natip review session: strengthening the malaysian timber

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ISSN 0126-771X VOL 9 : SEPTEMBER 2014
MTIB
PROMOTION MISSION ON PALM OIL,
RUBBER, TIMBER AND PEPPER
NATIP REVIEW SESSION:
STRENGTHENING THE MALAYSIAN
TIMBER INDUSTRY
Editorial Board
Chief Editor
Publisher
Dr. Jalaluddin Harun
Director-General
LEMBAGA PERINDUSTRIAN KAYU MALAYSIA
(MALAYSIAN TIMBER INDUSTRY BOARD)
Editorial Members
Puan Hjh. Norchahaya Hashim
Puan Hjh. Noor Laila Mohamed Halip
Puan Fatahiah Mustafa
Encik Mohd Kheiruddin Mohd Rani
Puan Hjh. Zaibi Yakin
Tuan Hj. Mahpar Atan
Tuan Hj. Zulkepli Abdul Rani
Tuan Hj. Kamaruzaman Othman
Encik Mohd Nor Zamri Mat Amin
Encik Kamaruddin Othman
Cik Hjh. Noor Zakiah Othman
Puan Afrinawati Abu Bakar
Puan Hafsah Hasbi
Level 13 - 17, Menara PGRM,
8, Jalan Pudu Ulu, Cheras, P.O. Box 10887,
50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel
: 603-9282 2235
Fax
: 603-9200 3769 / 9283 9792
E-mail : [email protected]
Website: www.mtib.gov.my
Printer
Abadi Ilmu Sdn. Bhd.
No. 6A & 6B, Jalan SS4D/14,
47301 Petaling Jaya,
Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel
: 03-7804 4588 / 7888 6158
Fax
: 03-7804 4152
E-mail : [email protected]
Website: www.abadiilmu.com
Contents
3
Promotion Mission on Palm Oil,
Rubber, Timber and Pepper
12
NATIP Review Session: Strengthening
the Malaysian Timber Industry
14
Implementation of Lean Management
in Timber Industry
15
16
Sabah International Expo 2014
Cover: Black Bamboo tree planting sets
record in the Malaysian Book of Records as
the largest Black Bamboo Planting Event in
Malaysia. Details on page 16.
Read eMASKAYU at
www.mtib.gov.my
074
MS ISO 9001 : 2008 REG. NO. AR3307
H ighlights
3
12
14
15
16
18
Record Set at World Bamboo Day
2014
17
Seminar on Malaysian Skills
Certification and World Skills
Standard in the Wood-based Industry
18
MTIB Technical, Machineries and
Furniture Industry Visit to Italy
20
Business Matching: Young
Designers Collaborates with Local
Manufacturers
21
28th Iso/Tc 165: Timber Structure
Convenes in Tokyo
22
Reinforcing Presence Through
International Events
24
Bamboo Course: Introduction on the
Development of Bamboo Plantation
25
Understanding on the Rubber
Plantation and Nursery
26
27
Ecobuild Southeast Asia 2014
31
White Seraya – For Interior Finishing
Turkey – Prospects for Malaysian
Timber
Regular F eatures
4
6
8
Timber World in Brief
Shipping News
Timber Round-Up
10
32
Domestic Trade News
MTIB Moments
Vol 9 : 2014
3
TIMBER NEWS
PROMOTION MISSION ON PALM OIL,
RUBBER, TIMBER AND PEPPER
The delegation at the Furniture Fair, China.
I
n tandem with NATIP’s timber and timber products export
target of RM53 billion by 2020, MTIB joined a Ministerial
promotion mission to Shanghai, China on 12 September.
China is seen as a major market for Malaysia’s timber and
timber products and currently ranks as eighth largest market
for Malaysian timber after Japan, USA, India, Taiwan, South
Korea, Singapore and Australia. In 2013, export of Malaysian
timber and timber products to China amounted to RM736
million and major products exported were logs, sawntimber,
plywood, chipboard/particleboard, and wooden furniture. The
mission was led by YB Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas,
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities, Malaysia
and the mission delegation comprised senior officials from
Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC),
Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC), Malaysian Timber
Council (MTC) and MTIB.
At the International Centre for Bamboo Research.
In Shanghai, the delegation Furniture China 2014-The 20th
China International Furniture Expo. It is a world-renowned
furniture exhibition, organised by the China National Furniture
Association (CNFA) and Shanghai UBM Sinoexpo International
Exhibition Co. Ltd. In conjunction with Furniture China, FMC
exhibitions, Office Furniture China 2014, Home Furnishing
China 2014, Design of Designers and Interior & Accessories
China were also held on the same date at the same venue.
Combining the most key Chinese domestic furniture
enterprises and 307 overseas exhibitors, there were a total
of 2,685 exhibitors, displaying their latest products, design
and technology at Shanghai New International Expo Centre
(SNIEC) and Shanghai World Expo Exhibition & Convention
Centre (SWEECC). This year’s exhibition attracted almost
100,000 visitors, a 15% increase compared to last year.
Posing during a courtesy visit to the International
Network for Bamboo and Rattan HQ.
Cont. on page 13
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER WORLD IN BRIEF
4
TIMBER WORLD IN BRIEF
CHINA
China’s Softwood Market Researched
China’s softwood market has experienced dramatic growth
over the past five years, with imports of lumber and logs
increasing by 360% and 80% respectively. Robust GDP
growth and rapid urbanisation have driven demand above
the ability of local supply sources to satisfy. China is now the
largest importer of softwood in the world.
Changes are also occurring in the key supply sources and
in the mix of lumber and raw logs being imported. New
Zealand has emerged as China’s largest softwood log
supplier while Canada stands as the largest lumber supplier.
Nevertheless, China’s real future demand by region and
product segment remains poorly understood, with implications
for log and lumber suppliers. Contributing factors are
differences in softwood types, quality, import locations and
cost competitiveness.
Timberbiz.com.au, 4 September
stoppages in the recipient industries during the summer
holidays, manufacturers are also attributing the fewer
receipts of orders to noticeably higher pressure from imports
compared to the preceding months. As such, eastern
European manufacturers, especially those in Poland and
Belarus, stepped up their sales activities on the German
market in August/September and in doing so were evidently
willing to make further price concessions as well.
EUWID.com, 16 September
German Hardwood Plywood
Imports Rising
After a reduction of 6% in the first quarter, German hardwood
plywood imports recovered again in the second quarter.
Data from Destatis, the German federal statistics office,
shows that at 327,618 m3 roughly 6% more hardwood
plywood was imported in the first half-year than in the
same period of last year. The main reason for the marked
improvement against the first quarter is the growth in imports
from Russia as the number one supplier country. At the end
of June these imports were 17% above last year’s level at
102,227 m3. Russian deliveries had only risen by 2% from
January to March. Similar development is apparent in imports
from Finland as the second-most important supplier country,
rising 15% against last year to 60,428 m3 in the first six months
after a growth of 2% in the first quarter.
EUWID.com, 11 September
FRANCE
Moulinvest Shows Sharp Turnover Growth
GHANA
Timber Exports Up 9%
The French timber-industry company Moulinvest boosted
turnover in the first half of the 2013/2014 financial year.
However, most of that increase was accounted for by
acquisitions of companies and expansion of production
through investments in existing plants during the 2012/2013
financial year. Moulinvest took over the wood-impregnation
company France Bois Imprégnés and the sawmill Sainte
Agathe, both from Andrézieux Beuthéon, in April 2013 and
almost doubled production capacity of softwood lumber to
350,000-400,000 m3 at the sawmill in Duniéres. Without the
additional acquisitions and growth in turnover resulting from
production expansion, Moulinvest’s turnover would have
increased by 11.1%.
According to data available from the Timber Industry
Development Division (TIDD) of the Forestry Commission,
Ghana’s timber exports for the period January to July climbed
by just over 9% year-on-year. The total export volume of
177,399 m3 for the first seven months earned the country
EUR 71.9 million; only marginally up from the EUR 71.56 million
from 162,410 m3 in the same period last year.
EUWID.com, 29 September
GERMANY
Demand for Pallets Fails to Match
Year-Ago Levels
The slowing that has been noticeable on the German sales
markets for new standard pallets since the beginning of
the third quarter has become more pronounced in August.
According to information from German pallet manufacturers,
the seasonally reduced influx of orders in August turned out
to be up to 20% lower than in the same month of last
year in some cases. Besides delivery of higher volumes
under contract in the second quarter and more extensive
Globalwood.org, 16 September
MYANMAR
Log Harvests Slashed
A senior official from the Forest Department has indicated
that the annual harvest for 2014-15 would be only 40% of
the harvest level in 2010-11. This fiscal year only 670,000
tonnes of hardwoods and 60,000 tonnes of Teak will be
available for extraction. Extraction in the Homalin (Sagaing)
and Tanintharyi areas will be reduced and while extraction
from the Bago area will be totally stopped.
According to a spokesperson from the Timber Merchants
Association (TMA), there are about 300 wood processing
factories in Yangon. Seventy TMA member companies and 10
rattan factories are exporting to Europe, USA and Australia.
Globalwood.org, 16 September
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
5
Cont. from previous page
A total of seven organisations representing indigenous
peoples met on 29 September to finalise the preparation of
proposals for the Forest Act. The two-day meeting involved
stakeholders presentations and proposals by the various
working groups charged with addressing issues of zoning
forestry and forest management; forest and wildlife inventories;
wildlife management and water rights; supervision, inspection
and control: violations and penalties; promotion for forestry
and wildlife management; plantations; management of forest
through concessions; use of wildlife and management in native
and rural communities.
Globalwood.org, 16 September
SOUTH AFRICA
Boost to Housing Growth in China
Will Benefit Exporters
Demand from buyers for the Chinese market is strong
whereby log and sawnwood prices have settled at around
15% higher than the average in 2013. The recent
easing of credit flows in China and the actions of
regional administrations to boost housing growth could
benefit West African producers. Producers report that
demand from companies in Viet Nam is good and the
expansion of the woodworking and furniture industries are
encouraging. The current market outlook is positive with
the expectation that the fine balance in supply and demand
will maintain the current price stability into the final quarter of
2104.
Globalwood.org, 15 September
SWITZERLAND
Precious Woods May Be Facing
Liquidity-Squeeze
The Swiss tropical-timber specialist Precious Woods (PW)
has conceded in its latest half-yearly report that it may be
confronted with a shortage of cash towards the end of this
year in spite of a positive business trend. PW reports that
the backdrop to that situation is the expiry in December
2014 of the redemption deadline for convertible loans in the
amount of Swiss France Rates (SFR) 17 million and the
company’s current lack of the necessary funds to settle those
debts. In order to be able to meet its redemption obligations,
PW has, inter alia, been seeking investors for the company’s
Brazilian operations and for the sale of its real-estate titles
there. Negotiations have also been conducted on a conversion
or extension of the loans and new lenders have also been
sought. In the first six months of 2014, PW showed substantial
year-on-year growth in turnover of 29% to USD25.6 million.
Results figures also improved. The EBITDA was back in the
black, at USD0.287 million and the EBIT loss was reduced to
USD3.515 million.
EUWID.com, 9 September
MTIB
TIMBER WORLD IN BRIEF
PERU
Final Consultations on Forest Act
Vol 9 : 2014
6
SHIPPING NEWS
AUGUST 2014
SHIPPING NEWS
and westbound trade lanes and it is sheltered, with minimal
tidal variations.
