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Course Syllabus
AP World History, 2015-16
Instructor: Kathy Waugh
[email protected]
702-513-0185
Course Text and Other Readings
Main Text: Bulliet, Richard W. and Pamela Kyle Crossley, Daniel R. Headrick, Steven W. Hirsch,
Lyman L. Johnson and David Northrup. The Earth and its Peoples 3e New York: Houghton, Mifflin
Company, 2005. (CR1a)
Additional Primary & Secondary Sources: Selected documents, including graphs, images, maps, &
tables, from
(CR1c)
 Reilly, Kevin. 2000 and 2007. Worlds of History: A Comparative Reader, volumes 1 & 2,
first and third editions.
 Historical Political Cartoons from World History in Caricature & Cartoon, MindSparks,
Highsmith, 1996.
 Units of Study from the National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA
 Various document-based activities from Social Studies School Service, World History series
 Conquest, Conflict, and Commerce: Colonialism in the Congo. 2000. Choices for the 21st
Century Education Project, Institute for International Studies, Brown University.
 Armstrong, Karen. 2006. The Great Transformation. Knopf/Random House.
 Berghahn, V.R. 1994. Imperial Germany, 1871-1914: Economy, Society, Culture, and
Politics. Berghahn Books.
 Diamond, Jared. 1997. Guns, Germs and Steel. Norton.
 Johnston, Deborah Smith. 1998. Urban Coffeehouses: Brewers of Controversy. Selfpublished.
 Mann, Charles C. 2005. 1491. Knopf.
 Orwell, George. 1946. Animal Farm. Harcourt.
 Weathersford, Jack. 2004. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. Crown.
 Williamson, Samuel R. 1998. The Origins of the War, in Hew Strachan, ed., The Oxford
Illustrated History of the First World War. Oxford University Press.
 Zakaria, Fareed. 1999. After the Storm Passes (commentary on the “Battle in Seattle” WTO
protests). Newsweek, Dec. 13.
The AP World History Themes
Students will learn to use the five AP World History themes below as tools to help them analyze
history. The acronym SPICE-T (social, political, interactions, cultural, economic, and technology)
will help students focus on one or more of the themes when studying and comparing particular events,
people, places, and periods. (CR2)
1. Interactions Between Humans and the Environment
 Settlement & migration patterns
 Demographics & the spread of diseases
 Use of resources
 Human impact on the environment and vice-versa
 Technology: Mastering or destroying the environment?
2. Culture: Development & Interaction of Cultures
 Development, spread, & impact of religions & belief systems
 Syncretism: “Best of Both Worlds?”
 The arts & architecture: How they reflect & shape culture
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Science & technology and their impact
3. Politics: State-Building, Expansion & Conflict
 From tribes to kings, republics & bureaucrats: Development of political systems
 The rise and fall of empires
 Development of nationalism and the nation-state
 Reform and revolution
 Conflict: Its Causes & Effects
 Growth of Regional & Global Systems
4. Economics: Creation, Expansion & Interaction of Economic Systems
 Farmers vs. Nomads: The Long Relationship Between Two Lifestyles
 Trade and Its Influence on Societies
 Slaves, Peasants, Freemen: Labor Systems & Their Impact
 How Modern Industry Reshaped the World
 Capitalism and Socialism: Competing and sometimes collaborating models
5. Society: Development & Transformation of Social Structures
 Family Ties: The Role of Families and Kin Across Societies
 Gender: Matriarchy, Patriarchy, Changing Roles
 Stratification and Social Mobility
 Race, caste and ethnicity
Course Schedule
Period 1: Technological and Environmental Transformations—Prehistory to c. 600 B.C.E.
Key Concepts: (CR3)
1.1—Big Geography and the Peopling of the Earth
1.2—The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies
1.3—Development and Interactions of Early Agricultural, Pastoral, and Urban Societies
Core Topics:
Early hominids, Paleolithic society and the “Out of Africa” theory (CR5a)
The Neolithic Revolution: A Whole New Way of Life
Development of earliest known civilizations: The Near East, Africa, South Asia, East Asia,
Oceania, the Americas
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
Science v. religion: competing or complementary ways to view the world?
What is “civilization?”
