Data Reference Tables

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Data Reference Tables
TABLE 1. Units for Photoelectric Specifications
Unit
Symbol
ac volts
V ac
ampere
A
dc volts
V dc
Physical Quantity
electrical potential – alternating current
electrical current
electrical potential – direct current
degrees Celsius
°C
temperature (see Table 8 )
degrees Fahrenheit
°F
temperature (see Table 8 )
Hertz
Hz
frequency
lumen*
lm
light energy
lux
lx
illumination (lm/m2)
meter
m
length
microamp
µA
electrical current (10-6 A)
microsecond
µs
time (10-6 s)
milliamp
mA
electrical current (10-3 A)
millimeter
mm
length (10-3 m)
millisecond
ms
time (10-3 s)
nanometer
nm
length (light wavelength)
ohm
Ω
electrical resistance
second
s
time
volt
V
electrical potential
volt-amp
VA
power
watt
W
power
*1 lumen = 0.001496 watt of monochromatic light at a wavelength of 546 nm
TABLE 2. Unit Prefixes
Decimal
Equivalent
Prefix
Symbol
1 000 000 000 000
tera
T
1012
1 000 000 000
giga
G
109
1 000 000
mega
M
106
kilo
k
103
100
hecto
h
102
10
deka
da
10
0.1
deci
d
10-1
0.01
centi
c
10-2
0.001
milli
m
10-3
0.000 001
micro
µ
10-6
0.000 000 001
nano
n
10-9
0.000 000 000 001
pico
p
10-12
1 000
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Exponential
Expression
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
677
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 3. English-Metric Conversion
Inch
Fraction
Inch
Decimal
------1/64
--------1/32
------3/64
1/16
5/64
--3/32
7/64
--1/8
9/64
5/32
--11/64
3/16
--13/64
7/32
15/64
--1/4
17/64
---
.0039
.0079
.0118
.0156
.0157
.0197
.0236
.0276
.0312
.0315
.0354
.0394
.0469
.0625
.0781
.0787
.0938
.1094
.1181
.1250
.1406
.1562
.1575
.1719
.1875
.1968
.2031
.2188
.2344
.2362
.2500
.2656
.2756
Inch
Fraction
Millimeter
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.397
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.794
0.8
0.9
1
1.191
1.588
1.984
2
2.381
2.778
3
3.175
3.572
3.969
4
4.366
4.762
5
5.159
5.556
5.953
6
6.350
6.747
7
9/32
19/64
5/16
--21/64
11/32
--23/64
3/8
25/64
--13/32
27/64
--7/16
29/64
15/32
--31/64
1/2
--33/64
17/32
35/64
--9/16
37/64
--19/32
39/64
5/8
--41/64
Inch
Decimal
.2812
.2969
.3125
.3150
.3281
.3438
.3543
.3594
.375
.3906
.3937
.4062
.4219
.4331
.4375
.4531
.4688
.4724
.4844
.500
.5118
.5156
.5312
.5469
.5512
.5625
.5781
.5905
.5938
.6094
.625
.6299
.6406
To convert millimeters to inches, multiply by 0.0394.
Millimeter
Inch
Fraction
7.144
7.541
7.938
8
8.334
8.731
9
9.128
9.525
9.922
10
10.319
10.716
11
11.112
11.509
11.906
12
12.303
12.700
13
13.097
13.494
13.891
14
14.288
14.684
15
15.081
15.478
15.875
16
16.272
21/32
--43/64
11/16
45/64
--23/32
47/64
--3/4
49/64
25/32
--51/64
13/16
--53/64
27/32
55/64
--7/8
57/64
--29/32
59/64
15/16
--61/64
31/32
--63/64
1
---
Inch
Decimal
Millimeter
.6562
.6693
.6719
.6875
.7031
.7087
.7188
.7344
.7480
.750
.7656
.7812
.7874
.7969
.8125
.8268
.8281
.8438
.8594
.8661
.875
.8906
.9055
.9062
.9219
.9375
.9449
.9531
.9688
.9842
.9844
1.000
---
16.669
17
17.066
17.462
17.859
18
18.256
18.653
19
19.050
19.447
19.844
20
20.241
20.638
21
21.034
21.431
21.828
22
22.225
22.622
23
23.019
23.416
23.812
24
24.209
24.606
25
25.003
25.400
---
To convert inches to millimeters, multiply by 25.4.
