Chapter 8: “Islam and International Relations in the Middle East

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INST 4850 International Relations and Politics of the Middle East
Spring 2017
University Of North Texas
Instructor: Dr. Emile Sahliyeh
Office hours: Tuesday and Thursday 1-3:30
Office: General Academic Building GAB Room 470
Office Phone: 940 565-2323
E-mail: [email protected]
Teaching Assistant: Faida Zakaria
Office hours: Tuesday and Thursday 11-3:30
Office: General Academic Building GAB Room 470
Office Phone: 940 565-2323
E-mail: [email protected]
Course Description
This course introduces the students to the international relations and politics of the Middle East
including critical security issues. The course consists of 3 parts:
Part 1 gives a brief survey of the rise of the state system in the Middle East and examines the crisis of
authority and identity.
Part 2 explores Middle East Regional Relations and the involvement of the Middle East in the
international system.
Part 3 focuses on ethnic, sectarian, religious threats, and interstate conflicts in the Middle East and the
response of the great powers to these conflicts. These threats and conflicts include the rise of ISIS,
instability in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and the Persian Gulf wars.
Due to the political nature of these topics, there is more than one side to each of these issues. The
professor will make a determined effort to avoid the discussion of these issues from a single ideological
perspective and will provide opportunities for informative and critical evaluation and discussion. The
quality of class discussion will depend upon the students' preparedness, interest, and their reading of
the weekly assignments.
Course Requirements
Class Attendance
Class Attendance Is Mandatory. Unexcused absences after the fourth absence will result in the student
losing three points from the final grade for the course. Unexcused absences after the eighth absence will
result in the student losing additional seven points from the final grade for the course. Students who
leave the classroom during the lecture will be treated as being absent from the class. Students should
turn off their cell phones during the class.
Your final grade for the course consists of the following categories:
1. 10 Articles reviews: 25% of the final grade.
The student should select 3 topics related to the topics which we cover during the semester and review
10 articles pertaining to their topics of choice. The student has to get my prior approval for the 10
articles he or she intends to review. During the first 2 weeks of the semester, each student should
submit electronically to me, [email protected], 15 article titles including the title of the article,
author, journal, date of publication, and the length of the articles. I will select 10 appropriate articles for
the student to review. Each article should be drawn from academic scholarly journals and should be at
least 10 to 15 pages in length. Each article summary should be between 1000 to 1200 words.
The first 3 article reviews are due on February 15;
The second 3 articles reviews are due by March 15;
The last 4 article reviews are due on April 15.
2. Research paper April 30 25% of your final grade
Master degree students should write a 20 page research paper. The student needs to get my approval
for his or her paper topic by February 5.
3. Mid Term Exam: 25% of your final grade
4. Final Exam: 25% of the final grade
Both the midterm and the final exam will be based upon readings and class lectures.
Required Text books and Reading Materials
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh: US FOREIGN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST: The roots of antiAmericanism. Routledge
Fawcett, Louise. Editor, International Relations of the Middle East. Oxford University Press, 2013;
The readings on Blackboard have the sign of *.
To access the course website:
Go to;
Click on login to blackboard;
Sign in and then select INST 4850-001 International Relations of the Middle East Spring 2017. Click on
course content and readings.
Course Outline
Part 1: Historical Background for The rise of the state system and the Crisis of Political identity and
Weeks 1 and 2: The Rise of the State System in the Middle East
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 1: “The Middle East in the Colonial Period”
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 2: “The Emergence of the Middle East into the Modern State System”, Eugene L. Rogan
Recommended Readings:
*Roy Anderson, "The Middle East in World War I"
*Roy Anderson, "The Rise of the State System, 1914-1950"
Weeks 3 and 4: The Crisis of Identity and Authority in the Middle East:
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 6: “The Puzzle of Political Reform in the Middle East”, Augustus Richard Norton
Chapter 7: “The Politics of Identity in Middle Eastern International Relations”, Raymond Hinnebusch
Chapter 8: “Islam and International Relations in the Middle East: From Umma to Nation State”, Peter
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 4: “Islamism and the Iranian Revolution”
*Alan Richards, “Socioeconomic Roots of Middle East Radicalism.” Naval War College Review Volume:
55 Issue: 4 Washington Autumn 2002 Pages 22-38; on Blackboard;
*Khashan, Hilal and Kreidie, Lina “The Social and Economic Correlates of Islamic Religiosity.” World
Affairs; Fall 2001, Vol. 164 Issue 2, p83, 14p, on Blackboard;
*Paul Salem. "Rise and fall of Secularism in the Arab World." Middle East Policy 4:3.