Port of Tanjung Pelepas, Malaysia
Malaysia’s strategically located Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP)
has slipped one place to 19th amongst the world’s leading 20
container ports despite handling 7.63 million TEU in 2013,
about 2% more than in 2012. A major regional transhipment
hub, PTP is projecting a throughput of more than 9 million
TEU in 2014. While it is primarily a transshipment hub, PTP
is also handling more local cargo flows. Almost 443,000 TEU
of its 2013 throughput was destined for or originated from
its hinterland. The Johor market in particular is expected to
grow significantly over the next few years, especially with
the development of the Iskandar region, while PTP is also
developing an adjacent Free Zone for warehousing and cargo
consolidation which would generate more local traffic flows.
Source: Container Management , 20 August
PTP has two new berths, Berths 13 and 14 which are under
construction and both of these should be fully operational
this year. The port has purchased eight super post-Panamax
ZPMC quay cranes, among the largest of their type in the
world, to support the expansion. With the new berths and
equipment, PTP would be able to handle 18,000 TEU Maersk
Line Triple E vessels when it starts calling at PTP. To further
expand port capacity to more than 10.5 million TEU a year,
PTP is expected to commence work on Phase 3 development
in the first quarter of 2015.
Wharf 16 is 213 metres long, 79.2 metres wide and covers
16,878 square metres. It has a displacement tonnage capacity
of 80,000 tonnes and a depth of 12.9 metres.
PTP is a joint venture between MMC Corporation (70%), a
logistics, utilities and infrastructure group and APM Terminals
(30%). It has seen volume grow at an average of 13% per
annum since it began commercial operations in 2000. The port
is located within just 45 minutes sailing time of the main east
Northport’s Latest Port Facility to be
Fully Operational by November
Upgrading work on Northport Bhd’s Wharf 16 is 56%
complete and is on track to be fully operational by November
this year, said Tun Ahmad Sarji, Chairman of NCB Holdings
Bhd. He said Wharf 16 was one of Northport’s latest multipurpose port facilities which had undergoing upgrading work
since March 2014.
The major components of the Wharf 16 upgrading works
comprised the installation of a new 100 feet crane rail beam,
upgrading of marine fenders and construction of new tower
lights, all amounting to a total investment of RM25.6 million.
Upon completion, the upgraded Wharf 16 would be served by
two new Super Post-Panamax quay cranes. The two cranes,
which were delivered last year were part of six new quay
cranes purchased by Northport in 2013 at over RM170 million
to increase terminal handling capacity. The cranes are the
most advanced container handling equipment at Northport’s
Container Terminal 2.
Shipments of Timber and Timber Products through Ports in Peninsular Malaysia, August 2014
Port Klang
Products
m3
Kuantan
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
Pasir Gudang
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
m3
Tanjung Pelepas
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
m3
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
m3
Penang
m3
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
Total all
ports
m3
% Change
Aug 2014/
July 2014
Sawntimber
45,159
2
3,628
-49
1,806
43
80
-70
9,678
36
60,351
1
MDF
23,018
-15
0
0
6,869
-21
10,503
77
15,610
50
56,000
8
Mouldings
12,712
14
308
-17
1,992
-8
699
96
1,788
0
17,499
11
Dressed
Timber
2,425
50
79
0
1,203
50
0
-100
454
1,646
4,161
65
Plywood
5,292
-19
0
0
0
0
95
94
8,957
-3
14,344
-9
Veneer
Particleboard
TOTAL
120
-22
0
-100
0
-100
14
100
318
70
452
30
36,610
25
1,025
96
105
-76
73
0
45
100
37,858
25
125,336
5
5,040
-38
11,975
-10
11,464
69
36,850
28
190,665
8
Note : Indicates % change over the previous month
Source: MTIB
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
AUGUST 2014
Cont. from previous page
sector and has therefore been able to outperform the market.
Source: www.cnbc.com,19 August
Mary Maersk Sails from Port of Algeciras
with 17,603 TEUs - Sets a World Record
Source: BERNAMA, 25 August
Bangladesh Allows Neighbours to
Use its Ports
The Bangladesh government has decided to allow its
neighbours to use both the Chittagong and Ashuganj sea
ports for better economic integration among South Asian
countries, said the Minister of Tripura’s Industries and
Commerce. Bangladesh has already taken a policy decision
to allow its neighbouring countries to use its sea ports for
multi-model transit, but now it is waiting for development of
infrastructure in dealing with consignments.
The Indian government is funding the construction of a bridge
on the Feni river, developing a 70 km road from Sabroom to
Chittagong port and laying railway tracks between Agartala
and Akhaura. There were also discussions about India’s
longstanding demand for transit and transshipment facilities
through Bangladesh and direct bus services from Agartala to
Kolkata via Dhaka without any halt. More borders might need
to be opened along the border to strengthen bilateral ties, set
up a warehouse at Ashuganj port to facilitate transshipment of
goods to India, develop the connecting road of Akhaura-Viswa
Road in Bangladesh and expedite the process of AgartalaAkhaura rail link.
Source: Times of India, 29 August
Shipping Industry Forecasted to Rise
in Global Trade
The global shipping industry looks to be in good shape. Danish
shipping and oil group Moller-Maersk reported forecastbeating net profit for its second quarter and said demand for
container transportation is set to grow, enabling it to raise
its guidance for the year. Container shipping volume also
increased by 6.6% in the quarter compared to the same period
last year, which was very respectable indeed, according to
Mr. Robert Johnson, an analyst at Macquarie Securities. It was
a bellwether of global trade to a large extent, simply by virtue of
its status as the world’s largest container shipping line.
A record has been set with a Triple-E vessel carrying the
highest ever number of containers between Europe and
Asia. Mary Maersk left Port of Algeciras, Spain on 21 July for
its eastward journey bound for Port of Tanjung Pelepas,
Malaysia. But this was not just any voyage as on board there
were no less than 17,603 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU),
the highest number ever loaded on a vessel.
South Europe Liner Operations Cluster, Mr. Carlos Arias said
that the third vessel in the Triple-E series, Mary Maersk has a
nominal capacity of 18,270 TEU but so far the capacity has
not been fully utilised. One prerequisite has been preparing
the terminals for the added size. He further added that Port of
Algeciras had been preparing for a full utilisation of the Triple-E
for more than a year by upgrading four existing cranes and the
arrival of four new Triple-E cranes. Port of Tanjung Pelepas
also has had to make similar upgrades and this was the first
occasion where both ends were ready.
Having a full vessel means less cost due to higher utilisation.
Moving more containers in one allowed the company to
save on bunker and canal cost. A little more than half of the
containers on board were empty being repositioned for reuse in Asia. The full containers on board were loaded with a
variety of products destined for Asian markets and consumers,
such as Danish cheese, frozen beef meat from Germany,
frozen berries, chocolate and candy foodstuff, frozen fish,
lobster and frozen shellfish, flower bulbs from the Netherlands,
pharmaceutical products and fruits.
It would be a while before the feat could be repeated on an
eastbound journey but similar utilisations would soon be seen
westbound. Mary Maersk is now underway to its next stop
Port of Yantian, China with a somewhat lighter load but by
the end of the month it would be steaming west again with
another full load of cargo.
Source: Port News, 19 August
MTIB
Shipments of Timber and Timber Products through
Ports in Peninsular Malaysia, August 2014
The second-quarter net profit of USD2.25 billion for MollerMaersk beat expectations of USD2.21 billion for the period.
The firm’s shipping unit, called Maersk Line, also performed
better than expected. The company raised its 2014 group
underlying profit guidance to USD4.5 billion from a previous
figure of USD4.0 billion.
Group CEO, Mr. Nils Smedegaard Andersen said that results
were “very satisfactory” for the first half of 2014 as the firm
predicted that shipping revenues this year would be significantly
above those in 2013. They have benefited from a pretty good
pickup from the Asia to Europe trade. The company has
managed its shipping container capacity better than the wider
Total = 190,665 m3
SHIPPING NEWS
Northport also plans to upgrade one of its oldest wharves,
Wharf 8 and facilities at Container Terminal 4 (CT4). Upon
completion, Northport would be able to berth more ultra-largesized vessels at CT4 which would translate into higher terminal
capacity and connectivity. The capacity expansion worked
was part of NCB’s RM1 billion capital expenditure allocated
until 2016.
7
8
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER ROUND-UP
AUGUST 2014
T
otal export of Malaysian timber and timber products in
August 2014 increased 7% in value to RM1.7 billion over the
previous month. Cumulative export for the period of January
to August 2014 also increased 6% to RM13.5 billion over the
previous corresponding period.
Sawntimber
Export of sawntimber in August 2014 increased 19% in
volume and 10% in value to 158,298 m3 with a value of
RM208.3 million over the previous month. Cumulative export
for the first eight months of 2014 decreased 4% in volume
however increased 3.9% in value to 1.2 million m3 totalled
RM1.6 billion over the previous corresponding period.
Exports to the EU for the month increased 24% to 11,908 m3
from 9,596 m3 in the previous month. Export of sawntimber
to the Netherlands and UK improved 32% and 34% to
5,363 m3 and 2,490 m3 respectively. Similarly, export to
Germany rose 24% to 1,343 m3 from 1,080 m3 recorded in the
previous month. However, export to Belgium declined 3% to
1,173 m3 from 1,208 m3 in the previous month.
Total exports to West Asia increased 39% to 25,289 m3 from
18,190 m3 recorded in the previous month due to increasing
demand from the UAE, Yemen and Saudi Arabia. Export to the
UAE and Saudi Arabia increased 17% and 176% to 7,447 m3
and 4,774 m3 respectively. Demand of sawntimber from Yemen
grew significantly to 5,056 m3 from 514 m3 in the previous
month.
Buying from ASEAN increased 42% to 66,808 m3 due to
increasing demand from Thailand, major market of sawntimber
in the region. Export to Thailand grew 36% to 35,158 m3
from 25,908 m3 in the previous month. However, export of
sawntimber to Singapore decreased 2% to 12,133 m3.
Shipments to East Asia declined 12% to 35,582 m3 from
40,482 m3 in the previous month as a result of decreasing
demand from Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Export to
China decreased marginally to 18,111 m3 from 18,809 m3 in
the previous month. In the meanwhile, export to Japan, South
Korea and Taiwan declined 11%, 36% and 26% to 5,190 m3,
3,469 m3 and 7,624 m3 in the previous month. However, export
to Japan increased marginally to 18,111 m3 from 18,089 m3
recorded in the previous month. Elsewhere, the US bought
1,695 m3 of sawntimber whilst intake by Australia increased
6% to 1,423 m3. Demand from South Africa increased 39% to
6,407 m3 from 4,604 m3 recorded in the previous month.
The average FOB price of sawntimber decreased 7% to
RM1,316 per m3 from RM1,412 per m3 in the previous month.
Price of Dark Red Meranti (DRM) decreased 18% to RM940
per m3 from RM1,146 per m3 in the previous month. Price of
DRM to the Netherlands increased 4% to RM2,813 per m3 from
RM2,708 per m3 in the previous month. Keruing was traded at
RM1,394 per m3, a decrease of 7% from the previous month.
Plywood
Total export of plywood in August decreased 4% in volume
and 7% in value to 240,298 m3 valued at RM391.05 million as
compared to the previous month.
Total exports to EU decreased by 15% to 9,238 m3. Similarly
shipments to Belgium, the Netherlands and UK decreased
61%, 33% and 23% to 514 m3, 1,498 m3 and 5,385 m3
respectively. However, France increased its intake by 62% to
553 m3 whilst Germany maintained its intake at 43 m3 and
Denmark resumed its intake at 815 m3.