TABLE 4. Drill Sizes for Mounting Hardware
Thread Size
Tap Drill
Clearance Drill
#2-56
#50 (0.0700")
#42 (0.0935")
#4-40
#43 (0.0890")
#31 (0.1200")
#6-32
#36 (0.1065")
#25 (0.1495")
#6-40
#33 (0.1130")
#25 (0.1495")
#8-32
#29 (0.1360")
#16 (0.1770")
#10-24
#25 (0.1495")
#7 (0.2010")
#10-32
#21 (0.1590")
#7 (0.2010")
1/4"-20
#7 (0.2010")
#H (0.2660")
5/16"-24
#I (0.2720")
#Q (0.3320")
3/8"-32
11/32 (0.3438")
25/64" (0.3906")
7/16"-20
25/64" (0.3906")
15/32" (0.4687")
1/2"-14 NPSM
23/32" (0.7188")
55/64" (0.8594")
1/2"-32
15/32" (0.4688")
17/32"(0.5312")
678
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
Thread Size
Tap Drill
Clearance Drill
M2.5 x 0.45
2.05mm (0.0807")
or #46 (0.0810")
2.9mm (0.1142")
or #32 (0.1160")
M3 x 0.5
2.50mm (0.0984")
or #39 (0.0995")
3.4mm (0.1339")
or #29 (0.1360")
M4 x 0.7
3.30mm (0.1299")
or #29 (0.1360")
4.5mm (0.1772")
#15 (0.1800")
M6 x 0.75
5.00mm (0.1969")
or #8 (0.1990")
6.6mm (0.2598")
or #G (0.2610")
M18 x 1
15.5mm (0.6102")
or 39/64" (0.6094")
20.0mm (0.7874")
or 51/64" (0.7969")
M30 x 1.5
26.5mm (1.0433")
or 1-3/64" (1.0469")
33.0mm (1.2992")
or 1-5/16" (1.3125")
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 5. Velocity Conversion
1
2
3
4
Feet/minute
Meters/
minute
Inches/
minute
Millimeters/
minute
Inches/
second
Millimeters/
second
Seconds/
inch
Seconds/
millimeter
.5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1250
1665
2500
5000
.152
.305
.610
.914
1.22
1.52
1.83
2.13
2.44
2.74
3.05
3.35
3.66
3.96
4.27
4.57
4.88
5.18
5.49
5.79
6.10
6.40
6.71
7.01
7.31
7.62
9.14
12.19
15.24
18.29
21.34
24.38
27.43
30.48
38.10
45.72
53.34
60.96
68.58
76.20
83.82
91.44
99.06
106.7
114.3
121.9
137.2
152.4
182.9
213.4
243.8
274.3
304.8
381.0
507.5
762.0
1524
6
12
24
36
48
60
72
84
96
108
120
132
144
156
168
180
192
204
216
228
240
252
264
276
288
300
360
480
600
720
840
960
1080
1200
1500
1800
2100
2400
2700
3000
3300
3600
3900
4200
4500
4800
5400
6000
7200
8400
9600
10800
12000
15000
19980
30000
60000
152.4
304.8
609.6
914.4
1219.2
1524.0
1828.8
2133.6
2438.4
2743.2
3048.0
3352.8
3657.6
3962.4
4267.2
4572.0
4876.8
5181.6
5486.4
5791.2
6096.0
6400.8
6705.6
7010.4
7315.2
7620.0
9144.0
12192
15240
18288
21336
24384
27432
30480
38100
45720
53340
60960
68580
76200
83820
91440
99060
106680
114300
121920
137160
152400
182880
213360
243840
274320
304800
381000
507492
762000
1524000
.10
.20
.40
.60
.80
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
3.2
3.4
3.6
3.8
4.0
4.2
4.4
4.6
4.8
5.0
6.0
8.0
10
12
14
16
18
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
90
100
120
140
160
180
200
250
333
500
1000
2.540
5.080
10.16
15.24
20.32
25.40
30.48
35.56
40.64
45.72
50.8
55.88
60.96
66.04
71.12
76.20
81.28
86.36
91.44
96.52
101.6
106.7
111.8
116.8
121.9
127.0
152.4
203.2
254.0
304.8
355.6
406.4
457.2
508.0
635.0
762.0
889.0
1016
1143
1270
1397
1524
1651
1778
1905
2032
2286
2540
3048
3556
4064
4572
5080
6350
