Memorandum 1 18 4 '03 MAR 13 PC48 s.

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DEPARTMENT
OF HEALTH
& HUMAN SERVICES
Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration
Memorandum
‘_
s.
1 18 4 '03 MAR13 PC48
Date:
March 7,2003
From:
Consumer Safety Officer, Division of Standards and Labeling Regulations, Office
of Nutritional Products, Labeling and Dietary Supplements, HFS-82 1
Subject:
75-Day Premarket Notification of New Dietary Ingredients
To:
Dockets Management Branch, HFA-305
Subject of the Notification:
Firm:
Panekure
Port Orchard Nutriceuticals
Date Received by FDA: December 9,2002
90-Day Date: March 9,2003
In accordance with the requirements of section 413(a) of the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act, the attached 75-day premarket notification and related correspondence for the
aforementioned substance should be placed on public display in docket number 95S-03 16.
Thank you for your assistance.
Vickey Lutw&
CSOlLead Reviewer
Attachments
Public Health Service
DEPARTMEN’-l’ OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Food and Drug Administration
College Park, MD
FE6 2 1 iuj!B
1 78
5 '03 MAR13 Pf :48
JamesKao, B. Pharm,MBA
Junwei Sun, M.S., MBA
Port Orchard Nutraceuticals
1800 Sidney Avenue l-203
Port Orchard,Washington 98366
Dear Mr. Kao and Mr. Sun:
This is to inform you that the notification you submittedpursuantto 21 U.S.C. 3SOb(a)(2)was
received and filed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on December9,2002. Your
notification concernsthe substances,Abies Webbiana2.1 l%, Adhatoda Vasica 10.30%,
Zingiber officinale 6.27%, Piper Longum 8.25%, Piper nigrum 4.07%, Cinnamomum
Zeyhnicum 1.OO%,AmmomumSubulatum1.OO%,andNisadal 1.OO%under the name
Asmakure, and HemidesmusIndicus (Anantamul) 100 mg, Ricinus communis(Shetverenda)
100 mg, Moringa Pterygosperma(Sajina) 100 mg, TinosporaCordifoha (Gulancha)125 mg,
and BoerhaaviaDifl5sa (R&a Punamaba)75 mg underthe namePanekurem that you assert
are new dietary hlgRdkltS.
The law at 21 U.S.C. 35Ob(a)(2)requiresthat a mantier
or distributor of a dietary
supplement that containsa new dietary ingredient submit certain information to FDA at least
75 daysbefore the dietary ingredientis introduced or deliveredfor introduction into interstate
commerce. This information must include the basison which the manufactureror distributor
has concludedthat a dietary supplementcontaining suchnew dietary ingredientwiIl
reasonablybe expectedto be safe. FDA reviews this information to determinewhether it
provides an adequatebasisfor such a conclusion. Under section 35Ob(a)(2),there must be a
history of use or other evidenceof safety establishingthat the dietary ingredient,when used
under the conditionsrecommendedor suggestedin the labelingof the dietary supplement,will
reasonablybe expectedto be safe. Jfthis requirementis not met, the new dietary ingredientis
deemedto be adulteratedunder 21 U.S.C. 342(f)(l)(B), becausethere is inadequate
information to provide reasonableassurancethat the new dietary ingredient does not presenta
significantor unreasonablerisk of ilhmssand injury.
Federalregulationsfound at 21 CFR 190.6 specify the requirementsfor a premarket
notification on a new dietary ingredient. The notification you sentus concerningthe dietary
supplementswith tradenamesPanekurem and Asmakuredoes not comply with the
requirementsof 21 CFR 190.6 and is incomplete. For exampleit fails to:
.
,
‘
Page2 - Messrs.Kao and Sun
l
l
provide copiesof the referencesto publishedinformation offered in support of the
notification which shallbe reprints or photostaticcopiesof suchreferences,also,if
any part of the materialsubmittedis in a foreign language,it shahbe accompaniedby
an accurateand completeEnglish translation;
sufficiently describePanekure~ and Asmakure(e.g., identify the Latin binomial
namesof the botanicals(herbalingredients)includingthe genus,species,and the
(author) and any other known relevantpropertiesof the botanicalingredient(s)and all
relevantpropertiesof the mineralingredientNrsdal,including its chemicalformula.
