Environmental and Energy Law at Columbia

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Envir onmental and
Ener gy Law at Columbia
“
Columbia provided me with an excellent foundation for the practice of
environmental law. The faculty are outstanding, and I benefited greatly from their
instruction, mentoring, and career advice. As an editor at the Columbia Journal of
Environmental Law, I researched and published an academic article exploring a
complex procedural issue encountered during an off-campus summer internship.
The Sabin Center for Climate Change Law’s activities fostered an energetic and
fascinating dialogue on climate-related issues. Finally, learning the fundamentals
of practice in the Environmental Law Clinic prepared me to hit the ground running
as an associate at a New York City law firm specializing in environmental law.
Devin McDougall ’12
Sive Paget & Riesel, P.C.
”
CONTENTS
2 4 5 8 14 15 16
Sabin Center
for Climate
Change Law
Columbia
Environmental
Law Clinic
Curriculum
Faculty
Full-time
Faculty
Full-time
Staff
Adjuncts
Student
Actvities
Columbia
Journal of
Environmental
Law
Columbia
Environmental
Law Society
Student Animal
Legal Defense
Fund
Our Partner
Earth Institute
Career
Opportunities
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
L e ading on the Envir onmen t
For more than 40 years, New York City has provided a stimulating backdrop against
which Columbia Law School has emerged as a leading center for the study of
environmental law. In the earliest days of the environmental movement, armed
with a social conscience and an awareness of burgeoning legal issues concerning
the environment, Law School Professor Frank Grad—who had spent several years
from 1959 and onward helping revise the New York City Health Code—created the
school’s first seminar in environmental law and legislation. In 1971, his notes for
that course were transformed into Environmental Law: Sources and Problems, the
first environmental law book produced at a major law school.
From then on, New York has been at the fulcrum of the development of environmental law. As the headquarters city of the United Nations, the financial and
media capital of the country, the center of a region facing great challenges, and
the nation’s most dense and most vibrant city, New York has emerged not only
as the laboratory for bold experiments in sustainability but also as the venue for
much of the sharpest analysis and debate on the topic. Columbia University is
deeply immersed in all of this. Its world-renowned Earth Institute is the home of
much cutting-edge research in the physical and social sciences. At Columbia Law
School, the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law and the Environmental Law
Clinic, following in the spirit of Frank Grad, are forging new paths in the study,
teaching and practice of environmental law. For a truly global perspective on environmental law, there is no better location.
1
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
Sabin Center for Climate Change Law
Recent Publications
Global Climate Change and
U.S. Law, 2nd ed.
The Law of Clean Energy:
Efficiency and Renewables
The Law of Adaptation to
Climate Change: U.S. and
International Aspects
Threatened Island Nations:
Legal Aspects of Rising Seas
and a Changing Climate
Public Utility Commissions
& Energy Efficiency: A
Handbook of Legal and
Regulatory Tools for
Commissioners & Advocates
Managed Coastal Retreat:
A Legal Handbook on
Shifting Development Away
From Vulnerable Areas
Carbon Offshoring:
The Legal and Regulatory
Framework for Coal Exports
“Climate change and renewable energy developments are the next big things in
environmental and energy law,” Michael Gerrard, Andrew Sabin Professor of
Professional Practice, told Greenwire in 2009. One of the world’s foremost environmental attorneys, Gerrard’s comments came just months after he joined the
Columbia Law School faculty and became founding director of the Sabin Center for
Climate Change Law. “My goal is to make this Center a focus for legal innovation
in the climate change arena,” he said.
Since then, the Center has successfully pursued this goal, tackling thorny legal
questions arising from climate change issues and advancing its mission to:
 train climate change law’s next generation of leaders,
d
evelop groundbreaking legal techniques to combat climate change and help
society cope with its effects,
d
evelop legal materials useful to lawyers, public officials and students around
the world.
In collaboration with scientists at Columbia’s Earth Institute, the Law School’s
Environmental Law Clinic and New York’s many governmental, non-governmental
and academic organizations, the Center probes for legal solutions to some of the
field’s most difficult problems, including how to greatly increase the efficiency of
energy systems, how U.S. coastal areas and their inhabitants can adapt to climate
change, and how small island nations whose very existence is threatened by
climate change can make their case to the United Nations.
The Sabin Center for Climate Change Law tracks and interprets regulatory issues;
develops model laws and best practices for states, municipalities and other entities;
informally advises public officials; and gives lectures and courses around the world.
2
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
Students work side-by-side with faculty and staff attorneys on all of these projects,
and often produce publications under their own by-lines. “The work the students
do with us is central to our work, and we have already helped launch several of
them on careers in environmental law,” said Professor Gerrard.
A Critical Question: If a Country Sinks Beneath the Sea,
is it Still a Country?
Rising ocean levels brought about by climate
change have created unprecedented legal
questions for small island nations and their
neighbors. Among them: If a country is
completely submerged, is it still a country?
Does it keep its seat at the United Nations?
Who controls its offshore fishing and mineral
rights? Does it have any legal recourse
against those whose emissions contributed
to sea level rise?
