Legal Description and Land Status: A Self

Document technical information

Format pdf
Size 13.8 MB
First found May 22, 2018

Document content analysis

Category Also themed
Language
English
Type
not defined
Concepts
no text concepts found

Persons

Larry Page
Larry Page

wikipedia, lookup

Ken Wilber
Ken Wilber

wikipedia, lookup

Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon

wikipedia, lookup

Paul Delouvrier
Paul Delouvrier

wikipedia, lookup

Henry Bouquet
Henry Bouquet

wikipedia, lookup

Organizations

Places

Transcript

Legal Description
and
Land Status
Course Number 2000-01 SS
SELF STUDY
GUIDE
NATIONAL
TRAINING
CENTER
BUREAU OF
LAND
MANAGEMENT
Reprinted 12/00
A MESSAGE TO THE USER
Considerable effort has been expended in creating the
written materials and video tape to make this training
package an effective learning tool. It is important that
we maintain a record of the usage and effectiveness of
this training package. You are the only resource in
providing that important information to us. Since we
have taken the time to provide a quality product to you,
please take the time to complete the evaluation and
notification of completion form in the back of this guide
and return to us. Upon receipt, your training records
will be updated with this information.
The National Training Center thanks the many
individuals who participated in the field test of this
training package.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
OVERVIEW
1. Who Can Benefit from this Training
2. How to Use the Self-Study Guide
3. Goal
4.
5.
6.
7.
Objectives
Surveying Our Public Lands - A Brief History
Working with the State Training Officer
Training Evaluation'Form
THE LESSON PLAN
1. Legal Description
2. Land Status
3. Final Exercise
RESOURCE AIDS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Glossary of Public Land Terms
Metes and Bounds
Map of Principal Meridians and Base Lines
Common Abbreviations
Commonly Used Symbols
State Codes for Patent Numbering
Public Education Land Grants
Index of Assistance
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
OVERVIEW
WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM THIS TRAINING
.:,:.,
This self-study guide is intended for use as an introductory or
refresher course for anyone who needs to know flow to read and
write legal descriptions and how and where to locate information
about land status.
Its primary benefit is to Resource Specialists, Land Law and other
examiners, or any employee whose job requires knowledge of
these tools.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
1
HOW TO USE THE SELF-STUDY PACKAGE
::'.
The Legal Description and Land Status self-study training package consists of a self-study
guide and a video tape.
The package is self-paced. This means that the package has been designed for you to work
through at your own pace. Some of you may be able to complete the material in a few hours,
others will require a few days or longer. In order for the material to be of the most value
to you, you should continue to work through the package once you begin - but you should
feel free to take the amount of time appropriate to your own learning style.
The Self-study Guide. The self-study guide contains 3 sections: Overview, Lesson Plan,
and Resource Aids.
The Overview Section will help you to understand the goal and objectives of the training
package. It also contains some historical information helpful to your understanding of the
course material and information about how you may obtain a training certificate. Read
through this section before starting the lessons.
The Lesson Plan Section contains 3 lessons. As you work your way through the lessons
you will be directed in the use of the video tape. You will also fmd a column titled
"Assistance" on the left side of most pages. The Assistance Column is used to highlight
the introduction of new concepts as you work through the lessons and to suggest use of the
Resource Aid Section.
The Resource Aid Section contains a wealth of useful material for you to use as you proceed
through the lesson. It is expected that you will find the Resource Aids even more valuable
once the training is over.
The Video Tape. The video tape contains three video segments: Legal Description, Land
Status Records~ and Answers to the Final Exercise.
Lesson 1 begins with the viewing of the Legal Description video tape. You may view this
video as frequently as you need before and during your work in Lesson 1.
Lesson 2 begins with the viewing of the Land Status video tape. You may view this video
as frequently as you need before and during your work in Lesson 2.
Lesson 3 ends with the viewing of the Answers to the Final Exercise video tape. The video
for Lesson 3 is an interactive video and must be used in the following manner. Before
viewing any part of the video, Answers to the Final Exercise, you must have completed all
of the questions in Lesson 3. After you have completed the written exercise, which is
Lesson 3, then you are to play the video and follow along as the questions are repeated,
answered, and explained.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
2
::::::
The goal of this self-study training package is to provide
BLM employees with the ability to use the rectangular
system of cadastral survey, to accurately read and write
legal land descriptions and to use the land status records
system to accurately determine the ownership and status
of any parcel of public land.
After completing the self-study guide, employees will be
more aware of the reasons for these records and will be
better equipped to use them in the performance of their
jobs.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
3
OBJECTIVES
After completing the lessons and questions in this study guide, participants
will be able to:
1. Use the components of the rectangular system of a cadastral survey to
legally describe land,
2. Describe any area on a map, in writing, using the correct legal
description format,
3. When provided with a written legal description, identify the described
area on a map or plat,
4. List the six components of the land status records system: Master Title
Plat, Use Plats and Supplemental Plats, Historical Index, Control
Document Index, and Index to Miscellaneous Documents, and Serial
Register Page,
5. List the sources and location of land status records and,
6. Use land status records to research and document the current status of
any parcel of land.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
4
SURVEYING OUR PUBLIC LANDS - A BRIEF HISTORY
;:.. : ....
::
,':::
., ,
'::'
.,
::
:·t:
History.••
Land surveying dates back to ancient times. More than one civilization recognized the
need for marking the boundaries of land for taxing purposes as well as for defming just
where one ownership begins and another ends.
The Egyptians, with their great expertise and accuracy in building pyramids more than
7,000 years ago, must have possessed the techniques and instruments to perform surveys
which are comparable in precision to some present day requirements. In fact, the
Egyptians were very much involved in property surveys since land boundaries along the
Nile River were annually lost from flooding, and resurveys were constantly needed.
Most modem BLM monuments have an inscription which reads "UNLAWFUL TO
DISTURB." Such warnings are not at all new. Babylonian boundary stones set about
3500 years ago contain not only geographical infonnation and the surveyor's name, but
also numerous curses on anyone daring enough to move the monument!
There were several other notable surveying endeavors in earlier times including the
Roman rectangular plots which were laid out with the four-armed groma instrument,
William the Conqueror's land surveys ofEngland with their resultant "Domesday Book,"
and the pyramid, road, city and bridge related surveys of the 11 th to 14th century Incas.
In early day America, several types of surveys were performed, utilizing state-of-the-art
instruments, and calling principally on mathematicians, astronomers, and navigators to
perform as land surveyors. Most of these earlier surveys were of the metes and bounds
type, meaning they were established by distances and directions which were not in
accordance with a regular pattern. Some prominent surveyor names from that time
include Roger Sherman, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, David and Benjamin
Rittenhouse, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington.
But, it remained for the late 1700' s of colonial America for the beginning of what was to
become the most ambitious program of land disposal, ownership recording, and actual
on-the-ground boundary marking which has ever occurred. Described as a '"marvel of
simplicity," the United States rectangular survey system was designed to layout one mile
square parcels over all of the Federallands outside of the original thirteen colonies and
their western territories.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
5
A contemplation of the scope of establishing such a minute, legally acceptable, and
accurate grid system across a billion and a half acres of the thirty "public land states" is
truly an appreciation of the magnitude of effort involved in "Surveying Our Public
Lands."
Actual authority for s~ng the United States rectangular survey system occurred on
May 20, 1785, when the Continental Congress approved modified recommendations of
a committee chaired by Thomas Jefferson. Actually, the committee's work was the
culmination of much thought, debate, and evolvement of earlier survey activities. Two
military engineers, Colonel Henry Bouquet and Thomas Hutchins were among the
original major contributors. (Hutchins later became the first geographer of the United
States.) In any case, the 1785 Land Ordinance laid the legal and technical foundation for
the country's public land surveys of almost the past two hundred years.
With Hutchins' personal attention, the flfSt surveys under the ordinance took place in
Ohio where the west boundary of Pennsylvania crossed the north boundary of the Ohio
River. The first township was surveyed by Absolom Martin of New Jersey in 1786. The
State of Ohio was the testing ground for the new type of surveys in that State.
By 1805, the rectangular surveys were started across Indiana. The system's elements had
been well settled by then, and the surveys were eventually extended westward to the
Pacific Ocean.
The plan developed three new theories in land administration. First, the principle of
"survey before settlement"; second, the principle of a mathematically designed plan to
be followed throughout the entire area of the public domain; and third, the creation of a
standard land unit, the section, of uniform shape and area and with boundaries physically
marked on the ground. These features did not follow any plan in use within the area of
the original Colonies in America, where land locations were made in irregular form and
without any orderly plan.
In 1812, the General Land Office was established by Congress as a bureau ofthe Treasury
Department "to superintend, execute, and perform all such acts respecting the public
lands ...." Before then, the public domain workload was handled by the Treasury
Department, but it was recognized that a more focused land management agency was
needed. However, the Surveyor General posts, with responsibility for contracting
surveys to private surveyors, remained independent of the GLO.
Edward Tiffin of Ohio was appointed the first commissioner of the GLO. Tiffin's
contributions to bmd surveying were significant in consolidating and organizing land and
survey records, and later as a Surveyor General, in designing a plan of correction lines
for the solution of the troublesome problem ofconforming a rectangrilarpattem to a round
earth.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
6
r
Another remarkable pioneer surveyor was William Burt who surveyed large areas ofland
in upper Michigan and Wisconsin in the mid 1800's. Burt, who did not have much of a
fonnal education, was the inventor of the solar compass which used the sun to maintain
direction, instead of the magnetic compass. His invention came of necessity from trying
to run lines in a region of vast iron deposits which caused deviations of the compass
needle.
The exploration and survey of the western lands continued with many verbal and written
accounts by curious surveyors ofcolorful discoveries of the nature of a new land, and tales
of hardship, misery and financial loss. One 1852 field note record of an Iowa survey
reads, "one of my men was accidentally shot yesterday and died almost instantly." The
notes continue with bearings and distances to the snicken Ivy Johnson's grave.
Until 1910, the public land surveys were generally administered by regional Surveyors
General who contracted with authorized Deputy Surveyors to perform the work. Sets of
instructions to the Deputies were often written by the Surveyor General to specify the
method of survey, and the accuracies expected. However, it gradually became evident
that a consolidation of officially authorized surveying procedures was needed. An
Oregon Manual of Surveying Instructions was published in 1851, and a revision of this
Manual was published byGLOin 1855 for national use. Subsequent manuals were issued
in 1871, 1881, 1894, 1902, 1930, 1947 (BLM), and 1973 (BLM).
In the land surveying profession, integrity is recognized as one of the most desirable
attributes for surveyors. Although the contract system of conducting government surveys
had been mostly successful for more than one hundred years; it was proposed that better
control over the soundness of individual projects, and greater public responsiveness
could be obtained by appointing a corps of directly employed surveyors. Starting from
July 1, 1910 until the present, most federal cadastral surveys have been performed by
federally employed surveyors.
Growth of the public domain ••.
In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson arranged to buy a large amount ofland from France.
This is known as the Louisiana Purchase. It amounted to over 500 million acres and
included most of the land from the Mississippi River west to the Rocky Mountains, except
what is now the State Of Texas. The Louisiana Purchase cost the United States about $23
million.
Then in 1819 the land that is now Florida became part of the United States. Texas became
-part of the United States in 1845. A year later the United States signed a treaty with Great
Britain which added the area that is now the States of Oregon, Washington and Idaho.
This treaty i~ known as the Oregon Compromise.
'-
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
7
r
In 1848, just one year before the discovery of gold in California, the United States
obtained from Mexico the lands that are now the States of California, Nevada, Utah and
parts of Arizona, Wyoming, and Colorado. The Gadsden Purchase in 1853 added what
is now southern Arizona.
The last large addition to the land area of the United States came in 1867 when the United
States purchased Alaska from Russia. The area of Alaska amounted to over 375 million
acres (that is about one-fifth the area of the rest of the United States). It cost about $7
million.
.
With these additions, the public domain stretched from the west boundary of
Pennsylvania to the Pacific Ocean, from the Canadian border to the Gulf of Mexico, and
it included Florida and Alaska. Altogether it embraced over 1 billion 800 million acres.
"
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
..I
8
ACQUIsmON OF TIIE TERRITORY OF THE UNITED STATES
1. The Original Thirteen States
2. 1790 North Carolina Cession
3. 1781-1802 State Cessions
4. 1803 Louisiana Purchase
5. 1818 Red River of the North
6. 1819 Treaty with Spain
7. 1845 Annexed Texas
8. 1846 Oregon Compromise
9. 1848 Mexican Cession
10. 1850 Purchased from Texas
11. 1853 Gadsden Purchase
12. 1867 Purchased from Russia
13. 1898 Annexed Hawaii
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
9
WORKING WITH THE STATE TRAINING OFFICER
One ofthe first things you should do when you decide to take this
training is to contact your supervisor for approval.
To register online use the National Training Center's Homepage:
http://www.ntc.blm.gov/courses/courses.html. To receive
specific requirements, check the Course Descriptions by clicking
on the course name.
If you would like to receive proper credit for completion of the
course, please return the training evaluation form on page 11. .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
10
LESSON 1
LEGAL
DESCRIPTION
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECITVES:
After successfully completing this lesson, you will be able:
1. to use the components of the rectangular system of cadastral survey to describe
land boundaries.
2. to describe any area on a map in writing using correct legal description format.
and
3. when provided a written legal description be able to locate the described area on
a map or plat.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
,. · ...,study Guide .
i
". View·the Legal Description -segment of the video'tape'Dow.-
t
!
.,::
:.;.
Good! now that you've viewed the video tape, you are ready to tackle the
"hands-on" portion of the training.
Any time you feel lost, either back up afew pages in the workbook, or take
a second look at the video tape. That's what's nice about this type of
training--you set the pace: to match your· own learning·style•.
ilil
.:.:
:t
"One lastthing:beforeyou begin. You will likely come across a number·,
.,:of new words as'youwork through the self-study guide.. When you come,
to a new term, see the glossary in the Resource Aids section.
(
~.:.'.~.,: :.:.:
',:.
f
·········.1=,1.·
:.';,:.•,':,1,•'.
II. The Rectangular System of Surveying
botheWlm~tessyandstem-.
::
f
. Thepresent-'system for the surveying of the public lands in the UnitecJ;. : : :
\ States '·was;::established." by·· law in ~1785,; under the Articles,'~-ol:::
, Confederation.. Asa result,:-al}.ofthe states·:m~theUnion, .except··the- .: :
thirteen original states and Kentucky, Maine, Vermont, West Virginia,
Tennessee, and Texas, became subject to the rectangular survey system.
At that time, the existing system of "pitches," or "metes and bounds" was
the general practice. By comparing the irregular and unreliable metesand-bounds descriptions used by the original colonies to the streamlined
rectangular system now in use, you can clearly see the advantages of the
rectangular system.
The structure of the rectangular system of survey is simple. The entire
system is built around initial points, 36 of which have been established
throughout the United States (includes Alaska).
When entering a .new, unsurveyed area, the surveyor would establish an
initial point from which to begin the survey.
::,:, Initial Point
W
",:'. :". ' : ,'.: "': : " " ': " '.,~
, \...:.:.•.:...::.:•.:':'....::.,•...:.,'...."....,'.,' ..",' ,.,.. ..,:.:.,'::.:.,:.:..:.:.:::....::..:.:.::.:...'.:":' ..
...."....,.,'...,." ..:'.,'....,' ,:..,t,·.•.,•..,i.,:'.,'.',':'
..".." ..""....
, ,...,.,' .."'..
':
..........
......
.........................
::::}:::::.: :::::::;::::::::::;;:;::::::::::;:
x::;:::;::::;:;:;::::::::::;:;:;:::\:;:?:::·:.........
....
.........
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
........:.:.....;..
12
i
.
•. 1.
»
~}
.'-,;"
......' ...................:..'. . . . . :'. . :'.....,.'....'. ,..' . '.' .. '.......................................................................
'
' .......................................'.....................................................................................................,...,'.....,..'.'.:.,....',' .. ,' . . . . '.... '....' .. '.,..'.... ,:. . . ,.".'
. .•..'..:.,·:.'.:,.·,.t,';
Initial
Point
+*'
N
Ii
~
i ....-
·:1.:: Principal~."
}? Meridian
-E:r"
Initial
Point
The north:..south line :\
~~~alint~ec!S thale
i .!
mitt pomt IS C led }~
-the principal meridian. i:::
N
s
Initial
Point
The east-west line
that intersects the
initial point is called
the base line.
I~""E
W --~r++--Base
i"Line
s
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
13
Study Gu~de .
=
J~
·f
.Township lines are established· at·intervalS:'Of 6"1IlileS1:O-the north and 6 .
;.;mrlles,fO;the.south·:ofthe·baseline.. T.hetesulting.'6~rile..widemacet~·
.called townships and are numbeied north.and south of the base lin~.. .:
.. Remember that the '3Paces,.:not the lines,.;.are called townships, :and ther...
spaces, not the lines, are numbered.
:~il :i
.
lm
}~:.
:11:1·lj
N
tt
··W·
TownshipS
North
Township 4
North
Township 3
North
Township 2
Township 1
North
North
Township 1
South
Township 2
South
Township 3
South
Township 4
South
TownshipS
South
E
The flI'St township north
is ·called Township J ..
North. The next town-_~.
ship north is ·called
Township· 2 North,· and
soon.....
S
:::.
·:.:i
Range
"
i:.
i::,
i::
: , : :"
1
n
.".-:':'
%
_
Range
lines
are
established at intelValS of
6 miles to the east and 6
miles to the west of the
principal meridian. The
resulting 6-mile-wide
spaces are called ranges
and are numbered east and
west of the principal
meridian. The flI'St range
west is called Range 1
,West,. the next range west
is called Range 2 West,
N
W
E
.':':
till
S
and so on.....
L--_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _- - I
":::
.:•.!!
, ..,
.:;.
~
..
~
1i i:': ii}iiii'?ii:':
1.
..
" .• .•'..':i•:.,i.:,,::::,.:.:,A
...........,.::.: · : : :,·~:,·: :.~: :,!" '.): :~): ~i: {!" 'i\.~,: : : ·!"'!'!.}: ~i': :':~"·~i~":::'~:\:~/i!""':\i~>i~·:::::::~:·::::~:{::""!::'i<""!::~"'\""!::::-':{""!?:·""',:/'i-'::::::-':>:-'::::,-'·t·.,~.·::::.-'·:i:·""!:·:::::-':::\-':··'::-'i:::::'''''!:.::""!··':·:::!"'!'!':':':·""!:::'::~"""!.:~::~i:):~
..... =~>i!"'!'!:}~:}i"'"
:{:~(::~i<:}}:::;9
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
14
i~l~ ToWnshi~:
"The range lines' and· the township ·'1ines7.ililtersect~and· establish ··th~
boundaries-for 6"'-mile by,6-mile squares called townships.. ".,
:':11':
B_lAne
The 6-mile by 6-mile square
shown to the left is called a
township. This township's
location would be described
as follows:
Township 3 South. Range 3 West
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
15
".study Guide
.,You have probably noted that we have applied two different meanings to
~the tenn "township:.'..Because the .use..of. It. single.tenn.to descriJ>etw.Q
different·situationsis potentially confusing, you mlist understand each
. 'meaning and how each is u s e d . .. ..
First, we used "township" to describe a series of 6-mile-wide horizontal
rows north and south of the base line. These horizontal rows serve as the
north-south coordinates in the rectangular system of cadastral survey.
The east-west coordinates are the ranges.
Second, we used ""township" to describe a single 6-mile square area that
is situated within two adjacent range lines and two adjacent township
lines .
. ::
:::
.. :. Each·6-mile.square·township consists of 36 sections and each section is.
about 1 square mile each.
6 miles
..
1
square
mile
.s~ .....- ....--.....
- - I - - - I - - - t - -.....
\0
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
16
'. -. - -:
..
.,i··-··The sections·-in each township are' always:·num:bered"consecutively,
"~. ,,.'beginning with :numberl in. the northeast comet 6f',the township;, and.... -; counting'westerly-six sections; then, "with number7;"80uth of section· 6;
"·'::countingback to the east side of the township, and"soon;weaving back. and forth through the sections of the township, and ending with number
36 in the southeast comer.
Northeast
v
Comer
I
6
2
5
4
3
....
c
c
c
-
7
8
9
10
11
1,2
18....
17
16
15
14
13
19
20
21
22
23
..24
30
29
28
27
26
25
31
32
33
34
35
...
..
..
36
Southeast
< Comer
There are also half townships and half ranges that do not contain all 36
square miles. In some areas there are one-quarter and three-quarter
townships and ranges. These townships or ranges are referred to as
fractional townships.
Townships
Fractional townships occur because of irregularities in the surveyor
because the township is intersected by a state; reservation, or grant
boundary or by a large body of water. This is an example of a fractional
township resulting from the boundary line between two states.
Colorad(l
New Mexico
6
5
7
8
- ---
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
17
4
9
3
2
1
10
11
12
- -
- --
':':
This is an example of a fractional township resulting from the shoreline
" . . . : i; "",,:·,*,,:'-of':a body'of water.,.:~:The·:seCtions . .of landlabUttin~'thebody ef,'water.
4
l8
,---Water
.18"'\..~
1
3
10
11
12
16
15
14
13
f
19
20
21
22
23
24
30
29
28
27
26
25
31
32
33
34
35
36
Monuments, called section comers, are required to be set at each mile. A
monument is also set between each section comer. These monuments are
called quarter comers and are set so that a section can be subdivided into
quarters.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
18
:::
li.\il
I
:>:.'.
::::.
I-II--+--+--+-~---+--+---+--+--+-+-II';'"
::.:;
~r
If not corrected, a township on the base line would be larger than one
further north. To adjust for this problem, correction lines called guide
meridians are established.
Guide Meridians extend true north and south, generally at intervals of24
miles to the east and to the west of the principal meridian. The vertical
lines to the east or west of the principal meridian are known by either a
name or a number, such as "1st Guide Meridian East" or "1st Guide
Meridian West," or" 2nd Guide Meridian West," and others.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
19
•••••
I.
::i~l. . , ' - -. , . :~ '.,;
.• "'"-~: . . -~.. @~,~ -:,:,l~. -'.' ~~.... ;}.
.
w.
Standard Parallels extend true easfand west,:generally.:at.intervals of 24
::.:1
:r
,,:;. <"-i~'miles to the north and to the southofthe baseline~::1be firsthorizontallinc
-tothenorthofthebaselineiscalledthe"lstStandardParalleINorth;.'and : : :
.. , :::',..".-:'" - - , ..... \:;":,, .--. thenextsuccessiveline north is called the· "2nd Standanl Parallel North,'~, :.':.,:,:
::-1:11: ':' ". .,...
. i i . ~ ~"--and so forth" The fJrSt-horizontalline to the50uiliofthe baseline is.caUecl.
if::
the "1st Standard Parallel South," and the next successive line south is
:\:
called the "2nd Standard Parallel South," and so forth. The following::::
diagram is a generalized representation of the 24-miIe square pattern.
. :iii;
'.: r'
:====~
I
.
"- ::::
.
:1:11
I
I
I
11::1
2nd Standard Parallel North
il.1
I
~
..
-.
2nd Standard Parallel South
I
Each of the squares in the diagram represents a 24-mile square tract, or an
area of 576 square miles (not 24 square~miles). Additional guide
meridians may exist to the east and west, and additional standard parallels
may exist to the north and south, depending on the control needed for
further surveys.
[
,::,:~, ,Au~liaJ::y..;.;.
:.:.
",i.
ii Meridians'
"< ;·i..Auxilimy Guide Meridians or Auxilimy Standard Parallels are established
and named when the intervals exceed the distance of 24 miles .
.:l:i: and
m
{} Parallels
l i i l m
o
t
""
lllli.i.:.:'.:.:::.'::':::'::"':"'::.'::.:::