Exports to ASEAN region increased as Brunei and Singapore
intake of plywood increased by 1% and 19% to 966 m3 and
4,721 m3 respectively. However, Thailand reduced its intake
by 36% to 4,316 m3 while Indonesia did not make any
purchases. In East Asia, exports to China, Hong Kong, South
Korea and Taiwan increased by 2%, 34%, 33% and 16% to
4,590 m3, 6,472 m3, 22,661 m3 and 22,148 m3 respectively. On
the other hand, Japan reduced its intake by 18% to 99,558 m3.
Overall, exports to West Asia increased by 129% as compared
to the previous month. This is due to increase intake from major
markets namely the UAE, Kuwait and Qatar by 18%, 392% and
182% to 7,328 m3, 467 m3 and 594 m3 respectively. Export
to Yemen rose significantly to 18,990 m3 from 270 m3 in the
previous month. However, Saudi Arabia reduced its intake by
58% to 1,087 m3 whilst Bahrain did not make any purchases.
Elsewhere, exports of plywood to Algeria, South Africa,
Australia and New Zealand increased by 48%, 190%, 17% and
72% to 1,200 m3, 658 m3, 4,365 m3 and 143 m3 respectively.
However, US, Mexico and Canada reduced their intake by
16%, 92% and 16% to 2,583 m3, 953 m3 and 161 m3
respectively. On the other hand, Tanzania, Norway and Turkey
did not make any purchases.
The FOB price of plywood decreased by 3% to RM1,627
per m3 from RM1,680 per m3 in the previous month.
Veneer
Exports of veneer for August 2014 showed an increase of 17%
in volume and 26% in value to 19,229 m3 at RM27.3 million
as compared to the previous month. Exports to Taiwan and
Indonesia increased by 27% and 365% to 9,750 m3 and 79 m3
respectively whilst Singapore and Viet Nam resumed their
intake. Meanwhile, China and Australia reduced their intake
by 21% and 15% to 709 m3 and 201 m3 respectively, whilst,
Canada, Sri Lanka and the UK did not make any purchases.
The FOB price of veneer increased to RM1,420 per m3 from
RM1,318 per m3, an increase of 8% from the previous month.
Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF)
Malaysia’s exports of MDF for August 2014 showed an increase
of 25% in volume and 27% in value from the previous month.
Export totalled 78,282 m3 at RM83.3 million.
Exports to East Asia registered an increase of 28% to
15,017 m3 from 11,777 m3 in the previous month. Exports
to Japan and Taiwan grew 33% and 3% to 13,260 m3 and
1,057 m3 respectively. However, export to South Korea and
China including Hong Kong dropped 7% and 11% to 306 m3
and 394 m3 respectively.
However, exports to West Asia market also recorded positive
growth with a small increased of 0.2% to 28,613 m3 from
28,565 m3 in the previous month. Export to Kuwait recorded
an increase of 137% to 6,844 m3 followed by Bahrain at
22% to 1,155 m3. On the other hand, export to Saudi Arabia,
the UAE, Jordan and Oman showed negative growth by 5%
to 3,187 m3, 12% to 8,836 m3, 63% to 228 m3 and 86% to
364 m3 respectively.
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
AUGUST 2014
Cont. from previous page
Export to the UK, South Africa, Australia and USA showed
positive growth by 147% to 472 m3, 44% to 597 m3, 39% to
2,759 m3 and 31% to 1,358 m3 respectively.
Export to ASEAN for this month increased by 34% to
16,651 m3 from 12,417 m3 in the previous month. Statistics
show exports to Singapore and Indonesia increased by 495%
and 99% to 113 m3 and 4,064 m3 respectively. Similarly,
export to Viet Nam and Philippines grew by 23% and 19% to
10,003 m3 and 2,214 m3 respectively.
Mouldings
Exports of mouldings for the month increased by 18% in
volume and 22% in value to 23,177 m3 and RM65.3 million
Export of Selected Products from Peninsular Malaysia
(August 2013 - August 2014) / Volume (‘000 m3)
respectively. Similarly, the cumulative exports increased
by 14% in volume and 16% in value to 164,943 m3 and
RM461.1 million respectively over the previous corresponding
period.
Exports to the EU for the month recorded at 9,241 m3, an
increase of 38% compared to the previous month. Similarly,
shipments to Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and UK
increased by 19%, 25%, 27% and 65% to 873 m3, 1,674 m3,
4,085 m3 and 1,081 m3 respectively whilst Italy resumed its
intake.
Exports to the ASEAN region also increased as Viet Nam and
Singapore intake of mouldings increased by 26% and 19% to
122 m3 and 1,340 m3 respectively. However, Indonesia did not
make any purchases.
Meanwhile, exports to Japan, Hong Kong and China
decreased 19%, 1% and 8% to 2,185 m3, 169 m3 and
485 m3 respectively. On the other hand, exports to South
Korea and Taiwan increased 5% and 160% to 1,420 m3 and
777 m3 respectively.
Elsewhere, export to Australia increased by 20% to 3,338 m3
whilst exports to the US and Canada reduced by 10% and 1%
to 2,347 m3 and 115 m3 respectively.
FOB unit value increased 3% from RM2,730 per m3 in the
previous month to RM2,819 per m3 in August 2014.
Builders Joinery and Carpentry (BJC)
Total BJC cumulative exports from January to August
increased 10% to RM674.7 million compared to RM614.2
million in the corresponding period last year. Cumulative
import from January to August by EU increased 2% to
RM187.7 million. Similarly, demand by UK, Belgium, Italy,
Netherlands and Turkey increased by 19%, 34%, 7%, 69%
and 166% to RM93.9 million, RM39.8 million, RM3.3 million,
RM0.95 million and RM2.7 million respectively. Whereas,
exports to France, Denmark, Norway, Germany, Sweden and
Spain decreased by 47%, 23%, 92%, 34%, 25% and 20% to
RM13.5 million, RM12.9 million, RM0.33 million, RM7.6 million,
RM6.6 million and RM4.8 million respectively over the previous
corresponding period.
Malaysia: Export of Wooden Furniture
(January 2013 - August 2014) / Value (RM Million)
In Asia, exports to Singapore, India, Thailand, Pakistan,
South Korea, Taiwan and Bahrain grew 8%, 11%, 8%, 88%,
11%, 26% and 41% valued at RM79.2 million, RM42.9 million,
RM21.9 million, RM22.4 million, RM2.6 million, RM12.4 million
and RM2.4 million respectively. However, exports to Iran,
Japan, the UAE and Viet Nam decreased by 75%, 9%, 11%
and 7% to RM0.45 million, RM52.0 million, RM8.9 million and
RM15.5 million respectively.
Exports to Australia and the US increased by 19% and 45%
to RM88.6 million and RM54.3 million respectively. However,
Maldives, South Africa and Russia reduced their intake by
26%, 16% and 55% to RM3.9 million, RM7.8 million and RM4.5
million respectively.
Furniture
Source : Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Exports of wooden and rattan furniture for the period under
review in 2014 increased 13% compared to the corresponding
period of 2013. Total shipments recorded RM4.16 billion
against RM3.68 billion in 2013.
Cont. on page 11
TIMBER ROUND-UP
Furthermore, export to South Asia also recorded positive
growth by 68% to 8,546 m3. Export to Pakistan recorded
an increase of 111% to 6,067 m3 followed by Bangladesh at
82% to 613 m3 and Sri Lanka at 21% to 1,352 m3. Only export
to India reduced 31% to 514 m3.
9
Vol 9 : 2014
10
DOMESTIC TRADE NEWS
Logs
record at RM812 per m3 whilst Mixed Light Hardwood prices
decreased by 2% to RM777 per m3 as compared to the
previous month.
The supply of logs was reported to be sufficient and accessible
for the month particularly in Peninsular Malaysia. The average
domestic prices of logs for most of the species stood firm
whilst some of the species charted a reduction in price.
Plywood
The supply of plywood to the domestic market remained
adequate to address the need of the local demand. Prices
of plywood remained stabled at last month’s level. Plywood of
4mm, 6mm and 9mm of thicknesses were traded at RM14.60,
RM22.00 and RM34.00 per piece respectively. Plywood with
the thickness of 12mm however increased slightly by 1% to
RM41.50.
Log price for the species of Chengal and Red Balau stood firm
at RM4,000 per tonne and RM2,500 per tonne respectively.
Meanwhile, the price of Balau increased by 0.04% to RM2,663
per tonne from RM2,653 per tonne last month. Merbau price,
however, declined 6% to RM2,500 per tonne. Similarly, the
price for the species of Keruing dropped by 4% to RM1,150 per
tonne. Prices for Kapur and Mengkulang remained unchanged
at RM1,700 per tonne and RM1,100 per tonne respectively.
Meanwhile, prices of Yellow Meranti and Mersawa were quoted
at RM1,100 per tonne and RM1,193 per tonne respectively, a
slight decrease by 4%. Prices of Red Meranti and Jelutong
improved by 1% and 3% to RM1,273 per tonne and RM996
per tonne respectively. The average prices of Mixed Heavy
Hardwood and Mixed Light Hardwood remained at RM983
per tonne and RM665 per tonne respectively.
Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF)
The domestic supply of MDF remained suffice while prices
were still being quoted at last month’s level. MDF of 4mm,
6mm, 9mm and 12mm of thicknesses were reported to
chart at RM12.10, RM15.80, RM21.70 and RM28.10 per piece
respectively.
Sawntimber
Intra-Malaysia Trade * – August 2014
The average sawntimber prices remained firm in the domestic
market but some of the species recorded a significant
movement in price. However, demand from the oversea
markets was reported to be lower.
Shipment of sawntimber from Sabah to Peninsular Malaysia
in August 2014 decreased further by 15% to 403 m3, valued
at RM683,000. Shipments of plywood also reduced by 6%
from 8,244 m3 to 7,724 m3 worth at RM12.4 million. Export of
veneer from Sabah declined sharply by 46% as compared to
the previous month to 38 m3, valued at RM59,000.
Prices of Chengal and Red Balau sawntimber remained firm
at RM6,638 per m3 and RM2,966 per m3 respectively. Balau
was traded at RM2,842 per m3, registering a decline of 10%
over the previous month. Likewise, Merbau and Keruing prices
decreased by 2% to RM3,460 per m3 and 5% to RM1,483
per m3 over the previous month. Prices of Dark Red Meranti,
Mersawa and Sepetir remained firm at RM2,189 per m3,
RM1,306 per m3 and RM1,095 per m3 respectively. Meanwhile,
prices of Red Meranti and Yellow Meranti increased by 26%
and 2% to RM1,563 per m3 and RM1,472 per m3 respectively.
Sawntimber prices of Mixed Heavy Hardwood continued to
Meanwhile, export of sawntimber from Sarawak to Peninsular
Malaysia increased by 11% from 955 m3 to 1,061 m3 in August
2014. Meanwhile, shipments of plywood fell by 9% in volume
and 20% in value to 11,102 m3 worth RM12.6 million. Export of
veneer also dropped by 15% to 3,786 m3 valued at RM4.1 million.
No intra trade activities from Peninsular Malaysia to Sabah and Sarawak
was recorded in August 2014.
