BayStack LAN Switching

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 1.2 MB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Tim Edwards
Tim Edwards

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

Converged Enterprise Solutions
business productivity
Technical Handbook
Issue 2 – January 2004
Converged Enterprise Solutions
Introduction
Contents
2
BayStack LAN Switching
Products at a Glance
BayStack 380
BayStack 420 & BayStack 425
BayStack 450
Business Policy Switch 2000
BayStack 460
BayStack 470
BayStack Stacking Rules
Comparison of Stackable Switches
BayStack 5510
BayStack operating system Switching
Software (BoSS)
4
4
5
9
13
18
24
25
31
32
33
Passport LAN Switching
Products at a Glance
Passport 1400
Passport 1600
Passport 8000
Passport 8300
Passport 8600 Layer 3 Routing Switch
Comparison of Layer 3 Switches
39
39
40
44
47
48
54
66
Wireless LAN Products
Products at a Glance
Wireless LAN 2201
Wireless LAN 2220/2221
Wireless LAN 2250
67
67
68
69
73
Designing LAN Solutions
77
38
WAN Products
Products at a Glance
BayRS
Passport 2430
ARN
Passport 5430
ASN
BLN2 / BCN
Passport 4400
Passport 6400/7400
82
82
83
89
92
96
100
106
117
121
Designing WAN Solutions
127
IP Telephony
Products at a Glance
Succession Release 3
Succession 1000
Succession 1000M
132
132
133
135
137
IP Trunk Card
IP Line Card
Survivable Branch Office
i2002 and i2004 Internet Telephones
i2005 Software Phone
Remote Office
Business Communications Manager
Survivable Remote Gateway
Multimedia Communications
Server (MCS) 5100
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
157
158
BayStack LAN Switching
Designing WAN Solutions
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Products at a Glance
Introduction
Contivity 200
Contivity Software Features Set
Contivity 600
Contivity 1000 Series
Contivity 1700
Contivity 2700
Contivity 5000
Contivity Applications
Contivity Platforms Comparison
Contivity V4.0 Release Features
Contivity Portfolio
163
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
178
179
Passport LAN Switching
IP Telephony
Wireless LAN Products
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Designing LAN Solutions
Content Networking
WAN Products
Network Management
Content Networking
Products at a Glance
Alteon Application Switching Portfolio
Alteon OS Software Features
Alteon Security Solutions Portfolio
Alteon Switched Firewall (ASF)
Alteon Firewall 5100 Series
Alteon Security Manager (ASM)
Alteon SSL Accelerator (ASA)
SSL VPN
Alteon Content Networking Portfolio
Alteon Content Cache (ACC)
Alteon Content Manager (ACM)
Alteon Content Director (ACD)
183
183
185
187
188
189
191
193
194
197
198
199
200
202
Network Management
Products at a Glance
Optivity Network Management System
Optivity Policy Services
Optivity Switch Manager
Optivity Telephony Manager
203
203
204
206
208
209
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Welcome to the second version of the Nortel Networks Converged Enterprise
Solutions Technical Handbook. This guide proved very popular with our partners
last year and has been expanded to enhance the level of information in version 1.
It is designed to help you find the information you require as someone involved
in providing solutions based on Nortel Networks technology for your customers.
This guide includes information on the following areas:-
I hope you find this handbook useful. If you have any queries or feedback please email me at
[email protected]
Finally, a note of thanks to my friends and colleagues who without their time and effort the production of this handbook would not have been possible:- Laurent Beucher, Guy Brill, Didier Ducarre,
Tim Edwards, Robin Hardy, Ian Jones, Ngairi Mettam, Chris Spear, Joakim Wall, Martin Wolfenden
and Strawberry Design.
Mark Maidman
Nortel Networks
Power Cord Codes
Most products in the data portfolio require a separate country specific power cord to be ordered.
These have been shown with a ? in the individual product codes. The ? should be replaced by the
relevant country code below to make up a valid product code that Nortel Networks will recognise
on orders.
Power Cord Code
Country
A
No power cord supplied with product
B
European Schuko power cord
C
UK and Ireland power cord
D
Japanese power cord
E
North American power cord
F
Australian power cord, also used in New Zealand and the PRC
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
3
BayStack LAN Switching
Products at a Glance
BayStack 380
Table
Introduction
4
Product
Features
BayStack 380-24T/24F
Fixed configuration Layer 2 Ethernet switch
• 24 10/100/1000baseT ports or 24 1000baseF ports
• 4 GBIC Uplinks
• Layer 2, high performance
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
BayStack 420/425
Stackable Layer 2 Ethernet switches
• 24 10/100baseT autosensing ports
• 1 or 2 GBIC uplinks
• MultiLink Trunking
BayStack 450-12T/24T/12F
Stackable Layer 2 Ethernet switches
• 12/24 10/100baseT autosensing ports or 12 100baseF ports
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
• Fail-safe Stackability
Business Policy Switch 2000
Stackable Layer 3 aware Ethernet switches
• 24 10/100baseT autosensing ports
• Gigabit uplinks
• QoS support, Policing
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
BayStack 460-24T-PWR
Stackable Layer 3 aware Ethernet switches
• 24 10/100baseT autosensing ports
• Gigabit uplinks
• Inline power – Power over LAN (POL)
• QoS support, Policing
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
BayStack 470-24T/48T
Stackable Layer 3 aware Ethernet switches
• 24 or 48 10/100baseT autosensing ports
• Two GBIC uplinks
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
• QoS support, Policing
BayStack 5510-24T/48T
Stackable Layer 3 aware Gigabit Ethernet Switch
• 24 or 48 10/100/1000baseT autosensing ports
• 2 uplinks
BayStack operating system
Switching Software (BoSS)
Common software for the BayStack product portfolio, there are
separate groupings for BoSS
• BayStack 380
• BayStack 420/425
• BayStack 460/470/Business Policy Switch 2000
• BayStack 5510
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
BayStack
380-24T
BayStack
380-24F
The BayStack 380 is designed to provide high-density high-bandwidth connectivity to desktops, other
switches, servers, and other network devices. This is a Layer 2 switch with 24 10/100/1000 Mbps
auto-sensing ports and four high-density Gigabit ports for connectivity to power-user desktops for
high-speed applications such as graphics, multimedia, and CAD/CAM. It is a resilient solution that
minimises capital and operational expenses. Its robust security features offer protection against unauthorised access to data traffic. The BayStack 380 Switch is also an ideal solution for aggregating network traffic from the wiring closet. The BayStack 380 Switch is an ideal solution for medium-to-large
enterprise customers.
The BayStack 380 Switch is ideal as a cost-effective aggregation solution, as compared to Layer 3
switches. It can also be used for aggregating traffic from different campus buildings to the network
centre. The MultiLink Trunking feature of the BayStack 380 supports load-balancing and automatic
fail-over for link redundancy and it can support up to 8 Gbps of bandwidth per trunk for server farm
applications. The BayStack 380 is Web-manageable and supports an RPS/UPS option using the
BayStack 10 power supply.
Key Features
• High-density High-bandwidth Desktop Switching The BayStack Switch comes in two options,
24T and 24F. In the BayStack 380-24T Switch, ports 21 through 24 may be configured as either
10/100/1000BASE-TX ports or Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) GBIC ports in any combination.
The built-in SFP GBIC ports provide dedicated uplink connectivity to other switches, servers or the
network core such as Passport 8600 Switches. In the BayStack 380-24F Switch ports 1 to 20 are SFP
GBIC ports and 21 to 24 are full size GBIC ports.
• Cost-effective Layer 2 Switch for Server Farms The BayStack 380 Switch allows customers to
aggregate servers without the need to purchase an expensive modular Layer 3 switch.
• Resilient Connectivity for Minimal Network Downtime MultiLink Trunking (MLT) enables grouping of links between the switch and another switch or server to provide greater bandwidth of up to 8
Gbps with active redundant links. This feature provides load-balancing and automatic fail-over protection. Passport 8600’s Split MultiLink Trunking (SMLT) eliminates single points of failure in the network core and allows BayStack 380s to have multiple active connections to the network core.
• Secure Access and Data Traffic Protection Features include BaySecure, Radius, IP Manager List,
Access List, SNMP v3, and password protection. Nortel Networks is the only major vendor to support SNMPv3 protocol for user authentication and data encryption.
• Common Software Lowers Training and Installation Costs All BayStack switches, including the
BayStack 380, have a common “look and feel” which reduces training costs. These tools include
Web, Command Line Interface (CLI), menus, Optivity Network Management System (NMS),
Optivity Switch Manager (OSM) and Optivity Policy Services (OPS).
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
5
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 380 (continued)
Typical Application
BPS stack
Technical Information
Distributed
MultiLink
gigabit trunks
BayStack 470-48T
Switch stack
10/100 Mbps
connections
10/100/1000 Mbps
connections
Desktop users
BayStack 380-24T
Switch
MultiLink
gigabit trunks
Power users
Server farm
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Switch
AL4412?01
AL4512?01
BayStack 380-24T Switch (24 10/100/1000BASE-TX plus four built-in SFP GBIC ports)
BayStack 380-24F (20 1000BASE-X SFP GBICs plus 4 1000BASE Full GBIC ports)
SFP GBICs
AA1419013~
AA1419014~
AA1419015~
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (LC connector)
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
1-port 1000BASE-LX SFP GBIC (LC connector)
GBICs
AA1419001~
AA1419002~
AA1419003~
AA1419004~
1-port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000BASE-XD Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) - 50km
1-port 1000BASE-ZX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) - 70km
CWDM GBICs
AA1419025~
AA1419026~
AA1419027~
AA1419028~
AA1419029~
AA1419030~
AA1419031~
AA1419032~
AA1419033~
AA1419034~
AA1419035~
AA1419036~
AA1419037~
AA1419038~
AA1419039~
AA1419040~
1-port 1000BASE-CWDM
Small Form Factor GBIC
1470nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1490nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1510nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1530nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1550nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1570nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1590nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1610nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1470nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1490nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1510nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1530nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1550nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1570nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1590nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1610nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
? Refer to the Power cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
~ Up to four of these GBICs can be installed in the BayStack 380-24T in any combination
6
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• MultiLink Trunking (MLT) enables grouping of links between the switch and another switch or
server to provide greater bandwidth of up to 8 Gbps with active redundant links for one trunk.
This feature also provides load-balancing and automatic fail-over protection. Up to six trunks are
supported.
Passport 8600’s Split MLT eliminates single points of failure in the network core and allows wiring
closet switches, such as the BayStack 380, to have multiple active connections to the network core.
The BayStack 380’s ability to have multiple connections to a Passport 8600 network core allows
customers to double their network bandwidth with no extra investment. The Passport 8600 provides a self-healing network, which delivers the reliability and availability required by today’s mission critical applications.
• Redundancy With connectivity to the BayStack 10 Power Supply Unit (PSU) paired with a -48V
DC-to-DC converter module, the BayStack 380 switch delivers redundant power supply support
crucial in mission-critical environments. Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capability for the
BayStack 380 can also be supported with the BayStack 10 PSU.
• Security The BayStack 380 supports BaySecure, which allows authentication of all access, not only to
the switches for management and configurations but also access to the infrastructure through these
switches. This software feature limits access to only network authorised and trusted personnel including full tracking of network connections. With BaySecure, network access is granted or denied via
proper MAC-address identification. In addition, with the Distributed Access List Security feature, network access is granted or denied on port basis. The BayStack 380 also supports Remote
Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) authentication for switch-security management.
IP Manager List limits access to the management features of the BayStack 380 by a defined list of
IP addresses, providing greater network security and manageability.
SNMP v3 feature provides user authentication and data encryption for higher security. It also
offers secure configuration and monitoring.
• Auto MDI/MDIX (24T model only) The BayStack 380-24T saves money and time if it needs to
be connected to a hub or another switch. Normally, you need a crossover cable for this purpose, but
with the BayStack 380-24T you can use an inexpensive straight-through cable or a crossover cable.
When a cable is connected to one of the 10/100 ports on the switch, the switch port automatically
can detect the energy on the cable and configures itself. Also, this feature makes configuration easier
as it eliminates the need for an MDI/MDIX port, and any port may be used for connection to a
hub or switch.
• MAC Addresses The BayStack 380 supports up to 64k MAC addresses for deployment of largescale enterprise networks with many attached devices and workgroups, allowing for scalability and
cost effectiveness.
• VLAN Support Up to 64 port-based VLANs can be established for each switch to extend the
broadcast domain and segment network traffic for greater efficiency.
• Use of GBIC Ports On the 24T model ports 21 through 24 may be configured as either
10/100/1000BASE-TX ports or SFP GBIC ports in any configuration.
• Web-based Management Web-based network management makes managing the BayStack 380 easy
with a Web browser. This feature provides summary, configuration, fault, statistics, application,
administration and support pages for the switch. Web interface also allows for static configuration
or numerous parameters of the device.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
7
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 380 (continued)
BayStack 420 & BayStack 425
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
• On-box Management Network management begins with the device. The BayStack 380 supports 4
groups of Remote Monitoring (RMON) on all ports and is SNMPv3 (Simple Network
Management Protocol) compliant. The SNMP agent software resides in the switch and uses the
information it collects to provide management for all ports providing comprehensive network monitoring capabilities.
• Fault Management and Resolution With Optivity Network Management System, the network
manager has quick access to the information required to manage and isolate all BayStack 380 networks’ events. Tools such as Physical Topology View inform the network manager of how a particular event is affecting the physical connectivity within the network. End Node Locate tool provides
the tool provides the ability to locate a failing end node and, with one mouse click, you have access
to the RMON statistics for the failing Ethernet port supporting that end node. These solutions provide visual and statistical tools necessary to quickly resolve any network event or to manage performance in real-time.
• Configuration Management The process of configuration begins with a single device but finishes
across multiple devices. Device Manager is the configuration tool for those functions that require
communicating with a single device. However, Device Manager uses a common user interface and
workflow that supports many Nortel Networks Ethernet Switches. This commonality allows the
network manager to become familiar with one tool instead of many.
Optivity Switch Manager performs the configuration function across multiple devices.
Configuration functions such as VLAN assignments, MLT, and Multicast are deployed across multiple Nortel Networks Ethernet Switches. Optivity Switch Manager helps ensure proper configuration
of technologies like this, first time.
• 802.1p Priority Queuing Standards-based priority queuing enables prioritisation of multimedia or
latency-sensitive traffic, making possible integration of voice, video and data within the same network. The BayStack 380 prioritises LAN traffic based on Layer 2 802.1p value using four hardwarebased queues.
8
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
BayStack
420
BayStack
425
The BayStack 420 and 425 are very affordable 24 10/100 port high-performance stackable Layer 2
switches with Web-based management and high-speed Gigabit uplinks.
The BayStack 420 and 425 provide high-density, high-performance LAN switching for small and
medium sized businesses, as well as branch office locations of large enterprises, that are migrating for
a shared media environment to a switched network in order to improve performance and introduce
high-speed desktop switching for power users.
Key Features
• Very Affordable, Ethernet Switching The BayStack 420 and 425 Switches are a very affordable
choice in high-performance, stackable switching and simplifies the migration to Fast Ethernet with
autosensing on every port. An ideal solution for businesses replacing their hub solutions.
• Easily Stackable and Scalable stackable design scales up to 8 units and up to 192 ports for a lower
per port price. Built-in stack connectors make stacking very easy and save money by not requiring an
additional cascade module.
• Fast Wire-Speed Throughput The BayStack 425 has 16 Gbps switching fabric with ASICs support full
wire speed forwarding rates on all ports at the peak rate of 6.6 million packets per second with no packet
loss. The BayStack 420 has a 12.8 Gbps switching fabric supporting 5.1 million packers per second.
• Easy Network Manageability Web-based Management enables the management of BayStack 420
and BayStack 425 Switches stack as single entities from an easy-to-use browser. The Nortel Networks
Java-based Device Manager, Optivity Switch Manager and Optivity Network Management Software
(NMS) can also be used to manage the switches.
• Multiple High-Speed Uplink Options GBIC-based Gigabit uplink port offers increased flexibility
to select fibre interface including -SX, -LX, -XD (50 km) and -ZX (70 km). Enables long haul and
campus connectivity to other switches.
• MultiLink Trunking For combining separate 10/100 ports into higher bandwidth connections. Up
to 6 MLTs per switch or stack with each MLT having up to 4 ports per trunk. Enables up to 800
Mbps bandwidth for server/switch connections while delivering load balancing and fail-over for
increased reliability. Distributed MultiLink Trunking will also be available early in 2004.
• Security Included RADIUS-based Security for Authentication and BaySecure MAC Access provided
increased security by limiting unauthorised access to the switch.
• Advanced Software Features 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol, 802.3x Flow Control, 802.1Q VLAN
Trunking, BootP and TFTP support for easy software upgrades. SNMP support and Web-based
management. The switch also supports 802.1p for prioritisation and IGMP snooping to support
multicast applications.
• VLAN Support Port-based VLANs support up to 32 Virtual Local Area Networks for enhanced network productivity and flexibility. VLANs reduce administration costs by simplifying network moves,
adds and changes.
• Power and Space Savings Low power consumption of 50W results in lower operating costs. 1U
high unit with small footprint saves space.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
9
BayStack LAN Switching
Technical information
BayStack 420 & BayStack 425 (continued)
Implementation Information
GBIC uplinks
Cascade Cables
There is a single
slot available on
the BayStack 420
to fit a GBIC for
use as an uplink.
To stack the BayStack 420/425s,
the short cable should be used
to interconnect each BayStack
420/425 and then one long
cable should be used to complete the loop from the top to
the bottom of the stack.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Switch
AL2012?39
AL2012?41
BayStack 420-24T Switch with 24 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports
BayStack 425-24T Switch with 24 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX ports
Stack Cables
AL2018005**
AL2018006**
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable, short, 30 cm
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable, long, 100 cm
BayStack 420 GBICs
AA1419001
1-port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
AA1419002
1-port 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
AA1419003
1-port 1000BASE-XD Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 50 km
AA1419004
1 port 1000BASE-ZX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 70 km
BayStack 425 GBICs
AA1419013
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (LC connector)
AA1419014
1-port 1000BASE-LX SFP GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
AA1419015
1-port 1000BASE-XD SFP GBIC (LC connector)
CWDM GBICs
AA1419005
AA1419006
AA1419007
AA1419008
AA1419009
AA1419010
AA1419011
AA1419012
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1470nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1490nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1510nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1530nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1550nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1570nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1590nm Wavelength
1-port 1000BaseWDM Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 1610nm Wavelength
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
** Stack cables are not included with the switch and need to be ordered separately.
Stack configuration example: For a stack of 8 switches, order 7 short cables and one long cable. Use the same
method for stack of other sizes. Exception: for a stack of 2 switches, order 2 short cables only.
10
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• GBIC uplinks The BayStack 420 supports one GBIC uplink. The BayStack 425 supports two flexible
combo uplink ports (ports 25 & 26). Each combo port consists of one SFFP GBIC and one built-in
10/100/1000baseT port. If stacking ports are being used then port 26 is turned off.
• VLAN Tagging with 802.1Q The BayStack 420/425 support IEEE 802.1Q (VLAN tagging), which
provides a standards-based means of extending the ‘broadcast domains’ within the switch to other
switches and routers in the network. Packets are tagged with the designated VLAN numbers. The
BayStack 420/425 support up to 32 port-based VLANs, with 802.1Q tagging available per port. When
a switch port is configured to be a member of a VLAN, it is added to a group of ports (hence, a “workgroup”) that belongs to one broadcast domain. You can assign different ports (and devices attached to
those ports) to different broadcast domains. This feature is key to network flexibility as it allows you to
reassign VLANs to accommodate network moves, additions, and changes, thereby eliminating the need
to change physical cabling.
The 802.1Q standard also specifies a set of ingress port and egress port rules that allow uniform processing of these packets. The BayStack 420/425 Switches supports 802.1Q on all its 10/100 and uplink
ports and fully complies with ingress and egress rules. This feature allows existence of both tagged and
untagged packets on different VLANs on ports connected to legacy shared media hubs that are connected to legacy non-802.1Q compliant as well as 802.1Q compliant desktops or servers.
As the bandwidth requirements for connections to data centre switches or local servers increase, this
feature enables switch links to be aggregated to provide high-bandwidth uplinks to these devices. The
switch supports multiple groupings, with each group supporting up to four member links, providing
aggregated links with up to 4 Gbps of bandwidth. Traffic is shared between group member links, and
in case of failure traffic is diverted to other members of the group.
BayStack 420/425 enable VLAN assignments to be based on the incoming port to which that packet
belongs on the switch. Port-based VLANs allow LAN segments to be extended and easily mapped to
existing subnets. The BayStack 420/425 support 802.1Q on all its 10/100 and uplink ports and fully
complies with ingress and egress rules. This feature allows the existence of both tagged and untagged
packets on different VLANs on ports connected to legacy shared media hubs that are connected to
legacy non-802.1Q compliant as well as 802.1Q compliant desktops or servers.
• Flow Control Support Through support of IEEE 802.3x; the BayStack 420/425 Switches provide
flow control on Gigabit Ethernet ports. The IEEE 802.3x standard introduces a new layer called the
“MAC control sub layer” that sits between the LLC and MAC layers, synchronises “pause frames” from
the network, and places the MAC transmitter into “pause mode” to ease network-based flow control.
The BayStack 420/425’s high-speed flow control feature allows you to control traffic and avoid congestion on the Gigabit full duplex link. When the receive port buffer is full, the BayStack 420/425
Switches issue a flow control signal to the device at the other end of the link to suspend transmission.
When the receive buffer is no longer full, the switch issues a signal to resume the transmission. With
the BayStack 420/425, you can choose symmetric or asymmetric flow control mode. BayStack 420/425
supports 802.3 flow control in both directions – on egress and ingress.
• 802.1p Priority Queuing Standards-based priority queuing enables prioritisation of multimedia or
latency-sensitive traffic, making possible integration of voice, video, and data within the same network.
• Port Mirroring BayStack 420/425 Switches support port mirroring to monitor traffic on a BayStack
420/ 425 switch or stack on your network. Many networks that implement baseline and monitoring
techniques for network management require attachment of a non-intrusive LAN analyser or RMON
probe onto each network segment. As the network is divided into multiple segments, roving the
analyser from segment to segment can become a cumbersome task. The solution is to connect all of
these segments to the BayStack 420/425 Switches, and then monitor them via the switch’s port mirroring feature.
Port mirroring is a traffic duplication function that replicates all, or a subset, of the network traffic
from a particular switch port onto a specific “mirror” port to which an analyser or RMON probe can
be attached. Port mirroring enables detailed RMON 1 and RMON 2 switched traffic analysis.
Because of the switch’s autosense capability, both 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps analysers are supported. Any
switch port in the stack can be used as a mirror port without affecting the switch’s operation. The reasConfidential – for internal and channel use only.
11
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 420 & 425 (continued)
BayStack 450
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
signment of ports to be mirrored is accomplished through software.
• Spanning Tree Protocol The BayStack 420/425 Switches support a single Spanning Tree per
switch/stack. The Spanning Tree Protocol meets the ANSI/IEEE 802.1D (ISO/IEC 10038) Media
Access Control Bridges standard. STP is implemented to detect and eliminate logical loops in a Layer 2
bridged or switched network.
• BootP Automatic IP Configuration BayStack 420/425 Switches support BootP automatic IP configuration. The BayStack 420/425 has a unique 48-bit hardware or MAC address that is printed on a
label on the back panel of the switch. You can use this MAC address when you configure the BootP
server to recognise the BayStack 420/425 BootP requests. A properly configured BootP server enables
the switch to learn automatically its IP address, subnet mask, IP address of the default router (default
gateway) and software image file name.
• Concurrent RMON The BayStack 420/425 Switches provide concurrent RMON on each port at no
extra cost. Use of this management information enables standards-based RMON managers and
Optivity applications to manage the network as well as the device. The BayStack 420/425 Switches
support four groups of RMON (Alarms, Events, History, and Statistics) on each port.
• Graphical User Interface BayStack 420/425 Switches support Device Manager/VLAN Manager
(DMAN/VMAN), which provides an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI) for all switch controls.
• Web-based Management BayStack 420/425 Switches support web-based management from a web
browser. The web-based GUI allows you to configure, monitor, and maintain your network through
Web browsers.
• SNMP BayStack 420/425 Switches support SNMP through implementation of industry-standard
Ethernet MIB (RFC 1398), MIB II (RFC 1213), Bridge MIB (RFC 1493), RMON MIB (RFC
1757), and Nortel Networks MIB extensions. The SNMP implementations of the BayStack 420
switch support public and private community strings, and up to four trap destinations. Private MIB
extensions implemented on the BayStack 420/425 Switches enable the devices to be managed as part
of a total network by the Networks Optivity NMS application. System-level applications supported by
Optivity include Expanded View, Autotopology, and OmniView.
• Security Support BayStack 420/425 Switches security features provide two levels of security for your
local area network (LAN). RADIUS-based security limits administrative access to the switch through
user authentication. MAC address-based security limits access to the switch based on allowed source
MAC addresses. BayStack 420/425 Switches support BaySecure Secure LAN Access, which allows
authentication of all access not only to the switches for management and configuration but access to
the infrastructure through these switches. BaySecure Secure LAN access allows a single MAC address or
range of addresses to be locked into each port, preventing any other MAC address from operating on
that port. Management access is secured by means of tiered passwords as well as an ‘access list’ of
authorised IP addresses allowed to connect to the switch for management. Any or all of the following
will secure access to LANs:
• A configured list of MAC addresses that can connect to any port of the switch (Allowed Nodes).
• List of MAC addresses not to be allowed on any port of the switch (Not-Allowed Nodes).
• Limiting MAC address on any port to the first MAC address that appears on the port at link up.
• Authenticating the MAC address using a RADIUS server and only allowing connections to authenticated addresses.
• Limiting the initial connectivity to policy-based security servers and/or DHCP servers and allowing
continued connectivity only to users that have been authenticated by the server. A user’s access profile, such as VLAN, and priority settings will then be downloaded from these servers.
12
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The BayStack 450 is a stackable Ethernet switch with flexible choices for high-speed uplinks, and
advanced software features.
The BayStack 450 features fail-safe stackability, Multi Link Trunking (MLT), distributed MLT,
optional Redundant Power, self-healing cascade and 2.5Gbps cascade bandwidth. They are designed
to provide high-density, high-performance switching for enterprise wiring closets, and advanced traffic
management for rapidly growing networks.
The BayStack 450 is available in three options:- 24 port 10/100TX, 12 port 10/100TX and 12 port
100FX. Each unit also has a Media Dependant Adapter slot supporting the installation of a variety of
MDA modules including 10/100BaseTX, 100Base FX, and Gigabit modules to support Gigabit uplinks.
All the switches support advanced features such as VLAN trunking, network resilience and advanced
management with MultiLink Trunking and complete integration into SNMP and Web-based
management tools.
Key Features
• Redundant Cascade Stacking Architecture Unlike other stacking switches, the BayStack 450 is
designed with a fail-safe cascade stacking architecture. Cascade cables connect up to 8 stacked switches
into a self-healing configuration that protects the stack’s connectivity by looping connection signals
back at a single point of failure.
• VLAN Support Up to 64 port-based or policy-based VLANs can be established for each switch, to
extend the broadcast domain and segment network traffic. Each switch can also support 4,096 transit
VLANs.
• MultiLink Trunking and Distributed MultiLink Trunking For combining separate 10/100 and/or
high -speed uplink ports between switches in a stack into higher-bandwidth, load-balancing connections for network resiliency. Fully compatible with Passport 8000 and Business Policy Switches.
• Multiple GBICs Available A range of Gigabit Interface Converters (GBICs) support distances of up
to 70km for long-haul and campus connectivity to Gigabit switches or routers.
• Enhanced Security One of the first switches in the industry to incorporate 802.1x EAP (Extensible
Authentication Protocol) over LAN to prevent network connectivity without password authorisation
for added security and control.
• 802.1p Priority Queuing Standards-based priority queuing enables prioritisation of multimedia or
latency-sensitive traffic, making possible integration of voice, video, and data within the same
network.
• Redundant Power Supply Combined with fail-safe stack design and distributed MultiLink Trunking
across the stack. The BayStack 10 redundant Power Supply (sold separately) provides the mission-critical benefits of chassis-based enterprise switching.
• Feature-Rich Software 802.1Q VLAN Trunking, 802.1p Priority Queuing, protocol-based VLANs,
IGMP Snooping, among other features, make the BayStack 450 the logical choice for missioncritical needs of the most demanding application and a fully integrated solution with the Business
Policy Switch and Passport 8000.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
13
BayStack LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
BayStack 450 (continued)
Key Features (continued)
• Wirespeed Throughput 2.5Gbps switching fabric and custom switching ASICs support full wirespeed throughput and forwarding rates on all ports at the peak rate of 3 million packets per second
ensures no packet loss.
• Stackability and High-density Unique redundant cascade design scales up to 8 units, and up to 224
10/100 auto-sensing ports utilising the MDA slots to provide additional port density.
• Flexible, High Speed Uplink Options gigabit Ethernet, 100BSE-TX or fibre Fast Ethernet MDAs
provide the choices that fit into any network architecture.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Product Description
Switches
AL2012?14
AL2012?15
AL2012?19
BayStack 450-24T 10/100 Ethernet Switch with 24 RJ ports
BayStack 450-12T 10/100 Ethernet Switch with 12 RJ ports
BayStack 450-12F 100BASE-FX Ethernet Switch with 12 mini RJ ports
Cascade parts
AL2018001
AL2018002
AL2018004
AL2033010
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (1 metre)
BayStack 400-SSC Spare Cascade Cable (18 inch)
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (3 metre)
BayStack 400-ST1 Cascade Module
MDAs
AL2033002
AL2033003
AL2033004
AL2033005
AL2033006
AL2033007
AL2033008
AL2033009
BayStack 400-2FX 2-port 100BASE-FX MDA
BayStack 400-4FX 4-port 100BASE-FX MDA
BayStack 400-4TX 4-port 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX MDA
BayStack 450-1SX 1-port 1000BASE-SX Single PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1SR 1-port 1000BASE-SX Redundant PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1LX 1-port 1000BASE-LX Single PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1LR 1-port 1000Base-LX Redundant PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1GBIC MDA (GBIC not included with MDA)
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
Technical Information
• Redundancy Features The cascading mechanism uses a ‘fail-safe stacking’ architecture that ‘wraps’,
isolating any single unit failure, while keeping stacking operation functional at below time limits where
applications notice any interruption. Each unit in the stack has a full copy of the stack configuration
so in case of a unit failure; operation of the stack is continued without affecting application connectivity. Gigabit uplinks support LinkSafe, a feature whereby a Gigabit uplink can be run through two different fibre plants. Upon any plant failure the traffic will be diverted to the redundant path in microseconds. Distributed MultiLink Trunking (DMLT) can be used across the stack between individual
devices to provide higher bandwidth and redundancy. Should one port connection fail, other connections within the DMLT assume the full traffic load. DMLT also enables Multi-Homing so that when
critical resources (for example, servers) are connected to different switches in the stack, link redundancy is extended to include unit redundancy. There is also an optional 48V DC-to-DC converter module
for AC version to use with the BayStack 10 Power Supply System for RPSU and UPS support.
14
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Port Connectivity BayStack 450 Switches, all RJ-45 connectors for the 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX
ports are wired for MDI-X. This means that straight-through unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cables can
be used to provide switch connections to servers, desktops, and internetworking devices. For connection to devices configured with MDI-X ports, a crossover cable must be used.
• Support for Gigabit Ethernet BayStack 450 Switches support the IEEE 802.3z 1000BASE-SX and
1000BASE-LX standard. In addition, the GBIC-based MDA offers increased flexibility to select fibre
interfaces, including SX, LX, XD (up to 50 km) and ZX (up to 70 km). With Gigabit Ethernet now
the uplink of choice for wiring closets, the design philosophy for the BayStack 450 switch has been to
enable network closets to fully utilise a gigabit uplink. In its full duplex operation, a gigabit uplink
provides 2 Gigabits of bandwidth. Given the centralisation of servers and shared resources, and the
observation that 80 percent of wiring closet traffic needs to traverse the core of the network via these
uplinks to reach servers, wiring closet switches of today’s dynamic enterprises need to support 2.5
Gigabits of bandwidth.
Each unit of the BayStack 450 Switch provides 2.5 Gigabit per second switching that along with custom Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) offer full line rate service on all ports.
The BayStack 450’s cascading feature provides up to 2.5 Gigabits of throughput to provide a scalable
mechanism to cost effectively construct higher density switches. Cascaded configurations allow the
addition of more uplink ports (up to 4 separate modules and up to 8 Gbps of full duplex bandwidth).
• MultiLink Trunking and Distributed MultiLink Trunking MultiLink Trunking (MLT) across different switches in a stack is a key differentiator for the BayStack 450 Switch solution, this feature
enables switch links to be aggregated to provide high-bandwidth uplinks to these devices. The switch
supports multiple groupings, with each group supporting up to four member links, providing aggregated links with up to 4 Gbps of bandwidth. Traffic is shared between group member links, and in
case of failure traffic is diverted to other members of the group. The BayStack 450’s MLT feature is
extended across the units in the stack where uplink ports on different units can be aggregated both for
bandwidth sharing as well as providing link and unit redundancy. MLT also allows servers and critical
resources to be connected to different units of a stack to achieve ‘Dual or Multi Homing’ whereby link
redundancy is extended to include unit redundancy resulting in highly available critical resources. Each
unit in the stack will have a full copy of the stack configuration so in case of any unit failure, operation
of stack is continued without affecting application connectivity.
• Aggregate Throughput The aggregate throughput of the BayStack 450 is 3 million packets per second
for 64-byte packets. 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and 1000 Mbps ports forward at their full wire speed.
Latency for 64-byte packets at 100 Mbps is measured at 9 microseconds. The BayStack 450 has a 2.5
Gigabit per second (Gbps) switching fabric with custom switching ASICs support full 802.1D-compliant MAC Layer frame forwarding and filtering across all ports of the switch. In addition, the cascading
mechanism, which extends the switch fabric, has a 2.5 Gigabit ‘failsafe stacking’ architecture.
• Firmware Upgrades BayStack 450 switch firmware provides a code load facility that allows you to
upgrade the firmware image over any switch port, including any MDA ports. The following restrictions apply:
• The firmware cannot be upgraded through a port that is configured for tagged traffic
• The port connection to the load host cannot be through a MultiLink Trunk
During the load process, the ports are configured as follows:
• Twisted-pair ports: auto-negotiation enabled
• Fibre optic ports: 100 Mbps, half-duplex
• Gigabit MDA ports: auto-negotiation disabled, Preferred Phy set to Right(Linksafe MDA’s)
• VLAN Tagging with 802.1Q BayStack 450 Switch supports up to 64 port-based VLANs with
802.1Q tagging available per port. This feature is key to network flexibility as it allows you to reassign
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
15
BayStack LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
BayStack 450 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
16
VLANs to accommodate network moves, additions, and changes, thereby eliminating the need to
change physical cabling. The 802.1Q standard also specifies a set of ingress port and egress port rules
that allow uniform processing of these packets. The BayStack 450 Switch supports 802.1Q on all its
10/100 and uplink ports and fully complies with ingress and egress rules. This feature allows existence
of both tagged and untagged packets on different VLANs on ports connected to legacy shared media
hubs that are connected to legacy non-802.1Q compliant as well as 802.1Q compliant desktops or
servers. The BayStack 450 Switches also support policy based VLANs. Policy based VLAN assignment
allows users to select a VLAN based on one of 15 predefined protocols or one user defined protocol
type. This facility allows you to separate traffic based on protocol type and set policies to treat them
differently.”
Priority Queuing with 802.1p BayStack 450 Switches support priority queuing through IEEE 802.1p
standard support. The BayStack 450 Switch can both set and recognise 802.1p specified priorities and
uses two output queues on each port as well as its cascading mechanism to provide normal and high
priority processing to packets. Packets that are not explicitly tagged with 802.1p compliant priorities
can be tagged based on incoming port with which it belongs. The integration of voice, data, and video
onto the same network increases the demand for low latency and high throughput, requiring switches
to provide certain packets with higher forwarding priority. Standards based priority queuing enables
prioritisation of multimedia or latency-sensitive traffic, making possible integration of voice, video, and
data within the same network. IEEE standard 802.1p, using 802.1Q packet formats, defines priority
bits that can either be set by desktop/servers or the switch itself and can traverse the network at the
desired priority.
IP Multicasting BayStack 450 Switches support IP multicasting through Internet Group Management
Protocol (IGMP). Nortel Networks BayStack 450 Switches support standards-based IGMP snooping
to optimise your network. Through IGMP snooping, the BayStack 450 provides a new level of efficient IP Multicast support by examining (snooping) all IGMP traffic in hardware at line rate and
pruning unwanted data streams from affecting network performance.
Multicast Storms BayStack 450 Switches support adjustable rate limits, which protect the LAN
against broadcast or multicast storms that can severely limit performance.
Flow Control Support Through support of IEEE 802.3x, the BayStack 450 Switches provide flow
control on Gigabit Ethernet ports. The IEEE 802.3x standard introduces a new layer called the “MAC
control sub layer” that sits between the LLC and MAC layers, synchronises “pause frames” from the
network, and places the MAC transmitter into “pause mode” to ease network-based flow control. The
BayStack 450’s high-speed flow control feature allows you to control traffic and avoid congestion on
the Gigabit full duplex link. When the receive port buffer is full, the BayStack 450 switch issues a flow
control signal to the device at the other end of the link to suspend transmission. When the receive
buffer is no longer full, the switch issues a signal to resume the transmission. With the BayStack 450,
you can choose symmetric or asymmetric flow control mode.
Memory Allocated Per Port BayStack 450 Switch has 512k buffer per 4 ports (shared).
Software Upgrade Process The BayStack 450 employs flash memory to store the switch software
image. Flash memory enables you to update the software image with a new version – without any costly hardware changes. Certain configuration parameters, including the system characteristic strings,
some VLAN parameters, the IGMP parameters, and the MLT names, are actually stored in the Flash
memory. These parameters are updated every ten minutes or when a Reset command is executed.
Switches can use either console configuration or BootP to download the new image via the TFTP proConfidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
tocol. The Save Current Settings feature allows you to save your current configuration settings without
resetting your switch or stack. BayStack 450 Switches support in-band configuration and management
through telnet. The same menu-driven screens as the console interface are used. Up to four simultaneous telnet sessions are permitted. The BayStack 450 runtime image and config files are stored in
NVRAM and can be upgraded using TFTP.
Port Mirroring BayStack 450 Switches support port mirroring to monitor traffic on a BayStack 450
switch or stack on your network. Many networks that implement baseline and monitoring techniques
for network management require attachment of a non-intrusive LAN analyser or RMON probe onto
each network segment. As the network is divided into multiple segments, roving the analyser from segment to segment can become a cumbersome task. The solution is to connect all of these segments to
the BayStack 450 Switch, and then monitor them via the switch’s port mirroring feature.
SNMP Support BayStack 450 Switches support SNMP through implementation of industry-standard
Ethernet MIB (RFC 1398), MIB II (RFC 1213), Bridge MIB (RFC 1493), RMON MIB (RFC
1757), and Nortel Networks MIB extensions. The SNMP implementations of the BayStack 450
Switches support public and private community strings, and up to four trap destinations. Private MIB
extensions implemented on the BayStack 450 Switches enable the devices to be managed as part of a
total network by the Nortel Networks’ Optivity NMS application. System-level applications supported
by Optivity include Expanded View, Autotopology, and OmniView.
Security Support BayStack 450 Switches support security through the deep packet filtering feature
which allows the MAC, IP address, IP subnet, and TCP ports to be examined. Allowed combinations
in the security filter, network traffic are either forwarded or filtered. The BayStack 450 Switches support BaySecure Secure LAN Access, which allows authentication of all access not only to the switches
for management and configuration but access to the infrastructure through these switches. BaySecure
Secure LAN access allows a single MAC address or range of addresses to be locked into each port, preventing any other MAC address from operating on that port. Management access is secured by means
of tiered passwords as well as an ‘access list’ of authorised IP addresses allowed to connect to the switch
for management. Any or all of the following will secure access to LANs:
• A configured list of MAC addresses that can connect to any port of the switch (Allowed Nodes).
• List of MAC addresses not to be allowed on any port of the switch (Not-Allowed Nodes).
• Limiting MAC address on any port to the first MAC address that appears on the port at link up.
• Authenticating the MAC address using a RADIUS server and only allowing connections to
authenticated addresses.
• Limiting the initial connectivity to policy-based security servers and/or DHCP servers and allowing
continued connectivity only to users that have been authenticated by the server. A user’s access profile, such as VLAN, and priority settings will then be downloaded from these servers.
Stackable IP Addresses BayStack 450 Switches stacks can be managed as a single device (IP/MAC
address). You can also mix Business Policy Switches in the same stack with BayStack 450 Switches.
Each chassis has its own IP address, but when stacked, the switches learn it from a ‘base chassis’
stacked address. The base unit is selected by setting a switch on the cascade module to ‘base’.
When the Stack is physically configured, setting the IP address sets it for the stack, and a single MAC
address is used. There is only one IP address to manage the stack under normal conditions. If the ‘base’
unit fails, a secondary unit will take up the ‘stacked IP address’ but the MAC address does change. You
can manage IP addresses with the BayStack 450 Switches through a console interface and telnet.
BayStack Switches also support Device Manager/VLAN Manager, providing a graphical user interface
(GUI) to manage IP addresses. The console/telnet interface provides full management of the BayStack
450 switches, just not in a graphical “point and click” environment.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
17
BayStack LAN Switching
Business Policy Switch 2000
Key Features and Benefits (continued)
Introduction
The Business Policy Switch is a high-density, stackable 10/100 Mbps Ethernet Layer 2 switch that
delivers Layer 2/3/4 packet classification and prioritisation to the desktop. The Business Policy Switch
(BPS) is a robust and fail-safe LAN solution, with advanced Quality of Service capabilities and Webbased management features. With the Business Policy Switch, enterprises and carriers are able to confidently and reliably deploy and support mission-critical, resource-intensive or delay-intolerant network communication solutions that can include voice over IP, multimedia and eBusiness applications
for full bandwidth utilisation and assured network access at the premise.
The Business Policy Switch can be deployed as a stand alone desktop switch, in a Business Policy
Switch only stack, or in a mixed Business Policy Switch / BayStack 450 stack. By adding a Business
Policy Switch to an existing BayStack 450 switch stack, web-based management is supported across all
ports in the stack.
Key Features and Benefits
• Assures Network Availability and Reliability Provides network availability for mission-critical
applications, devices, and users by classifying, prioritising, and marking LAN traffic. Four queues
are supported on the 10/100basetx, and 100BaseFX MDA’s with up to eight output (egress) queues
on the BPS specific Gigabit MDAs (BPS-1GT, -2GT, or -2GE MDAs) can be created.
• Prioritises Network Traffic Classifies and prioritises traffic via multiple sources (802.1p, IP source
address/destination address or subnet, TCP/UDP source/destination port/range, VLAN ID, and IP
protocol ID) to apply distinct and appropriate treatment.
• Enables Growth and Delivers Resiliency Designed with a redundant cascade stacking architecture,
it connects up to eight switches, including BayStack 470 or hybrid Business Policy Switch/BayStack
450/410s, scaling up to 224 10/100 ports in a self-healing configuration that protects the stack
from a single point of failure. With the unique Distributed MultiLink Trunking (DMLT) feature,
trunked ports can span multiple units of the stack for fault-tolerant connectivity to the network
core, even if one switch should fail. Passport 8600’s Split MultiLink Trunking (SMLT) eliminates
single points of failure in the network and allows wiring closet switches such as BPS to have multiple active connections to the network core.
• Supports Advanced Security Features SNMPv3 support for user authentication and data encryption; Extensible Authentication (EAP) over LAN prevents network connectivity without password
authorisation for added security and control in physically non-secure areas such as universities or
shared work areas. Designed as part of an end-to-end solution, an end-to-end QoS solution is
achievable with Business Policy Switches in the wiring closets providing layer 2/3/4 classification
and prioritisation and the Passport 8600 Switch performing layer 2-7 switching.
• Improves Network Manageability Web-based management provides comprehensive administration
and real-time statistics sampling for the entire stack whether it is pure Business Policy Switch or
hybrid BayStack 450/Business Policy Switch stack. SNMP, Java Device Manager, CLI (command
18
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
line interface), and integration into Optivity tools give network managers complete network control
from a single management console.
• Future-Proofs the Network Ready to support converged voice, video and data applications today
and into the future, therefore providing an investment protection. With the addition of a Business
Policy Switch to an existing BayStack 450 stack, policy can be enabled to users or devices that are
connected on the Business Policy Switch.
• Provides Flexible, High-Speed Connectivity Media Dependent Adapters (MDAs) including Fast
Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet and CWDM, connect to Passport* Switches, other high-speed switches,
or the network centre.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
AL2001?15
AL2001016
AL1904001
Business Policy Switch 2000 Autosensing Policy Switch (24 10/100BASE-TX)
Business Policy Switch 2000 DC (-48V DC input voltage)
BPS -48 V DC-to-DC converter for use with BayStack 10 Power Supply System
AL2018001
AL2018002
AL2018004
AL2033010
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (1 metre)
BayStack 400-SSC Spare Cascade Cable (18 inch)
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (3 metre)
BayStack 400-ST1 Cascade Module
AL2033005^
AL2033006^
AL2033007^
AL2033008^
AL2033009*
AL2033011
AL2033012
AL2033013
BayStack 450-1SX 1-port 1000BASE-SX Single PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1SR 1-port 1000BASE-SX Redundant PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1LX 1-port 1000BASE-LX Single PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1LR 1-port 1000Base-LX Redundant PHY MDA
BayStack 450-1GBIC MDA (GBIC not included with MDA)
BPS2000-4TX 4-port 10/100 MDA
BPS2000-4FX 4-port 100BASE-FX MDA w/mini MT-RJ-type connectors
BPS2000-2FX 2-port 100BASE-FX MDA w/SC-type connectors
AA1419001~
AA1419002~
AA1419003~
AA1419004~
AL2033014**
AL2033015**
AL2033016**
AA1419013
AA1419014
AA1419015
1-port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC)
1-port 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC)
1-port 1000BASE-XD Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC)-50km
1-port 1000BASE-ZX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC)-70km
BPS2000-1GT 1-port 1000BASE-TX MDA
BPS2000-2GT 2-port 1000BASE-TX MDA
BPS2000-2GE 2-port Small Form Factor GBIC MDA (supports up to two SFF GBICs)
1-port 1000BASE-SX Small Form Factor GBIC (LC connector)
1-port 1000BASE-SX Small Form Factor GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
1-port 1000BASE-LX Small Form Factor GBIC (LC connector)
Note: Due to space limitations the range of CWDM Small Form Factor GBICs is not shown here please see
the BayStack 380 section for information on these.
? Refer to the Power cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
^ BayStack 450 Gigabit MDAs are fully supported by the Business Policy Switch; supports two output
(egress) queues;
* Requires Business Policy Switch version 1.1 software or higher; supports two output (egress) queues;
~ One of these GBICs is required with the purchase of a BayStack 450-1GBIC MDA;
** Requires Business Policy Switch version 2.0 software or higher; supports eight output (egress) queues
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
19
BayStack LAN Switching
Business Policy Switch 2000 (continued)
Technical Information
• Redundancy Features The cascading mechanism uses a ‘fail-safe stacking’ architecture that “wraps”,
isolating any single unit failure, while keeping stacking operation functional at below time limits where
applications notice any interruption. Each unit in the stack has a full copy of the stack configuration so
in case of a unit failure, operation of the stack is continued without affecting application connectivity.
Gigabit uplinks support: LinkSafe, a feature whereby a Gigabit uplink can be run through two different fibre plants. Upon any plant failure the traffic will be diverted to the redundant path in
microseconds. Distributed MultiLink Trunking (MLT) can be used across the stack between individual devices to provide higher bandwidth and redundancy. Should one port connection fail, other
connections within the MLT assume the full traffic load. MLT also enables Multi-Homing so that
when critical resources (for example, servers) are connected to different switches in the stack, link
redundancy is extended to include unit redundancy.
Optional: 48V DC-to-DC converter module for AC version to use with the BayStack 10 Power
Supply System for RPSU and UPS support.
• Port Connectivity With the BPS, all RJ-45 connectors for the 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX ports
are wired for MDI-X. This means that straight-through unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cables can be
used to provide switch connections to servers, desktops, and internetworking devices. For connection to devices configured with MDI-X ports, a crossover cable is used.
• Support for Gigabit Ethernet The BPS supports the IEEE 802.3z 1000BASE-SX and 1000BASELX standard. In addition, the BPS offers a Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC) MDA for support
of long-haul connectivity. This MDA can support one 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX 1000BASEXD (50km) or one ZX (70km) interface connector. The BPS even supports Gigabit over CWDM.
In full duplex operation, a gigabit uplink requires 2 Gigabits of bandwidth. Each unit of the BPS
provides 2.5 Gigabit per second switching along with custom Application Specific Integrated
Circuits (ASICs) offering full line rate service on all ports.
• MultiLink Trunking and Distributed MultiLink Trunking BPS supports MultiLink Trunking
(MLT) and Distributed MultiLink Trunking across different switches in a stack. MLT enables
switch links to be aggregated to provide high-bandwidth uplinks to these devices. The switch supports multiple groupings, with each group supporting up to four member links, providing aggregated links with up to 4 Gbps of bandwidth. Traffic is shared between group member links, and in case
of failure traffic is diverted to other members of the group. The BPS’s MLT/DMLT feature is
extended across the units in the stack where uplink ports on different units can be aggregated both
for bandwidth sharing as well as providing link and unit redundancy. MLT also allows servers and
critical resources to be connected to different units of a stack to achieve ‘Dual or Multi Homing’
whereby link redundancy is extended to include unit redundancy resulting in highly available critical resources. Each unit in the stack will have a full copy of the stack configuration so in case of any
unit failure, operation of stack is continued without affecting application connectivity.
• Aggregate Throughput The aggregate throughput of the BPS is 3 million packets per second per
switch for 64-byte packets. 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and 1000 Mbps ports forward at their full wire
speed. Latency for 64-byte packets at 100 Mbps is measured at 9 microseconds. When a stack of
eight switches is created up to 24 million packets per second is achieved. The BPS has a 2.5 Gbps
switching fabric with custom switching ASICs support full 802.1D-compliant MAC Layer frame
forwarding and filtering across all ports of the switch.
• Firmware Upgrades The BPS can be upgraded via TFTP. The BPS runtime image and config files
are stored in NVRAM and can be upgraded using TFTP.
20
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Technical Information (continued)
• VLAN Tagging With 802.1Q the Business Policy Switches support VLAN tagging (IEEE 802.1Q),
which provides a standards-based means of extending the ‘broadcast domains’ within the switch to
other switches and routers in the network. Packets are tagged with the designated VLAN numbers
(with 4,096 of these VLANs being possible). The BPS supports up to 256 VLANs with 802.1Q
tagging available per port. When a switch port is configured to be a member of a VLAN, it is added
to a group of ports (hence, a “workgroup”) that belongs to one broadcast domain. You can assign
different ports (and devices attached to those ports) to different broadcast domains. This feature is
key to network flexibility as it allows you to reassign VLANs to accommodate network moves, additions, and changes, thereby eliminating the need to change physical cabling. The BPS supports
802.1Q on all its 10/100 and uplink ports and fully complies with ingress and egress rules. This feature allows existence of both tagged and untagged packets on different VLANs on ports connected
to legacy shared media hubs that are connected to legacy non-802.1Q compliant as well as 802.1Q
compliant desktops or servers.
• Priority Queuing with 802.1p The BPS supports priority queuing through IEEE 802.1p standard
support. The BPS can both set and recognise 802.1p specified priorities and uses four output queues
on each 10/100 port and eight output queues on the new MDAs as well as its cascading mechanism to
provide normal and high priority processing to packets. Packets that are not explicitly tagged with
802.1p compliant priorities can be tagged based on incoming port with which it belongs.
• IP Multicasting (IGMP Snooping) The BPS supports IP multicasting through Internet Group
Management Protocol (IGMP). Through IGMP snooping, the BPS provides a new level of efficient
IP Multicast support by examining (snooping) all IGMP traffic in hardware at line rate and pruning
unwanted data streams from affecting network performance.
• Multicast Storms The BPS supports adjustable rate limits for broadcast and multicast, which protect the LAN against broadcast or multicast storms that can severely limit performance.
• Flow Control Support Through support of IEEE 802.3x the BPS provides flow control on Gigabit
Ethernet ports. The IEEE 802.3x standard introduces a new layer called the “MAC control sublayer”
that sits between the LLC and MAC layers, synchronises “pause frames” from the network, and places
the MAC transmitter into “pause mode” to ease network-based flow control. The BPS high-speed flow
control feature allows you to control traffic and avoid congestion on the Gigabit full duplex link. When
the receive port buffer is full, the BPS issues a flow control signal to the device at the other end of the
link to suspend transmission. When the receive buffer is no longer full, the switch issues a signal to
resume the transmission. With the BPS, you can choose symmetric or asymmetric flow control mode.
• Memory Allocated Per Port The BPS has a distributed output buffer of 8MB per 12 10/100 ports,
512k per Gig port on the classic 450 MDA, or 2MB per one or two Gig ports with the BPS MDAs.
• Software Upgrades Switches can use either console, telnet, or Web configuration or BootP to
download the new image via the TFTP protocol.
• Quality of Service The range of Per-hop Behaviours supported by the Business Policy Switch help
form the foundation of its value to your network. PHBs are the packet-forwarding treatment that
delivers the “differentiated service” to packets at the network nodes.
The Business Policy Switch supports the following PHBs:
• Expedited Forwarding (EF) – RFC 2598
• Assured Forwarding (AF) – RFC 2597
• Default Forwarding (DE) – RFC 2474
• Class Selector (CS) to support legacy routers – RFC 2474
These above-mentioned processes are managed at the edge and the boundary by devices that support DiffServ. In addition, the Business Policy Switch has the ability to read, alter and take action
on the DiffServ Code Point (DSCP) packet allowing for PHB modification capability.
• Traffic Policing The BPS supports traffic policing. This allows provisioning of different levels of
service by limiting traffic throughput at the BPS ingress port. The BPS can interoperate with Nortel
Networks Optivity Policy Server using Common Open Policy Services (COPS). QoS traffic policing, which operates at ingress, provides different levels of service to data streams through user
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
21
BayStack LAN Switching
Business Policy Switch 2000 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
22
configurable parameters. An example would be to limit traffic entering a port to a specified bandwidth, such as 1 Kbps (Committed Rate). Instead of dropping all traffic that exceeds this threshold,
traffic policing allows you to configure a Committed Burst Rate to exceed the threshold
(Committed Rate), for a brief period of time, without being dropped.
The BPS filters collectively can take the following actions on a packet, depending on your configuration:
• Forward or Drop
• Re-mark the packet when Pass is selected
• Re-mark a new DiffServ Code Point (DSCP)
• Re-mark the 802.1p field
• Mark the Drop precedence
Either CLI, ASCII config, SNMP, COPS-PR, or the Web-based management system is used to configure the traffic policing filters. You can also configure traffic classifiers without traffic policing. The
current usable filters for the BPS include:
• 50 policies
• 200 IP filters and filter groups
• 24 IP filters with same Source Address (18 nested subnets)
• 14 Layer 2 filters and filter groups
• 50 meters
• 50 actions
• Metered data consumes 2 filters
You can install filters that will act on traffic destined for the switch itself, such as ICMP Echo
Requests (ping) and SNMP messages. You can configure traffic policing using SNMP or the Webbased management system.
Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) The Business Policy Switch supports EAP. Based on the
IEEE 802.1x protocol, EAP prevents network connectivity until username and password have been
authenticated. EAP is supported natively on Microsoft Windows XP client and other platforms
using a third party vendor’s software. It is used primarily where network is not 100 percent physically secure or where physical security needs enhancement (i.e., banks, trading rooms, other financial
institutions, and classroom training facilities).
Port Mirroring The BPS supports port mirroring to monitor traffic on a BPS switch or stack on
your network. Port mirroring is a traffic duplication function that replicates all, or a subset, of the
network traffic from a particular switch port onto a specific “mirror” port to which an analyser or
RMON probe can be attached. Port mirroring enables detailed RMON 2 switched traffic analysis
using external probes.
Spanning Tree Protocol The BPS supports the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) as specified in the
ANSI/IEEE 802.1D (ISO/IEC 10038) Media Access Control Bridges standard. STP is implemented to detect and eliminate logical loops in a Layer 2 bridged or switched network.
Ingress Policing The BPS supports L2/L3/L4 ingress policing. QoS traffic policing, which operates
at ingress, provides different levels of service to data streams through user-configurable parameters.
A meter is used to measure the traffic stream against a traffic profile, which you create. Thus, creating meters yields In-Profile and Out-of-Profile traffic. Using meters, you set a Committed Rate in
Kbps (1000 bits per second in each Kbps). All traffic within this Committed Rate is In-Profile. In
addition, you set a Maximum Burst Rate that specifies an allowed data burst larger than the
Committed Rate for a brief period. After you set the Maximum Burst Rate, the system helps you
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Technical Information (continued)
choose the Duration for this burst. Combined, these parameters define the In-Profile traffic.
• Egress Shaping The BPS supports egress shaping via the new BPS MDAs, which provide egress
traffic shaping as well as eight hardware-based queues. The BPS provides granularity down to
64Kbytes/s up to wire rate. The BPS supports 64 flows maximum per MDA/stack. A flow may be a
group of filters or a single filter. Flows will share the configured Committed Rate/Burst Rate. The
BPS supports up to 16 packets buffer per flow.
• BootP Automatic IP Configuration The BPS supports BootP automatic IP configuration. The BPS
has a unique 48-bit hardware or MAC address that is printed on a label on the back panel of the
switch. You can use this MAC address when you configure the BootP server to recognise the BPS
BootP requests. A properly configured BootP server enables the switch to learn automatically its IP
address, subnet mask, IP address of the default router (default gateway) and software image file name.
• RMON The BPS provides concurrent RMON on each port. 4 RMON groups are supported on
every port.
• Graphical User Interface (GUI) The BPS supports Java Device Manager (JDM), which provides
an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI) for all switch controls.
• Web-based Management The BPS supports Web based management using standard Web browsers
using JDM. In addition, the BPS allows you to configure the MAC address-based security system
using the Web-based management system.
• SNMP The BPS supports SNMP through implementation of industry-standard Ethernet MIB
(RFC 1398), MIB II (RFC 1213), Bridge MIB (RFC 1493), RMON MIB (RFC 1757), and Nortel
Networks MIB extensions.
• Security Support BPS supports security through deep packet filtering, which allows the MAC, IP
address, IP subnet, and TCP ports to be examined. Allowed combinations in the security filter, network traffic is either forwarded or filtered. Security is also supported through the Extensible
Authentication Protocol over LAN (EAPOL)-based security feature. EAP allows the exchange of
authentication information between any end station or server connected to the switch and an
authentication server (such as a RADIUS server). The EAPOL-based security feature operates in
conjunction with either Internet Authentication server on Windows 2000 and XP or on a “Steel
Belted” RADIUS-based server to extend the benefits of remote authentication to LAN clients.
BaySecure Secure LAN Access is supported which allows authentication of all access not only to the
switches for management and configuration but access to the infrastructure through these switches.
BaySecure Secure LAN access allows a single MAC address or range of addresses to be locked into
each port, preventing any other MAC address from operating on that port. Management access is
secured by means of tiered passwords as well as an ‘access list’ of authorised IP addresses allowed to
connect to the switch for management.
Any or all of the following will secure access to LANs:
• A configured list of MAC addresses (up to 448 MAC addresses) that can connect to any port of
the switch (Allowed Nodes).
• List of MAC addresses not to be allowed on any port of the switch (Not-Allowed Nodes).
• Limiting MAC address on any port to the first MAC address that appears on the port at link up.
• Authenticating the MAC address using a RADIUS server and only allowing connections to
authenticated addresses.
• Limiting initial connectivity to policy-based security servers and/or DHCP servers and allowing
continued connectivity only to users that have been authenticated by the server. A user’s access
profile, such as VLAN, and priority settings will then be downloaded from these servers.
• Stackable IP Addresses Each chassis has its own IP address, but when stacked, the switches learn it
from a ‘base chassis’ stacked address. The base unit is selected by setting a switch on the cascade
module to ‘base’. When the stack is physically configured, setting the IP address sets it for the stack,
and a single MAC address is used. There is one MAC address to manage the stack under normal
conditions. If the ‘base’ unit fails, a secondary unit will take up the ‘stacked IP address’ but the
MAC address does change.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
23
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 460
BayStack 470
Introduction
Introduction
BayStack
470-24T
The BayStack 460-24T-PWR has all of the hardware features of the Business Policy Switch 2000. It
also includes provides Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) power in accordance with the IEEE 802.3af
draft standard. Supported devices include the i2002 and i2004 IP phones.
Stackable power over LAN switch with L2/L3/L4 packet classification
24 x 10/100 ports, 1 MDA port, 1 cascade stack port
Resilient stacking mechanism
Resilient uplinks (Distributed MLT)
SNMPv1/v3
802.1x (EAP)
Supports stacking with BPS2000, BayStack 470 and BayStack 460 Switches.
Power Information
IEEE 802.3af-compliant 24-port DTE-powered QoS switch
• IEEE 802.3af resistor signature discovery scheme
• Supports both power over Ethernet devices and standard LAN devices
Dynamic power management
• Power consumption configurable on every port
• Power distribution actively monitored based on power current availability & port priority
Active circuit protection
• Automatically disables the port if there is a shortage
• Other ports remain active
Supply in-line power up to 15.4 watts per port
Ordering Information
Model No.
Switch
AL2001?20
AL2001?25
Description
BayStack 460-24T-PWR IEEE 802.3af-compliant Power over Ethernet Policy Switch
Bundle consists of one BS460-24T-PWR Power over Ethernet Policy Switch, one
BPS2000-2GE 2-port Small Form Factor GBIC MDA, one BayStack 400-ST1
Cascade Module (includes cascade cable) and Power cord
Note: all other components are identical to the Business Policy Switch 2000.
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
24
The BayStack 470 comes in two versions, the original 48T and the newer 24T. Both versions support
the same features.
The BayStack 470 Switch is a high-density, stackable 10/100 Mbps Ethernet Layer 2 switch with two
built-in GBIC uplink ports as well as built-in stacking connectors in a compact 1U high design.
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
BayStack
470-48T
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The BayStack 470-24T Switch has 24 10/100BASE-TX and the BayStack 470-48T Switch has 48
10/100BASE-TX RJ-45 ports and up to 8 BayStack 470 Switches can be stacked to achieve up to 384
10/100 ports. It also has two built-in GBIC ports for dedicated uplink connectivity to other switches,
servers or the network core switches such as Passport 8600 Switches. The two built-in GBIC ports maximise uplink bandwidth up to 32 Gbps in a full stack.
The built-in stacking ports provide simpler, quicker and more cost-effective stacking as stacking modules are not required. With the BayStack 470 Switch, sacrificing the GBIC ports for stacking is not
necessary. The stacking ports and both GBIC ports can be used simultaneously. For added flexibility
and performance, the BayStack 470 Switch can be stacked with the BayStack 460 Switches and
Business Policy Switches. Additionally, the BayStack 470-24T can be stacked with the BayStack 450.
Key Features
• High-density Desktop Connectivity Up to eight switches can be stacked to achieve up to 384
10/100 ports for high-density desktop switching.
• Cost-effective, Simpler Stacking Two built-in stacking ports provide simpler, quicker, and more
cost-effective stacking, as expensive stacking modules are not required. This unique stacking design
frees up both the uplink ports for dedicated connectivity to the backbone.
• Higher Uplink Capacity Two built-in GBIC ports for dedicated uplink connectivity to network
core switches such as Passport 8600. This doubles the uplink bandwidth, as GBIC ports are not
required for stacking purposes. Up to 16 GBIC ports (up to 4 grouped together as an MLT) are
available for pure uplink connectivity in a full stack – the highest in the market. On the BayStack
470-48T, ports 47 and 48 may be configured as either 10/100BASE-TX ports or SFP GBIC ports
in any combination.
• Fail-Safe Stacking Innovative fail-safe cascade design based on the tried and tested BayStack 450
and BPS architecture assures continuous uptime even if any switch in the stack should fail and eliminates a single point of failure.
