Writing Complex Sentences

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First found May 22, 2018

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Writing Complex Sentences
#1: Simple Sentence

A simple sentence has one subject
and one verb



I like to study grammar.
A simple sentence is also called an
independent clause.
An independent clause ends with a
period or semicolon.
One
subject
I love you.
One
verb
Independent clause: only one subject and one verb
#2: Compound Sentence

A compound sentence is made up of
two or more simple sentences joined by
one of the following:

A comma and one of the FANBOYS


A semicolon


I like to study grammar, and I love this class.
I like to study grammar; I love this class.
A semicolon and a transitional

I like to study grammar; therefore, I love this class.
Independent
clause
I love you, and you love me.
Independent
clause
Two independent clauses joined together
#3: Complex Sentence

A complex sentence is a simple
sentence (independent clause) to which
a part of a sentence (dependent clause)
has been added.


Because I like to study grammar, I
love this class.
I love this class because I like to study
grammar.
Dependent clause
Because you love me, I love you.
Independent clause
A dependent clause joined to an independent clause.
(The dependent clause needs the rest of the
sentence for support.)
Fragment!
Because you love me.
A dependent clause contains a subject and verb. It begins
with a subordinating conjunction, and thus it does not express
a completed thought. A dependent clause is also called a
subordinate clause.
Dependent clauses, like babies, cannot stand alone.
A Tip on Punctuation

Since dependent clauses are only part
of a sentence, you can never connect
them to another sentence with a
semicolon. Semicolons are only used
between two independent clauses.


I have loved you for years ; although I
never admitted it.
No!
I have loved you for years, although I
never admitted it.
OK
Common Subordinating (Dependent)
Conjunctions
after
even if
although even
though
as
if
as if
now that
that
once
though whereas
rather than unless
whenever since
because in order
that
before
where
wherever
until
whether
so that
when
which
than
in case while
#4: Compound/Complex
Sentence


A compound/complex sentence is the
last and most complicated type of
sentence.
It contains at least one dependent
clause and at least two independent
clauses.
Dependent clause
Because we are a family, I
love you, and you love me.
2 independent clauses
A dependent clause added to two or more independent clauses
Since every sentence in English fits into
one of these four categories,
Simple
Compound
Complex
Compound/
complex
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