The Republic of Marshall Islands—a
Micronesian nation of 29 low-lying coral
atolls in the North Pacific—is struggling to
secure its survival, and is working to attract
international attention to vulnerable countries’
plights. In 2009, the Republic enlisted the
help of Columbia Law School’s Sabin Center
for Climate Change Law.
Until just a few years ago, notes Michael
Gerrard, head of the Center, it was difficult
to have a conversation in the international
community about how countries might
adapt to climate change. “But now people
recognize that the climate situation will get
worse before it gets better, and we have to
begin making serious preparation,” he said.
Gerrard has traveled to the Marshall Islands
twice as part of this work, co-chaired a major
conference at Columbia with the Republic,
co-edited a book on their legal issues, and
enlisted numerous students in the efforts to
assist the country and its people. He took
the photograph (above left), of a burial vault,
on his first trip in 2010. Revisiting the same
spot in 2013, he saw that the vault had
slipped further toward the sea—evidence,
both literal and figurative, of the danger
posed to the nation’s heritage.
3
Recent Conferences
Should Universities and
Pension Funds Divest from
Fossil Fuel Stocks?
Legal Issues in Managed
Coastal Retreat
The UN Climate Negotiations:
Perspectives From a Small
Island Nation
What is the State of the
Art in Preparing for Extreme
Weather Events?
The Future of the Regional
Greenhouse Gas Initiative
The Future of the Indian
Point Nuclear Power Plant
Climate Change, China,
and the WTO
U.S. Climate Change Policy
in the Context of
Congressional Paralysis
Soaring Flood Insurance Rates:
Should Congress Step In?
Extraterritoriality in EU Law:
Aviation, Emissions Trading
and Beyond
EPA Region II Conference
(2010, 2012, 2014)
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
Envir onmental Law Clinic
Fracking, industrial agriculture, clean air, “smart growth,” wetlands preservation, endangered species.
From New York City and its metropolitan area to the most remote environments on the planet, the
Environmental Law Clinic has tackled an enormous trove of environmental trouble. Led by noted
environmental activists and litigators Professor Edward Lloyd (who established the Clinic in 2000 with
the support of the Evan M. Frankel Foundation) and Susan Kraham, the student litigators have chalked
up a series of victories that are helping to shape the future of environmental law.
Clinic cases are chosen for their 1) educational opportunity, 2) ability to meet clients’ need for counsel
and 3) environmental significance. In the one-semester course, students work in groups to represent
organizational clients. They participate in weekly seminars, team meetings, simulations, and other
exercises to help them hone valuable “lawyering” techniques; and independently, and in collaboration
with other law clinics, develop and litigate cases.
“I want my students to take away a number of skills from this Clinic: listening carefully to their clients,
and analyzing strategies—including litigation, policy change, possible regulatory reform—to resolve them,”
said Lloyd. “And even if students choose not to practice environmental law, I hope they take with them
a sense of the breadth and depth of the environmental challenges facing this country and the world.”
Clinic alumni have gone on to continue their work in posts at the Department of Justice, the Environmental
Protection Agency, Earthjustice, the Natural Resources Defense Council, other non-governmental
agencies, private law firms, and in all levels of government.
Protecting the Red Knot: Clinic Scores a Win for the N.J. Audubon Society
The problem: Industry’s harvest of the crabs has severely
limited the supply of crab eggs for these hungry shorebirds.
And while there are regulations that limit the harvest, efforts
to monitor compliance have been stymied by the State’s
refusal to provide harvest reports.
In 2011, clinic students represented the New Jersey
Audubon Society, which had been denied access to
important information about the harvest of horseshoe
crabs in the Delaware Bay.
These crabs are critical to the survival of the Red Knot—a small
bird that migrates each year from its wintering area in South
America to its breeding ground in the Arctic. Every May,
hundreds of thousands of Red Knots
and other shorebirds arrive in the
Delaware Bay where they gorge
themselves on the fat-rich
horseshoe crab eggs that give
them the energy needed for
their journey north.
The argument: In their challenge to the State, clinic
students cited its failure to provide these reports under New
Jersey’s public information law. A third year student argued
the matter before a trial court judge who ruled that the State
must turn over the documents to the Audubon Society.
Resolution: This information will allow conservation biologists
and advocates to continue to protect the Red Knot and
other threatened and endangered shorebird species.
4
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
Curriculum
Crafting a Specialty in Environmental Law
Columbia Law School students with a keen interest in environmental law have a
range of courses to choose from, beginning with two first-year foundation courses,
Torts and Property. Torts, which covers injuries to interests in land and public and
private nuisance, and Property, which explores fundamental questions of ownership, connect contemporary environmental law and litigation with their early common law sources.
The Law School offers a wide array of upper level electives in environmental and
energy law. (See next page.) Second- and third-year students can supplement these
courses with Administrative Law, State and Local Government Law, and property
and real estate courses that address issues important to this specialty. They can
also add to their environmental experience by enrolling in the Environmental Law
Clinic.
