MUL 2010 Cristina Verdesoto – Broward College Opera Birth of

Document technical information

Format docx
Size 100.2 kB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Organizations

Places

Transcript

MUL 2010
Cristina Verdesoto – Broward College
Opera
Birth of Opera
-
Invented in Italy in the early 1600’s.
-
The “Florentine Camerata”, which was a group of scholars, got together to device
a new type of dramatic music modeled after Greek dramas, that would enhance
the text.
-
The new music was called “recitative”, which was:
o
o
o
o
Modeled after speech. (In between melody and speech.)
Sung by a soloist
Light musical accompaniment
Homophonic (main melody and accompaniment)
-
Opera was composed for ceremonial occasions at court.
-
Originally aristocratic entertainment, so very fancy. Now, entertainment for
anybody.
-
Performed in courts of kings, princes, etc.
-
Composers were fascinated with Greek and Roman mythology and history, so
many early operas were based on it, often flattering the aristocracy.
-
Display of splendor, magnificence.
-
First public opera house opened in Venice in 1637.
-
Many opera houses opened in Italy and the rest of Europe by the 1700’s.
-
From the beginning, opera productions were very extravagant with elaborate
scenery, backdrops, costumes, special effects, etc.
-
Baroque opera gave rise to virtuoso (very skilled) singers.
-
Some of the most important were the castrato singers. (Boys who had been
castrated before puberty to retain their beautiful, high-pitched voices) Many
important opera parts were written for them. They were the superstars of their
time and were very well paid, more than regular singers.
Elements of Opera
-
Plot (revealed through song)
-
Characters
o Soloists
o Chorus
o Dancers/extras
-
Scenery, lighting
-
Costumes
-
Special effects
-
Backstage staff
-
Libretto: script
-
Librettist: the one who writes the libretto.
Types of opera:
Serious opera: Has serious plots, based on history, mythology. Characters are usually
kings, princes, aristocrats, gods, goddesses, etc. Sung in more formal language
Comic opera: Lighter, comic plots: love triangles common, village life. Characters are
common people, maids, villagers, peasants. Sung in the vernacular (ordinary language).
More spoken dialogue
Parts of the opera:
-
An opera is divided into acts and acts are divided into scenes.
-
Usually an opera has 1 to 5 acts, and each act has several (10-20 or more
scenes).
-
The curtain usually comes down after each act, and that’s when people clap and
there’s a short intermission. There is no break between the scenes of an act.
-
Recitative: vocal line that imitates speech. It’s sung clearly (syllabic) and moves
the action forward. Light accompaniment.
-
Aria: main attraction. Emotional, ornamented section to show off singer’s
virtuosity (melismatic). Orchestral accompaniment.
-
Duets, trios, quartets, chorus, instrumental sections, dance, etc.
-
Operas start with overture (introduction)
-
Orchestra plays in pit (below the stage).
-
Operas sometimes translated or most commonly, use supertitles. (like subtitles in
a movie, but above the stage)
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
-
Italian singer, violist and opera composer.
-
Served at the court of Mantua, northern Italy.
-
Little pay or respect in early career.
-
Became music director at St. Mark’s in Venice.
-
Wrote sacred music for the church and secular music for aristocracy.
-
Wanted to write music with intense emotion.
-
Wrote 12 operas, only 3 preserved.
-
Wrote the “first great opera” called “Orfeo”, composed in 1607. It was a lavish
production. Uses many kinds of music: recitatives, arias, duets, chorus,
instrumental parts.
1705-
×

Report this document