:~:~:f:::::::::::::~. . :::::::::::::::::::..{::::::::,
:::::::::::::;:::::: :::::::::::}:~:\::. . :::::::?: ::::::=;:::::::::::::.:.:.: :;:::::;:;=;=:\ ~{:~:~:~:~:~:{=:~\:<~ ::/:=::.... ::':::::::::::~:~: "':.:.:.;.:.;.;.::;.~..~. :~:}~:~:~:~:::::\:.;.~.:.:.~::::::<:;.::;:::;:;:;.>:::<:;:::::;.:.:.; :}~:~: }::}~::
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
20
:;::;;:;:;:;:}:
~:,. : .:
,:':::'.',:',':'.':':.,'.'.,',',':::':::':':'.:'::':':':':::.:: . :.. ,: . : . .:.....:.'... ,.:.:.:,:::, .
I
...:,.:.:,',',
::J'
c.~
..;< "'"
.:~ 1. .
.•
.:,;Let'SnMeW wbatwe'verovered..,far.··PIeasc>write yollNeSpOilses 0J>.tbelIIaDkJi. .:n..
ii:j)~.answers are on page 22.
·_·il ,.;., :. '1;- :Before land can be measured, a surveyor-must define: an initial pointfor-whichthe:exaet
" " - ' . ". " ..... ,f,. ..
i
:j)
l:ii
~~ ::,:?c::::::'~~latitude!andlongitudeareknowlr." From·that initial point;the·surveyorrunstwolineSij.one:i
I
i
=~~~:::::c:
The east-west line is called the_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,
11::11
2. Lines are established at intervals of 6 miles to the north and 6 miles to the south of the
baseline.
.. -These lines..at"C called _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ lines.
3. Lines are established'-atinterVal~of-6 miles· to the east-and 6 miles to the west of the'
principal meridian.
::::
....
}
These lines are called _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ lines.
4. The tenn "township" can mean two different things in legal description jargon. Writeoul
two brief definitions of "township."
" A:' T-he'term "township" may refer to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _""""-~~
il
B. The term "township" may refer to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
5. The correct number for the second to last section in a township is _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
6. Half townships and half ranges are referred to as _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.
.:-
7. Monuments set at one-mile intervals are called _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _,
and
:!.
monuments
in
between
the
above
monuments
are
called
,'.:
8. The curvature of the earth's surface has created the need to provide control within the
~
rectangular system.' The two major controls are the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
:j
and - - - - - - - - - - - -
i
]i.:.,.:.......
'= ~?:{;:{:\::~:~:~:~{:~{:~; .;:;:~:~: ~:;:~:;::t:::;:;:~.;::.:.:.;:;.· .:.:.: .:.;.: :.:.:.'.: :::::::::::{:~:~;~~/~::/ .::<~~~::~;::::~:: :~::/:~~;:;~: :~~~:;:~~:;;:::;: . :. . :..:. .:....:.: ..,. .:.,:. .'.'. .'.'.,. . :,'. .'. ,.,'. . .'. . .:..'. ,. . . ,.','. . .'. .'. .'.'.'. . . . .'.:,. . . .:. ,:., :.,:.'. .'. . '.,:. . . '..'.'.'., ...... ..::','.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
21
":<:-:;:.:::::.':':'. '.'.'.'.:'.::."."'.""'."".::.:.':.'.".".".".:'.:'.::.::.:,.'.,..". . . . . .:,. '. . . '. . . '. . ,. ,. ,..','.:.., '.'..'. . :. ,':':', . ,'.',. .,. . .,. ,. . ,'. ,. .,',.,:,.,'.,. .:,:,j,
. . .:.'.'.,
.•:. . .•'.•
, ,:.
.", Read1lI1d' Answer Questions
.
-'.The~followingare,the
answers to the questions on page 21.
-"'~:' .,~.~ ,,-.,
-,..
1. Thenorth-south line iscalled,the Principal 'Meridian.- -'-,'
--The east-west line is called the Base Line.
2. These lines are called township lines.
3. These lines are called ~ lines.
4. A. The term "township" may refer to a series of 6-mile wide east-west coordinates.
B. The term "township" may refer to a sin2le 6-mile sQuare area situated within two
adjacent ran~ lines and two adjacent township lines.
5.·. The correct number for the second to last section in atownship is ~
6. Half townships and half ranges are referred to as fractional townships.
7. Monuments set at one-mile intervals are called section comers, and monuments in
between the above monuments are called Quarter comers.
~~. . 8.~~.The two major.controls are,the 2uide.meridians·and.standard Parallels..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
22
.. -.'
t:
r - ' . , \ , ; ...
ill.-Subdivisions
AliquoLParts'- -
.; -::"Aliquot'?is a btinwordmeaning.to divide (a numberorquantity)into
- " 'equal-parts leaving no remainder. In legal descriptions, only quarter or
-:"ti .. half.divisions of a section ofland are known as "aliquot parts." An aliquot
part is always described in relation to the four points of the compass, with
the use of the standard compass abbreviations, N, W, S, E.
For example, to describe the west half of a section, you write "W 1/2"; the
east half would be written as "El/2." The same rule applies to the north
and south half, "N1/2" and "SI/2" respectively, as shown in the figure
below. To describe each of the quarter-sections, you need to add one
notation; that is, show which of the four comers is intended, such as
"NEI/4," or "NW1/4," or "SWI/4," or "SE1/4."
In describing adjoining
quarter sections, combine
-NE1/4 and NW1/4 to make,,,;';'
N1/2 or combine SW1/4 and
SE1/4 to make SI/2.
S 1/2
SWl/4
SEl/4
The "1/2" and the "1/4" are the o,nly fractions that appear in the
description of land by aliquot parts.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
23
'.: .
;
~ >,<.' " • •',The figure below shows a section dividedinto several parcels ofland...
-letters A,B, and Care used to identify some of the parcels.
. ..
160 acres
1'b.c.
--:---
320 acres
160 acres
Parcel C, the west half of the section, would be written as Wl/2. Parcel
C may also be referred' to as a half-section. To describe parcel B, which
is the east half of the west half, write El/2Wl/2.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Whenever describing a parcel of land within another parcel of land,
always write the smaller parcel to the left of the larger parcel.
EI/2WI/2
Small~r parcel>
< Larger parcel
-'-. . • I...-_ _ _ _ _ _..........._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. , . -_ _ _-
9. Write the description for parcel A?
See page 33 for the correct answer.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
24
_ _ _....J
:
'::~-"':.:~"',
'.' '~::;:'
Ii
'~'-7-·,The
,figure below ,.shows a section.divided;,horizontally .instead ,of
verti~ally.
--------------------------------------~
320 acres
---r---,r-
~
~
+------------------------------------.,....,...f.,.
tt---------f
160 acres
C
B
160 acres
,,
Ii
I
:.:
To describe parcel C, the south half of the section, write as S 1/2. To
describe parcel A, the north half of the south half, write Nl!2S 1/2.
10. Write the description for parcel B?
See page 33 for the correct answer.
I·":
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
25
·-,"~"'!1.'Supposethat-you.want to<lescribe·thenorth:ha!f·ofthe·oortheastquarte;r.
,and the east half of the southeast quarter; Theselegal descriptions.would.
_. . be written as Nl/2NEl/4-and EI/2SEI/4respectively.
, . Note thatthe description of the largertract.fromwhich a_half was.~ep
does not change.
Suppose you want to describe the northeast quarter of the section shown
below. "Describe the northeast quarter as NEl/4. Since the northeast
,';)O;Q.Olhr<iil' ~·.. :5i:p,~quarterrepresents one"'founh of the section, itis' called a quaner,sectioQt
To describe the southwest quarter of that quarter section, write
SWl/4NEl/4.
- - (NWl/4
)}----t~I~~m1om:!:;!."'!~1/4 ~
jl~1~~~~l~]~j~~~~~~~~1~~j~~~~~11l
----
--
~ SWI/4 )~--I_--{I SE1I4 ) - -
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
26
The dark line is the
boundary of the NEl/4.
The shaded area shows
the SWl/4 within the
NEI/4, which is described as SWl/4NEl/4.
.•.,•, .•,.','"•,. '.• >~:;;~~
.,.,.,.,.", .'."".:"'.»'.< ••".•"'.':>:":':~>
1: Legal Description
..
.,6/
,1(!V:~:~'}Cm_<_)_:•
>"_.'.""_""._·_ _ _ _ _.'_Stu_d....:;y_G_u_id_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
)
:;f: :~;
.
~ .-;:~ ;-~. :t~;
-:~y·.·-:,:t'~~"..~,.:·Whenwriting
an'aliquot,part description·fof.1tsect:iQn~·,begin in the most
,~ . northeastern . . portion ;and· -,work. in. ;a ..counter-clockwise·~ direction;
regardless of where the largest portion 'is' located;
••••••••
[i\ Acreages.
..... ';'Perhaps we'should take a moment here to look atthe-size~ in acres,of-the
land we are learning to describe. Generally a section of land consists of
640 acres, but sections along the north and west boundaries of a township
will not generally contain 640 acres because of the convergence of
meridians.
A quarter section such as the northeast quarter (NEI/4) would consist of
160 acres (1/4 of 640 acres). A quarter-quarter section such as the
southwest quarter of the northeast quarter (SW1/4NE1/4) would consist
--. of 40 acres. A further quartering of the SW1/4NE 1/4 parcel would result
in four parcels of 10 acres each.
NEl/4 = 160 acres
The entire section equals 640 acres
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
27
~~.~:"'Thesubdivisions of sections into. 10-..and.5:.acr.eparcelsfoUows_tb~,~
,··',~:~rule you have already,learned., Remember mat when youdescribea.pa,rcel
. ofland·within another parcel ofland, the smallerparcelis always written
to the left of the larger parcel. With each subdivision the legal description
grows longer and -to the left.
. - <'
11. Try writing the legal descriptions for the two parcels shown below.
~
1--
See page 33 for the correct answers.
A section may be further subdivided into 2.5- or 1.25-acre parcels, but this
practice is not common.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
28
••••••
:
See page 33 for the correct answers .
.... .:
.::::::
l
~~
\{}}(",,:,,:,,:,: ,:,:,:,:,:::,:::,:::,:::<:.:::,:,:,:/,::,.,:,::::::::::.......
.
~
......... :........:: . . :.: :.:: : . . .;::: :.. ::::: ::.: :..:: .. ::::: :::. ::.:::::::::: .... :.:::.:.. '.::::"::::,:<::,::,:, .':"'\\{:"'.:": ::::,,:::}:}:,,:,:: ,:,:,::::::::,.,.>.<.. :>:":,:,:::::.:,:,:,,,.:.:.::.,::{::::,:..:".,}",::,:":,}:.::\)
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
29
Review:
-Remember that a 160-·or 320-acre. parcel·contains-only-one aliquot part
notation, such as:
NE1/4 = 160 acres
S 1/2 = 320 acres
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
30
·1::iliir··LESSoN·····l·:·····~~lil·~s~~ti~~···
:":"'::'::>:':: :. '.
:.;:.<:::::::::: ...... . ................................. .':':':'';'::::::': ::::.::::.:.:::::.;.. :........
.Ii:i(~:::::~::::i:::·:}c:i:::u.:.::
"" .,~",:j ."'~'''~that
{~:)}):(:r}t}j\r\/t~t(rfrj~ >:/>(}~< ::::::·:;·:~:::~·~:::::;:::}~(:~:}~:r}:<»~{/Ln)rrrl(rI??fmUHf??Ht/frrf
_ ,' .~,. . ...,study Guide
a 4O-·odO-......parcel
I
:.:.;.;.:.:.:
)):I:i
containsotwo;aliqU'*part'Dotations,S~ ~
~
(il
I
t~
SWl/4NEl/4 = 40 acres
S1/2SEl/4 = 80 acres
.<
., i! .. -.; -··,A 10- or 20-acre parcelcontains.threealiquot'Partnotations,·such.as~~:
Ii
j
SWl/4NWl/4NEl/4 = 10 acres
••••
l
t
E1/2SEl/4SEl/4 = 20 acres
••••
:)
t
)(?: ~:.: ....:,:~:.. .".,
••••••••
=
....:=:=:::::::=::::::::"",,::</:.l:lli:i:t:::::::::::::::::::...:::::::::::::::::::::::::::.:•. :::::.: .•...
:.:.=:.:.:••
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
31
· .,,:;. ".,., ....... .:..
,,"-'.' and a 2.5-.or 5-acre parcel contains four..aliquot.;partnotations,sucha~;.
El/2NWl/4NWl/4NEl/4
= 5 acres
NWl/4SEl/4SEl/4SEl/4
= 2.5 acres
The figure below shows various configurations of aliquot parts, the
acreage within that 'aliquot part and the proper legal description notation.·
20 acres
Wl/2 NEl/4 NEl/4
10 acres
PNEl/4
NEl/4 NEl/4
Ip
80 acres
Wl/2NEl/4
,
320 acres
,
40 acres
SEl/4NEl/4
Wl/2
160 acres
160 acres
Wl/2Wl/2
El/2 Wl/2
160 acres
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
SEl/4
32
5 acres
El/2 SEl/4 NEl/4 NEI/4
::::::::::::::
rC:
~:~:~
rr(
:;::::t\~;::::~~:){r :::::~;tt~r~:::
::::::::::::::::::::::: .~:::::::::::;.::::::::":':.:.' :::::::::~: ::~::~:~\:~:~:::~~~:~~::~::::::~:::::.::~:~:~:?~:~::~~){~;~:~~:~{~:~~:;~:: ::::::. ::::.:::::::;::: t~~:l:\::::~: ~::~j~{~:r:~~i:~:~:~:l:~~:~:~
::::::::::::.:=:::: .:::::::::: ::::~:i::::;.ii:i:i:i:~~~::
Read and Answer Questions
4
:
)
: ;::::::{:~
"!
. .~ I
~
·9. Write the description. for parcel A?· ....,.
II:.:.!·.!I
::~~~t::~:l:~:::}Hr~~{:r:jtt:
..........
,Parcel A would be written as WII2WII2
10. Write the description for parcel B?
Parcel B would be written as S112S112
11. Try writing the legal description for the two parcels shown below.
a. NWlI4NE1I4SElI4Nw1l4
b. - SW1I4NW1I4SW1I4NE1I4SE 114
12. Write the legal description for each parcel.
a. NW1I4
b. S 112SW1I4
c. NElI4NE1l4
d. SE1I4NW1l4SE1I4
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
33
Study Guide
IV. The Comma
Comma
Seldom can.the inadvertent omission: or- insertion of a.comma be mor~
misleading and do more damage-than-in a land description.
Commas in land descriptions mean "AND THE," whereas the absence of
commas means "OF THE." To show the effect of a comma (or commas)
in a land description, let's take a typical description of a lO-acre parcel.
ThenotationSWl/4NWl/4NE l/4isreadas"thesouthwestquarter~
northwest quarter ~ northeast quarter."
SWl/4NWl/4NEl/4 = 10 acres
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
34
By inserting a single comma into the notation between SWI/4 and
NWl/4 we have drastically changed the notation . Instead of describing
SWI/4, NWl/4NEl/4
I
comma inserted here
a single lO-acre parcel, we are now describing two separate parcels
totalling 200 acres (160 acres and 40 acres respectively). The notation
would now be read as "the southwest quarter and the northwest quarter
~ northeast quarter. "
m
---~-----f
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
35
NWl/4NEl/4,SWl/4 = 200 acres
......-Study Guide
V. Lots
.......
Lotting of a ,;-'
Section
-,·,:Lots.ate.irregular-or fractionalpllNels ofland.in-a·sectionthat cannot Qe
described as aliquot.parts. They generally lie on the north and the west
.sides of a township, or along meandering lakes, ponds, or rivers. .
...
That lots are created as a result of irregularities in boundaries or resurveys .
presents unusual problems, which are beyond the scope of the self-study
guide.
Be aware, however, that lots exist, that they serve a purpose in the
rectangular system of survey, and that they generally are numbered by the
same method as are sections .
.The following example will show how lots are numbered and will help
you to visualize some of the circumstances that result in lotting.
Look at the example to the
right The north and west
.side of the section contains
.fractionalparcels of land
.··ranging in size from 36.70
acres to 41.20 acres.
Because these parcels
cannot be described as
aliquot parts, they cannot
be considered as quarterquarter sections. Hence,
they are described as lots.
Note that the lots are
numbered consecutively
from east to west and then
from north to south.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
36
..
Numbering of lots
4
36.70
I acres
-3
.-
40AO
acres
f-
2~ f--
1
41.20 ..
acres
40.80
acres
It
S
37.10
,acres
SEl/4NWl/4
SI/2NEl/4
40 acres
80 acres
El/2 SWl/4
SEI/4
80 acres
160 acres
It
I
6
37.50
acres
I.
7
37.90
acres
. ...................... ."."."::::":. :
..
. ..
. ... .. ......... ................ ...... :::::::::::::::::::-::: :' ::::: ."'::' ::::;: ::':::::::::.,:. -:: ::: ':::::' ::::::::::;:;::::::::::::::.::::;:::;:::::::;:::::::;.;:::::::::::::::::::~:~:~::{{ ::::::::::: ·::::::::{:~:::~:::~:}~{:::;:f~
I:!I!·!!(····~;;~~·······;·~······~;~·~;;;;~~~·······
Jc. . stan0j'c
si
:Iil~
(:~
cStudy Guide
)
:~ :~~·;..The
: C·-="-.
:next example shows a meandering n.ver'that'has'created .fractional
,..";~, I ~··,,·;t<parcels of"land-·along'its'banksFNote'that"11re'numbering·begins,·in the )
iii:::
J . -. ~ •. "northeast comer and continues west untileach'fractional.parcel has ,been ,.;l
:=::
:::
numbered.· In the example, the top row contains lots 1 through 7. ,The ?
'. :f,:::
-.
1
::~
.•
.
>
':.
t
I
'
51/2 NWI/4
80acrcs
8
•.
NWl/4SEI/4
40acrcs
SWI/4
160_
SWl/4SEI/4
40_
The following five examples show the numbering of lots for several
different situations.
SBI/4NEI/4
The shoreline of a lake.
8
SI/2SWI/4
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
37
7
SWI/4SBI/4
NEI/4SBI/4
SBI/4SBI/4
· . -" .·~",Study Guide
3
WIJ2NWI/4 1----l'.>Ofo--f.I+R"-i El/2NEl/4
4
Mineral claims.
SWlf4
SEI/4
1
NWl/4
Wl/2NEl/4
2
An irregular alignment
of the east boundary.
3
SWl/4
Wl/2SEl/4
4
NWI/4
NElf4
Nl/2SWI/4
Nl/2 SEI/4
An irregular alignment
of the south boundary.
1
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
38
2
3
4
1'\,<.·::",·",."",'"
[t:
LESSON 1: Legal Description
Iz~:~::::~\fp(§/'"
. Study Guide
NWll4
W1/2 NEl/4I-----f
2
An irregular alignment of the
east and south boundaries.
Nl/2SWl/4
4
5
NWl/4 SEll4
3
6
7
When writing the subdivision' portion' of the legal description,frrst-write
the lots, followed by the aliquot part. Each lot will also be separated by
a comma. Three or more consecutively numbered lots can be separated by
the word thru. Nonconsecutive lots should be written in ascending order
. from lowest to highest number.. -Some examples are shown below:
lot 1, SEI/4
lot 1 thru 4, inclusive, SE 1/4
lot 1,3,9, 10, SE1/4
,
\.:[:3:>
''''(:?).
. ' : . > . . " . ' .. :.'} "', '..""','.. :.:.'>.,,,
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
39
..:, •. :,.
>18)
......................,.,.".,.,.,.,.,.,,"',",',',',::',':::::',':::': \{: >:::}::<:,:: "":':«?'\
/::':{::::::::::::{:}::}":'}}'::",';'::::,':':":':::'{{{:':'::':':}'{..::':'::}':}}}":':':::::::::::':. . :"'::;::::':::::::':': .. ' .
111·llk LESSON 1: ugal Description
.....:..:.: ...... :.:-:.;. >~{{:}~ t(;~;~;;;:; r~ \.:.::::::L.}~:~:~/\:{\/~;~;~;;;~:;:;:.:.;:::.:::::. .-:: .: ,: : : : :,:': : ': :': :;: :': :,:,:",:,: -: ;. ;.:.:.;.,:. :.::;/;><;;::~.:::.::.::.::.:::::::.:.:. :::;:.;:;:;.;:;:;;':;:; :::::.
rC·
)rr)(Yfr ~r
Read and Answer Questims
:::::::=:=::;::::::::
:::::::::)r})t:t:~;;;;:;.:::::::::.:::::::.:.:-:.;.:.;.:.:';':", ....}:{:
)
:~ l!~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
JI::I
rrmr
"1
il
!;j~
. , .•. ;0. ".:
;i,l; ''::;';':1\ ·:·:The 'legu.descriptiori:NE;Nliwould:be"read,as'thenortheasr-quarter 'aDd' the.noMea$t·
: .:~ .
.: ,," 'quarter. "How. .would that same·legal description ,be read if the comma were omitted_.
•.. the northeast quarter _._
ii
t
:.:
/
__ northeast quarter
2. Lot numbers are numbered consecutively from east to west and then from _ _ to
-_.
3. Three ormore consecutively numbered lots can be separated by either the use of commas
or the use of the word _ _ __
I
)
ti!il::.:,-.:
.:.:...:: :.: :,.,:,.: ,.,: .: :
~
:::;:::::::::::::::;:.:.....:.:.: .....:................ ::::::::;:/~.:;::~:~:~:;:;:;::::.;:;.;.:.;.:.:.:.:.:.:.:. :.:.:...:..... :.:.: ..... :........ -: ...: ::::::::':::;';.::::::::: :;:::; :;:::;:;:;:::;::':::::::: ::: ::::::.::::::::: :::::;;::::;:::;::::=:: .:::;.: .: ::: ';.;:;':
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
40
•
. :. .:. . . .
/1' ..................................................................... ,', ............................................................. ,', . . . ,. . ,', ................... ,', .......... ",', ....... ',' .
ii:illl(:::·~;;~;:::::~:~:':':'~;~:'~:;:;~::·':':'·:::::
.,..
...........:.:.:
tt~rr~:~:;;;;;::;:::
.
"i:~:'
C'
. ... . .. .. ,'..... <-: ....... :-.
"
::':::;:;.,::.:::::;::::::::::::)}}:/:::::::::;:;,;:::;::;,::::<:
::::> ..:-::::>.;:. :::':,:', .
']1111
:.:.:.:.:.:
....••••••••..
•. :...:.:-.. ;. ...•.. -:.:;.:.;. ;.;':-:.,.:-: ..-:'.-:' ,':-.':-:
;:::;:::::;.;.;:::::::::::::::::::::::::::;:;.;.:.
:::::::::::::::::::::;. ::::::::::.:....::::;::::::}:::):::: .••..............•......•.....••..
::::::;:-:...: .... ....... ;:::}:: .::::::::::::::::::::::::::::}:
::::::::::;:::::::::::::::::::;::::
;.;:::;:;:;:;.;:;:;:/::::; >:-:;:;:;:;:; .. :;:;.;:;:.:;.;:;:;:;.;;;;;;::;;:;:::;:;::- .: .::•••.:• : -.:•. .::•.• :.:;.: • :;. .: .• :• •:••':: .. ;.:-:;:-.;:::::.:::::.::::;::;: ":-:':::':::;:;:::.;:::::::::;::::::::;:
.............;.;.;.;...:.:.;.;.;.;.;.;...:.:.;.;.;.;.;.;........ ;.
Read and Answer Questions'
................ .................... .
....................
.~)(
).:.:
'.:: ',·'<.. ··:~j:I··;;;;.~'t1<: 1'he"legal description·NE~:iWould:1».read"8S~the;northeast :quarter.:andithe:northeast
. i i: . ,. . '·quarter. ·.How would that same legal description be read if the··comma were omitted..-.~
..• the northeast quarter ~ northeast quarter .
2. Lot numbers are numbered consecutively from east to west and then fromDQIth to mlUh.
3. Three or more consecutively numbered lots can be separated by either the use of commas
or the use of the word lbm.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
41
}
t
.:.....
:.-:;:
Tract surveys involve areas of land that usually lie in more than one
section or that cannot be described wholly as a part of a section. Tracts
within a township are numbered beginning with 37 to avoid confusion
with section numbers.
Tract Survey involving 4 sections
Section 10
Section 11
Section 15
Section 14
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
42
... '.
~
..
..Study Guide
.. . Metes and Bounds
Aid 2 for more
information
about metes
and bounds.
'·~~~eteS~d·8'bGund~~ur-veys~used..Jfor"defining·lboundarieS'-,:e~
'" "irregularly shaped parcel ofland thafcannot.be practically described:m
any other way.
A metes and bounds survey may be appropriate for such cases as mineral"
claims, homestead claims, private land grants, national parks and
monuments, and Indian reservations.
Sample Mineral Survey
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
43
·.,(
....
'; - ';. The BLM state office assigns;mineralsurvey'numbers upon receipt of~
mineral survey application. ,Mineral~survey -numbers are issueQ.-c, .:~olisecutiveiy. riJ4:t."the4aslolmineral·-sorveY;.Dumber,,;1ssued ,w.as~
. MS-786"the nextnumberissued will be MS-787.-\ _
,!"
Sample Homestead
Survey
When writing legal descriptions for special surveys such as tracts or
'mineral or homestead surveys, always write the description of the special
survey following the description of the lots and aliquot parts.
Some examples are shown below:
lot 1, SEI/4, Hes 700
lot 1 thru 4, inclusive, MS 800
lot 1, HES 700, MS 800
NWl/4, MS 800
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
44
r",:,}} :.:.:.:.:-:.': ':':':':':':':':': : : : : : : : : : : : : : : .:.: ':»::::::::::>:::::::::::::::::::::,:,:::::::,:,:,:,:.:,:::::::. :., . '.... :::::. :.:::::::::::::::::.,:::::,::::::::.,::.,::::::.::::':::::::::::'::):::::;:::::::/":::'}":::"'}}'{{:':::::':::: :::::::::::':::::':::{{({::.:: :::{(/::(:::::: ::::::::::::,::
i:::iiii~
:::::::::::::: ..... ::
:::=:::::::
:}/)/1'\
111:i
LESSON 1: Legal Description
i.i:,).:i::l.:.'.:,.~~:~.I.>.:.~("i'V;~.
XG::·;;;;, t
SH7~.:~:~:::m;;m",;;;t mc ::::::%Mii&1Mii&1::::::::~
~t
~
'I-
.'
:~'''''VIl"''Writing the: Complete Legal Description~
~~
:~:'
'! ..
t
:I:'
t~
I
"'~'-'''<;:' .~.~ ;,~.:-:-;.:., .." ··'"-:.Y~ .': -':~·:~'''11p·.to.t1iis!pointo/ouhave-:leamoo thatJtherentire"'rectangular-system<ef!i'
Poiots
'.•: .• ':.
::
o
i·i·
.
survey is built around selected starting points
;
: e ).:•.::
.fiI_
.......:.
:;::)
t,
ii
Principal
Meridians
J
Base Lines
:. :
call; initialcpoints.:,~
c:s...
Y~u .knal°w t?di~t northd-south
pnnClp men ans an eastwest base lines intersect at each
initial point.
}
i~l~
••••
~ ~:
You also know that township
lines are established every six
miles north and south of the
base line and that range lines
are established every six miles
east and west of the principal
meridian.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
45
1
g
BaseLine
it...
,-,.
< Initial
:. :.;
Point:!
II
/.<>:.
(
LESSON 1: Legal Description
l'c=:~~r(k1W!"W
I
i
..
And you have learned that
the 6-mile-wide spaces
between each set of
township lines represents
an east-west coordinate
called a township,
•••••••
H Township
. . . . Coordinate
that
the 6-mile-wide spaces between
each set of range lines represents
a north-south coordinate called a
range,
U Range
< Coordinate
\...
-
The 6-mile-wide ~
spaces are called
Ranges
and that
Township4N
Township3N
the township and range
coordinates are numbered
according to their position
relative to the base line and
principal meridian.
Township2N
Township IN
..
TOWDSbipiS
TOWDSbip2S
TOWDSbip3S
~
j
>:-
.~
~ ~
'". .
f!
~ ~.
OIl
i
~
~
~
c
~
~
~ ~
I
I
. . .
1 11
'C"o.""""'"".....,..,=~.A?).."""
. -".,..,.,.,..,..,...,..,...,..,.,.,.,.,--..,...,.,.,.,..,.....,.....,...,.,-.."."...,..,."...."."....,.,.,-..,.,.,-.",...-..,....-..,....,.,.,--...,---,-,.....".,.,.,.,..,----.,.,.,..,.,~~~.:'J
,:}>....
...•.......
.....
·:./.. ;::·······~~c·····••·.T·?T:><b
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
46
.. ··Study Guide
·Township
You have alsolearned.that each-intersection·efa-township coordina~
, '. '-. and range coordinate creates a-6-:by·6-mile. -square..J;all~·a township,;.;
TDWIIIbip 4Nonb
and that
each township consists of 36, I-mile square areas called sections.
One towDibip
amlaiDl
36 l·mB" square IICCIII.... '
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
47
., '+
;,.4,,"~::_ ':l
._- .--
Numberingof.,,-\·:
~--:·~<':·-~,You know that sections are numbered beginning-Withnumber lin tb..e
::~:: Sec.:tions .• ".. ::::..
::~:. . --. ': .~.~ ii""
::
. '·upper right.comer and.weaving ;altemately·right-t~left,Jeft-to-right,
...:.:. ;...:..othenright-t~leftuntilaJ136sections:havebeennumbercd-i.(ending.wit\l
number 36 in the lower right comer.
c:
c:
c:
5
4
3
2
1
7
8
9
10
11
}2
1~
17
16
15
14
13
19
20
21
22
23
--.,24
3~
29
28
27
26
2S
31
32
33
34
35 --"036
-
You've also learned how to describe parcels of land within a section,
. ; remembering that the smaller parcel of land is always written to the left
of the larger parcel.
For consistency in legal descriptions, BLM has adopted the following
standard notation abbreviations for public lands.
Principal Meridians
The 36 principal meridians are abb:r:eviated with capital letters. For
example, the Williamette Meridian used in Oregon and Washington is
shown as WM. The 6th Principal Meridian is shown as 6th PM or SIX1H
PM.
Township
Abbreviated as a capital T.
:-:
••••
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
48
::::::{:~::::: ::::::::::::::::~:~/t~\rrfI.·}~r:::/::::::~···::;~;:;;;:;tt?:~::·: :::::::::::~){:::::: ~~\:;t\~~~;~~;l\;:~~~i:~~~~~::~~;~:~:;.:·;.;::.;::::.·.: :........... ::::::::::::::::'::::::::::::::::::::::'::::;::::::::::':.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;::::::~:~.~:~: rj:~:tr
....
: : : : : : : : : : : : ;:;: :;: : :;: : : : : : : : ;:;: : : : : : : : :;: : : : : : ~~~:~i~~:~:~:::~ :~:r::r::~~
~:·;.I)~:A-ssistan~~:~:;~~~(_ _ _ _ _ _ _. ._,.-_... ,_.. __. _ .._Stu_d...;;Y_G_U_id_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ····S·'
_ ::11
!::-asacapitalR.
.,-
Section
Abbreviated'with10wet case letters as"Sec;"(with'al'eriod-followingthe
"C".)
I
~1 ~:
.:::
::!;
i~~1
description!.!
Compass Points
Abbreviated with capital letters N, W, S, E.
Two methods are acceptable for writing complete legal descriptions:
1::11'
(: Method 1
::
<
1. Beginning with the principal meridian
- name the principal meridian
- name the township
- name the range
- name the section
- name the subdivisions
A- properly notated legal description beginning with the principal
;.;..
meridian would be written as follows:
