Graph the function

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```4-4 Graphing Functions
Warm Up
Solve each equation for y.
1. 2x + y = 3 y = –2x + 3
2. –x + 3y = –6
3. 4x – 2y = 8 y = 2x – 4
4. Generate ordered pairs for
using x = –4, –2, 0, 2 and 4.
(–4, –1), (–2, 0), (0, 1), (2, 2), (4, 3)
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Objectives
Graph functions given a limited domain.
Graph functions given a domain of all real
numbers.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 1A: Graphing Functions Given a Domain
Graph the function for the given domain.
x – 3y = –6; D: {–3, 0, 3, 6}
Step 1 Solve for y since you are given values of the
domain, or x.
x – 3y = –6
–x
–x
Subtract x from both sides.
–3y = –x – 6
Since y is multiplied by –3, divide
both sides by –3.
Simplify.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 1A Continued
Graph the function for the given domain.
Step 2 Substitute the given value of the domain
for x and find values of y.
x
(x, y)
–3
(–3, 1)
0
(0, 2)
3
(3, 3)
6
(6, 4)
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 1A Continued
Graph the function for the given domain.
Step 3 Graph the ordered pairs.
y
•
•
•
•
Holt Algebra 1
x
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 1B: Graphing Functions Given a Domain
Graph the function for the given domain.
f(x) = x2 – 3; D: {–2, –1, 0, 1, 2}
Step 1 Use the given values of the domain to find
values of f(x).
Holt Algebra 1
x
f(x) = x2 – 3
(x, f(x))
–2
f(x) = (–2)2 – 3 = 1
(–2, 1)
–1
f(x) = (–1)2 – 3 = –2
(–1, –2)
0
f(x) = 02 – 3 = –3
(0, –3)
1
f(x) = 12 – 3 = –2
(1, –2)
2
f(x) = 22 – 3 = 1
(2, 1)
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 1B Continued
Graph the function for the given domain.
f(x) = x2 – 3; D: {–2, –1, 0, 1, 2}
Step 2 Graph the ordered pairs.
y
•
•
•
•
•
Holt Algebra 1
x
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 1a
Graph the function for the given domain.
–2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4}
Step 1 Solve for y since you are given values
of the domain, or x.
–2x + y = 3
+2x
Holt Algebra 1
+2x
y = 2x + 3
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 1a Continued
Graph the function for the given domain.
–2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4}
Step 2 Substitute the given values of the
domain for x and find values of y.
x
Holt Algebra 1
y = 2x + 3
(x, y)
–5 y = 2(–5) + 3 = –7
(–5, –7)
–3 y = 2(–3) + 3 = –3
(–3, –3)
1 y = 2(1) + 3 = 5
(1, 5)
4
(4, 11)
y = 2(4) + 3 = 11
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 1a Continued
Graph the function for the given domain.
–2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4}
Step 3 Graph the ordered pairs.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 1b
Graph the function for the given domain.
f(x) = x2 + 2; D: {–3, –1, 0, 1, 3}
Step 1 Use the given values of the domain to
find the values of f(x).
x
Holt Algebra 1
f(x) = x2 + 2
(x, f(x))
–3
f(x) = (–32) + 2= 11 (–3, 11)
–1
f(x) = (–12 ) + 2= 3
(–1, 3)
0
f(x) = 02 + 2= 2
(0, 2)
1
f(x) = 12 + 2=3
(1, 3)
3
f(x) = 32 + 2=11
(3, 11)
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 1b
Graph the function for the given domain.
f(x) = x2 + 2; D: {–3, –1, 0, 1, 3}
Step 2 Graph the ordered pairs.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
If the domain of a function is all real
numbers, any number can be used as
an input value. This process will
produce an infinite number of ordered
pairs that satisfy the function.
both “ends” of a smooth line or curve
to represent the infinite number of
ordered pairs. If a domain is not given,
assume that the domain is all real
numbers.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Graphing Functions Using a
Domain of All Real Numbers
Step 1
Use the function to generate ordered
pairs by choosing several values for x.
Step 2
Plot enough points to see a pattern for
the graph.
Step 3
Connect the points with a line or
smooth curve.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2A: Graphing Functions
Graph the function –3x + 2 = y.