Accordingly, there is inadequateinformation in your notification for FDA to determine
whether there is an adequatebasisto concludethat the use of a dietary supplementthat
containsthe ingredientsidentif%din your notification will reasonablybe expectedto be safe.
Therefore,your product may be adulteratedunder 21 U.S.C. 342(f)(l)(B) as a dietary
supplementthat containsnew dietary ingredient(s)for which there is inadequateinformation to
provide reasonableassurancethat it does not presenta sign&ant or unreasonablerisk of
illnessor injury. Introduction of such products into interstatecommerceis prohibited under
21 U.S.C. 331(a) and (v).
Ifyou wish, you may sendus the required information and addressthe issuesidentified above
to correct the deficienciesin your current notification in the form of an amendmentin triplicate
(i.e., an original and two copies). However, in order to serveas an amendmentto the current
notification, the ir&ormationyou submit must be deliveredto this office by no later than
February22,2003, which is 75 days a&r the current notification’s filing date. We note that if
the requiredinformation is not receivedwithin the 75-daytimegame, your notification will be
filed in the FDA’s Docket ManagementBranch 90 daysfrom the ef&ctive filing date.
Another option is to sendus at any time a new notification, in triplicate, that is completeand
fblly complieswith 2 1 CFR 190.6. The date that we receivethe additional information for
either an amendedor new notication is consideredthe new Gling date. Pleaseindicate in the
cover letter ifit is an amendedor new notification.
Your notication will be kept confidential for 90 days from the date of the effective Sling date.
AfIer the go-dayperiod, your notification will be placed on public displayat FDA’s Docket
ManagementBranch in docket number 958-0316. Prior to the go-day period, you may wish to
identity in writing specificallywhat information you believeis proprietary in your current
notification for FDA’s consideration
Page 3 - Messrs. Kao and Sun
For your information, the following FDA Internet sitesandtheir correspondinglinks may be
usew:
h~://www.cfsan.fda.aov/~dms/su&nnt.html
httD://www.cfsan.fda.aov/~hd/fi97923e.ht (21 CFR 190.6)
pleasecontact me at (301) 436-2371,if you haveany questionsconcerningthis matter.
SusanJ. Walker, M.D.
Acting Division Director
Division of Dietary SupplementPrograms
and Compliance
Office of Nutritional Products,Labeling
andDietary Supplements
Centerfor Food Safety
and Applied Nutrition
Pm-MarketingNotice
Division of Standardsand Labeling Regulations
Office of Nutritional Products,Labeling, and Dietary [email protected])7 1 8 6
Centerfor Food Safetyand Applied Nutrition
Food and Drug Adminisbation
5100 Paint BranchParkway
College Park,MD, 20740-383
5
TelephoneNumber: (301) 436-2371
*fjj
fl::;~ 13
r i I4 8
Dear Director:
In accordanceto the requirementsof Section413(a)(2)(21 U.S.C. 350b) of the Federal
Food, Drug and CosmeticAct, XxXx if filing for pre-marketingnotice of new dietary
ingredientsin two Ayurvedic products(Asmakureand Panekure):
The new dietary ingredientsare:
Asmakure:
Abies Webbiina is a high altitudeherb found in the Himalayaswith a very high anti-asthmatic
1)
Property.
Adhatoda Vasica is a traditionallyprovenherbto combatbronchialdisorders.The principalsof
2)
this plant arealkaloidsvasicine(mw 188,Cl lH12N20), vasicinoneand vasicinolwhich areusedas
brochodialators.
Zingiber offkinale is a herbcontainingessentialoils like zingiberineandalpha-terpinone.These
3)
essentialoils havepotentanti-bacterialpropertieswhich reducethe acutenessof bronchialinfection.
Piper longum is anotherkind of traditionalherb whoseactive ingredient,monocyclic
4)
sesquiterpenes
hascounterirritant and analgesicpropertiesfor reducingmuscularpain and inflammation.
Previousresearchhas found this to be effective in bronchialspasmand inflammation.
Piper nigrum is a medicinalherbwhich enhancesanti-bacterialfunction andincreasesbio5)
availability of otherherbsusedin the formulation.
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum is the herbhaving depressant
action on centralnervoussystem(CNS)
6)
andthus, reducesstressinducedasthma.
