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Evolution/Classification Review Questions
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What is evolution?
What is natural selection? Define and Explain using an example
What is Lamarck’s theory of evolution? Provide an example
Which scientist is credited with the theory of natural selection?
Which islands are the most famous because of Darwin’s travels? What did he observe on the
islands?
Another student says that a giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher levels, its
offspring inherited longer necks as a result. How would you correct this misconception?
What is artificial selection? Define and explain using an example.
What is convergent evolution? Give an example
What is divergent evolution? Give an example
What is co-evolution? Give an example
What is the fossil record? Is it complete? How can a fossil be used to trace the theory of
evolution?
What is embryology? How is it used to trace the theory of evolution?
What is speciation?
What are the three types of isolation that lead to a new species? Define and give examples
of each.
What is a gene pool?
What is a theory?
Explain what survival of the fittest is and give an example.
What does it mean to be the most fit organism in an environment?
What are vestigial structures? Give an example
What are homologous structures? Give an example
What are the two rates of evolution? Describe each rate
What is classification?
Who was the first person to classify organisms? How did this person classify organisms?
What is a dichotomous key? Give an example
How do you write a scientific name? Give an example
What language are scientific names written in? Why?
What are the categories of Linnaeus’s classification system from largest to smallest?
Which taxonomic level contains the most diversity? Explain
Which taxonomic level contains the least diversity? Explain
What are the three domains? What makes them diverse?
What are the 6 Kingdoms?
Give an example of each kingdom; provide the following things: cell type, cell structure
(anything unique in the cell wall, chloroplast?), nutrition, number of cells.
What is binomial nomenclature? Give an example
Which level of classification is defined as a group of organisms that can breed and produce
fertile offspring?
Explain why a mule is not its own species.
How does a bacterial cell become resistant to an antibiotic? Give an example
Describe the characteristics of a virus?
What is a capsid?
What are retroviruses and how do they carry out transcription?
Give examples of retroviruses.
Name the only life function viruses can carry out.
Give reasons as to why viruses are not organisms.
Evolution/Classification Review Questions
43. Compare and contrast the lytic and lysogenic viral replication cycles
44. What is a cladogram?
45. Use the following diagram to answer the
next few questions
a. Does a Salamander have claws or
nails? Yes or no
b. Does a Mouse have fur and
mammary glands? Yes or no
c. Does a Hag fish have jaws? Yes or
no
d. Does a Perch have jaws? Yes or no
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