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TERMS & NAMES
The French Revolution
For each term or name below, briefly explain its connection to the French
Revolution or the rise and fall of Napoleon.
5. coup d’état
2. Great Fear
6. Napoleonic Code
4. Maximilien Robespierre
8. Congress of Vienna
Social and economic injustices of the
Enlightenment ideas—liberty and equality
Example furnished by the American
The French Revolution Begins Section 1 (pages 217–221)
9. Why were the members of the Third Estate dissatisfied with their way
of life under the Old Regime?
10. Why was the fall of the Bastille important to the French people?
Revolution Brings Reform and Terror Section 2 (pages 222–228)
Economic crisis—famine and government debt
11. What political reforms resulted from the French Revolution?
12. What was the Reign of Terror, and how did it end?
Discontent of the Third Estate
Napoleon Forges an Empire Section 3 (pages 229–233)
13. What reforms did Napoleon introduce?
Fall of the Bastille
Declaration of the
Rights of Man and
of the Citizen and
a new constitution
14. What steps did Napoleon take to create an empire in Europe?
Napoleon’s Empire Collapses Section 4 (pages 234–237)
15. What factors led to Napoleon’s defeat in Russia?
16. Why were the European allies able to defeat Napoleon in 1814 and
again in 1815?
The Congress of Vienna Section 5 (pages 238–241)
17. What were Metternich’s three goals at the Congress of Vienna?
18. How did the Congress of Vienna ensure peace in Europe?
Reign of Terror
Rise of Napoleon
Decline in French power
Spread of Enlightenment ideas
Growth of nationalism
Revolutions in Latin America
War with other European nations
Copy the chart of
dates and events in
into your notebook.
For each event, draw
an arrow up or
1795 1799 1804 1805 1805 1810 1812
down to show
whether Napoleon gained or lost power because of the event.
Execution of monarch
End of the Old Regime
1. USING YOUR
Con nse o
ven f Na
2. COMPARING AND CONTRASTING
ECONOMICS How were the economic conditions in France and the
American colonies before their revolutions similar? How were they different?
3. ANALYZING ISSUES
REVOLUTION There is a saying: “Revolutions devour their own children.”
What evidence from this chapter supports that statement?
4. RECOGNIZING EFFECTS
POWER AND AUTHORITY How did the Congress of Vienna affect power and
authority in European countries after Napoleon’s defeat? Consider who
held power in the countries and the power of the countries themselves.
242 Chapter 7
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Use the map, which shows Great Britain and the French
Empire in 1810, and your knowledge of world history to
answer question 3.
If South America is struck by the thunderbolt of
Bonaparte’s arrival, misfortune will ever be ours if our
country accords him a friendly reception. His thirst for
conquest is insatiable [cannot be satisfied]; he has mowed
down the flower of European youth . . . in order to carry
out his ambitious projects. The same designs will bring
him to the New World.
Great Britain and France, 1810
Use the excerpt—from the South American liberator Simón
Bolívar, whose country considered giving refuge to
Napoleon after Waterloo—and your knowledge of world
history to answer questions 1 and 2.
Additional Test Practice, pp. S1–S33
En g l i s h C h a n n e l
L P S
1. In Bolívar’s opinion, if his country gave Napoleon a friendly
reception it would
100 Miles R E N
A. be beset by misfortune.
B. become a great power in South America.
C. become a part of the French Empire.
D. be attacked by the United States.
2. Which of the following gives Bolívar’s view of Napoleon?
3. What geographical barrier helped to protect Britain
from an invasion by Napoleon?
A. Mediterranean Sea
B. English Channel
A. His desire for power cannot be satisfied.
B. He is not ambitious.
C. He cares for the lives of others.
D. He does not want to come to the New World.
TEST PRACTICE Go to classzone.com
• Diagnostic tests
• Additional practice
Interact with History
On page 216, you considered how to bring about change in the
French government in the late 1700s. Now that you have read
the chapter, reevaluate your thoughts on how to change an
unjust government. Was violent revolution justified? effective?
Would you have advised different actions? Discuss your
opinions with a small group.
WRITING ABOUT HISTORY
Imagine that you lived in Paris throughout the French
Revolution. Write journal entries on several of the major
events of the Revolution. Include the following events:
• the storming of the Bastille
NetExplorations: The French Revolution
Go to NetExplorations at classzone.com to learn more about
the French Revolution. Then plan a virtual field trip to sites in
France related to the revolution. Be sure to include sites
outside Paris. Begin your research by exploring the Web sites
recommended at NetExplorations. Include the following in
your field trip plan:
• a one-paragraph description of each site and the events that
• specific buildings, statues, or other items to view at each site
• documents and other readings to help visitors prepare for
each stop on the field trip
• the women’s march on Versailles
• topics to discuss at each site
• the trial of Louis XVI
• a list of Web sites used to create your virtual field trip
• the Reign of Terror
• the rise of Napoleon
The French Revolution and Napoleon 243