* Source: Department of Statistics, Malaysia
MTIB
INTRA-MALAYSIA TRADE – AUGUST 2014
From
Products
JULY 2014
Volume (m )
3
SABAH
Logs
Plywood
Volume (m3)
Value (RM ‘000)
% Change in Volume
Aug 2014/July 2014
% Change in Value
Aug 2014/July 2014
0
0
0
0
0
989
403
683
-15
-31
8,244
13,762
7,724
12,409
-6
-10
70
123
38
59
-46
-52
Logs
Veneer
Value (RM ‘000)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
955
541
1,061
660
11
22
12,248
15,778
11,102
12,631
-9
-20
4,479
5,999
3,786
4,144
-15
-31
Sawntimber
Plywood
AUGUST 2014
472
Sawntimber
Veneer
SARAWAK
DOMESTIC TRADE NEWS
AUGUST 2014
Source : Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
11
AUGUST 2014
Cont. from previous page
SPECIES
HEAVY HARDWOOD
Chengal
Balau
Red Balau
Merbau
Mixed Heavy Hardwood
MEDIUM HARDWOOD
Keruing
Kempas
Kapur
Mengkulang
Tualang
LIGHT HARDWOOD
Dark Red Meranti
Red Meranti
Yellow Meranti
White Meranti
Mersawa
Nyatoh
Sepetir
Jelutong
Mixed Light Hardwood
MALAYSIAN
RUBBERWOOD
Hevea brasiliensis
PLYWOOD 4’ X 8’
(RM per piece)
MDF 4’ X 8’
(RM per piece)
LOGS/tonne
18” UP
GMS
SAWNTIMBER/m3
STRIPS
SCANTLINGS
4,000
2,663
2,500
2,500
983
6,638
2,842
2,966
3,460
812
2,966
2,445
1,977
2,825
742
8,828
3,217
3,178
2,754
918
1,150
1,223
1,700
1,100
1,256
1,483
1,801
2,472
1,412
2,331
812
812
727
925
2,225
2,203
2,175
2,472
1,575
2,225
1,550
1,273
1,100
993
1,193
900
850
996
665
LOGS/tonne
2,189
1,563
1,472
1,448
1,306
777
1,095
1,393
777
1,412
1,177
1,130
565
883
565
918
1,130
614
SAWNTIMBER/m3
2” X 2”
2” X 2”
3” X 3”
1,110
1,052
1,172
9mm
34.00
9mm
21.70
2,062
2,408
1,448
1,695
1,377
1,201
1,165
1,532
657
160
4mm
14.60
4mm
12.10
1” X1”1”X 1”
706 9
6mm
22.00
6mm
15.80
3” X 3”
1,130
4” X4”4”X 4”
1,230
1,236
12mm
41.50
12mm
28.10
Note: Log prices ex-batau. Sawntimber, plywood, MDF and Malaysian Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) prices ex-mill
* Prices are only indicative
Cont. from page 9
TIMBER ROUND-UP
Purchase of wooden furniture from Malaysia for the January
to August 2014 duration increased 13% from RM3.67 billion
to RM4.13 billion compared to the same period in 2013.
Demand for wooden furniture for August 2014 was positive
across most major markets.
Imports of wooden furniture by the US increased 14% from
RM1.1 billion to RM1.3 billion. Japan also follow suit with
an increase of 5% from RM317.4 million to RM331.9 million.
The UK imports also increased 27% from RM167.0 million to
RM211.6 million. Intake by Australia increased by 2% from
RM265.9 million in 2013 to RM271.1 million in the first eight
months of 2014. Singapore consumed an increase of 11%
from RM208.0 million to RM230.6 million.
Canada’s ups its intake of wooden furniture by 28% to reach
RM182.4 million. The UAE recorded an increase of 20% to
reach RM152 million in 2014. India’s intake increased 26% to
reach RM85.9 million in 2014. Intake by Saudi Arabia increased
to RM98.1 million.
Russia’s also improved its consumption by 43% from
RM54.8 million to RM78.1 million. South Korea had increased
its wooden furniture consumption by 21% with a purchase
of RM75.5 million in for the first eight months of 2014 from
RM62.2 million in 2013.
Rattan furniture shipments increased by 48% to reach RM25.6
million for the January to August 2014 period. Singapore
remains as the top importer as its demand jumped to RM6.7
million in 2014. India emerges as the highest increase of
intake of rattan furniture, with RM6.1 million being recorded in
this year, leaped from RM108,000 in 2013.
The import by UK increased as well by 73% to reach RM1.9
million in 2014.
MTIB
DOMESTIC TRADE NEWS
*AVERAGE DOMESTIC PRICES OF LOGS, SAWNTIMBER, PLYWOOD AND MDF IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
AUGUST 2014 (VALUE IN RM)
12
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER NEWS
NATIP REVIEW SESSION: STRENGTHENING
THE MALAYSIAN TIMBER INDUSTRY
YB Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas, Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities
delivering his opening remarks.
T
he performance of the local timber industry stands at
a rather alarming position, in view of the export target
of RM53 billion by the year 2020. In 2013 exports of timber
products were recorded at RM19.53 billion, this value
being RM14.91 billion less than the NATIP targeted value of
RM34.44 billion for 2013.
Hence, a session to review the National Timber Industry Policy
or NATIP was convened on 4 and 5 September in Bangi,
Selangor. The session was officiated by the YB Datuk Amar
Douglas Unggah Embas, Minister of Plantation Industries
and Commodities. In his opening remarks, the YB Minister
emphasised on the initiatives that needed to be expedited
and materialised to reflect its positive and significant impact
on the timber industry. He also highlighted the need to pay
serious attention to the shortfall of the export performance,
compared to the target set for NATIP. He expressed his
hope that all relevant parties re-strategise and intensify their
efforts to resolve problems confronting the industry and
determine the most appropriate handling mechanism. The
Minister emphasised the fact that the industry has to work
hard to achieve the export figure of RM53 billion by 2020, and
therefore he hoped that all initiatives
are implemented and most importantly
that the initiatives are able to reflect
positive and significant impact on the
timber industry.
The session aimed to review the export
performance of the industry, to discuss
pertinent issues concerning the timber
industry and to recommend potential
solutions, to look into contributions of
timber to the domestic economy as
well as to revisit the timber industry
structure of 60:40.
Attendees during the event.
The session was attended by 140
participants, including representatives
from the industry, government agencies
and relevant institutions such as
banking and financial institutions.
MTIB
Vol 9 : 2014
13
Cont. from page 3
A visit to Shanghai Furen Timber Market was organised in the
afternoon. Shanghai Furen Wooden Industry Forest Product
Wholesale Market (Furen Timber Market) was established in
1999, under the concept of “Stockpile the World’s Valuable
Timber Species in China”. The market handles the importation
of logs, sawntimber, veneer, exotic timber species and
flooring materials from Southeast Asia, South America and
Africa. There are almost 600 timber and timber product
traders in this market, trading more than 300 timber species
from more than 100 countries. Most of the buyers are local
Chinese timber product manufacturers. It is one of the
biggest timber markets in China and has received numerous
awards such as Leading Enterprise in Modern Wholesale
Market of Shanghai.
The group visited Wooden Flooring Materials Distribution
Centre, a subsection of Furen Timber Market. The centre
covered an operating area of 70,000 sqm. There were more
than 140 timber traders selling hundreds of raw materials
for different kinds of wooden flooring products. The monthly
trading volume can reach 5,000 containers, accounting for
half of the total import of wooden flooring materials in China.
The enquiries received were mainly on special products made
for the China market by Malaysia. There were also enquiries
for suppliers of Kembang Semangkuk sawntimber.
On the other hand, Dr. Jalaluddin Harun, MTIB Director-General
and its officials, visited Wu Xi Grand Theatre. Wu Xi Grand
Theatre is a key cultural project in Wuxi, China. The theatre
stands on the south bank of Taihu Lake and covers a total area
of more than 70,000 sqm. The building was designed by Finnish
architect Pekka Salminen. A strong Chinese feature that runs
throughout the whole building is the large scale use of bamboo.
Recently new methods for the production and use of bamboo
have made it possible to cover the Main Theatre Auditorium
with over 15,000 solid bamboo blocks, all individually shaped
according to acoustic needs and architectural image.
The MTIB group also visited The International Network for
Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR), marking the first official visit
by MTIB to INBAR HQ. INBAR is an inter-governmental
organisation dedicated to improving the livelihoods of the
producers and users of bamboo and rattan, within the context
of a sustainable natural environment. INBAR connects a global
network of partners from the government, private and nonprofit sectors in over 50 countries and promotes sustainable
development with bamboo and rattan by consolidating,
coordinating and supporting strategic and adaptive research
and development.
Membership of INBAR is open to member states of the United
Nations and to inter-governmental organisations. INBAR
currently has 40 member countries. INBAR’s secretariat is in
Beijing, China and it has regional offices for East and Southeast
Asia (Beijing, China), South Asia (New Delhi, India), East Africa
(Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), West Africa (Kumasi, Ghana) and
Latin America and the Caribbean (Quito, Ecuador).
The promotion mission for timber was represented by
Dr. Jalaluddin Harun, MTIB Director-General and three
MTIB officials namely Encik Mohd Afthar Amir, Encik Mohd
Zamakhsyary Mustapa and Cik Noor Intan Saffinaz Anuar.
Dr. Jalaluddin Harun, MTIB Director-General (left) with MTIB officials at the Bamboo House,
Great Wall of China.
MTIB
TIMBER NEWS
At the expo, the delegates visited several Malaysian furniture
manufacturers and suppliers’ booth. Sixty-eight Malaysian
companies participated in the exhibition. Among them were
Nova Talent Sdn. Bhd., Star Furniture Pte. Ltd., Hup Chong
Furniture Sdn. Bhd, SWS Sofa, Eurospan, Furniture Sdn. Bhd.,
TMH Furniture Industries Sdn. Bhd., Mobilia International
Sdn. Bhd., White Feathers Sdn. Bhd, Marcoco Furniture
Industries Sdn. Bhd., Lorenzo, Wegmans and Getha. They
also met Mr. Wang Mingliang, the Founder and Director of
Shanghai UBM Sinoexpo International Exhibition Co., Ltd.
TIMBER NEWS
14
Vol 9 : 2014
Implementation of Lean Management
in Timber Industry
A
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for Implementation
of Lean Management in Timber Industry was convened
on 4 September in Bangi, Selangor by MTIB and Malaysian
Productivity Corporation (MPC) during The National Timber
Industry Policy (NATIP) Review programme. The NATIP Review
was officiated by YB Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas,
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities. At the
event, a total of 14 Chiefs of Operation (CEO) from various
companies received award letters from Datuk Amar Douglas.
MoU Signing Ceremony on Lean Management in Timber Industry.
Lean Manufacturing’s main objectives are to reduce
production costs, increase productivity and remove non valueadded process (waste). The programme also aimed to help
the nation’s mission to reduce dependency on foreign workers
in the long term. A pilot project will be undertaken in a sixthmonth period.
Prior to this event, a Lean Leadership Briefing was conducted
by MPC at the same venue. The objectives of the programme
was to get the full commitment from the 14 CEO’s who
were the Lean Management recipients and to highlight the
importance of Lean Management implementation in the timber
industry. Two speakers from MPC highlighted the history of
Lean Management and Lean Management Philosophy and
Tools and Techniques. It was attended by 17 timber players
from all over Peninsular Malaysia.
Posing with YB Datuk Amar Douglas Uggah Embas, Minister of
Plantation Industries and Commodities.
A Lean Leadership Awareness Workshop for Technical Group
will be held on 25-26 September in Banting, Selangor.
MTIB
Photo session during Briefing on Lean Management for Chief Executive Officer (CEO).
Vol 9 : 2014
15
YB Tan Sri Joseph Pairin Kitingan, Deputy Minister of Sabah at MTIB booth.
