingosine kinase
ATP:ceramide 1-phosphotransferase
[102]
[EC 2.7.1.138 created 1992]
[2.7.1.139
kinase]
Deleted entry. inositol-trisphosphate 5-kinase. Now included with EC 2.7.1.134, inositol-tetrakisphosphate 1[EC 2.7.1.139 created 1992, deleted 2002]
EC 2.7.1.140
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol-tetrakisphosphate 5-kinase
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6pentakisphosphate
1D-myo-inositol-tetrakisphosphate 5-kinase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate 5-phosphotransferase
The enzyme from plants and yeast can also use Ins(1,2,3,4,6)P5 as a substrate [2133].
[2004, 2133]
239
[EC 2.7.1.140 created 1992]
[2.7.1.141
Transferred entry. [RNA-polymerase]-subunit kinase. Now EC 2.7.11.23, [RNA-polymerase]-subunit kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.141 created 1992, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.1.142
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerol-3-phosphate—glucose phosphotransferase
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + D-glucose = glycerol + D-glucose 6-phosphate
sn-glycerol-3-phosphate:D-glucose 6-phosphotransferase
Involved in the anaerobic metabolism of sugars in the bloodstream of trypanosomes.
[1087]
[EC 2.7.1.142 created 1992]
EC 2.7.1.143
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diphosphate-purine nucleoside kinase
diphosphate + a purine nucleoside = phosphate + a purine mononucleotide
pyrophosphate-purine nucleoside kinase
diphosphate:purine nucleoside phosphotransferase
The enzyme from the Acholeplasma class of Mollicutes catalyses the conversion of adenosine, guanosine and inosine to AMP, GMP and IMP. ATP cannot substitute for diphosphate as a substrate.
[2276, 2277]
[EC 2.7.1.143 created 1999]
EC 2.7.1.144
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
tagatose-6-phosphate kinase
ATP + D-tagatose 6-phosphate = ADP + D-tagatose 1,6-bisphosphate
ATP:D-tagatose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
[1569]
[EC 2.7.1.144 created 1999]
EC 2.7.1.145
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxynucleoside kinase
ATP + 20 -deoxynucleoside = ADP + 20 -deoxynucleoside 50 -phosphate
multispecific deoxynucleoside kinase; ms-dNK; multisubstrate deoxyribonucleoside kinase; multifunctional deoxynucleoside kinase; D. melanogaster deoxynucleoside kinase; Dm-dNK
ATP:deoxynucleoside 50 -phosphotransferase
The enzyme from embryonic cells of Drosophila melanogaster differs from other deoxynucleoside kinases [EC 2.7.1.76 (deoxyadenosine kinase) and EC 2.7.1.113 (deoxyguanosine kinase)] in its broad
specificity for all four common deoxynucleosides.
[1498, 1497]
[EC 2.7.1.145 created 2001]
EC 2.7.1.146
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
ADP-specific phosphofructokinase
ADP + D-fructose 6-phosphate = AMP + D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate
ADP-6-phosphofructokinase, ADP-dependent phosphofructokinase
ADP:D-fructose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
ADP can be replaced by GDP, ATP and GTP, to a limited extent. Divalent cations are necessary for
activity, with Mg2+ followed by Co2+ being the most effective.
240
References:
[2288]
[EC 2.7.1.146 created 2001]
EC 2.7.1.147
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ADP-specific glucokinase
ADP + D-glucose = AMP + D-glucose 6-phosphate
ADP-dependent glucokinase
ADP:D-glucose 6-phosphotransferase
Requires Mg2+ . The enzyme from Pyrococcus furiosus is highly specific for D-glucose; there is some
activity with 2-deoxy-D-glucose, but no activity with D-fructose, D-mannose or D-galactose as the
substrate. No activity is detected when ADP is replaced by ATP, GDP, phosphoenolpyruvate, diphosphate or polyphosphate.
[1067]
[EC 2.7.1.147 created 2001]
EC 2.7.1.148
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
4-(cytidine 50 -diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol kinase
ATP + 4-(cytidine 50 -diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol = ADP + 2-phospho-4-(cytidine 50 diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol
CDP-ME kinase
ATP:4-(cytidine 50 -diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2-phosphotransferase
The enzyme from Escherichia coli requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ . Forms part of an alternative nonmevalonate pathway for terpenoid biosynthesis (for diagram, click here).
[1323, 1193]
[EC 2.7.1.148 created 2001]
EC 2.7.1.149
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1-phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate 4-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5bisphosphate
type II PIP kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-5-phosphate 4-phosphotransferase
[1768]
[EC 2.7.1.149 created 2002]
EC 2.7.1.150
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1-phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate 5-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,5bisphosphate
type III PIP kinase; phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate 5-kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-3-phosphate 5-phosphotransferase
[389]
[EC 2.7.1.150 created 2002]
EC 2.7.1.151
Accepted name:
Reaction:
inositol-polyphosphate multikinase
(1a) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate
241
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(1b) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5,6-tetrakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6pentakisphosphate
IpK2; IP3/ IP4 6-/3-kinase; IP3/ IP4 dual-specificity 6-/3-kinase; IpmK; ArgRIII; AtIpk2α; AtIpk2β;
inositol polyphosphate 6-/3-/5-kinase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate 6-phosphotransferase
This enzyme also phosphorylates Ins(1,4,5)P3 to Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 , Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 to Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 ,
and Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P4 to Ins(PP)P4 , isomer unknown. The enzyme from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana
can also phosphorylate Ins(1,3,4,6)P4 and Ins(1,2,3,4,6)P5 at the D-5-position to produce 1,3,4,5,6pentakisphosphate and inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6 ), respectively [2133]. Yeast produce InsP6
from Ins(1,4,5)P3 by the actions of this enzyme and EC 2.7.1.158, inositol-pentakisphosphate 2kinase [2341].
[1908, 1594, 2133, 2341]
[EC 2.7.1.151 created 2002, modified 2006]
[2.7.1.152
Transferred entry. inositol-hexakisphosphate kinase. Now EC 2.7.4.21, inositol-hexakisphosphate kinase]
[EC 2.7.1.152 created 2002, deleted 2003]
EC 2.7.1.153
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol
3,4,5-trisphosphate
type I phosphoinositide 3-kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-phosphotransferase
This enzyme also catalyses the phosphorylation of PtdIns4P to PtdIns(3,4)P2 , and of PtdIns to PtdIns3P. Four mammalian isoforms are known to exist.
[2330]
[EC 2.7.1.153 created 2002]
EC 2.7.1.154
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 3-kinase
ATP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = ADP + 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4bisphosphate
type II phosphoinositide 3-kinase; C2-domain-containing phosphoinositide 3-kinase; phosphoinositide 3-kinase
ATP:1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4-phosphate 3-phosphotransferase
This enzyme also phosphorylates PtdIns to PtdIns3P. Three mammalian isoforms have been found to
date.
[2330]
[EC 2.7.1.154 created 2002]
[2.7.1.155
Transferred entry. diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate kinase. Now EC 2.7.4.24, diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate
kinase. The enzyme had been incorrectly classified as the reaction involves transfer of a phospho group to another phospho group
(EC 2.7.4) rather than to an hydroxy group (EC 2.7.1)]
[EC 2.7.1.155 created 2003, deleted 2007]
EC 2.7.1.156
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
adenosylcobinamide kinase
RTP + adenosylcobinamide = adenosylcobinamide phosphate + RDP [where RTP is either ATP or
GTP (for symbol definitions, click here)]
CobU; adenosylcobinamide kinase/adenosylcobinamide-phosphate guanylyltransferase; AdoCbi
kinase/AdoCbi-phosphate guanylyltransferase
242
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
RTP:adenosylcobinamide phosphotransferase
In Salmonella typhimurium LT2, under anaerobic conditions, CobU (EC 2.7.7.62 and EC 2.7.1.156),
CobT (EC 2.4.2.21), CobC (EC 3.1.3.73) and CobS (EC 2.7.8.26) catalyse reactions in the nucleotide loop assembly pathway, which convert adenosylcobinamide (AdoCbi) into adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl). CobT and CobC are involved in 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole activation whereby
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole is converted to its riboside, α-ribazole. The second branch of the
nucleotide loop assembly pathway is the cobinamide (Cbi) activation branch where AdoCbi or
adenosylcobinamide-phosphate is converted to the activated intermediate AdoCbi-GDP by Cob
U. The final step in adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis is the condensation of AdoCbi-GDP with αribazole, which is catalysed by EC 2.7.8.26, adenosylcobinamide-GDP ribazoletransferase (CobS),
to yield adenosylcobalamin. CobU is a bifunctional enzyme that has both kinase (EC 2.7.1.156) and
guanylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.62, adenosylcobinamide-phosphate guanylyltransferase) activities.
However, both activities are not required at all times. The kinase activity has been proposed to function only when S. typhimurium is assimilating cobinamide whereas the guanylyltransferase activity is
required for both assimilation of exogenous cobinamide and for de novo synthesis of adenosylcobalamin [2248].
[1638, 2254, 2255, 2248, 2420]
[EC 2.7.1.156 created 2004]
EC 2.7.1.157
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylgalactosamine kinase
ATP + N-acetyl-D-galactosamine = ADP + N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine 1-phosphate
GALK2; GK2; GalNAc kinase; N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc)-1-phosphate kinase
ATP:N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 1-phosphotransferase
The enzyme is highly specific for GalNAc as substrate, but has slight activity with D-galactose [1666].
Requires Mg2+ , Mn2+ or Co2+ for activity, with Mg2+ resulting in by far the greatest stimulation of
enzyme activity.
[1665, 1666, 2246]
[EC 2.7.1.157 created 2005]
EC 2.7.1.158
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol-pentakisphosphate 2-kinase
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate
IP5 2-kinase; Gsl1p; Ipk1p; inositol polyphosphate kinase; inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 2kinase; Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 2-kinase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 2-phosphotransferase
The enzyme can also use Ins(1,4,5,6)P4 [1699] and Ins(1,4,5)P3 [1700] as substrate. Inositol hexakisphosphate (phytate) accumulates in storage protein bodies during seed development and, when hydrolysed, releases stored nutrients to the developing seedling before the plant is capable of absorbing
nutrients from its environment [1436].
[2544, 1699, 1700, 1622, 1436, 2133]
[EC 2.7.1.158 created 2006]
EC 2.7.1.159
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
inositol-1,3,4-trisphosphate 5/6-kinase
(1) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate
(2) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate
Ins(1,3,4)P3 5/6-kinase; inositol trisphosphate 5/6-kinase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate 5-phosphotransferase
243
Comments:
References:
In humans, this enzyme, along with EC 2.7.1.127 (inositol-trisphosphate 3-kinase), EC 2.7.1.140
(inositol-tetrakisphosphate 5-kinase) and EC 2.7.1.158 (inositol pentakisphosphate 2-kinase) is involved in the production of inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6 ). InsP6 is involved in many cellular processes, including mRNA export from the nucleus [2341]. Yeasts do not have this enzyme, so produce
InsP6 from Ins(1,4,5)P3 by the actions of EC 2.7.1.151 (inositol-polyphosphate multikinase) and EC
2.7.1.158 (inositol-pentakisphosphate 2-kinase) [2341].
[2480, 2341, 1437]
[EC 2.7.1.159 created 2006]
EC 2.7.1.160
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
20 -phosphotransferase
20 -phospho-[ligated tRNA] + NAD+ = mature tRNA + ADP-ribose 100 ,200 -phosphate + nicotinamide +
H2 O
yeast 20 -phosphotransferase; Tpt1; Tpt1p; 20 -phospho-tRNA:NAD+ phosphotransferase
20 -phospho-[ligated tRNA]:NAD+ phosphotransferase
Catalyses the final step of tRNA splicing in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae [2099]. The reaction
takes place in two steps: in the first step, the 20 -phosphate on the RNA substrate is ADP-ribosylated,
causing the relase of nicotinamide and the formation of the reaction intermediate, ADP-ribosylated
tRNA [2119]. In the second step, dephosphorylated (mature) tRNA is formed along with ADP ribose 100 -200 -cyclic phosphate. Highly specific for oligonucleotide substrates bearing an internal 20 phosphate. Oligonucleotides with only a terminal 50 - or 30 -phosphate are not substrates [2120].
[2120, 2099, 416, 1400, 905, 2119, 1931, 1046]
[EC 2.7.1.160 created 2006]
EC 2.7.1.161
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
CTP-dependent riboflavin kinase
CTP + riboflavin = CDP + FMN
Methanocaldococcus jannaschii Mj0056; Mj0056
CTP:riboflavin 50-phosphotransferase
This archaeal enzyme differs from EC 2.7.1.26, riboflavin kinase, in using CTP as the donor nucleotide. UTP, but not ATP or GTP, can also act as a phosphate donor but it is at least an order of
magnitude less efficient than CTP.
[39]
[EC 2.7.1.161 created 2008]
EC 2.7.1.162
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylhexosamine 1-kinase
ATP + N-acetyl-D-hexosamine = ADP + N-acetyl-α-D-hexosamine 1-phosphate
NahK; LnpB; N-acetylgalactosamine/N-acetylglucosamine 1-kinase
ATP:N-acetyl-D-hexosamine 1-phosphotransferase
This enzyme is involved in the lacto-N-biose I/galacto-N-biose degradation pathway in the probiotic
bacterium Bifidobacterium longum. Differs from EC 2.7.1.157, N-acetylgalactosamine kinase, as it
can phosphorylate both N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylglucosamine at similar rates. Also has
some activity with N-acetyl-D-mannosamine, D-talose and D-mannose as substrate. ATP can be replaced by GTP or ITP but with decreased enzyme activity. Requires a divalent cation, with Mg2+ resulting in by far the greatest stimulation of enzyme activity.
[1563]
[EC 2.7.1.162 created 2008]
244
EC 2.7.1.163
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hygromycin B 4-O-kinase
ATP + hygromycin B = ADP + 4-O-phosphohygromycin B
hygromycin-B kinase (ambiguous)
ATP:hygromycin-B 4-O-phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates the antibiotic hygromycin B. Whereas the enzyme from Streptomyces hygroscopicus
(EC 2.7.1.119; hygromycin-B 700 -O-kinase) catalyses the formation of 700 -O-phosphohygromycin B,
this enzyme, found in Escherichia coli carrying a plasmid conferring resistance to hygromycin-B,
forms 4-O-phosphohygromycin B.
[1776]
[EC 2.7.1.163 created 2009]
EC 2.7.1.164
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-phosphoseryl-tRNASec kinase
ATP + L-seryl-tRNASec = ADP + O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNASec
PSTK; phosphoseryl-tRNA[Ser]Sec kinase; phosphoseryl-tRNASec kinase
ATP:L-seryl-tRNASec O-phosphotransferase
In archaea and eukarya selenocysteine formation is achieved by a two-step process: O-phosphoseryltRNASec kinase (PSTK) phosphorylates the endogenous L-seryl-tRNASec to O-phospho-L-seryltRNASec , and then this misacylated amino acid-tRNA species is converted to L-selenocysteinyltRNASec by EC 2.9.1.2 (Sep-tRNA:Sec-tRNA synthase).
[322, 2013, 1083]
[EC 2.7.1.164 created 2009]
EC 2.7.1.165
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycerate 2-kinase
ATP + (R)-glycerate = ADP + 2-phospho-(R)-glycerate
D -glycerate-2-kinase; glycerate kinase (2-phosphoglycerate forming)
ATP:(R)-glycerate 2-phosphotransferase
A key enzyme in the nonphosphorylative Entner-Doudoroff pathway in archaea [1279, 1816]. In Hyphomicrobium methylovorum GM2 the enzyme is involved in formaldehyde assimilation I (serine
pathway) [2545]. In Escherichia coli the enzyme is involved in D-glucarate/D-galactarate degradation
[908]. The enzyme requires a divalent metal ion [1279].
[1279, 1816, 1278, 1576, 2545, 908]
[EC 2.7.1.165 created 2010]
EC 2.7.1.166
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid kinase
3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranonosyl-(2→6)-2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-O-phosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-αD -glucopyranose + ATP = 3-deoxy-4-O-phosphono-α- D -manno-oct-2-ulopyranosyl-(2→6)2-deoxy-2-[(3R)-3-hydroxypentadecanoyl]amino-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-4-Ophosphono-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-[(3R)-3hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino-1-O-phosphono-α-D-glucopyranose + ADP
kdkA (gene name); Kdo kinase
ATP:(KDO)-lipid IVA 3-deoxy-α-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranose 4-phosphotransferase
The enzyme phosphorylates the 4-OH position of KDO in (KDO)-lipid IVA .
[251, 791, 2455, 2456]
245
[EC 2.7.1.166 created 2010]
EC 2.7.1.167
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -glycero-β- D -manno-heptose-7-phosphate
D -glycero-β- D -manno-heptose
kinase
7-phosphate + ATP = D-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate
+ ADP
heptose 7-phosphate kinase; D-β-D-heptose 7-phosphotransferase; D-β-D-heptose-7-phosphate kinase; HldE1 heptokinase; glycero-manno-heptose 7-phosphate kinase; D-β-D-heptose 7-phosphate
kinase/D-β-D-heptose 1-phosphate adenylyltransferase; hldE (gene name); rfaE (gene name)
ATP:D-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose 7-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
The bifunctional protein hldE includes D-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose-7-phosphate kinase and Dglycero-β-D-manno-heptose 1-phosphate adenylyltransferase activity (cf. EC 2.7.7.70). The enzyme
is involved in biosynthesis of ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose, which is utilized for assembly of
the lipopolysaccharide inner core in Gram-negative bacteria. The enzyme selectively produces Dglycero-β-D-manno-heptose 1,7-bisphosphate [2404].
[1394, 1120, 2316, 991, 2404]
[EC 2.7.1.167 created 2010]
EC 2.7.1.168
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
D -glycero-α- D -manno-heptose-7-phosphate kinase
D -glycero-α- D -manno-heptose 7-phosphate + ATP = D -glycero-α- D -manno-heptose
1,7-bisphosphate
+ ADP
D -α- D -heptose-7-phosphate kinase; hdda (gene name)
ATP:D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose 7-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase
The enzyme is involved in biosynthesis of GDP-D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose, which is required for
assembly of S-layer glycoprotein in Gram-positive bacteria. The enzyme is specific for the α-anomer.
[1119, 2316]
[EC 2.7.1.168 created 2010]
EC 2.7.2 Phosphotransferases with a carboxy group as acceptor
EC 2.7.2.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acetate kinase
(1) ATP + acetate = ADP + acetyl phosphate
(2) ATP + propanoate = ADP + propanoyl phosphate
acetokinase; AckA; AK; acetic kinase; acetate kinase (phosphorylating)
ATP:acetate phosphotransferase
Requires Mg2+ for activity. While purified enzyme from Escherichia coli is specific for acetate [603],
others have found that the enzyme can also use propanoate as a substrate, but more slowly [939]. Acetate can be converted into the key metabolic intermediate acetyl-CoA by coupling acetate kinase with
EC 2.3.1.8, phosphate acetyltransferase. Both this enzyme and EC 2.7.2.15, propionate kinase, play
important roles in the production of propanoate [852].
[1856, 1857, 2131, 603, 1124, 291, 939, 709, 852]
[EC 2.7.2.1 created 1961, modified 2005]
EC 2.7.2.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
carbamate kinase
ATP + NH3 + CO2 = ADP + carbamoyl phosphate
CKase ; carbamoyl phosphokinase; carbamyl phosphokinase
246
Systematic name:
References:
ATP:carbamate phosphotransferase
[209, 443, 688, 1001, 2108]
[EC 2.7.2.2 created 1961]
EC 2.7.2.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoglycerate kinase
ATP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate = ADP + 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
PGK; 3-PGK; ATP-3-phospho-D-glycerate-1-phosphotransferase; ATP:D-3-phosphoglycerate
1-phosphotransferase; 3-phosphoglycerate kinase; 3-phosphoglycerate phosphokinase; 3phosphoglyceric acid kinase; 3-phosphoglyceric acid phosphokinase; 3-phosphoglyceric kinase; glycerate 3-phosphate kinase; glycerophosphate kinase; phosphoglyceric acid kinase; phosphoglyceric
kinase; phosphoglycerokinase
ATP:3-phospho-D-glycerate 1-phosphotransferase
[75, 277, 800, 1774]
[EC 2.7.2.3 created 1961]
EC 2.7.2.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aspartate kinase
ATP + L-aspartate = ADP + 4-phospho-L-aspartate
aspartokinase; AK; β-aspartokinase; aspartic kinase
ATP:L-aspartate 4-phosphotransferase
The enzyme from Escherichia coli is a multifunctional protein, which also catalyses the reaction of
EC 1.1.1.3 homoserine dehydrogenase.
[213, 1672, 2114, 2345]
[EC 2.7.2.4 created 1961]
[2.7.2.5
monia)]
Deleted entry. carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia). Now EC 6.3.4.16, carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (am[EC 2.7.2.5 created 1965, deleted 1978]
EC 2.7.2.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
formate kinase
ATP + formate = ADP + formyl phosphate
ATP:formate phosphotransferase
[2067]
[EC 2.7.2.6 created 1965]
EC 2.7.2.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
butyrate kinase
ATP + butanoate = ADP + butanoyl phosphate
ATP:butanoate 1-phosphotransferase
The enzyme from Clostridium sp. also acts, more slowly, on pentanoate and propanoate, and on some
branched-chain fatty acids (cf. EC 2.7.1.14 sedoheptulokinase).
[795, 2293]
[EC 2.7.2.7 created 1972, modified 1986, modified 1990]
EC 2.7.2.8
247
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
acetylglutamate kinase
ATP + N-acetyl-L-glutamate = ADP + N-acetyl-L-glutamyl 5-phosphate
N-acetylglutamate 5-phosphotransferase; acetylglutamate phosphokinase; N-acetylglutamate phosphokinase; N-acetylglutamate kinase; N-acetylglutamic 5-phosphotransferase
ATP:N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-phosphotransferase
[93, 562, 2363]
[EC 2.7.2.8 created 1972]
[2.7.2.9
Transferred entry. carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine). Now EC 6.3.5.5, carbamoyl-phosphate synthase
(glutamine-hydrolysing)]
[EC 2.7.2.9 created 1972, deleted 1978]
EC 2.7.2.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
phosphoglycerate kinase (GTP)
GTP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate = GDP + 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate
GTP:3-phospho-D-glycerate 1-phosphotransferase
[1812]
[EC 2.7.2.10 created 1976]
EC 2.7.2.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutamate 5-kinase
ATP + L-glutamate = ADP + L-glutamate 5-phosphate
ATP-L-glutamate 5-phosphotransferase; ATP:γ-L-glutamate phosphotransferase; γ-glutamate kinase;
γ-glutamyl kinase; glutamate kinase
ATP:L-glutamate 5-phosphotransferase
Product rapidly cyclizes to 5-oxoproline and phosphate.