• Resilient Connectivity for Minimal Network Downtime With Distributed MultiLink Trunking
(DMLT), trunked ports can span multiple units of the stack for fail-safe connectivity to mission critical servers and the network centre. Passport 8600’s Split MultiLink Trunking (SMLT) eliminates single points of failure in the network and allows BayStack 470s to have multiple active connections to
the network core.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
25
BayStack LAN Switching
Technical Information
BayStack 470 (continued)
Key Features (continued)
• Secure Access and Data Traffic Protection Features include BaySecure, Radius, IP Manager List,
Access List, SNMP v3, password protection and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) over
LAN. Nortel Networks is the only major vendor to support SNMPv3 protocol for user authentication and data encryption.
• High Availability with QoS Features Provides network availability for mission-critical applications,
devices, and users by classifying, prioritising, and marking LAN traffic.
• Common Software Lowers Training and Installation Costs All BayStack switches, including the
BayStack 470, have a common “look and feel” which reduces training costs. These tools include
Web, Command Line Interface (CLI), menus, Optivity Network Management System (NMS),
Optivity Switch Manager (OSM) and Optivity Policy Services (OPS).
• Save Money and Time with Auto MDI/MDIX Feature This feature eliminates the need for expensive cross-over cable while connecting to a hub or switch. The switch port automatically can detect
the energy on the cable and configures itself.
Implementation Information
Cascade Cables
Each BayStack 470 is supplied with a
stacking cable so only a Cascade
Return Cable need be ordered to complete the loop from the top to the bottom of the stack.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Switch
AL2012?34*
AL2012?37
BayStack 470-48T Switch
BayStack 470-24T Switch
Cascade parts
AL2018001
AL2018002
AL2018004
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (1 meter)
BayStack 400-SSC Spare Cascade Cable (18 inch)
BayStack 400-SRC Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
GBICs
AA1419001
AA1419002
AA1419003
AA1419004
1-port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC), SC connector
1-port 1000BASE-LX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC), SC connector
1-port 1000BASE-XD Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC) - 40km SC connector
1-port 1000BASE-ZX Gigabit Interface Connector (GBIC) - 70km SC connector
* 18 inch stacking cable included
? Refer to the Power cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
26
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• MultiLink Trunking (MLT) enables grouping of links between the switch and another switch or
server to provide greater bandwidth with active redundant links. With Nortel Networks’ unique
Distributed MultiLink Trunking (DMLT) feature trunked ports can span multiple units of the stack
for fail-safe connectivity to mission critical-servers and the network centre. This can provide greater
bandwidth of up to 800Mbps (when used with 10/100 ports) or up to 8 Gbps (when used with
Gigabit uplink ports) with active redundant links in one trunk. Up to 6 trunks are supported per
switch or stack.
Split MultiLink Trunking eliminates single points of failure in the network core and allows wiring
closet switches, such as the BayStack 470, to have multiple active connections to the network core.
The BayStack 470’s ability to have multiple connections to a Passport 8600 network core allows
customer to double their network bandwidth with no extra investment. The Passport 8600 provides
a self-healing network, which delivers the reliability and availability required by today’s mission critical application. By combining the reliability of the Passport 8600 with the resilient trunking features
of the BayStack 470 (MLT, DMLT, etc…) customers can have flexible networking solutions.
• Stackable with Business Policy Switch The BayStack 470 can be stacked with other BayStack 470s, the
BayStack 460 and Business Policy Switches. A maximum of eight switches can be stacked together in any
combination.
• Common Software Platform All BayStack switches, including the BayStack 470, have a common
“look and feel” which reduces training costs. This allows the switches to be managed in a similar
fashion via a broad set of management tools. These tools include Web, Command Line Interface
(CLI), menus, Optivity Network Management System (NMS), Optivity Switch Manager (OSM)
and Optivity Policy Services (OPS).
• MAC Addresses The BayStack 470 supports up to 16,000 MAC addresses per switch or stack for
deployment of large-scale enterprise networks with many attached devices and workgroups, allowing
for scalability and cost effectiveness.
• VLAN Support Up to 256 port-based VLANs can be established for each switch to extend the
broadcast domain and segment network traffic. The 256 VLANs can be spread among port-based
VLANs (maximum of 48 MAC source address-based VLANs). The 256 VLANs can be on a standalone switch or across a stack. Protocol-based VLANs allow switch ports to be assigned to a broadcast domain based on the protocol information within the packet. These VLANs can localise broadcast traffic and assure that the specified protocol type packets are sent only to the protocol-based
VLAN ports.
Shared VLAN (SVL) and individual VLAN (IVL) learning is supported. With SVL support all
VLANs in the switch share the same forwarding database. IVL allowed individual VLANs to have
separate forwarding addresses within the switch to handle duplicate MAC addresses if the addresses
are in different VLANs.
• IGMP Snooping The BayStack 470 features IP Multicast support by examining (“snooping”) all
Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) traffic in hardware at line rate, and pruning unwanted
data streams from affecting network or end-station performance.
• Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol Groups The BayStack 470 supports multiple spanning tree
groups (STGs). It supports a maximum of eight STGs, either all in one standalone switch or across
a stack consisting of BayStack 470s. Multiple STGs provide multiple data paths, which can be used
for load-balancing and redundancy.
• ASCII Configuration File The BayStack 470 can download a user-editable ASCII configuration
file from a TFTP server. The ASCII configuration file can be loaded automatically at boot time or
on demand using the management systems (console menus or Command Line Interface (CLI)).
Once downloaded, the configuration file automatically configures the switch or stack according to
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
27
BayStack LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
BayStack 470 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
28
the CLI commands in the file. This feature allows the flexibility of creating command configuration
files that can be used on several switches or stacks with minor modifications.
Security The BayStack 470 Switches offer the highest level of security with features including Secure
Shell (SSH), IEEE 802.1x based security (also known as Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)),
assignment of proper VLAN and priority, user-based policies, Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMPv3), IP Manager List, MAC-address-based security, and Remote Authentication Dial-In User
Service (RADIUS) authentication. SSHv2 supports strong authentication and encrypted communications. It allows network administrators to log into the switch from an SSH client and perform a secure
Telnet session using CLI commands. This feature is ideal for security conscious customers, such as federal governments.
For added security, BayStack 470 Switches support the 802.1 x-based security features. The IEEE
802.1x-based security feature limits access to the network based on user credentials. A user is required
to “login” to the network using a username/password; the user database is maintained on the authentication server (not the switch). Network connectivity without password authorisation is prevented. This
feature is useful where the network is not 100 percent physically secure or where physical security needs
enhancement; for example, banks, trading rooms, or classroom training facilities. This feature supports
client access to the network and interoperates with Microsoft Windows XP and other compliant
802.1x clients. 802.1x is also known as Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP).
SNMPv3 provides user authentication and data encryption for higher security. It also offers secure
configuration and monitoring. IP Manager List limits access to the management features of the
BayStack 470 Switches by a defined list of IP addresses or IP address ranges/subnets, providing greater
network security and manageability. BaySecure MAC address-based security allows authentication of all
access, not only to the switches for management and configurations, but also access to the infrastructure through these switches. This software feature limits access to only network authorised and trusted
personnel, including full tracking of network connections. With BaySecure, network access is granted
or denied via proper MAC-address identification (up to a maximum of 448). In addition, with the
Distributed Access List Security feature, network access is granted or denied on a per-port basis.
BayStack 470 Switches also provide RADIUS authentication for switch security management.
Auto MDI/MDIX The BayStack 470 saves money and time if it needs to be connected to a hub or
another switch. Normally, you need a crossover cable for this purpose, but with the BayStack 470
you can use an inexpensive straight-through cable or a crossover cable. When a cable is connected to
one of the 10/100 ports on the switch, the switch port automatically can detect the energy on the
cable and configures itself. Also, this feature makes configuration easier as it eliminates the need for
an MDI/MDIX port, and any port may be used for connection to a hub or switch.
Web-based Management Web-based network management makes managing the BayStack 470 only
stack or a mixed stack of BayStack 470s and Business Policy Switches easy with a Web browser. This
feature provides summary, configuration, fault, statistics, application, administration and support
pages for the entire stack. Traffic classification and prioritisation can be set via the Web-based QoS
Wizard and advanced configuration tool. Real-time sampling provides up-to-date LED stats information for stacked units. The Web interface also allows for static configuration or numerous parameters of the device.
Network Management Network management begins with the device. The BayStack 470 supports 4
groups of Remote Monitoring (RMON) on all ports and is SNMPv3 (Simple Network
Management Protocol) compliant. The SNMP agent software resides in the switch and uses the
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
information it collects to provide management for all ports providing comprehensive network monitoring capabilities. In addition, the agent also provides the ability to set up policy-based networks by
supporting Common Open Policy Support (COPS) protocol.
Configuration Management The process of configuration begins with a single device but finishes
across multiple devices. Java Device Manager is the single device configuration tool for those functions that require communicating with a single device. However, Java Device Manager uses a common user interface and workflow that supports many Nortel Networks Ethernet Switches. This
commonality allows the network manager to become familiar with one tool instead of many.
Optivity Switch Manager performs the configuration function across multiple devices.
Configuration functions such as VLAN assignments, MLT, and Multicast are deployed across multiple Nortel Networks Ethernet Switches. Optivity Switch Manager helps ensure proper configuration
of technologies like this, first time.
Fault Management and Resolution With Optivity Network Management System, the network
manager has quick access to the information required to manage and isolate all BayStack 470
networks’ events. Tools such as Physical Topology View inform the network manager of how a particular event is affecting the physical connectivity within the network. The ‘End Node Locate’ tool
provides the ability to locate a failing end node and, with one mouse click, you have access to the
RMON statistics for the failing Ethernet port supporting that end node. These solutions provide
visual and statistical tools necessary to quickly resolve any network event or to manage performance
in real-time. The BayStack 470 Switches support ‘syslog’ capability that helps in troubleshooting
network issues.
Quality of Service (QoS) is becoming increasingly necessary as more of an organisation’s critical
business runs over the network infrastructure. When you deploy the BayStack 470 QoS features in a
network, a customer can utilise bandwidth more efficiently, optimising their existing network
resources and capabilities. If the network is congested or down, if sales people cannot submit orders,
if e-mail and intranet traffic threatens on-line web transactions, or if new applications like voice and
video fail, the customer’s business could be negatively impacted.
By classifying, prioritising, policing, and marking (DiffServ Code Point) LAN traffic, networks can
offer reliable connectivity and required bandwidth for mission-critical applications like VoIP to specific groups and users, and to individual devices. For each of these applications, advanced QoS features support (Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard DiffServ QoS architecture, packet
classification based on the contents of packet header fields (voice, video, data), traffic policing, and
remote sniffing. As a result, optimal network performance and reliability may be attained while realising significant cost savings. Customised service type and flow-based administrations through traffic
shaping and policing may also be established, providing an opportunity for customer-specific service
offerings, which can be implemented to address specific and unique customer requirements.
Queuing Function The BayStack 470 provides network availability for mission-critical applications,
devices, and users. This is done by classifying, prioritising, and marking LAN IP traffic using four
queues on the fixed 10/100 ports and up to eight hardware-based IP service class queues on the
Gigabit uplink ports based on the following parameters:
• ToS / DSCP marking
• IP source address/destination address or subnets
• TCP/UDP source/destination port/port range
• 802.1p priority bits
• Ingress source port
• IP protocol ID (e.g. TCP, UDP, IGMP)
• EtherType (e.g. IP, IPX)
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
29
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 470 (continued)
BayStack Stacking Rules
Technical Information (continued)
Terminology
•
•
•
•
30
• VLAN ID
It also has the ability to read packets that have been marked from other devices such as the Passport
8600 Switch. Also, weighted round robin prevents normal priority traffic from being starved by
expedited traffic (on a per-packet basis).
Quality of Service and Policy Management QoS provides the ability to read, alter, prioritise, and
tag or mark IP traffic based upon information imbedded in Type of Service (ToS). Based on the
IETF Committee’s industry standards, the BayStack 470 provides the ability to prioritise traffic
based upon the required level of service for a given transaction. This level of service can be marked
in the embedded information inside each IP packet’s ToS field. DiffServ is based upon the ToS field.
The BayStack 470 has application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) to enable DiffServ Code
points to be mapped to 802.1p.
The QoS policies can be configured via the BayStack 470 built-in Web-based management tools to
facilitate QoS; or alternatively, Optivity Policy Services can be utilised for dynamic end-to-end
enterprise-wide policy and QoS management, which is facilitated through the Common Open
Policy Service (COPS) protocol.
Quality of Service Provisioning With Optivity Policy Services, policies can be created through a
simple and intuitive drag and drop workflow. Optivity Policy Services is the Policy Decision Point
in a DiffServ QoS implementation. Using Optivity Policy Services, common policies can be created
one time and simultaneously implemented across many BayStack 470s through a single command,
instead of hours of filter configuration. Policies are easily managed and updated in the Optivity
Policy Services Graphical User Interface (GUI).
• Simple intuitive policy creation
• Re-use filter common filter sets
• Network wide view of policies currently being enforced
• Avoid QoS provisioning errors
• Centrally manage DSCP and 802.1p to queue mapping tables
• Save time provisioning the network, thousands of CLI or Web transactions reduced to a few
simple actions
Traffic Policing Traffic Policing enables provisioning of different levels of service by limiting traffic
throughput at the ingress (incoming) port of the BayStack 470. For example, if a port is set to a certain speed such as 10 Mbps, all traffic under 10 Mbps on that port will pass, and traffic that exceeds
10 Mbps on that same port is dropped. Service providers will especially find this useful to control
bandwidth to their customers. Up to 64 traffic meters per port are provided and yield higher resolution for control.
IP Traffic Shaping IP traffic shaping offers the ability to smooth IP classified traffic from the
Gigabit uplink ports of a single BayStack 470. While traffic policing is needed to provide different
levels of service to data streams on the ingress ports, traffic shaping is needed to smooth the traffic
on the uplink connection from BayStack 470 to the network core, yielding the most efficient bandwidth utilisation. The primary customers for rate shaping are service providers or carriers that are
selling Ethernet in place of the traditional Frame Relay, ISDN, or ATM WAN access solutions, providing end-to-end Ethernet service for simplicity. Some enterprise customers use traffic shaping as a
mechanism to limit bandwidth without having to swap out physical interfaces, leaving them room
to grow.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Pure Stack
A stack with only one type of unit:
• All BayStack 470s
• All BayStack 460s
• All Business Policy Switch 2000
• NO BayStack 450 / BayStack 410
Allied Stack
A stack containing a mixture of two or more of the following devices with NO BayStack 450:
Business Policy Switch 2000, BayStack 460-24T-PWR, BayStack 470-48T, BayStack 470-24T
Mixed Stack
A stack containing a one or more of the following units and at least one BayStack 450:
Business Policy Switch 2000, BayStack 460-24T-PWR, BayStack 470-24T
Key Rules
1. BayStack 450 must be running v4.2 software or higher.
2. BayStack 470-48T and BayStack 450 cannot be stacked together.
3. No interleaving of different switch types is allowed. Units of like type should be placed contiguously within a stack in a strict order: All BayStack 470-48T units, then all BayStack 470-24T units,
then all BayStack 460-24T-PWR units, then all Business Policy Switch 2000 units and finally all
BayStack 450 units, bearing in mind rule 2.
Base Unit Selection
•
If a BayStack 470-48T is in the
stack, it is the base
•
Else if a BayStack 470-24T is in
the stack, it is the base
•
Else if a BayStack 460 is in the
stack, it is the base
•
Else the BPS 2000 is the base
Note: The BayStack 450 can never be the base unit in a mixed stack.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
31
BayStack LAN Switching
Comparison of Stackable Switches
BayStack 5510
Summary Information
Introduction
Features
BayStack 425
BayStack 450
BPS2000
BayStack 470
Ports per Unit
24
24
24
24/48
Maximum Ports per stack
192
224
224
384
Built-in GBIC ports
2
N/A
N/A
2
Maximum GBICs
Uplinks per stack
8
8 (w/MDA)
16 (w/MDA)
16
Built-in Stacking
Connectors
Yes
No
No
Yes
Fail-safe stacking
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
1Gbps
2.5 Gbps
2.5 Gbps
2.5 Gbps
16 Gbps
2.5 Gbps
2.5 Gbps
2.5 Gbps
Latency (64-byte packets)
3µs
9µs
9µs
9µs
MultiLink Trunking (MLT)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Distributed MultiLink
Trunking
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
802.1x Extensible
Authentication
No
Yes
Yes
Yes*
8000
16000
16000
16000
802.1p
802.1p
802.1p &
DiffServ
802.1p &
XDiffServ
Hardware-Based Queues
4
2
8
8*
Model No.
Description
No. of VLANs
32
64
256
256*
Protocol-based VLAN
Support
Switch
AL1001?01
AL1001?02
BayStack 5510-48T Stackable Switch
BayStack 5510-24T Stackable
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
IGMP Snooping
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cascade Cables
AL2018009
AL2018010
BayStack 5500-SRC 3 feet Cascade Return Cable
BayStack 5500-SSC 1 foot Cascade Stacking Cable
Auto MDI/MDIX
Yes
No
No
Yes
Current software revision
3.0
4.30
3.0
3.0
Cascade Bandwidth
Switch Fabric Capacity
MAC Address Capacity
QoS
The BayStack 5510 Switches are stackable 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Layer 3 routing switches
that are designed to provide high-density Gigabit desktop connectivity for mid-size and large enterprise customers’ wiring closets. BayStack 5510 Switches offer a scalable and resilient solution, providing exceptional security features, and support for enhanced convergence while minimizing capital
and operational expenses.
The BayStack 5000 family of switches represent the next-generation in innovation and performance in
a stackable solution. BayStack 5510 Switches are available in two models—the BayStack 5510-48T
Switch and the BayStack 5510-24T Switch. Power over Ethernet versions of the switches are planned
for release in 2004.
Key Features
• High-density desktop connectivity Up to eight switches can be stacked to achieve up to 384
ports of Gigabit desktop connectivity, the highest in the industry.
• Industry-leading Gigabit Ethernet performance with innovative stacking using FAST stack
(Flexible Advanced Stacking Technology)—providing up to 640 Gbps
• High-performance switch fabric of 160 Gbps assures wire-speed operation with no packet loss
• Hardware-based Layer 3 routing at wire speed and across the stack in a future software release.
• Flexible stacking across BayStack 5000 series switches—a stack is managed as a single entity with
a single IP address
• Unmatched resilient connectivity and stackability
Ordering Information
Options
AL2011010
AL1904007
GBICs
AA1419013
AA1419014
32
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
BayStack 5000 Rack Mount Replacement Kit
-48 V DC-to-DC converter, for installation in the BayStack 551048T and BayStack 551024T, for use with the BayStack 10 Power Supply Unit.
1-port 1000BASE-CWDM Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC
Small Form Factor GBIC Mini-GBIC, connector type: MT-RJ
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
33
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 5510 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
Ordering Information
Model No.
GBICs
AA1419015
AA1419025
AA1419026
AA1419027
AA1419028
AA1419029
AA1419030
AA1419031
AA1419032
AA1419033
AA1419034
AA1419035
AA1419036
AA1419037
AA1419038
AA1419039
AA1419040
Description
1-port 1000Base-LX Small
Form Factor Pluggable GBIC
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC
1-port 1000BASE-CWDM
Small Form Factor GBIC
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1470nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1490nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1510nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1530nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1550nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1570nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1590nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1610nm Wavelength, 40km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1470nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1490nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1510nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1530nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1550nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1570nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1590nm Wavelength, 70km
Mini-GBIC, connector type: LC 1610nm Wavelength, 70km
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
Technical Information
• Highest-Density Gigabit Desktop Switching The BayStack 5510-48T Switch features 48 10/100/
1000BASE-T RJ-45 ports for desktop switching and two built-in SFP (Small Form factor
Pluggable) GBIC ports for uplink. Port 47 and Port 48 offer configuration flexibility by allowing
the network administrator to configure each port as either 10/100/1000 or make use of the built-in
SFP GBIC. As many as eight BayStack 5510-48T Switches can be stacked to achieve up to 384
10/100/1000 ports for highest-density desktop switching.
The BayStack 5510-24T Switch offers 24 10/100/1000BASE-T RJ-45 ports for desktop switching
and two built-in GBIC ports for uplink. Port 23 and Port 24 offer configuration flexibility as either
a 10/100/1000 or a built-in SFP GBIC port. Both BayStack 5510- 24T and 5510-48T switches
may be combined in a single stack for maximum flexibility.
• Innovative FAST Stacking Design Nortel Networks innovative FAST (Flexible Advanced Stacking
Technology) stacking design of the BayStack 5510 allows for simultaneous bi-directional traffic flow
on each stacking port . In a full stack, this design yields up to 640 Gbps.
• Switch Fabric Architecture Offering Non-Blocking Wire-Speed Performance The BayStack 5510
Switches have a high performance Layer 3 switching fabric with a maximum of 160 Gbps forwarding bandwidth and wire-speed performance. The forwarding rate for the BayStack 5510-48T is 71.4
Mpps (Million packets per second) and for the BayStack 5510-24T is 35.7 Mpps.
• Layer 3 Routing The BayStack 5510 Switch architecture will support wire-speed Layer 3 IP routing
across the stack with static and local route support. Software feature enhancements are planned to
include support for routing protocols such as Routing Information Protocol (RIP v1/v2), Open
Shortest Path First (OSPF), Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP), and ProtocolIndependent Multicast sparse mode (PIM-SM).
34
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Compact Form Factor The BayStack 5510 Switches are offered in a compact one-rack unit high
design. An eight unit stack provides up to 384 10/100/1000 ports. This allows for significant space
and cost savings in the wiring closet.
• Auto Stack Configuration The stack operation of the BayStack 5510 Switches allows for easy addition and deletion of units to the stack without service interruption. This increases the efficiency of
deployment and configuration.
• Unit Replacement Feature In the unlikely event that a switch fails in a stack, the affected switch
can easily be replaced without disrupting the stack. Using the unit replacement feature, the configuration of the failed switch may be copied from a server to the new switch. The switch can then be
put back in the stack and the stack is rebuilt automatically without affecting normal operation of
the stack.
• Up to 16 built-in GBIC Ports in a Stack BayStack 5510 Switches have two built-in SFP GBIC
ports for dedicated uplink connectivity to network core switches such as the Passport 8600. This
doubles the uplink bandwidth as GBIC ports are not required for stacking purposes. Using the
proven Distributed Multi-Link Trunking (DMLT) resiliency feature, up to 16 GBIC ports are available for pure uplink connectivity in a full stack, among the highest in the market.
BayStack 5510 Switches have also been architected to support future technologies such as 10
Gigabit uplinks.
• Plug-and-Play Stacking with Built-in Stacking Ports BayStack 5510 Switches have built-in stacking ports for faster, plug-and-play stacking. This is more cost-effective as cascade modules are not
required. This stacking design frees up both of the uplink ports for dedicated connectivity to the
backbone.
• Recessed Stacking Connectors for Higher Reliability BayStack 5510 Switches are designed with
recessed stacking connectors that save premium closet space and protect the integrity of the stack
from accidental contact.
• BoSS (BayStack Operating System Switching Software) BoSS for BayStack 5510 Switches is a
single software image that allows BayStack 5510-48T, BayStack 5510-24T, and future BayStack
5510 series Switches to stack together. BoSS for BayStack 5510 Switches is specific to this next generation of stacking switches, with a software image that supports this new architecture. Earlier
BayStack switches support a different version of BoSS—although all share the same core software.
BoSS simplifies network operations by reducing the number of steps required for switch software
updates. With BoSS, only a single image needs to be downloaded from Nortel Networks support
site for all BayStack 5510 Switch types. Loading the image to different switches is also considerably
simplified. The image is loaded only to the base unit of the stack which automatically loads it to
other switches in the stack.
• Multi-Link Trunking Multi-Link Trunking (MLT) enables grouping of links between the BayStack
5510 and another switch or server to provide greater bandwidth with active redundant links. Nortel
Networks unique Distributed Multi-Link Trunking (DMLT) feature allows trunked ports to span
multiple units of the stack for fail-safe connectivity to mission-critical servers and the network centre. BayStack 5510 Switches have been architected to support up to 32 trunks per switch or stack,
with each trunk consisting of up to eight members per trunk. Each trunk can provide bandwidth of
up to 16 Gbps.
The Split Multi-Link Trunking (SMLT) feature of Passport 8600 eliminates single points of failure
in the network and allows wiring closet switches, such as the BayStack 5510, to have multiple active
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
35
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack 5510 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
36
Technical Information (continued)
connections to the network core. All links from a distributed multi-link trunk can be active simultaneously. This allows customers to load balance their network, double the bandwidth, and use all the
ports they have paid for. By combining the reliability of the Passport 8600 with the BayStack 5510’s
resilient trunking features, including DMLT, MLT, and bi-directional FAST stacking, Nortel
Networks has created the next generation of flexible networking solutions. BayStack 5510 Switches
are architected to support SMLT and Inter Switch Trunk (IST) in the future.
Redundant Power and UPS Support With connectivity to the BayStack 10 Power Supply Unit
(PSU) paired with a –48V DC to DC converter module, BayStack 5510 Switches deliver redundant
power supply (RPS) support crucial in mission-critical environments. Nortel Networks 800-watt
BayStack 10 Power Supply Unit allows up to four failed network devices to simultaneously receive
RPS support. In addition to the RPSU support, Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capability is
provided cost effectively in the same BayStack 10 chassis.
IPv6 Filtering and Classification Support for Future Applications BayStack 5510 Switches are
able to identify, prioritise, classify, and redirect IPv6 traffic to a router. These switches can address
the need for larger addressing and tighter security as the networks grow.
Jumbo Frame Support for Larger File Applications Jumbo frame support of up to 9,216 bytes is
provided on each port for applications requiring large frames such as graphics and video applications.
Quality of Service (QoS) The QoS features of the BayStack 5510 Switch allow users to not only
utilise bandwidth more efficiently, optimizing existing network resources and capabilities, but also
provide packet classification and marking at the edge of the network, simplifying the QoS deployment at the aggregation and core of the network. By classifying, prioritizing, policing, and marking
LAN traffic (based on DiffServ, Code Point, and 802.1p), networks can offer reliable connectivity
and required bandwidth for mission-critical applications, such as IP telephony, to specific groups,
users, and individual devices.
For each of these applications, advanced QoS features support Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF), the standard DiffServ QoS architecture—a packet classification based on the content of IP
packet header fields (voice, video, data)—as well as traffic policing.
QoS and Policy Management See BayStack 470 section.
Simplified QoS BayStack 5510 Switches support Nortel Networks Service Classes (NNSC) which
provide simplified QoS provisioning. NNSC provides factory-default QoS configurations, eliminating the complexities often associated with QoS-enabled network deployments. NNSC provides
default settings such as:
• DSCP marking per class
• DiffServ forwarding behaviour (PHB) per class
• DSCP to queue mapping
• DSCP to 802.1p mapping
• Default scheduler per class
By classifying the traffic and placing it into an NNSC, complex QoS configurations are eliminated.
NNSC simplifies the deployment of a QoS-enabled network with Nortel Networks switching solutions, using a Web based interface. This not only saves on provisioning time but most importantly,
ensures that the QoS functions are provisioned consistently across the network.
Queuing Function See BayStack 470 section.
Quality of Service Provisioning See BayStack 470 section.
Traffic Policing See BayStack 470 section.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Traffic Shaping See BayStack 470 section.
• Security See BayStack 470 section.
• Fail-Safe Stacking A key differentiator for BayStack 5510 Switches is their resilient stacking feature.
BayStack 5510 Switches can stack up to eight units with a cascade stacking design, assuring continuous uptime even if a single switch in the stack should fail. A loop-back or cascade cable is used to
seamlessly connect the entire stack to provide no single point of failure. In the unlikely event of a
switch failure, traffic performance is maintained at 40 Gbps on the immediate units on either direction of the failed unit via a ‘wrapping’ method; the remaining units in the stack continue to send
traffic bi-directionally at full bandwidth capability of 80 Gbps per switch.
• MAC Addresses See BayStack 470 section.
• VLAN Support See BayStack 470 section, except the BayStack 5510 supports up to 4,000 VLANs.
BayStack 5510 Switches also support per VLAN Tagging option on each port.
• IGMP Snooping See BayStack 470 section.
• Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol Groups BayStack 5510 Switches support multiple Spanning Tree
Groups (STGs), either in a single standalone switch or distributed across a stack. STGs provide multiple data paths which can be used for load-balancing and redundancy. The BayStack 5510 Switches
have been architected to support up to 256 STGs. The switch architecture also supports IEEE
802.1s and 802.1w.
• Nortel Networks Command Line Interface (NNCLI) The NNCLI is used to automate general
management and configuration of BayStack 5510 Switches. The NNCLI is used through a Telnet
session or through the serial port on the console.
• ASCII Configuration File See BayStack 470 section.
• Common Look and Feel All BayStack switches, including the BayStack 5510, have a common
“look and feel” which reduces training costs. This allows the switches to be managed in a similar
fashion via a broad set of management tools. These tools include Web, Java™-based Device
Manager (JDM), Command Line Interface (CLI) menus, Optivity Network Management System
(ONMS), Optivity Switch Manager (OSM), and Optivity Policy Services (OPS).
• Auto MDI/MDIX See BayStack 470 section.
• Web-based Management See BayStack 470 section.
• Network Management See BayStack 470 section.
• Configuration Management See BayStack 470 section.
• Fault Management and Resolution See BayStack 470 section.
• Port Mirroring The port mirroring feature (sometimes referred to as ‘conversation steering’) allows
the network administrator to designate a single switch port as a traffic monitor for a specified port.
Port-based monitoring can be specified for ingress and egress at a specific port. MAC address-based
mirroring can also be specified. Additionally, an external probe device can be attached to the designated monitor port.
• User Interface Push-Button The User Interface push-button on the front panel is provided for ease
of use in configuring the unit. It can be used for the purpose of base unit selection and for resetting
the unit or the stack.
• LED Indicators The LED indicators on the front panel make it easy to monitor the switch status
and help in isolating and diagnosing switch problems. These indicators include Power, Base unit,
Up and Down, RPSU, Speed/Duplex and LNK/ACT functions.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
37
BayStack LAN Switching
BayStack operating system Switching Software (BoSS)
Products at a Glance
Table
Introduction
BayStack operating system Switching Software (BoSS) is a common OS platform that can support
multiple BayStack Switches. With the release of BoSS, there is a single software image that supports
multiple switch types. BoSS has been developed for four BayStack products sets:• BayStack 460/470/BPS
• BayStack 380
• BayStack 420/425
• BayStack 5510
Key Features
• Simplified Network Operations BoSS simplifies network operations by reducing the number of steps
required for switch software updates. Previously, each BayStack switch utilised different software. This
meant that any software updates required you to download the appropriate software version for each
switch from the Nortel Networks support Web site, and then upload these images to the switches oneby-one.
With BoSS, the update process is considerably simplified. A single software image is downloaded from
the Nortel Networks Web site and loaded to the base unit of the stack.
Finally, it is much easier to track software, as a single version number is managed for these stacks,
rather than a separate version number for each switch type.
• Enhanced Security BoSS offers the highest level of security with features including Secure Shell
(SSH), IEEE 802.1x based security [also known as Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)], Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3), IP Manager’s list, MAC-address based security, and
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) authentication. See the BayStack 470 section
on Security for full details of features available across the BayStack range.
• Implementing BoSS: stacking hierarchy BoSS requires that stacks should be ordered in a certain
way, depending upon the switches included in the stack. The key is determining which switch will be
the base unit; see the BayStack Stacking rules section for the full details.
38
Passport LAN Switching
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Product
Features
Passport 1400
Fixed configuration Layer 3 Ethernet switch
• 24 10/100baseT ports
• 2 GBIC Uplinks
• Layer 3 wire speed switching
• MultiLink Trunking
Passport 1600
Fixed configuration Layer 3 Ethernet switches
• 3 types
• Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet
• Layer 3, wire speed switching
• Split MultiLink Trunking*
Passport 8300
Chassis based Layer 2-3 Ethernet Edge switches
• Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet
• Layer 3 wire speed switching
• Power over LAN
• Split MultiLink Trunking
Passport 8600
Chassis based Layer 2 to 7 Ethernet Routing switches
• Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet
• ATM, POS
• Layer 3 wire speed switching
• Web switching
• Split MultiLink Trunking
* indicates future availability
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
39
Passport LAN Switching
Summary
Passport 1400
The Passport 1424T provides benefits whether used in the wiring closet, server farm or network core.
As a wiring closet solution, the Passport 1424T provides connectivity for workgroups and two Gigabit
uplink ports. The switch offers traditional L3 routing functionality; RIP, OSPF, etc., as well as QoS
mechanisms like 802.1p and DiffServ. Customers can implement QoS today and then turn on routing as needed.
Introduction
The Passport 1424T is a fixed port L3 switch. The switch features 24 ports of 10/100 and two GBIC
slots. Wire-speed routing and a non-blocking architecture provide the performance required by today’s
bandwidth sensitive applications. For applications that have even more stringent requirements, four
priority queues, with support for 802.1p and DiffServ, provide QoS within the network. Reliability is
maintained with Multi-Link Trunking support which allows a Passport 1424T to function as an edge
member of a SMLT solution. SNMP and Web management increase reliability and simplicity by providing a simple way to configure and monitor the switch.
Key Features
Performance
• Wire speed routing
• Non-blocking architecture
• 4 priority queues; 802.1p and DiffServ
Simplicity
• SNMP and web management
• Packet filtering
• VLAN support
Flexibility
• Auto Polarity and sensing
• GBIC support
• Multiple gigabit fibre uplink ports
• MLT support
As a server farm solution, the Passport 1424T provides 10/100 Ethernet connectivity with two
Gigabit uplinks to the core. Routing and QoS can be performed close the servers or core to minimise
routing traffic and eliminate performance degradation caused by software routers and limited backbone bandwidth.
As a core routing switch solution, the Passport 1424T provides a low cost entry point for Enterprises
to add application based performance to their network. The Passport 1424T can serve as the edge
connection point for clients and the core router for the “ultimate” collapsed backbone. Also wiring
closets can be aggregated using copper links. The hardware based routing and non-blocking architecture provides the higher performance required by bandwidth sensitive applications. As the network
edge grows and the need for aggregation increases customers should consider the Passport 8600 as the
next logical migration step.
Typical Application
Key Benefits
Performance
• Increased application performance by enabling better bandwidth utilisation and enhancing network
performance
• Helps decrease latency, jitter and excess traffic destined for a software router.
• Better utilisation of the network backbone with QoS implemented at the network edge.
Simplicity
• Both web based and SNMP management provides quick error free configuration and maintenance.
• Ability to classify traffic at the network edge allows network administrators to set policies based on
traffic type which ensures that applications who have special bandwidth requirements will get the
bandwidth they need.
Flexibility
• Enhanced connectivity for workgroups, servers and switches.
• GBIC ports allow for connectivity of single and multimode as well as SX and LX connectivity.
• Multi-layer redundancy is delivered by MultiLink trunking capabilities.
40
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Switch
DJ1412?05
Passport 1424T Routing Switch with 24 10/100TX ports and 2 GBIC slots
GBICs
AA1419001
AA1419002
AA1419003
AA1419004
AA1419041
1-port 1000Base-SX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000Base-LX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000Base-XD Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 50 km
1-port 1000Base-ZX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) – 70 km
1-port 1000Base-T Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC), 8-pin modular connector (RJ-450
? Refer to the Power cord section for the relevant product code for the required country.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
41
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 1400 (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• Application Performance Wire-speed routing and a non-blocking architecture provide the performance required by today’s bandwidth-sensitive applications. The use of Quality of Service (QoS)
and hardware-based routing helps decrease network latency and jitter. The Passport 1424T’s ability
to classify traffic at the network edge allows network administrators to set policies based on traffic
type, which ensures that applications with special bandwidth requirements will get the bandwidth
they need, when they need it.
• Routing Performance The Passport 1424T provides increased application performance by enabling
better bandwidth utilisation and enhancing network performance. Wire speed routing and a nonblocking architecture mean fewer dropped packets and routing performance felt network wide. Fast
and efficient traffic classification, policy enforcement, and filtering are all dependent on wirespeed
routing.
• Quality of Service VoIP and IP video traffic are more sensitive to both jitter and delay. By assigning
QoS levels to traffic flows, applications can get the bandwidth and network priority where and
when they need it. Four priority queues are the basis for Quality of Service in the Passport 1424T.
The ability to classify traffic as early as possible helps ensure mission-critical applications provide the
competitive edge they were designed to provide.
• Simplicity The Passport 1424T is a simple-to-use and maintain network performance enhancer.
With both Web-based and SNMP management, the Passport 1424T can be configured quickly with
fewer errors. Fewer errors enables decreased implementation times and fewer problems to troubleshoot.
• Management An embedded Web-based (HTML) interface allows users to manage the switch from
anywhere within the network. Using a Web browser such as Netscape Navigator/Communicator or
Microsoft Internet Explorer, users instantly have a universal configuration and access tool that can
communicate directly with the switch using the HTTP protocol. In addition, the Passport 1424T is
fully manageable in band or out of band with SNMP applications such as Optivity NMS.
Optivity NMS provides a comprehensive set of discovery, fault, and diagnostic capabilities for identifying problems before they impact network services.
• Flexibility With 24 10/100 ports and 2 GBIC slots, the Passport 1424T provides enhanced connectivity for workgroups and servers. The GBIC ports allow for connectivity of single and multimode fibre as well as SX and LX Gigabit connectivity. Multi-layer redundancy is delivered by MultiLink trunking capabilities that provide multiple ports acting as one trunk and the ability to participate as a Split Multi-Link Trunk client.
• Auto Polarity and Sensing The Passport 1424T comes with auto-polarity and auto sensing built
right in. Auto polarity allows for switch-to-switch connection with no crossover cable. Auto sensing
provides support for 10 MB or 100 MB speed negotiation. So whether you are connecting desktops
or switches, 10 MB or 100 MB—it is as simple as plugging in a cable.
• GBICs With two built-in GBIC-based uplinks and support for both SX and LX, the Passport
1424T provides maximum flexibility for connections to the network core. Utilising both GBICs,
you can provide the maximum in both performance and reliability for your network. With planned
support for both copper and CWDM GBICs, connecting the Passport 1424T to your Passport
8600 network is more simple than ever.
42
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Performance Specifications
Frame forwarding rate (64 byte packets):
• 8.8G bps switching fabric capacity
• 6.6M pps packet forwarding rate
Port forwarding performance (64 byte packets):
• 8.8G bps switching fabric capacity
• 6.6M pps packet forwarding rate
Port filtering performance (64 byte packets):
• Address database size: 8K
• Addressing Frame length: Up to 1536 bytes
RFC Support
• RFC 768 User Data gram Protocol (UDP)
• RFC 783 Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
• RFC 791 / 950 Internet Protocol (IP)
• RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
• RFC 826 Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
• RFC 854 Telnet
• RFC 2236 Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) version 2
• RFC 1542 BOOTP
• RFC 1058 Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
• RFC 1519 Classless Inter-domain Routing (CIDR)
• RFC 1723 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) version 2
• RFC 1724 RIPv2 MIB
• RFC 1583 OSPFv2
• RFC 1850 OSPFv2 MIB
• RFC 2131 BOOTP/DHCP relay
• draft-ietf-idmr-dvmrp-v3-10 DVMRPv3
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
43
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 1600
Introduction
Key Features (continued)
Passport 1612
Passport 1624
Passport 1648
The Passport 1600 is a high-performance fixed port Layer 3 solution that provides the resilience, performance, and security required by today’s application and competition-driven enterprise networks.
Passport 1600 complements the Passport 8600 and can be used as a Layer 3 workgroup switch (SME
or wiring closets) or low-cost Layer 3 Aggregation switch.
The Passport 1600 is available in three models, all available in a compact 1U chassis:
• Passport 1648T with 48 10/100 ports plus 4 connections for small form pluggable (SFP) GBICs
• Passport 1612G with connections for 12 SFP GBICs
• Passport 1624G with connections for 24 SFP GBICs
Key Features
• Resiliency The Passport 1600 Routing Switch provides increased reliability for small network cores.
Dual redundant power supplies ensure maximum availability of networking hardware. Support for
Split Multi-link Trunking (SMLT)† and Multilink Trunking (MLT) provides redundant load sharing connections to one or more desktop switches. Resiliency is addressed at multiple layers ensuring
the highest availability of resources and the lowest network downtime.
• Split MultiLink Trunking (SMLT) and MultiLink Trunking (MLT) MLT support allows up to
four ports to be grouped as a single trunk, providing increased bandwidth and resilient connections.
Combined with Nortel Networks unique SMLT technology, switches can be dual homed or have
multiple active connections to a network core. By utilising these dual connections and bypassing
traditional solutions like Spanning Tree Protocol, customers can increase available bandwidth and
decrease network downtime with a simple keystroke. Customers can now increase reliability and
performance without restructuring the network.
• Performance Application performance minimises packet delay and jitter when the traffic load
increases on the switch. Wire-speed routing and Quality of Service (QoS) mechanisms deliver the
performance required for applications such as IP telephony, as well as multimedia and collaboration
applications. A non-blocking switch fabric, together with hardware-based routing, decrease the
chance that data will be dropped when the traffic load increases on the switch. The policing and
shaping features† permit traffic flows to be controlled based on applications needs. With support for
48 10/100 ports (Passport 1648T) or up to 24 SFP GBIC ports (Passport 1624G), application performance can be delivered anywhere in the network.
• QoS Being able to classify, process, and expedite traffic based on an application’s requirements are
more important than ever. QoS and the ability to prioritise traffic are what enables a switch to support bandwidth sensitive applications. By assigning QoS levels to traffic flows, applications can get
the bandwidth and network priority demanded by specific applications. Four priority queues are the
basis for QoS in the Passport 1600. Combined with wire-speed routing and filtering, the Passport
44
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
1600’s QoS features enable application-based solutions to be implemented when and where you
need them most.
• Routing performance Wire-speed routing and a non-blocking switch fabric provide the basis for a
network designed to increase collaboration and productivity. IP telephony, Customer Relationship
Management (CRM), and collaboration applications promise great increases in employee productivity. However, these applications have stringent requirements on the network. The Passport 1600 is
designed to be able to route, filter, and queue traffic so that no data is lost, dropped, or delayed.
Applications get the bandwidth they need, when they need it, without delay or jitter.
• Security Security features provide added protection for switch configuration data, while packet filtering helps secure and segment sensitive traffic or network access. Support for Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMPv3)† and Secure Shell (SSH)† supply protection for sensitive switch
configuration data. Multi-level access and defined access policies help secure the switch against
unauthorised management access. Packet filtering provides an additional means to segment and
secure sensitive traffic or network access. Support for RADIUS gives customers the freedom to use
current security databases.
• Simple Network Management Protocol and Secure Shell Altering device configurations or eavesdropping on configuration command sessions represents real security concerns. Switch configuration information and its integrity are critical to maintaining a mission-critical network. The
Passport 1600 supports SNMPv3 and SSH for controlling switch configuration information.
SNMPv3 provides services for sending and receiving messages, authenticating and encrypting messages, and controlling access to managed objects. SSH specifies the way to conduct secure communications over a network. Together these protocols help ensure that access to critical network
resources, like the Passport 1600, is maintained.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Switch
DJ1412?02
DJ1412?03
DJ1412?04
Passport 1648T L2/L3 Switch 48 10/100 TX ports + 4 SFP GBICs, Dual AC PS
Passport 1612G L2/L3 Switch 12 SFP GBICs, Dual AC PS
Passport 1624G L2/L3 Switch 24 SFP GBICs, Dual AC PS
SFP GBICs
AA1419013
AA1419014
AA1419015
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (LC connector)
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
1-port 1000BASE-LX SFP GBIC (LC connector)
? Refer to the Power cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
Technical Information
• Performance Specifications
• 1648T Non-blocking Switch Fabric of 24 Gbps providing 13 Mpps
• 1612G Non-blocking Switch Fabric of 24 Gbps providing 18 Mpps
• 1624G Non-blocking Switch Fabric of 48 Gbps providing 36 Mpps
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
45
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 1600 (continued)
Passport 8000
Technical Information (continued)
• Network Protocol & Standards Compatibility
• IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet (twistedpair copper)
• IEEE 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet
• IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet
(twisted-pair copper)
• ANSI/IEEE 802.3 Auto-negotiation
• IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
• IEEE 802.1p Priority Queues
• IEEE 802.1Q VLANs
• IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree
• RFC Support
• RFC 768 Unreliable Data gram Protocol
(UDP)
• RFC 783 Trivial File Transfer Protocol
(TFTP)
• RFC 791/950 Internet Protocol (IP)
• RFC 792 Internet Control Message
Protocol (ICMP)
• RFC 826 Address Resolution Protocol
(ARP)
• RFC 854 Telnet
• RFC 2236 Internet Group Management
Protocol (IGMP) version 2
• RFC 1542 BOOTP
• RFC 1058 Routing Information Protocol
(RIP)
• RFC 1519 Classless Inter-domain Routing
(CIDR)
• RFC 1723 Routing Information Protocol
(RIP) version 2
• RFC 1724 RIPv2 MIB
• RFC 1583 OSPFv2
• RFC 1850 OSPFv2 MIB
• RFC 2131 BOOTP/DHCP relay
• draft-ietf-idmr-dvmrp-v3-10 DVMRPv3
• Hardware Features:
• Dual AC Power Supplies
• High performance ASIC based
• 8 hardware queues
• Auto MDI / MDI-X detection on 10/100
ports.
• Auto negotiation support
• Full / Half Duplex support
• 802.x (port)
46
Introduction
• Software
Layer 1
• Auto negotiation/auto polarity
• SFPs: SX, LX
Layer 2:
• Port Based VLANs
• 802.1D Spanning Tree support (one STP
group)
• MAC based filtering (source/destination)
Layer 3
• RIPv1, RIPv2
• OSPF (RFC1583)
• ABR, ASBR, MD5 supported
• NSSA is NOT supported
• Policies: static, RIP, OSPF
QoS and Filtering
• Filtering based on:
- IP source/destination
- UDP source/destination
- TCP source/destination
• .p and DSCP support
• CPU protection
Security & Platform
• Multi level logins
• Logging
• High Resiliency
• MLT
• 802.3ad
• ECMP
• VRRP (future)
• 802.1w
• SMLT (future)
• Advanced Multicast
• IGMP v1/v2
• PIM-SM
• Advanced Management & Security
• NNCLI,
• JDM
• OSM
• Optivity NMS
• SNMP v3
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Passport 8000 series delivers high-density, high
performance Layer 2-Layer 7 switching, routing and
traffic classification for Service Providers, Carriers,
and Enterprise customers. Whether positioned in the
wiring closet, network core or as customer premises
equipment, the Passport 8000 series is a reliable,
secure and intelligent solution that can provide exponential increases in bandwidth, revenue potential and
a competitive edge for today’s application driven networks.
Passport 8003
Passport 8010
Passport 8006
The Passport 8000 series is comprised of four chassis
– the ten slot Passport 8010 and Passport 8010CO,
the six slot Passport 8006, and the three slot Passport
8003. The series also includes two categories of modules, the Passport 8300 series Edge Switch modules and the Passport 8600 Routing Switch series modules.
The Passport 8010 and 8006 chassis support all Passport 8000 modules. These chassis provide high
density, redundant solutions for both the wiring closet and network core. The Passport 8010CO
chassis is a NEBS 3-compliant chassis that supports all Passport 8000 series modules. This chassis
provides Service Providers and Carriers with a fully redundant carrier class solution. The Passport
8003 chassis supports all existing Passport 8600 series routing switch modules only. This chassis
brings all the functionality of a larger core switch to a smaller footprint. All chassis components are
hot swappable and include N+1 redundancy for the power supplies to provide complete redundancy.
As a modular solution, the Passport 8000 series can be used in a variety of network locations, including the wiring closet, network core or as customer premise equipment. By combining different modules, the Passport 8000 series solution can support multiple access technologies, adapt to network
expansion, and maintain flexibility required for today’s networks.
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
Modular solution available with 10, 6 or 3 slots
Hot swap on all chassis components
Redundant switch management/Switch Fabric modules
IP addressable and configurable
Support for Layer 2 to Layer 7 switching, routing and traffic classification
Support for Ethernet connectivity using copper or fibre as well as ATM and PoS
Key Benefits
•
•
•
•
Flexible solution series that grows with the customer’s network.
Multiple access technologies are supported including Ethernet both copper and fibre, ATM and PoS.
Modular solution provides flexibility in the wiring closet, network core or anywhere in the network.
Fully manageable and configurable with Command Line Interface (CLI) or graphic user interface
(GUI) tools.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
47
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 8300
Introduction
Ordering Information
The Passport 8300 is the next generation of cost effective, Power over Ethernet (PoE) enabled, modular Ethernet switches. Delivering high density 10/100/1000 connectivity, high-performance Layer 3
switching, industry leading resiliency, security and services, it is the solution for enterprises seeking to
extend the intelligence of their network from the network core to the edge.
Ideal for customers seeking a high-density 10/100/1000 switch with redundant and hot-swappable
switch fabrics, I/O modules and power supplies and support for standards-based PoE to power IP
phones, webcams and wireless access points. Passport 8300 provides guaranteed bandwidth with
Quality of Service (QoS) and secures the network edge with 802.1x (EAPoL) user based authentication, SNMPv3 and RADIUS authentication allowing enterprises the ability to extend their network
intelligence to the edge, facilitating the adoption of new application models as their business (and
users!) demand.
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cost-effective wiring closet switch
High density Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and Gigabit Ethernet to the desktop
Power to IP phones, wireless access points, and Web cameras
Maximise investment with integrated uplinks on switch fabric module
Enhanced network security to protect the enterprise assets
Common operating system software across Passport 8000 family of switching solutions
• Resiliency Passport 8300 provides customers unmatched network resiliency for the enterprise where
the network is critical to user productivity. Nortel Networks switching portfolio is the only solution
that delivers maximum device level reliability with the highly resilient feature, Split Multi-Link
Trunking (SMLT), on the Passport 8600 Routing Switch to deliver 99.999 percent reliability to the
network.
• Convergence For enterprises deploying the next generation of converged communication such as IP
telephony, wireless LANs, and multimedia applications such as distance learning and video surveillance, the Passport 8300 is the common sense approach for their networks.
• Security As emerging applications introduce new traffic patterns and wireless access makes securing
the edge increasingly important, the Passport 8300 helps ensure security is not compromised as the
network changes to meet these needs.
• Benefits of Power over Ethernet (PoE)
• Dual functionality – Supports both Power over Ethernet (PoE) devices and standard LAN
devices.
• Standards compliant – Interoperability with other vendors’ standards-based equipment does not
tie you to a single vendor.
• Significant cost and space savings – Integrating standard LAN switch functionality with power
over UTP cable of a mid-span patch panel into a single unit.
• Convenient use of single cable – Allowing data and power to be transmitted over one cable
without the need for a power outlet.
48
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Model No.
Description
DS1402007
DS1402008
DS1405?14
DS1412004-2.0
Passport 8310 10 Slot Power over Ethernet Chassis
Passport 8306 6 Slot Power over Ethernet Chassis
Passport 8300 AC Power Supply
Passport 8300 Base Software Licence – 1 required per chassis
Modules
DS1404076
DS1404077
DS1404078
DS1404079
DS1404080
Passport 8393SF – Switch Fabric with multiple SFFP GBIC ports
Passport 8348TX – 48 port 10/100
Passport 8348TX-PWR – 48 port 10/100 w/PoE
Passport 8324GT – 24 port 10/100/1000 module
Passport 8324GB – 24 port SFFP GBIC base board module
Software
DS1412004-2.0
Passport 8300 Base Software Licence – 1 required per chassis
GBICs
AA1419013
AA1419014
AA1419015
1-port 1000BASE-SX Small Form Factor GBIC (LC connector)
1-port 1000BASE-SX Small Form Factor GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
1-port 1000BASE-LX Small Form Factor GBIC (LC connector)
AA1419025
AA1419026
AA1419027
AA1419028
AA1419029
AA1419030
AA1419031
AA1419032
AA1419033
AA1419034
AA1419035
AA1419036
AA1419037
AA1419038
AA1419039
AA1419040
DY4311015
1-port 1000BASE-CWDM
Small Form Factor GBIC
1470nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1490nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1510nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1530nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1550nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1570nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1590nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1610nm Wavelength (40km), LC connector
1470nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1490nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1510nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1530nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1550nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1570nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1590nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
1610nm Wavelength (70km), LC connector
Power splitters for i200X phones—bag of 12
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
49
Passport LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
Passport 8300 (continued)
Technical Information
• Performance and Capacity The Passport 8300 delivers wire-speed switching and routing over copper
and fibre media. The Passport 8300 modules support a high-performance Layer 2 and Layer 3 switching architecture that delivers 320 Gbps of switching capacity for application performance required by
enterprise applications. Available in chassis with six slots and 10 slots and supporting up to 400 ports
per chassis, the Passport 8300 will scale to meet the needs of the medium and large enterprise environment. All modules, fans, and power supplies are hot swappable, ensuring maximum flexibility in
maintaining the uptime of your network. Additionally, dual load sharing power supplies provide N+1
power to the Passport 8300 switch.
• Switch Management The Passport 8393SF module is optimised for high-performance switching of
Layer 2/3/4 traffic. Two switch fabric modules installed in the chassis provide redundant, load sharing
capabilities. The module has eight built-in Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFP) GBIC uplinks that
provide simpler space saving connectivity to the network core. When two Passport 8393SFs are
installed in a chassis, all 16 SFP GBIC ports are active. The switch fabric module also has a console
port that can be used for out-of-band management.
• Fast Ethernet with P802.3af Power over Ethernet (PoE) The Passport 8348TX-PWR module provides inline power to any IEEE P802.3af compliant devices such as IP phones, wireless access points,
net cameras, security, lighting devices, and access control devices. Standards-based equipment means
that customers are not forced to tie themselves to any one vendor, as the switch has the flexibility to
power multiple vendors’ P802.3af devices. It can supply power up to 15.4 watts per port, which meets
the standard and is sufficient to power most devices.
• Fast Ethernet The Passport 8348TX module provides 48 auto-sensing 10/100 Mbps ports for desktop connectivity using RJ-45 connectors. It is optimized for high density wiring closet solutions where
Gigabit connectivity is not required.
• Gigabit Ethernet The Passport 8324GT 24-port 10/100/1000 auto-sensing module delivers Gigabit
Ethernet to the desktop for high-performance workstations, power users, servers, and other high bandwidth connectivity required in the wiring closet. Future support for a high-density 48-port
10/100/1000 module will enable the gigabit Ethernet density to scale to 384 ports in a single 10-slot
chassis.
• 10 Gigabit Ethernet A 10 Gigabit Ethernet interface will be delivered on the Passport 8300 in a
future release.
• MAC Addresses Passport 8300 is architected to support up to 8,000 MAC addresses per switch, for
deployment of large-scale enterprise networks with large numbers of attached devices and workgroups,
allowing for scalability and cost effectiveness.
• VLAN Support VLANs can be established for each switch to extend the broadcast domain and segment network traffic. These VLANs can be spread among port-based or protocol-based VLANs.
Protocol-based VLANs allow switch ports assignment to a broadcast domain based on the protocol
information within the packet. These VLANs localize broadcast traffic and assure that the specified
protocol type packets are sent only to the protocol-based VLAN ports. The Passport 8300 has been
architected to support up to 2,000 VLANs scaling to 4,000 VLANs in a future release.
• IEEE 802.1x Based Security Also known as Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP), 802.1x based
security limits access to the network based on user credentials. User login requires a username and
password that is authenticated by a user database on an authentications server. Users are denied access
to the network if they are unable to be authenticated. This functionality supports client access and
interoperates with Microsoft Windows XP and other 802.1x compliant clients.
50
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3) The Passport 8300 supports SNMPv3, an interoperable standards-based protocol for network management. By providing secure access to the switch
using a combination of authenticating and encrypting packets over the network, management data can
be collected securely from the Passport 8300 without fear of the data being tampered with or corrupted. Additionally, confidential management information can be encrypted to prevent its contents from
being exposed on the network.
• Secure Shell (SSH)† The Passport 8300 also supports SSH which provides authentication and
encrypted communications. SSHv2 supports strong authentication and encrypted communications. It
allows you to log into the switch from an SSH client and perform a secure Telnet session using CLI
commands. This feature is ideal for security conscious customers such as governments.
• Power over Ethernet (PoE) The Passport 8300 Power over Ethernet (PoE) Switch Modules can provide power over the unused pair to power devices located where there is not a power outlet or where
there is insufficient power. This simplifies deployment of IP powered phones and when installing
devices such as Web cameras and wireless access point in locations such as false ceilings. The switch
supplies power to IP devices up to 15.4 watts per port, meeting IEEE P802.3af standards and more
than sufficiently is able to provide power to IP devices per port. A typical enterprise solution with the
Passport 8300 and IP powered devices.
• Auto Discovery The Passport 8300 Switch automatically recognises the connection of a device and
immediately sends power to it. This automatic capability ensures fast connectivity without manual
intervention.
• Dynamic Power Management Each port on the Passport 8348TX-PWR can be configured to limit
the power delivered to a device. Each port can also be configured for power priority level—Low, High,
and Critical. On the switch, total available power is monitored. In the case where all available power is
fully utilised, the switch may turn off lower priority ports and turn on higher priority ports.
• Active Circuit Protection The Passport 8300 switch can automatically disable a port if there is a
short. All the other ports on the switch will remain active and will not be affected by the disabled port.
• Quality of Service (QoS) The Passport 8300’s QoS features allow you to not just utilise bandwidth
more efficiently, optimising existing network resources and capabilities, but also provide packet classification and marking at the edge of the network, simplifying the QoS deployment at the aggregation
and core of the network. By classifying, prioritising, policing, and marking (DiffServ Code Point)
LAN traffic, networks can offer reliable connectivity and required bandwidth for mission-critical applications like IP telephony and mission-critical data applications to specific groups and users, and to
individual devices. The Passport 8300 provides eight hardware queues. For each of these applications,
advanced QoS features support Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standard DiffServ QoS architecture – a packet classification based on the content of IP packet header fields (voice, video, data)
traffic policing, and remote sniffing.
• Traffic Policing Traffic policing enables provisioning of different service levels by limiting traffic
throughput at the ingress (incoming) port of the Passport 8300. Traffic policing enables provisioning
of different levels of service by limiting traffic throughput at the ingress (incoming) port of the switch.
• Traffic Shaping Traffic shaping offers the ability to limit traffic on each port. While traffic policing is
needed to provide different levels of service to data streams on the ingress ports, traffic shaping is needed to smooth the traffic from the egress ports. Passport 8300 supports port based traffic shaping.
Enterprises working with service providers or carriers utilize this feature when they are deploying
Ethernet in place of the traditional Frame Relay, ISDN, or ATM WAN access solutions.
• IP Filtering IP filters can be used to manage traffic and to provide security. Filters are defined with
match conditions and the actions to be performed when the condition is satisfied. Only data that
matches the pattern is allowed to pass through the filter. Filters can be used to set traffic priority, drop
or allow IP packets, as well as define conditions for mirroring of traffic.
• Pay as you grow software capable Nortel Networks enables customers to pay only for the functionality that meets their business needs. The switch supports wire speed Layer 3 IP routing with static and
local route support, RIP in its base routing license. Future software releases are planned to include
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
51
Passport LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
Passport 8300 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
52
advanced routing protocols OSPF, ECMP, VRRP, and for deployment of multimedia applications,
support for DVMRP, PIM-SM, and PIM-SSM.
Integrated Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR) The Passport 8300 provides an integrated TDR to
simplify troubleshooting of the physical cable plant, enabling IT managers to quickly identify the failing mechanism and isolate to the source of the problem, helping ensure maximum uptime of the network. Through remote and non-invasive diagnosis of cabling issues such as cable opens, cable shorts or
impedance mismatch in the cable and report, within one meter, the distance of the fault. The switch
can detect and report these issues without unplugging cables and plugging in expensive cable testers.
Split MultiLink Trunking (SMLT) Nortel Networks advanced resilient technology, SMLT, provides
for sub-second failover and sub-second recovery with full load balancing by eliminating the network
node as a point of failure. SMLT enhances the benefits of 802.3ad link aggregation, by eliminating the
link as a point of failure and by allowing trunk members to terminate at different physical switches.
The Passport 8300 deployed in the wiring closet is compatible with SMLT when implemented in the
network with a Passport 8600 switch in the core. SMLT capabilities will be integrated in Passport
8300 in a future release for installation of the Passport 8300 as a medium or branch office core switch.
Common software platform All Passport 8000 switches, including the Passport 8100, 8300, and
8600, now use a common operating system. This provides the simplicity and reliability that helps
enterprises streamline their network operations without the need to re-learn a new operating system
for each switch.
Network management The Passport 8300 can be managed by a variety of management tools to adapt
to the specific operating environment. These include: dual Command Line interface (CLI), Java™based Device Manager, Web-based management, SNMP management software (SNMPv1, v2 and v3),
and Nortel Networks Optivity Switch Manager software, Optivity Enterprise Network Management
System (ONMS), and Optivity Policy Services (OPS)†. The Passport 8300 supports four groups of
Remote Monitoring (RMON) on all ports. The four groups of RMON are alarms, events, history,
and statistics.
Port mirroring The Passport 8300 has a port mirroring feature that helps you to monitor and analyse
network traffic. Port mirroring supports both ingress (incoming traffic) and egress (outgoing traffic)
port mirroring. When enabled, the mirrored (source) port’s ingress or egress packets are forwarded
normally and a copy of the packets is sent out the mirrored port to the mirroring (destination) port.
Non-volatile storage of configuration The Passport 8300 has on board Non-Volatile Random Access
Memory (NVRAM) for the storage of configuration and image files that ensures against lost configuration and information in the event of a power loss to the switch.
LED indicators The LED Indicators on the front panel of the modules make it simple to monitor the
switch status and help in isolating and diagnosing switch problems.
Performance specifications
• Switch fabric bandwidth: 320 Gbps
• Addressing: 48-bit MAC address
• Frame length:
64 to 1518 bytes (IEEE 802.1Q Untagged)
64 to 1522 bytes (IEEE 802.1Q Tagged)
• Jumbo frame support: Up to 9000 bytes (IEEE 802.1Q Tagged)
• MultiLink Trunks: Up to 32 trunks with 4 links per group
• VLANs: Up to 2,000 port- or protocol-based; per VLAN Tagging option
• Multiple spanning tree groups: Up to 64 (STGs)
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Layer 1 Specification
• 802.3 10Base-T
• 802.3u 100Base-TX
• 802.3ae 10000Base-T
• IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
• UTP Cat.3,4,5 for 10Mbps
• UTP Cat.5 for 100Mbps
• UTP Cat 5E/6 for 1000Mbps
• ANSI/IEEE Nway auto-negotiation
• 802.3af Power over Ethernet
• Small Form Factor Pluggable (SFFP) GBICs – SX, LX
• Additional SFFP GBICs will be supported in future software releases.
Note: Autopolarity (MDI/MDX) is not supported on this switch
• Layer 2 Specification
• 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol
• Multiple Spanning Tree Groups (Nortel Proprietary)
• 802.1Q VLANs
• Port Based VLAN
• Protocol VLANs
• MultiLink Trunking
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking
• Port mirroring
• 802.1x (EAPoL)
• IGMP v1/v2 snooping / proxy
• IGMP fast leave
• Filtering
• Jumbo frame support for Gigabit ports
• Layer 3 Specification
• RFC 792 ICMP Redirects / Unreachable generation
• RFC 826 ARP
• Static Routes
• Filtering
• Dynamic routing protocols will be supported via future software
• Quality of Service Specifications
• 8 Hardware based queues
• Traffic Policing / Shaping
• Diffserv Support (.p to DSCP and DSCP to .p mapping and remarking)
• Management
• JDM / OSM / ONMS Support
• Dual CLI support (NNCLI / 8600CLI) selectable at boot-up
• SNMP v1 / v2 / v3
• RFC 854 Telnet
• TFTP/FTP Support
• ASCII Configuration File
• Real Time Event Log
• SysLog
• Radius Authentication / Accounting
• Removable PCMCIA Memory Card
† Planned to be available in 2004.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
53
Passport LAN Switching
Ordering Information (continued)
Passport 8600 Layer 3 Routing Switch
Introduction
The Passport 8600 series delivers a highly available, operationally simplistic, and intelligent network
routing solution. Harnessing the power of the Passport 8600 allows for exponential growth in network bandwidth, increased network-based revenue opportunities, and five nines of reliability for the
network core. In addition, hardware-based wire speed performance enables fast and efficient traffic
classification, policy enforcement, and filtering. This performance benefits time-sensitive applications
such as video and voice, and revenue-generating applications such as Quality of Service (QoS) and
personalised content. The Passport 8600 series delivers a robust, secure, and intelligent solution that
provides a true competitive edge.
