Chapter 18 Study Questions

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Chapter 18 Study Questions Name:_________________________________ Class: __________
Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
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1. The region around a magnet in which magnetic forces can act is called the
a. magnetic field.
c. pole.
b. domain.
d. solenoid.
2. An electric fan has an electric motor inside to change
a. kinetic energy into electrical energy.
c. electrical energy into thermal energy.
b. thermal energy into electrical energy.
d. electrical energy into kinetic energy.
3. The marked end of a compass needle always points directly to
a. Earth’s geographic South Pole.
c. a magnet’s south pole.
b. Earth’s geographic North Pole.
d. a magnet’s north pole.
4. A device that increases the voltage of an alternating current is called a(n)
a. electric motor.
c. step-up transformer.
b. galvanometer.
d. step-down transformer.
5. The magnetic field of a solenoid can be increased by
a. adding more loops.
b. increasing the current.
c. putting an iron core inside the coil to make an electromagnet.
d. All of the above
6. What do you end up with if you cut a magnet in half?
a. one north-pole piece and one south-pole piece
b. two unmagnetized pieces
c. two pieces, each with a north pole and a south pole
d. two north-pole pieces
7. The magnetic effects of a bar magnet are strongest near the ____.
a. center
c. ends
b. top
d. bottom
8. Earth’s magnetic field
a. is produced by a giant magnet at the center of the Earth.
b. is produced by the movement of electric charges in Earth’s core.
c. does not change over time.
d. bends outward at the magnetic poles.
9. ____ discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism.
a. William Gilbert
c. Joseph Henry
b. Michael Faraday
d. Hans Christian Oersted
10. A galvanometer does not include a(n)
a. electromagnet.
c. pointer.
b. battery.
d. permanent magnet.
11. Which of the following is NOT true about an electromagnet?
a. It can be strong enough to levitate a train.
b. The current may be turned on or off.
c. Its strength is reduced by adding more loops.
d. It consists of an iron core and a current-carrying wire.
12. Any material that attracts iron or materials containing iron is called a
a. solenoid.
c. superconductor.
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____ 22.
____ 23.
____ 24.
b. magnet.
d. semiconductor.
All magnets
a. have two poles.
c. are surrounded by a magnetic field.
b. exert forces.
d. All of the above
The magnetic effects of a bar magnet are
a. evenly distributed throughout a magnet.
b. distributed randomly in a magnet.
c. concentrated near the ends.
d. None of the above
Sometimes the magnetic strip on a credit card becomes demagnetized. This strip is most likely a(n)
a. permanent magnet.
c. electromagnet.
b. temporary magnet.
d. geomagnet.
If you attach a magnet to a string so that the magnet is free to rotate, you will see that one end of the magnet
will point
a. north.
c. east.
b. southwest.
d. west.
The pole of a magnet that points to the north is called the magnet's
a. north pole.
c. east pole.
b. south pole.
d. west pole.
The pole of a magnet that points to the south is called the magnet's
a. north pole.
c. east pole.
b. south pole.
d. west pole.
The Earth has neither an east pole nor a west pole because
a. the Earth is a sphere and has no poles.
b. the Earth is a sphere and has only one pole called an axis.
c. the Earth is like a bar magnet, which only has two poles.
d. None of the above
A compass needle is
a. a fixed magnet.
b. a fixed nonmagnetic piece of metal.
c. a magnet that is free to rotate.
d. a nonmagnetic piece of metal that is free to rotate.
Magnetic poles always occur
a. alone.
c. in threes.
b. in pairs.
d. in fours.
The force of repulsion or attraction between the poles of magnets is called the
a. Coulomb force.
c. magnetic force.
b. Foucault force.
d. gravitational force.
The magnetic force will push magnets apart if you hold the
a. north poles of two magnets close together.
b. south poles of two magnets close together.
c. north pole of one magnet near the south pole of another magnet.
d. Both (a) and (b)
The magnetic force will pull magnets together if you hold the
a. north pole of one magnet near the south pole of another magnet.
b. south poles of two magnets close together.
c. north poles of two magnets close together.
d. Both (a) and (b)
____ 25. Magnetic poles are similar to electric charges in that
a. like poles repel and opposite poles attract.
b. the magnetic force is equal to the electric force.
c. the number of magnetic domains responsible for the poles is conserved.
d. the mass of the magnetized particle is conserved.
____ 26. Which of the following describes the magnetic field of a bar magnet?
a. the region in which magnetic forces can act
b. strongest at the poles of the magnet
c. its shape can be shown by magnetic field lines
d. All of the above
____ 27. The magnetic field around a bar magnet can be modeled by drawing
a. curved lines from the north pole of the magnet to the south pole.
b. curved lines near the south pole of the magnet.
c. straight lines from the north pole and from the south pole.
d. circular lines around the entire magnet.