[92]
[EC 2.7.2.11 created 1976]
EC 2.7.2.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
acetate kinase (diphosphate)
diphosphate + acetate = phosphate + acetyl phosphate
pyrophosphate-acetate phosphotransferase
diphosphate:acetate phosphotransferase
[1809]
[EC 2.7.2.12 created 1976]
EC 2.7.2.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
glutamate 1-kinase
ATP + L-glutamate = ADP + α-L-glutamyl phosphate
ATP:L-glutamate 1-phosphotransferase
[2408]
[EC 2.7.2.13 created 1984]
EC 2.7.2.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
branched-chain-fatty-acid kinase
ATP + 2-methylpropanoate = ADP + 2-methylpropanoyl phosphate
248
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
isobutyrate kinase
ATP:branched-chain-fatty-acid 1-phosphotransferase
3-Methylbutanoate, 2-methylbutanoate, pentanoate, butanoate and propanoate can also act as acceptors (cf. EC 2.7.2.7 butyrate kinase).
[798]
[EC 2.7.2.14 created 1990]
EC 2.7.2.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
propionate kinase
(1) ATP + propanoate = ADP + propanoyl phosphate
(2) ATP + acetate = ADP + acetyl phosphate
PduW; TdcD; propionate/acetate kinase
ATP:propanoate phosphotransferase
Requires Mg2+ . Both propanoate and acetate can act as a substrate. Involved in the anaerobic degradation of L-threonine in bacteria [852]. Both this enzyme and EC 2.7.2.1, acetate kinase, play important roles in the production of propanoate [852].
[852, 1648, 2439, 939, 2048, 2049]
[EC 2.7.2.15 created 2005]
EC 2.7.3 Phosphotransferases with a nitrogenous group as acceptor
EC 2.7.3.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
guanidinoacetate kinase
ATP + guanidinoacetate = ADP + phosphoguanidinoacetate
glycocyamine kinase
ATP:guanidinoacetate N-phosphotransferase
[878, 1731, 1732, 2242]
[EC 2.7.3.1 created 1961]
EC 2.7.3.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
creatine kinase
ATP + creatine = ADP + phosphocreatine
ATP:creatine phosphotransferase; CK; MM-CK; MB-CK; BB-CK; creatine phosphokinase; creatine
phosphotransferase; phosphocreatine kinase; adenosine triphosphate-creatine transphosphorylase; MiCK; CK-BB; CK-MM; CK-MB; CKMiMi; MiMi-CK
ATP:creatine N-phosphotransferase
N-Ethylglycocyamine can also act as acceptor.
[540, 1076, 1173, 1174]
[EC 2.7.3.2 created 1961]
EC 2.7.3.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
arginine kinase
ATP + L-arginine = ADP + N ω -phospho-L-arginine
arginine phosphokinase; adenosine 50 -triphosphate: L-arginine phosphotransferase; adenosine 50 triphosphate-arginine phosphotransferase; ATP:L-arginine N-phosphotransferasel ATP:L-arginine
ω-N-phosphotransferase
ATP:L-arginine N ω -phosphotransferase
[535, 1480, 2185, 2356]
249
[EC 2.7.3.3 created 1961]
EC 2.7.3.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
taurocyamine kinase
ATP + taurocyamine = ADP + N-phosphotaurocyamine
taurocyamine phosphotransferase; ATP:taurocyamine phosphotransferase
ATP:taurocyamine N-phosphotransferase
[878, 1040, 2242, 2244]
[EC 2.7.3.4 created 1965]
EC 2.7.3.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lombricine kinase
ATP + lombricine = ADP + N-phospholombricine
ATP:lombricine N-phosphotransferase
Also acts on methylated lombricines such as thalassemine; the specificity varies with the source
species.
[643, 1040, 1656, 2245]
[EC 2.7.3.5 created 1965, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.3.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
hypotaurocyamine kinase
ATP + hypotaurocyamine = ADP + N ω -phosphohypotaurocyamine
ATP:hypotaurocyamine N-phosphotransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on taurocyamine.
[2244]
[EC 2.7.3.6 created 1965]
EC 2.7.3.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
opheline kinase
ATP + guanidinoethyl methyl phosphate = ADP + N 0 -phosphoguanidinoethyl methylphosphate
ATP:guanidinoethyl-methyl-phosphate phosphotransferase
Has a little activity on taurocyamine, lombricine and phosphotaurocyamine.
[2243]
[EC 2.7.3.7 created 1972]
EC 2.7.3.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ammonia kinase
ATP + NH3 = ADP + phosphoramide
phosphoramidate-adenosine diphosphate phosphotransferase; phosphoramidate-ADPphosphotransferase
ATP:ammonia phosphotransferase
Has a wide specificity. In the reverse direction, N-phosphoglycine and N-phosphohistidine can also
act as phosphate donors, and ADP, dADP, GDP, CDP, dTDP, dCDP, IDP and UDP can act as phosphate acceptors (in decreasing order of activity).
[496]
[EC 2.7.3.8 created 1972]
250
EC 2.7.3.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoenolpyruvate—protein phosphotransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate + protein histidine = pyruvate + protein N π -phospho-L-histidine
phosphoenolpyruvate sugar phosphotransferase enzyme I; phosphopyruvate-protein factor phosphotransferase; phosphopyruvate-protein phosphotransferase; sugar-PEP phosphotransferase enzyme I;
phosphoenolpyruvate:protein-L-histidine N-pros-phosphotransferase
phosphoenolpyruvate:protein-L-histidine N π -phosphotransferase
Enzyme I of the phosphotransferase system (cf. EC 2.7.1.69 protein-N π -phosphohistidine—sugar
phosphotransferase). Acts only on histidine residues in specific phosphocarrier proteins of low molecular mass (9.5 kDa) involved in bacterial sugar transport. A similar reaction, where the protein is the
enzyme EC 2.7.9.2 pyruvate, water dikinase, is part of the mechanism of that enzyme.
[1726]
[EC 2.7.3.9 created 1972]
EC 2.7.3.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
agmatine kinase
ATP + agmatine = ADP + N 4 -phosphoagmatine
phosphagen phosphokinase; ATP:agmatine 4-N-phosphotransferase
ATP:agmatine N 4 -phosphotransferase
L -Arginine can act as acceptor, but more slowly.
[1701]
[EC 2.7.3.10 created 1984]
[2.7.3.11
Transferred entry. protein-histidine pros-kinase. Now EC 2.7.13.1, protein-histidine pros-kinase]
[EC 2.7.3.11 created 1989, deleted 2005]
[2.7.3.12
Transferred entry. protein-histidine tele-kinase. Now EC 2.7.13.2, protein-histidine tele-kinase]
[EC 2.7.3.12 created 1989, deleted 2005]
EC 2.7.4 Phosphotransferases with a phosphate group as acceptor
EC 2.7.4.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
polyphosphate kinase
ATP + (phosphate)n = ADP + (phosphate)n+1
polyphosphoric acid kinase
ATP:polyphosphate phosphotransferase
[884, 1139, 1491]
[EC 2.7.4.1 created 1961]
EC 2.7.4.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphomevalonate kinase
ATP + (R)-5-phosphomevalonate = ADP + (R)-5-diphosphomevalonate
ATP:5-phosphomevalonate phosphotransferase; 5-phosphomevalonate kinase; mevalonate phosphate
kinase; mevalonate-5-phosphate kinase; mevalonic acid phosphate kinase
ATP:(R)-5-phosphomevalonate phosphotransferase
[223, 842, 1258]
[EC 2.7.4.2 created 1961]
251
EC 2.7.4.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenylate kinase
ATP + AMP = 2 ADP
myokinase; 50 -AMP-kinase; adenylic kinase; adenylokinase
ATP:AMP phosphotransferase
Inorganic triphosphate can also act as donor.
[354, 684, 1571, 1572, 1573, 1574, 1617]
[EC 2.7.4.3 created 1961]
EC 2.7.4.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside-phosphate kinase
ATP + nucleoside phosphate = ADP + nucleoside diphosphate
NMP-kinase
ATP:nucleoside-phosphate phosphotransferase
Many nucleotides can act as acceptors; other nucleoside triphosphates can act instead of ATP.
[673, 846, 1265, 1572]
[EC 2.7.4.4 created 1961]
[2.7.4.5
Deleted entry. deoxycytidylate kinase. Now included with EC 2.7.4.14 cytidylate kinase]
[EC 2.7.4.5 created 1961, deleted 1972]
EC 2.7.4.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside-diphosphate kinase
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate = ADP + nucleoside triphosphate
nucleoside 50 -diphosphate kinase; nucleoside diphosphate (UDP) kinase; nucleoside diphosphokinase;
nucleotide phosphate kinase; UDP kinase; uridine diphosphate kinase
ATP:nucleoside-diphosphate phosphotransferase
Many nucleoside diphosphates can act as acceptors, while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside
triphosphates can act as donors.
[181, 673, 1100, 1159, 1527, 1779]
[EC 2.7.4.6 created 1961]
EC 2.7.4.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
phosphomethylpyrimidine kinase
ATP + (4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl phosphate = ADP + (4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5yl)methyl diphosphate
hydroxymethylpyrimidine phosphokinase; ATP:4-amino-2-methyl-5-phosphomethylpyrimidine phosphotransferase
ATP:(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl-phosphate phosphotransferase
[1259]
[EC 2.7.4.7 created 1965]
EC 2.7.4.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
guanylate kinase
ATP + GMP = ADP + GDP
deoxyguanylate kinase; 50 -GMP kinase; GMP kinase; guanosine monophosphate kinase; ATP:GMP
phosphotransferase
ATP:(d)GMP phosphotransferase
dGMP can also act as acceptor, and dATP can act as donor.
252
References:
[276, 873, 737, 1596, 2024]
[EC 2.7.4.8 created 1965]
EC 2.7.4.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dTMP kinase
ATP + dTMP = ADP + dTDP
thymidine monophosphate kinase; thymidylate kinase; thymidylate monophosphate kinase;
thymidylic acid kinase; thymidylic kinase; deoxythymidine 50 -monophosphate kinase; TMPK; thymidine 50 -monophosphate kinase
ATP:dTMP phosphotransferase
[917, 1061, 1547]
[EC 2.7.4.9 created 1965]
EC 2.7.4.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside-triphosphate—adenylate kinase
nucleoside triphosphate + AMP = nucleoside diphosphate + ADP
guanosine triphosphate-adenylate kinase; nucleoside triphosphate-adenosine monophosphate
transphosphorylase; GTP:AMP phosphotransferase; isozyme 3 of adenylate kinase
nucleoside-triphosphate:AMP phosphotransferase
Many nucleoside triphosphates can act as donors.
[25, 355]
[EC 2.7.4.10 created 1965]
EC 2.7.4.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(deoxy)adenylate kinase
ATP + dAMP = ADP + dADP
ATP:(d)AMP phosphotransferase
AMP can also act as acceptor.
[737]
[EC 2.7.4.11 created 1972]
EC 2.7.4.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
T2 -induced deoxynucleotide kinase
ATP + dGMP (or dTMP) = ADP + dGDP (or dTDP)
ATP:(d)NMP phosphotransferase
dTMP and dAMP can act as acceptors; dATP can act as donor.
[168]
[EC 2.7.4.12 created 1972]
EC 2.7.4.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(deoxy)nucleoside-phosphate kinase
ATP + deoxynucleoside phosphate = ADP + deoxynucleoside diphosphate
deoxynucleoside monophosphate kinase; deoxyribonucleoside monophosphokinase;
deoxynucleoside-50 -monophosphate kinase
ATP:deoxynucleoside-phosphate phosphotransferase
dATP can substitute for ATP.
[194]
253
[EC 2.7.4.13 created 1972]
EC 2.7.4.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cytidylate kinase
ATP + (d)CMP = ADP + (d)CDP
deoxycytidylate kinase; deoxycytidylate kinase; CMP kinase; CTP:CMP phosphotransferase; dCMP
kinase; deoxycytidine monophosphokinase; UMP-CMP kinase; ATP:UMP-CMP phosphotransferase;
pyrimidine nucleoside monophosphate kinase
ATP:CMP phosphotransferase
UMP and dCMP can also act as acceptors.
[917, 1572, 1889]
[EC 2.7.4.14 created 1961 as EC 2.7.4.5, transferred 1972 to EC 2.7.4.14, modified 1980]
EC 2.7.4.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thiamine-diphosphate kinase
ATP + thiamine diphosphate = ADP + thiamine triphosphate
ATP:thiamin-diphosphate phosphotransferase; TDP kinase; thiamin diphosphate kinase; thiamin
diphosphate phosphotransferase; thiamin pyrophosphate kinase; thiamine diphosphate kinase; protein
bound thiamin diphosphate:ATP phosphoryltransferase
ATP:thiamine-diphosphate phosphotransferase
[960, 1090]
[EC 2.7.4.15 created 1972]
EC 2.7.4.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thiamine-phosphate kinase
ATP + thiamine phosphate = ADP + thiamine diphosphate
thiamin-monophosphate kinase; thiamin monophosphatase; thiamin monophosphokinase
ATP:thiamine-phosphate phosphotransferase
[1565]
[EC 2.7.4.16 created 1976]
EC 2.7.4.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-phosphoglyceroyl-phosphate—polyphosphate phosphotransferase
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate + (phosphate)n = 3-phosphoglycerate + (phosphate)n+1
diphosphoglycerate-polyphosphate phosphotransferase; 1,3-diphosphoglycerate-polyphosphate phosphotransferase
3-phospho-D-glyceroyl-phosphate:polyphosphate phosphotransferase
[1177, 1178]
[EC 2.7.4.17 created 1976]
EC 2.7.4.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
farnesyl-diphosphate kinase
ATP + farnesyl diphosphate = ADP + farnesyl triphosphate
farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase
ATP:farnesyl-diphosphate phosphotransferase
ADP can also act as donor.
[1946]
254
[EC 2.7.4.18 created 1978]
EC 2.7.4.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-methyldeoxycytidine-50 -phosphate kinase
ATP + 5-methyldeoxycytidine 50 -phosphate = ADP + 5-methyldeoxycytidine diphosphate
ATP:5-methyldeoxycytidine-50 -phosphate phosphotransferase
The enzyme, from phage XP-12-infected Xanthomonas oryzae, converts m5 dCMP into m5 dCDP and
then into m5 dCTP.
[2406]
[EC 2.7.4.19 created 1984]
EC 2.7.4.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
dolichyl-diphosphate—polyphosphate phosphotransferase
dolichyl diphosphate + (phosphate)n = dolichyl phosphate + (phosphate)n+1
dolichylpyrophosphate:polyphosphate phosphotransferase
dolichyl-diphosphate:polyphosphate phosphotransferase
[1540]
[EC 2.7.4.20 created 1989]
EC 2.7.4.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
inositol-hexakisphosphate kinase
(1) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol hexakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol 5-diphosphate 1,2,3,4,6pentakisphosphate
(2) ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol diphosphate tetrakisphosphate (isomeric configuration unknown)
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate phosphotransferase
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-hexakisphosphate 5-phosphotransferase
Three mammalian isoforms are known to exist.
[1908, 1947, 22]
[EC 2.7.4.21 created 2002 as EC 2.7.1.152, transferred 2003 to EC 2.7.4.21]
EC 2.7.4.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UMP kinase
ATP + UMP = ADP + UDP
uridylate kinase; UMPK; uridine monophosphate kinase; PyrH; UMP-kinase; SmbA
ATP:UMP phosphotransferase
This enzyme is strictly specific for UMP as substrate and is used by prokaryotes in the de novo synthesis of pyrimidines, in contrast to eukaryotes, which use the dual-specificity enzyme UMP/CMP
kinase (EC 2.7.4.14) for the same purpose [1355]. This enzyme is the subject of feedback regulation,
being inhibited by UTP and activated by GTP [1990].
[1990, 1355]
[EC 2.7.4.22 created 2006]
EC 2.7.4.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
ribose 1,5-bisphosphate phosphokinase
ATP + ribose 1,5-bisphosphate = ADP + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
ribose 1,5-bisphosphokinase; PhnN
ATP:ribose-1,5-bisphosphate phosphotransferase
255
Comments:
References:
This enzyme, found in NAD supression mutants of Escherichia coli, synthesizes 5-phospho-α-Dribose 1-diphosphate (PRPP) without the participation of EC 2.7.6.1, ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase. Ribose, ribose 1-phosphate and ribose 5-phosphate are not substrates, and GTP cannot act as a
phosphate donor.
[902]
[EC 2.7.4.23 created 2006]
EC 2.7.4.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diphosphoinositol-pentakisphosphate kinase
ATP + 1D-myo-inositol 5-diphosphate pentakisphosphate = ADP + 1D-myo-inositol bisdiphosphate
tetrakisphosphate (isomeric configuration unknown)
PP-IP5 kinase; diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinase; ATP:5-diphospho-1D-myo-inositolpentakisphosphate phosphotransferase; PP-InsP5 kinase; PPIP5K; PPIP5K1; PPIP5K2; VIP1; VIP2
ATP:1D-myo-inositol-5-diphosphate-pentakisphosphate phosphotransferase
This enzyme is activated by osmotic shock [360]. The enzyme can also phosphorylate InsP6 , but
more slowly [360]. Ins(1,3,4,5,6)P5 , POP-InsP4 and (POP)2-InsP3 are not substrates [360].
[2005, 22, 614, 360]
[EC 2.7.4.24 created 2003 as EC 2.7.1.155, transferred 2007 to EC 2.7.4.24]
EC 2.7.5 Phosphotransferases with regeneration of donors, apparently catalysing intramolecular
transfers (deleted sub-subclass)
[2.7.5.1
Transferred entry. phosphoglucomutase. Now EC 5.4.2.2, phosphoglucomutase]
[EC 2.7.5.1 created 1961, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.2
Transferred entry. acetylglucosamine phosphomutase. Now EC 5.4.2.3, phosphoacetylglucosamine mutase]
[EC 2.7.5.2 created 1961, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.3
Transferred entry. phosphoglyceromutase. Now EC 5.4.2.1, phosphoglycerate mutase]
[EC 2.7.5.3 created 1961, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.4
Transferred entry. bisphosphoglyceromutase. Now EC 5.4.2.4, bisphosphoglycerate mutase]
[EC 2.7.5.4 created 1961, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.5
Transferred entry. phosphoglucomutase (glucose-cofactor). Now EC 5.4.2.5, phosphoglucomutase (glucose-cofactor)]
[EC 2.7.5.5 created 1972, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.6
Transferred entry. phosphopentomutase. Now EC 5.4.2.7, phosphopentomutase]
[EC 2.7.5.6 created 1972, deleted 1984]
[2.7.5.7
Transferred entry. phosphomannomutase. Now EC 5.4.2.8, phosphomannomutase]
[EC 2.7.5.7 created 1981, deleted 1984]
EC 2.7.6 Diphosphotransferases
EC 2.7.6.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase
ATP + D-ribose 5-phosphate = AMP + 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate
256
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase; PRPP synthetase; phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase;
PPRibP synthetase; PP-ribose P synthetase; 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate synthetase; 5phosphoribose pyrophosphorylase; 5-phosphoribosyl-α-1-pyrophosphate synthetase; phosphoribosyldiphosphate synthetase; phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthase; pyrophosphoribosylphosphate synthetase; ribophosphate pyrophosphokinase; ribose-5-phosphate pyrophosphokinase
ATP:D-ribose-5-phosphate diphosphotransferase
dATP can also act as donor.
[912, 916, 1822, 2181]
[EC 2.7.6.1 created 1961]
EC 2.7.6.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
thiamine diphosphokinase
ATP + thiamine = AMP + thiamine diphosphate
thiamin kinase; thiamine pyrophosphokinase; ATP:thiamin pyrophosphotransferase; thiamin pyrophosphokinase; thiamin pyrophosphotransferase; thiaminokinase; thiamin:ATP pyrophosphotransferase; TPTase
ATP:thiamine diphosphotransferase
[1251, 2021, 2135]
[EC 2.7.6.2 created 1961]
EC 2.7.6.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine diphosphokinase
ATP + 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine = AMP + (2-amino-4-hydroxy-7,8dihydropteridin-6-yl)methyl diphosphate
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine pyrophosphokinase; H2 -pteridine-CH2 OH
pyrophosphokinase; 7,8-dihydroxymethylpterin-pyrophosphokinase; HPPK; 7,8-dihydro-6hydroxymethylpterin pyrophosphokinase; hydroxymethyldihydropteridine pyrophosphokinase
ATP:2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine 60 -diphosphotransferase
[1828, 1829, 2031]
[EC 2.7.6.3 created 1972]
EC 2.7.6.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleotide diphosphokinase
ATP + nucleoside 50 -phosphate = AMP + 50 -phosphonucleoside 30 -diphosphate
nucleotide pyrophosphokinase; ATP:nucleotide pyrophosphotransferase; ATP nucleotide 30 pyrophosphokinase; nucleotide 30 -pyrophosphokinase
ATP:nucleoside-50 -phosphate diphosphotransferase
The enzyme acts on the 50 -mono-, di- and triphosphate derivatives of purine nucleosides.
[1509, 1566, 1567]
[EC 2.7.6.4 created 1976]
EC 2.7.6.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
GTP diphosphokinase
ATP + GTP = AMP + guanosine 30 -diphosphate 50 -triphosphate
stringent factor; guanosine 30 ,50 -polyphosphate synthase; GTP pyrophosphokinase; ATP-GTP 30 diphosphotransferase; guanosine 50 ,30 -polyphosphate synthetase; (p)ppGpp synthetase I; (p)ppGpp
synthetase II; guanosine pentaphosphate synthetase; GPSI; GPSII
ATP:GTP 30 -diphosphotransferase
GDP can also act as acceptor.
[568, 2182]
257
[EC 2.7.6.5 created 1981]
EC 2.7.7 Nucleotidyltransferases
EC 2.7.7.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nicotinamide-nucleotide adenylyltransferase
ATP + nicotinamide ribonucleotide = diphosphate + NAD+
NAD+ pyrophosphorylase; adenosine triphosphate-nicotinamide mononucleotide transadenylase;
ATP:NMN adenylyltransferase; diphosphopyridine nucleotide pyrophosphorylase; nicotinamide
adenine dinucleotide pyrophosphorylase; nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase; NMN
adenylyltransferase
ATP:nicotinamide-nucleotide adenylyltransferase
Nicotinate nucleotide can also act as acceptor. See also EC 2.7.7.18 nicotinate-nucleotide adenylyltransferase.
