Spring 2002 - Kwantlen Polytechnic University

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KWANTLEN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY
CHEM 1210 FINAL EXAMINATION
April 17,2002
Time: 3 hours
TOTAL = 105 MARKS
NAME:
INSTRUCTIONS:
1.
Read all questions thoroughly and answer each question completely. ALL WORK
MUST BE SHOWN IN ORDER TO RECEIVE ANY CREDIT.
2.
You will be allowed to use only the given sheet of thermodynamic equations.
3.
Ensure that this exam paper has 58 questions.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
Avogadro’s number = 6.02 x 1023
Faraday = 96485 Coulombs
R = 0.08206 L-atm/mol-K = 8.314 J/mol-K
Arrhenius equation: k = Ae-Ea/RT
Nernst equation: ε = ε° - (0.05916/n)log Q (at 25°C)
First order kinetics: ln(Ao/A) = kt
Second order kinetics: [1/A] - [1/Ao] = kt
Freezing point depression and boiling point elevation: ∆T = iKm
H
1.
(5 Marks) Balance the following oxidation-reduction reaction in basic solution:
MO2+ + YO21Y2 + Y3O5 + MO
2.
(2 Marks) Under certain conditions oxidation of sodium azide (NaN3, molar mass = 65.01) results in
the production of NO2(g). What is the equivalent mass of sodium azide under these conditions?
3.
For 2A + B
Exp.
#1
#2
#3
H C, initial rate law data are:
[A]
0.10
0.30
0.20
[B]
0.10
0.10
0.30
Rate
2.0 x 10-3
18.0 x 10-3
24.0 x 10-3
(2)
The rate law is Rate = k[A]x[B]y
a. x = 1 and y = 2
b. x = 2 and y = 1
c. x = 1 and y = 1
d. x = 2 and y = 2
e. x = 0 and y = 2
4.
(1)
What are the units for the rate constant for the rate law = k[A][B][C]?
a. M-2-sec
b. M-1-sec-1
c. M2-sec-1
d. M-2-sec-1
e. M-3-sec-1
5.
(1)
6.
(1)
7.
(2)
8.
(2)
9.
(2)
10.
(2)
If the half-life of a reaction is found to be directly proportional to the concentration of a reactant, the
reaction order is
a. zero
b. first
c. second
d. third
e. none of these
If a catalyst is added to a reaction
(1) the value of k is increased.
(2) the value of k is decreased.
(3) the rate is increased.
(4) the rate is decreased.
(5) neither rate nor the rate constant are changed, only the order.
a. 1 and 4
b. 2 and 4
c. 2 and 3
d. 1 and 3
e. only 5
Substance A decomposes by a first-order reaction. If [A]o = 2.00 M and after 150 minutes [A] =
0.25 M, then its half life is:
a. 300 minutes
b. 150 minutes
c. 75 minutes
d. 50 minutes
e. 37.5 minutes
Which of the following statements is TRUE about the reaction 2A + B
first order overall
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
H C which is first order in A and
The rate of the reaction will decrease at higher concentrations of B
The time required for one half of A to react is directly proportional to the quantity of A present.
The rate of formation of C is twice the rate of reaction of A.
The rate of reaction of B is the same as the rate of reaction of A.
None of these.
The half-life for a first order reaction is 12 hours at 35°C and 2.5 hours at 100°C. What is the
activation energy for this reaction?
a. 31.6 kJ/mol
b. 27.4 kJ/mol
c. 23.1 kJ/mol
d. 10.0 kJ/mol
e. -27.4 kJ/mol
J
J
Consider the following hypothetical equilibrium:
2AB(g) where Kc = 4
B2(g) + A2(g)
What is the value of Kc for the equilibrium:
4AB(g)
2B2(g) + 2A2(g)
a. 0.5
b. 0.25
c. 2
d. 0.0625
e. 16
11.
(2)
12.
(2)
13.
(2)
14.