Mesopotamia & Its Neighbors: the Indo-Europeans, language and culture
The Book of Job and wisdom literature
Activities & Skill Development:
 Students will analyze multiple causes and effects of the Neolithic Revolution, including a
discussion of why some people chose to settle while others remained nomadic (CR9)
 Students will analyze the impacts of early settlements in the major river valleys and in New
Guinea, the Andes and Mesoamerica, including changes to gender roles, social stratification,
labor, culture, and the development of governance. Early migrations including the Bantu,
Indo-European and Austronesian will also be examined. (CR5d)
 Students will explore various definitions of civilization and the concept of civilized vs.
“uncivilized” for point of view
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Class discussion on the Book of Job as wisdom literature and the impact of Hebrew traditions
on Near Eastern and Western culture
Reading
Ch 1-6 of The Earth and its Peoples
The Book of Job
Period 2: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies, c. 600 B.C. E. to c. 600 C.E.
Key Concepts: (CR3)
2.1—Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions
2.2—Development of States and Empires
2.3—Emergence of Trans-regional Networks of Communication and Exchange
Core Topics:
Development of Classical Civilizations
Religion & Philosophy: Major Belief Systems
Key Regional and Trans-Regional Trade Networks
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
World Religions:
 Jainism, Hinduism & Buddhism
 Animism in various cultures
 Bloodletting in Mesoamerica (CR5b)
 Hellenic philosophy & culture
 Chinese Philosophies (CR5c)
 Judaism & Christianity and their Competitors
The Axial Age: From Ritual to Ethics
Pax Romana: The Spread of Goods & Ideas Throughout the Roman World
How Barbaric were the Barbarians? (CR7)
Trade, Diffusion & Disease: A Little Plague With Your Foreign Stuff?
Vision of the Oikumene: The Rise & Fall of Classical Civilizations--Maurya & Gupta India,
Zhou, Qin & Han China, Persia, Greece & Rome, Olmec & Maya, Moche
Activities & Skill Development:
 After practicing how to write an acceptable comparison essay thesis using the SPICE-T
categories, students will write thesis-based essays supported with relevant evidence
comparing two different classical societies (CR12) (CR6)
 After reading part of Guzman’s essay on the role of barbarians in history, students will
discuss whether their impact on classical empires was more positive or negative
 Groups of students will represent the philosophies of Legalism, Taoism, Confucianism, and
Mohism in a “Chinese Philosophers’ Debate” (CR4—Theme 2)
 After reading primary and secondary documents about Emperor Ashoka’s attempts to “rule
by dharma,” students will discuss what makes a ruler or government legitimate
 Students will choose the name of a famous figure of the Axial Age such as Siddartha,
Aristotle, or Lao Tze, research them and represent them in a discussion. (CR4) Each student
“sage” will have to use their knowledge of their historic personage to respond to questions
like “How would you run our school?” and “What questions would you give a modern person
searching for truth?” (CR14)
 Students will compare and analyze factors that contributed to the fall of classical empires,
such as corruption, border pressures, and disease (CR14)
 Recent documentaries on digs related to China’s First Emperor and the Indus Valley cities of
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro will stimulate student consideration of the importance of
archaeology in reevaluating history (CR15)
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Reading
Ch 7-12 of The Earth and its Peoples
Were the Barbarians a Negative or Positive Factor in Ancient and Medieval History? by
Gregory Guzman
Early Chinese History: The Hundred Schools Period—China’s Golden Age of Philosophy by
Clayton Dube (UCLA)
Emperor Ashoka of India: What Makes a Ruler Legitimate? by Jean Elliott Johnson and
Donald James Johnson (UCLA)
The Great Transformation by Karen Armstrong (excerpts on Axial Age figures)
Period 3: Regional and Trans-regional Interactions, c. 600 C. E. to c. 1450 C.E.