6th PM; T.8 N., ·R.4 W., sec. 8, SE1I4NWl/4
Important Note
Look at the placement of the periods and commas.
/.
•••••
!
I:
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
49
Method 2
2. Beginning with the subdivision
, - name the subdivision
' - name the section .
- name the township
- name the range
- name the principal meridian
.;-"
-
A properly notated legal description beginning' with the subdivision
would be written like this:
Wl/2NEl/4SWl/4, sec. 26, T.6 S., R.8 E., 5th PM
Multiple
·To\,'lllships.
If several townships are included in the description, the primary order is
>'determined by the range number, beginning with the lowest number, and .
. within each range by the township numbers beginning with the lowest
number.
Where townships north and south of the base line or east and west of the
meridian are involved, the order oflisting is usually; fIrst those north and
east of the initial point,-followed by those' north and west, then those
south and west and finally by those south and east.
Example:
Sixth PM
T.5N.,R.IE.
sec. 6 All;
sec. 7 All.
T.5N.,R.l W.
sec. 1 All;
sec. 12 All.
T.2S.,R.l W.
sec. 1 All;
T.2S.,R.IE.
sec. 6 All.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
50
I(::::~;;:;~: "~':""'~:::~;;~;~on'
~:i{rtgt~~····::::::::·· .::::::::~?:r~::::~tt:~:::::::::::?~::·::~~~:::::::~::':::::, )r;
:i~~:'tAssistanc~:::I·l::~c
i
,..~;
,- : .. --,- ~'
,",',
,.~
..rO" ':: "
I
·::::::t:::::::::
::::::::::::::::::::;::::~:~::i:\~~i; :.~::::: :~:::~:j:::t:\:~~:~:) :~~:::;:::;:~::;:~:t:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;::: ~:?): ~~:::~::::~~
: : : : : : : :.: .: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ,: : : : : : :. }:::::::::.:.:::::::.:::::r:~.:.::::;:;.·.?:::::::: :::::=::::::::::::::::::
Study GUide·HS":':;:!
-,Write the complete legal descriptions for-the,highlighted.parcels oflano.
.• in each of the problems shown on thefollowing,twopages.,Usem~~Qd
~ ;;-'·'~l forwriting the fJl'st two legal descriptions and method 2i"or.writing.the
last two legal descriptions.
Example:
I
Il
:::{::;.
P
BI..:k HiUs Meridiln (BUM)
Write your Iepl cIescripIion here (MeIbad 1):
. BHM; T.IN.. R.4E., sec. 29, NEl/4 NWl/4 NEl/4, N1Il SEl/4
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
51
I
. .·. ·. r:~.·.··.··.·./····~:;;~~·······i·:······~~:··~:::;~~:···························.......
'.
~_R_e_ad_
·lij(. .
:'_:>___________._
.
.._an_d_A_._n_sw_er_Q_ue_s_ti_o_n_s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
Problem 1
~
P
.~ Write your legal
Sixth Principal Meridian (SlXTH PM)
description here (Method I): .
Answer on page 54.
Problem 2
P
-=
Wmd River MeridiIl1 (WRM)
Write your legal draaiption here (Method I):
Answer on page 54.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
'J• ,.
.. :::..:;;:;:>:
52
Read and Answer Questions
)
--------------------------------Problem 3
It=:
• Salt Lake Meridian (SLM)
Writeyourlepl desaiptim here(Melhod 2):
...
Answer on page 54.
Problem 4
P
Mounr. Diablo Meridian (MOM)
-=
Wrire your legal desaiplim here (Method 2):
Answer on page 54.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
53
--.~
'Read-and Answer Questions
.. Answers to problems on pages 52 and 53.
Problem 1:
'. SIXTII PM, T.2 S., R.3 W., sec. 9, NEl/4SWl/4SWl/4
Problem 2:
WRM, TA S., R.3 E., sec. 26, SWl/4NWl/4NEl/4, NWl/4
Problem 3:
lot 4, sec. 18, T.3 N., R.2 E., SLM
Problem 4:
SEl/4SWl/4SWl/4, Nl/2SEl/4SEl/4, sec. 35,.T.3 N., RA W~, MDM ..
. When ,writing multiple-land descriptions within a. township, end all lines with a
semicolon except for the last line, which should end with a period.
For example:
SIXTIIPM,
T&R
sec. 1, lot 1,4, SEl/4;
sec. 2, all;
sec. 3, lot 1 thru 4, inclusive, S I/2Nl/2;
. sec. 10, HES 599;
sec. 12, MS 700;
sec. 13, lot 1, NWl/4, HES 600;
sec. 14, Nl/2, SWl/4;
Tract 37.
If the land being described is unsurveyed or partly -surveyed, .add the words
"unsurveyed" or "partially surveyed" to the legal description. -.. - .'
For example:
SIXTIIPM,
T&R
.._sec . .l, ,all, .unsurveyed;
sec. 2, all, partially surveyed;
sec. 3, all.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
54
r
LESSON 2
LAND
STATUS
INSTRUcnONAL OBJECI1VES:
After successfully completing this lesson, you will be able:
1. to list the six components of the land status records system:;,:MasterTitle Plat, Use~_c
Plats and Supplemental Plats, Historical Index, Control Document Index, Index
to Miscellaneous Documents, and Serial Register Page,
2. to list the sources and location of land status records, and
3. to use land status records to research and document the current status of any parcel
of public land.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
).
:;i:i:C~~~o~~:····~~s~~~····
.-:>:::
'.: ::-::::::/::": ::,:..:::.
.:i:··:C~S~~t'dn~~:··::::::::~::c:::>=·····.:.:. . .: : ::. :::
....:::. . :.======Stu=d=y=G=W:::'d::::e:::::::::::::::::=====::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::)~
c.:-:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:-:.:· :-:. :::.:::': ...... : .::. :..... ::"::::.:-:.::-:.::::.. :-".":: ,"".
·11
;}~
View the video
tape Land Status
. ". :.
",":" _.':::
:.:}:-:.>.::.)::~~:~::{:::
I. View the Land Status segment of the video tape. This video will provide
you with the proper foundation to work through this section of the selfstudy guide.
I
View the Land Status segment of the video tape now.
I
ll. In the Beginning
.. Cadastral
Survey Plat
A systematic approach to recordkeeping for the public lands began over .
200 years ago with the Ordinance of 1785. That ordinance set forth the
use of the Cadastral Survey Plat, a system for recording land patents and
related case records essential to the chain of title in the public domain
states.
The cadastral survey plat worked well at fIrst However, the handwritten
entries soon became diffIcult to read and track. A portion of a plat is
shown below.
LEGAL DESCRIIPnON AND LAND STATUS
55
3~
· ·"_· ':·"_·:· · _·" ·":_S_·t_~d. .;· · ·~_· · ·~_·u_i_~_
e _ _ _ _ _ _··_·····_·_ _5~91
:::::t LESSON2: Land Status
ft.:is~0;:C~··
........
. ._______
:. Tract Book
) System
:::.:
.....
:.\
".:."
In 1800, the tract book system was established by an Act of Congress.
This new recording system was designed to be a pennanent reference for
all land transactions for the survey of public lands. These tract books were
broken down by:
State
Territory
Meridian
Township
Range
Section and subdivision
Serial Register
System
By 1908 there was a need to document the history of each land case
transaction that occurred on the public land. The Serial Register System
was designed to accomplish this purpose. Every transaction within a state
was given a serial number so that each event that occurred could be
recorded on the register.
.
Sample from old Serial Register Page
l/'-."""·-_ __
,-
..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
56
Study Guide
Tracking land status through numerous handwritten entries was awkwilId
'~:.: at best. .By1955, the Tract Book System had, become so difficJlluo.r.ead
: .- - and cumbersome to use that Congress authorized the-establishmentofyet
.,.....,:~ :"anotherrecords system. This system is'generally referred to as the1:.and
Status Records System.
"4,,,,;,, ,',
Land Status . ,,-'
", Records System
:i
The flI'St step in the new system was to microfllm all patents, withdrawals,
proclamations, orders, and other related documents that affect land status.
The Land Status Records System consists of six parts. They are the
Master Title Plat
Use Plats and Supplemental Plats
Historical Index
Control Document Index
Index to Miscellaneous Documents
Serial Register Page
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
57
&:);:;'.;;:;::;:;:::;::.;:;:;.;:;:;:;:;:;::.;:; ::::;:;:;:;:;:;:::;:;:;:;:;:>:.:.;::.:.~::{:;::::.;.;.;.;.;.;.: ...:.:...:.....:.:..........
II:!·::!( LESSON
.
::::::::.::.:::::.;:::: ::::::::;:::;:;:;::::::{:::~:::::::,::::;:::: .......... :.:.: .....:...:.: ...;.:.:::::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:::::::;:;:;:;:;:;:;.;.; :}~:::\:::~{:~;::::. ::;:~:::;:::} ~:::::::::::::::~::::::::}~
J!:i
2: Land Status
:;:;:::::;:::;::::::::~{:::;;;}f{/rffff{:::tt~:~:t?~:
"""""""".,
:~:~:}::~ ::::::::::::::.:;::::::;:::;:::;:; ::::::j:~:::::~:~:.::.:;::::::::~:::
: : : ;. ::;::::::::::;:::::::::
::::::;;::;:;:;~(;:;;
:::::)::::' .;: :;:;:;:;:;:;: . ·:i:::::::::{:(f; :;:;: :;:;: :;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;: : : . . :.:.:.:. ;: .;.:.;
:i:>i::?:::~::::::;:{:~::::
::;::.:::.:::::::::::::::: :::::::;(:; .'.:.:.::::::::
.:.::::\:::;:);:;:
.
····~\f
,! ~1 :7C. .· __________&_e_ad_an_d_·A_n_s_w_er_Qu_es_ti_o_n_s_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _)1/11
_·t
,-,~ -- 'I::
:.: :.
:i!r
,.. '-" ',l .
. it:
I
;.::::
::;::::
.::::::
;::t
:-:::;
rm
:i~
-Please'answerthe following review questions before moving on to Part ill. Circle the '~
correct answer.
)
)
iii!
.:.:.
. :4~><t.·TheOrdinanceof1785instituted a system for-recording transactions on thepublie',!..i:...;,i:
lands. The main feature of the system'was a document called?
""\
~E===
~
2. After being in use for a number of years, the system created by the Ordinance of
1785 became difficult to use and maintain. In 1800, Congress established a new
'system.-This''Ilew system required all transactions to be recorded in?
A. Tract Books .
. B. . Serial Register Books
·C. Land Transaction Plat Books
3. In the early 1900s, another system was designed and-implemented. This system.
required the assignment of a number to each transaction to make tracking records .
easier. The system was called?
A. The Numerical Index System
B. The Master Title Plat System
C. The Serial Register System
. -4. In 1955, a new system was established. This system, which makes extensive use
of microfilming, is the system in current use. It is the?
A. Land Status Records System
B. Public Land Automated Tracking (Plat) System
C. Master Title Plat System.
See the following page for answers.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
58
Read and'Answer Questions
.Answers to review questions for Part n.
·l... ··B.'The·Cadastral Survey Plat
2. A. Tract Books
3. C. The Serial Register System
4. A. Land Status Records System
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
59
~:ji~LEsso~ 2: Land Status
..
.)"
....:-., .. ,'. ........; ",' ',' :.
. ,"' :".: \:.;':': '," :', ./}=:::.}::::=:,:,/;::::<:":/:,.,:,;",::,::",,: .. .
:!!:::'C':~~~::~~··':·:~C·~>_:·::·:::_:·:·_··:····_
. '.' .;.', " :.: :: ...:.:-::. ',: :::::, :.:. :- '::": .'"
.::-:.:>:::.:":< .•..
S_tu_d.:..Y_G_Ul_·d_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
.._. . _.5~
. . ._ _ _ _ _ _ _
m. Master Title Plat
_--
TOWNSHIP 2 NORTH RANGE I EAST OF THE GILA AND SALT RIVER MERIDIAN, ARIZONA
:?i
• ••,.. ••.n . . . .
,a.+
••••••
, . . . . . . . . . _ ] .....
~
......!J~-!~
M
!--'-
-M
....-1
t_ ..."
~
I ..... _
~
..... _
••••• _
, ........................... ....
-. ...
;t ..
•.
=,~.,
~
~
~
~
~
~
J.--":-
..
~
~
~
~
~
I
I
......
-
, ...-1
'.-- . -_.
"
F¥t
, ....-1
....-1
'7
~
I.
..•.
I•
M
,.
,.,
_'~I
lit
fl. -
«
...
....::.~
.-.
.....'"'
•a.~
..
••
...,,-1
.'..
.-.
.
..
_.
.:.:.:-- .
---
••.,.-1
II
....-t
'"
I·
Master Title
Plat
".'<.IL
a..I.L..
0"
The Master Title Plat, abbreviated MTP, is a graphic display of the
township survey data. Information taken from the cadastral survey data
are compiled onto a mylar base and drawn at a scale of 30 chains equal to
1 inch or 2.666 inches per mile.
SCALE
10
5
0
10
20
30
60
30 chains to the inch
I:···
1
I'
X;:::.,::'">:.:.::,:: :.:
.
~.: :.,,'_~
.. :: ....: :.> . .:
______________.B__u__
sc_al~e--fr~o-m-~---ste_r-T-l-·tl-e-P_l_at____________~~
. . : .: . .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
60
;J
. A mylar base is used so when changes occur in either the land status or the
. survey status, updates can be easily made~- .- .
-
rJ
Measurement
;,;,
,"
::::
i
I
Exceptions to ••.
::m: Chain Measme- . ..
:: ment
. ..
.i::!::
1M1P~
I
!l!!
~):~
I
.!:.
- Partial townships such as one-quarter; one-half, and three-quarter, tow.nships are positioned on the plat as if a fulftownship were being shown.
The chain is a unit of linear measurement for the survey of the public
lands. One (1) chain is equal to sixty-six (66) feet, and 80 chains equal
1 mile.
With two exceptions, cadastral surveyors' field note measurements are
'-always recorded in chains. The two exceptions to this rule are the townsite
survey and the mineral survey. These surveys are recorded in feet.
.-- The heading on each Master Title Plat will give you the legal description
by Township, Range, Meridian and State.
TOWNSHIP 3 NORTH RANGE'18'EAST-OF THE PRINCIPAL 'MERIDIAN,'MONTANA'
Typical Master Title Plat heading
When the township has not been surveyed or has only been partially
surveyed, a notation for survey status will precede the heading. If the
township has been completely surveyed, there will be no notation.
PARTIALLY SURVEYED
UNSURVEYED
Headings similar to the above identify the survey status
of townships on the Master Title Plat.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
61
[:..-.-LE~S";'S""O--N-2-:-L-an
........
d...s-ta.;..;tu...s~-,;...;..;·...
·····.;..;··-··...··,;...;..;,;...;..;··,;...;..;,;...;..;........,;...;..;;;O;';";,;...;..;,;...;..;........; 0;.;. ;........;;0;.;..;_........;;0;.;..;_)"
!i,J}2'::::-§[j] c. . _____. _
. . _.___
Y'
S_tu_d...::;y_G_u_id_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Prottaction
Diagram
When a township is unsurveyed, the information to compile the MTP is
taken from an approved protraction diagram.
The protraction diagram is a graphic display of the extension of the
rectangular survey system over unsurveyed public lands
1<
UNSURVEYED
=--= =.__... ...
I····
•••
...
..
ARIZONA
...-oTRACTlON DIAGIIAM .... 42
-:::~ ... -: ~
t.
I
I
I
i .. rL .. l~
I
•
I
I
I
I
I
I
-......... - - .... --.......... ~ __ L-_+-,..r,. - -+
I
•
1
I
•
I
I
1
..
I
I
1
•
I
•
1
1
1
----r--"l---r--'-,I.
I.
I.
I
..
~
I
I
I
.L
I
I
I
I
I
I-
I
.'
i
I
;
T- -.. !
•••
I
I
N
:
I
I
I
I
..
I
I
•
I
I
I
I
I
•
I
•
'
'I •
1
1
I
1
•
I
-I.J
I
I
I
--"'--+---1---1"r _""" --T--
I
·'-T
1
..
I
•
1
---r---,
I
-I- - - t ..... .,- _1- --r -- T---.---I-_-1--1
1
1
I'
I
1
1 -,
I . I . . . I ' I . I II I "
.. "
1'1.
1
I
I
I
-lIIr.l---1----L - - - l - - - L __
'I
1
I
1
1
I
I
I
I
I'
I
I
I
I
1
I
I
I
-t.,....-I-L-r---+ - - T - -+ ---I-_-~
'J" . ! .. ~
-,...J--_L--:"--rl--J-- ~ ... ~ --~---rl __
..L
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
..
I
II
•
1
I
•
1
I
II
I
II
I
•
,
I
..
I.:L
T
I
•
'I
I :_ I
I
•
I
•
I·
!. __
•
1
I
•
__
1
f
1
I
--.+-- I
1
I
1"-
1
_.1
I
.:.
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
•
I
I
_
I
~."... l, ___ I~ __ ~ __ '
1"1
I
.. I
.:_:.. __ ~ _.:t_:~ ___:--J-- _:_:~-t.-:-_-~_1 __ :.. __}.:~--_:---:- - ~
I
~
A~
I
I
I
I
I
.
I
I
I
__
•
I
I
A portion of an approved Protraction Diagram
I
Also, if there has been an updated survey on the land, the most recent
information will be described on the plat.
,
All newly draftedMTP's must have the following statement on the bottom
right side of the township diagram:
I
I
Disclaimer
"This plat is the Bureau's Record of Title, and should be used only as a
graphic display of the township survey data. Records hereon do not
reflect title changes which may have been effected by lateral movements
of rivers or other bodies of water. Refer to the cadastral surveys for
official survey information."
Column
Information
The column on the right side of the MTP lists and contains information
to aid the reader.
...
.
I
"
~><...'---.-...-~. •'\.
.•.~------. . . -~
..•...
. ------------.-.... ------~~----.~
• . . .--.----~------------~
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
62
At the top of this column the following statement will appear:
.STATUS OF PUBLIC DOMAIN
- LAND AND MINERAL TITLES .
Next, on the right, is a single line that designates the kind of plat.
Examples of plat designations include:
MT PLAT for Master Title Plat
MTP SUPPL for Supplemental Master Title Plat
USE PLAT for Special Use Authorizations
OG PLAT for Oil and Gas Plat
On some plats, the line intended for the plat designation is left blank.
.-When this occurs, you can assume that the plat is a MT Plat (Master Title
Plat).
MT PLAT
~------------------------------------------~-
Sample Plat Designation
Underneath the plat designation is a box labeled Index to Segregated
Tracts. This box shows the resurvey tract numbers for any resurveys. In
addition to the resurvey tract number, the box contains information about
the Township, Range, Section, and subdivision in the original survey
from which the resurvey was made. .
INDEX TO SEGREGATED TRACTS
RESURVEY
TRACT NO
ORIGINAL SURVEY
T
R
SEC
37
16N
30E
17
SW1/4 NW1/4, N1J2 SW1/4
37
16N
30E
20
NW1/4 NE1/4
SUBDIVISION
Sample Index to Segregated Tracts
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
63
:r
~:.:«<:::::",:.:::::::::{::::.::::::::::.::::::{:::?:. }}}.. :{{. ::::.::::: ::::}}: .:::::~::::::: ::: :::{:::::::::::}::.::::::::::::. ::'/::{::<:::":::::"': /:.:.....:.: ../:::.:.:: :.:.:.::::: '.:'. ':::"::';;::: .. '::::;::::'.': .....::.::::::::: .':':':':':"':':':':'. :.:.: .:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:::::::::::/..:/</::.:.:.:.:.:.:.:
'.,v,;
::\::<>:::~
LESSON 2' Land Status
H.Ji!:1
:. :::\:L::·/\C::::.::.:::
":::)~i~:f):::(:/</>::: .:::.:.:.:::::. :.:::. . :::::...::::: ':"::".::::::>\:~:.::::.:::.::.•:.:':. .:•.•. ::...., ..•.' ... :/;::::(:;::..:.:::::.:':':':':'.':: :;:::.'
:-:.::>
..
:::}:
}
:~j;::Z~ssist~~:':~!::'CHH H
....:.:.:.: ;
...
...
::::::::::::
..•.
~~..
' .. >Study G U i d e H " S ' : : j
::.
::::
\
.".:::::,
Below the Index to <Segregated Tracts box is an area for writing out
-:. !~~ . . . ..... ~. ':'; i'~ -.. ':; iiLinfonnation that does. notappear on.the:plar.;,fflUsmea;.whicbis'll1le4fot
: : : Remarks Area
.~ :
~ .. . -. . ,.,,:~
i:::'.::
::;:::;:
~: ':~
{;~~;
,:mTh
il
II
entering text, is commonly referred to as the "Remarks" area of the plat.
-The··following. . . statement-will 'appear at either ·the top·.(older ,plats)..;Qf
.:. 'bottom (newer plats) of the remarks area:
._ .....
.; " .. :
FOR ORDERS EFFECTING DISPOSAL OR USE OF
UNIDENTIFIED LANDS WITHDRAWN FOR CLASSIFICATION,
MINERALS, WATER ANDIOR OTHER PUBLIC PURPOSES,
REFER TO INDEX OF MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS.
'.:
.:.:.
:-:
:.
~I
I
The above statement refers users of the plat who are looking. for
information about the disposal or use of unidentified lands to another
document within .the Land Status .Record System - The Index to
Miscellaneous Documents. Information about the Index to
. Miscellaneous'Documents will be'covered later in this lesson.
"-'..
::.:
;: '. , .. ' The remarks area will also contain-information on actions that cannot be
entered on the plat such as:
1. Pending Surveys
2. Cases that are subject to prior existing rights or claims
3. Petitions for Restoration of Lands
4. lJnit)\greements
5. Segregative effect on certain lands, such as lands closed to mining
but open to mineral leasing. .
The information noted in the remarks area should be read before
proceeding with any work associated with the plat. If you fail to check the
remarks area for restrictions and reservations to land status information,
you may end up making erroneous decisions or judgements regarding a
parcel of land.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
64
~Study
'.
. '.. , ...:',,""'-
Guide
'...... <-In the lower right hand comer of the plat, -immediately below the remarks.
..2-;·area,:;is an. area'of information' helpfulin<iocatingand', using ,the ,p1;lt~~~. ~ '~,:'" Notice·the~box.'labeled "'Currenno:"~<-Thecdate that information ,was,las.
" ,. ',: ,entered on ·the 'plat should be entered 'here~"€urrentprocedures"in many
states allow the use of an automatic date-stamping -machine that stamps
the date in close proximity to the "Current to" box.
On newer version s of plats, there will be another box that lists any use plats
that have been made for the same township.
In the lower right hand comer of this area, there will be a set of
abbreviations showing the Meridian, the Township, and the Range..
CURRENT TO
CURRENT TO
-----------------il
!-"U;.. ;;S;.;;;E;..;.P. ;;L;.;;..A;;.;;.T. =.S;;.. :
MDMer
T. _ __
R. ___
Sample showing lower right hand area of a Master Title Plat.
These boxes are commonly referred to as the "Current To" boxes.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
65
]:i!r
LESSON 2: Land Status
:.::::::=::::::.:::::::................................. "
......
·.:!:)(J\sSi~::~·······::·········( . .
,,:'<:.::, ...: ...:.. :........ .' ..
.
Study Guide
The abbreviations for Township and Range are positioned to be visible
when the plat is folded to a size of approximately 81/2 x 11 inches. This
prevents the user from having to unfold the plat to identify its contents.
:.'. Folded Plat
-.
•-< ..
-z
RANGE 94 WEST· OF TtfE· 8th PRINe
'EMoNT COUNTY 013
..
z
•
0
E
0
G')
.c:is
G')
lie.
."
r-
!t
1--,
~~
I!
;,:-
Ai>breviations are visible when folded
One common way to fold an MTP
...•
\~':>'":. '~_ _....._.... _. ",I
.....
_ _ _ _ _ _~.---__- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - '
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
66
.
,~~~~
,! "~~=,~"'"
::.?(
...... : .... :.. :::.::.:.::..:.::::.::;:....
. ......... :..: ...::;.:.... :- ......:.: ....... :
.
'··"",;;2:;.;,.';·''';'';_'' ", . ' ).•
AsSiStanc~(irYC:::'====::::::::::::::::==========S=tu::::d=Y=G=ui=de=========:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::):::-'
f:
,';
Additional infonnation on a plat that may be helpful is the county name
and/or number, district name or number, protraction diagram number,
latitude and longitude.
The County name and number is centered above the diagram on the plat
If the township encompasses 2 counties, the county symbol will be
depicted on the plat to show the division between them. Along with the
symbol, the county names and numbers will be noted on either side of the
symbol.
......
r; !IS.OI
• M.<12
• M.IO
M049
.!I
IUftIrItII
e,..~":'~
cA
..L
1_·_5_
L
1 M ••
10'
-3·
UHM
D"
",'
-
i
i
I
10
...;: .
.
r-
Sample showing plat with two counties
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
67
"'I~-'I
, ...... District name andlornumber are sometimes noted below the county.name
or referenced in the remarks column. .
::::::1:
ESMERALDA COUNTY
LAS VEGAS GR DIST
Sample District Notation
:mr
1-,·1
I
}} Diagram:,
Number
'.' "1f the township is -unsurveyed' 'or partially surveyed,:the' protraction
diagram number will be noted below the word partially surveyedin the·
heading or in the remarks column of the plat.
PARTIALLY SURVEYED
. tr
PROTRACTION DIAGRAM NO. 52
Sample Notation for Protraction Diagram
:::i
Latitude and
i i:
Longitude
When the township has been surveyed, the latitude and longitude of the
Southeast comer of the township will be noted.
Lat. 33 °48' 37" N
Long. 114°04'32" W
ii
I
·,·.,.,•.•.·,1,·,•.&"
.. ,...
,,-
i~
Sample Notation Showing Latitude and Longitude
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
L~~
=
. . ,. ".: ."."'. . "'~.",.~:,Ii';,',,.,~>}
......,,;\,
" '.·:i~':""'
.•. . . ,....
.•• "=
•• :.=,""'
. •:."'.='.:."~"':'{{{{".:".,~".,..,.""'
..,.",.,.,
.. ..,..
.... ..,..
...=
...=....=
. . . .=....~
..,. . ,. .,'.,.,,. ,,.., .. ,.,.,.,
. ,,,',"""',,',',.=,.,'..,=...•.=,
.. ,.. =
.•. ,.-:,. =.',.•',"""'.::..,.=,...,='••""'
•••.. •. :""'.".\'.='
•. :<,., • ->. .-.,... . . ,'''''=".,..,=,
• •. >:'' .'..' ' '}.=
':::;""'. . ."'=,•"• """"'• ".'••'='.,.,..«""'.::"•••:.:-..,..
...,.•••
68
=. . ....,:. . . . ••
1'>.",.:.,.\.",::.:"":>./.\:,:,,,:,,::.,,,:., ... ,,..:",><,:.::>":".,,.,
/ ( LESSON 2: Land Status
i'e' ' ::: .
Readand·:A.nswerQuestions
Let's review what we've covered so far.. Write your answers on the blank lines.
1;
.;
.,.'
is a graphic display,ofthe township survey.data.
2. _ The statement, "Status ofPublic Domain Land and Mineral Titles" appears on the'~
top of the
column.
3. OG Plat is the abbreviation for
:::::;
4. The Index to Segregated Tracts shows _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
:~)
...~ :~m~
.". -5." 'The 'area used for writing infonnatioowhich does not appear on the plat is called
6.· The box· on the plat that holds ;the date which information was last entered is
labeled _ _ _ _ __
I
The answers to these questions can be found 00 the following page.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
69
,.",:,:, ...:.",:.:: ... ~
Read and Answer Questions
The following are answers to tile questions on page 69.
_.1. Master Title Plat is a· graphic. display of the township survey data.-- '.,.:
"~l'"""!o~"
'. '," 2. ':-The statement, "Status of Public Domain Land and MineralTitles': appears on the:.~
top of the ri~ht - hand column.
3. OG Plat is the abbreviation for Jhl....and...Qas......flaL.
4. The Index to Segregated Tracts shows
resurvey.
the resurvey tract numbers for any
5. The area used for writing information which does not appear on the plat is called ..
remarks
6. The box on the plat that holds the date which information was last entered is
labeled
current to
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
70
;ii(~;;~:~;~~;:;::/
",,,_~,~,,:;:i(~~~~:~:~ il::i:,C.~ . .________''_'"_,.",_-S_tu_d.:..y_G_Ul_'d_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
Abbreviations:
Knowing the meanings of abbreviations and symbols is vital to underandSymbols ": ';"'_' ,,-"<stand land status records ..,In .fact, -there are. so many:abbreviations"and
Resource Aid 4· .:....'.~:, ,. symbols used in land status work that without an abbreviation and symbol
Common "
. key, fIrst time or infrequent users 'will fInd intetpretation of plats and other
Abbreviations .•:
•
;
.
:
:
,'~'
documentation difficult~l".To assist users, .each BLM State OffIce has a
forBLM'
Records '
.listing ofabbreviations and symbols to use'with the Land Status Records
System.
Different weights or thickness of lines are used to show ownership status
on the Master Title Plats. The lines discussed here are the:
Survey weight line
- Single weight patent line
Double weight patent line
The survey weight line is a thin line that depicts the boundaries of a section
or the boundaries of special surveys within a township. The survey weight
,line is drawn for the section boundary regardless of whether the section
is surveyed or unsurveyed.
Special surveys such as homestead and mineral surveys are also depicted
by the use of the survey weight line.
36
Depiction of mineral survey
using a survey weight line.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
71
"~~';". ·1:fC~:;:~::~j:':~:~c::;:>·:::·:;:\:;"':·~~::~':::~::~:~;~:~~:
;;;:=:=;=;:;::;::.:.
'.:::.' .. :••; :=:: :::::: "':-:; :.;;: ;.:::.:.:.;•••:.:.;.
•.•. .;.; ;;.;;;;/= :'::;';;:':';:::;:.:: •..... •. '::'. :::::.: :::' .. :':.:::. '.' .:-: ••.:.;.:.:.:-:.;.;.;::::;:.:.:-:.••;....... ..
:.:-:.:-. .{\(:/} :~r::.;.}~\j;:~:~:·::.:}}L.
:;: .::;:::;?~:~\rr~;~;~~~;:;.::·.·:·.·:· ·.:.::)t:{f\:
)'~\I:I
i.
Wi'
ii!i: Patent
. ·.:i::. .:::::::
.I!
:.! ...
A patent as it relates to public land laws,is the instrument (or deed) by·
. .... which the government .conveys· title.to-the publicJands~.-.-.'.~ .__ . ..-......;.;.;;.