Given the following equilibria:
J
J
2A(g) + B(g)
3C(g) Kc = 1.7 x 10-13
2D(g) + 2B(g)
3C(g) Kc = 4.1 x 10-31
Find the equilibrium constant for the following equilibrium:
2D(g) + B(g)
a. 1.6 x 10-9
b. 7.0 x 10-44
c. 2.6 x 10-22
d. 4.2 x 1017
e. 2.4 x 10-18
J 2A(g)
J
For the reaction: POCl3(g)
POCl(g) + Cl2(g), Kc = 0.450
A sample of pure POCl3(g) was placed in a container and allowed dissociate according to the above
reaction. At equilibrium, the concentration of POCl(g) was found to be 0.150 M. What was the initial
concentration of POCl3(g)?
a. 0.225 M
b. 0.200 M
c. 0.633 M
d. 0.483 M
e. 0.350 M
For the following chemical reaction at equilibrium:
2Cl2(g) + 2H2O(g)
a. Kp = Kc
b. Kp = Kc(RT)
c. Kp = Kc(RT)-1
d. Kp = Kc(RT)-3
e. Kp = Kc(RT)3
J 4HCl(g) + O (g)
2
J
(1)
Calculate the ratio (Kp/Kc) for the following chemical reaction at equilibrium at 25°C:
4HCl(g) + O2(g)
2Cl2(g) + 2H2O(g)
a. 1
b. 24.5
c. 2.05
d. 0.0408
e. 2477
15.
Consider the equilibrium:
(2)
16.
(1)
2SO2(g) + O2(g)
The equilibrium is shifted to the left if:
a. some sulfur trioxide is removed.
b. the temperature is raised.
c. a catalyst is added.
d. the pressure is raised.
e. none of these answers.
J 2SO (g), ∆H° = -196.6 kJ
3
All of the following may shift the position of a reaction at equilibrium EXCEPT:
a. temperature change
b. concentration change
c. volume change
d. pressure change
e. catalyst
17.
(2)
18.
(1)
19.
(1)
20.
(2)
21.
(2)
22.
(1)
J
For the reaction: N2(g) + 3H2(g)
2NH3(g)
In a closed 3.0 liter container are placed 0.75 mol of N2 and 1.20 mol of H2. When the reaction
reaches equilibrium, [H2] = 0.100 M. Which of the following is TRUE?
a. [NH3] = 0.150 M
b. [NH3] = 0.200 M
c. [N2] = 0.650 M
d. [N2] = 0.250 M
e. none of these
In the equilibrium system: PO43-(aq) + H2O(l)
Brønsted-Lowry theory would designate:
a. PO43- and H2O as the bases
b. HPO42- and PO43- as a conjugate pair
c. HPO42- as a base
d. HPO42- and H2O as a conjugate pair
e. PO43- as amphiprotic
J HPO
2-(aq)
4
+ OH-(aq)
J
Which species in the following reaction acts as the Lewis acid?
CoCl42-(aq)
Co2+(aq) + 4Cl-(aq)
a. CoCl42b. Clc. Co2+
d. none are acids
0.272 g of a monoprotic acid (Molar mass = 189 g/mol) is dissolved in water to produce 25.0 mL of a
solution with pH = 4.93. Calculate the disociation constant of the acid.
a. 4.1 x 10-8
b. 1.4 x 10-10
c. 2.1 x 10-4
d. 2.8 x 10-7
e. 2.4 x 10-9
Determine the pH of the solution prepared by mixing equal amounts of 0.210 M HCl and 1.63 M
NaCHO2. Ka(for HCHO2) = 1.8 x 10-4.
a. 2.91
b. 4.57
c. 4.77
d. 9.43
e. 11.09
Which of the following would NOT be considered a buffer solution?
a. 0.1 M HC2H3O2 and 0.1 M NaC2H3O2
b. 0.1 M NH3 and 0.1 M NH4NO3
c. 0.1 M NaHSO3 and 0.1 M H2SO3
d. 0.1 M HI and 0.1 M NaI
e. 0.1 M Na2HPO4 and 0.1 M NaH2PO4
23.
(4)
24.
(2)
25.
(2)
26.
(1)
27.
(1)
28.
(2)
In the titration of 20.0 mL of a 0.100 M H2A acid (pKa1 = 4.00 and pKa2 = 6.00) with 0.200 M NaOH.
