plurilingual education - European Centre for Modern Languages

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B. F. Skinner
B. F. Skinner

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European Centre
for Modern Languages
of the
Council of Europe
in Graz
The Council of Europe
 Strasbourg, founded 1949
 Oldest and geographically largest
European institution in the area
of intergovernmental co-operation
 47 member states
Areas of action
 Human rights
 Democracy
 Rule of Law
Languages at the Council of Europe
Languages are the basis of:
• communication
• intercultural dialogue
• social cohesion
• democratic citizenship
Promotion of:
• Plurilingualism of citizens
• Linguistic diversity in Europe
Language education
Challenges in contemporary societies:
• increased mobility of people
• globalisation of social and economic processes
• rapid innovations in communication technology
Tasks for language education:
• to support European citizens in their linguistic development
• to help individuals becoming confident and responsible social agents
• to engage in lifelong learning processes
Directorate of
Democratic Citizenship and Participation
• Language Policy Unit, Strasbourg
• European Centre for Modern Languages, Graz
Directorate of Human Rights and Antidiscrimination:
• European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
European Centre for Modern Languages
of the Council of Europe
An invitation to benefit from the work of the Centre
ECML premises in Graz
ECML Publications for teachers,
teacher trainers
Workshop participants
European Day of Languages
ECML Training and Consultancy
for Member States
ECML programme 2012-2015
Promoting inclusive, plurilingual
and intercultural education
• Common European Framework of Reference for
Languages (Language Policy Unit, Council of
• Platform of Resources and References for
Plurilingual and Intercultural Education
(Language Policy Unit, Council of Europe)
• Results of the ECML programme 2008-2011
ECML long-term vision
Focus on the learner,
the learner’s needs and the learner’s perspective
Building on diversity
ECML long-term vision
Promoting inclusive approaches
Aiming at plurilingual and intercultural competences
Plurilingual education
• Awareness raising of each individual‘s language repertoire
• Encourages learning of lesser used or unfamiliar languages
• Highlighting social value of linguistic diversity
• Not restricted to language education
• Challenges monolingual attitudes
Plurilingual competences
Capacity to acquire and use
different competences
in different languages,
at different levels of proficiency and
for different functions.
Intercultural competences
• Combination of knowledge, skills, attitudes and
behaviour which allow a speaker to recognise,
understand, interpret and accept other ways of living
and thinking beyond his or her home culture.
• This competence is not limited to language ability.
(Guide for the development of language education
policies in Europe, Council of Europe, 2007)
Inclusive education
• How to attain high-quality education for all?
• How to transform education to respond to diversity?
• Inclusive education is founded on values of democracy,
tolerance and respect for difference.
• It aims at eliminating exclusion.
Inclusive education benefits all learners
Inclusive education
„Exclusion is a consequence of negative attitudes
and a lack of response to diversity
in economic status, social class, ethnicity,
language, religion, gender, sexual orientation
and ability“
 Seminars offered in ECML member states responding to
specific needs in the following areas:
 Plurilingual education
 European Language Portfolio online
 Education of adult migrants
 Relating language examinations to the CEFR
 Use of ICT in support of language teaching and
Project topics include:
• Mobility
Mobility programmes for sustainable plurilingual and intercultural learning
• Early language learning
European portfolio for student teachers of pre-primary education
• Plurilingual education
Plurilingual whole school curricula – piloting and assessment
Involving parents in plurilingual and intercultural education
• Migrant education
Diversity in majority language learning
• Signed languages
Signed languages for professional purposes
Language descriptors
for migrant and minority learners’ success
in compulsory education
• focus on the language of schooling.
• age groups: 11/12 and 15/16 year olds in compulsory education
• analyzing the language learners need to succeed in social
sciences and mathematics.
• identify subject matter language skills migrant and minority
learners should have
Language descriptors
for migrant and minority learners’ success
in compulsory education
• Based on surveys for CEFR experts and subject teachers (in Lithuania,
Finland, Portugal, Norway, France and in the UK) descriptors for
successful completion of subjects have been indentified
• Examples:
– To what extent do you modify or adapt your language when you
teach migrant/minority students?
– In order to do well in the subject, should the student be able to
• find and infer specific information in demanding, longer texts?
• identify main conclusions in clearly written argumentative
teaching materials?
 Descriptors are linked to the CEFR
Plurilingual whole school curricula
• Provides consultancy for schools engaging in the development of
whole school curricula
• to pilot and assess plurilingual, inclusive and intercultural whole
school policies
• Two principles:
– languages taught as subjects are not treated in isolation
– language and non-language instruction overlap so that all subject
teaching is also language teaching
• Piloting schools are based in France, Germany, Austria, Czech
Republic, Lithuania, Estonia, Italy
Envisaged outcomes
of the ECML programme 2012-2015
Enhancing awareness of the value of
• plurilingual education
which challenges monolingual attitudes
• inclusive education
which responds to the diversity of the learners
• intercultural education
which prepares learners to engage in intercultural dialogue
ECML programme 2016-2019
• Winter 2014/2015: publication of the Call for submissions
• May 2015:
deadline for submissions
• Autumn 2015:
publication of the new ECML programme
• November 2015:
meeting of the project coordinators
Want to stay informed?
the programme website
Subscribe to
The European Language Gazette

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