Session 5 - ISSAT

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SESSION 5: Case Study
The Republic of Burundi
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Case study:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Case study:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
• Burundi country brief
Reference: ISSAT Background Note - Security Sector Reform in the Republic of Burundi
• Group assignments
– Four groups, each representing a stakeholder in the SSR process
– Tasking sheet with specific guidance for each group
• Break
• Group work (2h30)
– Preparation of group presentations
– Brief coordination session: one representative of each group
• Lunch break
• Group presentations / discussion / debrief
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Case study:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief
• General Overview
• Peace Process
• Post-transition
• Security Sector
• Challenges and Opportunities
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief - Overview
• One of the poorest countries in the world
o GDP per capita: $600
o National budget: 42% financed by aid
• Estimated population: 11 millon; 45.6 % in the
0-14 age bracket, 2.5% 65 years or older
• Economy and society deeply affected by
years of internal conflict
Session
Session55
© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief – Peace Process
• Protracted peace process
– Arusha signed in 2000
– CNDD-FDD enters the process in 2003
– PALIPEHUTU-FNL enters the process late 2006
• International community heavily involved
– Regional actors
– United Nations
– Bilaterals
• DDR and SSR provisions in peace and cease-fire agreements
– Transition enablers
– Highly politicised processes
Session
Session55
© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief – Post-Transition
• End of the transition: 2005
– New Constitution
– Elections
• New government’s agenda: “Normalisation”
– From peacekeeping to peacebuilding
– From peacebuilding to peace consolidation & development
• Power consolidation
– Elections 2010: opposition parties boycott none in Parliament
– Shift in approach to handling opposition from “guerrilla tactics” to “lock
down” of political space through new legislation
Session
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© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief - Security Sector
SECURITY AND JUSTICE PROVIDERS
State
providers
Non-state
providers
STATE
NON-STATE
State
oversight
Non-state
oversight
GOVERNANCE, OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT BODIES
Session
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© DCAF/ISSAT
Country brief – SSR Priorities
• Consolidation and sustainment of gains made to date
– Successful integration of former foes
– On-going efforts at professionalisation of personnel
– Improved relations with the population
– Gradual opening of the sector to civilian oversight
– Publication of the first National Security Policy (2013)
• Shift from “train and equip” to structural reforms
– Legal framework
– Behavioural change
• Capacity building and empowerment of oversight bodies
– Internal
– External (state and non-state)
Session
Session55
© DCAF/ISSAT
Challenges and Opportunities
Generally
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Separation of powers
Impunity
Access to justice
Land issues
Corruption
Shrinking political space
Instability in neighbouring Eastern DRC
In the lead up to the 2015 elections
• Renewed insecurity and political violence
• Neutrality of statutory security institutions
Session
Session55
© DCAF/ISSAT
Remember
• Context matters
• No security, no development
• 1–2-3
• Governance is at the heart
of successful SSR
• SSR is key to peace
consolidation
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
EXERCISE
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Exercise:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
Task & focus
You will take on the role of one of the key actors working on SSR and prepare
for the participation of your principal in a meeting slated to discuss the future
of international assistance to SSR in Burundi.
Four groups
1.
Permanent Secretary of the National Security Council
2.
Director of civil society organisation CENAP
3.
First Secretary of the Embassy of the Netherlands
4.
Burundi Country Officer of the Peacebuilding Support Office
Group assignments
Tasking sheet with specific guidance for each group.
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Exercise:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
TIME LINE
09:30-12:00
Group work
- Preparation of group presentations
References:
 Day 1 material
 ISSAT Background Note - Security Sector Reform in the Republic of Burundi
 Tasking sheet
- Consultations with other groups (one representative per group)
12:00-13:00
Lunch break
13:00-14:40
Group presentations / discussion
14:40-15:00
Debrief
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
EXERCISE DEBRIEF
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT
Exercise:
SSR and the politics of peacebuilding in Burundi
DEBRIEF
Session 5
© DCAF/ISSAT

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