Renaissance Learning Targets
1. Why is the Renaissance considered a rebirth?
2. What do Humanists study?
3. Describe a “Renaissance Man” and give a historical example.
4. Create an argument to justify why the Renaissance began in Italy.
5. How did the Medici family become great patrons?
6. Why are each of the following historically significant? Desiderius Erasmus Thomas More
Johann Gutenberg Leonardo da Vinci Michelangelo Petrarch Niccolo Machiavelli William
Shakespeare Raphael Donatello
7. Compare and contrast Middle Ages art to Renaissance art.
8. How did Renaissance art depict a social, political, and economic paradigm shift?
9. What does it mean to be secular?
10. How did a change in the concept of wealth impact the social and political hierarchy?
11. How did the invention of movable type change Europe for the better? What role did
12. Explain how a new interest in humanism during the Renaissance created a balance
between reason and faith.
Reformation Learning Targets
1. Identify and describe the problems within the Roman Catholic Church that led some
Europeans to question the Church.
2. How did both the Renaissance and Reformation represent the questioning of authority?
3. How was Luther’s theology a protest of the status quo? (95 Theses, sola scriptura, Priesthood
4. Provide an example of how the 95 Theses questioned the sale of indulgences, cannon law,
the sacrament of penance, and the authority of the Church.
5. Why did some German princes support Luther’s message?
6. How did Luther’s theology impact the social, political, and economic structure of Europe?
7. How did the Church respond to Luther’s protest? (Counter Reformation, Council of Trent,
Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuits, Roman Inquisition)
8. Compare and contrast John Calvin’s theology to Martin Luther’s. 9. How did Desiderius
Erasmus, John Wycliffe, and Jan Huss contribute to the Protestant Reformation? 10. Describe
the causes and effects of the English Reformation. Causes Effects