The Passport 8600 series Routing Switch modules make up a hardware-based Layer 2-Layer 7 routing
and traffic classification switch specifically designed to offer high redundancy, a large number of high
bandwidth connections, wire speed performance and penalty free QoS support. Delivering wire speed
Layer 2/3 switching and classification services, the Passport 8600 series Routing Switch modules typically reside in the network core. Ethernet connectivity options include 10/100/1000 copper, 100 and
1000 fibre and ATM and PoS with both OC-3 and OC-12. The Passport 869x switch management
modules provide redundancy, load sharing and sub second fail over with five 9’s reliability. At least
one Passport 869x is required per chassis. Quality of Service is achieved with DiffServ code point
marking and eight hardware queues per port.
A recent addition to the 8600 is CWDM, CWDM is a technology that allows multiple data streams to
travel over a single fibre. This obviously increases the bandwidth per fibre pair. The modules for CWDM
are not listed here as it is suggested that you contact your local pre-sales support team to discuss further.
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
96 Mpps forwarding performance
Hardware based (XC) wire speed L2-L7 traffic classification
Eight policy enabled hardware queues per port
Two non-blocking redundant switch fabrics
IP and IPX routing
Support for Differentiated Services enabled Quality of Service
Up to 128 Gbps Ethernet ports
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
DS1402001
DS1402002
DS1402003
DS1405?08
DS1405?03
8010 10-Slot Chassis incl. 2 fan trays and backplane
8006 6-Slot Chassis incl. 1 fan tray and backplane
8003 3-slot Chassis incl. 1 fan tray and backplane
8004 PS Power Supply: 110/220 V AC (for 8006 and 8010 chassis)
8003 PS Power Supply: 110/220 V AC (for 8003 chassis)
E series – Routing Switch Modules
DS1404011
8616SXE. 16 port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet interface module
DS1404024
8632TXE 32 10/100TX plus 2 GBIC interface module
DS1404025
8691SF CPU/Switch Fabric module
DS1404034
8616GTE 16 port 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet interface module
54
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
E series – Routing Switch Modules (continued)
DS1404035
8648TXE 48 port autosensing 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet interface module
DS1404036
8608SXE 8 port 1000BASE-SX Gigabit Ethernet interface module
DS1404037
8624FXE 24 port 100BASE-FX Ethernet Layer 3 switching interface module
DS1404038
8608GBE 8-port 1000 Base GBIC (GBICs sold separately)
DS1304002
8600 2 port DS3 MDA for 8672 ATM baseboard
DS1304008^
8672-ATME 2-Slot MDA baseboard
DS1404044
8608GTE 8 port 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet interface module
DS1404045
Alteon WSM. 4-port Ethernet Layer 4-7 Web Switching Module
DS1404052
8681-XLW Single port 1310 nm WAN serial 10 gig Ethernet interface module
DS1404053
8681-XLR Single port 1310 nm LAN serial 10 gig Ethernet interface module.
DS1404067
Alteon WSM- 2Pk – High Availability Bundle – 2 X Layer 4-7 Intelligent Routing Modules
DS1404070
Alteon 8661 SSL Acceleration Module (SAM) for the Passport 8600
M series – Routing Switch Modules
DS1304009^
8672 ATMM 2 Slot MDA Baseboard with Expanded memory
DS1404055
8632TXM 32 10/100TX plus 2 GBIC interface module with Expanded Memory
DS1404056
8648TXM 48 port autosensing 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet with Expanded memory
DS1404059
8608GBM 8-port 1000 Base GBIC (GBICs sold separately) with Expanded memory
DS1404060**
8683-POSM 3 Slot MDA Baseboard with Expanded memory
DS1404061
8608GTM 8 port 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet interface module with Expanded memory
Bundles
DS1412?06
DS1412?09
DS1412?10
Passport 8603 3-slot Chassis Bundle. Includes 8003 chassis, one 3-slot AC power supply,
one 8691SF Switch Fabric and Routing Software Licence
Passport 8606 6 slot Chassis Bundle. Includes 8006 chassis, one 8004AC power
supply, one 8691SF Switch Fabric and Routing Software Licence
Passport 8610 10 slot Chassis Bundle. Includes 8010 chassis, one 8004AC power supply,
one 8691SF Switch Fabric and Routing Software Licence
Software
DS1410003*
Passport 8600 Routing Switch Software
MDAs
DS1304004
DS1304005
DS1304006
DS1304007
DS1333001
DS1333002
DS1333003
DS1333004
8600 1 port OC-12 MMF MDA for 8672 ATM baseboard
8600 1-port OC-12 SMF MDA for 8672 ATM baseboard
8600 4-port OC-3 MMF MDA for 8672 ATM baseboard
8600 4-port OC-3 SMF MDA for 8672 ATM baseboard
8600 1-port OC-12 MMF MDA for 8683 POS baseboard
8600 1-port OC-12 SMF MDA for 8683 POS baseboard
8600 2-port OC-3 MMF MDA for 8683 POS baseboard
8600 2-port OC-3 SMF MDA for 8683 POS baseboard
GBICs
AA1419001
AA1419002
AA1419003
AA1419004
AA1419017
AA1419018
AA1419019
AA1419020
AA1419021
AA1419022
AA1419023
AA1419024
AA1419041
1-port 1000Base-SX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000Base-LX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC)
1-port 1000Base-XD Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) - 50 km
1-port 1000Base-ZX Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC) - 70 km
1470nm Wavelength
1490nm Wavelength
1510nm Wavelength
1-port
1530nm Wavelength
1000BaseWDM
1550nm Wavelength
(GBIC)
1570nm Wavelength
1590nm Wavelength
1610nm Wavelength
1-port 1000Base-T Gigabit Interface Converter (GBIC), 8-pin modular connector (RJ-45)
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
* The software revision must be added to the end of the model number. The software includes the licence,
Device Manager and complete SW documentation. One licence is required per chassis. Example: DS1410003-3.3
^ Accepts two MDAs, supports up to 8 OC-3 or 2 OC-12 ports
** Accepts three MDAs, supports up to 6 OC-3 or 3 OC-12 ports
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
55
Passport LAN Switching
Technical Information (continued)
Passport 8600 (continued)
Technical Information
• Redundancy Features The Passport 8600 switch may have up to three power supplies (apart from
the 3 slot chassis which has two) installed to power all modules. These power supplies not only share
the electrical load between them, thus extending the life of an individual unit, but are able to take
over the additional load should one of them fail. In addition, these power supplies are hot swappable so that any failed unit may be replaced without disrupting network service.
Required in all Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch configurations, the Passport 8691SF module is optimised for high-performance switching of Layer 2 and Layer 3 traffic. All packet switching occurs on
the switch fabric within the Passport 8691SF, while the I/O modules perform buffering, address resolution, traffic classification and provide the physical layer interface to the network.
A key architectural feature of the Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch is the support of dual switch fabrics
(apart from the 3 slot chassis which is equipped with a single switch fabric). Addition of a second
Passport 8691SF module not only provides redundancy, it optimises performance by automatically
doubling the capacity of the switch fabric, since both are actively forwarding traffic. In the event of
switch fabric failure, the system reverts to operation with a single fabric. The CPU of the primary
Passport 8691SF module acts as the master software control engine.
The on-board CPU employs a PowerPC processor to provide overall system control. The CPU runs
all bridging and routing protocols, computes the forwarding database, and distributes that database
to address caches on the I/O modules. The CPU also performs independent learning of unknown
devices and topology updates so that the switch fabric is dedicated to switching business critical
application traffic. In the unlikely event of a switch fabric failure, traffic is automatically switched to
the remaining Passport 8691SF module, in less than one second.
• MultiLink Trunking The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches support MultiLink Trunking (MLT),
which provides superior resiliency. A load-sharing algorithm is applied to traffic sent across the
MLT, so all links are available for transmitting traffic. MLT provides media redundancy – if there is
a failure in an individual link within the MLT, caused by either cabling failure or module failure at
either end, the traffic is dynamically redistributed across the remaining links in less than a second.
MLT is supported on 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, 100BASE-FX, 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX,
and 1000BASE-XD.
There can be up to eight ports in an MLT group, and there can be up to 32 MLT groups in a given
Passport 8600. Depending on the type of traffic, the load-sharing algorithm is based on the Layer 2
source and destination MAC address or the Layer 3 source and destination network address. MLT
in Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches is fully interoperable with the implementation of MLT in the
Passport 1000 Ethernet Switch, and the BayStack and BPS stackable switches. In addition, MLT is
compatible with other proprietary port aggregation mechanisms used by third-party switch and NIC
vendors.
• Distributed MultiLink Trunking The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches support Distributed MultiLink Trunking (DMLT) for superior levels of network resiliency. MLT can be distributed across
both different paths and different interfaces, allowing for the unlikely failure of one of the interface
cards. DMLT supports up to 8 ports in a trunk; a 16 Gbps link (8 Gbps bi-directional) with a maximum of 32 groups per switch (This limitation also applies to MLT) Load distribution is based on
either the source or destination MAC or IP address. In the event of a link problem fail-over occurs
in less than 1 second. DMLT provides redundancy by enabling trunk groups to be configured across
different slots in the same chassis. In the unlikely event of a failure, links would remain active
because other modules in the trunk group could take over.
56
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Split MLT The Passport 8600 supports Split MLT (SMLT) to provide increased network bandwidth and enhanced resiliency. SMLT will provide key features including:
• Dual homing of wiring closet switches
• Load sharing over SMLT links
• Fast traffic recovery over other SMLT link in case of failure (less than one second)
• Dual homing of multiple systems
• Forwarding in hardware
• No spanning tree convergence
• Scales up to multiple hop SMLT designs
SMLT overcomes the shortcomings of the Spanning Tree Protocol by eliminating loops that would
cause Spanning Tree ports to be blocked. SMLT builds on the redundancy offered by Nortel
Networks Distributed MLT, which allows module redundancy in connections between a pair of
switches. SMLT improves network redundancy and resiliency even further by dual homing edge
switches to a pair of aggregation or core switches.
• Backbone Links The MultiLink Trunking (MLT) feature provides bandwidth aggregation up to 16
Gbps. MultiLink Trunking enables you to increase riser, backbone and server scalability by aggregating up to 8 ports to form a single high-performance link of up to 16 Gbps capacity.
• VLAN Support The Passport 8600 switch modules support 2000 VLANs. The Passport 8600
Ethernet Switch modules implement the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) to control path redundancy
for VLANs. As defined in the IEEE 802.1D standard, the STP detects and eliminates logical loops
in a bridged or switched network. The collection of ports in one spanning tree instance is called a
Spanning Tree Group (STG). The Passport 8600 module supports 25 spanning tree groups. A
frame’s VLAN membership is determined by the following order of precedence: VLAN ID, then
source MAC-based VLAN, then IP subnet-based VLAN, then protocol-based VLAN, then portbased VLAN.
• Protocol-based VLANs The Passport 8600 switch supports the following standard protocol-based
VLANs:
• IP version 4 (ip)
• User configurable protocol-based VLANs (based on 802.3 protocol ID)
• Novell IPX on Ethernet 802.3 frames (ipx802dot3)
• Novell IPX on IEEE 802.2 frames (ipx802dot2)
• Novell IPX on Ethernet SNAP frames (ipxSnap)
• Novell IPX on Ethernet Type 2 frames (ipxEthernet2)
• AppleTalk on Ethernet Type 2 and Ethernet SNAP frames (AppleTalk)
• DEC LAT Protocol (decLat)
• Other DEC protocols (decOther)
• IBM SNA on IEEE 802.2 frames (sna802dot2)
• IBM SNA on Ethernet Type 2 frames (snaEthernet2)
• NetBIOS Protocol (netBIOS)
• Xerox XNS (xns)
• Banyan VINES (vines)
• IP version 6 (ipv6)
• Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP)
• Configuring Policies Accept and announce policies are configured for the Passport 8600 switch
based on the selected protocol (OSPF or RIP). Announce policies enable a user to selectively
announce routes. Announce policies alter the routing information learned by the routers in a particular routing domain. OSPF announce policies are applied for non-OSPF routes in an Autonomous
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
57
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 8600 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
58
Technical Information (continued)
System Boundary Router (ASBR). Only an ASBR advertises the external route information into the
OSPF domain. If no policies are configured or no matching policy exists for a given route, the
default behaviour is applied; that is, OSPF ignores the external route information. OSPF accept
policies are applied whenever the OSPF engine computes the external routes as a result of a topology change or an external link-state advertisement (LSA). If there are no policies configured or no
matching policy is found for a given route, the default behaviour is applied; that is, the external
route is included in the routing table.
Policy-based VLANs The Passport 8600 switch modules support policy-based VLANs based on the
network protocol, the source MAC address, or the source IP subnet.
VLAN Trunking The Passport 8600 switches support the IEEE 802.1Q specification for VLAN
tagging, which enables multiple VLANs to be carried over a single riser trunk.
IGMP Snooping The Passport 8600 switches support the Internet Group Management Protocol
(IGMP) to enable IP multicasting. The Passport 8600 supports IGMP version 2 snooping and
proxy for up to 1024 simultaneous multicast streams.
The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches support up to 16,000 multicast groups. The Passport 8600
switches support IGMP multicast router discovery. Multicast router discovery messages allow Layer
2 devices to determine where to send multicast source data and IGMP Host Membership Reports.
The multicast router discovery process consists of three messages. Routers send the Multicast Router
Advertisement to advertise IP Multicast forwarding enabled on an interface. The routers use the
Multicast Router Solicitation to solicit multicast router advertisements. When a router ends its multicast routing functions, it sends the Multicast Router Termination message.
To set up multicast router discovery from the CLI, you can use the config ip igmp interface mrdisc
commands. To set up multicast router discovery from Device Manager, you can select IP Routing >
Multicast > Interface. The Passport 8600 switches support IGMPv1 and IGMPv2, which are able
to exist together on a multicast network. IGMPv2 extends the features in IGMPv1 while maintaining backward compatibility with the version 1 hosts, as per RFC 2236.
Memory Allocated Per Port There are 4 MB of output buffer memory allocated to each Gigabit
Ethernet port on the Passport 8600 switch, or shared among 8 Fast Ethernet ports.
Quality of Service Fundamentals The Passport 8600 supports Quality of Service (QoS) via standards-based Differentiated Services (DiffServ). New standards and technologies have made it possible to achieve the desired QoS over the ubiquitous IP and frame-switched networks. Until recently,
this was only possible in ATM-based networks. IP QoS is provided using the DiffServ architecture.
• The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch supports the following QoS technologies:
• DiffServ (RFC 2474 and 2475)
• Service provisioning using CLI, Device Manager (GUI) or Optivity Policy Services (OPS)
• Common Open Policy Services protocol for provisioning (COPS-PR)
• COPS for Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP)
• IP ToS precedence
• IEEE 802.1Q Virtual LAN tagging
• IEEE 802.1p
Passport 8600 switches support DiffServ (RFC 2474) to manage bandwidth. Nortel Networks
Passport 8600 switches (as well as our Business Policy Switches) support the following Per Hop
Behaviours or PHBs; packet-forwarding “differentiated service” treatment to packets:
• Expedited Forwarding (EF) – RFC 2598
• Assured Forwarding (AF) – RFC 2597
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Default Forwarding (DE) – RFC 2474
• Class Selector (CS) to support legacy routers – RFC 2474
Passport 8600 switches employ both strict priority and weighted round robin queuing on eight
hardware-based priority queues. With strict priority, designated traffic goes through the switch
ahead of lower priority traffic. With weighted round robin, queues are serviced according to the
transmit opportunities configured, thereby preventing “starvation” of lower priority queues.
Passport 8600 has a non-blocking switch fabric, queuing is supported only on egress. Passport 8600
switches perform filtering at Layers 2 to 4 based on user (IP address), department (subnet), and
application (TCP/UDP socket). This traffic classification occurs at wire-speed using policy filters
embedded in ASICs. The Passport 8600 also employs IEEE 802.1p priority, IETF differentiated
services, and per-flow rate policing. The Passport 8600 switches perform filtering at Layers 2 to 4
based on user (IP address), department (subnet), and application (TCP/UDP socket).
• Traffic Shaping Ongoing Passport 8600 evolution goals are to support ubiquitous traffic shaping and
policing on all interfaces, which is planned for software release 4.0. Currently, the Passport 8600 supports eight hardware output queues with Weighted Fair Queuing algorithm, conforming to standardsbased Differentiated Services. Each set of output queues supports up to 4MB of buffer space.
• Quality of Service Implementation DiffServ defines a DS field to replace both the ToS byte in
IPv4, and the equivalent Traffic Class byte in IPv6, to provide a common use and interpretation of
the bit settings. DiffServ architecture provides the means to implement ‘service differentiation’ by
aggregating traffic flows based on their classification, and providing a favourable forwarding behaviour to an aggregate flow over the other competing flows passing through a node. The classification
is done using the DS field as defined in RFC 2474.
In the Passport 8600, ingress traffic is classified, marked/policed and then queued for delivery to the
next routing device. There are eight queues per port available for the scheduling of traffic. By
default the highest priority queues are set to strict queuing. The remaining six queues are set for
Weighted Round Robin (WRR). The de-queuing algorithm can be changed for any queue.
Each queue level can be assigned up to 32 timeslots. The queue level that has data and the allocated
timeslot is serviced. If two queues have the data and the timeslot, then the queue number is used to
break the tie. Thus, each of the eight queues can be configured with a percentage weight that translates into that queue's ‘Packet Transmit Opportunity’. For each port, every queue level can be configured to own any, all, or none of the Packet Transmit Opportunities.
• Passport Express Classification The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch provides essential QoS capabilities and wire-speed frame differentiation through industry-unique intelligent, high-speed ASICs
supporting Passport Express Classification (XC). XC performs both types of frame classification
defined in RFC 2475, An Architecture for Differentiated Services: Behaviour Aggregate (BA) and
Multi-Field (MF) classifiers. XC can classify frames at Layers 2, 3 and 4, on all or a combination of
fields in the frame header. XC performs MF classification on the following fields:
• Source or destination MAC address
• Source or destination IP address
• Range of TCP or UDP port numbers (greater than, less than, equal to, not equal to)
• IEEE 802.1Q VLAN tag
• DS field (using the BA Classifier to select frames based on DS codepoint only)
• TCP ACK or RST bits
• ICMP requests
• Ingress port
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
59
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 8600 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
60
Technical Information (continued)
Once a filter classifies a packet, any of the following actions can be taken upon that traffic:
• Prioritise
• Mirror
• Drop
• Police
• Forward
• Set DiffServ Code Point (DSCP)
IEEE 802.1p Priority IEEE standard 802.1p, using 802.1Q packet formats, defines priority bits
that can either be set by desktop/servers or the switch itself, and can traverse the network at the
desired priority. The Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch modules can both set and recognise 802.1p
specified priorities, and use eight hardware-based output queues on each port to provide up to eight
levels of priorities for packets.
DiffServ to IEEE 802.1p Mapping For packets that ingress as 802.1Q-tagged packets, and have
802.1p bits marked, the Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch can be configured to honour the IEEE
802.1p bits, and ignore the DS field for IP packets. Priority is then given to the flow based on the
802.1p-to-QoS level mapping table. If these same packets egress untagged, then the DS field is
marked with the appropriate marking based on the QoS-to-DS field mapping table.
Common Open Policy Services Nortel Networks plans for the Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches to
support Common Open Policy Services (COPS) for Provisioning and RSVP in a future software
release. COPS provides an architecture and a request-response protocol for communicating admission control requests, policy-based decisions, and policy information between a network policy server and the set of clients it serves. COPS has been developed within the RSVP Admission Policy
Working Group of the IETF, primarily for use as a mechanism for providing policy-based admission
control over requests for network resources.
COPS-PR describes a new client type (‘Provisioning’) for the COPS protocol to support policy provisioning. This new client type is independent of the type of policy; it is based on the concept of Policy
Information Bases (PIBs). PIBs contain policy objects that are accessed via a virtual information store.
The objects in the PIB are defined using a subset of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1).
Quality of Service Priority Queuing Passport 8600 switches support eight queues per port; two
strict and six weighted by default. Passport 8600 switches support Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ),
which prevents starvation of the low priority queue. These can be serviced as either strict queues
(empty the buffers in the top queue first, then move to the next queue) or they can use WFQ,
where all queues get some percent of service so that no queue gets starved. This flexibility enables
the network manager to make the decision about who gets what service level from the network.
IP Filtering Passport 8600 supports IP filtering on specified ingress ports. The filters are applied to the
switch ingress ports with a default action to forward or drop. All packets not matching any filter are
forwarded or dropped, depending on the port’s default action. The Passport 8600 switches can apply
two types of filters: traffic filters (source, destination, DiffServ field, IEEE 802.1p bit, ICMP request or
IP fragment) or global filters. Filters are applied to a port using filter sets, and actions are assigned
when applying a filter set to a port. The actions of individual filters can overwrite the default actions of
the port. You can define up to 4096 filter IDs on the Passport 8600 switches. The filter IDs can be
defined on all ports or on a single port, including source/destination and global filters. The maximum
number of global filters that can be enabled on a Passport 8600 switches’ given port set is eight.
Port Mirroring Every Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch port supports 4 groups of RMON and Port
Mirroring, enabling network managers to diagnose and troubleshoot problems without leaving their
desks. The Passport 8600 switches can support both ingress and egress port mirroring to analyse
traffic. The Passport 8600 switches can mirror up to 10 ports at once onto one egress port.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
Using port mirroring, you can specify one port as a destination for mirroring traffic and specify up
to 10 source ports from which traffic is mirrored. Any packet ingressing or egressing a specified port
is forwarded normally, and a copy of the packet is sent out the mirroring or destination port. You
observe packet traffic at the destination port using a network analyser – a copy of a packet can be
captured and analysed. Unlike with other methods used to analyse packet traffic, packet traffic is
uninterrupted and packets flow normally through the destination port.
Egress mirroring can be enabled separately and allows you to mirror packets as they leave a specified
port. In addition, you can monitor traffic for MAC addresses where traffic with a given source or
destination MAC address is copied to the mirror port. To avoid seeing unintended traffic, you
should remove the port to which you are mirroring from all VLANs and STGs.
The Passport 8600 port mirroring capabilities also allow you to mirror traffic based on the TCP or
UDP port. The Passport 8600 switches can support both ingress and egress port mirroring to
analyse traffic. The Passport 8600 switches can mirror up to 10 ports at once onto one egress port.
Ingress Policing The Passport 8600 switches support port-based rate-limiting on ingress.
BootP Automatic IP Configuration Passport 8600 switches allow multiple BootP/DHCP servers
for fault tolerance. The Passport 8600 switches allow configuring to forward the BootP/DHCP
requests to multiple servers. You can configure up to 10 servers to receive copies of the forwarded
BootP/DHCP messages.
Security Support Passport 8600 Ethernet Switches provide multiple layers of security at the User,
Network and Management Levels.
User Level The Passport 8600 switches support Discard Unknown MAC Security, which ensures
that any frames bearing a MAC address that is not included in the allowed list of MACs are discarded. This feature is typically implemented in high security environments, where the network
administrator wants to strictly enforce which specific devices are allowed to communicate on a
given port. Source MAC address-based VLANs can be used in security-conscious environments,
where users want to allow and disallow communication based on device MAC addresses.
Network Level The Passport 8600 switches support IP filters that can be used to control traffic and
provide levels of security. For any given port, a list of filters may be specified to apply to frames
entering that port based on any of the following:
• Source or destination IP address
• Source or destination TCP/UDP port
• Protocol type
Since the filtering is performed by the Passport 8600 hardware, there is no impact on throughput or
latency of filtered frames using Passport Express Classification (XC).
Management Level The Passport 8600 switches employ a management security scheme with up to
five levels of management access. Management Access allows the setting of access lists for services to
prevent or allow access to the Passport 8600 switch. The Passport 8600 can be configured to allow
or deny specific hosts or networks access to the device through HTTP, rlogin, SNMP, and Telnet.
Routing Protocols Passport 8600 switch modules support wire-speed IP routing of frames with
standards-based routing protocols including RIP version 1 (RFC 1058), RIP version 2 (RFC 1723),
and OSPF version 2 (RFC 2178).
IPX Routing Support Passport 8600 software supports hardware-accelerated routing support for the
Novell Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) protocol. IPX routing is carried out by the ASICs on each
module; thus, the Ethernet Switch performance benefits of wire speed and low latency forwarding can
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
61
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 8600 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
62
Technical Information (continued)
now be extended to networks using the IPX protocol. IPX routing is supported on port-based and
IPX protocol-based VLANs. All four IPX Ethernet encapsulations are supported (Ethernet 802.2 LLC,
Ethernet II, Ethernet 802.3 RAW, and Ethernet 802.3 SNAP), together with frame translation, to
enable routing between devices using different encapsulation types. Routing protocol support includes
IPX Routing Information Protocol (RIP) and Service Advertising Protocol (SAP).
IP Routing Based On Port-based and MAC-based VLANs Passport 8600 software supports
source MAC address-based VLANs, where a frame is associated with a VLAN if the source MAC
address matches the configured list of source MAC addresses.
Source MAC address VLANs are typically implemented in security conscious environments
where users wish to allow and disallow communication based on device MAC addresses. The
Passport 8600 switch modules support IP routing on the following types of VLANs only:
• Port-based VLANs
• IP protocol-based VLANs
• Source-IP subnet-based VLANs
• Source MAC-based VLANs
IPX Routing On Port-based VLANs Passport 8600 switch modules support IPX routing on IPXprotocol VLANs and on port-based VLANs. The IPX network number is associated with a VLAN,
and the VLAN can consist of one or more ports with one of the four supported frame formats:
Ethernet II, 802.3-SNAP, 802.2-RAW, and 802.3-LLC. You can configure up to four IPX-protocol
VLANs on one port as long as the each IPX-protocol VLAN uses a different IPX encapsulation.
With port-based VLANs, you can associate the same VID with any or all of the four IPX encapsulation formats. You can configure IPX-protocol VLANs and port-based VLANs on the same port, but
traffic will route to the protocol-based VLAN and not to the port-based VLAN, given that protocolbased VLANs have precedence over port-based VLANs.
UDP Broadcast Forwarding Passport 8600 software provides a UDP Broadcast Forwarding feature
as a general mechanism for selectively forwarding UDP broadcasts to support services and applications that rely on a UDP broadcast mechanism.
Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) Passport 8600 switches support the
Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP) to enable IP multicasting. The software
complies with the DVMRP Version 3 Draft 7 specification, with the exception of the IP-IP tunnelling provision, which is not supported. DVMRP can be deployed independently, or in addition
to other Internet Routing Protocols such as RIP or OSPF.
VRRP Passport 8600 switches support Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), as defined in
RFC 2338. VRRP is designed to eliminate a single point of failure in static default routed environments by defining a protocol by which multiple routers can act as the default gateway sharing a single IP address.
The Passport 8600 software provides robust VRRP capabilities in the Passport 8600 Ethernet
Switch by supporting up to 256 Virtual Router IDs per Passport 8600 module. The software also
supports VRRP on IEEE 802.1Q tagged ports. You can determine the status of the Passport 8600
switch’s default gateway address by using VRRP ping response mode. The VRRP ping response
mode determines whether or not a switch responds to pings to its virtual router’s IP address (VIP).
If you set the switch to enable, it always responds to pings to its VIP. You can use this setting to
determine the status of the default gateway address.
ECMP The Passport 8600 supports Equal Cost Multi-Path (ECMP) routing. ECMP routing allows
a router or Ethernet Switch to distribute traffic across multiple, equal cost routed paths. The
Passport 8600 will support ECMP operation for OSPF, RIP, and static routes. Up to four equal cost
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
paths for a given destination are supported. The algorithm used to distribute traffic across the equal
cost paths is based on the source and destination IP addresses. The benefits of ECMP routing
include load sharing across multiple paths to the same destination, and rapid convergence to the
alternate path if a path becomes unavailable due to a network event.
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) Support The Passport 8600 supports
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) authentication with a RADIUS client. The
Passport 8600’s RADIUS client allows a remote RADIUS server, rather than the switch, to authenticate logins. The RADIUS server also provides access authority.
RADIUS assists network security and authorisation by managing a database of users. The system
uses the database to verify user names and passwords, as well as configuration information about the
type of access priority available to the specific user (for example, read/write/all or read-only access).
The RADIUS software allows additional user names to access the switch, in addition to the six
existing user names of ro, rw, l1, l2, l3, and rwa. The RADIUS server authenticates the user name
and assigns one of the existing access priorities to that name. Unauthenticated user names are denied
access to the switch. You can configure the following values:
• Up to 10 RADIUS servers in each switch for fault tolerance (Each server is assigned a priority
and is contacted in that order.)
• A secret key for each server to authenticate the RADIUS client
• The server’s UDP port
• Maximum retries allowed
• Timeout period for each attempt
You can change passwords by logging in to the RADIUS server. However, individual users cannot
configure access priorities; the system administrator maintains access privileges.
RMON Support RMON trap information can be viewed remotely on the Passport 8600 switch.
Although all information is viewable from Device Manager and the CLI, you can use any management application that supports SNMP traps residing on another device (such as Optivity NMS and
HP OpenView) to view RMON trap information remotely.
Syslog Support On any UNIX-based management platform, you can use the syslog messaging feature of the Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch to manage event messages. The Passport syslog software
supports this functionality by communicating with a server software component named syslogd on
your management workstation. The UNIX daemon syslogd is a software component that receives
and locally logs, displays, prints, and/or forwards messages that originate from sources internal and
external to the workstation. For example, syslogd on a UNIX workstation concurrently handles messages received from applications running on the workstation, as well as messages received from a
Passport 8600 switch running in a network accessible to the workstation.
ATM Support The Passport 8600 supports for the 8672 ATME module, which supports ATM
RFC 1483 IP routed PVCs. Key features available with the 8672 ATME module include:
• RFC 1483 ATM PVC support
• Bridged PVC
• IP routed PVC
• IPX routed PVC
• Both RFC 1483 LLC/SNAP encapsulation and Null encapsulation
• RFC 1483 point-to-point bridging— up to 64 PVCs per ELAN
• MLT using bridged RFC 1483 PVCs
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
63
Passport LAN Switching
Passport 8600 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
• VBR traffic shaping per port
• Front-panel Online LED to monitor module operation
• Ability to remove and install a module (hot-swap) without resetting the switch (MDAs are not
hot-swappable)
• AAL 5
• Hardware diagnostics
• Nortel Networks MIB support for configuration of RFC 1483 and ATM port specific setup
• Manageable through the Passport CLI or Device Manager, the SNMP-based graphical interface
• Monitored through a World Wide Web browser from anywhere on the network.
The 8672 ATME Ethernet Switch module supports ATM applications including:
• 512 RFC 1483 PVCs per ATM module • 256 PVCs per MDA
• 64 PVCs per RFC 1483 ELAN
• 512 RFC 1483 ELANs per module
Customers with ATM backbones can leverage the Passport 8600 switch’s QoS and wire-speed routing performance. You can maintain QoS prioritisation on a PVC when connecting the 8672 ATME
Ethernet Switch module to a public ATM network. In addition, the 8672 ATME module can route
LAN traffic without the need for an external software router.
• Packet-over-SONET Support Packet-over-SONET (PoS) applications that the 8683 POSE
Ethernet Switch module supports include:
• Routing/bridging between sites with SONET ADMs: If your network currently includes
SONET rings you can use the Passport 8683 POSE Ethernet Switch module to connect to your
existing Add Drop Multiplexors (ADM). This provides maximum connectivity with minimum
disruption in the backbone.
• Interconnecting sites with private/leased fibre connections: If your network currently includes
unused or dark fibre between campuses, the Passport 8683 POSE Ethernet Switch module provides a connectivity method that bypasses SONET multiplexors and the costs associated with
the implementation of a new SONET ring.
• IP over PPP connections: Many ISPs are deploying routers at their point of presence (POP). The
8683 POSE module allows customers to lease an IP over PPP connection directly from their
service provider regardless of the type of router being used. The 8683 POSE module delivers
MAN and WAN support for the Passport 8600 by providing access to SONET services in a
metropolitan area network.
The 8683 POSE Ethernet Switch module offers key benefits including:
• Provides SONET services in the MAN
• Aggregates high volume traffic over fibre
• Offers a variety of port speeds
• Eliminates the need for costly SONET multiplexors and external routers
• Switch Fabric The 8691 SF CPU/Switch Fabric Module is a combination PowerPC-based processing engine and a high bandwidth shared memory switch fabric. Due to the large form-factor of this
board and the upgrade opportunities, this board is divided up into two half boards. One half contains the CPU and peripheral related components, referred to as the CPU board. The other half
contains the Switch Fabric components, referred to as the SF (Switch Fabric) board. The combination of these two boards is referred to as the CPU/SF. The CPU/SF module is a large PowerPC-based
processing engine. This processing engine’s main responsibility is to keep all Layer 2/Layer 3 route
table data up to date. Additionally, the CPU must process all packets that cannot be handled by Layer
2 or Layer 3 due to an unknown route or packet type.
64
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
There is a PCMCIA slot for an ATA Flash card for run-time code storage. Using an ATA compatible card means it can be removed from the 8691SF and inserted in a type II PCMCIA slot on a laptop and software can be copied to and from it along with configuration files. Most other storage
devices on network devices including some older Nortel Networks technology are proprietary and
cannot be read on laptops unless specialised software is provided.
• M Series Modules The M series modules provide additional memory. The memory is increased the
current 32K forwarding records on the E series Modules to 128K records. These are targeted for
networks with either large number of BGP routes or large number of MAC addresses.
• New features in release 3.5 (GA – May 2003)
• Port SMLT (382 SMLT links per switch)
• Single CPU SMLT (Support for single CPU failover)
• Faster ATM failover
• F5 OAM Route Deletion
• 1000Base-T (Copper) GBIC support
• Scalability IP Interfaces
• OSPF logging enhancements
• CLI ping enhancements
• PIM-SSM
• IGMPv2/v3 for PIM-SSM
• ICMP distribution over MLT
• IP RIP Timer Enhancements
• New features in release 3.7 (GA – March 2004)
1. High Performance Hardware
• 8692 High performance 512Gbps Switch Fabrics delivering 1Tbps solution
• 8660 SDM – Flexible Service Delivery Module
• 8665 SFM – Powerful Switch Firewall Module
• 8661 SAM – SSL performance enhancements
2. High Availability Enhancements
• Layer 3 High Availability mode extensions (Static, ARP, VRRP, RIP, OSPF)
• 802.3ad Link Aggregation with virtual link support
• SMLT/IST support over PoS
• SMLT enhancements for Routed and multi-cast operational modes *
3. Additional Improvements
• Software Licensing – enabling greater user flexibility
• -IP Telephony Certification
• 802.1x EAP with policy enhancements – for greater user control *
• Remote Port Mirroring – for improved operational diagnosis *
WebOS Update *
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
65
Passport LAN Switching
Wireless LAN Products
Comparison of Layer 3 Switches
Products at a Glance
Table
Table
Features
Passport 1424
Passport 16xx
Passport 8600
Product
Features
List Price
US$4,995
US$6,995 - 10,995
US$32,995 plus
Wireless LAN 2201
8.8Gbps
6Mpps
18-48Gbps 128Gbps 14-36Mpps
512Gbps
96Mpps-384Mpps
Hardware Resilience
No
Redundant AC power
Redundant Power,
Fans, Switch Fabrics
Software Resilience
VRRP*
VRRP, SMLT*
DMLT, SMLT, VRRP,
High Availability Mode,
Hitless upgrade*
Wi-Fi certified Mobile adapter
32-bit Cardbus adapter
802.11b and 802.11a
Seamless roaming between 802.11b and 802.11a
Four levels of RF power control
Low power consumption CardBus card
Utility software with site survey
Wireless LAN 2220
Dual mode Wi-Fi certified Access point
802.11b and 802.11a
Seamless roaming between 802.11b and 802.11a
802.11 Turbo Mode
802.11f IAPP Roaming
802.3af Power over Ethernet
Virtual port-based authentication/802.1x
Four levels of RF power control
First Level Security
Web-based management
Dual firmware images
PPPoE to ISP
Wireless LAN 2221
Same features as Wireless LAN 2221 but 802.11b only mode
Wireless LAN 2250
Security Switch
Mobile Adaptive Tunnelling
Multiple authentication options
Strong encryption
Full enterprise roaming
Unauthorised access point detection
Performance
MLT/802.3AD
Routing Protocols
Multicast
L4-L7
Management
Maximum 10/100baseT
Ports
Static
802.3AD, SMLT*
MLT, DMLT, SMLT,
802.3AD*
IP, RIP, OSPF
IP, RIP, OSPF, VRRP,
ECMP
IP, RIP, OSPF,
BGP4, VRRP, ECMP
IGMP
IGMP, PIM-SM
IGMP, DVMRP,
PIM-SM, PIM-SSM*
No
No
WSM, SSL*, SFM*
CLI, Web, SNMP
NNCLI, Web, JDM,
OSM, NMS
8600CLI, Web, JDM,
OSM, NMS
24
1648T-48 ports
384
Maximum GE Ports
2 GBICs
1648T-2 GBICs
1612G-12 SFFP GBICs
1624G-24 SFFP GBICs
128
GBIC Support
SX / LX
SX / LX
SX, LX, XD, ZD,
CWDM
Port-based VLANs
Yes
Yes
Yes
Protocol-based VLANs
No
No
Yes
MAC-based VLANs
No
No
Yes
Max. VLANs per switch
64
TBD
2013
Multiple Spanning Tree
Groups
No
No
Yes
802.1p/Q
Yes
Yes
Yes
DSCP-based QoS
Yes
Yes
Yes
Priority Marking
Yes
Yes
Yes
4
8
8
Hardware-based Queues
* = Future software release
66
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
67
Wireless LAN Products
Wireless LAN 2201
Introduction
Technical Information
Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 is a network adapter with integrated antenna that
plugs into a laptop expansion card slot. The card transfers information between the client and a wireless network access point. Software drivers have to be installed on the laptop to facilitate communication with the PC card. Drivers are available for the several Windows™ operating systems. Nortel
Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 is an IEEE 802.11a/802.11b standard compatible 32-bits
Card Bus PC Card, which supports high data rate up to 108Mbps (in TurboMode), 54Mbps (for
802.11a) or 11Mbps (for 802.11b) over the Ethernet speed. The WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 is
Wi-Fi Certified and provides low power consumption, about 30 percent less power than competitive
equivalents Mobile Adapter.
Key Features
• High Speed for Wireless LAN Connection up to 54 Mbps data rate (for 802.11a) with enhanced
“turbo mode” for extended range or speed up to 108 Mbps. Supports 11 Mbps data rate for 802.11b.
• Seamless Roaming within the IEEE 802.11a or 802.11b WLAN infrastructure.
• Configuration Utility displays which access point association and Mac addresses, signal strength,
speed, shows all ssid and all access points.
• Auto Fallback Data Rate under noisy environment.
• Wireless Data Encryption with 64, 128, 152 bit encryption for security.
• Virtual Port-based Authentication/802.1x provides single sign-on capabilities and prevents unauthorised users from accessing the wireless domain.
• Four Levels of RF Power Control allows more access points to be installed without overlapping
signals.
• Low Power Consumption with 30 per cent lower power, the battery life of laptop computers will
be extended.
• Built-in Dual Diversity Antenna.
• Firmware Upgradeable by only changing driver.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Product Description
DR4019003
WLAN 2201 Mobile Adapter, IEEE 802.11a/b. Includes Software CD and
Documentation CD. Optimised for Non EU countries with INTERNATIONAL roaming capability.
WLAN 2201 Mobile Adapter, IEEE 802.11a/b. Includes Software CD and
Documentation CD. Optimised for EU countries with INTERNATIONAL roaming
capability.
DR4019005
68
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Roaming between 802.11a and 802.11b Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 allows
users to roam seamlessly between the two standards, while reducing the required number of access
points.
• 802.11a Turbo Mode Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 support a double rate 108
Mbps turbo mode. This doubles the throughput of the standard 802.11a 54 Mbps, without compromising the physical range. While the access point is in this mode, support for non-Nortel
Networks wireless adapters is maintained by the standard 802.11b mode.
• Four Levels of RF Power Control Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 supports four
levels of RF power control, enabling the radio output of the 802.11ab and 802.11a to be adjusted.
This allows users to control bandwidth when associated to access point and prevents the radio signal from extending too far. Where greater density of access points is required for higher bandwidth
or higher user count, reducing the range permits more mobile adapter to be installed without overlapping signals.
• Low Power Consumption Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 consumes about 30
percent less power than competitive equivalents. Low power consumption is particularly important
in a wireless solution where the client devices rely on battery power. With 30 per cent lower power,
the battery life of laptop computers is extended.
• Mobile Adapter Utility Nortel Networks WLAN – Mobile Adapter 2201 utility software allows
the device to see all the access points emitting around with their associated information: signal
strength, frequency range used (5 or 2.4 GHz), channel used, Mac address and WEP status. A scan
mode is available to detect passively or actively or not the surrounding access points.
Wireless LAN 2220/2221
Introduction
Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 is a dual-mode access point with fixed antennas that
supports 802.11b and 802.11a, allowing users to roam seamlessly across the two standards.
Integrating both 802.11a and 802.11b radio technology within the same access point makes it possible to deploy 11 Mbps 802.11b and 54 Mbps 802.11a networks. This integrated approach also allows
users to roam seamlessly between the two standards, while reducing the required number of access
points.
Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2221 is an access point that supports 802.11b only but has
same features as Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
69
Wireless LAN Products
Wireless LAN 2220/2221 (continued)
Key Features
• High Speed for Wireless LAN Connection up to 54 Mbps data rate (for 802.11a) with enhanced
“turbo mode” for extended range or speed up to 108 Mbps. Supports 11 Mbps data rate for 802.11b.
• Seamless Roaming within the IEEE 802.11a or 802.11b WLAN infrastructure.
• Auto Fallback Data Rate under noisy environment.
• Wireless Data Encryption with 64, 128, 152 bit encryption for security.
• Built-in Dual Diversity Antenna.
• P802.3af Compliant Power over Ethernet Supports multiple vendors’ P802.3af-compliant equipment, simplifying deployment.
• Virtual Port-based Authentication/802.1x Provides single sign-on capabilities and prevents unauthorised users from accessing the wireless domain.
• Plenum Rating Meets regulations and safety standards required of equipment intended for installation
in areas such as false ceilings.
• Four Levels of RF Power Control Allows more access points to be installed without overlapping signals.
• Web-based Management Provides ease of installation and management.
• Dual Firmware Images Provide increased network availability, upgradeable through network.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Product Description
DR4000051
WLAN 2220 Access Point Wall mount bracket.
DR4001053
WLAN 2220 Access Point IEEE 802.11a/b Non EU countries. Accepts Power over
Ethernet, no power supply. Includes Software CD, Documentation CD, and Web
Management Software. No wall mount bracket.
WLAN 2220 Access Point IEEE 802.11a/b EU countries. Accepts Power over Ethernet,
no power supply. Includes Software CD, Documentation CD, and Web Management
Software. No wall mount bracket.
DR4001054
DR4001A55
DR4001B55
DR4001C55
DR4001A58
DR4001B58
DR4001C58
DR4001B60
DR4001B61
DR4005A01
70
WLAN 2220 Access Point IEEE 802.11a/b EU countries. Accepts
Includes Software
Power over Ethernet with power supply, no power cord.
CD, Documentation
WLAN 2220 Access Point IEEE 802.11 a/b EU countries. Accepts
CD, wall mount
Power over Ethernet with power supply & European Schuko power bracket, and Web
cord.
Management
WLAN 2220 Access Point IEEE 802.11a/b EU countries. Accepts
Software.
Power over Ethernet with power supply and UK/Ireland power cord.
WLAN 2221 Access Point 802.11b only. Includes power supply, no
Includes one
power cord included. Accepts Power Over Ethernet.
Software CD, one
WLAN 2221 Access Point 802.11b only. Includes power supply
Documentation
and European Schuko power cord. Accepts Power Over Ethernet.
CD, and Web
WLAN 2221 Access Point 802.11b only. Includes power supply
Management
and UK/Ireland power cord. Accepts Power Over Ethernet.
WLAN 2221 Access Point 802.11b only Spain. Includes power sup- Software. No wall
mount bracket.
ply & European Schuko power cord. Accepts Power Over Ethernet.
WLAN 2221 Access Point 802.11b only Israel. Includes power
supply with Israel power cord. Accepts Power Over Ethernet.
WLAN 2200 Power Supply 110/220VAC, no power cord included.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Ordering Information (continued)
Model No.
Product Description
DR4005B01
DR4005C01
DR4018002
WLAN 2200 Power Supply 110/220VAC, European Schuko power cord included.
WLAN 2200 Power Supply 110/220VAC, UK/Ireland power cord included.
Access Point Serial port cable 6 feet long, straight through db-9 male to db-9 female.
Technical Information
• Roaming between 802.11a and 802.11b Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 allows
users to roam seamlessly between the two standards, while reducing the required number of access
points.
• 802.11a Turbo Mode Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 supports a double rate 108
Mbps turbo mode. This doubles the throughput of the standard 802.11a 54 Mbps, without compromising the physical range. While the access point is in this mode, support for non-Nortel
Networks wireless adapters is maintained by the standard 802.11b mode.
• 802.11f IAPP Roaming To enable efficient roaming, access points must handover each mobile
adapter as they move from one access point to another. This is achieved using the IEEE 802.11f
draft Inter Access Point Protocol (IAPP). Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 and WLAN
– Access Point 2221 support IAPP, making it compatible with other vendors that use this protocol.
This ensures that in a mixed vendor environment, users can roam efficiently and seamlessly between
access points.
• Plenum Rating Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 and WLAN – Access Point 2221 are
Plenum rated for safety. The Plenum rating covers the regulations and safety standards required of
equipment intended for installation in areas such as false ceilings.
• 802.3af Power over Ethernet Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 and WLAN – Access
Point 2221 can be powered via their Ethernet ports. This simplifies deployment when installing an
access point somewhere power is not usually found, such as above a false ceiling. Powering a device
by its Ethernet port, using a product such as Nortel Networks BayStack 460-24T-PWR Power over
Ethernet Switch can prove extremely cost-effective when compared to the cost of installing a power
outlet, which can amount to $1,500 per outlet. Power delivered via the Ethernet port can also be
protected more easily with a centralised battery backup or a UPS.
• Virtual Port-based Authentication/802.1x Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 and
WLAN – Access Point 2221 support Virtual Port-based Authentication/802.1x (VPA) for local
authentication of clients. Based on the IEEE 802.1x protocol, VPA utilises the existing 802.1x support within client devices, such as Microsoft Windows 2000 or Windows XP, to provide single signon capabilities and prevent unauthorised users from accessing the wireless domain. When a user first
attempts to connect to the wireless network, their logon credentials will be passed to the access
point by the client. The access point will then look to its internal tables or to back-end RADIUS
servers to authenticate the client. The client can then be assigned to one of the wireless VLANs.
• First Level Security Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 and WLAN – Access Point 2221
provide a first line of defence by offering basic, standalone security for customers who do not have
high security requirements. Protocols supported include Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), 802.1x, and
MAC filtering. Some other security features are implemented: Ethertype filtering, the access point filters out Ethernet packet frames matching a selection of Ethernet protocol type, AP Management, the
access point cannot be configured by a wireless client who is directly associated to it. For instance, it
can prevent any user not part of the IT staff to access the AP Management tool. And Local Bridge,
avoids wireless clients connected to the same access point to directly talk to each other.
• Four Levels of RF Power Control Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220 supports four levConfidential – for internal and channel use only.
71
Wireless LAN Products
Wireless LAN 2220/2221 (continued)
Wireless LAN 2250
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
72
els of RF power control, enabling the radio output of the 802.11a to be adjusted. This allows
administrators to control access point coverage and prevents the radio signal from extending too far.
Where greater density of access points is required for higher bandwidth or higher user count, reducing the range permits more access points to be installed without overlapping signals.
Web-based Management Nortel Networks WLAN - Access Point 2220 and WLAN – Access Point
2221 provide a Web-based management interface for ease of installation and management. The
intuitive browser-based interface allows access to configuration and management options.
Dual Firmware Images Each Nortel Networks WLAN - Access Point 2220 and WLAN – Access
Point 2221 have built-in redundancy with two firmware images for increased network availability.
Should an access point experience an issue with the primary image, it will switch to the secondary
image and continue to function.
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) Nortel Networks WLAN – Access Point 2220
and WLAN – Access Point 2221 can be used to create a tunnel from the access point to some particular point in the Internet (for instance an ISP’s data center). All the mobile units traffic will be
redirected to the end point of the tunnel where all network services will be located (management,
billing system, authentication, application servers…). The expensive alternative would be to deploy
the network services co-located with the AP – i.e. to have a DHCP server, a router and even a NAT
translation service located within the hotspot premises, perhaps even with the access point itself.
Quality of Service/Bandwidth Management Nortel Networks plans for the WLAN – Access Point
2220 and WLAN – Access Point 2221 to support Quality of Service (QoS) in a future software
release available in the first quarter of 2004.
Client traffic can be throttled globally or individually by MAC address to restrict the amount of
bandwidth users have access to. This prevents application abuse by averting any one user from ‘hogging all the bandwidth’. QoS can also be used to ensure that applications such as voice and video
perform as needed in busy wireless networks. This allows a variety of multi-service clients, including
Nortel Networks i2050 Mobile Voice Client and Nortel Networks i2050 PC Soft Phone, to provide
superior voice quality, even during times of network congestion.
Multiple VLANs Nortel Networks plans for the WLAN – Access Point 2220 to support 16 VLANs
in a future software release available in the first quarter of 2004.
Wireless clients can be segmented into different VLANs for security or QoS purposes. Using separate VLANs prevents communication between different clients in different VLANs unless it is
switched or routed on the wired LAN.
Enhanced Security Nortel Networks plans for the WLAN – Access Point 2220 to support PEAP
and TKIP/WPA in a future software release available in the first quarter of 2004.
PEAP is another implementation of EAP for 802.1X that will be supported on the WLAN Access
Point 2220. TKIP / WPA is a specification of standards-based, interoperable security enhancements
that increase the level of data protection and access control for existing and future wireless LAN systems. WPA uses Enhanced Data Encryption through TKIP and User Authentication via 802.1x and
EAP mechanisms.
802.11g, External Antennas Nortel Networks plans to release new WLAN – Access Point unit
available in the second quarter of 2004 with 802.11 b/g modular radio with AES, 802.11 a modular
radio with AES, detachable antennas (4 connectors, 2 for 802.11b/g and 2 for 802.11a), a trap door
design for radio upgrades.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The WLAN - Security Switch 2250 offers a highly secure architecture, it integrates the functions of
networking and application-aware security and access control. It supports Authentication/ Access
Control/Auditing (AAA), heavy duty security in the form of traffic encryption, firewalls, key management, and secure adaptive tunnelling tailored to the application. The WLAN - Security Switch 2250
is also the focal point for IP mobility providing roaming support across subnets in the short-term for
enterprise-wide mobility, and ultimately seamless mobility into the public wireless network.
Customers don’t have to upgrade all their access points every time they want to add a user or activate
a new feature.
Key Features
• Mobile Adaptive Tunnelling Mobile Adaptive Tunnelling is a feature that allows Nortel Networks
WLAN – Security Switch 2250 to identify the type of security supported by a client device and take
appropriate measures based on that discovery.
• Multiple Authentication Options Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 supports multiple authentication mechanisms including LDAP, RADIUS, NTLM, and Active Directory so that
access can be controlled on a per user basis without the need for duplicate access servers.
• Strong Encryption Nortel Networks WLAN 2200 Series delivers a rich set of security features. This
enables all traffic to be encrypted using WEP, SSL, IPSec, and PPTP as well as support for dynamic
session tokens.
• Full Enterprise Roaming Nortel Networks WLAN 2200 Series allows users to roam seamlessly and
securely across the enterprise campus by authenticating.
• Unauthorised Access Point Detection Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 detects
unauthorised access point and report it to network management platform.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Switches
DR4001A56
DR4001B56
DR4001C56
EB1639096
EB1639055
EB1639056
EB1639057
Product Description
WLAN 2250 Wireless Security Switch. No Power Cord. Includes hardware encryption
module with 128 bit encryption. No power cord included.
WLAN 2250 Wireless Security Switch. European Schuko Power Cord. Includes hardware encryption module with 128 bit encryption. Power cord used included.
WLAN 2250 Wireless Security Switch. UK/Ireland Power Cord. Includes hardware
encryption module with 128 bit encryption Power cord used included.
SSL VPN - 50 user licence
SSL VPN - 100 user licence
SSL VPN - 250 user licence
SSL VPN - 500 User licence
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
73
Wireless LAN Products
Wireless LAN 2250 (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• Mobile Adaptive Tunnelling Mobile adaptive tunnelling is a feature of WLAN Security Switch
2250 allowing different network access level (full or limited) based on user profile and the security
offered by the device (i.e. encryption client running on it). Based on the security level, WLAN
Security Switch 2250 can statically assign different access privileges. Users accessing the network
from an unsecured PC (i.e. using no or a weak encryption) will have limited access, while users
using strong encryption protocols like 128 bit SSL, IPSEC will have full access to the network.
• Strong Encryption WLAN Security Switch 2250 secures communications from the client device to
the intranet using SSL, PPTP or IPsec.
Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 offers both TLS and SSL v3.1. Users can connect
to the WLAN Security Switch 2250 using either the special Win32 client program or through a
Web portal, authenticate via the AAA system, and access the intranet. SSL uses a program layer
located between the Internet’s Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and Transport Control Protocol
(TCP) layers. SSL is included as part of both the Microsoft and Netscape browsers and most Web
server products. Developed by Netscape, SSL also gained the support of Microsoft and other
Internet client/server developers as well and became the de facto standard until evolving into
Transport Layer Security.
Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 supports PPTP voluntary tunnelling. Clients can
connect directly to the WLAN Security Switch 2250 with PPTP, and are authenticated with a username and password via the AAA system. PPTP users are identified when authenticated and can be
subject to specific firewall and bandwidth management policies configured by the administrator. To
make PPTP stronger against dictionary attacks, WLAN Security Switch 2250 uses a One Time
Password (OTP). The basic idea of OTP is to transmit a “password” that can only be used for one
run of an authentication dialogue.
Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 supports IPSec pass-through (AH and ESP, transport and tunnel – (AH) Authentication Header can be used to provide authentication and integrity
for packets. ESP (Encapsulating Security Payload) provides authentication, integrity and privacy on
the individual packets. The IPSec client is launched on the mobile device and is terminated on any
VPN server behind the WLAN Security Switch 2250, a Contivity, for instance. In this configuration, the WLAN Security Switch 2250 cannot enforce user-based access control or bandwidth management policies because the Contivity handles them. Nortel Networks plans to support IPsec termination for WLAN – Security Switch 2250 – in a future software release available the second
quarter of 2004.
• Mobile AAA (Authentication, Authorisation, Auditing) Nortel Networks WLAN – Security
Switch 2250 supports multiple authentication mechanisms including LDAP, RADIUS, NTLM, and
Active Directory so that access can be controlled on a per user basis without the need for duplicate
authentication servers, if any, local database can also be used. Fallback between authentication
mechanisms can also be configured.
The Authorisation feature to access a resource is based on static access control lists. Once a user is
appropriately authenticated, dynamic session tokens are used to check access privileges.
The Auditing feature allows for each user that successfully authenticates to the WSS to generate an
event sent to a RADIUS server according to RFC 2866 (RADIUS Accounting).
• Packet Filtering at All Layers to allow/prevent access to services from specific machines. Packet filters examine incoming and outgoing packets and apply a fixed set of rules to the packets to determine whether they will be allowed to pass. The packet filter firewall is usually fast because it does
74
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
•
not examine any of the data in the packet. It examines the type of packet (ICMP Message type)
along with the source and destination IP address, as well as port combinations (Source Port,
Destination Port), and then it applies filtering rules. This Firewall performs inspection for the following protocols: HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet, SSH, TFTP, DNS, POP3, IMAP, SMTP, and SNMP.
State-aware Firewall (or Stateful) at Layer 4 to prevent unauthorised traffic from leaving or entering the local network on receiving a valid handshake. All connections are monitored and only those
connections that are found to be valid are allowed to pass through the firewall. This generally means
that a client behind the firewall can initiate any type of session, but clients outside the firewall cannot see or connect to a machine protected by the firewall. It is a per session security as it extends
the packet-by-packet filtering process to include multipacket flows. For example, Nortel Networks
WLAN – Security Switch 2250 is capable of recognising when a WLAN session starts, and applies a
set of security rules for the duration of the session. This Firewall performs inspection for the following protocols: ICMP, and FTP (passive and active modes).
Rogue Access Point Detection The WLAN Security Switch 2250 can protect against the security
threat of Rogue access points. When a Rogue access point is plugged into the network, Wireless
LAN switches validate the device with a trusted list of allowed devices, users and user policies. If the
switch determines that the device is “illegal” it proactively shuts down the rogue access point and
automatically alerts Optivity or any other management software
True Mobility (IP Subnet Roaming) Roaming between access points is done by through the InterAccess Point Protocol, or IAPP (802.11f ). This standard ensures multivendor access-point interoperability. Where as, between different IP subnets, no standard exists today to give this feature.
Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 will ensure the IP subnet roaming and the maintenance of the authentication parameters (i.e. single sign-on even while roaming). This Inter-IP
Subnet Roaming works for all types of clients, and requires no special client software or configuration. The tunnelling is completely invisible to clients. This secure subnet roaming also holds steady
security features (like authentication and encryption) as users roam among IP subnets.
Captive Portal Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 can capture https and http session
to redirect them to an internal portal.
When the end-user gets a connection to the nearest access point, he receives an IP address and DNS
from the DHCP server. This is done automatically on behalf of users at start up time. If the user
tries then to access the internet (HTTP port on any network), the request will fail with an error
message (dropped by the WLAN Security Switch 2250) as he needs to be authenticated first. Once
authenticated and with the captive portal feature activated the user requests will be recognised by
the Security Switch and redirected to the portal login page for proper registration.
MultiLink Trunking (MLT) Nortel Networks WLAN – Security Switch 2250 have link aggregation that allows multiple Ethernet links to be aggregated together in order to provide a single logical
trunk. An MLT provides the combined bandwidth of the multiple links, loadsharing between these
links, as well as the physical layer protection against the failure of any single link.
The two 1000Base-T ports or up to four 100Base-TX ports can be grouped together to form an
MLT. Thus an “interface” on the WSS 2250 refers to the resulting trunk while “ports” refer to the
physical interfaces in the MLT. Interface configuration of a MLT remains the same as with nonMLT ports, the only difference being that multiple ports are defined as part of the interface.
VLAN Tagging (IEEE 802.1Q) The WSS 2250 supports 802.1Q tagging on interfaces. Though
this could be used on the Intranet interface, it is primarily designed for use on the wireless LAN
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
75
Wireless LAN Products
Designing LAN Solutions
Wireless LAN 2250 (continued)
Decision Matrix
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
interfaces. The use of tagging to separate access points into separate broadcast domains is an important design consideration. Because an access point represents a shared medium, broadcasts and multicasts must be sent at a rate that all clients can receive. Therefore, the access point sends broadcast
and multicast traffic at the lowest data rate supported. It is critical for wireless LANs to maintain
sufficiently small broadcast domains to accommodate the level of broadcast/multicast traffic each
WLAN will be required to handle.
• Bandwidth Management Bandwidth management is not supported in the first release of software.
Nortel Networks plans support of Bandwith management for WLAN – Security Switch 2250 in a
future software release available the second quarter of 2004.
Bandwidth management can be applied to group profiles, extended profiles, or IPSec traffic. This
allows the traffic to be rate limited. Bandwidth management can be used to drop traffic that exceeds
the maximum rate (hard limit) or it can be used as a committed rate (soft limit) that guarantees
bandwidth while allowing traffic to burst higher up to a maximum (hard limit) if that extra bandwidth is available.
So when a user is part of a group that has a group profile defined, the bandwidth management configuration of that group profile is applied to the group as a whole. If a user is a member of multiple
groups, the most advantageous bandwidth management configuration is applied. So if a user is an
“admin” and “engineer” the user’s traffic is counted against the better of the two group bandwidth
management policies.
• High Availability Support High availability support is not supported in the first release of software. Nortel Networks plans to support high availability for WLAN – Security Switch 2250 in a
future software release available the second quarter of 2004.
In Active/Active mode, both the primary and secondary WLAN – Security Switch 2250 are active
and both act on requests and transactions. The active WLAN – Security Switch 2250 is designated
the primary card and transmits data, while the standby WLAN – Security Switch 2250 processes
but does not transmit data. This approach minimises switchover times and is used in carrier class
redundant systems.
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (RFC 2338), specifies an election protocol that dynamically
assigns responsibility for a virtual router to one of the VRRP routers on a LAN. For high availability mode WLAN – Security Switch 2250 need to be configured as virtual routers as they act as
default gateway for mobile client.
76
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
All customers want to be able to support their IT requirements in the most cost effective way whilst
maintaining the highest level of performance for their business – THEY CAN and YOU CAN with
Nortel Networks flexible range of High Performance Routed Solutions!
This section is an aid to help you assess the type of equipment that you would require for a typical
network. This section is a guide ONLY and must not be taken as a final working solution.
Table
Take a look at this table and decide which scenario best suits you. Choose a horizontal, and vertical
option and then check the result (e.g. 2A). Next, take a look at the kit list that applies to you in the
LAN Results section.
Keeping the cost
Performance and
down. No redundancy. resilience. I have appliLayer 2 switches only. cations that need high
bandwidth but I am
unlikely to run VoIP.
Basic redundancy.
190 users in a single
wiring closet.
I will / may run VoIP
systems across my
LAN and/or need
enhanced QoS services
with Power over LAN
and redundancy.
1A
1B
1C
Up to 96 users per floor
with single data centre
with 4 wiring closets.
Gigabit uplinks to a
single core switch.
2A
2B
2C
190 users per floor with
8 floors, with Gigbit
uplinks to a central core.
3A
3B
3C
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
77
Designing LAN Solutions
LAN Results
1A
2B
Up to 190 users with a single data centre/cost
192 ports
Up to 96 users with a single data centre/performance
Part Code
Quantity
This example facilitates 96 users per floor with 4 wiring cabinets. Data centre connectivity is via gigabit to the wiring cabinets. Layer 2 switches at the edge with layer 3 in the core with basic redundancy.
AL2012?41
AL2018005
AL2018006
Description
BayStack 425-24T Switch
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (30 cm)
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (100 cm)
8
7
1
1B
Up to 190 users with a single data centre/performance
AL2012?34
AL2018004
BayStack 470-48T Switch
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
192 ports
4
1
384 ports
AL2012?34
AL2018004
AA1419001
BayStack 470-48T Switch (24 per stack)
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
1-port 1000BASE-SX GBIC (2 per stack)
8
4
8
DJ1412?03
AA141013
Passport 1612G Routing Switch with 12 SFP GBIC Slots
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC
1
8
DS1410005-3.0 Optivity Switch Manager
1
2C
1C
Up to 190 users with a single data centre/VoIP
AL2001?20
AL2033010
AL2018004
192 ports
BayStack 460-PWR-24T Switch
Cascade Module
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
8
8
1
2A
Up to 96 users with a single data centre/cost
384 ports
Up to 96 users per floor with single data centre/VoIP
This example is illustrated below. There are 96 users per floor with wiring cabinets on each floor. The
wiring closets are connected via a central riser back to the comms room. The connections in the riser
would be Gigabit to support the throughput for all users.
For a resilient 10/100 LAN solution to the edge supporting IP telephony and power over the
Ethernet the BayStack 460 should be used to provide the user connectivity, each floor having a stack
of 4. At the core of the network the Passport 1612G should be used to provide the layer 3 routing
and inter-connectivity between stacks. Between each BayStack 460 stack there are two Gigabit
Ethernet uplinks (8 Hardware queues) for resilience connected back to the Passport 1612G.
This example facilitates 96 users per floor with 4 floors. The ground floor stack is used as a data centre
with gigabit connections to the other 3 floors. Layer 2 switches throughout with no redundancy.
BayStack 425-24T Switch (4 per floor)
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (30 cm)
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (100 cm)
16
12
4
AL1001?02
BayStack 5510-24T Stackable Switch
1
CORE
AL2012?41
AL2018005
AL2018006
Kit List
EDGE
The BayStack 5510-24T is used to connect all four BayStack 425 stacks using the 1000BASE-T connections with the added bonus of having the spare ports for server attachment.
