Four Cornerstones 05-08-13

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THE FOUR
CORNERSTONES
OF GOOD HEALTH
NIBBLES AND NOSHES AT EVERGREEN
HEALTHCARE
MAY 8, 2013
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Red Cedar Wellness Center, Bellevue, WA
www.redcedarwellness.com
425.451.0999
TODAY’S AGENDA
 Integrated
Medicine Perspective on
Cancer
 The Four Cornerstones for Good Health
 Diet
 Exercise
 Sleep
 Stress Management
 Thriving Beyond Survivorship
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
INTEGRATED MEDICINE
FOR CANCER
WHAT IS INTEGRATED MEDICINE
FOR CANCER?
 Science-based
holistic approach treats
body, mind, spirit
 Use of body’s innate healing power
 Use of natural substances to promote
healing
 Herbs, nutrition, supplements, physical
therapies, natural drugs, counseling,
homeopathy and biofeedback
 Pharmaceutical drugs if needed
 Complementary to and supportive of
conventional treatment for cancer
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
WHAT IS INTEGRATED MEDICINE
FOR CANCER?
 Symptom
management during treatment
 Nutritional and metabolic support
 Restoration of health post active treatment
 Provide the tools for proactive survivorship
 Focus on prevention
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
INTEGRATED MEDICINE USE BY
ONCOLOGY PATIENTS
Up to 83% of cancer patients use CAM nationally
(1)
 Women more likely to use than men
 Breast cancer patients more likely to use
CAM therapies
70.2%
of cancer patients use CAM in western WA
(2)
 Nutritional,
massage, herbs, spiritual,
relaxation, imagery, exercise, lifestyle, diet
(1) Richardson MA, Sanders T, Palmer JL, Greisinger A, et al. Complementary/alternative medicine use in a comprehensive cancer center and
the implications for oncology. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2000;18(13):2501-2504
(2) Patterson RE,Neuhouser ML et al. Types of Alternative Medicine Used by Patients with Breast. Colon, or Prostate Cancer: Predictors,
Motives, and Costs. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2002:8 (4):477-485.
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
INTEGRATED MEDICINE APPROACH
During active treatment: emphasize QOL, decrease
side effects and disease symptoms, support recovery
 Post active treatment: restore health, manage late
effects of treatment, prevent recurrence, reduce risk,
emphasize QOL
 Utilize integrated medicine specialists, counselors,
nutritionists, physical therapists, fitness trainers, and
continue routine screenings and labs
 Turn surviving into THRIVING

Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
THE FOUR CORNERSTONES
THE FOUR CORNERSTONES
Exercise
Sleep
Stress
Management
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Diet
DIET
Balanced, whole foods diet
 Top Ten cancer-fighting foods
 Mediterranean/low glycemic index foods
 Healthy fats
 Greens drinks
 Green tea
 Limit alcohol
 Improve digestion and elimination
 Identify food sensitivities
 Balance hormones, neurotransmitters, blood
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
sugar

BALANCED WHOLE FOODS DIET
WHEN you eat is as important as WHAT you eat
 Blood sugar regulation
 Six small meals daily of carbohydrate and protein
 Never a carbohydrate alone!
 Fruit is deceiving…Glycemic Index
 Organic meat and dairy
 Organic produce for the things that matter—see
“The Dirty Dozen” and “The Clean 15”
 “Top Ten Cancer Fighting Foods”
 Eat a rainbow!

Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
BALANCED WHOLE FOODS DIET

Websites for more information:








Laura A. James, ND, FABNO

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/
http://glutenfreegirl.com/
http://www.ewg.org/
http://pccnaturalmarkets.com
http://wholefoodsmarket.com
Cynthia Lair at http://cookusinterruptus.com and
http://cynthialair.com
Tom Malterre at http://wholelifenutrition.net
Michael Pollan at http://michaelpollan.com
“Forks over Knives” at http://forksoverknives.com
EXERCISE
Daily movement
 Calming, restorative movement like yoga, Tai
Chi
 Cardiovascular benefits
 Manage excess weight/abdominal fat
 Helps to regulate hormones and
neurotransmitters
 Helps with quality sleep
 Combats chronic health issues
 Feels great!

Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
NATIONAL EXERCISE RECOMMENDATIONS
FOR WEIGHT LOSS AND FITNESS
45 minutes moderate intensity
daily
500-1000kcal deficit
Institute of Medicine
60 minutes moderate intensity daily
Calorie deficit
USDA
60 minutes moderate to vigorous
intensity daily
Do not exceed calorie
recommendations
CDC
30 minutes moderate intensity daily
Sensible portion sizes
ASCM
150-250 minutes moderate intensity
per week
Calorie restriction
HHS
60 minutes moderate intensity daily
UPSHOT
40 MINUTES DAILY
EAT LESS!!
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
NIH Obesity Panel
EXERCISE
Moderate intensity exercise is 60-70% of
maximum heart rate.
 Moderate to vigorous exercise is 70-85% of
maximum heart rate.
 Quick and Dirty way to calculate your maximum
heart rate:

220 – age = MHR
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO

SLEEP
Lifestyle: good sleep hygiene,
exercise, healthy diet, limit
stimulants, stress management!
 Eight hours nightly
 Herbs: valerian, hops, passion
flower, kava, skullcap,
chamomile, lavender, lemon
balm, oats
 Supplements: calcium,
magnesium, inositol
 NT/Hormones: melatonin,
5HTP, GABA Laura A. James, ND, FABNO