:;:.
., '. ':;" .~··::::...·.·!There .are 'two -thicknesses· or 'weights of; lines used for depicting..the
.-,j;;j ... .. <.;' ~~.: .- •.;' .:: :.';"",- "boundaries of..patented'land.'~~Thetwo patent lines are'referred to~as.the
'.. :;:;: Singleand;
'. single weight patent line and the double weight patent line. The double
::ii -'
I=~~ !
::;:::::::e:::eo::=~
Double weight
patent line d
Single weight
patent line d
~Ut
i
Section line or q
survey weight line
}
Patented Area~
Unpatented ~
Area
--+ Patented
Area
Double patent line within section
--+ Patented
Area
Single patent line within section
Protracted center line. An imaginary
I ~ line that serves as the center of the
boundary
•....:
I~
A single weight patent line shows that transfer of ownership has occurred
on one side of the line.
A double weight patent line shows that transfer of ownership has occurred
on both sides of the line.
I:
I;.
I
I:
1<
~2zE.;.,;;:,,::,
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
72
.• • ir·····~;;~:·····;·~······~~····~::~··········.
.. .~ ft..::::~1IJi(m)p·;')
. _...._. -Study
Guide
}!
:. Patent ~~~ '.
.; Reservoo Rights
. '.. , ,. Each parcel of patented land is assigned a patentnumber. The number is
. noted at· or near ,the.~:lowest. part of ·.theor.described 'parcel of·Jand; .
. Immediately below the patent number,: any reserved rights that the federal
.' :-:-"governmentis retaining will be shown. . --.
.
- ..
This shows an
original patent
with ditches and
canals reserved.
9
38
....
••••
D/C
......
All patents issued after 1890 will show ditches and canals as reserved to
the United States. This reservation will be noted on the plats with the
abbreviation DIe.
•••••
•••••
Any reservation 'for mineral rights' will be' determined by .the
documentation in each individual case file. When all of the mineral rights
are to be reserved to the United States, the words "All Min" will appear
below the patent number.
.
This shows an
original patent
with ditches,
canals, and all
minerals reserved.
17
I:·
38
D/C All Min
.........: ... ,...
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
73
Sequential-: Numbering. _-System
. Early patent numbers used'a sequential numbering .system.The first
". ;·... "··patent.number was.issued under the Homestead Act.of.1862. . ."'.~'-;;:.H!~
.~ ··... :r:::rEach:land district-office -started with patent -number "1" fOJ:·each . of~ilie
.........• following four types of land entries.
Homestead
Desert Land
Cash Entry
Timber Culture
Controlled
Numbering
System
1908 - 1964
State Controlled
. __ .A_centrally controlled, sequential numbering system was introduced in
1908. The system, which was used in all states, required patents to be
.. , numbered from the Washington Office. The 1908 system was replaced
in 1964 by the present numbering system.
In 1964, BLM established a state controlled numbering system in which
each state issued the numbers for the patents in that state(s).
24
This shows a
patent issued
after 1964 with
ditches and canals,
49-82-0107
and oil and gas
. ._ _ _.D.f.C.OG
_ _ _ _.. reserved.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
74
. -"'"
. ···--Study Guide
... ,,'.' The ftrst two digits of the patent number identify the state office that issued
."'-' ;:thepatent... Alistofthese numbers can·beJoundin\Resource Aid 6; ...·..,..,
~•. "~l,.,·"'C·'·· +<-The~second-paiI:.ofnumbers·ldentify . the :ftscal· year. of-·issuane&/.;.::rhe
'" '·.igovernmentftscal year begins on October 1st of each calendar year.
Fiscal year 1982 would begin on October 1, 1981 and end on.September
30, 1982.
The last four digits represent the number of the patent issued during that
ftscal year.
The fiscal year of issuance
e number of the patent. This
number starts over at 0001 at the
< beginning of each fiscal year.
The numoor of
the state office••
49-82-0107
ole
",.
Resource Aid 7
Public Edulcatiorrl
OG
:,{~When
admitted to the union, states were granted. from 1· to 4 sections of
land in each township to be used for support of the public education
. system. See Resource Aid 7 for a listing of the states and the number of
public education sections granted to each.
Land Grants
Public education land grants are noted on the Master Title Plat with the
letters "SO" and a date. SO means state grant.
The date that follows
the letters SO shows
when the cadastral
survey for the township was approved.
16
SG 7/10/1890
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
75
...
-::-.::-
\:., ..
Confmnatory.......,. ~ ,.,,,.; !--l"~.ff the school section has a patent numbednlieu oftheJetters SG and date;;..
:)i:\:
,i'!..
.then'the patent was issued . after. June . 21,.1934..Congressenacted
legislation effective June 21, 1934 that provided states the right to request
.i!:;.~, '.~' 1>o~:';+':O~~ ~ ·;::~"·~'1iolJP.thei'ederaLgovernment~a ':confumatory patent:for~the;section(s)
r::
:i.~~.~:
granted for public education.
:. . :
Patent
:::i\
it:.:
- ..
tt
A confinnatory patent
has been issued for this
"school" section as shown
bya
patent number
/'
ana
:/ reservations
16
V/ /'
r
?
il
;~1;
:111
Withdrawals
I
••
. Ii·
The Federal Government has the authority to .withdraw land from the
public domain for specific purposes. All lands that have been withdrawn .
are shown by the use of a dash-dot line on the Master Title Plat.
)
::::::;
i
11
....:
Examples of withdrawn land include land for:
::::
....
II
I
l
in lieu of the letters "SG"
and a date.
Withdrawwline __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __ . __
.:.....
}!!i~;
..._----_..
1012765/. /
D/C
~
••.i:·
Nationw Forests
Indian Reservations
Military Reservations
Reclamation Withdrawws
Power Site Classifications
~
~
,)/).;:;};{ ••••;.;;: .•.•:::}}••••••\});•.•. \/:::::::•• ..t;;>;;;};};;;;;;};.:;··;··;· .....•••••...••;•..;•. /.:•....••.•.•:;.;.;.;.0,;.:.;.;.: •.•:; •.•••;•.•;••;:;.;;.;... ;;;.;.: .•• ; •••.;.•••;;.:...... ;.:.; ..... ;:;.; ••:.;.:: ••;.;;.;:••);.;••• ;.;.;;;••.:.:::\.:}.,.:.:O';\:;.;::;:o,;:::;::::::;..::.:.};.;• :::;••;.;;.:;:.;:.;.;.:;•••.•·::;···;··;·:··;·,...:·:······;·.;··:.:.·:·::::::·:·::;:::=:=·9
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
76
/;:::,),,::,:<> {::::<",:::::::)'::::::<:, i::::::>.:\:»:){)'::':' ,. ", .'. . .
[
LESSON 2: Land Status
"",,", 1~!=~r(%@"NW""W""' ".. ,'.__
'-.-'
/:
,_-Study Guide
;.... :i '.~ ..•. ~ ·The
.
dash-dot line in the figure.below indicates"that.the land within the.
..:boundaries of this section,(section 25) has been withdrawn by the Federal
Government.
r'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'~
~
T
'12 42.78
-25
1 42.78
I
1/30/1929
ActofCong
WdlLoloNF
1
I
L--.J
., . Ii
The abbreviation "Wdl"
stands for Withdrawal.
.-1
~3 42.8611-·
. ','
.
442.86
1
This withdrawal was
due to a 1929 Act of
Congress that
established the Lolo
National Forest in
Montana.
108
I
Different withdrawals can overlap each other. The figure below
,;',",,:":" 'illustrates an occurrence of overlappingwithdrawals..In,this case,.. a
withdrawal was made for a power project (pwr Proj 20) for the Federal
Power Commission (FPC) that overlapped an earlier withdrawal for land
for a power site (Pwr S Res 373) as established by a 1913 Executive Order
(EO).
-
47S1 ........
.,::::.
EO 7/3/1913
WdlPwrS
I
460939
DIC
208709
DIC
.......
......1--_11"1-'"
--
~--~~--24--~-·-.~
-
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
77
]es373
I:
.:llliiil(:::':·~SON···~'~·:':'~~:':;::::':'····'····
.,., . ,. .,. . .,.".,. . ,. ,. ,. . . . . ..
.. _ ....,--Study Guide
)
--------------~----------------
. _. -;.::' ':- . , .. ~ ·-Withdrawals are annotated on the _Master, Title,.-Plat by.various
;!
abbreviations, including:
.. , - \\jl
.... -----EO-meaning-Executive Order. "SO meaning Secretarial Order
PL meaning Public Law
PLO meaning Public Land Order
CL meaning Classification
!i
:.
;!
When the abbreviations EO and SO are used, they will be followed by a
date indicating when the order was signed.
r'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'~
8
Withdrawal line
dash-dot-dash
SO 7/1l/1902_ _~
WdlRecl
L.------_.-.-----Kind of withdrawal,
authority, and date.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
78
(The letters "PL" and "PLO" have the number of the law or order following
',. '. ,: "'. the abbreviation.· The letters ~~CL".will be followed,by,anabbreviation for
" the type of classification under.:which the Jand was withdrawn.. For
-, c':-,"";example;ifthe letters "PX" followletters"CL", you would know that the
..~ r".areawithin thewithdrawaHine is classified for a Private Exchange, (PX).
·""c·":··
r'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'-'~
f
27
L._ . - ' -
Serial number
W75631 '"
CL PX ......I - - - - - - I - . J... _ CL Classification
-
. - . - , - ' - , - '....:......:...
=
.. PX = Private Exchange
A review of the withdrawal document will provide information as to the
extent of segregation afforded the land under the public land and mineral
laws.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
79
:Let'stevlew what we have just covered: Answer the following questions in the space···. ;:1(.:
provided.
. 7.~.The . _·_.'_____________
.. ·lineis·-drawn regardlessofwhether;aseetion is~;--;~,:;
. surveyed or unsurveyed.
8. All patents issued after 1890 show ditches and canals are reserved to the United
States. The abbreviation for this is _ _ _ _ _ __
9. After 1964, the numbering system for patents became _ _ _ _ controlled.
..• "10. Lands··'that "are withdrawn from public domain are shown by
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ line on the Master Title Plat. .
1 LThe withdrawal notation SO 7/11/1902 Wdl Reel is authorized by a
The answers to the questions are found on the next page. ..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
80
.:.:
::::
Read'and~Answer'Questions
·Thefollowing are answers to the questions on page 80.
l-
7. Thesuryey weie;htline is drawn regardless of-whether a: section is-surveyed··pr...:€~....
"unsurveyed.
_
_.-,_.
8. All patents issued after 1890 show ditches and canals are reserved to the United
States. The abbreviation for this is ~.
9. After 1964, the numbering system for patents became ~ controlled.
to. Lands that are withdrawn from public domain are shown by dash-dot line on the
,.,
;;.':!.
-
,·-;.o~Ma·ster~:rit1e,Plat.
·11. The withdrawal notation SO 7/11/1902 Wdl Reel is authorized by a secretarial
m:Wa:.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
81
Acquired. Lands
<.
;-"~-. The Federal Government acquires lands and minerals that were formerly
:,.' .: ";,a part of the public domain .... Those are.called acquired .lands. Acquired.
-.', -': '''' parcels of land or minerals are shown on the MasterTitle Plat by the use
~ . .:- ...... ·ofa,shaded dot pattern.
The notation above the original patent number indicates acquired surface
only, acquired minerals only, or acquired surface and minerals. In some
cases only fractional mineral interests are acquired. They will be shown
by the notation "RSID MIN," which means "restricted minerals."
The
area
shows acquired
land and minerals
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
82
. .; '.:::.c .No
additional lines of information are required.ifthe.area of acquisition
identified to·the original patented area.-,If the acquired area differg,in
. .;:.; ~-' .. some way from the original patented area, the deviation will be showRhy
. _:_-""the-useof.a.,survey.weight-Jine. .
-. _-, ..".~.-......
-.,~.,..: ··is
The
area
shows acquired
land and minerals.
4----1-
177
D/C
A Survey
weight line
shows the
boundary of
the acquired
land, which
is different
than the
boundary of
the original
patent.
Also, the words -AND ACQllRED LANDS will be added to the subtitle
. on plats that contain acquired lands.
STATUS OF PUBLIC DOMAIN
LAND AND MINERAL TITLES
AND ACQUIRED LANDS
Typical subtitle indicating acquired lands
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
83
/<:><.
ii( LESSON 2:
._
Land Status
r6::~f(,*Y,*iH
..
- , ' w ' " ' '.',' "
,,-Study Guide
;:/
An easement is an interest or right in land owned by another that entitles
its holder, to, a specific,limited'use;' such 'as.layingc'a sewer, crossing over
:property or putting up power lines. -
.:.'. . Easements
~~j~;
'; ',l',~:,ii,'
Acquired easements are shown on the plat from the description in the
acquisition document.
The information from the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _..
acquistion document is notated
}
next to the type of easement
'-- Pipeline
that was acquired.
symbol
I
10
Serial Number
14356
D/C
.'
>:::
.':\'~:': "
.~===<...,!".,
,:}.::-::<,'"""
,
• •~
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
84
n
:1
--004... ~ I
I
.......................>J
::::::::::::::}:::::>.«-:.;.:'.......... .
.i~~Z:~:~::~'i~f(_"""'_"'·'·"_······_··___.._'_'_"_"_. _ ._-S_tu_d....;;y_G_u_id_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
l·\i~:
:-
- j.
Reconveyed '-'i' .,:;, Reconveyed lands are lands once patented or granted but later returned to
:; Lands
'< federal ownership.
-..
,.
i:i)j~
';.'
i~
• " - .'-
~'l,r ~. ,·~~\;~Reconveyed lands do not require the use of a shading pattem:on.the plats~
.
••••••
When the area of reconveyance is less than the area in the original patent,
the boundary will be shown with a patent weight line. The area not
reconveyed will be annotated with the original patent infonnation.
54231.....
D/C All Min ...._t--II- The
9-----...
A 6578
.
notatton 0
the original
patent number
f
/ /
The notation above ____ ~ WD RecOIl
. - the original patent
n~mber shows that
D~!i: Min
thIS parcel was
returned to federal
ownership.
For both cases - acquired and reconveyed, the original patent lines are
retained on the plats.
The notation above the original patent number shows which parcel and
what right was returned to federal ownership .. The serial number of the
file that contains the record of the transaction will also be noted.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
85
I(~~SSON 2: Land Status
';;; r~::~iWfl<"W"b;'
" . . " "-=",Study Guide
:?::
.• • • • Sample
•.• • • Acquisition
i Notations
.The following are some examples of typical acquisition notations:·,
22
M 1432 serial number
WD US document designation
All Min interest granted to federal government
54321
D/C
I
original patent number
original reset;'ations
9
M 2123
serial number
Condemn US document designation
All Min interest granted to federal government
I
44342
D/C
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
86
original patent number
original res~ations
I.···
.:.::::
't Sample
:I:
The following are some examples of typical reconveyance notations:
Reconveyance ::
\:::: NOtationsj.: .
~~~
........ ::-.:.(' .. .
.;
';'.
f:
19
M 3425
serial number
document designation
Recon US
interest granted to ~ All Min except OG interest retained by patentee
federal government
I
I
42534
D/C
original patent number
Qriginal:eservations
••••
Iii
12
QCDRecon
serial number
note that no minerals to federal government
minerals retained in original patent
12645
D/C All Min
original patent number
origina] reservations
M3425
I
~------------------~
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
87
I
!
Special
Surveys . , - •
.'.. Special surveys are also noted on the Master Title Plat Special survey~.
.'.',"",' 'are surveys that involve,.unusual:applications:.or:departuresJrOJll..; the
rectangular system.
. 'Homestead and mineral surveys are two types of special surveys:-· .: .-;:;:.
Homestead
Surveys
Homestead surveys are required when the land usable for agriculture
could not be described in aliquot parts.
Mineral
Surveys
Mineral surveys are required for lode and mill site claims and
occasionally for placer claims that cannot be described by aliquot parts.
Both types of special surveys are drawn onto the records using a survey
'weightline.·Within the boundaries of the survey, the abbreviation for the
, survey along with the survey number is portrayed in the upper portion ,of
the surveyed area.
MS787
This shows mineral
survey 7 87 within
the boundaries of
section 9
9
.....
This shows homestead survey 601
within the
boundaries of
section 33 ---~~
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
88
33
,.,... .' -r. ---·-..- . -··----·· . ._-
-rt\'
"~'r----------------,
Lease
line
is a series
of dashes
around the
leased area
II
"I
I
I
I
I
I
L
I
7 A23S6
L __
OGLse_ _
I
-.J
The serial number and the type of lease or permit will be shown in the·
lowest part of the leased or permitted area.
I
:.,!i,I
. . !,'.
....i .•
:
~,
r
:;:r:
>
>
:111:
o
.:.:.
[
•;.,•.~
i:
:~===~~).:t\..
il!I:.!.).,.......
/
'{tit ':"/:::"':::;:::'",':'::::':':"':.'"':",'",,,,.,,,. . ., . . . ,.,..........,.,. . . . .,...............".......,...,.' .'."'.' ,.' <":"""':':'.':.'...... ,.: . .,0:, ,,':"".'
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
.•.:.:
•. ;,"::
:'.':
.,<",•.. ,,,,.,. ,..,.,
89
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. '. . . ,. . . ,. ,. . ,.,. . . ,. ,. . ,.,.,. ". .,. ".,' ." . . ',. . ,. ',.'". . ,.',.', ', ', ', ',.' ,'., ., ,. ,. ',. ,.", ',.', ,'. ,' .',.' ,' .,'.,' ,' ,",' ,'. ',:'., ', '., '.,':,'. ,. ',.".,'.. ,' .,' ,: .'":,:.•,•,' .
Ii!!!!
Now, as a review of this section of material, answer the following questions.
Ill---
12. Acquired land is notated on a _plat by _ _ __
I
I
13; If a document is noted like this:
26
M3425
Recon us
42534
AllMin
ole
the parcel of land has been _ _ _ _ _ __
-14.
surveys are required when the laQd usable for agriculture can not be
.
described in aliquot parts.
15. Special surveys are drawn onto the records using a _ _
16. A _ _ or _ _ is shown by a dash line on the Use Plat.
Now check your answers on the following page to see how you did!
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
90
line.
The following are the answers to the questions on the previous page.. '.
12. Acquired land is notated on a plat·by --Ia_sb.llialWdJoaed~doWolt~pgjawtt~em
......._
.:'.:~: ~. .
13. If a document is noted like this:
26
M3425
Ream US
42534
D/C AlIMin
the parcel of land has been _--t.lre~cQ,jo:un,!,;velo(,;~~edl3lL.._ __
'. surveys are required when the land usable for agriculture can not-··
-.be described in aliquot pans.
·14. Homestead
;::::::
.:.:..
-..;.;o,·:;:ti.
.:::::.
·.,'~·a5~~Special.survey.s.are drawn onto the records using a
survey
16. A lease or pennit is shown by a dash line on the Use Plat.
Great! now continue with the lesson.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
91
weida line.
ii
Symbols .
Also see
Resource Aid 5
Commonly
Used Symbols
Symbols are used to notate physical features and realty actions. Many of
. , .' . 'the symbols used on BLM Master Title Plats'differ from the symbols used
by the U.S. Geologic Survey (USGS) on their topographicmaps.. The
<"
symbols belowrepresent objects frequently found ouBLM Master Tjtle
Plats.
Windmill
Buildings
xX X X X X
Fence
1--1 1--1 t--t
.... -
-
Pipeline
-e- Powerline
-======= ~
92
Reservoir
Roads
,,'." '.' .' .,..,.study Guide
Right-of-Way..".
:' .. ' .~ .",.
- When a right-of-way is approved, the notation to the plat includes the
··· ..v'
"serial-numberand-one-half-the width:of-the,right-of-waycomdoras·
. measured from the center line.
The notation for a road with -----.r---.....,
a 200' right-of-way corridor
would show 100' since the
notated width of the right-ofway is measured from the
center line.
• §
8
I.
width
v
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
93
C!L
100'.-.1
road bed
v
/}j}:,::':'" ""':""""""':j:"i'j ..:':::::;:::: :':':::':::"':'::":':':':':,:,:::",:' :,:,',:":,::':::':':,,,,::':::>: :,}},/ ",:::,',".':,"',}":':"':".':":"":,,""':':}'::::O:'::':}':":{{:"<}}' :)},{:":'",o:::{,}':,{:,{,:"",,:j,:,}:',{:,,:{{,j,'{,: ,}:::::{{, }}:;::::::",{ "":':':::"'::':',',': ,j,::io,:j:;,}j{)\Th
Ji
'.111:( LESSON 2: Land Status
fC.-_. .
-.;.:;:.;.::;::::::;:;:::.:;;.:.;.;.;.:.:.;.;.;.;.:-:.;.:.:.:.::::::::>::::;.:.::> :.:-:.:.:.:.:-:::-:::::::::::;:::::::::::::::. .•.
.. .
:~{:~ ::::;i)~i~:;/: ~i~\\r~~~~}ri~i fr~r?~ :~:~:~:;:::}f}~:~:~:~:rfi :~~~~;::::;;iti;i~ ~~i:i~i~i~i;i~i:;:r:tfflr":::::::
.. :.':':.:::::
_· '·:·'·_'· ·:~_:e.:. ..: ~·_an_"":_:_:_:_:_:_:_:..:~:...:u_es_ti_o_n_s
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _)
·,·_:·: :i_j: :=:j_:j: :O: _}",:_: :::_
,. t:::_:,._
. .,.,.,._,.,.,.._.,
......_...._... _:.:._:.'_'·:_·:·:·'..
4
t
. Now let's·see how you've done on this.section.· Please answer the.following review,,.;.
,...~" . ':;;': "~.' :.' questions' before moving on to Part IV", Answers can be found on the pagesfollowingJb~
questions .
. Circle or write out the correct answer.
1. In the upper right hand corner of each Master Title Plat is a single line that designates
the kind of plat Which one of the following designations Emld nm. be found in the
upper right hand corner?
... ~:
.:. '. . .:::::::(
c.
A MTPSUPPL
,~·;:B;":.··OG PLAT . ;•. :,
MTVPLAT
D. USEPLAT
.- ,-- 2. Lines of different "weights" or thicknesses are used to designate different types of
boundaries. Look- at the three lines drawn below and write in the correct name for
each.
A _ _ _ _ _ __
B. __________________
C. _______________
3. In 1964, BLM established a numbering system in which the states instead of the
':., 'Washington Office issued patent numbers: Each setof digits in·the patent number has .~.:
specific meaning. In the section shown below, label what each part of the notation
"means.
A_--..........
B. _ _..
'
24
___--- D.
/
~9_82_o107
./D/C 00 .......
~
\
"':iij
~E.
c. __--'/
.
Write answers on the following page.
'!i~
x,))}, ...................:::,:::::::":::::): .....-.::::,:::::::::::::;: .................................... .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
94
1j
A. ____________________________________________________
B. ________
~
______________________________________
__
~.~.~.
.~._~
C. ______________________________________________________
D. _________________________________________________________
E
'.':~:
. ".~~ ',"
.)
i!
~
4. The federal government has the authority to withdraw land from the public domain
··'·'forseveral·different purposes. Can you name three purposes for which the federal
::
government can withdraw l a n d ? : : :
I
A
i l l ! : J :
I :.
':i::'~!
There are severaI ways in which the federal government can withdraw land. One of
.,:_,,,,0:- :.thoseways is through an Executive Order, abbreviated EO.. Can you,name
:)'
ways in which land can be withdrawn and identify the abbreviation for each.
':;:~!i
!
threeDther~~.ii:
WAY
Abbreviation
A. _________________________
B. ______________________
C. ________________________
....
: : : :,:, : :<,:,:,: : : :?\: : : ,: ,}: : : : : t~;
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
95
i.~f.c:=E;E:'::::~~,~::",::::i%;=,.;~~C:,~,:=,:":~~i::4:·:l
i,. ,
..,I.:. . .:.:•,...,'
. ."i,
. . . ...
6.,:.,'.i
,....,•.
.... ,I.:.:
. . . .•
_""""'4:::'.
Read and Answer Questions
:t.;
)
.:
o
G
/
'"
6.· The boundaries of withdrawn lands and the boundaries of leases on the public lands ".,.;..:
-''"are-shown bythe·use of broken lines.~In the·section show&below,-label the lines aM;o~,::
either boundaries for leased land or withdrawn land.
.f:.:
.j:.;
....l\~ ~\
:~ti
~
.:.
rr-
-~ -=.:..
=.: .=.'
i/
'/
I:L_j
~
~I
I
I
I
~
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
A.
-= '..=--=-=--=--
8
L ______
--1
B. _ _-1+1_-.
:','
f
I+,
I
,
I
L,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,_,~'
A. _________________________________________________
B. _________________________________________________
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
96
i
Read 1lI1d Answer Questions
C-----------------~-------------7. The federal government can acquire land and minerals that were fonnerly a part of
_., the public domain as well as have reconvey.edto it:, lands that were a'partofthe public.,.;4,
domain. What can you tell about the section shown below? This will be a pretty good
'test ofyour skill. ,Many of the answers.will require-afaidy lengthly answer.·, .'~co!foC'.
A.--+-----------~~
i -_ _-I-_
F.
G.
H.
B.
I.
C.
D.
E.
J.
A. ____________________________________________________
B. ____________________________________________________
c.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
97
D. ____________________________________________________
------------------------------------------------..· - r
E.
F.
G. _________________________________________________
H. _______________________________________________
:11::
.'::::
\t
I.
::~t
)~jl
II
J.
:ii!i
I
.
I
]I:.:.:.:.f',:."
. ..",. ". .,....,.'. . . . . .'...'...'
~ . :".:.,
i
:::::::::}:::::::;:::.:....::::.:. ,.,. ,. ,. . . . . . . . . ., :;:;:::::::::::::::;:::;=:::::::::>::::;:;:::::::::;::.::;::;:::;:::-:,::;::.::::-:.;.;. ....... ::. -: .. ;.:;:;:::::-::::.;::;.:.:..:.:::/:::::::::::;::-..:<:::: .. :.....:.::::::.:... :.:=::;:;:;::;:;=;:;:;:;:::::::;:;::::
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
98
: .: ." ,i~
.'. .',..:: ....':..:. :. . . .,..':..:,..:,..::..:,..:,..',..:. .'...',..:...:,. .,.::. . ,..:,..:,..':..'. .::..::..::..:,..::..::..',..',......::.:.:......:.:.:.'..,::.:....'. . . . . .:: ....:...,..:. . . ,.':...:. . :..',..:,..::..,. . :. .:..::..:. ':. ..'::.j.,.:.
,.. ;;,
Answers to the review questions for Part ITI:
I. C. MTV Plat
2. A = double weight patent line
B = survey weight line
C = single weight patent line
::t..
iii!!
3. A = fiscal year of issuance
B = state office code
C = ditches and canals reserved
'. "..:.·D·= number of.patent issued during fiscal year .
E = oil and gas reserved
4. Any three of the following five answers are acceptable:
National Forests
Indian Reservations
Military Reservations
Reclamation withdrawals
Power site withdrawals
}ii . -. " 5;··Any.three of the followingfour answers and. abbreviations are acceptable:
:i:
:j:;:=:
!=~s::!Order
!~
Public Land Order
PLO
6. A. Lease Line
B. Withdrawal Line
:
l
7. A. The shaded dot pattern designates acquired land.·
B. The record number for the federal government's acquisition of the land.
,_."
C. The WI/2 of Section 26 has beenreconveyed to the federal government. The number
A6578 is the serial number for the reconveyance.
D. The number 777 is the original patent number for the area acquired and recorded
under record number 3 2228.
~,··;i·".;E~... TheDum~.3.6·is,the original patent number. ThisnotatioD·,showsthat the federal
government reserved the ditches and canals, and all minerals.
F. This survey weight line shows the boundary of the acquired land (E 1/2 NE 1/4) which
is different than the bound3l)' of the original patent.
\i)/' ::::':::::::::}}",,':: :}}:.:.:• • •:
.,...............".'........,....,' ,..•.••..•.•.•••..........•........•..,.••.•.•.•....••...•.•.•'.. ······:·;i·;:· .;...... ':;., '; •.•.•.: :.•:••.•'" }> .• ,
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
99
..
~
.......•••••••...•• ; ... :.:.:.:.: .•.•. :.: •. :':"':': :.:.;:::. ::::;:::'::' ':':::::':"'::'::::::::':':::':::::: ::..,:;:: .::::::':::::><)9
O. Shows the original patent number.
H.. Shows the original reservation.
I. " Shows that the federal government has acquired the mineral rights.····
·4~,"
.. :,'t .. '.J:":'~ Shows that under the original patent, the.federal·government had reserYed the.right,.,:.;;;;