Part 2: The Regional Relations of the Middle East Countries and their involvement in World Politics
Weeks 5, 6, and 7:
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 11: “Foreign Policymaking in the Middle East: Complex Realism”, Anoushiravan Ehteshami and
Raymond Hinnebuschd
Chapter 5: “Oil and Political Economy in the International Relations of the Middle East”, Giacomo Luciani
Chapter 9: “Alliances, Cooperation, and Regionalism in the Middle East”, Louise Fawcett
Chapter 3: “The Cold War in the Middle East”, Peter Sluglett
Chapter 4: “The Middle East Since the Cold War: Still Insecure”, Bahgat Korany
Chapter 16: “The United States in the Middle East”, Michael C. Hudson
Chapter 17: “Europe in the Middle East”, Rosemary Hollis
*Gawdat Bahgat “Prospects for a New US Strategic Orientation in the Middle East” Mediterranean
Quarterly. Summer 2014. Part 4: Conflict and Terrorism in the Middle East
Midterm Exam: March 10
Part 3: Causes of Conflict and instability in the Middle East and the Great Powers: Reactions
Weeks 8, 9, and 10: The Palestinian-Arab Israeli conflict
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 2: “Great Power Influences, Zionism and the Middle East”
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 12: “The Arab–Israeli Conflict”, Charles Smith
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 3: “Israel and the Arabs at War: Superpower Dimensions and the Israeli–US Alliance”
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 13: “The Rise and Fall of the Oslo Peace Process”, Avi Shlaim
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 7: “Israel and Palestine: the Failure to Find Peace and the Role of the United States”
Recommended readings:
Herbert C. Kelman, “Some Detriments of the Oslo Breakthrough”
*Agha, Hussein, and Robert Malley. “The Last Negotiation Foreign Affairs, 00157120”, May/Jun 2002,
Vol. 81: Issue 3.
Weeks 11 and 12: the Persian Gulf Security, The United States, and the 2003 Iraq war
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 14: “The International Politics of the Gulf”, F. Gregory Gause
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 5: “Proxy War Superpowers in Afghanistan”
Chapter 6: “Wars in the Persian Gulf”
Fawcett, Louise:
Chapter 15: “The War for Regime Change in Iraq”, Philip Robins
Kylie Baxter and Shahram Akbarzadeh:
Chapter 8: “The Iraq ‘Adventure’ and Arab Perceptions of the United States”
*Jeffrey Record. The Bush doctrine and war with Iraq. Parameters. Carlisle Barracks: Spring
2003. Vol. 33: Iss. 1. pg. 4; 18 pgs.
*Nye, Jr., Joseph S. “U S Power and Strategy After Iraq, Foreign Affairs.” Jul/Aug 2003, Vol. 82: Issue 4.
Week 13: Ethnic Conflict and the Rise of ISIS:
*Chapter 5: “Sectarian conflict: Lebanon, state without a nation”
*Chapter 6: “Ethnic conflict: The forgotten Kurds”
* “Understanding the Strengths and Vulnerabilities of ISIS,” by W. Andrew Terril. Parameters, 2014.
* “Towards a Regional Strategy Contra ISIS,” By Ross Harrison. Parameters, 2014.
* “The Islamic State’s Strategy in Cyberspace," by Gabi Siboni, Daniel Cohen, and Tal Koren,
Week 14: Final Exam May 12 at 1:30-3:30 in the same classroom.
International Studies adheres to and enforces UNT’s policy on academic integrity (cheating, plagiarism,
forgery, fabrication, facilitating academic dishonesty and sabotage). Students in this class should review
the policy (UNT Policy Manual Section 18.1.16), which may be located at:
Violations of academic integrity in this course will be addressed in compliance with the penalties and
procedures laid out in this policy.”
International Studies cooperates with the Office of Disability Accommodation to make reasonable
accommodations for qualified students with disabilities. Please present your written accommodation
request on or before the 5 class day (beginning of the second week of classes).
In light of some students selling instructors’ notes for commercial web usage, the following policy
statements are legally binding upon you: You are not authorized to record my lectures, without express
prior permission from me.

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