8458
12700
25400
10.0
5.0
2.50
1.67
1.25
1.00
.833
.714
.625
.555
.500
.455
.417
.385
.357
.333
.313
.294
.278
.263
.250
.238
.227
.217
.208
.200
.167
.125
.100
.083
.071
.063
.056
.050
.040
.033
.029
.025
.022
.020
.018
.016
.015
.014
.013
.012
.011
.010
.0083
.0071
.0063
.0055
.0050
.0040
.0030
.0020
.0010
.394
.197
.098
.0656
.0492
.0394
.0328
.0281
.0246
.0219
.0197
.0179
.0164
.0151
.0141
.0131
.0123
.0116
.0109
.0104
.00984
.00937
.00895
.00856
.00820
.00787
.00656
.00492
.00394
.00328
.00281
.00246
.00219
.00197
.00157
.00131
.00112
.00098
.00087
.00079
.00072
.00066
.00061
.00056
.00052
.00049
.00044
.00039
.00033
.00028
.00025
.00022
.000197
.000157
.000118
.000079
.000039
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
679
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 6. Velocity Conversion Factors
To:
Miles/
hour
Feet/
minute
Inches/
minute
Meters/
minute
Centimeters/
minute
Feet/
second
Inches/
second
Meters/
second
Millimeters/
second
1.0
88
1056
26.822
2682.24
1.4667
17.60
0.4470
447.0
foot/
minute
1.1364x10-2
1.0
12.0
0.3048
30.48
1.6667x10-2
20.000
5.08x10-3
5.08
inch/
minute
9.470x10-4
8.333x10-2
1.0
2.540x10-2
2.54
1.3888x10-3
1.6666x10-2
4.23x10-4
0.0423
meter/
minute
3.7282x10-2
3.281
39.372
1.0
100.0
5.468x10-2
0.6562
1.667x10-2
16.667
centi1 minute
meter/
3.7282x10-4
3.281x10-2
0.3937
0.01
1.0
5.468x10-4
6.5616x10-3
1.667x10-4
0.1667
0.6818
60
720
18.29
1829
1.0
12
0.3048
304.8
5.6818x10-2
5
60
1.524
152.4
8.333x10-2
1.0
2.540x10-2
25.40
2.2369
196.85
2362.2
60.0
6000.0
3.281
39.372
1.0
1000
2.2369x10-3
0.1969
2.3622
6.0x10-2
6.000
3.281x10-3
3.937x10-2
1x10-3
1.0
Meters
Kilometers
Miles
(imperial)
3.2808x10-10 1.0936x10-10
1.0x10-10
1.0x10-13
6.2137x10-14
From:
1
1
1
1
1
mile/
hour
foot/
second
1 inch/
second
1
meter/
second
milli1 second
meter/
TABLE 7. Length Conversion Factors
To:
Angstroms
Millimeters
Centimeters
Inches
Angstrom
(Å)
1.0
1.0x10-7
1.0x10-8
3.937x10-9
millimeter
(mm)
1.0x107
1.0
0.1
0.0394
3.2808x10-3
1.0936x10-3
1.0x10-3
1.0x10-6
6.2137x10-7
centimeter
(cm)
1.0x108
10.0
1.0
0.3937
0.0328
0.0109
0.01
1.0x10-5
6.2137x10-6
inch
(in)
2.54x108
25.4
2.54
1.0
0.0833
0.0278
0.0254
2.54x10-5
1.5783x10-5
foot
(ft)
3.048x109
304.8
30.48
12.0
1.0
0.3333
0.3048
3.048x10-4
1.8939x10-4
yard
(yd)
9.144x109
914.4
91.44
36.0
3.0
1.0
0.9144
9.144x10-4
5.6818x10-4
meter
(m)
1.0x1010
1.0x103
100.0
39.3701
3.2808
1.0936
1.0
1.0x10-3
6.2137x10-4
kilometer
(km)
1.0x1013
1.0x106
1.0x105
3.937x104
3.2808x103
1.0936x103
1.0x103
1.0
0.6214
1.6093x105
6.336x104
5.280x103
1.760x103
1.6093x103
1.6093
1.0
From:
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
mile
1.6093x1013 1.6093x106
(imperial)
680
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
Feet
Yards
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 8. Temperature Conversion: °C
°F
Celsius°
Fahrenheit°
Celsius°
Fahrenheit°
Celsius°
Fahrenheit°
-62
-57
