Find 2 puns, 2 metaphors, 2 similes, 3 images, and complete 2 scansions of sentences
to check for iambic pentameter in Act 1 scenes 1-2 of Caesar
1. A mender of bad souls: He is a shoe repairer and fixes shoes.
2. All that I live by is with the awl: An awl is a tool used for shoe repairs.
1. And all the rest look like a chidden train
2. Why man he doth bestride the narrow world like a colossus.
1. "These growing feathers plucked from Caesar’s wings will make him fly an
ordinary pitch who else would soar above ordinary men. "
2. "Men, all in fire, walk up and down the streets."
3."Let me have men about me that are fat, sleek-headed men..."
1.His rudeness is a sauce to his good wit.
2. I am a surgeon to old shoes
1. You blocks/ you stones/ you worse/ then sense/ less things.
2. Home you /Idle creatures/ Get you/ Home this/ A holiday
2. Who speaks in poetry? Who speaks in prose? Who speaks in blank verse? why?
1. The royalty speaks in poetry.
2. The peasants speak in prose.
3. Writers speak in the blank verse. This is used to make the play normal.
3. Identify at least 5 characteristics found in the characters of Caesar, Brutus, and
- Has pride
-Cassius is deceitful, wants more power, does not see Caesar as a good ruler, two-faced,
is manipulative to Brutus and is yet very intelligent.6. Our Course will seem to bloody ,
Caius Cassius (Act III Scene 1, Line 162)
a. Brutus says, "Let's be sacrifices, but nor butchers, Caius." Collect together the
expressions used by Brutus which are appropriate to butchery.
To cut the head off and then hack the limbs,
Let's carve him as a dish fit for the gods,
Not hew him as a carcass fit for hounds:
For he can do no more than Caesar's arm
When Caesar's head is off.
b. Brutus says that ideally they should be killing Caesar's spirit, not his body. Look up the
words of Caesar's ghost in Act IV Scene 3, lines 281, 282, and 284, and comment on the
The irony is that they think the spirit can not harm them but really it can because the
ghost Caesar is going to haunt them and bring them death.
c. Brutus turns harsh words and phrases into softer ones, to make a savage act seem like a
civilized one. How does he choose his words to achieve this?
Sacrificers- the connotation of this world makes me think of a religious gift for a holy
Boldly- means that you act strong and brave for a certain belief.
Purgers- makes me think of a holy cleansing done to make someone or something pure
Let's carve him as a dish fit for the gods- Brutus makes it sound like Caesar is not fit to
be on earth because he is so good and that he would be better suited for the gods.
d. How is Brutus's dismissal of Antony consistent in expression with his earlier imagery?
He calls Antony a limb only a part of Caesar so if they killed Caesar Antony would fall
up to them.
Caesar is the opposite of Brutus. Brutus is honorable, noble and trusting when Caesar is
not. Caesar is especially not honorable because he was offered the crown three times,
which he declined each time. The people thought he was honorable when he declined but
didn’t know he wanted only to be crowned by the senate. This creates conflict when
Shakespeare portrays them in this manner.
Whines to protect
Hurts herself to
Portia compared to Calpurnia is strong and is willing to do anything to get what she
wants. Calpurnia will try and do something but not fallow through completely like Portia
does. For example, Portia cuts her leg to get her husbands trust. Calpurnia only warns
Caesar of her dream but does nothing more than that. This manner helps shapes the story.
“Romans, countrymen and lovers” (Act III Scene2, line13)
This is a speech based on reason (unlike Antony’s later, which is based on
passion). Why does Brutus say the crowd should believe him?
for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that
you may believe: censure me in your wisdom, and
awake your senses, that you may the better judge
b. How many words can you find that are antithetical (that is, in strong contrast), such
as “less”/ “more”, “living”/ “dead”? What is the cumulative effect?
Had you rather Caesar were living and
die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live
all free men?
The effect is that the people think that Brutus killed Caesar for the benefit of the plebians
Many words and phrases are balanced: for example, “As Caesar loved me, I weep
for him ; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him”. Find more,
and say why they are calculated to win over the crowd.