Ammomum subulatum is the herbwhich providesa soothingeffect on bronchopharangial
7)
regionandhasa bronchosedativeaction.
Nisadal is a kind of white crystallinemineral substancewhich has mucolitic (i.e liquefyins effect
8)
on dry cough)andexpectorant(i.e expelsliquefiedcough)properties.
Panekure:
Hemidesmus Iudicus Musntamul~ :Recentresearcheshave proved exclusively that the active
1)
principles of this plant consist of an enzyme,an essentialoil and a saponin. Rutin has beenisolatedfrom
leaves. Detectionof hexatriacontane,
lupeol, its octa-cosanoate,
mp. 8 lo, a - amyrin, g - amyrin, its acetate
and sitosterolin roots by chromatography.
2)
Rlciaus Comma& Bhetverenda : Castor oil consists of the glycerides of ricinolcic,
isoricinoleic,stearicand dihydrov - stearicacids. Detectionof pahnitic (1.2), stearic(0.7), arachidic(0.3),
hexadecenoic(0.2), oleic (3.2), linoleic (3.4), linolenic (0.2), ricinoleic (89.4%)anddihydrostearicacids as
Me-estersin castoroil was doneby GLC. The plant yields about 1% ricinine. Lupeol and 30 - norlupan3 j3 - 01- 20-onehavebeenisolatedfrom the coat of castorbean. Seedcoat contained1SO - 1.62%lipids
andhigheramountsof phosphatidesandnon saponifiablematterthan seedkernel.
Morinna Pterv~osuerma (Saiinal : A reddish brown oil called ptergosperminwith strong
3)
antibiotic activity hasbeenchemicallyisolatedSromthis plans Aldotriouronicacid from acid hydrolysisof
gum has beencharacterisedas 0 - (p - D - glucopyranosyluronic
acid) (1 + 6) - p - D - galactopyranosyl
(1 + 6) - D - galactose. Presenceof asparticacid, glutamic acid, glycine, threonme,alanine,valine,
leucine, isoleucine,histidine, lysine, arginine,phenylalarine,tryptophan, cysteine and methioninehave
been detectedin leaves. Alanine, arginine, glycine, serine,threonine,valine, glutamic and aspartic acids
have been detectedin flowers and &tits; lysine in flowers, sucroseand glucosein flowers and sucrosein
fkuits. 4-hydroxy-mellein, vanillin, octacosanoicacid, 8 - sitosterol and g - sitostenonehave been isolated
from stems.
Tinomora Cordifolia (Gulancha) : Chemical analysis revealed that the plant contained an
4)
alkaloid, glycosidesand sterol. An unidentified compound,mp. 114’, an amorphouscompound,mp. 90°, a
physiologically active unidentified compound,mp. 115”,a sterol, mp. 134’and a fatty acid, mp. 84’, have
been isolated from the plant. Al diterpenoid of columbin type - tinosporin (O-02%),mp. 184”and
tinosporidemp. 236“and cordifolide, mp. 176”have also beenisolatedfrom the plant. Tinosporidineand S
- sifosterol have beenisolated from stems;and cordifol, heptacosanoland octacosanolfrom leaves. A new
tkranoid diterpene- tinosporidehasbeenisolatedfrom stems.
Boerhaavia Diffusa (Rakta Punamabal : Chemical analysisrevealsthe presenceof an alkaloid
5)
and an oily mass. Sulphates,chloridesand tracesof nitrates and chloratesare obtainedfrom the ash. Ash
(11.8), Ca (1.2) and K 2.3%), presenceof alkaloids, free and combinedamino acids have been determined
in aerial parts of the plant. Boerhaavicacid, low tannins, phlobaphenes,reducing sugars(glucose), and
0.01% of a crystalline base named punamavinewere also isolated. Hexa-triacontane,p - sitosterol and
ursolic acid have been isolated from roots, a polysaccharidewas isolated which on hydrolysis yielded
glucose, xylose, glucuronic acid, galactose,L - avabinoseand L - rhamnose;a glycoprotein with a
molecularweight of 16,000- 20,000daltonswas isolatedfrom roots.