[68, 429, 1141]
[EC 2.7.7.1 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
FAD synthetase
ATP + FMN = diphosphate + FAD
FAD pyrophosphorylase; riboflavin mononucleotide adenylyltransferase; adenosine triphosphateriboflavin mononucleotide transadenylase; adenosine triphosphate-riboflavine mononucleotide
transadenylase; riboflavin adenine dinucleotide pyrophosphorylase; riboflavine adenine dinucleotide
adenylyltransferase; flavin adenine dinucleotide synthetase; FADS; FMN adenylyltransferase
ATP:FMN adenylyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ and is highly specific for ATP as phosphate donor [264]. The cofactors FMN and
FAD participate in numerous processes in all organisms, including mitochondrial electron transport,
photosynthesis, fatty-acid oxidation, and metabolism of vitamin B6 , vitamin B12 and folates [1919].
While monofunctional FAD synthetase is found in eukaryotes and in some prokaryotes, most prokaryotes have a bifunctional enzyme that exhibits both this activity and that of EC 2.7.1.26, riboflavin kinase [1919, 264].
[683, 1968, 1919, 1608, 264]
[EC 2.7.7.2 created 1961, modified 2007]
EC 2.7.7.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pantetheine-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ATP + pantetheine 40 -phosphate = diphosphate + 30 -dephospho-CoA
dephospho-CoA pyrophosphorylase; pantetheine phosphate adenylyltransferase; dephosphocoenzyme A pyrophosphorylase; 30 -dephospho-CoA pyrophosphorylase
ATP:pantetheine-40 -phosphate adenylyltransferase
The enzyme from several bacteria (e.g. Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Haemophilus influenzae) has been shown to be bifunctional and also to possess the activity of EC 2.3.1.157, glucosamine1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase.
[877, 1579, 1364, 658, 966]
[EC 2.7.7.3 created 1961, modified 2002]
EC 2.7.7.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
sulfate adenylyltransferase
ATP + sulfate = diphosphate + adenylyl sulfate
258
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ATP-sulfurylase; adenosine-50 -triphosphate sulfurylase; adenosinetriphosphate sulfurylase; adenylylsulfate pyrophosphorylase; ATP sulfurylase; ATP-sulfurylase; sulfurylase
ATP:sulfate adenylyltransferase
The human phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate synthase (PAPS) system is a bifunctional enzyme (fusion product of two catalytic activities). In a first step, sulfate adenylyltransferase catalyses the formation of adenosine 50 -phosphosulfate (APS) from ATP and inorganic sulfate. The second step is
catalysed by the adenylylsulfate kinase portion of 30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate (PAPS)
synthase, which involves the formation of PAPS from enzyme-bound APS and ATP. In contrast, in
bacteria, yeast, fungi and plants, the formation of PAPS is carried out by two individual polypeptides,
sulfate adenylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.4) and adenylyl-sulfate kinase (EC 2.7.1.25).
[108, 868, 2336]
[EC 2.7.7.4 created 1961, modified 1999]
EC 2.7.7.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sulfate adenylyltransferase (ADP)
ADP + sulfate = phosphate + adenylyl sulfate
ADP-sulfurylase; sulfate (adenosine diphosphate) adenylyltransferase; adenosine diphosphate sulfurylase
ADP:sulfate adenylyltransferase
[750, 1836]
[EC 2.7.7.5 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
DNA-directed RNA polymerase
nucleoside triphosphate + RNAn = diphosphate + RNAn+1
RNA polymerase; RNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed); RNA polymerase I; RNA polymerase II; RNA polymerase III; RNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed); C RNA formation factors; deoxyribonucleic acid-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerase; DNA-dependent ribonucleate
nucleotidyltransferase; DNA-dependent RNA nucleotidyltransferase; DNA-dependent RNA polymerase; ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; ribonucleate polymerase; C ribonucleic acid formation factors;ribonucleic acid nucleotidyltransferase; ribonucleic acid polymerase; ribonucleic acid
transcriptase; ribonucleic polymerase; ribonucleic transcriptase; C RNA formation factors; RNA nucleotidyltransferase; RNA transcriptase; transcriptase
nucleoside-triphosphate:RNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed)
Catalyses DNA-template-directed extension of the 30 - end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a
time. Can initiate a chain de novo. In eukaryotes, three forms of the enzyme have been distinguished
on the basis of sensitivity to α-amanitin, and the type of RNA synthesized. See also EC 2.7.7.19
(polynucleotide adenylyltransferase) and EC 2.7.7.48 (RNA-directed RNA polymerase).
[1153, 1351, 1850, 2009, 2433]
[EC 2.7.7.6 created 1961, modified 1981, modified 1982, modified 1989]
EC 2.7.7.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
DNA-directed DNA polymerase
deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNAn = diphosphate + DNAn+1
DNA polymerase I; DNA polymerase II; DNA polymerase III; DNA polymerase α; DNA polymerase
β; DNA polymerase γ; DNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed); DNA nucleotidyltransferase
(DNA-directed); deoxyribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; deoxynucleate polymerase; deoxyribonucleic acid duplicase; deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase; deoxyribonucleic duplicase; deoxyribonucleic polymerase; deoxyribonucleic polymerase I; DNA duplicase; DNA nucleotidyltransferase; DNA
polymerase; DNA replicase; DNA-dependent DNA polymerase; duplicase; Klenow fragment; sequenase; Taq DNA polymerase; Taq Pol I; Tca DNA polymerase
259
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
deoxynucleoside-triphosphate:DNA deoxynucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed)
Catalyses DNA-template-directed extension of the 30 - end of a DNA strand by one nucleotide at a
time. Cannot initiate a chain de novo. Requires a primer, which may be DNA or RNA. See also EC
2.7.7.49 RNA-directed DNA polymerase.
[232, 556, 1229, 1826, 1937, 2581]
[EC 2.7.7.7 created 1961, modified 1981, modified 1982]
EC 2.7.7.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase
RNAn+1 + phosphate = RNAn + a nucleoside diphosphate
polynucleotide phosphorylase; PNPase; nucleoside diphosphate:polynucleotidyl transferase; polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase; polynucleotide phosphorylase; polyribonucleotide phosphorylase
polyribonucleotide:phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
ADP, IDP, GDP, UDP and CDP can act as donors.
[772, 1276, 1591]
[EC 2.7.7.8 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UTP—glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-glucose
UDP glucose pyrophosphorylase; glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; UDPG phosphorylase;
UDPG pyrophosphorylase; uridine 50 -diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphate-D-glucose pyrophosphorylase; uridine-diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase
UTP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
[1020, 1029, 1287, 2068, 2292]
[EC 2.7.7.9 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UTP—hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP + α-D-galactose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-galactose
galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; galactose 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; α-D-galactose
1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; galactose 1-phosphate uridyltransferase; UDPgalactose pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphate galactose pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphogalactose pyrophosphorylase
UTP:α-D-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
α-D-Glucose 1-phosphate can also act as acceptor, but more slowly.
[954, 1020, 1218, 1287]
[EC 2.7.7.10 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UTP—xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP + α-D-xylose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-xylose
xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; uridylyltransferase, xylose 1-phosphate; UDP-xylose pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphoxylose pyrophosphorylase; xylose 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP:α-D-xylose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
[681]
[EC 2.7.7.11 created 1961]
260
EC 2.7.7.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-glucose—hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UDP-glucose + α-D-galactose 1-phosphate = α-D-glucose 1-phosphate + UDP-galactose
uridyl transferase; hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; uridyltransferase; hexose 1-phosphate
uridyltransferase
UDP-glucose:α-D-galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
[1021, 1186, 1393, 1910, 2068]
[EC 2.7.7.12 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + GDP-mannose
GTP-mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; PIM-GMP (phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine
50 -diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase); GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine 50 diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine diphosphomannose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine triphosphate-mannose 1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; mannose 1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (guanosine triphosphate)
GTP:α-D-mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
The bacterial enzyme can also use ITP and dGTP as donors.
[1499, 1736]
[EC 2.7.7.13 created 1961, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.7.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ethanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + ethanolamine phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-ethanolamine
phosphorylethanolamine transferase; ET; CTP-phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase; phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase; ethanolamine phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP:ethanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[1069, 2165, 2357]
[EC 2.7.7.14 created 1961]
EC 2.7.7.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + choline phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-choline
phosphorylcholine transferase; CDP-choline pyrophosphorylase; CDP-choline synthetase; choline
phosphate cytidylyltransferase; CTP-phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase; CTP:phosphorylcholine
cytidylyltransferase; cytidine diphosphocholine pyrophosphorylase; phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase; phosphorylcholine cytidylyltransferase; phosphorylcholine:CTP cytidylyltransferase
CTP:choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[239, 1069, 2471]
[EC 2.7.7.15 created 1961]
[2.7.7.16
Transferred entry. ribonuclease. Now EC 3.1.27.5, pancreatic ribonuclease]
[EC 2.7.7.16 created 1961, deleted 1972, [transferred to EC 3.1.4.22, deleted 1980]]
[2.7.7.17
Transferred entry. ribonuclease. Now EC 3.1.27.1, ribonuclease T2 ]
[EC 2.7.7.17 created 1965, deleted 1972, [transferred to EC 3.1.4.23, deleted 1980]]
EC 2.7.7.18
261
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
nicotinate-nucleotide adenylyltransferase
ATP + nicotinate ribonucleotide = diphosphate + deamido-NAD+
deamido-NAD+ pyrophosphorylase; nicotinate mononucleotide adenylyltransferase; deamidonicotinamide adenine dinucleotide pyrophosphorylase; NaMN-ATase; nicotinic acid mononucleotide
adenylyltransferase
ATP:nicotinate-ribonucleotide adenylyltransferase
[936]
[EC 2.7.7.18 created 1965]
EC 2.7.7.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polynucleotide adenylyltransferase
ATP + RNAn = diphosphate + RNAn+1
NTP polymerase; RNA adenylating enzyme; AMP polynucleotidylexotransferase; ATPpolynucleotide adenylyltransferase; ATP:polynucleotidylexotransferase; poly(A) polymerase; poly(A)
synthetase; polyadenylate nucleotidyltransferase; polyadenylate polymerase; polyadenylate synthetase; polyadenylic acid polymerase; polyadenylic polymerase; terminal riboadenylate transferase;
poly(A) hydrolase; RNA formation factors, PF1; adenosine triphosphate:ribonucleic acid adenylyltransferase
ATP:polynucleotide adenylyltransferase
Also acts slowly with CTP. Catalyses template-independent extension of the 30 - end of a DNA strand
by one nucleotide at a time. Cannot initiate a chain de novo. The primer, depending on the source of
the enzyme, may be an RNA or DNA fragment, or oligo(A) bearing a 30 -OH terminal group. See also
EC 2.7.7.6 DNA-directed RNA polymerase.
[72, 520, 713, 1152, 1351, 2009]
[EC 2.7.7.19 created 1965]
[2.7.7.20
Deleted entry. sRNA nucleotidyl transferase. This entry was identical with EC 2.7.7.25, tRNA adenylyltransferase]
[EC 2.7.7.20 created 1965, deleted 1972]
EC 2.7.7.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA cytidylyltransferase
CTP + tRNAn = diphosphate + tRNAn+1
tRNA CCA-pyrophosphorylase; tRNA-nucleotidyltransferase; transfer-RNA nucleotidyltransferase;
transfer ribonucleic acid nucleotidyl transferase; CTP(ATP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase; transfer
ribonucleate adenylyltransferase; transfer RNA adenylyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; ATP (CTP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase; ribonucleic cytidylic cytidylic adenylic pyrophosphorylase; transfer ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; transfer ribonucleic adenylyl (cytidylyl)
transferase; transfer ribonucleic-terminal trinucleotide nucleotidyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate
cytidylyltransferase; ribonucleic cytidylyltransferase; -C-C-A pyrophosphorylase; ATP(CTP)-tRNA
nucleotidyltransferase; tRNA adenylyl(cytidylyl)transferase; ATP(CTP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase;
tRNA adenylyltransferase; ATP:tRNA adenylyltransferase
CTP:tRNA cytidylyltransferase
May be identical with EC 2.7.7.25 tRNA adenylyltransferase.
[197, 198, 471, 519]
[EC 2.7.7.21 created 1965]
EC 2.7.7.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (GDP)
GDP + α-D-mannose 1-phosphate = phosphate + GDP-mannose
262
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
GDP mannose phosphorylase; mannose 1-phosphate (guanosine diphosphate) guanylyltransferase; GDP mannose phosphorylase; GDP-mannose 1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; guanosine
diphosphate-mannose 1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; guanosine diphosphomannose phosphorylase;
mannose 1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; GDP:D-mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GDP:α-D-mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
[323]
[EC 2.7.7.22 created 1965, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.7.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine diphosphorylase
UTP + N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase; UTP:2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase; UDP-GlcNAc pyrophosphorylase; GlmU uridylyltransferase; Acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase;
UDP-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine phosphorylase; acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP:N-acetyl-α-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
[1668, 2158]
[EC 2.7.7.23 created 1965]
EC 2.7.7.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase
dTTP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + dTDP-glucose
glucose 1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase; dTDP-glucose synthase; dTDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase; thymidine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase; thymidine diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase; TDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
dTTP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase
[1145, 1677]
[EC 2.7.7.24 created 1965]
EC 2.7.7.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA adenylyltransferase
ATP + tRNAn = diphosphate + tRNAn+1
tRNA CCA-pyrophosphorylase; tRNA-nucleotidyltransferase; transfer-RNA nucleotidyltransferase;
transfer ribonucleic acid nucleotidyl transferase; CTP(ATP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase; transfer
ribonucleate adenylyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate adenyltransferase; transfer RNA adenylyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; ATP (CTP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase;
ribonucleic cytidylic cytidylic adenylic pyrophosphorylase; transfer ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; transfer ribonucleic adenylyl (cytidylyl) transferase; transfer ribonucleic-terminal trinucleotide
nucleotidyltransferase; transfer ribonucleate cytidylyltransferase; ribonucleic cytidylyltransferase; -CC-A pyrophosphorylase; tRNA cytidylyltransferase; ATP(CTP)-tRNA nucleotidyltransferase; tRNA
adenylyl(cytidylyl)transferase; CTP:tRNA cytidylyltransferase
ATP:tRNA adenylyltransferase
May be identical with EC 2.7.7.21 tRNA cytidylyltransferase.
[197, 198, 471, 2115]
[EC 2.7.7.25 created 1965]
[2.7.7.26
Transferred entry. nicotinate-nucleotide adenylyltransferase. Now EC 3.1.27.3, ribonuclease T1 ]
[EC 2.7.7.26 created 1961 as EC 3.1.4.8, transferred 1965 to EC 2.7.7.26, deleted 1972]
263
EC 2.7.7.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ATP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + ADP-glucose
ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase; glucose 1-phosphate adenylyltransferase; adenosine diphosphate
glucose pyrophosphorylase; adenosine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase; ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase; ADP-glucose synthase; ADP-glucose synthetase; ADPG pyrophosphorylase; ADP:α-Dglucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ATP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
[665, 2010]
[EC 2.7.7.27 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
nucleoside-triphosphate-aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
nucleoside triphosphate + α-D-aldose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + NDP-hexose
NDP hexose pyrophosphorylase; hexose 1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase; hexose nucleotidylating enzyme; nucleoside diphosphohexose pyrophosphorylase; hexose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; GTP:α-D-hexose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase; GDP hexose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine diphosphohexose pyrophosphorylase; nucleoside-triphosphate-hexose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase; NTP:hexose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
NTP:α-D-aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
In decreasing order of activity, guanosine, inosine and adenosine diphosphate hexoses are substrates
in the reverse reaction, with either glucose or mannose as the sugar.
[2340, 782]
[EC 2.7.7.28 created 1972, modified 2004 (EC 2.7.7.29 created 1972, incorporated 2004)]
[2.7.7.29
Deleted entry. hexose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase. Enzyme is not specific for GTP and therefore is identical
to EC 2.7.7.28, nucleoside-triphosphate-aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase]
[EC 2.7.7.29 created 1972, deleted 2004]
EC 2.7.7.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP + β-L-fucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + GDP-L-fucose
GDP fucose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine diphosphate L-fucose pyrophosphorylase; GDP-L-fucose
pyrophosphorylase; GDP-fucose pyrophosphorylase; GTP:L-fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP:β-L-fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
[948]
[EC 2.7.7.30 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
DNA nucleotidylexotransferase
deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNAn = diphosphate + DNAn+1
terminal deoxyribonucleotidyltransferase; terminal addition enzyme; addase; deoxynucleotidyl terminal transferase; deoxyribonucleic acid nucleotidyltransferase; deoxyribonucleic nucleotidyltransferase; terminal deoxynucleotide transferase; TdT
nucleoside-triphosphate:DNA deoxynucleotidylexotransferase
Catalyses template-independent extension of the 30 - end of a DNA strand by one nucleotide at a time.
Cannot initiate a chain de novo. Nucleoside may be ribo- or deoxyribo-.
[233, 713, 1152]
[EC 2.7.7.31 created 1972]
264
EC 2.7.7.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
galactose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase
dTTP + α-D-galactose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + dTDP-galactose
dTDP galactose pyrophosphorylase; galactose 1-phosphate thymidylyl transferase; thymidine diphosphogalactose pyrophosphorylase; thymidine triphosphate:α-D-galactose 1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase
dTTP:α-D-galactose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase
[1675]
[EC 2.7.7.32 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-glucose
CDP glucose pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphate glucose pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphate-D-glucose pyrophosphorylase; CTP:Dglucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[1392]
[EC 2.7.7.33 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP + α-D-glucose 1-phosphate = diphosphate + GDP-glucose
GDP glucose pyrophosphorylase; guanosine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase
GTP:α-D-glucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on D-mannose 1-phosphate.
[434]
[EC 2.7.7.34 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.35
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ribose-5-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ADP + D-ribose 5-phosphate = phosphate + ADP-ribose
ADP ribose phosphorylase; adenosine diphosphoribose phosphorylase
ADP:D-ribose-5-phosphate adenylyltransferase
[549, 2126]
[EC 2.7.7.35 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.36
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
aldose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ADP + α-D-aldose 1-phosphate = phosphate + ADP-aldose
sugar-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase; ADPaldose phosphorylase; adenosine diphosphosugar phosphorylase; ADP sugar phosphorylase; adenosine diphosphate glucose:orthophosphate adenylyltransferase; ADP:aldose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
ADP:α-D-aldose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase
[435, 1664]
[EC 2.7.7.36 created 1972, modified 1986]
265
EC 2.7.7.37
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
NDP + α-D-aldose 1-phosphate = phosphate + NDP-aldose
sugar-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase; NDPaldose phosphorylase; glucose 1-phosphate inosityltransferase; NDP sugar phosphorylase; nucleoside diphosphosugar phosphorylase; sugar phosphate
nucleotidyltransferase; nucleoside diphosphate sugar:orthophosphate nucleotidyltransferase; sugar
nucleotide phosphorylase; NDP:aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
NDP:α-D-aldose-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
The enzyme works on a variety of α-D-aldose 1-phosphates and β-L-aldose 1-phosphates (which have
the same anomeric configuration as the former; see 2-Carb-6.2).
[296]
[EC 2.7.7.37 created 1972, modified 1986]
EC 2.7.7.38
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-deoxy-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate = diphosphate + CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate
CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate pyrophosphorylase; 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate cytidylyltransferase; 3-Deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase; CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate
synthetase; CMP-KDO synthetase; CTP:CMP-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase;
cytidine monophospho-3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate pyrophosphorylase
CTP:3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate cytidylyltransferase
[663]
[EC 2.7.7.38 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.39
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-glycerol
CDP-glycerol pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphoglycerol pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphate glycerol pyrophosphorylase; CTP:glycerol 3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase; Gro-PCT
CTP:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[2000]
[EC 2.7.7.39 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.40
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
D -ribitol-5-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + D-ribitol 5-phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-ribitol
CDP ribitol pyrophosphorylase; cytidine diphosphate ribitol pyrophosphorylase; ribitol 5-phosphate
cytidylyltransferase; cytidine diphosphoribitol pyrophosphorylase
CTP:D-ribitol-5-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[2000]
[EC 2.7.7.40 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.41
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + phosphatidate = diphosphate + CDP-diacylglycerol
CDP diglyceride pyrophosphorylase; CDP-diacylglycerol synthase; CDP-diacylglyceride synthetase;
cytidine diphosphoglyceride pyrophosphorylase; phosphatidate cytidyltransferase; phosphatidic acid
cytidylyltransferase; CTP:1,2-diacylglycerophosphate-cytidyl transferase; CTP-diacylglycerol synthetase; DAG synthetase; CDP-DG
266
Systematic name:
References:
CTP:phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase
[325, 1395, 1693]
[EC 2.7.7.41 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.42
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
[glutamate—ammonia-ligase] adenylyltransferase
ATP + [L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)] = diphosphate + adenylyl-[Lglutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)]
glutamine-synthetase adenylyltransferase; ATP:glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase; adenosine
triphosphate:glutamine synthetase adenylyltransferase
ATP:[L-glutamate:ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)] adenylyltransferase
[515, 1098, 1409, 1410, 1993, 2486]
[EC 2.7.7.42 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.43
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acylneuraminate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + N-acylneuraminate = diphosphate + CMP-N-acylneuraminate
CMP-sialate pyrophosphorylase; CMP-sialate synthase; cytidine 50 -monophosphosialic acid
synthetase; CMP-Neu5Ac synthetase; CMP-NeuAc synthetase; acylneuraminate cytidyltransferase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate synthetase; CMP-N-acetylneuraminate synthase; CMP-Nacetylneuraminic acid synthase; CMP-NANA synthetase; CMP-sialate synthetase; CMP-sialic synthetase; cytidine 50 -monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase; cytidine 5-monophosphate
N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase; cytidine monophosphosialic acid synthetase; cytidine monophosphoacetylneuraminic synthetase; cytidine monophosphosialate pyrophosphorylase; cytidine
monophosphosialate synthetase; acetylneuraminate cytidylyltransferase
CTP:N-acylneuraminate cytidylyltransferase
Acts on N-acetyl- and N-glycolyl- derivatives.
[1056]
[EC 2.7.7.43 created 1972]
EC 2.7.7.44
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glucuronate-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP + 1-phospho-α-D-glucuronate = diphosphate + UDP-glucuronate
UDP-glucuronate pyrophosphorylase; UDP-D-glucuronic acid pyrophosphorylase; UDP-glucuronic
acid pyrophosphorylase; uridine diphosphoglucuronic pyrophosphorylase
UTP:1-phospho-α-D-glucuronate uridylyltransferase
Also acts slowly with CTP.
