New Kingdom

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First found May 22, 2018

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Ramesses II
Ramesses II

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Old Kingdom
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2600 BC-2300 BC
Egypt grew and prospered
Pharaohs appointed officials to carry out wishes
Polytheistic
Embalmed dead=afterlife
Pyramids= tombs for pharaoh’s mummy
The Great Pyramid(largest)-2540 BC for King Khufu
Middle Kindgom
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
2050 BC-1670 BC
Moved capital from Memphis to Thebes
Golden age of stability, prosperity and achievement
Gained new lands (Nubia & Syria)=captured people sent tribute
Added waterways (ex. canal between the Nile & the Red Sea)
Art blossomed: paint covered walls of tombs and temples;
sculptors created large wall carvings and statues;
7. New form of architecture created: tombs cut into cliffs
8. Ended when the Hyksos from western Egypt conquered Egypt
around 1670 BC
New Kingdom
1. Ahmose drove out Hyksos beginning the New Kingdom: 1550
BC-1080 BC
2. Pharaohs made empire building a priority
3. Egypt reached the height of its glory
4. Hatshepsut, the first Egyptian female pharaoh, increased trade
5. Thutmose’s armies expanded Egypt’s borders(more territory
than ever before)
6. Empire grew rich from trade and tribute
7. Slaves became common
8. Amhenhotep/Akhenaton introduced his own religion but
neglected his duties as pharaohEgypt lost most land in
western Asia
9. Tutankhamen-boy king/tomb was discovered with treasures in
1922
10. Ramses II reigned for 66 years & regained lands in western
Asia.
11. Ramses II built many temples(ex. Karnak at Thebes)
12. After Ramses II, later pharaohs struggled to control conquered
people
13. Egyptians lacked iron ore weapons
14. Conquered by the Libyans KushitesAssyrians
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