The Mongol Empire Chapter 12 Section 3 Setting the Stage In theory

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The Mongol Empire
Chapter 12 Section 3
Setting the Stage
1. In theory the Great Khan would rule the entire Mongol Empire, but what
happened after Kublai Khan took the title?
 The empire is divided into four areas
2. What areas did Kublai Khan control?
 Mongolia, Tibet, Korea and North China
Kublai Khan Becomes Emperor
3. What happened in 1279?
 The Mongols conquered China
Beginning a New Dynasty
4. What dynasty did Kublai Khan form?
 Yuan dynasty
5. What important things happened during this dynasty’s rule?
 Kublai Khan united China
 The door opened for more trade with foreign nations
6. How was Kublai different from his ancestors?
 He made a settled life rather than the nomadic life
 Abandoned Mongol land and went into China
 Moved the capital to modern Beijing
7. Where was the new capital located and why was this important?
 In what is now modern day Beijing
 It shows that he’s serious as a leader
 The capital is now in between China and Mongol territory and he brings it
together
Failure to Conquer Japan
8. Describe the attempts by Kublai to conquer Japan. Was he successful?
 No he’s not successful
 Second time weather wasn’t in his favor
 He built a giant fleet of ships
9. What was the Kamikaze?
 “divine wind” that saved the Japanese
 it’s the weather pattern that saved Japan from the Mongols
Mongol Rule in China
10. What was the issue Kublai had with governing China?
 The Mongol’s nomadic uncivilized lifestyle that won’t work in a civilized
empire
 Too much land to be a nomadic ruler
The Mongols and the Chinese
11. Describe the relationship between the Mongols and the Chinese
 The were very different and kept their identities and culture separate
 Not a lot of blending or interaction
12. What positive contributions did Kublai make to China?
 Rebuilt the Grand Canal
 Expanded highways and roadways
 Welcomed traders
Foreign Trade
13. Explain why/how trade increased under Kublai Khan’s rule
 They protected traders
 It was the time of Mongol peace
14. What were some of the products being traded? Who were they trading with?
 Gunpowder, paper money, playing cards, silk and porcelain
 Europe, Muslims in India, Asia
Marco Polo at the Mongol Court
15. Who was Marco Polo?
 Italian explorer from Venice and trader who went into Asia
16. Describe Marco Polo’s relationship with Kublai Khan
 They worked together
 He did government missions for him
 He became part of the Mongol culture
17. What happened to Marco Polo?
 He was captured and sent to prison
 While in prison he talks about his experiences and what he saw in the
Mongol empire
The End of Mongol Rule
18. Describe the decline of Mongol Rule
 Military and rulers become weak
 Rebellions occur
 Spending too much money
 People were over taxed
Yuan Dynasty Overthrown
19. When did Kublai Khan die? What happened after his death?
 1294
 Family fought and the dynasty ends
20. What happened in 1368?
 It’s the end of the Mongol rule
 Lose control of China
 Chinese rebel under Mongol rule
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