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4-4 Graphing Functions Warm Up Solve each equation for y. 1. 2x + y = 3 y = –2x + 3 2. –x + 3y = –6 3. 4x – 2y = 8 y = 2x – 4 4. Generate ordered pairs for using x = –4, –2, 0, 2 and 4. (–4, –1), (–2, 0), (0, 1), (2, 2), (4, 3) Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Objectives Graph functions given a limited domain. Graph functions given a domain of all real numbers. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 1A: Graphing Functions Given a Domain Graph the function for the given domain. x – 3y = –6; D: {–3, 0, 3, 6} Step 1 Solve for y since you are given values of the domain, or x. x – 3y = –6 –x –x Subtract x from both sides. –3y = –x – 6 Since y is multiplied by –3, divide both sides by –3. Simplify. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 1A Continued Graph the function for the given domain. Step 2 Substitute the given value of the domain for x and find values of y. x (x, y) –3 (–3, 1) 0 (0, 2) 3 (3, 3) 6 (6, 4) Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 1A Continued Graph the function for the given domain. Step 3 Graph the ordered pairs. y • • • • Holt Algebra 1 x 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 1B: Graphing Functions Given a Domain Graph the function for the given domain. f(x) = x2 – 3; D: {–2, –1, 0, 1, 2} Step 1 Use the given values of the domain to find values of f(x). Holt Algebra 1 x f(x) = x2 – 3 (x, f(x)) –2 f(x) = (–2)2 – 3 = 1 (–2, 1) –1 f(x) = (–1)2 – 3 = –2 (–1, –2) 0 f(x) = 02 – 3 = –3 (0, –3) 1 f(x) = 12 – 3 = –2 (1, –2) 2 f(x) = 22 – 3 = 1 (2, 1) 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 1B Continued Graph the function for the given domain. f(x) = x2 – 3; D: {–2, –1, 0, 1, 2} Step 2 Graph the ordered pairs. y • • • • • Holt Algebra 1 x 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 1a Graph the function for the given domain. –2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4} Step 1 Solve for y since you are given values of the domain, or x. –2x + y = 3 +2x Holt Algebra 1 +2x y = 2x + 3 Add 2x to both sides. 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 1a Continued Graph the function for the given domain. –2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4} Step 2 Substitute the given values of the domain for x and find values of y. x Holt Algebra 1 y = 2x + 3 (x, y) –5 y = 2(–5) + 3 = –7 (–5, –7) –3 y = 2(–3) + 3 = –3 (–3, –3) 1 y = 2(1) + 3 = 5 (1, 5) 4 (4, 11) y = 2(4) + 3 = 11 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 1a Continued Graph the function for the given domain. –2x + y = 3; D: {–5, –3, 1, 4} Step 3 Graph the ordered pairs. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 1b Graph the function for the given domain. f(x) = x2 + 2; D: {–3, –1, 0, 1, 3} Step 1 Use the given values of the domain to find the values of f(x). x Holt Algebra 1 f(x) = x2 + 2 (x, f(x)) –3 f(x) = (–32) + 2= 11 (–3, 11) –1 f(x) = (–12 ) + 2= 3 (–1, 3) 0 f(x) = 02 + 2= 2 (0, 2) 1 f(x) = 12 + 2=3 (1, 3) 3 f(x) = 32 + 2=11 (3, 11) 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 1b Graph the function for the given domain. f(x) = x2 + 2; D: {–3, –1, 0, 1, 3} Step 2 Graph the ordered pairs. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions If the domain of a function is all real numbers, any number can be used as an input value. This process will produce an infinite number of ordered pairs that satisfy the function. Therefore, arrowheads are drawn at both “ends” of a smooth line or curve to represent the infinite number of ordered pairs. If a domain is not given, assume that the domain is all real numbers. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Graphing Functions Using a Domain of All Real Numbers Step 1 Use the function to generate ordered pairs by choosing several values for x. Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern for the graph. Step 3 Connect the points with a line or smooth curve. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2A: Graphing Functions Graph the function –3x + 2 = y. Step 1 Choose several values of x and generate ordered pairs. x –3x + 2 = y (x, y) –2 –3(–2) + 2 = 8 (–2, 8) –1 –3(–1) + 2 = 5 (–1, 5) 0 –3(0) + 2 = 2 (0, 2) 1 –3(1) + 2 = –1 (1, –1) 2 –3(2) + 2 = –4 (2, –4) 3 –3(3) + 2 = –7 (3, –7) Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2A Continued Graph the function –3x + 2 = y. Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2A Continued Graph the function –3x + 2 = y. Step 3 The ordered pairs appear to form a line. Draw a line through all the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy the function. Draw arrowheads on both “ends” of the line. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2B: Graphing Functions Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2. Step 1 Choose several values of x and generate ordered pairs. Holt Algebra 1 x g(x) = |x| + 2 (x, g(x)) –2 g(x) = |–2| + 2= 4 (–2, 4) –1 g(x) = |–1| + 2= 3 (–1, 3) 0 g(x) = |0| + 2= 2 (0, 2) 1 g(x) = |1| + 2= 3 (1, 3) 2 g(x) = |2| + 2= 4 (2, 4) 3 g(x) = |3| + 2= 5 (3, 5) 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2B Continued Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2. Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2B Continued Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2. Step 3 The ordered pairs appear to form a v-shape. Draw lines through all the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy the function. Draw arrowheads on the “ends” of the “v”. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 2B Continued Graph the function g(x) = |x| + 2. Check If the graph is correct, any point on it should satisfy the function. Choose an ordered pair on the graph that was not in your table. (4, 6) is on the graph. Check whether it satisfies g(x)= |x| + 2. g(x) = |x| + 2 6 6 6 Holt Algebra 1 |4| + 2 4+2 6 Substitute the values for x and y into the function. Simplify. The ordered pair (4, 6) satisfies the function. 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2a Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2. Step 1 Choose several values of x and generate ordered pairs. x f(x) = 3x – 2 –2 f(x) = 3(–2) – 2 = –8 (x, f(x)) (–2, –8) –1 f(x) = 3(–1) – 2 = –5 (–1, –5) 0 1 f(x) = 3(0) – 2 = –2 (0, –2) f(x) = 3(1) – 2 = 1 (1, 1) 2 f(x) = 3(2) – 2 = 4 f(x) = 3(3) – 2 = 7 (2, 4) 3 Holt Algebra 1 (3, 7) 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2a Continued Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2. Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2a Continued Graph the function f(x) = 3x – 2. Step 3 The ordered pairs appear to form a line. Draw a line through all the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy the function. Draw arrowheads on both “ends” of the line. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2b Graph the function y = |x – 1|. Step 1 Choose several values of x and generate ordered pairs. x y = |x – 1| (x, y) –2 y = |–2 – 1| = 3 (–2, 3) –1 y = |–1 – 1| = 2 (–1, 2) 0 y = |0 – 1| = 1 (0, 1) 1 y = |1 – 1| = 0 (1, 0) 2 y = |2 – 1| = 1 (2, 1) Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2b Continued Graph the function y = |x – 1|. Step 2 Plot enough points to see a pattern. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2b Continued Graph the function y = |x – 1|. Step 3 The ordered pairs appear to form a V-shape. Draw a line through the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy the function. Draw arrowheads on both “ends” of the “V”.. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 2b Continued Graph the function y = |x – 1|. Check If the graph is correct, any point on the graph should satisfy the function. Choose an ordered pair on the graph that is not in your table. (3, 2) is on the graph. Check whether it satisfies y = |x − 1|. y = |x – 1| 2 2 2 Holt Algebra 1 |3 – 1| |2| 2 Substitute the values for x and y into the function. Simplify. The ordered pair (3, 2) satisfies the function. 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 3: Finding Values Using Graphs Use a graph of the function to find the value of f(x) when x = –4. Check your answer. Locate –4 on the x-axis. Move up to the graph of the function. Then move right to the y-axis to find the corresponding value of y. f(–4) = 6 Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 3 Continued Use a graph of the function to find the value of f(x) when x = –4. Check your answer. f(–4) = 6 Check Use substitution. Substitute the values for x and y into the function. 6 6 6 Holt Algebra 1 2+4 6 Simplify. The ordered pair (–4, 6) satisfies the function. 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 3 Use the graph of to find the value of x when f(x) = 3. Check your answer. Locate 3 on the y-axis. Move right to the graph of the function. Then move down to the x-axis to find the corresponding value of x. f(3) = 3 Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 3 Continued Use the graph of to find the value of x when f(x) = 3. Check your answer. f(3) = 3 Check Use substitution. Substitute the values for x and y into the function. 