Know Your Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Scopes

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Know Your Upper and Lower
Gastrointestinal Scopes
Presented by:
Laurette Pitman, RN, CPC-H, CGIC, CCS
Committed to Professional Excellence
1
Speaker:
Laurette Pitman, RN, CPC-H, CGIC, CCS
Ms. Pitman is a Senior Auditor in the Hospital
Audit Services division of Health Information
Partners. She is responsible for hospital
outpatient compliance reviews, facility education
and staff quality assurance.
She is also a contributing writer to the APC
Answer Letter and has over 20 years of coding
and auditing experience.
2
GI Topics of Discussion
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Anatomy of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
Esophagoscopy
Esophageal Dilation
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EGD with procedures
Anatomy of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy with procedures
3
The Upper GI Tract
• Includes
– Esophagus
– Stomach
– Duodenum
4
The Upper GI Tract
• Esophagus
– Portion of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and
stomach
– Approximately 25 cm long
– Consists of three parts
• Cervical part
– From cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet
• Thoracic part
– From the thoracic inlet to the diaphragm
• Abdominal part
– Below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach
5
The Upper GI Tract
• Gastroesophageal junction
– Junction between the esophagus and stomach
– Not actually considered a valve
• Terminology
– GE junction
– Cardiac sphincter
– Z-line
www.gastro.com
6
The Upper GI Tract
• Stomach
– Between the esophagus and duodenum
– Left upper part of the abdominal cavity
– Top of stomach lies against the diaphragm
– Pancreas behind the stomach
– Two sphincters
• Esophageal sphincter
• Pyloric sphincter
7
The Upper GI Tract
• Anatomic areas of the stomach
– Cardia
• Part of the stomach that receives the esophagus
– Fundus
• Area of the stomach above the level of the cardia
• Located within the left dome of the diaphragm
– Body
• Also called corpus
• Main part of the stomach between the cardia and
pyloric antrum
8
The Upper GI Tract
• Anatomic areas of the stomach
– Pyloric antrum
• Funnel shaped region of the stomach that leads to the
pylorus
– Pylorus
• Last part of the stomach
• Contains the pyloric sphincter
– Muscle that allows emission of gastric juice into the
duodenum
9
The Upper GI Tract
• Anatomic areas of the stomach
– Lesser Curvature
• Shorter, concave side from the cardia to the pylorus
– Greater Curvature
• Long convex line leading from cardia to pylorus
• Next to spleen
10
The Upper GI Tract
2
1
3
6
5
7
4
www.anatomytopics.wordpress.com
11
The Upper GI Tract
• Duodenum
– Hollow jointed tube about
25-30 cm
– 1st and shortest part of the
small intestine
– Connects the stomach to the
jejunum
– Begins with duodenal bulb
– Ends at ligament of Treitz
– Divided into four parts
www.butler.org
12
The Upper GI Tract
• Parts of the duodenum
– Superior
• First part of which is the duodenal cap
• Extends from pyloric sphincter laterally to the right and
posteriorly for about 2 inches
– Descending
• Bile and pancreatic duct openings
– Horizontal (inferior)
– Ascending
• Terminates at duodenojejunal junction
13
Endoscopic Esophageal Procedures
• Esophagoscopy
– Inspection of the interior of the esophagus by
means of an endoscope
– Limited to esophagus only
– Rigid or flexible endoscope
– Code range 43200 - 43232
14
Endoscopic Esophageal Procedures
• CPT® codes are available to describe:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Injection
Biopsy
Band ligation
Removal of foreign body
Removal of lesion by hot biopsy, bipolar cautery, snare
Insertion of stent
Dilation
Control of bleeding
Ablation
Ultrasound examination with or without biopsy
15
Dilation of the Esophagus
• Therapeutic procedure performed to stretch or
enlarge the narrowed portion of the esophagus
• Primarily utilized to relieve dysphagia
• Causes of esophageal blockage/narrowing
–
–
–
–
–
Acid peptic stricture
Schatzki’s ring
Achalasia
Ingestion of caustic agents
Tumors
16
Dilation of the Esophagus
• Methods of Esophageal Dilation
– Indirect visualization
• Mercury or tungsten filled bougies
– Maloney
– Hurst
• Passed blindly or under fluoroscopic control
• Series of increasing thickness dilators passed
• Simplest and quickest method of opening the
esophagus
• CPT® code 43450
17
Dilation of the Esophagus
www.hopkins-gi.org
18
Dilation of the Esophagus
• Methods of Esophageal Dilation
– Indirect visualization
• Wire guided polyvinyl dilators
– Savary-Gilliard
– American
•
•
•
•
Endoscopy performed to pass guide wire into stomach
Dilators then passed over guidewire
Fluoroscopy may be utilized
Code 43226 is reported when procedure is performed
during an esophagoscopy only
19
Dilation of the Esophagus
www.hopkins-gi.org
20
Dilation of the Esophagus