. to ditches and canals only.
..r'
..
::::;:~
If this all makes sense, move on to Part IV of Lesson 2. If you have questions about the
preceeding material or if you had problems answering these review questions, take time
now to study the material more thoroughly.
i
-:.:-:-:
.:/:
,':
:' :.~: : :
j:.::.:.:
" . . . . . . : :.: :...: : .:.:.:.:.:. :..':'.': ::::::::::::;:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::..............
:~ .: .: :. : :.,.•:."
•••••
.;.:.>::.:-:.:.>:-:.» .. :-:-:.:.: ...:-.... :...:.... -:.:.. <::;::::'::::::':":::':':":::":'::"::::-:::.::,,:,;:':.::':'::;:;:::::;.;:;:::;.;:;:::;:;:;:;:;:.. :.. ::.,:.::.:.::::::.::.::::::::::::::.:-:::::::::::::::::.::;:::::;.;::::::::::.:.:............ :'.:'.::.::..::.:..::.::.::'::..::.::..:.::.::
. ..::::.::.::..::.::.::..:..::.::.::.::.::..::.::..:. .::..::.:. .: .:.:..::.::..:...:
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
100
'iI'
IV. Use Plats and Supplemental Plats
In addition to the MTP there are two plats that serve special purposes .
. They are the.Use Plat and the Supplemental Plat.
Use Plat
In addition to containing the same information that is on theMTP, the Use
Plat is used for recording specific uses that effect the status of land and
resources.
Some specific uses for which a separate use plat would be generated are:
Plat Desienation
R&PPlease
Coal lease
Sodium lease
Geothermal lease
Oil and Gas lease
Use Plat
Coal Plat
Sod Plat
GeoPlat
OG Plat
Two types of leases that are drafted on to both the MTP and the Use Plat
are leases for recreation and public purpose (R&PP) and airport leases.
The following is an example of the notation of an airport lease:
1----9-----,
I
I
U-1234
I
Airport Lse
L _______
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
101
I
I
I
J
Read and Answer Questions
At this point, answer the following questions' to see how you're doing. Circle or write out
your answers here:
1. The plat title OG Plat means _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
2. The notation R&PP Lse means _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _'
3. Name two special pwpose plats:
Answers are on the following page.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
102
Read and Answer Questions
Here are the answers to questions 1-3. See how you did. 1. The plat title OG plat means use plat for oil and
~as
leases.
2. The notation R&PP means a lease has been drafted for recreation and public purpose...:.
3. Use Plat
S\JP.Plemeptal Plat
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
103
Supplemental Plat
.;.::, Supplemental
t? Plat
. The supplemental plat is a plat drawn toa larger scale than the MTP .It.
is usually drawn at a scale of 10 chains to. 1 inch.
r •
These plats are made when the infonnation or action to be platted is in a
congested area or is too complicated to show at the normal 30 chain scale.
When a plat is generated for this reason, all title and survey infonnation
will be removed from the section being supplemented. The words "See
Supplemental Plat" are drafted below the section number on the MTP.
The following is an.example of the notation for a supplemental.plal . "
I
....;.
I
8
See Supplemental Plat
No.1
:i~:
(
~ ~i
1m
:.:
I
I
:.:.
s'
1
<{
.;
••••
'rm:~>
. .. .. . i~~=~~}.,
"""""'" ',',':':';':':"':""",., ...............,.....,.,.,.,.,.,.,...,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,...,.,.".,.,.,.,.,.....,.,.,...,.,.,. .,..... ,.,.,.,.,.,.,., . ,...... .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
.............. '..,.,.,. . ,',', "·'·"'.'··"",<i/·,":"""·"""":""':'·'.':',.,.:':.:: • • ,,',>,'•. :./"'::'::'::.:::::':'• ::.':':\::'":::,:::,::,::",.,.,::",:,.:.:.:",",'::""",,.'":":'::':'::":,\i:•••
104
4. Supplemental plats. are used when ,_ _ _ _ _-'--_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _---..._ .., ,.
5. The scale used on a supplemental plat generally is _ _ _ _ chains to 1 inch.
I
I~M . . . . . . . . . . . ..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
105
Read and Answer Questions
See how you did on the questions about supplemental plats.
4. , Supplemental plats are used when the infonnation or action to be platted is in a con~Stea
area or is too complicated to show at the nonnal30 chain scale.
5. The scale used on a supplemental plat is .l.Q chains to 1 inch.
6.
~
How did you do?
Great!
Proceed to Part V of Lesson 2.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
106
~!r~.-LE
.......
SS...;.O..;.,N..;.....;,2...;.:-Lan";""';'d";"S";"ta";"tu"';'S..;.....;,..;.....;,..;.....;,;;;.;;....;;;;.;;;.;;....;;;;...;.....;...;.....;.................;.....;.-----.;.;;.................;....;....;....;.........---.......)~
.
') ""i
C. . _________S_tu_d...;.y_G_u_id_e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
}'><·······~7<·/·
CAssistanc~ . .•.
>
I
V. Historical Index
I
.
I
1\
I:·
The Historical Index is a chronological listing of all actions that affect the
use or title to public land and resources for each township. Applications
are noted to the Historical Index only when they segregate the land.
Historical
Index
I>.
It is a ledger-type document that consists of notations that elaborate on
the information shown on the M1P.
••••••
>
There is a Historical Index for each M1P. It is placed in the plat book
immediately before theM1P. The heading of the Index is identical to the
heading of the MTP. The following is an example of a Historical Index.
·
..
.
TOWNSHIP 2
:.
:.:;:. •.::.
'!~.
..
',.
\
LOTI
OTIUIl
NORTH RANGE I
.~ION
I
EAST OF THE GILA AND SALT RIVER MERIDIAN, ARIZONA
--':_"'"
_
_ __
ACIIES
....
TI Of'
ACT/OM
MTl
",TIC
.... GaTt
-l1&li""ct.OIU.,.....,.TID.-....rco.
___
.,
1
••
!,
I I'
,i
I
,
.....,.
... t"'~.
,
..
Of..,. '•. , "",'••. ,.c. '.'1(.
'..
...
....
•
I
•••
I
i
If
1.
• •••
I••
,
I••,.",,,,,,,. C. SI'tI"'"
:
i
Ii,
,-,
....
•• 1 I '
•• ;
...
I.
I
I'
'I'"
! i
••••
·
.
1'1
I····
'.'
••• :. "In.'
I-
1
..
.'
,
·
..
,
.. Index Columns
,
\..
......
....
./
The Historical Index consists of a series of columns for entering land
status information for the township. We will explain the columns starting
with the left hand column.
-------------------------------------------------~
"'------- ...
...
..
...
...
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
107
I
I
".
Section or Tract
The fll'St column lists the section(s) or tract number(s) involved in a case.
When a case involves multiple sections, each section number is.listed on
a separate line in numerical sequence.
Section
)( orTract
1I1I1
SUBDIVISI~
\
NE 1/4
NE
I
I
NW
I
I
sw
I
SE
NE
I
I
Upper left comer of the Historical Index
I
SobdivWom
Subdivisions
The next column is titled subdivision. It is broken into three sub-parts:
·aliquot parts, lots and other descriptions.
SUBDIVISION
I
NE1/4
NW1/4
SW1/4
SE1/4
LOTS
I OTHER DESCRIPTION I
NE INN Isw IsE NE INw Isw ISE NE INW Isw ISE NE INW Isw LSE
FOR .}HIJI-HS ~r-.t:1,. .IN\::i LJI~t'" :AI OR
I I I
I I I
I I I
I I I
I
I
I
The Subdivision Section of the Historical Index
Y:~~:
-:.:.'.
I~~
Aliquot parts are shown with an X in the column. Each X indicates a
quarter-quarter, or 40 acres of a section and its location in the section.
The column titled LOTS is for denoting, by number, the lots within the
in the case.
~4section
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
108
I
.' The column titled OTHER DESCRIPTION'may contain the following
information:
~
....
,--
a) see remarks
b) Land descriptions which do not fit into aliquot parts or the lots
column.
c) A key township or other township citation.
d) The word All referring to the section notation.
Acres
I!I
ACRES
IPTION
The Acres Column
Acres
Kind of Bilby
Abbreviations
See Resource
AidS
The acres column is a column for acreage of the case for the township.
Kind of Entry or Purpose of O r d e r :
.' The column for Kind of Entry or Purpose of Order explains the action that· (
was taken. Abbreviations without periods are used wheneverpossible'in"!
the c o l u m n ' j
The column contains infonnation about the type of document filed. For
example, such abbreviations in the column may include:
SiiilB.trract Patent
HE Pat
Homestead Entry Patent
CE Pat
Cash Entry .Patent
OG Lse
Oil and Gas Lease
PX Apln
Private Exchange Application
KIND OF ENTRY
-ORPURPOSE OF ORDER
The Kind of Entry Column
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
109
..':::'
\t
:;:
:';'
:
Serial File or Order Number
IIii.
Serial File or ..:
The next column is titled Serial File or Order ,Number. This column
,:':: Order Number.- .: -", - 'contains the patent number on title transfers from the U;S.~ warranty deed
it ..
I
. . . -. } ..... -·":identifications andreconveyedlands. 'Italso shows the order numbering·
when they are numbered.
,
I
SERIAL FILE
-ORORDER NUMBER
~
,
4
\
The Serial File Column
!
Dale of Aclion
I
:-:::.
III
:;~:::-
Date of Action
'The next column shows the date of action in chronological order. This
"':"'; date is the date. the document was signed.. When the order or document
is not numbered then the date is used as-the document identification.. If
two or more entries have the same date, enter them in document number
order.
I
:.:.
:.:.
'::
The Date of Action Column
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
110
......;;;..Study Guide
Date Posted
.The date posted column is used only if-the date is pertinent to the case
action, such as tennination actions.
DATE
POSTED
The Date Posted Column
Remarks
The last column titled remarks contains miscellaneous infonnation about
the case. Notations of closings, terminations and rejections of the case
will be cited here.
iAlso, infonnation that was too extensive to be entered in other columns
such as -- metes and. bounds descriptions, lengthy aliquot parts
.. descriptions, segregations and other land -descriptions when the "other
descriptions" column contains the notation "see remarks." The serial
_.number of the case may also appear in this column.
,
- REMARKS-
E. G. DATE CLOSED, TERMINATED, REJECTED OR RESCINDED
The Remarks Column
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
111
Some other things about the Historical Index:
',::
(
..
}
j
.",
': The ·Historical Index data is read .from the back .(latest) to the front
(earliest) and from the bottom of the page (latest) to the top of the page
(earliest).
There is a separate Historical Index for actions which affect the acquisi-·
tion, uses or disposition of acquired lands. The addition of the words
"Acquired Lands" is added to the heading for this Index.
Mineral Location and Contest Index is an index sheet that uses the same
fonnat as the Historical Index but is used to record mining claim litigation
and contest actions.
I
I>
.......
....:..
:>;:
••••••••
(V
:;':::
:-:-:.
.:.:,',
:-.:
:'::::.
:-:.
••••••••
B
1.1
" . •.· •. '. ;
.
;
..I).'
:::~:~:)::~:::::::::t;::{:r·:::::: :::::::::::::::~::t~:~\:~:::::::::::::::::::::::·: ::.:';:,:'.<"
I
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . :. . . .}. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .):(:J:
,', .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
::,-,
112
Read and Answer Questions·
Now let's take some time to see if you got all of that. Answer the following questions to test
your knowledge.
1. .The Historical Index is a chronological listing of all actions that affect
2. Which of the following is not a column heading in the Historical Index:
A) Acres
B) Date Received
C) Kind of Entry
D) Tract or Section
3. An abbreviation of OG Lse in the "Kind ofEntry" column stands for
4. The serial file or order number column in the Historical Index contains the·.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ number on title transfers.
Check your answers on the following page.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
113
I?:~:~:~/}
.,.,.,.::.,.,:.:.:.:.,.:,:,:,:,:,:,:,:,:.: .."'.<':<'>'/'.""':':'~:':~:::'::'?::::'::."':':' '.'.': . . . . :.:
... ' .' ": :"':::::::::':,.:,:::::::}':'{( ................,....: :::'::{:':'::::::{:::::::: "",',',','.,'. ,:,:"",',:,'·:-::i\')
mm( LESSON 2' Land Status
:i:!: · :':': ~ ..
~:'.,:~':.~ ·"·:·-:·"'·:':"':;'f)}{.:'.:.:.:.:.:.):{.::'.::. ,'.:,:.:,:.:.....',.',. . . . . ,.. ,:. .::.,.~,:. :.,:.•,:.•.
rC
'?:'.::'.'.:.':,::.:.".'.'.' ..
.:.;.;.:.;.:.:.:.: .....:......
:.:.....:y:....:...:.:.:.:.:.:...::.
.
c.: ,.•:. '.:., ·.:'., •,: .•,:.•'. '.:.'.:.'.':. :'.::.:>:)
~]!II
~
'.':',','"..........
"c"'" ,:"-:"",,.,-,:, """.:,:".,,:,:.":':':'
."",:,},:.:,:",::
.......... .' .............................
:-............:...........:':'i/':':'"
:-.:";"';';':':-:';',
.:.:........ :. :.: .'.:.:.:. • .:.:.:. . . . .:. ., ,. . ,. . '. :.'.:. .•:.:.:.'.:. . . '.::.'.:. :'. .' :•.'. . . . .' : .•:. •:. •:..•.•:..•: . :.• '. .:.::. :,:.:.:'.:.:.:'.,:,.,. .•.•:.:.• .•:.\.:.,"::((.:
. ....... .
Read and Answer Questions
)
'\1
:::: .
.... The following are the answers to the questions abouttheHistorical Indexfound on.pageI13 ..1
See how you did!
. '. 1.' 'The Historical Index is a chronological listing of all actions that affect the Use or title to·
public land and resources for each township.
2. B) Date Received
3. An abbreviation of OG Lse in the "Kind of Entry" column stands for oil and ~as lease.
"4. The serial'file or order number column in the Historical Index contains the PBn:n1
number on title transfers.
'. Great! Now go on to Section VI on the Control Document Index.
.
.
---..
'
:-> .
-:..
•
:
::.:
I:
!:
11'1::"". . . ,
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
114
· .. :- .:<:.. :...\ .....
VI. Control Document Index
The control document index is aille of35mm microfllm images mounted
in aperture cards.
The images are copies of the original patents and other documents which
conveyed title or interest in lands from or to the United States. The control
document index also contains copies of public laws, proclamations, withdrawals which affect or have affected the right or title to use of public
land.
The following is an example.
0:1 L".J.,.O"
:::::--;wo
:.
j::.·pa ....:.
~ ~
II/ ""'~ \/0 ........ l
I". :-AT.LIST •
~a~[
i
!i::
!
I '
I
: ,
,Iii
. I
i
9YlJi;
I
:
i
t
!
1
.:; ; • 5 I 1
i·
f·~ ,e \'
,
12 U 1.,51fi'l1
',.Ism;'
12
.12' n
i!!
3;·.;"':L:·3· "J1:a3ll511 Jll1 • • •'.~'.~"6*.'''.''';~' ~~~B!II!'."."
I
i , l
iJ.., .. e""
The aperture cards are illed by range and township, and in chronological
order by the actions occurrence within the township.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
115
2. Which of the following does the control document index not contain?
A) Copies of original patents
B) Public laws affecting right or title to the land
C) Right of way grant.
3. Aperture cards are med by
and by _ _ _ _ in chronological order
,'. '. by the action's occurrence within the township.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
116
" .1 .. : The control document index is 35mm microfilm mounted on BPerturecards.
2. C) Right of way grant
I
I
3. Aperture cards are fIled by ~ and by township in chronological order by the action's'
occurrence within the township.
'::How<lid~Gu.do?... If,¥ou
got it all, go on to the next part. If you still aren't sure, go back and
reread the material to clarify your questions.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
117
VIT. Index to Miscellaneous Documents
This index· contains a·chronologicaYlistingof public laws. acts ·of
- --Congress. and Presidential orders. The listed documents are those that
..,., -, ., apply to lands not specifically described on which conditions may exist
that would restrict the disposal or use of lands.
This index is usually placed in the front of every plat book or if
microfilmed. it is often kept with the Control Document Index.
. -.-; ,The serial register page.is an individual document that contains: .. ~ ;...;~-
-
applicant's name
applicant's address
type of case
legal descriptions
and other information pertinent to the case.
-- - This chronological record of the case is kept -whether or not--the
transaction resulted in the disposal or authorization to use the public
lands involved.
Each transaction is identified by a serial number that has been assigned
to it.
Serial Number
C-30156
Typical Serial Number from
Serial Register Page
::.:
:;: !~
.,
~.,\.
\t:/\< .::}:.::\}:",:,:,. :::::,,:}' .. : . .::::::>::::::::::.:,::::c::::........................................... ......
....................................... ::.::.: ..:••.:.: ... :: ....:::::.:.:.: .......:<::.:;.. ... ::.:...::::...::\.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
118
r~~~:~:; ~=tt %'t"t~_1~
F"fC-'"
: : :;:;: : : .:.;. ': .:.;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;';': : ;: :. :.: :.: : : .: . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d'
.. . . . . . ;: ': : : ;:
tU~~~~r~~\ /\~~ti
o/_~'~',
"tt,,;;:,,",01:"''',<;
: ;: : : : :.: :.:.:.-,
t:::::~\:~;:i:;~~~;~;~i:;~;:{;/if/f
,__ ..study
'1
~',_: _t"
nt:::(tff{;:; :i:r~:::;:::::::~:~:~~:::::::::::
@t'*':8%@lliitj
::.::}~:~::;:.::;;::::::::::::::::::;::::.:.;.::~:::::::::::::
·:·::::: . ..:::~t:~{:~: .. .
GUide)"',
:ii
... The serial numbers are given to each· transaction in sequential order.
.:.
These numbers also contain one or two letters thatshow the issuing state::
or o f f i c e . : : .
:;:::
For example:
C-12345 is a serial number for Colorado and CA-5432 is a serial
number for California.
i:11
The serial number found in the register is also used to identify cases on
both the Master Title Plats and the Historical Index.
. :Fmmthe"Master-lltle Plat·
r------l
I
I
I
I·
,
SERIAL FILE
I
I·
I
l
I
8
I
W12345
L _ _~lse.\-
::::
:":. Serial Prefixes
IDENTIFICATION. MINERALS. WATE
I
I
JIIIL W
--1
\erial Number
·OR·
ORDER NUMBER
\
I
I
I
From the Historical Index
/'
z
12345
-
When reading the plats and indices you may fmd other serial prefixes
that have been discontinued but are still used to identify cases that show
on the records.
Some examples may include:
Serial Prefix
. :~.
CC
GLO
"H
Central City or Carson City
General Land Office
··Humboldt
Phoenix
PHX
II.,.
,
.~
:,.......,.............................
===~..I:.;::\'
:.....:
:.•.: : ,
.......
'.,
":::::::::=::::::::::::::
:-:.'
....................................... ...•.... •.....
.:~
.i
, :
..•.:,.: (,'
..
:............
:.: .....:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:-:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:-:.:-:,.-:.'.:.'.:-:-:.:.:.:-:.:.: :.:.;. .:-: :.........: :.::::. ::::::.:./::::: ,-,:: ::-: >:> :::::::::',::.,.;-..:::-:-:,.-:-:.;.:>:::.::'::::::: ..'.:...... ............................•..•..•......•...•.................•..•...•.............'.... ,....'..'.....•......•.....'.. ,.......•..................•...........•.......•..•..•.....••.•.•.•.'......................•.............. ............••
~ :...:::"
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
119
I
.~':~.see how you did on the pan of the Serial Register Page.~ Answer the questions on
.==:::
1. True or False
::~::~:::!!::
:.::;~=
i
~f
whether or not the.transaction
:(
2. The serial numbers are issued in:
A) Chronological order
B) Sequential order
C) Random order
•••••
.3. The serial number is also used to identify cases on both the ______ and the.
):
....
j,:~.:.:..:. ::
~:
..... .; ...::.:-:;: ... :;.;:::::::...::-.: ....... :::;;:::::::::::::::::.:.:::.:/::::::.:.::::::...... -:::.:::::.. ::~ ... :•.........:........•..•.•. :...:...:.. ..:.:.:.:::.::.::::./"
7
;::;:;:;:;:::;:;:::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:::;:;:;:;:;:::;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:;.::;.;:;:;:;.;:;:::;:.:;:::;.::::::::;:;::::::::::::.::::::::;.::::;:::;:::::;::::::::::::,,::,::::,:.::.::.,-
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
120
.(;~;~;)//,;,;,;. .' ,;;;};;i';;;;;;;;,; )))}\:::: ;;':::~;;{/ ;';';';';';';"';';';;;;;::::'::":':';': ..•...............................................:....•................:....... ,.," ,.' ,.,.,.,.,/".""',""',"',',',',',',.,',',',',',',',',"',',',',',', ,',',',','i"'" ';.{:;:::~:::::~:~:~:>:/:
jill.·itLESSON 2:
:{}?:{::::: :~:~:~;,:~:~:~:?~,~;,«{:~:): :':""?':::{Th
)il:·
Land Status
:)(::):i')'?'t))j) ":'\}:':/":'::\;:\/:'\\\:.":}(::::::;'
rC
)/ },,:,,:. ""';""':"""':":'/' ) ' '/::::':'j\)r(:r,:\:\//::::;;';.,::::::.:.::. ::,:~.:;.;!;
Read and Answer Questions
)
;
.:::;
.::::
:
[email protected]
. Here are ·the answers to the questions on page 120.
II!
1. True
2. B) Sequential order
3. The serial number is also used to identify cases on both the Master Title Plat and the
Historical Index.
I>
~
::-:.:.:.:-:.;.;.:-.•.•:....... :.:. .. :... :•.... ::.;.:.;..•<::::::::::::::;:::;:: ... '. ,.<..... '.......'.' . . . '. '. . '. . '.'
. ....'. ,. . . . "_. . ,. . . . . ;.,.,
. ...;;.".,;,j,.;
::7
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
121
LESSON 3
THE FINAL
EXERCISE
/
Note:
The Final Exercise has been designed to incorporate all of the objectives from the frrst
two lessons into a practical application of legal description and land status skills.
The graphics prepared for Lesson 3 will appear slightly different than those prepared
for Lessons 1 and 2. The biggest difference will be in the depiction of the weight lines.
The differences allow for the same graphics to be used in the video tape and in the
study guide. The need for the use of same graphics in both the video and the study
--guide will··become -apparent as you -work through this lesson... ,
..,
.,$.
"
\..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
..
. :. : . .. .: : . : . . . . .: . .:.:. . :. . . . . . . . . . . . . :. :. . :. :.
12··············· . ····. ·······················. · · · .............................................................................. ..............
.!:!!!!!(.:.:~.;~~.:::.:;:;: ;::::;::~:
rC
': : : : : : :;: :;: : : : ::::~;:::::::~.~:/·::;::~:~::~;~~~~{r::;}~:: ::::}:{?i~~i:
::::::::::::~:::::::::::::::::
..... ......... .
. ::·.:.::. ::··:·•.::::·::::i::::.....:::)?:::::·::::: ::{/ ••••••.••• :{:: i.,.,·:·... :··:::::·· ·:·:· ............. //}Th
: : : : : : : :::::::::::::::::::::::::):::::::::: : :;: ::r;;~:;~:~:~:;· ·;:·:;;;:::;:;:·:;:;:;:::;;~:::;;~\i~~~t::;::::: .::::::~::::::. (~:~:::~~:~:~::::::::::::::::::::::::
..J-i!li:
.. ~:}::::{:;:::::::::::::: ::i/::::;r~~~~t:~~;~~~~~::::i~::t/r~
Read and Answer Questions
: .:.:.: :.: ......:.: :.
) ,
i i:
Legal Description and Land Status Records
. Final Review Questions
Please use the following questions as a final review to this self-study package. Mark your
answers in the space provided. After you complete these questions, the last portion of the
. ';1JiidC;(,.tapen.vill~e·you with the answers and explanations.
1. Early surveys were done using what method of survey?
2. How many principal meridians have been established? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
.. ,,'1:Ii:
3. What survey monuments are set at one mile intervals? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
"'" M
~·",4.,-Tmct.suIY.ey.s..ate
numbered starting with what number? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
'~f::
5. Explain the meaning of the omission or insertion of a comma in legal descriptions.
with a comma means _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
no comma means _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
6. Name 3 situations or conditions that would result in -the lotting of a section.
I
:-:::
... '.................:.: . . :. .:...............::.......:.:.:. . . .:........ : . /.::. . :.: . . :.:.:. . .:. .: :.:. .:. . .:. :.; . :. .:.:.:.: . . ::::::<.:.::::;;(;&.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
122
:iil:;tqLESSON 3: Final Exercise
7. Using diagram A, describe the shaded areas in the following sections.
sec. 19
sec. 20
sec. 21
sec. 28
sec. 29
sec. 30
sec. 31
sec. 32
sec. 33
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
.:.:"
,,
\.
123
~"o,o .. >·,
.
,-,
\( LESSON
:;':>-::'"
".,.,
\/:<:.
{7(
:-:-:.: ..<,,"
..
.. .
,.
."
.,
......
....
.
')
...
)
3: Final Exercise
...
...
,
·····.·".0··'"
)'
Read and Answer Questions
I
I
8. Using diagram B, color in the following legal descriptions within the section.
I
sec. 4, SW 114;
sec. 5, lots 1-4 inclusive, S 112 NW 114, W 112 SE 114;
sec. 6, lots 5, 6, 7, SE 114 NW 114, E 112 SW 114, SE 1/4 SE 1/4;
sec. 7, E 112 NW 114, SE 1/4;
sec. 8, S 112 N 112, S 1/2 Sll2;
sec. 9, N 1/2 N 1/2, SW 1/4 NE 114, SE 114 NW 114;
sec. 16, All;
sec. 17, SW 114 NE 114, SE 114 NW 114, NE 114 SW 114, NW 114 SE 114;
sec. 18, NE 1/4, E 112 SE 114;
' ••.•••
II!
I
I,·
1
1
'.
458.63
j 3 3 •._ ' 2 40.00 1 140.01
4 40.02 1 3 40.02 1 2 40.02' 1 40.02
1
1·0'
I-
+
537.65
I·"·
,
l-
t
-
f-
- I- - l-
t
-t-
4 40.04 , 3 40.03 1 2 40.02 , 1 40.01
-t-
-t-
t
4
5
+-6
-l-
& 37.67
I-
,
7 37.6'
:
1
137.71 1
.
,
I-
2 3773 1
.'.
r; 37. 73 1
,...
I
7
8
9
18
17
16
1
437.77 1
....
137.13
- ,
)
237. •
•••••••
..... ,.
-
i
337•••
"
-
II,'
4
\.'
' ...
1
,
n .. '
..
I
..
. .
I
,
1
..)
..,
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
I
..)
124
I'.i . . '·'·'·, '. ,. . ,.,.,.,.,.,.,. ,.,.,.,.,.,. .,.,.,. .,. ,.,., .,.,.,., "". ,.,.,. . . . .' .
.I:il:lii(····~~';~~"··';;····';~~··~~:i;;···········
:.::/\\J~:::::::::::::>:: :.:;::: ::(~:~:::::: . ,:::::::::::;:~::::.:
·!i;;:~c_·~::·P:.":~._. ~u.
'::::':::":::':,:::,::::::,::=
., ., . ," . ".,' . ,. . .
,. . .,., ,.' ,.".,. ,. ,. . .,... ,..... ' ............. '.' ..",............,....'".:':'"«':':./:,.,, '-""':}','/<:>:':::}:::::::}::>:}':':::/:::: ,.,., ....,.... :.".,'".,,',','.','<,,',','.',',',',.,
.. Jilil.
):}}:Th
:.::~:r;:~~;~:~::~~;:;~:.:.·:;~;:;~;.;:;~;~;:>;~::;:;::::~;~:~;::::t)::;:::~~:·:·;:;::::t:~:;::: :~?~:fi:f~:~jrt~::~ :::?;:;::~;:::;.;::::......:::::::::::::'j;::~:::::::~:;;:::.: ~~:~:)~:r~ :;:)~j(j~j~ }}:;:;::::;::::::: .·::::::::::::::::\::::::)j:;/.:/:;:::)L/~;~:~;~;rrt;
Read and Answer Questions
)
"p
~}
9. Name the six major pans of the current land status record system.
:1.
.
.:,'
...
~
10. In 1800, what record system was established by an Act of Congress?
:':-"":':!!:'i: "ll:'Wbatare-the"numbers of the sections granted to the states for school purposes?
I
mti
12. What do the following symbols represent when shown on the plats? Write the
answers on the lines.
I
I
iii:
-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.
Ii
I.<.i.;.~,i
"
..,....". ". ,.
13. In patent number 02-68-0007, explain:
What 02 means _ _ _ _ _ _ __
What 68 means _ _ _ _ _ _ __
What 0007 means _ _ _ _ _ __
I
14. All patents issued after 1890 have what reservation 10 the United States?
1
·t
~
"""""""""""",.,.,., ..... ,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,,',',',',',',',',',',' :::},/.",::,:,: "".::.::.:: ................. .,'.... ,,." .....,.,' . ,. ,.... ,. .,., ...•,. . ,...• ,:'. ,"'. <":"":>'::"':"\":'< "":,,:,:,,::,,,:,:,:,/:':,,'::.'> '·"·':}:::':/::):::}{:",,::'::'/})i'::':\}}i/({::::<:).}.:,:' "",:::':< ':/:<:::::':)(0
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
125
15. List four specific uses for which a separate Use Plat is generated.
16. What type of actions are listed on the Historical Index? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
17. Where is the Historical Index usually located?
··~Klhecorrect
to
the
way to read the Historical Index is '.'from the _ _ _ __
