# Australian Curriculum Year 6-8

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```Australian Curriculum Docs
Year 6 Achievement standard
Year 7 Achievement standard
Year 8 Achievement standard
By the end of Year 6, students are able to
work with numbers including fractions and
decimals to thousandths and apply their
place value understanding to establish
equivalences. They confidently solve realistic
problems including those involving rate and
ratio choosing appropriately written and
mental strategies or calculators. They use
estimation strategies to predict and check
reasonableness of calculations. Students
represent data choosing appropriate displays
including stem and leaf plots and distinguish
between sample and population data. They
are beginning to quantify probability.
Students can visualise and connect two- and
three-dimensional shapes and objects. Their
facility with maps extends to the use and
interpretation of scales and legends. They are
beginning to connect algebra and
measurement, understanding the basis for
formulas for perimeter, area and volume of
simple polygons and rectangular prisms.
By the end of Year 7, students work fluently
with index notation. They are able to use the
operations to calculate accurately with
integers, fractions and decimals, choosing
appropriate operations when solving
problems, and correctly applying the order of
operations. They extend this understanding
to algebraic representations, selecting and
applying formulas for area and volume and
begin to generalise arithmetic patterns,
including linear functions, representing them
algebraically and graphically. Students
conduct systematic data-based enquiry using
univariate and bivariate data, choosing
appropriate graphs, calculating measures of
spread and centre and drawing conclusions.
They identify equally likely outcomes and
calculate probabilities and relative
frequencies from data. Students have a sound
understanding of the geometric properties of
angles, triangles and quadrilaterals and twodimensional views of three-dimensional
objects. They are beginning to construct
By the end of Year 8, students are able to use
number, algebraic conventions and formulas
and apply this understanding to problem
solving with ratios and scale, percentage
increase and decrease, perimeters and areas
of triangles, quadrilaterals and circles and
volumes of triangular prisms. Students readily
connect tabular, graphical and algebraic
representations of linear functions, and
choose appropriate models for solving real
life problems. They use numerical and
graphical summaries of data, interpret these
to draw conclusions and calculate
probabilities. They apply mathematical
reasoning including congruence and
transformations to solve geometric problems
and generalise formulas for the perimeter for
triangles and rectangles to other
the volumes of simple prisms. They are able
to visualise three-dimensional objects from
two-dimensional representations including
isometric drawing and plans.
1
Number and Algebra Year 6
Number and Algebra Year 7
Number and Algebra Year 8
1. Integers Read, represent, write, interpret and order
positive and negative integers
1. Indices Understand and work fluently with index notation
and represent whole numbers as a product of powers of
prime numbers
1. Ratio and rate Solve problems involving use of
percentages, rates and ratios, including percentage increase
and decrease and the unitary method and judge
reasonableness of results
2. Decimals Recognise and represent numbers involving
thousandths, read, write and order those numbers, and
connect them to fractions
3. Place value Justify uses of the place value system to
describe decimal numbers, and to partition and regroup
those numbers to assist calculation and solve problems
4. Multiplication and division Apply multiplication and
related division facts to solve realistic problems efficiently
using mental and written strategies and calculators justifying
the reasonableness of answers and explaining reasoning.