T
he Eighth Sabah International Expo 2014 (SIE 2014) with
the theme “Sabah-Hub for the Far East” was held from
18 to 21 September in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. This biennial
trade event, sanctioned by the state government of Sabah,
was organised by the Federation of Sabah Manufacturers, and
Malaysian International Chamber of Commerce and Industries
(Sabah), with the cooperation of the Malaysia External Trade
Development Corporation (MATRADE) and Ministry of
Industrial Development (MID), Sabah. It is the state’s premier
trade fair, organised since 2000. SIE 2014 was officiated by
YB Tan Sri Joseph Pairin Kitingan, Deputy Chief Minister of
Sabah on behalf of the Chief Minister, YAB Datuk Seri Musa Aman.
In his opening speech, Tan Sri Joseph stated that SIE is an
important event to the state as it is knowledge-driven and
focuses on the importance of adding value to products and
services. The state government has been supporting SIE ever
since its inception 14 years ago. “SIE has been successful in
sharing Sabah’s story with the world while attracting foreign
direct investment to the state,” he said. He added that over
200,000 people have visited the expo since it started in 2000
and that hundreds of millions of ringgit worth of business
transactions have taken place.
MTIB has participated in the event eight times from its
inception. The companies that participated under the pavilion
of MTIB this year were Superwood Industries Sdn. Bhd.,
Series Supply Sdn. Bhd. and Adwa Bersaudara Sdn. Bhd.
They hoped to promote and showcase their products to the
buyers and public. The 36 sqm pavilion displayed products
such as doors, panel products and furniture. Besides that,
MTIB also promoted its services which included MTIB’s Timber
Verification Services and provided information on timber and
timber products. A number of trade enquiries were received
from the buyers and visitors.
A total of 180 booths representing 31 countries such as
Algeria, Brunei, Canada, Germany, Indonesia, Pakistan,
Philippines, South Africa, Taiwan, United Kingdom, USA took
part in this year’s event.
Visitors at MTIB booth.
MTIB
TIMBER NEWS
SABAH INTERNATIONAL EXPO 2014
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER NEWS
16
RECORD SET AT WORLD BAMBOO DAY 2014
M
TIB, together with Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL) has
successfully organised World Bamboo Day 2014 (WBD 2014)
which attracted much interest from the public. The official opening of
WBD 2014, held at Taman Bukit Jalil on 23 September was officiated by
YB Dato’ Noriah Kasnon, Deputy Minister of Ministry of Plantation Industries and
Commodities (MPIC). Also present were Datuk Seri Hj Ahmad Phesal Bin Hj. Talib,
Kuala Lumpur City Mayor; Tuan Haji Mohammad Sanuri Shahid, MPIC Deputy
Secretary-General; Dr. Jalaluddin Harun, MTIB Director-General; and Puan Hjh.
Norchahaya Hashim, MTIB Deputy Director-General. The programme, which
involved various ministries and government agencies also saw participation from
the private sector and students from the Faculty of Forestry UPM.
YB Dato’ Noriah Kasnon, Deputy Minister
of Plantation Industries and Commodities
officiating the event.
YB Dato’ Noriah, in her speech, expressed her hopes that programmes
such as WBD would be able to spur the growth of the bamboo industry in
Malaysia through an increase public awareness on the importance of bamboo.
Meanwhile, Datuk Seri Hj. Ahmad Phesal, who also spoke at the event, said that
DBKL would do its best to ensure that the Bamboo Park in Taman Bukit Jalil
become a leading park for tourism in Malaysia.
The main event at the official opening of WBD 2014 was the planting of Black
Bamboo trees that set a record in the Malaysian Book of Records as the
largest Black Bamboo Planting Event in Malaysia. The feat was accomplished
by 60 volunteers who planted 55 bamboo trees of the species Gigantochloa
atroviolaceae Widjaja within 10 minutes. The event began with the planting of the
bamboo trees by the VIPs followed by the volunteers.
The Black Bamboo is suitable for many uses; the thinner culms are usually used
for making musical instruments such as Angklung while the bigger culms are
used for construction purposes. The most unique feature of this bamboo is the
colour that makes it suitable for making furniture and souvenirs.
Cik Huda Zakaria of the Malaysian Book of Record handed the certificate of
achievement to Dr. Jalaluddin Harun and Datuk Seri Hj Ahmad Phesal Bin Hj.
Talib. The ceremony was witnessed by YB Dato’ Noriah Kasnon.
Dr. Jalaluddin Harun, MTIB Director-General
planting a bamboo tree at Taman Bukit Jalil.
As part of the WBD 2014 celebration, promotional
activities were also held in conjunction with the
Petrosains Science Festival from 19-21 September
at Esplanade KLCC. The three day-event was filled
with programmes such as exhibitions from a wide
range of bamboo products, trivia on bamboo and a
talk on bamboo in Malaysia. Visitors at the Science
Festival were also entertained by a solo and group
performance of Angklung. A Bamboo Fashion
Show brought by Ziboosa was held on the last day
of the festival. The event managed to attract about
30,000 visitors.
MTIB
YB Dato’ Noriah Kasnon watering a bamboo tree.
Vol 9 : 2014
17
Puan Hjh. Norchahaya Hashim,
MTIB Deputy Director-General delivering
her opening speech.
Mr. Mark Bramer from Canada highlighted
on skills development in Canada based on
World Skills Standard.
M
TIB was appointed as the Industry Lead Body (ILB)
in the wood-based industry in 2012. ILB is a leading
organisation appointed by Department of Skills Development
(DSD), under the Ministry of Human Resources (KSM). As an
ILB, MTIB will continue to develop skilled human resource
in the wood-based sector. In addition, ILB is one of the
mechanisms that will support the development of human
capital, as stipulated in National Timber Industry Policy
(NATIP). In line with the development of skills and human
resources in the wood-based industry, MTIB through WISDEC
has carried out its role in providing industry-oriented skills
training for the wood-based industry. WISDEC also takes the
lead in supporting technology transfer and technical advice
on furniture production technologies and value-added wood
products.
As an aspiration towards the development of human capital
in the wood-based industry, MTIB organised a seminar on
the Malaysian Skills Certification and World Skills Standard
in the Wood-based Industry on 9 September at MTIB, Kuala
Lumpur. Puan Hjh. Norchahaya Hashim, MTIB Deputy
Director-General officiated the seminar.
The first presentation on the Status of Timber Industry in
Malaysia was presented by Puan Roslina Idris, Deputy
Director of Strategic Planning and Corporate Affairs. A talk
on the role of MTIB as Industry Lead Body in the Timber
Industry was then presented by Encik Mohd Nor Zamri Mat
Amin, Director of WISDEC. Finally Encik Mohd Bakhtiar Sobri,
Senior Assistant Director of DSD presented on Roles in the
Malaysian Skills Certification.
Mr. Mark Bramer, Chief Expert of Cabinetmaking from
Canada highlighted on skills development in Canada based
Participants at the seminar.
on World Skills Standard. Every year, Canada involves
350,000 youth in interactive sensory experiences that profile
trades and technology careers. For example the Essential
Skills Project, Skills Canada Competitions (Provincial/
Territorial, National, International), School Presentations,
Model Wind Turbine Challenge, Skills Clubs, Skills Camps,
Youth in Manufacturing, Try-a-Trade™ and Technology
Activities and the ObstaSkills Trades Challenge Race. He
noted that based on the On-Site Survey Results, all
programmes gave a positive feedback and experience
because most of the youths would consider a career in skilled
trades and technology after having attended the competition.
The youths also improved their skills and chances of getting a
job by participating in the competitions. Mr. Bramer also stated
that the World Skills Standards are very competitive as they
see the best from every country compete to determine the
best in the World. He said, ‘To compete and win at the World
Skills Competition, you need to have the skill in your hands, the
understanding in your head and the passion in your heart…
only then will you win.’
MTIB has been involved in skills competitions since 2004.
WISDEC has been selected as the co-organiser in cabinet
making. MTIB has also been appointed as a Centre of
Excellence by DSD and the Ministry of Works Malaysia to
train participants for the ASEAN Skills Competition and the
World Skills Competition in Cabinet Making and Joinery.
Currently, the national participants are undergoing training in
preparation for the ASEAN Skills Competition in Hanoi, Viet
Nam in October 2014.
There were 100 participants at the seminar which comprised
MTIB, representatives from government agencies, skills
training institutes and the industry.
MTIB
TIMBER NEWS
SEMINAR ON MALAYSIAN SKILLS
CERTIFICATION AND WORLD SKILLS
STANDARD IN THE WOOD-BASED INDUSTRY
TIMBER NEWS
18
Vol 9 : 2014
MTIB Technical, Machineries and
Furniture Industry Visit to Italy
M
alaysia is a dynamic country which is constantly
evolving. Being a middle-income country, Malaysia has
transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw
materials into an emerging multi-sector economy spurred on
by high technology, knowledge-based and capital intensive
industries.
Technology also plays a vital role in various aspects of the
timber sector. Therefore, MTIB organised a Working Visit
to Italy on CNC Machine Technical and Furniture Industry
under the Production Capacity Enhancement Programme
for SME Bumiputera from 21 to 29 September. The
programme involved 12 participants: seven entrepreneurs
and five MTIB officials and the visit covered four different
factories with various productions.
The visit aimed to enhance the group’s knowledge of and
exposure to the hi-tech machines developed by SCM
Group of Companies (SCM) especially the CNC 5-axis
machine. All participants had the opportunity to see the
installation process of the machine. SCM also organised a
few visits to the Small and Medium Enterprises (SME);
furniture factories which have been buying and using
the machines purchased from SCM. During the visit, the
participants were given clear information on the machine’s
operation, from the beginning of the production process
until the products are ready to be distributed. The group were
shown the machines that would be relevant to the SME
furniture industry in Malaysia, such as the Auto Panel Saw
(Handling System – Cutting Process), Edging, Auto Boring and
CNC Profile.
The delegation then visited Giessegi Industria Mobili S.P.A
Company in Rimini. The company owns a huge factory that
covers an area of 100,000 sqm, of which 60,000 sqm is the
covered production area. It produces household furniture
made from chipboard and MDF. Ninety-five percent of the
company’s business is retail marketing while the other 5% is
for export (France, Spain and Greece). They have only 10
workers, and each worker is only allowed to work not more
than seven and a half hours per day as this is a fully automated
factory which consists of the Auto Panel Saw (Handling
System – Cutting Process), Auto Edging – four side edging,
Auto Boring, CNC Profile.
A group photo at Giessegi Industria Mobili S.P.A., Rimini.
Cont. on next page
Vol 9 : 2014
19
Cont. from previous page
TIMBER NEWS
At Naldini Arredamenti.
Briefing on machineries at SCM Foundry.
The delegation then visited SCM Group, SCM Foundry and
SCMVV also located in Rimini. SCM is one of the biggest
machine manufacturers in Italy. Here, they met with the CEO
of SCM Group. The company has produced 23 of their own
branding products: i.e Superfici (finishing), DMC (sanding),
Stefani (Edging), SCM (CNC) dan Morbidelli. Each of the
products is produced at different factories in different places.
The company employs 500 engineers and 3,450 workers. A
large number of workers work for the company throughout
their nation. Seventy percent of SCM’s business is exported,
involving 130 countries. As a manufacturer, they produce
all parts of the components of the machines. In fact, the
company has invested over Euro30 million in the technology
development industry.