Step 1 Choose several values of x and
generate ordered pairs.
x
–3x + 2 = y
(x, y)
–2
–3(–2) + 2 = 8
(–2, 8)
–1
–3(–1) + 2 = 5
(–1, 5)
0
–3(0) + 2 = 2
(0, 2)
1
–3(1) + 2 = –1
(1, –1)
2
–3(2) + 2 = –4
(2, –4)
3
–3(3) + 2 = –7
(3, –7)
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2A Continued
Graph the function –3x + 2 = y.
Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2A Continued
Graph the function –3x + 2 = y.
Step 3 The ordered pairs
appear to form a line.
Draw a line through all
the points to show all
the ordered pairs that
satisfy the function.
both “ends” of the line.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2B: Graphing Functions
Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2.
Step 1 Choose several values of x and
generate ordered pairs.
Holt Algebra 1
x
g(x) = |x| + 2
(x, g(x))
–2
g(x) = |–2| + 2= 4
(–2, 4)
–1
g(x) = |–1| + 2= 3
(–1, 3)
0
g(x) = |0| + 2= 2
(0, 2)
1
g(x) = |1| + 2= 3
(1, 3)
2
g(x) = |2| + 2= 4
(2, 4)
3
g(x) = |3| + 2= 5
(3, 5)
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2B Continued
Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2.
Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2B Continued
Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2.
Step 3 The ordered pairs
appear to form a v-shape.
Draw lines through all the
points to show all the
ordered pairs that satisfy
the function. Draw
of the “v”.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 2B Continued
Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2.
Check If the graph is correct, any point on it
should satisfy the function. Choose an ordered pair
on the graph that was not in your table. (4, 6) is on
the graph. Check whether it satisfies g(x)= |x| + 2.
g(x) = |x| + 2
6
6
6
Holt Algebra 1
|4| + 2
4+2
6 
Substitute the values for x and y
into the function. Simplify.
The ordered pair (4, 6) satisfies
the function.
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2a
Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2.
Step 1 Choose several values of x and
generate ordered pairs.
x
f(x) = 3x – 2
–2
f(x) = 3(–2) – 2 = –8
(x, f(x))
(–2, –8)
–1
f(x) = 3(–1) – 2 = –5
(–1, –5)
0
1
f(x) = 3(0) – 2 = –2
(0, –2)
f(x) = 3(1) – 2 = 1
(1, 1)
2
f(x) = 3(2) – 2 = 4
f(x) = 3(3) – 2 = 7
(2, 4)
3
Holt Algebra 1
(3, 7)
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2a Continued
Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2.
Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2a Continued
Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2.
Step 3 The ordered
pairs appear to form a
line. Draw a line
through all the points to
show all the ordered
pairs that satisfy the
function. Draw
“ends” of the line.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2b
Graph the function y = |x – 1|.
Step 1 Choose several values of x and
generate ordered pairs.
x
y = |x – 1|
(x, y)
–2
y = |–2 – 1| = 3
(–2, 3)
–1
y = |–1 – 1| = 2
(–1, 2)
0
y = |0 – 1| = 1
(0, 1)
1
y = |1 – 1| = 0
(1, 0)
2
y = |2 – 1| = 1
(2, 1)
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2b Continued
Graph the function y = |x – 1|.
Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2b Continued
Graph the function y = |x – 1|.
Step 3 The ordered
pairs appear to form a
V-shape. Draw a line
through the points to
show all the ordered
pairs that satisfy the
function. Draw
“ends” of the “V”..
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 2b Continued
Graph the function y = |x – 1|.
Check If the graph is correct, any point on the
graph should satisfy the function. Choose an
ordered pair on the graph that is not in your table.
(3, 2) is on the graph. Check whether it satisfies y
= |x − 1|.
y = |x – 1|
2
2
2
Holt Algebra 1
|3 – 1|
|2|
2 
Substitute the values for x and y
into the function. Simplify.
The ordered pair (3, 2) satisfies
the function.
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 3: Finding Values Using Graphs
Use a graph of the function
to find the value of f(x) when x = –4.
Locate –4 on the x-axis.
Move up to the graph of
the function. Then move
right to the y-axis to find
the corresponding value
of y.
f(–4) = 6
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 3 Continued
Use a graph of the function
to find the value of f(x) when x = –4.
f(–4) = 6
Check Use substitution.
Substitute the values for x and y into
the function.
6
6
6
Holt Algebra 1
2+4
6
Simplify.