Diagram
AL2001?20
AL2033010
AL2018004
AL2033016
AA1419013
BayStack 460-24T-PWR (4 per stack)
Cascade Module
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
2 port SFP GBIC MDA
1-port 1000Base-SX Small Form Factor Pluggable LC GBIC
16
16
4
8
8
DJ1412?03
AA1419013
Passport 1612G
1-port 1000BASE-SX Small Form Factor Pluggable LC GBIC
1
8
DS1410005-3.0 Optivity Switch Manager
1
Stacks of four
BayStack 425s
BayStack 380-24T
78
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
79
Designing LAN Solutions
LAN Results (continued)
Diagram
3A
AL2012?41
AL2018005
AL2018006
AA1419014
BayStack 425-24T Switch (8 per floor)
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (30 cm)
BayStack 420/425 Stack Cable (100 cm)
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
64
56
8
8
AL4512?01
AA1419014
BayStack 380-24F Switch
1-port 1000BASE-SX SFP GBIC (MT-RJ connector)
1
8
EDGE
Up to 196 users per floor with single data centre/performance
This example facilitates 196 users per floor with 8 wiring cabinets. Data centre connectivity is via gigabit to the wiring cabinets. Layer 2 switches at the edge with layer 3 in the core with basic redundancy.
There are also additional gigabit connections for servers that would be in the data centre also.
CORE
IST
Stacks of eight
BayStack 460s
Passport 8600
1
3B
AL2012?34
AL2018004
AA1419001
BayStack 470-48T Switch (4 per stack)
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
1-port 1000BASE-SX GBIC (2 per stack)
32
8
16
DS1402001
DS1410003-3.5
DS1405?08
DS1404025
DS1404036
DS1404035
Passport 8010 – 10 slot chassis
Passport 8600 Routing Switch Software
8004AC 100-240 VAC Power Supply
8691 Switch Fabric
8608 SXE – 8 port 1000bSX card (2 gig links per floor)
8648 TXE – 48 port 10/100 card
2
2
4
4
2
2
DS1410005-3.0 Optivity Switch Manager
File
Servers
1
Kit List
EDGE
DS1410005-3.0 Optivity Switch Manager
Split MLT
CORE
CORE
EDGE
Up to 196 users per floor/cost
This example facilitates 196 users per floor with 8 floors. There is a data centre into which the 8
wiring cabinets are connected back into via gigabit. Layer 2 switches throughout with no redundancy.
Alternatively, a BayStack 5510 could be used instead of the BayStack 380-24F and SX GBICs,
depending on the cabling available and the distance between switches.
AL2001?20
AL2033010
AL2018004
AL2033016
AA1419013
BayStack 460 (8 per stack)
Cascade Module
Cascade Return Cable (3 meter)
2-port SFP GBIC MDA
1-port 1000Base-SX Small Form Factor Pluggable LC GBIC.
64
64
8
16
16
DS1402001
DS1410003-3.5
DS1405?08
DS1404025
DS1404036
DS1404035
Passport 8010 – 10 slot chassis
Passport 8600 Routing Switch Software
8004AC 100-240 VAC Power Supply
8691 Switch Fabric
8608 SXE – 8 port 1000bSX card (2 gig links per floor)
8648TXE – 48 port 10/100 card
2
2
6
4
2
2
DS1410005-3.0 Optivity Switch Manager
1
3C
Up to 190 users per floor with single data centre/VoIP
This example facilitates 190 users per floor with 8 wiring cabinets. Data centre connectivity is via
gigabit to the wiring cabinets. Layer 2 switches at the edge with layer 3 in the core with full redundancy provided by dual Passport 8600s. There are also additional gigabit connections for servers that
would be in the data centre also.
For a fully resilient LAN solution supporting IP telephony and Power over Ethernet the BayStack 460
Switch should be used at the edge to provide the user connectivity and the Passport 8600 in the core
to provide the layer 3 routing and inter-connectivity between stacks. The solution relies upon the use
of Split MLT. Between the two Passport 8600s there is an Inter Switch Trunk (IST). Each Passport
8600 has a Gigabit connection to each stack of BayStack 460. This solution also uses VRRP to provide Network resilience. Each of the eight floors has a stack of eight BayStack 460s (although only 4
are shown in the diagram due to space limitations).
80
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
81
WAN Products
Products at a Glance
BayRS
Table
Introduction
Routing Products
Features
BayRS software
Operating system for all Nortel Networks routers.
Passport 2430
Low cost, high performance router
• 10/100 Ethernet on base unit
• Two WAN module slots
• 25,000 pps
ARN
Passport 5430
82
Flexible branch networking platform
• Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Fibre or Token Ring base unit options
• Two WAN module slots
• One LAN port on base unit
• One expansion slot for additional WAN and LAN interfaces
• 25,000 pps
High-performance branch platform
• Dual 10/100 Ethernet System Processor
• 3 WAN module slots
• Three expansion slots
• E.1 or E.3 ATM on System Processor
• 70,000 pps
ASN
Stackable networking platform for large branches and network core
• Four nodes can be stacked
• Four expansion slots per node for WAN and LAN modules
• 50,000 pps per node, maximum 200,000 pps per stack
BLN2 / BCN
High performance and availability network centre platform
• 4 slots (BLN2) or 13 slots (BCN)
• WAN modules to OC3 ATM
• LAN modules (Ethernet to Gigabit Ethernet, and Token Ring)
• Redundant Power Supply Unit
• Hardware compression
• 500,000 pps for BLN2 and 1,000,000 pps for BCN
Multiservice Products
Features
Passport 4400
Branch multi-service access switch
• Routing (IP/IPX, RIP, RIPv2 and OSPF)
• Frame Relay
• Analogue voice (up to 8 ports)
• Digital voice (up to 60 channels)
Passport 6400 / 7400
High-performance multi-service access switch
• WAN (X.21, E1, E3, E1 ATM, E3 ATM, OC3 ATM, HSSI)
• IP routing and bridging
• LAN (Ethernet and Fast Ethernet)
• Voice Compressions, Echo cancellation and silence suppression
• MCDN, Qsig and DPNSS Voice Networking
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
All routing products use the BayRS operating system. BayRS software offers extensive WAN services
support, allowing the most cost-effective primary and back-up links usage for remote site applications.
Summary of Features
Advanced Remote Node (ARN) / Passport 2430 / Passport 5430
The following table illustrates the BayRS software suites and features available for the ARN, Passport
2430 and Passport 5430.
Suites
Network Protocols
IP
Novel IPX
AppleTalk Phase 2
DECnet Phase IV
Banyan VINES
OSI
Xerox XNS
IBM Integration
Source Route Bridge
LAN Network Manager Agent
Data Link Switching for SDLC, Ethernet & Token Ring
Transparent Sync Pass-Through
BSC Pass Through
APPN
Bridging
Transparent (Ethernet)
Translation Bridge Ethernet-Token Ring
Native Mode LAN (NML)
Wide Area Networking
HDLC Encapsulation
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
MLPPP (RFC2686)
Frame Relay
SMDS
X.25 (including IPEX)
ATM DXI
Dial Back-up
Bandwidth-on-Demand
Dial-on-Demand
Traffic Management
Data Compression
Traffic Prioritisation
Uniform Traffic Filters
Multiline Circuits
Dial Optimised Routing
EZ Install/EZ Update
Dynamic Loader
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
IP Access
Remote Office
Corporate
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
83
WAN Products
BayRS (continued)
Summary of Features (continued)
Summary of Features (continued)
Access Stack Node (ASN) / Backbone Link Node (BLN) / Backbone Concentrator Node (BCN)
BayRS software suites and features available for the ASN, BLN2 and BCN:
Suite
System LAN
Network Protocols
IP
√
√
Open System
Interconnection (OSI)
√
DECnet Phase IV
√
Novell IPX
√
Banyan VINES
√
AppleTalk Phase 2
√
Xerox Network System (XNS)
√
ST-II
√
√
ATM Networking
ATM PUCB (RFC1483/ 1490)
UNI 3.0/3.1 Signalling
LAN Emulation (802.3/802.5)
Classical IP (RFC1577)
MPOA Server
IBM Integration
Source Route Bridge
√
√
Data Link Switching for Ethernet, Token Ring,
and Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC)
APPN
Binary Synchronous Communications
Pass-Through
√
√
Transparent Synchronous Pass-Through
√
√
LAN Network Manager Agent
√
√
Bridging
Transparent (Ethernet and FDDI)
√
√
Translation Bridge
√
√
Ethernet-Token Ring
√
√
Ethernet-FDDI
√
√
Token Ring-FDDI
√
√
Native Mode LAN (NML)
√
√
Wide Area Networking
High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)
Encapsulation
√
√
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
√
√
MLPPP (RFC2686
√
√
Frame Relay
√
SMDS
√
X.25
ATM Data Exchange Interface (DXI)
√
ISDN PRI
√
√
DS0A
√
√
84
WAN
Corporate
ATM
VNR
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Suite
Dial-up Services
Bandwidth-on-Demand
Dial Backup
Dial-on-Demand
Dial Optimised Routing
Management
Uniform Traffic Filters
Traffic Prioritisation
Data Compression
Dynamic Loader
System LAN
WAN
Corporate
ATM
VNR
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
• There is also Corporate FRE2 suite available for the BN. All functionality is the same as the standard
Corporate suite with the exception of the FRE4 support to reduce the flash size required.
• The ATM and VNR suites are only available for the BN products.
• When purchasing a customer network, the purchase of one complete set of Nortel Networks documentation (Router Installation Documents, Router Management Documents and Technician’s Interface and
Hardware Documents) for each central site is recommended.
Technical Information
• PPP Fragmentation (*New with BayRS 15.5) MLPPP multiclass extensions (RFC2686) have been
implemented to allow the fragmentation, classification and interleaving of packets on PPP interfaces.
This feature is useful for VoIP traffic on WAN links with speeds below 1Mbps to avoid large data
packets impairing voice quality. MLPPP will be supported on both single-link and multi-link PPP
lines.
• Traffic Management Features Comprehensive traffic management capabilities are provided through
BayRS Data Compression, Traffic Prioritisation, and Uniform Traffic Filters.
• Data Compression Configurable on a per-circuit or link basis, the Data Compression feature is supported by all BayRS routers, maximising internetwork performance by reducing the amount of
bandwidth required to transport traffic over the wide area. Data Compression is supported over
Frame Relay, X.25, and PPP (over leased lines and dial-up analogue or ISDN links), maximising
throughput over full-duplex WAN links. A data compression hardware engine is available for the
ASN and BN platforms.
• Traffic Prioritisation To ensure the highest quality of service, Traffic Prioritisation allows for the
assignment of high priority delivery to time-sensitive and/or mission-critical traffic, thereby reducing
the occurrence of session timeouts and improving application response times. Priority filters can be
configured that place packets into one of three priority queues – high, normal, or low. Priority filters can be applied to the complete family of network and bridging protocols supported by Nortel
Networks routers. Priorities can be assigned to packets based on their protocol, source or destination
address, packet type, and other protocol-specific fields, as well as other fields that are identifiable by
a fixed offset in a packet. Traffic Prioritisation uses either a strict dequeuing algorithm or a bandwidth allocation dequeuing algorithm to transmit packets across a serial line. Strict dequeuing transmits all packets from the high-priority queue before transmitting packets from the normal and lowpriority queues. Bandwidth allocation dequeuing ensures that large amounts of high-priority traffic
do not prevent transmission of other traffic, based on configurable bandwidth allocation percentages
for each queue.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
85
WAN Products
BayRS (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
• Differential Services and Queue Management Scheduling (DSQMS) There are 2 parts to DSQMS,
on ingress DiffServ is used where packets can be marked or policed using the DSCP field. On egress
Queue Management Scheduling provides extended queuing using a combination of weighted and priority queues. These queues act upon the DSCP field set in the IP header and will set packets into their
appropriate configured queue. With version 15.5.0.0 router generated packets (OSPF, DLSw, IPEX,
etc) can now be classified with the DSCP field set, this will now allow correct prioritising of these
packets.
• Uniform Traffic Filters Inbound and outbound Uniform Traffic Filters may be used for all network
and bridge protocol traffic. Uniform Traffic Filters helps network administrators develop an effective
and comprehensive network security strategy. In addition, Uniform Traffic Filters preserve WAN
bandwidth and can increase performance by reducing network congestion. Uniform Traffic Filters
can be configured to accept or drop packets at any Nortel Networks router’s network interface.
Additionally, they can log matches between a packet and a filter, providing an audit trail for particular network activity.
• DLSw Remote office suite will give you all DLSw options. A DRAM upgrade may be required,
depending upon how many DLSw peers, PU’s and sessions are required to terminate and run through
the router. Factors such as total routes and other protocols running need to be taken into account. For
example if there is just 1 PU, 1 peer and 1 session running via DLSw from the router then 16Mb will
be fine, if there are many more then 32Mb will be required. You need to know exact usage to be sure
16Mb will function correctly.
• Fault Management Nortel Networks system software provides extensive internal fault management
capabilities that eliminate total system failure in the event of a hardware or software component malfunction. These capabilities ensure continued node and network availability by isolating malfunctions
before they can affect other components in the node and other connected networks. Network management is notified of all fault conditions via the automatic generation of an SNMP trap.
• Hardware Fault Isolation If a hardware failure occurs, the malfunctioning component is logically disabled and isolated from the rest of the system. This allows the remainder of the system that has not
failed to continue operating unaffected. Hardware failures can be isolated to an individual network
interface.
• Software Fault Isolation and Recovery A software process can also fail independently without affecting the operation of other processes. The operating system automatically isolates the failed software
process without disrupting other protocols executing on the router, and automatically restarts the failed
process. If the process cannot be recovered, it is terminated.
• Partial Boot Available across the entire BayRS product line, the partial boot capability enables the
BayRS products to be started with failed hardware components and/or configuration errors. Power-up
diagnostics determine the status of the router’s various modules. The system software automatically
configures around improperly configured hardware with basic default settings.
• Online Dynamic Reconfiguration Dynamic reconfiguration eliminates the need to schedule network
downtime to reconfigure a node. All configuration parameters can be changed by using SNMP SET
commands while the node is still operational. Any changes made with SNMP SET are volatile and will
be lost when the node reboots. To preserve changes, the node’s active configuration must be saved to a
file on the PCMCIA Flash memory card. This file defines the node’s new baseline configuration and
ensures that the node will be properly configured to meet the current internetwork requirements. The
changes made can be saved on the PCMCIA Flash memory card at any time.
• SNMP-Based Node and Network Management Nortel Networks Optivity network management
applications deliver a complete, SNMP-based enterprise management solution that provides opera-
86
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
tion, policy and design services for end-to-end management of routers, hubs and switches. This
approach enables proactive network planning and accelerates problem solving, resulting in reduced
costs associated with owning and operating corporate internetworks of any size. Optivity brand solutions are a logically connected family of full-featured network management applications for any network environment. Based on industry, as well as an innovative multilayer topology, Optivity delivers
an open solution for monitoring and controlling multivendor enterprise internetworks from a single
management station.
Dynamic Software Builder and Loader Site Manager’s Software Builder works with the router’s
Dynamic Loader to preserve its Flash memory and DRAM space. The Software Builder allows software
images to be customised. Only required software functionality is maintained in the remote router’s
software image. For example, if a remote site requires only IP and IPX support, other network protocols can be deleted from the software image to preserve Flash memory space. The Dynamic Loader feature preserves DRAM space by loading to DRAM only the routing functionality that is required by a
particular configuration. Using the previous example, if a particular branch office does not require IPX
support, then Dynamic Loader will load only IP from Flash memory to DRAM, rather than the ASN
router’s complete software image.
Technician Interface This terminal-based (TTY-compatible) tool enables basic configuration and
maintenance locally, or remotely through inbound and outbound Telnet sessions. The Technician
Interface is based on a simple command line interpreter that supports SNMP-based access to the MIB,
displays the event log, and supports file system management and other administrative commands. The
Technician Interface also supports out-of-band access to the router through a modem connection.
Bay Command Console (BCC) The BCC is a terminal-based (TTY-compatible) tool that simplifies
local or remote platform configuration and maintenance. It is accessed through a directly attached terminal or PC running terminal emulation software or a Telnet session. With BCC, the router provides
easy-to-use command line syntax for router configuration and maintenance. The BCC provides access
to, and manipulation of, the Nortel Networks router MIB. The BCC interface also supports out-ofband access to the router through a local console or modem connection, or in-band through a Telnet
connection.
Remote Configuration and Installation With Site Manager’s remote configuration capability, configuration file creation can be centralised, and files can be downloaded to the node’s PCMCIA Flash
memory card. Remote operations include enabling/disabling network interfaces and changing filtering/routing or other configuration parameters. Multiple configuration files, for use at different times of
the day or for future network configurations, can easily be implemented as required. This capability
increases personnel efficiency and is especially beneficial in very large network environments.
Cables
• All Routers require special cables to convert from the router port to a standard type of interface.
Almost all connectors have a 44 pin interface (the exceptions are listed below).
• Usually a customer would be provided with an X.21 interface for connection to the WAN. This
cable is a 44 pin to male X.21, part number AA2118001.
• Exceptions: ARN 7 port WAN Module / ASN Quad Sync module / BN Octal Sync Module –
these use a cable with the part number 7936.
• BN Quad Sync Module – 7221 cable.
• There are many other cables available, but these are the most common. If you require ‘back to
back’ cables or anything other than these, please consult with a Nortel Networks SE.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
87
WAN Products
BayRS (continued)
Passport 2430
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
The 5 easy steps to specifying a Nortel Networks router
1. Choose the chassis with the amount of memory required.
2. Choose the appropriate modules to go into the router for your WAN/LAN interfaces.
3. Select the cables required (often needed to convert the WAN module interfaces into the appropriate
interface e.g. convert 44 pin ARN module into X.21).
4. Pick the software suite from the BayRS options. This depends on the protocols that you wish to
route.
5. Buy a copy of Site Manager – the GUI tool to set-up and configure the router (only one copy
required per customer).
The Passport 2430 offers two WAN adapter module slots that provide an array of options for WAN
requirements. The WAN modules supported are serial, ISDN BRI (S/T) and E1/FE1 selections. An
autosensing 10/100 Ethernet LAN gives Passport 2430 users flexibility and investment protection.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
AP0000023-15.5 Site Manager CD-ROM (for ARN, ASN, BN, Passport 2430 and Passport 5430)
AA0015041
On-Line Documentation CD-ROM.
Cables
7161
7162
7216
7221
7255
7830
7831
7932
7934
AA0018069
AA0018049
AA0018060
AA0018061
AA0018062
AA2118001
AA2118002
88
The Passport 2430 is a high-performance, flexible, yet low-cost branch office router. Its flexible WAN
and LAN options, small size, and quiet operation make the Passport 2430 switch the ideal solution
for any small branch office.
Model 7161 E1 Cable, Straight-through, 9-pin
Model 7162 E1 Cable, 75 ohm coax
Model 7216 15 Foot 15-pin to Male V.35 (with DTR)
Model 7221 15 Foot 15-pin to Male X.21
Model 7255 15 Foot 15-pin to Male RS232
Model 7830 10 Foot HSSI Cable
Model 7831 50 Foot HSSI Cable
15 Foot 50-Pin to Male V.35
15 Foot 50-Pin to Male RS232
44-PIN to Female X.21 SDLC Pass-thru. Allows the router to become a DCE and
provide the clock source
44-PIN TO RS-232 STANDARD
44-PIN TO V.35 STANDARD
44-PIN TO 44-PIN CROSSOVER
44-PIN TO X.21 LOOP TIMING
3-Metre 44-PIN X.21 serial cable
3-Metre 50-PIN X.21 serial cable
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Passport 2430 meets the business needs of flexible connectivity, ease of use, and high performance for small branch environments at a cost-effective price.
Key Features
• Delivers High-Performance at a Low Price With a 50 MHz processor and standard 16M DRAM,
the Passport 2430 offers the features and performance of more expensive routers, but at a much
lower price point. This makes the Passport 2430 the perfect solution for small branch offices with
demanding network and budgetary requirements. Additionally, the Passport 2430’s quiet operation,
sleek enclosure, Kensington compatible lock mount, and variety of mounting options allow it to be
used virtually anywhere.
• Simplifies Management The Passport 2430 simplifies configuration and management by using a variety of powerful tools, including EZ-Install, EZ-Update, and Optivity. This eases the burden of IT
departments and allows for centralised management and monitoring. The Passport 2430 supports the
use of a Xircom PCMCIA “Realport” 56K V.90 modem for out-of-band remote management.
• Maximises Investment Protection The modular architecture of the Passport 2430, and the availability of a wide variety of easily upgraded WAN adapter modules, assures an easy, cost-effective
migration path for upgrading to the newest WAN access technologies.
• Provides Flexible Connectivity The Passport 2430’s support for 10/100 LAN and a variety of
WAN interfaces makes it an ideal platform for remote sites with varied connectivity needs and
LAN-based client/server traffic over Frame Relay, PPP, leased line, or dial-up links.
• High-Performance Processors and Memory Modules The Passport 2430 contains a high performance Motorola microprocessor to maintain high processing and forwarding rates. The product
includes 16 MB of DRAM; up to 32 MB of DRAM can be installed to support customised partitioning between local and global memory. Router software resides in local memory while global
memory is dedicated to packet buffers. With these reserved buffers, the Passport 2430 prevents traffic overflow and resulting network delays, which can be caused by large bursts of traffic.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
89
WAN Products
Technical information (continued)
Passport 2430 (continued)
Ordering Information
Model No.
Base Unit
PB2002005
•
Description
Passport 2430, 10/100 Ethernet AC Base Unit, 16M DRAM, includes power supply,
console cable, and documentation. Power card must be ordered separately.
WAN Adapter Modules
CV0011044
Serial Adapter Module
CV0011045
ISDN BRI S/T (without NT1) Adapter Module
CV0011053
E1/FE1 Adapter Module (RJ-45)
CV0011054
E1/FE1 Adapter Module (BNC)
PB1011001
10baseT Ethernet Module
System Software
PB0008015*
IP Access Suite (16M PCMCIA)
PB0008016*
Remote Office Suite (16M PCMCIA)
PB0008017*
Corporate Suite (16M PCMCIA)
•
Accessories
AA0011020
AA0011026
PB0011001
PB0011002
PB0011003
PB3811001
5V 16M Flash PCMCIA Card Spare - Formatted.
Console Cable – spare
Passport 2430 wall-mount kit
Passport 2430 rack-mount kit
16M to 32M DRAM SIMM upgrade kit
Xircom RealPort, 56K, V.90 Modem (worldwide homologation)
Power Cords
7910
7911
7912
7913
7914
7915
7916
7917
7918
7919
7931
Model 7910 10A/240V Australia
Model 7911 10A/200-230V Europe
Model 7912 10A/220-230V Denmark
Model 7913 10A/220-230V India/South Africa
Model 7914 10A/220-230V Israel
Model 7915 10A/220V Italy
Model 7916 10A/220-230V Switzerland
Model 7917 10A/240V United Kingdom
Model 7918 7A/100V Japan
Model 7919 10A/110-120V North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico, South Korea)
Model 7931 10A/220-250V North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
* all software product codes are completed by the revision number, eg PB0008015-15.5
See the BayRS section for order details on cables, documentation and Site Manager.
Technical Information
• Hardware At the heart of the Passport 2430 hardware architecture is a high-performance, 50 MHz
Motorola MPC860T microprocessor, which ensures high forwarding and filtering rates across each of
the Passport 2430’s network interfaces. The base unit offers a single 10/100 LAN interface, and two
WAN adapter module slots. The Passport 2430 also supports two PCMCIA slots – one for flash memory and one for a console modem, further increasing the unit’s flexibility. With no fan, the Passport
2430 is quiet enough to be used on a desktop.
• DRAM Memory The Passport 2430 comes standard with 16 megabytes (MB) DRAM configuration,
but can easily be upgraded to 32MB. Customisation of the DRAM, between local and global memory
90
•
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
usage, is supported. Router software resides in local memory, while global memory is dedicated to
packet buffers. Through these reserved buffers, the Passport 2430 prevents traffic overflow – and resulting network delays – caused by large bursts of traffic (file transfer operations, for example).
PCMCIA Flash Memory Card A 16 MB externally accessible PCMCIA Flash memory card allows for
nonvolatile storage of router software and configuration files. Router upgrade and fault recovery procedures are quick and simple since software image and configuration files can be remotely downloaded to
the Flash card. Additionally, the Flash card can be programmed at a network centre, mailed to the
remote site, and easily installed by on-site personnel. To provide redundancy, the PCMCIA Flash can
be logically divided into two partitions of equal size. Each partition is a uniquely addressable and fully
functional Flash file system volume where copies of boot images and configuration files can be stored.
Modem Support The Passport 2430 supports both a V.34 console modem option, and a V.90 PCMCIA Type III modem for greater flexibility. These options simplify remote router deployment, and
enable out-of-band troubleshooting, should network access be unavailable. The V.34 modem is available as a WAN adapter module, while the PCMCIA Type III card fits into one of the Passport 2430’s
two PCMCIA slots. The V.90 PCMCIA can be used for dialling into the Passport 2430 for out-ofband management.
LED Matrix Display A matrix of LEDs present clear, at-a-glance status of key Passport 2430 system
components including: Power, Boot, Run, Fail, Ethernet Transmit, Ethernet Receive, Ethernet Link.
Networking administrators can obtain a remote view of the router’s status via SNMP and Nortel
Networks’ Optivity management and surveillance tools.
LAN Interface on Base Unit The 10/100Base-TX autosensing interface automatically senses line
speed, providing a high-speed LAN connection to branch offices as they migrate to Fast Ethernet technologies. The cable connector is an RJ-45.
WAN Adapter Module Options The Passport 2430 offers the same range of WAN adapter modules
used in the ARN and Passport 5430. These options offer greater flexibility in choosing the speeds and
types of wide area connectivity to be used with the Passport 2430. These integrated modules offer
built-in functionality of WAN transmission devices, and simplified device management. Employing a
simple “slide-in” design, up to two WAN adapter modules can be installed in the Passport 2430. (Note:
As with all of the Passport 2430’s components, WAN adapter modules do not support hot-swap capabilities.)
WAN adapter module options include:
Serial The serial interface supports V.35, RS-232, RS-449/422 balanced, RS-530, and X.21. Using
either internal or external clocking, serial interfaces can operate at speeds from 1200 bps to 2.048 Mbps
full duplex, capable of supporting T1 and E1 services. These interfaces utilise 44-pin connectors.
Besides WAN connectivity, the serial interfaces can be used to connect to remote site SNA devices such
as SDLC and BSC controllers and integrate them with the branch office LAN traffic to share the wide
area link.
ISDN BRI This module offers two 64-Kbps B-channels for data and one 16 Kbps D-channel for signaling. ISDN BRI adapter modules provide an integrated, high-performance solution for ARN users
looking to use Nortel Networks extensive dial services: Dial Backup, Dial-on-Demand, and Bandwidthon-Demand. ISDN BRI options are available with or without an integral Network Termination 1
(NT1) device. Pre-BayRS 15.5 – if two ISDN BRI modules are used then only 3 B channels can be
configured and used on the platform. All 4 channels are available from 15.5 onwards.
FE1/E1 Adapter Module The Fractional E1/E1 module supports both G.703 and G.704 standards
and provides high-speed connectivity to E1 digital data services. It operates at fractional E1 rates, up to
a full E1 speed. This module is targeted at EMEA region and other international countries that utilise
E1 services. It does not support channellised E1, eg. KiloStream Aggregate.
Ethernet An additional Ethernet interface can be provided by using a special module. The module can
be located in one of the WAN adapter slots. The Ethernet module can only support 10baseT and must
be installed in slot 1.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
91
WAN Products
Ordering Information
ARN
Model No.
Description
Ethernet Base Module
CV1001004
ARN with one Ethernet interface and 16 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1001005
ARN with one Ethernet interface and 32 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1001009
DC ARN with one Ethernet interface and 16 MB DRAM memory
CV1001010
DC ARN with one Ethernet interface and 32 MB DRAM memory
CV1001014
ARN with one 10/100BASE-TX Ethernet Autosense, 16 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1001015
ARN with one 10/100BASE-TX Ethernet Autosense, 32 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1001019
ARN with one 100BASE-FX Fast Ethernet interface, 16 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1001020
ARN with one 100BASE-FX Fast Ethernet interface, 32 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
Introduction
The local area network (LAN – Ethernet, 10/100Base-TX, 100Base- FX, and Token Ring) interfaces
of the ARN offer flexible connectivity. Its two wide area network (WAN) adapter module “slots” provide an array of options for integrating devices (X.21, E1/FE1, ISDN) for primary and backup WAN
connectivity. This modular design reduces the number of physical devices and amount of cabling
required for system operation, and also facilitates remote network management.
Power Cords
AA0020023
AA0020025
AA0020005
AA0020007
AA0020010
AA0020012
AA0020013
AA0020015
AA0020017
AA0020019
AA0020021
BayRS software WAN optimisation features supply key benefits such as Data Compression, Traffic
Prioritisation, Uniform Traffic Filters, and Dial Optimised Routing. Increasing available network
bandwidth and maximising traffic control significantly reduces costs.
Token Ring Base Module
CV1101004
ARN with one Token Ring interface and 16 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
CV1101005
ARN with one Token Ring interface and 32 MB DRAM memory (110/220 V)
Optional expansion modules – including a choice of Ethernet/Multiserial, 7-serial, or tri-serial offer
additional serial interfaces. The expansion module can also hold a LAN interface for integrating existing low-speed legacy device traffic and LAN-based client/server traffic over a consolidated WAN link
to the corporate backbone.
WAN Adapter Modules (Factory Fit)
CV0004001
Serial Adapter Module
CV0004002
ISDN BRI S/T (without NT1) Adapter Module
CV0004022
X.25 PAD Module
CV0004024
E1/FE1 Adapter Module (RJ-45)
CV0004025
E1/FE1 Adapter Module (BNC)
The Advanced Remote Node (ARN) is a branch access router with the performance and modularity
to solve today’s application needs and meet the increasing demands of the evolving corporate intranet.
The ARN design integrates the functions of multiple devices to reduce the complexity of remote network management.
Key Features
• Provides Maximum Investment Protection Beyond answering the needs of most current remote
networks, the future-proof design of the ARN provides ample performance headroom for emerging
application requirements. The continuing development of WAN adapter modules assures an easy,
cost-effective migration path for upgrading to the newest WAN access technologies.
• High-Performance Processors and Memory Modules The high-performance, highly flexible base
unit of the ARN router contains a Motorola 33 MHz MC68040 microprocessor, ensuring high forwarding and filtering rates across each of its network interfaces.
• Delivers Extended Interface Density and Flexibility With support for up to four LAN and seven
serial interfaces, the ARN provides an ideal platform for remote sites combining multiple core legacy
devices (SDLC, BSC, polled Async or X.25) and LAN-based client/server traffic (IP and IPX) over
Frame Relay, X.25, X.25 PAD leased line links.
• Supports High-Performance Networking The high-performance architecture of the ARN supports
concurrent execution of compute-intensive applications including SNA network integration (Data
Link Switching-DLSw), Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking (APPN), SDLC, WAN bandwidth.
Power Cord 10-110/120V North America
Power Cord 10-110/250V North America
Power Cord 10A/240V Australia
Power Cord 10A/220-230V Europe
Power Cord 10A/220-230V India
Power Cord 10A/220-230V Israel
Power Cord 10A/220-230V Denmark
Power Cord 10A/220-230V Italy
Power Cord 10A/220-230V Swiss
Power Cord 10A/240V British
Power Cord 12A/100V Japan
Expansion Modules (Factory Fit)
CV0004012
Ethernet Expansion Module
CV0004013
Token Ring Expansion Module
CV0004014
Ethernet plus Tri-Serial Expansion Module
CV0004015
Token Ring plus Tri-Serial Expansion Module
CV0004026
ARN Ethernet 7-Serial Expansion Module
CV0004027
ARN 7-Serial Expansion Module
System Software
CV0008094*
ARN BayRS IP Access Suite (16M PCMCIA)
CV0008095*
ARN BayRS Remote Office Suite (16M PCMCIA)
CV0008096*
ARN BayRS Corporate Suite (16M PCMCIA)
Data Collection Module
CV0004021
Ethernet RMON DCM – fits base module and/or expansion module
Redundant Power Supply Unit
AA0005?05
RPSU – Redundant Power Supply Unit (low watt)
Note 1: Adapter modules, expansion module, power cord and system software must be ordered separately for
each ARN. Each ARN includes an installation manual and console cable kit.
Note 2: Only factory fit options are shown; there are field upgrades available as well but not shown here due
to space limitations.
* All software product codes are completed by the revision number, eg CV0008091-15.5
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
92
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
93
WAN Products
ARN (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• DRAM Memory 4, 8, 16 or 32MB of DRAM is configurable to support customised partitioning
between local and global memory. Router software resides in local memory while global memory is
dedicated to packet buffers. Through these reserved buffers, the ARN prevents traffic overflow, and
resulting network delays, caused by large traffic bursts.
• PCMCIA Flash Memory Card 8 or 16MB of externally accessible flash memory allows for nonvolatile storage of router software and configuration files. Router upgrade and fault recovery procedures are quick and relatively simple since software image and configuration files can be remotely
downloaded to the flash memory card. To provide redundancy, the PCMCIA flash can be logically
divided into two partitions of equal size. Each partition is a uniquely addressable file system volume
where copies of boot images and configuration files can be stored.
• V.34 Console Modem Module Accompanying the ARN’s standard console and external modem
interfaces, a V.34 console modem option simplifies remote router deployment and enables out-ofband troubleshooting in case network access is unavailable.
• Redundant Power – To maximise network availability, the ARN supports connectivity to an
optional Redundant Power Supply Unit (RPSU), providing a secondary power source should its primary power supply fail.
• Ethernet RMON Probe Option – An optional integrated Remote Monitoring (RMON) Data
Collection Module (DCM) attaches directly to the ARN’s Ethernet base module. Containing a 25
MHz Motorola MC68040 microprocessor and 2MB DRAM memory, the DCM provides standardsbased Ethernet RMON (RFC 1757 nine groups) capabilities, including Layer 3 traffic monitoring.
• Base Module LAN Interfaces The ARN can be configured to support a variety of connectivity
requirements:
• 10BASE-T Ethernet/802.3 – The 10BASE-T Ethernet/802.3 interface supports IEEE 802.3
and Version 1.0/2.0 Ethernet formats. Both an AUI (DB-15) and RJ-45 connector are available
for this model.
• 10/100BASE-TX Auto-sensing and 100BASE-FX – The 10/100BASE-TX auto-sensing interface automatically senses line speed, ideal for customers with branch offices currently migrating
to Fast Ethernet technologies. The cable connector is RJ-45. The 100BASE-FX interface uses an
ST connector for fibre (100BASE-FX) connections.
• Token Ring – The Token Ring interface can operate at either 4 or 16Mbps (software configurable), providing flexibility to migrate to higher speeds as performance requirements dictate. A
9-pin DB-9 connector for Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) and a RJ-45 connector for Unshielded
Twisted Pair (UTP) are available for Token Ring connections.
• Expansion Modules Optional expansion modules offer higher interface density for larger branch
offices. These modules allow the ARN to be configured to support a second LAN interface or multiple serial interfaces. Expansion module options include Tri-Serial, Ethernet, Ethernet plus Tri-Serial,
Token Ring, or Token Ring plus Tri-Serial. The throughput limits on any of the expansion modules
is 768k.
• WAN Adapter Module Options
Serial Using either internal or external clocking, serial interfaces can be operated at speeds from
1200bps to 2.048Mbps, full duplex to connect to wide area links. These ARN serial interfaces can
also be used to support SNA devices such as SDLC and BSC controllers, integrating these applications with the LAN traffic in a remote branch office.
ISDN BRI Supplying two 64Kbps B-channels for data and one 16Kbps D-channel for signalling, the
94
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
ISDN BRI adapter modules provide an integrated, high-performance solution for customers interested
in using extensive dial services such as Dial Backup, Dial-on-Demand, and Bandwidth-on-Demand.
ISDN BRI options are available with or without an integral Network Termination 1 (NT1) device.
Both ISDN BRI “S/T” and “U” modules support worldwide signalling specifications. If two ISDN
BRI modules are used then only 3 B channels can be configured and used on the platform. All 4 channels are not available.
E1/Fractional E1 Adapter Module The E1 and Fractional E1 (FE1) adapter module is
G.703/G.704-compliant and operates at up to 2.048Mbps for connectivity to E1/FE1 digital data
services. Extensive diagnostic and test functions, such as loopback and Bit Error Rate Test (BERT)
tests, are built in for easy troubleshooting.
V.34 Modem When ISDN BRI services are not available or are too costly for the customer, the V.34
modem adapter module could be used to support dial services capabilities. Providing nominal
speeds of 28.8Kbps, the V.34 modem standard V.42bis compression capabilities boost throughput to
115.2Kbps or greater. Standard V.42 and MNP 10 error correction capabilities also ensure reliable
transmission.
X.25 PAD The ARN X.25 PAD module enables the migration of applications that relied on a legacy X.25 network to an IP network. It integrates up to eight devices to the router and supports the
ITU-T X.3, X.28, and X.29 standards.
Power Options The ARN is available with a 100 to 240V AC power supply or a -48V DC to -60V
DC power supply.
• Frame Relay PVC’s Frame relay has two basic modes of operation, Direct Mode (point-to-point)
and Group Mode (point-to-multipoint). In Direct mode, the router allocates a set amount (55KB)
of DRAM for each DLCI (PVC) terminating on the router. In Group mode, one logical interface
(and a 55K DRAM allocation) is set per point-to-multipoint connection, supporting multiple
DLCI’s (PVC’s), therefore, in this configuration, more PVC’s can be supported. For a 16M DRAM,
4M will be used for global memory while 12M will be used for local. Of this 12M, 5M is used to
run the ARN image. This leaves approximately 7M available. Given that this local memory also
stores the port configuration information, PVC configuration details and other information, a conservative figure for the number of PVC’s supported per box is: for Direct mode, 50, and for Group
mode, 150.
For example, a 10Mbps Ethernet base unit with 16MB of DRAM will support 50 PVC’s in Direct
mode and 150 PVC’s in Group mode. These figures are per box, irrespective of the number of
WAN interfaces encapsulating using frame relay.
It should also be noted that these figures are for one individual protocol, i.e. IP. If more than one
protocol is selected for use on the ARN, then these PVC figures should be halved, i.e. less PVC’s
will be supported by the router. This is due to the additional memory required to run another protocol detracting from the available memory for PVC’s.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
95
WAN Products
Passport 5430
Diagram – Front View
Introduction
WAN Modules
The Passport 5430 Multiservice Access Switch is designed for the high-end, remote branch office. The
Passport 5430 integrates the modularity of the ARN with a next-generation architecture to support performance-intensive “Power Branch” environments. The Passport 5430 solution reduces WAN operating
costs by incorporating multiple features to integrate voice, video, and data across a choice of WAN services. The platform combines the features of Bay RS, IP telephony and ATM/FR/IP WAN support.
Key Features
• High Performance Platform The Passport 5430 Multiservice Access Switch handles heavy performance loads at remote sites. Its high-performance architecture supports concurrent execution of compute-intensive applications including WAN bandwidth optimisation, SNA network integration,
Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking, and remote office link security.
• Reduced Cost through Voice and Data Integration The Passport 5430 integrates voice, video, and
data applications across a common WAN circuit to reduce the recurring costs of WAN transmission
services. Transport options include ATM, Frame Relay, PPP, E1 and ISDN.
• Simplifies Maintenance and Serviceability The Passport 5430, with its WAN and PMC I/O
modules, is simple to install and service, without opening the chassis.
• Maximises Investment Protection The modular architecture of the Passport 5430 meets the changing requirements of the remote office network.
• Next-Generation Architecture Utilising state-of-the art silicon in a unique architecture, Passport
5430 is designed from the ground up as a flexible and high performing solution to address “Power
Branch” requirements.
• Integrated ATM The Passport 5430 provides support for ATM WAN services with T1/E1 and
T3/E3. Standards based signalling and encapsulation ensure interoperability among multi-vendor
equipment. ATM services are becoming more attractive as an access medium to remote sites due to
their inherent traffic control and scalability. ATM integration ensures that the Passport 5430 platform will handle traffic and bandwidth growth well into the future. Either a T1/E1 or T3/E3 PMC
can be installed in the System Processor.
• Best-in-Class Network Management Nortel Networks Optivity family of network management
tools provides comprehensive router management solutions for HP-UX, IBM AIX, and Sun Solaris
platforms. Passport 5430 device management is also available through the Bay Command Console
(BCC) interface and embedded Web server for configuration, troubleshooting, and monitoring.
System Processor with ATM
Interface and two 10/100BaseT
Ethernet ports
Dual Sync PMC
Expansion Module with
2 PMC slots
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Chassis
DU0002001
DU0005?01
Chassis
Universal AC Power Supply
PCI Cards
DU2204001
DU0004001
System Processor with 64 MB DRAM
PMC Expansion Card
PMC Modules
DU1304001
DU1304002
DU2104001
DU2104003
ATM T1/E1 PMC
ATM T3/E3 PMC.
Dual Sync PMC includes one dual serial adapter
Quad Serial PMC.
WAN Modules
CV0011044
CV0011045
CV0011053
CV0011054
Gray Serial Adapter Module Field Upgrade / Spare
Gray ISDN BRI S/T Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (without NT1)
Gray E1/FE1 Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (RJ)
Gray E1/FE1 Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (BNC)
System Software
DU0008016*
DU0008017*
DU0008018*
DU0008019*
PP5430 IP Access Suite (32M PCMCIA)
PP5430 Remote Office Suite (32M PCMCIA)
PP5430 Corporate Suite (32M PCMCIA)
PP5430 Additional Protocols - CD-ROM
Accessories
AA0011026
AA0018040
DU0011009
DU0011010
Console Cable - spare
Balun Connector/Cable
Quad Serial PMC Adapter Cable Spare
Passport 5400 Rack Mount Replacement Kit
DRAM/FLASH Memory
AA0011021
32M Flash PCMCIA Card Spare – Formatted
DU0011004
32MB DRAM
DU0011006
128MB DRAM
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
* All codes are completed by the revision number, eg DU0008016-15.5
96
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
97
WAN Products
Passport 5430 (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• WAN Adapter Module Support The Passport 5430 reuses the slide-in WAN adapter modules common with the Passport 2430 and ARN to ensure broad, cost-effective support of popular protocols,
including synchronous or asynchronous PPP, Frame Relay, ISDN, Switched Multi-megabit Data
Services (SMDS), X.25, and IBM protocols. Up to three WAN adapter modules can be inserted
into the Passport 5430. A fourth WAN slot is available and dedicated to a V.34 modem for remote
console management, but this is for the North American market only.
• PCI Mezzanine Cards The PCI Mezzanine Card (PMC) is an emerging, standard interface format,
IEEE P1396.1, which provides simple, pluggable installation and configuration. The PMC modules
attach to a cPCI expansion card, providing connectivity to any Passport 5430 WAN or LAN resource.
PCI technology enhances platform flexibility and serviceability while reducing component costs.
• Expansion Card Options Expansion cards slide into the Passport 5430 chassis, providing interface
connectivity to both the H.110 bus and the cPCI backplane. The expansion cards leverage decades
of market development, delivering industrial-grade service and reduced costs with common, highvolume components. Each expansion card supports two plug-in slots for PMC I/O interfaces. Up to
three expansion cards are supported per Passport 5430 chassis.
• Dual Sync PMC Module The Dual Sync PMC module for the Passport 5430 can only provide
support for data terminal Circuit Emulation Services (CES), no support for other WAN protocols
such as Frame Relay, PPP, X.25 is available with this module.
• Quad Serial PMC Module The Passport 5430 can accommodate up to 6 quad serial PMC module,
two in each of three expansion modules. Each port on the module can support 2Mbps throughput
simultaneously.
• Integrated ATM Networking The Passport 5430 supports ATM WAN services for E1 and E3
rates. Standards based signalling (through UNI 3.0, 3.1, and 4.0) and encapsulation (through RFC
1577, 1483, 1490, and null encapsulation) ensures interoperability between multi-vendor equipment. High performance Segmentation and Reassembly (SAR) enable Available Bit Rate (ABR),
Variable Bit Rate (VBR), and Constant Bit Rate (CBR) WAN services.
• High Performance Processor The Passport 5430 is based on a 200 MHz Motorola PowerPC
processor to support high performance forwarding and filtering across each network interface.
Forwarding performance extends well beyond the current ARN and Access Stack Node (ASN) platforms to support more bandwidth and processor-intensive branch office environments. Integrated
ATM hardware for SAR provides scalable, high performance ATM services without degrading the
forwarding performance of the processor. The additional processing power is available to fill highspeed WAN circuits or to provide services such as compression, encryption, traffic management, or
the creation of firewalls.
• Bay Routing Services BayRS router software for the Passport 5430 maximises efficiency for high
performance, remote office connectivity in multi-vendor, multiprotocol environments, and supports
all major network and bridging protocols. Three software suites are available for the Passport 5430,
including IP Access, Remote Office, and Corporate. This allows the Passport 5430 to be configured
with the software that best fits the remote site’s requirements.
• Switched Services In addition to primary WAN connectivity for the small office/home office
(SOHO) and remote office/branch office (ROBO) markets, the Passport 5430 supports dial services
to provide ISDN and analog Dial Backup, Bandwidth on Demand through multi-link PPP, and
Dial on Demand to insure network availability and to eliminate bandwidth constraints. Switched
98
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
•
services provide bandwidth when needed, while minimising usage charges. SVC support for Frame
Relay, and (in the future) for ATM, allows for “any to any” connectivity between customers, without
requiring that the carrier preconfigure PVCs for the customer.
VPN End Node Internet-based VPNs may offer significant cost savings to some users compared to
traditional private networks (i.e., Frame Relay, leased line). The Passport 5430 incorporates highend VPN technologies – IPSec and Internet Key Exchange (IKE) – for secured tunnelling across the
Internet. VPN tunnelling is supported across the entire BayRS router and Contivity VPN.
Traffic Management BayRS data compression, traffic prioritisation, uniform traffic filters, and QoS
classification and queuing provide comprehensive traffic management capabilities to the Passport
5430.
Differentiated Services for QoS In addition to Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) for
Integrated Services (IntServ) support, BayRS supports Differentiated Services (DiffServ) for scalable,
end-to-end, standards-based IP QoS. The Passport 5430 will classify and queue packets based upon
predefined Type of Service (ToS) bits, or will classify and condition packets by setting ToS bits based
on policy filter information. Policy based filters may be statically defined or set dynamically from
the central Optivity Policy Server via the Common Open Policy Server (COPS) protocol. DiffServ
identifies three classes of service: Expedited Forwarding, Assured Forwarding, or Default. Several
dequeuing mechanisms are supported including Strict Dequeuing, Bandwidth Allocation and
Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ).
SNMP-Based Node Management The Optivity network management applications deliver a complete, SNMP-based enterprise management solution that provides operation, policy, and design
services for end-to-end management of routers, hubs, and switches. This approach enables proactive
network planning and accelerates problem solving, resulting in reduced costs associated with owning
and operating corporate networks of any size.
Router System Management System management directly supports the Bay Command Console
(BCC) command line interface and the Technician’s Interface for static and dynamic router configuration, for monitoring and management services. The BCC provides an integrated collection of
tools for configuring, monitoring, and debugging network devices. Providing a simplified, English
word-style command set, the BCC addresses customer requirements to provide a complete, easy to
use, and efficient management interface that enables device configuration and maintenance.
Enabling basic configuration and maintenance, the Technician’s Interface is based on a simple command line interpreter that supports SNMP-based MIB access, displays event logs, and supports file
system management and other administrative commands.
HTTP-Based Monitoring The embedded web server complements and extends the functionality of
existing SNMP-based interfaces and command line interfaces (CLIs) such as Site Manager and the
T1/BCC. The HTTP-based interface allows authorised web browsers to access device management
information for monitoring and troubleshooting.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
99
WAN Products
ASN
Introduction
Key Features (continued)
• Architecture (continued)
• 256 Mbps, processor interconnect with SPEX-HS
• 512 Mbps, processor interconnect with two SPEX-HS
• 32 Context, hardware compression co-processor net module
• 128 Context, hardware compression co-processor net module
The Access Stack Node (ASN) is an award-winning, stackable router that offers flexible, cost-effective,
growth-oriented solutions to meet the connectivity needs of headquarters and remote offices. The
ASN is the only router that provides seamless integration of multiple stacked units managed as a single router. The ASN router provides an aggregate system performance of up to 50,000 packets per
second (pps) per ASN unit using Fast Packet Cache (FPC). A fully configured ASN stack supports up
to 48 ports and an aggregate forwarding performance of up to 200,000 pps. The ASN router’s Stack
Packet Exchange (SPEX-HS) provides a processor interconnect of up to 512 megabits per second
(Mbps) between ASN units, and allows for the hot swap of any ASN router in a stack.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
Base Units
AF0002?11
AF0002?12
AF0002?13
ASN2 Base Unit 8M AC Redundant Power
ASN2 Base Unit 16M AC Redundant Power
ASN2 Base Unit 32M AC Redundant Power
DRAM/Flash Memory
AF0011005
32M DRAM field kit/8M or 16M to 32M field upgrade
Key Features
• Flexible Design Stackable, “future-proof ” design allows you to add units as your network grows.
• Enhances Network Performance The ASN provides high-system performance up to 50,000 pps
per ASN unit. A four-unit ASN stack supports forwarding performance up to 200,000 pps, with
512 megabits per second (Mbps) of bandwidth using dual network modules between ASNs. Userconfigurable DRAM and fast packet cache options optimise system memory requirements.
• Extends Network Connectivity The ASN provides a cost-effective, entry-level solution for network
centres. The ASN’s unique “stackable” architecture supports up to four ASNs (with up to 12 network interfaces per unit), which can interconnect many networks.
• Simplifies Network Administration An ASN stack of any size is managed as a single device in the
network. As the ASN stack expands, the workload of network operations staff does not increase to
support the router. The ASN requires only one software image and configuration file.
• Provides Low Cost of Ownership The ASN reduces equipment costs with features such as high
port densities. The ASN also supports large numbers of virtual circuits in a single node. Data compression further reduces the number of required circuits. ASNs allow multiple individual routers to
be interconnected to create a single multi-processor router. This inherent scalability allows future
needs to be addressed.
• High Network Availability High resiliency and redundancy enhance network availability.
• Reduced WAN Costs WAN optimisation features such as hardware and software-based data compression, priority queuing, Uniform Traffic Filters, and bandwidth aggregation significantly reduce
WAN costs.
• Architecture
• Processor module based on Motorola 68040 microprocessor
• Four net modules per processor module
• Four-unit stack configuration via SPEX-HS
• Symmetric, multiprocessor architecture with multiple units
LAN Network Modules
34000-S
Dual Ethernet Net Module Spare
34002-S
Dual Token Net Module Spare
34010-S
Single 100BASE-T Net module Spare
AF1204001
Multimode FDDI Net Module
WAN Network Modules
34001-S
Dual Sync Net Module Spare
34005-S
ISDN BRI/Dual Sync Net Module Spare (Boxed)
34008-S
Quad BRI Net Module Spare
50023
ASN ISDN BRI Field Upgrade/Spare
AF2104010
MCE1 Net Module for channellised E1 and ISDN PRI Spare
AF2111005
Quad Sync Net Module Spare
AF2111006
High Speed Serial Interface (HSSI) Net Module Field Upgrade
Optional Modules
34007-S
SPEX-Hot Swap Net Module Spare
7166
SPEX-Hot Swap Cable
AA0011004
ASN2 Fast Packet Cache - Spare
Options for Redundant Power Supply
AA0002001
HRPSU Base Unit Single AC input
AA0005003
HRPSU Power Module AC 200watt (24-pin)
AA0018016
HRPSU output cable 200watt (24-pin)
AA0018017
HRPSU output cable 130watt (16-pin)
AA0018018
HRPSU output adapter 16-pin cable(s) to single base unit
System Software
AF0008115*
AF0008116*
AF0008117*
AF0008118*
ASN System Suite (16M PCMCIA).
ASN LAN Suite (16M PCMCIA).
ASN WAN Suite (16M PCMCIA).
ASN Corporate Suite (16M PCMCIA).
* All codes are completed by the revision number, eg AF0008118-15.5
? Refer to the Power Cord section for the relevant product code for the required country
100
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
101
WAN Products
ASN (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• Delivers Enhanced IP Services Nortel Networks leads the industry with advanced IP services such as
Bandwidth Management, Policy Management, and Internetworking Services to deliver highly optimised IP networks. (BayRS provides advanced security through IPSec interoperability with Contivity,
bi-directional NAT support, IPSec/ NAT forwarding filters, and RADIUS enhancements for
SecureID.)
• Layer 3 Solutions The ASN router provides fully integrated Virtual LAN (VLAN) support with all
Nortel Networks switching products, delivering multiprotocol migration and WAN remote office concentration. In addition, Nortel Networks provides Differentiated Services (DiffServ) and Virtual
Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) support.
• High-Performance Processor The ASN’s processor module maintains high filtering and forwarding
rates. The ASN’s 8, 16, or 32 megabytes of DRAM is configurable to support buffers, which prevent
traffic overflow and network delays. The ASN’s optional 256 KB Fast Packet Cache increases forwarding performance. The ASN supports a standard PC Type 2 flash memory card for non-volatile storage
of the ASN’s system software, configuration file, and event log. The flash can be locally divided into
two partitions of equal size, or additional PC cards can be used to store backup copies of the software
image and configuration file. The ASN’s processor module has four interface module (net module)
positions for cost-effective network connectivity. The ASN’s optional 256 KB Fast Packet Cache
increases forwarding performance through hardware acceleration of frequently accessed packet information.
• Fast Ethernet If an ASN is to be connected to a Fast Ethernet LAN, with an Ethernet Net Module a
Fast Packet Cache will also be required to support the higher throughput.
• Flash Card The ASN supports a standard PC Type 2 Flash memory card for non-volatile storage of
the ASN’s system software, configuration file, and event log. To provide redundancy, the Flash can be
locally divided into two partitions of equal size or additional PC cards can be used to store backup
copies of the software image and configuration file.
• Net Modules The ASN provides network connectivity via a selection of net modules. Net modules are
available to provide Ethernet, 100BASE-T (Fast Ethernet), Token Ring, FDDI, Synchronous, T1, E1,
ISDN BRI, and ISDN PRI interfaces to meet a wide variety of connectivity requirements.
• LAN Interfaces
Ethernet/802.3 The Ethernet/802.3 interface supports IEEE 802.3 and Version 1.0/2.0 Ethernet formats. Both a 10BASE-T and an AUI connector are provided for a choice of Ethernet connectivity.
100BASE-T Nortel Networks 100BASE-T interface design complies with the IEEE 802.3u
100BASE-T standard. The net module supports a single 100BASE-T interface. It provides one 8-pin
modular (100BASE-TX) and one MII connector. Full-duplex operation supported on the 100BASETX port, including flow control, is compatible with the BayStack Ethernet switch family.
Token Ring/802.5 The Token Ring interface can operate at either 4 or 16 Mbps ring speeds (software
configurable). A 9-pin D-type connector is provided for Token Ring cable attachment. The Token
Ring interface supports the IEEE 802.5 Media Access Control (MAC) token passing protocol, the
802.2 Type 1 (connectionless) protocol, the 802.2 Type 2 (connection-oriented) protocol, and the 16
Mbps Early Token Release (ETR) protocol.
FDDI The FDDI interface provides a standard 100 Mbps dual attached FDDI interface. There are
two FDDI interfaces available in two media types: Multimode and Single-mode. The Multimode
interface supports 62.5/125 or 50/125 micron fibre for distances up to 2 kilometres between stations.
The Single-mode interface supports 9/125 micron fibre for distances up to 10 kilometres between
102
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
stations. Hybrid net modules have one Multimode and one Single-mode interface for mixed-media
applications. Additionally, an RJ-11 connector is included to control an external optical bypass unit.
• WAN Interfaces
Synchronous The Synchronous interface supports V.35, RS-232, RS-422, and X.21. The Synchronous
interface operates from 1,200 bps to 2.048 Mbps, full duplex, providing support for T1 – and E1 rates
concurrently on all ports. Higher interface speed may be achieved by reducing the number of ports in use.
ISDN Basic Rate Interface (BRI) Each ISDN BRI port provides two 64 Kbps B channels for data
and one 16 Kbps D channel for signalling. Rate adaptation for 56 Kbps transmission rates on B channels is also supported. ISDN BRI support is provided via a quad port net module using S/T interfaces.
An ASN with BRI interfaces eliminates the need for an external ISDN terminal adapter.
ISDN Primary Rate Interface (PRI) ISDN PRI software in the ASN’s System software suite enables
the ASN to connect directly to an ISDN switched service network via a Multichannel T1 (MCT1) or
Multichannel E1 (MCE1) net module. ISDN PRI support complies with all major international-signalling specifications.
Multichannel E1 (MCE1) Interface The MCE1 net module provides a 2.048 Mbps G.703 interface
for high-density access to a variety of international telecommunications services. The MCE1 allows
multiple DS-0s to be transmitted or received over leased point-to-point links. Up to 31 DS-0 (64
Kbps) channels are supported. The MCE1 net module has both 75 ohm and 120 ohm connectors,
allowing it to be used for Kilostream aggregate or ISDN PRI services. The 75 ohm interface is provided via BNC connectors and includes external clocking. The 120 ohm interface is provided via an 8-pin
modular connector. Supported diagnostics include an Integrated BERT Line Tester and Fractional/E1
Loopback. The MCE1 net module complies with the CTR12 European Standard (for 120 ohm),
TS016 Australian National standard (for 75 ohm), and NTR4 U.K. National standard (for 75 ohm).
• Hardware-Based Data Compression Coprocessor Net Module The hardware-based Data
Compression Coprocessor net module offloads compression and decompression tasks from the main
CPU, allowing CPU resources to be used for higher throughput or other packet processing functions.
The Hardware-based Data Compression net module supports ISDN, PPP, and Frame Relay links. It is
also interoperable with hardware and software compression operating in other Nortel routers. The
draft RFC Compression Control Protocol (CCP) is supported along with the Nortel WAN
Compression Protocol (WCP). Two compression modes are available: Continuous Packet
Compression (CPC) and Packet-by-Packet Compression (PPC). CPC mode maintains a compression
history to maximise throughput. PPC optimises throughput in customer specific applications.
The Hardware-based Data Compression Coprocessor net module is available in two models to support
different numbers of network paths. The 32 context and 128 context models can be configured to use
an 8 KB compression dictionary for each PPP circuit or Frame Relay virtual circuit up to the number
of contexts provided in each model. The Hardware-based Data Compression Coprocessor net module
occupies one net module position, and one net module is configured per ASN base unit to provide
compression services for all WAN interfaces installed in that base unit.
• Stack Packet Exchange – Hot-Swap (SPEX-HS) The SPEX-HS net module and cable combine to
interconnect ASN base units together into a single router and allow any individual unit in an ASN
stack to be removed from or added to the stack without affecting the operation of the remaining units
in the stack. The SPEX-HS Cable has four connectors to mate with the SPEX-HS net modules and
forms a bus interconnecting two to four ASN units. Only one cable is required for an entire stack.
Two cables provide redundancy and higher bandwidth.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
103
WAN Products
ASN (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
104
Technical Information (continued)
The SPEX-HS net module operates the interconnect bus at 256 Mbps. When two SPEX-HS cables
are used, the effective speed of the SPEX-HS is 512 Mbps. This reduces bus contention and transfer
time for data sent between base units in the stack. The benefits of the resilient Nortel BayRS software
architecture are fully realised with the SPEX-HS feature. BayRS router software will automatically
recover faults in individual modules without affecting other operating modules. The SPEX-HS stack
interconnection extends this capability to allow failed hardware that cannot be automatically recovered
by the software system to be isolated and repaired quickly without affecting other ASN’s in the stack.
Packaging and Power Options The ASN can operate in either a wiring closet, desktop, or network
centre environment and is rack mountable. The ASN is available in redundant power supply models
supporting 100 to 240 VAC or -48 VDC power supplies. The redundant power supply models have
an internal power supply and a connection for an external power supply. The external power supply
provides power if the internal supply fails without disrupting the operation of the ASN base unit. The
external power is supplied by one power module in a High-output Power Redundant Power Supply
Unit (HRPSU). The HRPSU supports a stack of four ASN’s or a mixed stack with ASN’s, BayStack
routers, hubs, and Ethernet switches.
Distributed Software Architecture The ASN uses BayRS software, which distributes forwarding, filtering, and management functions across each unit in a stack configuration. In addition, this architecture provides complete fault resiliency.
All processing for each network interface is done by its directly attached ASN processor module.
Each processor module uses its own copy of the routing/bridging code, forwarding/filtering tables, and
network management code. Routing and management updates are automatically included in the
processor module’s tables when they are received, and then passed to all other ASN processor modules
within the stack configuration.
Certain computation and memory-intensive routing update protocols, such as Open Shortest Path
First (OSPF), are activated on only one ASN processor module within a stack configuration. This
allows the processor-intensive activities required by OSPF’s link-state routing protocol to be performed
by a single processor module that distributes the results to other processor modules within the stack. In
the unlikely event of an ASN processor module failure, OSPF’s “hot-standby soloist” is automatically
and quickly activated on another ASN processor module, without the loss of current routing information. Less intensive routing protocols, such as IPX RIP, VINES RTP, and AppleTalk RTMP, can be
active on multiple ASN processor modules. Additionally, overhead processes, such as network management tasks, are distributed between the stacked ASN’s.
Layered BayRS Architecture BayRS features a layered system software architecture. All elements of
the system software reside on each of the processor modules for maximum performance and availability. The operating system manages basic system resources, such as CPU and memory, as well as interprocess and interprocessor communications. The operating system also provides support for fault management and recovery. The device drivers control the net module interfaces that provide 100BASE-T,
Ethernet, Token Ring, FDDI, T1, E1, and ISDN interfaces. The data path service supports circuit
management and MAC layer formatting for both inbound and outbound frames. A highly optimised,
general purpose routing table management service is used by all routing protocols to support high-performance packet forwarding and filtering. System management directly supports SNMP-based management, static and dynamic reconfiguration, the Flash memory-based file system, and Technician
Interface, a simple command line interpreter for installation and maintenance operations.
Fault Management The ASN provides extensive internal fault management capabilities that eliminate
total system failure in the event of a hardware or software component malfunction. These capabilities
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
•
ensure continued node and network availability by isolating malfunctions before they can affect other
components in the node and other connected networks. Network management can be notified of fault
conditions via the automatic generation of an SNMP trap.
Hardware Fault Isolation If a hardware failure occurs, the malfunctioning component is logically disabled and isolated from the rest of the system. Hardware failures can be isolated to an individual net
module or network interface. Within multiple ASN stack configurations, fault isolation can include
individual ASN processor modules, Flash cards, or power supply hardware.
Software Fault Isolation and Recovery A software process can also fail independently without affecting the operation of other processes. The operating system automatically isolates the failed software
process without disrupting other protocols executing on the ASN or other ASN’s within a stack configuration, and automatically restarts the failed process. If the process cannot be recovered, it is terminated.
Online Operational Servicing (Hot-Swap) The ASN provides maximum system availability through
online operational servicing capabilities. When configured with SPEX-HS net modules and cable,
individual ASN’s can be inserted or removed from a stack configuration without affecting the operation of the rest of the stack. This eliminates downtime for upgrades and repairs of ASN stack configurations. The ASN automatically boots and returns to operation when it is reconnected to the stack system and power is turned on.
Redundant Network Interfaces LAN interfaces can be configured for 1-for-1 redundancy, allowing
two similar LAN interfaces on the same or different net module in a router to be attached to a single
LAN. One of the interfaces is designated Primary and is fully operational while the other is in a nonoperational backup mode. If the Primary interface fails, the backup interface becomes operational
quickly, ensuring continued availability. This feature supports IP, IPX, and Source Route Bridging.
A unique application of high availability with ASN’s is to stack at least two ASN base units connected
via SPEX-HS (or dual SPEX-HS cables). Redundant interfaces are used to provide protected LAN
connections and multiple WAN interfaces for alternative paths, to yield a small, mixed interface router
that has complete 1-for-1 redundancy of logic, power supply, power source, and data paths. This configuration is easy to manage as a single router and switches almost imperceptibly to the alternative path
when a fault occurs.
Redundant Router Support The ASN supports redundant router capability that provides protection
against catastrophic events such as fire or flood, which can eliminate any single router. In Router
Redundancy, two identical routers are used. One of the routers is placed in Primary mode and the
other in backup mode. If the Primary router fails, the backup will become active and resume routing
traffic. This feature supports IP, IPX, and Source Route Bridge.
Redundant Power The ASN supports an external power supply to provide power in the event of a
fault of the internal power supply. The transition does not disrupt router operation or cause a reboot.