Here are the observations by the delegation, made during the
visit:
The group also visited Naldini Arredamenti, a factory that
produces display products and household furniture made
from chipboard and MDF. This company only works on 100%
retail market (Italian market) and has seven workers. With
the advancement of technology in Italy, this company does
not face any hiccup with production due to their fully
automated processes using the Auto Panel Saw, Auto Edge
Banding, Wide Belt Sander, CNC and UV Finishing.
Finally, the delegation visited St. Patriagnano, an educational
community for young drug addicts and the socially excluded,
helping them rediscover their path through recovery
processes. This centre offers them a home, health and
legal assistance, and the opportunity to study, to learn new
job skills in a wide variety of training activities, including the
winery and the carpentry workshops, to change their lives
and return to society as full-fledged citizens. The carpentry
factory produces display furniture for a niche market using
old barrel staves, chipboard and MDF. From old barrel
staves to home décor objects, this community is supported
by 33 internationally famous designers but they produce only
for the Italian market. As part of social responsibility, SCM
Group has contributed various machines to this centre for
the production. This factory been segmented into two; the
main level and the lower level. The main level produces
products made from old barrel staves, chipboard and MDF
while at the lower level, the products are made from MDF and
specialised for the finishing process.
•The number of employees is reduced by the use of an
automated mechanical system;
•Capacity and productivity can be improved and increased
through the use of an automated system in the production in
line with the latest technological developments;
•The layout of the machines is based on the flow of work
processes so as to reduce wastage of space and time of
production;
•The use of automated machines has increased the
effectiveness of the handling system, covering 30% of
production;
• The reduction of disability benefits or zero defect as reliance
on human labor (human error) can be improved;
• SMEs in Italy will invest in high technology machineries and
R&D so as to improve their productivity and production
quality;
• Italians emphasise on the finishing of the products as it will
portray their image and the quality of the products. The use
of UV finishing and water-based technology is widely used
(eco-friendly);
•Dust collecting systems are centralised to ensure the
machines are dust-free;
•The production system concept is called a pull-system
with which the product is carried out only when a booking
is made, and a “buffer” space is provided in the factory to
avoid disruption to the machines;
•A strong business networking has led to a wide range of
export opportunities.
The delegation was led by Puan Hjh. Zaibi Yakin, MTIB Director
of Bumiputera Economic Empowerment. Members comprised
four MTIB officers namely Puan Norpaezah Mohd Dahalan,
Encik Mohd Asmawi Mohd Affandi, Encik Ahmad Farhan Ab.
Karim and Encik Hamzah Zainon as well as seven selected
Bumiputera entrepreneurs i.e. Adunan Komersil Sdn. Bhd.,
Ramaco Bena Sdn. Bhd., Mohd Abidin Yahaya (Perlis) Sdn.
Bhd., Edu-World Services Sdn. Bhd., Puncak Bumi Utama
Sdn. Bhd., Meranti Furniture Sdn. Bhd. and Tisisit Corporation
(M) Sdn. Bhd.
MTIB
20
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER NEWS
Business Matching:
Young Designers Collaborates with
Local Manufacturers
Discussion between designers and local furniture manufacturers at Galeri Glulam Johor Bahru.
A
s a follow-up to the MTIB MOBILI Design Competitions,
eight young local young designers were again invited
to participate in the prestigious Milan International Furniture
Fair (i-Saloni) in 2014 under the TANGGAM label, and
consequently in various local fairs such as the Malaysia
International Furniture Fair 2014, ARCHIDEX 2014 and LivingMF3 2014. These young designers have also successfully
formed several collaborations with international organisations
on design related ventures. Most of these collaborations
involved
timber-based
product
manufacturing
and
contemporary furniture design development.
23 to 25 September. The main objective of the programme
was to match the Tanggam young designers with selected
manufacturers. It is envisaged that this collaboration in terms
of product design and prototype production, will result in
mutual benefit for both parties. This programme will also act
as a platform for product development experimentation
to enable the local timber industry to work closely with
the promising local young designers. MTIB is optimistic of
achieving the targeted objectives since the young designers
have proven their dynamism during their involvement in two
consecutive Milan i-Saloni fairs.
The cooperation forged between these designers and local
manufacturers hope to address the issues of the moderate
acceptance accorded to locally produced timber-based
products. MTIB coordinate a programme entitled “Business
Matching Designer and Furniture Manufacturer” to benefit
the targeted parties, with the aim of developing designs to
be marketed by manufacturers of furniture products. The
event was held at Galeri Glulam Johor Bahru (GGJB), from
Six furniture manufacturers were matched with three
Tanggam furniture designers. Most of these manufacturers
are involved in the design and manufacturing of household
furniture particularly kitchen cabinets. This activity will
encourage the manufacturers involved to transgress to the
manufacturing of higher value-added products destined for
the overseas markets.
At the furniture factories.
MTIB
Vol 9 : 2014
21
Meeting in session.
S
tructural timbers as well as engineered timber products
such as glued laminated timber (glulam), laminated veneer
lumber (LVL) and cross laminated timber (CLT) are widely used
by several developed countries such as European countries,
Japan, Canada, USA, Australia and New Zealand. To ensure
compliance to global requirements, standards as well as
testing, at present various international standards for timber
structure are being developed by timber structure experts
at different stages. In line with that, an annual meeting for
ISO/TC 165 pertaining to timber structure was held from 22
to 26 September in Tokyo, Japan and it was hosted by the
Japan Housing and Wood Technology Centre and chaired by
Dr. Erol Karacabeyli. The scope of the meeting encompassed
standardisation of concerning structural applications of timber,
wood-based panels, other wood-based products, and related
lignocellulosic fibrous materials including: requirements for
design; structural properties, performance, and design values
of materials, products, components, and assemblies and;
test methods and requirements to establish related structural,
mechanical and physical properties and performance.
At present six working groups (WG) are actively involved
in the deliberation which includes WG 2: Requirements for
structural glued laminated elements, WG 6: Glued joints
for timber structures, WG 7: Connections and assemblies,
WG 10: Evaluation of characteristic values for structural
timber products, WG 11: Classification for solid timber and
WG 12: Structural use of bamboo.
Since the 27th ISO/TC 165 meeting which was held in
Stuttgart, five projects have already completed and five ISO
Standards have been published such as:
• ISO 10983 Timber structures –-Solid timber finger-jointing –
production requirements – Published on 5/5/2014.
•
ISO 12122-1 Timber structures – Determination of
characteristics values – Part 1: Basic requirements –
Published on 1/3/2014.
•
ISO 12122-1 Timber structures – Determination of
characteristics values – Part 2: Requirements for sawntimber
– Published on 6/5/2014.
•ISO 17754 Torsional resistance of driving in screws –
Published on 5/5/2014.
•ISO 13910 Structural Timber – Strength – graded timber
– Test methods for structural properties – Published on
6/5/2014
In addition, until 7 September 2014, a total of 12 standards
are still in the development process whilst nine standards
are under preliminary projects. The ISO/TC 165 Technical
Committee meeting in Tokyo has concluded 26 resolutions
as a follow-up for the next ISO/TC 165 meetings. Noting
the retirement of Mr. Art Kempthorne from the position of
secretary of TC165, members expressed their appreciation
for his contribution and diligence in the development of
International Standards relating to structural timber over
many years. ISO TC 165 also reappointed Graeme Beattie
as convener of WG7, Paul Jaehrlich as convener of WG8,
Geoff Boughton as convener of WG10 and Kevin Cheung and
Frederic Rouger as co-conveners of WG11.
In addition to the existing standards, the meeting also
approved the New Work Item Proposal (NWIP) (N846) ISO
22157-1 “Bamboo – Determination of physical and mechanical
properties – Part 1: Requirements” as a new project with
new time line (48 months) and appoints Oliver Frith and David
Trujillo as project leaders and requests that the project leaders
amend WD 22157-1 (N845) and submit for CD vote by May 2015.
Cont. on page 23
TIMBER NEWS
28TH ISO/TC 165: TIMBER STRUCTURE
CONVENES IN TOKYO
TIMBER NEWS
22
Vol 9 : 2014
REINFORCING PRESENCE THROUGH
INTERNATIONAL EVENTS
O
pportunities to participate in exhibitions have been an integral part of TANGGAM’s
strategy to introduce this group of Malaysian designers to the international
scene. Whether to market the designed items, find business opportunities, establish
networking, observe trends, understand and study foreign cultures or even to educate
the public about design, these members of TANGGAM are ready to participate in any
exhibitions, both local and international.
TANGGAM is the initiative launched by MTIB to nurture and promote outstanding
young designers with the objective of creating a portfolio of exciting new designs
from Malaysia. TANGGAM has been a regular exhibitor at the Milan Salone Satellite
International Design Fair, MIFF and ARCHIDEX–Malaysia’s very own furniture, interior
and architecture show, and other regional roadshows.
The ever growing reputation of the London Design Festival as an annual event, held to
celebrate and promote London as the design capital of the world, and as the gateway
to the international creative community was attractive enough to lure TANGGAM. The
experiences gained in Milan were taken as a reference point to benchmark London as
a possible alternative outlet for design exhibitions.
It is for this reason, that MTIB sent three members of its TANGGAM team to attend the
London Design Festival 2014. The festival, held from 17 to 23 September comprised
many ongoing events throughout the week. The main events, which included
Super Brands London, TENT London, 100% Design, Design Junction, DECOREX
International and Focus/14, were the focus of the team.
The Super Brands London and TENT London were very much like the one in
Tortona Milan. As far as design trend is concerned, the championing of natural
Furniture showed in Tent & Super Brand
materials and traditional craftsmanship that had dominated earlier shows such as
London Showcase.
Clerkenwell Design Week remained a key theme throughout the show. However,
woven with this familiar trend was the emergence of clean, digitalised prints,
pixelated graphics and neon hues; a reflection of our digital age. Though almost the antithesis of one another, the combination of
these two concepts was striking. Paper also seemed to be a popular material of choice and was used in a number of ways to
create stunning origami style structures. From textured wallpapers, to geometric shapes held together with paperclips, these
pieces were all refreshingly simple and all the more impressive for it.
The crowd during the 100% Design Show.
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
23
Cont. from previous page
and innovation. Designjunction has firmly established itself
as the leading destination for contemporary interior design
and culture, held annually during the London Design Festival
and Salone del Mobile, Milan. Known for its uncompromising
selection of leading global brands, Designjunction is at the
forefront of delivering cutting-edge design within an expertly
curated space. As for the Decorex International and Focus/14,
the shows were all about applying and composing designed
furniture and products into interior sets. They highlighted
luxury set-ups that created inspirational showcase features.
The loose, versatile and spontaneous environment of an
art market is an appropriate choice of words to describe
Designjunction. Spanning four enormous floors, the show
presented more than 180 brands promoting design, retail
Members of the group were Encik Sujak Hasbollah,
Encik Hazmi Zakaria and Encik Shahril Faisal, together with
Puan Nik Zuraihah Nik Mohammad from Industry Development,
MTIB.
In conclusion the London Design Festival did bring a twist
of flavour to what could be a regular dietary of design feast
in Milan. However in terms of business opportunities, the
international flux of crowds, and the abundance of emerging
and superstar designers nothing beats Milan as the design
capital of the world.
MTIB
Cont. from page 21
WG 12 has also been requested to submit NWIP (N844) and
WD 19624 “Bamboo – Mechanical grading” for balloting as a
new project by May 2015.
During the meeting, Malaysia also commented on technical
and editorial issues regarding three projects that are
being developed which include ISO WD 16696 - Timber
Structures - Glued Laminated Timber - Part 1: Component
performance and production requirements, ISO CD 12578
- Timber structures – Glued laminated timber – Component
performance and production requirements and ISO CD: 18100
- Timber structures — Finger jointed timber — Production and
performance requirements.
