Copenhagen Interpretation (of quantum physics)

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 160.7 kB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking

wikipedia, lookup

Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott

wikipedia, lookup

Mick Doohan
Mick Doohan

wikipedia, lookup

David Bohm
David Bohm

wikipedia, lookup

Ron Henderson
Ron Henderson

wikipedia, lookup

John Gribbin
John Gribbin

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

BP – Glossary
Consciousness is a creative, self-organizing intelligence that interconnects the universe across
time and space and comes from beyond space-time. Consciousness shares those characteristics
or properties with light/photons.
Copenhagen Interpretation (of quantum physics)
From the book Schrodinger’s Kittens and the Search for Reality by physicists John Gribbin: “Other
people, notably including the Germans Werner Heisenberg and Max Born, made major contributions to
the package of ideas that became the Copenhagen Interpretation, But [Neils] Bohr was always its most
evangelical proponent. The package was essentially complete by 1930…But it rests on some quite
bizarre concepts.
The key concept is the so-called ‘collapse of the wave function’, In seeking to explain how an entity such
as a photon or an electron could ‘travel as a wave but arrive as a particle’, Bohr and his colleagues said it
was the act of observing the wave that made it ‘collapse’ to become a particle…
But this is only part of the story. How can the wave of a single electron interfere with itself, and how does
it choose which point on the screen to collapse on to? According to the Copenhagen Interpretation, this is
because what actually passes through the experiment is a wave of probability, not a material wave at all.
The equation that describes how a quantum wave moves – derived by Austrian Erwin Schrodinger – is
not describing a material wave like the ripples on a pond, but actually describing the probability of
finding the photon (or electron, or whatever) at a particular place.”
“On this picture, largely derived from Born’s work, an electron not being observed literally does not exist
in the form of a particle at all…some cosmologists (among them Stephen Hawking) worry that it implies
that there must actually be something ‘outside the Universe’ to look at the Universe as a whole and
collapse it’s overall wave function. Alternatively, John Wheeler has argued that it is only the presence of
conscious observers, in the form of ourselves, that has collapsed the wave function and made the
universe exist.
In the Copenhagen Interpretation, an entity such as an electron is neither a wave nor a particle but
something different, something we can’t describe in everyday language. But it will show us either a
particle face or a wave face…it may have other properties as well, that we are not clever enough to
measure at all and know nothing about.”
Arthur Zajonc: “the Copenhagen (Neils Bohr and colleagues) interpretation is not explained in
terms of a detailed physical model. It is as Anton Z says, “a primary unexplained notion.” One
alternative is to invoke observation (without explaining what it is) as that which breaks quantum
entanglement and leads to the classical readings of our scientific instruments. Another,
advanced by the famous physicist Eugene Wigner, breaks the infinite web of entanglement
through human consciousness which produces classical reality when the nonphysical mind of a
human observer gets involved.”
Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
“Wave particle duality, or complementarity, is related to the famous uncertainty principle
discovered by Heisenberg: it is impossible to measure both the position and momentum of a
quantum object at the same time. Momentum is a wave property… going somewhere and
spreading out. Position is a definite particle property.
We can’t get all the information pinned down; as much as 18th, 19th, and 20th science elevated
predictability to an ultimate goal, unpredictability rules. But again, nowhere is there evidence
that unpredictable = random.
“David Bohm would say there really is an underlying cause for the apparent randomness, our
ignorance of the initial state of the photon.” - Arthur Zajonc, Amherst physics professor, author,
Catching the Light
“At the beginning of the 20th century many phenomena began to be discovered that were incompatible
with the ideas of classical [conventional] mechanics, and another mathematics began to emerge...the
theoretical breakthrough came when Heisenberg tried to model what was going on and found that in
order to get the models to come out right he had to assume that, contrary to the rules of ordinary
arithmetic, the order of the mathematical operations mattered.
In essence he discovered that he had to start treating mathematical quantities less like numbers and
more like actions...something completely nonsensical from a classical point of view.... “
Henry Stapp, a quantum physicist who worked with both Wolfgang Pauli and Werner Heisenberg;
author Mind, Matter, and Quantum Theory.
The Quantum Leap is an unpredictable jump an electron makes from one level of orbit around the
nucleus of an atom to another. Science as we know it believes in ultimate predictability…that we will
soon know enough about the tiniest workings of the universe to then be able to predict the larger
movements and outcomes on the level of large-scale objects (visible to the naked eye).
That’s been the belief. But the truth of the matter is you can’t predict when an electron will make a leap
to a new level. (Observation changes its course.) Unpredictability rules when you get down to
subatomic levels underlying the macro level we perceive with our 5 senses and empirical investigations
so far.
Unpredictable is not necessarily the same as random.