-51
-46
-40
-34
-29
-23
-17.8
-17.2
-16.7
-16.1
-15.6
-15.0
-14.4
-13.9
-13.3
-12.8
-12.2
-11.7
-11.1
-10.6
-10.0
-9.4
-8.9
-8.3
-7.8
-7.2
-6.7
-6.1
-5.6
-5.0
-4.4
-3.9
-3.3
-2.8
-2.2
-1.7
-1.1
-0.6
-80
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
0.0
0.6
1.1
1.7
2.2
2.8
3.3
3.9
4.4
5.0
5.6
6.1
6.7
7.2
7.8
8.3
8.9
9.4
10.0
10.6
11.1
11.7
12.2
12.8
13.3
13.9
14.4
15.0
15.6
16.1
16.7
17.2
17.8
18.3
18.9
19.4
20.0
20.6
21.1
21.7
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
22.2
22.8
23.3
23.9
24.4
25.0
25.6
26.1
26.7
27.2
27.8
28.3
28.9
29.4
30.0
30.6
31.1
31.7
32.2
32.8
33.3
33.9
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.1
36.7
37.2
37.8
43
49
54
60
66
71
77
82
88
93
100
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
212
NOTE: For temperatures not given in
the table, use the conversion
information at the right.
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Water
Boiling
Point
Water
Freezing
Point
To Convert
Scales:
°F
(Fahrenheit)
212°F
32°F
°C = (°F - 32) x 5/9
°C
(Celsius or
Centigrade)
100°F
0°F
°F = (°C x 9/5) + 32
Temperature
Scale
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
681
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 9. Trigonometric Functions and Formulas
Degrees
sin
cos
tan
cot
sec
csc
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
0.0000
0.0174
0.0349
0.0523
0.0698
0.0872
0.1045
0.1219
0.1392
0.1564
0.1736
0.1908
0.2079
0.2250
0.2419
0.2588
0.2756
0.2924
0.3090
0.3256
0.3420
0.3584
0.3746
0.3907
0.4067
0.4226
0.4384
0.4540
0.4695
0.4848
0.5000
0.5150
0.5299
0.5446
0.5592
0.5736
0.5878
0.6018
0.6157
0.6293
0.6428
0.6561
0.6691
0.6820
0.6947
0.7071
1.0000
0.9998
0.9994
0.9986
0.9976
0.9962
0.9945
0.9925
0.9903
0.9877
0.9848
0.9816
0.9781
0.9744
0.9703
0.9659
0.9613
0.9563
0.9511
0.9455
0.9397
0.9336
0.9272
0.9205
0.9135
0.9063
0.8988
0.8910
0.8829
0.8746
0.8660
0.8572
0.8580
0.8387
0.8290
0.8192
0.8090
0.7986
0.7880
0.7771
0.7660
0.7547
0.7431
0.7314
0.7193
0.7071
0.0000
0.0175
0.0349
0.0524
0.0699
0.0875
0.1051
0.1228
0.1405
0.1584
0.1763
0.1944
0.2126
0.2309
0.2493
0.2679
0.2867
0.3057
0.3249
0.3443
0.3640
0.3839
0.4040
0.4245
0.4452
0.4663
0.4877
0.5095
0.5317
0.5543
0.5774
0.6009
0.6249
0.6494
0.6745
0.7002
0.7265
0.7536
0.7813
0.8098
0.8391
0.8693
0.9004
0.9325
0.9567
1.0000
–
57.290
28.636
19.081
14.301
11.430
9.5144
8.1443
7.1154
6.3138
5.6713
5.1446
4.7046
4.3315
4.0108
3.7320
3.4874
3.2708
3.0777
2.9042
2.7475
2.6051
2.4751
2.3558
2.2460
2.1445
2.0503
1.9626
1.8807
1.8040
1.7320
1.6643
1.6003
1.5399
1.4826
1.4281
1.3764
1.3270
1.2799
1.2349
1.1918
1.1504
1.1106
1.0724
1.0355
1.0000
1.0000
1.0002
1.0006
1.0014
1.0024
1.0038
1.0055
1.0075
1.0098
1.0125
1.0154
1.0187
1.0223
1.0263
1.0306
1.0353
1.0403
1.0457
1.0515
1.0576
1.0642
1.0711
1.0785
1.0864
1.0946
1.1034
1.1126
1.1223
1.1326
1.1434
1.1547
1.1666
1.1792
1.1924
1.2062
1.2208
1.2361
1.2521
1.2690
1.2868
1.3054
