Rocks and the Rock Cycle

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Lesson 1
Rocks and the Rock Cycle
Scan Lesson 1. Read the lesson titles and bold words. Look at the pictures. Identify three facts
you discovered about the rock cycle. Record your facts in your Science Journal.
Rocks
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111
Organize information about rocks.
.
Grains identified
according to:
Particles made of:
• mineral
• size
crystals
• shape
• broken
• chemical
composition
Classified
according to:
minerals
Rocks
• rock
Definition:
a natural, solid
mixture of
minerals or
grains
• texture
112
Can also include:
• remains of
organisms
• composition
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fragments
• volcanic glass
Point out two observations scientists use to classify rocks.
.
rock
2. composition: the type of grains present in a rock; gives
clues as to where the rock formed
Three Major Rock Types
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113
113
Identify the 3 major groups of rocks.
.
.
1.
igneous
3.
sedimentary
Sequence how igneous rocks form.
Magma or lava
Mineral
The crystals become the
32
Rocks
metamorphic
2.
molten rock
, or
crystals
grains
in an
, cools.
form.
igneous
rock.
Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. texture: grain size and the way grains fit together in a
Lesson 1 | Rocks and the Rock Cycle (continued)
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113
.
Point to four forces that cause rocks on Earth’s surface to break
down.
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113
.
1.
wind
2.
running water
3.
ice
4.
gravity
Explain sediment.
Sediment: rock material that forms where rocks are broken
down into smaller pieces or dissolved in water as rocks
erode
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113
.
Identify the building blocks of sedimentary rocks.
sediments, which include rock fragments, mineral crystals,
or remains of organisms
Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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114
.
Analyze the cause-and-effect relationships that cause
metamorphic rocks to form.
Cause
Effect
Preexisting rock exposed to:
Rock changes:
a. extreme temperature
a. composition
b. extreme pressure
b. textures
c. chemical fluids
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114
.
Define rock cycle.
The rock cycle is a series of processes that change one
type of rock into another type of rock.
Rocks
33
Lesson 1 | Rocks and the Rock Cycle (continued)
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115
.
Label the rock cycle. Identify and label the missing
processes.
Deposition,
compaction, cementation
Sediments
Weathering
and erosion
Sedimentary
rocks
Uplift
Uplift
Igneous
rocks
Uplift
Heat and
pressure
Cooling and
crystallization
Heat and
pressure
Metamorphic
rocks
Melting
Rocks are constantly undergoing processes that change them from
one kind of rock into another. Explain, in your own words, how a metamorphic rock
can change into an igneous or sedimentary rock.
Accept all reasonable responses. Sample answer: If a metamorphic rock is subjected
to heating to the point of melting, it can become part of magma, which can cool,
crystallize, and form an igneous rock. If the rock is exposed at Earth’s surface over
time, it will begin to erode and form sediments. Those sediments might form
sedimentary rock.
34
Rocks
Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Magma
×

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