All the relevant in vivo and clinical information is enclosed.Thesenew dietary
ingredients will not be marketed in the US for 75 days after your expectedreceipt of this
Notice
//
Port Orchard Nutraceuticals
1800 Sidney Ave l-203
Port Orchard, WA
98366
HERBiCURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
PANEKURETM
(A herbal research medicine)
Each Capsule Contents
:
Hemidesmus indicus
Recinus communis
Moringa pterygosperma
Tinospora cordifolia
Boemaavia diffusa
Exepient (filler)
Indication
100 mg;
100 mg;
100 mg;
125 mg;
75 mg;
QS
:
Oesteoarthritis,
synositis.
pain,
inflammation,
ankylosis,
cervical
spondylosis,
arthralgia,
myalgia,
1)
Panekure inhibits prostaglandians synthesis by COX2 inhibition.
2)
Panekure does not induced gastric or intestinal ulceration. Moreover, it promotes
secretion of cytoprotective mucus in the intestine and prevents mucosal damage.
3)
4)
Panekure has no damaging effect on kidneys.
5)
Panekure is non-toxic and a very safe herbal medicine treatment by Panekure may be
safely continued for any length of time.
Dose :
1 - 2 capsule thrice a day or as directed by the physician.
Properties
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
2)
3)
4)
5)
:
Hemidesmus indicus possesses a very good anti-inflammatory properties (Ref.1).
Ricinus communist has pain cure activity (Ref. 2).
Moringa pterygosperum is useful in fever and pain (Ref. 3).
Tinospora cordifolia is used as anti-inflammatory agents (Ref. 4).
Boemaavia diffusa is useful in controlling pain and inflammation (Ref. 5).
References
1)
of Ingredients
:
Indigenous Drugs of India 2”d ed. 1982, Academic Publisers, p.188.
Ibid, p.236.
Ibid, p.364.
Ibid, p.426
Ibid, p.494
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory:
Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
TOXICOLOGICAL DATA OF PANEKURE
IN S - D RATS IN P. 0. ROUTE FOR 6 WEEKS
Route P. 0. (Per OS1
For 6 Weeks
Parameters
SI.
No.
I
A.
Haematological
( )
(i)
(3)
Erythrocyte Value of Rat (million I dl)
Hemoglobin (gm I 100 ml)
Plateles : Thousands/d1 of blood
B.
I
I
Normal
(Saline Control)
Treated
(Panekure)
8.9 (7.2 - 9.6)
14.8 (12.0 - 17.5)
1240 (1100 - 1380)
8.8 (7.3 - 9.5)
14.7 (12.1 - 17.4)
1200 (1050 - 1240)
Test :
Liver Function Test :
I
I
I
I
I
(1)
Cholesterol (mg/lOO ml blood)
127.5 f 2.0
120.5 f 1.9
(2)
Bilirubin Total (mg/lOO ml blood)
0.48 f 0.1
0.49 f 0.2
(3)
SGOT Unit/ml Serum
89.4 f 3.0
90.2 f 4.0
(4)
SGPT Unit/ml Serum
33.2 f 1.9
35.5 f 1.8
C.
Kidney Function Test :
(1)
(2)
Creatinine Clearance ml/min
Urea Clearance ml/min/m2
10.1 (6.3 - 15.2)
14.4 (3 - 28)
11.2 (7.5 - 16.0)
15.5 (4 - 29)
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIM ITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
I
TA
r
Control
Plant Extract
100 [email protected]/day
S.C.(PCO.01)
lndamethacin
5 [email protected]
S.C.(PeO.01)
Phenylbuazone
100 mg/Kg/day
S.C.(P~O.01)
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
70
60
50
,?; 40
E
r
ti
ijj
330
20
10
cl
Plant Extract 100 mg/KgIday i.p.
HERBKURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
Effect
Aspirrn
of ptmt extract
of PANEKURE
and
(ref. standard)
on right hind paw of
adjutant
induced arthritis
rats.
1.4
0.6
control
Plant Exbac3 60
[email protected] i.p.
(PCO.01)
Aspirin 100
n-g/Kg/day i.p.
(PcO.01)
.
I
,
1
.
.
.
0
‘
HERBICURE PRlVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
A BRIEF ON ASMAKURE
anti-asthmatic herbal medicine, called Asmakure, has been developed by the
Department ofPharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University after a prolonged and rigorous
R&D spanning more than 7 years. During the research work, very large base of pre-clinical
studies and post-clinical observations were carried out to reveal non-toxic effect of the
medicine with high therapeutic value in asthmatic disorder.