A total of 33 international delegates from various countries
attended the meeting including representatives from Australia,
Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Korea,
Malaysia, New Zealand, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland,
United Kingdom, the USA as well as from the International
Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR). The Malaysian
delegation comprised Puan Hjh. Mahsuri Mat Dris of MTIB
(Head of Delegation) and Encik Muhammad Shaiful Nordin
(MTIB), Dr. Tan Yu Eng (Forest Research Institute Malaysia) as
well as Puan Hamidah Abdullah (Malaysian Timber Council).
The ISO/TC 165 meeting for 2015 will be held at Galeri
Glulam Johor Bahru, Malaysia from 21 to 25 September
2015 and will be hosted by MTIB in line with her role and
responsibility as a Standards Development Agency (SDA) as
well as an agency to promote the use of Malaysian tropical
timbers as load bearing structures.
MTIB
Malaysian delegates.
TIMBER NEWS
Meanwhile in 100% Design, marble made an equally
strong statement at the London Design Festival. Facilitated
by contemporary manufacturing technology, projects
demonstrated versatile applications in everything from
experimental clocks to implausibly delicate lighting designs.
There were also a range of products combining stone with
materials including wood and steel due to the fact that
architects and designers are more aware of the need to use
natural materials that make an ecological as well as aesthetic
statements. It was quite noticeable that many designers
created contemporary products that used the material in
new ways whilst referencing the styling of 60’s, 70’s and
80’s and traditional production methods. To say that tradition
and heritage are completely irrelevant in modern design
involvement is pure ignorance and absurd. At the same time,
the use of concrete and cement, fused with other natural
material is also clearly visible.
24
Vol 9 : 2014
TIMBER NEWS
Bamboo Course: Introduction on the
Development of Bamboo Plantation
Group photo at the TIP Lahat Ipoh, Perak.
I
n line to further develop the bamboo industry in Malaysia,
MTIB organised a course on the Development of Bamboo
Plantation on 3-4 September in Ipoh, Perak. The objectives of
the course were to enhance knowledge and information as well
as to create awareness among the industry players both on
the theory and practical aspects of species selection, planting
technique, bamboo management and bamboo maintenance.
Tuan Hj. Kamaruzaman Othman, MTIB Director of Forest
Plantation officiated the course. In his opening speech, he
highlighted that Malaysia’s export of bamboo for the last
10 years had been RM250,000 whilst import of bamboo
was recorded at RM1.5 - 3.0 million. Bamboo and bamboo
products were imported from 11 countries, mainly China,
Indonesia and Thailand. According to the International
Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR), the international
bamboo industry could generate a revenue of USD11 billion
per year and the value is expected to increase to USD18 billion
in 2018. To pursue such a promising industry and to ensure
the sustainability of the industry, MTIB launched the Ten-Year
Action Plan for the Development of the Bamboo Industry in
Malaysia in October 2011. The five main strategies emphasised
in the action Plan were on ensuring the sustainability of the
bamboo industry and ultimately contributing to significant
export earnings and gaining better demand by the domestic
Planting bamboo at the TIP Lahat.
market. The five strategies outlined in the action plan were as
follows:
•Establishment of bamboo plantation and preservation of
existing natural resource management;
• Human capital development;
• Development of downstream activities;
• Research and development; and
• Marketing and promotion
Five papers were delivered by two speakers during the first
day of the course. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hj. Azmy Mohamed from
Potential Resources Enterprise was the first speaker. He
delivered four papers on the bamboo plantation: Introduction
on Commercial Bamboo Species in Malaysia, Bamboo
Propagation Technique, Bamboo Planting Technique and
Management on a Bamboo Plantation. Encik Salleh Mat from
Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) delivered his paper
on Bamboo Plantation Economic Analysis.
The next day, Assoc. Prof Dr. Hj. Azmy briefed the
participants on the techniques of planting bamboo. The
participants were then divided into small groups where they
were given the opportunity to plant bamboo at Furniture
Industrial Park (TIP), Lahat, Ipoh.
The workshop gathered 63 participants mainly from the
industry and government agencies.
MTIB
Participants at the workshop.
Vol 9 : 2014
25
A group photo at the end of the programme.
I
n an effort to promote the forest plantation programme,
MTIB once again organised a session with forest plantation
entrepreneurs and forest plantation contractors in Kelantan.
The workshop entitled “Understanding on the Rubber
Plantation and Nursery” was held from 9 to 11 September in
Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
The main objectives of this programme were:
•to promote Forest Plantation Development Programme
(PPLH);
spesies are Khaya, Sentang, Kelempayan, Teak, Batai,
Binuang and bamboo. Once successfully implemented, after
15 years, the land will produce 3.6 million m3 of timber with an
estimate of about 200 m3 in every hectare.
He added that all successful applicants will be offered the loan
with the following terms:
• Interest rate of 3.5% for medium and big scale and 0.5% for
small scale
• Loan period : 20 years
• to enhance skills on clones identification and verification;
• Grace period of 15 years
• to exchange information and experience on forest plantation.
• Payback period of 5 years
Encik Saiful Bahri Salleh, MTIB Deputy Director of Forest
Plantation in his presentation, emphasised on the soft loan
programme for the development of forest plantation. Under
the programme, MTIB plans to develop 375,000 hectares of
forest plantation for the next 15 years. As part of an effort to
fulfill the needs of the timber sector especially the furniture
industry, the programme focuses on two main species namely
Rubber (Timber Latex Clone) and Acacia. Other recommended
Dr. Ramli Othman, ex-LGM expert said that to be a rubber
forest planter, we must have knowledge and skills to identify
and verify clones types. The selection of the right clone
will influence and affect the growth of the rubber trees and
determine the quality of timber production. He added that
there are many types and clones of rubber trees available
and the recommended ones are Latex Timber Clones (LTC)
which are suitable for forest plantation based on their growth
performance and wood quality. At present, the
best clones for rubber forest plantation are
RRIM 2025; RRIM 2027; RRIM 928; RRIM 929;
PB 350 and RRIM 3001. Furthermore, almost
all recommended LTC produce self prunning
characteristic plants when they reach maturity
stage.
Attentive participants at the workshop.
The programme was attended by 35
participants comprising forest plantation
entrepreneurs, contractors and MTIB technical
staff. During the programme the participants
also had their opportunity to exchange
information and experience on forest plantation
development.
MTIB
TIMBER NEWS
UNDERSTANDING ON THE RUBBER
PLANTATION AND NURSERY
TIMBER NEWS
26
Vol 9 : 2014
ECOBUILD SOUTHEAST ASIA 2014
M
TIB has been actively undertaking efforts to promote
fibre and biocomposite materials and one such effort
was MTIB’s participation in the Ecobuild SEA 2014 which
was held from 9 to 11 September at Putra World Trade
Centre, Kuala Lumpur. This was the first time MTIB and the
relevant companies had taken part in the prestigious event
to promote these products to local and international users.
At the show, MTIB’s booth housed fibre and biocomposite
products such as wood plastic composite for construction
applications, bamboo furniture and wood wool cementboard.
The objectives for participating in the show were to establish
business opportunities and networking for composite
industry players, to expose local manufacturers to the global
market, to gauge the latest information and technological
development and to foster knowledge transfer and
exchanges between suppliers and users. The show served
as a platform for the global construction industry to have
a better understanding of the usage of green construction
materials.
Visitors at the booth.
A total of 300 companies from 24 countries, from the
various sectors mainly from the construction industry
participated in this exhibition. Ecobuild SEA 2014 was
attended by 10,000 visitors ranging from professional
groups such as architects, building consultants, contractors,
developers, engineers, factory owners and facility managers.
MTIB was represented by three fibre and biocomposite
companies, namely One Tech Sdn. Bhd., Advanced
Building Concept Sdn. Bhd. and Duralite (M) Sdn. Bhd.
MTIB’s participation in this exhibition
attracted many business contacts
from both local and international
countries such as from Korea and
Japan.
A visitor being briefed by MTIB officials on the fibre and biocomposite products.
The exhibition, which lasted over
three days, gave positive exposure
to MTIB and the companies that
participated. Through MTIB, the local
industry players have ventured into a
competitive platform where they can
collaborate and partner with other
countries to gain new technology.
Participation at a renowned exhibition
such as Ecobuild SEA 2014 should
be continued and other construction
bio materials producers should be
encouraged to join to explore local
and international market potential.
MTIB
Vol 9 : 2014
27
T
he Republic of Turkey, located in south-eastern
Europe and south-western Asia, is bordered on the
north-west by Bulgaria and Greece; on the north by the
Black Sea; on the north-east by Georgia and Armenia;
on the east by Iran and Azerbaijan on the south by Iraq,
Syria, and the Mediterranean Sea; and on the west by the
Aegean Sea. The main area of Turkey, Anatolia, is in Asia
while about 3% of the country (Thrace) lies in Europe.
The total area is 779 452 km2 while the total population
is 76.8 billion.
Forestry
Turkish forest area occupies about 26.6% (20.7 million
hectares) of entire land area, of which 48% is productive.
Productive high forests cover about 39.4% of total forest area
and 10.5% of total land area.
Coniferous species make up two thirds of the growing stock
volume, with the Calabrian and Crimean Pines predominating,
while Firs, Juniper and Scots Pine are also common. Beech is
the most frequently occurring broadleaved species, followed
by Oaks (mostly as Coppice) and Poplars. The collection of
a wide range of non-wood forest products is of importance
for local populations. Turkey is the largest producer of nuts in
Europe. Other important non-wood forest products are plant
gums, aromatic and medicinal plants and mushrooms.
Timber Industry
Wood processing plays a significant role in Turkey’s economy
especially for rural employment, with industrial wood production
mainly geared towards the manufacturing of wood-based
panels (plywood, blockboard, particleboard, medium density
fibreboard, high density fibreboard and oriented strand board)
and pulp.
In terms of trade, the wood market sector is diverse and
consists of a number of products including logs, sawntimber,
veneer, panels, mouldings, doors and door frames, windows
and window frames, flooring and other building components.
The timber and timber products industry is greatly dependent
on the activities of the building and furniture industry. The
growth had a positive impact on the production and export
of timber and timber products. Turkish contractor companies
that have undertaken construction works domestically and
abroad have completed many housing complexes, tourism
projects, hospitals and health centre projects. In most
buildings, Turkish timber and timber products are
used.
Production of Timber and Timber
Products
Forestry in Turkey has a well-established past that extends
back to the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, sustainable forest management
is an old tradition in Turkey.
Turkey is a significant producer of industrial
roundwood and has a relatively well developed
forest products processing industry. Production of
industrial roundwood showed an increasing trend from
14.5 million m3 in 2008 to 17.7 million m3 in 2012.
Similarly, production of sawnwood increased from
6.2 million m3 in 2008 to 6.9 million m3 in 2012.
However, production of plywood remained at the
average of 1.0 million m3 for the past five years. In
2012, production of veneer and fibreboard stood at 8.5
million and 4.0 million respectively.