• Methods of Esophageal Dilation
– Indirect visualization
• Dilation over guidewire without endoscope
• Fluoroscopy is utilized to visualize the placement of the
guidewire
• Not frequently performed
• CPT® code 43453 reported in these cases
21
Dilation of the Esophagus
• Methods of Esophageal Dilation
– Direct visualization
• “Through-the-scope” (TTS) balloon dilators
• Endoscopy performed to visualize esophagus
• Deflated balloon placed through the scope and across
stricture
• Endoscope remains in place while the balloon is
inflated to a diameter of less than 30 mm
• CPT® code 43220
22
Dilation of the Esophagus
www.hopkins-gi.org
23
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
– Acronym = EGD
– Direct visual examination of the
upper gastrointestinal tract by
means of a flexible fiberoptic
endoscope
– EGD describes a procedure in
which the pyloric channel is
traversed with the endoscope
– Code range 43235 - 43259
24
Indications for EGD
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Acute upper GI bleeding
Dysphagia
Dyspepsia
Odynophagia
Surveillance endoscopy
Abnormalities on upper GI series
Suspected gastric outlet obstruction
25
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• CPT® codes are available to describe:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Biopsy
Injections
Removal of foreign body
Dilation
Hot biopsy or bipolar cautery treatment
Snare treatment
Ablation of lesion not amenable to treatment by hot
biopsy, bipolar treatment, or snare
– Control of bleeding
– Ultrasound examination
26
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43236 – EGD with directed submucosal injection(s),
any substance
– Submucosa = supporting layer of connective tissue directly
below a mucous membrane
– Reported once regardless of the number of injections
performed
– Describes submucosal injection of any substance
•
•
•
•
India Ink
Botulinum toxin
Saline
Corticosteroids
27
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43236 – EGD with directed
submucosal injection(s), any
substance
– Not used to report injection
sclerosis of esophageal and/or
gastric varices
• Documentation may indicate
sclerotherapy needle used for
injection
– Not used to report injection of
substances to control bleeding
www.hopkins-gi.org
28
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43239 - EGD with biopsy
– Reported one time regardless of
number of biopsies performed
– Single lesion
• Biopsy performed
• Removed during same operative
session
• Report only code for removal of
lesion
www.gicare.com
29
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43239 - EGD with biopsy
– Multiple lesions
• Lesion(s) biopsied
• Separate lesion(s) removed during same operative
session by different technique
• Report:
– Biopsy code
– Lesion removal code
– Modifier -59 if indicated
30
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• EGD with biopsy – Helicobacter pylori
– Commercial kits (CLO test) available to detect
presence of urease produced by H. Pylori
– Typically involves obtaining a tissue biopsy via
endoscope
– EGD portion of procedure reported with 43239
– Laboratory test for detection of H. pylori reported
separately
31
EGD with Biopsy
• Procedure
– During EGD biopsy
forceps are passed
through a channel in the
endoscope
– Biopsy obtained with
forceps
– Forceps and biopsy are
pulled back out of
channel
www.yalemedicalgroup.org
32
EGD with Biopsy
www.barettsinfo.com
33
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43240 – EGD with transmural drainage of
pseudocyst
– Describes endoscopically guided drainage of
pseudocyst of the upper GI wall
– Includes insertion of the drainage tube into the
pseudocyst, when performed
34
EGD with transmural drainage of
pseudocyst
Pancreatic Pseudocysts
– Intra- or extrapancreatic fluid
collections
– Composed of pancreatic
secretions and
inflammatory debris
– Reactive granulation
tissue walls off fluid
collection
– Originates from leaks in
pancreatic duct
– Etiology
• Necrosis secondary to
pancreatitis
• Progressive ductal
obstruction
• Trauma
35
EGD with transmural drainage of
pseudocyst
• 43240 Transmural Puncture Procedure
– Recommended for large non-communicating
pseudocysts that compress the stomach or
duodenum
– Needle knife sphincterotomy is used to create
small incision through gastric or duodenal wall
into pseudocyst
– Guidewire placed, followed by balloon dilatation
36
EGD with Transmural Drainage of
Pseudocyst
• 43240 Transmural Puncture Procedure
– Catheter double-pigtailed stents placed, decompressing
the pseudocyst
– Cyst contents drain into stomach
www.hopkins-gi.org
37
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43242 – EGD with transendoscopic US-guided
intramural or transmural fine needle
aspiration/biopsy(s)
– Intramural biopsy
• Within the walls of a hollow organ
– Transmural biopsy
• Across the wall of an organ or structure, including the
entire thickness of the wall.