Key Concepts: (CR3)
3.1—Expansion and Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks
3.2—Continuity and Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions
3.3—Increased Economic Productive Capacity and Its Consequences
Core Topics:
Byzantium, Muscovy and Orthodox Society: The Rome That Didn’t Fall
The Rise of Islam: New Model for Society
Africa Connects: Rise of the Caravan Trade & Swahili City-States (CR5a)
Pax Mongolica: The Mongols Connect Most of Eurasia (CR5c)
Europe Rebuilds & Reconnects: From “Dark Ages” to Renaissance Light (or, we found some cool
stuff while on Crusade)1491: American empires before Columbus (CR5b)
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
Zheng He and Why didn’t China discover America?
The Mongols: Barbarians or not?
Ibn Battuta: the “Moroccan Marco Polo”
Sundiata: Lion King of Mali
Syncretism: Zen Buddhism & Sufism
Islam’s Golden Age: Algebra, literature, & medicine flourish
Battle of Tours POV: Who said what, and why?
The Indian Ocean & “Southernization”
Peopling the Pacific
Activities & Skill Development:
 Students learn and practice the CCOT essay format, constructing theses and crafting essays
on one or more regions during this era. Changes and continuities within Afro-Eurasia will be
a particular focus; students will be asked to evaluate reasons for changes and continuities
within the global context of events like the rise of Islam, the Indian Ocean trade and the Pax
Mongolica. (CR10)
 Students will continue practicing comparison essays, with topics such as two empires, two
golden ages, two migrations (eg., Vikings & Polynesians), two trade networks (CR12)
 After reading four different primary documents on the Battle of Tours and watching a
relevant clip from the History Channel, students will practice analyzing point of view and
purpose and intended audience in historic documents (CR8)
 Students will be asked to re-evaluate the term “Dark Ages” in light of the relative condition
of societies in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas during this period (CR11)
 Analyzing images: presented with images of a Confucian examination room and a Malian
mosque, students will analyze and discuss what the images imply (CR1b)
 After close-reading Southernization by Linda Shaffer, students will discuss the impact of the
Indian Ocean trade during this period, as well as why it has been little known in the West
before now. Specifics will be drawn from the trans-Sahara caravan trade and its links to
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Islam and the hemispheric economy, as well as the impact of trade on the Swahili city-states,
Ming China, India, and the Abbasid caliphate. (CR4—Theme 4) (CR13)
Students will analyze and reflect on the significance of Ibn Battuta’s accounts of his travels
after reading both primary and secondary documents about them, including maps
After reviewing accounts of the Mongols from a range of primary and secondary sources,
including recent on-site research cited by Weatherford and viewing clips from several
documentaries, students will debate whether or not they were barbarians (CR 15)
Students will discuss the tone, images, and cultural influences of Du Fu’s Tang dynasty poem
Alone in Her Beauty
Recent archaeological and anthropological research from Mann’s 1491 will be used to ask
students to reevaluate aspects of pre-Columbian societies in the Americas, such as their size,
sophistication, and trade networks (CR15)
Reading:
Ch 13-22 of The Earth and its Peoples
Southernization by Lynda Shaffer
Four Accounts of the Battle of Tours, The Rise & Spread of Islam, Social Studies School
Service (CR1b—textual)
Ibn Battuta: A View of the Fourteenth-Century World by Joan Arno and Helen Grady (UCLA)
Genghis Khan & the Making of the Modern World by Jack Weatherford (excerpts)
Alone in Her Beauty by Du Fu
Period 4: Global Interactions, c. 1450 C. E. to c. 1750 C.E.
Key Concepts:
4.1—Globalizing Networks of Communication and Exchange
4.2—New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production
4.3—State Consolidation and Imperial Expansion
Core Topics:
The Columbian Exchange: Two Worlds Meet
Guns, Germs & Steel: New World Empires & The Rise of the West
Europe Transformed, Reformed & Enlightened
On The Backs of Africans: The Atlantic Slave Trade (CR5a)
Manchus & Shoguns: East Asia Closes Its Doors (CR5c)
The Gunpowder Empires
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
Ottomans, Safavids & Mughals—Oh, My!
The Mission & Latin America (CR5b)
Rise of the West
Why Didn’t China Keep Up?
