Family Times Page Unit 5 Week 4

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Center of the Earth
Name
Latin Roots
• Generalization Many words are formed with the Latin roots spec meaning “look,” scrib or
scrip meaning “write,” rupt meaning “break,” and ject meaning “throw.”
Word Sort Sort the list words by their Latin root.
ject
scrib or scrip
1. ___________________
10. ___________________
2. ___________________
11. ___________________
3. ___________________
12. ___________________
4. ___________________
13. ___________________
14. ___________________
spec
5. ___________________
15. ___________________
6. ___________________
rupt
7. ___________________
16. ___________________
8. ___________________
17. ___________________
9. ___________________
18. ___________________
Spelling Words
1. describe
2. interruption
3. inspection
4. scribble
5. respectful
6. bankrupt
7. project
8. injection
9. manuscript
10. suspect
11. subscription
12. spectacular
13. eruption
14. eject
15. abruptly
16. prescribe
17. reject
18. aspect
19. rupture
20. inscribe
19. ___________________
20. ___________________
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
Home Activity Your child is learning about Latin roots. Have your child explain what each Latin root in
this lesson means.
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PDF
Name
Summary
Journey to the Center of
the Earth
In Jules Verne’s classic tale of underground
adventure, young Harry, his professor uncle,
and their guide Hans encounter a raging
battle between two multi-headed monsters.
The monsters look like combinations of
dinosaurs and mammals. The explorers
watch in fear and amazement as they realize
they are the first to see these incredible
creatures.
Activity
What Could It Be? Imagine you are
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
exploring the Earth’s core. What kind of
animals (or monsters) might you see there?
With a family member, draw an imaginary
monster and write a few sentences about
the beast.
Comprehension Skill
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Cause and Effect
Activity
A cause is what makes something happen.
An effect is what happens. An effect
may have one or more causes. Sometimes
authors will use words like because and so to
show cause and effect.
Why Oh Why? With a family member,
recall an event that happened at home
recently. Maybe something spilled, or you
did a great job cleaning your room. The
event itself is the effect. Now make a list of
the causes that brought the event about.
Family Times
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NA
PDF
Lesson Vocabulary
Conventions
Words to Know
Comparative and Superlative
Adjectives
Knowing the meanings of these words
is important to reading Journey to the
Center of the Earth. Practice using
these words.
A comparative adjective is used
to compare two people, places, things,
or groups. Add –er to most adjectives to
make them comparative. For example:
Ben is faster than Ellen. A superlative
adjective is used to compare three or
more people, places, things, or groups.
Add –est to most adjectives to make
them superlative. For example: Alice is the
fastest sprinter on the team. Remember
that there is no need to combine
the word more with comparative or
superlative adjectives in your writing.
Vocabulary Words
armor any kind of protective covering
encases covers completely; encloses
extinct no longer existing
hideous very ugly; frightful; horrible
plunged fell or moved suddenly
downward or forward
serpent snake, especially a big snake
Activity
write out five statements about people
you know—family, friends, teachers, etc.
—that use adjectives. For example: My
sister is loud. Uncle Steve is funny. Then
go back and make all of the adjectives
comparative. After that, change them all
to superlative adjectives.
Practice Tested Spelling Words
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
Better-Best With a family member,
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NA
PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Cause and Effect
• A cause (what makes something happen) may have several effects. An effect (what happens as
a result of a cause) may have several causes.
• Sometimes clue words such as since, as a result, caused, thus, therefore, and consequently are
used to show cause-and-effect relationships.
Directions Read the following passage. Then answer the questions below.
W
hy are people so fascinated
with dinosaurs? Young and old
alike, people are interested in the great
beasts that once roamed this planet.
Museums have been built to showcase
what dinosaurs might have looked like,
thousands of books have been written on
the subject, and many television shows
and movies have been made about them.
Are we fascinated by dinosaurs because
they are so strange and unlike any animal
we know? Is it because many of them
were so huge? Maybe it’s because some
dinosaurs seem scary, and some people
find it thrilling to be scared. Some scientists have made their life’s work studying
dinosaurs, and maybe that same curiosity
is at the heart of all dinosaur fans.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
1. What are two causes for people to be fascinated with dinosaurs?
2. What are two effects of people’s fascination with dinosaurs?
3. Using your own experience, what might be the most important reason we like dinosaurs?
4. Why do you think older people and young people are interested in dinosaurs?
5. Write a summary of this passage in one or two sentences.
Home Activity Your child read a short passage and answered questions about causes and effects. With
your child, discuss the reasons you think dinosaurs are fascinating. Ask your child to summarize your
thoughts on dinosaurs.
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Comprehension
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PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Author’s Purpose
Directions Read the following passage. Then answer the questions below.
I
n 1912, a German scientist named
Alfred Wegener suggested a theory to
explain why the Earth’s continents came to
be in the places they are today. According
to Wegener’s theory, a large landmass he
called Pangaea covered more than half the
planet. It drifted apart slowly over many
millions of years. One example he uses as
evidence is that the west coast of Africa
appears to fit exactly into the east coast of
South America. Another example he uses
is that the coasts of both countries share
many similar fossils of plants and animals,
suggesting they were once joined together.