38
EUS Guided Fine Needle Aspiration or Biopsy
• Endoscope has small ultrasound transducer at tip
• Facilitates imaging of various structures from within
the GI tract
• Allows sampling of tissue through FNA or biopsy
• Typically utilized in staging esophageal and gastric
tumors
– Allows sampling of paraesophageal nodes,
celiac nodes and adrenals not accessible
by bronchoscopy or mediastinoscopy
www.itonline.net 39
EUS Guided Fine Needle Aspiration or Biopsy
• 43242 – EGD with transendoscopic US-guided
intramural or transmural fine needle
aspiration/biopsy(s)
– Includes EUS of the upper GI tract wall
•
•
•
•
Esophagus
Stomach
Pylorus
Duodenum
– Radiological S & I included
– Reported one time regardless of number of biopsies
performed
40
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• EGD procedures for esophageal or gastric
varices
• Two CPT codes for these procedures:
– 43243 – EGD with injection sclerosis
– 43244 – EGD with band ligation
41
Esophageal/Gastric Varices
• Esophageal varices
– Dilated submucosal veins in esophagus
– Due to elevated pressure in venous system in the
abdomen
– Most often a consequence of cirrhosis
– Bleeding is common complication
• Gastric varices
– Dilated veins in stomach
– Reported incidence  20 – 70% in patients with
esophageal varices
– Without esophageal varices splenic thrombosis may be
present
42
EGD with Injection Sclerosis
• 43243 – Procedure
– EGD performed
– Disposable injecting needle advanced through
channel of endoscope
– Needle introduced into the lumen of the varix
– Sclerosing solution injected
– Several varices injected at a session
43
EGD with Injection Sclerosis
• Sclerosant Solutions
– Produces immediate local reaction
– Results in clot formation in varix
– Inflammatory reaction produces local scarring which
prevents formation of new venous channels
– Ethanoloamine (Ethamolin)
– Sodium morrhuate (Scleromate)
– Sodium tetradecyl sulfate (Sotradecol, trobovein, Fibrovein)
• These may be mixed with concentrated alcohol or dextrose
solutions
44
EGD with Band Ligation
• 43244 – Procedure
– Based on rubber-band ligation of hemorrhoids technique
– Up to 10 varices may be ligated with single passage of
endoscope
– EGD performed
– Varix centered in field of view
– Suction applied to pull varix into ligator cup
– Trigger string on ligator pulled
– Rubber band released around varix
45
EGD with Band Ligation
www.hopkins-gi.org
46
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43246 – EGD with directed placement of
percutaneous gastrostomy tube
– Indications
• Intact functional GI tract
• Unable to consume sufficient calories to meet
metabolic needs
• Neurologic conditions
– Impaired swallowing
• Neoplasms
– Oropharynx, larynx, esophagus
47
EGD with PEG Placement
• 43246 – Procedure
– Most widely used technique is “pull” method
– Includes
• Gastric insufflation to bring the stomach into apposition
to the abdominal wall
• Percutaneous placement of a tapered cannula into the
stomach
• Passage of a suture or guidewire into the stomach
• Placement of gastrostomy tube
• Verification of proper position
48
EGD with PEG Placement
49
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
EGD with Esophageal Dilation
• 43248 – EGD with insertion of guide wire
followed by dilation of esophagus over guide
wire
• 43249 – EGD with balloon dilation of
esophagus (less than 30 mm diameter)
50
EGD with Esophageal Dilation
• 43248 – Procedure
– Endoscope inserted
– Flexible tipped guide wire passed through the
endoscope into the stomach
– Endoscope withdrawn, leaving guide wire in place
– Series of dilators are passed over the guide wire
– After largest desired dilator utilized, guide wire
and dilators removed
51
EGD with Esophageal Dilation
• 43249 – Procedure
– TTS (Through the Scope) hydrostatic dilating
