Users Manual - Test Equipment Depot

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99 Washington Street
Melrose, MA 02176
Phone 781-665-1400
Toll Free 1-800-517-8431
®
Visit us at www.TestEquipmentDepot.com
789
ProcessMeter
Users Manual
LIMITED WARRANTY AND LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This Fluke product will be free from defects in material and workmanship for three years from the date of purchase. This warranty does not cover fuses, disposable batteries, or damage from accident, neglect, misuse, alteration, contamination, or
abnormal conditions of operation or handling. Resellers are not authorized to extend any other warranty on Fluke’s behalf.
To obtain service during the warranty period, contact your nearest Fluke authorized service center to obtain return authorization information, then send the product to that Service Center with a description of the problem.
THIS WARRANTY IS YOUR ONLY REMEDY. NO OTHER WARRANTIES, SUCH AS FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. FLUKE IS NOT LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES, ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE OR THEORY. Since some states or countries
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of an implied warranty or of incidental or consequential damages, this limitation of
liability may not apply to you.
Fluke Corporation Test Equipment
Fluke
Europe B.V.
Depot
P.O. Box 9090 99 Washington
P.O.
Box
Street 1186
Everett, WA 98206-9090
5602 BD Eindhoven
Melrose, MA 02176-6024
U.S.A.
The Netherlands
11/99
www.testequipmentdepot.com
800-517-8431
781-665-0780 FAX
Table of Contents
Title
Introduction....................................................................................................................
Contacting Fluke ...........................................................................................................
Safety Information .........................................................................................................
How to Get Started........................................................................................................
Getting Acquainted with the Meter ................................................................................
Measuring Electrical Parameters...................................................................................
Input Impedance.......................................................................................................
Ranges .....................................................................................................................
Testing Diodes..........................................................................................................
Displaying Minimum, Maximum, and Average..........................................................
Using AutoHold.........................................................................................................
Compensating for Test Lead Resistance..................................................................
Using the Current Output Functions ..............................................................................
Source Mode ............................................................................................................
Simulate Mode..........................................................................................................
Producing a Steady mA Output ................................................................................
Manually Stepping the mA Output ............................................................................
i
Page
1
1
2
5
6
18
18
18
18
19
19
20
20
20
22
24
25
789
Users Manual
Auto Ramping the mA Output ...................................................................................
Power-Up Options..........................................................................................................
Loop Power Supply Mode..............................................................................................
Battery Life.....................................................................................................................
Maintenance ..................................................................................................................
General Maintenance.....................................................................................................
Calibration .................................................................................................................
Replacing a Fuse ......................................................................................................
If the Meter does not Work ........................................................................................
Replacement Parts and Accessories .............................................................................
Specifications.................................................................................................................
ii
26
27
29
31
31
31
31
34
34
35
39
List of Tables
Table
Title
Page
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
International Symbols ...........................................................................................................
Input/Output Jacks................................................................................................................
Rotary Function Switch Positions for Measurements ...........................................................
Rotary Function Switch Positions for mA Output ..................................................................
Rotary Function Switch Position for Loop Supply .................................................................
Pushbuttons..........................................................................................................................
Display..................................................................................................................................
mA Output Adjust Pushbuttons.............................................................................................
mA Stepping Pushbuttons ....................................................................................................
mA Step Values....................................................................................................................
Power-Up Options ................................................................................................................
Typical Alkaline Battery Life..................................................................................................
4
7
9
11
11
13
16
25
26
26
28
31
iii
List of Figures
Figure
Title
Page
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Fluke 789 ProcessMeter.......................................................................................................
Input/Output Jacks................................................................................................................
Rotary Function Switch Positions for Measurements ...........................................................
Rotary Function Switch Positions for mA Output ..................................................................
Pushbuttons..........................................................................................................................
Elements of the Display........................................................................................................
Sourcing Current ..................................................................................................................
Simulating a Transmitter.......................................................................................................
Loop Power Voltage vs. Current...........................................................................................
Connections for Supplying Loop Power................................................................................
Replacing the Batteries and Fuses.......................................................................................
Replacement Parts ...............................................................................................................
5
6
8
10
12
15
21
23
29
30
33
36
v
ProcessMeter
Introduction
WWarning
Read “Safety Information” before using the
meter.
The Fluke 789 ProcessMeter (referred to as “the meter”)
is a handheld, battery-operated tool for measuring
electrical parameters, supplying steady or ramping current
to test process instruments, and providing a > 24 V loop
power supply. It has all the features of a digital multimeter,
plus current output capability.
If the meter is damaged or something is missing, contact
the place of purchase immediately. Contact a Fluke
distributor for information about DMM (digital multimeter)
accessories. To order replacement parts or spares, see
Table 13 near the end of this manual.
Contacting Fluke
To order accessories, receive operating assistance, or get
the location of the nearest Fluke distributor or Service
Center, call:
USA: 1-888-99-FLUKE (1-888-993-5853)
Canada: 1-800-36-FLUKE (1-800-363-5853)
Europe: +31 402-678-200
Japan: +81-3-3434-0181
Singapore: +65-738-5655
Anywhere in the world: +1-425-446-5500
1
789
Users Manual
WWarning
Address correspondence to:
Fluke Corporation
P.O. Box 9090,
Everett, WA 98206-9090
USA
Fluke Europe B.V.
