File

Document technical information

Format doc
Size 101.9 kB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Organizations

Places

Transcript

Name
Class
Date
19.2 Patterns and Processes of Evolution
Lesson Objectives
Identify the processes that influence survival or extinction of a species or clade.
Contrast gradualism and punctuated equilibrium.
Name two important patterns in macroevolution.
Explain the evolutionary characteristics of coevolving organisms.
BUILD Vocabulary
The chart below shows key terms from the lesson with their definitions. Complete the chart by
writing a strategy to help you remember the meaning of each term. One has been done for you.
How I’m Going to Remember
the Meaning
Term
Definition
Adaptive radiation
The process by which a species has
evolved over a relatively short time
into several forms that live in different
ways
Coevolution
The process in which two species
evolve in response to changes in each
other
Convergent
evolution
The process in which unrelated
organisms evolve into forms that
resemble one another
Gradualism
A pattern of evolution that is slow and
steady
Macroevolutionary
patterns
Large changes made by the process
of evolution over a long period of time,
usually in clades larger than a single
species
Mass extinction
Term used to describe when many
species become extinct at the same
time
Punctuated
equilibrium
A pattern of evolution in which long
stable periods are interrupted by short
periods of great change
287
The prefix co-is used to describe
things that happen together.
Coevolution is two species
evolving together.
Name
Class
Date
BUILD Understanding
Concept Map A concept map can help you organize information and show how ideas are
connected.
As you read Lesson 2, complete the concept map below.
Macroevolutionary
patterns
refer to
the changes made by evolution over long periods of
time and across a wide number of organisms
include
Punctuated
Equilibrium and
Grandualism
Adaptive
both describe
is
Radiation
can occur when
Convergent
Evolution
is
occurs when
Coevolution
is
occurs when
examples are
288
Name
Class
Date
Rate of Evolution
Evolution does not always occur at the same rate. It can happen slowly over a long period of time.
It can also happen quickly. Gradualism describes evolution that occurs slowly over time.
Punctuated equilibrium describes a pattern of long periods of stability interrupted by shorter
periods of rapid evolution.
Follow the directions.
1. Label the diagram below that shows gradualism.
2. Label the diagram below that shows punctuated equilibrium.
Time
Ancestor
Ancestor
Time
Genetic Change
Genetic Change
Answer the questions.
3. Look at the diagram you labeled gradualism. How do you know that this shows evolution
occurring over a long period of time?
4. Look at the diagram you labeled punctuated equilibrium. How do you know that this diagram
shows evolution occurring rapidly?
5. Give one reason a species could evolve quickly in a short time.
289
Name
Class
Date
Adaptive Radiation and Convergent Evolution
Adaptive Radiation One macroevolutionary process is adaptive radiation. In adaptive
radiation, a single species or small group of species evolves over a short time into many forms
that live in different ways. Adaptive radiation often happens when there is a dramatic change in a
species’ environment. The evolutionary changes that occur allow the organism to survive. The
diagram below shows part of the adaptive radiation of mammals.
Look closely at the diagram. Pay close attention to the relationships among mammal groups.
Artiodactyls
Cetaceans
Perissodactyls Tubulidentates
Hyracoids
Sirenians
Mammal ancestor
Answer the questions.
1. Which group is most closely related to the sirenians?
2. Which group is most closely related to artiodactyls?
3. Which group(s) had a mammalian ancestor?
A. Artiodactyls
B. Cetaceans
C. Hyracoids
D. All of the above
4. Adaptive radiation is the process by which
A. species evolve together.
B. unrelated species evolve to look alike.
C. one species evolves into many forms that live in different ways.
D. one species evolves into a single new species.
5. Which two animals are believed to be more closely related?
sirenians and hyracoids
sirenians and tubulidentates
290
Proboscideans
×

Report this document