[1841]
[EC 2.7.7.44 created 1976]
EC 2.7.7.45
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
guanosine-triphosphate guanylyltransferase
2 GTP = diphosphate + P1 ,P4 -bis(50 -guanosyl) tetraphosphate
diguanosine tetraphosphate synthetase; GTP-GTP guanylyltransferase; Gp4G synthetase; guanosine
triphosphate-guanose triphosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP:GTP guanylyltransferase
Also acts, more slowly, on GDP to form P1 ,P3 -bis(50 -guanosyl) triphosphate.
[2414]
267
[EC 2.7.7.45 created 1976]
EC 2.7.7.46
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
gentamicin 200 -nucleotidyltransferase
nucleoside triphosphate + gentamicin = diphosphate + 200 -nucleotidylgentamicin
gentamicin 200 -adenylyltransferase; aminoglycoside adenylyltransferase; gentamycin 200 nucleotidyltransferase
NTP:gentamicin 200 -nucleotidyltransferase
ATP, dATP, CTP, ITP and GTP can act as donors; kanamycin, tobramycin and sisomicin can also
act as acceptors. The nucleotidyl residue is transferred to the 2-hydroxy of the 3-amino-3-deoxy-Dglucose moiety in the antibiotic.
[49, 1520, 2509]
[EC 2.7.7.46 created 1976]
EC 2.7.7.47
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
streptomycin 300 -adenylyltransferase
ATP + streptomycin = diphosphate + 300 -adenylylstreptomycin
streptomycin adenylate synthetase; streptomycin adenyltransferase; streptomycin adenylylase; streptomycin adenylyltransferase; streptomycin-spectinomycin adenylyltransferase; AAD (300 ); aminoglycoside 300 -adenylyltransferase
ATP:streptomycin 300 -adenylyltransferase
Also acts on spectinomycin.
[796]
[EC 2.7.7.47 created 1976]
EC 2.7.7.48
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
RNA-directed RNA polymerase
nucleoside triphosphate + RNAn = diphosphate + RNAn+1
RNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed); RNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed); RNAdependent ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; 3D polymerase; PB1 proteins; PB2 proteins; phage
f2 replicase; polymerase L; Q-β replicase; phage f2 replicase; ribonucleic acid replicase; ribonucleic
acid-dependent ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; ribonucleic acid-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerase; ribonucleic replicase; ribonucleic synthetase; RNA replicase; RNA synthetase; RNA transcriptase; RNA-dependent ribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; RDRP; RNA-dependent RNA polymerase; RNA-dependent RNA replicase; transcriptase
nucleoside-triphosphate:RNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed)
Catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 30 - end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a
time. Can initiate a chain de novo. See also EC 2.7.7.6 DNA-directed RNA polymerase.
[71, 797, 2445]
[EC 2.7.7.48 created 1981, modified 1982]
EC 2.7.7.49
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
RNA-directed DNA polymerase
deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNAn = diphosphate + DNAn+1
DNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed); reverse transcriptase; revertase; RNA-dependent deoxyribonucleate nucleotidyltransferase; RNA revertase; RNA-dependent DNA polymerase; RNAinstructed DNA polymerase; RT
deoxynucleoside-triphosphate:DNA deoxynucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed)
Catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 30 - end of a DNA strand by one deoxynucleotide
at a time. Cannot initiate a chain de novo. Requires an RNA or DNA primer. DNA can also serve as
template. See also EC 2.7.7.7 DNA-directed DNA polymerase.
268
References:
[106, 2237]
[EC 2.7.7.49 created 1981, modified 1982]
EC 2.7.7.50
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mRNA guanylyltransferase
GTP + (50 )ppPur-mRNA = diphosphate + G(50 )pppPur-mRNA
mRNA capping enzyme; messenger RNA guanylyltransferase; Protein 2
GTP:mRNA guanylyltransferase
The enzyme can also modify synthetic poly(A) and poly(G) to form the structures m7G (50 )pppAn and
m7G (50 )pppGn.
[541, 743, 958, 1369, 1370]
[EC 2.7.7.50 created 1981]
EC 2.7.7.51
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
adenylylsulfate—ammonia adenylyltransferase
adenylyl sulfate + NH3 = adenosine 50 -phosphoramidate + sulfate
APSAT; adenylylsulfate:ammonia adenylyltransferase
adenylyl-sulfate:ammonia adenylyltransferase
[560, 561]
[EC 2.7.7.51 created 1982]
EC 2.7.7.52
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
RNA uridylyltransferase
UTP + RNAn = diphosphate + RNAn+1
terminal uridylyltransferase; TUT
UTP:RNA uridylyltransferase
The enzyme requires an oligoribonucleotide or polyribonucleotide with a free terminal 30 -OH as a
primer.
[2552]
[EC 2.7.7.52 created 1983]
EC 2.7.7.53
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ATP adenylyltransferase
ADP + ATP = phosphate + P1 ,P4 -bis(50 -adenosyl) tetraphosphate
bis(50 -nucleosyl)-tetraphosphate phosphorylase (NDP-forming); diadenosinetetraphosphate αβphosphorylase; adenine triphosphate adenylyltransferase; diadenosine 50 ,5000 -P1 ,P4 -tetraphosphate
αβ-phosphorylase (ADP-forming); dinucleoside oligophosphate αβ-phosphorylase
ADP:ATP adenylyltransferase
GTP and adenosine tetraphosphate can also act as adenylyl acceptors.
[760]
[EC 2.7.7.53 created 1986]
EC 2.7.7.54
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
phenylalanine adenylyltransferase
ATP + L-phenylalanine = diphosphate + N-adenylyl-L-phenylalanine
L -phenylalanine adenylyltransferase
ATP:L-phenylalanine adenylyltransferase
269
Comments:
References:
Part of the system for biosynthesis of the alkaloid cyclopeptine in Penicillium cyclopium.
[1247]
[EC 2.7.7.54 created 1989]
EC 2.7.7.55
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
anthranilate adenylyltransferase
ATP + anthranilate = diphosphate + N-adenylylanthranilate
anthranilic acid adenylyltransferase
ATP:anthranilate N-adenylyltransferase
Part of the system for biosynthesis of the alkaloid cyclopeptine in Penicillium cyclopium.
[1247]
[EC 2.7.7.55 created 1989]
EC 2.7.7.56
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tRNA nucleotidyltransferase
tRNAn+1 + phosphate = tRNAn + a nucleoside diphosphate
phosphate-dependent exonuclease; RNase PH; ribonuclease PH
tRNA:phosphate nucleotidyltransferase
Brings about the final exonucleolytic trimming of the 30 -terminus of tRNA precursors in Escherichia
coli by a phosphorolysis, producing a mature 30 -terminus on tRNA and nucleoside diphosphate. Not
identical with EC 2.7.7.8 polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase.
[414, 472]
[EC 2.7.7.56 created 1992]
EC 2.7.7.57
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
N-methylphosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase
CTP + N-methylethanolamine phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-N-methylethanolamine
monomethylethanolamine phosphate cytidylyltransferase; CTP:P-MEA cytidylyltransferase
CTP:N-methylethanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
[438]
[EC 2.7.7.57 created 1992]
EC 2.7.7.58
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)adenylate synthase
ATP + 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate = diphosphate + (2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)adenylate
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate-AMP ligase
ATP:2,3-dihydroxybenzoate adenylyltransferase
[1890]
[EC 2.7.7.58 created 1992]
EC 2.7.7.59
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
[protein-PII] uridylyltransferase
UTP + [protein-PII] = diphosphate + uridylyl-[protein-PII]
PII uridylyl-transferase; uridyl removing enzyme
UTP:[protein-PII] uridylyltransferase
270
Comments:
References:
The enzyme uridylylates and de-uridylylates the small trimeric protein PII. The enzymes from Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium have been wrongly identified, in some databases, as EC
2.7.7.12 (UDP-glucose—hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase), from which it differs greatly in
both reaction catalysed and sequence.
[648, 824]
[EC 2.7.7.59 created 1999]
EC 2.7.7.60
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP + 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate = diphosphate + 4-(cytidine 50 -diphospho)-2-C-methylD -erythritol
MEP cytidylyltransferase
CTP:2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
The enzyme from Escherichia coli requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ . ATP or UTP can replace CTP, but both
are less effective. GTP and TTP are not substrates. Forms part of an alternative nonmevalonate pathway for terpenoid biosynthesis (for diagram, click here).
[1853, 1192]
[EC 2.7.7.60 created 2001]
EC 2.7.7.61
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
citrate lyase holo-[acyl-carrier protein] synthase
20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA + citrate lyase apo-[acyl-carrier protein] = citrate lyase
holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + diphosphate
20 -(500 -phosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA transferase; 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephosphoCoA:apo-citrate lyase; CitX; holo-ACP synthase (ambiguous); 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 dephospho-CoA:apo-citrate lyase adenylyltransferase; 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephosphoCoA:apo-citrate lyase 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA transferase; 20 -(500 triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA:apo-citrate-lyase adenylyltransferase; holo-citrate lyase synthase (incorrect)
20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA:apo-citrate-lyase 20 -(5-phosphoribosyl)-30 -dephosphoCoA-transferase
The γ-subunit of EC 4.1.3.6, citrate (pro-3S) lyase, serves as an acyl-carrier protein (ACP) and contains the prosthetic group 20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA [1959, 1961]. Synthesis and
attachment of the prosthetic group requires the concerted action of this enzyme and EC 2.7.8.25,
triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase [1959]. In the enzyme from Escherichia coli, the prosthetic group is attached to serine-14 of the ACP via a phosphodiester bond.
[1959, 1960, 1961]
[EC 2.7.7.61 created 2002, modified 2008]
EC 2.7.7.62
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
adenosylcobinamide-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP + adenosylcobinamide phosphate = diphosphate + adenosylcobinamide-GDP
CobU; adenosylcobinamide kinase/adenosylcobinamide-phosphate guanylyltransferase; AdoCbi
kinase/AdoCbi-phosphate guanylyltransferase
GTP:adenosylcobinamide-phosphate guanylyltransferase
271
Comments:
References:
In Salmonella typhimurium LT2, under anaerobic conditions, CobU (EC 2.7.7.62 and EC 2.7.1.156),
CobT (EC 2.4.2.21), CobC (EC 3.1.3.73) and CobS (EC 2.7.8.26) catalyse reactions in the nucleotide loop assembly pathway, which convert adenosylcobinamide (AdoCbi) into adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl). CobT and CobC are involved in 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole activation whereby
5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole is converted to its riboside, α-ribazole. The second branch of the
nuclotide loop assembly pathway is the cobinamide (Cbi) activation branch where AdoCbi or
adenosylcobinamide-phosphate is converted to the activated intermediate AdoCbi-GDP by the bifunctional enzyme Cob U. The final step in adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis is the condensation of
AdoCbi-GDP with α-ribazole, which is catalysed by EC 2.7.8.26, cobalamin synthase (CobS), to
yield adenosylcobalamin. CobU is a bifunctional enzyme that has both kinase (EC 2.7.1.156) and
guanylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.62) activities. However, both activities are not required at all times.The
kinase activity has been proposed to function only when S. typhimurium is assimilating cobinamide
whereas the guanylyltransferase activity is required for both assimilation of exogenous cobinamide
and for de novo synthesis of adenosylcobalamin [2248]. The guanylyltransferase reaction is a twostage reaction with formation of a CobU-GMP intermediate [1638]. Guanylylation takes place at
histidine-46.
[1638, 2254, 2255, 2248, 2420]
[EC 2.7.7.62 created 2004]
EC 2.7.7.63
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipoate—protein ligase
(1) ATP + lipoate = diphosphate + lipoyl-AMP
(2) lipoyl-AMP + apoprotein = protein N 6 -(lipoyl)lysine + AMP
LplA; lipoate protein ligase; lipoate-protein ligase A; LPL; LPL-B
ATP:lipoate adenylyltransferase
Requires Mg2+ . Both 6S- and 6R-lipoates can act as substrates but there is a preference for the
naturally occurring R-form. Selenolipoate, i.e. 5-(1,2-diselenolan-3-yl)pentanoic acid, and 6sulfanyloctanoate can also act as substrates, but more slowly [730]. This enzyme is responsible for
lipoylation in the presence of exogenous lipoic acid [1686]. Lipoylation is essential for the function
of several key enzymes involved in oxidative metabolism, including pyruvate dehydrogenase (E2 domain), 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E2 domain), the branched-chain 2-oxoacid dehydrogenases
and the glycine cleavage system (H protein) [2179]. This enzyme attaches lipoic acid to the lipoyl
domains of these proteins, converting apoproteins into holoproteins. It is likely that an alternative
pathway, involving EC 2.3.1.181, lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase and EC 2.8.1.8, lipoyl synthase, is the
normal route for lipoylation [1686].
[1479, 730, 2579, 483, 635, 2179, 1686]
[EC 2.7.7.63 created 2006]
EC 2.7.7.64
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Comments:
References:
UTP-monosaccharide-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
UTP + a monosaccharide 1-phosphate = diphosphate + UDP-monosaccharide
UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase; PsUSP
Requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for maximal activity. The reaction can occur in either direction and it has
been postulated that MgUTP and Mg-diphosphate are the actual substrates [1149, 1879]. The enzyme catalyses the formation of UDP-Glc, UDP-Gal, UDP-GlcA, UDP-L-Ara and UDP-Xyl, showing
broad substrate specificity towards monosaccharide 1-phosphates. Mannose 1-phosphate, L-Fucose 1phosphate and glucose 6-phosphate are not substrates and UTP cannot be replaced by other nucleotide
triphosphates [1149].
[1149, 1879]
[EC 2.7.7.64 created 2006]
272
EC 2.7.7.65
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diguanylate cyclase
2 GTP = 2 diphosphate + cyclic di-30 ,50 -guanylate
DGC; PleD
GTP:GTP guanylyltransferase
A GGDEF-domain-containing protein that requires Mg2+ or Mn2+ for activity. The enzyme can be
activated by BeF3 , a phosphoryl mimic, which results in dimerization [1669]. Dimerization is required but is not sufficient for diguanylate-cyclase activity [1669]. Cyclic di-30 ,50 -guanylate is an
intracellular signalling molecule that controls motility and adhesion in bacterial cells. It was first identified as having a positive allosteric effect on EC 2.4.1.12, cellulose synthase (UDP-forming) [1898].
[1898, 1416, 1669]
[EC 2.7.7.65 created 2008]
EC 2.7.7.66
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
malonate decarboxylase holo-[acyl-carrier protein] synthase
20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA + malonate decarboxylase apo-[acyl-carrier protein] =
malonate decarboxylase holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + diphosphate
holo ACP synthase (ambiguous); 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA:apo ACP 20 -(500 triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA transferase; MdcG; 20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephosphoCoA:apo-malonate-decarboxylase adenylyltransferase; holo-malonate-decarboxylase synthase (incorrect)
20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA:apo-malonate-decarboxylase 20 -(5-phosphoribosyl)-30 dephospho-CoA-transferase
The δ subunit of malonate decarboxylase serves as an an acyl-carrier protein (ACP) and contains
the prosthetic group 20-(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30-dephospho-CoA. Two reactions are involved in the
production of the holo-ACP form of this enzyme. The first reaction is catalysed by EC 2.7.8.25,
triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase. The resulting prosthetic group is then attached to the
ACP subunit via a phosphodiester linkage to a serine residue, thus forming the holo form of the enzyme, in a manner analogous to that of EC 2.7.7.61, citrate lyase holo-[acyl-carrier protein] synthase.
[882, 881]
[EC 2.7.7.66 created 2008]
EC 2.7.7.67
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
CDP-archaeol synthase
CTP + 2,3-bis-O-(geranylgeranyl)-sn-glycero-1-phosphate = diphosphate + CDP-2,3-bis-O(geranylgeranyl)-sn-glycerol
CDP-2,3-di-O-geranylgeranyl-sn-glycerol synthase; CTP:2,3-GG-GP ether cytidylyltransferase;
CTP:2,3-di-O-geranylgeranyl-sn-glycero-1-phosphate cytidyltransferase
CTP:2,3-bis-O-(geranylgeranyl)-sn-glycero-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
This enzyme catalyses one of the steps in the biosynthesis of polar lipids in Archaea, which are characterized by having an sn-glycero-1-phosphate backbone rather than an sn-glycero-3-phosphate backbone as is found in bacteria and eukaryotes [1477]. The enzyme requires Mg2+ and K+ for maximal activity [1477]. The other enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of polar lipids in Archaea are EC
1.1.1.261 (sn-glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 2.5.1.41 (phosphoglycerol geranylgeranyltransferase) and EC 2.5.1.42 (geranylgeranylglycerol-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase), which
together alkylate the hydroxy groups of glycerol 1-phosphate to give unsaturated archaetidic acid,
which is acted upon by this enzyme to form CDP-unsaturated archaeol. The final step in the pathway
involves the addition of L-serine, with concomitant removal of CMP, leading to the production of unsaturated archaetidylserine [1477].
[1477, 1476]
[EC 2.7.7.67 created 2009]
273
EC 2.7.7.68
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase
(2S)-2-phospholactate + GTP = (2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-50 -guanosine + diphosphate
CofC; MJ0887
GTP:2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase
This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme F420 , a redox-active cofactor found in all
methanogenic archaea, as well as some eubacteria.
[741]
[EC 2.7.7.68 created 2010]
EC 2.7.8 Transferases for other substituted phosphate groups
EC 2.7.8.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ethanolaminephosphotransferase
CDP-ethanolamine + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = CMP + a phosphatidylethanolamine
EPT; diacylglycerol ethanolaminephosphotransferase; CDPethanolamine diglyceride phosphotransferase; phosphorylethanolamine-glyceride transferase; CDP-ethanolamine:1,2-diacylglycerol
ethanolaminephosphotransferase
CDP-ethanolamine:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol ethanolaminephosphotransferase
[1069]
[EC 2.7.8.1 created 1961]
EC 2.7.8.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase
CDP-choline + 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol = CMP + a phosphatidylcholine
phosphorylcholine-glyceride transferase; alkylacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase; 1-alkyl2-acetylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase; cholinephosphotransferase; CPT; alkylacylglycerol choline phosphotransferase; diacylglycerol choline phosphotransferase; 1-alkyl-2-acetyl-mglycerol:CDPcholine choline phosphotransferase; CDP-choline diglyceride phosphotransferase; cytidine diphosphocholine glyceride transferase; cytidine diphosphorylcholine diglyceride transferase;
phosphocholine diacylglyceroltransferase; sn-1,2-diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase; 1-alkyl2-acetyl-sn-glycerol cholinephosphotransferase; CDP choline:1,2-diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase; CDP-choline:1,2-diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase
CDP-choline:1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol cholinephosphotransferase
1-Alkyl-2-acylglycerol can act as acceptor; this activity was previously listed separately.
[383, 1223, 1662, 1823]
[EC 2.7.8.2 created 1961, modified 1986 (EC 2.7.8.16 created 1983, incorporated 1986)]
EC 2.7.8.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
ceramide cholinephosphotransferase
CDP-choline + N-acylsphingosine = CMP + sphingomyelin
phosphorylcholine-ceramide transferase
CDP-choline:N-acylsphingosine cholinephosphotransferase
[1068, 2105]
[EC 2.7.8.3 created 1965]
EC 2.7.8.4
Accepted name:
serine-phosphoethanolamine synthase
274
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-ethanolamine + L-serine = CMP + L-serine-phosphoethanolamine
serine ethanolamine phosphate synthetase; serine ethanolamine phosphodiester synthase; serine ethanolaminephosphotransferase; serine-phosphinico-ethanolamine synthase; serinephosphoethanolamine synthase
CDP-ethanolamine:L-serine ethanolamine phosphotransferase
[33]
[EC 2.7.8.4 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.8.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-diacylglycerol—glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate = CMP + 3(3-sn-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol 1phosphate
glycerophosphate phosphatidyltransferase; 3-phosphatidyl-10 -glycerol-30 -phosphate synthase;
CDPdiacylglycerol:glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; cytidine 50 -diphospho-1,2-diacylsn-glycerol (CDPdiglyceride):sn-glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase; phosphatidylglycerolphosphate synthase; PGP synthase; CDPdiacylglycerolsn-glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase; CDPdiacylglycerol:sn-glycero-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; glycerol phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; glycerol 3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase; phosphatidylglycerol phosphate synthase; phosphatidylglycerol phosphate synthetase;
phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthetase; sn-glycerol-3-phosphate phosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol:sn-glycerol-3-phosphate 3-phosphatidyltransferase
[221, 872]
[EC 2.7.8.5 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.8.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
undecaprenyl-phosphate galactose phosphotransferase
UDP-galactose + undecaprenyl phosphate = UMP + α-D-galactosyl-diphosphoundecaprenol
poly(isoprenol)-phosphate galactose phosphotransferase; poly(isoprenyl)phosphate galactosephosphatetransferase; undecaprenyl phosphate galactosyl-1-phosphate transferase
UDP-galactose:undecaprenyl-phosphate galactose phosphotransferase
[1633, 2498]
[EC 2.7.8.6 created 1972]
EC 2.7.8.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase
CoA-[40 -phosphopantetheine] + apo-[acyl-carrier protein] = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + holo[acyl-carrier protein]
acyl carrier protein holoprotein (holo-ACP) synthetase; holo-ACP synthetase; coenzyme A:fatty acid
synthetase apoenzyme 40 -phosphopantetheine transferase; holosynthase; acyl carrier protein synthetase; holo-ACP synthase; PPTase; AcpS; ACPS; acyl carrier protein synthase; P-pant transferase;
CoA:apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] pantetheinephosphotransferase; CoA-[40 -phosphopantetheine]:apo[acyl-carrier-protein] 40 -pantetheinephosphotransferase
CoA-[40 -phosphopantetheine]:apo-[acyl-carrier protein] 40 -pantetheinephosphotransferase
Requires Mg2+ . All polyketide synthases, fatty-acid synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthases
require post-translational modification of their constituent acyl-carrier-protein (ACP) domains to
become catalytically active. The inactive apo-proteins are converted into their active holo-forms by
transfer of the 40 -phosphopantetheinyl moiety of CoA to the sidechain hydroxy group of a conserved
serine residue in each ACP domain [1201]. The enzyme from human can activate both the ACP domain of the human cytosolic multifunctional fatty acid synthase and that associated with human mitochondria as well as peptidyl-carrier and acyl-carrier-proteins from prokaryotes [1006]. Removal of
the 4-phosphopantetheinyl moiety from holo-ACP is carried out by EC 3.1.4.14, [acyl-carrier-protein]
phosphodiesterase.