balloon utilized
– Appropriate sized balloon selected
– Passed through the biopsy channel of the
endoscope
– Advanced under direct vision until its middle
portion passes through the stricture
52
EGD with Esophageal Dilation
• 43249 – Procedure
– Balloon is compressed at stricture site
– Gives the appearance of a “waist”
– Balloon is then inflated until waist is fully
expanded
53
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43250 – EGD with removal of tumor(s),
polyp(s) or other lesion(s) by hot biopsy
forceps or bipolar cautery
– Code reported only once, regardless of the
number of lesions treated
– Hot biopsy forceps vs. bipolar cautery are
technical differences and do not warrant separate
codes
54
Monopolar vs. Bipolar Cautery
• Hot biopsy forceps
– Monopolar
– Heat created in the
metal portion of the
forceps cup
– Caused by current
flowing from device
through patient to a
grounding pad
55
Monopolar vs. Bipolar Cautery
• Bipolar Cautery
– Current flows from generator
to instrument
– Current runs from one
portion of the tip of the
forceps device to another
portion of the forceps device
– Heats the metal used to
cauterize and remove a lesion
or polyp
– Flow returns to generator
– No dispersive “Bovie” pad
needed
56
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43251 – EGD with removal of tumor(s),
polyp(s), or other lesion(s) by snare technique
– Code reported only once, regardless of the
number of lesions treated
– Remnants of lesion after use of a snare can be
cauterized or ablated to completely destroy
intended target
• Only one technique should be reported to remove a
unique polyp or lesion
57
EGD with Removal of Tumor, Polyp, or
Lesion by Snare Technique
• 43251 - Snare Technique
– Device which removes lesion from its attachment
to gastric wall
– Wire loop contained within an insulated plastic
sheath extended into a lasso encircling lesion
– Electrocautery current passed through snare
– Results in cautery of the lesion’s blood vessels
– Specimen may need to be retrieved
58
EGD with Removal of Tumor, Polyp, or
Lesion by Snare Technique
Endoscopic removal of
gastric polyp
59
New Technology
• Endoscopic mucosal resection
– Duette Multi-Band Mucosectomy Device
• Utilizes suction and banding
• Creates a “pseudopolyp”
• Removed in similar fashion to standard polypectomy
– Creation of pseudopolyp via banding
• Relevant specialty societies recommend unlisted code
– 43499 – unlisted procedure, esophagus
– 43999 – unlisted procedure, stomach
– Removal of pseudopolyp via snare
• Code for snare removal would also be reported
– Contact your MAC for further reporting instructions
60
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43255 – EGD with
control of bleeding, any
method
– Bleeding may be caused
by:
• Peptic ulcer disease
• Gastritis
• Vascular malformations
www.stjohnprovidence.org
61
EGD with Control of Bleeding
• Therapeutic modalities available for control of
bleeding
– Injection
• Hypertonic saline
• Epinephrine
• 98% alcohol
– Bipolar Electrocoagulation
• BICAP probe therapy
–
–
–
–
–
Heater probe
Argon beam coagulation
Acrylic glue
Hemostatic clips
Nd:YAG laser
62
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43256 – EGD with transendoscopic stent
placement
– Describes transendoscopic gastroenteral stent
placement
– Includes predilation
– Indicated for duodenal obstruction or gastric
outlet strictures/obstructions
63
EGD with Enteral Stent Placement
• 43256 – TTS Procedure
– Endoscope passed to site of obstruction
– Guidewire placed beyond point of obstruction
– Stent is passed over guidewire through working
channel of endoscope
– Stent deployed under direct endoscopic guidance
– Fluoroscopy may also be utilized
64
EGD with Enteral Stent Placement
• Enteral® Wallstent
– FDA approved for placement in the duodenum for