____ 28. If you were to sprinkle iron filings over a bar magnet, where would they fall?
a. between the field lines
b. along the field lines
c. only on top of the bar magnet
d. only at the ends of the bar magnet
____ 29. Whether a material is magnetic depends on the ____ in the material.
a. molecules
c. number of neutrons
b. atoms
d. number of protons
____ 30. ____ produce the magnetic fields that can give an atom a north and a south pole.
a. Moving protons
c. Moving electrons
b. Moving neutrons
d. Moving magnetospheres
____ 31. Why are most materials not magnetic?
a. The electrons stop moving.
b. Only iron atoms can have magnetic fields.
c. The magnetic fields of the individual atoms cancel each other out.
d. Most atoms don't have magnetic fields.
____ 32. What makes materials magnetic?
a. The atoms in these materials are magnetized by moving electrons.
b. The atoms in these materials are randomly arranged.
c. The atoms in a domain are arranged so that the north and south poles of all the atoms line
up.
d. All of the above
Examine the magnetic field lines around the magnets below, and answer the questions that follow:
____ 33. Which magnet is the strongest?
a. Magnet A
c. Magnet C
b. Magnet B
d. All magnets have the same strength.
____ 34. Which magnet is the weakest?
a. Magnet A
c. Magnet C
b. Magnet B
d. All magnets have the same strength.
____ 35. If the north pole of Magnet A is to the left, the arrows of the field lines should point
a. from right to left.
b. from left to right.
c. clockwise (from right to left on the top and left to right on the bottom).
d. counterclockwise (from left to right on the top and right to left on the bottom).
The diagrams below illustrate magnetic domains within two samples of a metal. Unshaded areas correspond
to one type of pole, and darkly shaded areas correspond to the opposite type of pole.
____ 36. Which sample is magnetized?
a. A
b. B
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B
The diagrams below illustrate magnetic domains within two metallic substances. Unshaded areas correspond
to one type of pole, and darkly shaded areas correspond to the opposite type of pole.
____ 37. Which substance is magnetized?
a. A
b. B
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B
The diagrams below illustrate magnetic domains within two samples of a metal. Unshaded areas correspond
to one type of pole, and darkly shaded areas correspond to the opposite type of pole.
____ 38. Which sample has the greatest magnetic field?
a. A
c. Both A and B are equal in strength.
b. B
d. Neither A nor B is magnetic.
____ 39. Once the domains of a magnet are
a. aligned, they can become randomly oriented.
b. aligned, they do not become randomly oriented.
c. randomly oriented, they do not become aligned.
d. None of the above
____ 40. A magnet can demagnetize if
a. it is dropped.
c. it is struck very hard.
b. it is heated.
d. All of the above
____ 41. A magnet made with iron, nickel, cobalt, or alloys of these metals is called a(n)
a. electromagnet.
c. temporary magnet.
b. ferromagnet.
d. magnetic domain.
____ 42. Permanent magnets
a. cannot lose their magnetization.
c. have randomly oriented domains.
b. are difficult to magnetize.
d. are easy to magnetize.
____ 43. Temporary magnets
a. have randomly oriented domains.
c. cannot lose their magnetization.
b. are difficult to magnetize.
d. are easy to magnetize.
____ 44. A magnet, usually with an iron core, produced by an electric current is a(n)
a. electromagnet.
c. temporary magnet.
b. ferromagnet.
d. permanent magnet.
____ 45. One of the most spectacular effects caused by the Earth's magnetic field is a curtain of light called
a. an aurora.
c. a sprite.
b. lightning.
d. an elf.
____ 46. Aurora australis is seen near the
a. geographic North Pole.
c. south magnetic pole.
b. geographic South Pole.
d. Both (b) and (c)
____ 47. Aurora borealis is seen near the
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____ 54.
____ 55.
____ 56.
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____ 58.
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a. geographic North Pole.
c. north magnetic pole.
b. geographic South Pole.
d. Both (a) and (c)
Earth's geographic North Pole is actually
a. on the axis on which Earth rotates.
c. near the magnetic north pole.
b. near the magnetic south pole.
d. Both (a) and (b)
The direction of a magnetic field around a wire depends on
a. the strength of the current.
c. the rate at which the current increases.
b. the direction of the current.
d. All of the above
If no electric current exists in the wire of a simple circuit, the compass needles around the wire will
a. point in the same direction.
b. point in a direction opposite the current.
c. deflect in a counterclockwise direction.
d. deflect in a clockwise direction.
If the electric current in the wire of a simple circuit causes compass needles around the wire to deflect in a
counterclockwise direction, when the current is reversed, the compass needles
a. point in the same direction as the current.
b. point in the direction opposite the current.
c. continue pointing in a counterclockwise direction.
d. deflect in a clockwise direction.