Which of the following is FALSE?
a. 20.0 mL of NaOH solution are needed to reach the second equivalence point.
b. the pH at the first equivalence point is 5.00
c. the pH at the second equivalence point is greater than 7.0
d. when 10.0 mL of NaOH have been added the [H2A] = [HA-]
e. At the start before any base has been added the pH = 2.50
What is the after addition of 10.0 mL of 1.0 M HCl to 90.0 mL of a buffer consisting of 1.0 M NH3
and 1.0 M NH4Cl?
Kb(for ammonia) = 1.8 x 10-5
a. 4.74
b. 9.16
c. 9.26
d. 9.36
e. 11.58
A certain acid has a Ka = 6.80 x 10-6. What is the pH of a 0.247 M solution of the acid’s potassium
salt?
a. 4.72
b. 9.28
c. 9.11
d. 9.44
e. 9.89
For aqueous NH4NO3, predict whether the solution is acidic, basic or neutral and why.
a. acidic because it is a strong acid.
b. basic because it is a weak base.
c. neutral because there is no hydrolysis.
d. acidic because it is the salt of a strong acid.
e. acidic because it is the salt of a weak base.
Phenol red indicator changes from yellow to red in the pH range 6.6 to 8.0. What color will the
indicator show in a 0.10 M NaCN solution?
a. red
b. yellow
c. red-yellow mixture
d. the indicator is its original color
e. there is not enough information to answer this question.
What is the concentration of SO42- ion in a 3.6 M H2SO4 solution?
Ka2 = 1.1 x 10-2.
a. 0.011 M
b. 0.040 M
c. 0.20 M
d. 0.60 M
e. 1.8 M
29.
(2)
30.
(2)
31.
(3)
32.
(2)
33.
(2)
34.
Ten mL of 0.10 M NH3(aq) (Kb = 1.8 x 10-5) is mixed with ten mL of 0.10 M NH4Cl, the resulting
solution:
a. has a pH = 4.74
b. has a [H+] of about 1 x 10-3 M
c. is acidic
d. has an [OH-] of about 1.8 x 10-5 M
e. has an [NH4+] greater than that of the NH4Cl(aq)
The pKb for methylamine is 3.38. What is the pH of an aqueous solution for which the label reads
0.042 M CH3NH2?
a. 2.4
b. 4.8
c. 9.2
d. 11.6
e. 12.3
Which of the following has the smallest molar solubility in pure water?
a. CuS (Ksp = 8 x 10-37)
b. Bi2S3 (Ksp = 1 x 10-70)
c. Ag2S (Ksp = 6 x 10-51)
d. MnS (Ksp = 7 x 10-16)
e. PbS (Ksp = 3 x 10-28)
Calculate the molar solubility of silver chromate in a 0.010 M Na2CrO4 solution. Ksp of Ag2CrO4 = 9.0
x 10-12.
a. 9.0 x 10-10 M
b. 4.5 x 10-10M
c. 6.0 x 10-5M
d. 3.0 x 10-5M
e. 1.5 x 10-5M
The solubility product of silver sulfate is 1.6 x 10-5. What is the molar solubility of this compound in
pure water?
a. 84 x 10-2 M
b. [email protected] x 10-2 M
c. 164 x 10-3 M
d. 1.6 x 10-5 M
e. none of these M
The heat of combustion, ∆H°comb, for one mole of benzene(C6H6) is -3267.4 kJ. Given the
∆H°f(CO2(g)) = -393.5 kJ/mol and ∆H°f(H2O(l)) = -285.8 kJ/mol.
6CO2(g) + 3H2O(l)
C6H6(l) + 15/2 O2(g)
Calculate the ∆H°f of benzene.
a. +2588.1 kJ/mol
b. -49.0 kJ/mol
c. -808.4 kJ/mol
d. +49.0 kJ/mol
e. +808.4 kJ/mol
H
(2)
35.
(2)
36.
(2)
H
For the reaction 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(l) ∆H° = -483.6 kJ
What mass of H2(g) is required to liberate 1000 kJ of heat?
a. 66.2 g
b. 2.05 g
c. 4.17 g
d. 8.34 g
e. 16.7 g
Choose the correct statements concerning entropy.
