Lesson 6 CriminologyPolicing Roles, Styles and

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Stankiewicz
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
• What are the expectations of the police in US Society?
• What are the characteristics of police work?
• What are Wilson’s Operational styles in policing?
• How did Sociologist John Broderick classify police officers?
• What are the basic functions of police work?
• What is the role of the detective/investigator in police work?
• What is law enforcement’s response to terrorism (brief
overview)?
DEFINITIONS
• Role: The rights and responsibilities associated
with a position in society. Has expectations
• Role Expectation: The behavior and actions
society expects from the people that have a
certain role
• Role Conflict: Disconnect between what society
demands, what is reality and what is possible
• _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
WHAT DO YOU THINK ARE
THE ROLES OF POLICE IN
AMERICAN SOCIETY?
US SOCIETY’S EXPECTATION OF POLICE
• The Police
• Are community leaders in public safety. Role is
potentially dangerous
• Possess broad discretion (and expected to use it
correctly)
• Solve psychological and technological problems for
people in the short term (conflict resolution)
• Occasionally serve in a hostile or dangerous
environment
CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICE
WORK - 1
• Quick decision making
• __________________________________________
• __________________________________________
• Under potential second guessing
• __________________________________________
• Decisions if wrong have dire consequences
• Loss of life
• _________________________________________
CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICE
WORK - 2
• Independent
• _____________________________
• ______________________________
______________________________
CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICE
WORK - 3
• The Dirty Work
• ________________________________
• ________________________________
• Injuries
• _________________________________
• As victims or offender
CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICE
WORK- 4
• Danger
• Law enforcement work involves
______________________________________
• Well ……. Duh
• ______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
• Answer_______________________________
WILSON’S LAW ENFORCEMENT (POLICE)
OPERATIONAL STYLES
• Operational Styles: The different overall
approaches to police work
• __________________________________________
• Watchman Style
• __________________________________________
•
Ref: Political scientist James Q Wilson
LEGALISTIC STYLE (WILSON)
• _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
• More arrests, safer the community
(theoretically)
• ______________________________________________
WATCHMAN STYLE (WILSON)
• Emphasis on informal means to resolving
disputes and problems
• _____________________________________
• ______________________________________
• Style most commonly found in
________________________________________
SERVICE STYLE (WILSON)
• Emphasis on helping the community, as
opposed to enforcing the law
• ________________________________________
________________________________________
• ______________________________________
WHICH STYLE WOULD WILSON SAY IS MOST
APPLICABLE TO:
• Boston?
• Compton (inner city LA)?
• Scarborough?
BRODERICK’S LAW ENFORCEMENT (POLICE)
OPERATIONAL STYLES
• Sociologist John Broderick classified police
officers by their degree of commitment to
maintaining order and their respect for due
process
• _______________________________________________
• _______________________________________________
• _______________________________________________
• _______________________________________________
ENFORCERS (BRODERICK)
• ____________________________
____________________________
• Little respect for
____________________________
IDEALISTS (BRODERICK)
• Emphasis is on both
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
OPTIMISTS (BRODERICK)
• Emphasis is on due
process
• Little priority for
social order
REALISTS (BRODERICK)
• _______________________
_______________________
• Little emphasis given to
_______________________
CLASSIFICATION OF OFFICERS BY AUTHORITY USE
• _____________
• Enforcers
• _____________
• _____________
PROFESSIONALS
• ____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
valuable police officers
ENFORCERS
• Officers have passion for job, for enforcing
the law, for taking decisive action
• _________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
• _______________________________
• Have difficult time taking action or
make arrests, indecisive
• _______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
AVOIDERS
• Have neither passion or perspective
• __________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
• Collecting a paycheck – My Opinion
POLICE FUNCTIONS
• Patrol
• Investigation
• Traffic
• Drug Enforcement
POLICE FUNCTIONS - PATROL
• Preventive Patrol
• _______________
_______________
• Out and about,
Random
• Directed patrol
• __________________
POLICE FUNCTIONS - INVESTIGATION
• The
____________________
for people and things to
reconstruct the
circumstances of an
illegal act, apprehend or
determine the guilty party,
and
____________________
____________________
_________________
POLICE FUNCTIONS - INVESTIGATIVE
FUNCTIONS
• Locate witnesses and
suspects
• Interrogate suspects
• Arrest criminals
• Recover property
• Collect, preserve, and
analyze evidence
• Seize contraband
• Interview witnesses
• Write reports
• Prepare cases and
testify in court
POLICE FUNCTIONS - TRAFFIC
• ________________
• ________________
• Recommend traffic
engineering changes
to help flow of traffic
and promote safety
POLICE FUNCTIONS – DRUG ENFORCEMENT
• ___________________
• Crop eradication
• Smuggling
• ___________________
• ___________________
• Often work with Feds
on this
LAW ENFORCEMENT’S RESPONSE TO
TERRORISM – GENERAL POLICY PRINCIPLES
• No concessions to terrorists
• ______________________
______________________
• Isolate and apply pressure
to states (countries) that
support terrorism (Federal)
• ______________________
______________________
______________________
SUMMARY
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