275
References:
[536, 1738, 1201, 2399, 1468, 1006]
[EC 2.7.8.7 created 1972, modified 2006]
EC 2.7.8.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-diacylglycerol—serine O-phosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol + L-serine = CMP + (3-sn-phosphatidyl)-L-serine
phosphatidylserine synthase; CDPdiglyceride-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase; PS synthase; cytidine 50 -diphospho-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (CDPdiglyceride):L-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase;
phosphatidylserine synthetase; CDP-diacylglycerol-L-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase; cytidine diphosphoglyceride-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diglyceride-L-serine phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diglyceride:serine phosphatidyltransferase; cytidine 50 -diphospho1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:L-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diacylglycerol:L-serine 3-Ophosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol:L-serine 3-sn-phosphatidyltransferase
[1206, 1758]
[EC 2.7.8.8 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.8.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
References:
phosphomannan mannosephosphotransferase
GDP-mannose + (phosphomannan)n = GMP + (phosphomannan)n+1
GDP-mannose:phosphomannan mannose phosphotransferase
[261]
[EC 2.7.8.9 created 1972]
EC 2.7.8.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
sphingosine cholinephosphotransferase
CDP-choline + sphingosine = CMP + sphingosyl-phosphocholine
CDP-choline-sphingosine cholinephosphotransferase; phosphorylcholine-sphingosine transferase; cytidine diphosphocholine-sphingosine cholinephosphotransferase; sphingosine choline phosphotransferase
CDP-choline:sphingosine cholinephosphotransferase
[628]
[EC 2.7.8.10 created 1972, modified 1976]
EC 2.7.8.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-diacylglycerol—inositol 3-phosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol + myo-inositol = CMP + phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol
CDP-diglyceride-inositol phosphatidyltransferase; phosphatidylinositol synthase; CDPdiacylglycerol-inositol phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diglyceride:inositol transferase; cytidine 50 -diphospho-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol:myo-inositol 3-phosphatidyltransferase; CDPDG:inositol transferase; cytidine diphosphodiglyceride-inositol phosphatidyltransferase; CDPdiacylglycerol:myo-inositol-3-phosphatidyltransferase; CDP-diglyceride-inositol transferase; cytidine
diphosphoglyceride-inositol phosphatidyltransferase; cytidine diphosphoglyceride-inositol transferase
CDP-diacylglycerol:myo-inositol 3-phosphatidyltransferase
[222, 1743, 1916, 2210]
[EC 2.7.8.11 created 1972, modified 1976]
276
EC 2.7.8.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-glycerol glycerophosphotransferase
CDP-glycerol + (glycerophosphate)n = CMP + (glycerophosphate)n+1
teichoic-acid synthase; cytidine diphosphoglycerol glycerophosphotransferase; poly(glycerol phosphate) polymerase; teichoic acid glycerol transferase; glycerophosphate synthetase; CGPTase
CDP-glycerol:poly(glycerophosphate) glycerophosphotransferase
[284]
[EC 2.7.8.12 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.7.8.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phospho-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide-transferase
UDP-Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala) + undecaprenyl phosphate = UMP +
Mur2Ac(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala)-diphosphoundecaprenol
MraY transferase; UDP-MurNAc-L-Ala-D-γ-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala:C55 -isoprenoid alcohol transferase; UDP-MurNAc-Ala-γDGlu-Lys-DAla-DAla:undecaprenylphosphate transferase; phospho-Nacetylmuramoyl pentapeptide translocase; phospho-MurNAc-pentapeptide transferase; phospho-NAcmuramoyl-pentapeptide translocase (UMP); phosphoacetylmuramoylpentapeptide translocase; phosphoacetylmuramoylpentapeptidetransferase
UDP-MurAc(oyl-L-Ala-γ-D-Glu-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala):undecaprenyl-phosphate phospho-Nacetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide-transferase
In Gram-negative and some Gram-positive organisms the L-lysine is replaced by meso-2,6diaminoheptanedioate (meso-2,6-diaminopimelate, A2pm), which is combined with adjacent residues
through its L-centre. The undecaprenol involved is ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol (for definitions, click
here).
[855, 862, 2159, 2324]
[EC 2.7.8.13 created 1972, modified 2002]
EC 2.7.8.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
CDP-ribitol ribitolphosphotransferase
CDP-ribitol + (ribitol phosphate)n = CMP + (ribitol phosphate)n+1
teichoic-acid synthase; polyribitol phosphate synthetase; teichoate synthetase; poly(ribitol phosphate)
synthetase; polyribitol phosphate polymerase; teichoate synthase
CDP-ribitol:poly(ribitol phosphate) ribitolphosphotransferase
[953]
[EC 2.7.8.14 created 1972 as EC 2.4.1.55, transferred 1982 to EC 2.7.8.14]
EC 2.7.8.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine—dolichyl-phosphate N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + dolichyl phosphate = UMP + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyldiphosphodolichol
UDP-D-N-acetylglucosamine N-acetylglucosamine 1-phosphate transferase; UDP-GlcNAc:dolichylphosphate GlcNAc-1-phosphate transferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:dolichol phosphate
N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate transferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-dolichyl
phosphate acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; chitobiosylpyrophosphoryldolichol synthase;
dolichol phosphate N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; UDP-acetylglucosamine-dolichol
phosphate acetylglucosamine phosphotransferase; UDP-acetylglucosamine-dolichol phosphate
acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:dolichyl-phosphate N-acetyl-D-glucosaminephosphotransferase
[1997, 2354]
[EC 2.7.8.15 created 1983]
277
[2.7.8.16
Deleted entry. 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerol choline phosphotransferase. Now included with EC 2.7.8.2 diacylglycerol
cholinephosphotransferase]
[EC 2.7.8.16 created 1983, deleted 1986]
EC 2.7.8.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine—lysosomal-enzyme N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + lysosomal-enzyme D-mannose = UMP + lysosomal-enzyme Nacetyl-D-glucosaminyl-phospho-D-mannose
N-acetylglucosaminylphosphotransferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal enzyme Nacetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; UDP-GlcNAc:glycoprotein N-acetylglucosamine1-phosphotransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-lysosomal enzyme precursor
acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine-glycoprotein
acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; lysosomal enzyme precursor acetylglucosamine-1phosphotransferase; N-acetylglucosaminyl phosphotransferase; UDP-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal
enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; UDP-GlcNAc:lysosomal enzyme
N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:glycoprotein Nacetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase; UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:glycoprotein Nacetylglucosaminyl-1-phosphotransferase
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:lysosomal-enzyme N-acetylglucosaminephosphotransferase
Some other glycoproteins with high-mannose can act as acceptors, but much more slowly than lysosomal enzymes.
[1820, 1819, 2378, 2379]
[EC 2.7.8.17 created 1984]
EC 2.7.8.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-galactose—UDP-N-acetylglucosamine galactose phosphotransferase
UDP-galactose + UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine = UMP + UDP-N-acetyl-6-(D-galactose-1-phospho)D -glucosamine
uridine diphosphogalactose-uridine diphosphoacetylglucosamine galactose-1-phosphotransferase;
galactose-1-phosphotransferase; galactosyl phosphotransferase
UDP-galactose:UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine galactose phosphotransferase
N-Acetylglucosamine end-groups in glycoproteins can also act as acceptors.
[1529]
[EC 2.7.8.18 created 1986]
EC 2.7.8.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
UDP-glucose—glycoprotein glucose phosphotransferase
UDP-glucose + glycoprotein D-mannose = UMP + glycoprotein 6-(D-glucose-1-phospho)-D-mannose
UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucose-1-phosphotransferase; GlcPTase; Glc-phosphotransferase; uridine
diphosphoglucose-glycoprotein glucose-1-phosphotransferase
UDP-glucose:glycoprotein-D-mannose glucosephosphotransferase
Penultimate mannose residues on oligo-mannose type glycoproteins can act as acceptors.
[1146]
[EC 2.7.8.19 created 1986]
EC 2.7.8.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
phosphatidylglycerol—membrane-oligosaccharide glycerophosphotransferase
phosphatidylglycerol + membrane-derived-oligosaccharide D-glucose = 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol +
membrane-derived-oligosaccharide 6-(glycerophospho)-D-glucose
278
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoglycerol transferase; oligosaccharide glycerophosphotransferase; phosphoglycerol transferase
I
phosphatidylglycerol:membrane-derived-oligosaccharide-D-glucose glycerophosphotransferase
1,2-β- and 1,6-β-linked glucose residues in membrane polysaccharides and in synthetic glucosides
can act as acceptors.
[970]
[EC 2.7.8.20 created 1986]
EC 2.7.8.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
membrane-oligosaccharide glycerophosphotransferase
Transfer of a glycerophospho group from one membrane-derived oligosaccharide to another
periplasmic phosphoglycerotransferase; phosphoglycerol cyclase
membrane-derived-oligosaccharide-6-(glycerophospho)-D-glucose:membrane-derivedoligosaccharide-D-glucose glycerophosphotransferase
β-Linked glucose residues in simple glucosides, such as gentiobiose, can act as acceptors. In the presence of low concentrations of acceptor, free cyclic 1,2-phosphoglycerol is formed.
[700]
[EC 2.7.8.21 created 1986]
EC 2.7.8.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
1-alkenyl-2-acylglycerol choline phosphotransferase
CDP-choline + 1-alkenyl-2-acylglycerol = CMP + plasmenylcholine
CDP-choline-1-alkenyl-2-acyl-glycerol phosphocholinetransferase
CDP-choline:1-alkenyl-2-acylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase
[2463]
[EC 2.7.8.22 created 1990]
EC 2.7.8.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase
1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate = 3-(hydrohydroxyphosphoryl)pyruvate + CO2
1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase (decarboxylating)
Catalyses the transfer and decarboxylation of the carboxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl group, HOOCP(O)(OH)- (phosphoryl being a 3-valent group), in the formation of an unusual C-P bond that is involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic bialaphos.
[1720, 53]
[EC 2.7.8.23 created 1999]
EC 2.7.8.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphatidylcholine synthase
CDP-diacylglycerol + choline = CMP + phosphatidylcholine
CDP-diglyceride-choline O-phosphatidyltransferase
CDP-diacylglycerol:choline O-phosphatidyltransferase
Requires divalent cations, with Mn2+ being more effective than Mg2+ .
[449, 2087]
[EC 2.7.8.24 created 2001]
EC 2.7.8.25
279
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
triphosphoribosyl-dephospho-CoA synthase
ATP + 30 -dephospho-CoA = 20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA + adenine
20 -(500 -triphosphoribosyl)-3-dephospho-CoA synthase; ATP:dephospho-CoA 5-triphosphoribosyl
transferase; CitG; ATP:dephospho-CoA 50 -triphosphoribosyl transferase; MdcB; ATP:3-dephosphoCoA 500 -triphosphoribosyltransferase; MadG
ATP:30 -dephospho-CoA 5-triphosphoribosyltransferase
ATP cannot be replaced by GTP, CTP, UTP, ADP or AMP. The reaction involves the formation of a
new α (100 →20 ) glycosidic bond between the two ribosyl moieties, with concomitant displacement of
the adenine moiety of ATP [1959, 882]. The 20 -(5-triphosphoribosyl)-30 -dephospho-CoA produced
can be transferred by EC 2.7.7.61, citrate lyase holo-[acyl-carrier protein] synthase, to the apo-acylcarrier protein subunit (γ-subunit) of EC 4.1.3.6, citrate (pro-3S) lyase, thus converting it from an apoenzyme into a holo-enzyme [1959, 1961]. Alternatively, it can be transferred to the apo-ACP subunit
of malonate decarboxylase by the action of EC 2.7.7.66, malonate decarboxylase holo-[acyl-carrier
protein] synthase [882].
[1959, 1960, 1961, 882]
[EC 2.7.8.25 created 2002, modified 2008]
EC 2.7.8.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
adenosylcobinamide-GDP ribazoletransferase
(1) adenosylcobinamide-GDP + α-ribazole = GMP + adenosylcobalamin
(2) adenosylcobinamide-GDP + α-ribazole 50 -phosphate = GMP + adenosylcobalamin 50 -phosphate
CobS; cobalamin synthase; cobalamin-50 -phosphate synthase; cobalamin (50 -phosphate) synthase
adenosylcobinamide-GDP:α-ribazole ribazoletransferase
In Salmonella typhimurium LT2, under anaerobic conditions, CobU (EC 2.7.7.62 and EC 2.7.1.156),
CobT (EC 2.4.2.21), CobC (EC 3.1.3.73) and CobS (EC 2.7.8.26) catalyse reactions in the nucleotide loop assembly pathway, which convert adenosylcobinamide (AdoCbi) into adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl). CobT and CobC are involved in 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole activation whereby 5,6dimethylbenzimidazole is converted to its riboside, α-ribazole. The second branch of the nucleotide
loop assembly pathway is the cobinamide activation branch where AdoCbi or adenosylcobinamidephosphate is converted to the activated intermediate AdoCbi-GDP by the bifunctional enzyme Cob
U. CobS catalyses the final step in adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis, which is the condensation of
AdoCbi-GDP with α-ribazole to yield adenosylcobalamin.
[1339, 2420, 306]
[EC 2.7.8.26 created 2004]
EC 2.7.8.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
sphingomyelin synthase
a ceramide + a phosphatidylcholine = a sphingomyelin + a 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol
SM synthase; SMS1; SMS2
ceramide:phosphatidylcholine cholinephosphotransferase
The reaction can occur in both directions [914]. This enzyme occupies a central position in sphingolipid and glycerophospholipid metabolism [2196]. Up- and down-regulation of its activity has been
linked to mitogenic and pro-apoptotic signalling in a variety of mammalian cell types [2196]. Unlike
EC 2.7.8.3, ceramide cholinephosphotransferase, CDP-choline cannot replace phosphatidylcholine as
the donor of the phosphocholine moiety of sphingomyelin [2360].
[2302, 2360, 914, 2196, 2523]
[EC 2.7.8.27 created 2006]
EC 2.7.8.28
Accepted name:
2-phospho-L-lactate transferase
280
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
(2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-50 -guanosine + 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin = guanosine 50 phosphate + coenzyme F420 -0
LPPG:Fo 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase; LPPG:7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin 2phospho-L-lactate transferase; MJ1256, lactyl-2-diphospho-(50 )guanosine:Fo 2-phospho-L-lactate
transferase; CofD
(2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-50 -guanosine:7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin 2-phospho-Llactate transferase
This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme F420 , a redox-active cofactor found in all
methanogenic archaea, as well as some eubacteria.
[725, 599]
[EC 2.7.8.28 created 2010]
EC 2.7.9 Phosphotransferases with paired acceptors
EC 2.7.9.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
pyruvate, phosphate dikinase
ATP + pyruvate + phosphate = AMP + phosphoenolpyruvate + diphosphate
pyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase; pyruvate-phosphate dikinase (phosphorylating); pyruvate, phosphate dikinase; pyruvate-inorganic phosphate dikinase; pyruvate-phosphate dikinase; pyruvatephosphate ligase; pyruvic-phosphate dikinase; pyruvic-phosphate ligase; pyruvate, Pi dikinase; PPDK
ATP:pyruvate, phosphate phosphotransferase
[803, 1807, 1808, 1810]
[EC 2.7.9.1 created 1972]
EC 2.7.9.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
pyruvate, water dikinase
ATP + pyruvate + H2 O = AMP + phosphoenolpyruvate + phosphate
phosphoenolpyruvate synthase; pyruvate-water dikinase (phosphorylating); PEP synthetase; phosphoenolpyruvate synthase; phoephoenolpyruvate synthetase; phosphoenolpyruvic synthase; phosphopyruvate synthetase
ATP:pyruvate, water phosphotransferase
A manganese protein.
[188, 189, 394, 395]
[EC 2.7.9.2 created 1976]
EC 2.7.9.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
selenide, water dikinase
ATP + selenide + H2 O = AMP + selenophosphate + phosphate
selenophosphate synthase
ATP:selenide, water phosphotransferase
Mg2+ -dependent enzyme identified in Escherichia coli
[2342]
[EC 2.7.9.3 created 1999]
EC 2.7.9.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
α-glucan, water dikinase
ATP + α-glucan + H2 O = AMP + phospho-α-glucan + phosphate
starch-related R1 protein, GWD
281
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ATP:α-glucan, water phosphotransferase
Requires Mg2+ . ATP appears to be the only phosphate donor. No activity could be detected using
GTP, UTP, phosphoenolpyruvate or diphosphate [1834]. The protein phosphorylates glucans exclusively on O-6 of glucosyl residues [1833]. The protein phosphorylates itself with the β-phosphate of
ATP, which is then transferred to the glucan [1834].
[1834, 1833]
[EC 2.7.9.4 created 2002]
EC 2.7.9.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphoglucan, water dikinase
ATP + [phospho-α-glucan] + H2 O = AMP + O-phospho-[phospho-α-glucan] + phosphate
PWD; OK1
ATP:phospho-α-glucan, water phosphotransferase
The enzyme phosphorylates granular starch that has previously been phosphorylated by EC 2.7.9.4,
α-glucan, water dikinase; there is no activity with unphosphorylated glucans. It transfers the βphosphate of ATP to the phosphoglucan, whereas the γ-phosphate is transferred to water [1150]. In
contrast to EC 2.7.9.4, which phosphorylates glucose groups in glucans on O-6, this enzyme phosphorylates glucose groups in phosphorylated starch on O-3 [1833]. The protein phosphorylates itself with
the β-phosphate of ATP, which is then transferred to the glucan [1150].
[1150, 1833]
[EC 2.7.9.5 created 2005]
EC 2.7.10 Protein-tyrosine kinases
EC 2.7.10.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
receptor protein-tyrosine kinase
ATP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine = ADP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine phosphate
AATK; AATYK; AATYK2; AATYK3; ACH; ALK; anaplastic lymphoma kinase; ARK; ATP:proteintyrosine O-phosphotransferase (ambiguous); AXL; Bek; Bfgfr; BRT; Bsk; C-FMS; CAK; CCK4;
CD115; CD135; CDw135; Cek1; Cek10; Cek11; Cek2; Cek3; Cek5; Cek6; Cek7; CFD1; CKIT;
CSF1R; DAlk; DDR1; DDR2; Dek; DKFZp434C1418; Drosophila Eph kinase; DRT; DTK; Ebk;
ECK; EDDR1; Eek; EGFR; Ehk2; Ehk3; Elk; EPH; EPHA1; EPHA2; EPHA6; EPHA7; EPHA8;
EPHB1; EPHB2; EPHB3; EPHB4; EphB5; ephrin-B3 receptor tyrosine kinase; EPHT; EPHT2;
EPHT3; EPHX; ERBB; ERBB1; ERBB2; ERBB3; ERBB4; ERK; Eyk; FGFR1; FGFR2; FGFR3;
FGFR4; FLG; FLK1; FLK2; FLT1; FLT2; FLT3; FLT4; FMS; Fv2; HBGFR; HEK11; HEK2; HEK3;
HEK5; HEK6; HEP; HER2; HER3; HER4; HGFR; HSCR1; HTK; IGF1R; INSR; INSRR; insulin
receptor protein-tyrosine kinase; IR; IRR; JTK12; JTK13; JTK14; JWS; K-SAM; KDR; KGFR;
KIA0641; KIAA1079; KIAA1459; Kil; Kin15; Kin16; KIT; KLG; LTK; MCF3; Mdk1; Mdk2; Mdk5;
MEhk1; MEN2A/B; Mep; MER; MERTK; MET; Mlk1; Mlk2; Mrk; MST1R; MTC1; MUSK; Myk1;
N-SAM; NEP; NET; Neu; neurite outgrowth regulating kinase; NGL; NOK; nork; novel oncogene
with kinase-domain; Nsk2; NTRK1; NTRK2; NTRK3; NTRK4; NTRKR1; NTRKR2; NTRKR3;
Nuk; NYK; PCL; PDGFR; PDGFRA; PDGFRB; PHB6; protein-tyrosine kinase (ambiguous); protein tyrosine kinase (ambiguous); PTK; PTK3; PTK7; receptor protein tyrosine kinase; RET; RON;
ROR1; ROR2; ROS1; RSE; RTK; RYK; SEA; Sek2; Sek3; Sek4; Sfr; SKY; STK; STK1; TEK; TIE;
TIE1; TIE2; TIF; TKT; TRK; TRKA; TRKB; TRKC; TRKE; TYK1; TYRO10; Tyro11; TYRO3;
Tyro5; Tyro6; TYRO7; UFO; VEGFR1; VEGFR2; VEGFR3; Vik; YK1; Yrk
ATP:[protein]-L-tyrosine O-phosphotransferase (receptor-type)
The receptor protein-tyrosine kinases, which can be defined as having a transmembrane domain,
are a large and diverse multigene family found only in Metazoans [1844]. In the human genome, 58
receptor-type protein-tyrosine kinases have been identified and these are distributed into 20 subfamilies.
[1844, 962, 1297]
282
[EC 2.7.10.1 created 1984 as EC 2.7.1.112, part-transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.10.1]
EC 2.7.10.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
non-specific protein-tyrosine kinase
ATP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine = ADP + a [protein]-L-tyrosine phosphate
ABL; ABL1; ABL2; ABLL; ACK1; ACK2; AGMX1; ARG; ATK; ATP:protein-tyrosine Ophosphotransferase (ambiguous); BLK; Bmk; BMX; BRK; Bruton’s tyrosine kinase; Bsk; BTK;
BTKL; CAKb; Cdgip; CHK; CSK; CTK; CYL; cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinase; EMT; ETK;
Fadk; FAK; FAK2; FER; Fert1/2; FES; FGR; focal adhesion kinase; FPS; FRK; FYN; HCK; HCTK;
HYL; IMD1; ITK; IYK; JAK1; JAK2; JAK3; Janus kinase 1; Janus kinase 2; Janus kinase 3; JTK1;
JTK9; L-JAK; LCK; LSK; LYN; MATK; Ntk; p60c-src protein tyrosine kinase; PKB; protein-tyrosine
kinase (ambiguous); PSCTK; PSCTK1; PSCTK2; PSCTK4; PSCTK5; PTK2; PTK2B; PTK6; PYK2;
RAFTK; RAK; Rlk; Sik; SLK; SRC; SRC2; SRK; SRM; SRMS; STD; SYK; SYN; Tck; TEC;
TNK1; Tsk; TXK; TYK2; TYK3; YES1; YK2; ZAP70
ATP:[protein]-L-tyrosine O-phosphotransferase (non-specific)
Unlike EC 2.7.10.1, receptor protein-tyrosine kinase, this protein-tyrosine kinase does not have a
transmembrane domain. In the human genome, 32 non-specific protein-tyrosine kinases have been
identified and these can be divided into ten families [1844].