Replacement of the internal supply can be scheduled for a maintenance window so users are not affected. The external power supply is housed in an HRPSU chassis and is hot-swappable. Up to four power
modules can be installed in the HRPSU to support a full stack of ASN’s or a mixed stack of ASN,
Distributed 5000, and BayStack family units. The separate AC power input to the HRPSU allows
configuration of redundant power sources for the stack as well.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
105
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN
Ordering Information
Introduction
The Backbone Node router is a powerful high-end
central site platform that offers high port density and
high throughput for the most demanding mission
critical application. The family consists of two products, the Backbone Line Node (BLN2) and
Backbone Concentrator Node (BCN).
BCN
BLN2
The BCN can forward up to 1,000,000 pps and this
is accomplished through a symmetric multiprocessor
architecture, which allows multiple processors to
function as a single logical entry. The BN router
family also features a layered system software architecture and extensive fault management capabilities
that isolate malfunctions before other router components are affected.
Key Features
• Maximises Network Performance The BN routers deliver the performance required for the most
demanding internetworks using Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, FDDI, ATM and SNA backbones.
The symmetric multiprocessor architecture based on multiple routing engines uses Fast Routing
Engines (FRE), multiple ATM Routing Engines (ARE) processor modules. There is a 1 Gbps
Parallel Packet Express (PPX) to deliver industry-leading performance and availability. The ARE
provides exceptionally high-performance virtual network routing in ATM-based switched internetworking architectures supporting up to 2,000 simultaneously active virtual circuits and wire-speed
SONET STS-3/STM-1 routing between virtual LANs.
• Future Growth The BN family architecture provides aggregate system-forwarding performance that
scales to 1 million pps. The BCN router has 13 slots providing for up to 104 WAN interfaces, 52
LAN interfaces and 13 ATM or FDDI interfaces. The BLN2 router has 4 slots supporting 32 WAN
interfaces, 16 LAN interfaces and 4 ATM or FDDI interfaces.
• Guarantees Network Availability The BN routers set the standard for network availability required
for mission critical applications in multiprotocol environments. This high availability is delivered
through the symmetric multiprocessor architectures, hardware redundancy options, fully distributed
system software, and comprehensive fault management capabilities.
• Protects Network Investments The BN routers continue the commitment by Nortel Networks to
standards-based products featuring a scalable architecture. The same link modules are used in the
BLN and the BCN. This interoperability and compatibility protect investments in both the products and the people trained to design and manage internetworks. The BLN and BCN routers support the latest technologies like Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet and ATM, providing network
investment into the future for customers.
106
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Model No.
Description
Base Units
73000
AG0002001
71000
71004
72000
BCN Base Unit
BCN Redundant Line Cord AC Base Unit - inc SRM-L, SRM-F & 4 Power Supplies
BLN-2 Base Unit – Dual Power Supplies
BLN-2 Base Unit – Single Power Supply
BLN Base Unit
AC Power Cords
7930
Non-U.S. Standard Connector (BCN/BCN RLC)
7917
Model 7917 10A/240V United Kingdom (BLN-2)
LOCAL AREA NETWORK INTELLIGENT LINK INTERFACES
ETHERNET ILIs with FRE2-060 Processors
AG1004003
Quad Port Ethernet FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG1004004
Quad Port Ethernet – High Speed Filters FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG1004005
Dual 100BASE-T FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1004006
Quad Port Ethernet FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1004007
Quad Port Ethernet – High Speed Filters FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1004008
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) – No Filters FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1004009
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) – Max. Filters FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1004010
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) – No Filters FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG1004011
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) – Max. Filters FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2204002
Dual 100BASE-T FRE2-060 32MB ILI
ETHERNET ILIs with FRE2-060E Processors
AG1004016
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) - No Filters FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Compression Co-Processor for 128 Context.
AG1004019
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) - Max. Filters FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced
Compression Co-Processor for 128 Context.
AG1004020
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) - Max. Filters FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Compression Co-Processor for 128 Context.
AG1004031
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) - No Filters FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Compression Co-Processor for 256 Context.
AG1004033
Dual Ethernet/Dual Sync (ESAF) - Max. Filters FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Compression Co-Processor for 256 Context.
ETHERNET ILIs with FRE4-PPC Processors ^
AG2204015
4-PORT 10/100BASE-TX with FRE4-PPC 32MB
AG2204016
4-PORT 10/100BASE-TX with FRE4-PPC 64MB
AG2204017
4-PORT 10/100BASE-TX with FRE4-PPC 128MB
AG2204018
4-PORT 100BASE-FX with FRE4-PPC 32MB
AG2204019
4-PORT 100BASE-FX with FRE4-PPC 64MB.
AG2204020
4-PORT 100BASE-FX with FRE4-PPC 128MB
ETHERNET GIGABIT ILIs with FRE4-PPC Processors ^
AG2204021
1000BASE-SX with FRE4-PPC 32MB
AG2204022
1000BASE-SX with FRE4-PPC 64MB
AG2204023
1000BASE-SX with FRE4-PPC 128MB
AG2204024
1000BASE-LX with FRE4-PPC 32MB
AG2204025
1000BASE-LX with FRE4-PPC 64MB
AG2204026
1000BASE-LX with FRE4-PPC 128MB
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
107
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN (continued)
Ordering Information
Ordering Information (continued)
FDDI ILIs with FRE2-060 Processors
74036-32
Multimode FDDI FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG1204001
Multimode FDDI FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG1204002
Multimode FDDI - High Speed Filters FRE2-060 64MB ILI
TOKEN RING ILIs with FRE2-060 Processors
AG1104006
Quad Port Token Ring FRE2-060 64MB ILI
WIDE AREA NETWORK INTELLIGENT LINK INTERFACES
120 ohm ISDN PRI and MULTICHANNEL E1 ILIs with FRE2-060 processors
AG2104015
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104044
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060 64MB ILI
75 ohm MULTICHANNEL E1 ILIs with FRE2-060 processors
AG2104018
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104046
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060 64MB ILI
75 ohm MULTICHANNEL E1 ILIs with FRE2-060E processors and Advanced Co-Processor Compression
AG2104169
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced
Co-Processor Compression with 128 Context.
AG2104170
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced
Co-Processor Compression with 256 Context.
AG2104171
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Co-Processor Compression with 128 Context.
AG2104172
75 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced
Co-Processor Compression with 256 Context.
HIGH SPEED SERIAL INTERFACE ILIs with FRE2-060 processors
74035-32
Single Port High Speed Serial Interface (HSSI) FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104039
Single Port High Speed Serial Interface (HSSI) FRE2-060 64MB ILI
ISDN PRI or MULTICHANNEL E1 ILIs with FRE2-060E processors & Advanced Co-Processor Compression
AG2104151
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with 128 Context
AG2104152
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with 256 Context
AG2104153
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with 128 Context
AG2104154
120 ohm Dual Port Multichannel E1 (MCE1-II) FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with 256 Context
OCTAL PORT SYNC ILIs with FRE2-060 processors
AG2104010
Octal Port Synchronous FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104029
Octal Sync w/32 Contexts Hardware Compression FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104034
Octal Sync w/128 Contexts Hardware Compression FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104040
Octal Port Synchronous FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG2104041
Octal Sync w/32 Contexts Hardware Compression FRE2-060 64MB ILI
AG2104042
Octal Sync w/128 Contexts Hardware Compression FRE2-060 64MB ILI
QUAD PORT SYNC ILIs with FRE2-060E processors and Advanced Co-Processor Compression
AG2104079
Quad Port Synch FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 128 Context.
AG2104080
Quad Port Synch FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 256 Context.
AG2104081
Quad Port Synch FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 128 Context.
AG2104082
Quad Port Synch FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 256 Context.
ASYNCHRONOUS TRANSFER MODE INTELLIGENT LINK INTERFACES @
AG1304012
32MB/6MB ARE with E3 Link Module
AG1304021
64M/6MB ARE with E3 Link Module
AG1304003
32MB/6MB ARE with STS-3/STM-1 MMF Link Module
AG1304020
64M/6M ARE with STS-3/STM-1 MMF Link Module
AG1304006
32MB/6MB ARE with STS-3/STM-1 SMF Link Module
AG1304015
64M/6M ARE with STS-3/STM-1 SMF Link Module
ROUTER SOFTWARE
AG0008111*
BN System Suite includes Data Compression (WCP/MSA), TCP/IP, 802.1 Transparent
Bridge, Source Route Bridge, Translation Bridge, SNMP Agent, Wellfleet HDLC, PPP,
OSPF, EGP, BGP, DLSw (16M PCMCIA)
AG0008112*
BN LAN Suite: System Suite plus DECnet Phase IV, AppleTalk, OSI, VINES, IPX,
ATM DXI (16M PCMCIA)
AG0008113*
BN WAN Suite: System Suite plus ATM DXI, Frame Relay, LapB, X.25, SDMS (16M
PCMCIA)
AG0008114*
BN Corporate FRE2 Suite - All functionality of the Corporate Suite minus support for
the FRE4 card to reduce flash size.
AG0008115*
BN LAN Suite: System Suite plus DECnet Phase IV, AppleTalk, OSI, VINES, IPX,
ATM DXI (32M PCMCIA)
AG0008116*
BN WAN Suite: System Suite plus ATM DXI, Frame Relay, LapB, X.25, SDMS (32M
PCMCIA)
AG0008117*
BN Corporate Suite (32M PCMCIA).
AG1308027*
BN ARE ATM Suite: ATM PVC RFC 1483 plus BN LAN Suite. (32M PCMCIA).
AG1308028*
BN ARE VNR Suite: ATM LANE, ATM SVC Signaling, ATM PVC RFC 1483, plus
Corporate Suite (32M PCMCIA).
AA0008048
Hi/fn LZS Compression Option (CD-ROM) for all currently supported versions of BayRS
AG0008118*
BN Additional Protocols (CD-ROM).
Notes
* all codes are completed by the revision number, eg AG0008111-15.5
^ All FRE4-PPC Processors and ILIs are supported by Router Software 13.20 or higher.
@ You must order ARE Processors Software Suite when ordering ATM ARE ILI’s with ARE Processors.
OCTAL PORT SYNC ILIs with FRE2-060E processors and Advanced Co-Processor Compression
AG2104091
Octal Port Synch FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 128 Context.
AG2104092
Octal Port Synch FRE2-060E 32MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 256 Context.
AG2104093
Octal Port Synch FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 128 Context.
AG2104094
Octal Port Synch FRE2-060E 64MB ILI with Advanced Co-Processor with 256 Context.
QUAD PORT SYNC ILIs with FRE2-060 processors
AG2104036
Quad Port Synchronous FRE2-060 32MB ILI
AG2104043
Quad Port Synchronous FRE2-060 64MB ILI
108
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
109
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN (continued)
Technical Information
Technical Information (continued)
• Symmetric Multiprocessor Architecture The BN features a symmetric multiprocessor architecture.
This architecture helps to achieve a high level of performance and availability. This is achieved by
the distribution of processing power to each network interface module. The symmetric multiprocessor architecture is based on three major elements: Link Modules, Processor Modules, and a
Processor Interconnect.
Link modules provide the physical network interfaces for connecting a wide variety of local and
wide area networks. Each link module is directly attached to a dedicated processor module, an FRE
or an ARE, to form an Intelligent Link Interface (ILI).
A packet received on a link module’s network interface is passed to its attached processor module
through a private, direct interconnect. The processor module determines the outbound network
interface and either forwards the packet to another network interface on its link module, or sends it
to a peer processor module via a midplane, high-speed processor interconnect, called the PPX. The
receiving processor module then forwards the packet to the appropriate network interface on its
attached link module.
Because each processor module in the system performs forwarding operations for all protocols,
there is no central or master Central Processing Unit (CPU) resource involved in routing decisions, as is the case with many other vendor’s router architectures. This eliminates a major disadvantage of centralised CPU router systems: using just one or two CPU’s for all routing decisions
can limit performance as the system expands and presents a single point of failure that can impact
system availability.
In contrast, aggregate system-level forwarding performance of the BN increases as the number of
LAN, WAN, or ATM interfaces increases. If a processor or link module fails in any system with
multiple ILI’s, the remainder of the system continues to operate, unaffected. Direct attachment of
the processor module and link module further maximises performance by ensuring that only packets
travelling between different link modules cross the processor interconnect.
The modular connection of processor modules to link modules and to the processor interconnect in
a midplane physical design increases system reliability by eliminating internal cabling. The midplane
design also allows individual processor or link modules to be installed or removed without affecting
others, even while the system is in operation.
• Fast Routing Engines The FRE2-060, FRE2-060E, and FRE2-040 processors for the BN are highperformance packet processing engines that meet the requirements of high-bandwidth applications.
The FRE2-060 and FRE2-060E achieve forwarding rates exceeding 165,000pps (64-byte packets)
and are available with 16, 32, or 64MB of configurable local and global memory using Dynamic
Random Access Memory (DRAM) for program, data, and packet buffer storage. Based on a 60MHz
Motorola MC68060 processor, the FRE2-060 and FRE2-060E are offered as ILI’s supporting
Ethernet, 100BASE-T, Token Ring, Octal Sync, High Speed Serial Interface (HSSI), ATM, FDDI,
and Multi-channel T1 (MCT1)/E1.
Additionally, the Octal Sync link module can be configured with a hardware compression coprocessor that provides an aggregate compressed throughput of 4Mbps per link module operating an E1
line at full duplex.
The FRE2-060E with the Advanced Compression Coprocessor for the BN can be configured with
any of the BN WAN link modules to deliver a high level of compression. Based on the FRE2-060,
this processor has been modified to incorporate a hardware compression coprocessor providing the
customer with a scalable, second-generation hardware compression solution. The FRE2-060E is
110
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
available with 16, 32, or 64MB of configurable DRAM, and in configurations supporting 128 or
256 contexts.
The FRE2-040 features an MC68040 processor and is capable of forwarding rates exceeding
125,000 pps (64-byte packets), delivering wire-speed performance for multiple hub-type Ethernet
and Token Ring LANs, T3 services, and ATM network connections.
It is available with 16 or 32MB of configurable DRAM for program, data, and packet buffer storage. The FRE2-040 also offers an 8MB DRAM option.
All FRE processors provide onboard 4KB instruction and 4KB data caches. Additionally, the FRE
processors incorporate a high-speed packet buffer cache to help optimise packet transfers.
The FRE2-060, FRE2-060E, and FRE2-040 modules connect to the PPX via the PPX Interface
(PPXI), and connect directly to its link module via a private processor-link module interconnect.
The link interface, PPXI, and memory are all connected by 32-bit internal data paths for efficient
data transfers.
ATM Routing Engine (ARE) This processor module works with the single-port SONET/SDH
Multi-mode (155Mbps) fibre, single-port SONET/SDH Single-mode (155Mbps) fibre, and singleport DS3/E3 interface (45/34Mbps) ARE link modules. This configuration meets the needs of virtual network routing (VNR) applications and provides a high level of ATM routing performance
and virtual circuit connectivity required for routing traffic between multiple virtual LAN’s. BCN
routers configured with 13 ARE-based ILIs have an aggregate throughput of 2 million pps.
Additionally, full support for Token Ring and Ethernet.
The ARE processor module features two Motorola PowerPC microprocessors and two LSI Logic
ATMizer cell processors.
ARE’s are available with 8, 16, or 32MB of DRAM for local memory. Additionally, the ARE supports up to 6MB of Virtual Buffer Memory (VBM), a memory management mechanism for
cell/packet buffering that enables the BN to handle the processing of up to 2,000 simultaneously
active virtual channels.
ARE Link Modules The ARE link modules provide the BN with integrated ATM support for
direct connectivity to ATM networks. Supporting three interface types: a single-port SONET/SDH
TS-3/STM-1 multi-mode fibre, a single-port SONET/SDH STS-3/STM-1 single-mode fibre, and a
single-port DS3/E3 interface, the ATM link module interfaces operate at up to 155Mbps.
Flash Memory Cards PCMCIA Flash memory cards are used for non-volatile storage of software
program images and configuration files. One card is standard in each node, and additional cards can
be installed in the system for redundancy purposes, or in the case of a managed design, to store
multiple versions of BayRS on the same router. Each card is viewed as a separate file system.
This type of storage offers several advantages, including fast boot time, high storage capacity, and
high reliability. It allows remote software program downloading and facilitates configuration file
changes. Downloading data to the Flash memory card using Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
makes updates quick and efficient.
PCMCIA Cards are readily accessible by removing the front panel and can be added or removed
with the router in operation.
Parallel Packet Express (PPX) The 1Gbps PPX processor interconnect uses up to four redundant,
dynamic load-sharing, 256Mbps data paths to deliver a high aggregated level of system performance
and availability. The data load of the PPX is balanced across its four data paths using a random path
selection algorithm. Each FRE and ARE has access to all four paths simultaneously and can transmit
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
111
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
over one path as it is receiving data from all four paths. If a single PPX data path becomes unavailable,
the load is automatically distributed across the remaining paths, ensuring continuous operation.
• System Resource Modules Each System Resource Module (SRM) provides arbitration and termination for two 256Mbps PPX data paths. One SRM is included with the BCN chassis. Designated the
SRM-L (positioned at the Link module side of the router), it also provides a 25-pin D-connector for a
terminal or modem to access the Technician Interface for diagnostic and maintenance operations.
The BN also supports an optional SRM for 1Gbps total bandwidth and PPX redundancy.
Designated the SRM-F (positioned at the FRE-side of the router), it supports the two remaining
256Mbps PPX data paths.
With both the SRM-L and SRM-F installed, each FRE and ARE can access the four PPX paths.
The two SRM’s provide redundancy for non-stop operation if one SRM fails. A malfunctioning
SRM can be hot-swapped with a new SRM while two other data paths continue to operate at
512Mbps aggregate. Because the two SRM’s operate independently of each other, they supply complete fault resiliency for the customer.
• Packaging and Power Options The BCN is packaged in a rack-mountable chassis with 13 expansion slots and supports fully redundant 620 watt AC or -48 volt DC power supplies.
The BCN supports up to four power supplies with the number of power supplies required being
configuration dependent. The BCN requires only one power supply for a minimum configuration
and three for a maximum configuration.
Slots Used
1-4
5-8
9 - 13
Power Supplies Required
1
2
3
Power Supplies Required
1
2
•
2+2 Redundancy
2
4
* More than 10 Slots can be used if total power consumption is less than or equal to 180 amps.
Each BCN power supply features a Power OK LED that is lit under normal operating conditions
and unlit to indicate failure. The failure of any power supply is also immediately signalled by the
generation of an SNMP trap to Site Manager. The BCN router’s power supplies can be hot-swapped
112
•
N+1 Redundancy
2
3
4
An optional fourth power supply provides N + 1 redundancy, with all supplies sharing the power
load. BCN routers are also available in a Redundant Line Cord (RLC) configuration that allows
sites to connect two power sources to the BCN for enhanced system redundancy, additional resiliency, and high availability. The RLC configuration provides two AC power cords and four internal AC
power supplies. Each AC power cord supports two internal power supplies. For example, one power
cord can be connected to the site’s primary power source and the other power cord can be connected to a separate or independent power source such as another AC ring main or Uninterruptible
Power Supply (UPS) system. In the event of an internal power supply failure or primary AC power
source failure, the second power cord and the second AC power source as well as the other two
internal power supplies will be used. This configuration enables the BCN to provide full power
source redundancy.
Slots Used
1-5
6 - 10*
•
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
to ensure continuous system operation in the event of a power supply failure. Both the BCN and
the BCN RLC can also generate thermal warnings and initiate an automatic thermal shutdown if
the operating temperature becomes too hot. If any of the cooling fans become inoperative, the
Backbone Nodes generate an SNMP trap that allows the malfunction to be signalled to Site
Manager. Fan failure is also indicated by the lighting of the DIAG LED, located on the router’s
front panel, during normal (non-booting) operation.
BayRS Features BayRS for the BN maximises connectivity and interoperability in multi-vendor,
multi-protocol environments by supporting all major network and bridging protocols. Industrystandard IBM transport is also supported via Source Route Bridge, Data Link Switching (DLSw),
Bisynchronous Pass-Through, and Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking (APPN) support to maintain
network availability.
Distributed Software Architecture The BCN uses the BayRS software architecture, which distributes forwarding, filtering, and management functions to multiple peer processor modules. This
architecture provides complete fault resiliency.
A directly attached processor module carries out all processing for each network interface. Each
processor module uses its own copy of the routing/bridging code, forwarding/filtering tables, and
network management code. Routing and management updates are automatically included in the
processor module’s tables when they are received, and then passed to all other processor modules.
Certain computation, and memory-intensive routing update protocols, such as Open Shortest Path
First (OSPF), are activated on only one processor module. This allows the processor-intensive activities required by OSPF’s link-state routing protocol to be performed by a single processor module
that distributes the results to other processor modules within the configuration. In the event of a
processor module failure, OSPF’s “hot-standby soloist” is automatically activated on another processor module, without the loss of current routing information. Less intensive protocols, such as
Internet Packet Exchange (IPX), Routing Information Protocol (RIP), VINES Reliable Transfer
Protocol (RTP), and AppleTalk Routing Table Maintenance Protocol (RTMP), can be active on
multiple processor modules. Additionally, overhead processes such as network management tasks are
distributed among the processor modules.
Layered BayRS Software Architecture BayRS features a layered system software architecture. All
elements of the system software reside on each of the processor modules for maximum performance
and availability. The operating system manages basic system resources, such as CPU and memory, as
well as inter-process and inter-processor communications. The operating system also provides support for fault management and recovery. The device drivers control the link module interfaces that
provide Ethernet, Token Ring, FDDI, ATM, and serial interfaces. The data path service supports
circuit management and Media Access Control (MAC)-layer formatting for both inbound and outbound frames. A general purpose routing table management service is used by all routing protocols
to support packet forwarding and filtering.
System management directly supports SNMP-based management, static and dynamic reconfiguration, the Flash memory-based file system, and Bay Networks Technician Interface, a simple command line interpreter for installation and maintenance operations.
ISDN Primary Rate Interface The ISDN Primary Rate Interface (PRI) is a high-capacity software
interface for connecting a BCN directly to an ISDN switched service network via Multichannel E1
(MCE1) interfaces. These interfaces eliminate the need for an external ISDN adapter when attaching the router to an ISDN network. The ISDN PRI can connect to up to 30 remote locations over
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
113
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
114
Technical Information (continued)
an ISDN switched network, and complies with the North American and European ISDN PRI standards. The European standard provides 30 B-channels plus one D-channel. MCE1 ILI’s are available
with either one or two ports.
Hardware Fault Isolation See ASN section.
Software Fault Isolation and Recovery See ASN section.
Non-disruptive Online Operational Servicing (Hot-Swap) The BN provides maximum system
availability through online operational servicing capabilities. FRE and ARE processor modules, link
modules, SRM’s, Flash memory cards, and power supplies can be removed or added while the node
is operating, without affecting operation of the rest of the node. Processor modules are automatically
booted on insertion, eliminating downtime for upgrades and repairs for our customers.
Redundant Network Interfaces Ethernet, 100BASE-T, Token Ring, FDDI, and ATM interfaces
can be configured for 1-for-1 redundancy, allowing two similar LAN interfaces on the same or different link module in the same router to be attached to a single LAN. One of the interfaces is designated primary and is fully operational while the other is in a non-operational backup mode. If the
primary interface fails, the backup interface becomes operational, ensuring continued availability. IP,
IPX, and Source Route Bridging protocols are supported by this feature.
Redundant Router Support See ASN section.
Data Compression Software and hardware based Data Compression features maximise network
performance by reducing the amount of bandwidth required by our customers to transport data
over the wide area. Supporting multiple algorithms, WCP and Hi/fn LZS, second-generation hardware compression delivers high performance and interoperability. Configurable on a per-circuit
basis, Data Compression provides features that enhance overall performance while reducing WAN
costs and maximising efficiency. The software-based Data Compression feature is supported by all
Nortel routers. It is currently supported over dial-up lines, including ISDN, and leased lines using
PPP, Frame Relay, and X.25. The software-based payload compression mechanism provides a compressed throughput of up to 1.2Mbps, full duplex, over a 512Kbps link.
Supporting X.25 Frame Relay, ISDN PRI and PPP, the Advanced Compression Coprocessor delivers
an aggregate compressed throughput for up to 60Mbps, which is equal to 2Mbps full duplex
(4Mbps aggregate) over eight 2.048Mbps links.
The FRE2-060E with coprocessor is available in configurations supporting 128 and 256 contexts.
The contexts can be divided into 8KB or 32KB histories.
The compression coprocessor option for the Octal Sync link module delivers an aggregate compressed throughput of up to 16Mbps. The Octal Sync link module is available in configurations
supporting 32 or 128 contexts that use 8KB dictionaries. Additionally, each Octal Sync link module
features user-configurable dictionary support of hardware and software Data Compression with a
combined total exceeding 200 dictionaries.
Support is provided for either Continuous or Packet-by-Packet compression modes. Continuous
mode maintains a compression history across packet boundaries and requires that the histories at
each end of the link be synchronised through the use of a reliable data link protocol. Packet mode
resets the history for each packet and does not require a reliable data link protocol.
Continuous mode is recommended for maximum compression efficiency.
Traffic Prioritisation Traffic Prioritisation filters can assign a high priority to time-sensitive and/or
mission-critical traffic, reducing the occurrence of session timeouts and improving application
response times for our customers. Priority filters can be configured so that packets are placed into
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
one of three priority queues: high, normal, or low, for transmission through an outbound serial
interface. Priority filters can be applied to all network and bridging protocols supported.
Priorities can be assigned to packets based on their protocol, source network, destination network,
packet type, and other protocol-specific fields, as well as other fields that are identifiable by an offset
in a packet. The number of priority filters defined for a protocol on an interface depends on the
number of outbound Uniform Traffic Filters assigned to the protocol on the interface.
Traffic Prioritisation can be configured to use either a strict queuing algorithm or a bandwidth allocation queuing algorithm for transmitting packets across a serial line. The strict queuing algorithm transmits all packets from the high-priority queue before transmitting packets from the normal and low-priority queues. The bandwidth allocation queuing algorithm allows packets from the normal and lowpriority queues to be transmitted when the high-priority queue still contains packets, based on userassigned bandwidth allocation percentages for each queue. This ensures that packets assigned lower priorities are transmitted in environments with large amounts of high- priority traffic.
• Uniform Traffic Filters The Uniform Traffic Filters Feature enables inbound and outbound traffic
filters to be established for all network and bridged protocol traffic. It provides an efficient method
for developing an effective network security strategy. In addition, Uniform Traffic Filters preserves
WAN bandwidth and can increase performance by reducing network congestion.
Inbound traffic filters can be configured to accept or drop incoming packets from any local area or
serial network interface. Outbound traffic filters can be configured to drop outgoing packets destined for any router serial interface. Additionally, Uniform Traffic Filters can be configured to execute a log action when a datagram’s field matches the value defined in the filter.
Filters can be created using predefined protocol-specific fields or user-defined fields. Up to 31
inbound filters and 31 outbound filters (including Traffic Prioritisation filters) can be defined for
each protocol on every supported network interface. Filter precedence can be configured on an
interface, reducing filter definition complexity.
• Distributed SNMP-based Node Management Router management support is fully distributed in
the BN to provide redundancy and ensure continued operation in the event of a processor module
failure. Every processor module supports a TFTP client/server and an SNMP agent that enables
configuration, monitoring, and control of the attached link module’s network interfaces. Each
SNMP agent can respond to GET/SET requests independently. All Management Information Base
(MIB) variables (MIB II and the extensive, enterprise-specific MIB for routers from Nortel
Networks, derived from the old Wellfleet MIB) are also distributed to every processor module. If a
processor module fails, the router may still be managed by the remaining processor modules.
• Flash Memory Booting Each processor module is booted with a software image stored in Flash
memory. Initially, however, each processor module attempts to boot from another processor module
that is already in operation. This algorithm ensures that a hot-swapped processor module will always
be booted with the correct software image and configuration file. If no other processor module
responds to a boot request, the processor module attempts to boot from its own Flash memory card.
Software updates and configuration changes can be made easily. The boot command supports booting from a named software image file and named configuration file in Flash memory. This allows a
new software image (or configuration file) to be downloaded to Flash memory and booted. The
router retains the ability to automatically revert to the new software image (or configuration file) if
an operational problem occurs.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
115
WAN Products
BLN2 / BCN (continued)
Passport 4400
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
• Frame Relay PVCs In the BN, PVC dimensioning is governed by the number of ILI’s installed in
the router. This is because each Link Module has it’s own FRE with onboard associated DRAM,
operating as a true distributed processor architecture. As such, it is not possible to give a figure for
the maximum number of Frame Relay PVC’s supported per box. Rather, a figure for the number of
Frame Relay PVC’s supported per slot can be deduced.
DRAM is partitioned into two types of memory, local and global. Local memory is used to run the
BayRS router operating system, sometimes refer to as GAME, store port configurations and allocate
resource for PVC’s and PRI channels, while global memory is used for packet buffering and dynamic entries, such as routing and ARP tables. The default allocation split in DRAM is local/global 3:1.
It should also be noted that if the global memory allocation becomes full, the router would dynamically use local memory for packet buffers. The decision as to which DRAM size option to select is
generally based on the size of the network the router is to be used in, in terms of the number of
routes advertised or the number of frame relay PVC’s configured.
Frame relay has two basic modes of operation, Direct Mode (point-to-point in a Cisco environment) and Group Mode (point-to-multipoint in a Cisco environment). In Direct mode, the router
allocates a set amount (55KB) of DRAM for each DLCI (PVC) terminating on the router. In
Group mode, one logical interface (and a 55K DRAM allocation) is set per point-to-multipoint
connection, supporting multiple DLCI’s (PVC’s), therefore, in this configuration, more PVC’s can
be supported. Given the 3:1 memory split mentioned earlier, for a 16M DRAM, 4M will be used
for global memory while 12M will be used for local. Of this 12M, a proportion is used to run the
BN image, dependant on which type of BayRS is selected. This only leaves a proportion of DRAM
available.
• Serial Interfaces The Serial synchronous interfaces available for the BN can be clocked up to a
maximum bandwidth of 2Mbps. All Serial interfaces can also be used in asynchronous mode up to a
bandwidth of 115Kbps.
In terms of throughput, all synchronous ILI serial interfaces can be clocked at 2Mbps.
For the Octal Sync ILI, two separate QICC chip processors service the eight serial ports, each of
which service four of the eight available serial ports. Each QICC chip can support up to 8Mbps for
the four ports it services, i.e. an aggregate of 16Mbps per octal sync card. This means that all four
serial ports can be clocked at 2Mbps, or if one serial port is clocked at 8Mbps, the other ports in
that group of four cannot be used.
For all other sync ILI’s, there is an aggregate of 6Mbps for the slot. If the Quad port Synchronous
ILI is selected for use, and three ports are being clocked at 2Mbps, the additional sync port cannot
be used on the card.
116
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Passport 4400 series of Multiservice access Switches
supports Voice over Frame Relay (VoFR) and Voice over
IP (VoIP), and utilises advanced technology to integrate
voice, fax, modem, video, LAN and legacy data traffic
over a single wide area network (WAN) link.
Passport 4460
Passport 4400
The Passport 4400 series provides an efficient, reliable and
easily managed WAN access solution with sophisticated
compression and bandwidth management, and superior
Quality of Service (QoS) for networks ranging in size
from small point-to-point to thousands of nodes. Powerful networking features and flexibility provide
a superior branch WAN solution to support new business application.
The Passport 4400 series includes the Passport 4430, 4450, 4455 and 4460 models. The Passport
4430 model provides the lowest cost solution for branch office termination. The Passport 4450 provides added termination capacity for larger branch and small regional offices. The Passport 4455
model provides additional performance to address the needs or large regional and small central-site
requirements. The Passport 4460 model delivers the performance and voice termination capacity to
address the central site requirements of small to medium-sized networks. For large networks, central
site traffic termination can be provided via the Passport 6400 or 7400 series.
Key Features
• Reduces Cost Through Integration and Compression Passport 4400 switches efficiently integrate
voice, fax, modem, video, LAN and legacy data traffic over a single WAN connection, and cut
leased line charges by half or more. Hardware data compression, SNA & X.25 spoofing, fax demodulation, PU switching and SDLC multidrop support also sharply reduce bandwidth requirements.
• Scalability and Integration Passport 4400 switches support network sizes from small point-topoint networks to thousands of nodes when used in conjunction with the Passport 6400/7400 series
of ATM network switches. Application of quality and integrity is ensured by four levels of configurable quality of service (QoS) for voice, fax and data traffic.
• Enables Business Growth and New Applications Passport 4400 switches provide the flexibility to
meet expansion requirements and to adapt to various applications. The Passport 4400 ensures graceful migration paths by supporting legacy as well as “leading-edge” networking technologies.
• Flexible Voice Services Passport 4400 switches are adaptable to the connection protocols already in
place in the customers’ LAN or WAN, supporting both VoFR and VoIP.
• Flexible IP Services The Passport 4400 series alleviates the pressure that network operators face
from surging IP traffic caused by the ever-expanding LAN, intranet and extranet applications, and
ever-widening Internet access. The Passport 4400 series allow for complete IP/IPX services between
branch and central sites as well as to the Internet.
• Simplified Operation The Passport 4400 series uses Switched Virtual Circuits (SVCs), configured
by the destination address. This simplifies “Add” and “Move” operations, because these SVCs are
provisioned directly on the device. Having a single Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) from each
branch to a central or regional site provides any-to-any connectivity.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
117
WAN Products
Passport 4400 (continued)
Key Features (continued)
Ordering Information
• Toll-Quality Voice The Passport 4400 series can support up to 60 voice channels, using ClearVoice
technology. ClearVoice uses a powerful digital signal processing (DSP) to provide toll-quality voice
compression down to 8 kbit/s. When coupled with silence suppression and speech activity detection, the average bandwidth consumed is reduced to approximately 4kbit/s, while maintaining the
same high-quality voice.
• Rich Voice Connectivity The Passport 4400 series has a number of options for connecting voice
equipment, whether it’s a PBX, fax or a standalone handset. The Passport 4400 supports both digital and analogue voice connections. In addition, support for relevant voice standards, eg. CAS and
CCS, enable connection to a wide variety of voice equipment.
Feature Summary
• System Standards supported FRF.1, FRF3.1, FRF.9, FRF.11, FRF.12, RFC1490, ITU-T.233.1,
ITU-T Q.922, ITU-I.933 Annex A, ANSI TI.617 Annex G, RFC 1315, RFC 1405, ITU G.729,
ITU G.729A, ITU G.729B, ITU G.711, Group 3 fax, Super Group 3 fax, ITU G.165, ITU G.168
• LAN 10baseT and 10/100baseT Ethernet. IP/IPX routing. Static routing, RIP, RIPv2, OSPF and
SRB routing protocols. Transparent bridging for all other protocols. Standard RFC1490 IP encapsulation with BAN for SNA. SNA over Ethernet (LLC2).
• High Speed Data Module & Integrated Serial Port Autosensing V.24, X.21, V.35, V.11. SNA
over SDLC. SNA Spoofing and switching. SNA multidrop. X.25 switching. Asynchronous
Transport over TCP/IP. Frame Relay DCE. Transparent HDLC, SDLC. Synchronous bit transparent services. PANL.
• WAN V.35/X.21/V.24 serial module. E1 DSU; G.703/G.704 interface;120 ohm twisted pair and 75
ohm coax versions. ISDN TA S/T interface.
• Voice Modules The voice module can support voice networking to multiple remote 4460s with
either E1 voice modules or analogue voice modules.
• E1 Digital Voice One or two G.703/G.704 interfaces with 75 & 120 ohm interface on each module. DACS functionality with true drop & insert (4460 only). 60 (4460 only, rest 30) voice channels. Each E1 digital voice module supports 6 channels. Groups of 6 channels can be added with
the Digital Voice Expansion Module up to a maximum of 30 channels. A second E1 digital voice
module is required for between 31 and 60 channels.
• Analogue Voice FXS (phone set); FXO (PBX extension); E&M (PABX Trunk) type I, II, III, IV.
One, two or four voice ports. RJ11 and RJ11C modular ports. Voice Fax Switching Module Provides network and PSTN access to fax module.
• Voice Signalling Switched voice calls between any two Passport 4400 devices in the network,
between a Passport 4400 and a Passport 6400 or locally switched between voice parts on a Passport
4400. CAS (R2 Q.421, tie trunk, tie invert, DC5B, inverted DC, pulsed DC, R2/V1, tie trunk
seize acknowledge). Transparent CCS (8:1 compression on signalling channel).
• Voice Compression ITU G.729/G.729A CS-ACELP (8 Kbit/s), G.711 PCM (64 Kbit/s), G.729B
Speech Activity Detection/Background Noise Regeneration.
• Data Compression The Passport 4400 has an optional slot for a compression SIMM, which can be
used to increase the throughput by using Hardware based compression. If the customer has money,
use it! However, the Passport 6400 does not support any compression, so it is not required for a
combined Passport 6400 and 4400 network.
118
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Model No.
Description
Base Units
PA4202009
PA4202010
PA4202011
4460 Clock-Sync-Enhanced AC Base Unit with AC power supply
4460 Clock-Sync-Enhanced AC Base Unit Provisioned to attach to RPSU power unit
4460 Clock-Sync-Enhanced DC Base Unit with DC power supply. Note 1 One PCMCIA
4400 Data Compression Factory Configured
NTAU94AA
Data Compression SIMM
Data Expansion Modules Field Upgrade/Spare Options
PA4204001
Dual Port Serial Data Module Field Upgrade/Spare 4 in 1 interface V.35/V.36/V.24/X.21
PA4204036
6-Port-Enabling Serial Data Expansion Module Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4218024
Breakout Box, 6-Port Serial, integrated cable to 4460 Expansion module
PCMCIA Expansion Module Field Upgrade/Spare Options
PA4204017
Xircom 10/100 Ethernet PCMCIA Module Field Upgrade/Spare
Voice Expansion Modules Field Upgrade/Spares Options
PA4204004
Dual Channel FXS Voice Module Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4204005
Quad Channel FXS Voice Module Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4204007
E1 Voice Module Field Upgrade/Spare: support for six G.729 voice channels on board.
PA4204008
6 channel Digital Voice Expansion Module Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4204009
ISDN BRI Voice Module - S/T Interface - Single Port Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4204010
ISDN BRI Voice Module - S/T Interface - Dual Port (2B+D per port) Field
Upgrade/Spare
PA4204044
Dual Channel E&M Voice Module Field Upgrade/Spare
PA4204045
Quad Channel E&M Voice Module Field Upgrade/Spare
WAN Modules Field Upgrade/Spare
CV0011045
Gray ISDN BRI S/T Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (without NT1)
CV0011053
Gray E1/FE1 Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (RJ)
CV0011054
Gray E1/FE1 Adapter Module Field Upgrade/Spare (BNC)
PA4204002
Serial Module Field Upgrade/Spare (4 in 1 interface V.35/V.36/V.24/X.21)
Software/Documentation
PA4210001-4.3 CD-ROM containing Passport 4400 Documentation CD ROM
PA4211002-4.3 16MB FLASH card with Release 4.3 system software & CD & Documentation
Miscellaneous Hardware
PA4211004
WAN Filler Panel - Spare Blank Panel for unused WAN slot.
PA4211005
Expansion Filler Panel - Spare Blank Panel for unused expansion slot.
PA4211011
Rack Mount Kit - Spare
Data Cables
PA4218001
PA4218002
PA4218009
PA4218010
PA4218019
V.24 Cable to DCE (50-pin to - DB25 Male) 15 Ft.
V.24 Cable to DTE (50-pin to DB25 Female) 15 Ft.
X.21 Cable to DCE (50-Pin to DB-15 Male) 15ft
X.21 Cable to DTE (50-Pin to DB-15 Female) 15ft
Management Port Cable to DTE (DB9 Fe to DB9 Fe) 15 Ft. (Spare)
Power Cords
AA0020019
Power Cord 10A/240V British.
Please note due to space limitation only the Passport 4460 components are shown in this handbook.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
119
WAN Products
Passport 4400 (continued)
Passport 6400/7400
Comparison of Passport 4400 models
Introduction
Features
Typical
Application
Passport 4455
Medium/Large
Medium/Large
Branch, Small
Branch, Small
Regional or Small Regional or Small
Central Site
Central Site
Passport 4450
Passport 4430
Medium/Large
Branch Site
Small Branch Site
WAN
Connections
Up to 7 physical,
24 virtual
Up to 19
Up to 19
Up to 19
LAN
Connections
Up to 2
Up to 1
Up to 1
Up to 1
Ethernet
10/100baseT
Ethernet 10baseT,
Token Ring
Ethernet 10baseT,
Token Ring
Ethernet 10baseT,
Token Ring
IP/IPX routing,
IP/IPX routing,
IP/IPX routing,
RIP, RIPv2, OSPF RIP, RIPv2, OSPF RIP, RIPv2, OSPF
routing protocols and SRB routing and SRB routing
protocols
protocols
IP/IPX routing,
RIP, RIPv2, OSPF
and SRB routing
protocols
LAN
interfaces
IP Services
120
Passport 4460
Digital Voice
Connections
Up to 60
Up to 30
Up to 30
Up to 18
Analogue Voice
Connections
Up to 8
Up to 8
Up to 8
Up to 4
FXS (Loop Start),
FXO, E&M, E1,
ISDN BRI,
VoFR, VoIP
FXS (Loop Start),
FXO, E&M, E1,
ISDN BRI,
VoFR, VoIP
Voice
Interfaces
FXS (Loop and FXS (Loop Start),
Ground Start),
FXO, E&M, E1,
E&M, E1, ISDN
ISDN BRI,
BRI, VoFR, VoIP
VoFR, VoIP
Voice
standards
G.729, G729A,
G.729B, G.711,
G.165/G.168 compliant echo
canceller
G.729, G.165
G.729, G.165
G.729, G.165
Fax Support
Super G3 and G3
G3; Voice/Fax
Switching Module
G3; Voice/Fax
Switching Module
G3; Voice/Fax
Switching Module
Serial Data
Connections
Up to 12
Up to 17
Up to 17
Up to 17
Current
software
revision
4.3 or 5.1
4.0
4.0
4.0
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Passport 6400 and Passport 7400 series of Multiservice
Edge Switches decreases network operating costs and reduces
network complexity, while increasing network performance
and availability.
The Passport 6400 series of scalable Multiservice Edge
Switches includes the Passport 6480, the Passport 6440 and
the Passport 6420.
The Passport 7400 series includes the Passport 7480 and the
Passport 7440.
Passport 6480/7480
Passport
6440/7440
Passport
6420
The Passport 6400/7400 series integrates local and wide area
networks (LANs/WANs) into a single, easily managed solution. The Passport series effectively transports all of an enterprise’s LAN, legacy data, telephony, and video traffic over leased lines, public or private frame relay, or
asynchronous transfer mode (ATM).
The Passport 6400/7400 series is complemented by the Passport 4400 series of Multiservice Access
Switches, which can extend a customer’s solution to smaller branches.
Key Features
• Decreases total networking costs The Passport 6400/7400 series consolidates data, voice, and
video traffic onto a single network and supports a wide range of access and trunking options, providing both infrastructure and operational cost savings. Enterprises can use the Passport 6400/7400
to build private networks over leased lines, evolving existing time division multiplexing (TDM) networks and taking advantage of the QoS and multiservice capabilities offered by the Passport 6400/
7400. The Passport 6400/7400 seamlessly incorporates secure connections through public ATM or
frame relay network services where bandwidth, cost, and improved business reach are required.
The feature-rich voice services of the Passport 6400/7400 are a result of years of telephony experience. High-quality, low bit-rate voice compression and silence suppression reduce bandwidth consumption while maintaining high voice quality. Fax demodulation further ensures that bandwidth is
not being used unnecessarily.
In addition, the Nortel Networks award-winning voice networking capability allows the Passport
6400/7400 to interpret public branch exchange (PBX) signalling protocols and route individual calls
directly, instead of through a tandem PBX. This simplifies network design and improves end-to-end
voice quality, providing operational cost savings.
• Increases network performance Designed for industry-leading performance, the Passport 6400/
7400 maximises the use of network resources and minimises the impact of congestion and failures.
A sophisticated traffic management system – Multiple Priority System (MPS) – allows optimisation
of resources, dynamically allocates bandwidth, reduces traffic congestion, and provides the least possible network latency to guarantee service levels for all traffic types.
InterLAN switching features include integrated switching and multiprotocol routing of LAN traffic as
well as industry-leading packet filtering capabilities. These features are delivered on a distributed
processor platform to ensure the highest possible performance even in the most secure environments.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
121
WAN Products
Ordering Information (continued)
Passport 6400/7400 (continued)
Key Features (continued)
The Passport 6400/7400 also supports the industry’s first commercially available Layer 3 switching
technology. Pioneered by Nortel Networks, Virtual Network Switching (VNS) eliminates the latency associated with network layer routing, provides network managers with the ability to partition
the WAN into Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), and simplifies the configuration and deployment
of new network locations. VNS provides flexible cell and frame transport and improves LAN/WAN
internetworking performance for Internet Protocol (IP) and Internet Protocol Exchange (IPX) routed traffic as well as all bridged traffic.
• Enables flexible, reliable, and secure LAN/WAN network operation The Passport 6400/7400
series increases the flexibility of an enterprise network and extends connectivity options in private,
public, and hybrid networks.
In applications where public access provides a cost-effective alternative to private network infrastructures, the Passport 6400/7400 series offers standards compliant, secure, and seamless operation over
public frame relay and ATM services. The high network reliability of Passport 6400/7400 (up to
99.999 per cent), including redundant power and processor configurations, ensures its availability
for mission critical applications.
Passport 6400/7400 products support NetSentry—industry-leading advanced packet filtering and
firewall software. Using “seek and discover” parameters, the network is monitored for intrusions
and, should they occur, notification is sent to the network management system for investigation. In
addition to intrusion detection security, enterprise customers can create multiple intranets, partitioning sensitive corporate data from general access.
• Optimises network resources Critical to any enterprise network is comprehensive network management, the ability to manage, monitor, and service alarms from anywhere in the network. The
Passport 6400/7400 series can be managed using one of Nortel Networks comprehensive support
offerings designed to meet varying enterprise needs and operating models.
Description
Passport 6480 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
QMY714A
Passport 6480 AC Cabinet Package: Passport 6480 AC Shelf, Cable Management Unit,
Cooling Unit, Cabinet With Side Doors and Panels, CP - Next Generation, AC Power
Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable, 6480 Base System Software.
QMY718A
Passport 6480 AC Shelf Package (16 slot): Passport 6480 AC Shelf, Cable Management
Unit, Cooling Unit, CP - Next Generation, AC Power Supply, DCE V.24 Operator
Cable, 6480 Base System Software.
Passport 6440 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTSY80AA
Passport 6440 AC Package: Passport 6440 Shelf, CP-Next Generation, Passport 6440 AC
Power Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable, 6440 Base System Software.
Passport 6440 with CFP1 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTSY82AA
PP6440 AC Package with CFP1: PP6440 Shelf, AC Pwr supply, CFP1, DCE V.24
Operator Cable, Power Cord Sel’n Guide, Ferrite Bead Cable, 6440 Base System
Software, CFP1 Base System Software. Note: order mtg h/w separately.
Passport 6420 with CFP1 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
QMY537A
Passport 6420 Base Package with CFP1: Passport 6420 Shelf, CFP1, Ferrite Bead Cable
x 2, V.24 Operator Cable, PP6420 Power Selection Guide, 6420 Base System Software,
CFP1 Base System Software.
122
Passport 7480 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
QMY540A
Passport 7480 AC Shelf Package (16 slot): Passport 7480 AC Shelf, Cable Management
Unit, Cooling Unit, CP-Next Generation, AC Power Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable,
7480 PCR Base System Software
QMY716A
Passport 7480 AC Cabinet Package: Passport 7480 AC Shelf, Cable Management Unit,
Cooling Unit, Cabinet with Slide Doors and Panels, CP-Next Generation, AC Power
Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable, 7480 PCR Base System Software
Passport Power Supplies
NTBP09CA
6480/7480 AC Power Converter
NTBP51AA
6480/7480 Blank Power Converter Face Plate
NTEP26CA
6440/7440 AC Power Converter
NTEP41BA
6440/7440 Blank Power Converter Face Plate
Control Processors
NTNN01AA
CP2 Control Processor
NTNN02AA
CFP1 (For use with 6440 and 6420) - Bundled Hardware and Software
Frame Relay Function Processors (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTNQ11AA
Eight-port V.35 FP Prem, Frame Based Application Software
NTNQ13AA
Eight-port V.11 FP Premium, Frame Relay Application Software
NTNQ15AA
Four-port E1 FP STD, Frame Relay Application Software
NTNQ21AA
Four-port E1c Premium FP (Channellised), Frame Relay Application Software
NTNQ22AA
Four port E1 Channellised Frame Relay ISDN PRI Access package(64 MB) FP, FR s/w
NTNQ25AA
One-port E3 FP STD, Frame Relay Application Software
NTNQ27AA
One-port HSSI Next Generation FP, Frame Relay Application Software
ATM Function Processors (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTNQ48AA
Four-port E1 AAL1 CES FP, ATM Application Software
NTNQ50AA
Eight-port E1 ATM UNI/IMA FP, ATM Application Software
NTNQ52AA
Three-port E3 ATM FP, ATM Application Software
NTNQ54AA
Three-port OC3/STM-1 ATM Multimode FP, ATM Application Software
NTNQ55AA
Three-port OC3/STM-1 ATM Singlemode FP, ATM Application Software
Voice Function Processors (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTNQ86AA
One-port E1 MVP Voice enhanced on-Board ECAN FP, MVPe Application Software
LAN Function Processors (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTNQ36AA
Six-port Ethernet Next Generation FP, LAN Application Software
NTNQ37AA
Two-port 100BaseT Ethernet Next Generation FP, LAN Application Software
NTNQ38AA
ILS Forwarder FP (No application software)
Ordering Information
Model No.
Passport 7440 Base Packages (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTSY83AA
Passport 7440 AC Package: Passport 7440 Shelf, CP-Next Generation, Passport 7440 AC
Power Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable, 7440 PCR Base System Software
NTSY84AA
Passport 7440 DC Package: Passport 7440 Shelf, CP-Next Generation, Passport 7440
DC Power Supply, DCE V.24 Operator Cable, 7440 PCR Base System Software
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
ATM-IP Function Processors (Bundled Hardware and Software)
NTNQ65AA
Two-port OC3 ATM-IP Multimode FP, ATM Application Software.
NTNQ66AA
Two-port OC3 ATM-IP SM FP, ATM Application Software.
NTNQ67AA
Three-port E3 ATM-IP FP, ATM Application Software.
Passport Termination Panels – 19 inch Rackmount
NTBP99AA
DS3/E3 Termination Panel
NTFP08AB
V.35 Termination Panel
NTFP09AB
V.11 Termination Panel
NTFP10BA
DS1/E1 Balanced Termination Panel
NTFP11AB
E1 Unbalanced Termination Panel
NTFP23AA
Ethernet Fanout Panel
NTFP99AB
DS3/E3 ATM Termination Panel
NTJS18AA
CFP1 Universal Termination Panel – 19 inch
Passport Termination Panels – 13 inch Integrated
NTEP21AB
Integrated V.35 Termination Panel – 13 inch
NTEP22AB
Integrated V.11 Termination Panel – 13 inch
NTEP23BA
Integrated DS1/E1 Balanced Termination Panel – 13 inch
NTEP24AC
Integrated E1 Unbalanced Termination Panel – 13 inch
NTEP37AA
Integrated DS3/E3 Balanced Termination Panel – 13 inch
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
123
WAN Products
Passport 6400/7400 (continued)
Ordering Information (continued)
NTEP42AA
NTEP53AB
NTFN05AA
NTFN06AA
NTJS17AA
Integrated Ethernet Fanout Panel – 13 inch
DS3/E3 ATM Termination Panel – 13 inch
CFP1 V.11 Termination Panel – 13 inch
CFP1 V.35 Termination Panel – 13 inch
CFP1 Universal Termination Panel – 13 inch
Passport Cables (All Models)
NTBP25AA
DCE V.24 Operator Cable
NTBP28AA
E1 Termination Panel Cable (3M)
NTBP29DA
V.35/V.11 Termination Panel Cable (3M)
NTBP63AA
Grounding Cable
NTBP73AA
Shelf Alarm Interconnect Cable
NTFN03AB
Ethernet Termination Panel Cable (3M)
NTFP19AA
DS3/E3 Termination Panel Cable (3M)
NTFP19AD
DS3/E3 Termination Panel Cable w/Ferrite (3M)
NTFP20AA
DS3/E3 Interface Cable (3M)
NTFP52AB
DS3/E3 ATM Termination Panel Control Cable (3M)
NTFP54AA
Ferrite Kit
NTFP94AA
HSSI null modem cable (3M)
NTFP96AA
HSSI 1:1 cable assembly (3M)
NTHP02AA
E1 Termination Cable (3M) (8 port E1 FP)
Passport Cables (For Integrated Termination Panels)
NTEP02AA
E1 Integrated Termination Panel Cable (32”)
NTEP02BA
E1/E1V/DS1/DS1V Integrated Termination Panel Cable (1M) - (6440/6420)
NTEP03CA
V.35/V.11 Integrated Termination Panel Cable (1M)
NTEP03DA
V.35/V.11 Integrated Termination Panel Cable (1M) - also used for CFP1
NTFN02AB
Ethernet Termination Panel Cable (1M)
NTFP19AC
DS3/E3 Termination Panel Cable (1 M)
NTFP19AF
DS3/E3 Termination Panel Cable w/Ferrite (1M)
NTFP20AC
DS3/E3 Interface Cable (0.8 M)
NTHP04AA
E1 Termination Cable (31”) (8 port E1 FP)
NTHP05AA
E1 Termination Cable (34”) (8 port E1 FP)
NTHQ06AA
CFP1 Fanout Cable
NTHQ11AA
Ferrite Bead Cable (for CFP1 LAN ports)
Passport Power Cords
NTFP83AA
AC Power Cord - North America, Taiwan, Thailand, Korea and CALA (except Argentina)
NTFP84AA
AC Power Cord - Japan
NTFP85AA
AC Power Cord - U.K., Ireland, and Hong Kong
NTFP86AA
AC Power Cord - Continental Europe and Indonesia
NTFP87AA
AC Power Cord - Australia, New Zealand, China and Argentina
NTFP88AA
AC Power Cord - Switzerland
Passport Base System Software
Note: All base, routing, networking, and application software is bundled with the hardware. You must specify the appropriate version. Value added, or incremental networking software, however, must be ordered separately.
NTJ250AD
NTJ250AE
NTJ240CM
Passport 6400 P7.0 S/W CDRM, for ordering purposes only, no charge for media
Passport 6400 P7.0 S/W AND NTP CDRM PACKAGE, for ordering purposes only, no
charge for media
Passport 7400 PCR 5.1 Base Software- CDROM Delivery
Value Added Software (One-Time RTU Licence Fee)
NTJ228AJ
Frame Relay Trace Software (Release 7.0) – per node
NTJ231AJ
T1/E1 Frame Relay ISDN PRI Software (Release 7.0) – Europe & Japan – per node
NTJ234AL
Tandem Pass Through (Release 7.0) – per FP
NTJ234AM
LD-CELP (G.728) (Release 7.0) – per FP
Note: Not all Passport 6400/7400 components like spares are shown in this handbook due to space limitations.
124
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Technical Information
InterLAN Switching
• Network protocols including TCP/IP and Novell IPX,IPX RIP
• Routing techniques including Routing Information Protocol (RIP/RIP V2), Border Gateway
Protocol (BGP4), Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP), and Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
• Bridging support including transparent bridging, source route bridging, source route trans
parent IEEE 802.9
• Bridged Frame Routing (RFC 1499)
• Security-advanced filtering facility (NetSentry)
• RFC 1483 multiprotocol encapsulation over ATM
• RFC 1490 multiprotocol connection over frame relay
• Multiple virtual routers (Virtual Private Networks)
• IP tunnelling
• VRRP (100BaseT)
• IP Multicast (PIM-SM)
APPN Support
• Network Node-dependent Logical Unit (LU) requester (DLUR)
• High-performance routing
ATM
• Virtual channel and virtual path ATM switching SVC, SPVC, PVC, SPVP, SVP
• ATM UNI/NNI
• ATM dynamic trunk speed
• Adaptation of all Passport-supported services to ATM
• Wide range of ATM physical-layer interfaces
• Traffic policing and shaping
• ATM Forum QoS support (CBR, VBR-rt, VBR-nrt, UBR)
• AAL1 structured and unstructured circuit emulation
• LAN emulation client (LEC)
• PNNI
• IMA interoperability
• Multiservice cut-through switching (MCS) over ATM
• ATM Forum Traffic Management 4.0
Voice Networking Protocols
• ETSI Q.SIG on E1/DS1 – Segmentation on E1
• NIS on DSI
• CAS (DTMF inband signaling) on all interfaces (T1/E1/TTC 2M)
• Euro ISDN
• Meridian MCDN
Voice Services
• ADPCM compression
• 8 kbps voice compression (G.729)
• 16 kbps voice compression (G.728)
• Fax and modem tone detection
• Speech Activity Detection (SAD or VAD)
• Automatic voice/data call discrimination
• Tandem Pass Through
• Dialled digit /single hop routing (voice networking)
• Voice accounting
• Global interface support
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
125
WAN Products
Designing WAN Solutions
Passport 6400/7400 (continued)
Decision Matrix
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
Transparent Data Support
• Frame-aligned bit transparent connection
• HDLC transparent connection
Frame Relay
• High-speed interfaces
• Differentiated traffic class management
• Switched and permanent virtual circuits (SVC, PVC, SPVC)
• Frame relay – ATM network internetworking (FRF.5)
• Frame relay – ATM service interworking (FRF.8)
• Frame relay trace
• Frame relay ISDN access – North America
Trunking
• 9.6 kbps to 155 Mbps (OC-3c)
• ATM, frame relay, frame/cell
Robust Routing
• Connection and connectionless routing are supported
* LAN protocols and legacy data use a dynamic packet routing system (DPRS)
* Voice and transparent data use a connection-oriented routing system (PORS)
Physical Interfaces
• V.11 (X.21), V.35
• DS1, E1 channellised and unchannellised
• DS1, E1, TTC-2M voice
• DS3, E3
• HSSI
• Ethernet (10BaseT, 100BaseT)
• DS1, E1 ATM
• DS3, E3 ATM
• OC-3c, STM-1 ATM
• J2 ATM
• Combined control, Ethernet/Token Ring, and V.11/V.35
Network Management System
• Comprehensive control of fault, performance, and configuration management
• Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for integration into other applications
• On-switch spooling of alarms, statistics, accounting records, and logs
• Network planning and analysis tools
• Accounting
• Service management
Performance Monitoring
• Customised Service Level Agreement (SLA) reporting
• Web-accessible
• Service-oriented views of ATM, frame relay, voice, System – Network Architecture (SNA), and X.25
126
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
All customers want to be able to support their IT requirements in the most cost effective way whilst
maintaining the highest level of performance for their business – THEY CAN and YOU CAN with
Nortel Networks flexible range of High Performance Routed Solutions!
This section is an aid to help you assess the type of equipment that you would require for a typical
network. This document is a guide ONLY and must not be taken as a final working solution.
Table
Take a look at this table and decide which scenario best suits you and then check the result (e.g. 2).
Next, take a look at the kit list that applies to you in the WAN Results section.
Scenario
Result
You have 2 sites that you wish to connect via a private circuit, no more than 2MB
and you may require ISDN backup, but you are not running VoIP across the link.
You wish to route IP only.
1
You have 2 sites that you wish to connect via a private circuit, no more than 2MB
and you may require ISDN backup, and you are running VoIP across the link. You
wish to route IP only.
2
You have an HQ and 3 remote offices connected via a private circuit, not more than
2Mb per circuit and you are not running VoIP across the link.
3
You have an HQ and 3 remote offices connected via a private circuit, not more than
2Mb per circuit and you are running VoIP across the link.
4
You have 2 sites connected via Ethernet LAN service (10BaseT or 10/100) and
both the existing LAN’s are on the same subnet.
5
You have 2 sites connected via Ethernet LAN service (10BaseT or 10/100) and
both the existing LAN’s are on different subnets.
6
You have 2 sites connected via a private circuit, no more than 2MB requiring
analogue voice.
7
You have a HQ site and seven small remote sites that require secure WAN
connectivity across the Internet and a number of road warriors requiring
remote access.
8
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
127
Designing WAN Solutions
WAN Results
1
Diagram
This solution uses our smallest router, the Passport 2430
Part Code
Description
Quantity
PB2002005
CV0011044
CV0011045
PB0008015-15.5
Plus
AA2118001
Passport 2430 Router
WAN Module
ISDN Module (optional)
IP Access Suite Software
Country Power Cord
3-Meter 44-Pin X.21 serial cable
2
2
2
2
2
2
AP0000023-15.5
Site Manager configuration software
1
ISDN
(backup)
Central Site
Remote Site 2
ASN
Passport
2430
Ethernet
connection
to LAN
Ethernet
connection
to LAN
2
This uses two LAN ports in a router to keep the voice and data traffic separate. The
router handles prioritisation across the WAN and there is no need for any additional
configuration on the LAN equipment.
BayStack ARN Ethernet Base Unit (16M DRAM)
IP Access Suite (16M PCMCIA)
ARN Ethernet Tri-Serial Expansion Module
ISDN BRI Module
Country Power Cord
3-Meter 44-Pin X.21 serial cable
2
2
2
2
2
2
AP0000023-15.5
Site Manager configuration software
1
N.B. You may notice that there are 3 WAN interfaces on the module that has been specified. It is possible to use a single WAN interface, but the difference in price is minimal. This of course means that
future expansion is already built into the router for very little cost.
128
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Passport
2430
Ethernet
connection
to LAN
Kit List
REMOTE SITES
At the central site, the quad serial module has been specified for the ASN, to connect in the three
remote sites. The dual Ethernet card has two 10Mb LAN connections, possibly for connection to an
ITG card. One of the ASN slots has been used for the Quad ISDN BRI module. This will allow all
remote sites to dial in at a time in case the main (serial) link fails. All sites require BayRS routing
software. In this case System suite is suitable for the ASN, but there are more complex suites available
that support protocols like IPX and SNA.
Leased Lines
Ethernet
connection
to LAN
3
On this four site solution, an ASN has been specified at the central site and Passport
2430s at the remote sites.
Remote Site 3
Passport
2430
CENTRAL SITE
CV1001004
CV0008094-15.5
CV0011014
CV0011002
Plus
AA2118001
Remote Site 1
AF0002?12
34000
AF2111005
34005
AF0008115-15.5
AA0011004
AA2118002
ASN 16M AC Base Unit
Dual Ethernet Net Module
Quad Sync Net Module
Quad BRI Net Module
ASN System Suite (16M PCMCIA)
ASN2 Fast Packet Cache
3-Meter 50-Pin X.21 serial cable
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
PB2002005
CV0011044
CV0011045
PB0008015-15.5
Plus
AA2118001
Passport 2430 Router
WAN Module
ISDN Module
IP Access Suite Software
Country Power Cord
3-Meter 50-Pin X.21 serial cable
3
3
3
3
3
3
AP0000023-15.5
Site Manager configuration software
1
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
129
Designing WAN Solutions
WAN Results (continued)
8
Part Code
Description
CENTRAL SITE
AF0002?12
34000
AF2111005
34005
AF0008115-15.5
AA0011004
AA2118002
ASN 16M AC Base Unit
Dual Ethernet Net Module
Quad Sync Net Module
Quad BRI Net Module
ASN System Suite (16M PCMCIA)
ASN2 Fast Packet Cache
3-Meter 50-Pin X.21 serial cable
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
REMOTE SITES
This solution uses an ASN at the central site and the ARN at the remote sites.
Quantity
CV1001004
CV0008094-15.5
CV0011014
CV0011002
AA0020019
Plus
AA2118001
BayStack ARN Ethernet Base Unit (16M DRAM)
IP Access Suite (16M PCMCIA)
ARN Ethernet Tri-Serial Expansion Module
ISDN BRI Module
Power Cord 10A/240V British
Country Power Cord
3-Meter 50-Pin X.21 serial cable
3
3
3
3
3
3
AP0000023-15.5
Site Manager configuration software
1
On this solution the central site has been provisioned with two Contivity 600 devices to
provide resilience using standards based routing protocols and VRRP. The remote
branch offices have been configured with Contivity 1050 units providing up to four local
switched Ethernet ports and a single Ethernet port to an Ethernet provisioned ADSL NTU.