(1) As two gases mix, ∆S is positive.
(2) Entropy is a thermodynamic property related to the degree of disorder.
(3) As temperature in a gas decreases, ∆S is positive.
(4) Molecules in the liquid state have higher entropy than molecules in the gaseous state.
a. 1 and 3
37.
(1)
38.
(1)
39.
(1)
40.
(2)
b. 1,2 and 3
c. 1 and 2
d. 1,2 and 4
e. 2 and 3
Which of the following combinations of signs for ∆H° and ∆S° will always result in a reaction being
spontaneous?
a. ∆H°(+) and ∆S°(+)
b. ∆H°(+) and ∆S°(-)
c. ∆H°(-) and ∆S°(+)
d. ∆H°(-) and ∆S°(-)
e. cannot determine without the temperature
Calculate the entropy change for methanol at its normal boiling point of 64.5°C. The molar enthalpy
of vaporization of methanol is 38.0 kJ/mol.
a. must know ∆G to calculate
b. 112 kJ/mol-K
c. 589 kJ/mol-K
d. 0.589 kJ/mol-K
e. 0.112 kJ/mol-K
For a particular reaction Kp = 0.377 at 25°C. What is ∆G° for this reaction?
a. 88.02 J/mol
b. 202.7 J/mol
c. 1049 J/mol
d. 2420 J/mol
e. -1049 J/mol
For the reaction: 2O3(g)
a. +605 J/K
b. +137 J/K
c. +12 J/K
d. -39 J/K
e. -183 J/K
H 3O (g). What is ∆S° for the system?
2
41.
(2)
42.
H
For the reaction: 2O3(g) 3O2(g) at 298 K. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. ∆Suniverse > 0 and ∆G° < 0
b. ∆Suniverse < 0 and ∆G° > 0
c. ∆Suniverse = 0 and ∆G° = 0
d. ∆Suniverse > 0 and ∆Ssurroundings = 0
e. ∆Suniverse < 0 and ∆Ssystem > 0
(2)
For the reaction Cl2(g) + 3F2(g)
What is the value of ∆H°?
a. +157 kJ
b. -157 kJ
c. -6.0 kJ
d. -142 kJ
e. -326 kJ
43.
Consider the reaction:
J 2ClF (g)
S°(J/mol-K)
44.
(2)
45.
(2)
46.
(1)
Kp = 4.1 x 1034 at 77°C and Kp = 1.3 x 1043 at 25°C.
CO(g) + 2H2(g)
∆H°f,298(kJ/mol)
(2)
3
J CH OH(g)
3
-110.5
0
-200.7
197.6
130.6
239.7
What is ∆G° for this reaction at 300°C? Is the reaction spontaneous at 300°C?
a. -35.3 kJ, YES
b. +35.3 kJ, NO
c. +35.3 kJ, YES
d. -24.5 kJ, NO
e. -24.5 kJ, YES
H
Determine the equilibrium constant (Kc) for the following reaction at 298 K:
Sn(s) + Ti2+(aq)
Sn2+(aq) + Ti(s)
2+
Given the standard reduction potentials: Ti /Ti = -1.630 V and for Sn2+/Sn = -0.137 V
a. 1.7 x 1025
b. 3.0 x 1050
c. 5.4 x 1059
d. 3.4 x 10-51
e. 1.8 x 10-60
Will magnesium metal react with Al3+ ion from an aqueous solution?
The standard reduction potentials: Mg2+/Mg = -2.36 V and for Al3+/Al = -1.68 V
a. no, since the cell voltage is negative
b. yes, since ∆G° is positive
c. yes, because the system is at equilibrium
d. yes, since ∆Suniverse > 0
e. no, because the reverse reaction is spontaneous
Choose the INCORRECT statement:
a. An electrode is often a strip of metal.
b. An electrode in a solution of its ions is a half cell.
c. An electrochemical cell is a half-cell.
d. The electromotive force (emf) is the cell potential.
e. The cell potential is the potential difference between the half-cells.
47.
(2)
48.
(2)
49.
(2)
50.
(2)
51.
(1)
52.