Herbicure’s
A collaborative effort between Herbicure and Jadavpur University has brought an amazing
ayurvedic medicine, called Asmakure, under Indian School of Medicine (ISM), which aims at
permanent relief of the patients from the agony of asthma.
Compositions:
As far as the formulation of the medicine is concerned, Asmakure is very different from those
of other prevalent ayurvedic medicines. While the similarity generally found between
Asmakure and the others is only Adhatoda Vasica, other ingredients in Asmakure are
completely different. Asmakure is composed of eight established herbs which all have unique
e
multi-dimensional therapeutic values as follows :
1. Abies Webbiuna is a high altitude herb found in the most difficult terrains of Himalayas
with a very high anti-asthmatic property. Herbicure has permanent arrangement for
uninterrupted supply of this most potent herb from Himalayas.
2. Adhatodu Vusicu is traditionally proven herb to combat bronchial disorders. The
principals of plant are alkaloids vasicine (mw 188, Cii Hi2 N~o), vasicinone and
vasicinol which are used as brochodialators.
3. Zingiber o_f)%cinuleis a herb containing essential oils like zingiberine and alphaterpinone. These essential oils have potent anti-bacterial properties which reduce the
acuteness of bronchial infection.
4. Piper longum is another kind of traditional herb whose active ingredient, monocyclic
sesquiterpenes has counter irritant and analgesic properties for reducing muscular pain
and inflammation. Thus, found in research most effective in bronchial spasm and
inflammation.
5. Piper nigrum is a medicinal herb which enhances anti-bacterial function and increases
bio-availability of other herbs used in the formulation.
:
0
.’
6. Cinnamomum Zeylanicum is the herb having depressant action on central nervous
system (CNS) and thus, reduces stress induced asthma.
7. Ammomum subulatum is the herb which provides soothing edict
pharangial region and has a broncho sedative action.
on broncho
8. Nisadal is a kind of white crystalline mineral substance which has mucolitic (i.e
IequifLing effect on dry cough) and expectorant (i.e. expels lequified cough) properties.
Formulations
Research has revealed that most of the medicinal plants have a tendency to hydrolise in
presence of water which reduces the therapeutic efficacy. While some ayurvedic medicine is
formulated in syrup form (water base), Asmakure is formulated in dry-dry powder form
keeping moisture content less than 4% to avoid any possible hydrolysis and thus, to increase its
shelf life. In liquid base, synthetic preservative is generally used to avoid microbial growth and
all these synthetic preservatives are prone to toxicity leading to asthmatic attack. But in
Asmakure, there is no use of any preservative or synthetic additive and has been kept in natural
form.
Further, any pH shift can precipitate out some active ingredients from the syrup base, which is
ruled out in Asmakure for its dry-dry powder form.
Mode of Action of Asmakure vis-bvis other urevalent anti-asthmatic avurvedic
medicines
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airway. Mast Cells are releasing various
inflammatory mediators like prosta-glandins, leukotrienes, cytokine and histamines. All are
broncho-constrictors and released due to disintegration of mast cell. While the prevalent herbal
medicines aim at only single mediator called leukotrienes, Asmakure covers all mediators
which act as broncho-constrictors and it mainly performs as mast cell stabilizer and thus,
prevents the release of inflammatory mediators which lead to various kinds of asthmatic attack.
Asmakure, thus, has approached the root of the asthmatic disorder and aims at permanent
protection.
Apart from the above, Asmakure has a strong anti-bacterial mucolytic and expectorant action
and thus, offering a complete package of relief to asthmatic patients and even those suffering
from common cold and cough, and bronchitis.
Steu down armroach
Asmakure has been designed in such a way so as to ensure assured result with sustained use of
the prescribed dosage which brings down even the steroid taking patients to the level of normal
breathing and tranquility. Regular use of Asmakure along with pure honey at least for a period
of six months also provides immunity to the asthmatic patients.