The Contivity 600 comes with IPSec client software that can be used on an unlimited
number of road warriors PCs to allow up to 50 concurrent IPSec tunnels to be set up
across each of the central site Contivity 600 devices.
REMOTE SITES CENTRAL SITE
4
DM1401066
Plus
DM0016010
DM1401094
Plus
DM0016012
Contivity 600, 50 tunnels, dual 10/100 autosense Ethernet
controllers, server s/w w/128 bit encryption, external auto-sensing
power supply, Contivity VPN Client for Windows, no power cord
Country Power Cord
Contivity Advanced Routing Licence, inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF
Differentiated Services, and Bandwidth Management
2
2
Contivity 1050, 5 tunnels, single 10/100 Ethernet, 4-port switch,
external auto-sensing power supply, server software w/(128-bit)
encryption, Contivity VPN Client for Windows, no power cord
Country Power Cord
Contivity Advanced Routing Licence, inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF
Differentiated Services, and Bandwidth Management
7
7
2
7
5
As this is a LAN extension, then we can use Layer 2 switches. We would recommend the
BayStack 470-24T. This also gives the ability to support Voice over IP if required.
AL2012?37
BayStack 470-24T Switch
Diagram
2
Remote Office
Public Network
Central Site
6
To provide routing between subnets across an Ethernet solution a Passport LAN routing
switch would be required at one of the sites.
DJ1412?02
AL2012?37
DS1410005-3.0
Passport 1648T Routing Switch
BayStack 470-24T Switch
Optivity Switch Manager
1
1
1
Unencrypted
DSL
access
Internet
Dual devices with
VRRP / RIP / OSPF
for HA
Voice &
PSTN
7
The Passport 4460 can support up to 8 analogue voice connections as well as acting as a
IP router over leased lines.
Part Code
Description
Quantity
PA4202009
4460 Clock-Sync-Enhanced AC Base Unit with AC power supply
2
PA4204045
Quad Channel E&M Voice Module
4
PA4211002-4.3
16MB FLASH card with Rel. 4.3 software, CD + Documentation
2
Plus
Country Power Cord
2
PA4218009
X.21 Cable to DCE (50-Pin to DB-15 Male) 15ft
2
NTAU94AA
Data Compression SIMM
2
130
Unencrypted
Encrypted & encapsulated
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Private
network
ITG
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
131
IP Telephony
Products at a Glance
Succession Release 3
Table
Introduction
Product
Features
Succession Release 3
Succession Enterprise Software Release 3.0 combines the benefits of
the Meridian 1 and Succession 1000 portfolios into one software
stream allowing for consistent customer experience. This advanced
IP telephony solution for enterprise customers builds on existing
investment with new applications, lower costs through convergence
and user mobility, increased security, and network resilience
Succession 1000
Server based – IP communications system. Succession 1000 has the
functionality of Meridian but with the benefits of a distributed IP
Telephony architecture. Support for IP, analogue, and digital telsets
Succession 1000M
IP enabled Meridian 1 PBX running Succession software
IP Trunk card
IPE Card for networking Meridian 1’s together over an IP infrastructure with ISDN features
IP Line card
Card for linking IP telsets to a Succession 1000 or Succession
1000M over an IP infrastructure
Survivable Branch Office
Extends Succession 1000 or Succession 1000M features from a Main
Office to one or more remote Branch Offices for 40 to 200 users
i2004 Internet Telephone
Enhanced IP telset that can be used with Succession enabled BCM
or Meridian 1 or the Succession portfolio
i2002 Internet Telephone
Standard IP telset that can be used with BCM or the Succession
portfolio
i2050 Software Phone
PC based client, supporting all the features available on the i2004
Internet Telephone
Remote Office 9150
Small branch access (up to 32 digital telsets) to a central Meridian 1
or Succession 1000, with Voice Flex on ISDN for complete reliability
Remote Office 9110/9115
Single user access from a remote location to a central Meridian 1 or
Succession CSE 1000 with Voice Flex on PSTN for complete
reliability
Business Communications
Manager
Office communications in a box, offering voice and data
connectivity plus applications like unified messaging and call
centres
Survivable Remote Gateway
Extends the Succession to a small branch office using BCM based
hardware for 5 to 50 users
Multimedia Communications Multimedia Communications System 5100 is Nortel Networks
System (MCS) 5100
Enterprise Communications services delivery solution, providing
Client Services capability in a network- based solution
132
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Succession 3.0 is enterprise call server software
that supports call server and gateway redundancy
IP telephony scalability to 10, 000 IP clients/call
server and survivable branch office solutions. It
allows interworking with Nortel Networks
Multimedia Communications Portfolio.
Running on both Succession 1000 IP PBXs and
Meridian 1 PBXs it provides a seamless migration path for Meridian 1 to migrate to
Succession.
Succession 1000
Succession
2.0 software
Succession 1000
Succession
Succession 1000M
Software
Meridian 1
Meridian 1
X11 Rls 25 s/w
Release 3.0
Meridian 1
Key Features & Benefits
• Supports Succession 1000M, a new highly scalable, fully redundant version of the Succession 1000
that supports 10,000 IP clients per call server and call server redundancy
• Choice of deployment options (IP PBX, PBX or hybrid) providing an investment-protected migration path to IP telephony
• Seamless interworking with Nortel Networks Multimedia Communications Portfolio for access to
SIP-based enterprise multimedia and collaborative application delivery
• Supports delivery of customised data applications to IP phones for business productivity applications
• Extensive desktop portfolio includes IP phones, software phones, 802.11 Wireless VoIP phones, as
well as digital and analogue phones to meet diverse end-user requirements
Technical Information
Succession 3.0 introduces a suite of solutions derived from 4 areas. First, the Meridian 1 portfolio
has been enhanced by new features and enhancements to existing features as requested by enterprise customers.
• IP Peer Networking introduced on the Succession 1000 Release 2.0 has been extended to the
Meridian 1 portfolio with enhancements to add redundancy at both the Signalling Server and the
Call Server level. The IP Peer Networking feature distributes the Succession 3.0 network over a
Wide Area Network (WAN), using either industry-standard H.323 gateway or the Nortel Networks
Succession Signalling Server. IP Peer Networking consolidates voice and data traffic on a single
Quality of Service (QoS)-managed network.
IP Peer Networking enables the networking of multiple Succession 3.0 systems across an IP network. Network-Wide transparency is provided using Nortel Networks Meridian Customer Defined
Network (MCDN) protocol.
The IP Peer Networking feature enables Call Servers to work together in a network, over IP facilities, without using circuit switching. Instead, IP Peer Networking uses direct IP media paths for
connections that involve two IP devices. H.323 signalling is performed by Signalling Servers. Media
streams route directly between the Internet Telephones and Gateways over the IP network, using
virtual trunks. This minimizes voice quality issues caused be delay and transcoding between circuitswitched voice and IP Packets.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
133
IP Telephony
Succession Release 3 (continued)
Technical Information (continued)
Introduction
• IP Line functionality currently available on the Meridian 1 portfolio will be enhanced by the support of the Succession Signalling Server, new end user features and additional administration and
supportability features. With the inclusion of the Succession Signalling Servers, IP Line will increase
scalability to 10,000 registered IP devices. Upgrade paths from ITG 2.x and IP Line 3.0 are available without charge via the Electronic Software Distribution (ESD), either Optivity Telephony
Manager (OTM) 2.1 or Element Manager is required to execute the upgrade.
• System Management is comprised of Optivity Telephony Manager (OTM) and Element Manager.
OTM provides a scalable integrated suite of Windows and Web based value added applications for
the centralized management of all systems supporting Succession 3.0 software.
The Element Management interface is available for all systems equipped with a signalling server.
This new web based graphical user interface provides immediate commissioning of IP Applications,
an alternative to traditional overlays/CLI and simplifies overall management with functionalities
such as Gatekeeper/IP Services and IP Peer configuration or software/firmware and patch download.
Element management is used for basic configuration and maintenances of a system. OTM brings
together the information from multiple systems in the network. OTM provides a set of network
wide applications and utilities that addresses the needs of a variety of users (Station to the desktop –
for the end users, Call Accounting / Billing reports – For the finance departments and system
administrators, Traffic Reports – for the network administrator, etc.
• Product Physical Description Succession 3.0 Software is supported on the following platforms:
• Succession 1000
• Succession 1000M Cabinet
• Succession 1000M Chassis
• Succession 1000M Half Group
• Succession 1000M Single Group
• Succession 1000M Multi Group
• Meridian 1 Option 11C Chassis (previously known as Meridian 1 Option 11C Mini)
• Meridian 1 Option 11C Cabinet (previously known as Meridian 1 Option 11C)
• Meridian 1 Option 51C
• Meridian 1 Option 61C
• Meridian 1 Option 81
• Meridian 1 Option 81C
Once the decision has been made to implement IP Telephony and IP Peer Networking, the success
will be dependant on the careful engineering of both the network and system resources. The major
consideration from the network is QoS and bandwidth, however, many other factors must be considered such as IP addresses, packet size and different Codec standards. System resources that need
to be considered to implement are:
• Real Time Utilisation
• DSP Resources (number of Succession Media Cards)
• Number of Signalling Servers
• Alternate Gatekeepers
• Failsafe Gatekeeper option
• Number of IP Peer H.323 Trunks
134
Succession 1000
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Succession 1000 is a next generation, VoIP solution providing all the benefits of a converged network
plus advanced business applications and management software and over 400 world-class telephony
features. Succession 1000 is the completion of an architectural evolution that decouples and distributes the key components of the Meridian 1 enterprise communication system – call processing,
switching, line and trunk interfaces, applications – into an open, IP-distributed, standards based network design.
Typical Applications
•
•
•
•
Centralised telephony services distributed to multiple sites using a converged networks as transport.
Simplifying management with an end-to-end converged solution for full-featured telephony.
Reducing the costs of adds, moves and changes.
Web portal applications, Unified messaging, IP contact centres, CRM, audio conferences, one
number ‘find me’ services and personal management.
Key Selling Points
A highly distributed connection management system that consolidates the sophisticated intelligence,
complex call/connection management and evolving standard protocol support that is required for
delivering a robust and scalable Internet telephony solution. The solution supports a rich set of
telephony features traditionally found on PBX and Key Systems, along with standards-based IP
networking support of the H.323 protocol that provides the link between IP and the traditional
telephony world.
Simplicity
• Distributed call and connection management
• Simplified cabling, installation and maintenance
• Unified voice and data management
Productivity
• Scalable network elements, based on global standards
• Easier management with fewer call processors and application servers
Affordability
• Phased migration approach
• Built-in reliability to avoid business disruption
• Leverages common IP desktop, Meridian applications and user interface
Flexibility
• Flexible terminal and system element deployment
• Choice if user interfaces, call connection services and applications
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
135
IP Telephony
Succession 1000M
Succession 1000 (continued)
Features and Benefits
Introduction
Succession 1000 is designed to provide a full-featured Voice over IP (VoIP) solution for the enterprise
environment and also to deliver a graceful migration path for companies who have invested in
Meridian 1 communications systems to create a converged digital/IP network. Succession 1000 is a
robust, IP-based platform that delivers the full range of proven telephony applications.
• Extensive Feature Set and Applications including unified messaging, mobility, contact centre,
conference bridge, personal call director, centralised and networked features and applications.
• Built in Carrier Grade Reliability based on proven technology.
• Increased Mobility and Accessibility to the network.
• Simplified Network Management and administration through converged networks, which
reduces overall network costs.
• Global PSTN Interworking with Gateways.
• A Graceful Evolution into Meridian 1 Networks with full seamless networking to existing
Meridians.
• Internet Telephone connectivity supports powerful eBusiness applications, extends network.
services to remote workers, increases portability, simplifies moves and changes and eliminates toll
charges on site-to-site calls.
• High Value Telephony Features and Services including corporate directory, music-on-hold,
recorded announcements and attendant consoles.
• Comprehensive Portfolio of Advanced Applications including Unified Messaging, Contact
Centres and Interactive Voice Response (IVR).
• Simplified Network Infrastructure cuts costs by connecting IP phones over the LAN wiring.
system, seamlessly extending features to multiple sites through IP connectivity and streamlining
network management.
• Wireless E-mobility Solutions allow workers increased freedom and productivity.
• Modular and Scalable Design enables immediate implementation or a phased migration into
an existing network.
The Succession 1000 has several intrinsic functions and capabilities that deliver comprehensive call handling services in the enterprise environment. These include Call Server, Media Gateway, LDAP
Directory Management, Unified Management, Internet Telephones, Wireless VoIP and Remote Office.
Succession 1000 Call Server
• The call server performs the call processing and supplies the network intelligence to manage the
connections between end points such as Succession Media Gateways, IP phones and IP applications
and management software.
Now Succession release 3.0 has taken the features and benefits of both the Meridian 1 and Succession
1000 systems and delivered the Succession 1000M. The Succession 1000M family of systems is made
up from one of the following systems and the addition of Signalling Server and Succession 3.0 software.
Meridian 1 Option 11C + Signalling Server
Meridian 1 Option 11C mini + Signalling Server
Meridian 1 Option 51C + Signalling Server
Meridian 1 Option 61C + Signalling Server
Meridian 1 Option 81C + Signalling Server
=
=
=
=
=
Succession 1000M Cabinet
Succession 1000M Chassis
Succession 1000M Half Group
Succession 1000M Single Group
Succession 1000M Multi Group
Once upgraded to a Succession 1000M the system can fully utilise all the benefits of a pure IP PBX
including communication between IP devises in their native language on different nodes connected
via a WAN by IP Peer H.323 Trunks.
Migrations from one Succession 1000M system type to another system type will use the same hardware packages as the Meridian 1. Example, a Succession 1000M Half Group to Succession Single
Group will use the NTHU32AA/DA (Upgrade to Option 61C from 51/51C).
The Meridian 1 family will continue to be supported on Succession 3.0 for customers that do not
want to implement the advantages of IP Peer and Gatekeeper functionality. Option 11C and Option
11C mini will now referred to as Option 11C Cabinet and Option 11C Chassis respectively.
Typical Applications
• With Succession 1000M solutions, distributed server applications like CallPilot Unified Messaging
and Symposium Contact Centre IP Solutions are available to users on a data network. A business
benefits from distributed applications that are cost-effectively and easily deployed.
• Whether a contact centre comprises a single site or is geographically dispersed, IP Telephony can be
used to simplify management and administration and to extend customer care capabilities to agents
anywhere – in branch offices or working at home.
• The flexibility of the Symposium Contact Centre IP solution results in lower operating costs and
increased employee retention, both of which improve profits.
Features and Benefits
Succession 1000 Media Gateway
• The gateway connects to the call server via 100BaseT and supports the peripheral equipment
including the IP line card, digital trunks, analogue trunks and integrated applications.
136
Meridian 1 is the world’s leading office communications system with over 43 million lines installed.
Meridian 1 is evolving into an IP based communications system with all equipment distributable
over an IP converged network. IP enabling the Meridian 1 represents the smoothest evolution path
to IP telephony with full investment protection for existing features, telephones and equipment.
for channel
internal use only.
Confidential Confidential
– for internal–and
• The Succession 1000M portfolio includes the following products:
• IP Line card
• Symposium Contact Centre Solutions
• IP Trunk card
• Voice Portal Solutions
• Remote Office 9150/9110/9115
• Symposium CTI (Agent, TAPI, MLS, IPML)
• i2002 and i2004 Internet Telephones
• CallPilot Unified Messaging
• i2050 Software Phone
• Meridian Integrated IP applications
• IP adapters for digital phones
• Survivable IP Expansion
• Optivity Telephony IP based Management
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
137
IP Telephony
Succession 1000M (continued)
IP Trunk Card
Features and Benefits
Introduction
• Succession 1000M supports integrated IP line cards that provide soft switching for IP terminals
(i2002, i2004 and i2050) distributed over the LAN and WAN. IP Trunk cards are also available to
transport voice with full Meridian Customer Defined Networking (MCDN) over IP between two
or more Succession 1000M locations. Reach Line Card is also available to extend Meridian 1
telephony features and applications over IP data networks to users located at a small remote site.
Succession 1000M supports a mix of analogue, digital and IP terminals, applications and management distribute over an IP network.
Typical Applications
Key Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
Most cost effective evolution to IP telephony
Built in reliability
Simplified network management
eBusiness solution enabled
Feature rich telephony
The IP Trunk card is an Intelligent Peripheral Equipment (IPE) card that acts as a gateway to convert
real-time voice and fax information into IP packets to send across an IP WAN (Wide Area Network)
or MAN (Metropolitan Area Network). IP Trunk provides an integrated solution for high-quality
voice transmission over an IP network with the benefit of ISDN networking features. IP Trunk is an
excellent incremental step in the migration toward IP telephony. Customers can incorporate IP
telephony into their networks at a pace that makes sense for their business requirements.
• Industry leading IP applications and devices
• Open standards based
• Consolidation of network services resulting in
savings
• Dynamic QoS monitoring and transitioning
IP Trunk is an important element of an open network by facilitating the convergence of voice and
data on the Meridian 1 platform. With this product, an existing IP-based data network can be used
for voice and fax traffic. With IP Trunk’s support of ISDN signalling, customers will also be able to
take advantage of such productivity enhancers as network-wide Calling Party Name and Number display. Centralised access to powerful Meridian 1 services like CallPilot messaging and attendant services can also be used network-wide through support of ISDN.
Features and Benefits
• The IP system offers customers the ability to reduce their communication costs by routing voice
traffic at low marginal cost over existing private IP network facilities with available under-utlilised
bandwidth on the intranet. By enabling organisations to send more traffic over IP networks, costs
are reduced as routing through the PSTN is minimised.
• The IP Trunk card compresses Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) voice, demodulates Group 3 fax and
routes the packetised data over a private intranet, to provide non-ISDN tie trunks between
Meridian 1 Electronic Switched Network (ESN) nodes. It is a requirement that the customer has
already installed a corporate IP network that has routers available for WAN connectivity between
networked Meridian 1 systems. IP Trunk is offered for intranet, rather than Internet users, since an
intranet is a more controlled and managed data environment. 10/100BaseT Ethernet interfaces to
the IP Trunk card are required, as well as support of IP version 4 Network layer and addressing in
the WAN. There are no restrictions on the physical medium of the WAN.
• IP Trunk cards can link two or more Meridian 1 systems together in a private IP network. The cards
include an ISDN D-channel to provide enhanced signaling between Meridian 1 systems, allowing
them to be networked. IP Trunk uses ISDN protocols with H.323 signalling and voice over a standard
IP protocol stack. The cards monitor Quality of Service (QoS) parameters across the IP network (such
as latency, jitter and packet loss) to ensure that high quality voice is delivered. If these measurements
exceed acceptable levels at call set-up then calls are automatically routed over traditional voice lines.
When the QoS parameters return to acceptable levels, IP routing automatically resumes with the next
call. Operations, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) for IP Trunk cards can be performed using
Optivity Telephony Manager (OTM). Meridian 1 X11 Release 25 is required.
138
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
139
IP Telephony
IP Line Card
Survivable Branch Office
Introduction
Introduction
The IP Line card is supported on Succession 1000, Succession 1000M, Meridian 1 Option 11C, 11C
Mini, 61C, 81C on X11 Release 25 or above which enables IP terminals to be deployed that deliver
the feature rich suite of Meridian Digital Services over a single Ethernet connection.
The IP Line card has 24 DSP ports that provide gateway functionality to facilitate the bridging (conversion) of voice streams between the packets switched (IP) data network and the circuit switched
PBX network. In addition, the IP Line card acts as a Terminal Proxy Server or IP telephony softswitch
for the IP sets.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enables communication between a circuit-switched telephony network and IP clients.
Can take advantage of IP telephony on an existing Meridian 1 system.
Increased choice and flexibility in providing desktop voice capability for campus and remote users.
Leverages customer’s existing data network infrastructure (data/voice convergence).
Enables smooth roll-out of IP telephony services building on the existing voice network.
Load balancing so IP sets can use a pool of DSP Gateway resources.
Provide n x redundancy – in the unlikely event of IP Line card failure, IP sets will register with
another IP Line card.
• Most cost effective evolution to IP telephony.
• Simplified network management and support costs.
• Simplified moves, adds and changes through support of DHCP.
A Succession Branch Office is an H.323 WAN Gateway connected to an IP PBX at the Main Office
over a WAN. This enables a secondary location to centralise the call processing of its IP-based communications network. The Succession Call Server at the Main Office provides the call processing for the
Internet Telephones in both the Main Office and Branch Offices. The Branch Office H.323 WAN
Gateway provides call processing functionality to local digital telephones and analogue devices.
The Branch Office H.323 WAN Gateway also provides digital and analogue trunk access to the local
Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). The Branch Office connects to the Main Office over
Virtual Trunks on a WAN. The Main Office transmits and controls Internet Telephone calls and IP
network connections. If the Main Office fails to function, or if there is a network outage, the Branch
Office Succession System Controller (SSC) provides service to the telephones located in the Branch
Office. This enables the Internet Telephones to survive the outage between the Branch Office and the
Main Office.
More than one Branch Office can be associated with a single Main Office. In addition, one Branch
Office can be associated with more than one Main Office. A Branch Office is designed to work with a
Main Office only if the two offices use a common dialling plan. Any other configuration is not guaranteed to work properly. The Main Office must be one of the following systems: Succession 1000,
Succession 1000M Cabinet, Succession 1000M Chassis, Succession 1000M Half Group, Succession
1000M Single Group or Succession 1000M Multi Group.
Technical Information
Release 3.1 Features
The IP Line 3.1 application improves upon the previous version of the IP telephony application (IP
Line 3.0, ITG Line 2.2 applications) by introducing new functionalities and enhancements such as:
• Support for the new Succession Signaling Server platform
• New end-user features:
- Corporate Directory
- Virtual Office
- User-Defined Feature Key Labels
- Private Zones
- Codec Support/Selection Enhancements
- Dynamic Loss Plan
- Support for 3 new languages: Latvian, Turkish, Russian
- E911 for VO
• Additional administration and supportability features:
- Element Management Support
- Call Statistics Enhancements
- Run-time Configuration Change
- Login Banner Enhancement and Password Guessing Protection
- Operation Measurement Enhancements
- Overlay Enhancements for IP Telephony
- Improved Graceful Disable of the Line TPS
140
The Succession Branch Office extends Succession 1000 or Succession 1000M features from a Main
Office to one or more remote Branch Offices.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• H.323 WAN Gateway The Branch Office H.323 WAN Gateway provides access to the local PSTN
for users in the Branch Office. It also provides support for digital telephones and analogue devices,
such as fax machines or analogue (500/2500-type) telephones in the Branch Office. Where required,
the Branch Office H.323 WAN Gateway is connected by copper wire to the Branch Office H.323
WAN Gateway Expansion Chassis for added capacity.
The Branch Office H.323 WAN Gateway must contain an SSC. The SSC provides telephony services
to the Gateway elements, such as digital telephones, analogue devices, digital trunks, and analogue
trunks. It also provides Call Processing services to Internet Telephones in Local Mode. The Gateway
provides a dedicated slot (slot 0) for the SSC card. The feature set of the software on the SSC may
differ from that of the Succession Call Server at the Main Office.
• Succession Signaling Server The Succession Signaling Server is a required piece of equipment at the
Branch Office. It provides the following functions:
• IP Peer Networking, incorporating the H.323 Gateway and Gatekeeper
• Internet Telephone registration to the Internet Telephone Terminal Proxy Server (TPS) during
Local Mode for survivability
• Web server for Element Manager
A second server can be used to provide redundancy in the case of a failure in the primary server in
the Branch Office.
• Telephones The Branch Office supports the i2002 and i2004 Internet Telephones and the i2050
Software Telephone. Analogue (500/2500-type) and digital telephones are also supported.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
141
IP Telephony
i2002 and i2004 Internet Telephones
Introduction
Introduction
The i2002 and i2004 Internet Telephones deliver
traditional business communications functionality
and value, in a standards-based open platform.
These phones join the full range of desktop
devices that includes fully featured traditional
digital telephones and software clients running
on a PC.
The i2002 and i2004 telephones are directly connected to the LAN, allowing customers to capitalise on the economies of a simplified wiring system within the enterprise. Users are provided with
the features and services they require and the
enterprise can balance the needs for user functionality with benefits or streamlines management and
reduced facilities costs.
i2002
The i2050 Software Phone transforms a PC into a full-featured
telephony communications platform. The i2050 is supported on
the Succession 1000, Succession 1000M and BCM. The i2050
enables users to enhance their productivity by centralising business applications on the desktop allowing them to do more in less
time. It delivers high quality voice via a USB connected headset.
The i2050 incorporates a local directory that can read or import
Symantec ACT, Microsoft Outlook and LDAP directories. In
addition, the i2050 provides an interface to Microsoft’s TAPI
interface.
Features and Benefits
i2004
Features and Benefits
• For intuitive ease of use a professional IP-based desktop solution with an intuitive user interface is
provided.
• Large multi-field LCD display, including six user-programmable, self-labelling keys for direct access
to lines or voice features.
• Support the feature set of whichever server it is connected to. On Succession 1000 and Succession
1000M systems, the initial offering of i2004 supports the full Meridian 1 digital telephone feature
set. This includes multi-line, ACD and many end user features.
• A key benefit is that the phones can easily be downloaded with new features and functionality as
they evolve (e.g. XML browsing, unified messages on display, LDAP directory support and hotdesking), without requiring the phone to be replaced.
• DHCP Support. Static IP configuration is also possible using the dial pad on the i2004 to enter the
IP configuration information.
• Phones support power over LAN using the BayStack 460 or Power in-line Patch Panel.
• In-built 3 port Ethernet switch giving the ability to connect the user’s PC without using another
port on the LAN switch.
• Self labelling display (no paper labels!) and full remote download of features across the data network
reducing management costs.
• Extension of Meridian 1 features over a standard 10/100BaseT Ethernet connection.
• Cross-portfolio delivery – same telephone can be used on Succession 1000, Succession 1000M
and BCM.
• Hearing aid compatible.
142
i2050 Software Phone
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• The i2050 provides access to the same services and capabilities as the i2004 Internet Telephone but
utilises the computing resources of a standard PC.
• Traditional telephony features such as Call Origination, Call Termination, Conference, Transfer,
Hold and Message Waiting indication keys.
• Five special purpose service keys for access to commonly used network resident applications and
services: Directory Incoming and Outgoing Call Log, etc.
• Four interactive keys.
• Three slide out feature drawers (line keys and quick dials).
• Macro functions for programming lengthy dialling patterns.
• Can be operated from Microsoft Windows system tray.
• Powerful directory capabilities: local (stored on the PC itself ) or linked to external directory
(LDAP, Outlook and ACT are supported).
• TAPI compliance for operation with other telephony applications such as Microsoft Outlook
and ACT.
• Compliant with DHCP services.
• Sophisticated ‘skins’ or interfaces.
• Nortel Networks USB Headset Adapter for digital sound quality.
• User-selectable ringer that allows the PC speakers or the USB headset to ring for incoming calls.
• Online help with full index search capabilities.
• Works with Meridian 1 Internet Enabled, BCM and Succession 1000.
Technical Specification
• Minimum specification hardware: Pentium Pro 2000 with 64Mbytes RAM (Win98) or 128Mbytes
RAM (Win2k).
• Operating Systems: Windows 98, 98SE, 2000 and ME.
• Codecs: G.711-a and m law, G.723.1, G.729.
• Audio Interface: WAV standard 16 bit linear 8Khz.
• Control Protocol: UNIStim subset over UDP with reliability layer.
• RX jitter buffer: configurable.
• Designed for flexibility, supporting software upgrades as standards and features evolve.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
143
IP Telephony
Remote Office
Business Communications Manager (BCM)
Remote Office 9150
Introduction
The Remote Office 9150 is a powerful option for extending cost-effective, high-quality communications
to remote office. The 9150 extends the features and functions of a Succession 1000 communications system to remote branch offices utilising up to 32 Meridian Digital telephones and a standard IP-based network connection and/or PSTN circuit-switched telephone lines.
Remote Office 9150 provides full access to the applications, features and benefits of Succession 1000
systems, using a standard Succession digital telephone, from wherever the branch office is located. The
9150 is based on IP technology and is flexible enough to support a wide variety of IP network types,
as well as PSTN telephone lines.
• Features and Benefits
• All of the Remote Office products communicate with the Succession 1000 systems via a singleslot or dual-slot Reach Line Card. This flexible integrated application card can simultaneously
support not only Remote Office 9150-based branch offices, but also 9110 and 9115 telecommuters, IP-enabled Meridian Digital phones with the Meridian Digital Telephone IP Adapter
and directly wired Meridian Digital phones.
• Remote Office 9150 is able to ensure voice quality and reliability because of its ability to place
and receive phone calls over circuit-switched PSTN lines, as well as over a Voice over IP network
connection. When IP performance levels drop, Remote Office 9150 uses patented QoS transitioning technology to maintain voice quality, moving live active calls from the IP network to
PSTN fallback lines without dropping the call.
• The Remote Office 9150 is a flexible solution: it may be installed in PSTN-only or IP-only
modes, depending on what access methods are available to the remote user.
• The Remote Office 9150 allows centralised administration and control of branch office telephones, a consistent user interface between branch offices and headquarters and centralised
application support, such as CallPilot Unified Messaging and Symposium Call Centre. The
9150 is fully survivable in the event that the branch office loses IP connectivity with the headquarters office.
Remote Office 9110/9115
The Remote Office 9110 and 9115 use the same technology as the Remote Office 9150 to extend the
features and functions to remote single-user offices and telecommuter home offices, utilising a standard
IP-based connection and/or an analogue PSTN telephone and a digital telephone.
• Features and Benefits
• The Remote Office 9110 and 9115 works with the Reach Line Card to communicate with a
Meridian 1 or Succession 1000 system. The 9110 and 9115 are able to ensure voice quality and
reliability because they can place and receive phone calls over analogue PSTN lines, as well as
over IP network connections.
• The Remote Office 9110 is a card that can be installed into an existing Meridian 1 digital
telephone.
• The Remote Office 9115 is a separate unit that provides connectivity to a Meridian 1 digital
telephone, a single POTS and 10BaseT Ethernet.
• The Reach Line Card can support 16 simultaneous Remote Office 911x units per single-slot
RLC and 20 units in a dual-slot RLC.
144
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Business Communications Manager (BCM) is an integrated communications platform for both
multi-site enterprises and single-site small to medium businesses. It delivers a highly reliable, innovative, converged voice/data solution that enables a business to save money by streamlining costs and to
make money by increasing revenues, expanding market reach and improving customer service. The
BCM delivers PBX functionality along with no-compromise voicemail and auto attendant features.
Combined with its robust quality of service (QoS) routing capability, it provides a single cost-effective
solution for both data and voice needs. As businesses grow, its functionality can be extended with a
simple key code to deliver business-critical applications that positively impact the bottom line.
The BCM provides enterprise-level telephony and data services, all in an easily managed platform.
From one box, a business can cost effectively extend its communication capabilities. The BCM’s
built-in routing capabilities and data services such as firewall, Web caching and network address translation (NAT) enable a business to connect its LAN to the Internet quickly, reliably and securely. The
BCM also offers an extensive range of communications applications – contact centre, Unified
Messaging, VPN – all accessed by simply entering a key code.
The top differentiators of the BCM include:
• Comprehensive solutions that are easily implemented
• Choice of either IP-enabled or pure IP solutions
• Investment protection, since businesses may migrate without investing in completely new infrastructures
• The delivery of value-added applications, such as multimedia call centre, IP telephony, voice and
data networking, virtual private networks (VPNs), Unified Messaging and Mobility
Applications
The BCM has more than 150 powerful software applications preinstalled. Some applications work
immediately after the system is installed, while others can be enabled via key codes as business
requirements evolve. These applications include:
• Voice Messaging – offers a choice of Norstar or CallPilot Voice Mail interface that allows for at
least 200 hours of message storage and up to 1000 voice mailboxes.
• Unified Messaging – allows users to manage voice, fax and email messages directly from their multimedia-equipped PC or laptop.
• Call Centre, Professional Call Centre and Call Centre Reporting – offer dynamic call handling
and reporting applications that have been steadily enhanced with each new release. For instance, the
number of queues, or skill sets, has been increased to 50 in Professional Call Centre and improvements in agent display information have been made to include dialled number identification service
(DNIS), allowing the person in the queue to see the number of an incoming call.
• Multimedia Call Centre – permits businesses to tap into the power of the Internet to expand into
and reach new customers and to increase company awareness and revenue
• Message networking – links CallPilot with other voicemail systems and allows the exchange of
voice messages between users at different sites on a network connected by TCP/IP or MCDN networking.
• Custom Call Routing (CCR) – ensures that callers reach the right department or person on the
first try. This is a standard feature and does not require a keycode.
• Fax Messaging – allows the user to receive, send and forward faxes in the same fashion as voice
messages. Fax Overflow prevents customers from missing faxes by sending overflow faxes to a Fax
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
145
IP Telephony
Hardware Overview (continued)
BCM (continued)
three media bays allowing the customer to have up to three media bay modules in their configuration before adding an expansion cabinet.
Applications (continued)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Overflow mailbox, which stores the faxes until the fax machine is able to print them. Fax on
Demand allows a user to retrieve documents stored in special mailboxes. Fax Suite provides Fax
Messaging, Fax Overflow and Fax On Demand as a bundle. Fax Suite is available as a try-and-buy
option that can be activated for 60 days.
DECT Mobility – Freedom from the desk is available with DECT Mobility (European standard for
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications). DECT uses radio frequencies to deliver high quality secure communication with all calls encrypted for maximum call security.
LAN CTE – allows customers to use the system as a TAPI Server. This capability means that any
TAPI-compliant application running on a Client PC can control telephones on the BCM system via
TAPI. LAN CTE Server is available as a try-and-buy option that can be activated for 60 days.
Personal Call Manager (PCM) – is the award-winning telephony application available on BCM. It
is designed for users on the Windows 95/98/2000/NT/XP operating system and brings much of the
feature-rich telephony user interface to the desktop computer.
eMobility – provides wireless functionality without losing the benefits of the wireline system. Users
can publish one telephone number and receive all calls on both their desk set and their portable.
The roaming feature allows a portable user to make and receive calls and access business features
anywhere within a coverage area.
Unified Manager – is a software tool that comes standard on every system and is used to manage
the BCM at a single site. Unified Manager is a Java-enabled Web browser that provides a series of
windows and menus that allow the user to navigate through the different areas of the application
and program the system.
Interactive Voice Response (IVR) on the BCM is a self service application designed to allow businesses to be accessible to their customers 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Businesses can supply
callers with access to a broad range of information simply by responding to a series of prompts via
their touchtone phones. BCM provides an integrated IVR runtime engine that sits on top of Voice
CTI and interprets the IVR applications. IVR applications developed using Portal Solutions’
PeriProducer or PeriPro application builder environment can be installed on the BCM in the field
and run on the BCM-IVR.
Network Configuration Manager (NCM) – NCM is a multi-site management feature that provides
centralised configuration and system management capabilities for a number of BCMs in a network.
Hardware Overview
The BCM platform consists of a 19’’ rack (table or wall) mountable chassis containing an Intel
Processor Hard Disc Drive and embedded version of Windows NT operating system.
Traditional PBX type cards are delivered as Media Bay Modules that are slotted into spaces provided
on the base chassis and the expansion chassis. Media Bay Modules provide connectivity for Basic or
Primary Rate ISDN, 16 or 32 digital extensions, DECT Mobility. An option for a Fibre Extensions
Media Bay Module (FEM) that can be used to cable back Norstar expansion modules, provides an
excellent, cost effective migration path for existing Norstar customers.
• Hardware Platform – A number of key improvements to the hardware platform were introduced in
BCM 3.0. The BCM base platform is available in two models, the BCM 400 and the BCM 200.
Previously, the base platform, the BCM 1000 (utilised with release 2.5 FP1 and prior releases) had
146
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
BCM200
• 2 U high chassis supporting up to 2 Media
Bay Modules
• 64 digital telephone users maximum
(assumes no trunk MBM)
• 2 10/100 Ethernet LAN ports
• 90 IP telephone users maximum
• Optional redundant hard disk with Raid
Controller
• Optional WAN interface
BCM400
• 4 U high chassis supporting up to 4 media
bay modules
• Optional expansion chassis for adding up to
6 additional media bay modules
• 2 10/100 Ethernet LAN ports
• 192 digital telephone users maximum (with
expansion chassis – assumes no trunk MBM)
• 90 IP telephone users maximum
• Optional redundant hard disk + RAID controller
• Optional redundant power supplies and fans
• Optional WAN interface
The following diagram shows the BCM in a multi-networked environment:
BCM is the Total Office Solution for Small Sites
Meridian 1/CSE 1K
Networked Site 1
RI
Centralised
Applications
N/P
MCD
PSTN
e
Voic
WAN
Applications
• CallPilot Voice Mail
• IVR
• Call Centre
• CDR
• Fax Mail
• Unified Messaging
i2004
Data/IP Features
• NAT
• Firewall
• Web Cache
• VPN
• DHCP
• DNS
• Router
• QoS
BCM 400
/IP
DN
MC
ISP
Internet
VoIP/D
ata
PSTN
WAN
LAN
External Apps
i2050
Wireless
LAN
• CTI Server
• PC Console
• PCM
• Desktop
• Assistant Pro
• 3rd Parties
Remote/
Telecommute
BCM 200
IAD
i2004
i2050
i2050
Virtual Private Network
(IP Sec)
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
LAN
i2004
Networked Site 2
147
IP Telephony
Hardware Overview (continued)
BCM (continued)
System Overview – the Convergence Advantage
BCM delivers the business agility required by today’s businesses to ride the second wave of e-business. The key technology enabler is IP, driven by the ubiquity of the Internet, the growing list of
Internet-compatible devices, browser-based graphical user interfaces, IP addressing and the growing
family of IP protocol standards, and by the availability of millions of IP application developers, many
of whom are developing new applications that help leverage the Internet for new and more efficient
ways of conducting business.
Packed full of keycode options, every BCM also contains the following – sometimes overlooked –
functionality as standard in every system: Auto Attendant, Custom Call Routing, Call Detail
Recording, call routing and least cost routing, an IP Router with capability for Quality of Services
(QoS) and QoS monitoring, Firewall, DHCP Server and ISDN PPP dial-up, web caching and DNS
caching, Networks Address Translation (NAT) and Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol (PPTP) as
well as the capability for paging, hunt groups and music input options.
BCM leverages the very best of several innovative Nortel Networks solutions optimised for best performance within an integrated system architecture. The high performance IP routing platform
includes components of Nortel Networks Contivity and BayRS, and functionality leveraged from
Apache Server and WinNT RRAS. Administration and management is made easy through the system’s single Unified Manager interface.
To facilitate deployment in an enterprise environment a robust FastPath (LAN to LAN and LAN to
WAN) routing component is utilised, resulting in a throughput comparable to, if not exceeding, the
capabilities of other edge routing devices. The addition of the Nortel Networks QoS driver that
implements a DiffServ based queuing algorithm provides the assurance of proper prioritisation of
time sensitive packets such as voice and financial transactions over data which is less time critical
such as file transfer.
A range of digital (T7000, T7100, T7316E & T24 KIM, T7208), and IP Telsets (i2004 and i2002),
as well as the IP i2050 software telephone are available and provide feature rich and easy to use
options for all types of users.
DECT Mobility is supported on Business Communications with the C4010ex or C4050 handsets.
Applications are key-coded and can be activated at point of sale or at any time after the system has
been installed. Applications include Voicemail, CallPilot Unified Messaging, Fax Messaging and Fax
on Demand, Call Centre (Basic and Professional), LAN CTE (TAPI), IP Telephony and VoIP
Networking, IVR (Interactive Voice Response) and Voice (DPNSS, VPIM/AMIS, MCDN/Q.Sig)
and Data Networking (IPSec).
What’s new in BCM release 3.5?
New Features and Enhancements
Enhanced Business Series Terminals
• T7316E
• T24 Key Indicator Module
(24 programmable buttons for lines/ features/ autodials)
(4 T24’s per T7316E without power supply)
(9 T24’s per T7316E with power supply)
• BST Doorphone
148
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Global market enhancements
• Alpha Tagging (displays the programmed system speed dial name for an incoming call, if the
CLID number matches)
• Global Analogue Trunk Modules (GATM - 2004)
• Automatic hold during incoming page
• CLID alignment on multiple line appearances (see GATM)
• System speed dial increase (increased from 70 to 255)
• Answer DN/DSS Shared Key
• Passive Call Log
Data Capabilities (greater scalability)
• T.38 Fax over IP
• VoIP QoS enhancement and Universal T1
• Dual V.35 WAN
Messaging (improved customer service)
• Centralised Auto Attendant and Voicemail
• Auto Attendant Holiday Schedule
• Auto Attendant Park and Page
• Increased channel capacity (increased from 16 to 32)
• Unified Messaging enhancements (increased from 100 to 200 clients supported – requires
additional memory)
VoIP
• H.323 interoperability (Succession 1000, Succession 1000M)
• Media path codec renegotiation and administration
• Integrated IP Music on Hold (formats such as .wav or .ra formats are supported)
• Enhanced i2050 USB Audio Kit (answer, mute, hold, volume and goodbye)
• i2004 wideband demo
• SIP trunk & data services support (BCM to BCM)
Voice Networking
• H.323 interoperability
Succession 1000 Release 3.0, Succession 1000M/Meridian 1 (IPT 3.0/3.01)
Succession 1000 Release 2.0
• Meridian IP Trunk 3.0/3.0.1 interoperability
• Succession 1000 interoperability
• MCDN Tandem E.164
Call Centre
• Expected Wait Time
• Agent Help (from a supervisor by pressing a programmed telset feature key)
• LAN CTE enhancements
Virtual Private Networks (VPN)
• Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encryption
• Secure Shell (SSH)
• Other Security features
System Management and Software Options
• Network Configuration Manager 3.0, a template-based solution that simplifies the management of large networks containing hundreds, or even thousands, of units.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
149
IP Telephony
Technical Information (continued)
BCM (continued)
Key Capabilities
Voice capabilities
Over 150 core PBX telephony features • ISDN trunks – PRI and BRI •
Analogue available in some markets • Voice networking over ISDN • Q.Sig,
DPNSS and MCDN • 5 digital telephone models – Norstar based
T7000, T7100, T7208 • T7316e and T24 key expansion module
Voice applications Auto attendant and custom call routing • CallPilot voicemail • CallPilot 2.0
suite
Unified Messaging for: Outlook, Outlook Express, Lotus Notes, Qualcomm,
Eudora Pro, Novell Groupwise , Netscape Messenger • Fax messaging • BCM
Call Centres • 1 to 80 active agents • 2 to 50 queues • 10 to 150 recorded
announcements • Integrated MIS reporting for real time and historical data
IP and soft wall boards • Web voice button • TAPI 2.1 server for computer
telephony integration • MPS 100 based interactive voice response support (integrated) • CDR raw data output via FTP or in real time, over IP
IP Internet
telephones and
networking
Support for i2002, i2004 and i2050 Internet telephones • Support for up to 60
VoIP trunks • Voice networking between BCM systems, Meridian 1 IP enabled
systems via ITG or Succession 1000, using MCDN protocols over IP • Support
for Symbol IE 802.11 wireless IP telephones, with T7100 digital set feature
emulation
DECT mobility *
Up to 32 cordless handsets and 8 radio base stations
Data capabilities
IP/IPX router • RIP1, RIP2, OSPF, Static • DHCP server • DNS cache server
• Web cache server • NAT – public to private network address translations •
Netlink Manager for WAN backup
WAN access
services
PPP or frame relay over X.21 or V.35 • PPPoE • PPP/MP dial on demand
over ISDN
Security services
IPSec - 3DES 128 bit encryption • PAP/CHAP authentication • RAS •
Integrated firewall - stateful or basic packet filtering
VPN services
Contivity server support • Up to 16 VPN tunnels • BCM to BCM, BCM to
Contivity, BCM to client PC (SOHO) • Contivity client supports up to 16
simultaneous IPSec clients • PPTP – up to 10 tunnels
System
management and
IP services
Web browser system management interface • SNMP traps • Network
configuration manager for multi site management and configuration of up to
2000 BCM nodes • DiffServ quality of service • DHCP server
Technical Information
• Voice Capabilites BCM provides the most complete feature-rich telephony offering for the small site
with hundreds of features businesses can use as they require them. With all the TDM telephony capabilities of Norstar, BCM allows Norstar partners to leverage their knowledge, skills and installed base
in supporting customers who fall into these segments and can take advantage of the additional voice
and data networking capabilities offered by BCM. The BCM offers the following standard features:
• PBX/Key system functionality
• Automated Attendant with Custom Call Routing (CCR)
• Fully integrated voicemail
• Computer Telephony Integration (CTI)
150
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Computer Telephony Integration (CTI) CTI provides businesses with the ability to turn a desktop computer into a powerful communications tool, connecting the intelligence of the PC with the
power and flexibility of the BCM.
Telephony Application Program Interface (TAPI) – is a standard program interface that enables
computer users to use their PC to communicate over telephones or videophones to people or
phone-connected resources elsewhere in the world. It converts industry standard commands from
Microsoft Windows into a format that BCM TSP can understand and vice versa.
Personal Call Manager (PCM) – is a screen-based telephony and contact manager application that
brings the call control features of BCM telephones to the computer screen, offering features that
allow users to increase productivity and improve customer service.
TAPI Service Provider (TSP) – is based on the Telephony Application Programming Interface
(TAPI) standard developed by Microsoft and is a simple and flexible tool for implementing
Computer Telephony Integration through either a direct-connect or client/server configuration.
• Voice over IP Gateway BCM VoIP Gateway is a service that converts the voice in a call into a packet
format that can be sent over a company’s intranet. The VoIP Gateway provides the following services:
• Basic calls with answer and disconnect supervision
• Direct Inward Dial (DDI) and Direct Outward Dial (DOD)
• Calling name and number
• VoIP Gateway to M1-ITG capability
• ITU-H.323v2 compatible gateway and ITU-H.323v2 Gatekeeper interoperability
• Economical bandwidth use through voice compression and silence compression
• Quality of Service (QoS) monitoring of gateways
• Circuit-switched voice facilities fallback capability
• MCDN networking features (BCM to BCM or BCM to M1 or BCM to Succession CSE
• Quality of Service QoS in the BCM is maintained through Network Monitoring, fallback to circuit-switched voice facilities and adaptive jitter buffer implementation. This guarantees a high quality of service between the local gateway and each of the remote gateways on a constant basis.
Fallback ensures that calls are routed to alternate trunks should there be any drop in service - as well
as reinstating VoIP when QoS meets or exceeds the desired thresholds.
• Routing Services Integrated within BCM is a router. The function of the router is to forward traffic between networks, based on the network layer information and routing tables. The BCM router
is a soft router based on Microsoft routing capabilities enhanced by Nortel Networks advanced
routing software and hardware. The router presents two 10/100 LAN Ethernet ports, two fixed
WAN ports X-21 and V35 with the option to use ISDN BRI or PRI as a dial up backup.
Routing Protocols
• RIP, RIP 2 – BCM supports both RIP 1 and RIP 2. RIP is widely used for routing traffic in the global Internet and is an interior gateway protocol (IGP), which means that it performs routing within a
single autonomous system. RIP routers maintain only the best route (the route with the lowest metric
value) to a destination. RIP is used in a single layer network topology, and allows the system to discover other routers on the network. RIP sends routing-update messages at user administered regular intervals as well as when the network topology changes.
The changes introduced with the RIP 2 standard provide network performance improvements, so this
is the preferred setting over RIP 1. Deployment of RIP in a network requires a solid understanding of
the RIP protocol. It is not recommended for ISP connections due to variable performance and bandwidth requirements. RIP/RIP2 should only be used where there are less than 15 hops between routers.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
151
IP Telephony
WAN Protocols (continued)
BCM (continued)
Routing Protocols (continued)
• OSPF – The OSPF protocol is based on link-state technology, and has better convergence than RIP
because routing changes are propagated instantaneously and not periodically. OSPF is typically used
in larger networks with multiple zones. With OSPF, each router only needs to know about other
routers in its’ own zone. On BCM is designed to operate as an edge router (“OSPF-Other”) in an
OSPF intranet, or to be a backup router (BDR) in a small network.
• IPX Routing Protocols: RIP and SAP – BCM supports IPX on both the LAN and primary WAN
interfaces. In addition to static routes, the BCM supports RIP and SAP protocols. SAP is a more
complex protocol for larger Novell based networks.
• Internet Advantage BCM can be utilised as a web proxy as it will store, or cache, information downloaded from the Internet – web caching allows all LAN workstations to share common information
downloaded from the Web. This means that all LAN workstations will perform more efficiently and
have shorter download times, previously downloaded information is stored for future use, information
is only retrieved from the Internet if it is not already cached or if the cached file is out of date and
‘cookie’ blocking protects users’ privacy. Additionally web proxy security features hide all of the internal
browsers IP addresses from external web servers – to only exhibit the system IP address.
• LAN Network Connectivity A LAN is a network of interconnected workstations sharing the
resources of a single processor or server within a relatively small geographic area. BCM is supplied as
standard with two Ethernet interfaces that enable the integrated voice and data capabilities to be delivered to the Local Area Network (LAN).
• LAN-TO-LAN Fast Path Routing BCM is supplied with two LAN 10/100 LAN interfaces – if the
second LAN interface is used to send data - BCM will provide from the first LAN interface optimised
software for high performance routing. This is an innovative design that will significantly speed up the
performance for LAN-to-LAN routing by over three times the rate that is normally achieved – meaning that there will be no switching delays. The two 10/100 LAN cards support the following features:
• 100 BASE - TX with RJ-45 connector
• Fast LAN-LAN routing
• 10/100 Auto Sense
• LAN traffic smoothing
• Full Duplex support
BCM Ethernet/803.3 interface supports the IEEE 802.3 Ethernet frame format. The Ethernet interface uses the carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) to manage the access
to the physical media.
Multiple IP addresses on a single LAN interface are supported. This allows multiple subnets to be
established on a LAN interface by using different ranges of IP addresses. This can be used to create a
specific subnet for limiting access to the management IP address of the BCM from users on the LAN.
Also, in this mode, broadcast traffic destined for one IP address would not be transmitted on links
associated with the other IP address. Up to five IP addresses can be assigned to each LAN interface.
WAN Protocols
•
•
•
•
• WAN network connectivity A WAN is a geographically dispersed data communication network - a
WAN may be privately owned or rented from a service provider and usually includes public (shared
user) networks. BCM includes two primary Wide Area Network links (WAN1, WAN2) and a WAN
dial-up link via ISDN BRI/PRI. These links enable the integrated voice and data capabilities of BCM
to be delivered throughout the company’s WAN. The Primary WAN link is always a permanent link
and is a dedicated network adaptor. The primary link runs either Frame Relay or the PPP protocol at
the link layer.
152
•
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• The WAN interface card is used to connect BCM system to the WAN – it has an X.21 or V.35
interface.
• BCM primary WAN connection is through a two-port card. The WAN card provides 2 serial sync
ports – these two ports can be independently configured to run Frame Relay or PPP. A cable is
used to connect the serial sync port, max line speed 8mbit/sec, over either a V.35 or X.21 interface.
Network resilience BCM provides backup WAN connection through the backup WAN link and
ISDN-B channels. The backup WAN link is always configured as a dial-on-demand network adaptor
by the router and runs PPP only. Net Link Manager manages the default route in BCM through monitoring the primary link status and starts a backup when a break in the primary link is detected - and
vice versa. This facility ensures that the business will have an alternate route in case of network failure
and business can continue as normal.
Frame Relay BCM supports Frame Relay in a group mode, which means that for each physical port
there is one IP address. This IP address is used for each of the Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs)
within that Frame Relay interface. In BCM, PVCs are created for each of the Data Link Connection
Identifiers (DLCI) assigned by the service provider to that Frame Relay connection. However, these
DLCIs are not directly assigned to the PVCs in the Unified Manager interface. Instead, the system uses
an “Inverse Address Resolution Protocol” (Inverse ARP) procedure to create the logical association of
DLCIs and individual PVCs. BCM can support up to 1000 PVCs with congestion control on the
Frame Relay interface.
Direct Mode operation on the WAN interface, allows each WAN interface to be assigned more than
one IP address. This is useful for using a single WAN physical link to connect to both an Intranet and
the Internet using separate addressing schemes. Up to five IP addresses can be assigned to each WAN
interface. BCM supports Frame Relay in group mode and the Frame Relay Forum standard FRF.9
compression protocol with the standard STAC compression algorithm. Business Communications software performs compression, which may be enabled or disabled from the Unified Manager interface.
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) and MLPPP BCM supports both Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) networking as well as Multi-link Point-to-Point Protocol (MLPPP) networking. PPP is a protocol for
communication between two computers using a serial interface, typically a PC connected by phone
line to a server. MLPPP is an extension of the PPP protocol that enables a business to group sets of
links into a bundle for more bandwidth. The links in the bundle can operate at different speeds – typical links may be ISDN B channels, dial-up connections and leased lines.
BCM’s primary WAN connection utilises synchronous point-to- point connection. And supports PPP
Compression Control protocol (CCP) (RFC 1962) with static compression algorithm.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Use of DSL loop technologies such as ADSL as an Internet access technology is becoming popular, even for business applications. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will
increasingly require the use of the PPP protocol for access the Internet over a DSL connection. The
customer interface on most DSL modems is an Ethernet connection, requiring the customer Internet
access device to support the PPP protocol over an Ethernet link, referred to as PPPoE. While this
requires the system to accept a dynamically assigned IP address for the routing network interface, statically assigned addresses are generated for management purposes.
IP Firewall support The IP Firewall capability within BCM uses a stateful packet filter to monitor
and filter the following standards and packets:
• H.323 and MGCP
• TCP - Telnet, Gopher, HTTP, NNTP, POP, SMTP, WAIS, FTP
• UDP - NFS, NTP, SNMP, TFTP, RIP
• IP - ICMP, OSPF
This ensures protection against Internet attack using Deny of Service and source spoofing - making
your customer’s business secure.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
153
IP Telephony
What are the benefits of integrated data services?
BCM (continued)
Virtual Private Networking (VPN) Support
For companies who need to establish secure communication between sites, BCM supports the creation
of TripleDES encrypted high-security IP Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) over the public Internet. IP
VPNs provide encrypted tunnels that eliminate the high costs of leased-line connectivity, allowing sensitive data to be safely and cost-effectively transmitted over the public Internet – ideal for financial institutions and other organisations that require airtight security. IP VPNs can be easily established with a
Contivity switch, or another BCM. In addition, IPSec client support enables the telecommuter or ‘road
warrior’ to establish secure access to the corporate network, through a secure Contivity client and is
available as a keycode option.
• IP Sec (Internet Protocol Security) BCM supports IPSec protocol. IPSec is a developing standard
for security at the network or packet-processing layer of network communication. IPSec is especially
useful when implementing a virtual private network because a key advantage of IPSec is that security
arrangements can be handled without requiring changes to individual user computers. BCM’s IPSec
offering provides privacy, integrity, and authenticity for networked commerce-crucial requirements for
transmission of sensitive information over the Internet.
• Remote Access BCM also delivers support for Point to Point Tunneling Protocol. PPTP is a proposed
standard sponsored by Microsoft. It provides an extension of the Internet’s Point to Point Protocol to
enable any PC user with PPP Client support to use an ISP connection and provide secure connection
to a server elsewhere in the user’s company. PPTP is an ideal solution for a remote worker who needs
to be connected to the company LAN or as an alternative to IPSec in deploying an IP VPN. BCM
supports both PPTP and IPSec however these cannot be used at the same time.
• Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (PPPTP) Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a proposed standard sponsored by Microsoft, as an extension of the Internet’s Point-to-Point Protocol. Any
PC user with PPP client support is able to use an ISP to connect securely to a server elsewhere in the
user’s company. The PPTP implementation on the BCM is designed for router to router configurations only and personal clients are not supported. For this facility to work the username and password
for each remote router must be setup on the system. PPTP Business Communications Manager supports the following features:
• Support for multiple authentication schemes: MS-CHAP, CHAP, or PAP.
• Support for IP address translation via encapsulation.
• Support for IPX tunnelling.
• Support for RC4 encryption (either 56-bit or 128-bit, within the limits of US export law).
• Support for compression of data packets.
• BCM Policy Enabled Networking (via COPS-PR) BCM provides the capability of COPS (Common
Open Policy Service), a key ingredient in Nortel Networks High Performance Networking solution.
Support for COPS-PR protocol on the BCM allows network policies to be established centrally and be
“pushed” to the BCM from an Optivity Policy Server (OPS).
What are the benefits of integrated data services?
• VoIP allows businesses to make telephone calls for free, over an IP network. For example, their corporate intranet or fixed leased line, just as if they were emails. This cost-saving feature is particularly
useful to companies with multiple remote sites with high inter-site traffic.
• VoIP Gateway is treated as a completely integrated trunk by the core telephony service within BCM
– utilising IP telephony is therefore completely transparent and extremely easy.
154
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• BCM VoIP Gateway uses the bandwidth reducing technologies of silence compression and speech
compression. This allows businesses to save money while economically sharing bandwidth with regular voice channels.
• Making use of the BCM integrated router will save a business time, money and effort as it will not
be necessary to install and manage a standalone router.
• BCM integrated capability to access and cache information from the Web provides better performance and easier management of Internet access – ensuring that the business can take cost-effectively
take advantage of this new media.
Typical Application Scenarios
• Dedicated Internet Access BCM can be configured for always-on Internet access using the
LAN/WAN option. The system can be connected to the ISP by a dedicated circuit terminating directly onto the WAN card – this could be a V.35 or X.21 connection from an external CSU/DSU terminating the ISP access service. A single publicly routable IP address can be assigned to the WAN interface. The customer can then use NAT service on the BCM to mask the private address space that is
used for the PC’s and IP telephones from the public domain. PC’s and IP telephones can obtain their
IP addresses via the DHCP server function from the system. DHCP also provides the IP telephones
with the address of the BCM telephony server to simplify telephony registration.
• Dial-on-Demand Internet Access BCM can be configured for Dial-on-Demand service using the
LAN/LAN configuration. ISDN B-channels can be used for both voice and data connections on a per
call basis. Depending on the customer application, this can save the cost of dedicated a dedicated
WAN link and full time access charges from the ISP. Typically, one or more B-channels can be reserved
for data so that the WAN connection can always be established immediately when needed while others
are used for both voice and data. The system can allow additional channels to be connected when they
are free from voice traffic. Once the data connection is no longer required - after reaching an idle timeout - BCM can be configured to drop all the channels, freeing these up for voice traffic. A total of 8 Bchannels can be allocated for Dial on Demand and Dial Backup. The ISP account must support multiple connections if more than one B-channel is used.
• Internet and Intranet Access Direct Mode Support provides the ability for a single WAN connection
to support both an Internet and Intranet connection over the same physical interface and allows the
single physical interface to share up to five IP addresses. The PVCs are established for the different IP
addresses automatically using an Inverse ARP procedure on the Frame Relay connection. By assigning
separate IP addresses for intranet and intranet service, the system can set filters and policies that limit
inbound traffic from the Internet but freely allow intranet traffic to traverse the link. Similarly, this feature can be used to establish separate PVC specifically for remote management access from the Internet
using an IP address space that is not routable inside the corporate intranet network.
• Corporate Network using VPN By adding support for IPSec the networking options on BCM were
expanded to enable the use of the Internet for site-to-site networking. By establishing an IPSec based
secure tunnel through the Internet, a pure IP based network can be created with geographically diverse
locations. BCM allows IPSec tunnels to be established on any of the interfaces, IPSec and PPPoE can
be utilised to establish a high speed, and secure intranet connection using a LAN connection to an ISP
provided DSL modem. This allows the corporate network traffic to travel securely over the Internet.
Provided that the ISP and customer negotiate appropriate Service Levels Agreements, both data traffic
and voice traffic (VoIP) can use this connection to multiple sites. In addition, assuming enough
upstream (customer site to Internet) bandwidth is available; the customer can set up a DMZ for allowing customers access to their website.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
155
IP Telephony
Call Centre Application (continued)
BCM (continued)
Typical Application Scenarios (continued)
• Corporate IP Telephony Network One of the primary applications of BCM is to support an IP
Telephony network. With the combination of both TDM and IP based stations, ISDN support and
high performance edge IP routing platform, BCM is the perfect branch solution.
BCM enables an enterprise network to effectively transition to a pure IP network for all its’ communication needs through a low risk and evolutionary approach. By transparently combining both TDM
and IP telephony, BCM creates an environment that allows both the existing corporate telephony and
data infrastructures to be optimised for the needs of a particular application, while at the same time
reducing the risk of deploying new technologies.
The IP network infrastructure is leveraged for placing trunk calls to the corporate headquarters and
other branches. BCM uses H.323 signalling for setting up calls to other locations and be using special
QoS monitoring capabilities on the IP network can determine in advance of setting up the call if the
network will be able to support the required audio quality for that call based on the current latency
and packet loss in the network. If the conditions are not suitable, the BCM will treat the IP “trunk” as
busy and set up the call using the alternate TDM route. This “Fallback to PSTN” feature capability is
compatible for both BCM to BCM calls as well as BCM calls to the Meridian 1 Internet Telephony
Gateway (ITG).
Nortel Networks Meridian Customer Defined Networking (MCDN) allows a customer to create a
centralised voicemail system at a headquarters M1 Meridian Mail or CallPilot, or to use a centralised
attendant service or centralised trunking application from the headquarter site.
MCDN ensures that calls transferred between locations are optimised to avoid unnecessary tromboning. Centralised attendant is able to camp calls against busy telephones or barge into existing conversations to announce high priority calls for BCM users at remote sites.
Centralised trunking allows an enterprise network to optimise their PSTN network configuration to
minimise their toll traffic charges by consolidating traffic through a single service provider.
Home workers can use the i2004, i2002 IP Telset or i2050 IP Soft Telephone Client at home to
enable convenient, high quality handsfree audio conversations and yet appear to customers as though
they were calling from within the office.
• BCM in a Legacy Network In some cases, BCM may be deployed in a network where legacy protocols such as SNA are still in use. In this environment BCM can be combined with e.g. the Passport
2430 and the ARN (Advanced Remote Node) routers that have the flexibility to support a number of
legacy protocols besides SNA and also support the DiffServ.
Call Centre Application
The Call Centre application on the BCM delivers effective call management with comprehensive easyto-understand reporting, the capability to prioritise calls and the tools to maximise and develop Agent
skills. Customers can enhance the Basic Call Centre with the optional Call Centre Reporting Package
and/or upgrade to the Professional Call Centre which includes reporting capabilities that provide realtime and historical reports. With the Call Centre Reporting Package, both the Basic Call Centre and
Professional Call Centre support an IP wallboard and softboard.
Basic Call Centre keycode enables 10 Agents maximum. Professional Call Centre includes 20 Agents
and can grow to a maximum of 80 Agents by adding Agent keycodes.
156
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Configured Agents
Active Logged-in Agents
Agent Priorities
Lines
Overflow Rules
Queues
Recorded Announcements
Call Centre Reporting
Skill sets
Basic Call Centre
20
10
20
15
–
2
10
Optional
2
Professional Call Centre
250
80
20
100
20
50
150
Yes
50
Survivable Remote Gateway
Overview
The Succession 1000 call server, with the launch
of the Release 3.0 software and its 1000M verSurvivable Remote
Succession
Gateway
sion, will be widely deployed in many larger
Succession
Branch Office
SRG 1.0
i2xxx IP
1000, 1000M
enterprise organisations with multiple branch
Succession
Management
locations. The Survivable Remote Gateway 1.0 1000, 1000M
Signaling Server
(SRG 1.0) solution enables seamless service
Signaling Server
WAN
LAN
LAN
access and complete feature transparency across
Call Server
Media streams routed
all enterprise locations for Succession 1000 and Call Server
directly via IP
1000M networks. Under failure conditions, it
Feature transparency
Media
BCM*
between Call Servers using
will provide continued telephony services for IP Media
Meridian 1**
Gateways
MCDN protocol
Gateways
clients in case of IP network failure conditions
and will do so in a significantly more cost effective manner at smaller locations than the Succession Branch Office (SBO) solution SRG is targeted at 5
to 50 users and SBO at 40 to 200 users. SRG is due for release early in 2004.
Internet tel
Internet tel
* Requires BCM 3.5 s/w + Up-issue
** Requires IP Trunk 3.0
In order to deliver maximum benefit to the user, the SRG solution demands a highly reliable and available WAN. This enables the user to receive the full range of Succession 1000 / 1000M services from
their IP terminals and clients. In addition, it allows the local SRG attached PSTN facilities to be used for
incoming calls to all enterprise sites and outgoing, off-net calls within local call area of branch. In the
occasional situations where connectivity to the main call server is not available, the SRG system enables
internal calling between IP terminals or clients and allows local branch users to continue to make and
receive calls via the attached PSTN facilities. If the failure is a WAN or IP network failure, the main
Succession 1000 / 1000M call server could continue to direct calls to SRG equipped branches via the
PSTN and all users would continue to have access to local E911 services if required.
