HSP3M – Ch # 10 Crowds, Mass Behaviour and

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HSP3M – Ch # 10 Crowds, Mass Behaviour and Social Movements
1. How can the following images be examples of collective behaviour? Explain.
Fashion Trends in 2008
Occupy Ottawa Protest, 2011
2. A crowd is a group of people temporarily gathered together. There are four subtypes of crowds explained in the Our Social World textbook. The pictures below
are example of these types of crowds. Label the picture and give the definition
for the sub-type of crowd.
World Junior Hockey Crowd
Wedding
NYC Subway Train Crowd
Crowd helping to pull down the Berlin Wall, 1989
3. An acting crowd that turns violent is often called a ________. A frenzied crowd
without any particular purpose or goal is called a _________. The images below
are of the Los Angeles Race Riots of 1992 after the acquittal of four white police
officers in the videotaped beating of Rodney King. What were the motives for
this riot?
4. Mass behaviour is group behaviour that involves people who are dispersed and
that relies on personal communication through mass media (radio, newspaper,
TV) or the Internet or telephone.
There are a few types of mass behaviour. Explain the type of mass behaviour that is
shown in the following images.
5. A social movement is a form of collective behaviour by people who are
promoting or resisting changes in some aspect of society.
a) Give an example of the following three types of social movements:
i)
Alternative Social Movement:
ii)
Limited Change Social Movement:
iii)
Revolutionary Social Movement:
b) Explain the four theories that deal with how and why social movements arise:
i)
Deprivation Theory:
ii)
Mass Society Theory:
iii)
Social Concern Theory:
iv)
Structural Strain Theory:
c) Describe a social movement that you belong to, have belonged to, would like to join
or would like to start.
HSP3M – Ch # 11: Culture and Discrimination
1. Chapter Vocabulary. Define the following terms and use a specific
example where needed: Society, Culture, Social Institutions,
Discrimination, Systematic Discrimination, Harassment, Racism,
Sexism, Ageism, Genocide
2. The following table summarizes how institutions in our modern
Canadian society meet our human needs.
Human Needs
* Providing and
distributing material
goods such as food,
clothing, and shelter
Institution
Canadian Examples
*
*
*
*
* Transmitting and
developing culture and
knowledge
*
*
*
*
 Making social
decisions
 Dealing with
other countries
 Enforcing laws
 Answering
ethical questions
 Meeting spiritual
needs
*
*
*
 Reproduction and
child care
*
*
*
*
*
*
3. There are three basic ways that a society can accommodate minorities;
segregation, assimilation and multiculturalism. Describe with an
example (past or present) the main features of these three
accommodations.
i)
Segregation:
ii)
Assimilation:
iii)
Multiculturalism:
4. Define stereotype and prejudice. Which is primarily based on
feelings and which on ideas?
5. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination?
6. Psychologists and sociologists have proposed many theories to
explain prejudice. Three theories are outlined in your textbook.
Summarize them.
i)
Social Learning Theory:
ii)
Social-Economic Theories of Prejudice:
iii)
Psychological Theories of Prejudice:
HSP3M – Chapter # 12: Education and Schools
Make sure you know the following vocabulary: education, traditional societies,
contemporary societies, intended goals of education, unintended goals of education,
hidden curriculum, meritocracy, streaming, education gap, employability skills,
distance education, lifelong learning.
1. Describe in some detail three alternative educational systems offered in Canada.
2. What impact does a society’s economic system have on its level of education?
3. a) What are the intended goals of education in Canada?
b) What are the unintended goals of education in Canada?
4. Describe two of the major changes in education in the past 80 - 100 years in
Canada.
5. How does education help solve problems of inequality?
6. How does education deal with gender issues?
7. Describe three ways in which you think SCHS and typical Ontario Secondary
Schools are flawed.
8. What is the relationship between education and income?
9. a) What are some of the typical characteristics of high-school dropouts?
b) From what you have observed, what are some typical underlying reasons for
people to drop out of SCHS?
10. a) What are the current trends in Ontario public education?
b) Pick one trend and explain why you agree or disagree with it.
11. What direction do you think public education is taking in the next 5 years?
HSP3M – Chapter # 15: Deviance and Social Control
Make sure you know the following vocabulary: social norms, folkways, mores, laws,
social role, deviance, informal social control, formal social control, retribution,
deterrence, rehabilitation, recidivism, probation
1. Give some examples of non-conformity that are tolerated in our society.
*
*
*
2. How would the following theorists explain deviant behaviour?
a) Biological Theorist:
b) Psychological Theorist:
c) Sociological Theorists: deviance as a learned response to the environment
i) Motivational Theorist:
ii) Learning Theorist:
iii) Control Theorist:
iv) Labeling Theorist:
3. List the three major elements of the criminal justice system and briefly explain their
roles.
i) _______________________:
ii) ________________________:
iii) ______________________:
4. Prisons are supposed to accomplish the four goals below. These are the goals of
sentencing. Briefly describe each one.
i) Punish the Offender:
ii) Protect the Public:
iii) Deterrence:
iv) Rehabilitation:
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