Clinical Trial
The clinical trial of Asmakure was carried out by the State Ayurvedic Medical College &
Hospital. The drug was administered orally among 32 patients (age between 12-55 years of
either sex, male 20 and female 12) for consecutive 28 days. The report concludes “clinical
results revealed that most of the patients who were suflering j-om bronchial asthma, and
chronic dry cough, got relief from asthma complications due to Ayurvedic drug, Talishadiherbi (Asmakure). The patients ’compliance of the drug was satisfactory and it can be strongly
recommended that the drug can be vev usefirl in asthmatic management. ”
Patent of Asmakure
Keeping in view the inventions made towards the process management of the various extracts
of active ingredients of the herbs used in the formulation of Asmakure and the exclusivity of
Abbies Webbiana, in particular, Herbicure has applied for domestic as well as international
patent of the product.
****************************************
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory:
Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
Annexure - I
PRODUCT DATA SHEET
Presentation
Dry-Dry Powder in IOOgm bottle.
Uses- Effective against allergic Bronchitis and Asthma. Also brings relief in common
cold and persistent cough.
Doses- l-2 tsf twice daily.
Administration-
Administration through P-0. along with honey.
Contra-indication
: Nil
Use in pregnancy and lactation: Not yet established.
Sideeffects:
‘No known side effect.
Precaution: Sudden withdrawal of any existing medication (anti asthmatic) is advised
against.
Warning: Not found.
Absorption:
Good.
Fate: Metabolism, partly through first by pass.
Distribution:
Apparent volume distribution (vd) is moderate.
Metabolism:
Mainly by liver cells.
Excretion:
Elimination:
Entrance excretion through high pH (alkaline) urine.
Related with urinal pH.
Package Quantity: 60 bottles (each of 100 gm) in a single carton.
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factoory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
Annexure
TECHNICAL
a)
- II
DATA
Acute test (single dose). Test in which single doses of the drug are used on each
animal on one occasion only for determination of LDsOor Median Lethal Dose (MLD),
i.e. the dose which will kill 50% of the animals of a particular species. LDsOvalue is
determined in a 24 hour test using two species (mice or rats) and one non rodent
(usually rabbits).
Acute toxicity studies of ASMAKURE in animals studies revealed:
0
Even a very high dose in animal by p.o. route did not produce any mortality in
rats and or rabbits. So, there is no question of LDSOvalue determination.
Behavioral patterns (like motor activity, CNs stimula dep.) wet?? also
unaffected due to Asmakure.
Subacute test (daily dose): Tests in which animals (usually rats) are given dose daily starting
at around expected therapeutic level and increasing stepwise every two to three days until
toxic signs are observed. Hematological and biochemical monitoring are carried out. After 24 weeks pathological and histological examination are dose after killings the animals.
Subacute toxicity studies of ASMAKURE in rats for 4 weeks revealed:
1)
Dose in oral route (P.O.) was well tolerated by the animals for continuous 4
weeks treatment.
2)
There were no haematological abnormalities in animal due to ASMAKURE
treatment. Hb, WBC, RBC were unchanged and there was no depression of
bone marrow due to the herbal medicines.
3)
Liver function tests were also unaltered due to Asmakum SGOT SGPT.
Bilirubin level of treated rats were within limit after subacute treatment with
Asmakure. Histological findings confirmed about unaltered liver cells
architecture.
W
Mutagenicity studies revealed that the herbal drug ASMAKURE is totally free from
any mutagenic effect.
cl
If the drug is to be used in women of child- bearing age, its effect on fertility as well
as its teratogenic potential must be investigated. Asmakure was tested on pregnant
rats extensively for conformation of its safety in women of child-bearing age.
However, we have not performed the clinical test on human subject to find say the
drugs safety in pregnancy.
d)
Other find toxicological .studies, like kidney function tests also confirm the drug’s
safety.
‘.
.’
0
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
Annexure
- III
PHARMACOLOGICAL
1)
DATA
Human Pharmacokinetic and metabolism.
4
The drug is acidic in nature. So its ionization in gastric pH is less (low pk
value). The drugs absorption of gastric region is very high.
b)
Oral absorption is very good and bio availability is also good.
cl
Apparent volume distribution(Vd) is moderate.
4
Half life(t %) : lo-12 hrs.
e)
Biotransformation: Through hepatic enzyme.
9
Heptic/renaI failure: Dose should be adjusted in hepatic or renal failure
patients.
9)
Au: Elimination of drug in alkaline urine (high pH) is high.
2)
Studies mainly done on mast cell stabilization and bronchodilatation activity in animal
to establish the drug’s anti-asthmatic value.