P.O. Box 1186,
5602 BD Eindhoven
The Netherlands
To avoid possible electric shock or personal
injury:
•
Do not use the meter if it is damaged.
Before using the meter, inspect the case.
Look for cracks or missing plastic. Pay
particular attention to the insulation
surrounding the connectors.
•
Make sure the battery door is closed and
latched before operating the meter.
•
Remove test leads from the meter before
opening the battery door.
•
Inspect the test leads for damaged
insulation or exposed metal. Check test
lead continuity. Replace damaged test
leads before using the meter.
•
Do not use the meter if it operates
abnormally. Protection may be impaired.
When in doubt, have the meter serviced.
•
Do not operate the meter around
explosive gas, vapor, or dust.
•
Use only type AA batteries, properly
installed in the meter case, to power the
meter.
Or visit us on the World Wide Web: www.fluke.com
Safety Information
The meter complies with EN61010, ANSI/ISA S82.011994 and CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1-92 Overvoltage
Category III. Use the meter only as specified in this
manual, otherwise the protection provided by the meter
may be impaired.
A Warning identifies conditions and actions that pose
hazard(s) to the user; a Caution identifies conditions and
actions that may damage the meter or the equipment
under test.
International symbols used on the meter and in this
manual are explained in Table 1.
2
ProcessMeter
Safety Information
•
When servicing the meter, use only
specified replacement parts.
•
Use caution when working above 30 V ac
rms, 42 V ac pk, or 60 V dc. Such
voltages pose a shock hazard.
•
When using the probes, keep fingers
behind the finger guards on the probes.
•
Connect the common test lead before
connecting the live test lead. When
disconnecting test leads, disconnect the
live test lead first.
WCaution
To avoid possible damage to meter or to
equipment under test:
•
Disconnect the power and discharge all
high-voltage capacitors before testing
resistance or continuity.
•
Use the proper jacks, function, and range
for the measurement or sourcing
application.
3
789
Users Manual
Table 1. International Symbols
Symbol
c
Meaning
Symbol
Meaning
Alternating current
Earth ground
Direct current
Fuse
Alternating or direct current
Conforms to European Union directives
Risk of danger. Important information.
See manual.
Conforms to relevant Canadian
Standards Association directives
Battery
T
Double insulated
Meets Underwriters’ Laboratories safety
requirements
Inspected and licensed by TÜV Product
Services
Overvoltage (Installation) Category III,
Pollution Degree 2 per EN61010 refers to
the level of Impulse Withstand Voltage
protection provided. Typical locations
include: mains, wall outlets, main
distribution levels connected closer to the
supply system but less than the primary
supply system (CAT IV).
Conforms to relevant Australian
standards
Listed
950 Z
CAT III
4
N10140
ProcessMeter
How to Get Started
How to Get Started
If familiar with the Fluke 80 Series DMM, read “Using the
Current Output Functions,” review the tables and figures
in “Getting Acquainted with the Meter,” and begin using
the meter.
Display
789 PROCESSMETER
If unfamiliar with Fluke 80 Series DMMs, or DMMs in
general, read “Measuring Electrical Parameters” in
addition to the sections referenced in the previous
paragraph.
The sections following “Using the Current Output
Functions” contain information about the power-up
options, and battery and fuse replacement instructions.
Pushbuttons
100%
MIN MAX
RANGE
HOLD
SpanCheck
%STEP
COARSE
FINE
0%
Rotary
Switch
REL
mV
Hz
mA
A
V
V
Later, use the Product Overview to refresh your memory
about the various functions and features that can be used.
mA
mA
OFF
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
A
mA
COM
V
Input/Output
Jacks
anw014f.eps
Figure 1. Fluke 789 ProcessMeter
5
789
Users Manual
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
To become familiar with the features and functions of the
meter, study the following figures and tables.
•
Figure 2 and Table 2 describe the input/output jacks.
•
Figure 3 and Table 3 describe the input functions of
the first six rotary function switch positions.
A
1
mA
•
Figure 4 and Tables 4 and 5 describe the output
functions of the last three rotary function switch
positions.
•
Figure 5 and Table 6 describe the functions of the
pushbuttons.
•
Figure 6 and Table 7 explain what all the elements of
the display indicate.
COM
V
3
4
2
anw001f.eps
Figure 2. Input/Output Jacks
6
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
Table 2. Input/Output Jacks
Item
Jack
Measurement Functions
Source Current
Function
A
Ac
Input for current to 440 mA
continuous. (1 A for up to 30
seconds.) Fused with a 440 mA
fuse.
Output for dc current to 24 mA.
Output for loop power supply.
B
mA d
Input for current to 30 mA.
Fused with a 440 mA fuse.
Common for dc current output to
24 mA. Common for loop power
supply.
C
D
V
COM
Simulate Transmitter
Function
Output for transmitter
simulation to 24 mA. (Use in
series with an external loop
supply.)
Input for voltage to 1000 V, Ω,
continuity, and diode test.
Common for all measurements.
Common for transmitter
simulation to 24 mA. (Use in
series with an external loop
supply.)
7
789
Users Manual
5
4
mV
3
V
6
mA
A
2
1
V
mA
OFF
mA
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
anw002f.eps
Figure 3. Rotary Function Switch Positions for Measurements
8
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
Table 3. Rotary Function Switch Positions for Measurements
No.
Position
A
OFF
B
#
Function(s)
Meter off
Default:
Measure ac V
.
