Power supply description

Document technical information

Format docx
Size 99.8 kB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Organizations

Places

Transcript

Timer Based Industrial liquid pump controller with User Defined Time
Slots
Abstract:
This project is an innovative solution to operate a machine / motor / liquid pumps for a
small duration. If a liquid pump is to be operated for ten minutes, and should be switched off
after the duration, it is too difficult and many times we forget to switch it off the system after
the prescribed time.
This project provides the facility of automatic switch off after the requited time
duration. This is achieved by using the 555 timer. Four different values of resistors are
connected between trigger pin of 555 and Vcc. These four resistors provide four different fixed
time constants of 1.1RC. Also a potentiometer is connected between these points to get a
required and adjustable time constant.
A transistor is used to drive the relay during the RC time constant period. 12V Single
pole – single through relay is used to control the AC load. LED indication is provided for visual
identification of the relay / load status. A switching diode is connected across the relay to
neutralize the reverse EMF.
This project works with 12V regulated power supply. Power on LED is connected for
visual identification of power status. This project uses regulated 12V, 750mA power supply.
7812 three terminal voltage regulator is used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave
rectifier is used to rectify the ac output of secondary of 230/18V step down transformer.
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
Block diagram:
Time control
switch array
R & C Passive
components
(Time
constant)
555IC Timer
Transistor
driver circuit
AC input
Relay
LED Display
Liquid
pump
Power supply:
Step down T/F
Bridge rectifier
Filter
Voltage
regulator
Power supply to all sections
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
Power supply description:
Transformer:
Usually, DC voltages are required to operate various electronic equipment and these voltages are
5V, 9V or 12V. But these voltages cannot be obtained directly. Thus the a.c input available at the
mains supply i.e., 230V is to be brought down to the required voltage level. This is done by a
transformer. Thus, a step down transformer is employed to decrease the voltage to a required
level.
RECTIFIER:
The output from the transformer is fed to the rectifier. It converts A.C. into pulsating D.C. The
rectifier may be a half wave or a full wave rectifier. In this project, a bridge rectifier is used
because of its merits like good stability and full wave rectification.
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
The Bridge rectifier is a circuit, which converts an ac voltage to dc voltage using both half cycles
of the input ac voltage. The Bridge rectifier circuit is shown in the figure. The circuit has four
diodes connected to form a bridge. The ac input voltage is applied to the diagonally opposite
ends of the bridge. The load resistance is connected between the other two ends of the bridge.
For the positive half cycle of the input ac voltage, diodes D1 and D3 conduct, whereas diodes D2
and D4 remain in the OFF state. The conducting diodes will be in series with the load resistance
RL and hence the load current flows through RL.
For the negative half cycle of the input ac voltage, diodes D2 and D4 conduct whereas, D1 and
D3 remain OFF. The conducting diodes D2 and D4 will be in series
with the load resistance RL and hence the current flows through RL in the same direction as in the
previous half cycle. Thus a bi-directional wave is converted into a unidirectional wave.
FILTER:
Capacitive filter is used in this project. It removes the ripples from the output of rectifier and
smoothens the D.C. Output received from this filter is constant until the mains voltage and load
is maintained constant. However, if either of the two is varied, D.C. voltage received at this point
changes. Therefore a regulator is applied at the output stage.
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
VOLTAGE REGULATOR:
As the name itself implies,
it
regulates the input applied to it. A
voltage regulator is an electrical
regulator designed to automatically
maintain a constant voltage level. In
this
project, power supply of 5V and 12V are required. In order to obtain these voltage levels, 7805
and 7812 voltage regulators are to be used. The first number 78 represents positive supply and
the numbers 05, 12 represent the required output voltage levels. The L78xx series of threeterminal positive regulators is available in TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3, D2PAK and DPAK
packages and several fixed output voltages, making it useful in a wide
range of applications. These regulators can provide local on-card
regulation, eliminating the distribution problems associated with
single point regulation. Each type employs internal current limiting,
thermal shut-down and safe area protection, making it essentially
indestructible. If adequate heat sinking is provided, they can deliver
over 1 A output current. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these
devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltage and
currents.
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
Advantages:





Highly Accurate
Low cost and reliable circuit
Adjustable Time can be set using potentiometer
Four different fixed time schedules
Can handle heavy loads up to 7A
Applications:




Industrial machinery
House hold items like Ovens, refrigerator, AC
Agriculture Motors
Water pumps
For Details Contact: A.VINAY-9030333433, 0877-2261612
×

Report this document