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Name ______________________________ Class ___________________ Date __________________
Assessment
Quiz
Section: Evolution
MATCHING
In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best matches the
description.
_____ 1. Humans breed corn with specific
characteristics.
_____ 2. Genetic characteristics of a
population of deer change.
a.natural selection
b.evolution
c.artificial selection
d.adaptation
e.resistance
_____ 3. Insects eating crops are not killed
by insecticide.
_____ 4. Thick fur keeps deer warm in cold
environments.
_____ 5. More deer with thick fur survive.
MULTIPLE CHOICE
In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes
each statement or best answers each question.
_____ 6. Organisms can adapt
a. to their physical surroundings.
b. to other organisms.
c. to selective breeding.
d. Both a and b
_____ 7. The process of two species changing genetically in response to longterm interactions with each other is
a. artificial selection.
c. selective breeding.
b. coevolution.
d. resistance.
_____ 8. For evolution to occur in a population, individuals with a trait that is
“naturally selected for” must
a. live a long time.
c. reproduce
b. leave the area.
d. coevolve.
_____ 9. An organism is resistant to a chemical if it
a. has a gene that protects it from the chemical.
b. has been exposed to a small amount of the chemical over time.
c. was not in the area where the chemical was applied.
d. did not eat anything with the chemical on it.
_____ 10. Some organisms are more likely to survive because they
a. have certain physical traits.
c. have certain behaviors.
b. lack certain physical traits.
d. All of the above
Original content Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
Holt Environmental Science
15
The Organization of Life
TEACHER RESOURCE PAGE
SECTION: EVOLUTION
Matching
1. c
2. b
3. e
4. d
5. a
Multiple Choice
6. d
7. b
8. c
9. a
10. d
18.
19.
SECTION: THE DIVERSITY OF
LIVINGTHINGS
Matching
1. c
2. e
3. a
4. d
5. b
Multiple Choice
6. b
7. c
8. a
9. d
10. a
Chapter Test General
MATCHING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
MULTIPLE CHOICE
c
d
b
e
a
d
a
b
c
a
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
d
b
a
c
d
d
c
b
a
d
20.
21.
Chapter Test Advanced
MATCHING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
MULTIPLE CHOICE
c
b
d
a
e
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
c
a
d
c
b
22.
COMPLETION
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
resistance
eubacteria
phytoplankton (or protists or algae)
angiosperms (or plants)
gymnosperms
SHORT ANSWER
16. An apple tree depends on bees to pollinate
its flowers. The flowers must be
pollinated for the flowers to make seeds
and fruit. The bees depend on the nectar
for food.
17. Insects have a waterproof external
skeleton, they move quickly, and they
23.
reproduce quickly. They also are small,
can hide easily, and require little food.
Many insects can fly.
Answers may vary. Sample answer: A
hummingbird has wings that allow it to
hover near a flower. It has a long beak and
tongue that allow it to reach into a flower
to get nectar for food.
A population is made up of all the
members of one species that live in the
same place at the same time. A
community is made up of all the
populations living in the same place at the
same time. A population is made up of
one species, while a community is made
up of many species. All the squirrels
living in a forest are a population. The
community is made up of all the squirrels,
plants, other animals, and other organisms
living in theforest.
Answers may vary. Sample answer: Birds
with more curved beaks were better able
to extract snails from their shells, and this
ability helped them produce more
offspring than their straighter-beaked
relatives. These off-spring inherited the
curved beaks of their parents, and over
time the entire species evolved curved
beaks.
The snails would die out without their
habitat, and the birds would probably not
survive in the area because they wouldn’t
have a food source.
archaebacteria: single celled, lack cell
nuclei, usually have cell walls, found in
harsh environments; eubacteria: single
celled, lack cell nuclei, usually have cell
walls, incredibly common; fungi: some
one-celled, but most many-celled, have
cell nuclei, have cell walls, have no
chlorophyll; protists:most single celled
but some many celled, have cell nuclei, no
cell walls,some can make their own food;
plants: many celled, have cell nuclei, have
cell walls, make their own food; animals:
many celled, no cell walls, have
cellnuclei, ingest their food
energy, mineral nutrients, water, oxygen,
and living organisms
Original content Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
Holt Environmental Science
96
The Organization of Life
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