[1844, 1863]
[EC 2.7.10.2 created 1984 as EC 2.7.1.112, part-transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.10.2]
EC 2.7.11 Protein-serine/threonine kinases
EC 2.7.11.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
A-kinase; AP50 kinase; ATP-protein transphosphorylase; calcium-dependent protein kinase C;
calcium/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase; cAMP-dependent protein kinase; cAMP-dependent
protein kinase A; casein kinase; casein kinase (phosphorylating); casein kinase 2; casein kinase I;
casein kinase II; cGMP-dependent protein kinase; CK-2; CKI; CKII; cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase; cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A; cyclic monophosphate-dependent protein kinase; cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinase; cyclin-dependent kinase; cytidine 30 ,50 -cyclic
monophosphate-responsive protein kinase; dsk1; glycogen synthase a kinase; glycogen synthase
kinase; HIPK2; Hpr kinase; hydroxyalkyl-protein kinase; hydroxyalkyl-protein kinase; M phasespecific cdc2 kinase; mitogen-activated S6 kinase; p82 kinase; phosphorylase b kinase kinase; PKA;
protein glutamyl kinase; protein kinase (phosphorylating); protein kinase A; protein kinase CK2;
protein kinase p58; protein phosphokinase; protein serine kinase; protein serine-threonine kinase;
protein-aspartyl kinase; protein-cysteine kinase; protein-serine kinase; Prp4 protein kinase; Raf kinase; Raf-1; ribosomal protein S6 kinase II; ribosomal S6 protein kinase; serine kinase; serine protein kinase; serine-specific protein kinase; serine(threonine) protein kinase; serine/threonine protein
kinase; STK32; T-antigen kinase; threonine-specific protein kinase; twitchin kinase; type-2 casein kinase; βIIPKC; ε PKC; Wee 1-like kinase; Wee-kinase; WEE1Hu
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (non-specific)
This is a heterogeneous group of serine/threonine protein kinases that do not have an activating compound and are either non-specific or their specificity has not been analysed to date.
[433, 89, 988, 1205, 2212, 747, 2410]
[EC 2.7.11.1 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005]
EC 2.7.11.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
[pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase
ATP + [pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] = ADP + [pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyltransferring)] phosphate
283
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
PDH kinase; PDHK; PDK; PDK1; PDK2; PDK3; PDK4; pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase; pyruvate
dehydrogenase kinase (phosphorylating); pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase activator protein; STK1
ATP:[pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] phosphotransferase
The enzyme has no activating compound but is specific for its substrate. It is a mitochondrial enzyme
associated with the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex in mammals. Phosphorylation inactivates EC
1.2.4.1, pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring).
[1273, 1802, 2269, 112, 1847]
[EC 2.7.11.2 created 1978 as EC 2.7.1.99, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.2]
EC 2.7.11.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dephospho-[reductase kinase] kinase
ATP + dephospho-[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase = ADP +
[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase
AMP-activated kinase; AMP-activated protein kinase kinase; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase kinase; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase kinase (phosphorylating);
reductase kinase; reductase kinase kinase; STK30
ATP:dephospho-[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase phosphotransferase
The enzyme is activated by AMP and is specific for its substrate. Phosphorylates and activates EC
2.7.11.31, [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase, that has been inactivated by EC
3.1.3.16, phosphoprotein phosphatase.
[162, 938, 163, 375, 1926]
[EC 2.7.11.3 created 1984 as EC 2.7.1.110, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.3]
EC 2.7.11.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] kinase
ATP + [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] = ADP + [3-methyl-2oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] phosphate
BCK; BCKD kinase; BCODH kinase; branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase kinase; branchedchain 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase kinase; branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase kinase; branchedchain oxo acid dehydrogenase kinase (phosphorylating); STK2
ATP:[3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring)] phosphotransferase
The enzyme has no activating compound but is specific for its substrate. It is a mitochondrial enzyme
associated with the branched-chain 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complex. Phosphorylation inactivates
EC 1.2.4.4, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring).
[1673, 2505, 368, 1723]
[EC 2.7.11.4 created 1986 as EC 2.7.1.115, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.4]
EC 2.7.11.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ )] kinase
ATP + [isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ )] = ADP + [isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ )] phosphate
[isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP)] kinase; ICDH kinase/phosphatase; IDH kinase; IDH kinase/phosphatase; IDH-K/P; IDHK/P; isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase (phosphorylating); isocitrate
dehydrogenase kinase/phosphatase; STK3
ATP:[isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ )] phosphotransferase
The enzyme has no activating compound but is specific for its substrate. Phosphorylates and inactivates EC 1.1.1.42, isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+ ).
[1012, 1441, 2059, 1639]
[EC 2.7.11.5 created 1986 as EC 2.7.1.116, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.5]
284
EC 2.7.11.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[tyrosine 3-monooxygenase] kinase
ATP + [tyrosine-3-monooxygenase] = ADP + phospho-[tyrosine-3-monooxygenase]
pheochromocytoma tyrosine hydroxylase-associated kinase; STK4; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase kinase
(phosphorylating)
ATP:[tyrosine-3-monoxygenase] phosphotransferase
The enzyme has no activating compound but is specific for its substrate, with which it co-purifies.
Requires Mg2+ . Activates EC 1.14.16.2, tyrosine 3-monooxygenase, by phosphorylation.
[1707, 1708]
[EC 2.7.11.6 created 1989 as EC 2.7.1.124, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.6]
EC 2.7.11.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
myosin-heavy-chain kinase
ATP + [myosin heavy-chain] = ADP + [myosin heavy-chain] phosphate
ATP:myosin-heavy-chain O-phosphotransferase; calmodulin-dependent myosin heavy chain kinase;
MHCK; MIHC kinase; myosin heavy chain kinase; myosin I heavy-chain kinase; myosin II heavychain kinase; [myosin-heavy-chain] kinase; myosin heavy chain kinase A; STK6
ATP:[myosin heavy-chain] O-phosphotransferase
The enzyme from Dictyostelium sp. (slime moulds) brings about phosphorylation of the heavy chains
of Dictyostelium myosin, inhibiting the actin-activated ATPase activity of the myosin. One threonine
residue in each heavy chain acts as acceptor. While the enzyme from some species is activated by
actin, in other cases Ca2+ /calmodulin are required for activity.
[403, 775, 1831, 1786, 274, 1787, 641, 2184, 523]
[EC 2.7.11.7 created 1990 as EC 2.7.1.129, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.7]
EC 2.7.11.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Fas-activated serine/threonine kinase
ATP + [Fas-activated serine/threonine protein] = ADP + [Fas-activated serine/threonine phosphoprotein]
FAST; FASTK; STK10
ATP:[Fas-activated serine/threonine protein] phosphotransferase
This enzyme is activated during Fas-mediated apoptosis. Following Fas ligation, the enzyme, which
is constitutively phosphorylated, is dephosphorylated, and it is the dephosphorylated form that causes
phosphorylation of TIA-1, a nuclear RNA-binding protein. Phosphorylation of TIA-1 precedes the
onset of DNA fragmentation.
[2258, 1261]
[EC 2.7.11.8 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Goodpasture-antigen-binding protein kinase
ATP + [Goodpasture antigen-binding protein] = ADP + [Goodpasture antigen-binding phosphoprotein]
GPBPK; GPBP kinase; STK11; Goodpasture antigen-binding protein kinase
ATP:[Goodpasture antigen-binding protein] phosphotransferase
This serine/threonine kinase specifically binds to and phosphorylates the N-terminal region of the human Goodpasture antigen, which is located on the α3 chain of collagen IV and is involved in autoimmune disease.
[1792, 1793]
[EC 2.7.11.9 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
285
EC 2.7.11.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
IκB kinase
ATP + [IκB protein] = ADP + [IκB phosphoprotein]
CHUK; IKBKA; IKBKB; IKK; IKK-1; IKK-2; inhibitor of NFκB kinase; inhibitor of NF-κB kinase;
STK12; TANK-binding kinase 1; TBK1
ATP:[IκB protein] phosphotransferase
The enzyme phosphorylates IκB proteins at specific serine residues, which marks them for destruction
via the ubiquitination pathway. Subsequent degradation of the IkB complex (IKK) activates NF-κB, a
translation factor that plays an important role in inflammation, immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis. If the serine residues are replaced by threonine residues, the activity of the enzyme is decreased
considerably.
[1815, 1424, 2562, 2349]
[EC 2.7.11.10 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cAMP-dependent protein kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
PKA; PKA C; protein kinase A; STK22
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (cAMP-dependent)
cAMP is required to activate this enzyme. The inactive holoenzyme of cAMP-dependent protein
kinase is a tetramer composed of two regulatory (R) and two catalytic (C) subunits. cAMP causes
the dissociation of the inactive holoenzyme into a dimer of regulatory subunits bound to four cAMP
molecules and two free monomeric catalytic subunits [i.e. R2C2 + 4 cAMP = R2(cAMP)4 + 2 C].
[2235, 40, 996, 784]
[EC 2.7.11.11 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cGMP-dependent protein kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
30 :50 -cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase; cGMP-dependent protein kinase Iβ; guanosine 30 :50 cyclic monophosphate-dependent protein kinase; PKG; PKG 1α; PKG 1β; PKG II; STK23
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (cGMP-dependent)
CGMP is required to activate this enzyme. The enzyme occurs as a dimer in higher eukaryotes. The
C-terminal region of each polypeptide chain contains the catalytic domain that includes the ATP and
protein substrate binding sites. This domain catalyses the phosphorylation by ATP to specific serine
or threonine residues in protein substrates [1830]. The enzyme also has two allosteric cGMP-binding
sites (sites A and B). Binding of cGMP causes a conformational change that is associated with activation of the kinase [2577].
[679, 1515, 1830, 2577]
[EC 2.7.11.12 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
protein kinase C
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
calcium-dependent protein kinase C; calcium-independent protein kinase C; calcium/phospholipid
dependent protein kinase; cPKCα; cPKCβ; cPKCγ; nPKCδ; nPKCε; nPKC; nPKC; PKC; PKCα;
PKCβ; PKCγ; PKCδ; PKCε; PKCζ; Pkc1p; protein kinase Cε; STK24
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (diacylglycerol-dependent)
286
Comments:
References:
A family of serine- and threonine-specific protein kinases that depend on lipids for activity. They can
be activated by calcium but have a requirement for the second messenger diacylglycerol. Members of
this group of enzymes phosphorylate a wide variety of protein targets and are known to be involved in
diverse cell-signalling pathways. Members of the protein kinase C family also serve as major receptors for phorbol esters, a class of tumour promoters.
[973, 1658, 2315, 1241, 267]
[EC 2.7.11.13 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
rhodopsin kinase
ATP + rhodopsin = ADP + phosphorhodopsin
cone opsin kinase; G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 1; GPCR kinase 1; GRK1; GRK7; opsin kinase;
opsin kinase (phosphorylating); rhodopsin kinase (phosphorylating); RK; STK14
ATP:rhodopsin phosphotransferase
Requires G-protein for activation and therefore belongs to the family of G-protein-dependent receptor kinases (GRKs). Acts on the bleached or activated form of rhodopsin; also phosphorylates the
β-adrenergic receptor, but more slowly. Does not act on casein, histones or phosphvitin. Inhibited
by Zn2+ and digitonin (cf. EC 2.7.11.15, β-adrenergic-receptor kinase and EC 2.7.11.16, G-proteincoupled receptor kinase).
[175, 2018, 1651, 2449, 330, 1084, 344, 2465]
[EC 2.7.11.14 created 1989 as EC 2.7.1.125 (EC 2.7.1.97 created 1978, incorporated 1992), transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.14]
EC 2.7.11.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
β-adrenergic-receptor kinase
ATP + [β-adrenergic receptor] = ADP + phospho-[β-adrenergic receptor]
ATP:β-adrenergic-receptor phosphotransferase; [β-adrenergic-receptor] kinase; β-adrenergic
receptor-specific kinase; β-AR kinase; β-ARK; β-ARK 1; β-ARK 2; β-receptor kinase; GRK2;
GRK3; β-adrenergic-receptor kinase (phosphorylating); β2ARK; βARK1; β-adrenoceptor kinase;
β-adrenoceptor kinase 1; β-adrenoceptor kinase 2; ADRBK1; BARK1; adrenergic receptor kinase;
STK15
ATP:[β-adrenergic receptor] phosphotransferase
Requires G-protein for activation and therefore belongs to the family of G-protein-dependent receptor
kinases (GRKs). Acts on the agonist-occupied form of the receptor; also phosphorylates rhodopsin,
but more slowly. Does not act on casein or histones. The enzyme is inhibited by Zn2+ and digitonin
but is unaffected by cyclic-AMP (cf. EC 2.7.11.14, rhodopsin kinase and EC 2.7.11.16, G-proteincoupled receptor kinase).
[176, 1093, 1210, 571, 2465]
[EC 2.7.11.15 created 1989 as EC 2.7.1.126, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.15]
EC 2.7.11.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
G-protein-coupled receptor kinase
ATP + [G-protein-coupled receptor] = ADP + [G-protein-coupled receptor] phosphate
G protein-coupled receptor kinase; GPCR kinase; GPCRK; GRK4; GRK5; GRK6; STK16
ATP:[G-protein-coupled receptor] phosphotransferase
Requires G-protein for activation and therefore belongs to the family of G-protein-dependent receptor
kinases (GRKs). All members of this enzyme subfamily possess a highly conserved binding site for
1-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. (cf. EC 2.7.11.14, rhodopsin kinase and EC 2.7.11.15, βadrenergic-receptor kinase).
[1182, 1737, 2465]
[EC 2.7.11.16 created 2005]
287
EC 2.7.11.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
ATP:caldesmon O-phosphotransferase; caldesmon kinase; caldesmon kinase (phosphorylating);
Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent
protein kinase 1; Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II; Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein
kinase IV; Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase; Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein
kinase kinase β; calmodulin-dependent kinase II; CaM kinase; CaM kinase II; CAM PKII; CaMregulated serine/threonine kinase; CaMKI; CaMKII; CaMKIV; CaMKKα; CaMKKβ; microtubuleassociated protein 2 kinase; STK20
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent)
Requires calmodulin and Ca2+ for activity. A wide range of proteins can act as acceptor, including vimentin, synapsin, glycogen synthase, myosin light chains and the microtubule-associated tau protein.
Not identical with EC 2.7.11.18 (myosin-light-chain kinase) or EC 2.7.11.26 (tau-protein kinase).
[9, 147, 1973, 41, 1385, 1605, 1831, 963, 706, 1342, 1558, 932]
[EC 2.7.11.17 created 1989 as EC 2.7.1.123, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.17 (EC 2.7.1.120 incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
myosin-light-chain kinase
ATP + [myosin light chain] = ADP + [myosin light chain] phosphate
[myosin-light-chain] kinase; ATP:myosin-light-chain O-phosphotransferase; calcium/calmodulindependent myosin light chain kinase; MLCK; MLCKase; myosin kinase; myosin light chain kinase;
myosin light chain protein kinase; myosin light-chain kinase (phosphorylating); smooth-musclemyosin-light-chain kinase; STK18
ATP:[myosin light chain] O-phosphotransferase
Requires Ca2+ and calmodulin for activity. The 20-kDa light chain from smooth muscle myosin is
phosphorylated more rapidly than any other acceptor, but light chains from other myosins and myosin
itself can act as acceptors, but more slowly.
[8, 805, 1710, 1582, 516, 1342, 2077, 2078, 631]
[EC 2.7.11.18 created 1986 as EC 2.7.1.117, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.18]
EC 2.7.11.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
phosphorylase kinase
2 ATP + phosphorylase b = 2 ADP + phosphorylase a
dephosphophosphorylase kinase; glycogen phosphorylase kinase; PHK; phosphorylase b kinase;
phosphorylase B kinase; phosphorylase kinase (phosphorylating); STK17
ATP:phosphorylase-b phosphotransferase
Requires Ca2+ and calmodulin for activity. The enzyme phosphorylates a specific serine residue in
each of the subunits of the dimeric phosphorylase b. For muscle phosphorylase but not liver phosphorylase, this is accompanied by a further dimerization to form a tetrameric phosphorylase. The enzyme
couples muscle contraction with energy production via glycogenolysis—glycolysis by catalysing the
Ca2+ -dependent phosphorylation and activation of glycogen phosphorylase b [564]. The γ subunit of
the tetrameric enzyme is the catalytic subunit.
[1157, 1158, 1764, 1561, 564, 437, 1306]
[EC 2.7.11.19 created 1961 as EC 2.7.1.38, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.19]
EC 2.7.11.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
elongation factor 2 kinase
ATP + [elongation factor 2] = ADP + [elongation factor 2] phosphate
Ca/CaM-kinase III; calmodulin-dependent protein kinase III; CaM kinase III; eEF2 kinase; eEF2K;
EF2K; STK19
288
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
ATP:[elongation factor 2] phosphotransferase
Requires Ca2+ and calmodulin for activity. The enzyme can also be phosphorylated by the catalytic
subunit of EC 2.7.11.11, cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Elongation factor 2 is phosphorylated in
several cell types in response to various growth factors, hormones and other stimuli that raise intracellular Ca2+ [1447, 869].
[1447, 869, 1118, 1920, 272, 1895]
[EC 2.7.11.20 created 2005]
EC 2.7.11.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
polo kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
Cdc5; Cdc5p; Plk; PLK; Plk1; Plo1; POLO kinase; polo serine-threonine kinase; polo-like kinase;
polo-like kinase 1; serine/threonine-specific Drosophila kinase polo; STK21
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (spindle-pole-dependent)
The enzyme associates with the spindle pole during mitosis and is thought to play an important role
in the dynamic function of the mitotic spindle during chromosome segregation. The human form of
the enzyme, Plk1, does not phosphorylate histone H1, enolase and phosvitin but it can phosphorylate
myelin basic protein and microtubule-associated protein MAP-2, although to a lesser extent than casein [705].
[1285, 705, 1496, 1604]
[EC 2.7.11.21 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cyclin-dependent kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
Bur1; Bur1 Cdk; Cak1; Cak1p; cdc2; cdc2 kinase; Cdc28p; CDK; cdk-activating kinase; Cdkactivating protein kinase; cdk1; cdk2; Cdk2; cdk3; cdk4; cdk5; cdk6; cdk7; cdk8; cdk9; cyclin Aactivated cdc2; cyclin A-activated cdk2; cyclin D-cdk6 kinase; cyclin D-dependent kinase; cyclin E
kinase; cyclin-A associated kinase; cyclin-dependent kinase 6; cyclin-dependent kinase-2; cyclindependent kinase-4; cyclin-dependent protein kinase activating kinase; cyk; D-type cyclin kinase;
nclk; neuronal cdc2-like kinase; PCTAIRE-1; STK25
ATP:cyclin phosphotransferase
Activation of cyclin-dependent kinases requires association of the enzyme with a regulatory subunit
referred to as a cyclin. It is the sequential activation and inactivation of cyclin-dependent kinases,
through the periodic synthesis and destruction of cyclins, that provides the primary means of cellcycle regulation.
[995, 1654, 2533]
[EC 2.7.11.22 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[RNA-polymerase]-subunit kinase
ATP + [DNA-directed RNA polymerase] = ADP + phospho-[DNA-directed RNA polymerase]
CTD kinase; STK9
ATP:[DNA-directed RNA polymerase] phosphotransferase
The enzyme appears to be distinct from other protein kinases. It brings about multiple phosphorylations of the unique C-terminal repeat domain of the largest subunit of eukaryotic DNA-directed RNA
polymerase (EC 2.7.7.6). The enzyme does not phosphorylate casein, phosvitin or histone.
[1217]
[EC 2.7.11.23 created 1992 as EC 2.7.1.141, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.23]
289
EC 2.7.11.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mitogen-activated protein kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
c-Jun N-terminal kinase; Dp38; ERK; ERK1; ERK2; extracellular signal-regulated kinase;
JNK; JNK3α1; LeMPK3; MAP kinase; MAP-2 kinase; MAPK; MBP kinase I; MBP kinase II;
microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; microtubule-associated protein kinase; myelin basic protein
kinase; p38δ; p38-2; p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase; p42mapk; PMK-1; PMK-2; PMK-3; pp42;
pp44mapk; p44mpk; SAPK; STK26; stress-activated protein kinase
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (MAPKK-activated)
Phosphorylation of specific tyrosine and threonine residues in the activation loop of this enzyme by
EC 2.7.12.2, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) is necessary for enzyme activation.
Once activated, the enzyme phosphorylates target substrates on serine or threonine residues followed
by a proline [1871]. A distinguishing feature of all MAPKs is the conserved sequence Thr-Xaa-Tyr
(TXY). Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathways are among the most
widespread mechanisms of cellular regulation. Mammalian MAPK pathways can be recruited by a
wide variety of stimuli including hormones (e.g. insulin and growth hormone), mitogens (e.g. epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor), vasoactive peptides (e.g. angiotensin-II and
endothelin), inflammatory cytokines of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family and environmental
stresses such as osmotic shock, ionizing radiation and ischaemic injury.
[1791, 1866, 1982, 2121, 1275, 1871]
[EC 2.7.11.24 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
cMos; cRaf; MAPKKK; MAP3K; MAP kinase kinase kinase; MEKK; MEKK1; MEKK2; MEKK3;
MEK kinase; Mil/Raf; MLK-like mitogen-activated protein triple kinase; MLTK; MLTKa; MLTKb;
REKS; STK28
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (MAPKKKK-activated)
This enzyme phosphorylates and activates its downstream protein kinase, EC 2.7.12.2, mitogenactivated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) but requires MAPKKKK for activation. Some members
of this family can be activated by p21-activated kinases (PAK/STE20) or Ras. While c-Raf and c-Mos
activate the classical MAPK/ERK pathway, MEKK1 and MEKK2 preferentially activate the c-Jun
N-terminal protein kinase(JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway [710]. Mitogenactivated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathways are among the most widespread mechanisms of cellular regulation. Mammalian MAPK pathways can be recruited by a wide variety of
stimuli including hormones (e.g. insulin and growth hormone), mitogens (e.g. epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor), vasoactive peptides (e.g. angiotensin-II and endothelin), inflammatory cytokines of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family and environmental stresses such as
osmotic shock, ionizing radiation and ischaemic injury.