Coffeehouses on Trial
Activities & Skill Development:
 Students will continue honing their document-based question skills, including analyzing POV
and tone, with the released FRQ on global silver and the Manila galleons (CR8)
 Comparison essay practice will feature the released FRQ comparing the Spanish, Ottoman,
and Russian empires. Students will write thesis-based essays supported by relevant historical
evidence responding to this prompt. (CR6)
 CCOT practice will highlight changes & continuities in the Atlantic world, as well as within
and between other regions and globally
 After viewing The Mission, students will discuss the competing motives of Europeans in the
New World and the impacts of that conflict
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Students will discuss the validity of Jared Diamond’s theories from Guns, Germs & Steel,
such as the importance of the alignment of the continents or of the native crops and livestock
of an area in its development, after viewing part of his National Geographic special and
reviewing key parts of the book (CR15)
After reviewing the information in Deborah Johnston’s unit on coffeehouses (below),
students will take part in a mock trial of the role of coffee and coffeehouses in destabilizing
societies in Europe, the Americas, and the Islamic world (CR13)
Students will explore some of the factors that made Western Europe dynamic during this
period, including maritime exploration, the Reformation, the development of competing
nation-states with effective governments, and the Scientific Revolution (CR5e)
After reading Lynda Shaffer’s article below and viewing part of the China episode of Michael
Wood’s Legacy series, students will be asked to explain why China fell behind the West
technologically during this period (CR14)
Reading:
Ch 23-28 of The Earth and its Peoples
Guns, Germs & Steel by Jared Diamond
Bartolome de las Casas, from The History of the Indies
De Busbecq, Chardin & Ikram on the Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal empires
China, Technology, and Change by Lynda Shaffer
Urban Coffeehouses: Brewers of Controversy by Deborah Johnston
Period 5: Industrialization and Global Integration, c. 1750 C.E. to c. 1900 C.E.
Key Concepts:
5.1—Industrialization and Global Capitalism
5.2—Imperialism and Nation-State Formation
5.3—Nationalism, Revolution and Reform
5.4—Global Migration
Core Topics:
The Age of Revolutions: Bringing Enlightenment Ideals to Life
The Industrial Revolution Transforms Society
Nationalism: A Two-Edged Sword
Imperialism Connects The World
Global Migrations: Moving to Get Ahead
Progress Towards Equality: End of Slavery, Rise of Women
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
The French Revolution & Napoleon: From 3 Unequal Estates to Liberty, Equality & Fraternity CR5e)
Comparing Revolutions: American & French, Haitian, Latin American, urban (Europe, 1830 & 1848)
Industry: Its Impact, Fans & Critics
How Nationalism Replaced Older Allegiances Like Religion & Monarch
The Empire Game: Motives, Methods & Rationales
Responding to the West: Comparing Different Societies’ Reactions to Imperialism
The Ideal & Reality of Progress
Activities & Skill Development:
 Students will practice analyzing political cartoons about the French Revolution and
Napoleon, early industry, & imperialism (CR1b--images)
 Students will learn how to use evidence from tables, charts, graphs and maps related to events
such as the Opium Wars, cotton manufacturing, and the global movement of laborers
(CR1b—quantitative data)
 Students will compare the causes and results of the American, French, Haitian, and Latin
American revolutions, as well as making general observations about the revolutionary
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process versus more gradual reforms in areas like slavery and women’s rights (CR4—Theme
3) (CR9). Students will also be asked to analyze the importance of contextual factors such as
the Enlightenment and patterns of colonization of the New World in their comparisons.
(CR13)
After reviewing relevant documents and evidence, students will reenact a debate in the
British Parliament about how to respond to abuses in the Congo Free State (CR14)
Students will compare the responses of Russia, the Ottoman Empire, China and Japan to the
growth of Western imperialism (CR13)
Students will continue building their skills responding to document-based questions by
practicing with the released exam DBQs on indentured servitude, cotton manufacturing, and
the Scramble for Africa (CR5a)
Students will practice responding to CCOT questions related to changes and continuities in
the role of women, labor, migrations (including to Oceania, such as the British to Australia)
and global economic and political power during this era (CR5d)
Reading:
Ch 29-33 of The Earth and its Peoples
Human Rights in the Making: The French and Haitian Revolutions, Anne Chapman (UCLA)
The White Man’s Burden by Rudyard Kipling
Conquest, Conflict, and Commerce: Colonialism in the Congo. Choices Project, Institute for
International Studies, Brown University.