Frequency counter
C
$
Pushbutton Actions
Default:
Measure dc V
Selects a MIN, MAX, or AVG action
" Selects a fixed range (hold 1 second for auto range)
Toggles AutoHold
5 Toggles relative reading (sets a relative zero point)
Same as above
.
Frequency counter
D
%
Default:
Measure dc mV
Same as above
.
Frequency counter
E
&
Default: Measure Ω
Same as above, except diode test has only one range
for continuity
(Blue) D test
F
'
High test lead in cA: Measure A dc
(Blue) selects ac
Same as above, except there is only one range for each input
jack position, 30 mA or 1 A
High test lead in dmA: Measure mA
dc
9
789
Users Manual
mV
V
mA
A
V
1
mA
2
mA
OFF
3
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
anw008f.eps
Figure 4. Rotary Function Switch Positions for mA Output
10
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
Table 4. Rotary Function Switch Positions for mA Output
No.
A
Position
OUTPUT
(
Default Function
% STEP X or W: Adjusts output up or down to the next 25 % step
Test leads in
SOURCE:
Source 0 % mA
COARSE X or W: Adjusts output up or down 0.1 mA
Test leads in SIMULATE:
Sink 0 % mA
B
OUTPUT
)
0213
Pushbutton Actions
FINE X or W: Adjusts output up or down 0.001 mA
sets output to 0 %
sets output to 100 %
(Blue) cycles through:
Test leads in
SOURCE:
Source repeating
0 % -100 %-0 %
slow ramp (0)
Test leads in SIMULATE:
Sink repeating
0 % -100 %-0 %
slow ramp (0)
•
Fast repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp (2 on display)
•
Slow repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp in 25 % steps (1 on
display)
•
Fast repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp in 25 % steps ( 3on
display)
•
Slow repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp (0 on display)
Table 5. Rotary Function Switch Position for Loop Supply
No.
C
Position
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
Default Function
Pushbutton Actions
Test leads in SOURCE:
(Blue) cycles through:
Supply > 24 V loop power, measure mA
•
250 Ω series resistor for HART
communication switched in
•
250 Ω series resistor switched out
11
789
Users Manual
4
5
6
3
100%
MIN MAX
RANGE
HOLD
SpanCheck
%STEP
COARSE
FINE
0%
REL
Hz
2
7
10
9
1
8
anw003f.eps
Figure 5. Pushbuttons
12
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
Table 6. Pushbuttons
No.
Pushbutton
A
b
B
Span Check
C
Function(s)
Toggles the backlight (low, high, and off)
mA Output: Adjusts mA output to 0 % value (4 mA or 0 mA)
mA Output: Sets mA output to 100 % value (20 mA)
Span Check
D
X
Measuring: Selects a MIN, MAX, or AVG action
mA Output: Adjusts mA output up to the next higher 25 % step
% STEP
E
X
"
Measuring: Selects a fixed range (hold for 1 second for auto range)
mA Output: Adjusts output up 0.1 mA
COARSE
F
X
Measuring: Toggles AutoHold, or in MIN MAX recording, suspends recording
mA Output: Adjusts output up 0.001 mA
FINE
13
789
Users Manual
Table 6. Pushbuttons (cont.)
No.
G
Pushbutton
FINE
.
Function(s)
Measuring: Toggles between frequency counter and voltage measurement functions
mA Output: Adjusts output down 0.001 mA
W
H
(BLUE)
(alternate
function)
Rotary function switch in
'position and test lead plugged into Ac jack: Toggles between
ac and dc ampere measure
Rotary function switch in & position: Toggles diode test function (D)
Rotary function switch in OUTPUT )0213 position: cycles through
•
Slow repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp (0on display)
•
Fast repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp (2 on display)
•
Slow repeating 0 % -100 % - 0 % ramp in 25 % steps (1 on display)
•
Fast repeating 0 % - 100 % - 0 % ramp in 25 % steps (3on display)
Rotary function switch in loop supply position
•
I
COARSE
5
Switch in/out 250 Ω series resistor
Measuring: Toggles relative reading (sets a relative zero point)
mA Output: Adjusts output down 0.1 mA
W
J
% STEP
W
14
Measuring: Toggles between Ω measure and continuity functions
mA Output: Adjusts mA output down to the next lower 25 % step
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
5
13
4
3
14
15
2
1
17
16
anw004f.eps
Figure 6. Elements of the Display
15
789
Users Manual
Table 7. Display
No.
Element
A
% (Percentage display)
B
OUTPUT
C
S
D
Meaning
Shows the mA measured value or output level in %, in a 0-20 mA or 4-20 mA scale
(change scales with power-up option)
Lights when mA output (source or simulate) is active
Lights in continuity function
Lights when dangerous voltage is present
E
Q
F
B
G
4
H
Numerals
Show the input or output value
IK
/
Lights when AutoHold is on
J
D
Lights in diode test function
K
Lights when MIN MAX recording is held
L
! MAX MINAVG
Lights when relative reading is on
Lights when the battery is low
Lights when the meter is transmitting or receiving over the IR port
MIN MAX recording status indicators:
! - MIN MAX recording is on
MAX - the display is showing the maximum-recorded value
MIN - the display is showing the minimum-recorded value
AVG - the display is showing the average value since starting recording (up to
about 40 hours continuous recording time)
16
ProcessMeter
Getting Acquainted with the Meter
Table 7. Display (cont.)