3 3 3 Holt Algebra 1 1+2 3 Simplify. The ordered pair (3, 3) satisfies the function. 4-4 Graphing Functions Recall that in real-world situations you may have to limit the domain to make answers reasonable. For example, quantities such as time, distance, and number of people can be represented using only nonnegative values. When both the domain and the range are limited to nonnegative values, the function is graphed only in Quadrant I. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4: Problem-Solving Application A mouse can run 3.5 meters per second. The function y = 3.5x describes the distance in meters the mouse can run in x seconds. Graph the function. Use the graph to estimate how many meters a mouse can run in 2.5 seconds. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4 Continued 1 Understand the Problem The answer is a graph that can be used to find the value of y when x is 2.5. List the important information: • The function y = 3.5x describes how many meters the mouse can run. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4 Continued 2 Make a Plan Think: What values should I use to graph this function? Both the number of seconds the mouse runs and the distance the mouse runs cannot be negative. Use only nonnegative values for both the domain and the range. The function will be graphed in Quadrant I. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4 Continued 3 Solve Choose several nonnegative values of x to find values of y. x y = 3.5x (x, y) 0 y = 3.5(0) = 0 (0, 0) 1 y = 3.5(1) = 3.5 (1, 3.5) 2 y = 3.5(2) = 7 (2, 7) 3 y = 3.5(3) = 10.5 (3, 10.5) Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4 Continued 3 Solve Graph the ordered pairs. Draw a line through the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy this function. Use the graph to estimate the y-value when x is 2.5. A mouse can run about 8.75 meters in 2.5 seconds. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Example 4 Continued 4 Look Back As time increases, the distance traveled also increases, so the graph is reasonable. When x is between 2 and 3, y is between 7 and 10.5. Since 2.5 is between 2 and 3, it is reasonable to estimate y to be 8.75 when x is 2.5. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 The fastest recorded Hawaiian lava flow moved at an average speed of 6 miles per hour. The function y = 6x describes the distance y the lava moved on average in x hours. Graph the function. Use the graph to estimate how many miles the lava moved after 5.5 hours. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 Continued 1 Understand the Problem The answer is a graph that can be used to find the value of y when x is 5.5. List the important information: • The function y = 6x describes how many miles the lava can flow. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 Continued 2 Make a Plan Think: What values should I use to graph this function? Both the speed of the lava and the number of hours it flows cannot be negative. Use only nonnegative values for both the domain and the range. The function will be graphed in Quadrant I. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 Continued 3 Solve Choose several nonnegative values of x to find values of y. Holt Algebra 1 x y = 6x (x, y) 1 y = 6(1) = 6 3 y = 6(3) = 18 (3, 18) 5 y = 6(5) = 30 (5, 30) (1, 6) 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 Continued 3 Solve Graph the ordered pairs. Draw a line through the points to show all the ordered pairs that satisfy this function. Use the graph to estimate the y-value when x is 5.5. The lava will travel about 32.5 meters in 5.5 seconds. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Check It Out! Example 4 Continued 4 Look Back As the amount of time increases, the distance traveled by the lava also increases, so the graph is reasonable. When x is between 5 and 6, y is between 30 and 36. Since 5.5 is between 5 and 6, it is reasonable to estimate y to be 32.5 when x is 5.5. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. Graph the function for the given domain. 3x + y = 4 D: {–1, 0, 1, 2} 2. Graph the function y = |x + 3|. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions Lesson Quiz: Part II 3. The function y = 3x describes the distance (in inches) a giant tortoise walks in x seconds. Graph the function. Use the graph to estimate how many inches the tortoise will walk in 5.5 seconds. About 16.5 in. Holt Algebra 1 4-4 Graphing Functions HomeWork pg. 256 14-24 evens 34, 36, 40, 42, 62 Holt Algebra 1