gastric outlet obstruction
www.bostonscientific.com
65
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43257 – EGD with delivery
of thermal energy to the
muscle of lower
esophageal sphincter
and/or gastric cardia
– For treatment of
gastroesophageal reflux
disease
– Stretta® System
66
Stretta System
• Endoscopically guided
• Stretta catheter placed through patient’s
mouth and into the valve between the
stomach and esophagus
• Radiofrequency energy delivered to muscle of
lower esophageal sphincter
• Creates small thermal lesions
• Lesions heal and tissue contracts resulting in
improvement in GERD
67
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• 43258 – EGD with ablation of tumor(s), polyp(s) or
other lesion(s) not amenable to removal by hot
biopsy forceps, bipolar cautery or snare technique
– Report once to include any number of tumors, polyps, or
other lesions that are ablated
– Indicates what techniques code should not be used for
– Report when other techniques are used for lesion
treatment
• Laser treatment
68
The Lower GI Tract
• Includes
– Small intestine
• Jejunum
• Ileum
– Large intestine
• Cecum
• Colon
–
–
–
–
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid flexure
• Rectum
– Anus
www.wikipedia.org
69
The Lower GI Tract
• Large intestine
– Cecum
• Connects ileum
with ascending
colon
70
The Lower GI Tract
• Colon
– Ascending colon
• Hepatic flexure
– Transverse colon
• Splenic flexure
– Descending colon
– Sigmoid flexure
www.statemaster.com
71
The Lower GI Tract
• Rectum
– Final portion of large
intestine
• Anus
– External opening of
rectum
72
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• Colonoscopy
– Endoscopic examination
of the colon
• Rectum to cecum
• May include examination
of the terminal ileum
• CPT® code range
– 45378 - 45392
73
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
• Indications for colonoscopy
– Iron deficiency anemia
– Hematochezia
– Uncomplicated lower abdominal pain of at least 2 months
duration
– Change in bowel habits
– Uncomplicated diarrhea
– Evaluation of known ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease
– Screening for colorectal cancer
– Surveillance after colonic polypectomy or resection of
colon cancer
www.medicalcriteria.com
74
Colonoscopy
• CPT® codes are available to describe
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Removal of foreign body
Biopsy
Control of bleeding
Ablation of tumors
Hot biopsy or bipolar cautery treatment
Snare procedure
Dilation
Stent placement
US examination and biopsy
75
Colonoscopy
• 45379 – Colonoscopy with removal of foreign
body
– Ingested foreign bodies
• Usually pass colon embedded in stool
– Iatrogenic foreign bodies
• Biliary prosthesis
• Metal stents
– Foreign bodies introduced per rectum
• Drug pouches
• Sexual objects
76
Colonoscopy
• 45380 Colonoscopy with biopsy
– Use of forceps to grasp and remove small piece
of tissue without the application of cautery
– May be referred to as cold biopsy, cold biopsy
forceps or biopsy
– Tissue biopsy
• Abnormal mucosa
• Lesion too large to remove
• Lesion or polyp
77
Colonoscopy
• 45380 Colonoscopy with biopsy
– Reported one time regardless of number of
biopsies performed
– Single lesion
• Biopsy performed
• Removed during same operative session
• Report only code for removal of lesion
78
Colonoscopy
• Multiple lesions
– Lesion(s) biopsied
– Separate lesion(s) removed during same operative
session by different technique
– Report:
• Biopsy code
• Lesion removal code
• Modifier -59 if indicated
www.cmdrc.com
79
Colonoscopy
• 45381 – Colonoscopy with directed submucosal
injection
– Injection performed into submucosa with sheathed needle
tipped catheter
– Report in addition to additional therapeutic procedure
– Not reported to control bleeding
– Types of injections