When you take into account the Observer Effect and Non local causation a picture of life
emerges in which work done on the inside to move one’s self out of one’s “comfort zone”
emotionally, sets the stage for quantum leaps.
The concept of quantum leap as a new operating assumption is to realize that no matter how long
things have been a certain way in your own life, or for how many other people like you, at any
unpredictable moment it could jump to a new level. The way to grease the skids so to speak for
quantum leaps is to practice taking emotional risks and getting out of your comfort zones.
Emotions are a primary aspect of intelligence bit our conventional scientific paradigm sees
emotions as not real and as secondary by-products of the brain. As individuals and as a society,
we have learned to ignore or medicate emotions, and when it comes to the negative ones, it’s
pretty apparent neither approach works very well.
Emotions and our emotional brain need to be better understood. We are largely stuck in ruts of
life because we have failed to develop the emotional well-being that underpins the unpredictable
leaps we can make like Edo Walker,
http://www.startribune.com/local/minneapolis/249151451.html
And Continuum Center Executive Director, Jane Barrash, made a film about quantum leaps:
Making the Quantum Leap: over the rainbow, through the 'hoods and
down the rabbit hole...on ice 8-min
preview: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rva3IfntK-o
From inner city classrooms to ice arenas, doctors’ visits to top scientific commentary,
Making the Quantum Leap is the first real-life, real-time documentary story about the
quantum scientific concepts and theories describing a promising new universe of
possibility…With humor, drama, surprise and inspiration, this movie is a powerful
demonstration of how to make “impossible” things come true in our magical, interconnected
universe.
Jane Barrash “retired” from ice skating at age thirteen and 36 years later announced she would
train for a 50th birthday performance. Despite many twists and turns (and a broken foot), the
Quantum Leap Event was held April 21, 2007. Footage and photos captured a modern-day
fairy tale and, amidst scenes and synchronicities that could never have been scripted, the story
just kept going. Produced by Martin Berglin and Nic Bochek; directed by Jane
Barrash.
I liked your movie quite a lot. It is very well done and I am fascinatedby your work. Ron
Henderson - Founder, Denver Film Festival
Most excellent. What can become of us all if we follow the Yellow Brick Road. Ron Jensen
Bravo! Great and powerful story for all. A transformational epic. Thank you for sharing.
Christopher Kondo
Incredible. A much needed source of inspiration and guidance deserving of an international
audience. Heather DeAtly
END OF MORE
Roger Sperry Split Brain Research
Neuroscientist, Roger Sperry won a Nobel Prize in 1981 for his research with patients whose corpus
callosum connecting their left and right hemispheres was severed. He discovered each side had
strengths and specialties. He went on to clarify his thoughts about looking at the new post-materialist
understanding of consciousness and the brain: “Current concepts of the mind-brain relationship involve a
direct break with the long established materialist and behaviorist doctrine that has dominated
neuroscience for many decades. Instead of renouncing or ignoring consciousness, the new interpretation
gives full recognition to the primacy of inner conscious awareness as a causal reality.
On these new terms, science no longer upholds a value-empty existence, in which everything, including
the human mind, is driven entirely by strictly physical forces of the most elemental kind. We get a vastly
revised answer to the old question "What does science leave to believe in?" that gives us a different
image of science and the kind of truth science stands for.”
Robert Ornstein: Psychology of Consciousness, 1972 “One mode is verbal and rational, sequential in
operation, orderly; the other intuitive, tacit, diffused in operation, less logical and real, a mode we often
devalue culturally, personally and even physiologically."
Schrodinger’s Cat
The bottom line is that the Copenhagen Interpretation works, in the sense it provides a series of recipes
– involving uncertainty, the collapse of the wave function, probability, the role of the observer and the
holism of experiments – which physicists can use to predict the outcome of experiments. But it doesn’t
explain anything. This realization is not new…the best known example of quantum absurdity was also
developed, by Schrodinger, in an attempt to persuade his colleagues that the whole package of ideas
was so ridiculous that it ought to be abandoned. I refer of course to the famous cat-in-the-box ‘thought
experiment’, which for all its familiarity [the cat turned 80 years old in 2015] is still an example of the
difficulties that any improved interpretation of quantum theory must be able to explain.
Depending on how you like to view the situation, you can imagine that the room contains a cat that is
both dead and alive at the same time, or a cat that is neither dead nor alive, suspended in limbo. But
you cannot, if the Copenhagen Interpretation is correct, imagine that the room contains either a simple
dead cat or a simple live cat, until somebody looks.
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/schrodinger-s-cat-a-thought-experiment-in-quantummechanics-chad-orzel
The Universe contains a “Maybe”. The Observer Effect and the role of Meaning, combine to
explain how we unconsciously, daily, affect outcomes by ‘collapsing’ (taking on a particle nature
or dense 3 dimensional form) Maybes into Singularities…probabilities/possibilities into
actualities.
×

Report this document