1.3250
1.3456
1.3673
1.3902
1.4142
–
57.299
28.654
19.107
14.336
11.474
9.5668
8.2055
7.1853
6.3924
5.7588
5.2408
4.8097
4.4454
4.1336
3.8637
3.6280
3.4203
3.2361
3.0715
2.9238
2.7904
2.6695
2.5593
2.4586
2.3662
2.2812
2.2027
2.1300
2.0627
2.0000
1.9416
1.8871
1.8361
1.7883
1.7434
1.7013
1.6616
1.6243
1.5890
1.5557
1.5242
1.4945
1.4663
1.4396
1.4142
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
cos
sin
cot
tan
csc
sec
Degrees
Trigonometric Formulas for Distance or Angle Calculation
Relationships:
Z
Y
Ø
X
Given ø and X:
Given ø and Y:
682
Y = X tan ø
X = Y cot ø
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
Z = X sec ø
Z = Y csc ø
sin ø = Y/Z
cos ø = X/Z
tan ø = X/Y
csc ø = Z/Y = 1/sin ø
sec ø = Z/X = 1/cos ø
cot ø = X/Y = 1/tan ø
Given ø and Z:
Given X and Y:
X = Z cos ø
Z = √X2 + Y2
Y = Z sin ø
ø = arctan (Y/X)
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Data Reference Tables
Basic Electrical Formulas
Ohm’s Law describes the relationship between voltage,
resistance, and current in electrical circuits. As stated by Ohm’s
Law, the current in the figure below is directly proportional to
the applied voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance
of the circuit. This relationship, in the form of an equation, is
written as follows:
IR
P
I
Ohm's Law Circuit
I (amperes)
TABLE 10. Resistor Color Codes
Digit
Multiplier
Tolerance
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
10000000
100000000
±1%
±2%
±3 %
±4%
0.1
0.01
±5%
±10%
±20%
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
EI
P = E2
R
P = I2 x R
As an example, if R = 1000 ohms and E = 10 volts, the power
used in the circuit is:
P = E2 = 100 = 1/10 watt = 100 milliwatts
R 1000
or 1/10 amp, or 100 milliamps
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
I2 R
P
R
P=ExI
As an example, if R=100 ohms and E=10 volts, then the current
in the circuit is equal to:
black
brown
red
orange
yellow
green
blue
violet
gray
white
gold
silver
no color
E2
R
P
P
E
–
Color
I
Electrical power may also be quantified in terms of a single
equation. Power is the rate of doing work, and is measured in
units called watts. Watts are equal to voltage x current. DC
power equations relate power (in watts), current (in amperes),
and resistance (in ohms), as follows:
E
(volts)
I = 10
100
P
I2
R
(amps) (watts)
R=E
I
R (ohms)
+
E2
P
(volts) (ohms)
E
R
where I is the current (in amperes), E is the electromotive force
(in volts), and R is the resistance (in ohms). It follows that:
and
E
PR
I=E
R
E=IxR
E
I
The colored bands on the bodies of resistors denote their value (in
ohms), and their tolerance (in ±%). With the resistor positoned as
shown below, the first two color bands are digits ,the next is the
multiplier, and the next (if present) is the tolerance.
As an example ,a resistor color-coded YELLOW-VIOLET-BROWN-GOLD
would be 47 x 10, ±5% tolerance or: 470 ohms (±5% tolerance).