• Saline – utilized to lift polyp
• India ink – utilized to tattoo area to enable later identification of
site during subsequent procedure or surgery
80
Colonoscopy
• 45382 – Colonoscopy with control of
bleeding
– Includes methods
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Injection
Bipolar cautery
Unipolar cautery
Laser
Heater probe
Stapler
Plasma coagulation
81
Colonoscopy
• 45382 – Colonoscopy with control of bleeding
– Report code only once even if multiple types of
modalities are utilized
– Do not report for control of bleeding related to an
intervention in the same session
82
Colonoscopy
• 45383 – Colonoscopy with ablation of
tumor(s), polyp(s) or other lesion(s) not
amenable to removal by hot biopsy forceps,
bipolar cautery or snare technique
– Indicates what techniques code should not be
used for
– Ablation = removal of a growth or harmful tissue
• In GI usually refers to cauterization of polyp when
unable to be removed by other techniques
83
Colonoscopy
• 45383 – Colonoscopy with ablation of
tumor(s), polyp(s) or other lesion(s) not
amenable to removal by hot biopsy forceps,
bipolar cautery or snare technique
– Ablation devices
• Argon plasma coagulator
• Heater probe
• Cryotherapy
84
Colonoscopy
• 45384 – Colonoscopy with removal of
tumor(s), polyp(s) or other lesion(s) by hot
biopsy forceps or bipolar cautery
– Removes and cauterizes polyp/lesion at same time
– Report only once per colonoscopy
85
Colonoscopy
• 45385 - Colonoscopy with
removal of tumor(s),
polyp(s) or other lesion(s)
by snare technique
– Most common method of
removal of larger polyps
– Consists of wire loop that
heats up
– Used to shave off the polyp
www.jpp.krakow.pl
86
Colonoscopy
• 45386 – Colonoscopy with balloon
dilation
– Used to treat benign stenoses
•
•
•
•
Crohn’s disease
Ischemic colitis
NSAID colitis
Postoperative strictures
– Report once even if more than 1 stricture
is dilated
87
Colonoscopy with Balloon Dilation
• Procedure
–
–
–
–
Balloon passed through working channel of colonoscope
Placed under direct vision (TTS)
Balloon expanded
Balloon deflated and removed
www.gihealth.com
88
Colonoscopy
• 45387 – Colonoscopy with stent placement
– Used in the treatment of malignant colorectal
obstruction
• Preoperative decompression
• Palliation
– Includes predilation of the stricture
• Do not report 45386 in conjunction with 45387
89
Colonoscopy with Stent Placement
• Procedure
– Endoscope advanced to site of lesion
– Guidewire and catheter advanced through
obstruction
– Guidewire replaced by stiff guidewire
– Delivery system introduced
– Stent deployed with endoscopic and radiographic
guidance
90
Colonoscopy with Stent Placement
• Types of colonic stents
– Wallstent Enteral
– Ultraflex Precision
– Z Stent
91
Resource/Reference List
• CPT® Assistant June 2010, Volume 20, Issue 6, page 4
• CPT® Assistant October 2008, Volume 18, Issue 10,
page 6
• CPT® Assistant, January 2004, Volume 01, Issue 14,
pages 4-25
• CPT® Assistant, February 1999, Volume 02, Issue 9,
page 11
• CPT® Assistant, December 1997, Volume 12, Issue 7,
page 11
• CPT® Assistant, Spring 1994, Volume 01, Issue 4, pages
1-11
92
Resource/Reference List
•
•
•
•
www.cookmedical.com
www.bcbsms.com
www.informedicalcme.com
www.giejournal.org
– Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Volume 66, No. 1: 2007;
Sclerosing Agents for use in GI Endoscopy
• www.supercoder.com
• www.medicalcriteria.com
• Gastroenterology Coding Alert/2010, Vol. 12, No. 4
93
Thank you for joining us today!
Health Information Partners ®
Telephone (866) 622-8300
Web: HIP-inc.com
Laurette Pitman RN, CCS, CPC-H, CGIC
[email protected]
Coding Compliance Auditing - Education - Coding Support - Interim HIM
Management - Correct Claim Resolution – ICD 10 Training
94
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