and from the
to the
of the page.
19. Where can you find the Index to Miscellaneous Documents?
20. Diagram C on page 128 will be used to answer the questions a-I.
Portion of Township 1 N, Range 2 W of the 6th Principal Meridian has been used.
a. Write the legal description of the land contained in patentno. 127765.
.
···".e.....Does the.l1S.have reservations in this patent? _ _ _ _ _ _ __
c. What do the symbols represent in Section II?
d. The notation in Section 23 there is an Executive Order No. 956. What was the
EO made for? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
e. What sections are involved in this Executive Order?
f.
In Section 15 what was the right-of-way granted for and what is the R/W width?
g. In Sections 10 and 15, what type of lease has been issued?
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
126
•........ :.'.: ..: :.:.;.;.•.;.:.;.:.:.:.;.;•. ,:.:.:-::::;;:: ::':-;';':':'.':'. :.'. ....•.•. .
::.::-:...:..'::;>:::-::'::;.:.:::';.:::::. ':';.: :::.. ::.:::::;::::::/:?:::;'.:;::";:::::::?:::::::::::'::::::::::;:::::::::::::::::::::::;:::::;::::::::::::>:::::::.::::;::::;:::~:}~{:}::~/{::;:;:.::::.:
:::::::;::::::::::::::::}:;}: ;:::::::.;:;:::::;:::;.::::;
'::;:;:;'::':=::::'"
II·ii·ir·LESSO~ "3:"F~~i'E~~i~~J!i:1
):i
___________R_e_a_d_.aIl_d_An_s_w_e_r_Q.;;.u_e_s_ti_on_s_ _ _ _ _ _ _____
h. Does the Federal Government own the minerals on the N 1/2 of Section II?
i i:
:~~~:
t;
{~
i .. Does the Federal Government own the minerals in Section24? Who manages the
surf~erigh~1 .______________~__~__~________________~.
j.
What estate has the United States acquired in the E 1/2 of Section 121
k. Is MS 4000 in Section 22 patented? __________________________
.-
"l.'"ls~:101"atented1
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
..•••••:
{•••
.:;:
.;.:
.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
..
.: ... '.......;.;. '.' .;.: :-.' :::> ;.... -::. ;::::.,: :;::::::'.;':':'.
127
:::::.;::::::::.:.::;:::«;::::::;:~:::));::::;::::/::::::/}/:))::;:;:} ;:;-:·::;::::::·:::.;:::;.::.·;.;:::;::::::;:;;:;::;~t)f{
.:.:::::::::::::
.:::-:.:.:.:.:.:.;.:.:.:.:.;..,:.;.:.:.: .:.:.:.:.:.:.;.:.:.: .,.,'.','.'.'.',:'.",".'.'.',',',',',: ...'::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;:::::":.:::::::::.:.:::::::::::::::.::::::
.:.......:.... ....... ...... ..... .' ::-: :::::: ':':':'::::;::-: ::::;:;:;:;:;:;:::;:;: ::::::::::::::::::::.
. ..
:::::;.:::: .::::: ::::::::: .:. :::::::::::::.: .','.','.','.','.','.','.','.','.','.','.' :::::::::::.::::::: .~.~.~.~.:.~.~ -.' .'.~.~.~.~.~, :.' .'.~.'.'.'.~.: -.:.'.~.'.~.~ :.".'.~ .~.:.:.~.~.~.~.: . . •. •. . . . . .:.:.>:
. '.',;.,.'.,.:.,.:.~.~.;.:.,.:.,.:.'..'.'.: :., '.,:.>:.:.:.:.:.•~..•::. :':':':':':',':':':':':
:.:.:::: '.:.' .'.'
::}r)~::::::::::::::·:::::::::·:.;:::::;:::::::::::::: :::::;::::"
:.;.:.:.:.,.:.:.:.:.:.;.:.:.;.:.:.:.-.:.:::::.::::::
Read.and Answer Questions
T. 1N., R;2W., SIXTH PM
543n
Iii
o/C
111---11
A 17250 25'
1--1· 1--1 t--t "1--1I
15
-- -A 16785
OGLse
.-- .
•
-
14
13
23
24
I
I •
•
EO 956
•
,,:.;.
\{
"
•
Wdl BARBOR NF
•
•
After you have finished writing your answers, view the Answers to the Final Exercise
segment of the video tape. If the video tape is not available, the written answers can be
found staning on the next page.
-! "'-:E~~~!~~!=~S~::5;:?==~:
:1
:.: .
.~-==============,.....,""". . ,.,. ., ., . ..,. .,".",'. " ": :, . . " ,. ., , ,. .,.,. . , .,. .',.':
.. ;.;.:.;... ;.;.;...:-:.;.;-:.;.;.:- ......•...•..•..•...•...••;.::.:...:.:.:::.:.:::.:.:.:::.:.. ;.:.:............. .
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
,."'.,.,~"
,'.,'.,~.)
""",.',.'::::,......',.',.',,......",<.',.....::'.'.'.''''''',
..•.',.',,......':
...'..•.'.,......'.',,,,,''''''.,,,,,,......,,,.....,,,,,,......:,.,,,,.....,.}""".".:.,..,.....,"-'.'""':,,.,.'.,......',,,,,......,.,:,."',.....,
.•."."'.,.....,
..
...
128
.....: .
r< •••••··}.« .. :·:\· ..:••:... ·.::.:·:..: :... :.··.·:.:::::.:. : . :. . ::.:.:: . :.: . . . . .
: ( LESSON 3: Final Exercise
..............................:.....:.:.:.:.:.:.:.:. .:···:····:·:·:·····:·:·:·:·····:·:5:··\···•••••
Read and Answer Questions
Legal Description and Land Status Records
Final Review Answers to Questions
1. Early surveys were done using what method of survey?
Metes and bounds or pitches.
2. How many principal meridians have been established?
J2
3. What survey monuments are set at one mile intervals?
Corner monuments
4. Tract surveys are numbered starting with what number? 31.
5. Explain the meaning of the omission or insertion of a comma in legal descriptions.
with a comma means and the
~
no comma means
6. Name 3 situations or conditions that would result in the lotting of a section.
(Any 3 of the 5 listed.)
Mineral surveys. homestead surveys. meanderin~ ofrivers and lakes. and
conyer~nce.
7. Using diagram A, describe the shaded areas in the following sections.
:;: ".
~:
:,...gc. 19, lot 2.4,.
NE 1/4 NE 1/4, SW 1/4 NE 1/4. SE 1/4 NW 1/4. SE 1/4 SW 1/4.
W 112SE 114
sec. 20. N 112. MS 2222
sec. 21. E 112
sec. 28. S 112 N 112. E 112 SW 114. W 112 SE 1/4
sec. 29. NW 114. E 112 SE 114
sec. 30. S 112 SW 114 NE 114. W 112 NE 114 SW 114. S 1/2 SE 114
sec. 31. lot 3-7 inclusive. NW 1/4 NE 114. SE 1/4 NE 1/4. NE 114 NW 114
sec. 32. NE 114. NE 114 SW 1/4. N 1/2 SE 114. SW 114 SE 114
sec. 33. SW 114 NE 114. SE 114 NW 114. NE 1/4 SW 114. NW 114 SE 114
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
129
<=,_____________________R__e_ad__a_nd__An
__S_w_e_r_Q_u_e_s_ti_o_n_s____________________-'=>
8. Using diagram B, color in the following legal descriptions within the section.
sec. 4, SW 114;
sec. 5, lots 1-4 inclusive, S 112 NW 114, W 112 SE 114;
sec. 6, lots 5, 6, 7, SE 114 NW 114, E 112 SW 114, SE 1/4 SE 114;
sec. 7, E 112 NW 114, SE 114;
sec. 8, S 1/2 N 112, S 112 SII2;
sec. 9, N 1/2 N 112, SW 114 NE 114, SE 114 NW 114;
sec. 16, All;
sec. 17, SW 114 NE 114, SE 114 NW 114, NE 114 SW 114, NW 114 SE 114;
sec. 18, NE 114, E 1/2 SE 114;
140.01
t
457.88
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
130
.
111:~ :'.~~~:~~.' ;;.::::::~~::::;:;:~:.'.:
..... ..... ....... .......... '.' '.' . . . . . . . . ,. ,. . . . . . . . . . . . ,.,. . ,., ""':',',',':':': : : : ,:
. . ..
1
~:::~::'/:::::://:{
::{:urs.
,1111::/.(
...._,,_._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _...;R:.:.:.ea=d:.-an::.:.,:d....An:. .:.:. ....
:.sw_e:.,:r_Qu::::.....e_s_ti_o_ns_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _-.-:)
:::::1:
):.~
"\ii
•.•••
9. Name the six major parts of the current land status record system.
Master Title Plat
Use Plats
Historical Index
.Control Document Index
Index to Miscellaneous Documents
Serial Re&ister Pa&«
10. In 1800. what record system was established by an Act of Congress?
Tract Book System
°ll:What1U"e"the'numbers of the sections granted to the states for school purposes?
2
.lQ
32
JQ
12. What do the following symbols represent when shown on the plats?
Single Weight Patent Line
Double Weiiht Patent Line
- . - . - . Withdrawal
Lea!S..:2.'" Pennit Bound!L.
13. In patent number 02-68-0007. explain:
What 02 means
state code
fiscal year
What 68 means
What 0007 means
seventh issued 1!atent
14. All patents issued after 1890 have what reservation to the United States?
ditch and canal ri&hts
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
131
i!
Read.and Answer Questions
15. List four specific uses for which a separate Use Plat is generated..
(Any 4 of the 7 listed.)
potassium
mal
sodium
phosphate
bituminous
oil and ias
&f(Othennal
16. What type of actions are listed on the Historical Index? use or title
17. Where is the Historical Index usually located?
In the plat book in front of the Master Title Plat.
18. The correct way to read the Historical Index is '.'fromthe ~ to the earliest and from...,..
the bottom to the lWl of the page.
19. Where can you find the Index to Miscellaneous Documents?
In the front of eyeor plat book or if microfilmed. with the Control Document Judex.
20. Diagram C will be used to answer the questions a-I.
Portion of Township 1 N, Range 2 W of the 6th Principal Meridian has been used. _.
a. Write the legal description of the land contained in patent no. 127765.
T. IN.. R.2W.. SIXTH PM. sec.10. S 112 NW 114. E 112 SW 114. W 112 SE 114
b. Does the US have reservations in this patent? fu
c. What does the symbol represent in Section II? reservoir
d. The notation in Section 23 there is an Executive Order No. 956. What was the EO
made for? national forest withdrawal
e. What sections are involved in this Executive Order? 13. 14.22.23.24
f.
In Section 15 what was the right-of-way granted for and what is the RIW width?
pipeline. 50 feet
<}
I
o
I"".
g. In Sections 10 and 15, what type of lease has been issued? oil and ias lease
h. Does the Federal Government own the minerals on the N 1/2 of Section II? NIl
.. .. .
. . ..
•
~
'~:"}~"'/'~}:"~':"~"/'~"~,~,:,::,:,~"":,:~."::",~""",~,,,,,,:.~,.::~""~"':::::~"':"'~:':::"'~::::'::~:':::::~:"'~":':.:'~":::,:~,.,.,,~:~~~~=~=~~~"~'.~:.'.~''''.''''''''.'~''.'.':~'''''''':!':'
..".::~:",.:,~.,.:,:,~,::. "."..,,<::~::,:.,,~:::::.~:,,::::~>::::""':<:~::::::;~'·'::::""':.':::""'::"'~:::':~::':.:'~':·9
:.l.'.:
.•.;,.•.,.•.:
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
132
Read and Answer Questions.
i. Does the Federal Government own the minerals in Section 24? Who manages
the surface rights? Yes. U.S. Forest Service
- j.
What estate has the United States acquired in the E 1/2 of Section 12?
Surface ri~hts and all mineral ri&hts
k. Is MS 4000 in Section 22 patented? N2
1. Is BES 701 patented?
~
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
133
RESOURCE
AIDS
RESOURCE AID
GLOSSARY··OF" PUBLIC , LAND 'TERMS
'.- . . This glossary has been prepared to assist the employee giving'the general meaning and is not
meant to conflict with thoSe in other glossaries.
A
ACCEPTEP SURVEY: A survey for which the plat has been accepted for the Director by the
officer having Cadastral Survey approval authority.
ACCESS TRANSPORTATION AND RIGHTS-OF-WAY (ATROW): The Bureau's program
for acquisition of rights-of-way.
ACCRETION: The gradual and imperceptible accumulation ofland, by natural causes,along the
banks of a stream or lake.
ACQUIRED LAND: Lands in Federal ownership which were obtained by the Government
through purchase, condemnation, gift, or by exchange.
ACRE: A unit of area measurement. An acre equals 10 square chains or 43,560 square feet. 640
acres equal 1 square mile.
ADnmICAIE: The legal processing of applications, entries, claims, etc., to assure compliance
with the public land laws and the regulations. To judicially determine, judge, or decree. To
sit in judgment.
ADMINISTRATIVE SITE: Lands used as a headquarters or administrative facility by a Federal
agency.
AIR NAVIGATION SITE: A reservation of public lands for air navigation purposes.
AIRPORT LEASE: A lease authorizing the use of public lands for airport or aviation purposes.
ALASKA NATIVE CLAIMS SETILEMENIACI (ANCSA): The Act of December 18, 1971,
which provides for the settlement of aboriginal land claims of the natives and native groups
in Alaska.
ALIOUOT PARTS: Legal subdivisions, except fractional lots, by an even division of land into
quarters or halves leaving no remainder.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
134
ALIPTMENT <Indian or Native): An allocation to a native of land of which he had made
substantially continuous use and occupancy for a period of 5 years and which shall be deemed
the "homestead" of the allottee and his heirs in perpetuity, and shall be inalienable and non'-0
taxable except as otherwise provided by the Congress.
ALLOWED APPUCATIQN: An application to acquire title to public lands, which has been
accepted and approved.
ANGLE POINT: A point in a survey where the alignment or boundary deflects from a straight
line.
APPEAL: A process of civil law origin that entirely removes a controversy to an appellate court
for the purpose of obtaining review and possible retrial.
APPLICANT: The individual or legal entity applying for use of, rights in, or title to public lands
or resources.
APPLICATIQN: An acceptable fonnal request for rights in use of, or eventual title to, public
lands or resources.
APPROPRIATION OR APPROPRIATED: Public lands covered by an entry, settlement, claim,
location, classifications, withdrawal orreservation that sets the land apart for some particular
use or disposal.
APPROVED SURVEY: The approved field notes and plat of a cadastral survey.
0
0
AREAS OF CRITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN (ACEe): Areas within the public
lands where special management attention is required to protect oandpreventirreparable
damage to important resources.
ASSESSMENT WORK: Work required to be perfonned annually by the claimant, in order for
him to maintain a possessory right to a mining claim for which a patent has not issued.
ASSIGNEE: A recipient or grantee. One to whom an interest is given or transferred, usually in
writing.
ASSIGNMENT: A transfer or a making over to another of a whole or a·part of property, either
real or personal, or the giving to another of a right.
ASSIGNOR: A person who assigns a right.
AUXILIARY GUIDE MERIDIAN: Where guide meridians have been placed at intervals
exceeding ~e distance of 24 miles, and new governing lines are required, a new guide
meridian is established, and a local name is assigned, such as "Twelfth Auxiliary Guide
Meridian West," or "Grass Valley Guide Meridian." Auxiliary guide meridians are
surveyed, in the same manner as guide meridians.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
135
AUXILIARY STANDARPPARALLEL: Where standard parallels have been placed at intervals
',.
exceeding the distance of 24 miles, and conditions require additional standard lines, an
··~.intermediate correction line is established, _and a local'name-'is"assigned, such· as "Fifth
Auxiliary Standard Parallel North.", Auxiliary standard parallels, are surveyed, in the same
" .
manner as standard parallels.
'~.'
AZIMUTIi: 'The horizontal direction'reckoned clockwise·from the meridian plane;.·.,...,·,,··-.:rB
BANK: The continuous margin along a river or stream where all upland vegetation ceases.
BASE LANDS: In an exchange, the lands owned by the proponent; in a lieu selection, the lands
to which the applicant relinquishes or has relinquished rights, or has lost rights through no
fault of his/her own.
BASE LINE: In cadastral survey, a line which runs in an east-west direction from an initial point.
..,., ::":;',:':BEARING: A bearing isidentified by naming the end of the meridian from which it is reckoned,
either north or south, and the direction of that reckoning, either east or west. Thus, a line in
the northeast qUadrant making an angle of 50- from the reference meridian will have bearing
ofN.5o-E.
BOARD OF LAND APPEALS: Under the direction of a Board chainnan, the board exercises
jurisdiction over cases involving appeals from decisions rendered by departmental officials
relating to the use and disposition of public lands and their resources and the use and
,..- ' . disposition of mineral resources in certain acquired lands and in the submerged lands·of-the
Outer Continental Shelf.
BOUNDARY LINE: A line along which two areas meet. A boundary line between privately
owned parcels of land is usually termed a property line. If a boundary is a line of the United
States public land surveys, itis given a particular designation, such as section line or township
line.
BOUNDARY MONUMENT: A material object placed on or near a boundary line to preserve
and identify the location of the boundary line on the ground.
c
CADASTRAL SURVEY: A survey which creates, makes, defines, retraces, or re-establishes
boundaries and subdivisions of the public land of the United States.~
CADASTRAL SURVEYOR: One who executes cadastral surveys.
CARDINAL DIRECTIONS: True north, south, east, or west.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
«
136
CASH ENTRY: Lands for which the entryman paid cash or its equivalent
CENTERLINE: The line connecting opposite corresponding quarter comers or opposite
subdivision-of-section comers or their theoretical positions.. Applied to a street, right-of-way
or any other strip ofland of uniform width "centerline" defines the line midway between the
side lines of said strip.
CHAIN: The unit of length prescribed by law for the survey of the public lands of the United
. States. The chain is equivalent to 66 feet or 4 rods, poles or perches, 10 square chains equals
one acre.
CLAIMANT:
An individual or other entity asserting title to or rights in public lands.
CLASSIFICATION: The authority of the Secretary to examine land to see whether it is proper
for entry, selection, or location.
Q .ASSIFICATION OF LANDS: . The process of detennining whether the lands are more
valuable or suitable for transfer or use under particular or various public land laws.than for
" retention'in·Federal ownership for management purposes.
,.' "--CLEARLIST: The approved title document with certification that conveys title to public1and
selected as indemnity for school lands lost by natural deficiency or prior appropriation.
COLOR-OF-TJ1LE: A claim based on an erroneous but good faith claim of title.
COMMUNICATION SITE: An area of public land granted to an applicant under authority
contained in the Act of October 21, 1976, and the regulations, to be used for a communication
structure or facility.
COMPE'l1'IlVE LEASE: An oil or gas lease or geothermal lease covering public lands within
a known producing oil or gas field. which is issued to the successful bidder at public auction
or through sealed bids.
CONJ)EMNATION: In real property law, the process by which property of a private owner is
taken for pubic use, without his consent, but upon the award of payment ofjust compensation.
CONTEST: Proceedings against a filing, claim, or entry alleging that it does not meet the
requirements of the public land laws. It may be initiated by the Government or by an adverse
claimant
CONTIGUOUS LANDS AND CONTIGUOUS LEGAL SUBDIVISIONS: Lands or legal
subdivisions having a common boundary.
CONTROL DOCUMENT INDEX: A reference file consisting of microphotographic copies of
legal documents mounted in aperture tabulating cards arranged by'State, Meridian, Range
and Township.
.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
137
CONVEYANCE: In real property law, a transfer of legal title to land. An instrument, such as
a deed, by which interest in real property is created or by which title to real property is
transferred from grantor to grantee.
COORDINATES: A set of numbers used in specifying the location of a point.
-CORNER:
The point or place where two converging lines,sides or edges-meet.
CORNERING:
Lands having a common survey corner but not a common boundary.
CURATIVE PATENT: An amended patent to correct a previously issued, defective patent.
o
DEED: A document which transfers title to real property.
. ...s
DEPENDENT RESURVEY: .A retracement and re-establishment of the lines of the original
survey in their true original locations according to the best available evidence of the position
of the original corners.
DESERTLANP ENTRY: An entry of irrigable, arid, agricultural, publidands under the Actof
March 3, 1877, which entryman must reclaim, irrigate, and cultivate.
DESIGNATION: The official identification and naming of a general area or site on public land.
No lands may be designated until they are either (1) withdrawn, or (2) given special status
by Act of Congress.
. DISTRICT: The specific area of public lands administered by a District Manager.
DISTRICT OFFICE: A local Bureau office under the jurisdiction and direction of the State
Office.
DOCUMENT: An instrument on which is recorded, by means of letters, figures, marks or
symbols, information which may be relied upon as the basis, proof or support of something.
A deed, agreement, title paper, letter or other written instrument used to prove a fact.
E
EASEMENT: An interest or right in land owned by another that entitles its holder to a specific
limited use; such as laying a sewer, crossing over property or putting up power lines.
ELONGATED SECTION: A section which exceeds 85 chains in either length or width as
originally surveyed and platted.
EMINENT DOMAIN: The right of governmental agencies to take private property for public use.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
138
ENABLING ACf: In reference to admission of new States into the Union, it is an act passed by
Congress empowering the people of a territory to frame a constitution and lay down certain
requirements that must be met prerequisite to statehood.
ENTRY: An allowed applications which permits the entryman to enter upon and commence the
actions required to gain title to the land.
ENTRYMAN: The individual or legal entity which made an entry.
ESTATE: The interest which anyone has in lands or in any other property."Estate" is used in
conveyances in connection with the words "right," "title" and "interest."
EVIDENCE OF IDLE: A policy of title insurance; or a certificate of title issued by a title
insurance company authorized by law to issue same; or an abstract of title prepared and
authenticated by a licensed abstractor or abstract company or by the recorder of deeds or other
proper officer of the State under his official seal.
. .' ... ' EXCHANGE: A trading of public lands (surface andlor subsurface estates) that-usually.do not
have high public value,for lands in other ownerships which do have value for public use,
management and enjoyment. The exchange may be for the benefit of other Federal agencies
as~asB~
,
EXECUTIVE ORDER 11593: The Bureau musttake into account effect ofour action on cultural
resources. Must identify archaeological and historic sites for National Register of Historic
Places; and assure that any Federally owned property during the interim is not altered,
transferred or demolished.
F
FEDERAL LAND POLICY AND MANAGEMENT ACT CFLPMA):
BLM's organic Act of
October 21, 1976 (PL 94-579), which established public land policy and established
guidelines for administration.
FEDERAL POWER PROJECf RESERYA TION: A reservation of public lands for use in a
project developed under the jurisdiction of the Federal Power Commission.
FIELD NOTES: The official written record of a land survey, certified by the field surveyor, and
approved by the proper authority, providing courses and distances of lines surveyed and
descriptions of corner monuments.
FILING: An application or other proper document which has been submitted to the proper
'. "'official or office or an application pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act.· uY_
FINAL CERTIFICATE: A document which evidences that patent should issue. It alone is
sufficient to vest title in the would-be patentee.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
139
FRACTIONAL mWNSHIP OR SECTION: A situation called "natural deficiency" caused by
surveys creating fractional measurements due to presence of a large meanderable body,
impassable objects, a State or reservation or grant boundary, or similar reserves.
FREE-USE PERMIT: A permit which allows the removal of timber or other resources from the
public lands free of charge.
G
GENERALLANP OffICE: One of the predecessors of the Bureau of Land Management. It was
charged with land disposal, record keeping, and cadastral survey.
GENERAL ORDERS OF WITHDRAWALS: Executive Orders No. 6910 of November 26,
1934, and No. 6964 of February 5, 1935, which withdrew for classification all vacant public
lands in the eleven Western States plus certain other public land States.
GOVERNMENT CONTEST:. A proceeding initiated by the Government to determine the
validity of a claim.
.GRANT: A gift of public lands either in quantity or in place. Also, the document or the action
which conveys land or an interest in land.
GRANfEE: One to whom a grant is made. The recipient of the right-of-way, patent, deed, or
other benefit.
GRANTOR: The person who makes the grant.
GRAZING ALLOTMENT: A specific area within which grazing use is authorized. It generally
encompasses public lands but may include parcels of private and state lands.
GRAZING DISTRICI': A specific area of public land administered for grazing purposes under
Section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act. Public lands outside grazing district boundaries are
administered under Section 15 of the Act or other applicable authority.
GUIDE MERIDIAN: An auxiliary governing line projected north along an astronomical
meridian, from points established on the base line or a standard parallel, usually at intervals
of 24 miles east or west of the principal meridian, on which township,section, and quartersection comers are established.
H
HEARING. CONTEST: Fonna! proceedings for the taking of evidence from theparties to the
contest and their witnesses.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
140
HISTORICAL INDEX: A chronological summary of all actions which affect, have affected, or
.' will affect the title to, disposition of, or use status of lands within a township.
HOLPER: Any state or local governmental entity, individual, 'partnership; corporation, association,or other business entity receiving or using a right-of-way under·Title V ofFLPMA .
. HOMESTEAD ENTRY: An entry initiated under any of the homestead laws, that leads to patent
for entrymen who settle upon and improve agricultural lands.
IMPROVEMENTS: Includes any structures of a permanent nature placed upon land, which tend
to increase its value.
INPEMNITYLANDS: Alternate lands granted to states under the public land laws when granted
lands were unavailable.
INDEMNITY SELECfION: A selection made to compensate for lands that were lost.
INDEPENDENT RESURVEY: An establishment of new section lines for the public land which
are independent and without reference to the comers of the original survey, while, at the same
time, preserving the boundaries of the alienated lands.
INDEX TO MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS: A chronological listing of public laws, Acts
of Congress and Presidental orders. The listed documents are those that apply to lands not
specifically described on which conditions may exist that would restrict the disposal or use
of lands.
INDIAN ALLOTMENT: An allocation of public lands or Indian reservation land to an Indian
for his individual use.
INDIAN FEE PATENT: A patent which conveys fee title to qualified Indians to lands entered
under an Indian allotment.
INDIAN RESERVATION: A reservation for the use of native Indians.
INDIAN TRUST PATENT: A patent issued to an Indian to lands that cannot be alienated or sold
for a period of years and where legal title remains in the United States.
" .'
INITIAL POINT: A point which is established under the rectangular system of surveys and from
. which is initiated the cadastral survey of the principal meridian and base line that controls the
cadastral survey of the public lands within a given area.
IRREGULAR BOUNDARY: Township or section lines not originally established as straight
lines or which a retracement reveals as not having been surveyed as a straight line.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