If each of the following solenoids carries the same electric current, which one would produce the strongest
magnetic field?
a. a solenoid with a single loop
c. a solenoid with 100 loops
b. a solenoid with 10 loops
d. a solenoid with 1,000 loops
Four solenoids have the same number of loops. Which solenoid would produce the strongest magnetic field?
a. the solenoid with 1 A of current
c. the solenoid with 10 A of current
b. the solenoid with 100 A of current
d. the solenoid with 0.1 A of current
Why does a solenoid with an iron core produce a greater magnetic field than a solenoid without an iron core?
a. The magnetic field produced by the solenoid causes the domains within the iron core to
become better aligned.
b. The magnetic field of the iron core adds to the magnetic field of the solenoid.
c. Both the iron core and the solenoid contribute to the net magnetic field.
d. all of the above
When a current-carrying wire is placed between two poles of a magnet, the wire will
a. move up or down, depending on the direction of the current in the wire.
b. not move.
c. circle clockwise or counterclockwise, depending on the direction of the current in the wire.
d. None of the above
In electric motors that use direct current, a device called a(n) ____ is attached to the armature to reverse the
direction of the electric current in the wire.
a. solenoid
c. commutator
b. iron core
d. armature
Galvanometers work by placing a(n) ____ between the poles of a permanent magnet.
a. armature
c. electromagnet
b. commutator
d. ferromagnet
Electric motors work by placing a(n) ____ between the poles of a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
a. armature
c. galvanometer
b. electromagnet
d. Both (a) and (b)
If you move a magnet through a coil of wire, an electric current is induced. Which of the following would
induce the largest current in the wire?
____ 60.
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a. moving the magnet slower
c. reversing the direction of motion
b. moving the magnet faster
d. Both (b) and (c)
What happens to the induced electric current in a solenoid if a magnet is pulled outward rather than pushed
inward?
a. It is no longer induced.
c. It decreases.
b. It reverses direction.
d. It increases.
What would induce a greater electric current in a wire?
a. adding more loops of wire
b. removing loops of wire
c. pulling the magnet out rather than pushing it in
d. pushing the magnet in rather than pulling it out
Which of the following would not induce an electric current?
a. moving a wire between the poles of a magnet
b. moving a magnet in a coil of wire
c. wrapping two wires around an iron ring and running a continuous current through one
wire
d. wrapping two wires around an iron ring and changing the current through one wire
A device that uses electromagnetic induction to convert kinetic energy into electrical energy is called a(n)
a. transformer.
c. commutator.
b. generator.
d. armature.
A device that uses electromagnetic induction to increase or decrease the voltage of an alternating current is
called a(n)
a. transformer.
c. commutator.
b. generator.
d. armature.
When the coil in a generator is not cutting through the magnetic field lines,
a. the electric current increases.
c. no electric current is induced.
b. the electric current decreases.
d. an electric current is induced.
The electric current produced by a simple generator changes direction each time the coil makes a
a. quarter-turn.
c. three-quarter-turn.
b. half-turn.
d. whole turn.
The primary coil of ____ has fewer loops than the secondary coil.
a. a step-up transformer
c. an electromagnet
b. a step-down transformer
d. a solenoid
The secondary coil of a step-up transformer has
a. more loops than the primary coil.
b. fewer loops than the primary coil.
c. the same number of loops as the primary coil.
d. None of the above
The secondary coil of a step-down transformer has
a. more loops than the primary coil.
b. fewer loops than the primary coil.
c. the same number of loops as the primary coil.
d. None of the above
The primary coil of ____ has more loops than the secondary coil.
a. a step-up transformer
c. an electromagnet
b. a step-down transformer
d. a solenoid
To function, transformers use
a. an induced current.
c. alternating current.
b. direct current.
d. a permanent magnet.
____ 72. Electric current carried by very high voltage transmission lines use a(n) ____ at a local distribution station
before it goes to local power lines.
a. electric generator
c. step-up transformer
b. electric motor
d. step-down transformer
____ 73. Turbines generally turn the ____ in a generator, inducing an electric current.
a. transformer
c. wire loop
b. magnet
d. solenoid
____ 74. Which of the following is currently being used to turn turbines in generators?
a. steam
c. wind
b. water
d. All of the above
____ 75. The crystals of some kinds of molten rocks line up with the Earth's magnetic field as the rocks cool. However,
in older layers of these rocks, the crystals line up in the direction opposite to the Earth's magnetic field. What
does this suggest about the Earth's magnetic field?
a. It never changes.
b. It can reverse over long periods of time.
c. It is too strong to be influenced by anything.
d. None of the above
____ 76. Which of the following statements best describes what scientists think produces the Earth's magnetic field?
a. The electric charges in the Earth's core do not move.
b. The domains in the Earth's solid inner core are aligned.
c. Electric charges move as liquid in the Earth's core flows.
d. The Earth's core is a large bar magnet.
Short Answer
77. Study the solenoids and electromagnets shown below. Rank them in order of strongest magnetic field to
weakest magnetic field. Explain your ranking.
78. Examine the diagrams below, and answer the question that follows.
a. Which diagram above represents a step-up transformer? Explain your answer.
b. Which diagram above represents a step-down transformer? Explain your answer.
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