The SRG 1.0 solution is based on the market leading small site IP telephony solution, the Business
Communications Manager (BCM). This application is yet more proof of the unsurpassed flexibility of
the BCM platform in meeting the current and future communication needs of enterprise and small business users. It is cost effective at smaller sites, highly reliable, and includes the intelligence to drive the
common Nortel Networks suite of IP terminals, while providing a VoIP gateway and a suite of PSTN
interfaces to enable local PSTN access. It is available in both BCM 200 and BCM 400 versions which
are capable of addressing the needs of smaller sites below 20 users right up to sites with 80 users.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
157
IP Telephony
Multimedia Communications Server (MCS) 5100
Introduction
Key Features (continued)
The Multimedia Communication Server
(MCS) 5100 is Nortel Networks next-generation Enterprise Multimedia
Communication services delivery solution,
providing Client Services capability in a
network-based solution for up to 6000
users. MCS 5100 utilises open, industrystandard hardware (SUN Servers) to deliver
value to three key market segments.
First, the MCS 5100 can be deployed
where TDM networks are installed today;
evolving them to Multimedia
Communications networks and providing
digital telephone users with enhanced multimedia services. As the network grows, new users can be provisioned off the MCS 5100 directly. In
this implementation, the enterprise is able to preserve their investment, evolve their network and take
advantage of new multimedia applications – today. The second opportunity for MCS 5100 deployment is in new installations where no traditional TDM solution exists. In this implementation, MCS
5100 becomes the Enterprise’s primary Multimedia Communications server. And finally, the third
opportunity is in Enterprise networks that have begun the transformation of their networks and today
include IP Telephony. In these environments, the MCS 5100 may be deployed as a multimedia application delivery vehicle, enriching the enterprise user’s communication experience with new, next generation multimedia applications and services.
MCS 5100 utilises the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) enabling new multimedia services delivery
anytime, anywhere. SIP is a service-enabling web protocol that can initiate real-time, multimedia sessions that seamlessly integrate voice, data and video. This protocol’s text-based architecture speeds
access to new services with greater flexibility and more scalability than many alternative multimedia
communication protocols in use today. What this means for the end user is higher availability to
third-party developed vertical applications that help to drive business objectives.
Key Features
• Productivity is increased by removing time and distance barriers to communication between people
with collaborative services, such as secure Instant Messaging, Video Calling, File Sharing, and Web
Co-Browsing. Personalisation services through an easy-to-use web interface – each person’s communications environment is highly dynamic and is easily customised to personal needs and preferences.
• Anytime, Anywhere Mobility is delivered by enabling ubiquitous access to advanced services across
cell phones, personal computers, SIP terminals, and wireless Internet devices independent of location.
• Portability and Cost Reduction is achieved through simplified operations and the ease by which
users move to new locations by simply picking up their Desktops (IP Telephones and SIP Soft
Clients) and connecting to the LAN to resume communications; no high cost adds, moves and
changes. Additionally, a user’s ability to customise their own call handling preferences reduces the
burden on administration staff and gives the power to the user.
158
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Architecture The
MCS 5100 – Multimedia and collaborative applications delivery solution
MCS 5100 is delivered via a series of
SIP Media Application Server
Multimedia Xchange
scaleable industrySIP/PRI Gateway
Servers
SIP/Analogue Gateway
standard (open)
PRI
servers, third-party
• SIP Application
• Management
gateways and applica• Database
• Audio conferencing
• IP Client Manager
(ad hoc + meet me)
IBM x335
tion, configuration,
• Web Client Manager
• Firewall Tunnelling
• Presence
• PSTN Access
database and manageAnalogue
•H.323 Gatekeeper
• CallPilot Interworking
ment software modules. The number and
Flexible
location of servers in
Access
the network is flexiMultimedia
Multimedia
Multimedia i200x
3rd party
ISD (LAN GW)
PC Client
Converged
Web Client Internet
to TDM
ble, thereby enabling
Client
telephone
phones
an enterprise to grow
and expand the number of users being
supported over time. In addition, the MCS 5100 provides for non-redundant and redundant configurations to meet the needs of the most demanding Enterprise networks.
An MCS 5100 network is comprised of the following elements:
• Clients Users will require a client to access the network. Available clients include, Multimedia PC
Client, Web Client and the i2004/i2002 IP Telephone. Also supported are the Meridian /
Succession series Digital Telephones. In installations where MCS 5100 is deployed as a multimedia
application server, Digital Sets obtain call control from an installed Meridian / Succession 1000(M).
Optionally, an Enterprise may utilise third-party SIP Telephones.
• MCS 5100 Base Hardware and Multimedia Software The MCS 5100 base configuration consists
of four open industry-standard SUN V100 Servers with MCS 5100 software including,
• Database Manager: provides the repository for the data including subscribers, translations and
user call logs.
• System and Accounting Manager: provides management, user provisioning, element management and accounting.
• Application Manager: handles SIP sessions and applications.
• IP Client Manager: provides the management support for deployed Clients.
• Client Services (Application software) The Client Services delivered by MCS 5100 can be articulated in four categories: Telephony, Mobility, Personalisation and Productivity. The following breaks
out the services by category.
1. Telephony Service
• Call Forward (send all calls or select calls to another phone)
• Redirect (transfer without answering, on a per call basis)
• Reject (refuse the call with optional message)
• Transfer (send to another phone after answering)
• Multiple Directory Numbers on The Same Device
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
159
IP Telephony
MCS (continued)
Key Features (continued)
Technical Information
• 3-way Calling, Call Waiting, Call Hold, Calling Number Display
• Audio Conferencing (merge multiple calls on a single bridge)
• Speed Calling and directory dialling
2. Mobility Services
• Zero-cost moves, adds and changes
• Dynamic Registration – users login to any device to accept and make calls
• All user preferences are stored in the network – Personal Agent
• Registration is additive – add many users to single device
• Services tied to employee, not to location
• Dialling plan and privileges follow employee (network-based)
• Employee “phone number” and calls automatically rerouted
• Extends “location independence” for mobile employees
• Find-me Follow me Services
- Simultaneous Ringing: Office, mobile and home phones ring at the same time, which ever
you pick up on takes the call
- Sequential Ringing: Try office, then mobile, then home phone
3. Personalisation Services
• Dynamic Call Handling
- Allows end-user control over incoming calls:
• Answer, hold, redirect to another phone in real time, reject with a specific message (“call back in
10 minutes”), or ignore.
- Redirect or handle calls based on incoming user ID
- Treat incoming calls for user defined periods of the day, or week
- Screen POP with originator info - Picture Caller ID (from file), contact info, etc.
• Personal Call Manager
- Allows end users to control how they are reachable – network based
- Time Of Day forwarding, do not disturb, click to call directories, etc
- Forward only priority calls (end users maintain their priority caller lists through a web interface)
- Call blocking, Call notification window, Forward all calls, Call logs (Incoming, Outgoing)
- Searchable directory pages
- Web based interface for end-user service management
4. Productivity Services
• Desktop Video Calling
• Instant Messaging
- User to User and Broadcast
• Web Integration
- Web Push and Co-Browsing
• Presence Management
- Know when colleagues are available, on-line, on-the-phone, or away
- Automatically updates based on user state
- Block users from seeing your Presence state
- Establish Buddy Lists
• File Sharing
- Send and receive files from colleagues
160
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
From a technical perspective, the MCS 5100 represents cutting-edge development, utilising a highly
scaleable JAVA-based software engine that has the capability to operate on a broad range of industrystandard computing platforms. The choice within the range of computing platforms is driven by
capacity requirements, or ‘sizing’ needs, of a customer’s network and desired application offering to
the customer’s end users. The MCS 5100 can effectively integrate current IP Telephony implementations and can deliver next-generation capabilities based on the SIP protocol. Perhaps most important,
the MCS 5100, from inception, was a network-centric solution with the ability to deliver features and
applications seamlessly and ubiquitously across a broad number of potential customer locations and
user devices.
High Level Functional Software Blocks
Optional components
MAS
IP Client
Manager
SIP Web
Client
Manager
Desktop Device
Presence
Module
Advanced Features
Management ‘Base’ or ‘Core’ Modules
SIP
Application
Module
Database
Module
Functionality of the MCS 5100
Web Server
RTP
Media
Portal
Personal
Agent
SIP
Audio
Server
Media Stream Management
Management Console
Provisioning
Module
Control of the system
Accounting
Module
Mgmt
Module
Measurement
The MCS 5100 software is constructed as a set of modular ‘building’ blocks. In the diagram above,
this modular concept is illustrated with two major groups of components, the ‘Core’ components and
a set of ‘Optional’ components, inclusion of which is driven by the needs of a particular customer’s
implementation.
The ‘Base’ or ‘Core’ components of the solution (in the blue box) include the SIP Application and
Database modules which deliver actual functions of the solution for system subscribers. The
Provisioning module, in conjunction with the PC-based Management Console driven from the Web
Server, allows the system administrator access to the other modules for deployment and configuration.
The Accounting module maintains the records of system activity and usage. The Management module performs FCAPS functions and record keeping. These modules in the ‘Core’ of the system can be
replicated within a customer’s installation to meets needs for capacity and/or high reliability.
The ‘Optional Components’ block on the diagram (the yellow block) illustrates modules of software
that are used depending on the engineered configuration purchased by the customer, but don’t necessarily need to be present in all configurations. The IPCM (IP Client Manager) software module contains the proxy and UNISTIM translator for the i2004/i2002 terminal client. The Web Client manager software module, in an analogous fashion, contains the proxy and control for the Web Client.
The Presence Module holds the software that determines the active state of registered subscribers on
the system. The Personal Agent module contains the software that allows a subscriber to set rules for
treatment and management of calls and call presentation. The different Media Server modules deliver
special functions for controlling media streams in the MCS 5100 system environment. The Media
Application Server module, at release 2.0, offers “ad hoc” conferencing capability and a “meet me”
service on a separate MAS’s. The RTP Media Portal software module controls media streams that
must penetrate a firewall in a secure manner. The SIP Audio Server is a very large scale ad hoc conferencing server for applications in large and dense customer installations.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
161
IP Telephony
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
MCS (continued)
Products at a Glance
Technical Information (continued)
Table
Product
Contivity 200 series
High Level Functional Hardware Blocks
Client and Multimedia configuration
Sun V100 servers
for application
software
Management/Accounting
Database
Application Server
IPCM-WEB
Terminal Server
BayStack 470
Ancillary h/w
Media servers
RTP Media Portal
3rd Party
Contivity 600
SIP (Meet Me) Conference Server SIP (ad hoc) Conference Server
Mediatrix FXS/FXO
for analogue
connectivity
Audiocodes – T1/CAS for CallPilot
Integration and E1 Q.Sig / E1 EuroISDN
Gateways
Contivity 1000 series
Clients
i2004
i2004 w/MM Client Control Multimedia PC Client
Web PC Client
The diagram above illustrates the major hardware elements of the MCS 5100 solution. As an engineered solution, MCS 5100 software will be delivered on an appropriate ‘mix’ of these hardware elements based on the sizing of a customer’s environment and needs.
• The ‘core’ of the MCS 5100 hardware is the Sun V100 server, a 1U high rack-mount unit that is a
standard platform from Sun running the Solaris operating system. The servers are packaged to fit
deployment requirements of the MCS 5100 software. For release 2.0, the base software packaging
uses four servers to deliver the Multimedia Communications capability.
• Ancillary hardware for implementation of the ‘core’ includes a terminal server for remote access to
the servers and a Quality of Service enabled LAN & WAN Network.
• Media Servers for the MCS 5100 solution include the Ad Hoc Conference MAS / Meet Me MAS
and the RTP Media Portal. The RTP Media Portal is based on Motorola cPCI hardware platforms
while the Media Application Server is based on an IBM server. For most enterprise deployments,
the MCS 5100 will utilise the Media Application Server - IBM server-based product. Rel 2.0 MCS
5100 provide “Ad hock” conferencing and “Meet Me” conferencing applications. Additional applications will be introduced with subsequent releases, for example “Video” Meet Me Conferencing.
• Gateways for the MCS 5100 solution include the SIP PRI Gateways and SIP Analogue Gateways.
Other supported devices with release 2.0 are Mediatrix FXS/FXO gateways for analogue connectivity, Audiocodes PRI gateways for PSTN (EuroISDN) and TDM PBX (E1 Q.Sig/T1 DMS100) connectivity, and the Audiocodes T1/CAS gateway for Call Pilot integration.
• MCS 5100 will use both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ clients. The i2004/i2002 IP Telephone can be used as the
IP telephone Clients. ‘Soft’ clients for the MCS 5100 solution include both the Multimedia PC
Client, a client that can work on a wide variety of PC operating systems (Microsoft Windows
98(SE), Windows NT 4.x with SP5, Windows 2000, or Windows XP) to deliver a multimediabased collaborative communication session to system users, and a Web Client that delivers a subset
of the features of the PC client to ‘roaming’ or mobile users. Third party clients that support the
Open SIP interface can potentially interoperate with the MCS 5100. Third party client vendors can
purchase the services of the Interoperability Test lab to test compatibility with the MCS 5100 solution for use by customers.
162
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Contivity 1700 / 1740
Contivity 2700
Contivity 5000
Contivity IPsec client
Contivity Configuration
Manager
Contivity VPN Client
Features
VPN access platform for Small Office/Home Office branch to branch solutions
• Support for up to 5 branch tunnels
• Support for Hardware VPN Client operation
• Four 10/100 Ethernet ports
• 10/100 Ethernet WAN port (221) or ADSL modem integrated (PPPoE,
PPPoA) – (251)
• 221 – up to 1.2 Mbps IPsec throughput
• 251 – up to 2.2 Mbps IPsec throughput
VPN switch for large branch sites and remote access
• Dual 10/100 Ethernet ports
• Support for 50 IPsec tunnels
• Up to 28 Mbps IPsec throughput
VPN switch for small sites and remote access
• 3 base models, with two expansion slots on the 1100
• Support for up to 30 IPsec tunnels
• Up to 28 Mbps IPsec throughput
VPN switch for medium branches and remote access
• Dual 10/100 Ethernet ports
• One (1700) or Four (1740) expansion slots for Ethernet or Serial modules
• Support for up to 500 IP sec tunnels
• Up to 114 Mbps IPsec throughput
VPN switch for large sized corporations and remote access
• Dual 10/100 Ethernet ports
• Three expansion slots for an Ethernet or Serial module
• Support for up to 2,000 IPsec tunnels
• Up to 132 Mbps IPsec throughput
VPN switch for large sized corporations and remote access
• One 10/100/1000 Ethernet port on mother board
• One 10/100 Ethernet port
• Five expansion slots for an Ethernet or Serial module
• Support for up to 5,000 IPsec tunnels
• Up to 300 Mbps IPsec throughput
Client for enabling remote access for users to central sites
• End-user remote access transparency with security, high-availability and
centralised management features
• Common set of VPN features across virtually all enterprise computing
platforms, including Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT, XP
• IBM-AIX, SUN-Solaris, HP-UX, Linux and Macintosh operating systems.
• VPN client for PDAs: Windows CE, Palm, Symbian
• One click connection and auto launch capability
• Remote Laptop Security Policy enforcement with Tunnel Guard
Centralised Provisioning tool
Centralised provisioning of up to 2,500 Contivity devices
Automated Contivity device changes and updates
Easy-to-use single view management
Work-flow wizards simplify configuration
Software image and licence management
Audit logging of all changes for security and archival purposes
Software Management product that enable enterprises and carriers to automate
the provisioning of Contivity VPN Client software and policy files to end users.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
163
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity 200
Introduction
Overview
The Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways are a next-generation family of products delivering security
and IP services in a single integrated platform. Designed for the enterprise edge—the intersection of an
enterprise’s private and public IP networks—the Contivity family is optimized to leverage the cost
advantages of the Internet while providing secure communications across the public IP infrastructure.
With a comprehensive set of software-based IP services, Contivity allows enterprises to easily deploy
needed services today with the flexibility to add new ones in the future, all without costly hardware
upgrades. Service providers similarly can deliver new revenue-generating IP and security services without
“truck rolls” or disruption to existing customer-based or carrier infrastructure.
A single hardware device provides IP routing, Virtual Private Networking (VPN), stateful firewall,
encryption, authentication, policy services, QoS, and bandwidth management services in a highly integrated fashion. With its comprehensive IP services, a single Contivity can address what normally takes
multiple purpose-built IP and security devices to solve. Further, a flexible software licensing system
allows enterprises to turn up IP services as they are needed. For example, Contivity can be installed initially as an IP access router, then VPN or firewall services can be added later via a simple licence key.
Built on Nortel Networks Secure Routing Technology* (SRT)
framework, Contivity is designed with security inherent to its
operation. SRT integrates the major functional components of
Contivity, such as management, access, routing, and policies,
weaving a consistent security structure across these services.
This provides scalability and high performance even when running multiple IP services in the same device. RT also enables
key features, such as dynamic routing (RIP/OSPF) over secure
IPsec tunnels, common user security policies across VPN, firewall and routing services, and the ability to turn up new IP
services on demand without impacting overall performance.
* SRT is a software framework that
underlies all Contivity IP services.
Its design embeds security within all
Contivity operational components
providing the following benefits:
• Secure Routing
• Secure Access
• Secure Policies
• Secure Management
As a highly scalable family of devices, Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways offer a complete IP Services
portfolio, from low-end Contivity 200 to high-end Contivity 5000, meeting specific enterprise network
requirements. This enables Contivity to address the smallest branch site or largest headquarters, and
every environment in between. With a flexible licensing scheme, Contivity can be purchased and
installed as an IP access router, IP VPN gateway, or stateful firewall device depending on enterprise need
and budget. Its range of LAN/WAN interfaces makes it an easy fit into existing enterprise networks.
The Contivity 200 series VPN switches are new customer premises devices that provide low cost,
secure VPN for small branch offices and home offices – bringing these sites into a secure enterprise
network that uses larger Contivity models at branch offices or headquarters.
Designed for small offices and home offices, the Contivity 200 is ideal for satellite sites with 1 to 10
users. Functioning as spokes in a hub-and-spoke configuration, there may be hundreds of Contivity
200 systems connecting to larger Contivity systems at corporate headquarters or large branch offices.
The Contivity 200 is a perfect fit for small satellite offices and telecommuters that have no localized
network equipment or servers and need secure access to corporate sites. Users can begin accessing the
Internet immediately without changing networks settings in any way.
The Contivity 200 supports up to 5 simultaneous IPsec tunnels and up to 2.2Mbps throughput with
3DES. There are 2 models available: • Contivity 221, 1 Public 10/100 Ethernet WAN and 4 Private 10/100 Ethernet LAN ports
• Contivity 251, 1 ADSL port and 4 Private 10/100 Ethernet LAN ports
Contivity 200 series run on different software set to the rest of the Contivity portfolio. The main software features are: • Contivity Client emulation (a.k.a Hardware Client)
• DES, 3DES, AES encryption
• Packet Filtering
• NAT
• PPPoE
• Stateful Packet Inspection and DoS Protection, Attack Alert and logs
• Java/ActiveX/Cookie/Proxy/URL and Keyword Blocking
• DNS proxy and Dynamic DNS support
• Internet Time Calibration
• Telnet Client
• UPnP
Three version of the C251 will be available:CA251: Annex A: (North, South and Central America, Asia and portions of Europe, inc. UK)
• ADSL over analog phone service, Tone 6~ 31 (25 ~ 138 KHz)
• Multi-mode, G.DMT, ANSI T1.413, G.Lite
CB251: Annex B (mainly Europe)
• ADSL over ISDN, Tone 29~ 63 ( 125 ~ 270KHz)
• Multi-mode, G.DMT, ETSI
CU251: U-R2 (Germany)
• ADSL over ISDN, Tone 29~ 63 ( 125 ~ 270KHz)
• Multi-mode, G.DMT, ETSI
164
Confidential Confidential
– for internal–and
for channel
internal use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
165
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity Software Features Set
Software Features
Software Features (continued)
Contivity products, 600, 1010, 1050, 1100, 1700, 1740, 2700 and 5000, all run the same software
and have all features listed below available across the range.
Routing and network addressing
• RIPv1, v2, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
• PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE), DHCP Client and Server, Domain Name Services (DNS) with VPN,
• DNS Proxy
VPN tunnelling protocols
• IPSec, including authentication header (AH), encapsulating security protocol (ESP), and Internet
Key Exchange (IKE)
• Point-to-Point tunneling protocol (PPTP), including compression and encryption
• Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP), including L2TP/IPsec; L2F
• Minimum 5 VPN tunnels included in all base configurations; includes support for management
control tunnel
Encryption
• IPSec-certified by the TruSecure – International Computer Security Association (ICSA); DES,
3DES, AES, RC4 ; MD5 and SHA-1 authentication
WAN protocols and services
• PPPoE; Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) and Asynchronous PPP; Frame Relay; Dial back-up via
integral V.90 modem, ISDN, or through management / console port with external modem/ISDN
terminal adapter
Bandwidth management
• Group and user-level configurable maximum bandwidth settings
• Priority levels using random early detection (RED)
• Four admission control levels; four forwarding priority levels
• Eight Differentiated Services (DiffServ) queues; integrated classifier and code point marking;
quality of service (QoS)
• Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP)
Authentication services
• User name and password and NT Domains Login
• Internal or external lightweight directory access protocol (LDAP)
• Remote authentication dial-in user services (RADIUS)
• Hard and soft token support (SecureID and AXENT)
• X.509 Digital Certificates and Smart Cards (support for all major vendors and MS-CAPI)
Data compression
• Lemple-Ziv Standard (LZS) compression (Hifn)
• Microsoft Point to Point Compression for Layer 2 tunnels
Accounting and logging
• Internal and external RADIUS accounting
• Event, system, security, and configuration accounting
• Automatic archiving to external system
Management
• Contivity Configuration Manager software provides multi-box configuration for up to 2,500
Contivity devices
• Branch Office Quick Start
166
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
•
•
•
•
Nortel Networks Command Line Interface (NNCLI)
Full Web browser-based HTML configuration
Configuration wizard for simple plug-and-play installation
SNMP monitoring/alerts
Four levels of administrator access; role-based management to separate service provider and enduser management
Stateful Firewall
• Multi-layered stateful packet inspection at wire speed with over 100 application layer gateways
(ALGs), including TCP, UDP, FTP, HTTP, H.323, RealAudio, Java, and Active X
• Defence against major attacks, including DOS, Port Scanning, SYN flood, Smurf, Ping, Spoofing,
Fraggle, and ICMP unreachable
• Proxy authentication, extensive NAT support
• Extensive and customisable logging options
• Unlimited number of firewall users and policies for either tunnelled and/or clear-text traffic
Contivity VPN Client
• Microsoft Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT, and XP based client (free/unlimited)
• IBM-AIX, SUN-Solaris, HP-UX, Linux, Macintosh (via software licence)
• Palm, Windows CE and Symbian wireless devices also supported via third-party (MovianVPN)
licence Tunnelling protocols
Contivity 600
Overview
The Contivity 600 VPN Switch is an ideal solution for larger
satellite offices, small enterprises or to provide connectivity to
remote supplier or franchise sites. A single, compact unit provides routing, firewall, bandwidth management, encryption,
authentication, and data integrity for secure tunneling across
managed IP networks and the Internet. The Contivity 600
VPN Switch supports up to 50 IPsec tunnels.
The chassis comes with two 10/100 Ethernet auto-sensing
ports, 128Mb of base memory and an external auto-sensing
power supply. The Contivity 600 has a number of optional
cards. Only one can be installed in the chassis. The available
cards are 10/100 Ethernet LAN, T1/E1 CSU/DSU WAN interface, V.35/X.21 WAN, ISDN BRI and V.90 Modem. An E1
card and ADSL WAN interface card are also due for release early in 2004.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
167
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity 1000 Series
Contivity 1700 Series
Overview
Overview
The Contivity 1000 series of Secure IP Services
Gateways are the answer to enterprises requiring
secure connectivity across the Internet or Managed
IP networks. Designed for small to medium sites, less
than 50 people, the Contivity 1000 series provides IP Contivity 1010
routing, stateful firewall, encryption, authentication,
directory and policy services, in a single integrated
platform.
Consisting of three separate models, the Contivity
1000 series provides options for small to medium
sites seeking Internet connectivity, either for secure
VPN communications or for basic IP/Internet access.
Two models have fixed configuration, the 1010 and
1050, while the 1100 has an expansion slot.
The Contivity 1700 series VPN Switches are next generation platforms offering secure, high- performance connectivity to the Internet or managed IP networks. Designed
for enterprise sites, the Contivity 1700 series provides IP
routing, stateful firewall, VPN, encryption, authentication, directory and policy services, Quality of Service, and
bandwidth management in a single integrated platform.
Contivity 1050
Contivity 1100
All support 5 IPsec tunnels as standard with expansion through licensing, up to 30 tunnels.
Consisting of Contivity 1700 and 1740 models, the
Contivity 1700 series flexibly addresses medium and large
site needs for secure Internet connectivity. The Contivity
1700 with a single expansion slot, addresses sites with limited need for optional LAN, WAN, or hardware acceleraContivity 1740
tion. The Contivity 1740, with up to four expansion slots, can integrate a wide range of hardware
options, including multiple Ethernet LAN, V.35/X.21, ISDN, V.90 modem and acceleration card.
This enables maximum flexibility at an attractive entry price.
The chassis come with two 10/100 Ethernet auto-sensing ports, 128Mb of base memory and an
external auto-sensing power supply.
The Contivity 1700 series VPN Switch support 5 IPsec tunnels as standard with expansion through
licensing, up to 500 tunnels. The chassis come with two 10/100 Ethernet auto-sensing ports, 128Mb
of base memory up to 256Mb expansion.
• Contivity 1010: dual 10/100 Ethernet ports
• Contivity 1050: single 10/100 Ethernet port and a 4-port 10/100 Ethernet switch.
• Contivity 1100: single 10/100 Ethernet port and a 4-port 10/100 Ethernet switch plus two expansion slots for either an additional 10/100 Ethernet port or X.21 serial module, ISDN BRI and V.90
modem.
Optional Cards – maximum number
T1/E1CSU/DSU WAN interface (full-height)
2
4
Option Cards
Single V.35/X.21 WAN card
2
4
10/100 Ethernet LAN interface (1)
T1/E1 CSU/DSU WAN interface (half-height) (2)
T1/E1 CSU/DSU WAN interface (full-height) (3)
Single V.35/X.21 WAN card (4)
ISDN BRI interface card (5)
V.90 Modem interface card (6)
ADSL WAN interface card (7)
Half-Height
8
4
8
8
8
8
8
Full-Height
4
4
8
4
4
4
4
(1) max of 2 optional Ethernet cards can be installed
(2) max of 2 optional T1/E1 cards can be installed, E1 card is planned in Q1/04
(3) max of 1 optional T1/E1 card can be installed, E1 card is planned in Q1/04
(4) max of 1 optional V.35/X.21 card can be installed
(5) max of 1 optional ISDN BRI card can be installed
(6) max of 1 optional V.90 card can be installed
(7) ADSL card is planned in Q1/04
168
Contivity 1700
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
10/100 Ethernet LAN interface
1700
1740
2
4
ISDN BRI interface card
2
4
V.90 Modem interface card
2
4
ADSL WAN interface card
2
4
HSSI card for external T3/E3 interface
1
2
Hardware Accelerator card
1
1
The Contivity 1700 has two slots for option cards, when adding new option cards to the Contivity
1700, if necessary, replace the existing card in slot 1.
The Contivity 1740 has four slots for option cards when adding new option cards to the Contivity
1740 if necessary, replace the existing card in slot 1.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
169
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity 2700
Contivity 5000
Overview
Overview
The Contivity 2700 VPN Switch is a next generation
platforms offering secure, high- performance connectivity to the Internet or managed IP networks.
Serving the mid-range enterprise secure IP services
market, the Contivity 2700 can be deployed as either
headquarters or branch solution.
As a headquarters solution, it can serve medium and
large sized businesses needing a secure Internet or IP routing device for their data center. Alternatively,
it can be deployed in an enterprise’s larger branches that require IP security and/or routing services
with connection back to the headquarters.
With comprehensive WAN services, including T1/E1, V.35/X.21, ISDN, and V.90, the Contivity
2700 can act as the all-in-one enterprise “IP edge” solution for secure connection to the Internet or IP
network.
The Contivity 2700 VPN Switch supports 5 IPsec tunnels as standard with expansion through licensing, up to 2000 tunnels. The chassis comes with two 10/100 Ethernet auto-sensing ports, 256Mb of
base memory up to 512Mb expansion.
Optional Cards
Maximum number
10/100 Ethernet LAN interface
4
The Contivity 5000 Secure IP Services Gateway is a next-generation platform that offers secure high-performance connectivity to
the Internet or managed IP networks. Designed for enterprise
headquarters and large regional site environments, the Contivity
5000 provides IP routing, stateful firewall, VPN, encryption,
authentication, directory and policy services, Quality of Service,
and bandwidth management in a single integrated platform.
As a highly redundant and modular solution, the Contivity 5000 flexibly addresses enterprise data
centre and head-end needs for secure Internet connectivity, including VPN communication, stateful
firewalling, and IP routing. With a comprehensive set of secure IP services ,along with dedicated
hardware-based security processors, the Contivity 5000 allows enterprises to deploy needed services
today with the flexibility and power to add new ones in the future. The Contivity 5000 has 5 PCI
expansion slots and is introducing the first Gigabit Ethernet interface, integrated on the motherboard.
Optional Gigabit SX and TX interfaces will be available in a future release.
The Contivity 5000 platform comes with:• dual power supply,
• hardware acceleration card
• dual storage media,
• 512Mb base memory, up to 1.5Gb expansion
• dual processors
The Contivity 5000 supports 5000 IPsec tunnels, it’s optimal for data centres and headquarters sites
where 7x24 operations are critical.
T1/E1 CSU/DSU WAN interface (full-height)
4
Single V.35/X.21 WAN card
4
Option Cards
ISDN BRI interface card
4
10/100 Ethernet LAN interface (1)
6
V.90 Modem interface card
4
T1/E1 CSU/DSU WAN interface (full-height) (2)
6
ADSL WAN interface card
4
Single V.35/X.21 WAN card (3)
6
HSSI card for external T3/E3 interface
2
ISDN BRI interface card (4)
6
Hardware Accelerator card
2
V.90 Modem interface card (5)
6
ADSL WAN interface card (6)
6
HSSI card for external T3/E3 interface (7)
2
Hardware Accelerator card (8)
2
The Contivity 2700 has four slots for option cards, when adding new option cards to the Contivity
2700, if necessary, replace the existing card in slot 1.
Maximum number
The Contivity 5000 has 6 slots for option cards. These slots are connected to three separate buses:
• Slots 1 and 2 are connected to the 64-bit/100-MHz bus.
• Slots 3, 4, and 5 are connected to the 32-bit/33-MHz bus.
• Slot 6 is connected to the 64-bit/133-MHz bus.
If you install a slower (32-bit/33-MHz) card such as the 10/100 Ethernet LAN in a slot attached to a faster bus, the
speed of the whole bus is reduced to the speed of the slower card. For example, if you install a 10/100 Ethernet
LAN card in slot 1, any card installed in slot 2 runs at 32/33, not the bus speed of 64/100.
(1) if possible install in slots 3, 4 and 5
(2) if possible install in slots 3, 4 and 5,
E1 card is planned in Q1/04
(3) if possible install in slots 3, 4 and 5
(4) if possible install in slots 3, 4 and 5
170
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
(5) if possible install in slots 3, 4 and 5
(6) ADSL card is planned in Q1/04
(7) install in slot 3, 4 and 5 only
(8) if possible install the second HW
accelerator card in slot 2
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
171
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity Applications
Contivity Platforms Comparison
Overview
Comparison Table
The Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways are used to create IP-based VPNs, which provide connections to employees, customers, suppliers, partners and organizations and foster communication, collaboration and eBusiness. VPNs
require a new class of product to support large-scale access with high security and centralised management. Only the
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways integrate all the features needed to build a high performance, scalable and
secure VPN.
Contivity – Securing LAN
Secure LAN is a Contivity Secure IP Services Gateway-based solution that offers VPN-Quality data Confidentiality
and Integrity, along with the state-of-the-art user authentication and authorization, firewall protections, and Quality
of Service.
To ensure protected access at every level, Contivity’s are added to the existing LAN infrastructure in front of LAN
segments to be secured (i.e. executive, engineering). The Contivity VPN Client is installed at no additional cost on
every PC in the company.
For the executive LAN, the Contivity is configured to require encryption for certain traffic to sub-nets while other
traffic flows freely. To access protected information from an unprotected part of the corporate LAN, the CEO need
only launch the Contivity client on a local machine and enter his name and password. For extra security, the system
can be configured to terminate such remote connections after a specified period of inactivity.
Contivity – Securing Wireless LAN
Providing end-to-end security between the two endpoints of a connection is more desirable because it functions
independently of the underlying data transport.
Viewing wireless technology in this context, the approach shifts from trying to encrypt the radio transmissions (as is
done by most wireless access points using Wired Equivalent Protection or WEP) to creating secure end-to-end connections between stations. Nortel Networks recommends that enterprises implement L3 (IPsec) Virtual Private
Network (VPN) technologies from products like Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways to ensure the highest degree
of centralised security, policy, and Quality of Service.
Contivity – Securing Voice Applications
Voice over IP (VoIP) solutions provides an excellent opportunity for enterprises to achieve cost savings by converging
voice and data.
One way savings can be realised is by using lower-cost Internet versus traditional telephone network lines for voice
and data communications from remote sites.
However, when transmitting VoIP across a public IP network, voice traffic is vulnerable to interception or disruption. This is because IP and the Internet were not originally designed with security in mind. By deploying Contivity
in conjunction with i2002, i2004, and i2050 IP phones, VoIP communications can be secured across the Internet
using IP VPN technology.
Contivity is specifically designed to secure transmission of IP traffic via IPsec-based VPN technology. By using
Contivity in conjunction with the IP phones, a low-cost, yet highly secure VoIP connection across a public IP network or the Internet can be achieved across a “VPN tunnel”.
172
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Contivity
221
251
1010/1050
1100
Base Unit
4 (10/100)
+ 1 (10/100)
4 (10/100)
+ ADSLmodem
1(10/100) + 4
switch port
(10/100)
n/a
166Mhz ARM
n/a
100Mhz MIPS
16M RAM, 4M Flash
16RAM, 4M Flash
n/a
300Mhz Celeron
128M
1(10/100) + 4
switch port
(10/100)
& 2 PCI Slots
1full/1half
300Mhz Celeron
128M
2.2Mbps
NA
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
5
5
No
Yes
Yes(4 ports)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
2.2Mbps
NA
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
5
5
No
Yes
Yes(4 ports)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
10-15Mbps
100Mbps
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes(External)
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
5-30
30
Yes
No
Yes(4 Ports)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
10-15Mbps
100Mbps
1full/1half
No
No
No
No
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes-in /external
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
5-30
30
Yes
No
Yes(4 Ports)
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Expansion PCI Slots
Processor Specs
Memory
Throughput (3DES),
*W/ HW Accelerator
FW Throughput
Additional 10/100 Ethernet
HW Encryption Card
HSSI w/ Cable
Quad T1 with CSU
Gigabit Ethernet (SX)
E1 support
Single Port T1 with CSU
ADSL Modem (PPPoE-PPPoA)
Single X.21/V.35 I/F
ISDN BRI ST or U I/F
Modem V.90
Dial Backup
Adv Routing
Stateful Firewall
Packet Filter
Proxy Firewall
TunnelGuard
FWUA
Max Tunnels
Branch to Branch (max)
IPSec Client Termination
IPSec HW Client
Built-In Ethernet Switch
WebCache
External DHCP Support
Internal DHCP Server
DHCP Client
DHCP Relay
Client Fail Over
Client Load Balancing
VRRP
PPTP
L2TP
L2F
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
173
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity Platforms Comparison (continued)
Comparison Table
Contivity
Comparison Table
221
PPPoE
Yes
L2TP IPSec
No
Internal LDAP
No
External LDAP
No
External RADIUS
No
Expanded RADIUS
No
RADIUS Accounting
No
RADIUS Diagnostics
No
RADIUS Service
No
RADIUS Authentication
No
RADIUS Filter Attribute
No
RADIUS Timeouts & Retry Set’gs
No
FIPS-compliant software
No
Digital Certificates
No
Dial Backup
No
Frame Relay
No
AES Support
Yes
FIPS 140-1 Level 2
No
Common Criteria – EAL4
No
QoS
Bandwidth Throttle
No
Diff Serv
No
WFQ
No
Dynamic DNS
Yes
DNS Proxy
Yes
Anti Spoofing
Yes
NAT/NAPT/NAT-PF
Yes
NAT Traversal
Remote Access Only
No
OSPF Support
No
Management Interface
Text Menu/Web
Dual Power Supply
No
Client Split Tunneling
No
B-Office Split Tunneling
No
ECMP
No
Multicast Relay
No
ABOT
Yes
Elliptic Curve DHG 7
No
SNMP V1/V2
V1
Syslog
Yes
Free IPSec Client
NA
Free Sygate Personal Firewall
Yes
Notes:
Specific Software
174
251
1010/1050
1100
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Pending
Pending
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pending
Pending
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Text Menu/Web
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
V1
Yes
NA
Yes
Specific Software
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI/BOQS
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI/BOQS
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Contivity
Base Unit #1
Expansion PCI Slots
Processor Specs
Memory
VPN Throughput 3DES
*With HW Accelerator
FW Throughput
Additional 10/100 Ethernet
Hardware Encryption Module
HSSI w/ Cable
Quad T1 with CSU
Gigabit Ethernet (SX)
E1 support
Single Port T1 with CSU
ADSL Modem (PPPoE-PPPoA)
Single Port X.21/V.35
ISDN ST or U interface
Modem V.90
Dial Backup
Adv Routing
Stateful Firewall
Packet Filter
Proxy Firewall
TunnelGuard
FWUA
Max Tunnels
Branch to Branch (max)
IPSec Client Termination
IPSec HW Client
Built-In Enet Switch
WebCache
External DHCP Support
Internal DHCP Server
DHCP Client
DHCP Relay
Client Fail Over
Client Load Balancing
VRRP
PPTP
L2TP
L2F
600
1700
2700
2 (10/100)
2 (10/100)
2 (10/100)
35-100Mbps*
200Mbps
Yes
Yes
Yes
Future Rel.
No
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes-in /external
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
5-500
500
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
50-120Mbps*
316Mbps
Yes
Yes
Yes
Future Rel.
Future Rel.
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes-in /external
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
5-2000
2000
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
1
300Mhz Celeron
128M
15Mbps
160Mbps
Yes
No
No
No
No
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes-in /external
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
50
50
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
5000
1 (10/100/1000)
1(10/100)
1
3
5
850Mhz Celeron
1.33Ghz Plll
Dual 2.2GHz Intel
Xeon Prestonia
128 up to 256MB 256 up to 512MB 512M up to 1.5 GB
80-300Mbps*
400Mbps
Yes
Yes
Yes
Future Rel.
Future Rel.
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes, 2004
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes-in /external
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
5000
2500
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
175
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Comparison Table
Contivity Platforms Comparison (continued)
Comparison Table
176
Contivity
600
1700
2700
5000
PPPoE
L2TP IPSec
Internal LDAP
External LDAP
External RADIUS
Expanded RADIUS
RADIUS Accounting
RADIUS Diagnostic Reports
RADIUS Service
RADIUS Auth.
RADIUS Filter Attribute
RADIUS Timeouts and
Retry Settings
FIPS-compliant
Digital Certificates
Dial Backup
Frame Relay
AES Support
FIPS 140-1 Level 2 Certified
Common Criteria – EAL4
QoS
Bandwidth Throttle
Diff Serv
WFQ
Dyn DNS
DNS Proxy
AntiSpoofing
NAT/NAPT/NAT-PF
NAT Traversal- Remote
Access Only
OSPF Support
Management Interface
Dual Power Supply
Client Split Tunneling
B-O Split Tunneling
ECMP
Multicast Relay
ABOT
Elliptic Curve DHG 7
SNMP V1/V2
Syslog
Free IPSec Client
Free Sygate Personal Firewall
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pending
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pending
Pending
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pending
Pending
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pending
Pending
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Web/CLI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Client Feature
Windows 2000 Compatibility
Windows 2000 Native Client
Install Client as a Service
Client version Control
Configurable Keepalive
Authentication by subject DN
Smartcard support with Entrust
Entrust 5.0 support
Windows ME support
Multiprocessor support
Client support for Baltimore, Keon,
Netscape, Microsoft certificates
Licence agreement bypass
Windows XP support
Native Windows XP Client
MultiOS support (Mac, Linux, Solaris,
AIX, HP-UX)
PGP Mac client
Certicom PDA clients
Nat Traversal
Client Logging
Win XP Home support
Enhanced Command Line
Silent Success
Filter Driver
Dynamic DNS Updates
Configurable Buffers
Silent Keepalives
Disable IKE Port Float
Disable Save Profile pop-up
Entrust Single Login
Allows Route Table Updates
French/Japanese/Spanish
Tunnel Guard
agent v1.1.1.0
Mac OS 10
N/A = no dependency with the code
Minimum Client Version
v2.62
N/A
v2.62
v2.62
v2.62
v2.60
v3.70
v3.70
v2.61
v4.10
Minimum Switch Version
v2.60
v3.50
v2.60
v3.50
v3.50
v3.50
v2.60
v2.60
v2.60
v2.60
v4.10
v4.10
v4.10
N/A
v2.60
v2.60
v2.60
v2.60
N/A
N/A
N/A
v4.10
v4.60
v4.15
v4.60
v4.60
v4.60
v4.65
v4.65
v4.65
v4.65
v4.65
v4.65
v4.65
v4.61
any clients, requires TG
v4.80
v2.1multiOS client
v2.60
v2.60
v2.60
v4.0
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
v4.75_157
N/A
N/A
v4.75_120
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Contivity Server – Software Compatibility Matrix
Platform
1010, 1050, 1100
600
1000
1700
2700
5000
Base Memory
128M
128M
32M Fixed
128M
128M
256M
Min Software Rel.
4.07 Bluefin Only Release
2.63
1.50
4.06.120
4.06.120
4.76
Max Software Rel.
4.70 and Beyond
4.70 and Beyond
Early 3.5
4.70 and Beyond
4.70 and Beyond
4.76 and Beyond
Not Supported
4.0, 4.05, 4.06, 4.50, 4.55
4.07
4.07
4.07
4.07
* Contivity 200 uses a different software ** 4.0, 4.5 and beyond require 128M RAM Notes: 4.07 is supported by the 1010, 1050, and 1100 platforms only
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
177
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity V4.0 Release Features
Performances with 4.80 software release
Product
Version 4.0
This is the software upgrade from 3.60. Minimum RAM requirement is 128MB
• Routing features: OSPF Virtual Link; Static Multicast Relay; ECMP for OSPF and STATIC routes
• Tunnelling features: Elliptic curve cryptography client support for Certicom; IPsec NAT Traversal
• Branch Office features: Static Tunnel Fail over; Asymmetric Branch Office Tunnel (ABOT);
DHCP Relay Agent; DHCP Client
• Authentication features: External LDAP – Phase 1; MS-PPP Chap Extensions (MS-Chap V2) support ; CMP X.509 auto enrollment
• Network Management features: NNCLI – Phase I; SNMP CSU/DSU Mib; SNMP Host Resource
Mib; SNMP Trap Enhancements and Trap Acknowledgment
• Miscellaneous features: Ethernet Driver MAC Pause Flow Control
Version 4.06
• This release is primarily for the older Contivity platforms that are not upgradeable beyond 64MB RAM
• Since new 4.0 release, 128 MB RAM is required on Contivity platforms
• Any new Contivity shipped from January 2002 have 128MB RAM, additional memory can be purchased as an option
• This is the last revision of software for to support the Contivity 1500
• Contivity 2000, 2500 and 4000 are no longer supported
• Routing features: VRRP Critical Interface Failover
• Tunnelling features: IPsec Keepalive; ABOT for L2TP, PPTP, L2TP/IPsec; AES for Branch Office
tunnels
• Authentication features: External LDAP – Phase 2; MS-Chap V2 complete; CMP X.509 auto
enrolment
• Network Management features: NNCLI – Phase 2
600
1000 series
1700 series
2700
5000
Packet Size
(bytes)
1450
1450
1450
1450
1450
VPN Throughput (Mbps)
with Hardware card1
3DES
AES
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
114
n/a
118
n/a
197
n/a
without Hardware card
3DES
AES
15
28.6
15
28.6
40.5
75
67
132
100
260
Firewall
Throughput (Mbps)
197
197
315.6
319
438
Note 1: tests performed with hardware encryption card 7811. The third generation of hardware encryption card, Contivity Secure
Accelerator, will support AES encryption algorithm (planned for Q1/04)
Contivity Portfolio
Ordering Information
Order No.
Product Description
CONTIVITY 200 SERIES
DM1401139
DM1401140
DM1401141
DM1401142
Contivity 221, 4 ports auto-sensing 10/100 Ethernet, 5 IPsec tunnels with 128 bit encryption.
Contivity 251, DSL Annex A, 4 ports 10/100 Ethernet, 5 IPsec tunnels with 128 bit encryption
Contivity 251, DSL Annex B, 4 ports 10/100 Ethernet, 5 IPsec tunnels,with 128 bit encryption
Contivity 251, DSL UR2 standard, 4 ports 10/100 Ethernet, 5 IPsec tunnels with 128 bit
encryption
Options for Contivity 221 and 251
DM0005012 Contivity 221 230V (Europe)
DM0005013 Contivity 251 230V (Europe)
DM0005014 Contivity 221 240V (UK & Hong Kong)
DM0005015 Contivity 251 240V (UK & Hong Kong))
CONTIVITY 600
Version 4.70
• Requires 128MB RAM on Contivity
• Routing features: Dynamic Clear Text Routing over Private WAN; Frame Relay phase I; PPPoE;
DHCP Server; DNS Services (DNS Proxy, Split Proxy DNS, VPN DNS)
• Miscellaneous features: Quickstart Config; Service Licensing – VPN Tunnel licensing
Version 4.80
•
•
•
•
Requires 128MB RAM on Contivity. Latest release to support 32MB flash card on Contivity 1x00 series
Routing features: Circuitless IP; BIS – Backup Interface Services
Tunnelling features: Tunnel Guard
Firewall and NAT features: Firewall User Authentication – SSL encrypted authentication through
Branch Tunnel; Contivity Stateful Firewall SIP and H.323 ALG’s; NAT ALG’s – Dynamic routing
RIP & OSPF, SNMP, IPsec pass-thru, Netbios
• Network Management features: Enhanced Logging – Application specific, DoS, Remote logging;
SSL Administration
• Interfaces cards: V.90 modem card; ISDN BRI card
178
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
DM1401066 Contivity 600, 50 tunnels, Dual 10/100, 128 Bit Encryption
DM1401088 VPN-in-a-Box: Contivity 600 with Advanced Routing and Stateful Firewall licence keys, 128bit
Encryptiion
Power Cords
AA0020048 Power Cord 10A/240V United Kingdom
AA0020040 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Denmark
AA0020041 Power Cord 10A/200-230V Europe (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands,
and Sweden) and South Korea.
AA0020042 Power Cord 10A/220-230V India, South Africa
AA0020043 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Israel
AA0020044 Power Cord 10A/220V Italy
AA0020047 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Switzerland
CONTIVITY 1000 SERIES
DM1401092
DM1401131
DM1401094
DM1401132
DM1401096
DM1401115
Contivity 1010, 5 tunnels, dual 10/100 Ethernet, 128bit Encryption
Contivity 1010 with Stateful Firewall and VPN Option licence keys, ,128bit Encryption
Contivity 1050, 5 tunnels, single 10/100 Ethernet, 4-Port Switch, 128bit Encryption
Contivity 1050 with Stateful Firewall and VPN Option licence keys, 128bit Encryption.
Contivity 1100, 5 tunnels, single 10/100 Ethernet, 4-Port Switch, 2 PCI slots, 128bit Encryption
Contivity 1100 X.21/V.35 WAN Bundle, 5 tunnels, X.21/V.35, Adv Routing, Single 10/100
Enet, 4-Port Switch, 128bit
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
179
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Contivity Portfolio (continued)
Ordering Information (continued)
Ordering Information (continued)
Options
DM0011079 Replacement Power Supply for Contivity 1010, 1050, & 1100 only. No Power cord.
DM0011090 Out-of-Band modem connector (DB9-to-DB25) (field install) for use with the console port
cable for modem access. For use with Contivity 1010, 1050, and 1100.
DM0011116 64MB Compact Flash Card Upgrade (field install), For use/sale in Contivity 1010, 1050, or
1100 only.
DM0040001 Out-of-Band modem connector (DB9-to-DB25) (factory install) for use with the console port
cable for modem access. For use with Contivity 1010, 1050, and 1100.
DM1004003 10/100 Ethernet Card ( factory install), for use in the Contivity 1100 only.
DM1011003 10/100 Ethernet Card (field install), for use in the Contivity 1100 only.
DM1519001 ISDN - BRI S/T Option Card, (field install) for Contivity 1100.
DM1519007 ISDN - BRI S/T Option Card, ( factory install) for Contivity 1100.
DM2111010 Single X.21 / V.35 Card (field install) for use in the Contivity 1100 only.
DM2111012 Half height Single Port T1 w/CSU/DSU Card (field install) for use in Contivity 1100 only.
DM3819001 V.90 Modem ( factory install) for use in Contivity 1100 only. Includes 7’ RJ11 cable.
DM3819003 V.90 Modem (field install) for use in the Contivity 1100 only. Includes 7’ RJ11 Cable.
Power Cords
AA0020028 Power Cord 10A/200-230V Europe (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands &
Sweden) & S. Korea.
AA0020038 Power Cord 10A/240V United Kingdom.
AA0020027 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Denmark.
AA0020029 Power Cord 10A/220-230V India, South Africa.
AA0020030 Power Cord 10A/220-230V (Israel)
AA0020031 Power Cord 10A/220V (Italy)
AA0020037 Power Cord 10A/220-230V. (Switzerland)
CONTIVITY 1700 SERIES
DM1401100
DM1401102
DM1401133
DM1401135
Contivity 1700, 500 tunnels, Dual 10/100 Ethernet LAN Ports, 1PCI Exp Slot
Contivity 1700, 5 tunnels, Dual 10/100 Ethernet LAN Ports,1PCI Exp Slot
Contivity 1740, 5 tunnels, Single 10/100 Ethernet LAN Port,4 PCI Exp Slots
Contivity 1740, 500 tunnels, Dual 10/100 Ethernet LAN Ports, 3 PCI Exp Slots
128-Bit
Encryption
CONTIVITY 2700
128-Bit
DM1401104 Contivity 2700, 2000 tunnels, 3 PCI Exp Slots, Dual 10/100 Ethernet LAN Ports
Encryption
DM1401106 Contivity 2700, 5 tunnels, 3 PCI Exp Slots, Dual 10/100 Ethernet LAN Ports
CONTIVITY 5000
DM1401117 Contivity 5000, 5000 Tunnels, 5 PCI Exp slots, HW Accelerator, 10/100 & 1000 base-T LAN
Ports, Dual Power & Storage Sys,128-bit Encryption.
CONTIVITY OPTIONS
Power Cords for Contivity 17x0, 2700, and 5000
AA0020006 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Europe.
AA0020016 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Swiss.
AA0020018 Power Cord 10A/240V British.
AA0020008 Power Cord 10A/220-230V Denmark.
AA0020011 Power Cord 10A/220-230V. (Israel)
AA0020014 Power Cord 10A/220-230V. (Italy)
Hardware Field Install Options
DM0005005 Contivity 5000 Power Supply.
DM0011093 Contivity 5000 Fan Assembly
180
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
DM0011094
DM0011095
DM0039002
DM0004003
DM0004004
DM0004006
DM0004007
DM0011051
DM1004002
DM1519006
DM2104003
Contivity 5000 Hard Disk Drive.
Contivity 5000 Rack Mount Replacement Kit.
Contivity 600 FIPS Security Kit.
128 MB RAM Upgrade (factory install), for use/sale in the Contivity 17x0 only
256 MB RAM Upgrade (factory install). For use/sale in the Contivity 4600 only.
256 MB RAM Upgrade (factory install). For use/sale in the Contivity 2700 only.
512 MB RAM Upgrade (factory install). Contivity 5000 only. Consists of: (2) 256MB simms.
Hardware Accelerator Card (factory install) for use in Contivity 17x0/2700/5000 only.
10/100 Ethernet Card (factory install), for use in Contivity 17x0/2700/5000 only
ISDN - BRI S/T Option Card, (factory install) for Contivity 17x0/2700/5000.
HSSI Card for external T3/E3 Interface, with 10’ Interface Cable (factory install) Contivity
17x0/2700/5000 Option only.
DM2111004 Single Port T1 w/CSU/DSU Card (factory install) for use with Contivity 17x0/2700/5000 only.
DM2111007 Single X.21 / V.35 Card (factory install) for use in Contivity 17x0/2700/4600/5000 only.
DM3819002 V.90 Modem (factory install) for use in Contivity 17x0/2700/4600/5000. Inc. 7’ RJ11 cable.
Software Options
DM0016002 Contivity Stateful Firewall licence for the 17x0 platforms.
DM0016003 Contivity Stateful Firewall licence for the 2700 platform.
DM0016004 Contivity Stateful Firewall licence for the 5000 platform.
DM0016005 Contivity 17x0 Series Adv Routing Licence including OSPF, VRRP, IETF DiffServ &
Bandwidth Mgmt.
DM0016006 Contivity 2700 Adv Routing Licence inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF DiffServ & Bandwidth Mgmt.
DM0016007 Contivity 5000 Adv Routing Licence inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF DiffServ & Bandwidth Mgmt
DM0016009 Contivity Stateful Firewall licence for the 600/1010/1050/1100 platforms.
DM0016010 Contivity 600 Adv Routing Licence inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF DiffServ & Bandwidth Mgmt
DM0016012 Contivity 1xx0 Series Adv Routing Licence inc. OSPF, VRRP, IETF DiffServ & Bandwidth Mgmt
DM0016014 Contivity VPN Option Licence to provide 30 Tunnels on a Base Unit Contivity 10x0/1100.
DM0016015 Contivity VPN Option Licence to provide 500 tunnels on a Base Unit Contivity 17x0.
DM0016016 Contivity VPN Option Licence to provide 2000 tunnels on a Base Unit Contivity 2700
DM0016017 Contivity VPN Option Licence to provide 30 tunnels on a Base Unit Contivity 10x0/1100
DM0021001* Contivity 17x0 software (128 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021002* Contivity 17x0 software (56 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021003* Contivity 2700 software (128 bit), Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021004* Contivity 2700 software V4.80 (56 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021005* Contivity 5000 software (128 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021006* Contivity 5000 software (56 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021007* Contivity 600 software (128 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021008* Contivity 600 software (56 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021017^ Contivity Configuration Manager, manages from 1 to 250 devices. Includes media kit, and
licence. Supports Windows, NT, Solaris. Includes embedded database.
DM0021018^ Contivity Configuration Manager, manages from 1 to 2,500 devices. Includes media kit, and
licence. Supports Windows, NT, Solaris. Includes embedded database.
DM0021019^ Licence to upgrade Contivity Configuration Manager from maximum of 250 devices up to
2,500 devices.
DM0021020* Contivity 1010/1050/1100 software (128 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021021* Contivity 1010/1050/1100 software (56 bit). Includes Contivity VPN Client for Windows.
DM0021037~ Contivity VPN Client for Mac Single User
Includes One Year Software Release
DM0021038~ Contivity VPN Client for Mac 20 Users
DM0021039~ Contivity VPN Client for Mac 100 Users
Service - Plus Agreement
DM0021040~ Contivity VPN Client for Mac 1000 Users
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
181
Contivity Secure IP Services Gateways
Content Networking
Contivity Portfolio (continued)
Products at a Glance
Ordering Information (continued)
Alteon Application Switches
DM0021041~ Contivity VPN Client for Unix Single User “Includes Linux/Solaris/HP-UX/AIX” Includes
One Year
DM0021042~ Contivity VPN Client for Unix 20 Users “Includes Linux/Solaris/HP-UX/AIX”
Software
DM0021043~ Contivity VPN Client for Unix 100 Users “Includes Linux/Solaris/HP-UX/AIX”
Release
DM0021044~ Contivity VPN Client for Unix 1000 Users “Includes Linux/Solaris/HP-UX/AIX”
DM0021045~ Contivity VPN Client for Unix and Mac Enterprise Wide Site Licence “Includes Service, Plus
Agreement
Mac/Linux/Solaris/HP-UX/AIX”
DM0021046 Contivity VPN Client Administrator (CVCA) 5000 User Licence (Includes Media Kit and
Licence).
DM0021047 Contivity VPN Client Administrator (CVCA) 1000 User Upgrade Licence (Licence Only no
Media). Requires previous purchase of CVCA 5000 User Licence.
DM0021048 Contivity 1010/1050/1100/600/1600/17x0 Sun One Directory Server 128-Bit Encryption.
DM0021049 Contivity 2X00 Sun One Directory Server 128-Bit Encryption.
DM0021050 Contivity 4x00/5000 Sun One Directory Server 128-Bit Encryption.
Contivity Option Interface Cables
DM0011045 V.35 Cable - DTE DS28/V.35, length: 6’, for use with Single V.35 card (DM2111006,
DM2111007, DM1401115, DM1401116, DM2111010).
DM0011056 X.21 cable, length: 6’, for use with Single V.35 card (DM2111006, DM2111007,
DM1401115, DM1401116, DM2111010).
DM0011087 V.35 CABLE - DTE DS28/V.35, length: 6’, for use with Single V.35 card (DM2111006 / 7).
Contivity 17x0 only.
DM0011088 X.21 cable, length: 6’, for use with Single V.35 card (DM2111006, DM2111007). Contivity
17x0 only.
Modem Adapters for Contivity Options
DM0040002 British Telecom modified RJ11 for V.90 modem use in the United Kingdom. (UK and Ireland)
Notes
Only factory fit options are shown; there are field upgrades available as well but not shown here due to space limitations.
All 10/100 Ethernet interfaces are auto-sensing.
All Contivity switches requires a power cord to be ordered separately.
* Product is completed by version number, eg. DM0021001-4.80
^ Product is completed by version number, eg. DM0021017-2.1
~ Product is completed by version number, eg. DM0021037-2.1
Product
Features
Alteon AceDirector 4
Web Switch
Stackable L4-7 Web Switches
• Fast Ethernet ports plus Gigabit Ethernet uplink
• Server load balancing, application redirection, bandwidth management, global server load balancing plus many more advanced
content networking features with WebOS 10 software.
Alteon 184 Web Switch
Stackable L4-7 Application Switches
• Gigabit Ethernet ports plus Gigabit Ethernet uplink
• WebOS 10 software
Alteon Application Switch
2208/2216/2224/2424/3408
Stackable L2-7 Application Switches
• Fast Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet ports
• Enhanced Network Processor architecture
• Enhanced AlteonOS 21.x software
Alteon Application Switch
2424-SSL
Stackable L2-7 Application Switches
• 24 Fast Ethernet ports plus 4 SFP GBIC uplinks
• Enhanced Network Processor architecture
• Enhanced AlteonOS 21.x software
• Integrated SSL Accelerator, same feature set as the external
Alteon SSL Accelerator.
Alteon Web Switch Module
(WSM)
Application switching blade for Passport 8600 based modular solution
• 4 external plus 4 internal Gigabit Ethernet ports
• Up to 8 WSM modules per PP8600 chassis
• WebOS 10 software
Alteon Link Optimizer
143/150
Load Balance up to 8 ISP/WAN links for both incoming and
outgoing traffic.
• 143 - Fast Ethernet ports , 150 - Gigabit Ethernet ports
Security Solutions
182
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Product
Alteon Switched Firewall
(ASF 5000/6000 Series)
Features
Industry leading Check Point Accelerated Firewall solutions
• Low latency, high throughput, cost efficient platform
• Support for multiple DMZ’s
• Virtual firewall capability
• Stateful protocol support including VoIP
• Only Check Point Layer 2 solution
• Unparalleled scalability
• Low TCO
Alteon Firewall Products
(ASF 5100 Series)
Alteon Non- accelerated firewall appliance range running Check
Point NG deployed either as standalone or in HA pairs.
• Low latency, high throughput, cost efficient platform
• Support for multiple DMZ’s
• Virtual firewall capability
• Stateful protocol support including VoIP
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
183
Content Networking
Products at a Glance (continued)
Alteon Application Switching Portfolio
Security Solutions (continued)
Overview
Product
Features
Alteon Security Manager
(ASM)
ASM addresses security management complexities by providing a
single point of administration for security applications.
• ASM NNM Version integrates with HP OV Network Node
Manager
• ASM Universal provides standalone solution
• Manages Alteon Security platforms
Alteon SSL Accelerator (ASA)
Alteon SSL accelerator improves the performance of secure applications by offloading Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) processing from local
servers without imposing delays on other traffic in the same data path.
• SSL encryption offload/acceleration appliance
• Advanced end-to-end SSL content networking support
• Advanced SSL session persistence support
• Simple and secure PKI key & certificate management
• SSL VPN capability
Alteon SSL VPN
Nortel Networks Alteon SSL VPN is a remote access security solution that uses Web browsers for clientless remote access to corporate
Intranet services and applications
• Available on ASA and NVG Hardware platforms
• Provides SSL acceleration to all SSL VPN solutions
Content Delivery Networking
184
Product
Features
Alteon Content Cache (ACC)
The Alteon Content Cache is a high-performance caching and
streaming appliance that provides concurrent support for multiple
caching services, live and on-demand streaming, and content filtering.
• Combined forward, reverse or transparent proxy cache
• Multi-protocol support (Microsoft, Real, QuickTime)
• Secure controlled access to content
• Support for on-demand and real-time streaming applications
Alteon Content Manager
(ACM)
The Alteon Content Manager provides highly scalable and efficient
system, content, and accounting management for content delivery
networks based on Alteon Content Caches.
• Bulk-management of caches and content collections
• Job scheduling for the pre-positioning of content.
• Secure partitioning of CDN
• Accounting records for billing of content usage
Alteon Content Director
(ACD)
The Alteon Content Director is the industry’s only global load balancing solution that delivers user-aware request-to-content routing capabilities based on Layer 3-7 protocol attributes and true user proximity.
• Routes client requests to most responsive content PoP
• Enables geographic resilience with auto fail-over
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Nortel Networks’ portfolio of Alteon Application
Switches enables customers to manage IP network
traffic using application (L4-7) level intelligence to
achieve optimal infrastructure utilisation, service
resilience and responsiveness. Alteon Application
Switches allow the network operator to provide highquality, differentiated web services to employees, partners and e-commerce customers. Each Application
Switch has a distributed hardware architecture which switches traffic at gigabit wire-line speeds based
on attributes such as URL strings, cookies, browser type, protocol type, language etc.
In traditional data centres, managers have installed multiple devices to handle traffic processing –
LAN switches, local load balancers, bandwidth managers, global load balancers, etc. Alteon
Application Switching integrates these multiple services into a single high-speed device. Not only does
this simplify management, but also traffic latency is reduced, bandwidth bottlenecks eliminated and
points of failure minimised.
The Alteon Application Switch portfolio consists of four product ranges; The AceDirector and 180
series stackable web switch products have fast ethernet and gigabit ethernet ports respectively. The
Alteon Application Switch (AAS) range is a next-generation platform with enhanced performance,
capacity and port density. The AAS has additional WebOS capabilities not available on the lower end
models. All the stackable switches can be deployed in resilient pairs running in an active/active mode.
The Web Switch Module (WSM) for the Passport 8600 series router creates a chassis-based application switching solution with advanced L2/L3 capabilities for large data centre installations. Each
Application Switching product runs the WebOS operating system delivering the most powerful and
user-friendly suite of content networking features on the market.