To deepen their knowledge of a particular area, Law School students can take
advantage of graduate courses in Columbia University’s schools of engineering,
business, international and public affairs, public health, and architecture and planning, and its science and economics departments. The student-edited Columbia
Journal of Environmental Law, the Environmental Law Society, and Environmental
Moot Court further enrich the study of the field.
An Environmental Law Advisory Committee advises the Dean and faculty of the
Law School on its environmental programs. The Committee consists of distinguished members of the private, public interest, and in-house bars and representatives from the philanthropic community. Columbia’s environmental activities are
further enhanced by the David Sive Memorial Fund, established in 2014 in honor
of the late David Sive ’48, one of the pioneers of environmental law, by the law
firm he co-founded, Sive Paget & Riesel. The fund supports conferences, lectures
and other events on environmental law topics at Columbia.
5
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW CURRICULUM
Administrative Law: Administrative agencies play a
Environmental Law Clinic: Students in the Environmental Law Clinic represent local, regional, and national
environmental and community organizations working to
solve critical environmental challenges facing the
metropolitan region (see page 4). We have worked with
community groups concerned about pollution and public
health, and with statewide and national organizations and
coalitions dealing with land conservation and transportation.
In weekly seminars, students lead discussions on issues
they are facing in their cases. The clinic emphasizes litigation
skills that have applications beyond environmental law, such
as drafting pleadings, arguing motions, and negotiating
settlements, and exposes students to such mechanisms
as citizen suits, that can be found in both civil rights and
environmental cases. While this is a one-semester clinic,
students have the opportunity to continue working with
clients in subsequent semesters.
critical role in determining the duties and entitlements of
the public. This course introduces students to the constitutional and statutory frameworks regulating administrative
agencies in their exercise of this authority. Focusing on the
major federal agencies, we consider the forms of agency
action (e.g., rulemaking and adjudication) and the
procedures required by the Administrative Procedure Act;
constitutional constraints limiting agency action; and the
means used by Congress, the President, and the courts to
control and review what agencies do, plus some attendant
separation of powers questions. In addressing these
issues, we consider both political and legal dynamics
about the twenty-first-century administrative state.
Environmental Law: A survey course introducing the
basic problems and approaches that characterize contemporary environmental regulation. We review the ecological
and economic justifications for government regulation to
protect the environment, and examine the strategies and
tools for doing so. We focus primarily on the Clean Air Act,
the Clean Water Act, the National Environmental Policy
Act, the Superfund law, and the Endangered Species Act.
International Environmental Law: A survey of the
foundations of international environmental law. We explore
a broad range of contemporary international environmental
issues including biodiversity loss, the marine environment,
ozone depletion, genetic resources and intellectual
property issues, and trade. We examine the relationship
between international environmental law and general
principles of international law; the role of “soft” and “hard”
law in addressing international environmental problems;
and the contribution of international tribunals to the
development of international environmental law.
Climate Change Law and Policy: An overview of the
legal tools available to combat global climate change and
to adapt to its impact. We evaluate the evolution of the
international legal regime for addressing climate change and
attempts to develop a U.S. regulatory scheme, and look at
how energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, coal, and
forestry and agriculture figure in the process. We discuss the
implications for international human rights, trade, environmental
justice, and equity and examine special challenges posed
by China. Proposals for adaptation to climate change and
geo-engineering are examined as well.
Advanced Seminar in Climate Change Law:
A seminar devoted to an exploration of selected issues at
the cutting edge of climate regulation. Topics vary each
year depending on new and impending developments.
Students prepare a major paper and engage in vigorous
dialogs with guest speakers and each other.
Energy Regulation: A course devoted to the regulation
of energy resources, and facilities, paying special attention
to the current and future roles of natural gas, renewable
energy, energy efficiency, nuclear power and the regulation
and deregulation of electricity. We discuss rate and service
regulation; the responsibilities of the Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission and state public utility commissions;
and energy law’s interaction with environmental law.
Environmental Issues in Business Transactions:
This class explores how environmental laws affect a host of
business transactions, including mergers and acquisitions,
securities offerings, lending and secured transactions and
real estate development—in virtually every industry, from
heavy manufacturing to Internet commerce. Students
study how environmental liabilities and risks are identified,
evaluated and allocated in corporate transactions and
what regulatory, market and political forces are at play.
Natural Resources Law: A seminar on natural resources
law in the U.S. Drawing on pertinent cases, statutes and
regulations we cover public lands management, wilderness,
National Parks and National Monuments, mining, forestry,
coastal resources, oil and gas development on the Outer
Continental Shelf, water law, conservation on agricultural
lands, and ecosystem-scale approaches.
Oil and Gas Law: This course provides an overview of
oil and gas law, from its traditional roots in the common law
of property and contract to more recent developments in
administrative law and regulations. Students learn about how
the law has shifted from a focus on production to a concern
6
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW CURRICULUM
zoning ordinances, subdivision, variances, growth controls,
community development, environmental impact review and
regulatory takings. Students learn about and critique the
delegation of specific land use powers afforded state and
local governments and explore how it influences the
practice of land use, environmental, and real estate law,
including administrative procedure and judicial review.
for safety and the environment, and will consider modern-day complexities posed by exploration in the eastern
United States, offshore drilling, and hydraulic fracturing.