141
IRON POST: The iron post adopted by BLM for monumenting the surveys of the public lands
evolved after passage of the 1908 act which provided for the purchase of metal monuments
to be used for public-land survey comers wherever practicable.
L
,. LAND STATIlS RECORDS: Those records maintained by., the Bureau of Land Management,
showing ownership of the public lands and the availability of the lands for use under the
public land laws. The land status records include the Master Title Plat, Supplemental Master
Title Plat, Use Plat, Historical Index, Control Document Index, Index to Miscellaneous
Documents, Serial Register Page, also these records may include Mineral Location and
Contest Index, Tract Books, Plat Books, Patents, Deeds, Name Index Card Files, and the
Working and Reference Records.
LATITIJPE: 1) The distance on the earth's surface, north or south of the equator, expressed in
either linear or angular measurements. 2) The north-south component of a traverse course.
.LEASE: .An authorization (usually long-term) to possess and use public lands for a fixed period
of time.
LEASEABLE MINERALS: Oil and gas, oiland shale~ coal, potash, phosphate, sodium, sulphur
in Louisiana and New Mexico, silica deposits in certain parts of Nevada, and certain minerals
under special acts., i.e., the Acquired Lands Act, the Geothermal Steam Act.
, LEGAL DESCRlPTJONa..AND DESCRIPTION: The method oflocating or describing land in
relation to the public land survey.
LEGAL IITI..,E: Title enforceable in a court oflaw, which is apparently complete and perfect and
is generally associated with record ownership.
LIEU SELECTION OR INDEMNITY SELECTION: A selection made to compensate for lands
that were lost.
LODE CLAIM: A mining claim embracing public lands which contain minerals occurring in a
vein or lode.
LONGITUDE: The distance on the earth's surface, east or west ofa defmed meridian, usually
the meridian of Greenwich (0° Longitude), expressed in angular measure, such as 90° West
Longitude.
LQI: A subdivision of an irregular portion of a section which cannot be described by aliquot
parts.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
142
M
MASTER TITLE PLAT: A composite of the survey plats of a township'on which is shown the
ownership and land status.
MAIERIAL SIIE: The public lands from which sand and gravel may be taken (with the proper
.., .. permit and authorization).for construction or· maintenance of state orfederal-aid highways.
administered by the Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture.··
MEANDER OR MEANDER LINES: The traverse of the margin of a permanent natural body of
water executed for the purpose of determining the quantity of land remaining after the
segregation of the water area.
MERIDIAN: 1) A north-south line from which longitudes (or departures) and azimuths are
reckoned; or a plane, normal to the geoid or spheroid, defining such a line. 2) A flag or sight
near a survey camp used to test solar transits for adjustment.
-", METES AND BOUNDS:·A method of describing a parcel ofland by citing the owners of abutting
lands and describing the length of each course of a boundary as "along" some apparent line,
such as, "along a stream" or "along the road." .In modern usage, a metes and bounds
description includes the bearings and distances of each course.
MILITARY RESERVATION: A withdrawal for the use of the Department of Defense for
military purposes.
MILLSITE ENTR Y: A cash entry of non-mineral public lands which are to be used as a mill site
for the reduction of ore or in the development of a lode claim.
MINERAL APPLICATION: An application to purchase public lands which are held as a mining
claim or which are desired as a mill site.
MINERAL CLASSIFICATION: The classification of lands as being valuable for a specific
mineral or minerals, also the public lands so classified.
MINERAL IN CHARACfER: Lands where the mineral is ordinarily in sufficient quantity to add
to their richness and to justify expenditures for its extraction.
MINERAL LANDS: Public lands which have been designated as containing valuable minerals;
or are known to contain valuable minerals.
MINERAL LEASE: A lease which authorized the development and production of leaseable
minerals from public lands.
MINERAL LEASING ACf: Act of February 25, 1920, authorized leasing of public lands for
extraction of oil and gas, coal, phosphate, sodium and other minerals.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
143
MINERAL LOCATION AND CONTEST INDEX: A component of the land status records. It
is a listing by township and range of mineral location notices filed under special mining claim
, ...,._,recording .laws, abandonmentsand.Ielinquishments of mining.claims secured by. the
. Government, and of actions initiated to determine the validity. of mineral, agricultural and
other claims on national resource lands.
MINERAL· MONllMENT: A.monument.which;is established in·connection.witha mineral
survey.
, MINERAL PERMIT: .A permit which authorizes prospecting for certain leasable minerals·on
public lands.
MINERAL RESERYA TION: A clause in the conveyance document which reserves minerals on
public lands.
MINERAL RIGHTS: The rights of one who owns the mineral estate (subsurface) .
.MINERAL SEGREGATION SURVEY: .The measurements and corner restorations needed to
.' define the boundaries between a mineral claim' and other public lands for administrative
"purposes. Even though it also defines the boundaries of the mineral claim, in whole orin part,
that is merely incidental and does not confer any rights to the mineral claimant.
MINERAL SURVEY: A survey ofa mining claim. Performed either by cadastral surveyor by
an approved surveyor.
MINERAL WITHDRAWAL FOR CLASSIFICATION: A withdrawal of public lands which are
potentially, valuable for leasable minerals.· This precludes the disposal of the lands except
with a mineral reservation, or unless the lands are found to be not valuable for minerals.
MINING CLAIM: A possessory interest in land obtained by physically locating certain lands on
the ground under the authority of the 1872 Mining Law on which a discovery of valuable
locatable minerals has been made. A mining claim can be located on any vacant unappropriated public lands.
MINOR SUBDIVISIONS: A quarter-quarter section subdivided into quarter-quarter-quarter
sections (1/64 or 10 acre units), or aliquot parts as small as 1/256 (2.5 acres).
MONUMENT: A physical structure, such as an iron post, marked stone, or tree in place, which
marks the location of a corner point established by a Cadastral Survey. Objects, to be ranked
as monuments, should have certain physical properties such as visibility, durability and
. stability, and they must derme location without resorting to measurements..':Monument" and
"corner" are not synonymous, although the two terms are often used largely in the same sense.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
144
N
NATIONAL FOREST: A reservation of a forest or watershed which is administered by the Forest
Service, United States Department of Agriculture.
NATIONAL FOREST HOMESTEAD ENTRY: A homestead entry initiated under the Act of
. June .11,··1906,··which.provided for,homesteading within, nationabforestsof public Jands
classified as more valuable for agriculture than for forestry.
NATIONAL MEMORIAL: A reservation embracing memorials of national interest which is
administered by the National Park Service.
NATIONALMONUMENT: Areservation oflandsembracingvalues of historic andlorscientific
interest which is administered by the National Park Service.
NATIONAL PARK: A reservation embracing recreational areas which is administered by the
National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior.
-' - ·>NAIURAL AREA:-- An area set aside· in an undisturbed state to preserve'natural and environmental values.
NAVIGABLE WATERS: Waters which afford a channel for-useful commerce or travel. The
beds of navigable bodies of water are' not public domain -and are not subject to survey and
disposal by the United States. Under the laws of the U nited S~tes the navigable waters have
always been and shall forever remain common highways. This includes all tidewater streams
and other important permanent bodies of water whose natural and normal condition at the
- .. ., date of admission of a state into the Union was such as to classify the same as navigable water.
o
o & C LANDS:
Public lands in western Oregon which were granted to the Oregon Central
railroad companies (later the Oregon and California Railroad Co.) to aid in the construction
of railroads, but which were later forfeited and returned to the Federal Government by
Congressional revestment of title.
OCcupANCY: Actual possession and use of land in something more than a slight or sporadic
manner.
OFFERED LANDS: The lands owned by the proponent and being offered in exchange.
. OFFICIAL CADASTRAL SURVEY~\"The public lands are deemed.tobe.surveyed when the
survey has been accepted and the plat thereof has been filed in the appropriate land office by
direction of the Bureau of Land Management. No subdivisions of the public lands may be
conveyed or in any way disposed of until so identified.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
145
OPENING ORDER: The order which opens the lands to the operation or partial operation of the
public land laws. May be a part of the revocation order. It need not be a separate documents.
ORDINANCE OF MAY 20. 1785: The first land ordinance, it was entitled "An ordinance for
ascertaining the mode of disposing of lands in the western territory."
p
PAJENI: As it relates to public land laws, a patent is the instrument (or deed) by which the
Government conveys title to the public lands.
PATENT RESERYATION: A clause in a patent or instrument of conveyance by which the
grantor creates and reserves to himself, some right or interest in the estate granted, which had
no previous existence, but is called into being by the patent. The reservation is always in favor
of and for the benefit of the grantor, thus a right-of-way grant which exists at the time of the
patent is issued can never amount to a reservation unless the right-of-way is for the benefit
of the United States. Otherwise, a valid existing right-of-way should be protected by issuing
the patent, "subject to" the right-of-way.
PERMIT: A short-term (generally under 3 years ),revocable authorization to use public lands for
specific purposes.
fLAI:
"'.7
. " ..• -
As used technically by the BLM;·the drawing"which"represents the particular area
included in a survey, such as a township, private land claim or mineral claim, and the lines
surveyed, established, retraced or resurveyed, showing the direction and length of each such
line; the relation to the adjoining official surveys; the boundaries, descriptions, and area of
each parcel of land subdivided; and, as nearly as may be practicable, a representation of the
relief and improvements within the limits of the survey.
POWERSITE CLASSJFICATION: A classification which in reality is a segregation against the
operation of the land laws made by the Federal Power Commission for lands having potential
for or needed for power projects and associated transmission lines. Lands classified to benefit
transmission lines are open to the operation of the public land laws subject to the use for
transmission lines.
POWERSITE RESERVE: A reservation of public lands which have potential value for water
power development.
PRIVATE EXCHANGE: An exchange between the Federal Government and any landowner
other than a State.
PRIYATE LAND CLAIM: A claim based on the assertion that the claimant (or his predecessors
in interest) derived his right while the land was under the dominion of a foreign government.
.
.
PROTEST: A statement of objection to a proposed classification, application, claim, etc.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
146
PROIRAcrroNDIAGRAM: It is prepared for the purpose ofdescribing unsurveyed land areas.
......PUBLIC DOMAIN: Vacant, unappropriat~~JUld unreserved public lands, or public lands
withdrawn by E.O. 6910 of November 26, 1934, or E.O. 6964 of February 5, 1935, and not
otherwise reserved, or public lands within grazing districts established under the Act of June
28, 1934, and not otherwise withdrawn or reserved.
PUBLIC LANDS: Any land and interest in land owned by the United States within the several
States and administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the Bureau ·ofLand
Management, without regard to how the United States acquired ownership, except., I. lands
located on the outer Continental Shelf and 2. lands held for the benefit of Indians, Aleuts,
and Eskimos.
PUBLIC LAND LAWS: The body oflaws which regulates the administration of the public lands
and the resources thereon.
PUBLIC LAND ORDER <PLQ>: An order effecting, modifying, or revoking a withdrawal or
reservation which has been issued by the Secretary pursuant to his delegations of authority.
PUBLIC LAND STATES: The States which were created out of the original public domain:
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska,
, Nevada, New Mexico, North· Dakota, Ohio,- Oklahoma, 'Oregon,South,Dakota, Utah,
Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
"';'-~" '.
PUBLIC PURPOSE: A use in which the public has an interest, affecting the safety, health,
~ '7morale, and welfare of the general public, but does not include usefor habitation, cultivation,
trade or manufacturing.
PUBLJCWAIER RESERVES: Pursuant to and under the authority of Sec. 10 of the Act of
December 29, 1916, and in aid of pending legislation, the President issued the Executive
Order of April 17, 1926. This reserved for public use every vacant, unappropriated, and
unreserved smallest legal subdivision which contains a spring or waterhole. If the lands are
unsurveyed, the reservation covers all lands within 1/4 mile of the spring or waterhole.
Q
QUARTER SECTION: One-fourth of a section: 160 acres.
." _..... .
OUIT-CLAIM DEED <Bureau of Land Mana&emenJ): The type of deed used to relinquish all
claimsofthe·United-5tates-in landswhich'were conveyed totheUftited·States in connection
with some transaction. A deed which does not allege ownership.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
147
R
. RAILROAD GRANT: Usually, title to railroad grant lands passed under patent conveyances.
.. , These grants were made to railroads to aid in their construction, and covered designated
sections within specified grant limits.
RAILROAD LIEU SELECflON: A lieu selection made by an applicant other than a railroad for
lands to replace those lost or relinquished within a railroad grant.
'. RANGE: A north-south tier of townships or sections. A range of townships is described by its
relationship to the principal meridian.
RECLAMA TIONHOMESTEAD ENTRY: A homestead entry (not exceeding 160 acres) under
the Act of June 17, 1902, which provides for entry within reclamation projects.
RECLAMATION PROJECT: A water development and irrigation project of the Bureau of
Reclamation.
RECLAMATIONWITHDRAWALS:
first form: A reclamation withdrawal of public lands that are or may be needed in connection
with the construction work and maintenance of a reclamation project.
second fonn: A reclamation withdrawal of public lands that are susceptible of irrigation from
a reclamation project.
... The distinction of flfst and second form.withdrawals have been eliminated and now all such
withdrawals are merely "reclamation withdrawals."
RECONVEYED LANDS: Lands once patented or granted but later returned to Federal
ownership.
RECORD: 1) The approved field notes and plat of a survey. 2) A value of area, bearing or distance
from the approved field notes. 3) The act of recording a document as in a county. 4) All of
the documents pertaining to title and boundaries including status, group files, county
surveyor information as well as field notes and plats, when used as "to search the record."
RECREATION AND PUBLIC PURPOSES ACT (R&PP): The Act of June 14, 1926, as
amended, allows the disposal of public lands to any State, local, Federal, or political
instrumentality or nonprofit organization for any recreational or public purpose, at the
;discretion of the-authorized officer.
RECREATION SITES: Relatively small tracts of land which have value for concentrated and
intensive recreation use that usually requires construction and maintenance of public
facilities.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
148
RECfANGULAR SYSTEM OF SURVEYS: The cadastral system of survey, used to subdivide
the public lands into townships, sections, and sectional subdivisions.
REJECTION: The denial of an application because it is improperly filed, conflicts with the public
land laws or conflicts with public policy.
. REUCIJON: Land that is uncovered by the gradual subsidene of water.;
RESERVATION: A withdrawal of a permanent nature, dedicated to a specific public purpose.
RESERVATION LANDS: Includes national parks and monuments, or any other reservations of
the United States for the use of or administration by the National Park Service, the Fish and
Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Reclamation, or any agency outside the Department of the
Interior.
RESURVEY: A term applied to the reestablishment or restoration of land boundaries and
subdivisions by the rerunning and remarking of the lines that were represented in the field
note record and on the plat of the previous official survey.
RESTORATION: Normally associated with and.. contemporaneous with the revocation of
withdrawals. This is the restoring of the lands to the status of unreserved public lands and
it opens them to the operation of the public land laws and mining and mineral leasing laws
as appropriate.
REVERSIONARY CLAUSE OR REVERTER: A provision in a patent for the lands to return to
United States ownership for failure of development or upon the happening of a prescribed
event.
REVOCATION: The action which cancels a withdrawal. It need not necessarily "open" the lands
to application or entry.
RIGHT-OF-WAY: An easement, license, or permit; does not grant an estate of any kind, only
the right of use. May also include a site.
RIPARIAN RIGHTS: The rights of the owners of lands on the banks of watercourses or small
lakes relating to the ownership of soil under the water and to accretions and relictions.
s
SCHOOL LAND DEFICIENCY: The amount of land lost by the State for which it is entitled to
. , school land indemnity selections.
.~ :
SCHOOL LAND INDEMNITY SELECfION: The selection made by a State to take the place
of school1cmds the State could not receive.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
149
SCHOOL LAND PATENT: A patent to give evidence of title to lands to the State. Title can
automatically pass without issuance of a patent.
SCHOOL SECTION: A section granted to the State for the supportrofthe common schools..
SCRIP: A certificate which allowed the owner to acquire a certain number of acres from vacant,
unappropriated public lands.
SECTION: 640 acres, one mile square.
SEGREGATION: Any action such as a withdrawal or allowed application (exchange) which
suspends the operation of the general public land laws. To separate or set apart; to remove
lands from the operation of part or all the public land mineral laws.
SELECTED LANDS: The public domain lands sought by the proponent in an exchange.
SERIAL REGISTERS: Serial registers were instituted in 1908 as a digest of land case records.
BLM maintains these individual chronological records of each public land transaction. Each
transaction (case) appears as a page or pages in a serial register. Each one is identified by the
,. serial number assigned to it: A running record of each case, its inception and any actions on
'it, is kept in book fonn in the land office of each public domain land state. Serial register pages
are now microfilmed for ease in retrieval of infonnation as well as to conserve space.
SMALLEST LEGAL SUBDIVISION: A quarter-quarter section; 40 acres.
SMALL TRACT: Public lands (5 acres or less) which have been found to be chiefly valuable for
, sale as a home, cabin, camp or business site under the Act of June 1, 1938.
",~"'
. STANDARD PARALLEL: Also called "correction line." A line extended east or west from the
principal meridian, usuaUy at intervals of 24 miles north and south of the base line, along a
paralleloflatitude. Standard parallels are established to correct for the convergence of range
lines and to maintain a workable adherence to the requirement that each township be 6 miles
square. They are surveyed in the manner prescribed for the survey of the base line.
STATE EXCHANGE: An exchange of lands between the Federal Government and a State..
STATEHOOD: The Thirteen Original States organized the Federal Union under the name of
''The United States of America" by ratifying the Articles of Confederation, and later, the
Constitution. They are: New Hampshire, New York, Maryland, Georgia, Delaware,
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, North
"Carolina and South Carolina.
STATUS CLand): The land title or use infonnation concerning a specific piece of land. The
infonnation would include such things as: ownership; claims or applications outstanding;
known minerals (if any); withdrawals; or in general, any infonnation that might affect how
the land laws would operate with respect to the land.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
150
STOCKRAISING HOMESTEAD ACT: Western lands that were not suitable for cultivation but
were suitable for stock grazing could be patented under the Act of December 29,1916.
STOCKRAISING HOMESTEAD ENTRY: A homestead not exceeding 640 acres which unlike
the general homestead laws provide for the homesteading of lands which were chiefly
valuable for grazing and forage crops and not for agriCUlture.
SUBDIVISION: (verb) 1) Subdivision of. a township into sections, 2) Subdivision ofa section
into half-sections, quarter-sections, sixteenth-sections or sixty-fourth-sections, or into lots,
according to the Manual of Surveying -Instructions. 3) The process of surveying such
subdivisions. 4) In the private practice ofland survey, subdivision is the division of an area
into lots, streets, rights-of-way, easements and accessories, usually according to State law
and local regulations.-(noun) A particular aliquot part, lot, or parcel of land described
according to the official plat of its cadastral survey.
SuppLEMENTAL PLAT: A plat which shows a revised subdivision of one or more sections
without a change in the section boundaries or to the survey record.
~--:
SURFACE RIGHTS: 'All rights in-the surface of the land except the oil, gas and other mineral
or subsurface rights.
SURVEY MONUMENT: A physical object (iron post, stone, tree, etc.) which marks the location
of a point which is established by cadastral survey.
SURVEY PLAT: A plat representing the lines surveyed, established, retraced or resurveyed,
. showing the direction and length of each line; the relation to adjoining official surveys; the
boundaries, descriptions, and area of each parcel of land; and the topography, culture, and
improvements within the limits of the survey.
T
TAYLOR GRAZING ACT: The Act of June 28, 1934, as amended. Primary purpose of this Act
was to stop continuing injury to the public rangelands through over grazing and other misuse.
TIMBER AND STONE ENTRY: A cash entry for lands which were valuable for timber or stone
and which were unfit for cultivation.
TOWNSHIP: The unit of survey of the public lands; normally a quadrangle approximately 6
miles on a side with boundaries conforming to meridians and parallels within established
limits, containing thirty-six sections, some of which are designed to correct for the
convergence of meridians or range lines.
TOWNSITE: An area of public land which is identified for disposal as an urban development.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
151
TRAC[ BOOKS:
The centra1land status records which originally depicted the status of the
public domain. For the most part, replaced by the Master Title Plat.
u
UNAUTHORIZED USE (TRESPASS): Any occupancy or use of the public lands or resources
of the United States without authority.
,'UNRESERVED PUBLIC LANDS: Those 'public lands not covered by a reservation
withdrawal, except by the general orders of withdrawal.
Of.a
UNSURVEYED LANDS: Lands not yet surveyed.
USE AUIHORIZATION: Approval of a proposed use for land or resources on the prescribed
form or document designated for such use; a document showing permission to use land or the
resources thereon; a formalized grant pursuant to a request to use land or resources.
USE PLAT: A copy of the master title plat and any supplemental master title plats of a township.
c·,· .. Use plats show, in addition to the status shown on the master title plat, information concerning
use of the lands, such as applications, leases and permits.
v
VACANT PUBLIC LANDS: Public lands which are unappropriated and unreserved and not
within a withdrawal. Lands that are not reserved except by the general orders of withdrawal .
.. 'VALID CLAIM:.A mineral or ore body of sufficient size and quantity. to justify an ordinarily
prudent man in the expenditure of his labor and means in an effort to develop a paying mine.
w
WATER RIGHT: The authority, whether by prior ownership, contract, purchase, or
appropriation in accordance with State law, to use water for any beneficial use.
WILDERNESS: Areas in a native condition or reverted to a native condition, substantially free
of man-made structures and human habitation.
WILDLIFE REFUGE: A reservation for the protection of wildlife.
WITIIDRAWALS: Removal or withholding of public lands by statute or secretarial order, from
operation of some or all of the public land laws (surface, mining and/or mineral leasing).
For additional assistance with definitions of public land terms, refer to
Glossary ofBLM Surveying and Mapping Terms, prepared by the Cadastral Survey Training Staff, Denver Service
Center, 1978.
Glossary of Public Land Terms, Phoenix Training Center, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the
Interior, January, 1983.
.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
152
RESOURCE AID
What Are Metes and Bounds?
Metes and bounds is another way of saying distances (metes) and direction (bounds).-.:rbe metes
and bounds system·of survey relies on the use of convenient natural orman-made objects as
monuments (or markers) from which distances and direction are measured. The metes and
bounds system served as the principal method of survey during America's early days.
In a metes and bounds survey description a stream might serve as one side of a parcel, an old oak
tree as a comer, a road as another side of the parcel, a pile of rocks as a comer, a fence as another
side and so on until all boundaries of the parcel are defmed.
The method was handy, but it had two major drawbacks: (1) there might not be a convenient
, -"';'" _. ,~; comer or boundary marker where one was needed and (2) over a'period of time oak trees died,