3)
Secondary pharmacological action like mucolytic and expectoration
drug has confirmed its action as mucolytic expectorant.
4)
Drug Interaction Studies: There was no such drug interactions found with modem
antiasthmatic drugs.
action of the
HERBICURE PRWATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
ANNEXURE- Iv
TECHNOLOGICALDATA - ‘A’
COMPOSITIONFORMULAOF ASMAKURE
INGREDIANTS
Sl#
% COMPOSITION
1
ABIES WEBBIANA(TALISHPATRA)
2.11
2
ADHA TODA VASICA (VASAK)
10.30
3
CINNAMOMUMZEYLANICUM(DARUCHINI)
1.00
4
AMMOMUMSUBULATUM(BARA ELAICHI)
1.oo
5
PIPERNIGRUM(GOLMORICH)
4.07
6
PIPERLONGUM(PIPUL)
8.25
7
ZINGIBEROFFICINABLE(ADA)
6.27
8
NISADAL
1.oo
9
SUGAR
66.00
HERKURE
PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
ANNEXURE- 1v
TECHNOLOGICALDATA - ‘B’
MANUFACTURING INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASMAKURE PRODUCTION
RAW MATERIALS
WEIGHINGOF
’ EXTRACT& HERBAL
POWDER
GRINDINGOF
MISHRI& HERBS
1
QUALITYCHECK
1
HERBICURE P RlVATE LIMITED
Factory
: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
ANNEXURE- IV
TECHNOLOGICALDATA - ‘C’
CONTROLDATA FORTHE ACTNE CONSTITUENTS
OF ASMAKURE
ACTIVECONSTITUENTS
SI#
REMARKS
ALKALOIDS
01
02
VASICINE
0
ii)
PIPERINE
iii)
PIPERLONGUMINE
iv)
PIPERLONGUMININE
VOLATILEOILS
0
ii)
EUGENOL
CINEOLEZINGIBEROLE
PRESENTWITHINLIMIT
PRESENTWITHINLIMIT
03
ESSENTIALOILS
PRESENTWITHINLIMIT
04
TERPENES
PRESENTWITHINLIMIT
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIM ITED
Factory
: Metro Garden Cii,
Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
ANNEXURE-IV
TECHNOLOGICALDATA - ‘II’
CONTROLDATA FORFINISHEDPRODUCT(ASMAKURQ
TOTALWEIGHTOF THE SAMPLE
01
NLT 100 GM.
02
MESH ilZE
99% THROUGH20 #
03
SOLUBILITY( IN WATER)
NLT 69%
04
pH OF ASMAKURESOLUTION
10% (W/V)SOLUTIONIN WATER
20% (W/V)SOLUTIONIN WATER
30% (W/V)SOLUTIONIN WATER
1% (Wnl) SOLUTIONIN WATER
4.0 TO 4.8
4.0 TO 4.8
4.0 TO 4.8
4.0 TO 6.0
05
MICROBIALCOUNT
10000CFUIGM.
06
TEXTURE
COARSEPOWDER
07
COLOUR
LIGHTBROWN
08
TASTE
SWEETISH,PUNGENT,HEATING
09
ODOUR
SWEETPUNGENT
10
L.O.D.(%W/W AT 105oC)
NMT5%
11
BULK DENSITY
NLT 0.75 GMICC.
12
REFERENCE
AYURVEDICPHARMACOPEIA
AiD
INDIANPHARMACOPEIA
i)
ii)
iil)
V
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory
: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
ASMAKURE
ANNEXURE- N
TECHNOLOGICALDATA - ‘E’
STABILITYDATA AND PROPOSEDSHELF-LIFEOF FINISHEDPRODUCT(ASh’lAKURE)
THE STABILITYSTUDIESOF THE DRUGWAS CARRIEDOUT AT THE THREETEMPERATURESNAMELY
37oC,40°C & 5O“CAND IT WAS FOUNDTO BE STABLE.
THE SHELFLIFEOF THE DRUGHAS BEEN PROPOSEDTO BE THREEYEARSFROMTHE DATEOF
MANUFACTURING
AS MENTIONEDIN THE LABEL.