Seminar in Energy Industry Restructuring:
This course requires students to apply concepts from
a variety of doctrinal areas to a hypothetical complex
transaction involving the merger of two electric utility
companies.The course goes through all phases of this
transaction, from initial consideration of whether to
go forward, to determination of its structure and financing,
negotiations between the buyer and the seller, securing
board approval, obtaining regulatory approvals, presentations to the investment community and rating agencies,
proxy solicitation and shareowner vote, closing, and
structuring the new company. Particular emphasis will be
devoted to issues that are distinctive to regulated utilities in
the energy industry.
Environmental Law Moot Court
Sponsored by the Environmental Law Society and falling
under the Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison Moot
Court Program, the fall semester’s Environmental Moot
Court offers students the opportunity to hone their
skills in appellate brief writing and master the art of
oral argument. The Moot Court’s environmental legal
problems are selected from those posed by the National
Environmental Law Moot Court Competition held annually
at Pace Law School. Issues are drawn from real cases
and argued by three adversarial teams, reflecting the
often complex, multi-party nature of environmental
litigation. Teams engage in oral arguments, adjudicated
by noted environmental law practitioners as well as
Law School faculty.
Environmental Justice and Environmental Health:
In this seminar examining the role of legal advocacy in the
context of the environmental justice movement, its origins,
tenets, challenges, and strategies, we focus specifically
on issues of environmental health addressed by the
movement, including exposure to toxics, special problems
related to the impact of industrial agriculture, and human
health problems associated with pesticide use. We
examine legal strategies to address issues of environmental
health that disproportionately affect low income communities
and communities of color.
“
In the spring semester, the Society sponsors one team to
compete in the National Environmental Law Moot Court
competition, based on a short writing competition.
I came to Columbia Law School planning to
focus on environmental law, and once I arrived I was
pleased—even somewhat overwhelmed—with all the
opportunities there. I watched debates about
environmental issues (and went on hikes) with the
Environmental Law Society; edited scholarly articles for
the Columbia Journal of Environmental Law; litigated
cases with the Environmental Law Clinic; networked
with like-minded grad students in business, international
affairs, and science at the Earth Institute; and conducted
research and attended conferences hosted by the Sabin
Center for Climate Change Law. As an honors attorney
with the Environmental and Natural Resources Division
of the U.S. Department of Justice, I know my experience
at Columbia Law School not only helped me land this
job, but helps me keep up with the challenges of
environmental litigation I encounter daily here as well.
Animal Law: A look at the legal status of non-human
animals, including a review of the relationship between
humans and animals, how it can vary according to the use
to which animals are put and the scientific understanding
of the capacities of various animal species. We investigate
the classification of animals as “property”—whether it is
appropriate or important and how such “property” can be
legally valued—and discuss laws impacting people’s
relationship with pets, industry’s use of animals, including
animals in agriculture; current animal protection laws,
both state and federal; as well as recent efforts to reform
these laws through legislation and litigation and the overall
problems of litigating on behalf of animals.
Land Use Law: A survey and evaluation of the rules
restricting the use of land and the various local ordinances,
state and constitutional doctrines limiting these restrictions.
The objective of the course is to build an understanding of
the full range of powers—both constitutional and political—
that local and state governments have to regulate use of
privately owned land. Among the issues we address are
Ben Schifman ’11
Environmental and Natural Resources Division,
U.S. Department of Justice
7
”
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
FULL-TIME FACULTY
Michael B. Gerrard
J.D. New York University School
of Law, B.A. Columbia College
The nation’s most prolific writer
on environmental law—he has
written or edited 11 books
and hundreds of articles—
Gerrard is a two-time winner
of the Association of American
Publishers’ Best Law Book
award. Since 1986 he has
been an environmental law
columnist for the New York
Law Journal.
Gerrard joined the Columbia
Law School faculty in 2009
after 30 years practicing
environmental law in New York,
most recently as partner-incharge of the New York office
of Arnold & Porter LLP.
Gerrard has served on the
executive committees of the
boards of the Environmental
Law Institute and the American College of Environmental
Lawyers, and as chair of the
American Bar Association’s
Evan M. Frankel Clinical
Professor in Environmental
Law and Director,
Environmental Law Clinic
Interest Research Group,
where he spent ten years.
He continues to serve as its
general counsel.
J.D. University of Wisconsin
Law School, B.A. Chemistry,
Princeton University
Lloyd has lectured on environmental legal issues at Judicial
College for New Jersey judges,
on citizen suit litigation at the
Practicing Law Institute and
ALI/ABA, and at numerous
environmental courses for the
practicing bar at the New
Jersey Institute for Legal
Education. He is a co-founder
and co-director of the Eastern
Environmental Law Center, a
member of the New Jersey
Pinelands Commission and the
Litigation Review Committee
of the Environmental Defense
Fund, and has served as a
Andrew Sabin Professor
of Professional Practice,
Faculty Director,
Sabin Center for
Climate Change Law
and Associate Chair of
the faculty of Columbia
University’s Earth Institute
10,000-member Section of
Environment, Energy and
Resources, the Executive
Committee of the New York
City Bar Association, and
the Environmental Law Section
of the New York State Bar
Association. Several independent
rating services ranked Gerrard
as the leading environmental
lawyer in New York and one
of the leading environmental
lawyers in the world.