[2409, 710, 2365]
[EC 2.7.11.25 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tau-protein kinase
ATP + [tau-protein] = ADP + O-phospho-[tau-protein]
ATP:tau-protein O-hosphotransferase; brain protein kinase PK40erk; cdk5/p20; CDK5/p23; glycogen
synthase kinase-3β; GSK; protein tau kinase; STK31; tau kinase; [tau-protein] kinase; tau-protein
kinase I; tau-protein kinase II; tau-tubulin kinase; TPK; TPK I; TPK II; TTK
ATP:[tau-protein] O-phosphotransferase
Activated by tubulin. Involved in the formation of paired helical filaments, which are the main fibrous
component of all fibrillary lesions in brain and are associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
[947, 1321, 1429, 54]
290
[EC 2.7.11.26 created 1990 as EC 2.7.1.135, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.27]
EC 2.7.11.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[acetyl-CoA carboxylase] kinase
ATP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] = ADP + [acetyl-CoA carboxylase] phosphate
acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase kinase (phosphorylating); acetyl-CoA carboxylase bound kinase;
acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase; acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase (cAMP-independent); acetyl-CoA
carboxylase kinase 2; acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase-2; acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase-3 (AMPactivated); acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase kinase; ACK2; ACK3; AMPK; I-peptide kinase; STK5
ATP:[acetyl-CoA carboxylase] phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates and inactivates EC 6.4.1.2, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, which can be dephosphorylated
and reactivated by EC 3.1.3.17, [phosphorylase] phosphatase. The enzyme is more active towards
the dimeric form of acetyl-CoA carboxylase than the polymeric form [823]. Phosphorylates serine
residues.
[978, 1243, 1500, 1459, 823]
[EC 2.7.11.27 created 1990 as EC 2.7.1.128 (EC 2.7.1.111 created 1984, incorporated 1992), transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.27]
EC 2.7.11.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tropomyosin kinase
ATP + tropomyosin = ADP + O-phosphotropomyosin
tropomyosin kinase (phosphorylating); STK
ATP:tropomyosin O-phosphotransferase
The enzyme phosphorylates casein equally well, and histone and phosvitin to a lesser extent. The acceptor is a serine residue in the protein.
[454, 1465, 2429]
[EC 2.7.11.28 created 1990 as EC 2.7.1.132, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.28]
EC 2.7.11.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
low-density-lipoprotein receptor kinase
ATP + [low-density-lipoprotein receptor]-L-serine = ADP + [low-density-lipoprotein receptor]-Ophospho-L-serine
ATP:low-density-lipoprotein-L-serine O-phosphotransferase; LDL receptor kinase; [low-densitylipoprotein] kinase; low-density lipoprotein kinase; low-density-lipoprotein receptor kinase (phosphorylating); STK7
ATP:[low-density-lipoprotein receptor]-L-serine O-phosphotransferase
Phosphorylates the last serine residue (Ser-833) in the cytoplasmic domain of the low-density lipoprotein receptor from bovine adrenal cortex. Casein can also act as a substrate but with lower affinity.
GTP can act instead of ATP.
[1102, 1103]
[EC 2.7.11.29 created 1990 as EC 2.7.1.131, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.29]
EC 2.7.11.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
receptor protein serine/threonine kinase
ATP + [receptor-protein] = ADP + [receptor-protein] phosphate
activin receptor kinase; receptor type I serine/threonine protein kinase; receptor type II serine/threonine protein kinase; STK13; TGF-β kinase; receptor serine/threonine protein kinase
ATP:[receptor-protein] phosphotransferase
The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family of cytokines regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, recognition and death. Signalling occurs by the binding of ligand to the type II receptor, which is
the constitutively active kinase. Bound TGF-β is then recognized by receptor I, which is phosphorylated and can propagate the signal to downstream substrates [2497, 444].
291
References:
[2497, 1376, 444]
[EC 2.7.11.30 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.11.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] kinase
ATP + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] = ADP + [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA
reductase (NADPH)] phosphate
AMPK; AMP-activated protein kinase; HMG-CoA reductase kinase; β-hydroxy-β-methylglutarylCoA reductase kinase; [hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH2 )] kinase; 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase; 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase kinase;
hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase kinase; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase
kinase (phosphorylating); hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase kinase; reductase kinase; STK29
ATP:[hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)] phosphotransferase
The enzyme is activated by AMP. EC 1.1.1.34, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH) is
inactivated by the phosphorylation of the enzyme protein. Histones can also act as acceptors. The
enzyme can also phosphorylate hepatic acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC 6.4.1.2) and adipose hormonesensitive lipase (EC 3.1.1.79) [2437]. Thr-172 within the catalytic subunit (α-subunit) is the major
site phosphorylated by the AMP-activated protein kinase kinase [2122]. GTP can act instead of ATP
[572]
[161, 674, 938, 572, 2437, 413, 2122]
[EC 2.7.11.31 created 1984 as EC 2.7.1.109, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.11.31]
EC 2.7.12 Dual-specificity kinases (those acting on Ser/Thr and Tyr residues)
EC 2.7.12.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
dual-specificity kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
ADK1; Arabidopsis dual specificity kinase 1; CLK1; dDYRK2; Mps1p
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (Ser/Thr- and Tyr-phosphorylating)
This family of enzymes can phosphorylate both Ser/Thr and Tyr residues.
[32, 1212, 1420, 1288]
[EC 2.7.12.1 created 2005 (EC 2.7.1.37 part-incorporated 2005)]
EC 2.7.12.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein
MAP kinase kinase; MAP kinase kinase 4; MAP kinase kinase 7; MAP kinase or ERK kinase;
MAP2K; MAPKK; MAPKK1; MEK; MEK1; MEK2; MKK; MKK2; MKK4; MKK6; MKK7;
STK27
ATP:protein phosphotransferase (MAPKKK-activated)
This enzyme is a dual-specific protein kinase and requires mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase
kinase (MAPKKK) for activation. It is required for activation of EC 2.7.11.24, mitogen-activated
protein kinase. Phosphorylation of MEK1 by Raf involves phosphorylation of two serine residues
[1697]. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathways are among the most
widespread mechanisms of cellular regulation. Mammalian MAPK pathways can be recruited by a
wide variety of stimuli including hormones (e.g. insulin and growth hormone), mitogens (e.g. epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor), vasoactive peptides (e.g. angiotensin-II and
endothelin), inflammatory cytokines of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family and environmental
stresses such as osmotic shock, ionizing radiation and ischaemic injury.
[1469, 329, 2500, 28, 1697, 776]
292
[EC 2.7.12.2 created 2005]
EC 2.7.13 Protein-histidine kinases
EC 2.7.13.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-histidine pros-kinase
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N π -phospho-L-histidine
ATP:protein-L-histidine N-pros-phosphotransferase; histidine kinase (ambiguous); histidine protein
kinase (ambiguous); protein histidine kinase (ambiguous); protein kinase (histidine) (ambiguous);
HK2
ATP:protein-L-histidine N π -phosphotransferase
A number of histones can act as acceptor.
[633, 911]
[EC 2.7.13.1 created 1989 as EC 2.7.3.11, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.13.1]
EC 2.7.13.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-histidine tele-kinase
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N τ -phospho-L-histidine
ATP:protein-L-histidine N-tele-phosphotransferase; histidine kinase (ambiguous); histidine protein
kinase (ambiguous); protein histidine kinase (ambiguous); protein kinase (histidine) (ambiguous);
HK3
ATP:protein-L-histidine N τ -phosphotransferase
A number of histones can act as acceptor.
[633, 911]
[EC 2.7.13.2 created 1989 as EC 2.7.3.12, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.13.2]
EC 2.7.13.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
histidine kinase
ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine
EnvZ; histidine kinase (ambiguous); histidine protein kinase (ambiguous); protein histidine kinase
(ambiguous); protein kinase (histidine) (ambiguous); HK1; HP165; Sln1p
ATP:protein-L-histidine N-phosphotransferase
This entry has been included to accommodate those protein-histidine kinases for which the phosphorylation site has not been established (i.e. either the pros- or tele-nitrogen of histidine). A number of
histones can act as acceptor.
[1151, 2547, 165, 1696, 1837]
[EC 2.7.13.3 created 2005]
EC 2.7.99 Other protein kinases
EC 2.7.99.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
triphosphate—protein phosphotransferase
triphosphate + [microsomal-membrane protein] = diphosphate + phospho-[microsomal-membrane
protein]
diphosphate:microsomal-membrane-protein O-phosphotransferase (erroneous); DiPPT (erroneous);
pyrophosphate:protein phosphotransferase (erroneous); diphosphate—protein phosphotransferase
(erroneous); diphosphate:[microsomal-membrane-protein] O-phosphotransferase (erroneous)
triphosphate:[microsomal-membrane-protein] phosphotransferase
293
Comments:
References:
This enzyme was originally thought to use diphosphate as substrate [1200] but this has since been
disproved [2287]. The activity is observed as the second part of a biphasic reaction after depletion of
ATP. Tripolyphosphate is a contaminant of [γ-32 P]ATP.
[1200, 2287]
[EC 2.7.99.1 created 1983 as EC 2.7.1.104, transferred 2005 to EC 2.7.99.1]
EC 2.8 Transferring sulfur-containing groups
This subclass contains enzymes that transfer a sulfur-containing group from a donor to an acceptor. Sub-subclasses are based
on the type of sulfur group transferred: sulfur atoms (sulfurtransferases; EC 2.8.1), sulfate groups (sulfotransferases; EC 2.8.2),
CoA (EC 2.8.3), or alkylthio groups (EC 2.8.4).
EC 2.8.1 Sulfurtransferases
EC 2.8.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiosulfate sulfurtransferase
thiosulfate + cyanide = sulfite + thiocyanate
thiosulfate cyanide transsulfurase; thiosulfate thiotransferase; rhodanese; rhodanase
thiosulfate:cyanide sulfurtransferase
A few other sulfur compounds can act as donors.
[2092, 2093, 2453]
[EC 2.8.1.1 created 1961]
EC 2.8.1.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase
3-mercaptopyruvate + cyanide = pyruvate + thiocyanate
β-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase
3-mercaptopyruvate:cyanide sulfurtransferase
Sulfite, sulfinates, mercaptoethanol and mercaptopyruvate can also act as acceptors. The bacterial
enzyme is a zinc protein.
[575, 922, 2094, 2311, 2320]
[EC 2.8.1.2 created 1961]
EC 2.8.1.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiosulfate—thiol sulfurtransferase
thiosulfate + 2 glutathione = sulfite + glutathione disulfide + sulfide
glutathione-dependent thiosulfate reductase; sulfane reductase; sulfane sulfurtransferase
thiosulfate:thiol sulfurtransferase
The primary product is glutathione hydrodisulfide, which reacts with glutathione to give glutathione
disulfide and sulfide. L-Cysteine can also act as acceptor.
[1679, 2040, 2300]
[EC 2.8.1.3 created 1982]
EC 2.8.1.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
tRNA sulfurtransferase
L -cysteine + ‘activated’ tRNA = L -serine + tRNA containing a thionucleotide
294
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
transfer ribonucleate sulfurtransferase; RNA sulfurtransferase; ribonucleate sulfurtransferase; transfer
RNA sulfurtransferase; transfer RNA thiolase
L -cysteine:tRNA sulfurtransferase
A group of enzymes transferring sulfur to various nucleotides in a tRNA chain, producing residues
such as 4-thiouridylate. With some enzymes mercaptopyruvate can act as sulfur donor.
[4, 813, 1274, 2492]
[EC 2.8.1.4 created 1984]
EC 2.8.1.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiosulfate—dithiol sulfurtransferase
thiosulfate + dithioerythritol = sulfite + 4,5-cis-dihydroxy-1,2-dithiacyclohexane (i.e. oxidized dithioerythritol) + sulfide
thiosulfate reductase; TSR
thiosulfate:dithioerythritol sulfurtransferase
The enzyme from Chlorella shows very little activity towards monothiols such as glutathione and cysteine (cf. EC 2.8.1.3 thiosulfate—thiolsulfurtransferase). The enzyme probably transfers the sulfur
atom onto one thiol group to form -S-S-, and sulfide is spontaneously expelled from this by reaction
with the other thiol group. May be identical with EC 2.8.1.1 thiosulfate sulfurtransferase.
[1955]
[EC 2.8.1.5 created 1989, modified 1999]
EC 2.8.1.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
biotin synthase
dethiobiotin + sulfur + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine = biotin + 2 L-methionine + 2 50 -deoxyadenosine
dethiobiotin:sulfur sulfurtransferase
This single-turnover enzyme is a member of the ‘AdoMet radical ‘ (radical SAM) family, all members of which produce the 50 -deoxyadenosin-50 -yl radical and methionine from AdoMet [i.e. Sadenosylmethionine, or S-(50 -deoxyadenosin-50 -yl)methionine], by the addition of an electron from
an iron-sulfur centre. The enzyme has both a [2Fe-2S] and a [4Fe-4S] centre, and the latter is believed to donate the electron. Two molecules of AdoMet are converted into radicals; these activate
positions 6 and 9 of dethiobiotin by abstracting a hydrogen atom from each, and thereby forming
50 -deoxyadenosine. Sulfur insertion into dethiobiotin at C-6 takes place with retention of configuration [2271]. The sulfur donor has not been identified to date — it is neither elemental sulfur nor from
AdoMet, but it may be from the [2Fe-2S] centre [1303].
[2032, 2573, 2271, 1303, 187, 2299]
[EC 2.8.1.6 created 1999, modified 2006]
EC 2.8.1.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cysteine desulfurase
L -cysteine + [enzyme]-cysteine = L -alanine + [enzyme]-S-sulfanylcysteine
IscS; NIFS; NifS; SufS; cysteine desulfurylase
L -cysteine:[enzyme cysteine] sulfurtransferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein. The reaction shown is the first part of a catalytic reaction, which is
completed by passing on its extra sulfur to other acceptors. In Azotobacter vinelandii, this sulfur provides the inorganic sulfide required for nitrogenous metallocluster formation [2580]. The enzyme is
involved in the biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters, thio-nucleosides in tRNA, thiamine, biotin, lipoate
and pyranopterin (molybdopterin) and functions by mobilizing sulfur [1432].
[2580, 1432, 606]
[EC 2.8.1.7 created 2003]
295
EC 2.8.1.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
lipoyl synthase
protein N 6 -(octanoyl)lysine + 2 sulfur + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine = protein N 6 -(lipoyl)lysine + 2
L -methionine + 2 50 -deoxyadenosine
LS; LipA; lipoate synthase; protein 6-N-(octanoyl)lysine:sulfur sulfurtransferase
protein N 6 -(octanoyl)lysine:sulfur sulfurtransferase
This enzyme is a member of the ‘AdoMet radical’ (radical SAM) family, all members of which produce the 50 -deoxyadenosin-50 -yl radical and methionine from AdoMet [i.e. S-adenosylmethionine,
or S-(50 -deoxyadenosin-50 -yl)methionine], by the addition of an electron from an iron-sulfur centre.
The radical is converted into 50 -deoxyadenosine when it abstracts a hydrogen atom from C-6 and C-8,
leaving reactive radicals at these positions so that they can add sulfur, with inversion of configuration
[372]. This enzyme catalyses the final step in the de-novo biosynthesis of the lipoyl cofactor, with
the other enzyme involved being EC 2.3.1.181, lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase. Lipoylation is essential
for the function of several key enzymes involved in oxidative metabolism, as it converts apoprotein
into the biologically active holoprotein. Examples of such lipoylated proteins include pyruvate dehydrogenase (E2 domain), 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (E2 domain), the branched-chain 2-oxoacid
dehydrogenases and the glycine cleavage system (H protein) [236, 2179]. An alternative lipoylation
pathway involves EC 2.7.7.63, lipoate—protein ligase, which can lipoylate apoproteins using exogenous lipoic acid (or its analogues) [1686].
[371, 236, 2579, 372, 2179, 1439, 1686]
[EC 2.8.1.8 created 2006]
EC 2.8.2 Sulfotransferases
EC 2.8.2.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aryl sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a phenol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + an aryl sulfate
phenol sulfotransferase; sulfokinase; 1-naphthol phenol sulfotransferase; 2-naphtholsulfotransferase;
4-nitrocatechol sulfokinase; arylsulfotransferase; dopamine sulfotransferase; p-nitrophenol sulfotransferase; phenol sulfokinase; ritodrine sulfotransferase; PST
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:phenol sulfotransferase
A number of aromatic compounds can act as acceptors. Organic hydroxylamines are not substrates
(cf. EC 2.8.2.9 tyrosine-ester sulfotransferase).
[1856, 1983]
[EC 2.8.2.1 created 1961, modified 1980]
EC 2.8.2.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
alcohol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + an alcohol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + an alkyl sulfate
hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase; 3β-hydroxy steroid sulfotransferase; ∆5 -3β-hydroxysteroid sulfokinase; 3β-hydroxy steroid sulfotransferase; 3-hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase; HST; 5α-androstenol
sulfotransferase; cholesterol sulfotransferase; dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase; estrogen sulfokinase; estrogen sulfotransferase; steroid alcohol sulfotransferase; steroid sulfokinase; steroid sulfotransferase; sterol sulfokinase; sterol sulfotransferase; alcohol/hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase; 3βhydroxysteroid sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:alcohol sulfotransferase
Primary and secondary alcohols, including aliphatic alcohols, ascorbic acid, chloramphenicol,
ephedrine and hydroxysteroids, but not phenolic steroids, can act as acceptors (cf. EC 2.8.2.15 steroid
sulfotransferase).
[1326, 1327]
296
[EC 2.8.2.2 created 1961, modified 1980]
EC 2.8.2.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
amine sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + an amine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + a sulfamate
arylamine sulfotransferase; amine N-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:amine N-sulfotransferase
A large number of primary and secondary amines can act as acceptors, including aniline, 2naphthylamine, cyclohexylamine and octylamine.
[1767, 1876]
[EC 2.8.2.3 created 1965]
EC 2.8.2.4
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
estrone sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + estrone = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + estrone 3-sulfate
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate-estrone 3-sulfotransferase; estrogen sulfotransferase; estrogen sulphotransferase; oestrogen sulphotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenylylsulfate:oestrone sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:estrone 3-sulfotransferase
[7, 1878, 5]
[EC 2.8.2.4 created 1965]
EC 2.8.2.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + chondroitin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + chondroitin 40 -sulfate
chondroitin sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:chondroitin 40 -sulfotransferase
The sulfation takes place at the 4-position of N-acetyl-galactosamine residues of chondroitin. Not
identical with EC 2.8.2.17 chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase.
[766, 1529, 1530, 2175, 2176, 2177]
[EC 2.8.2.5 created 1965, modified 1986]
EC 2.8.2.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
choline sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + choline = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + choline sulfate
choline sulphokinase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:choline sulfotransferase
[1630]
[EC 2.8.2.6 created 1972]
EC 2.8.2.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate = adenosine 30 ,50 bisphosphate + UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4,6-bissulfate
uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate sulfotransferase; uridine diphospho-Nacetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate sulfotransferase; uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-4-sulfate 6-sulfotransferase
[788]
297
[EC 2.8.2.7 created 1972]
EC 2.8.2.8
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine N-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-N-sulfoglucosamine
heparin N-sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenylylsulfate:N-desulfoheparin sulfotransferase; PAPS:Ndesulfoheparin sulfotransferase; PAPS:DSH sulfotransferase; N-HSST; N-heparan sulfate sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate 2-N-sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate N-sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate sulfotransferase; N-desulfoheparin sulfotransferase;
desulfoheparin sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:N-desulfoheparin N-sulfotransferase;
heparitin sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:heparitin N-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine N-sulfotransferase
The enzyme also catalyses the sulfation of chondroitin 4-sulfate and dermatan sulfate, but to a much
more limited extent.
[2178, 531, 994]
[EC 2.8.2.8 created 1972, modified 2001 (EC 2.8.2.12 created 1972, incorporated 2001)]
EC 2.8.2.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
tyrosine-ester sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + L-tyrosine methyl ester = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + L-tyrosine
methyl ester 4-sulfate
aryl sulfotransferase IV; L-tyrosine methyl ester sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:L-tyrosine-methyl-ester sulfotransferase
Phenols and organic hydroxylamines can act as acceptors (cf. EC 2.8.2.1 aryl sulfotransferase).
[501, 1387, 1984]
[EC 2.8.2.9 created 1972, deleted 1980, reinstated 1984]
EC 2.8.2.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
Renilla-luciferin sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + Renilla luciferin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + luciferyl sulfate
luciferin sulfotransferase; luciferin sulfokinase; luciferin sulfokinase (30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate:luciferin sulfotransferase)
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:Renilla luciferin sulfotransferase
The product may be identical with Watasenia luciferin.
[401]
[EC 2.8.2.10 created 1972, modified 1982]
EC 2.8.2.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
galactosylceramide sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a galactosylceramide = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + a galactosylceramidesulfate
GSase; 30 -phosphoadenosine-50 -phosphosulfate-cerebroside sulfotransferase; galactocerebroside sulfotransferase; galactolipid sulfotransferase; glycolipid sulfotransferase; glycosphingolipid sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:galactosylceramide 30 -sulfotransferase
Also acts on lactosylceramide.
[1406, 1912]
[EC 2.8.2.11 created 1972, modified 1976]
298
[2.8.2.12
Deleted entry. heparitin sulfotransferase. Enzyme identical to EC 2.8.2.8, [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine Nsulfotransferase]
[EC 2.8.2.12 created 1972, deleted 2001]
EC 2.8.2.13
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
psychosine sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + galactosylsphingosine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + psychosine sulfate
PAPS:psychosine sulphotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate-psychosine sulphotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:galactosylsphingosine sulfotransferase
[1583]
[EC 2.8.2.13 created 1976]
EC 2.8.2.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
bile-salt sulfotransferase
(1) 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + glycolithocholate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + glycolithocholate
3-sulfate
(2) 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + taurolithocholate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + taurolithocholate
sulfate
BAST I; bile acid:30 -phosphoadenosine-50 -phosphosulfate sulfotransferase; bile
salt:30 phosphoadenosine-50 -phosphosulfate:sulfotransferase; bile acid sulfotransferase I; glycolithocholate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:glycolithocholate sulfotransferase
The formation of sulfate esters of bile acids is an essential step in the prevention of toxicity by monohydroxy bile acids in many species [123]. This enzyme is both a bile salt and a 3-hydroxysteroid
sulfotransferase. In addition to the 5β-bile acid glycolithocholate, deoxycholate, 3β-hydroxy-5cholenoate and dehydroepiandrosterone (3β-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-one) also act as substrates
[see also EC 2.8.2.2 (alcohol sulfotransferase) and EC 2.8.2.34 (glycochenodeoxycholate sulfotransferase)]. May be identical to EC 2.8.2.2 [123].
[349, 125, 123, 1891]
[EC 2.8.2.14 created 1978, modified 2005]
EC 2.8.2.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
steroid sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a phenolic steroid = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + steroid O-sulfate
steroid alcohol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:phenolic-steroid sulfotransferase
Broad specificity resembling EC 2.8.2.2 alcohol sulfotransferase, but also acts on estrone.
[6]
[EC 2.8.2.15 created 1984]
EC 2.8.2.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
thiol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + a thiol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + an S-alkyl thiosulfate
phosphoadenylylsulfate-thiol sulfotransferase; PAPS sulfotransferase; adenosine 30 -phosphate 50 sulphatophosphate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:thiol S-sulfotransferase
Also acts on dithiols; substrates include glutathione, dithioerythritol and 2,3-mercaptopropanol.