Precision resistors usually have their values stamped on the resistor
body. Some film-type resistors may have three significant figures and,
therefore, use five color bands (including 3 digit bands and 1 multiplier
band).
Digit 1
Tolerance
Digit 2
Multiplier
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
683
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 11. Copper Wire Information
AWG
0000
000
00
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
Solid Wire Diameter
American Wire or
Brown and Sharpe Gage
Approximate
Stranded Wire Diameter1
Approximate
Resistance per 100 feet
(30 meters)2
Inches
Millimeters
Inches
Millimeters
Ohms
.4601
.4097
.3648
.3249
.2893
.2576
.2294
.2043
.1819
.1620
.1443
.1285
.1144
.1019
.0907
.0808
.0720
.0641
.0571
.0508
.0453
.0403
.0359
.0320
.0285
.0253
.0226
.0201
.0179
.0159
.0142
.0126
.0113
.0100
.00892
.00795
.00708
.00630
.00561
.00500
.00445
.00396
.00353
.00314
.00280
.00249
.00222
.00198
.00176
.00157
11,687
10.406
9.266
8.252
7.348
6.543
5.827
5.189
4.620
4.115
3.665
3.264
2.906
2.588
2.304
2.052
1.829
1.628
1.450
1.290
1.151
1.024
0.912
0.813
0.724
0.643
0.574
0.511
0.455
0.404
0.361
0.320
0.287
0.254
0.227
0.202
0.180
0.160
0.142
0.127
0.113
0.101
0.090
0.080
0.071
0.063
0.056
0.050
0.045
0.040
.522
.464
.414
.368
.328
.292
13.26
11.79
10.52
9.35
8.33
7.42
.232
5.89
.184
4.67
.147
3.73
.116
2.95
.095
2.41
.073
1.85
.059
1.50
.048
1.22
.036
0.91
.030
0.76
.024
0.61
.020
.018
.015
0.51
0.46
0.38
.012
0.30
.008
0.20
.007
0.18
.006
0.15
.0050
.0060
.0080
.010
.012
.016
.020
.025
.030
.040
.050
.060
.080
.10
.13
.16
.20
.25
.32
.40
.50
.64
.80
1.0
1.3
1.6
2.0
2.6
3.2
4.1
5.2
6.5
8.2
10
13
16
20
26
33
42
52
66
83
105
130
170
210
270
330
420
1
Exact diameter is dependent upon the wire gage used for the strands. Diameter listed represents the most common
wire type for AWG.
2
Resistance values assume the resistivity of solid copper wire. Stranding and/or copper alloy increase the resistance values.
684
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
TABLE 12. Hazardous Location Classifications per National Electrical Code (NEC) Article 500
CLASS
DIVISION 1: Locations in which hazardous concentrations of flammable gases or vapors exist
continuously, intermittently, or periodically under
normal conditions.
-or- Locations in which hazardous concentrations of
flammable gases or vapors may exist frequently
because of repair or maintenance operations or because of leakage.
CLASS I
Locations in which flammable gases or vapors are (or may be) present in the air in
quantities great enough to produce explosive
or ignitable mixtures.
GROUP
DIVISION
-or- Locations in which breakdown or faulty operation of equipment or processes might release
hazardous concentrations of flammable gases or
vapors.
DIVISION 2: Locations in which volatile flammable
liquids or flammable gases are handled, processed,
or used, but are normally kept in closed containers
and can only escape due to accidental rupture.
-or- Locations in which hazardous concentrations of
gases or vapors are normally prevented by mechanical ventilation and might become hazardous
due to failure of the ventilating equipment.
GROUP A:
Atmospheres containing acetylene
GROUP B:
Atmospheres containing:
acrolein (inhibited)
butadiene
ethylene oxide
hydrogen
manufactured gases containing more than
30% hydrogen by volume
propylene oxide
GROUP C:
Atmospheres containing:
allyl alcohol
carbon monoxide
cyclopropane
diethyl ether
ethylene
hydrogen sulfide
methyl ether
n-propyl ether
or gas or vapors of equivalent hazard
GROUP D:
Atmospheres containing:
acetone
ammonia
benzene
butane
butyl alcohol
ethane
ethyl alcohol
gasoline
heptanes
hexanes
methane (natural gas)
methyl alcohol
methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)
naphtha
octanes
pentanes
propane
styrene
toluene
xylenes
or gas or vapors of equivalent hazard
-or- Locations that are adjacent to Class I, Division
1 locations.