Edward Lloyd
Lloyd has played a prominent
role in protecting New Jersey’s
environment for more than
30 years. In 2000, he came to
Columbia to launch its Environmental Law Clinic, after 15 years
as director and founder of the
Rutgers University Law School
Environmental Law Clinic.
After graduating from law
school, Lloyd began his career
as an environmental advocate
with the New Jersey Public
8
member of the New Jersey
Supreme Court Committee
on Environmental Litigation.
Lloyd has testified before the
U.S. Senate and House of
Representatives committees
on environmental enforcement.
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
FULL-TIME FACULTY
Michael Heller
Lawrence A. Wien
Professor of Real Estate Law
J.D. Stanford Law School,
A.B. Harvard College
One of America’s leading
authorities on property, Heller
joined the Columbia Law
Faculty in 2002 and teaches
property, land use, and real
estate law. Prior to his tenure
at Columbia, he taught at the
University of Michigan Law
School where he received
the L. Hart Wright Award for
excellence in teaching.
He co-directed corporate
governance research at the
University of Michigan
Business School’s William
Davidson Institute and was a
term member of the Council on
Foreign Relations. He has been
a visiting professor at UCLA
School of Law, Fellow at the
Center for Advanced Study
in the Behavioral Sciences
(2004-05), visiting professor at
NYU Law School, Olin Senior
Fellow at Columbia, and
visiting lecturer at Yale Law
School. In the early 90’s, Heller
worked at the World Bank on
post-socialist property law
transition. He clerked for the
Honorable James R. Browning,
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
He is a widely published author
of texts and articles exploring
a variety of land ownership
issues, including the celebrated
The Gridlock Economy: How
Too Much Ownership Wrecks
Markets, Stops Innovation, and
Costs Lives (Basic Books 2008).
also taught at Northwestern
University Law School, where
he was the John Paul Stevens
Professor of Law.
L. Bazelon, U.S. Court of
Appeals for the District of
Columbia Circuit. Among his
written works is Property:
Principles and Policies (2012),
a leading casebook in the field.
Thomas Merrill
Charles Evans Hughes
Professor of Law
J.D. University of Chicago Law
School, B.A. Grinnell College,
B.A., Rhodes Scholar, Oxford
University
In the late 1980’s, Merrill served
as deputy solicitor general in the
U.S. Department of Justice,
representing the country before
the U.S. Supreme Court. He
was “of counsel” with Sidley
Austin Brown & Wood for more
than twenty years.
An expert in three fields—
property, administrative and
environmental law—Merrill
joined the law school in 2003
as Charles Keller Beekman
Professor of Law, and was
named to his current position
in 2009. Merrill came to Columbia
from Yale Law School, and had
He clerked for the Honorable
Harry A. Blackmun, U.S. Supreme
Court; and the Honorable David
9
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
FULL-TIME STAFF
Susan J. Kraham
has supervised clinic students
exploring the impact of
agricultural practices on food
security and the environment,
and transparency in food
labeling and regulation.
Senior Staff Attorney,
Environmental Law Clinic
and Lecturer-in-Law,
Columbia Law School
J.D. Columbia Law School,
M.A. Urban Planning-New York
University-Wagner School,
B.A. Columbia College
Also involved in clean water
and domestic and international
extractive industry projects,
she has worked on a number of
state court cases addressing
concerns surrounding hydraulic
fracturing, including the team
that successfully challenged
Pennsylvania’s efforts to strip
local government of its zoning
authority as it relates to
fracking. Internationally, she
has partnered with non-gov-
Kraham has spent her legal
career representing public
interest clients with a particular
focus on environmental and
land use law. Currently leading
the Clinic’s efforts on Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) and other issues
at the intersection of agriculture and the environment, she
ernmental organizations
to analyse and assess the
environmental impact of
mineral extraction contracts.
Prior to joining the Environmental
Law Clinic faculty, she served
as Counsel to the New Jersey
Audubon Society. Before that,
she was Associate Clinical
Professor at Rutgers Law
School, Newark. Kraham clerked
for the Honorable Justice Gary
Stein of the New Jersey
Supreme Court, and has served
as both a Skadden Fellow and
an Echoing Green Fellow.
Michael Burger
the law school’s environmental
and land use law clinical
externship program. Prior to
that, he taught in the Lawyering
program at NYU School of Law.
