Matching Guide for CRCT Exam

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Matching Review Guide for 8th Grade Georgia History
#1 Native Americans and Explorers
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Paleo
Archaic
Woodland
Mississippian
De Soto
Spanish Missions
French
Mercantilism
a. First European to explore Georgia/gold
b. Colonies used for raw materials and new market
c. First culture to use horticulture (growing crops)
d. Settled along Mississippi/New Orleans
e. Temple Mound Builders/first contact with Europeans
f. nomadic/Ice Age
g. purpose was to spread Christianity to Native Americans/barrier islands
h. semi-nomadic/hunted deer/fish/berries and nuts
#2 Establishing Georgia Colony
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Oglethorpe
Tomochichi
Mary Musgrove
Highland Scots
Trustees
Salzburgers
Spanish
Malcontents
a. Fierce warriors/settled in Darrien and McIntosh county
b. escaped religious persecution from Austria/ New Ebenezer
c. complained about strict rules on land ownership and slavery
d. founder of Georgia colony
e. Interpreter for settlers and Native Americans
f. Threaten Georgia colony from Florida
g. Friendly chief of nearby tribe/supporter of Oglethorpe
h. 21 men who ruled the Georgia colony from 1732 to 1754
#3 Royal Colony and Road to Revolution
1. James Wright
2. Royal colony
a. Restricted colonist from moving west of Appalachian Mts.
b. Punishment placed by British for Boston Tea Party
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Proclamation Line of 1763
c. Last royal governor of Georgia colony
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Stamp Act
Liberty Boys
Patriots
Loyalists
In tolerable Acts
d. Wanted Georgia to remain a colony
e. Colony ruled by British king with a governor
f. Wanted Georgia to become independent
g. British tax on paper, newspapers, and documents
h. Protested the Stamp Act in Georgia
#4 Revolutionary War In Georgia
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Mary Hart
Declaration of Independence
Gwinnett, Hall, and Walton
Austin Dabney
Articles of Confederation
Savannah
Elijah Clarke
Battle of Kettle Creek
a. Remained in British hands from 1778 to 1783
b. Black hero of the Battle of Kettle Creek
c. Signers of the Declaration of Independence from GA
d. Written by Thomas Jefferson
e. Militia leader of patriot soldiers at Kettle Creek
e. Patriot victory, big morale boost in war
f. Most of power went to legislative branch/weak governor
g. Woman war hero/captured five Tories
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9. Georgia Constitution of 1777
h. First national government/could not tax/weak
#5 Constitutional Convention of 1787
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Abraham Baldwin
Ratification
Creeks
Great Compromise
Bill of Rights
Federalists
Anti-Federalists
William Few
a. Georgia wanted a stronger national govt. for protect from them
b. The agreement that created the House of Representatives and Senate
c. Opposed the U.S. Constitution
d. First ten amendments to Constitution
e. His vote cause the Great Compromise
f. The other GA signer of the Constitution with Baldwin
g. The process of approving the Constitution
h. Supported the Constitution
#6 Westward Expansion
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Land Lottery
Headright System
Yazoo Land Freud
Cotton gin
Louisville
University of Georgia
Circuit riders
Railroads
a. A scandal that resulted in western border becoming the Chattahoochee River
b. Third state capital of Georgia
c. The nation’s first public university
d. Methodist preachers who spread gospel to western settlements
e. Land given to head of households
f. Invented by Whitney, demand for slaves and cotton increased
g. Improved the transportation from GA’s interior to its coast
h. Contest where ceded Creek/Cherokee land were given away
#7 Indian Removal
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Alexander McGillivray a. Develop the alphabet for Cherokees
Ben Hawkins
b. Main cause for the Cherokees being forced from their lands in GA
William McIntosh
c. Supreme Court Justice who supported the Cherokees
Red Sticks
d. Indian agent for Federal govt. who sought peaceful relations
Andrew Jackson
e. Creek chief who was murdered for given away rest of Creek lands in GA
Sequoyah
f. Group who resisted white settlers from moving westward
John Marshall
g. President who signed the Indian Removal Bill in 1830
Dahlonega Gold Rush h. Cherokees forced to leave GA and re-located in Oklahoma
Trail of Tears
i. Red Stick chief who fought against white settlers/Oconee Wars
#8 Causes of the Civil War
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Alexander Stephens
Compromise of 1850
Georgia Platform
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Abraham Lincoln
Dred Scott
Missouri Compromise
Nullification
States’ Rights
a. Open territories to possible expansion of slavery/Bleeding Kansas
b. Republican candidate/won 1860 election/southern succession starts
c. The right to not follow or obey/to do away with
d. Supreme Court claims he is only a slave and has NO rights or citizenship
e. California became a free state in exchange for Fugitive Slave Act
f. Believe that your state matters more than your country
g. Opposed GA from succeeding yet became VP of the Confederacy
h. Georgians supported the Compromise of 1850
i. Maine became a free state while Missouri entered as a slave state
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#9 Civil War and Georgia
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Union Blockade
Battle of Antietam
Emancipation Proclamation
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Chickamauga
Atlanta
Sherman
Andersonville
a. Confederate victory on Georgia soil
b. Important rialroad and industrial center for the South
c. Stopped cotton from goin out and war supplies from coming in
d. Camp that held and killed many Union prisoners of war
e. General who led the March to the Sea
f. Union victory in 1862/lead to Emancipation Proclamation
g. Freed slaves in states that were still in rebellion
h. Union vistory in 1863/Turning point of war
#10 Reconstruction
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13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Freedmen’s Bureau