SLEEP



Laura A. James, ND, FABNO

Sleep duration and incidence of colorectal cancer in
postmenopausal women. Br J Cancer. 2013 Jan
15;108(1):213-21.
Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction on sleep
quality: Results of a randomized trial among Danish
breast cancer patients. Acta Oncol. 2013
Feb;52(2):336-44.
Sleep Disturbance and Incidence of Thyroid Cancer in
Postmenopausal Women The Women's Health
Initiative. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Jan 1;177(1):42-9.
Decreased Health-Related Quality of Life in Women
With Breast Cancer Is Associated With Poor Sleep.
Behav Sleep Med. 2012 Mar 16.
STRESS
Laura A. James, ND
 Stress
activates the SNS, reduces
influence of the PNS
 Physiological effects
Increased heart rate, blood pressure
 Constricted blood vessels
 Decreased digestion
 Enlarged airways
 Hormone and Neurotransmitter fluctuation

 Mental/Emotional
effects
Heightened arousal (vigilance) and clarity
 Depression, irritability
 Fatigue, insomnia
 Confusion and memory loss

Laura A. James, ND
WHAT IS STRESS?
Healthy response is activation of SNS (fight-orflight)
 Recovery period with PNS (rest-and-digest)
predominance
 Stress + Adequate Recovery = normal life stress

Laura A. James, ND
NORMAL STRESS
Long-term stress from unresolved issues elicits
unhealthy physiological response, which can lead
to mental/emotional adaptation
 Over-activation of SNS without PNS recovery
 Can result from one major stressor (i.e., death in
family, moving, etc)
 Combination of minor stressors can produce
major alarm reaction

Laura A. James, ND
CHRONIC STRESS
Alarm Reaction
Threshold at which alarm reaction is
triggered
Major
Stress
Minor
Stress
Minor
Stress
Minor
Stress
Laura A. James, ND
CHRONIC STRESS
Neurotransmitters:
Dopamine
 Acetylcholine
 GABA
 Serotonin

Cytokines:
 IL series
 CRP
 TNF-a
Hormones:
Cortisol
 Insulin
 Thyroid
hormone
 Estrogen
 Progesterone
 Testosterone
 DHEA
 Epinephrine

Laura A. James, ND
BIOCHEMICALS
Disrupts HPA axis, interferes with sleep, creates
cycle of pain and fatigue
 Decreases immunity, is anti-growth, antireproductive
 Creates hormone and neurotransmitter
imbalance, depression, insomnia, insulin
resistance, obesity, systemic inflammation, pain,
and brain atrophy

Laura A. James, ND
PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF
CHRONIC STRESS
STRESS MANAGEMENT
Stress alters body’s biochemical balance and can
alter prognosis
 Stress hormones
systemic inflammation and
influence insulin balance, which are cancer
promoters
 Good practices can help whatever phase you’re in!


Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Change your attitude!
 Get at least 8 hours of sleep nightly
 Rest and relax! Engage PNS, turn off SNS
 Eat a whole foods diet
 Daily exercise
 Take supplements if necessary

Laura A. James, ND
HEALTHY RESPONSE TO STRESS
B vitamins, especially B5, B6, choline, inositol
 Theanine
 GABA
 Zinc, vitamin C
 Calcium and magnesium
 Omega 3 fatty acids
 Licorice, eleuthrococcus

Laura A. James, ND
SUPPLEMENTS FOR STRESS
Laura A. James, ND
WELLNESS CONCERNS FOR SURVIVORSHIP
Manage late effects of treatment
 Prevent secondary recurrence of cancer
 Improve quality of life
 Nutritional and metabolic support
 Physical activity
 Quality sleep
 Stress management

Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
INTEGRATED MEDICINE
TREATMENT GOALS
•
•
•
•
•
Address depression
and mood changes
Address
cardiovascular health
and obesity
Prevent Metabolic
Syndrome
Mediterranean/low GI
diet
Correct digestive
problems
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Complementary
cancer care
 Modulate immune
system
 Stress management
 Balance
neurotransmitters
and hormones
 Rebuild adrenal
glands
 Improve sleep
 Daily exercise

THRIVORSHIP
Physical
Well-being
Cancer
Survivorship
Social
Well-being
Psychological
Well-Being
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Spiritual
Well-being
WEBSITES











www.oncanp.org – Oncology Association of Naturopathic
Physicians.
www.integrativeonc.org - Society for Integrative Oncology.
www.mskcc.org - Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, for
information on select herbs.
www.naturaldatabase.com - Natural Medicine Comprehensive
Database, for information about herb/drug interactions.
www.naturalstandard.com - Natural Standard, ditto.
www.cancer.gov - National Cancer Institute
www.cancer.org – ACS
www.cancercare.org – Cancer Care
www.livestrong.org – Lance Armstrong Foundation
www.thewellnesscommunity.org – The Wellness Community
www.nueva-vida.org – for Latinas with cancer
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Q&A
Laura A. James, ND, FABNO
Red Cedar Wellness Center
1601 116th Avenue NE  Bellevue  WA
425.451.0999
www.redcedarwellness.com

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