Executive Director, Sabin
Center for Climate Change
Law and Lecturer-in-Law,
Columbia Law School
J.D. Columbia Law School,
M.F.A.-Creative Writing
New York University,
B.A. Brown University
Before beginning his career in
the legal academy Burger served
as an environmental attorney at
the Office of the Corporation
Counsel for the City of New
York, where he litigated and
counseled the City on issues
ranging from global warming and
energy efficiency to protection of
the City’s drinking water to the
renovation of Washington
Square Park. More recently, he
was counsel of record to a
A prolific scholar and accomplished litigator, Burger joined
the law school as the first Executive Director of the Sabin Center
in 2015. Previously he was
Associate Professor at Roger
Williams University School of
Law, where he taught administrative law, environmental law
and law & literature, and directed
10
coalition of the nation’s largest
local government associations in
the U.S. Supreme Court case
American Trucking Associations
v. City of Los Angeles. He is also
a co-founder of the Environmental Law Collaborative.
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
ADJUNCT FACULTY
Susan E. Amron
Lecturer-in-Law: Environmental
Law Moot Court
J.D. Columbia Law School,
B.A. Yale University
Amron is Chief of the Environmental
Law Division of the New York City Law
Department and has practiced environmental law for the City for more than 20
years. As the City’s chief environmental
lawyer, she counsels City agencies
about the requirements of federal,
state, and local environmental and
land use laws and represents the City
as both a plaintiff and a defendant
in litigation involving a broad range of
environmental and land use laws.
Before joining the New York City Law
Department, Amron spent six years as
a litigation associate at Willkie Farr &
Gallagher. While at Columbia Law
School, she was an editor for its
Journal of Law and Social Problems.
the effects of environmental contamination
on vulnerable and overburdened
populations. She previously served for
ten years as General Counsel at New
York Lawyers for the Public Interest, a
non-profit civil rights law firm, where she
directed a legal and advocacy program
focused on racial and ethnic disparities in
access to health care, environmental
justice, and disability rights. She began
her legal career as a staff attorney at the
NAACP Legal Defense and Educational
Fund, Inc. (LDF), where she represented
clients attempting to break barriers of
access to health care and quality education.
Corporation, a major energy company.
Prior to joining PPL in 1995 he was
general counsel for Long Island Lighting
Co. Prior to that, he had been a partner
with the law firm of Preston Gates & Ellis
(now K&L Gates) in Seattle, Washington,
and Portland, Oregon. His experience
also includes several years as a staff
counsel for the New York Public Service
Commission, and he served as an
attorney for the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency.
Marianne Engelman Lado
Lecturer-in-Law: Environmental
Justice and Environmental Health
J.D. University of California at Berkeley,
M.A. Politics, Princeton University,
B.A. Cornell University
Lado joined Earthjustice in 2010 as Chair
of the Environmental Health Practice
Group, focusing on toxics, pesticides,
waste, the health impacts of industrial
agriculture, civil rights enforcement, and
Robert J. Grey
Lecturer-in-Law: Seminar in
Energy Industry Restructuring
J.D. Emory University,
LL.M. George Washington University,
B.A. Columbia University
Grey is executive vice president,
general counsel and secretary of PPL
11
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
ADJUNCT FACULTY
Saritha Komatireddy
Lecturer-in-Law:
Oil and Gas Law
J.D. Harvard University,
B.A. Harvard University
Komatireddy is an Assistant U.S.
Attorney for the Eastern District of New
York. She served as counsel to the
National Commission on the BP
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and
Offshore Drilling. She previously taught
Oil and Gas Law at George Washington
University Law School; worked as an
associate with Kellogg, Huber, Hansen,
Todd, Evans & Figel; and clerked for
Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh of the U.S.
Court of Appeals for the District of
Columbia.
Matthew Morreale
Lecturer-in-Law: Environmental
Issues in Business Transactions
J.D. Columbia Law School, M.S., B.A.
and B.A.S., University of Pennsylvania
A partner in the Corporate Department of
Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP, in charge
of its environmental practice, Morreale
advises Cravath’s clients on environmental
matters relating to mergers and acquisitions, securities offerings and financings
in the U.S. and abroad. He also provides
counseling on environmental compliance
matters; environmental and toxic tort
litigation; environmental indemnification
disputes; and environmental aspects of
periodic reporting obligations under
securities laws. He lectures and writes on
environmental topics, and has served on
the Board of Directors of the Columbia
Journal of Environmental Law since 1997.
regulatory risk in transactions involving a
wide range of industries, compliance with
U.S. and EU environmental requirements,
emissions trading and climate change,
environmental disputes, toxic tort risk,
SEC disclosure requirements and
corporate governance issues. Rivlin
also advises on the U.S. Foreign Corrupt
Practices Act (FCPA), dealings with
OFAC-sanctioned countries, Exon-Florio
and similar matters.
Prior to joining Allen & Overy, he worked
at Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP and
McCarter & English LLP.
Ken Rivlin
Lecturer-in-Law: Environmental
Issues in Business Transactions
J.D. Boston University,
B.A. Brown University
Rivlin heads Allen & Overy’s Global
Environmental Law Group, their U.S.
Environmental and Regulatory Law
Group and U.S. Pro Bono Program.
