Korail slum eviction - presentation to LCG v2

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First found May 22, 2018

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The future of Korail?
28 January 2010
1
Land Ownership in Korail
BTCL (20 a)
MS&T (47 a)
MHPW (43 a)
2
Proposed Use
1. MST, Bangladesh Computer Council,
proposed IT Village; will create jobs,
contribute to GDP, stimulate economy.
2. MHPW proposes 40,000 GoB officer flats
on 30 of 43 acres.
3. No plans for BTCL.
3
But 120,000 people live here
4
Description of Korail
• De facto tenure
– 1985 slums started by T&T employees
– 1989 GoB allows settlement on T&T + MPWH land
– 1995 whole area slum-covered / occupied 20+
years
• Whole site: 16,000 HH ~ 120,000 people;
• BCC site: 10,000 HH ~ 50,000 people
5
Vital, Vibrant Korail Economy
1.
2.
3.
4.
800+ shops on ~ 5 acres;
Shops owned or pay rent 100 - 2,000+ p/m
Shops provide revenue: 100-1,000+ p/d
Support from UPPR and NGOs
6
All males 77% females work
males
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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40% rickshaw puller
23% day labor
10% auto-rickshaw
7% garments
6% small business
5% vegetable seller
3% night guard
2% wood technician,
1% carpenter.
females
•
•
•
•
65% garments
5% day labor
2% domestic help
5% other
7
Infrastructure & services
managed by residents
• Water from lake, shallow/deep tubewells, legal and
illegal connections, water jars;
• Sanitation: 80% sanitary; 5% hanging latrines;
• Roads: 1 pucca, 4 semi-pucca roads; foot paths;
• Drainage: inadequate, some underground pipes
• Fuel: kerosene, wood, bamboo, straw;
• Electricity: 80% coverage; some shared meters
and but bills at high commercial rate;
• SWM: slum managed door-to-door @10 TK/HH;
8
Social services
under-serviced
• Education: 20% children in education; 14 NGO
schools;
• Health: poor coverage; DCC mother & child care
center, 5 delivery centers, 3 day care center;
• Mosque: 6 mosques in the slum.
9
UPPR Programme
making investments in Korail
• Formed 12 CDCs w ~ 5,000 HH
• Approved TK 5 million for 2,275 HHs;
80 latrines, 1.5 kms of footpaths/drains;
• Approved TK 3 million for apprenticeships, 115
business start-up grants, adolescent centre, 2
day care center pre school, extreme poor
children education support centre, SWM.
10
Possible Options ?
1. Do nothing – let slum stay; build ITV elsewhere;
2. Evict slum and construct ITV in Korail;
3. Evict slum but encourage return-to-village w/loan
BDT 20,000 and 5% service charge;
4. Relocate slum nearby; provide compensation;
5. Share BCC parcel between ITV and slum.
6. Pool and share land
*
*
3 land owners pool land
3 groups use it: people, institutions and private
developer.
11
What is land-pooling?
• Separate land parcels assembled for unified
planning, servicing and subdivision; parcels returned
with sale of some land to recover the costs
What is land-sharing?
• Slum dwellers share of the land they occupy. It
requires community organization; negotiation with
landlords; land sharing agreement; densification;
capital and social investments
12
Land pooling - Indonesia
13
Land pooling - Taiwan
14
Land sharing - Thailand
15
Korail landsharing on BCC parcel
• 15 acres for 7500 HH
• Mix of 6 storey walkups &
high-rises w 350 SF flats
16
Or is this
the future of Korail?
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