Meaning
No.
Element
M
mA, DC, mV, AC,
M or kΩ, kHz
N
Auto Range
Manual Range
Range status indicators:
Auto Range - autoranging is on
Manual Range - the range is fixed
400100030
The number plus the unit and multiplier indicate the active range.
Show the input or output units and multipliers associated with the numerals
mV
O
02 13
One of these lights in mA ramping or step output (rotary function switch position
)0213):
0 - slow continuous 0 % - 100 % - 0 % ramping (40 seconds)
2 - fast continuous 0 % - 100 % - 0 % ramping (15 seconds)
1 - slow ramp in 25 % steps (15 seconds/step)
3 - fast ramp in 25 % steps (5 seconds/step)
P
250 Ω
HART
Q
Loop Power
Lights when 250 Ω series resistance is switched in
Lights when in loop supply mode
17
789
Users Manual
Measuring Electrical Parameters
The proper sequence for taking measurements follows:
1.
Plug the test leads into the appropriate jacks
2.
Set the rotary function switch to the desired function
3.
Touch the probes to the test points
4.
View the results on the LCD display
The meter normally selects the lowest range that will
measure the applied input signal (Auto Range showing
on the display). Press " to lock the range. Each time
" is pressed, the meter selects the next higher range.
At the highest range, it returns to the lowest range.
If the range is locked, the meter resumes auto ranging
when it is changed to another measurement function or
when " is pressed and held for 1 second.
Testing Diodes
Input Impedance
For the voltage measurement functions, input impedance
is 10 MΩ. See "Specifications" for more information.
Ranges
A measurement range determines the highest value and
resolution at which the meter can measure. Most meter
measurement functions have more than one range (see
"Specifications").
To test a single diode:
1.
Insert the red test lead into the Vjack and
black test lead into the COM jack.
2.
Set the rotary function switch to &.
3.
Press (Blue) so that the D symbol is on the
display.
4.
Touch the red probe to the anode and the black
probe to the cathode (side with band or bands). The
meter should indicate the appropriate diode voltage
drop.
5.
Reverse the probes. The meter displays OL,
indicating a high impedance.
Make sure the correct range is selected:
•
If the range is too low, the display shows OL
(overload).
•
If the range is too high, the meter will not be
displaying its most precise measurement.
18
ProcessMeter
Measuring Electrical Parameters
6.
The diode is good if it passes the tests in steps 4
and 5.
Using AutoHold
Note
Displaying Minimum, Maximum, and Average
MIN MAX recording stores the lowest and highest
measurements, and maintains the average of all
measurements.
Press
to turn on MIN MAX recording. Readings are
stored until the meter is turned off, switched to another
measurement or source function, or MIN MAX is turned
off. The beeper sounds when a new maximum or
minimum is recorded. Auto power-off is disabled and auto
ranging is turned off during MIN MAX recording.
Press
again to cycle through the MAX, MIN, and
AVG displays. Press and hold
for 1 second to erase
stored measurements and exit.
MIN MAX recording must be off to use
AutoHold.
! Warning
To avoid possible electric shock, do not use
AutoHold to determine if dangerous voltage
is present. AutoHold will not capture
unstable or noisy readings.
Activate AutoHold to freeze the meter’s display on each
new stable reading (except in the frequency counter
mode). Press to activate AutoHold. This feature
allows measurements to be taken in situations in which it
is difficult to look at the display. The meter beeps and
updates the display with each new stable reading.
If MIN MAX recording is on continuously for over 40
hours, minimum and maximum readings are still
recorded, but the displayed average no longer changes.
In MIN MAX recording, press to suspend recording;
press again to resume recording.
19
789
Users Manual
Compensating for Test Lead Resistance
Use the relative reading feature (Q on the display) to set
the present measurement as a relative zero. A common
use for this feature is to compensate for test lead
resistance when measuring ohms.
Select the Ω measure function, touch the test leads
together, and then press 5. Until 5 is pressed
again, or the meter is switched to another measurement
or source function, the readings on the display will
subtract the lead resistance.
Using the Current Output Functions
The meter provides steady, stepped, and ramped current
output for testing 0-20 mA and 4-20 mA current loops.
Choose source mode, in which the meter supplies the
current, simulate mode, in which the meter regulates
20
current in an externally powered current loop, or loop
supply mode, where the meter powers an external device
and measures the loop current.
Source Mode
Source mode is selected automatically by inserting the
test leads into the SOURCE + and − jacks as shown in
Figure 7. Use source mode whenever it is necessary to
supply current into a passive circuit such as a current
loop with no loop supply. Source mode depletes the
battery faster than simulate mode, so use simulate mode
whenever possible.
The display looks the same in source and simulate
modes. The way to tell which mode is in use is to see
which pair of output jacks is in use.
ProcessMeter
Using the Current Output Functions
789 PROCESSMETER
40
20
0
100%
MIN MAX
RANGE
SpanCheck
%STEP
COARSE
0%
REL
mV
HOLD
FINE
60
80
100
Hz
mA
A
V
V
mA
mA
OFF
250
mA HART
LOOP POWER
A
mA
COM
V
anw010f.eps
Figure 7. Sourcing Current
21
789
Users Manual
Simulate Mode
Changing the Current Span
Simulate mode is so named because the meter simulates
a current loop transmitter. Use simulate mode when an
external dc voltage of 15 to 48 V is in series with the
current loop under test.