He advises on environmental and
12
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
ADJUNCT FACULTY
Mariann Sullivan
Lecturer-in-Law: Animal Law
J.D. Fordham University School of Law,
B.A. Newton College
Sullivan, an adjunct professor of animal
law at Brooklyn Law School and Cardozo
Law School, recently retired as Deputy
Chief Court Attorney at the New York
State Appellate Division, First Department.
She has served as chair of the Committee
on Legal Issues Pertaining to Animals
of the New York City Bar Association
and the Animal Law Committee of the
American Bar Association’s Tort Trial
Insurance Practice Section. A frequent
speaker at conferences and animal law
related events throughout the country,
as well as Animal Rights Africa’s Animal
Law Review Consultation Workshop in
Johannesburg, she is currently the
president of the Board of Directors of Our
Hen House, as well as that organization’s
Program Director, and serves on the
Board of Directors of Animal Welfare
Trust and Animal Welfare Advocacy.
She is a former member of the boards
of Farm Sanctuary and The Animals
Agenda, and a prolific writer on issues
in her field.
the New Jersey Department of
Environmental Protection from 2002
to 2004. He is a former Chair of the
Environmental Law Committee of the
New York City Bar Association and a
former member of the Board of Directors
of the Paul Taylor Dance Company and
of Work 101, a nonprofit organization
providing worker training. He currently
serves on the Advisory Board of the
Hudson Riverkeeper, the Board of the
Old Chatham Conservation Association,
and the Advisory Board of the Yale
Center for Business and the Environment.
Evan van Hook
Lecturer-in-Law:
International Environmental Law
J.D. Yale University Law School,
B.A. Trinity College
Van Hook is Corporate Vice President for
Health, Safety, Environment & Remediation
for Honeywell International. A former
partner in the law firm of Sidley Austin,
he served as Assistant Commissioner of
13
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
student activities
The Columbia Journal of Environmental Law
Student Animal Legal Defense Fund (SALDF)
SALDF is a student chapter of the national Animal Legal
Defense Fund, which aims to advance the interests of
animals through the legal system. Its film screenings,
lunches and other events bring together those with a
shared interest in animal welfare and/or animal rights.
And it helps connect students to pro bono and career
opportunities in the field of animal law.
Founded in 1972 with a grant from the Ford Foundation,
the Journal is one of the oldest and most preeminent
environmental law journals in the country. Recognized for its
innovative scholarship on emerging areas of environmental
law, its articles have contributed substantially to the
evolution of laws in this specialty.
Published twice a year, the Journal is managed by secondand third-year law school students. It showcases both
the scholarship of leading environmental lawyers and
academics, and student work, featured in its “2L Note”
program. Law school staff also publishes an on-line
journal, “Field Notes,” which, like its print counterpart,
features works by leading academics and practitioners
as well as students.
“
Environmental Law Society
Students concerned about environmental issues and/or
interested in environmental careers are welcome to join the
Environmental Law Society. The society offers a host of
opportunities for involvement—promoting environmental
efforts at the Law School among them.
The strength of the Environmental
Law Clinic was a major factor in my choice
to go to Columbia Law School. I could not
have made a better decision. The clinic was
by far the highlight of my law school experience. It really is a tremendous opportunity
to challenge yourself, build new skills, and
receive the best hands-on instruction you
could ask for. My time in the clinic gave me
the skills and network I needed to move
directly into a career in public interest
environmental law. I would not be where
I am today without that experience.
Each year, the group hosts some of the world’s top
environmental practitioners from government, public
interest groups, and private law firms at a variety of
events, ranging from informal luncheons and panel
discussions to Earth Day Celebrations, and gets
involved with the New York City community through
group events like park clean-ups and tree-planting.
Lisa Perfetto ’11
Earthjustice
14
”
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
Our Partner
THE EARTH INSTITUTE AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
Widely recognized as the world’s foremost
organization addressing the challenges of global
sustainable development, the Earth Institute’s 850
scientists, postdoctoral fellows, staff and students
work across many disciplines to find solutions for
problems in public health, poverty, energy, ecosystems, climate, natural hazards and urbanization.
Institute’s multi-disciplinary faculty, with Gerrard
serving as Associate Chair of this faculty and
Lloyd as Chair of the faculty Practice Committee.
Law School students participate in its governance as members of its advisory board and
have the opportunity to take courses with faculty
in other schools in the university.
Established in 1995, its experts collaborate with
corporations, government agencies, non-profits,
individuals, national governments and the United
Nations to help educate the next generation of
leaders in this important area.
More than 30 research centers are under the
Institute’s umbrella, including the Center for
Research on Environmental Decisions; the Center
for Climate Systems Research; the Columbia
Water Center; the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; the International Research Institute for
Climate and Society; the National Center for
Disaster Preparedness; and the Millennium
Villages Project.