Adam Smith, from The Wealth of Nations
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, from The Communist Manifesto
Table 2. British Imports and Exports at Port of Canton, April 1, 1835, to March 31, 1836, as
cited in Reilly, v. 2, chapter 7, Free Trade and the Opium War (2000) (CR1b)
The Treaty of Nanking, 1842
Period 6: Accelerating Global Change & Realignments, c. 1900 C.E. to present
Key Concepts:
6.1—Science and the Environment
6.2—Global Conflicts and Their Consequences
6.3—New Conceptualizations of Global Economy and Culture
Core Topics:
Upheavals, 1900-1945: Nationalism & anti-colonialism around the world, The Great War,
Revolutions in Mexico, China, and Russia, Disillusionment & Depression, The
“Totalitarian Twins” (fascism & communism), World War Two
The Postwar World: International Organizations, Decolonization, The Cold War,
Globalization
Case Studies & In-Depth Explorations:
World War One: Who’s to Blame?
Genocide: its causes, variations, and prevention
Stalin & the early USSR
Rise of Hitler: death of a democracy
World War Two: Could the Axis have won?
Mao v. Mahatma: Contrasting approaches to reform
Globalization and its critics
The role of women in the modern world: tradition vs. equality
Research project (student choice)
Activities & Skill Development:
 Students will consider multiple causes and effects of World War One and be asked to explain
and evaluate their importance (CR9)
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After reading articles by two different scholars on whether or not Germany deserved the
blame for the First World War, students will be asked to draw their own conclusions (CR7)
Throughout the unit, students will study a range of 20th century occurrences of genocide:
Armenia, Ukraine, the Holocaust, Cambodia, the Balkans and Rwanda. They will be asked to
list similarities and differences, and consider the merits of approaches to prevent genocide.
(CR14)
Students will continue practicing their skills at interpreting historic and current political
cartoons, as well as both verbal and image-based propaganda, such as recruiting posters
(CR8)
The early Soviet Union under Lenin and Stalin will serve as a case study for both
totalitarianism and communism. After studying documents, viewing HBO’s Stalin and
reading Animal Farm, students will analyze why Soviet history unfolded as it did.
Students will analyze the importance of contextual factors such as disillusionment and
economic depression in the rise of totalitarianism during the 1930s (CR13)
Students will consider the methods used by Hitler to gain power in Germany, including his
propaganda techniques, paramilitary and political efforts, and resentment at the Versailles
Treaty
Students will write an essay responding to the prompt “Explore whether you believe the Axis
Powers could have won the war and the impact this would have had on the world. Describe
an Axis strategy you believe would have led to victory, and explain why you believe the Axis
Powers lost the war.” (CR14)
CCOT: students will write essays responding to the released FRQs on the development of
Islamic nationalism
Comparison: students will respond to the released FRQ comparing the outcomes of the
Mexican, Chinese & Russian revolutions, and compare the 20th century experiences of two
countries of their choice from two teacher-prepared lists. In addition, students will complete
a document-based assignment asking them to compare the goals and methods of Mao Zedong
and Mohandas Gandhi in reforming and strengthening their nations. (CR4)
Presented with a range of evidence, including World Bank films, articles, and political
cartoons, students will be asked to evaluate the impact of globalization on a range of areas,
including the environment. (CR14) (CR4—Theme 1)
Efforts towards equality for women in both the Communist world and the West will be
contrasted with women’s roles in traditional societies such as South Asia and Africa.
Students will be asked to evaluate the causes and effects of the varying roles of women in
modern societies. (CR4—Theme 5)
Students will research and write a thesis-driven paper supported by at least four assertions
with relevant evidence on a 20th century topic of their choosing, subject to teacher approval
(CR6)
Reading:
Ch 34-40 of The Earth and its Peoples
Were German Militarism and Diplomacy Responsible for World War I? by V.R. Berghahn
and Samuel R. Williamson, Jr.
Selection of primary documents from The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union, Social Studies
School Service
Animal Farm by George Orwell
After the Storm Passes by Fareed Zakaria
Mao and Gandhi: Alternate Paths to National Independence and Social Change, Donald &
Jean Johnson (UCLA)
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