The meter’s current output span has two settings (with
overrange to 24 mA):
WCaution
Set the rotary function switch to one of the
mA output settings BEFORE connecting the
test leads to a current loop. Otherwise, a low
impedance from the other rotary function
switch positions could be presented to the
loop, causing up to 35 mA to flow in the loop.
Simulate mode is selected automatically by inserting the
test leads into the SIMULATE + and − jacks as shown in
Figure 8. Simulate mode conserves battery life, so use it
instead of source mode whenever possible.
The display looks the same in source and simulate
modes. The way to tell which mode is in use is to see
which pair of output jacks is in use.
22
•
4 mA = 0 %, 20 mA = 100 % (factory default)
•
0 mA = 0 %, 20 mA = 100 %
To find out which span is selected, short the OUTPUT
SOURCE + and − jacks, turn the rotary function switch to
OUTPUT [ mA, and observe the 0 % output level.
To toggle and save the current output span in nonvolatile
memory (retained when the power is turned off):
1.
Turn off the meter.
2.
Hold down " while turning the meter on.
3.
Wait at least 2 seconds, then release ".
ProcessMeter
Using the Current Output Functions
dc V
Power Supply
789 PROCESSMETER
40
COM
+24V
20
0
100%
MIN MAX
RANGE
HOLD
SpanCheck
%STEP
COARSE
FINE
0%
REL
mV
60
80
100
Hz
mA
A
V
V
mA
mA
OFF
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
A
mA
COM
V
anw011f.eps
Figure 8. Simulating a Transmitter
23
789
Users Manual
Producing a Steady mA Output
When the rotary function switch is in the OUTPUT [ mA
position, and the OUTPUT jacks are connected to an
appropriate load, the meter produces a steady mA dc
output. The meter begins sourcing or simulating 0 %. Use
the pushbuttons to adjust the current as shown in Table 8.
Select either sourcing or simulating by choosing the
SOURCE or SIMULATE output jacks.
24
If the meter cannot deliver the programmed current
because the load resistance is too high or the loop supply
voltage is too low, dashes (-----) appear on the numeric
display. When the impedance between the SOURCE
jacks is low enough, the meter will resume sourcing.
Note
The STEP pushbuttons described Table 9 are
available when the meter is producing a steady
mA output. The STEP pushbuttons go to the next
multiple of 25 %.
ProcessMeter
Using the Current Output Functions
Table 8. mA Output Adjust Pushbuttons
Pushbutton
X
"
Adjustment
Adjusts up 0.1 mA
COARSE
X
Adjusts up 0.001 mA
FINE
FINE
Adjusts down 0.001 mA
.
W
COARSE
5
W
Adjusts down 0.1 mA
Manually Stepping the mA Output
When the rotary function switch is in the OUTPUT [ mA
position, and the OUTPUT jacks are connected to an
appropriate load, the meter produces a steady mA dc
output. The meter begins sourcing or simulating 0 %. Use
the pushbuttons to step the current up and down in 25 %
increments as shown in Table 9. See Table 10 for mA
values at each 25 % step.
Select either sourcing or simulating by choosing the
SOURCE or SIMULATE output jacks.
If the meter cannot deliver the programmed current
because the load resistance is too high or the loop supply
voltage is too low, dashes (-----) appear on the numeric
display. When the impedance between the SOURCE
jacks is low enough, the meter will resume sourcing.
Note
The COARSE and FINE adjustment
pushbuttons described in Table 8 are available
when manually stepping the mA output.
25
789
Users Manual
Table 9. mA Stepping Pushbuttons
Pushbutton
X
Adjusts up to the next higher
25 % step
Adjusts down to the next lower
25 % step
W
Sets to 100 % value
Span Check
Span Check
Value (for each span setting)
Adjustment
% STEP
% STEP
Table 10. mA Step Values
Sets to 0 % value
Step
4 to 20 mA
0 to 20 mA
0%
4.000 mA
0.000 mA
25 %
8.000 mA
5.000 mA
50 %
12.000 mA
10.000 mA
75 %
16.000 mA
15.000 mA
100 %
20.000 mA
20.000 mA
125 %
24.000 mA
120 %
24.000 mA
Auto Ramping the mA Output
Auto ramping gives the ability to continuously apply a
varying current stimulus from the meter to a transmitter,
while hands remain free to test the response of the
transmitter. Select either sourcing or simulating by
choosing the SOURCE or SIMULATE jacks.
26
ProcessMeter
Power-Up Options
When the rotary function switch is in the OUTPUT
)0213 position, and the output jacks are
connected to an appropriate load, the meter produces a
continuously repeating 0 % - 100 % - 0 % ramp in a
choice of four ramp waveforms:
0
0 % - 100 % - 0 % 40-second smooth ramp
(default)
2
1
0 % - 100 % - 0 % 15-second smooth ramp
3
0 % - 100 % - 0 % Stair-step ramp in 25 %
steps, pausing 15 seconds at each step. Steps
listed in Table 10.
0 % - 100 % - 0 % Stair-step ramp in 25 %
steps, pausing 5 seconds at each step. Steps
are listed in Table 10.
Power-Up Options
To select a power-up option, hold down the pushbutton
shown in Table 11 while turning the rotary function switch
from OFF to any on position. Wait 2 seconds before
releasing the pushbutton after powering up the meter.