[1953, 1954, 2280]
299
[EC 2.8.2.16 created 1984]
EC 2.8.2.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + chondroitin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + chondroitin 60 -sulfate
chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate (PAPS):chondroitin sulfate
sulfotransferase; terminal 6-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:chondroitin 60 -sulfotransferase
The sulfation is at the 6-position of N-acetylgalactosamine residues of chondroitin. Not identical with
EC 2.8.2.5 chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase.
[766]
[EC 2.8.2.17 created 1986]
EC 2.8.2.18
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
cortisol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + cortisol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + cortisol 21-sulfate
glucocorticosteroid sulfotransferase; glucocorticoid sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:cortisol 21-sulfotransferase
[2055, 2056]
[EC 2.8.2.18 created 1986]
EC 2.8.2.19
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
triglucosylalkylacylglycerol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + α-D-glucosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl-(1→3)-1-Oalkyl-2-O-acylglycerol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + 6-sulfo-α-D-glucosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl(1→6)-α-D-glucosyl-(1→3)-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol
triglucosylmonoalkylmonoacyl sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:triglucosyl-1-O-alkyl-2-O-acylglycerol 6-sulfotransferase
[1264]
[EC 2.8.2.19 created 1986]
EC 2.8.2.20
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
protein-tyrosine sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + protein tyrosine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + protein tyrosine-Osulfate
tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:protein-tyrosine O-sulfotransferase
The tyrosine residues of some specific proteins of rat pheochromocytoma cells act as acceptors.
[1221]
[EC 2.8.2.20 created 1986]
EC 2.8.2.21
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
keratan sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + keratan = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + keratan 60 -sulfate
30 -phosphoadenylyl keratan sulfotransferase; keratan sulfate sulfotransferase; 30 phosphoadenylylsulfate:keratan sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:keratan 60 -sulfotransferase
300
Comments:
References:
Sulfation takes place at the 6-position of galactosyl and N-acetylglucosaminyl residues in keratan,
a proteoglycan. Not identical with EC 2.8.2.5 (chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase), EC 2.8.2.6 (choline
sulfotransferase) or EC 2.8.2.17 (chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase).
[1893]
[EC 2.8.2.21 created 1989]
EC 2.8.2.22
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
aryl-sulfate sulfotransferase
an aryl sulfate + a phenol = a phenol + an aryl sulfate
arylsulfate-phenol sulfotransferase; arylsulfotransferase; ASST; arylsulfate sulfotransferase; arylsulfate:phenol sulfotransferase
aryl-sulfate:phenol sulfotransferase
Hydroxy groups of tyrosine residues in peptides such as angiotensin can act as acceptors. Does not act
on 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate or adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate.
[1094, 1126]
[EC 2.8.2.22 created 1990]
EC 2.8.2.23
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 1
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate
heparin-glucosamine 3-O-sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:heparin-glucosamine 3O-sulfotransferase; glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate D-glucosaminyl 3-Osulfotransferase; isoform/isozyme 1 (3-OST-1, HS3ST1)
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase
This enzyme differs from the other [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferases [EC 2.8.2.29
([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2) and EC 2.8.2.30 ([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine
3-sulfotransferase 3)] by being the most selective for a precursor of the antithrombin-binding site. It
has a minimal acceptor sequence of: → GlcNAc6 S→ GlcA→ GlcN2 S*+/-6S→ IdoA2S→ GlcN2 S→
, the asterisk marking the target (symbols as in 2-Carb-38) using +/- to mean the presence or absence
of a substituent, and ¿ to separate a predominant structure from a minor one. Thus Glc(N2S ¿ NAc)
means a residue of glucosamine where the N carries a sulfo group mainly but occasionally an acetyl
group.) [1190, 2035, 1282, 2036]. It can also modify other precursor sequences within heparan sulfate
but this action does not create functional antithrombin-binding sites. These precursors are variants of
the consensus sequence: → Glc(N2S ¿ NAc)+/-6S→ GlcA→ GlcN2 S*+/-6S→ GlcA ¿ IdoA+ /-2S→
Glc(N2S/NAc)+/-6S→ [2572]. If the heparan sulfate substrate lacks 2-O-sulfation of GlcA residues,
then enzyme specificity is expanded to modify selected glucosamine residues preceded by IdoA as
well as GlcA [2571].
[1190, 2035, 1282, 2036, 2572, 2571]
[EC 2.8.2.23 created 1992, modified 2001]
EC 2.8.2.24
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
desulfoglucosinolate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + desulfoglucotropeolin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + glucotropeolin
PAPS-desulfoglucosinolate sulfotransferase; 30 -phosphoadenosine-50 phosphosulfate:desulfoglucosinolate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:desulfoglucosinolate sulfotransferase
Involved with EC 2.4.1.195 thiohydroximate β-D-glucosyltransferase, in the biosynthesis of thioglycosides in cruciferous plants.
[972]
301
[EC 2.8.2.24 created 1992]
EC 2.8.2.25
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
flavonol 3-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + quercetin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + quercetin 3-sulfate
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:quercetin 3-sulfotransferase
Also acts on some other flavonol aglycones.
[2332]
[EC 2.8.2.25 created 1992]
EC 2.8.2.26
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
quercetin-3-sulfate 30 -sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + quercetin 3-sulfate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + quercetin 3,30 bissulfate
flavonol 30 -sulfotransferase; 30 -Sulfotransferase; PAPS:flavonol 3-sulfate 30 -sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:quercetin-3-sulfate 30 -sulfotransferase
[2332]
[EC 2.8.2.26 created 1992]
EC 2.8.2.27
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
quercetin-3-sulfate 40 -sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + quercetin 3-sulfate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + quercetin 3,40 bissulfate
flavonol 40 -sulfotransferase; PAPS:flavonol 3-sulfate 40 -sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:quercetin-3-sulfate 40 -sulfotransferase
[2332]
[EC 2.8.2.27 created 1992]
EC 2.8.2.28
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
quercetin-3,30 -bissulfate 7-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + quercetin 3,30 -bissulfate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + quercetin
3,7,30 -trissulfate
flavonol 7-sulfotransferase; 7-sulfotransferase; PAPS:flavonol 3,30 /3,40 -disulfate 7-sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:quercetin-3,30 -bissulfate 7-sulfotransferase
Quercetin 3,40 -bissulfate can also act as acceptor.
[2331]
[EC 2.8.2.28 created 1992]
EC 2.8.2.29
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 2
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate
glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase; heparan sulfate D-glucosaminyl 3-O-sulfotransferase; isoform/isozyme 2 (3-OST-2, HS3ST2)
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase
302
Comments:
References:
This enzyme sulfates the residues marked with an asterisk in sequences containing at least →
IdoA2S→ GlcN*→ or → GlcA2S→ GlcN*→ (symbols as in 2-Carb-38). Preference for GlcN2 S vs.
unmodified GlcN has not yet been established. Additional structural features are presumably required
for substrate recognition, since the 3-O-sulfated residue is of low abundance, whereas the above
IdoA-containing sequence is quite abundant. This enzyme differs from the other [heparan sulfate]glucosamine 3-sulfotransferases by modifying selected glucosamine residues preceded by GlcA2S;
EC 2.8.2.23 ([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 1) prefers GlcA or IdoA, whereas EC
2.8.2.30 ([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3) prefers IdoA2S.
[2037, 1283]
[EC 2.8.2.29 created 2001]
EC 2.8.2.30
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 3
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + [heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfate
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:[heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase
Two major substrates contain the tetrasaccharides: → undetermined 2-sulfo-uronic acid→ GlcN2 S→
IdoA2S→ GlcN*→ and → undetermined 2-sulfo-uronic acid→ GlcN2 S→ IdoA2S→ GlcN6 S*→
(symbols as in 2-Carb-38) with modification of the N-unsubstituted glucosamine residue (shown
with an asterisk) [1281, 1283]. Modification of selected sequences containing N-sulfo-glucosamine
residues cannot yet be excluded. The 3-O-sulfated heparan sulfate can be utilized by Herpes simplex
virus type 1 as an entry receptor to infect the target cells [2034]. There are two isozymes, known as
3-OST-3A and 3-OST-3B, which have identical catalytic domains but are encoded by different mammalian genes [2037]. The specificity of this enzyme differs from that of the other [heparan sulfate]glucosamine 3-sulfotransferases. It is inefficient at modifying precursors of the antithrombin binding site [in contrast to EC 2.8.2.23 ([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3-sulfotransferase 1)] and it does
not modify glucosamine preceded by GlcA2S [unlike EC 2.8.2.29 ([heparan sulfate]-glucosamine 3sulfotransferase 2)].
[1281, 2034, 2037, 1283]
[EC 2.8.2.30 created 2001]
EC 2.8.2.31
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
petromyzonol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + 5α-cholan-3α,7α,12α,24-tetrol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + 5αcholan-3α,7α,12α-triol 24-sulfate
PZ-SULT
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:5α-cholan-3α,7α,12α,24-tetrol sulfotransferase
The enzyme from the lamprey Petromyzon marinus can also use the corresponding 3-ketone as a substrate. It is stereoselective (5α-cholane) and regioselective, exhibiting a preference for an hydroxy
group at C-24. The enzyme is inactive when allocholic acid, which has a carboxy group at C-24, is
used as a substrate.
[2337]
[EC 2.8.2.31 created 2004]
EC 2.8.2.32
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
scymnol sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate + 5β-scymnol = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + 5β-scymnol
sulfate
30 -phosphoadenosine 50 -phosphosulfate:5β-scymnol sulfotransferase
The enzyme from the shark Heterodontus portusjacksoni is able to sulfate the C27 bile salts 5βscymnol (the natural bile salt) and 5α-cyprinol (the carp bile salt). Enzyme activity is activated by
Mg2+ but inhibited by the product 5β-scymnol sulfate.
303
References:
[1337, 1692, 1691, 1690]
[EC 2.8.2.32 created 2005]
EC 2.8.2.33
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase
(1) 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + dermatan = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + dermatan 60 -sulfate
(2) 30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + chondroitin = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + chondroitin 60 -sulfate
GalNAc4S-6ST
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:dermatan 60 -sulfotransferase
The enzyme is activated by divalent cations and reduced glutathione. The enzyme from human transfers sulfate to position 6 of both internal residues and nonreducing terminal GalNAc 4-sulfate residues
of chondroitin sulfate. Oligosaccharides derived from chondroitin sulfate also serve as acceptors but
chondroitin sulfate E, keratan sulfate and heparan sulfate do not. Differs from EC 2.8.2.17, chondroitin 6-sulfotransferase, in being able to use both chondroitin and dermatan as effective substrates
[956, 1607]
[EC 2.8.2.33 created 2005]
EC 2.8.2.34
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glycochenodeoxycholate sulfotransferase
30 -phosphoadenylyl sulfate + glycochenodeoxycholate = adenosine 30 ,50 -bisphosphate + glycochenodeoxycholate 7-sulfate
bile acid:30 -phosphoadenosine-50 -phosphosulfate sulfotransferase; bile acid:PAPS:sulfotransferase;
BAST
30 -phosphoadenylyl-sulfate:glycochenodeoxycholate 7-sulfotransferase
The enzyme specifically sulfates glycochenodeoxycholate at the 7α-position (see also EC 2.8.2.14
bile-salt sulfotransferase). The monohydroxy bile acids glycolithocholate, chenodeoxycholate and
ursodeoxycholate act as inhibitors.
[124, 1891]
[EC 2.8.2.34 created 2005]
EC 2.8.3 CoA-transferases
EC 2.8.3.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
propionate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + propanoate = acetate + propanoyl-CoA
propionate coenzyme A-transferase; propionate-CoA:lactoyl-CoA transferase; propionyl CoA:acetate
CoA transferase; propionyl-CoA transferase
acetyl-CoA:propanoate CoA-transferase
Butanoate and lactate can also act as acceptors.
[2110]
[EC 2.8.3.1 created 1961]
EC 2.8.3.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
oxalate CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA + oxalate = succinate + oxalyl-CoA
succinyl—β-ketoacyl-CoA transferase; oxalate coenzyme A-transferase
succinyl-CoA:oxalate CoA-transferase
[1748]
304
[EC 2.8.3.2 created 1961]
EC 2.8.3.3
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
malonate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + malonate = acetate + malonyl-CoA
malonate coenzyme A-transferase
acetyl-CoA:malonate CoA-transferase
The enzyme from Pseudomonas ovalis also catalyses the reaction of EC 4.1.1.9 malonyl-CoA decarboxylase.
[808, 2208]
[EC 2.8.3.3 created 1961]
[2.8.3.4
Deleted entry. butyrate CoA-transferase]
[EC 2.8.3.4 created 1961, deleted 1964]
EC 2.8.3.5
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
3-oxoacid CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA + a 3-oxo acid = succinate + a 3-oxoacyl-CoA
3-oxoacid coenzyme A-transferase; 3-ketoacid CoA-transferase; 3-ketoacid coenzyme A transferase; 3-oxo-CoA transferase; 3-oxoacid CoA dehydrogenase; acetoacetate succinyl-CoA transferase; acetoacetyl coenzyme A-succinic thiophorase; succinyl coenzyme A-acetoacetyl coenzyme
A-transferase; succinyl-CoA transferase
succinyl-CoA:3-oxo-acid CoA-transferase
Acetoacetate and, more slowly, 3-oxopropanoate, 3-oxopentanoate, 3-oxo-4-methylpentanoate or 3oxohexanoate can act as acceptors; malonyl-CoA can act instead of succinyl-CoA.
[850, 1325, 1423, 2129]
[EC 2.8.3.5 created 1961, modified 1980]
EC 2.8.3.6
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
References:
3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA + 3-oxoadipate = succinate + 3-oxoadipyl-CoA
3-oxoadipate coenzyme A-transferase; 3-oxoadipate succinyl-CoA transferase
succinyl-CoA:3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase
[1042]
[EC 2.8.3.6 created 1961]
EC 2.8.3.7
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
succinate—citramalate CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA + citramalate = succinate + citramalyl-CoA
itaconate CoA-transferase; citramalate CoA-transferase; citramalate coenzyme A-transferase; succinyl
coenzyme A-citramalyl coenzyme A transferase
succinyl-CoA:citramalate CoA-transferase
Itaconate can also act as acceptor.
[393]
[EC 2.8.3.7 created 1972]
EC 2.8.3.8
Accepted name:
acetate CoA-transferase
305
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
acyl-CoA + acetate = a fatty acid anion + acetyl-CoA
acetate coenzyme A-transferase; butyryl CoA:acetate CoA transferase; butyryl coenzyme A transferase; succinyl-CoA:acetate CoA transferase
acyl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferase
Acts on butanoyl-CoA and pentanoyl-CoA.
[2329, 1037, 696]
[EC 2.8.3.8 created 1972]
EC 2.8.3.9
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
butyrate—acetoacetate CoA-transferase
butanoyl-CoA + acetoacetate = butanoate + acetoacetyl-CoA
butyryl coenzyme A-acetoacetate coenzyme A-transferase; butyryl-CoA-acetoacetate CoA-transferase
butanoyl-CoA:acetoacetate CoA-transferase
Butanoate, acetoacetate and their CoA thioesters are the preferred substrates, but the enzyme also
acts, more slowly, on the derivatives of a number of C2 to C6 monocarboxylic acids.
[118]
[EC 2.8.3.9 created 1984]
EC 2.8.3.10
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
citrate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + citrate = acetate + (3S)-citryl-CoA
acetyl-CoA:citrate CoA-transferase
The enzyme is a component of EC 4.1.3.6 [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase]. Also catalyses the transfer of
thioacyl carrier protein from its acetyl thioester to citrate.
[478]
[EC 2.8.3.10 created 1984]
EC 2.8.3.11
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
citramalate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + citramalate = acetate + (3S)-citramalyl-CoA
acetyl-CoA:citramalate CoA-transferase
The enzyme is a component of EC 4.1.3.22 citramalate lyase. Also catalyses the transfer of thioacyl
carrier protein from its acetyl thioester to citramalate.
[476]
[EC 2.8.3.11 created 1984]
EC 2.8.3.12
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
glutaconate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + (E)-glutaconate = acetate + glutaconyl-1-CoA
acetyl-CoA:(E)-glutaconate CoA-transferase
Glutarate, (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate, propenoate and propanoate, but not (Z)-glutaconate, can also act as
acceptors.
[278]
[EC 2.8.3.12 created 1984, modified 2002]
EC 2.8.3.13
Accepted name:
succinate—hydroxymethylglutarate CoA-transferase
306
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
succinyl-CoA + 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate = succinate + (S)-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA
hydroxymethylglutarate coenzyme A-transferase; dicarboxyl-CoA:dicarboxylic acid coenzyme A
transferase
succinyl-CoA:3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate CoA-transferase
Malonyl-CoA can also act as donor, but more slowly.
[450]
[EC 2.8.3.13 created 1984]
EC 2.8.3.14
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
5-hydroxypentanoate CoA-transferase
acetyl-CoA + 5-hydroxypentanoate = acetate + 5-hydroxypentanoyl-CoA
5-hydroxyvalerate CoA-transferase; 5-hydroxyvalerate coenzyme A transferase
acetyl-CoA:5-hydroxypentanoate CoA-transferase
Propanoyl-CoA, acetyl-CoA, butanoyl-CoA and some other acyl-CoAs can act as substrates, but more
slowly than 5-hydroxypentanoyl-CoA.
[526]
[EC 2.8.3.14 created 1992]
EC 2.8.3.15
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
succinyl-CoA:(R)-benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA + (R)-2-benzylsuccinate = succinate + (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA
benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase
succinyl-CoA:(R)-2-benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase
Involved in anaerobic catabolism of toluene and is a strictly toluene-induced enzyme that catalyses
the reversible regio- and enantio-selective synthesis of (R)-2-benzylsuccinyl-CoA. The enzyme from
Thauera aromatica is inactive when (R)-benzylsuccinate is replaced by (S)-benzylsuccinate.
[1254, 1253, 1252, 830]
[EC 2.8.3.15 created 2003]
EC 2.8.3.16
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
formyl-CoA transferase
formyl-CoA + oxalate = formate + oxalyl-CoA
formyl-coenzyme A transferase; formyl-CoA oxalate CoA-transferase
formyl-CoA:oxalate CoA-transferase
The enzyme from Oxalobacter formigenes can also catalyse the transfer of CoA from formyl-CoA to
succinate.
[88, 2039]
[EC 2.8.3.16 created 2003]
EC 2.8.3.17
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
cinnamoyl-CoA:phenyllactate CoA-transferase
(E)-cinnamoyl-CoA + (R)-phenyllactate = (E)-cinnamate + (R)-phenyllactyl-CoA
FldA
(E)-cinnamoyl-CoA:(R)-phenyllactate CoA-transferase
3-Phenylproprionate is a better CoA acceptor than (R)-phenyllactate in vitro. The enzyme from
Clostridium sporogenes is specific for derivatives of 3-phenylpropionate and 4-phenylbutyrate.
[475]
[EC 2.8.3.17 created 2003]
307
EC 2.8.4 Transferring alkylthio groups
EC 2.8.4.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
coenzyme-B sulfoethylthiotransferase
2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate (methyl-CoM) + N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate
(coenzyme B) = CoM-S-S-CoB + methane
methyl-CoM reductase; methyl coenzyme M reductase
2-(methylthio)ethanesulfonate:N-(7-thioheptanoyl)-3-O-phosphothreonine S-(2sulfoethyl)thiotransferase
The enzyme from methanogenic bacteria requires the hydroporphinoid nickel complex coenzyme
F430 . Highly specific for coenzyme B with a heptanoyl chain; ethyl CoM and difluoromethyl CoM
are poor substrates. The sulfide sulfur can be replaced by selenium but not by oxygen.
[225, 534, 548, 2042]
[EC 2.8.4.1 created 2001]
EC 2.8.4.2
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
arsenate-mycothiol transferase
arsenate + mycothiol = arseno-mycothiol + H2 O
ArsC1; ArsC2; mycothiol:arsenate transferase
mycothiol:arsenate S-arsenotransferase
Reduction of arsenate is part of a defence mechanism of the cell against toxic arsenate. The product
arseno-mycothiol is reduced by EC 1.20.4.3 (mycoredoxin) to arsenite and mycothiol-mycoredoxin
disulfide. Finally, a second mycothiol recycles mycoredoxin and forms mycothione.
[1627]
[EC 2.8.4.2 created 2010]
EC 2.9 Transferring selenium-containing groups
This subclass currently contains a single sub-subclass, selenotransferase (EC 2.9.1).
EC 2.9.1 Selenotransferases
EC 2.9.1.1
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
L -seryl-tRNASec
selenium transferase
+ selenophosphate = L-selenocysteinyl-tRNASec + phosphate
L -selenocysteinyl-tRNASel synthase; L -selenocysteinyl-tRNASec synthase selenocysteine synthase;
cysteinyl-tRNASec -selenium transferase; cysteinyl-tRNASec -selenium transferase
selenophosphate:L-seryl-tRNASec selenium transferase
A pyridoxal 50 -phosphate enzyme identified in Escherichia coli. Recognises specifically tRNASec species. Binding of tRNASec also occurs in the absence of the seryl group. 2-Aminoacryloyl-tRNA,
bound to the enzyme as an imine with the pyridoxal phosphate, is an intermediate in the reaction. Since the selenium atom replaces oxygen in serine, the product may also be referred to as Lselenoseryl-tRNASec . The symbol Sel has also been used for selenocysteine but Sec is preferred.
[596]
L -seryl-tRNASec
[EC 2.9.1.1 created 1999]
EC 2.9.1.2
308
Accepted name:
Reaction:
Other name(s):
Systematic name:
Comments:
References:
O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNASec :L-selenocysteinyl-tRNA synthase
O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNASec + selenophosphate = L-selenocysteinyl-tRNASec + phosphate
MMPSepSecS; SepSecS; SLA/LP; O-phosphoseryl-tRNA:selenocysteinyl-tRNA synthase; Ophospho-L-seryl-tRNA:L-selenocysteinyl-tRNA synthase
selenophosphate:O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNASec selenium transferase
A pyridoxal-phosphate protein [2550]. In archaea and eukarya selenocysteine formation is achieved
by a two-step process: EC 2.7.1.164 (O-phosphoseryl-tRNASec kinase) phosphorylates the endogenous L-seryl-tRNASec to O-phospho-L-seryl-tRNASec , and then this misacylated amino acid-tRNA
species is converted to L-selenocysteinyl-tRNASec by Sep-tRNA:Sec-tRNA synthase.
[1652, 56, 10, 2550]
[EC 2.9.1.2 created 2009]
309
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