5. Ratio and rate Recognise and solve problems involving
unit ratio and everyday rates and check for reasonableness of
6. Decimals Understand and work fluently with decimal
numbers to thousandths, and multiply and divide numbers
including decimals by whole numbers to solve additive
problems, including using technology
2. Integers Order, add and subtract integers fluently and
identify patterns for multiplication and division including
using ICT
3. Calculation Understand and become fluent with written,
mental and calculator strategies for all four operations with
fractions, decimals and percentages
2. Index laws Understand, describe and use generalisations
of the index laws with positive integral indices
3. Calculation Solve problems involving fractions, decimals
and percentages, including those requiring converting and
comparing, and judge the reasonableness of results using
techniques such as rounding
4. Variables Apply the associative, commutative and
distributive laws and the order of operations to mental and
written computation and generalise these processes using
variables
4. Algebra Generalise the distributive law to expansion and
factorisation of simple algebraic expressions and use the four
operations with algebraic expressions
5. Linear equations Use symbols to represent linear
relationships and solve problems involving linear
relationships where there is only one occurrence of a variable
5. Linear equations Create, solve and interpret linear
equations, including those using realistic contexts using
algebraic and graphical techniques
6. Coordinates Plot points on the Cartesian plane using all
6. Coordinates Plot graphs of linear functions and use these
to find solutions of equations including using ICT
7. Fractions Understand and work fluently with and solve
additive problems involving fractions with unrelated
denominators, compare and contrast fractions using
equivalence
8. Estimation Estimate the outcomes of calculations
involving decimal numbers and justify the reasonableness of
9. Number properties Identify and describe properties of
numbers including prime, composite and square numbers
2
Statistics and Probability Year 6
Statistics and Probability Year 7
Statistics and Probability
1. Data representation Construct, read and
interpret tables and graphs including ordered
stem and leaf plots, and construct pie charts and
other simple data displays including using
technology
1. Data measures Determine mean, median, and
range and use these measures to compare data sets
explaining reasoning including using ICT
1. Statistical measures Use a mean or median from a
sample to estimate the mean or median of a
population and to recognise the limitations of samples
2. Data investigation Investigate questions involving
the collection of univariate and simple bivariate data,
including the use of back-to-back stem plots and
scatter plots
2. Data investigation Collect samples and construct
tables and graphs including frequency column graphs
with and without technology for grouped data, and to
select and justify the choice of measure of centre and
2. Data interpretation Interpret secondary data
presented in the media and elsewhere, identifying
between samples and populations
3. Variation Explore concepts of variation and
error by collecting repeated measurements
4. Chance List all outcomes for chance events and
quantify probabilities using simple fractions,
decimals and percentages
3. Sample space Construct sample spaces for singlestep experiments with equally likely outcomes and use
them to assign probabilities
4. Relative frequency Calculate relative frequencies,
and recognise variation between results of chance
experiments
3
3. Probability Identify complementary events and use
the facts that probabilities range between 0 and 1 and
sum to 1 over the sample space to check probabilities
4. Representing probability Use Venn diagrams or
two-way tables to illustrate ’and’, ‘or’, ‘given’ and ‘not’
criteria, and to calculate simple probabilities
Measurement and Geometry Year 6
Measurement and Geometry Year 7
Measurement and Geometry Year 8
1. Geometry Visualise and solve problems
relating to packing and stacking
1. Geometry Describe the properties of parallel
and perpendicular lines, triangles and
quadrilaterals to classify them and make
geometric constructions including angle bisectors
and perpendicular bisectors
1. Congruence Identify properties and conditions
for congruence of plane figures, and use
coordinates to describe transformations
2. Measurement Solve problems involving
comparison of length, area, volume and other
attributes using appropriate tools, scales and
metric units
3. Metric System Work fluently with the metric
system to convert between metric units of length,
capacity and mass, using whole numbers and
commonly used decimals
4. Angles Estimate, compare and measure angles
5. Time Create, interpret and use timetables and
timelines including calculating elapsed time
6. Measurement formulas Understand and use
the formulas for calculating perimeters and areas
of rectangles, and volumes of rectangular prisms
7. Transformation and symmetry Describe
patterns in terms of reflection and rotational
symmetry, and translations including identifying
equivalent transformations using ICT
2. Measurement formulas Relate the formula for
calculating the area of triangles to the formula for
rectangles and parallelograms, to develop the
formula for the volume of rectangular prisms, and
use these to solve problems
3. Transformations Visualise, demonstrate and
describe translations, reflections, rotations and
symmetry in the plane, including using
coordinates and ICT
4. Time Calculate duration using 12- and 24-hour
time, explain and use time zones
5. Location Interpret and create maps and plans,
including using legends and scales, describe
relative position, and plan journeys
8. Location Describe and interpret locations and
give and follow directions, using scales, legends,
compass points, including directions such as NE
and SW, distances, and grid references
2. Measurement formulas Generalise from the
formulas for perimeter and area of triangles and
rectangles to investigate relationships between
the perimeter and area of special quadrilaterals
and volumes of triangular prisms and use these to
solve problems
3. Circles Investigate the relationship between
features of circles such as circumference, area,
radius and diameter and generalise these to solve
problems involving circumference and area
4. Congruence Explain properties for congruence
of triangles and apply these to investigate