The meter beeps to acknowledge the power-up option.
Only the setting for current span is retained when the
power is turned off. The other options have to be
repeated for each operating session.
Holding down more than one pushbutton can activate
more than one power-up option.
The ramp times are not adjustable. Press (Blue) to
cycle through the four waveforms.
Note
At any time during auto ramping, the ramp can
be frozen simply by moving the rotary function
switch to the [ mA position. Then the COARSE,
FINE, and % STEP adjust pushbuttons can be
used to make adjustments.
27
789
Users Manual
Table 11. Power-Up Options
Option
Pushbutton
Change current span 0 % setting
"
Disable beeper
Disable auto power-off
Default
Remembers
last setting
Toggles between 0 - 20 mA and 4 - 20 mA
range
Enabled
Disables beeper
Enabled
Disables the feature that turns off the meter
power after 30 minutes of inactivity. Auto
power off is disabled regardless of this
option if MIN MAX recording is on.
Disabled
Display HOLD (as long as button is
pushed), then shows firmware version.
(Blue)
Display test/show firmware version
28
Action Taken
ProcessMeter
Loop Power Supply Mode
Loop Power Supply Mode
The meter supplies loop power at a nominal 24 V dc. An
internal series resistance of 250 Ω can be switched in for
communication with HART and other smart devices by
pressing (Blue). Pressing (Blue) again switches out
this internal resistance.
When loop power is enabled, the meter is configured to
measure mA and > 24 V dc is sourced between the mA
and A jacks. The mA jack is the common and the A jack
is at > 24 V dc. Connect the meter in series with the
instrument current loop as Figure 10 shows.
30
Voltage (V)
The Loop Power Supply Mode can be used for powering
up a process instrument (transmitter). While in Loop
Power Mode, the meter acts like a battery. The process
instrument regulates the current. At the same time, the
meter measures the current that the process instrument
is drawing.
32
28
26
24
22
20
0
4
8
12
16
20
24
Current (mA)
Loop voltage w/ 250
Loop voltage w/o 250
anw020f.eps
Figure 9. Loop Power Voltage vs. Current
29
789
Users Manual
789 PROCESSMETER
100%
MIN MAX
RANGE
HOLD
SpanCheck
%STEP
COARSE
FINE
0%
REL
mV
Hz
mA
A
V
TEST DC PWR
– ++ –
V
mA
OFF
mA
Red
250
HART
LOOP POWER
mA
A
mA
COM
+
–
V
Black
anw009f.eps
Figure 10. Connections for Supplying Loop Power
30
ProcessMeter
Battery Life
Maintenance
Battery Life
WWarning
To avoid false readings, which could lead to
possible electric shock or personal injury,
replace the battery as soon as the battery
indicator (B) appears.
Table 12 shows typical alkaline battery life. To preserve
battery life:
•
•
•
•
Use current simulation instead of sourcing when
possible.
Avoid using the backlight.
Do not disable the automatic power-off feature.
Turn the meter off when not in use.
Table 12. Typical Alkaline Battery Life
Meter Operation
Measuring any parameter
Simulating Current
Sourcing 12 mA into 500 Ω
This section provides some basic maintenance
procedures. Repair, calibration, and servicing not covered
in this manual must be performed by qualified personnel.
For maintenance procedures not described in this manual,
contact a Fluke Service Center.
General Maintenance
Periodically wipe the case with a damp cloth and
detergent; do not use abrasives or solvents.
Calibration
Calibrate the meter once a year to ensure that it performs
according to its specifications. Contact a Fluke Service
Center for instructions.
Hours
140
140
10
31
789
Users Manual
Replacing the Batteries
2.
With a standard blade hand screwdriver, turn each
battery door screw counterclockwise so that the slot is
parallel with the screw picture molded into the case.
3.
Lift off the battery door.
4.
Remove the meter’s batteries.
5.
Replace with four new AA alkaline batteries.
6.
Reinstall the battery door and tighten screws.
! Warning
To avoid electrical shock:
•
Remove test leads from the meter before
opening the battery door.
•
Close and latch the battery door before
using the meter.
Replace the batteries as follows. Refer to Figure 11. Use
four AA alkaline batteries.
1.
32
Remove the test leads and turn the meter OFF.
ProcessMeter
General Maintenance
F1
F2
anw037.eps
Figure 11. Replacing the Batteries and Fuses
33
789
Users Manual
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows. Refer to Figure 11
as necessary:
Replacing a Fuse
! Warning
To avoid personal injury or damage to the
meter, use only the specified replacement
fuse, 440 mA 1000 V fast-blow, Fluke PN
943121.
1.
Remove the test leads from the meter and turn the
meter OFF.
2.
With a standard blade hand screwdriver, turn each
battery door screw counterclockwise so that the slot
is parallel with the screw picture molded into the
case.
3.
Remove either fuse by gently prying one end loose,
then sliding the fuse out of its bracket.
4.
Replace the blown fuse(s).
5.
Replace the battery access door. Secure the door by
turning the screws one-quarter turn clockwise.
Both current input jacks are fused with separate
440 mA fuses. To determine if a fuse is blown:
'.
1.
Turn the rotary function switch to
2.
Plug the black test lead into COM, and the red test
lead into the A c input.
3.
Using an ohmmeter, check the resistance between
the meter test leads. If the resistance is about 1 Ω,
the fuse is good. An open reading means that fuse
F1 is blown.