The ordered pair (–4, 6) satisfies
the function.
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 3
Use the graph of
to find the value
Locate 3 on the y-axis.
Move right to the graph of
the function. Then move
down to the x-axis to find
the corresponding value
of x.
f(3) = 3
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 3 Continued
Use the graph of
to find the value
f(3) = 3
Check Use substitution.
Substitute the values for x and y into
the function.
3
3
3
Holt Algebra 1
1+2
3 
Simplify.
The ordered pair (3, 3) satisfies
the function.
4-4 Graphing Functions
Recall that in real-world situations you may
have to limit the domain to make answers
reasonable. For example, quantities such as
time, distance, and number of people can be
represented using only nonnegative values.
When both the domain and the range are
limited to nonnegative values, the function is
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4: Problem-Solving Application
A mouse can run 3.5 meters per second.
The function y = 3.5x describes the
distance in meters the mouse can run in x
seconds. Graph the function. Use the
graph to estimate how many meters a
mouse can run in 2.5 seconds.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4 Continued
1
Understand the Problem
The answer is a graph that can be used
to find the value of y when x is 2.5.
List the important information:
• The function y = 3.5x describes how
many meters the mouse can run.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4 Continued
2
Make a Plan
Think: What values should I use to graph
this function? Both the number of seconds
the mouse runs and the distance the mouse
runs cannot be negative. Use only
nonnegative values for both the domain and
the range. The function will be graphed in
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4 Continued
3
Solve
Choose several nonnegative values of x to find
values of y.
x
y = 3.5x
(x, y)
0
y = 3.5(0) = 0
(0, 0)
1
y = 3.5(1) = 3.5
(1, 3.5)
2
y = 3.5(2) = 7
(2, 7)
3
y = 3.5(3) = 10.5
(3, 10.5)
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4 Continued
3
Solve
Graph the ordered pairs.
Draw a line through the
points to show all the
ordered pairs that satisfy
this function.
Use the graph to estimate
the y-value when x is 2.5.
8.75 meters in 2.5
seconds.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Example 4 Continued
4
Look Back
As time increases, the distance traveled also
increases, so the graph is reasonable. When
x is between 2 and 3, y is between 7 and
10.5. Since 2.5 is between 2 and 3, it is
reasonable to estimate y to be 8.75 when x
is 2.5.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4
The fastest recorded Hawaiian lava flow
moved at an average speed of 6 miles
per hour. The function y = 6x describes
the distance y the lava moved on
average in x hours. Graph the function.
Use the graph to estimate how many
miles the lava moved after 5.5 hours.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4 Continued
1
Understand the Problem
The answer is a graph that can be used
to find the value of y when x is 5.5.
List the important information:
• The function y = 6x describes how many
miles the lava can flow.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4 Continued
2
Make a Plan
Think: What values should I use to graph
this function? Both the speed of the lava and
the number of hours it flows cannot be
negative. Use only nonnegative values for
both the domain and the range. The function
will be graphed in Quadrant I.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4 Continued
3
Solve
Choose several nonnegative values of x to find
values of y.
Holt Algebra 1
x
y = 6x
(x, y)
1
y = 6(1) = 6
3
y = 6(3) = 18
(3, 18)
5
y = 6(5) = 30
(5, 30)
(1, 6)
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4 Continued
3 Solve
Graph the ordered pairs.
Draw a line through the
points to show all the
ordered pairs that satisfy
this function.
Use the graph to estimate
the y-value when x is 5.5.
The lava will travel
5.5 seconds.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Check It Out! Example 4 Continued
4
Look Back
As the amount of time increases, the
distance traveled by the lava also
increases, so the graph is reasonable.
When x is between 5 and 6, y is between
30 and 36. Since 5.5 is between 5 and 6,
it is reasonable to estimate y to be 32.5
when x is 5.5.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Lesson Quiz: Part I
1. Graph the function for the given domain.
3x + y = 4
D: {–1, 0, 1, 2}
2. Graph the function y = |x + 3|.
Holt Algebra 1
4-4 Graphing Functions
Lesson Quiz: Part II
3. The function y = 3x
describes the
distance (in inches)
a giant tortoise
walks in x seconds.
Graph the function.
Use the graph to
estimate how many
inches the tortoise
will walk in 5.5
seconds.