Smart Health Care Monitoring using Internet of Things and

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ISSN: 2278 – 909X
International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE)
Volume 6, Issue 3, March 2017
Smart Health Care Monitoring using
Internet of Things and Android
Chesti. Altaff Hussian1 K. Vuha2, M. Rajani3, J. Madhu Vineeth4
1, 2, 3, 4
Department of ECE
1, 2, 3, 4
Bapatla Engineering College, Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh
Abstract— In the recent development of, Internet of things(IOT)
makes all objects interconnected and it has been recognized as
data communication capabilities. These are linked to networks
for data transportation. This connected healthcare environment
the technical revolution. One of the application is in heath care to
promotes the quick flow of information and enables easy
monitor the patient health status internet of things makes
access to diseases such as hypertension, diabetics and cardiac
medical equipments more efficient by allowing real time
diseases which needs continuous monitoring. This Internet of
monitoring of patient health, In which acquire data of patient’s
Things (IoT) is increasingly recognized by the researchers and
and reduce the human errors. In internet of things patient’s
analysts as one of the most sophisticated technologies for
parameters get transmitted through medical devices via a
health monitoring and it is safety for people and it also tackled
gateway, where it is stored and analyzed. The significant
challenges in the implementation of internet of things for
healthcare applications are monitoring all patients from various
places. Thus internet of things in the medical field brings out the
by all.
The ability of the devices to gather data on their own
removes the limitations of human intervention and it reveals
solutions for effective patient monitoring at reduced cost and also
the data-automatically and send it to the doctor whenever they
reduces the trade- off between patient outcome and disease
needed. The automation reduces the risk of error. This type of
management. In this paper discuss about, monitoring patient’s
solution
body temperature and heart beat using arduino board.
physiological information and uses gateways and the cloud to
Index Terms:IOT, Arduino Board, Sensors, Bluetooth,
Patients, health care.
analyze and store the information and then send the analyzed
employs
sensors
to
collect
comprehensive
data wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis and review. It
I. INTRODUCTION
replaces the process of having a health professional come by
The objective of this project is to monitor and
improve the quality of care of people in remote location and to
provide continuous information about the patient for making
better healthcare decisions in critical situation and to reduce
the regular checkup of the aged patients. It helps the doctor to
monitor their patients at any time apart from their consulting
hours. Improved home care facilities and regular health
updates to clinicians reduce the chances of redundant or
inappropriate care. It improves patient care and safety by
of
Things
(IoT),
providing a continuous automated flow of information. In this
way, it simultaneously improves the quality of care through
constant attention and lowers the cost of care by eliminating
the need for a caregiver to actively enhance in data collection
and analysis. Powerful wireless solutions connected through
the IoT are now making it possible for monitoring the patients.
These solutions can be used to securely capture patient health
data from a variety of sensors, apply complex algorithms to
analyze the data and then share it through wireless network,
reduction in overall costs for care.
Internet
at regular intervals to check the patient’s vital signs, instead
gather
and
share
information directly from patients and it also make possible to
collect, record and analyze new Data Stream faster and more
accurately. As the technology for collecting, analyzing and
transmitting data in the IoT continues to mature, with the help
of sensors, actuators, and computing devices. This provides
for medical professionals who can give appropriate health
recommendations for the patients.
II.METHODOLOGY
In this paper, the sensing devices from the patient are
connected to the ARUDINO and programmed to convert the
sensed data from the patient to readable signals and then
101
All Rights Reserved © 2017 IJARECE
ISSN: 2278 – 909X
International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE)
Volume 6, Issue 3, March 2017
transfer the signal wirelessly to IoT or the doctor’s checking
temperature. The scale factor is 0.1V/oC.
Mobile
C. ARDUINO BOARD
(Bluetooth)
Arduino is a computer hardware and software company,
project, and user community that designs and manufactures
microcontroller kits or the building digital devices and
Tempera
ture
Sensor
WEB
interactive objects that can sense and control objects in the
physical world. The project’s products are distributed as opensource hardware and software, which are licensed under the
ARDUINO
GNU Lesser Public License(LGPL) or GNU General Public
Heartbeat
BOARD
Sensor
Android
App
License(GPL), permitting the manufacture of Arduino boards
and software distribution by anyone. Arduino boards are
available commercially in preassembled form, or as do-ityourself kits. Arduino boards designs use a variety o
microprocessors and controllers. The boards are equipped with
sets of digital and analog input/output(I/O) pins that may be
Power
interfaced to various expansion boards (shields) and other
Supply
circuits. The boards feature serial communications interfaces,
including Universal Serial Bus(USB) on some models, which
Fig1: Block Diagram
are also used for loading programs from personal computers.
