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WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
NAME:
BLOCK:
- CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION –
GERMAN EXPANISIONISM & NAZI PROPAGANDA:
HOW DID THE NAZI PARTY CONVINCE 99% OF GERMANS TO
VOTE IN FAVOR OF THE ANNEXATION OF AUSTRIA?
Pictured below: Austrian family showing support for the German annexation of Austria, Mar 1938
LESSON OBJECTIVE
1.) EXPLAIN the Nazi party’s method of building power
2.) ANALYZE Nazi propaganda
PART I: DO NOW & DEBRIEF
DIRECTIONS: Respond to the prompt on the screen. As the mini-discussion continues, mark down any notes
that may add to your growing understanding
1
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
NAZI PARTY METHODS OF CONTROL-BUILDING
HOW DID THE NAZI PARTY ATTAIN & MAINTAIN CONTROL IN GERMANY?
METHOD:
EXAMPLE:
METHOD:
EXAMPLE:
METHOD:
EXAMPLE:
METHOD:
EXAMPLE:
2
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
THE RISE OF THE NAZI PARTY!
-  1919: - TREATY OF VERSAILLES &
THE 1920’s !
-  ECONOMIC TURMOIL"
-  LIMITED ARMY"
-  FORBIDDEN ALLIANCE WITH
AUSTRIA"
-  GERMANS LOOK FOR QUICK FIX &
RETURN TO PROSPERITY"
-  1933: HITLER CHANCELLOR
APPOINTMENT & THE 1930’s !
-  ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT"
-  MILITARIZATION OF NAZIGERMANY’s ARMY"
-  MARCH 1938: GERMAN ARMY
MOVES INTO AUSTRIA FOR
ANNEXATION"
-  APRIL 1938: GERMAN & AUSTRIAN
VOTE TO APPROVE ANNEXATION"
Hitler at Nazi party rally, Nuremberg,
Germany, 1930’s"
99.71% OF AUSTRIA VOTES IN FAVOR"
98.9% OF GERMANY VOTES IN FAVOR"
CENTRAL HISTORICAL QUESTION:
HOW DID THE NAZI PARTY CONVINCE 99% OF
GERMANS TO VOTE IN FAVOR OF THE
ANNEXATION OF AUSTRIA?
3
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
PART II: NAZI PROPAGANDA ANALYSIS
DIRECTIONS: Read each document and respond to the guiding questions.
DOCUMENT A: APRIL 10TH VOTE POSTER
SOURCE: Artist Unknown, 1938. The caption reads, “Greater Germany”: Yes on
April 10 t ”
4
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
1.) When looking at this image critically, what specific details of the poster do you
think the artist intended on being instrumental in convincing voters to vote yes on
April 10th, 1938? To get a better look, go to the screen at the front of the class. Point
out & mark down, even the tiniest of details that you believe could be convincing to
German citizens in 1938. (close reading)
2.) When did Germans vote on annexing Austria under their control? When did
German troops move into Austria? (contextualization)
3.) What is the purpose of this document? (sourcing)
5
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
DOCUMENT B: HITLER SPEECH
“When one day we shall be no more, then the
coming generations shall be able to look back with pride
upon this day, the day on which a great Volk** affirmed
the German community. In the past, millions of
German men shed their blood for this Reich**. How
merciful a fate to be allowed to create this Reich today
without a suffering.
Now, rise, German Volk, subscribe to it, hold it
tightly in your hands! I wish to thank Him who allowed
me to return to my homeland so that I could return it to
my German Reich! May every German realize the
importance of the hour tomorrow, assess it and then
bow his head in reverence before the will of the
Almighty who has wrought this miracle in all of us
within these past few weeks.
SOURCE: Adolf Hitler, April 9th, 1938. Excerpt from public speech on the German
takeover of Austria.
Vocabulary
Volk: Folk. Hitler used this word to refer to the all Germans in the world
Reich: Kingdom. This is the word Hitler used to refer to the country of Germany.
6
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
1) When was this speech made? What is the historical setting? (contextualization)
2.) What is the purpose of this speech? (sourcing)
3) What did Hitler mean when he said, “I wish to thank Him who allowed me to
return to my homeland so that I could return it to my German Reich!”? Why would
he say this in his speech? (close reading)
4) What specific phrases are designed to convince a potential voter to vote yes on
April 10, 1938? How is this an effective example of propaganda? (close reading)
7
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
DOCUMENT C: APRIL 10TH AUSTRIAN ANNEXATION BALLOT
Above is a voting ballot from April 10, 1938. The ballot text reads "Do you agree with
the reunification of Austria with the German Reich that was enacted on 13 March,
13 1938, and do you vote for the party of our leader Adolf Hitler?" The large circle is
labeled "Yes," the smaller "No".
8
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
1) How many questions did the ballot ask voters to vote on?
2) Why do you think is the circle for “yes” was bigger than the circle for “no?”
3) What specific details of the ballot helped to influence the voters’ choice?
4.) If Hitler’s Nazi Party was so powerful and well-supported militarily and civically,
why do you think there was even a vote for the annexation of Austria into Nazi
Germany?
9
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
PART III: HOMEWORK
DIRECTIONS: In the space below write a paragraph that answers the question:
How did the Nazi Party convince 99% of Germans and Austrians to support the
annexation of Austria?
Use evidence from all three documents in your answer.
10
WORLD HISTORY II | INTERWAR YEARS & CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II / DAY 8 CLASSWORK & HOMEWORK
VIDEO RESPONSE
DIRECTIONS: Watching the video on the class website, “How and why Hitler, the
Nazis and the Third Reich came to Power,” beginning at minute 39:07, respond to the
following questions.
1.) (minute 39:07 – 43:30) Describe how did the Nazi Party controlled ways in which Germans
reproduced? Who was targeted?
2.) (43:30 -49:30) How did the Nazi Party create an instant mass following? Who’s absolute
commitment to the Nazi Party was not welcome?
3.) (49:30 – 60:10) List, Describe and identify the types of Nazi propaganda during the 1930’s.
What other countries particularly moved by Nazi propaganda? What age groups were targeted?
4.) (53:30 – 55:00) What was a problem, or an obstacle standing in the way of Nazi Germany’s
rise to total power, according to Hitler?
5.) (60:10 -78:00) How did the “German Empire” grow with 5 million people over night & how
did the Nazi party continue to maintain the control in Germany afterwards in the streets of
Germany?
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