Cont. next page
MARKET PROFILE
TURKEY –
PROSPECTS FOR MALAYSIAN TIMBER
Vol 9 : 2014
28
MARKET PROFILE
Cont. from previous page
Turkey: Production of Timber
(Volume: ’ 000 m3)
Products
Industrial Roundwood
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
14,462
14,252
15,695
16,423
17,701
Sawnwood
6,175
5,853
6,243
6,461
6,682
Plywood
1,110
1,000
1,100
1,150
1,160
Veneer
9,600
8,200
9,600
8,800
8,500
Fibreboard
2,226
2,950
3,300
3,585
4,015
Source: FAO
Import of Timber and Timber Products by
Turkey
Despite its own production, Turkey is still a net importer
of forest products. In 2012, Turkey imported a significant
amount of furniture worth USD699.9 million followed by MDF
and plywood at USD323.3 million and USD298.9 million
respectively. Turkey also increased import of sawntimber by
5% to USD222.3 million over the previous year.
period. Ukraine, Russia and Bulgaria are major suppliers of
sawntimber to Turkey.
Import of Fibreboard
In 2012, Turkey’s import of fibreboard totalled USD323.3 million,
an increase of 12% over the previous corresponding period.
Germany and Romania are major suppliers of fibreboard to
Turkey.
Import of Logs
Import of Plywood
In 2012, Turkey’s import of logs totalled USD146.8 million, a
decrease of 16% over the previous corresponding period.
Ukraine, USA and Romania are major suppliers of logs to
Turkey.
In 2012, Turkey’s import of plywood totalled USD298.9 million,
an increase of 10% over the previous corresponding period.
Russia and Brazil are major suppliers of plywood to Turkey.
Import of Furniture
Import of Sawntimber
In 2012, Turkey’s import of sawntimber totalled USD222.3
million, an increase of 5% over the previous corresponding
In 2012, Turkey’s import of furniture totalled USD289.7 million,
a decrease of 17% over the previous corresponding period.
China, Italy and Germany are major suppliers of furniture to Turkey.
Turkey: Import of Major Timber Products
(Value: USD ‘000)
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Logs
Products
210,506
113,160
146,994
175,003
146,782
Sawntimber
159,720
99,440
132,290
210,967
222,298
32,532
20,291
27,867
38,303
39,409
126,214
69,697
179,878
272,389
298,861
Veneer
Plywood
59,570
59,272
86,776
89,715
111,756
MDF
Particleboard
274,492
150,103
238,788
289,802
323,336
Furniture
688,492
512,067
647,453
814,161
699,940
2011
2012
Source: FAO
Turkey: Import of Logs by Major Suppliers
(Value: USD Million)
Country
2008
2009
2010
210,506
113,160
146,994
175,003
146,782
72,378
59,407
86,955
103,796
94,389
USA
6,474
2,636
4,649
5,510
11,598
Romania
9,219
5,016
5,561
7,980
8,505
Total Of Which
Ukraine
Bulgaria
Cameroon
607
1,302
2,614
4,169
4,818
6,288
6,269
10,206
13,956
4,041
Source: UN Comtrade
Cont. next page
Vol 9 : 2014
29
Cont. from previous page
Country
Total of Which
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
132,290
210,967
222,298
21,090
33,779
53,545
54,385
31,143
40,377
48,658
42,503
6,477
28,671
32,388
13,112
25,846
31,307
9,166
13,745
159,720
99,440
Ukraine
25,135
Russia
65,188
Bulgaria
527
1,426
Romania
13,236
9,316
3,179
4,019
5,705
USA
Source: UN Comtrade
Turkey: Import of Fibreboard by Major Suppliers
(Value : USD Million)
Country
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
274,492
150,103
238,788
289,802
323,336
Germany
70,306
57,105
99,503
122,137
133,092
Romania
Total Of Which
84,340
51,784
68,282
86,016
86,168
Italy
7,618
304
6,412
17,893
22,768
Poland
4,447
6,480
14,862
13,971
14,509
Spain
1,315
69
1,558
2,268
12,531
Source: UN Comtrade
Turkey: Import of Plywood by Major Suppliers
(Value : USD Million)
Country
Total of Which
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
126,214
69,697
179,878
272,389
298,861
Russian Federation
20,979
26,468
83,883
108,005
140,125
Brazil
27,166
12,404
25,177
45,510
30,962
3,012
3,988
11,172
15,555
22,171
10,608
3,305
12,785
22,049
17,862
5,251
2,775
2,750
10,011
17,777
Ukraine
India
Romania
Source: UN Comtrade
Turkey: Import of Furniture by Major Suppliers
(Value : USD Million)
Country
Total of Which
China
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
305,919
208,264
242,083
348,733
289,712
78,884
55,813
74,810
99,356
85,640
Italy
67,024
39,416
37,097
57,252
52,100
Germany
50,524
24,454
28,638
37,809
30,192
Poland
17,396
17,611
17,173
26,679
27,155
Spain
8,938
5,842
5,352
15,295
10,273
Source: UN Comtrade
Malaysia – Turkey Timber Trade
Malaysia’s Export of Timber and Timber
Products to Turkey
Presently, the market for Malaysian timber products in Turkey
is still small. Export of timber and timber products to Turkey in
2013 decreased 34% to RM15.7 million from RM23.8 million
in 2012.
Wooden furniture and plywood are main products exported
to Turkey. In 2013, export of wooden furniture increased 61%
to RM8.9 million while export of plywood decreased 57% to
Cont. next page
MARKET PROFILE
Turkey: Import of Sawntimber by Major Suppliers
(Value : USD Million)
Vol 9 : 2014
30
MARKET PROFILE
Cont. from previous page
Malaysia: Export of Major Timber and Timber Products to Turkey
(FOB Value: RM)
Products
Sawntimber
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
620,391
601,048
1,760,970
616,648
353,193
8,920,279
4,816,402
14,249,898
7,178,843
3,075,504
Mouldings
888,116
543,203
284,699
1,392,206
643,585
Fibreboard
2,551,127
1,337,477
506,809
448,011
1,118,690
11,618,538
14,508,635
5,771,780
8,584,792
1,589,502
2,363,038
3,179,822
5,377,059
5,529,328
8,903,539
26,961,489
24,986,587
27,951,215
23,749,828
15,684,013
Plywood
BJC
Wooden Furniture
Total
Source: MTIB and DOSM
RM3.1 million. Export of BJC decreased 82% to RM1.6 million
while export of fibreboard increased 150% to RM1.1 million
from RM448,000 in 2012. Other products exported to Turkey
were sawntimber and mouldings.
Prospects for the Malaysian Timber
Industry
As Turkey’s population grows and its economy develops
further, it is envisaged that the demand for timber products will
increase. There are various opportunities to promote Malaysian
mixed hardwood and Red Meranti species for use in the
Turkish furniture industry. There is also potential for the export
of Merbau and Kempas in the Turkish flooring manufacturing.
In addition, Malaysian companies are also encouraged to enter
into joint-ventures with Turkish companies to take advantage
of the relatively cheap and abundant labour which could be
exported duty-free to the EU countries.
Another area of cooperation for Malaysian companies is
through Turkish furniture companies as agents to promote and
penetrate exports of Malaysian furniture into Russia, Ukraine
and the Central Asian Republics like Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan,
Tajikistan. Long business history between Turkish companies
and those countries provide opportunities for Malaysian
companies with joint venture arrangements.
However, Malaysian timber and furniture companies interested
to enter the Turkish market should be prepared to adopt a longterm strategy and to invest time and money in promotion and
marketing of their products to the Turkish market. They should
also keep their presence in Turkish premier construction and
furniture fairs such as Turkeybuild, and Midex International
Furniture and Interior Design Exhibition. Through these fairs,
familiarity of Malaysian timber products in the Turkish market
can be enhanced.
Conclusion
Today with quality and mass production capacity, the Turkish
timber and timber products industry is able to satisfy the
requirements of individual markets all over the world. With
increasing investment and improvement of raw materials, the
output and export of sector products are expected to increase.
References:
• Timber and Timber Products in Turkey by Baris Yeniceri, 2009
• Export Opportunities in the Turkish Wood Market
• Turkish American Trade and Business Portal
• MTIB’s Statistics
• Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM)
MTIB
Vol 9 : 2014
31
T
he Standard Malaysian
Name for the timber of the
lighter species of Parashorea
(Dipterocarpaceae) is White
Seraya (Urat Mata). This
timber is confined to the
states of Sabah and Sarawak.
Vernacular names applied
include Urat Mata (Sabah
and Sarawak) with various
epithets.
Major
species
include P. malaanonan and
P. tomentella. The sapwood is
paler in colour and not clearly
Wood colour and texture
defined from the heartwood,
which is pinkish cream when fresh, turning to straw-colour or
light brown on exposure.
The timber is also known as White Seraya (Brunei); Pendan,
Penden, Tembalun and Urat mata (Indonesia); and Bagtikan,
Light Red Philippines, Mahogany, Malaanonang and White
lauan (Philippines).
Density
The timber is a Light Hardwood with a density of 400-655 kg/m3
air dry.
Natural Durability
It is non-durable.
Preservative Treatment
Machining Properties
It is fairly easy to work although it has a dulling effect on the
tools. The planed surface of tangential boards is smooth, but
on the radial boards, there is a tendency to tear the grain.
Air Drying
The timber dries moderately slowly to slowly and is subject to
warping and checking and also staining by fungi. 25 mm thick
boards take approximately 5.5 months to air dry.
Kiln-Drying
Kiln Schedule J is recommended. The timber is reported to
season fairly rapidly with minimum defects except for some
cupping.
Kiln Schedule J
°F
°C
°F
°C
Relative
Humidity
(%)
(approx.)
Green
135
57.0
123
50.5
70
50
135
57.0
119
48.0
60
40
140
60.0
118
47.5
50
30
150
65.5
121
49.0
40
20
170
76.5
127
53.0
30
Moisture
Content
(%)
Temperature (Dry
Bulb)
Temperature (Wet
Bulb)
Shrinkage
Shrinkage is high, especially in the tangential direction. Radial
shrinkage averages 2.5%, while tangential shrinkage averages
5.3%.
The timber is difficult to treat with preservatives.
White Seraya Status
Texture
Texture is moderately coarse and even with interlocked grain.
This species was classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on
the IUCN Red List.
Strength Properties
www.etawau.com
The timber falls into Strength
Group C (Burgess, 1958).
Uses
The timber is suitable for interior finishing, panelling,
partitioning, plywood, furniture, mouldings, skirtings and light
constructional works. It has also been successfully tried for
hardboard manufacture.
References :
• MTC wood wizard
http://woodwizard.my/report.asp?AttrID=6&ItemID=104
• Arkive.org
http://www.arkive.org/white-seraya/parashorea-malaanonan/
Crosscut view of White Seraya log.
• Image.lib.ncsu.edu
http://images.lib.ncsu.edu/luna/servlet/view/all/what/WHITE+SERAYA
MTIB
TIMBER SPECIES
White Seraya – For interior Finishing
32
Vol 9 : 2014
n was held
stern Regio
of MTIB Ea
ay
D
ily
m
Fa
Kelantan.
in Bachok,
on 5-6 Sep
tember 2014
MTIB organised a Course
on Financial Management
for Bumiputera
Entrepreneurs from 17 to 19
September 2014 in Seberan
g Perai,
Penang.
A Retreat for M
TIB Quality Cont
rol Inspectors wa
10-12 Septembe
s held on
r 2014 in Gamba
ng, Pahang.
ISO 9001: 2008
a Course on Lead Assessor
Two MTIB officials attended
nised by
orga
was
It
or.
Joh
ru,
Johor Bah
on 22-26 September 2014 in
. Bhd.
SIRIM Training Ser vices Sdn
MTIB participated
in the Hello Komo
diti Programme
organised by Minis
try of Plantation Ind
ustries and
Commodities. Th
e programme wa
s held from
25-28 September
2014 in Kanowit,
Sarawak.

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