The Law School’s Sabin Center for Climate Change
Law is an Institute affiliate. Its Faculty Director,
Michael Gerrard, and Edward Lloyd, Director of
its Environmental Law Clinic, are members of the
15
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
OUR STUDENTS AND GRADUATES: CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
The Environmental Law program at Columbia Law School prepares students for careers in a wide
variety of organizations. Our presence in New York City enables us to place students in internships with
not-for-profit advocacy organizations, federal, state and local government agencies, United Nations
consulates, and private law firms, ranging in size from small environmental boutiques to large national
and international firms
These placements often lead to full-time jobs, either immediately after law school, or after judicial
clerkships. And many of our students go on to similar jobs in other cities.
Here’s a snapshot of where just a few of our graduates are today
Government
Susan Amron, ‘84, Chief,
Environmental Law Division,
New York City Law Department
Suzanne Alana Beddoe ’93,
Senior Vice President and
General Counsel, New York State
Environmental Facilities Corp.
Steven N. Brautigam ’94, Assistant
Commissioner for Environmental Affairs,
New York City Department of Sanitation
Steve Bullock ’94,
Governor, Montana
Brenda Mallory ’83
General Counsel, Council
on Environmental Quality,
Executive Office of the President
Janette Sadik-Kahn ’87,
Commissioner, New York City Department
of Transportation (to 2014)
Alice Thurston ’84, Samantha Klein
Frank ’00, Emily M. Meeker ’08, Vivian
H.W. Wang ’08, Travis Annatoyn ’10,
Ben Schifman ’11, and Claire Woods
’11, Attorneys with the Environmental
and Natural Resources Division,
U.S. Department of Justice
Carter H. Strickland Jr. ’95,
Commissioner, New York City Department
of Environmental Protection (to 2014)
Law Firms
Theodore Garrett ’68,
Senior Counsel and former
head, Environmental Practice,
Covington & Burling
William H. Hyatt, Jr. ’64,
Environmental partner, K&L Gates
Nelson Johnson ’92,
Partner-in-charge, Environmental
Practice Group, Arnold & Porter
LLP—New York Office
Christopher McKenzie ’92,
Senior Vice President and
General Counsel, Wildlife
Conservation Society
Matthew Morreale ’97,
Partner-in-charge, Environmental
Practice, Cravath Swaine & Moore
Michael Panfil ’11, Attorney,
Environmental Defense Fund
Daniel Riesel ’61, Name partner,
Sive Paget & Riesel, an environmental law
boutique in New York, with colleagues
Jeffrey Gracer ’85, Partner, and
Devin McDougall ’12, Associate
Sarah H. Sigman ’08, Associate, San
Francisco environmental boutique Shute,
Mihaly & Weinberger
Caitlin Peale ’11, Attorney,
Conservation Law Foundation
Lisa Perfetto ’11,
Associate Attorney, Earthjustice
Daniel Raichel ’11, Attorney,
Natural Resources Defense Council
Academia
Not-for-Profits
Michael Burger ’03, Executive Director
Sabin Center for Climate Change Law
Kenneth S. Berlin ’73, Senior Vice
President and General Counsel,
Coalition for Green Capital
Karl Coplan ’84, Professor of Law and
Co-Director-Environmental Law Clinic,
Pace Law School
Jean Chen ’06, Associate Counsel
at Hudson River Foundation and Open
Space Institute
Susan J. Kraham ‘92 Senior Staff
Attorney, Columbia Law School
Environmental Law Clinic
J. William Futrell ’65, President (retired),
Environmental Law Institute
Nicholas A. Robinson ’70,
University Professor and
Gilbert & Sarah Karlin Distinguished
Professor of Environmental Law,
Pace Law School
Paul Gallay ’84, President and
Hudson Riverkeeper at Riverkeeper
David G. Hawkins ’70,
Director of Climate Programs,
Natural Resources Defense Council
Clay Hiles ’75, Executive Director,
Hudson River Foundation
Amanda Hungerford ’10,
Attorney, The Humane Society
Peter Lehner ’84,
Executive Director,
Natural Resources Defense Council
16
Environmental Consulting and In-House
Christopher Angell ’10,
Corporate Counsel, Opower
Ira Feldman ’85, President and Senior
Counsel, Greentrack Strategies
Frank Friedman ’65,
President, Frank Friedman Associates,
an environmental consulting firm.
Arundhati (Tinku) Khanwalkar ’83,
Senior Director—Environmental
Management, PPL Services Corporation
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY LAW AT COLUMBIA
SABIN CENTER FOR CLIMATE CHANGE LAW
Professor Michael B. Gerrard, Director
[email protected]
(212) 854-3287
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW CLINIC
Professor Edward Lloyd, Director
[email protected]
(212) 854-4376
DEVELOPMENT OFFICE
Barbara Diamond, Director of Corporate & Foundation Relations
[email protected]
(212) 854-1379
OFFICE OF ADMISSIONS
DESIGN: STISLOW DESIGN, NYC
[email protected]
(212) 854-2670
WWW.LAW.COLUMBIA.EDU
WWW.COLUMBIACLIMATELAW.COM
WEB.LAW.COLUMBIA.EDU/CLINICS/ENVIRONMENTAL-LAW-CLINIC
WWW.EARTH.COLUMBIA.EDU

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