The microcontrollers are typically programmed using a dialect
A. HEART RATE SENSOR
Heart rate is a very vital health parameter that us
directly realted to the soundness o the human cardiovascular
system. This project describes a technique o measuring the
heart rate through a fingertip Using a Arduino Board. While
the heart is beating, it is actually pumping blood throughout
the body, and that makes the blood volume inside the finger
artery to change too. This fluctuation of blood can be detected
through an optical sensing mechanism placed around the
fingertip. The signal can be amplified further for the Arduino
Board to count the rate of fluctuation, which is actually the
of features from the programming languages C and C++. In
addition to using traditional compiler tool chains, the Arduino
project provides an Integrated Development Environment
(IDE), based on the processing language project.
The Arduino project started in 2005 as a program or
students at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea, in Ivrea,
Italy, aiming to provide a low-cost and easy way for novices
and professionals to create devices that interact with their
environment using sensors and actuators. Common examples
of such devices intended for beginner hobbyists include
simple robots, thermostats, and motion detectors.
heart rate.
D. WIRELESS NETWORKING
B. TEMPERATURE SENSOR (LM35)
The LM35 is an integrated circuit sensor that can be
used to measure temperature with an electrical output
proportional to the temperature (in Celsius). It can measure
temperature more accurately than using thermistor. The sensor
circuitry is sealed not subject to oxidation. The LM35
generates a higher output voltage than thermocouples and may
not require that the output voltage be amplified. The LM35
has an output voltage that is proportional to the Celsius
The data transmission components o the system are
responsible for conveying records of the patient from the
patient’s house (or any remote location) to the data centre of
the hospital with assured security and privacy, ideally in realtime. The information hubs that collect sensor data and
analyze it and then communicate it to the IP address, which is
created to send the details about the patient condition to
doctor. Gateways can be designed for the clinic to transfer the
data. Medical device designers can also use this platform to
create remote-access devices for remote monitoring.
102
All Rights Reserved © 2017 IJARECE
ISSN: 2278 – 909X
International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE)
Volume 6, Issue 3, March 2017
monitored.
III. RESULT ANALYSIS
From this work it is expected to monitor the whole body of
A. PULSE RATE RANGE:
Table1: Tabular form of pulse rate range
the patient from remote location and improve the technology
STATUS
to world widely for patient monitoring by providing
BPM
REST/NORMAL
60-100
personalized and optimized services, it will promote a better
SLEEPING
40-50
standard of living. Nations across the world to improve patient
TACHYCARDIA
>100
care and IoT provides a timely and cost-effective response to
those critical situations. Healthy and active people can also
Description: If the beats per minute is 40-50 then the
benefit from IoT-driven monitoring of their well-being, It also
condition of the patient is sleeping. If the beats per minute is
enables features for the aged persons who want only a
60-100 then the patient condition is rest/normal. In critical
monitoring device that can detect a fall or other interruption in
conditions the beats per minute is >100 then doctor gets alert
every day activity and report it to emergency responders or
and will alert patient to admit in hospital.
family members.
B.SAMPLE
TEMPERATURE
DATE
OF
SEVEN
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
PATIENTS UNDER OBSERVATION:
Table2: Tabular form of temperature readings
PATIENT
DAY1
ID
Current
CHESTI. ALTAFF HUSSIAN to motivate us for this
innovative project and also for his support in the overall
STATUS
development of the product.
TEMP
P1
96.5o F
o
The authors would like to thank our project guide, Prof.
Normal
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P2
94.3 F
Normal
P3
99.3oF
Abnormal
P4
102.6oF
Abnormal
P5
101.2oF
Abnormal
P6
112.8oF
Abnormal
10, pp. 1266-1271, 2014.
Normal
[3]
P7
o
92.6 F
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