4.
Move red test lead to ^.
5.
Using an ohmmeter, check the resistance between
the meter test leads. If the resistance is about 14 Ω,
the fuse is good. An open means that fuse F2 is
blown.
34
If the Meter does not Work
•
Examine the case for physical damage. If there is
damage, make no further attempt to use the meter,
and contact a Fluke Service Center.
•
Check the battery, fuses, and test leads.
•
Review this manual to make sure you are using the
correct jacks and rotary function switch position.
ProcessMeter
Replacement Parts and Accessories
If the meter still does not work, contact a Fluke Service
Center. If the meter is under warranty, it will be repaired
or replaced (at Fluke’s option) and returned at no charge.
See the Warranty on the back of the title page for terms.
If the warranty has lapsed, the meter will be repaired and
returned for a fixed fee. Contact a Fluke Service Center
for information and price.
Replacement Parts and Accessories
! Warning
To avoid personal injury or damage to the
meter, use only the specified replacement
fuse, 440 mA 1000 V fast-blow, Fluke PN
943121.
Note
When servicing the meter, use only the
replacement parts specified here.
Replacement parts and some accessories are shown in
Figure 12 and listed in Table 13. Many more DMM
accessories are available from Fluke. For a catalog,
contact the nearest Fluke distributor.
To find out how to order parts or accessories use the
telephone numbers or addresses shown in "Contacting
Fluke".
35
789
Users Manual
1
2
3
17
30
18
16
8
4
15
5
29
26
14
27
13
6
28
19
25
24
7
20
23
12
21
22
9
11
10
anw005f.eps
Figure 12. Replacement Parts
36
ProcessMeter
Replacement Parts and Accessories
Table 13. Replacement Parts
Item Number
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Reference
Designator
Description
Fluke PN or Model no.
Quantity
MP14
Knob Assembly
658440
1
MP1
Top Case with Lens Protector
1622855
1
MP8
Decal, Top Case
1623923
1
MP6
Keypad
1622951
1
MP5
Top Shield
1622924
1
MP47
Top Shield Contact
674853
1
MP4
Contact Housing
1622913
1
MP28-31
RSOB Contact
1567683
4
! F1, F2
Fuse, 440 mA, 1000 V fast-blow
943121
2
H7,8
PCB Screw
832220
2
MP9
Bottom Shield
1675171
1
MP12
IR Lens
658697
1
MP40,41
LCD Connectors, Elastomeric
1641965
2
MP7
Backlight/Bracket
1622960
1
P1
LCD Display
1883431
1
MP3
Mask
1622881
1
37
789
Users Manual
Table 13. Replacement Parts (continued)
Item Number
38
Reference
Designator
Description
Fluke PN or Model no.
Quantity
878983
1
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
a
b
MP50
Shock Absorber
MP11
Bottom Case
659042
1
MP20
Battery Contact, Negative
658382
1
BT1-4
Battery, 1.5 V, 0-15 mA, AA Alkaline
376756
4
H1-2
Fasteners, Battery/Fuse Access Door
948609
2
MP13
Tilt-Stand
659026
1
MP15
Accessory Mount with Probe Holders
658424
1
MP2
Access Door, Battery/Fuse
1622870
1
MP46
Shock Absorber
674850
1
MP16-18
Battery Contacts Dual
666435
3
MP19
Battery Contact, Positive
666438
1
H3-6
Case Screws
1558745
4
c
MP21
Calibration Label
948674
1
d
MP22
Calibration Keypad
658689
1
-
Not shown
TL71 Test Leads
1274382
1 (set of 2)
Not shown
AC72 Alligator Clips
1670095
1 (set of 2)
-
Not shown
789 Product Overview
1627890
1
-
Not shown
CD-ROM (Contains Users Manual)
1636493
1
ProcessMeter
Specifications
The standard specification interval is 1 year.
Specifications
All specifications apply from +18 °C to +28 °C unless
stated otherwise.
All specifications assume a 5-minute warm-up period.
Note
“Counts” refers to the number of increments or
decrements of the least significant digit.
DC Volts Measurement
Range (V dc)
Resolution
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
4.000
0.001 V
0.1 % + 1
40.00
0.01 V
0.1 % + 1
400.0
0.1 V
0.1 % + 1
1000
1V
0.1 % + 1
Input impedance: 10 MΩ (nominal), < 100 pF
Normal mode rejection ratio: > 60 dB at 50 Hz or 60 Hz
Common mode rejection ratio: > 120 dB at dc, 50 Hz, or 60 Hz
Overvoltage protection: 1000 V
39
789
Users Manual
DC Millivolts Measurement
Range (mV dc)
400.0
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
Resolution
0. 1 mV
0.1 % + 2
AC Volts Measurement
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
Range (ac)
Resolution
50 Hz to 60 Hz
200 Hz to 500 Hz
400.0 mV
0.1 mV
0.7 % + 4
1.2 % + 4
7.0 % + 4
4.000 V
0.001 V
0.7 % + 2
1.2 % + 4
7.0 % + 4
40.00 V
0.01 V
0.7 % + 2
1.2 % + 4
7.0 % + 4
400.0 V
0.1 V
0.7 % + 2
1.2 % + 4
7.0 % + 4
1000 V
1V
0.7 % + 2
1.2 % + 4
7.0 % + 4
Specifications are valid from 5 % to 100 % of amplitude range.