Radical Republicans
Sharecroppers
Tenant Farmers
a. Wanted to punish the South for sucession
b. Gave blacks the right to vote
c. Organization to assist freed slaves to adjust to freedom
d. Paid for using farm lands with share of their crops
e. Abolished slavery
f. Paid for use of land by rent/owned their own tools and animals
g. Gave blacks citizenship and protection
#11 Leaders of the New South
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Henry Grady
Rebecca Latimer Felton
Bourbon Triumvirate
Tom Watson
R. F. D.
New South
a. Provided free mail delivery to rural areas
b. Democrat leaders who supported industrialization and segregation
c. Effort to industrialize the South
d. Activist who fought for women’s right to vote/US Senator
e. Coined the phrase the “New South”/newspaper editor
f. Georgian who lead the Populist Party
#12 Roots of the Civil Rights Movement
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W.E.B. DuBois
Booker T. Washington
Niagra Movement
Disenfranchisement
Plessy v. Ferguson
Atlanta Riot of 1906
Alzondon Herndon
John Hope
a. Legalize Jim Crow Laws/”separte but equal”
b. Foundation of the NAACP
c. Believed in gradual equality/ blacks prove selves economically first
d. Black businessman of Atlanta/barbershops/insurance
e. President of black colleges/supporter of education and DuBois
f. Take way one’s right to vote
g. Blacks threatened and killed over false racial reports
h. Demanded immedioate social and political equality
#13 WWI and 1920s
1. Central Powers
2. Neutrality
3. U-boats
a. Insect that destroyed the cotton plant
b. German machines that pushed United States into WWI
c. Choosing to NOT to take sides during a war
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4. Boll weevil
5. Great Migration
d. Mass movemnt of blacks to northwern cities
e. Germany, Austria-Hungry, Ottoman Empire/fought the Allied Powers
#14 The Great Depression and the New Deal
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New Deal
AAA
REA
CCC
Social Security
Black Tuesday
Eugene Talmadge
Richard Russell
a. Brought electricity to rural area in Geiorgia
b. Stock Market crash/ start of the Great Depression
c. Supported of New Deal/Robbins Air Base/free lunch program
d. adjusted prices for farmers to help them increase their income
e. Opposed the New Deal/white supremacist/elected four times
f. Programs created by FDR to create recovery from Great Depression
g. Retirement pensions/disability/unemployment insurance
h. Job for young men in building state and national parks
#15 WWII and Georgia
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Lend-Lease
Isolationism
Pearl Harbor
Liberty Ships
B-29 Bombers
Carl Vinson
Warm Springs
Holocuast
a. Built at yards in Brunswick and Savannah/jobs!
b. “Father of the Two-Ocean Navy”/ prepared U.S. for war
c. Place where the Little White House was located/ FDR’s polio
d. Giving equipement to Allied nations who were fighting the Nazis
e. Refusing to be involved in any foreign alliances or wars
f. Genocide of 6 million Jews
g. “Day that will live in Infamy” December 7, 1941
h. Built in factory in Marietta/ job opportunties for women
#16 Post-War Georgia
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Mechanization
Hartsfield-Jackson Airport
Ellis Arnall
William Hartsfield
Ivan Allen Jr.
Deepwater seaports
1996 Summer Olympics
Interstate Highway Sysytem
a. Brunswisck/Savannah
b. Mayor of ATL who brought federal mail route to city
c. Brought 5 billion dollors to Georgia’s economy
d. Major cause of why less people are in farmng business
e. Major employer of Georgia/fastest transportation
f. Allowed 18 year old to finally vote/prison reforms
g. Along with railroads, connects seaport with rest of nation and world
h. Brought major league sports to Atlanta
#17 Civil Rights Movement
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Hamilton Holmes/Charlyne Hunter a. Protest in southern GA against segregation/boycotts/marches
Benjamin Mays
b. Symbol of protest against school intergration
Brown v. Board of Education
c. Outlawed Jim Crow Laws and segregation/LBJ
1956 State Flag
d. Congressman from GA/UN Ambassador/ATL mayor
SNCC
e. First black mayor of Atlanta or any other major southern city
Albany Movement
f. Supreme Court descision to force school intergration
March on Washington
g. First balck students to be admitted into UGA
Civil Rights Acts of 1964
h. Mentor to MLK and president of Morehouse University
Andrew Young
i. 200, 000 show support for civil rights/”I Have a Dream”
Maynard Jackson
j. Student organization that organized sit-ins and boycotts
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