DIVISION 1: Locations in which explosive or
ignitible amounts of combustible dust is or may be
in suspension in the air continuously, intermittently,
or periodically under normal operating conditions.
CLASS II
-or- Locations in which combustible electrically
conductive dust is present.
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
DIVISION 2: Locations where combustible dust deposits exist but are not likely to be thrown into
suspension in the air, but where the dust deposits
may be heavy enough to interfere with safe heat dissipation from electric equipment.
-or- Locations where combustible dust deposits
may be ignited by arcs, sparks, or burning material
from electric equipment.
CLASS III
685
Locations in which there is the presence of
easily-ignited fibers or flyings, but where the
fibers or flyings are not likely to be in suspension in the air in quantities great enough to
produce ignitable mixtures.
DIVISION 1: Locations in which easily ignitable
fibers or materials producing flyings are handled,
manufactured, or used.
DIVISION 2: Locations in which easily ignitable
fibers are stored or handled (except in a manufacturing process).
-or- dusts of similarly hazardous characteristics having resistivity of less than 100,000 ohmcentimeter
GROUP F:
atmospheres containing combustible:
carbon black, charcoal, or coke dusts which have more than 8% total volatile material
-or- carbon black, charcoal, or coke dusts sensitized by other materials so that they present an
explosion hazard, and having a resistivity greater than 100 ohm-centimeter but equal to or less
than 100,000,000 ohm-centimeter
GROUP G:
Atmospheres containing dusts having resistivity of 100,000,000 ohm-centimeter or greater (nonconductive dusts)
(NOT GROUPED)
Manufacturers include: textile mills, clothing plants, fiber processing plants
Easily ignitable fibers include: cotton, rayon, sisal, hemp, jute
Data Reference Tables
Locations in which there are explosive mixtures of air and combustible dust.
-or- Locations where mechanical failure or abnormal operation of machinery or equipment might
cause explosive or ignitable mixtures to be produced.
GROUP E:
Atmospheres containing combustible:
metal dusts regardless of resistivity
Data Reference Tables
Accidental
bodily contact
Falling dirt
Dust, lint, fibers
(non-volatile)
Windblown dust
Falling liquid,
light splash
Hosedown and
heavy splash
Rain, snow,
and sleet
Ice buildup
Oil or coolant
seepage
Oil or coolant
spray and splash
Occasional
submersion
Prolonged
submersion
Corrosive
agents
TABLE 13. NEMA Enclosure Ratings for Nonhazardous Locations
NEMA 1
(IP10)
Indoor
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
NEMA 2
(IP11)
Indoor
Yes
Yes
...
...
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
NEMA 3
(IP54)
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
...
NEMA 3S
(IP54)
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
NEMA 4
(IP56)
Indoor or
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
...
NEMA 4X
(IP56)
Indoor or
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
...
...
Yes
NEMA 6
(IP67)
Indoor or
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
Yes
...
...
NEMA 6P
(IP67)
Indoor or
Outdoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
Yes
Yes
Yes
NEMA 12
(IP52)
Indoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
Yes
...
...
...
Yes
...
...
...
...
NEMA 13
(IP54)
Indoor
Yes
Yes
Yes
...
Yes
...
...
...
Yes
Yes
...
...
...
Standard
NEMA
(IEC)*
Intended
Use
*The IEC equivalents listed in this column are approximate: NEMA types meet or exceed the test requirements for the associated IEC classifications.
