NMK Student Handout 1 - 3D Molecular Designs

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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
Student Handout I
Big Idea
Different types of neurons compose the nervous tissue that forms the communication system
within the body.
Introduction to Neurons
An individual’s survival and reproductive success depends upon the ability to sense, respond
and adapt appropriately to changes in the environment. The nervous system links sensation to
response. Nerve cells (neurons) in the nervous system are the structural units principally used
in transmitting information. Many different types of neurons with specialized structures enable
them to conduct messages effectively from one part of the body to another.
1. Draw your mental image of a neuron in the space below.
Copyright 3D Molecular Designs
All Rights Reserved - 2016
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Student Handout I
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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
2. What are two characteristics that distinguish nerve cells from other cells?
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3. What is the difference between a nerve cell and a nerve?
_______________________________________________________________________
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4. Label these major parts of the large neuron model: dendrites, axon, soma/cell body,
nucleus, myelin sheath, Schwann cell, axon hillock, synaptic knob and node of Ranvier.
5. With an arrow, indicate the direction of the movement of information through the above
nerve cell.
Copyright 3D Molecular Designs
All Rights Reserved - 2016
3dmoleculardesigns.com
Student Handout I
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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
6. Sketch and identify the types of neurons modeled in the Neuron Modeling Kit© in the
space below.
Copyright 3D Molecular Designs
All Rights Reserved - 2016
3dmoleculardesigns.com
Student Handout I
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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
7. Where are these neurons found in the body? How do they function? Complete the chart
below.
Type of Neuron
Based on
Structure
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Location
Functional Class
3dmoleculardesigns.com
Abundance
Student Handout I
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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
8. Identify the function of each of the following:
motor neuron -
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
interneuron -
_______________________________________________
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sensory neuron - _______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
9. What is the myelin sheath?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
10. What is the function of myelin sheath?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
11. Label the neuron, oligodendrocyte, and Schwann cell.
Peripheral Nervous System
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Central Nervous System
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Student Handout I
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...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
12. Is the large neuron model a part of the PNS or the CNS? How do you know?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
13. What is a synapse?
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14. Identify where synapse junctions may occur in the body.
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_______________________________________________________________________
Copyright 3D Molecular Designs
All Rights Reserved - 2016
3dmoleculardesigns.com
Student Handout I
Page 6
...where molecules become real TM
euron Modeling Kit
©
Modeling Neurons and Neuronal Structures
15. To illustrate the structural diversity among neurons, identify the types of synapses
shown in the diagram to below (axodendritic, axoaxonic, axosomatic).
Using the neurons in the kit, model each of these synapse types.
Copyright 3D Molecular Designs
All Rights Reserved - 2016
3dmoleculardesigns.com
Student Handout I
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