Key Benefits
• Performance
• Gigabit wire-speed L4-7 switching providing intelligent traffic management at the lowest possible latency
• Carrier grade application availability with active/active configurations
• Application & content-based traffic management without compromising performance
• Security
• Secure network without compromising performance
• Protect network from traffic peaks and denial of service attacks
• Agility
• Implement innovative high performance web services quickly and efficiently
• Scale existing web services easily and without impacting service
• Manage traffic based on application level attributes, not just IP address
• Efficiency
• Eliminate costly ‘n+n’ sparing strategies
• Maximise the utilisation of data infrastructure such as web servers and firewalls
• Grow web service infrastructure incrementally to track increase in traffic
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
185
Content Networking
ACEDirector 4
Alteon 184
AAS 2208
AAS 2216
Alteon Application Switches Table
Web/Application
Switch
8 x 10/100 plus: 2 x GigE
(SFP Gbic)
16 x 10/100 plus: 2 x GigE
(SFP Gbic)
AAS 2208
AAS 2216
M/L enterprises
Service provider PoP
or data centre
2M
110K***
51K***
2048
512
1024
1024
255
As AD4/184 plus:
Advanced DoS protection;
Enhanced BWM;
Enhanced IDS LB;
Full BGP4 support.
AAS 3408
M/L enterprises
Service provider,
data centre
512k
296k
30k
Up to 48,000
128
256
256
Over 2000
As AD4 plus:
Advanced Ethernet
switching support;
802.1q, 802.1p.
WSM
24 x 10/100 plus 2 x GigE Totally 12 active GigE ports 4 x External GE ports plus:
(SFP Gbic)
8 x 10/100/1000 plus 8
4 x Internal GE ports per
x GigE (SFP Gbic)
WSM; Up to 116 GbE or 340
10/100 per 8600 chassis
AAS 3408
Web Switch Module
WebOS GSLB
WebOS BWM
AAS 2224
AAS 2424
AAS 2424-SSL
AAS 2224 / AAS 2424
AAS2424-SSL
Target
S/M/L enterprises
S/M/L enterprises
M/L enterprises
Customers
Service provider PoP
Service provider PoP
Service provider, PoP or
or data centre
or data centre
data centre
Concurrent Sess.
512K
2208: 600K; 2216: 1M
2M
L4 Sessions/sec
296K
2208: 20K***; 2216: 40K***
110K***
L7 Sessions/sec
30K
2208: 15K***; 2216: 30K***
51K***
Traffic filters
2048
2048
2048
URL Strings
128
512
512
Virtual Servers
256
1024
1024
Real Servers
256
1024
1024
VLANs
246
255
255
WebOS
LB - App/Web Server,
As AD4/184 plus:
As AD4/184 plus:
Features
FW, VPN, IDS*, SSL,
Advanced DoS protection; Advanced DoS protection;
& AlteonOS
Streaming*, cache, LDAP,
Enhanced BWM;
Enhanced BWM;
Features
Radius, DNS; GSLB**;
Enhanced IDS LB;
Enhanced IDS LB;
L7 content switching;
Full BGP4 support
Full BGP4 support.
L7 Health Checking;
2424-SSL: Integrated SSL
DOS protection, NAT;
offload and SSL VPN
BWM**; WAP LB
Interfaces
8 x 10/100 plus:
1 x 1000-SX (AD4)
9 x 10/100/1000 (1840
Order
Items
ACEdirector 4 AC p/w;
ACEdirector 4 DC p/w;
184 AC Power; 184 DC
Power; WebOS GSLB;
WebOS BWM
S = Small; M = Medium; L = Large; LB = Load Balancing; SLB = Server load Balancing; GSLB = Global Server Load balancing; FW = Firewall; IDS = Intrusion Detection System; BWM = Bandwidth
Management. * Only WAP, RTSP Streaming, and IDS load balancing cannot be run concurrently.** GSLB and BWM features are controlled by licence key purchased in addition to the base switch. ***
Using real-world test scenarios.
186
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Alteon OS Software Features
Key Features
Advanced Load balancing
• Each application switch can load-balance sessions across groups of servers, firewalls, Intrusion
Detection Systems, VPN’s, WAP gateways, caches, streaming media servers, anti virus servers etc.
and significant efficiencies can be realised in the form of enhanced traffic capacity or a reduction in
server footprint costs of up to 30%. Load balancing enables ‘n+1’ rather than ‘n+n’ sparing strategies generating even higher cost savings (up to 70%).
• Global Server Load Balancing (GSLB) allows applications to be load-balanced between multiple
data centres giving additional efficiency enhancements as well as automatic fail-over capability
between geographically dispersed data centre sites.
• A range of load balancing algorithms is supported to enable optimal performance to be realised and
persistent load balancing algorithms can be specified for transaction-based sessions, which need to
be directed to a common server.
Application Level Health Checking
• Each application switch can perform health checks which range from a simple ‘ping’ of a server to
sophisticated application based health checks which involve the fetching and checking of content.
This allows failures of individual applications to be detected and acted upon without need for manual intervention.
• The responsiveness of applications and servers towards health checks is measured and recorded by
the Application Switch and used as a dynamic performance measure on which to base load balancing decisions. This enables Alteon-powered networks to adapt to changing traffic patterns in realtime to ensure greater service stability.
Bandwidth Management
• Bandwidth limitations can be applied at various levels of granularity e.g. port, server, application
and even down to URL’s. This allows network resources to be allocated to applications in line with
business priorities and also helps prevent traffic spikes on one application causing stability problems
on other services hosted on the same physical infrastructure.
Application Redirection
• Using L4-7 application redirection features allows traffic to be managed intelligently and more efficiently. For example, applications requiring similar back-end services e.g. databases, streaming
media, can be sent to the same server or group of servers. This minimises the number of back-end
applications required within the data centre and results in savings of software licences and maintenance overheads.
• L4-7 application redirection is also used to intelligently offload sessions to devices such as SSL
Accelerators and Web Caches ensuring that only sessions relevant to particular services are diverted,
again making the most effective use of network resources.
Security
• The application switch presents services to the outside world on Virtual IP addresses (VIPs), and
hides the Real IP addresses (RIPs) of web servers from view. This makes it far more difficult for
external attacks to penetrate the data centre.
• Each application switch provides inherent protection from Denial of Service (DoS) attacks by absorbing repeated connection requests without passing the problem onto the servers. Hardware acceleration
enables the switch to cope with such situations without slowing down legitimate traffic.
• Port mirroring and load balancing features allow traffic to be intelligently presented to groups of
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS).
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
187
Content Networking
Alteon OS Software Features (continued)
Alteon Switched Firewall (ASF)
Key Features (continued)
Introduction
• Working in tandem with the Alteon SSL Accelerator, encrypted services can be implemented without placing additional loading on the back-end servers and, unlike competing SSL solutions, content networking functionality is preserved.
• The ability to filter traffic based on application level attributes gives the ability to block access to
particular URL’s, a very useful tool in combating some types of malicious viruses/worms.
• With the Advanced Denial of Service Protection licence, the AAS can monitor traffic on a per port
basis and look for known signatures of common network level attacks. Many TCP or UDP attacks
contain common signatures of patterns in the data portion of the IP packet. The AAS can be configured to examine an IP packet from either the beginning or from a specific offset value. By using data
pattern matching the AAS can also be used for Peer 2 Peer (P2P) traffic management. One of the
problems with P2P traffic is that the traffic flows are hard to determine since essentially any user can
become both a client and a server in a P2P network. This makes it difficult for enterprise and service
providers to control the traffic flows so P2P applications don’t consume the entire bandwidth or slow
down response times for other business critical applications. The AAS can either block P2P traffic or
assign a bandwidth contract using Bandwidth Management to rate limit P2P traffic in the network.
Session Persistency
• Session persistency problems often plague on-line web services, leading to customer dissatisfaction
and high rates of shopping-kart abandonment. Sophisticated cookie inspection and insertion features on the Alteon Application Switch enable comprehensive solutions to persistence problems.
Reliability and Resilience
• Each Alteon Application Switch has been designed with no moving parts e.g. flash memory instead
of disk drives, with the aim of maximising mean time between failures (MTBF).
• The Alteon Application Switch boots from flash memory - no hard disks.
• VRRP support enables Application Switches to be deployed in high-availability pairs operating in an
active-active mode with automated fail over in less than 4 seconds.
Alteon Security Solutions Portfolio
Alteon Switched Firewall Bundles Table
Overview
Conventional security deployments slow down web traffic and necessitate a choice between security and
performance. Nortel Networks’ portfolio of Alteon Security Solutions, based on the Open Security
Architecture (OSA), allows customers to break free from this trade-off by allowing comprehensive network security policies to be implemented while at the same time enhancing performance and availability.
At the heart of Nortel’s OSA lies the Alteon Application Switch allowing incoming web sessions to be
identified at the application layer and intelligently redirected at multi-gigabit wire-line speeds. The
Application Switch itself provides a number of security functions such as Denial of Service protection,
NAT, Application Abuse Protection, URL filtering and firewall load balancing (see Application Switching
section above). A range of security appliances works in tandem with a resilient pair of application switches to create a high performance, cost efficient and fault tolerant “Security Cluster”. Each security cluster
is extremely scalable with advanced load balancing and “single system image” technology allowing capacity to be upgraded on a plug-and-play basis. Security appliances are health-checked by the Application
Switch giving the auto-failover capability required for “mission critical” availability.
188
Industry leading stateful firewall offering performance of up
to 4.2Gbps throughput, 60k sessions/sec and 1 Million active
sessions per cluster, integrating Check Point Next Generation
software and Secure XL™ acceleration technology. Provides a
total solution that allows a business to ensure security without giving up the application performance that is critical - all
while being easy to manage and simple to scale. With an architecture that separates the control engine
from the data-forwarding plane and offloads many firewall tasks to a special purpose switch, the Firewall
Accelerator intercepts network traffic and potential attacks are stopped before ever hitting the Check
Point firewall. The Accelerator, running a special OS, is equipped with network processors ideally suited
to support real-time deep-packet inspection and comprehensive Denial of Service (DoS) protection.
With its innovative architecture and plug-and-play provisioning of firewall resources, the Alteon Switched
Firewall allows enterprises and service providers to lower capital expenditures and increase their return on
IT investment. Capital expenditures are reduced due to a “pay as your traffic grows” architecture.
• Flexible, carrier-class security solution that can deliver reduced operating cost and higher ROI through
firewall consolidation and enabling single-device support for multiple customers, and multiple security
• Transparent deployment into existing Check Point firewall infrastructures, leveraging existing staff skills
and training to implement Check Point’s advanced firewall and security management services.
• Overall simplification of firewall and hosting infrastructures in deployment, day-to-day management
and troubleshooting: Operational costs are minimised because administrators no longer must configure
each firewall. The first firewall can be provisioned in less than 30 minutes with a configuration wizard,
then, the single system image replication and management capabilities of the Alteon Switched Firewall
make adding
• Protects network investment with a switch-based platform that has the processing and memory “headroom” needed for future application support and feature development.
The Alteon Switched Firewall offers up to 4 times reduction in footprint over conventional solutions,
whilst offering carrier-grade reliability with features such as Active-Active processing, Stateful Fail-Over,
MultiLink Trunking and 802.1Q VLAN tagging.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Alteon Switched
Firewall Bundles
Products in bundle
Throughput
# Simultaneous
Sessions
# Accelerated
Sessions
# Connections/Sec
Interfaces
Order Codes
ASF 5308
ASF 5300/5008
600Mbps
ASF 5408
ASF 5610
ASF 5710
ASF 6414
ASF 5400/5008 ASF 5600/5010 ASF 5700/5010 ASF 6400/5014
600Mbps
600Mbps
4.2Gbps
4.2Gbps
500k
500k
500k
1M
1M
40k
5500 Expandable to 32k
8 x FE plus 1 x
10/100/1000
ASF-5308
40k
5500 Expandable to 32k
8 x FE plus 1 x
10/100/1000
ASF-5408
170k
5500 Expandable to 32k
9 x 10/100/
1000
ASF-5610
170k
5500 Expandable to 32k
9 x 10/100/
1000
ASF-5710
500k
12,000 Expandto 60k
24 x FE plus 4 x
SFP GBIC
ASF-6414
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
189
Content Networking
ASF (continued)
Table notes
Key Features (continued)
Notes:
• ASF bundles consist of a single Firewall Accelerator plus a single performance-matched Firewall Director. The
Cluster may be upgraded by ordering additional separate Accelerator and Director components.
• For a fault-tolerant solution, a two Firewall Accelerators should be specified, each with sufficient Director platforms to meet the expected traffic levels.
• Each Firewall Director requires 1 x Checkpoint VPN-1 Pro Gateway NG licence. Licences should be purchased
through an authorised Check Point Channel Partner. For the Accelerated ASF it is recommended that the following licensing be purchased:
• For the first Director – CPMP-VPG-U-NG-SS
• For subsequent Directors in the same cluster - CPMP-HVPG-U-NG-SS
Firewall Accelerator Table
Firewall Accelerator
ASF 5300
Product Range
# Simultaneous Sess
40k
# Connections/Sec
32k
Interfaces
8 x FE plus 1 x
10/100/1000
Order Codes
ASF-5300
•
•
ASF 5400
ASF 5600
170k
32k
8 x FE plus 1 x
10/100/1000-T
ASF-5400
170k
32k
9x
10/100/1000
ASF-5600
ASF 5700
ASF 6400
•
500k
1M
32k
60k
9x
24 x 10/100 plus
10/100/1000 4 x SFP GBIC
ASF-5700
ASF 6400
•
•
Firewall Director Table
Firewall Director
Product Range
Memory
ASF 5008
ASF 5010
ASF 5014
512Mb
1Gb
1Gb
# Simultaneous Sessions
40k
170k
1 Million
# Connections / Sec
5500
5500
12,000
Interfaces
2 x FE
2 x FE plus
1 x 1000-SX
2 x 10/100/100 plus
2 x 1000BASE-SX
ASF-308
ASF-310
ASF-5014
Order Codes
Key Features
• The Alteon Switched Firewall (ASF) was the first firewalling product to adopt a ‘next generation’
accelerated architecture enabling enterprises to benefit from the highest levels of protection combined with industry leading performance. For the first time, trading off performance for security is
not required!
• The ASF is the result of collaboration between Nortel Networks and Checkpoint Technologies producing a range of accelerated firewalling products to suit enterprises of all sizes. Based on the Nortel
Application Switching platform and Checkpoint’s Firewall-1 Next Generation software, the ASF is a
true ‘best of breed’ solution.
• The ASF comprises two elements; the Alteon Switched Firewall Accelerator and the Alteon Switched
Firewall Director. The ‘Accelerator’ sits in the data path and performs session acceleration by intelligently switching the first packet of each new session to the ‘Director’ for a firewalling policy decision to
190
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
•
be made. This decision is communicated back to the ‘Accelerator’ which makes an appropriate entry in
its connection table allowing the remaining packets in the session to be passed at wire-speed. Over
90% of packets in each session are accelerated in this way. Each ASF cluster can consist of either a single ‘Accelerator’ or for high capacity/fault tolerant configurations, a pair of ‘Accelerators’. Depending
upon desired throughput levels, the number of ‘Directors’ deployed can range from one to six on a single ASF cluster. There are a variety of ‘Accelerator’ and ‘Director’ models each with different levels of
performance to suit a range of performance and budgetary requirements.
Industry Leading Performance A single ASF cluster can forward traffic at rates of up to 4.2Gbps
and establish up to 60k sessions per second. Traffic latency is also best in class making ASF particularly suited to handle delay sensitive traffic flows such as VoIP.
Bullet Proof Security Being based on Checkpoint technology the ‘Director’ application software has
been designed to meet the highest standards of network security.
Ease of Management Once installed, an ASF cluster can be upgraded on a ‘plug and play basis’ to
the full complement of two ‘Accelerators’ plus 6 ‘Directors’. Combined with simple GUI management system, the ASF has a low total cost of ownership.
Cost Effective The ASF has industry leading price/performance. In addition, footprint and power savings of up to 4 times can be achieved by deploying ASF in place of conventional firewalling products.
Virtual Firewalling Capability Technologies such as VLAN tagging, Checkpoint VSX software and
Multi-link Trunking (MLT) allow the ASF to be securely partitioned and used as a platform for
offering managed firewalling services. Each end-user can securely manage their own firewall policies
and take advantage of multiple DMZ’s to create flexible, bullet-proof public web services.
Certifications The ASF product line has achieved certification by ICSA, Common Criteria to EAL
4 Level and is also Check Point OPSEC certified.
Alteon Firewall 5100 Series
Introduction
The ASF 5100 series products augment the
strength of the Alteon solution by providing entrylevel ASF options at different price points to meet
today’s requirements for high-performance security.
The ASF 5100 family is a stand-alone security
appliance with a Check Point stateful inspection
engine that offers unbeatable high-performance throughput for the low-to-mid-range market, whilst
complementing the accelerated product line by providing deployment and price flexibility.
The Alteon Firewall product family includes the following features • Support for multi-cluster management via the Alteon Security Manager (ASM), a comprehensive
suite of security management tools that reduces operations costs and training time through simplified performance, fault, and configuration management of multiple security solutions and clusters
within a single interface.
• VRRP support has been extended to provide High Availability across the non-accelerated product line.
• Dynamic routing capability is enhanced with support for OSPF, RIP1, and RIP2 protocols.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
191
Content Networking
5100 Series (continued)
Alteon Security Manager (ASM)
Introduction (continued)
Introduction
• Flow Control: Administrators can identify high-priority subnets to be protected under heavy stress
conditions, such as SYN attacks, and continue to make configuration and policy changes. With this
release, a specific high-priority subnet, such as the management subnet, can now be configured via
the CLI or WebUI to ensure certain packets will never be dropped, even when an accelerated Alteon
Switched Firewall is under attack.
• ARP cache size has been increased to provide greater capacity to hold ARP routing tables in memory.
• Capabilities for gathering system information have been enhanced for troubleshooting purposes, such
as processes in use, memory usage, disk usage, etc.
• Monitoring capabilities have been enhanced to capture statistics for different ASF FireWall-1 modules
over a period of time and to monitor traffic parameters like sessions/second for specific module(s).
Firewall Table
Alteon Firewall
Product Range
Processor
Memory
Throughput
# Concurrent Sessions
# Connections / Sec
Interfaces
ASF 5106
ASF 5109
ASF 5014
1 GHz
512Mb
1.6 Gbps
500,000
5500
4 x 10/100
Order Codes
ASF-5106
2.4 GHz
512Mb
1 Gbps
250,000
5500
4 x 10/100 plus
2 x 10/100/1000
ASF-5109
2.4 GHz
1Gb
300 Mbps
200,000
3000
2 x 10/100/100 plus
2 x 1000BASE-SX
ASF-5114
Key Features
•
•
•
•
•
Full Check Point Next Generation feature set
Support for 250 VLANS, 802.1Q, Dynamic Routing Protocols & VSX
VRRP for High Availability fail-over and redundancy
Plug ‘n Play provisioning
Browser-Based Interface (HTTP and HTTPS) as well as CLI (serial, telnet and SSH) enables easy
configuration of network settings
• Alteon Security Manager Support
• Certifications (OPSEC; ICSA)
• Logging and Monitoring
• SNMP V2 and V3 event reporting
192
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The Alteon Security Manager (ASM) addresses security management complexities by providing a single point of administration for Alteon security devices and applications. It provides a single interface
for consistent administration across security devices or groups of devices (clusters). The ASM auto-discovers and displays multi-layer network topologies with corresponding status information and enables
proactive management, problem solving, and capacity planning by providing real-time performance
statistics.
ASM is available in two forms, the first product integrates with HP OpenView Network Node
Manager, whilst the ASM Universal product is a stand-alone Java based element management system.
Both packages support management of the Alteon Switched Firewalls, including both accelerated and
non-accelerated firewall solutions, the Alteon Wireless Security Switch, Alteon SSL appliances, Alteon
SSL VPN, and the Alteon Application Switch 2424-SSL.
Major features of the ASM include:
• Auto-discovery of network topology
• Secure management of security infrastructure using user access and password information, as well as
SSL, SSH, and SNMPv3 for secure communication
• Configuration management tools that facilitate time-consuming tasks, including bulk software/image
upgrade to load and activate software updates to Alteon security devices/clusters on the network
• Management interface for device-level configuration tools and third-party application management
tools (e.g., Check Point SmartCenter Management Console and Provider-1)
• Proactive capacity planning with performance management tools
• Problem discovery and analysis through fault management tools
Key Features
The ASM NNM product provides the following Network Management functionalities:
• Configuration Management
• Hierarchical, graphical view of ASFs, ASF5100s, Alteon 2424-SSLs, ASAs, Alteon SSL VPNs,
and WSSs cluster topology.
• Auto-discovery of Switched Firewall Accelerator and Director devices, ASF5100s (new), Alteon
2424-SSLs, ASAs, Alteon SSL VPNs, and WSSs, contained in a cluster
• Discovery of all clusters under NNM.s IP Map.
• Launchpad for Web UI and CLI.
• Launchpad for Check Point management applications.
• Launchpad for EMS application for Alteon 2424 SSL.s.
• Launchpad for Web UI, CLI and ASM Console under IP Map.
• Configuration details of the cluster, Accelerator and Director devices (All clusters except
ASF5100 (old) and SSL VPNs).
• Image download (All clusters except ASF5100s (old) and ASAs).
• Importing and exporting of device configuration from and to a file respectively (All clusters
except ASF5100s (old) and ASAs).
Fault Management (For all clusters except ASF5100 (old))
• Alarms (viewed in the NNM.s Alarm Browser Window).
• Current status of devices
Performance Management (For ASF, ASF 5100 (new), Alteon 2424-SSLs, ASAs, and WSS Clusters
• SFD Statistics: Statistics for individual Directors and Ports (Only for ASFs).
• SSL Server Statistics (Only for Alteon 2424-SSL, ASA and WSS)
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
193
Content Networking
Alteon SSL Accelerator Table
ASM (continued)
Accelerator
Product Range
Key Features (continued)
Security Management
• SNMPv2c-based security
• SNMPv3-based security (Only for ASF and ASF5100 (new) clusters).
• User management across clusters (All clusters except ASF5100 (old) and ASAs).
The ASM Universal provides the following minimum Network Management functionalities:
Configuration Management
• Hierarchical, location based (domain/region) tree view of cluster (ASFs, ASF5100s, Alteon 2424SSLs, SSL VPNs and WSSs) topology.
• Launchpad for Web UI and CLI.
• Software updates to selected clusters.
• Importing and exporting the device configuration from and to a file respectively.
Fault Management
• Status of the clusters and their associated devices upon selecting the corresponding node.
Security Management
• SSL based operations
• User management across clusters
• Saving and loading of configuration information.
Alteon SSL Accelerator (ASA)
Introduction
The Alteon SSL Accelerator (ASA) is the #1 market leader for dedicated SSL appliances. The feature
set includes support for SSL Offload and SSL VPN applications, including clientless remote access,
user authentication, layer 7 server load balancing, cookie based persistence, layer 7 deny filtering,
backend encryption, connection pooling to name a few.
The ASA builds on a unique software platform called Single System Image developed by Nortel
Networks. The Single System Image platform allows multiple ASA units to be joined in a managed
cluster. All configuration data, including public/private keys and certificates, are automatically shared
securely within the cluster. The cluster is managed through a single IP address that allows the administrator to do configuration changes, import/export keys and certificates, backup configuration and even
do software updates for all units in the cluster. Load sharing is supported both with and without the
use of an L4 switch.
The ASA supports up to 256 virtual SSL servers to be created within a single unit or cluster. Each virtual SSL server can host either an SSL VPN gateway or an SSL Offload Gateway. This allows large
enterprise customers and service providers to build very cost effective solutions for multiple applications and/or customers.
194
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Target
Application
ASA 220
NVG 3050
Hosting data centre
sites / Large
e-commerce sites
ASA 310 FIPS
ASA 410
AAS 2424-SSL
Ultra high-security Hosting data centre Hosting data centre
government & finsites / Large
sites / Large
ancial organisations e-commerce sites
e-commerce sites
Capacity (TPS)
1000
400
2000
300-1000
# Concurrent Sess
10000
7000
16000
16000
# Units per cluster
256
256
256
256
# SSL virtual
256
256
256
256
1000
ASA 200:0
NVG 3050; 500 (1H
2004) Feature key req.
1000
1000
1000
0
0
0
150
100
200
200
2 x 10/100/1000
2 x 10/100
2 x 10/100/1000
24 x 10/100
0
ASA 220
VPN Gateway 3050
0
ASA 310 SSL FIPS
SSL Accelerator
FIPS compliant
1
ASA 410
10/100/1000
SSL Accelerator
4
Alteon Application
Switch 2424-SSL
Max # of SSL VPN
users per unit**
Max # of IPSec
users per unit
Max throughput
3-DES, MB/sec
# copper Ethernet
ports
# fibre GBit
Ethernet ports***
Order Codes
* FIPS and non-FIPS units cannot belong to the same cluster. ** A 10-user licence is included in each unit. Additional user
licences are available. The following options are available: 50 Users, 100 Users, 250 Users, 500 Users and 1,000 Users. Licence
stacking, i.e. 50 + 100 = 150, is allowed up to maximum 1,000 users per unit.
*** ASA 410 Gigabit ports are optional based on product number. AAS-2424-SSL are using Small Form-factor Pluggable
module, ordered separately.
Key Features
The Alteon range of SSL Accelerator products provide comprehensive content networking solutions
for a range of problems commonly encountered with SSL encrypted web services. When SSL sessions
are initiated, the key exchange process is extremely CPU intensive and as a result, the ability of a web
server to service encrypted sessions is far lower than if the traffic was unencrypted. As a result the performance of the web service can be reduced by up to 90%. Installing SSL encryption cards within the
web servers creates additional problems – content networking features such as application redirection
and server load balancing are not possible and the management of the PKI infrastructure (keys/certificates) across multiple cards and servers is unwieldy. Such solutions are often plagued with session persistence problems causing connections to ‘break’ unexpectedly, often when customers are attempting
to make e-commerce payments! The ASA can be implemented in a conventional stand-alone configuration, with built-in content networking features. However, only by deploying in conjunction with an
Alteon Application Switch either integrated in the AAS 2424-SSL or externally, can a fully optimised,
and scalable SSL solution be realised.
• Clientless access to Intranet/Extranet applications.
• Offload for most SSL based servers, not only web servers.
• Advanced traffic management, including L7 SLB with cookie persistence.
• Backend encryption including connection pooling and per URL encryption rules.
• Proven redundancy and scalability using Single System Image.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
195
Content Networking
ASA (continued)
SSL VPN
Key Features (continued)
Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
196
• Support for multiple SSL VPN and/or SSL Offload gateways within the same cluster.
• Full certificate and key management built in.
• Secure storage of private keys.
• Secure management using Web based management or CLI.
• All hardware options are compact 1RU size saving on installation space.
SSL Performance Acceleration While a typical web server can handle only a few dozen SSL sessions
per second, an Alteon SSL Accelerator can terminate many hundreds, presenting unencrypted (or less
encrypted) sessions to the back-end web servers. As a result, significant enhancements in service
responsiveness and reduction in web server costs can be achieved. Deploying an Alteon Application
Switch in the data path ensures that only SSL traffic is redirected to the ASA, while non-encrypted
traffic is passed directly through to the servers at wire-speed. All sessions whether SSL or non-SSL originated can be subjected to the full range of content networking features giving additional infrastructure
efficiencies and the opportunity to create differentiated value-add services.
SSL Back-End Encryption (Re-encryption Proxy) For customers requiring end-to-end encryption
e.g. financial institutions, the Alteon SSL Accelerator provides an option to encrypt the back-end connection to the web servers. Encryption levels can be mixed and matched as required with secure, compute intensive encryption on the front-end (public) connection and less compute-intensive encryption
on the back-end (private) connection.
SSL Content Networking The Alteon SSL Accelerator has embedded content networking software
enabling load balancing decisions to be made within the box. Uniquely, this allows end-to-end SSL
encrypted sessions to be load balanced based on application level attributes such as URL, browser type
and cookies.
SSL Session Persistence E-Commerce transactions are often broken by proxy changes in the access network and the periodic renegotiation of SSL session id’s by the client browser and web server. Working in
tandem, the Application switch and SSL Accelerator use cookie insertion and MAC address mapping
techniques to ensure that client connections remain active throughout the whole duration of an e-commerce transaction and are persistently connected to the same web server and application.
Scalability & Availability Unparalleled scalability of SSL services is achieved by deploying SSL
Accelerators in clusters, load balanced by the Alteon Application Switch. Up to 255 accelerators can be
load balanced by a single application switch giving the ability to specify solutions supporting up to
500k transactions per second! Deploying dual application switches enables high availability solutions to
be created.
Key/Certificate Management Simplification Implementing Alteon SSL acceleration simplifies the
management of certificates and keys by the dramatic reduction in the number of devices involved in
the SSL encryption/decryption process. Clustered SSL accelerators collaborate and distribute keys
automatically and securely, further reducing the management overhead of implementing PKI/SSL
solutions.
Advanced Client Authentication When a secured session is terminated, the client is authenticated
against a client revocation list (CRL) on the SSL Accelerator. Unique functionality on the SSL accelerator allows the client’s SSL details to be passed in an additional HTTP header to the back-end web
server enabling single-sign on to back-end web applications.
SSL VPN Gateway Capability The ASA can be deployed as an SSL VPN gateway allowing trusted
users to gain SSL secured access to specific web applications without the need for specialist client
software.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
The SSL VPN gateway provides remote users or business partners with access to corporate applications
and file shares from any web browser in any location. The SSL VPN feature set is an addition to the
already market leading SSL Offload feature set of the Alteon SSL Accelerator and is available on the
ASA 220, ASA 310 FIPS, ASA 410, Alteon Application Switch 2424-SSL and the Nortel VPN
Gateway 3050.
The Nortel VPN Gateway provides a rich feature set, great scalability and flexibility. Up to 256 SSL
VPN gateways can be created to allow large customers or service provides to deploy multiple SSL
VPN portals for different departments, different user categories (Intranet vs. Extranet) or simply different customers. Each SSL VPN portal can be customised with graphic layout, authentication mechanisms, access profiles and different user groups. Each user group will have different active authorisation profiles, different application access and a different layout of the Secure Portal.
Once the user is logged onto the Secure Portal they will be presented a number of application links,
based on the group or groups membership. The Nortel VPN gateway allows access to many applications on the Intranet using various techniques. For web applications, file share access and legacy terminal access the Nortel VPN Gateway will perform application level translation and deliver secure web
pages to the user. For native client/server applications that uses a client installed on the local PC a
secure application tunnel is created between the client and the Nortel VPN gateway.
Key Features
• Clientless access to Intranet/Extranet applications. Mitigates the need to install and maintain a separate VPN client on each PC that connects to the Intranet/Extranet.
• No changes to existing infrastructure or applications.
• Proven redundancy and scalability using Single System Image.
• Support for multiple SSL VPN portals within the same unit or cluster.
• Rich authentication support with fallback capabilities.
• Advanced authorisation and access control lists.
• Rich application support including secure application translation and secure application tunnels.
Technical Information
Portal Security
• Authentication RADIUS, incl. Challenge/Response; LDAP; Windows NT Domain (NTLM); Native
local user database; RSA SecureID (RADIUS); Secure Computing SafeWord (RADIUS); ActivCard
(RADIUS); Microsoft Active Directory (RADIUS or LDAP); Novell NDS/eDirectory (LDAP)
• Authorisation Support two authorisation profiles, base and extended. Base profile includes network,
service and application level information. Extended profile adds source network and authentication
method.
• Encryption SSL 2.0; SSL 3.0; TLS 1.0 (RFC 2246); IPSEC (Nortel VPN Gateway 3050 only)
• Cipher Suites All ciphers covered by SSLv2, SSLv3 and TLSv1, except the IDEA ciphers and the
FORTEZZA ciphers.
• Accounting Syslog/RADIUS account start and stop including username, ASA gateways address, session ID, session time and cause of termination.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
197
Content Networking
SSL VPN (continued)
Alteon Content Cache (ACC)
Technical Information
Introduction
• Additional Features Walk away protection (automatic portal logoff if idle). All objects marked with
no-cache/no-store headers. Cache wiper to remove cached files and history (only for Microsoft IE
browsers).
Application Support
• Web Content and Protocols HTML; DHTML; JavaScript; Java Applets; XML; HTTP/HTTPS
• File Share Protocols Windows – SMB/CIFS; Generic – FTP
• E-mail/Messaging Protocols Microsoft Exchange (MAPI); IBM/Lotus Domino/Notes; IMAP,
SMTP and POP3
• Terminal Access Protocols Telnet; SSH
• Remote Desktop Protocols Citrix ICA (TCP 1494); Microsoft RDP (TCP 3389)
• Applet type and size Port Forward/HTTP Proxy (Java) – 150 kB; Terminal Access (Java) – 370 kB;
Cache Wiper (ActiveX) – 48 kB
Browser Support
• Windows MS IE 5.01/5.5/6.0 with Sun’s JRE 1.3.x/1.4.x; MS IE 5.01/5.5/6.0 with MS’s JVM
4.x/5.x
• Unix Mozilla 1.x with Sun’s JRE 1.3.x/1.4.x; Netscape Navigator 7.x with Sun’s JRE 1.3.x/1.4.x;
Netscape Navigator 4.78 and 4.8 only with built-in Java engine.
The Alteon Content Cache is deployed at critical points within a network, effectively unblocking the
bottlenecks that prevent effective delivery of web and streaming content.
The Alteon Content Cache forms the basis of a high performance, flexible, cost-effective platform for
the delivery of accelerated rich-media web services to external and internal clients. The capabilities of an
ACC based CDN network can be developed further by deploying the Alteon Content Manager, Alteon
Content Director and other products within the Alteon Content Networking portfolio.
ACC Table
Product Range
Target
Customers
Throughput:
Client Acceler.
Server Acceler.
Streaming
Typical # Clients
Alteon Content Networking Portfolio
Memory
Overview
Interfaces
Nortel Networks’ portfolio of Alteon Content Delivery Networking products provides robust, turnkey
solutions to networking issues encountered in the delivery to clients of rich-media web content such
as graphical web pages, animations, streaming audio and streaming video.
Alteon CDN solutions can help customers to:
• Improve responsiveness of web services and boost client effectiveness.
• Reduce bandwidth requirements in the WAN.
• Reduce internet access/peering costs.
• Lower IT costs by reducing the loading on web servers.
• Enhance quality of service by reducing network congestion and downtime.
• Deploy next-generation rich media applications such as remote learning, corporate webcasts and
branch office promotional video streaming. Such services often cannot be rolled out cost effectively unless a CDN solution is in place.
• Implement effective distributed-content network architectures.
• Schedule the distribution of reference files, image files, patches etc. so as to avoid busy traffic
periods.
• Partition a content network for management by separate sub-enterprises or departments.
• Track usage of CDN sub-networks and produce records which can be used for billing.
198
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Disk Capacity
Order codes
ACC 305
ACC 310
ACC 320
Small business with regional
locations and large content
large content needs.
Small regional or remote
offices e.g. banks, retail
Primary School
Medium-sized Enterprise IT centre
Large Reg. Office/Large Subnet
Secondary School
Low Volume Carrier POP
Large Enterprise site
Local Authority Data Centre
Moderate Volume Carrier/
ISP POP
TBA
TBA
TBA
40Mbps
450Mbps
600Mbps
105 Mbps
490Mbps
800Mbps
50-200 Clients
200-2000 Clients
1000-10,000 Clients
512MB
1GB
2GB
20Gb
36Gb SCSI
Expandable to 432Gb
90Gb SCSI
Expandable to 432Gb
2 x 10/100/1000
2 x FE plus optional 1000-T
(copper) or 1000-SX (Fibre)
2 x FE plus optional 2 x 1000-T
(copper) or 2 x 1000-SX (fibre)
ACC-305 Cache (FE interface)
ACC-305 MS
Microsoft Streaming
ACC-305 CS
Combined streaming licence
(Real & MS)
ACC-310 Cache (FE interface)
ACC-310 CG
Cache (1000-T interface)
ACC-310 FG
Cache (1000-SX interface)
ACC-310 MS
Microsoft Streaming
ACC-310 RL
Real Streaming Licence
ACC-310 CS Combined streaming
licence (Real & MS)
ACC-320 Cache (FE interface)
ACC-320 CG
Cache (1000-T interface)
ACC-320 FG
Cache (1000-SX interface)
ACC-320 MS
Microsoft Streaming
ACC-320 RL
Real Streaming Licence
ACC-320 CS Combined
streaming licence (Real & MS)
Key Features
Performance Acceleration & IT Efficiency
• At the access PoP or branch site, acting in client acceleration mode (forward or transparent proxy) the
ACC enables content to be held close to the requestor, giving up to 50% faster response times and up
to 35% bandwidth reduction in the WAN.
• At the regional PoP or IT/Data Centre acting in server acceleration mode (reverse proxy) the ACC
offloads requests from the web servers allowing up to 90% equipment efficiencies to be made. Reverse
proxy caching can also drastically cut internet access bandwidth requirements.
• The ability to support simultaneous client and server acceleration makes the ACC cost effective to
deploy.
• The ACC has the highest price/performance and is highly scalable in terms of throughput and sessions.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
199
Content Networking
ACC (continued)
Key Features (continued)
Table Notes
Streaming
• All ACC’s in the range support both live and on-demand streaming media in Quicktime, Microsoft
and Real Player formats (MS and Real subject to purchase of additional software licence).
• Features such as stream-splitting and simultaneous caching/delivery enable advanced ‘Tivo like’ capabilities such as pause/rewind of live webcasts to be realised.
• The unique ‘HTTP Pipelining’ feature allows high-quality video streams to be downloaded to client
caches over low bandwidth links without affecting the quality of end-user delivery.
Security / QoS
• Secure client authentication ensures that cached content is only accessible by authorised users.
• Access to unauthorised web content is prevented by URL filtering, either native on the ACC or in conjunction with a subscription based screening service such as N2H2, Web Sense or X-stop.
• IP ToS tagging is supported to ensure that QoS marking is preserved throughout the network.
• ACC’s can be deployed in resilient clusters load balanced by either a router based traffic distribution
mechanism such as WCCP or more preferably the ‘Web Cache Redirection’ capabilities of an Alteon
Application Switch.
• Being a pre-integrated appliance platform gives ACC the advantages of optimal performance, stability
and security against tampering and/or malicious attacks.
Alteon Content Manager (ACM)
Introduction
The Alteon Content Manager enables efficient and proactive management of content and caching
devices on a ‘virtualised’ CDN basis. The ACM allows the efficiency and performance of the CDN to
be fine-tuned and gives the capability to monitor and bill for CDN services based on usage.
ACM Table
Product Range
Target Customers
ACM 310 SM
ACM 310 LE
ACM 310 SP
Small/medium enterprises
and organisations
Large enterprises
Carrier/ISP networks
Carrier Managed Services
Up to 100 caches
Up to 500 caches
Up to 2000 caches
15
25
0
Features
Cache Management,
Content Management,
Content Accounting (Opt’l)
Cache Management,
Content Management,
Content Accounting
Cache Management,
Content Management,
Content Accounting
Order Codes
ACM-310 SM
Content Manager
ACM-SM-CA
Content Accounting Licence
Cade Management Licence
ACM-AG-1
ACM-AG-25
ACM-AG-50
ACM-AG-100
ACM-310 LE
Content Manager
Cade Mgmt Licence
ACM-AG-1
ACM-AG-10
ACM-AG-25
ACM-AG-50
ACM-AG-100
ACM-310 SP
Content Manager
Cade Mgmt Licence
ACM-AG-1
ACM-AG-10
ACM-AG-25
ACM-AG-50
ACM-AG-100
Capacity
# Bundled licences
200
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Notes:
* For a fault-tolerant management solution, a pair of ACMs should be specified, each with sufficient capacity to
manage the entire CDN network.
* If the number of bundled cache management licences is insufficient then additional licence bundles must be purchased so as to provide one licence per ACC in the network.
* There is no need to double-up licences for dual-ACM configurations.
Key Features
System Controller
• Enables deployments of up to 2000 ACC have to be managed centrally using a secure web based
GUI interface. All ACC configurations are stored on ACM for backup purposes to speed recovery in
the event of ACC failure.
• Caches can be logically grouped and administered collectively.
• Multi-level security architecture enables cache groups to be managed by different administrators with
varying access privileges.
• The ACM tracks the health status, performance and utilisation of each ACC in the network.
• The ACM can be deployed as a single unit, or for mission-critical implementations, as a fault-tolerant pair in active-active mode with automated local or global fail-over.
Content Controller
• Allows the CDNs web content to be administered simply, intelligently and pro-actively. Individual
items or pages of contact can be grouped into “content collections” which can then be administered
as a single entity. A single CDN can be securely partitioned for use by different enterprises or
departments.
• Content is indexed from the ACM but is not staged on the ACM. Instead, content is simply pushed
out directly from the origin servers. Unlike other solutions this eliminates the requirement for a large
central content database.
• Content prioritisation strategies can be implemented. For example, high priority content can be
‘pinned’ into memory rather than disk space for a defined period of time. Low priority content can
be selectively ‘purged’ from the cache to make way for higher priority content. Pre-positioning
ensures that high priority content is available to clients immediately.
• Content management jobs can be scheduled to take advantage of low-traffic time periods.
Content Accountant (Standard on SP version, optional on LE/SM)
• Manages the generation, collection and collation of CDN usage data for tracking and/or billing purposes.
• Accounting is granular and reporting can be initiated on individual objects, websites or domains.
• No expensive 3rd party database is required.
• ACM is pre-integrated with a number of 3rd party billing engines e.g. Portal, Apogee, Web trends.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
201
Content Networking
Network Management
Alteon Content Director (ACD)
Products at a Glance
Introduction
Table
The Alteon Content Director (ACD) ensures that large CDNs with geographically distributed content
servers and/or caches are able to operate with maximum efficiency. The ACD examines web requests
originating from CDN clients and directs them intelligently to the most appropriate web server/PoP or
cache. This ensures that requests are serviced in the shortest possible time and maximises end-user satisfaction. The benefits of the ACD are most apparent in national or internationally scaled networks where
PoP sites are connected in a meshed configuration. The ACD is also used in content networking solutions requiring a high-availability platform for web applications resilient to failure of one or more Points
of Presence. The ACD can enhance the responsiveness of private intranets as well as extranets.
Product Range
Target
Application
ACD 200
ACD 100 Remote
Data centre or large PoP site
(mirrored or unmirrored)
Data centre or large PoP site
(mirrored or unmirrored)
Up to 10k global domains, 40k Local domains Up to 10k global domains, 40k Local domains
Interfaces
Order Codes
1 x 10/100/1000-T
1 x 1000-SX Fibre
ACD-200 Content Director 1000-T
(Copper) interface
ACD-200-SX Content Director
1000-SX (Fibre) interface
Key Features
• Web requests can be intelligently directed based on application level attributes such as URL text,
browser type, language etc. Hosted content can be themed i.e. particular applications or content
placed in specific PoP sites. This avoids the need to duplicate all content in all Points of Presence,
while maintaining network responsiveness. For example, the ACD could direct requests from clients
with WAP browsers to the closest PoP with WAP content.
• The ACD has a unique ‘true client proximity’ capability which dynamically measures the performance of each web request from the client to a number of possible content servers and selects the most
responsive server for each request. If particular PoPs become congested or unavailable, the ACD will
detect this condition and automatically direct content requests to other parts of the network. In this
way the ACD avoids network bottlenecks ensuring reliable and responsive access to hosted content.
• The ACD can distribute requests to a number of content PoPs using Global Server Load Balancing
(GSLB). As well as ensuring even loading of traffic between PoPs, GSLB enables auto-failover
between sites - critical for high-availability applications. The ‘health’ of applications hosted in each
PoP is assessed dynamically by measuring factors such as server availability, latency and packet loss
with fail-over decisions made accordingly.
• The ACD dynamically learns about how content is distributed throughout the CDN and makes
informed content directing decisions without the need for manual intervention.
• Streaming as well as static content is supported.
• The ACD product range consists of stand-alone hardware appliances as well as a software client
hosted on the ACC for smaller sites.
202
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Features
Optivity Network Optivity Network Management System is a suite of network management applicManagement
tions that provides a unified view of the network for monitoring, troubleshooting,
System (NMS) and proactive management. Optivity NMS provides a fast and efficient way to
manage and troubleshoot networks built with Nortel Networks enterprise products. This powerful application provides a comprehensive set of discovery, fault,
and diagnostic capabilities for identifying problems before they impact network
services.
Optivity Policy
Services (OPS)
ACD Table
Capacity
Product
Optivity Policy Services is a system-level software application designed to manage
the traffic prioritisation and security parameters for business applications in the
enterprise-networking environment. OPS enables network managers to take a
proactive approach to bandwidth management, security, and prioritisation of business-critical traffic flows across the enterprise. Rather than applying policies to control traffic flow on a per-device basis, OPS takes a centralised systems approach to
policy configuration and deployment. This ensures consistency in policy deployment and reduces the total cost of ownership for the customer.
Optivity Switch Optivity Switch Manager provides a simple solution to the complex problem of
Manager (OSM) configuring and managing switch configurations. It lowers the total cost of network ownership with reduced network administration costs and deployment time.
Switch configuration time and errors are greatly reduced by configuring and monitoring switches with a simple point, click, and drag operation. This easy to use
application expands the pool of administrators capable of performing complex network configurations. OSM is a key component for effectively configuring and
maintaining the switches in an enterprise data network.
Optivity
Optivity Telephony Manager is an application for managing Meridian 1 and
Telephony
Succession 1000 systems. This integrated application is used by network managers
Manager (OTM) to configure new hardware, add software services, perform moves-adds-changes,
monitor the network for any faults or alarms, perform maintenance tasks, and
analyse network traffic patterns. This application contains an integrated corporate
directory and the capability to synchronise with external LDAP directory servers. It
also includes an advanced telecom billing system. The advanced GUI interface
makes it easy to manage Meridian 1 and Succession 1000 networks.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
203
Network Management
New in Optivity NMS 10.2 (GA Q2 2004)
Optivity Network Management System (NMS)
Introduction
Optivity Network Management System (NMS) provides a fast and efficient way to manage and troubleshoot networks built with Nortel Networks products. This powerful suite of tools provides a comprehensive set of network visualisation, discovery, fault, and diagnostic capabilities for identifying
problems before they impact network services. The focus of ONMS development is specifically on
providing value added functionality not available in generic SNMP management tools. It is common
for ONMS to be installed alongside HP-OV Network Node Manager or IBM Tivoli Netview in order
to have a single trap receiver and share fault and topology information. A free 60 day evaluation is
available for download from:
http://www.nortelnetworks.com/products/01/optivity/net_mgmt/whatsnew.html
Key Features
• Scales to manage up to 10000 IP interfaces.
• Automated discovery and display of Ethernet topology and devices:
• Physical discovery of Nortel Networks hubs, switches, routers, and the connections between
these devices (including slot/port information).
• Layer 2 discovery including: Ethernet switches, interconnecting links, switch communities, and
VLANs (and VLAN membership).
• Layer 3 discovery of network elements and interconnecting links.
• Discovery of Alteon and Passport 8600 WSM (Layer 4-7) network elements and interconnecting
links.
• Powerful navigation tools that enable network managers to move seamlessly between logical and
physical topology views with a single mouse click.
• Flexibility to grow with the network management operations as the network grows. Optivity NMS
can support the performance, scalability, and security requirements for any size network. It also has
the capability to consolidate and correlate network faults from all supported devices including Nortel
Networks Succession Enterprise products managed by Optivity Telephony Manager.
• Manages complex multicast networks and support for the new Alteon Switched Firewall product.
The Alteon Switched Firewall Cluster view provides visualization of the ASF cluster and enables drill
down capabilities to identify members of the ASF Cluster. Context-specific launch points facilitate
launch of third-party applications.
• Real-time performance analysis that extends from a segment down to individual nodes using the
OmniView application within Optivity NMS.
• Consolidation and correlation of network faults including:
• Comment fields to record specific diagnostic information and trouble-shooting status to track
progress on problem resolution.
• Powerful diagnostic functions for multicast, unicast, and frame relay protocols:
• Monitor and troubleshoot problems at the protocol level through support of multicast routing
protocols (DVMRP and PIM-SM), interior gateway routing protocols (OSPF and RIP2), and
frame relay DLCIs.
• Discovery and graphical visualisation to understand the devices supporting these protocols.
• Fault propagation up to the protocol level for diagnosis and resolution of network problems.
• Specific protocol performance statistics enable for maintenance or quick restoration of services.
• Quick rediscovery and comparison charts enable for verifying problem resolution.
204
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
VoIP Management
• Discovery and visualisation of call servers and signalling servers • Visualise service Faults from
NetIQ Vivinet Manager • Visualise VLAN membership • BCM, Succession 1000, M1, CSE-MX
OE Management
• OM 1000/8000 • L2 VPN Round-trip SLA metrics • L2 VPN Service Views
Wireless LAN Management
• Access Point and Wireless Security Switch Support
IP VPN Management
• Contivity IPSec Branch-Branch tunnel discovery and visualisation • Faults, Traps and Syslog
ONMS 10.2.1.0, the Northbound interface:
• Enable data sharing with OSS / 3rd-party applications • Focus on ONMS topology and inventory
data • XML and CIM
Device Support
• Nearly all Enterprise data devices including but not limited to Passport 8600, Passport 1000,
Passport 1400, Passport 1600, Baystack, Business Policy Switch 2000, OPTera Metro 1000 and
8000 series, Alteon WebOS 10, Switched Firewall, 2424, WSM, WLAN Access Point, Contivity,
and legacy deices such as System 5000 and Centillion. Please check the release notes and OIT
releases for details.
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
AH3214016-10.1 Optivity Enterprise NMS 10.1 for Solaris. Includes support for HP Network Node Mgr
and Tivoli Netview (Solaris only). Also includes NMS 10.1 Client for
Win’98/NT4/2K/XP. Maximum licensed Network Element IP addresses,5000.
AH3214017-10.1 Optivity Enterprise NMS 10.1 for HP-UX. Includes support for HP Network Node
Manager (HP-UX version). Also includes Optivity NMS 10.1 Client for Win
‘98/NT4/2K/XP. Maximum licensed Network Element IP addresses, 5000.
AH3313033-10.1 Optivity Enterprise NMS 10.1 for MS Win2000/NT4. Includes support for HP
Network Node Manager and Tivoli TME 10 Netview. Also includes NMS 10.1 Client
for Win ’98/NT4/2K/XP. Maximum licensed Network Element IP addresses,5000
AH3313065-10.1 Optivity Campus NMS 10.1 for MS Win2000 & WinNT4. Includes support for HP
Network Node Manager and Tivoli TME 10 Netview. Also includes NMS 10.1 Client
for Win ’98/NT4/2K/XP.Maximum licensed Network Element IP addresses, 500
Note: due to space limitations to upgrade packages for previous versions are not shown.
System Requirements
System requirements are detailed for the current release and may be different for previous releases.
• Server requirements for Unix Systems
Server Hardware Minimum Sun Blade 240 or Sun 2000 workstation class or higher with 500Mhz
or more. Requires minimum 1Gb RAM.
Operating System Solaris 2.8 or HP-UX 11i
Supported Umbrella Network Management Platforms HP-OV NNM 6.4.1, IBM Netview 7.1
• Server requirements for Windows NT or Windows 2000 Systems
Server Hardware Pentium III @ 750 MHz or more with minimum 512Mb RAM (Campus) or
1Gb RAM (Enterprise)
Operating System Windows NT Server, Windows 2003/2000 Server
Supported Network Management Platforms HP-OV NNM 6.4.1, IBM Netview 7.1
• Client Requirements Windows 2003/NT 4.0/2000/XP/98. Pentium 256 MHz with 256Mb RAM
Browser Support Internet Explorer 5.5, 6.0 Netscape 4.7. For detailed lists of devices and agent
versions, see ONMS release notes @ http://www.nortelnetworks.com/solutions/net_mang/ .
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
205
Network Management
Optivity Policy Services (OPS)
New in OPS 4.0 (continued)
Introduction
Optivity Policy Services (OPS) Optivity Policy Services (OPS) is a system-level software application
designed to manage the traffic prioritization and network access security parameters for business applications in the enterprise-networking environment. Network managers can now take a proactive
approach to bandwidth management, security, and prioritization of business-critical traffic flows across
the enterprise. OPS supports network managers by providing centralized control of advanced packet
classification and the ability to priority mark, police, and meter traffic. A free 90 day evaluation is
available for download from: www.nortelnetworks.com/optivity-eval-ops
Key Features
• Throttling policy download for PP 8600/8300 for performance improvements
• Logging and troubleshooting enhancements
• Ability to remove roles in bulk from interfaces
• Ability to drag and drop roles onto interfaces
• Device Support Maintain all previous OPS version support and add:
PP8300 V1.0, Baystack 5510 V1.0, Contvity V4.8, PP8600 v3.5 & 3.6, BPS 2000 / Baystack
460 / Baystack 470 via BOSS v 3.1, BayRS v15.5 and BCM v3.5
Ordering Information
• Greater Performance from the network with reduced complexity and cost with one-click Quality of
Service (QoS) and network access security provisioning policies.
• Advanced Network Access Security provisioning which prevents unauthorized access to network
resources.
• Easy Policy Administration Procedures:
• Integrated iPlanet directory. Quick and easy installation.
• Scheduling capabilities that automate the upgrade/downgrade service levels based on time of day,
day of the week, or month of a quarter. Flexible deployment capabilities to enable any type of
application or service support
• Application templates for consistent and easy policy deployment.
• Standards-based Architecture provides scalability and reliability for large networks and interworking with various management standards, including: DiffServ, IEEE 802.1p, COPS-PR, and LDAP.
• Advanced Security Provisioning capabilities that complement existing firewall implementations
and IP VPN devices by adding an extra layer of protection to network resources.
• Creation of Policies to restrict traffic through a particular policy enforcement point or to deny all
traffic on a particular device. Optimised network performance for mission-critical traffic and IP
voice or video services.
• Control of Traffic Flows through a device by simply creating admissions policies through a central
JAVA-based application console. OPS is a QoS-enabled system that is simple to deploy, manage, and
maintain.
• Ability to Limit Dangerous Traffic Flows that will mitigate the danger from traffic-based attacks
such as Denial-of-Service.
Model No.
Description
AH3313075-3.1
AH3313078-3.1
AH3313081-3.1
Optivity Policy Services v3.1 for Windows 2000, NT manages up to 250 devices.
Licence only, Optivity Policy Services v3.1 250 device upgrade.
Optivity Policy Services v3.1 for Solaris manages up to 250 devices.
System Requirements
• Server Requirements Sun SPARC Systems
Server Hardware Minimum UltraSparc2 or higher with 500Mhz or more. Requires minimum
512Mb RAM
Operating System Solaris 2.8
Supported Network Management Platforms Optivity Network Management System 10.0 or higher
• Server Requirements for Windows NT or Windows 2000 Systems
Server Hardware Pentium III @ 750 MHz or more with minimum 256Mb RAM
Operating System Windows NT Server, Windows 2000 Server
Supported Network Management Platforms Optivity Network Management System 10.0 or higher
• Client Requirements Windows NT 4.0 Workstation, Windows 2000 Professional, Windows 98;
Pentium 256 MHz with 256Mb RAM
• Browser Support Internet Explorer 5.5, 6.0 Netscape 4.7
• Device Support Baystack 460 & 470, BPS2000, Passport 8600, BayRS, Business Communications
Manager
For detailed lists of devices and agent versions, see OPS 3.1 release notes @ http://www.nortelnetworks.com/solutions/net_mang/
New in OPS 4.0 (GA Q2 2004)
Increased security through support for the Extensible Authentication Protocol and User Based Policies
using Radius as the authentication vehicle.
User Based Policies
• Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) and User Based Policies (UBP) with Radius authentication
• User specific QoS and access control via OPS
• Support for Passport 8600 via SNMP
• New interface option to view all the devices and interfaces to which a role is assigned;
• Role > Device(s) > Interface(s)
• Option to save policies to the device configuration.
206
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
207
Network Management
Optivity Switch Manager (OSM)
Introduction
System Requirements
Optivity Switch Manager is a Java-based real-time network management application that enables network managers to discover, view, and configure up to 500 network devices and their physical links on
a topological map. Network managers can import, export, or modify individual port settings, default
gateways, configure SNMP trap destinations, VLAN, multicast, Multilink-trunks and spanning tree
groups. A back-up and restore facility is available for archiving and restoring config or image files. A
free 90 day evaluation is available for download from: www.nortelnetworks.com/optivity-eval-osm
Key Features
• No need to populate new devices Layer 2 Discovery of Ethernet switching devices and display on
Topological Map including network connectivity.
• Java and SNMP-based All device communication is done via SNMP, Telnet or FTP.
• Low cost Simple but comprehensively featured management at a budget price.
• Unified Management Launch-point for Sub-managers.
• Reduced time to configure and keeps configuration errors to a minimum Almost everything can be
configured easily and simply without needing to spend time learning CLI through Java Device
Manager. JDM supports single device configuration, Graphical CLI and Real-time graphing of stats.
• Visualise MultiLink Trunks on the Topological map.
• Configures Multicast streams and allows visualisation of multicast traversing the network with support for IGMP, DVMRP and PIM-SM.
• VLAN configuration and management for Port, Protocol, subnet or MAC-based VLANs.
• Manage access to devices within logical security domains.
• Simplified back-up and restore with Device Software Upgrades, Bulk Centralised download
Scheduler included for downloads/archives, FTP Server and Centralised inventory.
• System logging with enables network administrators to open, analyse, filter and sort Syslog files.
Supported Devices
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
BayStack 380, BayStack 460, BayStack 470 and BPS2000
Passport 1424, Passport 1612, Passport 1624 and Passport 1648
Passport 8681 XLR and XLW, Passport 8616 GTE, Passport 8672 DS3 MDA
Passport 8608 GBM, 8608 GTM, 8632 TXM, PP8672 ATMM, PP8683 POSM
Alteon OS 21.0 (Alteon 2224, 2208, 2216, 2424, 3408, 3416)
Alteon Web OS 11.0 (AD3, AD4, 180E, 184)
OPTera Metro 1000 1.0/1.1/1.2
Ordering Information
Model No.
Description
DS1410005-3.0
Optivity Switch Manager (OSM) v3.0.0.0, Platforms: WIN 98, NT, 2000, XP and
Solaris (v2.6, 2.7, 2.8). Includes Software licence and documentation.
208
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
• Windows 95/98/2000/NT/XP
• Required Minimum: Pentium II 350 MHz with 64 MB RAM and 350 MB free Disk Space
• Recommended: Pentium II 450 MHz with 128 MB RAM and 500 MB free Disk Space
• Solaris 2.6/2.7/2.8
• Required Minimum: 128 MB RAM, 350 MB free Disk Space
• Recommended: 256 MB RAM and 500 MB free Disk Space
Optivity Telephony Manager (OTM)
Introduction
Optivity Telephony Manager provides a suite of valuable management tools that allow configuration,
control and management of Meridian 1 and Succession 1000 systems. By utilising a single management interface, customers can use a single management solution throughout the evolution of the network – from traditional voice, IP enabled voice system, and finally to pure IP-PBX.
The Optivity Telephony Manager navigator allows access to multiple sites and systems from a single
interface. The Windows and Web navigators provide a network view of remote sites, systems and
application access points. Launch points to other management Web pages, such as CallPilot and
Symposium Call Center Server, can be set up from the Optivity Telephony Manager navigator
enabling a single management access point to all of your Succession Enterprise telephony systems.
Key Features
OTM Windows Navigator
OTM Web Navigator
• Common Services
Ability to launch other applications:
Scheduler, Backup & Restore (OTM Data),
Import/Export, PC Event Log, License
management and related utilities
Status Report for:
Data Buffering and Access, DECT JVM,
Event Service, OTM Remote, Terminal Server,
Trap Master &Server and System Navigator
• Fault Management
PC Event Log and Viewer, Event Monitor,
Alarm Banner and Alarm notification
Alarm Browser for managing alarms from core
PBX, Meridian Mail, ITG, CCS and CallPilot.
• Configuration Management
Station Administration, Directory Editor
LDAP Setup Logs and Synchronisation
Corporate Directory
Maintenance Windows: real time status of
hardware PBX, sorting by type or status and
enable, disable, test
ESN, ITG Configuration, DBA Backup &
Restore List Manager, Inventory, DECT,
Regional Settings
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Web Station Administration
Telephone Pages, Directory Update and
Synchronisation Tasks Log and Reports
Maintenance Pages (sub-set of Maintenance
Windows functions)
Customisable Web Help
Session Monitor
WebDECT
209
Network Management
OTM (continued)
Key Features (continued)
System Requirements
OTM Windows Navigator
OTM Web Navigator
• Accounting Management
Telecom Billing Services (TBS) to analyse CDR
from multiple switches and create reports
Call Tracking
Web TBS
- Assets report list
Server Requirements
Server Hardware
Intel Pentium III Processor 600MHz, 512MB RAM, 2GB Hard Drive
Operating System
Supported Network
Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP Professional, Windows NT 4 Server
Management Platforms
Server Standalone
Optivity NMS. HP Openview
• Performance Management
Traffic Analysis
• Security Management
User Configuration
User Group Configuration
User Authentication Configuration
User Authentication Configuration
Web Navigator Access Configuration
Telephone Page Access Configuration
• End User Applications
Windows Help
End User Desktop Services
Ordering Information
Optivity Telephony Manager is available in three scalable configurations, each addressing a different set
of management requirements.
• General Package Complete set of applications designed to provide management and control of the
Nortel Networks telephony solutions portfolio at a low entry cost. If additional functionality is
required, customers can easily upgrade to a more comprehensive package option.
• Enhanced Package General Package plus Optivity Telephony Manager provides advanced management features include Web interfaces for user self-management and sophisticated remote management
solutions.
• Premium Package Enhanced Package plus features such as LDAP Synchronization, alarm notification
and integrated management interfaces. It also offers a sophisticated system and network control applications for high-end system administration.
• Unbundled Packages The Telecom Billing System, which includes Call Tracking, is sold as an unbundled package and can be used with any of the Optivity Telephony Manager package options listed
above (General, Enhanced or Premium). The Telecom Billing System has two package options:
• Billing General Billing General is a comprehensive call accounting package and includes the Call
Tracking application. Billing General can set up multiple costing scenarios and access over 50 predefined reporting options that can be used for billing or usage monitoring purposes.
• Billing Enhanced Billing General plus additional levels of management functionality. This includes
access to the Telecom Billing System Web reports, the General Cost Allocation System (GCAS), the
Consolidated Reporting System (CRS) and the Consolidated Call Costing Reports (CCCR).
Configuration
Intel Pentium III Processor 400MHz (600 MHz for XP),256 MB RAM (512
MB for XP),128 MB Hard Drive and 256 MB Hard Drive for Billing
applications or XP
Client Requirements
Intel Pentium III Processor 400MHz (600 MHz for XP),256 MB RAM (512
MB for XP),128 MB Hard Drive and 256 MB Hard Drive for XP
Browser Support
System Support
Internet Explorer 6.0
Succession 3.0 software
• Succession 1000M
• Succession 1000M Cabinet running X27 Releases 1 - 2
• Succession 1000M Chassis running X11 Releases 24.24 - 25.40
• Succession 1000M Single Group running X11 Releases 19 - 25.40
• Succession 1000M Multi Group running X11 Releases 19 - 25.40
• Meridian ITG Trunk 1.0 (IP Telephony/ M1 IP Trunks)
• Meridian ITG Line 1.0 (IP M1 Telecommuter)
• Meridian ITG Trunk 2.x (IP ISDN IP Trunks)
• Meridian ITG Line 2.x (IP Phones)
• MDECT (DMC8 card, and DMC4 with updated loadware)
• IP Trunk 3.0 on Meridian 1
• IP Line 3.0 on Meridian 1
The ordering tool used to order OTM is EvoQuote.
210
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
Confidential – for internal and channel use only.
211
Nortel Networks
Maidenhead Office Park
Westacott Way
Maidenhead, Berkshire
SL6 3QH
United Kingdom
Nortel Networks
European Customer
Information Centre
Telephone
00 800 8008 9009*
+44 (0)20 8920 4618
Fax
+44 (0) 20 8945 3060
e-mail
[email protected]
Internet
www.nortelnetworks.com
* Number accessible from most
European countries
For more information, please call your Nortel Networks representative or visit our website.
© 2004 Nortel Networks. All rights reserved.
Nortel, Nortel Networks, The Nortel Networks corporate logo and the globemark design are trademarks of Nortel Networks.
All third-party trademarks are recognised and acknowledged. Information is subject to change since Nortel Networks reserves
the right to make changes, without notice, in equipment design or components as engineering or manufacturing methods
may warrant. The description of features and services in this document does not imply availability in all markets. Published
by Nortel Networks. Printed in UK.
www.nortelnetworks.com
Publication ref: ENT143HB1203En
Issue 2 - January 2004

Similar documents

×

Report this document