The question of
his death is enrolled in the Capitol; his glory not
extenuated, wherein he was worthy, nor his offences
enforced, for which he suffered death.
Brutus says that he suffered in death to save the Capitol and country that Caesar loved
“Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears” (Act III Scene 2, line 71)
Antony uses the word “honourable” to describe Brutus and Cassius eight times.
Each time the way in which it is spoken is different, and with a different purpose.
Carefully trace the transition from the first “For Brutus was an honourable man” to “They
that have done this deed are honourable”, explaining how Antony’s oratory has led the
crowd from one point of view to another.
Antony calls the conspirators “honorable men” but then names all the bad deeds that they
committed against Caesar. Antony uses the words “honorable men” almost as a pun or
In his second sentence, Antony says he is content to let Caesar’s good points be
buried with his bones. How many good points does he in fact make before this 35-line
speech is ended?
He was my friend, faithful and just to me:
He hath brought many captives home to Rome
Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill:
When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept
I thrice presented him a kingly crown,
Which he did thrice refuse
How does Antony deploy the words “ambition” and “ambitious” to win over the
commoners to hid point of view?
Antony says that Caesar has ambition but to benefit others and that if Caesar was
ambitious he would have benefited himself instead of others. However, Antony says that
Brutus was ambitious to benefit himself and Antony implies that Brutus only killed
Caesar for his own cause.
Caesar Study Guide
p. 222, #15; p. 225, # 9; p. 229, #6; p. 238 #4 a-d, g,
On his arrival at the Senate, Caesar has 30 lines (Act III Scene 1, lines 35-48;
58-73) to speak before Casca strikes his first blow. Find examples in those lines of:
his pomposity- To think that Caesar bears such rebel blood That will be thaw’d
from the true quality With that which melteth fools.
b. his vanity- These couchings and these lowly courtsies Might fire the blood of
his arrogance- These couchings and these lowly courtsies Might fire the blood of
ordinary men, and turn pre-ordinance and first decree Into the law of children. Be not
fond, To think that Caesar bears such rebel blood That will be thaw’d from the true
quality With that which melteth fools.
d. his affection- Low-crooked courtsies and base spaniel fawning thy brother by
decree is banished
his pride- Know, Caesar doth not wrong nor without cause will he be satisfied.
In his address to the mob in the forum (Act III Scene 2, lines 12-44), Brutus
speaks in prose, not blank verse. His words have been described as “a lecture”.
Show from the speech that Brutus knows he enjoys the respect of Roman citizens.
Romans, countrymen, and lovers, hear me for my cause, and be silent, that you may hear.
b. Show that he believes the crowd is capable of making rational and just decisions.
Censure me in your wisdom, and wake your senses, that you may the better judge.
Show that his speech is based on an appeal to reason and logic
If there be any in this assembly any dear friend of Caesars to him I say that Brutus’ love
to Caesar was no less than his. If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar
this is my answer;
d. Show that he is proud of his patriotism and his republicanism.
not that I loved Caesar less but that I loved Rome more.
Show that he wishes to act magnanimously. Comment on the wisdom of his
approach and assumptions. Do you think it is reasonable to describe him as politically
In Act II Scene I, in which Cassius wins over Brutus to the conspiracy, show
b. his ability to strike the right note when making his approach.
His willingness to take a second place when it suits him.
Antony shows a masterly control over the fickle nature of the common
Before Antony ascends to the Public Chair to make his oration, which remark
typifies the commoners’ dull-wittedness?
b. Whereas Brutus’s speech appealed to the intellect, Antony’s is emotional. He ends
his opening remarks by choking back tears. How do the people react?
Marullus says of the commoners, “You blocks, you stones, you worse than
senseless things” (Act I Scene I, line 36). Antony says, “You are not wood, you are not
stones, but men” (Act III Scene I, line 140). Explain why Antony’s oratorical approach
shows a greater understanding of crowd psychology.
d. Why does Antony mention the will to the crowd , but decline at first to read it?
g. The commoners forget the will till Antony reminds them of it (line 236). What does
this tell us of their powers of concentration?