.. piles of rocks were moved, and roads became overgrown with vegetation from lack of use. '.'
The following description in the Hartford Connecticut probate court records for 1812 provides
a colorful illustration of this early method:
'..~- .
Commencing at a heap of stone about a stone's throw from a certain small clump of alders, near
a brook running down offfrom a rather high part of said ridge; thence, by a straightline to a certain
. marked white birch tree, about two or three times as far from ajog in a fence going around a ledge
nearby; 'thence by another straight line in a different direction, around said ledge and the Great
Swamp, so called; the.nce, in line of said lot in part an in part by another piece of fence which joins
on to said line, and by extension of the general run of said fence to a heap of stone near a surface
rock; thence, as aforesaid, to the "Hom." So called, and passing around the same as aforesaid,
as far as the "Great Bend," so called, and from thence to a squarish sort of a jog in another fence,
and so on to a marked black oak tree with stones piles around it; thence, by another straight line
in about a contrary direction and somewhere about parallel with the line around by the ledge and
the Great Swamp, to a stake and stone bounds not far off from the old Indian trail; thence, by
another straight line on a course diagonally parallel, or nearly so, with "Fox Hollow Run,". So
called, to a certain marked red cedar tree out on a sandy sort of plain; thence, by another straight
line, in a different direction, to a certain marked yellow oak tree on the off side of a knoll with
a flat stone laid against it; thence, after turning around in another direction, and by a sloping
straight line to a certain heap of stone which is, by pacing, just 18 rods and about one half a rod
'- more from the stumpofthe big hemlock tree where Phil Blake killed the·bear~thence, to the comer
begun at by two straight lines of about equal length, which are to be run by some skilled and
competent surveyor, so as to include the area and acreage as herein before set forth.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
153
From the description, drawbacks to the metes and bounds method are obvious. They can be
resolved, however, by setting a permanent man-made monument at one comer of the parcel and
then describing the parcel in distance (metes) and direction (bounds) from that point.
Metes or distances, are usually measured in feet, usually to the nearest tenth or one-hundredth
of a foot. Metes may also be stated in chains or rods.
Bounds, or directions are shown in degrees; minutes and seconds. In-legal land descriptions we
, deal in 90 degree segments. There are 60 minutes in each degree and 60 seconds in each minute.
The symbols for degrees, minutes and seconds are as follows:
degree _ 0
minute - I
secondII
Special Surveys and the Use of Metes and Bounds
The metes and bounds method is used today when defining boundaries for irregularly shaped
parcels of land that cannot be described, or would be impractical·to describe, in any other way.
In order to describe a parcel of land using the metes and bounds method, a point of beginning is
established. The location of a parcel ofland may be defined by stating its position in relation to
established monuments of known position or by stating its-geographic position-(latitude and
longitude). In metes and bounds descriptions this is generally accomplished by a complete
description of the point of beginning. The information furnished should be sufficient to enable
a competent surveyor to locate and identify the initial point.:.Frequently a statement regarding
nearby topographic or cultural features or objects is of great value.
If the point of beginning is an established comer of an official surveyor.is connected by survey
to such a comer, theJatter should be described by comer and survey number or other appropriate
designation without detailed description of the monument itself. The latitude and longitude
should be given unless the beginning point is a comer of the public-land rectangular surveys or
connected by survey to such a comer.
After a point of beginning has been established, the description of the survey is written with the
use of natural and artificial boundaries. Occasionally the 'boundaries· of a parcel are defined
entirely or in part by natural monuments, such as streams, lakes, divides, or straight lines
connecting prominent features of topography. In such cases it is essential that each boundary be
described so definitely and specifically that there is no uncertainty as to its identification.
In the case of a stream or river, the middle of the channel or one bank is usually specified. Facing
. downstream, the. bank on the left hand is termed the left bank and that on the right hand the right
bank. Where lakes, large rivers, or tidal waters are involved, the intended elevation or stage of
water should be specified, such as low-water mark, mean high-water mark, or mean high tide.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
154
/
Similarly, in referring to a natural monument such as a divide or peak, or to such pennanent
artificial monuments as highways, railroads, ditches, the specific line or point intended to be used
, should be described with sufficient particularity as to be capable of definite identification on the
ground.
A statement of the area of the parcel usually follows the description and in most cases is expressed
in acres. Approximate ~s should be indicated as such and given in even acres.
Examples of Metes-and-Bounds Descriptions
Example No. 1
Beginning at comer No.1, a hemlock post, 4 in. square, 24 in. above ground, located on the
Takotna Highway about 1/4 mile southeasterly from its intersection with the left bank of
Kuskokwim River and in approximate latitude 62° 52' N., longitude 155° 40' W. Comer No.
2 ofU. S. Survey 999 bears N. 26° 59' W., 327.6 ft.
From comer No.1, by metes and bounds,
S. 25° 43' W., 1900 ft., to comer No.2;
S. 57° 30' W., 3000 ft., to comer No.3;
S. 32° 30' E., 830 ft., to comer No.4;
N. 57° 30' E., 4000 ft., to comer No.5;
N. 25° 43' E., 1650 ft., to comer No.6;
N.34° 17' W., 550 ft., to comer No.7;
S. 85° 38' W., 871.6 ft., to comer No. l,the place of beginning.
The parcel as described contains 121.66 acres
Example No.2
Beginning at the confluence of the Chvilnuk and Yukon Rivers in approximate latitude 61 °
58'15" N., longitude 162° 48' 20" W.,
Thence northeasterly upstream along the center of Chvilnuk- River to its source in the
Tundadula Mountains;
Easterly along the summit of the Tundadula Mountains to the source of the Bonasila River;
Southeasterly downstream along the middle of the main channel of the Bonasila River to its
junction with the Stuyahok River;
Southerly upstream along the middle of the main channel of the Stuyahok River to a point
due west of the source of Mountain Creek;
"
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
-~
155
/
East to the source of Mountain Creek;
Southerly downstream along the center of Mountain Creek to its junction with Tucker's
Slough;
Southerly along the center of Tucker's Slough to its junction with the Yukon River;
Southerly and westerly downstream along the right bank of the main channel of the Yukon
.- River at mean high-watermark to the mouth of the Chvilnuk River and the place of beginning.
The parcel as described contains approximately 1,900,000 acres.
"
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
156
:,:'
RESOURCE AID
MAP OF PRINCIPAL MERIDIANS AND BASE LINES
',::'
.:::
::',
::',
'.
.. -
~~-:fl
- -'
\
.
.
\
I
\
I
-is
:E
w
~
en
~>
-en
-'.
«en
ffi>
jO ILl
w>
k.a:
:>
wen
I
I
-ill
I
1
I
--1~
~a:
;;k. :3
0:>
enC!)
ZZ
««
8-~
.Ou
-w
ffia:
:Ek.
..
··..
•..
...•
c
0
..
0
~-' 0
n.
!?CI--
•
(3
Z
a:
en.
I
~I
g :f
;1
II
:
i
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
r
157
I
~
MERIDIAN NAME
ADOPTED
Black Hills
Boise'
Chickasaw
Choctaw
Cimarron
Copper River
Fairbanks
Fifth Principal
1878
1867
1833
1821
1881
1905
1910
1815
9.
10.
First Principal
Fourth Principal
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
Gila and Salt River
Humboldt
Huntsville
Indian
Kateel River
Louisiana
Michigan
Mount Diablo
Navajo
New Mexico Principal
Principal
Salt Lake
San Bernardino
Second Principal
Seward
Sixth Principal
1819
1815
1831
1865
1853
1807
1870
1956
1807
1815
1851
1869
1855
1867
1855
1852
1805
1911
1855
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
": 35.'"
36.
St. Helena
St. Stephens
Tallahassee
Third Principal
Uintah
Umait
Ute
Washington
Willamette· . ..
Wind River
~
- -'':..; -
South Dakota
Idaho
Mississippi
Mississippi
Oklahoma
Alaska
Alaska
Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota,
Missouri, North Dakota, and
South Dakota
Ohio and Indiana
Illinois
Minnesota and Wisconsin
Arizona
California
Alabama and Mississippi
Oklahoma
Alaska
Louisiana
Michigan and Ohio
California and Nevada
Arizona
Colorado and New Mexico
Montana
Utah
Arizona and California
Illinois and Indiana
Alaska
Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska,
South Dakota, and Wyoming
Louisiana
Alabama and Mississippi
·Florida and Alabama
Illinois
Utah
Alaska
Colorado
Mississippi
. Oregon and Washington
Wyoming
1819
1805
1824
1805
1875
1956
1880
1803
··.1851
1875
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
IN STATE(S) OF
158
RESOURCE AID
A
Acq
ActofCong
AdmS
ABC
Agri
AgriExp Sta
AHE
All Min
Allot
Admt
ANS
Apln
Apln Ext
Appvd
Aprt
Asgn
Asph
ASRHE
Auth
Acre(s)
Acquired
Act of Congress
Administrative Site
Atomic Energy Commission
Agriculture, Agricultural
Agricultural Experiment Station
Additional homestead entry
All Minerals
Allotment
Amendment, Amended, Amends
Air Navigaiton Site
Application
Application for extension
Approved
Airport
Assignment
Asphalt
Additional Stockraising Homestead Entry
Authorization
Bdy, Bdrs
BIA
Blk
BLM
BR
BSFW
Boundary, Boundaries
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Block
"Bureau of Land Management
Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of Sports, Fisheries and Wildlife
(now Fish and Wildlife Service)
COE
CA
Cad
Canc
Cpg
CDI
CE
Cert
CFR
Ch, Chs
CHE
Circ
CI
Corps of Engineers
Communitization Agreement
Cadastral
Cancellation, Cancelled
Campground
Control Document Index
Cash entry
Certificate
Code of Federal Regulations
Chain, Chains
Commuted Homestead Entry
Circular
Classification
CenterLine
Community Pit
CIL
CommP
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
159
Communication Site
Condemnation
Corporation
Color of Title
Curative patent
CommS
Condemn
Corp
err
Cur Pat
DIC
Ditches and/or Canal
Dedication
Deficiency
Department of Agriculture
Department of Interior
Designation or Designated
Determination
District
Division
Desert Land Entry
District Manager
Document
Ded
Def
Dept of Agri
Dept of Int (DOl)
Des
Det
Dist
Div
DLE
DM
Doc
E
Eff
East
Effective
Enlarged Homestead Entry
Elimination
Enlargement
Executive Order
Exchange Survey
Easement
Excluding, excluded
Expire (d)
Extended, extension, extend
EHE
Elim
Enlgmt
EO
ES
Esmt
Excl
Exp
Ext
FAA
Federal Aviation Administration
Fish and Wildlife Service
Final Certificate
Federal
Famers Home Administration
Fissionable materials
Forest Lieu selection
Farm unit
Federal Power Act
Federal Power Commission
Federal Register
Fractional
Forest Service
Free Use Pennit
Forest Exchange
F&WS
FC
Fed
FHA
Fis
FLS
FmU
FPA
FPC
FR
Frac
FS
'RJP
FX
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
160
Gd
Geo
GLO
Geo Plat
Gold
Geothennal
General Land Office
Geothennal Resource Plat
HdqS
HDS
Hwy
Headquarters Site
Homestead declaratory statement
Homestead Entry
Homestead Entry Survey
Historical Index
Highway
IA
Iden
IL
lllus
Incl
IndFee
IndRes
IndTr
Ind TrPat
Intpr
IS
IT
Indian Allotment
Identify, Identification
Indemnity list State
lllustration
Including, Inclusive
Indian Fee
Indian Reservation
Indian Trust
Indian Trust Patent
Interpretation
Indemnity Selection
Isolated Tract
Juris
Jurisdiction
KCLA
KGRA
KGS
KLA
Known Coal Leasing Area
Known Geothennal Resource Area
Known Geological Structure
Known Leasing Area
Lat
LD
Lic
LO
Loc
Long
LS
Lsbl
Lse
Ltr
LU
Latitude
Interior Land Decision
License
Land Office
Location
Longitude
Lieu Selection
Leasable
Lease
Letter
Land Utilization
HE
HES
HI
\..
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
161
MatS
M&B
MCOAorMOA
ME
Mer,M
Mgmt
Mil Pur
Mil Res
MillS
Min
Min Cert or MC
Misc
MLCI
Mod
Mon
MS
MTP
Mult Use (MU)
Material Site
Metes and Bounds
Mining Claim Occupancy Act
Mineral Entry
Meridian
Management
Military Purpose
Military Reservation
Millsite
Mineral
Mineral Certificate
Miscellaneous
Mineral Location & Contest Index
Modification
Monument
Mineral Survey
Master Title Plat
Multiple Use
N
NA
NE
nc
NF
NMon
NOE
North
Native Allotment
Northeast
Noncompetitive
National Forest
National Monument
Not Open to Entry (Surface, Mining and Mine
Leasing)
Not Open to Lease
Not Open to Mining
National Park
National Park Service
National Resource Lands
Northwest
National Wildlife Refuge
NOL
NOM
NP
NPS
NRL
NW
NWR
o
OE
OG
Oper
Order
Open to Entry
Oil and Gas
Operator
Par
Part
Pat
PD
Per
Pet Res
Pho
Parcel
Partially
Patent
Public Domain
Permit
Petroleum Reserve
Phosphate
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
162
Public Law
Public Land Claim
Public Land Order
Potassium
Prospecting pennit
Pre-emption
Proclamation
Project
Propose,Proposed
Protective Withdrawal
Public Sale
Public Use
Purchase
Public Water Reserve
Power Project
PowerSite
Private Exchange
PL
PLC
PLO
Pot
PrPer
Pre
Proc
Proj
Prop
ProtWdl
PS
PU
Pur
PWRes
PwrProj
PwrS
PX
QCD
Quitclaim deed
Quicksilver
Qs
R
R&PP
Rcpl
Rd
Re-cl
RecLse
Recl Wdl
Recon
Reg
Rej
ReI
Res
Resc
Rest
Resvr
Rev
Rfg
RgrSta
Range
Recreation and Public Purpose
Reciprocal
Road
Reclassification
Recreation Lease
Reclamation Withdrawal
Reconveyed
Regional
Rejected, rejection
Relinquished or Relinquishment
Reservation or Reserve
Rescind, Rescinded
Restoration or Restored
Reservoir
Revocation or Revoked
Refuge.
Ranger Station
Reclamation Homestead Entry
Range Improvement
Records Improvement Project
Remarks
Railroad
Railroad Grant
Railroad Indemnity Selection
Railroad Leiu Selection
Revised Statutes
Restricted
Revested
Right-of-Way
RHE
RI
RIP
Rmks
RR
RRG
RRIS
RRLS
RS
Rstd
Rvst
RIW
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
163
r
S
SAH
SD
SDO
SDWWdl
SE
sec.
Sec of Agri
Sec of the Int
Segr
Sel
SG
SHC
Si
Sim
SLUP
SO
Sod
Spec Per
SR
SRHE
SS
ST
Stat
STCI
STLse
Sta
SubdivUnd
Subj
SuI
Suppl
Sur
Sus
SW
SX
South
Soldier's Additional Homestead
State Director
State Director's Order
Stock Driveway Withdrawal
Southeast
Section
Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of the Interior
Segregate or Segregated
Selection or Selected
State Grant
Small Holding Line
Silver
Simultaneous
Special Lnad Use Permit
Secretary's Order
Sodium
Special Permit
Serial Register
Stockraising Homestead Entry
State Selection
Small Tract
Statutes at Large
Small Tract Classification
Small Tract Lease
Station
Subdivision Undefined
Subject
Sulphur
Supplemental
Surveyor Surveyed
Suspended
Southwest
State Exchange
TorTps
TC
Tel
Teleg
Temp
Term
Tns
Tr
Trans
Trf
-'frf Juris
Trfd
Tri Sta
Trsp
Township or Townships
Tim ber Culture
Telephone
Telegraph
Temporary
Terminate, Termination
Townsite
Tract
Transmission
Transfer
Transfer of Jurisdiction
Transferred
Triangulation Station
Trespass
Timber and Stone
Temporary Use Permit
TIS
TUP
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
164
UA
Unapprop
Undet
Undgd
US
USS
Unsur
Ur
USC
USGS
Unit AgreeDnent
Unappropriated
UndeterDnined
Underground
United States
United States Survey
Unsurveyed
UraniuDn
United States Code
.United States Geological Survey
W
WAA
War Dept
WD
Wdl
Wdn
WP
WpDes
WR
WS
Wt
West
War Assets AdDninistration
War DepartDnent
Warranty Deed
Withdrawal
Withdrawn
WaterPower
Water Power Designation
Water Rights
Watershed
Warrant
x
Exchange(d)
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
165
FEATURE SYMBOL
Reservoir
Land
Treatment
Area
Check Dam
Detention
Dam
Diversion
Dam
Improved
Spring
Well
FEATURE SYMBOL
~
Artesian
Well
.......
........ ..
... ..
..
....,... ........ ..
Power
Transmission
Line
~
PipeLine
Or Conduit
Corridor
(R/W's)
~
- 'oe::::::::
-e--. -
..,..f~~
-c-
Road
~
•
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
l'
166
Trail
Or
Firebreak
-------
Telephone
Line
•
•
•
FEATURE SYMBOL
Telegraph
Line
Shelter
Windmill
Study
Plot
Cathodic
Protection
Station
FEATURE SYMBOL
Important
Stream
=F
=F
D
Trough
.
Ditch or
Canal
0
~TT
Reservoir
or
Lake Water
Line
D
River or
Large
Stream
~
~
~
~---
Bridge
Ho
Storage
Tank
•
Fence
~
Cattleguard
For more symbols, see BLM Manua11275 - Land Status Records
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
167
• •
):::(
RESOURCE AID
STATE CODES FOR PATENT NUMBERING
CODE
STATE OR OFFICE
Alaska
50
Arizona
02
California
04
Colorado
05
Eastern States
(for all states under its jurisdiction)
61
Idaho
11
Kansas
15
Montana
25
Nebraska
26
Nevada
27
New Mexico
30
North Dakota
33
Oklahoma
35
Oregon
36
South Dakota
40
Texas
42
Utah
43
Washington
46
Wyoming
49
Note: See Patent Preparation and Issuance Manual for Additional information.
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
168
RESOURCE AID
PUBLIC EDUCATION LAND GRANTS
- -When states were l!dmitted to the union, they were granted from one to four sections
of land in each township to support the public school system.
The following states were granted one section (16):
Alabama
Arkansas
Florida
lllinois
Indiana
Iowa
Louisiana
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
Ohio
Wisconsin
The following states were granted two sections (16 and 36):
California
Colorado
Idaho
Kansas
Minnesota
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Oregon
South Dakota
Washington
Wyoming
---Alaska-was granted two sections (16 and 36) and Section 33 in part in the Tanana
Valley.
Three states Arizona, New Mexico and Utah were granted four sections (2, 16,32 and
36).
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
169
RESOURCE AID
A
Abbreviations .................. ...... ............ .... .............. .... ...... ..... 48, 71, 109
Acquired I..ands ......... ......................................................... 82
Acreages ....... .......................................... ............................ 27
Aaes ..................................................................................
109
Aliquot Parts .............................. ........ ...... ............ .... .......... 23, 108
Aperture Cards ..... ............ .............. .......... ...... ...... ........ ...... 115
Auxiliary Meridians and Parallels ...................................... 20
B
Base Lines ........................................................................... 13,45
c
Cadastral Survey Plat ..........................................................
Centrally Controlled Numbering System ...........................
Chain Measurement ........ .......... .............. ...... ......................
Column Infonnation ........ .............. .... ........ ........ .......... ........
Comma ................................................................................
Common Abbreviations ......................................................
Commonly Used Symbols ...................................................
Complete Legal Description Method 1 ................................
Complete Legal Description Method 2 ................................
ConfInnatory Patent .............................................................
County Name & Number ..........................................:..........
Current To ............................................................................
55
74
61
62
34
48, 71
71
49
50
76
67
65
o
Date Posted ...... ...... ...... .................. .............................. ........
Date of Action ........ .............. ............ ........ ...... ........ ...... .... ....
Disclaimer ...................................................................... ......
District Name ..................................... ..................................
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
170
111
110
62
68
E
Easements ... ........ .......... .............. ....... ....... .......... ................ 84
Exceptions to Chain Measurement ..................................... 61
F
Folded Plat ............ ........ .... .................................................. 66
Fractional Sections ............. .......... ........................ ............... 18
Fractional Townships ......................... ................................. 17
G
. Glossary ............... ~.............................................................. 12
Guide Meridians ................................................................. 19
H
Half Section ........................................................................ 24
Historical Index ................... ............................................... 107
Homestead Surveys ............................................................ 88
Index Columns ....................................................................
, ~.Index to"Miscellaneous Documents ....................................
Index to Segregated Tracts ..................................................
Initial Points ........................................................................
107
118
63
12,45
K
Kind of Entry ...................................................... ;................ 109
L
Land Grants for Education ..................................................
Land Status Records System ...............................................
Latitude & Longitude .......... ........ .... .......... ...... ....................
Leases & Permits ............... ...... ............................................
Lots ......................................................................................
Lotting of a Section ......................... ....................................
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
171
75
57
68
89
108
36
M
MTP Heading ........... ................ ............................ .... ..........
Master Tide Plat .... ............................ .................................
Metes & Bounds .................................................................
Mineral. S'UlY'cys ....................................... ~.........................
Minor Subdivisions .............................................................
Monuments ................. ...... .......... ........................................
Multiple Townships ............................................................
61
60
.12, 43
88
28
18
50
N
Numbering of Sections ....................................................... 48
o
Other Descriptions .............................................................. 109
p
'" .~.
Patent ................................................................................... 72
Patent Number ..................................................................... 73
Plat Designations .............. ............ ...... .............. ........ ........ ... 63
Plat Subtitle ........................... .... .... ...... .... .................... ........ 83
Principal Meridians .............................................................. 13, 45
Protraction Diagram ... ...... ............ .................................. ..... 62
,'...... -.. . ~ PlI>tr.a.ction Diagram Number .............................................. 68
Public Education:Land Grants ............................................. 75
Q
Quarter Comers .................................................................. 18
Quarter Section ..................................................:............... 26
Quarter-Quarter Section ..................................................... 26
R
Range .................................................................................
Range Coordinate ........................ .............. .... ...... ........ ......
Range Lines ........ .... ........ ...... .......... .......... .... ...... .... ........ ...
Reconveyed :Lands ..... .................... ...... ........ ...... .......... ......
Remarks ... .... ...... ........ .......... ....... ....... ...... .......... ...... ..........
Remarks Area .................... ........ ........ .... .... ...... .... .......... .....
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
172
14
46 .
14
85
111
64
• "!". .•.•
~
'. . .
~. .~.
-,
-
_<t
•
···...R..eserved. ru.r~hts ....... _...•_ _ _.... _..................... ........ ...
73
Right-of-way ...................................................................... 93
s
Sample Acqaisnon Notations .............................................
Sample Reconveyance Notations .......................................
Scale .......... 0........................................................................
Section ...............................................................................
Section Corners ..................... ...................... .................. .....
Section NUlnbering ............................................................
Section or Tract ............... ....... ...................................... ......
Sequential Numbering System ...........................................
Serial File or. Order Number ............. ........ ........ ..................
'. 'Serial Numbers .... ................................ ................ ...... .........
Serial Prefix'!s ....................................................... _.............
Serial Regi<;t\!r Page ............................................................
Serial Register System ........................................................
Single & Di,uble Weight Patent Lines ...............................
Special SUj\",,;ys ..................................................................
Standard P':;.i :>llels ...............................................................
State Codes for Patent Numbering .....................................
State Contro'Jed Numbering System ..................................
Subdivisiorkii .......................................................................
Supplemental Plat ...............................................................
Survey We;ght Line ............................................................
.-Symbols..... ,."......................................................................
86
87
60
16,47
18
17
108
74
110
119
119
118
56
72
88
19
75
74
108
104
71
71,92
T
Township ............................................................................
Township Coordinate ..........................................................
Township Lines ................................................. :................
Tract Book System .............................................................
Tracts ....... 0..........................................................................
15, 47
46
14
56
42
u
Use Plat ............................................................................... 101
w
Withdrawals ...........,............................................................ 76
LEGAL DESCRIPTION AND LAND STATUS
173

Similar documents

×

Report this document