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory : Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
Annexure
-V
CLINICAL DATA **
(Reference
4
No.JBR/PS-1 g/2001 Dt: 19/02/2001)
Phase I Clinical Trial Report :
The drug (Asmakure) was administered orally to a number of patients(Age between 12-55
years of either sex, male 20, female 12) who were suffering from asthma, in the done range
of l-2 teaspoonful twice daily (B.D.) with honey for 28 days consecutively day.
Clinical trial revealed that, most of the patients who were suffering from bronchial asthma,
and chronic dry cough (non productive cough) got relief from asthma complication due to
this Ayurvedic drug. In most of the cases, it has been found that the drug has a definite
expectorant action.
The patients compliance of the drug was satisfactory and it can be strongly recommended
that Asmakure can be very useful in asthma management.
b)
Phase II Clinical trial :
Not done.
cl
No side effect /adverse reactions was found in human subject who received the drug
for 28 days consecutively.
d)
Report on clinical and pharmacological studies are in process for publication
Name 8 Address of the Investigator
:
Dr. Gopal Chandra Sengupta
Principal - Superintendent
J. B. Roy State Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital
Kolkata, West Bengal
** As per recent guidelines of WHO, the Ayurvedic medicines require less stringent Clinical Trials
to go throughsince these medicines are based on time-tested traditional practice spread over a
long periodof time.
,
:
0
HERBKURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
Table-l
EEfectof AsmuakureondifEereutsymptomsandSiguSofAsthma
Present before
After treatment
Table-II
Svrirumetry
Parameters
Study
Report
of Asmakure
Treatment
Asmakure Trea$d Group
Treatment
with placebo
1”Week
2”d Week
4’h Week
8’”Week
FEV(L)
1.44 + 0.02
1.50 2 0.01
1.75 f 0.01
1.95 * 0.02
2.10 f 0.01
P value
=-0.5
> 0.05
>0.5
>0.5
>0.5
4.23 ZIZ0.01
4.44 f 0.09
5.5 f 0.1
5.6 f 0.01
5.7 f 0.02
Lung Volume
IC 04
I <0.001
I
< 0.001
I
< 0.001
I
< 0.001
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
Table-Ill
Treatment with Asmakure
2ndWeek
4thweek
Treatment with placebo
I” Week
8" week
25.0 + 1.9
21.07*~1.2
18.72" kO.01
18.52* kO.02
17.97**0.05
Pvalues
< 0.05
c 0.001
c 0.05
< 0.001
Table-IV
Treatment with placebo
1” Week
Treatment with Asmakure
2ndWeek
4"1week
1230+:10.50
1570 It 9.3
1680*11.5
Pvalues
c 0.001
< 0.001
193Okl3.2
c 0.001
8" week
2100 zk7.3
c 0.001
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
PrickTest
(SkinTestingwithdiBerent
to the Patiemts received
AUergens
Asmaknre)
Treatmentwith Asmakure
Rabbit (furs)
*
+t
Ship wool
(fabric)
+I-
+I-
+
hlg
+I-
Milk
+
+
+
Grass (pollen)
-I+
+t
.
.
2’
0
HERBICURE PRIVATE LIMITED
Factory: Metro Garden City, Pailan, 24 PGS(S)
BiochemkalChangestothePatientswho
received A smakurefor
8 Weeks Continno8aslr
Treatment with placebo
(No. of Patients 10)
Treatment with Asmakure
(No. of Patients 30)
Haemoglobin
12 + 4 gm/dl.*
13 + 2 gm/dl.*
Red cell count
4.3 +0.1x 106/ul*
4.5 f 0.2x 1061ul^
MCHC
30 f 9%”
33 f 8%*
Eosinophil
13 k 0.1%
6 f O.Ol%**
ESR
22 f 1 mrn/hr.
20 +: 2 mrrvhr.
Glucose tolerance
175 + 5 mg/lOO ml
175 f 7 mg/lOO ml+*
0.1 2 0.2 mgldl.
0.1 * 3 mgldl.”
6.0 f 1 gm/dl.
6.1 f 9 gm/dl.*
14 f 4 units/ml.
12 + 3 units/ml.*
20 f 4 units/ml
19 + 8 units/ml.*
80 f 8 umol/l
78 f 4 umol/l*
40 A 7 umolll
38 f 4 umolll”
Parameters
Hematolonical
Liver Function Test
Bilinrbin (Total)
Protein (Total)
SGOT
SGPT
Kidnsv Function Test
Creatinine
Creatine
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