AC conversion: true rms
Maximum crest factor: 3 (between 50 and 60 Hz)
For non-sinusoidal waveforms, add ±(2 % reading + 2 % f.s.) typical
Input impedance: 10 MΩ (nominal), < 100 pF, ac-coupled
Common mode rejection ratio: > 60 dB at dc, 50 Hz, or 60 Hz
40
45 Hz to 200 Hz
ProcessMeter
Specifications
AC Current Measurement
Range
45 Hz to 2 kHz
Resolution
1.000 A (Note)
0.001 A
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
1%+2
Typical Burden
Voltage
1.5 V/A
Note: 440 mA continuous, 1 A 30 seconds maximum
Specifications are valid from 5 % to 100 % of amplitude range.
AC conversion: true rms
Maximum crest factor: 3 (between 50 and 60 Hz)
For non-sinusoidal waveforms, add ±( 2 % reading + 2 % f.s.) typical
Overload protection 440 mA, 1000 V fast-blow fuse
DC Current Measurement
Typical Burden
Voltage
Resolution
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
30.000 mA
0.001 mA
0.05 % + 2
14 mV/mA
1.000 A (Note)
0.001 A
0.2 % + 2
1.5 V/A
Range
Note: 440 mA continuous, 1 A 30 seconds maximum
Overload protection: 440 mA, 1000 V fast-blow fuse
41
789
Users Manual
Ohms Measurement
Range
Resolution
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
400.0 Ω
0. 1 Ω
220 µA
0.2 % + 2
4.000 kΩ
0.001 kΩ
60 µA
0.2 % + 1
40.00 kΩ
0.01 kΩ
6.0 µA
0.2 % + 1
400.0 kΩ
0.1 kΩ
600 nA
0.2 % + 1
4.000 MΩ
0.001 MΩ
220 nA
0.35 % + 3
40.00 MΩ
0.01 MΩ
22 nA
2.5 % + 3
Overload protection: 1000 V
Open circuit voltage: < 3.9 V
42
Measurement Current
ProcessMeter
Specifications
Frequency Counter Accuracy
Range
Accuracy, ±(% of Reading + Counts)
Resolution
199.99 Hz
0.01 Hz
0.005 % + 1
1999.9 Hz
0.1 Hz
0.005 % + 1
19.999 kHz
0.001 kHz
0.005 % + 1
Display updates 3 times/second at > 10 Hz
Frequency Counter Sensitivity
Minimum Sensitivity (rms Sinewave)
5 Hz to 5 kHz*
AC
DC
(approximate trigger level 5 % of full scale)
400 mV
150 mV (50 Hz to 5 kHz)
150 mV
4V
1V
1V
40 V
3V
3V
400 V
30 V
30 V
1000 V
300 V
300 V
Input Range
*Usable 0.5 Hz to 20 kHz with reduced sensitivity.
106 VHz max
43
789
Users Manual
Diode Test and Continuity Test
Simulate Mode:
Diode test indication: Displays voltage drop across
device, 2.0 V full scale. Nominal test current 0.2 mA at
0.6 V. Accuracy ±(2 % + 1 count).
Span: 0 mA or 4 mA to 20 mA, with overrange to 24 mA
Continuity test indication: Continuous audible tone for
test resistance < 100 Ω
Loop voltage: 24 V nominal, 48 V maximum, 15 V
minimum
Open circuit voltage: < 2.9 V
Compliance voltage: 21 V for 24 V supply
Short circuit current: 220 µA typical
Burden voltage: < 3 V
Overload protection: 1000 V rms
General Specifications
Loop Power Supply
Maximum voltage applied between any jack and earth
ground: 1000 V
Loop Power Supply: Minimum 24 [email protected] 24 mA into
1200 Ω load
Storage temperature: -40 °C to 60 °C
DC Current Output
Operating temperature: -20 °C to 55 °C
Source mode:
Operating altitude: 2000 meters maximum
Span: 0 mA or 4 mA to 20 mA, with overrange to 24 mA
Temperature coefficient: 0.05 x specified accuracy
per °C for temperatures < 18 °C or > 28 °C
1
0.1 x specified accuracy per °C for
temperatures < 18 °C or > 28 °C
Accuracy: 0.05 % of span
1
Compliance voltage: 28 V with battery voltage >~4.5 V
44
Accuracy: 0.05 % of span
1
ProcessMeter
Specifications
Accuracy adders for use in RF Fields: In an RF field of
3 V/m, change the accuracy specifications as follows:
For AC Volts Measurement, add 0.25 % of range
For DC Current Measurement, 30.000 mA range,
add 0.14 % or range
For DC Current Output, add 0.32 % of span
Accuracy for all meter functions is not specified in RF
fields > 3 V/m.
Certifications:
,
,
,
Power requirements: Four AA batteries (alkaline
recommended)
Size: 10.0 cm X 20.3 cm X 5.0 cm (3.94 in X 8.00 in X
1.97 in)
Weight: 610 g (1.6 lbs)
Relative humidity: 95 % up to 30 °C, 75 % up to 40 °C,
45 % up to 50 °C, and 35 % up to 55 °C
Vibration: Random 2g, 5 to 500 Hz
Shock: 1 meter drop test
Safety: Complies with EN61010, ANSI/ISA S82.01-1994
and CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 1010.1-92 Overvoltage
Category III.
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