TABLE 14. IP Enclosure Ratings for Nonhazardous Locations
1ST CHARACTERISTIC: Protection against contact and penetration of solid bodies
Numeral
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Short Description
Non-protected
Protected against solid objects greater than 50 mm
Protected against solid objects greater than 12 mm
Protected against solid objects greater than 2.5 mm
Protected against solid objects greater than 1.0 mm
Dust protected
Dust-tight
2ND CHARACTERISTIC: Protection against the penetration of liquids
Numeral
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
686
Short Description
Non-protected
Protected against dripping water
Protected against dripping water when tilted up to 15°
Protected against spraying water
Protected against splashing water
Protected against water jets
Protected against heavy seas
Protected against the effects of immersion
Protected against submersion
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Data Reference Tables
TABLE 15. Relative Chemical Resistance of Sensor Housing Materials and Lenses
RESISTANCE TO:
Housing
Material
Industrial
Solvents
Dilute
Acids
Concentrated
Acids
Dilute
Caustic
Alkalis
Thermoplastic Polyester
FAIR
Attacked by: acetone,
MEK, and methylene
chloride
EXCELLENT
GOOD
POOR
POOR
POOR
GOOD
POOR
Attacked by: acetone,
MEK, and methylene
chloride
GOOD
FAIR
POOR
POOR
POOR
GOOD
FAIR
Attacked by:
chlorinated 3
hydrocarbons
GOOD
FAIR
EXCELLENT
GOOD
GOOD
EXCELLENT
GOOD
FAIR
POOR
FAIR
POOR
FAIR
GOOD
Epoxy-coated
zinc-aluminumalloy
GOOD
GOOD
FAIR
GOOD
FAIR
FAIR
EXCELLENT
Anodized aluminum
EXCELLENT
FAIR
POOR
GOOD
FAIR
FAIR
GOOD
Stainless steel
EXCELLENT
FAIR
POOR
EXCELLENT
GOOD
GOOD
GOOD
PVC (Polyvinyl- chloride)
Attacked by: acetone,
MEK, and methylene
chloride
GOOD
FAIR
EXCELLENT
EXCELLENT
EXCELLENT
GOOD
EXCELLENT
EXCELLENT
GOOD
GOOD
GOOD
POOR
POOR
Attacked by: acetone,
MEK, esters, ketones,
& some chlorinated
hydrocarbons
GOOD
POOR
GOOD
GOOD
GOOD
FAIR
Industrial
Solvents
Dilute
Acids
Concentrated
Acids
Dilute
Caustic
Alkalis
EXCELLENT
GOOD
FAIR
EXCELLENT
GOOD
GOOD
EXCELLENT
POOR
FAIR
POOR
GOOD
FAIR
FAIR
GOOD
FAIR
Attacked by: chlorinated
hydrocarbons3
FAIR
POOR
FAIR
POOR
POOR
POOR
POOR
GOOD
FAIR
POOR
POOR
POOR
GOOD
Lexan®
Polycarbonate
NORYL®
Polyphenylene oxide (PPO)
Delrin®
Acetal
Concentrated 10% Sodium
Caustic
Hydroxide in Sunlight and
Alkalis
Steam
Weathering
FAIR
FAIR
Attacked by:
chlorinated
hydrocarbons3
Polyethylene
Cycolac® ABS
Lens
Material
Glass5
Acrylic6
Polysulfone
Lexan®
(see Lexan®, above)
Polycarbonate
Key to Performance
Rating
Percent Retention
to Strength
Degree of Attack
Excellent
85 to 100%
Slight (or no) attack
Good
75 to 84%
Moderate attack
Fair
50 to 74%
Poor
<50%
Noticeable swelling,
softening, etching, or
corrosion
Severe degradation
Banner Engineering Corp. • Minneapolis, U.S.A.
Website: http://www.baneng.com • Tel: 612.544.3164
Concentrated 10% Sodium
Caustic
Hydroxide in Sunlight and
Alkalis
Steam
Weathering
NOTES:
NOTE 1: The control access cover of the OMNI-BEAM is Lexan® polycarbonate.
NOTE 2: ECONO-BEAM SE612CV, F, FP, LV, and all ac models have thermoplastic
polyester housings.
NOTE 3: Chlorinated hydrocarbons include Freon, methylene chloride, trichlorethane,
and trichloroethylene.
NOTE 4: Specials include LR/PT400SS and L16FSS.
NOTE 5: Plastic lens covers are available for some sensors to meet FDA
requirements.
NOTE 6: Glass covers are available for some sensors to protect the acrylic lens.
Lexan®, Cycolac® and NORYL® are registered trademarks of General Electric Co.
Delrin® is a registered trademark of Dupont Co.
DATA REFERENCE TABLES
687

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