1. What is the author’s purpose for writing this passage?
2. How do you know that this is the author’s purpose?
4. Why might Africa and South America have been joined together at one point in time?
5. Write a sentence or two to persuade people to take a vacation on Pangaea.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
3. How did the author’s purpose affect your reading rate?
Home Activity Your child read a short passage and has answered questions about the author’s purpose.
Together read an article from the travel section of the newspaper or from a travel book. Ask your child to
identify the author’s purpose for the article.
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NA
PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Directions Write a comparative or superlative form of the adjective in ( ) to make each
sentence precise.
1. I think Jules Verne was a
writer than Philip K. Dick. (inventive)
2. From childhood, he had been
worked. (happy)
of all when observing how things
3. He always researched the very
scientific ideas. (new)
4. I like his books
than those of Charles Dickens. (good)
5. Verne included the
details possible in his novels. (realistic)
6. The submarine, motorcar, and navigable airship are just three inventions he anticipated from a
age. (late)
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
Directions Write a paragraph to persuade a classmate to read one of your favorite books.
Include comparative and superlative adjectives.
Home Activity Your child learned how to use comparative and superlative adjectives in writing. Ask your
child to compare two of his or her favorite book characters using comparative and superlative adjectives.
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Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
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NA
PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Latin Roots
Spelling Words
describe
bankrupt
subscription
prescribe
interruption
project
spectacular
reject
inspection
injection
eruption
aspect
scribble
manuscript
eject
rupture
respectful
suspect
abruptly
inscribe
Alphabetize Put the list words in the box below in alphabetical order.
describe
injection
interruption respectful
bankrupt
suspect
subscription eject
project
prescribe
1. ___________________
2. ___________________
3. ___________________
4. ___________________
5. ___________________
6. ___________________
7. ___________________
8. ___________________
9. ___________________
10. ___________________
Crossword Puzzle Use the clues to find the list words. Write each letter in a box.
Down
2. sudden violent outbreak
4. quickly and without warning
5. scratch or cut into a material
6. write carelessly
7. handwritten book or document
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
Across
1. distinct feature or element
3. burst, split, or break
8. organized or official examination
9. refuse to accept
10. dramatic, sensational in appearance
10.
Home Activity Your child has learned to read, write, and spell words with Latin roots. Challenge your
child to think of other words that use these Latin roots.
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NA
PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Cause and Effect
• A cause (what makes something happen) may have several effects. An effect (what happens as
a result of a cause) may have several causes.
• Sometimes clue words such as since, as a result, caused, thus, therefore, and consequently are
used to show cause-and-effect relationships.
Directions Read the following passage. Then complete the diagram below.
A
good way to understand how a
volcano erupts is by shaking a bottle
of soda. The shaking causes pressure to
build up inside the bottle. When you open
the bottle—splat! The soda bursts out of
the top.
Volcanoes work in a similar way. The
Earth’s magma, which is a thick liquid
between the crust and the fiery core
of the Earth, is like the soda pop. When
the tectonic plates that sit below the
continents shift and move, it’s like
shaking up the soda bottle. After enough
pressure builds up, the magma rises to
the Earth’s surface, eventually causing
volcanoes to erupt.
Cause
Effect
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
1.
Volcanoes erupt.
Effect
Pressure builds
inside the bottle.
Effect
2.
Cause
3.Tectonic plates
Cause
4.Magma rises
5. Write a summary of this passage in one or two sentences.
Home Activity Your child read a short passage and identified causes and effects. Based on one of your
child’s favorite movies, discuss the causes and effects.
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Comprehension
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PDF
Center of the Earth
Name
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
Directions If the adjective forms are correct, write Correct on the line. If they are not correct, write
the comparative and superlative forms correctly on the line.
Adjective Comparative Superlative
1. happy
more happier
most happiest
2. hungry
hungrier
hungriest
3. beloved
beloveder
belovedest
4. sad
more sadder
most saddest
Directions Underline the adjective form in ( ) to complete each sentence correctly.
5. Jules Verne was (most unhappy, most unhappiest) as a stockbroker.
6. He was (happier, more happier) writing plays.
7. However, he was a much (more better, better) novelist than a playwright.
8. He left business and went on to become the (more successful, most successful) writer of his
time.
10. They were scientifically accurate, but readers found them (entertaininger, more entertaining) than
educational.
Directions Write the correct forms of the adjectives in ( ) to complete the sentences.
11. The Earth has three layers. Which layer is
12. The outer layer, called the crust, is the
? (thin)
layer of the three. (rigid)
13. The middle layer, called the mantle, contains melted rock and is much
than the crust. (hot)
14. The core, in the Earth’s center, is under the
pressure of all. (intense)
15. Jules Verne’s idea for a journey to the core is
than realistic. (fantastic)
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. 5
9. He wrote more books than other authors, and they were of (higher, most highest) quality.
Home Activity Your child reviewed comparative and superlative adjectives. Reread the selection with your
child. Have him or her describe the fighting monsters using comparative and superlative adjectives.
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