(1)
A copper electrode weighs 23.07 g before the electrolysis of a CuSO4 solution and 24.34 g after the
electrolysis has run using a current of 193 ampere. What was the time for this electrolysis?
a. 10 seconds
b. 20 seconds
c. 40 seconds
d. 60 seconds
e. 80 seconds
Choose the FALSE statement:
a. Only spontaneous processes occur naturally.
b. The entropy of vaporization is always positive.
c. The combustion of any hydrocarbon is exothermic.
d. ∆G° is always equal to zero at equilibrium.
e. The greater the degree of randomness in a system, the greater the entropy of the system.
Calculate εcell for the following voltaic cell at 298 K:
Ni(s)| Ni2+(aq)[saturated NiCO3(s)] Ni2+(0.010 M)|Ni(s)
The Ksp for NiCO3 is 1.42 x 10-7 and the standard reduction potential for Ni2+/ Ni = -0.257 V.
a. +0.257 V
b. -0.0422 V
c. 0.000 V
d. +0.0844 V
e. +0.0422 V
z
What is ε° for the reaction: CH3OH(l) + 3/2 O2(g)
if the ∆G° = -702.5 kJ?
a. +0.91 V
b. +1.21 V
c. +1.82 V
d. +3.64 V
e. -1.82 V
H CO (g) + 2H O(g)
2
2
Which probably has the highest boiling point at 1.00 atm pressure?
a. CH3NH2
b. CH3CH2CH2OH
c. CH3OH
d. (CH3)2N(CHF2)
e. C4H10
If a substance has a heat of vaporization of 3.46 kJ/g and a heat of sublimation of 4.60 kJ/g, what is its
heat of fusion?
a. 1.14 kJ/g
b. 8.06 kJ/g
c. -1.14 kJ/g
d. -8.06 kJ/g
e. none of these
53.
(1)
54.
(2)
55.
(2)
56.
(2)
57.
(2)
58.
(2)
The triple point of water is at 4.58 mm Hg and +0.01°C. Some H2O at -50°C is heated to 120°C at a
constant pressure of 2.05 mm Hg. The changes of state(s) occuring in this process are:
a. solid to gas
b. solid to liquid to gas
c. liquid to gas
d. solid to liquid
e. no change in state occurs at constant pressure
The normal boiling point of ethanol is 78.3°C and ∆H°vap = 39.3 kJ/mol. What is the vapor pressure of
ethanol at 50.0°C?
a. 118 mm Hg
b. 234 mm Hg
c. 354 mm Hg
d. 485 mm Hg
e. 670 mm Hg
The vapor pressure of pure hexane at 25°C is 151.4 mm Hg and for hepane it is 45.6 mm Hg. A
solution contains 0.800 mol fraction hexane. What is the composition of the vapor in equilibrium with
this solution at 25°C?
a. 80.0% hexane and 20.0% heptane
b. 50.0% hexane and 50.0% heptane
c. 77.0% hexane and 23.0% heptane
d. 45.0% hexane and 55.0% heptane
e. 93.0% hexane and 7.0% heptane
A solution composed of 5 mol acetone (CH3COCH3, Po = 324 mm Hg) and 5 moles of chloroform
(CHCl3, Po = 274 mm Hg) has a vapor pressure of 236 mm Hg. Which one of the following statements
is completely true about this solution?
a. The solution obey’s Raoult’s Law.
b. The solution shows a positive deviation from Raoult’s Law.
c. The solution shows a negative deviation from Raoult’s Law and possesses a minimum boiling
point azeotrope.
d. The solution shows a negative deviation from Raoult’s Law and possesses a maximum boiling
point azeorope.
e. The solution process is exothermic because the forces between unlike molecules are weaker than
those between like molecules.
An aqueous NaCl solution freezes at -1.13°C. Calculate the approximate NaCl concentration of this
solution in % by mass. Kf for water is 1.86 °C-m-1.
a. 3.55%
b. 1.78%
c. 0.870%
d. 17.8%
e. 8.90%
Solutions are made that contain 0.10 mol of each of the following compounds below in 100 g of water.
Choose the compound whose solution will have the lowest freezing point.
b. KCl
c. CH3OH
d. NiSO4
e. H2SO4
a. BaBr2
×

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